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Створення та оцінка селекційного матеріалу картоплі для різних грунтово-кліматичних зон: Автореф. дис… канд. с.-г. наук / А.А. Осипчук, Ін-т рослинн

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?inoeooo ?ineeiieoeoaa ?i. A.ss.TH?’?aa, OAAI

Inei/oe Aeea Aiae???aia

OAeE 635.21:631.527

NOAI?AIIss OA IOe?IEA NAEAEOe?EIIAI IAOA??AEO EA?OIIE?

AeEss ??CIEO A?OIOIAI – EE?IAOE*IEO CII

06.01.05 – naeaeoe?y ? ian?iieoeoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ea?oiiey?noaa OAAI

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

aeaaeai?e OAAI, eao?aao Aea?aeaaii? i?ai??

a aaeoc? iaoee ? oaoi?ee

Eo/ei Aiaoie?e Aiae??eiae/, ?inoeooo ea?oiiey?noaa OAAI,

aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?
Iaicthe A?oae?e Oeiio?eiae/, ?inoeooo ?ineeiieoeoaa ?i. A.ss.TH?’?aa
OAAI, caa. a?aeae?eii naeaeoe?? ? aaiaoeee y/iaith

aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaeooei Iaee?
Naiai?aia, Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
naeaeoe?? ? ian?iieoeoaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
I?i?noa?noai AIE Oe?a?ie, i. Aeoaeyie Euea?anueei? iaeano?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “19 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.366.01 a ?inoeooo? ?ineeiieoeoaa ?i.
A.ss. TH?’?aa, 310060 i. Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo Iineianueeee, 142. oae.92 – 23
– 78.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
?ineeiieoeoaa ?i. A. ss. TH?’?aa, i.Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo Iineianueeee, 142.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 18 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Iao?aieiaa A.I.

18

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi naeaeoe?? ea?oiie? ? noai?aiiy
ni?o?a c aenieeie iieacieeaie iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae.
Aeey oeueiai aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oiiai aeo?aeiiai
iaoa??aeo oa canoinoaaiiy aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a naeaeoe??.

A?eueo?noue iciae o ea?oiie? eiio?ieththoueny iaeeie aaiaie aai
iie?aaiaie. Oae? iciaee ci?iththoueny i?ae aieeaii ia?aaoeueiaaieo
oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua (oaiia?aoo?a, aieiaicaaacia/ai?noue,
niiy/ia ?inieyoe?y, oiui). Oea oneeaaeith?, c iaeiiai aieo, a?aea??
oe?iieo aaiioei?a, a c ae?oaiai – i?ecaiaeeoue aei ianoaa?eueiiai
i?iyaeaiiy ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae ni?o?a ea?oiie? i?e ?o
ae?iuoaaii?. Oiio iaiao?aeii noai?thaaoe ni?oe ea?oiie?, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny noaa?eueiith ?aae?caoe??th nai?o iniiaieo
ainiiaea?nueei – oe?iieo iciae: o?iaeae, ai?no o aoeueaao nooeo ?a/iaei,
niaeia? yeino?, oiui.Oae? ni?oe a iaio?e i??? aoaeooue cieaeoaaoe
o?iaeae oa ?io? oe?ii? iciaee i?ae aieeaii iani?eyoeeaeo oiia
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Aeey aoaeoeaiiai aaaeaiiy naeaeoe?? ea?oiie? a oeueiio iai?yieo
iaiao?aeii aaouee?anuee? oi?ie oa ?o iioiinoai ioe?ithaaoe ia o?eueee a
i?noeaaeo oiiaao, a ? a ??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao.

