I?I?NOA?NOAI AIOO??OI?O NI?AA OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss AIOO??OI?O NI?AA OE?A?IE

Aanaeuenueeee

A?eoi? Eacei??iae/

OAeE 343.977

No/ani? i?iaeaie aeiieoo

(i?ioeanoaeuei?, i?aai?caoe?ei? ? oaeoe/i? aniaeoe)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.09 — e?ei?iaeueiee i?ioean oa
e?ei?iae?noeea;noaeiaa aenia?oeca

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? e?ei?iae?noeee Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai??
aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie.

IAOEIAEE EA??AIEE — aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eocuei?/ia
Aieiaeeie? Na?a?eiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie,
ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e e?ei?iae?noeee.

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

1. Aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eoeaoaae/ A?oae?e A?eai?iae/,
Caii??cueeee th?eaee/iee ?inoeooo IAN Oe?a?ie, ia?oee i?i?aeoi?;

2. Eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe Oeeiaae Iao?i Aaneeueiae/, Oe?a?inueeee
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo Aea?aeaaii? iiaeaoeiai? aaei?i?no?aoe??
Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e e?ei?iaeueiiai i?aaa, i?ioeano oa
e?ei?iae?noeee (i. ??i?iue).

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA — Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai?
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai (i. Oa?e?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “20” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.007.03 i?e Iaoe?iiaeuei?e aeaaeai??
aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie (252035, Ee?a-35, Nieii’yinueea ieiua, 1).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie (252035, Ee?a-35, Nieii’yinueea
ieiua, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe
A.A. ?uaiei

4

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. No/ani? oiiae ai?ioueae c?
cei/eii?noth aeiaaathoue a?ae ne?ae/iai ana a?eueoi? iaenoa?iino?.
Iaoiiaeaii oea, ii-ia?oa, c?inoaiiyi i?ioan?iiae?cio cei/eioe?a;
iineeaiiyi i?aai?caoe?eieo canaae i?aeaioiaee, a/eiaiiy oa i?eoiaoaaiiy
cei/ei?a, ii-ae?oaa, iaaaaeaiiyi (ia?o ca ana iia`ycaiei c? no?aoii)
a?iiaaeyi a?aoe o/anoue a ?icne?aeoaaii?, a?aeiiaith a noae? a?ae ?ai?oa
aeaieo iieacaiue, ii-o?ao?, i?aai?caoe?eii-eaae?iaeie oa ?ioeie
iaaeie?eaie nenoaie ?icne?aeoaaiiy (??aaiue i?aeaioiaee, ieeii?noue
eaae??a, noai iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ? o. ?i.).

A?aoiaoth/e aeeeaaeaia aeua iiaeia a?aecia/eoe, ui aaeineiiaeaiiy
ae?yeueiino? ii cae?aiith e aeei?enoaiith ?ioi?iaoe?? a i?ioean?
?ice?eooy e ?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a iaaoaa? ana a?eueoi? aeooaeueiino?.
C aace?/? aniaeo?a aeaii? i?iaeaie ne?ae aeae?eeoe, ii-ia?oa,
iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo iaoeiaeo iniia i?aai?caoe?? e
oaeoeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iieiaeaiiyie iiai?
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, yea i?iaieineea, ui “ethaeeia, ?? aeeooy ?
caei?ia`y, /anoue ? a?aei?noue, iaaeioi?eaii?noue ? aaciaea aeciathoueny
a Oe?a?i? iaeaeuith nioe?aeueiith oe?ii?noth” (no. 3), oa ieceith iiaeo
iieiaeaiue, ni?yiiaaieo ia ?aae?caoe?th oaeiai noaaeaiiy aei
a?iiaaeyieia Oe?a?ie (no. 29, 30, 32, 63 oa ?i.); ii-ae?oaa,
caaacia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? cania?a ? iaoiae?a ai?ioueae c?
cei/eii?noth ?? noaio ? nooo?ai ci?iaiiio oa?aeoa?o.

O cae?aii? aeieaciai? ?ioi?iaoe?? iaeia c iniiaieo i?noeue iin?aea?
aeiieo. C? anueiai athaeaeaoo /ano, ui aeo?a/a?oueny ne?ae/ei ia
i?iaaaeaeaiiy ne?ae/eo ae?e, naia ia i?iaaaeaiiy aeiieo?a i?eiaaea?
iiiaae 80 %. Ioaea, i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy oa yeino? ?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a
iaaiith i??ith iia`ycaia c oaeineiiaeaiiyi iaoiae?a ?iaioe a
ae?yeueiino? ne?ae/iai i?e aeiieo?.

Aea i?noea ? cia/aiiy aeiieoo a caaacia/aii? ?acoeueoaoeaiino?
?icne?aeoaaiiy aecia/a?oueny ia no?eueee cacia/aieie e?euee?nieie
iieacieeaie, ne?eueee ai?iiyi oaeoiaii ? a?aiioii iiaoaeoaaoe oa
i?iaanoe aeiieo, oiaoi ??aiai i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino? ne?ae/iai. I?ioa
aea/aiiy i?aeoeee na?ae/eoue, ui aaaaoi ne?ae/eo, iniaeeai oeo, ooi ia
ia? aeinoaoiueiai aeina?aeo ne?ae/i? ?iaioe, ia aieiae?thoue oe?ieei
a?naiaeii oaeoe/ieo cania?a i?iaaaeaiiy aeiieoo, ui ia? iaaaeyea
cia/aiiy aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/ ?icne?aeoaaiiy a neeaaeieo ne?ae/eo
neooaoe?yo, ? cae?athoue eeoa ?ioi?iaoe?th, yea “naia ieeaa ?i aei ?oe”.

C ??cieo aniaeo?a aeiieoo a Oe?a?i? caoeuai? aeena?oaoe??
A.I.Eiiiaaeiaith (1953), I.I. Caeaoiaei (1971), A.N. Eiia?eiaei (1973),
A.?. Aiaeinueeei (1980), I.A. Aaoa??aei (1981), A.A. AEo?aaeueii (1983),
A.TH. Oai?oueei (1991). O?noue c ieo i?aeaioiaeai? oa caoeuai? a
Oa?eia?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aeineoue aenieee ??aaiue oa?e?anueei?
iaoeiai? oeiee c i?iaeai aeiieoo. Aea o?aaa iaaieineoe, ii-ia?oa, ui oe?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?enay/ai? eeoa ie?aiei aniaeoai aeiieoo
(iniaeeainoyi aeiieoo na?aee?a, iioa?i?eeo, i?aeic?thaaieo,
iaiiaiie?oi?o oiui), ii-ae?oaa, ?o ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy a?oiooaaeenue ia
iaoa??aeao aaea ieioeiai, oiio nueiaiaei? aiie iio?aaothoue iiaeeaeaiiai
aea/aiiy a no/anieo oiiaao, /a?ac oa, ui ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeeenue iiiaae i’yoiaaeoeyoue ?ie?a oiio.

Nueiaiaei? nooo?ai ci?iai? oiiae ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth, i?noea
aeiieoo o nenoai? cania?a cae?aiiy aeieaciai? ?ioi?iaoe??, iai?yie ?
ci?no ?ai?oa aeine?aeaeaieo aniaeo?a aeiieoo iaoiiaeththoue
iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee eiai aaciaeo iieiaeaiue, ine?eueee
ie?aia ia? ?icaeaaoeny e oaeineiiaethaaoeny ia i?ciaii? oa o?aooaaii?
ia?o ca ana caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae ne?ae/i? oa cei/eiii?
ae?yeueiino?. Iaeiei c a?aoiaio?a ia ei?enoue oeueiai iiaea aooe
iaiao?aei?noue aecia/aiiy /?oei? iiceoe?? uiaei cai?iiiiiaaieo aeey
aeei?enoaiiy o i?ioean? ?icne?aeoaaiiy oaeeo yaeu ye yniiaeae?iiy,
a?iiico, eicioiaenoaa oa ?ioeo iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a, ye? iiaeooue
ni?eyoe ii?ooaiith caeiiiino?.

