1

Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai

AAEAeAAO?A Aaea??e Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 792 (477-074) “1941-1944”

NOeAI?*IA IENOAOeOAI A OE?A?I?

IA??IAeO I?IAOeUeEI-OAOENONUeEI?

IEOIAOe?? (1941-1944 ??.)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 17.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? iiiia?ao?y

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oai??? oa ?noi??? eoeueoo?e

Iaoe?iiaeueii? ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai

I?i?noa?noaa eoeueoo?e oa ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeaaeai?e Aeaaeai?? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, i?ioani?

AACA?I ?ai? Aeieo?iae/,

Aeaaeai?y ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie,
a?oea-i?aceaeaio

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?NEIAIEI ?iiai Ieeieaeiae/,

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana

Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

oaeaaa/aiiy ? ?aae?iiiaeaiiy

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EE?*?A ?iiai Oaaei?iae/,

?inoeooo ia?iaeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo oieueeei?enoeee
(Euea?a)

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?enoeee

oa aoiieia?? ?iai? I.O.?eeuenueeiai

IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e oaao?iciaanoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny: “3” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 1530 aiae.

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.005.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe Iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai I?i?noa?noaa
eoeueoo?e oa ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252001, i.Ee?a-1,
aoe.Ai?iaeaoeueeiai, 1/3, aoae. ? 36.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “1” aeioaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,

aeioeaio
?.I.Eioaiee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Nioe?ieoeueoo?ia o?ainoi?iaoe?y, ui
a?aeaoaa?oueny a Oe?a?i? ? na?o?, i?eiooo? e?eoe/ii iiaeyiooe ia noai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e. Iii?ae ?yaeo i?iaeai ?? iiaiai inieneaiiy
ia?oi?yaeiith oyaey?oueny e?ea?aeaoe?y aeene?aoiino? o aea/aii?
?noi?e/iiai ?ooo oaao?o, caeiaoooy ciaiue i?i iaa?aeii? aoaie eiai
ae?yeueiino?.

Aaoi? oia?oa aaiaeeoue a oe?a?inueea oaao?iciaanoai ? eoeueoo?ieia?th
oa ?ice?eaa? ci?no iiiyooy «Oaao? a Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944 ??.)», eio?a ai?iaeiaae
i?anoie?ooy aoei oaao?ciaaii ?aaeyinueeith iie?oeei-?aeaieia?/iith
nenoaiith ? aeiiaaeaaia ia ciaoiaeeei aiaeae caaaeee o a?o/eciyieo
ienoaoeoaiciaa/eo, ?noi?e/ieo oa eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo i?aoeyo.

Iaoeiaa ?ica?aeea ? ?acoeueoaoii aaaaoi??/ii? iiooeiai? ?
aeine?aeieoeueei? i?aoe?. Aaoi?, ei?enooth/enue caeiaooeie iei oe?ieeie
na?ae/aiiyie i?i ae?yeuei?noue oaao??a 50-oe i?no Oe?a?ie, ?iaeoue
?noi?eei-ienoaoeoaiciaa/? niinoa?aaeaiiy oa eiioeaiooaeuei?
ocaaaeueiaiiy uiaei niaoeeo?ee ? i?iaeai oaao?aeueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa oeo
?ie?a, ?aia?ooa?o (niaeo? ?aeae oa anoaoeea), eiioaeo?a c iie?oeeith,
aeyaeaoeueeith aoaeeoi???th (oe?a?ioe? oa i?ioe?), a oaeiae ie?aneth?
ieoiio aaao oaao?o o nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio na?aaeiaeu? /ano. Aecia/aii eiei
ieooe?a oa ?o na?oini?eeiyooy a oiiaao oaoenonueeiai iaioaaiiy.

Oaao? ieoiiaaii? Oe?a?ie 1941-1944 ?ie?a (aeae? aa?aa?aoo?a OIO) aaoi?
?icaeyaea? ye ?noi?e/ia ia?ao?anoy oe?a?inueei? noeaie, oiai/anio
iaeae??a?oo nioe?ieoeueoo?io nenoaio, aeya aeooiaiiai iii?o oaoeciia?,
oaeoi? iaoe?ioai?aiiy oa aoiai?caoe?? ethaenoaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?ey?
ae?aeaeoe/iiio ?icoi?iith aeioe/ieo o /an? ? eiio?anoieo ca nieneii
ooaeiaei?o yaeu — oaao?o O?N? ? oaao?o iiai?iii? oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e.

Nueiaiaei? oaao? noaa?aiii? Oe?a?ie ia? iiaeeeaino? aeey a?eueieo
eiioaeo?a c ?a?iiaenueeei eoeueoo?iei i?inoi?ii, aei /iai caaaeaee, aea
iaei?acoeueoaoeaii, ni?yiiaoaaeeny oai?/? aia?oe?? iaoe?iiaeueii?
noeaie. Naia a ieoiaoe?? 1941-1944 ?ie?a ?? ae?yeuei?noue oia?oa (iaoae
o ia?aaeienaeueii-o?aa?/ieo oiiaao) aoea iieeeeaia ia noae ?a?iiaeoe?a ?
caeiaoea aenieo ioe?ieo ye iaiiaoi?ia yaeua na?oiai? eoeueoo?e. Oeae
aniaeo oaie aaoi? aaaaea? oaeiae aeooaeueiei aeey iiaeeaeaiiai ?icoi?iiy
ooaeiaei?o iiaeeeainoae oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o oa eiai ni?eeiyooy
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiith aeyaeaoeueeith aoaeeoi???th.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oaao? a Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944 ??.) ye neeaaeiaa /anoeia
eoeueoo-

?e ia?iaeo, ?noi?eei-nioe?aeueiee oa iaoe?iiaeueii-anoaoe/iee ?inoeooo.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — iniaeeaino? aeieeiaiiy, ?icaeoeo oa
ia?a?iaeueii? aeie? oaao?o a Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei?
ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944 ??.), coiiaeai? ?noi?eei-iie?oe/ieie oa
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieie /eiieeaie.

Nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino? oaiaoeee. Aeaia?eaoe?eia iie?oe/ia e?i?y,
eio?a a?aeiaaeiaoaaea O?N? a?ae na?oiai? oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e,
eiio?anoii iiae?eeea noaaeaiiy a oeeo ?aa?iiao aei iiiyooy OIO. A O?N?
aiii ?nioaaei ye iie?oe/ia o?ao?a oiia/aiiy, ? oea ni?e/eieei aei
ioeueiaiai aa??aioo iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee. A ae?anii?? aaeanue aeoeaia
?iaioa uiaei o?enaoe?? oaeo?a ienoaoeoaa a ieoiaoe??, i?ioa
ienoaoeoaiciaaoe? ca ei?aeiiii ia iaee aeinooio aei a?o?aieo na?ae/aiue,
ui i?noeeeny a nae?aoieo oiiaeao O?N?. Oea ni?e/eieeiny aei caoaeaiino?
ciaiue ? oiaiiaeeeaeei noai?aiiy ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue.

Iia? oiiae a Oe?a?i? aeaee aaoi?ia? iiaeeea?noue aeey eiiieaeniiai
i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy oaie, aeei?enoaiiy aeaea?ae:

1) Oe?a?ie; 2) ae?anii?e; 3) e?a?i «a?enueeiaiai i?ioenoiyiiy» —
I?ia//eie, ?oae??; 4) ?in??, A?ei?on??, e?a?i I?eaaeoeee, Iieueu?, eio??
oaeiae caciaee ieoiaoe?? ? iaee aeani? niaoeeo?/i? iiaeae? eoeueoo?iiai
aeyao, cie?aia oaao?aeueiiai aeeooy.

Ooiaeaiaioaeueio aaco na?ae/aiue iaaeaee aaoi?ia? aeaea?aea a Oe?a?i?:

1. Ii?aoeueiaaia ia??iaee/ia i?ana 70-oe i?no Oe?a?ie 1941-1944 ?ie?a
oa aea/ai? a?aeiia?aei? oiiaee 20-oe iaeanieo aea?aeaaieo a?o?a?a
Oe?a?ie.

2. C e?ioey 80-o ? ai?iaeiaae 90-o ?ie?a cae?eniaia
aeniaaeeoe?eii-iiooeiaa ?iaioa a 20-oe i?noao Oe?a?ie, i?ae /an yei?
aeyaeai? ?oeiieni? niiaaaee, iioaoee, uiaeaiieee, eenooaaiiy,
?aaeena?nuee? aenie?eaoe??, noeaiia?ao?/i? ane?ce, ao?o? oa i?ia?aiee
aenoaa, ?eiiia?ao?y — ana, ui iaeaaeaei aeeaei ? aaea iiia?eei ethaeyi,
eio?? a ieoiaoe?? i?aoethaaee a oaao?ao /e aoee aeyaea/aie. Caiioiaaii
aan?aee c 300-ie ?aniiiaeaioaie, ii?aoeueiaaii nioi? eeno?a aei aaoi?a.
Noia?i?noue caeiaooeo na?ae/aiue oi?ea?oueny ?iaioe oaao?aeueieo
eieaeoea?a on?o iaeanoae Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae aenooi?a ieooe?a ca ??
iaaeaie, ia?aaeon?i, o oaoenonueeiio ?aeoo.

3. O i?ioean? iiooeiai? ?iaioe a a?ae?ioaoe? i?an-oeaio?o Oi?aae?iiy
Neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie a i?no? Ee?a? e Ee?anuee?e iaeano? aaoi?
c’ynoaaa i?eoiaai? oaeoe c a?ia?ao?e ieooe?a, eio?? iioa?i?ee ca
ae?yeuei?noue a ieoiaoe??, na?aae ieo E.Noaaeiee, O.Aeaaeeia, E.Naiaiia.

?ioi?iaoe?y oe?a?inueeeo aeaea?ae aeaea ciiao c iaeneiaeueiith
iiaiioith aea/eoe caaaeueia eoeueoo?ia oei ? neeanoe oaao?aeueio
oiiia?ao?th Oe?a?ie, ?aeiino?othaaoe ?aia?ooa? oa oai?/ee neeaae
noeai?/ieo eieaeoea?a 1941-1944 ?ie?a, ui noaei aeieoiaioaeueiei
i?aea?oioyi aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia?o? ni?iae ie?aneeoe oaio OIO a ae?anii?? c?iaeai? ?.Oeee/ai
(Oe?a?inueeee oaao? i?ae /iaioii a?oea?ecio // *an. — Oth?o, Aaaa??y. —
1946, 7 aa?aniy. — N. 5-7) ? A.?aaooeueeei (Aioeeeeiiaae?y
oe?a?iiciaanoaa: Caaaeueia /anoeia. Ia?aaeaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? — Ee?a,
1995. — O. 3. — N. 863-864; Ukraine: E Concise Encyclopaedia. —
Toronto, 1971. — O. II. — N. 649-650). Cia/iee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae
i?noeoue aeaioiiiee ca??iee «Iao oaao?» (Iueth-Ei?e—Ia?eae —
N?aeiae—Oi?iioi; O. I. — 1975, O. II. — 1992), aeaeaiee
Ia’?aeiaiiyi ieooe?a oe?a?inueei? noeaie (IION).

O i?aoeyo A.?aaooeueeiai (Eaiaaea) 1 1 ?aaooeueeee A. Ianei?ai?
aa?ac?eueoe? : Einei A??iye ? Ie?ii?y Aeia?iaieuenueea. — Iueth-Ei?e,
1985; ?aaooeueeee A. A i?a?o? na?oiaiai oaao?o. — Ee?a
—Oa?e?a—Iueth-Ei?e, 1995; ?aaooeueeee A. A??a Eaaeoeueea. AEeooy ?
noeaia. — Oi?iioi—Iueth-Ei?e, 1998; ?aaooeueeee A. Ii ia??th aeeooy. —
Ee?a, 1998. ia??iae 1941-1944 ?ie?a ioe?iaii ye ?noi?e/ii aaaiiee,
ii/anoe noia?a/eeaee a?aeoeiie oe?a?inueeiai oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa,
ui a iaaieo aniaeoao iaa i?iaeiaaeaiiy o iiai?ii?e i?aeoeoe?
oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o ae?anii?e.

Iaa?oiooaaiith iieiaeaiue oe??? ?iaioe ni?eyee nooae?? a aaeoc?
ae?aiaoo?a?? oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e E.Caeanueei?-Iieoeaae/ (NOA), a
oaeiae oaenoe iaeia?aeiieo a Oe?a?i? i’?n o aeaeaieo iath ca??ieeao 2 2
Aeeciyoa ua cono??iooueny. Aioieia?y ae?aiaoo?a?? oe?a?inueei?
ae?anii?e. — Ee?a—Euea?a, 1997; Aioieia?y iiaea?ii? oe?a?inueei? ae?aie.
— Ee?a—

Aaeiiioii—Oi?iioi, 1998.. *anoeia oeeo oai??a nthaeaoii, i?iaeaiaoeeith
oei??iaia a oiiae i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeiai aieiaea?thaaiiy (i’?ne
?.Aaa?yiiai, E.Eiaaeaiei, TH.Eina/a, ?.Einoaoeueeiai, ?.*ieaaia).

Na?ae/aiiy i?i OIO ia caaaeueiieoeueoo?iiio oe? i?noyoue, cie?aia,
«Uiaeaiiee A?eaae?y Etha/aiea», niiaaaee A.Aeaaaoeueeiai, ?.Aaneeaiea,
E.A??iyea, A?.Einothea, A.E?anaiea, A.Eaaeoeueei?, O.Nai/oea,
I.Oa?iaanueeiai, ooaeiaeiuei-aeieoiaioaeuei? oai?e I.Iaea?aiea,
E.Ae?aiai?, ?oeiieni? uiaeaiieee ?.Oi?iooiiai?, A.Eoe’yiiai?,
An.Aeiia?aaenueeiai, I.Neey?iai?, aeine?aeaeaiiy i?i Euea?anueeee
iia?iee oaao? I.Iaeaia?/oe oa ?i.

Aea/aiiy i?iaoeueeiiiaieo aeaea?ae (I.A?ieo?aai, I.A?ooaaiaea?,
A.Ae?aaiye), eio?? caa??aathoueny a I?ia//ei? o a?aeae?e? Oaaea?aeueiiai
a?o?ao oa Oeaio?aeueiiio i?nueeiio a?o?a? Iionaeaia, aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a?
Eiaeaioey, a?ae?ioaoe? Ithioainueeiai ?inoeoooo ?noi???, aeaei
aeiaeaoeia? oaeoe ? ithaine a inieneaii? oaie oa aeiaaei, ui OIO
?icaeyaea?oueny a ieo a iniiaiiio ye ?iaeono??y ?icaaae aeey
iaoeenonueei? a?i??. Iica oaaaith eeoa?oueny ii?aeueii-na?oiaeyaeiee
aieea noeaie. A ao?i, ii?aoethaaaoe a i?nuee?e a?ae?ioaoe? I?eaia
iaoa??aee ?oae?enueeeo a?enueeiaeo ei?aniiiaeaio?a 1 1 Radice Raul.
Teatro in Ukraina // Corriere della Sera. — Milano. — 1942. — 1
ethoiai; Il cinoco delle parti // Corriere della Sera. — Milano. —
1943, 1 eeiiy., aaoi? ciaeoia aaaiia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy nai?e eiioeaioe??
i?i aeooiaiee aoiai?coth/ee aieea oe?a?inueeiai ienoaoeoaa ia aeaiiiaiee
aeyaeaoeueeee cae (oe?a?ioe? — i?ioe?).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeo/a? oaeoe ae?yeueiino? a ie?aneaiee ia??iae oaao??a
?in??, A?ei?on??, I?eaaeoeee, Neiaa//eie, Iieueu?.

Caaaeueii?noi?e/iei oa eoeueoo?ieia?/iei i?aea?oioyi aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
i?aoe? I.A?ooaanueeiai, A.Aeiie/aiea, Ae.Aei?ioaiea, ?.Ia??iea,
?.Aecthae, I.Iiiiae/a, I.AEoeeinueeiai, a yeeo ianoith?oueny
iaoe?ieoeueoo?ia naiiaooi?noue Oe?a?ie.