A Oe?a?i? iiae?ai? aeine?aeaeaiiy c ea?oiieath ia i?iaiaeeee, ?
a?aoiaoth/e ?o aaaeeea?noue aeey naeaeoe?? ia ieanoe/i?noue ?
noaa?euei?noue iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae, aeaia oaia
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aeooaeueiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue ca ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?inoeoooo
ea?oiiey?noaa ? iaea ca’ycie c: ?anioae?eainueeith IOI “?ic?iaea ia
iniia? aeinyaiaiue aaiaoeee, aaiii? ?iaeaia??? oa a?ioaoiieia??
i?eioeei?a noai?aiiy iiaeo iieie?iue ?ineeiieo i?aai?ci?a, ni?iiiaeieo
caaacia/eoe iaea?aeaiiy aenieeo noaeeo o?iaea?a oe?iii? a?iiane” oa ??
oaiith 4.01 “Noai?eoe iia? aenieii?iaeoeoeai? ni?oe ea?oiie?, no?ee?
i?ioe oai?ia, i?eaeaoi? aeey ?iaeono??aeueieo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa”,
N aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? UA 010013 19 P; ?anioae?eainueeith IOI “Noai?eoe
?ioaineai? ni?oe ea?oiie? oa ?ic?iaeoe no/ani? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa,
caa??aaiiy oa iiaeeaeaii? ia?a?iaee” oa ?? oaiith 01 “Noai?eoe aeo?aeiee
iaoa??ae oa aenieia?iaeaei? (ia 5 – 10 % aeua noaiaea?o?a) ni?oe
ea?oiie?, no?ee? aei iniiaieo oai?ia, c aenieeie ? ye?nieie iieacieeaie,
i?eaeaoi? aeey iaoai?ciaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa”, N aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01.97 U
00 5459.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue ? noai?aiiy iiaiai
naeaeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo ea?oiie? aeey Iie?nny oa ?ioeo
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie i?e canoinoaaii? aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a
naeaeoe?? oa aeei?enoaii? aaouee?anueeeie oi?iaie i?aeaeaeiaeo a?a?eae?a
? ni?o?a ea?oiie?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy:

– aeei?enoaoe a naeaeoe?? ia aenie? iieacieee o?iaeaeiino?,
e?ioiaeenoino?, ne?iai i?ioa?io oa ?io? iciaee aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae
ia?aaaaeii i?aeaeaeiaiai iioiaeaeaiiy;

– aea/eoe a cii? Iie?nny Oe?a?ie iioiinoaa, io?eiai? iaoiaeii
a?a?eaeecaoe?? oa naiicaieeaiiy aaouee?anueeeo oi?i ca o?iaeaei?noth, ??
no?oeoo?ith, ai?noii e?ioiaeth ? ne?iai i?ioa?io oa oniaaeeoaaiiy oeeo
iciae;

– anoaiiaeoe iiaeeea?noue ii?aeiaiiy aenieeo iieaciee?a
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae a i?ioean? naeaeoe??;

– aea/eoe aaouee?anuee? oi?ie ? ?o iioiinoai ca o?iaeaei?noth,
ai?noii e?ioiaeth ? ne?iai i?ioa?io i?e ae?iuoaaii? a ??cieo
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao Oe?a?ie, aeyaeoe eiia?iaoe?? no?auoaaiue c
aenieeie iieacieeaie iciae;

– ioe?ieoe aaouee?anuee? oi?ie ? ?o iioiinoai ca ieanoe/i?noth ?
noaa?euei?noth o?iaeaeiino?, e?ioiaeenoino?, ai?noo ne?iai
i?ioa?io;

– noai?eoe naeaeoe?eiee iaoa??ae c aenieeie iieacieeaie oe?iieo iciae;

– i?eeiyoe o/anoue o noai?aii? iiaeo ni?o?a ea?oiie? c eiiieaenii
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a ??cieo
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao Oe?a?ie aea/aii oa aeyaeaii eiia?iaoe??
no?auoaaiue ? iioiinoaa a?ae naiicaieeaiiy aeey iaea?aeaiiy
naeaeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo ea?oiie? c aenieeie iieacieeaie o?iaeaeiino?,
e?ioiaeenoino? oa ai?noo ne?iai i?ioa?io, ieanoe/i?noth ? noaa?euei?noth
aeacaieo iciae.

I?e aeei?enoaii? aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo, ia?aaaaeii i?aeaeaeiaiai
iioiaeaeaiiy, anoaiiaeaii iniaeeaino? i?aeai?o aaouee?anueeeo oi?i aeey
naeaeoe?? ia aeacai? iciaee oa aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue ii?aeiaiiy ?o
aenieeo iieaciee?a a iaeiiio aaiioei?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeae?eaii eiia?iaoe??
no?auoaaiue ? oi?ie aeey naiicaieeaiiy i?e naeaeoe?? ea?oiie? ia aenie?
iieacieee o?iaeaeiino?, e?ioiaeenoino? oa ai?noo ne?iai i?ioa?io a
??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao.