Ana aeeeaaeaia aeua na?ae/eoue i?i aeooaeuei?noue ? nai?/ani?noue
aeine?aeaeaiiy no/anieo i?iaeai aeiieoo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiiy aaco?oueny ia iniiaieo iieiaeaiiyo eiiieaenii? oe?eueiai?
i?ia?aie ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth ia 1996-2000 ?iee, caoaa?aeaeaii?
Oeacii I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie a?ae 17.09.1996 ?ieo, ieaiao iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie oa ??
eaoaae?e e?ei?iae?noeee.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiaiith iaoith
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy iai?yi?a ? cania?a caaacia/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ioeanoaeueieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo ? oaeoe/ieo iniia
aeiieoo oiiaai ? caaaeaiiyi ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth ia no/aniiio aoai?
oa ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e uiaei ?o iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy. Oea
iaoiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaea/:

— aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo, i?ioeanoaeueieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo,
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oa oaeoe/ieo iniia aeiieoo, ye caniao ne?ae/i?
ae?yeueiino?;

— aea/aiiy ne?ae/i? i?aeoeee aeey anoaiiaeaiiy iiaiioe aeei?enoaiiy
a?naiaeo oaeoe/ieo cania?a i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?icne?aeoaaiiy, aeyaeaiiy
iaeoa?aeoa?i?oeo iaaeie?e?a i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeiieoo;

— c`ynoaaiiy ??aiy ciaiue ne?ae/eo oa nooiaiy iaieiae?iiy ieie
oaeoe/ieie i?eeiiaie aeiieoo, a oaeiae aecia/aiiy i?aeaioiaeaiino?
nooaeaio?a th?eaee/ieo ?inoeooo?a uiaei aeaii? ne?ae/i? ae??;

— ooi/iaiiy iiiyooy “ne?ae/a oaeoeea” oa ?? a?aeiaaeoaaiiy a?ae
i?aai?caoe?eieo iieiaeaiue ? i?aaee c iaoith eiie?aoecaoe?? ?ic?iaee
oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a aeiieoo;

— aecia/aiiy iai?yi?a ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? i?aai?caoe?eieo iniia aeiieoo,
ia?niaeoea ? iiaeeeainoae aeei?enoaiiy aeinyaiaiue iaoee e oaoi?ee o
i?ioean? cai?o aeieaciai? ?ioi?iaoe??;

— ioe?iee aeinoaoiino? ?nioth/i? nenoaie caoenoo in?a, ye? aieiae?thoue
?ioi?iaoe??th uiaei cei/eiii? ae?yeueiino?;

— oi?ioaaiiy i?iiiceoe?e uiaei iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee oaeoe/ieo iniia ?
oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a aeiieoo, i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino?
ne?ae/eo ? oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee th?eaee/ieo eaae??a.

Ii?iaoeaiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie, Caeiie
Oe?a?ie, i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? aeoe c ieoaiue caoenoo i?aa iniae o noa??
e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa, i?iaeoe e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai
eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie.

Aii??e/ia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeth/a? a naaa

a) aiae?c iaoa??ae?a iiiaae 200 e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa;

a) aeai? aieaooaaiiy 467 ne?ae/eo IAN Oe?a?ie, i?ieo?aoo?e oa NAO;

a) aeai? iieooaaiiy 522 neooa/?a (nooaeaio?a) aeueo th?eaee/ieo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a;

a) noaoenoe/i? aeai? oa aiae?oe/i? iaoa??aee IAN Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue
ne?aenoaa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa ia
iiiia?ao?/iiio ??ai? ?icaeyiooi i?iaeaie aeiieoo o a?aeiia?aeiino? c?
ci?iith oiia ?icaeoeo iaoi? aea?aeaae oa ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth, a
oaeiae i?eioeeiiai iiaeie iieiaeaiiyie Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie uiaei
caoenoo i?aa oa ?ioa?an?a iniaenoino?, o oiio /ene? o noa??
e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa.

C o?aooaaiiyi no/anieo iio?aa i?aeoeee ? ??aiy ?icaeoeo e?ei?iae?noe/ii?
iaoee ?icaeyioo? caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy aeiieoo ? noi?ioeueiaai?
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeanoaeueieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo ?
oaeoe/ieo iniia aeiieoo.

Aecia/a?oueny, ui ne?ae/a oaeoeea ia? i?noea eeoa i?e iayaiino?
i?ioeae?? ?icne?aeoaaiith, ? cai?iiiiiaaia a?aei?iia a?ae o?aaeeoe?eiiai
oaea ?? aecia/aiiy: e?ei?iae?noe/ia oaeoeea — oea oi?iiy (cae?ai?noue)
ia?aoeo?eoe iniao, yea i?ioeae?? anoaiiaeaiith ia`?eoeaii? ?noeie.

Aaoi?ii ?icai?iooi iieiaeaiiy uiaei ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? i?ioeaaeo?e
iiia?aaeiueiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy (ci?ie noaoono iiyniaiue a?iiaaeyi ?
iaoa??ae?a iiia?aaeiuei? ia?aa??ee; ?icoe?aiiy eiea ne?ae/eo ae?e,
oi?iaaaeaeaiiy yeeo iiaeeeaa ua aei ii?ooaiiy e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae).
Noi?ioeueiaaii ieceo iiaeo i?iiiceoe?e uiaei caaacia/aiiy aeoea?caoe??
o/ano? a ?icne?aeoaaii? cei/ei?a iioa?i?eeo, na?aee?a ? i?aeic?thaaieo
(aniaeoe i?aaiaiai ? oaeoe/iiai caoenoo o/aniee?a e?ei?iaeueiiai
noaei/einoaa).

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee noi?ioethaaoe iieiaeaiiy, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai iaoeiai? iiaecie, iathoue cia/aiiy aeey iaoee
oa i?aeoeee ? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1.  ?ice?eooy no/aniiai cia/aiiy e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oaeoeee o ae??oaii?
caaaeaiue ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth.

2.  Iaa?oiooaaiiy iayaiino? oaeoeee cei/eiii? ae?yeueiino? e
iaiao?aeiino? ?? aea/aiiy a ?aieao iaoee e?ei?iae?noeee.

3.   Aecia/aiiy nooiino? ne?ae/i? oaeoeee ye caniao iiaeieaiiy i?ioeae??
?icne?aeoaaiith c aieo caoe?eaaeaieo in?a.

4.  ?iciaaeoaaiiy a e?ei?iae?noe/i?e oaeoeoe? aaciina?aaeiuei oaeoeee
ae?e ne?ae/iai ? i?aaee ?aoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy
ne?ae/eo ae?e.

5.  Eiie?aoecaoe?y i?noey e ?ie? aeiieoo a nenoai? i?ioeanoaeueieo
cania?a cai?o aeieaciai? ?ioi?iaoe??.

6.  E?eoa??? aeiionoeiino? aeei?enoaiiy oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a o ne?ae/?e
ae?yeueiino?.

7.  Iaa?oiooaaiiy e?eoa???a aecia/aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeei?enoaiiy a
?icne?aeoaaii? iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a.

8.  ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeaaeo?e oa cania?a
?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a.

9.  I?iiiceoe?? uiaei iaiao?aeiino? iioe?aiiy i?aeoeee aeei?enoaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee iiaiaaaaeaiue, ye? i?iiiiothoueny aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

10.  A?aoiaioaoe?y iaiao?aeiino? aea/aiiy cei/eiii? ae?yeueiino? ye
nioe?aeueiiai yaeua, a ia o?eueee cania?a ? niinia?a a/eiaiiy cei/ei?a.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaaia
aaoi?ii aecia/aiiy e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oaeoeee aeicaiey? /?oei ?iciaaeoaaoe
i?aai?caoe?ei? e oaeoe/i? aniaeoe i?aeaioiaee oa i?iaaaeaiiy ne?ae/eo
ae?e. O oai?aoe/iiio ieai? oea icia/a?, ui iiaeaeueoa ?ic?iaea
i?ioeaaeo?e e ii?yaeeo i?iaaaeaiiy ne?ae/eo ae?e iiaea ? iiaeiia
cae?enithaaoeny aac i?aei?ie ieoaiue oaeoeee i?aai?caoe?eieie aniaeoaie
ne?ae/eo ae?e. O i?aeoe/iiio ieai? oea iaaea? iiaeeea?noue oaeineiiaeeoe
iaa/aeueii-i?aeoe/io e?oa?aoo?o ? caaacia/eoe ia oe?e iniia? i?aeaeuaiiy
i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino? ne?ae/eo oa ??aiy i?aeaioiaee th?eaee/ieo
eaae??a, ui aaea ?aae?co?oueny a ?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/?e ae?yeueiino? ?
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie.