O c’ynoaaii? ?noi?e/ieo oa nioe?iienoaoeueeeo i?iaeai aaoi?ia?
i?eneoaeeeeny iaoeia? iiceoe?? TH.Aieea, A.Einothea, E.Iaiuee?anueeiai,
?.Eenyea-?oaeieoeueeiai, I.Eaaaaey, No.Ai?aea, ?.Eaiaiaoeueeiai,
A.Aoiia?ona, O.Aoi/aea, A.Eineea, I.Aieoaaiea, ?.A?eana,

E.Cae?ciyea, I.I?uaiea, I.Ie?iiaoeue, A.Na?a?e/oea, A.??aniaa.

Aeioe/ieie aei ?ic?iaethaaii? oaie ? ii?aoethaaiiy eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo
i?iaeai a ieoiaoe??, ui aeeoee c-i?ae ia?a I.Eiaa-

ey 2 2 Na?aae ieo: Eiaaeue I. Oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a oa ?? ae?y/?
a iie?oeoe? iaoeenonueeeo eieii?caoi??a // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee
aeo?iae. — E. — 1993, ? 9. — N. 13-28; Eiaaeue I. Aeiey oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e ca «iiaiai ii?yaeeo» 1941-1944 ??.) // Oe?a?inueeee
?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. — E. — 1993. — ? 11-12. — N. 15-38.. Aea, ia
aieiae?th/e ?ioi?iaoe??th i?i ianooaa ? oaiaeaioe?? aeyao noeai?/iiai
ienoaoeoaa, ?noi?ee noaaeoue eiai a iaeei ?yae c ?inoeoooe?yie,
cieuoaaieie i?ioeyie. Aaoi? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ii-?ioiio
?icaeyaea? aeieth oaao?o ia oe? /ano — ye /anoeio iaoe?iiaeueii?
eoeueoo?e, eio?a yeiaeaeoeai?oa aeei?enoaea aeey ia?iaeo nai?
ienoaoeueei-eiioi?eaoeai? ooieoe??.

O iiaeyae? ia oaao? ye noa’?eo i?aai?ciaaii? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? oa
ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy aeei?enoai? no?oeoo?i? ?ic?iaee ?.Aaca?ia.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie. Oaio aoei aeeth/aii aei ieaio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Iaoe?iiaeueii? ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie
?i.I.?.*aeeianueeiai oa caoaa?aeaeaii A/aiith ?aaeith IIAO.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — ia’?eoeaia a?aeoai?aiiy oe?e?nii? ea?oeie OIO o
/an? ? i?inoi?? ye nioe?iienoaoeueeiai yaeua, ni?e/eiaiiai aeaiai?i
oioae?oa?ieo aea?aeaa, ui a?aeaeca?eaeeei i?aaiaiiy oe?a?ioe?a aei
iaoe?iiaeueii? naiaiaee oa aea?aeaaii? noaa?aiiino?.

Ia?aae aaoi?ii noiyee caaaeaiiy:

1. O ?acoeueoao? iiooeiai? ?iaioe oa aea/aiiy aeaea?ae uiiaeia?oa
noai?eoe iaoeiaa ?ioi?iaoeaia i?aea?oioy aeine?aeaeaiiy —
?aeiino?othaaoe oaao?aeueio oiiia?ao?th Oe?a?ie 1941-1944 ?ie?a,
?aia?ooa? oa oai?/ee neeaae oaao?aeueieo eieaeoea?a, aecia/eoe ?ieue
oaao?o a nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio na?aaeiaeu? oiai /ano.

2. C’ynoaaoe niiioeaeuei? i?e/eie eaa?oeiiino?, iaaeaii? oaoenonueeith
aeeeoaoo?ith ?inoeoooia? oaao?o a Oe?a?i?, ?icaeyiooe i?iaeaio
eieaai?aoe?ii?cio, i?eioeeie oaao?aeueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa ca oeo oiia,
aieea ia iueiai aeueoa?iaoeaieo /eiiee?a — aei?noieiai oaoenonueeiai
i?ioaeoi?aoo ? iaoe?iiaeueii-iao??ioe/ieo iano?i?a ieooe?a oa aeyaea/?a.

3. Aeaoe ioe?ieo oa?aeoa?i?e iniaeeaino? OIO — /anoi iacaaeainiaaiiio
ni?a?nioaaiith a eiai no?oeoo?? aiaoi?noaa ? i?ioan?iiae?cio.

4. ?icaeyiooe OIO ye nenoaio ?aeaae?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa ?c
niaoeeo?/ieie ?enaie anoaoeee; c’ynoaaoe ?ieue a eiai ae?yeueiino?
?noi?e/ieo o?aaeeoe?e oa ?iiiaaoe?eieo iiooe?a.

5. I?iaiae?coaaoe ? iinoaaeoe a ?noi?e/iee ?yae iaea?eueo yne?aa?
i?iaeaiii-ooaeiaei? caeiaooee OIO.

6. I?aaenoaaeoe OIO ye o ooieoe?yo iaoe?ioai?/eo, oae ? a
?ioa?iaoe?iiae?coth/eo, caa?iaieo aei caaaeueiiethaenueeiai ie?ioai?/iai
?inoeieoo.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa ?iaioe coiiaeaia no?oeoo?iith oa ooaeiaeiueith
niaoeeo?eith ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeeth/a? iaoiaee ?ioi?iaoeee,
eaoaeia?caoe??, iaoeiai? a?ia?ao?noeee, ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee,
nenoaiii-oeiieia?/iee oa caniae ienoaoeoaiciaa/iai ? eoeueoo?ieia?/iiai
aiae?co. Aaoi?nueeiio i?aeoiaeia? i?eoaiaiia ?ao?iniaeoeaia caa?iaiiy
aei i?iaeoeoeaieo ?aeae a?o/eciyii? eoeueoo?e ? oaao?iciaanoaa e?ioey
XIX-ai oa ia?oeo aeaio aeanyoee?oue iei?oiueiai a?eo, iniaeeai aei oeo,
eio?? caciaee oe?ii?nii? aeaaaeueaaoe?? ca ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo ?
aia?oa iioiio aoee ?aaa?e?oiaai? a ienoaoeueeiio i?inoi?? OIO.
Aeei?enoaia eiioeaioe?y oaao?aeueii? eoeueoo?e ye eiioi?eaoe?? oa
?ic?iaeaia I.Ei?i??iei iaoiaeeei-oai?aoe/ia iiaeaeue ooaeiaeiuei?
eoeueoo?e ye nenoaie, ui naii?aaoeth?oueny ? naiiiaeaaiaeaeo?oueny.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aia?oa cayaeaia o a?o/eciyiiio
oaao?iciaanoa? ? eoeueoo?ieia?? iiiyooy «Oaao? a Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944 ??.)» ?icaeyiooi o iiaiio?
?noi?eei-ienoaoeueeeo oaeo?a, ?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiuei? niaoeeo?ee oa
i?iaeaiii-eiioeaiooaeueiiai inyaiaiiy.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy:

1. I?ae /an ieoiaoe?? Oe?a?ie ia oii? oaoenonueeiai ieuaiiy eoeueoo?ieo
oe?iiinoae, iaoe?iiaeueieo ?inoeooo?a ei?enoiethaiee aeica?e ai?ia?a ia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy noeai?/iiai ienoaoeoaa ni?e/eiy? aei iaioaao?aeueiiai
aeaooo. Aeeiioth/e ye ieoiaoe?eio iiaeii?noue ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?iaoeueei?
a?i??, iaoe?iiaeueia noeaia aiaeii/an ni?yiiao? eiioeaio?iaaio aeooiaio
aia?a?th ia eiioaeoe c aeaniei ia?iaeii. Iaieiath/e caa?ico
eieaai?aoe?ii?cio, oaao? noa? ienoaoeueeei iaoai?ciii naiicaa?aaeaiiy
iaoe??.

2. O iie?oe/i?e oa nioe?ieoeueoo?i?e neooaoe?? a?eie oe?a?inueea
oaao?aeueia ienoaoeoai iana ?aea? iao??ioecio, i?ioenoaaey?
oaoenonueeiio aaiioeeaeia? iaoe?iiaeuei? ienoaoeuee? i?oieiaaie,
aoiai?noe/i? ianoaiiae.

3. Ia oe? a?aeoaaiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy, a?aenooiino? a?o/eciyiiai
e?iaiaoia?aoa, caoaeaiiy aieeao ia?acioai?/iai ienoaoeoaa, ieuaiiy
ina?oi?o onoaiia, oaao? ye oaiiiai neioaoe/iee o iaai?e i??? eiiiaino?
anoaoeei-eiioi?eaoeaio, eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueeo aia?a?th noi?aeieo
ienoaoeoa.

4. Naiicaieeaiiy noeaie o oieueeei?? (aenooie ia?iaeieo oi??a,
oaioethaaeueieo eieaeoea?a, ainaiae?a ia?iaeieo ?ino?oiaio?a, aaoaioe/ia
oa noee?ciaaia aeei?enoaiiy oieueeei?o o ae?aiaoe/ieo aenoaaao), ui
iniaeeai oa?aeoa?ia aeey ii/aoeiai? noaae?? OIO, aoei ?yo?aie/ith neeith
eoeueoo?e iaoe??, eio??e caa?iaeoaaei cieuaiiy. 70 a?aenioe?a ?aia?ooa?o
noaiiaeea oe?a?inueea eeaneea. ?? o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci, ca’ycie c ia?iaeieie
ii?aeueieie iinooeaoaie — eeth/iaee iiiaio o aca?ii?icoi?ii? noeaie ?
aeyaea/?a-ni?aa?o/eciee?a.

5. Aeey ie?aneaiiy aeeiai?ee OIO a eiai iaeaeuiio ooaeiaeiueiio aeya? —
oai?/ino? Euea?anueeiai iia?iiai oaao?o (EIOo) aaoi? i?iiiio? aeaai??th
«A?ae «Iaoaeee Iieoaaee» ?.Eioey?aanueeiai aei «Aaieaoa» A.Oaeni??a». Ii
caaeaae? E.Eo?aana aia?oa A.Aeaaaoeueeee ? E.A??iye ca oiia ieoiaoe??
iaaeathoue oaao?aeueiiio eieaeoeaia? oa?aeoa?o iinoeo?aaniai?
ienoaoeueei? aeaaeai??.

6. Oeo?ath/enue eiioaeo?a c iie?oeeith, noeaia ana ae aecia/a? nai?
noaaeaiiy aei a?eueoiaecio (o oi?i? a?aee?eoi aeaeea?aoeai?e) oa oaoecio
(a aethc?ei?e), aeath/e ?i ioe?ieo ye ?aaeeiai aioeia?iaeiei.

7. I?iaeaia aae?anaoe?? e anoaoe/iiai aieeao noeaie ia iaiaaeo?oueny
«?noi???th oe?a?inueei? aeoo?». A neooaoe?? aeaiiaoe?iiaeueii?
aoaeeoi??? (oe?a?ioe? — i?ioe?) ienoaoeoai yaeei iiaee oei
eiioi?eaoeaieo ca’yce?a. Oea ia??iae oe?ieiai ciaeiinoaa c oe?a?inueeith
eoeueoo?ith ?a?iiaeoe?a oa aeciaiiy ieie ?? i??i?eoao?a.

8. Ia?a?iaeueia aeiey OIO ia icia/a? eiai caieiaiiai a nia? oa?aeoa?o.
Iaeia c oi?i eiai ia?ao?eaiiy a “iaioaeueia ?iiaoooy” — aeooiaia nooue
iiai?iiiai oaao?o ae?anii?e oa a?ae/ooia eaae?iaa iiiiaiaiiy neeaaeo
iiai?iiiai ?aaeyinueeiai oaao?o.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eiiieaenia oyaeaiiy i?i eoeueoo?o oa
aeeoo?aeya oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o XX noie?ooy ia iiaea noi?ioaaoeny aac
a?aooaaiiy ci?noo ie?anethaaiiai ia??iaeo. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
iathoue caoe?eaaeoe ienoaoeoaiciaaoe?a, ?noi?ee?a, eoeueoo?ieia?a,
o?einio?a, ineoieia?a ye a Oe?a?i?, oae ? a oe?a?inuee?e ae?anii??.
Aoiai?oa?i? aeu? ? na?aaei? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee iiaeooue aeei?enoaoe
oeth i?aoeth i?e aea/aii? eo?no ?noi??? a?o/eciyiiai oaao?o.

?iaioa iiaa?oa? aei eiioaenoo oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e ?yae iaeia?aeiieo
ae?aiaoo?a?/ieo oai??a, aeaeio?? c yeeo nueiaiaei? aa?o? ao?eaiiy ia
noeai?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaoia niiioeaoe aei ?icoe?aiiy ienoaoeoaiciaa/eo
nooae?e, iia’ycaieo c ia??iaeii iaoe?iiii?o a?oea??anueeiio aoi?aiaiith.

C?a?ai? aaoi?ii ??aee?ni? iai/i? iaoa??aee, ?eiiia?ao?y aoaeooue
ia?aaeai? aei ee?anueeeo ioca?a, ui ni?eyoeia iiaeaeueoiio aea/aiith oa
i?iiaaaiae? oaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?? cae?enithaaeanue o oi?i?
aenooi?a aaoi?a ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, na?aae yeeo ananithci?
eiioa?aioe?? «Caaoo? oa iaeiaea/ai? noi??iee ?aaeyinueeiai oaao?o»
(Iaeana, 1988), «Oaao? XX noie?ooy ? nioe?aeuei? i?oe» (Iaeana, 1991),
eiioa?aioe?y «Oaao? ? oaao?iciaanoai 90-o. Aea?aia» (Ee?a, 1996),
«Eo?aan?anuee? /eoaiiy: Eo?aan — Eoe?o. Ae?aeia» (Ee?a, 1998), Ia?oa
I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y «Aaaia? ? no/ani?noue» (Ee?a, 1998), 7-a
I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y «Iiaa ? eoeueoo?a» (Ee?a, 1998), iaoeiaa
eiioa?aioe?y «A?ae aiaoi?nueeiai aei i?ioan?iiaeueiiai oaao?o a Aaee/ei?
(aei 150-??//y oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o a Eieiie?» (Eieiiey, 1998),
I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y aei 80-??//y Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee
Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai «?ioi?iaoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue iaoeiai?
a?ae?ioaee» (Ee?a, 1998).

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iieeaaeai? a iniiao ia?aaea/ aaoi?nueeiai
?aae?ioeeeeo «Oaao?, caoiaaiee a a?o?aao», eio?ee cao/eoue a
oe?a?inueeiio ao??? ai?iaeiaae oanoe ?ie?a (1993-1999 ??.), a oaeiae
aenooi?a ia noi??ieao i?ane Oe?a?ie ? ?in??.

Iniiai? ?aea? aeeeaaeai? a na??? ioae?eaoe?e oa iiiia?ao?/iiio
aeine?aeaeaii? «Oaao?, caoiaaiee a a?o?aao. Noeai?/ia ienoaoeoai a
Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944 )» — 19,35
aao.a?e. (Ee?a, aeaeaaieoeoai «Ienoaoeoai», 1998).