Iaea?aeaii iiaee naeaeoe?eiee iaoa??ae ea?oiie? c aenieeie iieacieeaie
iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae. Noai?aii, a ni?aaaoi?noa?, iia?
ni?oe ea?oiie?: ?aii? – Iia?iue, Aaniyiea; na?aaeiuei?aii? – Eoiaaa;
na?aaeiueinoeae? – Neia’yiea, ssa??, A??eiay. Ni?oe Iia?iue, Eoiaaa,
Neia’yiea, ssa?? caianai? aei ?a?no?o ni?o?a ?ineei Oe?a?ie; Aaniyiea
oa A??eiay i?ioiaeyoue aea?aeaaia ni?oiaei?iaoaaiiy.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii
aea/aiith aaoue-e?anueeeo oi?i oa ?o iauaaee?a aeei?enoiaothoueny a
?inoeooo? ea?oiiey?noaa oa eiai ia?aae? i?e naeaeoe?? ia
o?iaeaei?noue, ai?no e?ioiaeth ? ne?iai i?ioa?io, ieanoe/i?noue oa
noaa?euei?noue iciae.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii oai? aeena?oaoe??
aeeiiai? caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi.

O/anoue aeena?oaioa iieyaa? a io?eiaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue,
aeeeaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe??, ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?aie, i?iaaaeaii?
aeine?ae?a, ocaaaeueiaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, aeae?eaii?
naeaeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo oa eiia?iaoe?e no?auoaaiue c aenieeie
iieacieeaie iciae, ?o ieanoe/i?noth ? noaa?euei?noth.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aaey/i?noue i?aoe?aieeai ?inoeoooo ea?oiiey?noaa,
?inoeoooo c?iooaaiiai caiea?ianoaa oa Ee?anueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe??
?inoeoooo iai/?aieoeoaa ? aaooaiieoeoaa ca aeiiiiiao a i?iaaaeaii?
aeine?ae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaii? iaoiaee/ii?
eii?n?? oa a?aeae?eo naeaeoe?? ?inoeoooo ea?oiiey?noaa (ui??/ii 1995
-1999 ??.), ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a “Iaoeia?
iniiae aaaeaiiy ea?oiiey?noaa Oe?a?ie a ?eieiaeo oiiaao” (Iai?oa?aa,
1996?.), a/ai?e ?aae? ?inoeoooo ea?oiiey?noaa, 1999 ?., i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Caiea?ianoai XXI noie?ooy – i?iaeaie oa
oeyoe ae??oaiiy” (Ee?a-*aaaie, 8-10 /a?aiy 1999 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoeia? iniiae noaa?e?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??
?ineeiieoeoaa” (Oa?e?a, 6-9 eeiiy 1999 ?.)

Ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?aaenoaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, iioae?eiaaii 5 noaoae a
iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao ? aeo?iaeao, 3 oac aeiiia?aeae ia eiioa?aioe?yo,
io?eiaii 4 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa ia noai?ai? ni?oe ea?oiie?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 132
noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny ?c caaaeueii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaioe, 7 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e, ia?ae?eo
iineeaiue, 12 aeiaeaoe?a. I?noeoue 31 oaaeeoeth, 7 iaethie?a, nienie
e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 200 iaeiaioaaiue, c ieo 33 – ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

1. No/aniee noai naeaeoe?? ea?oiie? ia iniiai? ainiiaea?nueei- oe?ii?
iciaee

(Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e)

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaoeiaeo i?aoeue a?o/eciyieo oa ?iicaiieo aaoi??a c
ieoaiue, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

2. Oiiae, iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a eaai?aoi??? naeaeoe?? ?inoeoooo
ea?oiiey?noaa OAAI i?ioyaii 1994-1998 ?ie?a.