Aianai? aaoi?ii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? iiia?aaeiueiai
ne?aenoaa (o ia?oo /a?ao c i?iaeai aeiieoo) iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iiaiai e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie (1997), i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiinoeoooe?y ? i?aeia?iaeia i?aai” (1997),
iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iaaiai?ai? ia eaoaae?? e?ei?iae?noeee aeaaeai??.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae o
iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e ?iaio? neooa/?a oa eo?naio?a.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o o?ueio
iaoeiaeo noaooyo a i?ia?aeieo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, iiiia?ao??, aeaio
iaa/aeueieo iin?aieeao oa iaei?e noaoo? a ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny ?? iaoith ? eiiiiceoe?eii neeaaea?oueny
?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, ye? ioiieththoue n?i i?ae?icae?e?a,
caeeth/ii? /anoeie, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a.
Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 214 noi??iie, c yeeo 180
iniiaiiai oaenoo, 17 aeiaeaoe?a ia 18 noi?., aeei?enoai? e?oa?aoo?i?
aeaea?aea — 257 iiceoe?e.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? oaie, a?aeia?aaeaia ?? aeooaeuei?noue,
aecia/ai? oe?e? e caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieacaia
iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue, ??aaiue ??
ai?iaaoe??.

?icae?e ia?oee — “Aeiieo o nenoai? cania?a i?ioeanoaeueiiai
aeieacoaaiiy” — i?enay/aiee aiae?co i?noey ? ?ie? aeiieoo a ae?yeueiino?
c ieoaiue ?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a, eiai ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oa
eiioi?eaoe?eii? nooiino?, iai?yiai oaeineiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei
no/anieo oiia ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? — “Aeiieo ye ?ioi?iaoe?eiee i?ioean”
?icaeyaea?oueny ?ioi?iaoe?eia nooi?noue aeiieoo, iaiao?aei?noue
o?aooaaiiy ineoieia?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy aeieac?a. O ca’yceo
c oeei i?aee?aneth?oueny iaiao?aei?noue i?eae?eyoe a?eueoi? oaaae ia
an?o aoaiao i?aeaioiaee oa ia?ai?aeaioiaee ne?ae/eo ieoaiiyi noaeiai?
ineoieia??, ye? ? iniiaith ia o?eueee ?icoi?iiy caeiiii??iinoae
ni?eeiyooy oa a?aeoai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, aea e an??? ne?ae/i? oaeoeee, oa
?? eiie?aoieo oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a. Eiinoaoo?oueny iaia’yceiaa o?aooaaiiy
i?e ?ic?iaoe? e?ei?iae?noe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e an?o caeiiii??iinoae,
iniaeeai o aeiaaeeao i?ioeeaaeiiai ni?yioaaiiy ?o ae??.
I?aee?aneth?oueny iaiao?aei?noue c’ynoaaiiy ? a?aooaaiiy aeiia
ni?eeiyooy aeey ?iciaaeoaaiiy iai?aaaeeaeo ? iiieeeiaeo na?ae/aiue,
iaoiiaeaieo iniaeeainoyie ni?eeiaiiy ??cieo ethaeae. E?ei?iae?noeea ye
iaoea i?i caeiiii??iino? ne?aeiooai?aiiy iiaeiia i?iiiioaaoe i?aeoeoe?
eeoa o? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? aacothoueny ia ?aaeueii i?ciaieo
caeiiii??iinoyo.

A?aei?/a?oueny iaiao?aei?noue iioe?aiiy a?naiaeo oaeoe/ieo cania?a o
ca`yceo c oi?ioaaiiyi oaeoe/ieo iniia i?ioeae?? ?icne?aeoaaiith.
Iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy cei/eiii? ae?yeueiino? ye
nioe?aeueiiai yaeua, a ia o?eueee cania?a ? niinia?a a/eiaiiy cei/ei?a.
Aeey oiai, uia oi?ei e oaeoe/ii a?aiioii i?ioenoiyoe on?i caniaai ?
iaoiaeai i?ioeae?? cei/eioe?a, iaiao?aeii a iiai?e i??? ciaoe «a?naiae»
oeeo cania?a oa iaoiae?a. Aac oeueiai ai?ioueaa c? cei/eii?noth, o ia?oo
/a?ao i?aai?ciaaiith, ia iiaea aooe i?aaeiaoiith oa ?acoeueoaoeaiith.

Iayai?noue oaeoeee cei/eiii? ae?yeueiino? (ia aoaiao a/eiaiiy oa
?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a) iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue ?? oe?eueiaiai
aea/aiiy ? o?aooaaiiy ye o i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? ne?ae/iai, oae ? i?e
?ic?iaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oaeoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o.

O ?iaio? aiae?cothoueny ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy Eiinoeoooe??, ye? aecia/athoue
iaiao?aei?noue ooi/iaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo ? oaeoe/ieo iniia
aeiieoo. I?iiiio?oueny eiie?aoecoaaoe a caeii? oiiae, a neeo yeeo
io?eiai? aeai? ia iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye aeieace.

Aeena?oaio aeieeaaeii coieieany ia i?iaeai? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo
oae caaieo iao?aaeeoe?eieo cania?a ? iaoiae?a (a?i?eoiieia??, a?iiico,
iie?a?aoo), a?aei?oeaoe, ui iai?eionoeiei ? ye ?o iaoeueia iai?eeiyooy,
oae ? ia?aioe?iea cia/aiiy oa iiaeeeainoae.

E?eoa??yie i?eionoeiino? iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a ? cania?a ia aeoieo
aeena?oaioa, iathoue aooe oae?: iaoeiaee — iiaiioe?ii?noue ??aiy
iaoeiai? iaa?oioiaaiino? oa aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae, ye?
neeaaeathoue iniiao cai?iiiiiaaiiai iiaiaaaaeaiiy; aoe/iee — aa?aio?y
a?aenooiino? aeaiaio?a, ui i?eieaeothoue /anoue ? a?aei?noue iniae;
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiee — iiaia a?aeiia?aei?noue i?aaiaei
ii?iaoeaai i?ioeaaeo?e ?icne?aeoaaiiy oa cai?o aeieaciai? ?ioi?iaoe??.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? — “Aeiieo ye oi?ia ni?eeoaaiiy” ?icaeyaeathoueny
i?ioeanoaeuei? oa ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae /an aeiieoo,
?o cia/aiiy aeey io?eiaiiy iiaii? oa ia`?eoeaii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Aeineoue
/ano? aeiaaeee i?eoiaoaaiiy /e niioai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? aeiieooaaieie
coiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue aei aeoeaieo e ianooiaeueieo ae?e ne?ae/iai
i?ae /an aeiieoo aeey oiai, uia a?i ia aenooiaa o ?ie? i?inoiai
?a?no?aoi?a a?aeiiinoae, ye? eiio iia?aeiieythoueny. O ca`yceo c oeei
iinoa? ieoaiiy i?i nooi?iue aeoeaiino? ne?ae/iai.

Ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, aiia iiaeiia iieyaaoe a iiaiioe?iiiio
aeei?enoaii? an?o iayaieo i?ioeanoaeueieo ? oaeoe/ieo cania?a aeey
niiioeaiiy aeiieooaaiiai aeaaaoe ia`?eoeai? na?ae/aiiy, aei a?aeiiae
a?ae iiceoe?? i?ioeae?? ne?aenoao. Naia niiioeaiiy, a ia oeneo. Aaoi?
iiae?ey? iiceoe?th uiaei eiioe?eoiino? ne?aenoaa ? i?aee?aneth?, ui
iaiao?aeii ia caia?a/oaaoe ?aaeueii ?nioth/a (i?ioeae?th, ai?ioueao ca
nai? ?ioa?ane), a aecia/aoe caeiii? i?aaeea ? caniae oe??? ai?ioueae.
?icoi??oueny, iiiyooy «ai?ioueaa», ui canoiniao?oueny a oiae?
?icne?aeoaaiiy cia/iith i??ith oiiaii ? icia/a?, ianaiia?aae,
i?ioeae?th, yeo ne?ae/iio iaiao?aeii ia?aai?ioe caeiiieie caniaaie. ?
oey ai?ioueaa ia icia/a? ai?ioueae c iniaith. Oae naii aaaaea?oueny, ui
ineoieia?/iee aieea ia aeiieooaaiiai ? iaa?ae`?iiei ao?eaooii
ni?eeoaaiiy, ? eiai eiie?aoi? i?eeiie ? caniae iathoue a?aeiia?aeaoe
aeiiaai caeiio ? ii?ae?. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, nooue ineoieia?/iiai aieeao
iieyaa? a ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeiieooaaiiio c iaoith c’ynoaaiiy eiai
ii?ioi?iiaaiino?, yea aecia/a? oa?aeoa? ?aaaoaaiiy ia oeth ?ioi?iaoe?th.
I?eionoeiee ? i?aaii??iee aieea niiioea? ethaeeio aei naiino?eiiai
ia?aaeyaeo e?i?? iiaaae?iee, ui noia?a/eoue oe?eyi i?aainoaeaey.