Aeena?oaoe?y caoeua?oueny o oi?i? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaoeiai?
iiiia?ao??, eio?a neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio aeaa, aeniiae?a oa
nieneo iineeaiue, ui caaacia/o? oaeoieia?/ia ? eiioeaiooaeueia ?ice?eooy
ci?noo aeine?aeaeaiiy. O anooi? «Iiaa?iaiiy a ?noi??th» a?aoiaioo?oueny
oaia oa ie?aneththoueny oeyoe ?iaioe iaae iath. Ia?oa aeaaa «Oeny/a ?
iaeia i?ai’??a c iaaoooy» iiaea? ?aeiino?oeiaaio aaoi?ii oaao?aeueio
oiiia?ao?th Oe?a?ie 1941-1944 ?ie?a, ?aia?ooa?i? iioiee oa oai?/ee
neeaae noeai?/ieo eieaeoea?a. Ae?oaa aeaaa «I?ino?? noeaie a eauaoao
?noi???» cina?aaeaeaia ia ?noi??? oa i?iaeaiaoeoe? OIO ye yaeua
eoeueoo?e, aiae?c? eiai noeai?/ieo caeiaooe?a. O?aoy aeaaa «?noi??y ?
i?ino?? aeie?» aeiiiaith? i?io?ethth/o oaio, iiaeath/e i?iaeaiii
noieoniaaiee aeeoo?ien ieooe?a OIO. Aeniiaee — i?ae iacaith “Oaao? a
ieoiaoe?? ye oaeoi? iaoe?ioai?aiiy oa aoiai?caoe?? ethaenoaa» —
i?aenoiiaothoue eiioeaioe iiiia?ao??. Iiiia?ao?y (ianya — 220 noi??iie
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo) i?noeoue 3 oaaeeoe? (3,5 noi??iee). A ?iaio?
aeei?enoaii 280 e?oa?aoo?ieo oa ai?noiey?ieo aeaea?ae, a?eueo?noue c
yeeo ia aoea ii?eethaeiaia, c?iaeaii 390 iineeaiue. Ca iaaeaie aeacaiiai
ianyao ia 32-o noi??ieao iaae?oeiaaii 70 ??aee?nieo oaiaoe/ieo
oioia?ao?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ii?? iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e iiiaaiethaa/ai aeanoeaee anueiio
?noi?e/iiio oeyoo Oe?a?ie. Aaaaoee iaoa??ae aeey inieneaiiy oe???
i?iaeaie aea? ia oii? ?ie?a i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? Oe?a?ie
(1941-1944 ??.) ae?yeuei?noue oaao?o, eio?ee, ye /anoeia eoeueoo?e,
a?aeaeaa? “eiiieaen oa?aeoa?ieo iaoa??aeueieo, aeooiaieo,
?ioaeaeooaeueieo ? aiioe?eieo ?en noni?euenoaa, […]niin?a aeeooy,
iniiai? i?aaeea ethaenueeiai aoooy, nenoaie oe?iiinoae, o?aaeeoe?e ?
a??oaaiue» 1 1 Iiiiae/ Ie?ineaa. Ia?en ?noi??? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie. —
E., 1998. — N. 3..

Oe?a?inuee? ?aaeyinuee? oaao?e, aaaeoeiaai?, ye ? aaaaoi ?ioeo
eoeueoo?ieo caeeaae?a, ia ii/aoeo a?eie ca iaae? O?N?, ca iaaeaieo ?i
oiia caa?aaee eaae?e, iaee aaey/io aeyaeaoeueeo aoaeeoi??th a oeeo ? ia
o?iio?. A oeae aea /an ia?iae Oe?a?ie, caeeoeaoenue o eoeueoo?iiio
aaeooi?, cie?aia, aac oaao?o, noai?ea iiao iaoe?iiaeueio noeaio,
a?aei?iio a?ae ?aaeyinueei?. A oiiaao oaoenonueeiai aaiioeeaeo aiia
aeneiaeea ?aea? oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? na?aeiiino?, i?ieoea oeyo
anoaoe/iiai oaeineiiaeaiiy.

OIO — neeaaeiee, /anoi noia?a/eeaee nioe?iienoaoeueeee oa
?noi?eei-ineoieia?/iee oaiiiai, ia?iaeaeaiee a ieoiaoe??. Iniiai? ?ene
oeueiai oaao?o — a?aeiaaeoaaiiy a?ae ?aeaieiaai ?aaeyinueei? noeaie oa
?aoeaioe?y o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoe?iiaeueieo i?oieiaai; i?e eiioi?eaoeai?e
a?aee?eoino? aeaii aeyaeaoeueeei aoaeeoi??yi — oe?a?inuee?e oa
i?iaoeuee?e — caa?aaeaiiy iao??ioe/ii? ? aoiai?noe/ii?
oe?eani?yiiaaiino?. Oiai/ani? aecia/aiiy OIO — «oaao? iiai? aeiae»,
«iiaee oe?a?inueeee oaao?», «oe?a?inueeee oaao? i?ney a?eueoiaeoeueei?
ieoiaoe??» — aeenoaioe?ththoue eiai a?ae iiaeae? ?aaeyinueei? eoeueoo?e.
OIO aeanoeaa a?ae/oooy naaa «oi?oaoeath, aea a /ane iaea??oiai eeoie?ooy
ai?iieeany oe?a?inueea aeooa a?ae ia/aniiai iieiio» 2 2 No/ani?
caaaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o // Iiaeieyiei. —
Ea-i’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee, 1941. — 9 eenoiiaaea..

O ii??aiyii? c OIO ea?oeia oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa a ieoiiaai?e
oaoenoaie A?ei?on?? oa ia ieoiiaai?e /anoei? ?in?? ia? ?ioee oa?aeoa?,
iicaaaeaia ianooaaiino? ? iane??cii? iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?. Oaao?e
Iieueu?, *ao??, Neiaa//eie, THaineaa?? iaee ianoaiiao ia eiioaeooaaoe c
i?ioeyie ? ae?yee a iniiaiiio a ?aaeei? i?aei?eey.

§ 1. ?noi??y OIO ye /anoeie oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e ?icai?oaeany ia
ae?aiaoe/iiio ? i?ieeaiio oe? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Oea aecia/eei, c
iaeiiai aieo, oenoe?noue, iaia?aaeaa/oaai?noue eiai aeie? iaa?oue a
iaeaeeae/iio /an?, a c ?ioiai, — oi?niaaio aia?a?th aoae?aie/iai
i?ioeano ? oai?/iai naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy. A?aenooi?noue aea?aeaae,
aioo??oi?e ii?? oaoenonueeiio oa?i?o aeoea?coaaee ienoaoeuee? neee ye
can?a iaoe?ioai?aiiy.

Ia?iae ia?aaeeaaa, ii noo?, aea? a?eie — c a?oea??anueeei oaoeciii oa
aioo??oith — iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueio, eio?a aaeanue ianith oe?a?ioe?a
ye i?ioe ?aaeeio N?N?, oae ? i?ioe oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie. «A?eia
caaaeaee aeiaaaea a?aie/iiai aeai?o ia ei?enoue iaoe?? /e i?ioe ia?,
aeai?o, yeee ia’?aeio? eoeueoo?e aoiini?eueiio o eoeueoo?o iaoe??» 1 1
Oai?oia Iacei. Oe?a?inueea iaioaeuei?noue: iino?iia?nueea oa
iino?iaeono-??yeueia aoooy // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. — E., 1995. — ? 10.
— N. 32..

Ienoaoeoai OIO ia iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe aeeeth/ii ye i?iaeoeo ae?yeueiino?
oe?a?inueeeo iaoe?iiae?no?a, oi/a aeiey ?o o/ano? a oeae /an o
?icaoaeia? eoeueoo?e, cie?aia, o caii/aoeoaaii? oaao?aeueii? ni?aae,
aaeeea. Iaoe?iiae?noe/i? «iio?aei? a?oie» eoee c-ca ei?aeiio ia no?aeio
Oe?a?io ?oeioaaoe ?? «/a?aiiee ooiaeaiaio» oa i?iiaaoaaoe oe?a?inueeo
?aeath. A aaeoc? eoeueoo?e, ?eceeoth/e aeeooyi, oaeo ?iaioo aaee
I.Oae?aa, I.Ieueaee/, O.Nai/oe, I.*e?nueeee, A.Aeaii-Aeiaaii?euenueeee,
TH.Eina/, caeeeeath/e ieooe?a oe?ieiai i?io?eth aei «a?aeiaeaeaiiy an?o
oeo oe?iiinoae, ye? a ne??iethaaee, a ia ?icneaaethaaee aeooo
iaoe??» 2 2 Oae?aa I. I?aii?e aeooo // E?oa?aoo?a ? ienoaoeoai. — E.,
1941. — 4 eenoiiaaea.. Cao?aeia Oe?a?ia iaea aei??iaiee
aioea?eueoiaeoeueeee eiiieaen, oiio oaeei aeooiaii iiiie?oiei aoei
euea?anueea nioe?ieoeueoo?ia na?aaeiaeua ? ienoaoeueea oa?oioaaiiy. Aea
e ia no?aei?e Oe?a?i? caaae iao??io?a iaaeaaaa ienoaoeoao a?aeiia?aeiiai
ni?yioaaiiy.

O oe?eiio OIO — ?acoeueoao ?ioaa?aoe?eiiai i?ioeano, a yeiio
ia’?aeioaaeeny ia ieaooi?i? ia?iaeiiai ienoaoeoaa ethaee /anoi
aioaaii?noe/ieo noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo neiiao?e.

?noi?eee i?aee?aneththoue, ui /anoeia oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa
niiae?aaeany noaoe nithcieeii I?ia//eie o a?ei? i?ioe Iineae. I?ioe? ae
ia i?eeiyee ??aiiai ia?oia?noaa ? oi?ioaaee noaaeaiiy aei Oe?a?ie ye aei
nai?? eieii??. *a?ac oea noinoiee oe?a?ioe?a ?c caaieiaieeaie ia aoee
oioiaeieie onoaeaiiio iiiyooth «eieaai?aoe?ii?ci» (oeth i?iaeaio
i?aei?iaee E.Iaiuee?anueeee, No.Ai?ae, ?.Eaiaiaoeueeee, I.Eaaaaeue,
A.Aieoeaoianueeee, C.Ai?iaeenueeee, A.Einee, Aeae.A?ino?iia, A.Aeaee?i,
I.A?aeo?aai, A.Ae?aaiye, I.Eeyeno, A.Oaiae?ae, A.Na?a?e/oe,
O.Aoeueaa-Ai?iaaoeue, ?.Noaoia).

Ciaoooaaaoe aea?aeaaieoeueeeie ?ioa?anaie oe?a?ioe?a, a?oea??aoe? aeaee
?i iaiaaeaio eoeueoo?io aaoiiii?th. Ieoiia aaaa oaao?o a i?e aoea
iaea?eueoith. Iath/e a ?aeoo aeecueei 400 oaao??a, i?ioe? ia caaa?aaiiio
«aeeoo?aiio i?inoi??» aeei?enoiaoaaee eeoa iacia/io ?o /anoeio, a oaeiae
niaoe?aeueii iaeaaiaeaeai? Wermacht-, Soldaten-und Frontbhnen
(a?enueeia?, nieaeaonuee? oa o?iioia? noeaie). I?aeoeeoaaeeny nieuei?
aenooie iaeno??a c I?ia//eie — aeoi??a, ioceeaio?a. Aea a?aaionuee?e
a?i?? iio??ai? aoee e i?noeaa? ienoaoeuee? ?aca?ae. Oae naii o 1918-1919
?ieao, «ioi?iiyth/e», a ii noo? ieoioaaaoe Oe?a?io, i?ioe? i?eaacee aei
Ee?aa aeanio ae?aiaoe/io o?oio, i?ioa ei?enooaaeeny e iineoaaie
i?noeaaeo oaao??a. Oie /an aea? ua iaeio i?eioeeiiao ?noi?eei-iie?oe/io
oa ii?aeueio ia?aeaeue: i?ioe? «ae?aooaaee ia?iae nai?ie noai?eie
cae/ayie, aai?ciii ? iniaeeai oei, ui ia ?icoi?ee iaoe?iiaeueiee ?oo»
1 1 Aoiia?on Aa?iai. Oe?a?ia a ia?aeiii? /ane. O?noue i?nyoe?a ia
/ie? iinieuenoaa a Ee?a?. — Oaenii. — 1997. — N. 143. .

I?aaiaei i?aea?oioyi ae?yeueiino? OIO noa? naieoe?iiiaaia A?oea?ii
eaa?oeii?noue noeai?/iiai ienoaoeoaa ia ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??yo c iaoith
aeei?enoaiiy i?noeaaeo a?oeno?a aeey ianeoaiaoaaiiy a?enueea iaoeeno?a.

Ca i?ae?aooieaie aeine?aeieea, e?euee?nia a?aea?aeaiiy iia?ii-aaeaoieo,
iia?aoeiaeo aenoaa, eiioea?o?a neioii?/ii? ioceee oa ?aath noaiiaeoue
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy: i?ioe?a — 70%, oe?a?ioe?a — 30%. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
a?aea?aeaiiy ae?aiaoe/iiai oaao?o i?ioeeaaeia: i?ioe?a — 30%, oe?a?ioe?a
— 70%. Oaao?, caaiaaaeiaaiee ai?iaii aeey aeanieo iio?aa, aoa
ni?yiiaaiee ia ni?eeoaaiiy c? nai?i ia?iaeii.

?noi?e/ia aaiethoe?y OIO iaea o?e iniiaieo aoaie:

1-e AOAI. NOAIIAEAIIss (na?aaeeia 1941 — ii/aoie

1942 ?.):

— ca oiia eaa?oeiiino? — iia?aoeaia ooai?aiiy /eneaiieo oaao?aeueieo
eieaeoea?a, ui i???iooaaeeny ia oe?a?inueeo ?aeath;

— caeo/aiiy aei ?iaioe aiaoi??a, ii noo?, ?aca?ao ia?iaeii?
eoeueoo?e;

— ii?aeueii-oai?/a aaeaioaoe?y aei ni?eeoaaiiy c i?iaoeueeith
a?enueeiaith aoaeeoi???th oa iaeoe?oa i?aeo?eiea oaao?o oe?a?inueeei
aeyaeaoeueeei caaaeii;

— caaaioaaeai?noue eiioea?oiith ae?yeuei?noth ? caa?ica noaoono
«?iaeono??? ?icaaae»;

— o ian? oaao??a iecueeee ooaeiaei?e ??aaiue, coiiaeaiee
iaeieaae?o?eiaaieie eaae?aie oa a?aeieie oaoi?/ieie oiiaaie; aeoi?e
i?aoeththoue ia?aaaaeii «i?ae nooea?a»;

— ?ai?an?? aanoaii, ni?yiiaai? i?ioe aecaieueiiai ?ooo,
a?aeaeaathoueny ia ?aia?ooa?? oaao??a oa aeieyo aaaaoueio ieooe?a.

2-e AOAI. A?AeIINII NOAA?EUeIA ?IAIOA (na?aaeeia 1942 — na?aaeeia 1943
?.):

— oii?yaeeiao?oueny ooaeiaei? ea??aieoeoai oaao??a oa ?o oai?/ee
neeaae; aenoaaai caaacia/o?oueny iaeaaeia ienoaoeueea oe?e?ni?noue;

— ia?aeiiiee iiiaio o oiae? a?eie ia ii/aoeo 1943 ?ieo noeioeth?
aia?a?th OIO;

— ?aeaeii-anoaoe/i? iiooee oa iaia?an?/i? ooaeiaei? aeinyaiaiiy
?aaa?e?oothoue oaao? o noaoon? ienoaoeueei? ?inoeoooe??.

3-e AOAI. O?IAEUeIEE, IICIA*AIEE IA?AEIIII O OIAe? A?EIE OA IINOOIIAEI
A?AeNOOIII OAOENO?A (na?aaeeia 1943 — 1944 ??.):

— aeanoaa?e?caoe?y ?iaioe oaao??a i?e iaaeeaeaii? e?i?? o?iioo;

— i?eioniaa aeniain?y i?iaoeueei? iiae a oaao?aeueieo eieaeoeaao;

— i?aeaioiaea oaao??a aei aaaeoaoe?? ia cao?ae;

— ?icii?ioaiiy oai?/eo neeaae?a i?e aaaeoaoe??;

— i?aeianaiiy oai?/iai ??aiy oaao??a cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio i?e ia’?aeiaii?
c eaae?aie c? noiaeo;

— ae?cae /anoeie ieooe?a ca ei?aeii N?N?, cina?aaeaeaiiy ?o o I?ia//ei?
ia?aae iiaeaeueoith ai?a?aoe??th;

— ia aecaieai?e a?ae oaoeno?a oa?eoi??? — ii/aoie ?aaeyinueeeo
?ai?an?e uiaei ieooe?a, eio?? i?aoethaaee ia ieoiiaaieo caieyo.