Aaouee?anueeeie oi?iaie aeei?enoiaoaaee a?o/eciyi? oa ca?oa?aei?
ni?oe, a oaeiae a?a?eaee i?aeaeaeiaiai iioiaeaeaiiy.

No?auoaaiiy oa ca?? ya?ae a?ae naiicaieeaiiy i?iaaee ia ?ineeiao
aaouee?anueeiai ?icnaaeieea a 1994 ?ioe?. N?yioe? ae?iuoaaee a 1995
?ioe? iieueiaith eoeueoo?ith a ?inoeooo? ea?oiiey?noaa.

Aoeueaia? iieie?iiy aea/aee a ?inoeooo? ea?oiiey?noaa OAAI (ciia
Iie?nny, 1996-1998 ??.), Ee?anuee?e aeine?aei?e noaioe?? ?IA OAAI
(ia?ao?aeia ciia a?ae Iie?nny aei E?ninoaio) (1996 – 1997 ??.) oa
?inoeooo? c?iooaaiiai caiea?ianoaa OAAI (ciia Noaio) (1996 – 1997 ??.).

Caiaeueiee ianea ?inoeoooo ea?oiiey?noaa, aea i?iaiaeeee iieueia?
aeine?aee, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeie noi?uaieie oa
eaaeinoaeeienoeie a?oioaie. A i?iiio oa?? i?noeoueny 0,85-1,5 % aoiono
(ii Oth?eio). O 100a nooiai a?oioo i?noeoueny ?ooiieo oi?i: acioo-1,3 –
6,4 ia (ca Oth?eiei ? Eiiiiiaith), oinoi?o – 3,6 -16,5ia (ca
Ee?naiiaei), eae?th – 4,7 – 8,6 ia (ca Ianeiaith). Noia oa?a?aieo
iniia neeaaea? 3,4 – 10,8 ia/aea., ?I nieueiai? aeoyaeee a i?iiio oa??
noaiiaeoue 4,4-5,4.

Iaoai?ieia?/i? oiiae a ?iee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a a ?inoeooo?
ea?oiiey?noaa aoee, a iniiaiiio, ni?eyoeeaeie aeey iaeiie/aiiy
o?iaeath ? nooeo ?a/iaei o aoeueaao.

A?oioe Ee?anueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe?? oaiii-n???, ii?aecieai?,
eaaeinoaeeieiaiai iaoai?/iiai neeaaeo c ai?noii aoiono 1,43-1,64 %.
Ai?no ?ooiieo oi?i noaiiaeoue: acioo – 5,02, oinoi?o – 12,0 ? eae?th –
5,6 ia ia 100 a a?oioo. Noia oa?a?aieo iniia neeaaea? 13,65 – 18,2
ia/aea., ?H nieueiai? aeoyaeee a i?iiio oa?? – 5,9.

Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaa oaiia?aoo?a ca o?aaaiue – /a?aaiue ooo aoea 18,9 0N
a1996 ?ioe? ? 18,8 0N a 1997 ?ioe?, ui ia 0,6 0N oa 1,3 0N aeua,
i?ae a ?inoeooo? ea?oiiey?noaa. Na?aaeiueii?ny/ia e?euee?noue iiaae?a
ca aaaaoaoe?eiee ia??iae noaiiaeea: a 1996 ?ioe? – 54,3 ii, a 1997 –
41,4 ii, ui ia 11,7 oa 58,1 ii iaioa, i?ae a ?inoeooo? ea?oiiey?noaa.

A?oioe ?inoeoooo c?iooaaiiai caiea?ianoaa, aea i?iaiaeeee aea/aiiy
naeaeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo ? aaouee?anueeeo oi?i, oaiiieaooaiia?,
na?aaeiueinoaeeieia?, neaai nieiioethaao?. Aaeeeee ai?no ieeo
iaoiiaeth? iani?eyoeea? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? a?oioo – aenieo eiai
u?euei?noue, neaaea aiaeii?iieeiaiiy, noeeuei?noue aei iaa?yeaiiy,
aenieo a’yce?noue i?ney aeneoaiiy, iaaeinoaoith aiaeioo?eiio
caeaoi?noue. A i?iiio oa?? i?noeoueny 2,17 % aoiono. A 100 a a?oioo
i?noeoueny ?ooiieo oi?i: – acioo – 1,31, oinoi?o – 2,4, eae?th – 28 ia.