I?ioeae?y o?aeoo?oueny aeena?oaioii ye ia?aoeiaea aeinyaiaiith oe?eae,
ye? noiyoue ia?aae ne?aenoaii. I?e oeueiio eiie?aoeco?oueny aeoiea A.I.
Eiiiaaeiai? oa A.TH. Oai?oueea uiaei aaciina?aaeiuei? oa
iiina?aaeeiaaii? oi?ie i?ioeae??, a?aei?/a?oueny cia/aiiy oeueiai
?iciiae?eo aeey ?ic?iaee cania?a iiaeieaiiy i?ioeae??. Iaa?oioiao?oueny
iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaioiaee oa aeaeaiiy ca??iee?a oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a
iiaeieaiiy i?ioeae??, uia ne?ae/? ia “a?aee?eaaee aeey naaa” aaea aeaaii
a?aeiia ? ia canoiniaoaaee iacaeiii? i?eeiie.

O ?iaio? ii?ooo?oueny oaeiae ieoaiiy uiaei iaiao?aeiino? ?ic?iaee e
aeei?enoaiiy ia eeoa i?aaiaeo, i?aai?caoe?eieo ? oaeoe/ieo,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a iiaeieaiiy i?ioeae?? ?icne?aeoaaiith.

Aeaoaeueii ?icaeyaeathoueny i?eeiie ? iniiai? i?aaeea anoaiiaeaiiy
ineoieia?/iiai eiioaeoo c aeiieooaaiei ye oiiaa anoaiiaeaiiy “?iai/iai
ni?eeoaaiiy”. Aeneiaeaii aeoiee uiaei ianya?a iaiao?aeiiai e
i?eionoeiiai aea/aiiy iniaenoinoae o/aniee?a i?ioeano. Aeena?oaio
aaaaea?, ui ciai?oi? i?iyae, ?aaeoe?? ethaeeie ia oa, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny,
iiaeooue aooe aeey ne?ae/iai eeoa i???ioe?ii aeey ioe?iee
niinoa?aaeaiiy, aea ia aooe na?ae/aiiyi aeioaaoino?.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? — “I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy cania?a io?eiaiiy
?ioi?iaoe??” aena?oeththoueny ieoaiiy iiooeo iiaeo oi?i ? iaoiae?a
ae?yeueiino? i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a a no/anieo oiiaao ai?ioueae c?
cei/eii?noth, iaiao?aei?noue ? iiaeeea?noue “aeiiii?? i?ioeanoaeueieo
cania?a”, ciaioaiiy oa?i?i?a ? ianya?a “aeieoiaiooaaiiy” ?icne?aeoaaiiy.
Aeinyaiaiiy aaaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a c iaeiaioith aeo?aoith nee, cania?a ?
/ano aenooia? iaei??th c oe?eani?yiiaaieo oiia ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?.
Ia ? aeiyoeii ? ne?ae/a ae?yeuei?noue, oaeaee?noue aeinyaiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a a ye?e ? caeiiiaeaa/ith aeiiaith, a oaeoeea ?? cae?eniaiiy
ye can?a aeinyaiaiiy iaoe — oea noeoii?noue iaea?eueo aeioe?eueieo
i?eeii?a ? iaoiae?a ae?yeueiino?. Aea ine?eueee i?aenoieii
?icne?aeoaaiiy ? ??oaiiy aeie? ethaeeie, iaoa aeiiii?? nee ? cania?a i?e
eiai i?iaaaeaii? ia iiaea noaaeoeny aaca?aeiinii aei nooiino? ne?ae/i?
ae?yeueiino?.

A ?iaio? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui aeioe?euei?noue ? aeiiii?y a ne?ae/?e
ae?yeueiino?, i?aee?aneth?oueny a ?iaio?, iathoue aooe i?aeii?yaeeiaai?
ia no?eueee iao? aeinyaiaiiy aaaeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo, ne?eueee
caaacia/aiith i?aaii??iiai ia?aco ae?e i?e anoaiiaeaii? ia’?eoeaii?
?noeie.

I?e aaeineiiaeaii? i?ioeaaeo?e ?icne?aeoaaiiy iaiao?aeii aeoiaeeoe c
aeiia Eiinoeoooe?? i?i iaaeiionoei?noue caoaeaiiy «ci?noo ? ia`?io
?nioth/eo i?aa ? naiaiae». Aei i?aaiaeo aa?aio?e, ui iathoue caaacia/eoe
caoeno i?aa ? naiaiae a?iiaaeyi, ye? ? aecia/aeueieie o i?iiiceoe?yo
iiaiaaaaeaiue o e?ei?iaeueiiio i?ioean?, a?aeiinyoueny oae?:

1. Anoaiiaeaiiy naiaiaee na?ae/aiue, ye? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?ioe
iniae, ui ?o aea?, oa ?? aeecueeeo ?iaee/?a;

2. ?icaeyae na?ae/aiue aeey i?aeic?thaaiiai ye eiai i?aaa ia caoeno;

3. Iaiaaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o iniaenoi? ?ioi?iaoe??, yea iiaea cae?aoeny ?
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ia iiia?aaeiueiio ne?aenoa?;

4. Anoaiiaeaiiy ? eiie?aoecaoe?y ?ioi?iaoe?? yea ia iiaea
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a yeino? aeieac?a o neeo ii?ooaiiy oiia ??
iaea?aeaiiy.

O ca`yceo c oeei aoee aeine?aeaeai? oae? i?iaeaie: ?icoe?aiiy
i?ioieieueii? oi?ie aeinoaeiai? i?aeaioiaee iaoa??ae?a ? ia?ae?e
ne?ae/eo ae?e, i?eionoeieo o noaae?? ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy uiaei ii?ooaiiy
e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae c /enea ia iia`ycaieo c ?aaeueiei canoinoaaiiyi
caoiae?a i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?eiono; iaaeaiiy noaoono i?ioieieo aeiieoo
iiyniaiiyi a?iiaaeyi; iaia`yceiaino? oa noai?aiiy oiia aeey
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee cai?iiiiiaaieo iiaiaaaaeaiue o noa??
i?ioeanoaeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?iaeaia nei?i/aiiy aeiaaee?a aeoaethth/eo ae?e a
?iaio? ne?ae/eo ? a?aeiia?aeieo oao?aoe?a oa io?eiaiiy iaeiioeiii?
?ioi?iaoe??.

A?aei?/a?oueny iai?eionoei?noue “ne?iiai” eii?thaaiiy cao?aeieo c?ace?a
o i?ioean? ?icaeoeo oa oaeineiiaeaiiy no/anii? oe?a?inueei?
noaeiai-ne?ae/i? nenoaie. O oeueiio ieai? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?aa ? iaia’yce?a ne?ae/iai ? aaeaieaoa ia
iiia?aaeiueiio ne?aenoa?.

Aeneiaeaii aeoieo uiaei iaiao?aeiino? /?oeiai ?iciaaeoaaiiy oiia ?
iiaeeeainoae i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a o noa?? e?ei?iaeueiiai
noaei/einoaa ia aea? a?oie: 1) iia’ycaieo c? ci?iith i?aa ? iaia’yce?a
o/aniee?a e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano; 2) oaeeo, ui ia iio?aaothoue
ei?eaoaaiiy i?aa ? iaia’yce?a oeacaieo noa’?eo?a.

Aeena?oaio iaa?oioiao? iaiao?aei?noue /?oeiai ?iciaaeoaaiiy
ia?aoai?aiue, ui cae?eniththoueny aea?aeaaith, ia??aeei iaoiiaeaieo
oei/aniaith ioe?ieith noaio ae?yeueiino? i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a, oa
iaoeiaith ?ic?iaeith i?iiiceoe?e ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

O /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? — “I?iaeaie caoenoo in?a, ye? iathoue
?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei cei/eiii? ae?yeueiino?” aiae?cothoueny oiiae oa
caoiaee, iieeeeai? ni?eyoe cae?eniaiith i?aainoaeaey a oiiaao aeoeaii?
i?ioeae??. I?iaeaie caoenoo i?aa oa ?ioa?an?a iniaenoino? a
e?ei?iaeueiiio noaei/einoa? aaaaoianiaeoi?: a?ae caoenoo ?ioa?an?a,
ii?ooaieo cei/eiii (o oiio /ene? iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaoe oeae caoeno),
aei caoenoo a?ae iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia o/aniee?a e?ei?iaeueiiai
i?ioeano.