§ 2. I?aai?caoe?eia oa ooaeiaeiy no?oeoo?a OIO iaea niaoeeo?/io
iniaeea?noue, eio?a iieyaaea a iaeaaeiino? OIO aeaii aioaaii?noe/iei
noanoaioe?yi — i?iaoeueeei caaieiaieeai (ca caeiiii ieoiaoe?eii?
i?aeeaaeino?) ? oe?a?inueeiio ia?iaeia? (ca oaeoii iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aeooiaiiai ca’yceo).

Io?oe?eia i?aeeaae?noue oaao?aeueieo eieaeoea?a: 1) i?iaoeueeiio
a?aeae?eo i?iiaaaiaee (Theater der Propaganda — Abteilung U — Oe?a?ia);
2) ooaaeoeii?na??aoia?, i?oneiiaiaeaoo??; 3) i?nuee?e oi?aa?.

Eiioaeoe i?ioe?a c oaao?aie ieaioaaeeny ? cae?enithaaeeny a ?aaeei?
aeenoeeie?ie ai?iiiai /ano /a?ac a?enueeiao aaei?i?no?aoe?th, i?nuee?
oi?aae oa ea??aieoeoai oaao?aie.

Ci?no aenoaa, noeai?/ieo i?ia?ai iaa aooe aeeeaaeaiee o niaoe?aeuei?e
aiioaoe?? i?iaoeueeith iiaith ? ocaiaeaeaiee c a?aeiia?aeieie
?inoaioe?yie. Ao?o? oa i?ia?aie ae?oeoaaeeny aeaiia iiaaie —
oe?a?inueeith ? i?iaoeueeith. A oeeo ianoaaeiao iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy
iaaoaaea caeaoi?noue oaao??a ? ia?aeeaaea/?a a?aeaa?oaoe oaaao i?ioe?a
a?ae «noii?aieo» iioea?a aeayeeo i’?n.

No?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy oaao?ii a ieoiaoe?? aeyaeeany a iniiaiiio
aaeaeaaoiith ?aaeyinuee?e nenoai? iaaeyaeo, aea c ?noioiith ??cieoeath:
aei a?eie oaao? ianeoaiaoaaa ?aeaieia?th ?aaeyinueei? oioae?oa?ii?
nenoaie, a a oiiaao i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeiai aoi?aiaiiy eieaeueii
caaacia/oaaa eoeueoo?iee a?aeii/eiie a?i?? ?aeoo. I?ioe? i???iooaaee
oaao?e aeeeth/ii ia ?icaaaeaeueiee ?aia?ooa?, aac
iie?oeei-?aeaieia?/iiai ni?yioaaiiy.

Iniiai? oi?ie ienoaoeueeiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?ioe?a:

— ieaiia? eiioea?oe eieaeoeaiiai a?aea?aeoaaiiy aeey a?enueeiaeo /anoei
a oeeo ? ia e?i?? o?iioo;

— nayoeia? noeai?/i? i?ia?aie eieaeoeaiiai a?aea?aeoaaiiy i?ae /an
i?iaoeueeeo iie?oe/ieo oa iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo ?ii?ac (?ieiee ?acii
c a?oenoaie ?c ?aeoo);

— oaao?aeuei? aenoaae cae?eoiai oeio aeey a?enueeiaeo (Nur fr Deutsche)
aai ni?eueii c oeea?eueieie aeyaea/aie (a?enueeia? i?i-oe? — a
ia?oa??);

— aenooie oe?a?inueeeo a?oeno?a o i?iaoeueeeo a?enueeiaeo oieoaeyo;

— o/anoue oe?a?inueeeo a?oeno?a o i?iaoeueeeo o?oiao Wermacht-,
Soldaten- und Frontbhnen (a?enueeiaeo, nieaeaonueeeo oa o?iioiaeo
noeai);

— a oeeo a?enueeiaei aeicaieyeiny e ?iaeea?aeoaeueia a?aea?aeoaaiiy
eoeueoo?ieo onoaiia;

— ?icaaaeaeuei? i?ia?aie o aa?’?oa, eac?ii oa ?i.

Aeenoeeie?iiaaii aeeiioth/e iiae?aio ?iaioo ye oiiao aeanii?
eaa?oeiiino?, OIO iniiaio oaaao cina?aaeaeo? ia aeoeaiiio ni?eeoaaii? ?c
ni?aa?o/ecieeaie. Iaoe?iiaeueio nooue oeueiai aeueoa?iaoeaiiai i?ioeano
i?aee?aneththoue iacae oaao?aeueieo eieaeoea?a. A?eueo?noue c ieo
iineoue ?i’y Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (Ee?a, Oa?e?a, Iaeana, Oa?nii, *a?eane,
Ai?ioeeiaa?aae, A?ea Oea?eaa, Eai’yinuee, Ia??oiieue,
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee). ?io? — ?iaia oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a oa
ieooe?a: ?.Eioey?aanueeiai (E?eaee ??a, *a?i?a?a), I.Aiaiey (Iieoaaa),
I.E?iieaieoeueeiai (I?aeei), ?.O?aiea (Oa?iii?eue, Noaieneaa?a),
?.Oia?eaae/a (E??iaia?aae, E?aiai/oe), I.Naaeianueeiai (I?ineo??a),
I.Caiueeiaaoeueei? (Noa?ieinoyioei?a), A.Caoe?eaae/-Ea?ieinueei? (Ee?a),
I.Eaiioiae/a (?iiai). Neiaie?/i? iacae iathoue ee?anueeee oe?a?inueeee
iieiae?aeiee oaao?-nooae?y «A?iii», Eiaaeuenueeee eieaeoea «Aeaeeoia
o?iyiaea», Iaaeia?aaenueeee oaao? «Oe?a?ia».

Oi?ioaaiiy eieaeoea?a iae/ano?oa iaei oa?aeoa? noeo?eiiai ia’?aeiaiiy
aeiaaeeiai ooe?e?eeo i?ioan?eieo eaae??a oa aiaoi??a. Ii?aeiaiiy a
eaae?iai-oai?/?e i?aeaaeei? OIO ienoaoeoaa i?ioan?iiaeueiiai ?
aiaoi?nueeiai ni?yiiaoaaei ia iino?eia iaa/aiiy, iaieiae?iiy
iaenoa?i?noth oa aeinyaiaiiy anoaoe/ii? iiaiiaa?oino? aenoaa. ?noi??y
aeaea aiaoi?noao oain ii?aeueii ? oai?/i noaoe ia??ai? c ienoaoeoaii
i?ioan?iiaeueiei. Ia?iaeia eoeueoo?a «ia aeeeth/a? aenieiai ??aiy
iaenoa?iino?, ai?iiy, ciaiiy, a iniia? /iai eaaeeoue a?eueia aieiae?iiy
o?aaeeoe??th […] Caaaeuei? ?aea? oa a?aie/i? oe?iiino? ia?iaeii?
eoeueoo?e eeoathoueny aeooaeueieie ? ia?aoiaeyoue aei oea?eie
i?ioan?iiaeueii? ae?yeueiino?» 1 1 Eoeueoo?ieiaey. XX aae. Neiaa?ue. —
NIa., 1997. — N. 295-296..

Ianiaa ooaeiaeiy naiiae?yeuei?noue ?aaeyinueei? ae?eniino? e?ioey 30-o
— ii/aoeo 40-o ?ie?a i?eneoaeeeany a eaae?iaiio iiiiaiaii? OIO. I?i
aeeoo?ni?iiiaei?noue iiae?aieo oaao??a na?ae/eoue oa, ui a ieo ii/eiaee
oai?/ee oeyo caiaeii a?aeii? iaeno?e — A.Aaciieueioiaa, A.Aii/a?ia,
?.Aeaianueea, I.Caoaa?nueea, A.?aiaoaiei, A.Eeao (iei? ciaiee ooaeiaeiee
oaao?o ae?anii?e oa aia?eeainueeiai e?ii), E.Eiaaeaiei,
I.Eiia?aeeinueea, A.Ei?ooi, E.Eeoaeiaiei, E.Ia?aeiiue?a, ?.I?inyie/aiei
oa ?i. A a ??cieo o?oiao i?aoethaaee, iiaeath/e i?eeeaae iieiaeei, c??ee
noeaie oa ae?aia A.Aie?y, I.Ai?eaiei, E.Aeainueeee, I.Eiaaeaiei,
I.Eiia?ianueeee, E.Eo/eoeueea, A.Iaiueei, I.Ianioa, E.Iaye,
N.Iaiuee?anueeee, I.I?oaaiia, A.Ieae?aea, A.?aoie?ia, O.Naa/aiei,
?.Naaaoianueeee, E.Noaaeiee, ?.Oaa?aeioe?a, I.Oi?io, N.Oeo?ao.

Ca aaeainii eaae?iaiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ino?? OIO noaiiaeee eieaeoeae:

— i?ioan?ei?;

— eiia?iiaai? — i?ioan?eii-aiaoi?nuee?;

— aiaoi?nuee? — o a?euei?e aa??aoeaiino? oeeo iciae, ?c caaaeueiith
oaiaeaioe??th aei i?ioan?iiae?caoe??; a ?aeiiieo i?noa/eao oa naeao
ae??ai aeyaeyee naaa ae?aiao?oee «I?ina?oe».

Iae/ano?oa ioce/ia iniiaa oe?a?inueei? noeaie aecia/a? oi?ie ??
ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Aaaaoi oaao??a i?aai?ciaaii ia aac? oi?iaeo eieaeoea?a
— o I?ineo?ia?, ?iii?, Eai’yinueeo (Aei?i?i-aeca?aeeinueeo), E?eaiio
?ic?, Eai’yioe?-Iiae?euenueeiio oa ?i. Oeiieia?/ieie noathoue
ia’?aeiaiiy: ae?aie, aaeaoo, iia?e, iia?aoe (Euea?a, Aeiiaoeuee,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), ae?aie, iia?e, iia?aoe (Iieoaaa, A?iieoey), ae?aie ?
iia?e (E??iaia?aae, Oa?iii?eue), ae?aie ? iia?aoe (Oa?e?a, AEeoiie?,
I?eiea?a, Oa?nii, Noaieneaa?a, Eieiiey). Neioaoe/i?noue o?oi /anoi noa?
iane?aeeii iaiao?aeiino? caaacia/eoe ?iaioith aeoi??a ??cieo aeai??a oa
c?a?aoe ?o e?euee?niee «eai?oi». Ia oeueiio i?eioeei?, cie?aia,
iiaoaeiaaii o Ee?a? ?in?enueeiiiaiee eieaeoea iaeeo oi?i
«Eeyeieoinooaao?» (aee?aeoi? oa ooaeiaei?e ea??aiee Aain Oaeai), ui
ia’?aeiaa aieae?no?a, oaioeth?eno?a, a?oeno?a ano?aaeiiai aeai?o, oee?eo
oa a?aeiieo nii?oniai?a. A?eueoo aeai?iao no?oie?noue ? iaoe?iiaeueia
aeyaeaiiy iaa oe?a?inueeee oaao? iaeeo oi?i «Aanaeee Euea?a» i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii Caiiia Oa?iaanueeiai.

O ?ioi?iaoe??, ai?uai?e a «Aioeeeeiiaae?? oe?a?iiciaanoaa» 1949 ?ieo,
eiinoaoo?oueny: «Oaao?aeueia aeeooy a i?ia?ioe?? i?ae i?iaoeueeei oeneii
caaeiny aei a?eueo /e iaio aeiaaeeiaeo aenooi?a iiaooiai-aoiia?ao?/ieo
o?oi, ui ia iaee ienoaoeueeiai cia/ai-iy» 1 1 Aioeeeeiiaae?y
oe?a?iiciaanoaa : Caaaeueia /anoeia. Ia?aaeaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?. — E.,
1995. — O. 3. — N. 863.. Nie?ath/enue ia ?aeiino?oeiaaio a
aeine?aeaeaii? oiiia?ao?th OIO, aaoi? ni?inoiao? oeth oi/eo ci?o c
e?eueeio iiceoe?e. Ii-ia?oa, ia iiaeia iaceaaoe aeiaaeeiaeie aenooie
o?oi, eio?? ?aaoey?ii i?aoethaaee i?aeoe/ii a on?o i?noao ? i?noa/eao
Oe?a?ie. Oaao?aeueiiio i?ioeania? 1941-1944 ?ie?a onoia?a/ on?i
iaaa?acaeai aeanoeaa noaa?euei?noue. Ii-ae?oaa, aenoaae aenieiai
ienoaoeueeiai aaooieo c’yaeyeenue ? a i?ia?ioe?? — Caii??aeae?, Eieiie?,
Eiaae?, Noaieneaaia?, ?iii? oiui. Ii-o?ao?, aei oaiaoeee ? noeeth
oe?a?inueeiai iiaooiai-aoiia?ao?/iiai oaao?o a oeae ia??iae
caa?oathoueny on? aac aeiyoeo o?oie ye aei aaaoee oai?/ino?, aeaea?ae
o?aaeeoe??. Oea ca?aaeiny ?c aeooiaieie iio?aaaie oa niaeaie
oaao?aeueiiai aeyaea/a, iniaeeai a i?ia?ioe??.

Oia?oa ca anth iiia?aaeith ?noi??th oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o eiio
aeiaiaeeoueny o aeaeyae? o?eaaeeo aano?ieae i?aoethaaoe ca iaaeaie
Aaouee?aueie. Ua aei ii/aoeo ai?a?aoe?eiiai i?ioeano, eiee ia oa?eoi???
I?ia//eie iaeaooiaothoueny oae caai? oaai?ia? oaao?e, aei ?aeoo c
ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??e Oe?a?ie, ?in??, A?ei?on?? oa ?ioeo ?a?iiaenueeeo
e?a?i ae?caeeoue aeecueei aeaio oeny/ a?oeno?a. *a?ac i?aai?caoe?th
«Europischer Knstlerdienst» (AEAe), ?icae?eai? ii 12 in?a ia eiioea?oi?
a?oie, aiie ia’?aeaeaeathoue c aenooiaie e?eueeai?eueeiiiee caaae
«inoa?aaeoa??a». Aeaa ?iee i?aoethaaa o ?aeoo, c?iaeaoe aeecueei
o?ueionio aenooi?a, Ee?anueeee oaao?-nooae?y «A?iii» i?ae ea??aieoeoaii
A.Caoai?ieoeueeiai, eieeoiueiai aeeeaaea/a nooae?? i?e Ee?anueeiio
oaao?? ?i.?.O?aiea, o/iy An.Iae??oieueaea, E.Eo?aana. O nai?io /an? oea
aoa nai???aeiee «i?iaiicoth/ee» iaaeaaia?/iee ina?aaeie, ui i?eaa?oaa
oaaao a?iiaaenueeino? iiooeaie o oea?ei? Eo?aaniaeo o?aaeeoe?e (ei??iiy
— Ioce/ii-ae?aiaoe/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.A.Eenaiea, ?ic?aiaia
i?ioeyie). O Eueaia? iaaeaaia?/ia ?iaioa aaeanue E.A??iyeii,
I.Aeia?iaieuenueeith, A.Aeaaaoeueeei o oaao?aeuei?e nooae?? i?e OOeE
(Oe?a?inueeiio Oeaio?aeueiiio Eii?oao?).

O aeiaaeeo aenooi?a o I?ia//ei? i?aai?caoe?eii-ea??aiith neeith aoea
i?iaoeueea a??aea i?aoe?.

§ 3. Oai?/? i?iaeaie OIO cia/iith i??ith a?aeaeca?eaeeee niaoeeo?eo
eiai ?noi?eei-iie?oe/iiai ?nioaaiiy, iaaeo i?ae i?aaiaiiyie ?
iiaeeeainoyie.