A 1996 ?ioe? iaoai?ieia?/i? oiiae aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue ye iani?eyoeea? aeey ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo ea?oiie? oa
iaeiie/aiiy o?iaeath ? nooeo ?a/iaei. A /a?ai? na?aaeiueiaeaeaaeia
oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y noaiiaeea 18,6-23,1 0N. Ca i?nyoeue aeiaei 16,7 ii
iiaae?a, ui neeaei 34 % ii?ie, iae?/oaaeinue 6 aei?a c oaiia?aoo?ith
iia?o?y aeua 30 0N oa 11 aei?a c a?aeiiniith aieia?noth
iia?o?y 23 – 30 %. Oaiia?aoo?a ia iiaa?oi? a?oioo nyaaea 64 0N. A
ia?o?e aeaeaae? eeiiy oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y noaiiaeea 26,2 0N (ia 4
0N aeua na?aaeiuei? aaaaoi??/ii?). A eeii? iae?/oaaeinue 8 aei?a c
oaiia?aoo?ith iia?o?y aeua 30 0N, 7 – c a?aeiiniith eiai aieia?noth 21%,
aeiaei 1,6 ii iiaae?a, aai11 % ii?ie. Oaiia?aoo?a ia iiaa?oi? a?oioo
nyaaea 64 0N.

Iaoai?ieia?/i? oiiae aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo 1997?ieo aoee a?eueo
ni?eyoeeaeie aeey ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo ?ineei ea?oiie? oa iaeiie/aiiy
o?iaeath.

Aea/aiiy iioiinoaa ca o?iaeaei?noth, ?? no?oeoo?ith, ai?noii e?ioiaeth
? ne?iai i?ioa?io i?iaiaeeee a ii??aiyii? c aaouee?anueeeie
oi?iaie. Eiaeii? eiia?iaoe?? aea/aee a?ey 100 aaiioei?a.

Aecia/aiiy o?iaeaeiino? i?iaiaeeee oeyoii caaaeoaaiiy eiaeiiai
aaiioeio, ai?no e?ioiaeth ? ne?iai i?ioa?io – ia ?io?a/a?aiiiio
aiae?caoi??.

A?ae?a?aiee iaoa??ae aea/aee ca?aeii “Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii
i?iaaaeaiith aeine?aeaeaiue c ea?oiieath” (1982).

Ia?iaeo io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeaie
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee (Iieinoia A.N,. 1965; Aeiniaoia A.A., 1973).

Aecia/aiiy ieanoe/iino? ? noaa?eueiino? iciae iioiinoaa i?iaaee ca
iaoiaeeeith Aaa?oa?aea ? ?annaea (Iaeoaeei A.C., 1973; Eaai/aiei Y.A.,
Aieueo A.A., Eeooi I.I., 1978). A yeino? ia?aiao??a ieanoe/iino?
aeei?enoiaoaaee eiao?oe??io ?aa?an?? (Ri), yeee oa?aeoa?eco? ?aaeoe?th
aaiioeio ia ci?io oiia na?aaeiaeua, noaa?eueiino? – aeenia?n?th Si2,
yea aeaco? ia na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/i? a?aeoeeaiiy oaeoe/ieo iieaciee?a
a?ae oai?aoe/ieo.

3. Noai?aiiy aenieio?iaeaeiiai iioiinoaa

I?e aeei?enoaii? aaouee?anueeeie oi?iaie ni?o?a oa a?a?eae?a
i?aeaeaeiaiai iioiaeaeaiiy, iaea?aeaii aenieio?iaeaeia iioiinoai, ye
iaoiaeii a?a?eaeecaoe??, oae ? naiicaieeaiiyi aeo?aeieo oi?i (oaae.1).