O oeueiio ieai? ioe?iaii aeinoaoi?noue oa iaae?ei?noue iayaieo caoiae?a
e?ei?iaeueii-i?aaiaiai, e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai e oaoi?/iiai caoenoo, i?iaiae?ciaaii
ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae ae??oaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie. C o?aooaaiiyi
aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua ? nioe?aeueii? aoiinoa?e a noni?euenoa?
a?aei?/a?oueny ia?oi/a?aiaa cia/ei?noue, aaaeeea?noue ? ?aaeuei?noue
caoiae?a e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caoenoo o/aniee?a e?ei?iaeueiiai
i?ioeano. Oea, ii-ia?oa aeeo/aiiy c iaoa??ae?a e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae
a?aeiiinoae uiaei aeiieooaaii? iniae, aeiieo i?ae inaaaeii?iii;
ii-ae?oaa, iaaeaiiy aeaieo /a?ac iinaaeiao iniao; ii-o?ao?, aeiieo iniae
a cae?eoiio noaeiaiio can?aeaii?. ?, ia?aoo?, i?iaaaeaiiy ne?ae/eo ae?e
ca oiia ia iiaeeeaino? eiioaeoo iniae, yea iio?aao? caoenoo, c ?ioeie
o/anieeaie i?ioeano.

?icaeyiooi caoiaee oaeoe/iiai caoenoo, ye? iieyaathoue o caaacia/aii?
aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aac ?icoeo?iaee aeoie?a. E??i oiai,
aeacaii? oaeoi?e ?aaeueii? caa?ice “?icoeo?iaee” aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe??
i?e canoinoaaii? oaoi?/ieo cania?a caoenoo (“cae?eooy” cia?aaeaiiy,
ci?ia cao/aiiy aieino).

I?aee?aneaii, ui i?e ?ic?iaoe? caoiae?a caoenoo aeeooy ? caei?ia’y, i?aa
oa ?ioa?an?a aoaeue-yei? eaoaai??? o/aniee?a e?ei?iaeueiiai
noaei/einoaa, iaiao?aeii ea?oaaoeny /?oei aecia/aieie (aeey aeaiiai
aeiaaeeo) i??i?eoaoaie nioe?aeueieo oe?iiinoae, ine?eueee aa?aio?? i?aa
iniae, oe?e? cae?eniaiiy e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa ciaoiaeyoueny a
iaaiiio i?ioe??//?. Aoaeue-yea ?icoe?aiiy aa?aio?e i?aa iniae
oneeaaeith? i?ioeaaeo?o ?icne?aeoaaiiy, ?, a?aeiia?aeii, aoaeue-yea
iineeaiiy caoenoo na?aeea (iai?eeeaae, iaaeaiiy i?aaa aiii?iiiai
na?ae/aiiy) oyaia ca niaith iaai? iaiaaeaiiy i?aa iaaeioaa/aiiai,
anooia? a noia?a/i?noue c i?eioeeiaie aaciina?aaeiino? oa aeaniino?
e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano. Oiio caeiiiaeaaaoeue iiaeiai /?oei aecia/aoe,
yeei aa?aio?yi i?aa oa ?ioa?an?a iniae iaaea?oueny ia?aaaaa o eiaeiiio
eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Oaeoeea aeiieoo” aeine?aeaeothoueny iniiae ?
oaeoe/i? i?eeiie aeiieoo. O aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiao?oueny, ui ne?ae/a
oaeoeea ye noeoii?noue i?eeii?a ae??oaiiy ne?ae/ei caaea/ ?icne?aeoaaiiy
? o?eueee oai ? oiae?, aea ? eiee a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioeae?y
?icne?aeoaaiith, ae?yi ne?ae/iai. Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui oaeoeea a
caaaeueiiio ieai? iieyaa? a oi?ii? ia?aa?aoe i?ioeeaaeio noi?iio.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? — “Iiiyooy, nooi?noue ? ?ieue e?ei?iae?noe/ii?
oaeoeee” aiae?cothoueny iayai? iiiyooy “e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oaeoeee”;
i?aee?aneaii, ui noiniaii aeaii? eaoaai??? iaiao?aeii /?oea
?iciaaeoaaiiy “e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oaeoeee” ye ?icae?eo iaoee
e?ei?iae?noeee, ui aeeth/a? a naaa iniiai? iieiaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee,
i?aai?caoe?? e i?iaaaeaiiy ?icne?aeoaaiiy, ? “ne?ae/i? oaeoeee” ye
i?aeoe/iiai a?naiaeo oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a ae?yeueiino? ne?ae/iai ii
cae?aiith e aeei?enoaiith aeieac?a. Ooi/iaiiy iiiyooy ? ci?noo
e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oaeoeee ia? ia o?eueee oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey
?icaeoeo e?ei?iae?noeee, e aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, yea iieyaa? a
eiie?aoecaoe?? ? caaacia/aii? ?ic?iaee ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue ceiaiaeaiiei iio?aaai i?aeoeee o noa?? aeania oaeoe/ieo
aniaeo?a ne?ae/i? ae?yeueiino?.

O ca`yceo c oeei aeena?oaioii i?iaiaeeoueny /?oea ?iciaaeoaaiiy i?aaee
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeyaeaiiy e aeeo/aiiy aeieac?a ? oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a
iiaeieaiiy i?ioeae?? ?icne?aeoaaiith i?e i?iaaaeaii? ne?ae/eo ae?e.

I?aaeea o ne?ae/?e ae?yeueiino? — oea niiniae cae?eniaiiy o?oaeiaeo
iia?aoe?e, ui neeaaeathoue iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaai? oa aeiaaaeai? i?aeoeeith
iaea?eueo aeioe?euei? i?ioeaaeo?i? oa oaoiieia?/i? i?eeiie aeyaeaiiy,
cai?o, aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy aeieaciai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Aei ieo
iaeaaeaoue i?aaeea ?iaioe c ??cieie aeaeaie ne?ae?a, iine?aeiaiino? oa
iaoiaee/iino? iaeyaeo, aenoiaiiy ? ia?aa??ee aa?n?e, iieno ca iciaeaie
ciai?oiino?, i?aeai?o c?ace?a aeey ii??aiyeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeania oaeoeea ae?e ne?ae/iai iieyaa? ? aeyaey?oueny o oaeeo niiniaao
(i?eeiiao) eiai ae?yeueiino? uiaei cae?aiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy aeieac?a,
ye? ni?yiiaai? ia onoiaiiy ia?aiii i?ae iei ? aeaea?aeii ?ioi?iaoe?? oa
o ia?aoeiaeaeaii? niioai?aiith aai i?eoiaaiith ?ioi?iaoe??.

Oaeoe/i? aniaeoe ae?yeueiino? ne?ae/iai a?aeia?aaeathoue caaaeuei?
i?aeoiaee aei ??oaiiy caaaeaiue iiia?aaeiueiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy, i?eeiyooy
oaeoe/ieo ??oaiue: aecia/aiiy nai?/aniino? i?iaaaeaiiy ne?ae/eo ae?e,
ioe?iea iaiao?aeiino? cae?eniaiiy iaaieo caoiae?a c o?aooaaiiyi
iia`ycaiiai c oeei oaeoe/iiai ?eceeo, i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i
i?aae`yaeaiiy aeieac?a (c aeaoae?caoe??th i?eeii?a i?aae`yaeaiiy),
anoaiiaeaiiy iaoe ? aecia/aiiy eiie?aoieo ae?e i?e cae?eniaii? oaeoe/ieo
iia?aoe?e oiui.

Oaeoeea i?iyaey?oueny e ?aae?co?oueny, ia?o ca ana, o i?ioean?
ni?eeoaaiiy ne?ae/iai c ?ioeie o/anieeaie e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa,
oiaoi o iaaeao aaciina?aaeiuei? i?ioeae??. I?ioa i?ioeai?noai ne?ae/iai
oa eiai iiiiaio?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ia eeoa a “i/ieo aiyo”, aea e oiae?,
eiee i?ioeae?th/? noi?iie noaaeyoue iaeei ia?aae iaeiei caaaeaiiy, ye?
iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe aeey oni?oiiai i?iaaaeaiiy iiaeaeueoeo caoiae?a.
Oaeoeea iayaia ? i?e ae??oaii? i?iaeai, ye? iinoaaeai? ia?aae ne?ae/ei
i?ioeae?th/ith iniaith oeyoii cieuaiiy, ci?ie, oaeueneo?eaoe?? ne?ae?a
aeey aeaci???ioaoe?? ne?ae/iai, oiaoi i?e iiina?aaeeiaai?e i?ioeae??.