A?aeeeioaoe «?aaeyinueeo e?i?th», oaao? a ieoiaoe?? iaeii/anii ia
i?eeia? ?aeaieia?th oaoecio, ia aeneiaeth? c? noeaie a ooaeiaei?e
no?oeoo?? aiaeae iaei??? aenoaae iaoeenonueeeo iie?oe/ieo /e ii?aeueieo
aeieo?ei. A?aeoae noeaia noa? aeooiaiei ueoii i?ae
ethaeeiiiaiaaenieoeueeith, ?aniai aeene?ei?iaoe?eiith i?ia?aiith
caaieiaiee?a oa na?aeii?noth oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Aioo??oiuei OIO
?nio? aeenoaioe?eiaaii a?ae i?iaoeueei? aeaaee.

Aa?oi ua ?ac iaaieineoe, ui iiceoe?th «iica iie?oeeith» oaao?ia?
cai?iiiioaaea neoaeaa i?iiaaaiaee ai?iaa, iaaeath/e o ai?iieo oiiaao
ia?aaaao ienoaoeoao aeaiiino?aoeaiiai a?aenoi?iiaiiy a?ae ae?eniino?.
Iiae?aia o ii??aiyii? ?c caiie?oeciaai?noth ?aaeyinueeiai «oeeiaiai» ?
«o?iioiaiai» ienoaoeoaa caea?oueny ia?aaeienii iaoeenonueeiai ?aaeeio. A
oeueiio ae aoa ineoieia?/ii aeaaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie, cai?ia?aiiaaiee,
cie?aia, a aeaa?c? «Kraft durch Freude» — «neea /a?ac ?aae?noue».
A?aeeeaeaany aa??aio iie?oeei-i?iiaaaiaeenonueeee, eio?ee o?eiaa ae
aeooo aiye?a o noai? iai?oae.

Uiaei oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o, a?i ia aaeaiooaaa na?e ?noi?e/iee aei?iaie
? i?iiiioaaa eiai aeyaea/ai c on?ia neeaaeieie oa aieth/eie i?iaeaiaie.

A?aeeeioaoe iaa’ycaiee eiioi?noe/iee na?oiaeyae, oaao? ca oiia
aacaea?aeaaiiai ?nioaaiiy oa ?noi?e/ii ia?a?ea/anoiai i?ioeano
iaoe?ioai?aiiy noaa?aeaeo? naaa ye ?aaeueia neea caa?aaeaiiy iaoe??.
I?ana eiinoaoo?: «O nai?e aenie?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e eoeueoo?? ia?iae /a?ia?
aeeao/o neeo, ui ooiaoa? eiai ia oeyo aeaeueoi? ai?ioueae ca e?auo
aeieth» 1 1 Iaoe?iiaeueia eoeueoo?a — iaia?aiiaeia caai?iei // Aiein
I?aeea?iaooy. — Ae?iaiae/, 1943. — 18 eeiiy.. Noeaia aenooia? iin??i
iiaooi?o cania?a iaoe?iae?aco — oe?a?inueeiai neiaa ? i?ni?. OIO
i?aeaeuo? nooi?iue aa?aaeueiiai aieeao aenoaa.

A aoiinoa?? ieuaiiy noni?eueieo ?inoeooo?a, caoaeaiiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeiai aeeooy (iniaeeai a iaaaeeeeo i?noao),
a?aenooiino? a?o/eciyiiai e?iaiaoia?aoa, cae?eooy ioca?a, a?ae?ioae,
iaiaaeaiiai aei /ioe?ueio eean?a oe?eueiiai iaa/aiiy oa i?eieiaii?
ae?yeueiino? aeui? oeiee, oaao? ye ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iee, aeoiaiee
caeeaae ia?aae?a? ia naaa iai?aio ?ieue ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iie?ooieoe?iiaeuei?noth. Aeie?aieth?ii e?eueea iiaeaeae.

1. Ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? a?eie, eiee naiia?ae/oooy oaao??a caaa?aeaia
aeoi???th oaeaaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? naiaiaee, aiie ia?aae?athoue ia naaa
iiaiiaaaeaiiy ?aeaieia?/iiai i?ia?aeieea. Oeiiaee i?eeeaae o E?eaiio
?ic?: «I?ei?uaiiy oaao?o c?aceiai icaeiaeaii aaneaie oa na?oeeiaie.
Ii?o?aoe aiaeae?a oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo — Neiiia Iaoeth?e oa
Eiiiaaeueoey aa/eii a oaao?? ia ia?oiio ieai?. Oeeie aeiyie
a?aeaoeany iinoaaa aai?aeueiiai oai?o I.Aiaiey «Oa?an Aoeueaa». Aaeeeee
i?eeeaae iiaeaii oeei ia?iaeo 2 2 Ia aeaai ia?iaeo // Aeca?i. — E?eaee
??a, 1941. — 24 aeiaoiy..

Iiethaaiiy oaoeno?a ia oe?a?inueeeo iaoe?iiae?no?a ? ?aaeyinueeeo
ia?oecai?a i?eiooo? oaao?e cai?iooe eicoiae, oa?eoe a aa?aae iaaii?
i?i?e???. I?eeoei ?icoi?iiy, ui a?aeaa?oee «naiino?eieoeueeee» /e
aioeoaoenonueeee aeano i?ecaaaea aei caaeaae?. Oae noaeiny ?c ni?aa/eith
Ee?anueeiai iia?iiai oaao?o ?a?nith Ie?iiith, ?c cae?eooyi ca
«iaoe?iiae?noe/iee» ?aia?ooa? ee?anueeeo oaao??a ?iai? I.Naaeianueeiai,
?iai? A.Caoe?eaae/-Ea?ieinueei?. Ca i?aei?eueio aioeoaoenonueeo
ai?ioueao aoee canoaeaeai? aei ?icno??eo oa eaoi?ae i?aoe?aieee
Iiaai?iae-N?aa?nueeiai oaao?o ia /ie? c ?aaeena?ii ? a?oenoii
E.Niieyinueeei oa caa?aeoaa/ai ioce/ii? /anoeie I.Oiie/aanueeei (Ai?enii
Oaiii).

2. Iineeththoueny, ia?aaeon?i, i?ina?oieoeuee? iiaeeeaino? noeaie. Aei
e?ioey a?eie oaao?e ia ia?anoathoue aooe /e ia ?aeeieie eaaaeueieie
i?noeyie iao??ioe/iiai eiioaeoo oa aeooiaii-anoaoe/iiai ni?aia?aaeeaaiiy
oe?ieiai caaaeo ethaeae. Ieooe? cai?iaaaeaeothoue
ioae?oeenoe/ii-eoeueoo?ieoeuee? caa?iaiiy aei aeyaea/a. Oaao? iiaeaeoaee
eiia?io? naaa ?c eeoaiith onoaiiaith.

3. Iao??ioe/ia oaiaoeea aenoaa ciaoiaeeoue aeoeaia a?aeaeooy o i?an?.
Eaioetha oaao? — i?ana — aeyaea/ — /eoa/ eaaae?co? ? oe?eoue ?icaiein
?aeae aoiai?cio oa iaoe?ioai?aiiy.

4. Oaao? aeeiio? ina?oiuei-aeoiai? caaaeaiiy na?aae ae?oae ?
i?aee?oe?a. Aa?oi iacaaoe «Aoaeeiie aeeoeie», i?aai?ciaaiee o Ee?a?
I.Oia?eaae/-E?anai, aei/eith ?.Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai, ?c caeo/aiiyi aei ?iaioe
oaeeo a?aeiieo ieooe?a, ye ni?aa/ea I.Iaoeyo, aeo?ene ?.Iaeaaianueea,
I.Neey?iaa, oi?aia?ao I.Iaianaae/, ?aaeena? I.?caiieuenueea, ooaeiaeiee
I.Noaeiii?a. Iianthaeii a Oe?a?i? ae?oae ianeoaiaothoue ae?aiaoe/i? oa
eyeueeia? oaao?e.

5. ?iaioa noeaie aeeth/a? aeaai/eii? aeoe?? ? iaaeeaea?oueny aei
ooieoe?e nioe?aeueii-aaeaioaoe?eieo. Nioi? eiioea?o?a oa aenoaa
a?aeaoaathoueny ia ei?enoue oe?a?ioe?a-iieiiaieo, ioaeaeaiiiai
ianaeaiiy, aaaeoeiaaieo c? no?aeieo iaeanoae, a?aeieo ae?oae, iaeeiieeo
iaoa??a oiui. Ia?aeaeueii ieooe? aeiooai? cae?aoe eiooe ia iio?aae
i?iaoeueeiai a?enueea.

6. Oeei?ciia? a?eie noeaia i?ioenoaaey? aoeeo oa o?einio?th aoiai?cio,
?aeath iaaeioi?eaiino? aiaei? ?noioe, o?enoeyinueeee iinooeao «Ia oaee!»
A aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao noni?eueii? aeenooieoe?? oaao? noa? caniaii
ineoieia?/ii? ?aeaenaoe?? aeyaea/?a.

7. Oaao? ye ?inoeooo ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai aca?ii?icoi?iiy «aeieo?»
?ania? ianoaiiae oaoeno?a. ?oiy aioenai?onueea aei?-noie?noue niiioea?
oe?a?inueeeo ?aaeena??a ? a?oeno?a aiineoe aeeiiaanuee? ei?aeoeae a o?
oai?e oe?a?inueei? eeaneee, aea ia?ace ?a?a?a iiaeai? o naoe?e/iiio
ieai?. Nei?enoaaoenue oei, ui

i?ioe?a ia iaoiaeeoue «oeeaainueea» oaia ia oaao??, oi/a a ?aaeueiiio
aeeoo? aiie cieuoaaee oeae ia?iae, ye ? ?a?a?a, oaao?aeuei? ieooe?
noai?ththoue ieceo ioce/ii-iiaoe/ieo iinoaiiaie «Oeeaainueeiai aa?iia»
E.Oo?aona (ia 11-oe noeaiao), «Oeeaainueeiai eioaiiy» O.Eaaa?a (a 13-oe
oaao?ao). Iiioey?ia «Oeeaaiea Aca» I.Noa?eoeueeiai eoea ia 20-oe
noeaiao. Ia?iae, ui ca a??enueeith aeieo?eiith aaaaeaany
iaiiaiiaa?o?niei ? i?e??eaany ia iaaoooy, o na?oe? ?aiie /a?oaaa
aeyaea/?a o?ce/iith e?anith, aeooiaiith iiac??th ? aecioe/iith
iaiiaoi?i?noth nai?? iaioaeueiino?.

Aioeiineianuee? iano?i? oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiae?noe/iiai na?aaeiaeua 1
1 Aeea. i?aoe? E.Cae?ciyea, I.Aieoaaiea, O.Aoi/aea, A.Einothea,
?.Iaaa?anueeiai, ca??iee «?in?euaiiy Oe?a?ie» (E., 1992). ia aieeaathoue
ia i?aeoeeo OIO. A eiai ?aia?ooa?? — ?in?enueea eeaneea. Oai, aea oiai
aeiaaathoue ?ioa?ane ?in?enueeiai ianaeaiiy, a?athoue ?in?enuee? o?oie —
aai a iaeiiio i?ei?uaii? c oe?a?inueeeie (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, AEeoiie?,
*a?i?a?a, Oa?nii, Aeiiaoeuee, I?eiea?a), aai ye ie?ai? eieaeoeae
(Iaeanueeee ?in?enueeee oaao? ae?aie ? eiiaae?? — aio?ai?eca
A.A?iinueeiai, eio?a ca ?iee ieoiaoe?? aeaea 100 i?ai’??). Iaii?eueii
ei?eniei noa? ni?eeoaaiiy a Caii??aeae? i?noeaaiai oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o
i?ae ea??aieoeoaii ?aaeena?a I.Iaea?aiea ? Eai?ia?aaenueeiai
?in?enueeiai ae?aiaoe/iiai oaao?o ?iai? Eai?aaee, i/iethaaiiai a?aeiiei
?aaeena?ii N.?aaeeiaei.

8. Oaao? aeei?enoiaoaaany aeineoue aeoeaii ye caoenia na?aaeiaeua
?nioaaiiy — a?ae ia?aoiaoaaiiy oai iieiae?, i?e?a/aii? ia aa?aoaaiiy aei
I?ia//eie, a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo, ?a?a?a — aei iaoa??aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy
aeoi??a oa ?o ?iaeei, ye oea aoei a ee?anueeiio «Eeyeieoinooaao??».

I?iaeaia oaao?aeueiiai aeyaea/a a on? /ane aoea oeaio?aeueiith o
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oaao??a. Iania?noue aeyaeaoeueeiai caeo, oa?aeoa?ia
aeey OIO, ia caaaeaee icia/aea ?aeaaeuei? noinoiee c? noeaiith. O
a?aeaoeao iaoeo ni?aa?o/eciee?a i?i i?ioe?a-aeyaea/?a i?aee?aneth?oueny
eoeueoo?a iiaaae?iee, aeoiaai?noue, caeioai?noue o ioceeo, iioaia aei
aeoi?nueei? i?ioan??. Uiaei oeea?eueiiai ianaeaiiy, oi ea?oeia ia aoea
iaeii??aeiith. Ia oii? o?aaeeoe?eiiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai i??oaoiiai
noaaeaiiy aei ienoaoeoaa noeaie aeaeeaniaai? aeaiaioe, ioai?eo?
i?eiineee aei aeyaeaoeueeiai caeo aia?o?th ? aaceoeueoo?i?noue. «*iio
aiie i?eeoee aei oaao?o? Oa i?inoi oiio, ui a ieo aaaaoi a?ioae, oiio,
ui ?i oe? ianiiae?aai? ? oaeuei? a?io?, caeiaoo? niaeoeyoe??th,
i?iaeaaeii aeia?a, iaa?aaiaaiiai a inoaii? aei? iaioaaiiy aieueoaaee?a,
i?eoaee ae?aaoe» 2 2 Oaa/oe A?. [Oaaaeueia TH??e]. Cai?noue ?aoeaic??
(i??eoaaiiy a oaao?aeuei?e cae?) // Iiaa Oe?a?ia. — Oa?e?a, 1942. — 15
eenoiiaaea.. O?aiey?oueny, ui a oaao?ao i?ioe? iioa?iathoue a?ae
ceiae?enoaa. Oea aieeaa? ia ??oaiiy a?enueeiai? aaei?i?no?aoe??
aeaooiaoaaoe ia?aaaaeii aenoaae «Nur fr Deutsche», iaieiooaaoe /a?ac
aacaoe iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue cae?eooy oaao?o aeey oeea?eueiiai
ianaeaiiy.

Oaao? ia ?icae?ey? aeyaea/?a ia nai?o oa /oaeeo, anoaiiaethth/e aeey
ni?aa?o/eciee?a ? i?ioe?a ni?eueio nenoaio ii?aeueieo eii?aeeiao?a.
Oaaaa aei «ienoaoeueeiai iaee//y» iaeia iaeiiai icia/aea, ii noo?,
i?ciaiiy aeoo? iaeia iaeiiai. I?enooi?noue i?ioe?a ye iiaiai,
?a?iiaenueeiai aeyaea/a i???ioo? oaao? ia iineeaio a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue
ca ?acoeueoaoe i?aoe?. O ii/aoeiaee ia??iae aoei aecia/aia iaeia c
aaaeeeaeo caaaeaiue OIO: «Ia o?aaa caaoaaoe, ui oaao?, ii?o/ c
iaey?noaii ? ?ai?acaioaoe??th iaoi? eoeueoo?e ia?aae ia?iaeaie
Cao?aeiuei? ?a?iie. Oe?a?inueeee oaao? i?ae oeth ii?o a?aeia?a? — ii
aie? /e ii iaaie? ?ieth iaoiai aiaanaaei?a» 1 1 Caaaeaiiy iaoiai oaao?o
// Aiein Iooe?ueie. — Iooe?ea, 1942. — 25 eenoiiaaea..