Na?aaeith o?iaeaei?noue iioiinoaa iiiaae 500 a/eou ia i?ioyc? aeaio
?ie?a a ?inoeooo? ea?oiiey?noaa io?eiaee a eiia?iaoe?yo: 88.151-4 o
Na?oaiie ee?anueeee, Gusto o Na?oaiie ee?anueeee, Gitte o 77.583/16,
Gusto o 77.583/16, 88.137/1 o 77.583/16, Ai?iaeyinueea ?iaeaaa o
Adretta, Gusto o Ai?iaeyinueea ?iaeaaa oa ?io?. Oae? ae iieacieee
io?eiaee ? i?e naiicaieeaii? ni?oo Na?oaiie ee?anueeee oa a?a?eaea
77.583/16. A oeeo eiia?iaoe?yo aeuaieyeanue iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue
aaiioei?a c o?iaeaei?noth 751-1000 a/eou ? aeua.

Na?aaeiy o?iaeaei?noue iioiinoaa a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aoea ieae/ith,
a /anoei? eiia?iaoe?e caeiaea i?ii?aeia i?noea, a a ie?aieo –
ia?aaeuoaaea na?aaeith iaio aaouee?anueeeo oi?i – Gitte o 77.583/16,
Granola o Ca?aai. A oe?eiio /?oei? caeaaeiino? i?ae oaiioeiiaei
i?iyaeaiiyi o?iaeaeiino? aaouee?anueeeo oi?i ? iioiinoaa ia aeyaeaii.
Oiio ?o i?aea?? ia oeth iciaeo iio??aii i?iaiaeeoe ca aaiioeiii.

Iioiinoaa c aenieith e?euee?noth aoeuea c eoua (9,8-14 oo.) io?eioaaee
ye iaoiaeii a?a?eaeecaoe??, oae ? naiicaieeaiiyi aeo?aeieo oi?i: Gusto
o Na?oaiie ee?anueeee, 77.583/16 o Iaanueea, Ai?iaeyinueea ?iaeaaa o
Adretta, Iaaea o 88.151-4, Galina o Ca?aai, Ai?eeoey o Adretta,
88.151-4 o Adretta, Gitte o 77.583/16, ?1 Na?oaiea ee?anueeiai, ?1
Ai?iaeyinueei? ?iaeaai?.

Na?aaeiy iana aoeueae a?a?eaeiiai iioiinoaa aoea aeuith, i?ae a?ae
naiicaieeaiiy. Oae, a eiia?iaoe?yo no?auoaaiue 88.151-4 o Na?oaiie
ee?anueeee, Gusto o Na?oaiie ee?anueeee, 77.583/16 o Aieiaaoeueea
na?aaeiy iana aoeueae noaiiaeea 46,8 – 80,5 a, a a iioiinoa? a?ae
naiicaieeaiiy Na?oaiea ee?anueeiai, Ai?iaeyinueei? ?iaeaai? ?
77.583/16 – 36,7-60 a. I?ioa a iioiinoa? a?ae naiicaieeaiiy, ye ?
i?e a?a?eaeecaoe??, aeuaieythoueny aaiioeie c aenieith na?aaeiueith
ianith aoeueae.

Aea/aiiy iioiinoaa a ??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao ? a ??ci?
ca iaoai?ieia?/ieie oiiaaie ?iee aeaei ciiao aeyaeoe ?o ?aaeoe?th ia
oiiae ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ioe?ieoe ca i?eaeaoi?noth a?aeai?a
aaiioei?a aeey oeeo cii, ieanoe/i?noth oa noaa?euei?noth iciae.

Oaaeeoey 1.

O?iaeaei?noue iioiinoaa, iaea?aeaiiai iaoiaeii a?a?eaeecaoe?? oa
naiicaieeaiiy, i?e aei?iaoaaii? a ??cieo

a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao (1996 – 1997 ??.)