Oaeei /eiii, oaeoeea ne?ae/i? ae?yeueiino? iieyaa? o aeei?enoaii?
niaoeeo?/ieo niinia?a ae?? aeey iaea?aeaiiy aeieaciai? ?ioi?iaoe??, ui
a?aeoai?th?oueny o aeai?? oa ?aae?caoe?? a?aeiia?aeieo oa?aeoa?o
neooaoe?e ?icne?aeoaaiiy oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia iiaeieaiiy
oa iaeo?ae?caoe?th i?ioeae?? anoaiiaeaiith ia’?eoeaii? ?noeie ii ni?aa?.

Aeena?oaio i?aee?aneth?, ui a?aeianaiiy oaeoeee cei/eiii? ae?yeueiino?
aei i?aaeiaoo e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oaeoeee ia icia/a? aeeth/aiiy aei ia?
?ic?iaee oaeoeee ae?e in?a, ye? i?ioeae?thoue ne?ae/iio. I?ciaiiy oeeo
oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a iaiao?aeia aeey ?ic?iaee oa ei?aeoe?? oaeoe/ieo
i?eeii?a ne?ae/iai, aeey eiai ia?ciaiino? uiaei oiai, c /ei a?i iiaea
cono??oeny i?e i?iaaaeaeaii? ne?ae/eo ae?e, a aieiaia — ui a?i iiaea ?
ia? oeueiio i?ioenoaaeoe.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? — “Oaeoe/i? i?eeiie aeiieoo” ?icaeyioo? iniiai?
aeaee oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a aeiieoo, /eiieee, ui aecia/athoue aea??
eiie?aoii? oaeoeee aeiieoo; i?aee?aneaii cia/aiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? e
nenoaiaoecaoe?? oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a, iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co
aeneiaeaieo i?iiiceoe?e uiaei oeueiai ieoaiiy. Aeena?oaio iiae?ey? oi/eo
ci?o ?.N. A?ee?ia i?i oa, ui iaiaaaiiy ciaeoe oi?aa?naeuei? canaaee aeey
eeaneo?eaoe?? oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a aacia?niaeoeai?, ye ? i?aaiaiiy
“iaia?oai” i?ea`ycaoe oie /e ?ioee i?eeii aei iaaiiai eaioethaa
eeaneo?eaoe??. C i?aeoe/ii? iiceoe?? iniiaia cia/aiiy ia? a?oioaaiiy
oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a aeiieoo uiaei iiaeeeainoae ??oaiiy eiie?aoieo caaea/.

O oaeoe/iiio caaacia/aii? aeiieoo (i?e eiai i?aeaioiaoe? ? ?aae?caoe??)
ne?ae aeoiaeeoe c oiai, ui an? eiai neeaaeia? ? aeaiaioaie
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. Iai?eeeaae, caieoaiiy, aae?aniaaia
aeiieooaaiiio, oea ia i?inoi caieo i?i aeai?, ui oe?eaaeyoue ne?aenoai,
aea e iaeii/anii iaaeaiiy aeiieooaaiiio iaaii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui i?e aecia/aii? oaeoeee aeiieoo aieiaiei ? ia
aea?? ie?aiiai eiie?aoiiai i?eeiio, a aecia/aiiy iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a
?icaeoeo aeiieoo, aeey eiaeiiai c yeeo iathoue aooe ia?aaeaa/ai?
a?aeiia?aei? aa??aioe ae?e ne?ae/iai. O aeena?oaoe?? aeae?eai? /ioe?e
iniiai? neooaoe??, a?aeiia?aeii aei yeeo aeyaeythoueny iaea?eueo
caaaeuei? iniaeeaino? oaeoeee aeiieoo, iio?aaa a o?e /e ?io?e eaoaai???
oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a.

Ieaioaaiiy ? i?aeaioiaea aei i?iaaaeaiiy aeiieoo ia`?aeio? o?e iniiai?
aeaiaioe:

a) i?aai?caoe?eiee — caaacia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai cae?eniaiiy aeiieoo
(eiee, aea ? o. ?i.);

a) ci?noiaiee — aecia/aiiy iiaiioe ? aca?iica`yceo ianoaaei, ye?
iio??aii aeynieoe;

a) oaeoe/iee — anoaiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo cania?a ? i?eeii?a ae??oaiiy
eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue aeiieoo.

Iniiaith oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, ? iia?oaaiiy
ne?ae/ei ?ioi?iaoe??th — ?? i?eoiaoaaiiy, noai?aiiy aeaeeiino? uiaei
ii?ioi?iiaaiino?, niiioeaiiy aeiieooaaiiai aei iaaieo ae?e. C oeeo
iiceoe?e i?iaiae?ciaai? oaeoe/i? i?eeiie, i?aaii??i?noue yeeo ?
iaea?eueo aeeneon?eiith. Aeaoae?cothoueny cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo, iniaeeai
c?ciaaaeueieo na?ae/aiue, oiiae ?o canoinoaaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae
iiaeeeaino? ?o ia?aa??ee oa i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ?ioeie aeaieie, ui
aeo?eathoue ?c iia?aeiieaiiai (iai?eeeaae, aeac?aea ia i?noea
i?eoiaoaaiiy aee?aaeaiiai).

Aea?? oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a, ye? a a?aeiia?aeaee eiie?aoi?e ne?ae/?e
neooaoe?? oa ae??oaiith iinoaaeaieo i?e oeueiio caaaeaiue, ia?aaeaa/a?
«aeaeiaoaaiiy» c aaaaoueio iiaeeeaeo oaeiai i?eeiio, yeee iaiaaii aoaea
iaea?eueo ?acoeueoaoeaiei. Aeey oeueiai iio??aia nenoaiaoecaoe?y
oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a, yea aeaaaea a iiaeeea?noue cae?enithaaoe iaiao?aeiee
aea?? c «aeie?a», aiaeia?/ieo ca nai?th ni?yiiaai?noth i?eeii?a.

?icaeyiooi iiaeeeaino? e iniaeeaino? oaeoeee aeiieoo ca o/anoth o?ao?o
in?a (iaaeaaiaa, ineoieiaa oa ?i.). A?aei?/aii niaoeeo?eo oaeoeee
iiaoi?iiai i?iaaaeaiiy ne?ae/eo ae?e (o oiio /ene? iiaoi?iiai aeiieoo),
a?aoiaioo?oueny iaiao?aei?noue ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? — “E?eoa??? i?eionoeiino? oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a”
aeine?aeaeaii i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee iiaeeeainoae canoinoaaiiy oaeoe/ieo
i?eeii?a. Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?eaia neooaoe?yi, eiee i?aaii??i?noue
oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a ioe?ith?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei “aeooo caeiio”.

?icaeyaea?oueny i?eionoei?noue eiii?ii?no a iaaeao e?ei?iaeueiiai
noaei/einoaa ? eiinoaoo?oueny eiai iaiao?aei?noue i?e ae??oaii? ie?aieo
ieoaiue. Aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui eiii?ii?n, ii-ia?oa, i?aaii??iee i?e
i?aai?caoe?? oa cae?eniaii? ae?yeueiino? ii ai?iouea? c? cei/eii?noth,
ii ae?oaa, eiai nooi?noue, i?aenoaae ? aeaee iathoue ciaeoe eiie?aoia
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o caeiiiaeaanoa?, aeey ?ic?iaee ? canoinoaaii? cania?a,
i?eeii?a ? iaoiae?a ne?ae/i? ae?yeueiino? ia /?oe?e i?aaia?e iniia?. Ia
aeaeue /eiia caeiiiaeaanoai i?noeoue eeoa iniiae ?inoeoooo aeiaia??ieo
a?aeiinei a oiiaao ae?yeueiiai ?iceayiiy cei/eioe?a, iaoyeath/e ia
iiaeeea?noue oaeeo a?aeiinei, aea ia aeath/e nooo?aiai ae??oaiiy ?o ii
noo?. Eiii?ii?n (o cao?aeiiio i?aaiciaanoa? — «oaiaea c i?aainoaeaeyi»)
caaacia/o? i?enei?aiiy ?icne?aeoaaiiy ? ?icaeyae i/aaeaeieo
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa, aeiiii?th cania?a ca ?aooiie nei?i/aiiy oi?iaeueieo
i?ioeaaeo?, aeeeth/aiiy c iaaeioaa/aiiy ia iiaiioe?iii aeieacaieo
ai?ciae?a, iiaeeea?noue aeyaeaiiy ? aee?eooy i?aai?ciaaieo cei/eiieo
a?oi.