Ia?aeaeueii ?nioaaea iaaaciaea aeaiaoe?iiae?caoe?? oaao?o. Ea??aieoeoai
eieaeoeaaie (iniaeeai ioce/iiai aeai?o) ana a?eueoa noaaaei
i?a?iaaoeaith i?ioe?a. Aiie iin?aeathoue i?noey aee?aeoi??a, ?aaeena??a,
aee?eaaio?a. Iia?i? oaao?e Ee?aa (?ioaiaeaio ? aee?eaaio Aieueoaaia
A?theia?), THc?aee (?aaeena? ? aee?aeoi? Oii? A?aaeaa?aa?)
eoeueoeaothoue i?iaoeueeo iiao. Eo?ne ?? aea/aiiy ai?iaaaeaeothoue ? a
ae?aiaoe/ieo oaao?ao — aiia cao/eoue o eiioea?oao. Ia iia?ieo noeaiao
?aeooue oai?e ?.Aaaia?a, E.Aaooiaaia, aano?ieththoue aieae?noe c ?aeoa.
Caaaeii oeae i?ioean ne?ae ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye ii/aoeiaee aoai
iie?ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? oa i?iaoeueei? eoeueoo? ye eoeueoo?
eieii?? ? iao?iiie??.

I?iaeaia ??ciia?aeiino? oai?/iai ??aiy aenoaa OIO a ??cieo ?aa?iiao
caeaaeaea a?ae e?eueeio /eiiee?a, na?aae yeeo ia ia?oiio i?noe? —
iayai?noue a?aeiia?aeieo oai?/eo eaae??a. I?ioa aoa ? aeiaaeueiee
?noi?eei-iie?oe/iee /eiiee. Oe?a?io i?ioe? iiae?eeee ia «?aeoneii?na??ao
Oe?a?ia», aeeno?eeo «Aaee/eia» o neeaae? «Aaia?aeaoaa?iaoi?noaa” oa
«O?aini?no??th». Iai?? oaoeno?a: «Eiee ie nai? cae??ieii iacao
«Oe?a?ia», oi oe?a?ioe? aoaeooue c ia? aeaiaee-

oe iaai? i?aaa ? caoi/ooue eieenue nai? i?aaeoe nai?th aea?aeaaith» 2 2
Eaiaiaoeueeee ?. Oe?a?ia a oioae?oa?ieo noaiao iaoeecio // Oe?a?inueeee
?noi?ee. —Iueth-Ei?e—Ithioai, 1972. — *. 3-4 (35-36). — N. 119..

Oaao?aeueia aeeooy ia oeeo oa?eoi??yo caeaaeaei a?ae nooiaiy iie?oe/ieo
ooene?a. O «?aeoneii?na??ao? Oe?a?ia» (oeaio? o ??aiiio) iaioaaa
a?aeaa?oee oa?i?. A?i aoa neaaoei o «O?aini?no???» (oeaio? — Iaeana),
ieoiiaai?e ?oioi??th i?aaeaiii-cao?aei?e /anoei? Oe?a?ie, aea
iaoe?iiaeueia eoeueoo?ia aeeooy i?eaeoooaaeiny, iaoii?noue i?ioaaoaaeiny
?oioinueea ienoaoeoai. Uiaei Aaee/eie, c’?aeiaii? c Aaia?aeueiith
Aoaa?i??th (oeaio? o Aa?oaa?), oi oea aoa i?ino?? iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaiai
oe?a?inueeiai ienoaoeueeiai aeyaeaiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e oeth a?aaeaoe?th, ui ?? iiaea? «Aioeeeeiiaae?y
oe?a?iiciaanoaa», aaoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iiiio? aeanio eaeii?/io
eeaneo?eaoe?th ienoaoeoaa OIO: ia ?noi?e/i?e in? Ee?a-Euea?a.
Ee?anueeee, aai no?aeiioe?a?inueeee i?ino??, caciaaoe oaoenonueeiai
ieuaiiy, aaaaoi ao?aoea uiaei naiiae?aco. Oa?ai euea?anueeee, naaoi
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeee, a ?iee 1941-1944 nei?enoaany ?noi?e/iei oainii ?
iaa ciiao aeyaeoe «ioeuenoth/ee i’?iiioeci Aaee/eie» (?.Aieeoeueea) oa
a?ae?a?aoe eiiiainaoi?nueeo ?ieue o caaaeuei?e ea?oei? oe?a?inueeiai
oaao?o.

Cao?aeia Oe?a?ia ii?iaeaeo? oi?eaeueia ienoaoeueea yaeua —
«Oe?a?inueeee oaao? i?noa Eueaiaa», ia?aeiaiiaaiee ca aeiiaith i?ioe?a
ia Euea?anueeee iia?iee oaao? (EIO). I?ae ea??aieoeoaii aeaeaoiiai
ieooey A.Aeaaaoeueeiai ooo i?aoethaaei /ioe?e naeoe?? — iia?e, aaeaoo,
iia?aoe, ae?aie. Noia?aenioeiai i?ioan?iiaeueiee eieaeoea ia cao?aeiiio
ei?aeii? Oe?a?ie ciaoiaeeany o aea?aoieo oiiaao — ia?aa?a a?eie ia
iaeneiaeueiee /an caaacia/ea eiio oeeiaa iieiaeaiiy. Euea?anueea
«eoeueoo?ia ai?caei» oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?eionoeiith ia oie /an i??ith
oai?/iai ?aaeeeae?cio, aeai?iaei neioaoeciii ? noeeueiaith naiaiaeith,
oe?euei?noth i???ioaoe?? ia eo?aan?anuee? o?aaeeoe??, a?aoo?, aeoiaeii
ia oe?ieo i?aeia?iaeio aeyaeaoeueeo ioe?ieo nai?? oai?/ino?.

EIO o ?aieao a?ia?ao?? A.Aeaaaoeueeiai ? i?iaeiaaeaiiyi ? aeuei uaaeai
eiai ?aaeena?nueeeo oa aeeiiaanueeeo iiooe?a, ?aeae-noiooiee?a c /an?a
?iaioe a oaao?? «Caa?aaa». EIO ia oiae?oiueiio anaoe?a?inueeiio oe? —
ac??oeaaa ocaaaeueiaiiy i?aeoeee OIO, i?aeianaiiy e?aueo iinoaiiaie ia
??aaiue ?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e. EIO a ?noi?e/i?e ia?niaeoea?
(A.Aeaaaoeueeee i?i?i/i iacaaa eiai «ienoaoeueeei iaoai?ii») —
ca?iaeeiaa yae?i iiai?iiiai oaao?o ae?anii?e c iiaith ci?noiai?noth oa
anoaoeeith, cie?aia, «Ainaiaeth oe?a?inueeeo aeoi??a» o I?ia//ei? oa
«Ainaiaeth oe?a?inueeeo aeoi??a i?ae ienoaoeueeei ea??aieoeoaii
Aieiaeeie?a Aeaaaoeueeiai» o NOA.

EIO iaa ie?aeiee aieea ia ?ica?e oaao??a cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio — o i?noao
Noaieneaaia?, Oa?iiiie?, Ae?iaiae/?, Eieiie?, No?eth, Ia?aieoe?,
aeaooiaoth/e oai aano?ie? nai?o i?ia?aeieo ieooe?a, eiinoeueoaoe?? aeey
ooaeiaeiueiai ea??aieoeoaa.

§ 4. Oaiaoeea ? anoaoeea OIO oae?acith? eiai ye yaeua yne?aai
iaoe?iiaeueia, ?c i?oeiith, iiaeaeoaee noia?a/eeaith aeaaeith o?aaeeoe?e
oa iiooeii oeyo?a ooaeiaeiueiai iiiaeaiiy.

O oai?/ino? EIO ii noo? oeiieia?ciaaii aanue i?iaeaiii-oaiaoe/iee ianya
OIO, ia aeuiio aaeocaaiio ??ai? cana?ae/aii o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci ? iaaiith
i??ith eiina?aaoeci oe?a?inueeiai noeai?/iiai ienoaoeoaa ye eiai
?noi?e/ii noi?iiaaii? oa ooieoe?iiaeueii ae??ai? iniaeeaino?. ?c
i?ioan?eiith aeineiiae?noth oeae eieaeoea «aeaaeai?co?» iai?yiee
oaao?aeueii? Oe?a?ie 1941-1944 ?ie?a:

— oe?a?inueea eeaneea XIX — ii/aoeo XX noie?ooy (ii?aeueii-aoe/ia,
aa?i?ei-iao??ioe/ia oaie, o?einionueea i?iaeaiaoeea);

— ioce/iee aeai? (iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia ae?aia, ano?aaea, na?oiaa
iia?a, aaeao, iia?aoa);

— aioea?eueoiaeoeueea oaia oa aioeoaoenonuee? aethc?? (iiaa
?noi?eei-neooaoe?eia i?iaeaiaoeea):

— ?in?enueea oa ?a?iiaenueea eeaneea (iiooe iaa?aee?eoiai).

Ei?aaoth/ith neeith a ?icaeoeo oaao?o 1941-1944 ?ie?a iaiaaaeeny aooe
oiai/ani? oaao?aeuei? e?eoeee, e?oa?aoi?e ? aeo?iae?noe ?.Aaa?yiee,
TH.Aieei, A.Aa?anueeee, A.Aeoa?ianueeee, I.Eeaaethe, TH.Eina/,
?.Einoaoeueeee, N.Eaaeyinueeee, ?.I?i/oe, A.?aaooeueeee, O.Nai/oe,
I.Oa?iaanueeee, TH.Oaaaeueia oa ?i. Aiie i?iiia?aeothoue ii?aeiaiiy
aeaio ?aeae: 1) i?i aeeoo?ni?iiiaei?noue o?aaeeoe?e eeane/iiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaao?o, i/euaiiai a?ae iaioeo ooaii?a oa oaeueneo?eaoe?e
(naiai /ano aeoiee c oeueiai ieoaiiy aeneiaethaaee ?.O?aiei, A.Oioeaae/,
I.Naenaaainueeee, A.*aaiaaoeue, N.Iaoeth?a, N.?o?aiia,
I.Een?eue); 2) oai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaao?o ?a?iiaenueei?
i???ioaoe?? (oeei ii?eoaaeeny Eany Oe?a?iea, A.Aeiie/aiei,
N.*a?eanaiei, E.Eo?aan, I.Ai?iiee, Ae.Aioiiiae/, I.Ca?ia, I.Oaeeueiaee,
I.Aeoiy, I.Aeiaaeaiei).

O ?aieao OIO ia?oa ?aeay ?aae?coaaeany ?c noeo?eiith iania?noth, aea e
c aaeeeith e?euee?noth aioeooaeiaei?o aeya?a. ?ioa ni?yioaaiiy aeaei oi/
? iaiaaeaio e?euee?noue c?ace?a, i?ioa aenieiai ienoaoeueeiai ??aiy
(caaaeaeii, ui TH.Oaaaeueia aeaiaeea ?noi?e/ia cia/aiiy ainueie??/ii?
ae?yeueiino? «Aa?aciey» oa?e?anueeiai ia??iaeo a iniiaiiio ca o?ueiia
iinoaiiaeaie E.Eo?aana).

Iaeiinoaeia ii?aaea e?eoee?a oai?eoe ienoaoeoai no/anii? oaiaoeee
ie?aneeea ooieeiao neooaoe?th: iiae?ai? oai?e ia iiaee c’yaeoeny c
i?e/ei oeaico?iiai iaaeyaeo oaoeno?a (a oeae /an aaaeoeiaai? ?aaeyinuee?
oaao?e noaaeee i’?ne “O?iio” I.Ei?i?e/oea, “Iaaaea” E.Eaiiiaa,
“?in?enuee? ethaee” E.Neiiiiaa oa ?i.).

Oe?a?inueea aaciaaeaey 1941-1944 ?ie?a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeaooiaith
aeoe??th aeaiiioaaeo ?aaeyinueeiai ienoaoeoaa, eiai iaoiaeo
«nioe?ae?noe/iiai ?aae?cio» c aeii?iaioiei i?eioeeiii ia?o?eiino?. Oeei
iaeaea ia i?anoie?ooy aoee aeia?aaeaeai? i?ioeane, yeeie iicia/aiee
oe?a?inueeee oaao? e?ioey 80-o — ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a. C? noeaie aiaeii/an
cieea? ?iia?nueea ?aeaieia?/ia i?oieia?y (iiceoeaiee aa?ie — aoae?aiee
eiioi?cio, ia?o?y — iaooiaiiee on?o ia?aiia ia?iaeo oiui).
Ona?aeiieth?oueny cei/eii?noue noae?inueeiai ?aaeeio, eiai ai?iae?noue
iaoe?iiaeueiiio ?icai?a? Oe?a?ie. Cai?noue nioe?aeueii-eeaniaiai
i?aeoiaeo oaao?ia? iiaa?oa?oueny ?noi?eei-o?einionueea ? ineoieia?/ia
i?aea?oioy na?oiaiai eeane/iiai ienoaoeoaa, aoe/iee iaeneiae?ci aac
niaeoeyoeaii-i?eioniaiai eoeueoo na?oeiai iaeaooiueiai. Aiaeii/an OIO
oniaaeeiao? a?ae ?aaeyinueeiai ienoaoeueeiai ia??iaeo aeoeaio
eaae?iai-aoae?aie/o aia?a?th, iao?aiiaaio oaoiieia?th iinoaiiai/ii?
?iaioe.

OIO noai?th? iiaee i?oiiiaoe/iee ?yae ?c aeaniith nenoaiith
ii?aeueii-oe?iiinieo eii?aeeiao?a. Ienoaoeoai noeaie ia? iiiioeaio?e/iee
oa?aeoa?, yae?i yeiai — aei?aaiethoe?eia ? ii?aaiethoe?eia oe?a?inueea
eeane/ia ae?aiaoo?a?y. Nthaee aoiaeyoue ? aaoi?e, eio?eo ca
?aaeyinueeiai /ano aoei ca?aoiaaii aei «oe?a?inueeeo ao?aeoacieo
iaoe?iiae?no?a» (E.Noa?eoeueea-*a?iyo?anueea, A.Aeiie/aiei,
N.*a?eanaiei, I.Ieanue). Niiioeaeueia cia/aiiy ia? aa?i?ei-iao??ioe/ia,
?noi?e/ia ae?aiaoo?a?y, caeaa?eueoiai caai?iiaia a?eueoiaeoeueeith
aeaaeith, oa iao??ioe/ia ae?aia iiaiai /ano (TH.Eina/, I.*e?nueeee). Oe?
eaoaai??? noaiiaeyoue aeecueei 70-oe a?aenioe?a ae?th/iai ?aia?ooa?o, a
yeiio «aeyaea/ ciaoiaeeoue ?aeaae?noe/iee iano??e, neoae?iiy aenieei
?aeaaeai na?oea, i?aaaee ? e?ane; oo ia?a?nio, neeueio, aa?aio
na?ae?noue, yeo oaao? /a?iaa c ie?aeiiai oe?a?inueeiai a?oioo,
iieiaeiai, aaaaoiai, iiaiiai iaaeo?a/aieo ienoaoeueeeo iiaeeeainoae» 1 1
Eeaaethe Iaio?o. Oe?a?inueeee oaao? // Aeca?i aie?. — A?ea Oea?e-aa,
1943. — 15 na?iiy..