Ii-O?iaeae iioiinoaa, I±m, a / eouia?e iiio-Iioiaeaeaiiy?inoeooo
ea?oiiey?noaaEe?anueea aeine?aeia noaioe?y?inoeooo c?iooaaiiai
caiea?ianoaaeyoe?e199619971996199719961997212?1 Na?oaiea
ee?anueeiai821±36594±41195±12594±31119±8255±2010688.151-4 o Na?oaiie
ee?anueeee725±31602±37160±11560±3348±6302±2628Gusto o o Na?oaiie
ee?anueeee892±33690±34249±15470±28225±12337±2869Nicola o Na?oaiie
ee?anueeee602±29446±28153±10260±21109±8242±2181Iino 86 o Na?oaiie
ee?anueeee572±30412±35208±14572±3082±7209±19214?1 77.583/16
(i?aeaeaeiaee a?a?eae)

600±33

520±29

213±14

294±23

75±6

190±15145Ca?aai o 77.583/16624±28494±3492±7537±3277±6243±26134Gitte o
77.583/16800±34656±29413±20471±2957±4354±28144Gusto o
77.583/16526±30558±33186±12388±2874±5322±3010188.137/1 o
77.583/16645±32586±34310±15401±27146±7312±22209?1 Ai?iaeyinueei?
?iaeaai?580±29426±27138±8451±3382±6314±2519Ai?iaeyinueea ?iaeaaa o
Adretta715±35546±29186±9493±29140±8314±2226Gusto o Ai?iaeyinueea
?iaeaaa672±33621±32214±11468±3193±7350±24

Na?aaeiy o?iaeaei?noue iioiinoaa a 1996 ?ioe? aoea: a ?inoeooo?
ea?oiiey?noaa 314-1072 a/eou, ia Ee?anuee?e aeine?aei?e noaioe?? – 76 –
413 a/eou, a ?inoeooo? c?iooaaiiai caiea?ianoaa – 39 – 225 a/eou, a
1997 ?ioe? – a?aeiia?aeii 366 – 731 a/eou, 260 – 594 a/eou oa 186 –
430 a/eou. Aaiioeie c o?iaeaei?noth aeua 750 a/eou ia i?ioyc? aeaio
?ie?a aeyaeai? a iioiinoa? eiia?iaoe?e: a o?ueio ciiao – 88.137/1 o
77.583/16, 88.151-4 o Adretta, a aeaio – Gusto o Na?oaiie ee?anueeee,
Nicola o Na?oaiie ee?anueeee, Gitte o 77.583/16, Ai?iaeyinueea
?iaeaaa o Adretta, Iaaea o 88.151-4, Ai?eeoey o Adretta. Aeacai? aeua
eiia?iaoe?? iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey iaea?aeaiiy aaiioei?a c
o?iaeaei?noth aeua 750 a/eou a o?ueio oa aeaio a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo
ciiao.

Ia?aiao?e ieanoe/iino? ? noaa?eueiino? o?iaeaeiino? iioiinoaa ia
a?aeiia?aeaee na?aaei?i iieacieeai iaio aaouee?anueeeo oi?i. Iiaeia
aaaaeaoe, ui ?o aaee/eia caeaaeeoue a?ae aoaeoa aca?iiae?? aai?a. A
oiio ?o i?aea?? aeey naeaeoe?? ia ieanoe/i?noue ? noaa?euei?noue
o?iaeaeiino? iio??aii i?iaiaeeoe ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiia?aaeiuei? ioe?iee
a?a?eaeieo eiia?iaoe?e oa naiicaieeaiiy a ??cieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo
ciiao.

Aei aeieia?/ii ieanoe/ieo (Ri=1) ca 2-??/ieie aeaieie a?aeiineoueny
iioiinoai eiia?iaoe?e: Ca?aai o 77.583/16, Ai?iaeyinueea ?iaeaaa o
Adretta, Gusto o Ai?iaeyinueea ?iaeaaa, aei ?ioaineaiiai oeio (Ri
> 1)- ?1Na?oaiea ee?anueeiai, 88.151-4 o Na?oaiie ee?anueeee, Gusto o
Na?oaiie ee?anueeee, Gitte o 77.583/16, aei iaeo?aeueii? ?aaeoe?? (Ri 1) – Gusto o
Na?oaiie ee?anueeee, Iino 86 o Na?oaiie ee?anueeee, ?1 77.583/ 16,
Ca?aai o 77.583/ 16, aei iaeo?aeueii? ?aaeoe?? (Ri 1) – 88.151-4 o Na?oaiie ee?anueeee,
77.583/16 x Aieiaaoeueea, 77.583/16 x Iaanueea, Ca?aai o Gusto; aei
iaeo?aeueiiai oeio (Ri

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