Aiae?co?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oeo?ino? e iaiaio a no?oeoo?? oaeoe/ieo
i?eeii?a. I?e oeueiio i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iaiai i? ca yeeo oiia ia
iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a ae?yeueiino? ne?ae/iai. Oiio aeiaeai ?c
oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a, iia`ycaieo c iaiaiii, ia iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye
i?aaii??iee ? aeiionoeiee. A?aoiaoth/e oea, i?iiiio?oueny aeiiiaieoe
ia?ae?e caai?ii, anoaiiaeaieo no. 22 EIE Oe?a?ie, i?yiith aeac?aeith i?i
iaaeiionoei?noue iaiaio. Aeaco?oueny, ui ni??i?noue aaaaoueio oaeoe/ieo
i?eeii?a cia/iith i??ith aecia/a?oueny oaiaeaioe?ei?noth ?o
oa?i?iieia?/iiai aecia/aiiy.

Ie??i iniiaiiieiaeieo, aea caiaaeoi caaaeueieo e?eoa???a — caeiiiino?,
iaoeiaino? e aoe/iino?, aaoi? i?iiiio? anoaiiaeoe i?aeoe/ii cia/ei?
eiie?aoeciaai? oiiae i?eionoeiino? oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a: a) a?aenooi?noue
iai?aaaeeai? ?ioi?iaoe??; a) iaia`yceia?noue iiaeeeaino? aeia?ia?eueiiai
aeai?o iiceoe?? oa ae?e aeiieooaaiei; a) iai?eionoei?noue i?eoiaoaaiiy
iaia`yceiai? i?aaiai? ?ioi?iaoe??; a) i?iaiicoaaiiy oa aeeeth/aiiy
aeei?enoaiiy i?eeii?a, ye? iiaeooue iioyaiooe ca niaith na?eici?
iaaaoeai? iane?aeee; ae) ioe?iea, yeei nioe?aeueiei oe?iiinoyi
iaaea?oueny ia?aaaaa; ?) aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a
a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia caeiiiaeaanoaa.

O caeeth/i?e /anoei? noi?ioeueiaai? aieiai? aeniiaee, ye? ? ?acoeueoaoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy: iaiao?aei?noue i?eae?eaiiy a?eueoi? oaaae ieoaiiyi
ne?ae/i? oaeoeee, ui iiynith?oueny ci?iaie oiia ai?ioueae c?
cei/eii?noth; aca?iiiaoiiaeai?noue yeino? e ?acoeueoaoeaiino?
?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a ? i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino? ne?ae/eo;
eiie?aoecaoe?y e?eoa???a aeiionoeiino? aeei?enoaiiy oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a;
?iciaaeoaaiiy a iiiyoo? e ci?no? e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oaeoeee aeanii oaeoeee
ae?e ne?ae/iai ? i?aaee ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeeiiaiiy ne?ae/eo ae?e;
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aenia?eiaioaeueii?
ia?aa??ee iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a, ui i?iiiiothoueny aei
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy; i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeanoaeueieo,
i?aai?caoe?eieo ? oaeoe/ieo iniia aeiieoo.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o ii oai? aeena?oaoe??:

1. Aao?i A.I., Aanaeuenueeee A.E. Oaeoeea aeiieoo: Iaa/. iin?aiee. — E.:
IAO “I?aaiee”, 1997. — 64 n. (3,8 ae.a., aeiey caeiaoaa/a 1,5 ae.a.).

2. Aao?i A.I., Aanaeuenueeee A.E., Iae?eia O.N. Iie?oeaenueeee aeiieo o
NOA (ii?aaee aeiieooth/iio): Iaa/. iin?aiee. — E.: IAO “I?aaiee”, 1997.
— 32 n. (1,4 ae.a., aeiey caeiaoaa/a 0,5 ae.a.).

3. Aao?i A.I., Eocuei?/ia A.N., Aanaeuenueeee A.E. Oaeoeea ne?ae/i?
ae?yeueiino?: iiiyooy, nooi?noue, ci?no // Iaoeiaee a?niee Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa: Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iee aeo?iae. — E., 1998. — ?
2. — N. 217—225 (0,3 ae.a., aeiey caeiaoaa/a 0,1).

4. Aanaeueneee A.E. Aenia?eiaio ye can?a oaeineiiaeaiiy ne?ae/i?
ae?yeueiino? // Iaoeiaee a?niee Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o
ni?aa Oe?a?ie: Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iee aeo?iae. — E., 1998. — ? 4. — N.
168—173.

5. Aaoei A.I., Aanaeueneee A.E., Ea?iia I.N. I?iaeaiu iioeiecaoeee
neaaenoaey // Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu e?eieiaeenoeee. O?oaeu aeaaeaiee
oi?aaeaiey.— I., 1998. — N. 77—91 (1 ae.a., aeiey caeiaoaa/a 0,3 ae.a.).

6. Aanaeuenueeee A.E. No/ani? i?iaeaie aeiieoo (i?ioeanoaeuei?,
i?aai?caoe?ei? ? oaeoe/i? aniaeoe): Iiiia?ao?y. — E.: IAO “I?aaiee” —
IAANO, 1999. — 150 n.

7. Aanaeuenueeee A.E. I?iaeaie caoenoo in?a, ye? iathoue ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i cei/eiio ae?yeuei?noue // I?aai Oe?a?ie. —E., 1999. ? 7. — N. 58-61

Aanaeueneee A.E. No/ani? i?iaeaie aeiieoo (i?ioeanoaeuei?,
i?aai?caoe?ei? e oaeoe/i? aniaeoe). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.09 — e?ei?iaeueiee i?ioean oa e?ei?iae?noeea;
noaeiaa aenia?oeca. — Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie,
Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?ioeanoaeueiei, i?aai?caoe?eiei e oaeoe/iei
i?iaeaiai aeiieoo, c o?aooaaiiyi i?noey e eiai ?ie? a nenoai?
i?ioeanoaeueieo cania?a cai?o aeieaciai? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa no/anieo oiia
ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth.

Aeine?aeaeai? oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ye iiiyooy e?ei?iae?noe/ii?
oaeoeee; ?iciaaeoaaiiy aeanii oaeoeee ae?e ne?ae/iai ? i?aaee
?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaaaeaiiy ne?ae/eo ae?e; iiiyooy oaeoeee cei/eiii?
ae?yeueiino?; e?eoa??? ioe?iee i?aaii??iino? e i?eionoeiino?
aeei?enoaiiy oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a; iniiae oa oe?e? nenoaiaoecaoe??
oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a aeiieoo; caoiaee caoenoo in?a, ye? ni?eythoue
?icne?aeoaaiith; caaea/? e iai?yiee aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeaaeo?e
?icne?aeoaaiiy; i?iaeaie “aeiiii?? i?ioeanoaeueieo cania?a”, ciaioaiiy
oa?i?i?a ? ianya?a “aeieoiaiooaaiiy” ?icne?aeoaaiiy cie?aia, ?icoe?aiiy
i?ioieieueii? oi?ie aeinoaeiai? i?aeaioiaee iaoa??ae?a ? ia?ae?eo
ne?ae/eo ae?e, i?eionoeieo o noaae?? ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy uiaei ii?ooaiiy
e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae c /enea iaiia’ycaieo c ?aaeueiei canoinoaaiiyi
cania?a i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?eiono; iaaeaiiy noaoono i?ioieieo aeiieoo
iiyniaiiyi a?iiaaeyi; iaia’yceiaino? oa noai?aiiy oiia aeey
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee cai?iiiiiaaieo iiaiaaaaeaiue o noa??
i?ioeanoaeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiieo, i?ioeae?y, ineoieia?/iee aieea, oaeoeea,
oaeoe/i? i?eeiie.

Aanaeueneee A.E. Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu aeii?ina (i?ioeannoaeueiua,
i?aaiecaoeeiiiua e oaeoe/aneea aniaeou). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.09 – oaieiaiue i?ioeann e e?eieiaeenoeea;
noaeaaiay yenia?oeca. — Iaoeeiiaeueiay aeaaeaiey aioo?aiieo aeae
Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?ioeannoaeueiui, i?aaiecaoeeiiiui e
oaeoe/aneei i?iaeaiai niaa?oainoaiaaiey aeii?ina n o/aoii ianoa e aai
?iee a nenoaia i?ioeannoaeueiuo n?aaenoa nai?a aeieacaoaeueiie
eioi?iaoeee a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo ai?ueau n i?anooiiinoueth.