Aeaiee ia??iae — ?aoeaioe?y aeiaaeueieo ?aeae oaeeo aaoi?eoao?a, ye
I.E?iieaieoeueeee, I.Naaeianueeee, E.Eo?aan. Iaeneie OIO — a?ae a?oaoeio
eeane/ieo oai??a ?.Eioey?aanueeiai, A.Ea?oee-Iniia’yiaiea, O.Oaa/aiea,
I.E?iieaieoeueeiai, I.Noa?eoeueeiai, ?.Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai, Iaiana Ie?iiai
aei anoaoe/iiai oa?inoaa i’?n ?.O?aiea, Ean? Oe?a?iee, A.Aeiie/aiea,
N.*a?eanaiea, I.Ieany, E.Noa?eoeueei?-*a?iyo?anueei?, I.Eoe?oa,
ss.Iaiiioiaa.

sse ? a iiia?aaei? ?noi?e/i? ia??iaee, a iaaeao OIO ii?o/ c aenieith
ae?aiaoo?a??th ?nio? ?aia?ooa?, eio?ee o?aaeeoe?eii iaceaathoue eaniaei,
ca?ia?o/ainueeei, ia c?acie iaeiae?aie «Aine?an?iiy» A.Eae?oaanueeiai
(*oaaoiai), iinoaaeaii? a 13-oe oaao?ao. Eaeaoueny i?i ni?a?nioaaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa eeane/ieo c?ace?a ? «ianiaiai». Nie?ath/enue
ia ?ic?iaeo oe??? i?iaeaie I.Ai?iiei, I.A?euaieii, I.??iaeiaith,
I.Ei?i??iei, I.I??ioie/aieii, aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui a niaoeeo?/ieo
oiiaao OIO caaino?th?oueny iniaeea?noue eoeueoo?e ye oe?e?niiai niiniao
aeeooy ia?iaeo, a oiio cao?aaoaaia «ianiaa» ienoaoeoai ia ao?a/a? a
ii?aeuei?e oe?i? ? ia? oe?ieo eiioi?eaoeaio i?oo.

Noeaia iiaa?oa? ia?iaeia? c?oeiiaaia ?aaeyinueeith nenoaiith a?ae/oooy
iao??a?oaeueii? ?iaeeie oa ?ae?a?? ye aeooiaii? neee iaoe??, ??
?noi?e/iiai ii?aeueiiai a?oioo.

Aoe/ia ni?yiiaai?noue OIO aae?a? a naaa /eiieee a?iiaaeyinuee?,
noi?iiaai? ia?iaeiith ?noi?e/iith na?aeii?noth, ? oai?eoue
ooiaeaiaioaeueio i?oieia?/io iiaeaeue: Ethaeeia — Ii?aeue —
Aaouee?aueia. Aoiai?ci ooaa?aeaeo?oueny ye iaoe?iiaeueiee ?
caaaeueiiethaenueeee noni?eueiee ?aeaae. O oeueiio ieai?
i?iaeaiii-oaiaoe/ia cao/aiiy ienoaoeoaa iae?aneth?oueny oae: a?ae
iaoe?iiaeueiiai «y» aei ?noi?e/iiai «ie».

O Ee?anueeiio oe?a?inueeiio ae?aiaoe/iiio oaao?? (1943 ?.) «yeinue ia
iaei?e c ?aiaoeoe?e «Iaca?a Noiaeie?» O.Oaa/aiea ? «Aa/i?ieoeue»
I.I?ueinueeiai ?aaeena? I.Ai?ae?e/oe caa?ioany aei o/aniee?a aenoaae c
i?ioaiiyi a?aooaaoe, ui iiae?? a i’?n? a?aeaoaathoueny oiai ?noi?e/iiai
/ano, eiee oe?a?inueeee ia?iae i?ae i?aii?aie A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai i?iaiaa
c Oe?a?ie iieuenueeeo ieoiaio?a. Oiio ia noeai? o?aaa a?aoe ia i?inoi
naeyi, a a?eueieo a?iiaaeyi a?eueii? e?a?ie, a?aoe c a?ae/oooyi aeanii?
a?aeiino?, ii/oaaoe naaa ia nayo?» 2 2 Niiaaaee I.Eaeaeaiiaa
(iaoeiiien). — N. 2. — C a?o?ao I.Ai?ae?e/oea..

Oaao? a?aeiiaeth? noa?iaeaaith i?oieia?th eica//eie, noai?th?
?aeaae?ciaai? ia?ace i?auo??a. O?ao?a eiaca?y ia noeai? OIO noa?
neiaie?/iei ciaeii ? iana iioeae aieaethanoaa, ?noi?e/ii? iai’yo?.

E??eea ? iao??ioe/i?noue iaeneiaeueii caeeaeai?. O ii?aeuei?e ieiuei?
Iaoaeea Iieoaaea — ??aeia nano?a Ia?on? Aiaoneaaee, a Iaca? Noiaeiey —
aeooiaiee a?ao Oa?ana Aoeueae. «Ie aa/eii iaia?aiiaeio neeo oai, aea ?
?aeiaiiy aeoo, aea ? aeeaa nayoa ethaia ? caiaea» 1 1 Aaeaea? N.
«Iaoaeea Iieoaaea» ? «Caii?iaeaoeue ca Aeoia?i» // A?ae?iaeaeaiiy. —
?iiai, 1941. — 26 eenoiiaaea.. C 56-oe iaca oe?a?inueei? eeaneee ia
45-oe noeaiao «Iaoaeea Iieoaaea» eaea o 39-oe oaao?ao ? ca ?aeoeiaii
iiioey?iino? — ia ia?oiio i?noe?: a?ae i?ina?oyinueeeo ae?aiao?oe?a aei
iaeiiaaaei?oi? noeaie Euea?anueeiai iia?iiai oaao?o. Caaieiaia ?ieue
aeyaey? ?yae i?ae?anieo aeo?en-aieae?noie, ye I.E?oeee?anueea a
AEeoiie?nueeiio oaao??, i?i yeo ieoa oe?a?inueea i?ana a Aa?e?i?.

O 35-oe oaao?ao ?aea «Caii?iaeaoeue ca Aeoia?i»
N.Aoeaea-A?oaiianueeiai, o 27-ie oaao?ao — «Naaoaiiy ia Aii/a??aoe?»
A.Ea?oee-Iniia’yiaiea, o 26-oe oaao?ao — «Ie, ia oiaee, A?eoeth, oa e ia
aa/i?ieoe?» I.Noa?eoeueeiai, o 22-o oaao?ao — «Aacoaeaiia»
?.Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai — nai???aeia ???a?o?y eeane/ieo oe?iiinoae iaoe??.

Iioei?noe/ia na?oia?ae/oooy, aia?aaoe/iee iio?e iao??ioecio, ui iana
OIO, nie?a?oueny ia ioce/ia caaa?aeaiiy oai??a aeaeaoieo eiiiiceoi??a
N.Aoeaea-A?oaiianueeiai, I.Eenaiea, I.I?ueinueeiai, I.A?eana oa ?i.

Aeoea?co?oueny eoeueo «iaoiai iiaooiueiai anaaeaaeiiai naeyinueeiai
ei?iey — aaeeeiai Oaa/aiea» (O.Nai/oe). O oe?eiio ia 44-o noeaiao
?aeooue «Iaca? Noiaeiey», «Eaoa?eia» (iia?a I.A?eana), «Iaoe-iaeie/ea»
(?inoeai?caoe?y ?.Oiaiai/iiai), «Aaeeeee eueio», ?inoeai?caoe?y
«Aaeaeaiae?a». O eiioea?oao aeoi?e /eoathoue a??o? iiaoa, ni?aathoue
i?ni? ia eiai oaenoe. Iianthaeii c ?eooaeueiith ?aaoey?i?noth
nayoeothoueny Oaa/aieia? ?ieiaeie.

Ae?aiaoe/ia ienoaoeoai oi?ea?oueny aiioe?eieo aeeaei aeeooy ethaeae,
caio?aieo a aeaoe a?eie. Caii?aeiaaia aeiey noeai?/ieo aa?i?a ?c
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo ae?ai «Aacoaeaiia» oa «Iaeie/ea»
?.Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai, «Eeia??aia» Iaiana Ie?iiai, «Iaaieueiee»
I.E?iieaieoeueeiai, «Oe?aaeaia uanoy» ?.O?aiea a?aeaoeothoueny a na?oeyo
aeyaea/?a c aino?ioith iniaeno?nieo iiae?e. Iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i
oiiae?aeaiiy ooieoe?? oaao?aeueiiai eaoa?neno aei ineoie?eoaaeueiiai
aeoo.

Aiaie?anuee? nthaeaoe i?i Oe?a?io ?aeee?/ieo /an?a — nai???aei?
i?oieiaaie, ui aeeeeeathoue iinoaeuea?th ca ie?iei niiy/iei /anii.
?aoeaicaio aenoaa A?iieoeueeiai oaao?o, ii?ney ciaiaieoee ienueiaiiee
?.Einoaoeueeee, iiaeeaeaoenue «Iaenueeo i?/», iii?/a? ineoio?iiiee aieea
icao/aiiai ioceeith ?iiaioe/iiai nthaeaoo. O aaaaoueio aenoaaao ca
aiaie?anueeeie nthaeaoaie a?aeaeoa o?aaeeoe?eia ia?iaeia ini?yiiy
aeeyaiea oa aeaiii?/iiai a ethaeei?: «I?/ i?ae ?aaia Eoiaea»
I.Noa?eoeueeiai (EIO, ?aaeena? I.sseiae?a, 1941 ?.), «No?aoia iiinoa»
N.*a?eanaiea (Iooe?ea, ?aaeena? I.??iei, 1942 ?.), «A?e»
I.E?iieaieoeueeiai (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, ?aaeena? ?.??aai, 1942 ?.),
«Ni?i/einueeee y?ia?ie» I.Noa?eoeueeiai (AEeoiie?, ?aaeena?
I.Ai?enianueeee, 1943 ?.).

?aaeena? E.A??iye, aeenoaioe?thaaaoenue a?ae ?noi?e/ii a?aeiii?
aeeiiaanueei? iiaeae? E.Eo?aana ?ie? Oe?noaeiaa a «?aa?ci??» I.Aiaiey ye
o?aa?/iiai I’??i (I.Aeae/), noai?th? a 1944 ?ioe? ia noeai? EIOo
eiiaae?eio aenoaao, aea oeaio?aeueiee ia?ac, noai?aiee No.Caeanueeei,
oiniaethaaa oaiiiai aacni?iiiiai i?enoiniaieoeoaa.

O iaaaeeeeo oaao?ao /anoi a?aeoaaei ?aaeeno?e, ? oiae? ?oiy neea
aacoaaeany ia aeoi?nueeiio oaeaio?, noeo?eiiio oenoia? aeeiiaaoe?a. Ia
noeai? aeooae?coaaeiny iniaeno?nia ia/aei. Ca nai?th anoaoeeith OIO,
iniaeeai a ii/aoeia?e oac?, — ia?aaaaeii oaao? aeoi?nueeee.

OIO i?eoaiaii? caaino?ai? aeeiiaanuee? aiioe??, nai???aeia a?ia?anoac?y
— i?aeaeuaia, a /anii ? oai?iaeeaa caoaeeea?noue, caouaiee o?aa?ci. O
oaeeo aeiaaeeao eeaneea (iai?eeeaae, «Iaeie/ea» ?.Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai)
iiaeaeoaee ia?aae?a? ia naaa iniaeeaino? «iiai? ae?aie» c ??
aecenoaioe?eiei a?ae/oooyi ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy,

eiee aa?aoueny aei oaaae ia o?eueee «o?aaaae?y a aeeoo?, a
o?aaaae?y

aeeooy» 1 1 Ceiaa?iai A.E. I/a?ee enoi?ee ae?aiu 20aaea. — I., 1979. —
N. 19..

Aeooiaio aaaeuei??noue aea?oaaea aoaeeoi??? ni?oiaa eoeueoo?a
oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o. ??ii?y, aeocoaaiiy, o?aeeeaa na?aeii?/i?noue
iinoathoue ye aeaiaioe anoaoeee ? na?oiaeyaeo. Oa?aeoa?ia iniaeea?noue
/ano — «ni?o aac aa?aa?a» o aenoaaao eiiaae?eiiai aeai?o. No?ao, aeeooy
aac iaae?? ye ineoieiiieaen ieoiaoe?? ciaoiaeeoue niiioaiia aea?eueiaiiy
o eiiaae?eiiio eeoeaae?enoa?. Iaae? ooaeiaeiuei? i??e /anoi
ia?anooiathoueny, ia?aoai?thth/e eiiaae?th ia oa?ae.

Aano?aeenonueeiai a?aeo?ieo iaaoaaei naoe?e/ii-a?ioaneiaa cao/aiiy
ia?aco Noaoeueea o «Naaoaii? ia Aii/a??aoe?» A.Ea?oee-Iniia’yiaiea. Ca
niiaaaeaie a?oeno?a ? aeyaea/?a, aa?aneaia iaoaai?noue ?
i?eoaeaioaao?noue aa?iy ?iaeee aethc?eiith oeth eeane/io oieueeei?io
ianeo.

?a?iiaenueeo aeoii/ai?noue ii?aeiaii c iaoe?iiaeueiith e?anith ?
o?einionueeith aeeaeiith a Eaneieo i’?nao. «?acia?noue» oaeeo
iinoaiiaie, ye «Eai?iiee ainiiaea?», «Ia iie? e?ia?» oa «Eiaaiia —
ae?iea Ooniaa» (oaia aeaio inoaii?o aeooaeueia — a??a a O?enoa ? THaeeia
c?aaea O?enoa), ia?ae?eaa?oueny oei, ui oea aeniei? ooaeiaeiuei?
aa?oino? ?aaeena?nuee? oa aeoi?nuee? i?i/eoaiiy ia noeai?

EIOo. Nthaee o?aaa aeiaeaoe no?oiea eiioeaiooaeueia ia?oii?i/eoaiiy
eaneii? «Aeaeeoii? o?iyiaee» ?aaeena?ii I.Ai?ae?e/oeii o Eiaaeuenueeiio
oaao??. sse ? oai?e I.Ieany «In?iue», «Ia na?e oeyo», ao?eai?
Euea?anueeei eeoaiei oaao?ii.

Neiaie?nonueea ae?aiaoo?a?y c ?? nenoaiith caouaiiai ocaaaeueiaiiy,
aoe/iiai oa aiioe?eiiai eiio?anoo aeyaey?oueny ia /an?.

*an aaeeoa? iiaa aeeooy a i’?ne N.*a?eanaiea «I?i ui oe?na oaeano?ea» ?
«Eacea noa?iai ieeia». Ia?oa ae?aia — i?i ?aaia N??ea, ia
a?aeiiaeyth/enue a?ae iao??ioe/ii? aiioaiciino?, cina?aaeaeo? oaaao ia
cai?ioiiio aioe? a?eie. Ethaeeia o e?ia? naiicieuaiiy iinoa? ye iioai?ia
yaeua. O o?iae? iinoa??eee ? iai?ai?e/eiiee N??ei i??? c?a?aoe «iieee
/eneaii?», uia iiaanoe ?o «ia a?e aace?iaiee c oeie, ooi ea?oe n??
ne??cue /a?aii?».

O aenoaa? I?eiea?anueeiai oaao?o (?aaeena? ? aeeiiaaaoeue ?ie? N??ea
ss.Aic?yi, 1942 ?.) oi?ioaaany iane??ciee ia?ac ??aeii? caie? —
Aaouee?aueie, ui iio?aao? caoenoo: «I’?na aeia?a c?a?aia ? yne?aai
ioi?ieaia. Cie?aia, a?aecia/a?ii aeaei?aoe?th eai?a, ye? nyaathoue a
aeaea/?iue ? ni?aaae? iaiyoue ??caoe caieth ia nienii, a ?aeii,
i?aee?anethth/e i??th eioiaiai; ? iniaeeai aeeao ea?oeio: caii?iaeoe?
ieoooue eenoa oo?aoeueeiio noeoaiia?» 1 1 ?.No. «I?i ui oe?na
oaeano?ea» // Oe?a?inueea aeoiea. — I?eiea?a, 1942. — 5 a?oaeiy..