I?iaeaiu aeaeueiaeoaai niaa?oainoaiaaiey e ?acaeoey i?ioeannoaeueiie
i?ioeaaeo?u e oaeoe/aneeo iniia aeii?ina ?anniio?aiu a niioaaonoaee n
iiauie iieiaeaieyie Eiinoeoooeee Oe?aeiu, iai?aaeaiiuie ia caueoo i?aa
e eioa?ania ee/iinoe.

A ?aaioa ?ane?uaaaony iio?aaiinoue i?aeoeee a ?anoe?aiee a?naiaea
oaeoe/aneeo n?aaenoa a nayce n nouanoaaiiui eciaiaieai i?anooiiinoe e
oi?ie?iaaieai oaeoe/aneeo iniia i?ioeaiaeaenoaey ?anneaaeiaaieth.
Iainiiauaaaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue eco/aiey i?anooiiie aeayoaeueiinoe eae
nioeeaeueiiai yaeaiey, a ia oieueei niiniaia e n?aaenoa niaa?oaiey
i?anooieaiey.

N o/aoii eiioeeeoiinoe neaaenoaey iiae/a?eiooi, /oi iaiaoiaeeii ia
io?eoeaoue ?aaeueii nouanoaothuea i?ioeaiaeaenoaey e ai?ueao ca naie
eioa?anu, a ii?aaeaeyoue caeiiiua i?aaeea e n?aaenoaa yoie ai?ueau.
I?ioeaiaeaenoaea o?aeooaony eae aini?aiyonoaiaaiea aeinoeaeaieth oeaeae,
noiyueo ia?aae neaaenoaeai.

Enneaaeothony i?iaeaiu “yeiiiiee i?ioeannoaeueiuo n?aaenoa”, nie?auaiey
n?ieia e iauaia “aeieoiaioe?iaaiey” ?anneaaeiaaiey, a /anoiinoe,
?anoe?aiey i?ioieieueiie oi?iu aeinoaeaaiie iiaeaioiaee iaoa?eaeia e
ia?a/iy neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee (ec /enea ia naycaiiuo n ?aaeueiui
i?eiaiaieai ia? i?ioeannoaeueiiai i?eioaeaeaiey), aeiionoeiuo a noaaeee
?aoaiey aii?ina i aicaoaeaeaiee oaieiaiiai aeaea; onoaiiaeaiey aeey
iauyniaiee a?aaeaeai noaoona i?ioieiea aeii?ina; iaycaoaeueiinoe e
oneiaee yenia?eiaioaeueiie i?iaa?ee iiaoanoa, i?aaeeaaaaiuo a noa?a
i?ioeannoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

?anniio?aiu oneiaey e ia?u, i?ecaaiiua niinianoaiaaoue inouanoaeaieth
i?aainoaeey a oneiaeyo aeoeaiiai i?ioeaiaeaenoaey. N o/aoii
yeiiiie/aneiai iieiaeaiey e nioeeaeueiie aoiinoa?u a ainoaea?noaa
ioia/aaony ia?ainoaiaiiay aaaeiinoue e ?aaeueiinoue ia?
oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiie caueou o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna.
Iiae/a?eiooi, /oi i?e ?ac?aaioea ia? caueou aeecie, i?aa e eioa?ania
ethaie eaoaai?ee o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa iaiaoiaeeii
?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny /aoei ii?aaeaeaiiui aeey aeaiiiai neo/ay i?ei?eoaoii
nioeeaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, iineieueeo aa?aioee i?aa ee/iinoe, a oaeaea
oeaee e oneiaey inouanoaeaiey oaieiaiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa iaoiaeyony a
ii?aaeaeaiiii i?ioeai?a/ee.

Iainiiauaaaony, /oi neaaenoaaiiay oaeoeea, eae niaieoiiinoue i?eaiia
?aoaiey neaaeiaaoaeai caaea/ ?anneaaeiaaiey, iaee/anoaoao oieueei oai e
oiaaea, aaea e eiaaea ieacuaaaony i?ioeaiaeaenoaea ?anneaaeiaaieth,
aeaenoaeyi neaaeiaaoaey. A iaeaieaa iauai ieaia oaeoeea caeeth/aaony a
oiaiee ia?aea?aoue i?ioeainoiyuoth noi?iio. A nayce n yoei i?iaiaeeony
?aca?aie/aiea i?aaee ?aoeeiiaeueiuo aeaenoaee i?e auyaeaiee e ecuyoee
aeieacaoaeuenoa e oaeoe/aneeo i?eaiia i?aiaeieaiey i?ioeaiaeaenoaey i?e
i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee. ?ane?uaaaony oai?aoe/aneia e
i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea oaeiai ?acaeaeaiey. ?anniao?eaaaony iiiyoea
oaeoeee i?anooiiie aeayoaeueiinoe e ioia/aaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue aa
eco/aiey a ?aieao ?acaeaea e?eieiaeenoe/aneie oaeoeee. Iiae?iaii
enneaaeiaaia i?iaeaia aeiionoeiinoe oaeoe/aneeo i?eaiia aeii?ina,
eniieueciaaiey iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo n?aaenoa e iaoiaeia iieo/aiey
eioi?iaoeee. Iaaeiionoeii eae iaoeueiia eo iai?eyoea, oae e ia?aioeaiea
cia/aiey e aiciiaeiinoae. Ioeaiea ethaiai iiaiai iaoiaea aeieaeia
inouanoaeyoueny ia aaca eiie?aoiie oa?aeoa?enoeee iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai,
yoe/aneiai e oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiiai aniaeoia i?aaeeaaaaiiai
iiaoanoaa e ii?aaeaeaiey eiie?aoiuo oeaeae aai eniieueciaaiey.

I?aaeeiaeaiu neaaeothuea eiie?aoece?iaaiiua oneiaey aeiionoeiinoe
oaeoe/aneeo i?eaiia: a) ionoonoaea eiaeiie eioi?iaoeee; a)
iaycaoaeueiinoue aiciiaeiinoe aeia?iaieueiiai auai?a iiceoeee e
aeaenoaee aeii?aoeaaaiui; a) iaaeiionoeiinoue nie?uoey iaycaoaeueii
(i?aaiaie) eioi?iaoeee; a) i?iaiice?iaaiea e eneeth/aiea eniieueciaaiey
i?eaiia, eioi?ua iiaoo iiaea/ue na?ueaciua iaaaoeaiua iineaaenoaey; ae)
/aoeia ii?aaeaeaiea, eaeei nioeeaeueiui oeaiiinoyi ioaeaaony
i?aaeii/oaiea; a) eniieueciaaiea iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia a niioaaonoaee
n o?aaiaaieyie caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeii?in, i?ioeaiaeaenoaea, ineoieiae/aneia
aicaeaenoaea, oaeoeea, oaeoe/aneea i?eaiu.

Veselskey V.K. Modern problems of interviewing (procedural, organized
and tactical aspects). Manuscript.

The thesis on D`s degrec of Law sciences by specialization 12.00.09 –
criminal procedure and criminalistics; medical expertness). – National
Academy of internal affairs of Ukraine. Kiev, 1999.

Taking into account the place and the role of interviewing in the system
of procedural methods of having witness information and social
conditions of crime combatting the procedural, organized and tactical
problems of its improvement are considered in this thesis. In this
scientific-investigative work are coved some essential topics : the
notion of criminal techniques; division of techniques of investigator`s
activities and rules of rational practisizing investigator`s
activities; notion of crime activity, techniques; criteria of
appreciation of being a law and due to using technique methods; bases
and aims of systematization of tactic methods of interviewing; measures
of personal protection, which helps investigation; tasks and ways of
improvement of investigation procedure; economy of remedial means,
remedial terms shortening and volume recordings of investigation
reduction in particular the matter about broadening of record form of
retrial preparation of criminal case materials and increase of a number
of investigatory activities which are not connected to real application
of compulsive remedial measures and are admitted at a stage of procedure
when the criminal case is starting: establishments of the status of the
interrogation recording to the explanations of citizens; necessity of
verification of innovations in experimental conditions offered in the
field of criminal procedure.

Key words: interviewing, antiaction, psychology influence, tactical,
tactical methods.

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