Neiaie?nonueea iaia?a ieneaiiy N.*a?eanaiea o /an ni?ioeao «cei/eiiiio
aa?iaioeth» (I.Aeiaaeaiei) i?ieeaa? ia ia?ace ? iiae?? «Eacee noa?iai
ieeia» ?aaeueii-aeieoiaioaeueia na?oei. Iaaaoeaiee aa?ie ae?aie
?iaeaia?-eieii?no Aonoaa Aaaia? — ca iaoe?iiaeuei?noth i?iaoeue. A?i
a?aao? Oe?a?io, ciaaaaea? ?? iiaoe/io i?e?iaeo. ?ene eiai iaoo?e
aeecuee? aei oaoenonueeiai ?aeaaeo «aa?iy iaoe??», «iaaeethaeeie».
E?aiieuei? iaoyee cao/aee a oaao?ao Eieiie?, Ia?aieoey, Ae?iaiae/a,
I?eiea?aa, Oa?au?. Noai?aia ooaeiaeieeii Ae.Ia?aooii ia eieiieenuee?e
noeai? ye oei ae?? a?ao?/ia «a?yei ia?aiue» (ia iueiio a aa?aneai?e
aeeiai?oe? cia?aaeaeeny /i?oe, neaeaoe, /a?aie, eaaeaie, iaaoee oa ?ioa
ia/enoue) ni?eeiaeiny ye caoeo?iaaiee aiioe?eiee ia?ao?ac naanoeee ?
aethc?eii eiiaiooaaei aeooo iaianieea Oe?a?ie. O oe??? ienoaoeueei?
aeoe?? ? ?noi?e/i? o?aaeeoe??: ? Oaa/aieiaa ciaaaaa aei «i?iaoeueei?
ioae?ino?», ? Eo?aaniaa iinoaiiaea a Iieiaeiio oaao?? 1918 ?ieo, ca oiia
i?enooiino? i?ioe?a o Ee?a?, «Ai?y a?aooiia?» O.A??eueia?oea?a c
a?ae/ooiei aioei?iaoeueeei cao/aiiyi.

Neiaie?/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy noa? a OIO aeoeaiei aeaiaioii noeai?/ii? iiae.
Aioeoaoenonueeee iano??e, iie?oe/iee iiieiioi?i?ci caoeo?iaaii
aeneiaethaaany a ?yae? iinoaiiaie. Aei aenoaae «I?/ i?ae ??caeai» ca
I.Aiaieai (Eiaaeuenueeee oaao?, 1943 ?.) ?aaeena? I.Ai?ae?e/oe ?
ooaeiaeiee Ae.Ia?aoo aaaee iiioey?iee ia Aieei? oieueeei?iee nthaeao
«Oea? Iaeneieii» (i?noeaaa o?ainoi?iaoe?y iacae «Oea? Iaenei?e?ai»).
Aeeiiaaoe? ?ieae a iueiio aoee a ianeao. Iaaaoeaiee ia?niiaae *a?ean
aiai?ea eaiaiith i?iaoeueeith iiaith. Eiai ia?aiaaaa Aaeeeiai?i, ianea
yeiai iaaaaeoaaea ?ene iaee//y a?oenoa I.*a?eaniaa a ia?ac? Ieaenaiae?a
Iaanueeiai c iaeiieiaiiiai e?iio?eueio ?aaeena?a N.Aecaiooaeia.

Neiaieii iaaie?ouino? oe?a?inoaa cao/aa o oaao?? Ia?aieoey o?iae
eiiaae?? «*oiaee» ?.Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai (?aaeena? I.I?ae, ooaeiaeiee
I.Eiaaeue, 1944 ?.): ia noeaio aea?aaei /ioe?iaaeoeyoa?i ae?oae A?oae?y
Ia?oea, iaeyaiaieo a a?e? oe?a?inuee? ni?i/ee. Aenoaaa eoea c i?enayoith
80-e?ooth oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o a Aaee/ei?.

Onoia?a/ ai?iaeiio iaaeyaeia? ca oaao?ii oa /eneaiiei caai?iiai,
cao?aeiioe?a?inueea noeaia caaaa/o?oueny ieceith iao??ioe/ieo oai??a:
«Aaoueiai Aei?ioaiei» E.Noa?eoeueei?-*a?iyo?anueei? (Eieiiey), i’?naie
TH.Eina/a «Iaeiaa» (Euea?a, Ae?iaiae/), «Ia?o *a?i?a?anueeiai iieeo» oa
«Iao?i Eiiaoaae/ Naaaeaea/iee» — iaeaea? o Noaieneaaia?. Ia oe?e aea
noeai? — «Ie, Ii?ica, Ii?icaieo» A?.Eoaeieoeueeiai ? «Oa??ea»
ss.Aa?ie/a.

A?ae?iaeaeo?oueny ?i’y I.*e?nueeiai, nai???aeiiai oe?a?inueeiai
Aae?iia, eieeoiueiai noa?oeie a?i?? OI?, iie?oe/iiai ai?a?aioa, iiaoa
e?oa?aoo?ii-iie?oe/iiai eiea Ae.Aeiioeiaa. Iiaaoi?nueea iao??ioe/ia
ae?aia I.*e?nueeiai «I’yiee ?aeae», a oaeiae iao?aaeeoe?ei? iia?aoe «Eaa
c Aaann?i??» oa «I?nyoeue ? ci?y» iinoaaeai? I?aeea?iaonueeei oaao?ii o
Ae?iaiae/?; aioea?eueoiaeoeueeiai ni?yioaaiiy i’?na «Ioaiai I?niy» —
oaao?ii a Nieae?.

?ene aa?i?/ii? ae?aie, ia?iaeaeoaaii? a ianoaaeiao na?oiai? a?eie,
TH.Eina/ ?icaeyaea? a eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueeiio: «A caa?aa? aaee/acii?
a?eie ?iaeeany iiaee noeeue ienoaoeoaa ?a?iie. Iaoae aea iaoa caiey
aeeo? noeeue oe?a?inueei? ae?aie /?oeee, ye aecaiuee?o noae?, noai?ee,
ye oaa?aea aeiaa aeoa ? iiai?aeu, yniee, ye iaeaooi?noue, aei yei?
eaeaii — iaiiai?ia ? a?/ia iaoe?y» 1 1 I?ieii/oe A?. Oaao? // A?no?. —
Aa?e?i, 1943. — 20 n?/iy..

?acii c oei /an a?aeaeaa? o?ii?/io e?eco oaao?aeueiiai noeeth.
Caaaeaeii ni?eeiyooy I.Iaiaeaeueooaiii o noaoo? «Aa?ac?eue»
oe?a?inueeiai iiaooiaiai oaao?o, eio?ee «ii?aeioth/e ?ooeio c aeeaei
aeeneei, aeea iaaiiiaoeee ? iaaiaiiy» 2 2 Iaiaeaeueooai I. Neiai e
eoeueoo?a. — I., 1987. — N. 227.. A?ae eii??, ee?oa, noa?aioeio ye ??aiy
ao?eaiiy oe?a?inueei? eeaneee aei oai?/i a?aeiiai ae?aeiao c
ae?aiaoo?a??th i?ieoei aaaaoi noeai?/ieo eieaeoea?a. A.Etha/aiei caieno?
o uiaeaiieeo 25-ai o?aaiy 1942 ?ieo: “Aenoaaa «Ia?on? Aiaoneaaee» a
eieeoiueiio oaao?? «Aa?ac?eue». Aacii?aaei?noue, aaceoeueoo?i?noue,
iaea??oa i?ia?ioe?yeueia aiaoi?noai» 3 3 Uiaeaiiee A?eaae?y Etha/aiea. —
Euea?a — Iueth-Ei?e. — 1995. — N. 90.. I?ci?oa a Iooe?oe? ?.Aaa?yiee
ii-?ioiio a?aeaoeiaoueny i?i aenoaao i?noeaaiai oaao?o «Caii?iaeaoeue ca
Aeoia?i» N.Aoeaea-A?oaiianueeiai a ?aaeeno?? I.??iea: «Oea aeinoaoiy
eoeueoo?i?noue, a?aenooi?noue aoeueaa?ecaoe??, oaei? i?ee?i? ? oae
aeanoeai? aeey a?eueoino? i?ia?ioe?eieo oaao??a» 1 1 N.N. [Aaa?yiee ?.]
Ii-ca ?nieoii /ano // Aiein Iooe?ueie. — Iooe?ea, 1942. — 4 a?oaeiy..

Naiaioe/iee eiioaeno noeaie oeueiai /ano ia iaeiicia/iee ? aeoiaeeoue
ca iaae? aoiia?ao?/ieo i?eeiao oa noee?noeee oaao?o ei?eoa?a. C?acee
ineoieia?/i?, oiiaii-?a?ia?, neiaie?ei-iaoaoi?e/i?, ioae?oeenoe/i?
aeaaaea i?aeoeea ?aaeena??a A.Aacei?iaaeiiai, I.A?eieiiy,
I.Ai?enianueeiai, A.Aa?ieea, O.Aeaaeeiaa, I.Ai?ae?e/oea, TH.A?eai?aiea,
I.Ca??/iiai, ?.??aaia, A.???y, ss.Eiaaeaiea, A.E?nianueeiai,
I.Iaea?aiea, I.Ie?iiiaa, A.Iaeaoaiea, ?.Naaaoianueeiai, E.Noaaeieea,
?.Nya?a, I.O?inueeiai, ?.Oei/oea.

Aioea?eueoiaeoeueea ?aeay, eio?a a oeae /an anei?eth?oueny eoeueoo?ith
Oe?a?ie, a oea?ei? oaao?o ciaoiaeeoue noia?a/eeaa aeyaeaiiy. O
cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? aeyaea/? caoiieaii i?aeo?eiaee aioenoae?inueeo
aeoe?th oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa: ia noeai? Euea?anueeiai iia?iiai
oaao?o A.Aeaaaoeueeee aaeaei ao?eea ae?aio «O??oio i?ieo?i?a
Aeaeuenueeiai» (1942 ?.), ciaeoiaoe c ooaeiaeieeii I.?aaeeoai ia?acia
ia?aoai?aiiy eie?c?e ioae?oeenoe/iiai oai?o E.Aoiaea. Oaea ae noaaeaiiy
aeyaeaoeueeiai caeo aei aenoaa ca oe??th i’?nith aoei a oaao?ao
Oa?iiiiey (?aaeena? I.Eiia?ianueeee), Eieiie? (?aaeena? I.Ie?iiia,
ooaeiaeiee Ae.Ia?aoo, 1942 ?.). Uiaei no?aeii? Oe?a?ie, oi ooo o iania?e
na?aeiiino? aioea?eueoiaeoeueea oaia ia aoea iiioey?iith.

Iiaa ae?aiaoo?a?y, ui iiaa/eea na?oei ?aiie, iaea iai?aaiaoi?nueeee
oa?aeoa?: «Aiaea eoeueaaaa» I.Ia?oeia (Iaeanueeee ?in?enueeee oaao?
ae?aie ? eiiaae??, ?aaeena? A.A?iinueeee, 1942 ?.), «Aee?aeoeaa c
oeaio?o» N.Eaaeyinueeiai (Ee?anueeee oe?a?inueeee ae?aiaoe/iee oaao?,
?aaeena? I.Ai?ae?e/oe, 1943 ?.), «Ae?oe /i?ii? caie?» I.Eic?y
(I?aeea?iaonueeee oaao? o Ae?iaiae/?, ?aaeena? ?.Oei/oe, 1943 ?.),
«Ia?ei Ioaaa» I.Naieea (Eai’yinueeee oe?a?inueeee ae?aiaoe/iee oaao?
?i.O.Oaa/aiea, ?aaeena? O.Aeaaeeia, 1943 ?.), «Iiai?io aei ?a?iie»
A.Aeoa?ianueeiai (E?aiai/ooeueeee oaao? ?i.?.Oia?eaae/a, ?aaeena?
A.Iaeaoaiei, 1943 ?.).

I?eeeaaeii aioo??oiueiai iii?o oe?e oai? a oaao?ao no?aeii? Oe?a?ie ?
?iaioa iaae aenoaaith «Aee?aeoeaa c oeaio?o» N.Eaaeyinueeiai. ?aaeena?
I.Ai?ae?e/oe ? ooaeiaeiee Ae.Ia?aoo, i?aaethth/e naoe?e/ia ni?yioaaiiy
i’?ne, i?ae /an ?aiaoeoe?e iiaeaethaaee ea?oeie aeaaiiieo/iiai
eieainiiiai aeeooy ia c?acie aenoaa ca i’?nith I.Ei?i?e/oea «A noaiao
Oe?a?ie». Ia?a?iaeyoe «neae?/aio» aenoaao aeiaaeiny naiiio
ae?aiaoo?aia?. I?i ooaeiaeith iaaeaae?noue oa iaaeiaaa aeeooy iiae?aieo
iinoaiiaie ae?cia?iiny c iiaeaieo o iiiia?ao?? iaoa??ae?a ?aaeyinueeiai
noaeiaiai i?ioeano iaae ?aaeena?ii O.Aeaaeeiaei ? a?oenoii E.Naiaiiaei.

Noeai?/i? i?eno?ano? a oeeo aenoaaao a?aeooiaooaaee aeyaea/?a
iaoo?ae?ciii. Oaao?e aeao?ioee ethaeae a iieii iaaeaai?o niiaaae?a, ui
ca?aeeny c ioeaie a oiiaao oaoenonueei? ?aaeueiino?. Inieneaiiy oaeo?a
aeiaaaei a?ae noeaie /aniai? aeenoaioe?? oa ooaeiaeiueiai
«ia?ao?aaeaiiy». ? ana ae a ?noi?e/i?e ia?niaeoea? oaia i?ia?uaea nai?
i?aai ia i?iaeiaaeaiiy ? iiaee ??aaiue ooaeiaeiueiai ciiaeoaaiiy.

O anaoe?a?inueeiio i?ieao? — 36 iaca na?oiai? iia?ii? oa aaeaoii?
eeaneee. Iaeiiioey?i?o? «O?aa?aoa» Aeae.Aa?ae? (o 9-oe oaao?ao),
«Ea?iai» AE.A?ca (o 8-ie oaao?ao), «Iaaeai Aaooa?oeye» Aeae.Io//?i? (o
7-ie oaao?ao). A iia?aoeiaiio ?aia?ooa?? — 32 iacae. Ia ia?oeo i?noeyo —
oai?e O.Eaaa?a, E.Oo?aona, I.?yaiaa. Ac??oeaai ioce/i? aenoaae eaeooue o
Euea?anueeiio iia?iiio oaao??. Aeeiai?/ia ?aaeeno?a A.Aeaaaoeueeiai
ooaeiaeiuei oae?acith? ooo aeanyoue iia?ieo iinoaiiaie.

O Ee?a? ina?aaeeii ioce/ii-eiioea?oii? ae?yeueiino? oa i?aeaioiaee
aieae?no?a noa? i?aai?ciaaia ia aac? eiina?aaoi??? oa oaao?aeueiiai
?inoeoooo Ioce/ii-ae?aiaoe/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.A.Eenaiea, eio?o
i/iethaaa I.I.Eenaiei.

Iia?euei?noue eiioea?oo ye noeai?/iiai aeai?o iaaea? eiio a oeo oiiaao
ia?oi/a?aiaiai cia/aiiy. Noai?th?oueny aace?/ iiaeeo?eaoe?e eiioea?oieo
i?ia?ai, ui iathoue, ia?aaeon?i, ieaiiai-i?aaiaoe/io iaoo —
ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?iaoeueeiai a?enueea. O oaeeo aeiaaeeao i?eeiaoith
eiioea?oii? anoaoeee noa? ii?aeiaiiy ?a?iiaenueeiai ano?aaeiiai noeeth,
?en ?aath c oe?a?inueeeie aieaeueieie ? oaioethaaeueieie iiia?aie. I?i
iiae?aia o 20-? ?iee ienaa aano???oeue Eicao ?io, iioe?iiaoaa/
oe?a?inueeiai ioce/iiai oieueeei?o: «Aa?oi iaoe?? ao?aoeoe aea?aeaaio
iacaeaaei?noue, ye aiia ii/eia? iaioaaoe a iia?aoao ? aa?’?oa» 1 1 ?io
Eicao. A?e? i?noa. — E., 1998. — N. 163.. I?ioa ? a iiae?aieo «e?o/aaeo»
eiia?iaoe?yo oe?a?inueeee ienoaoeueeee aiein a?aaeaa aaiaoe/iith e?anith
? neeith aeooo.

Na?aae cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo eeanee?a ca e?euee?noth iinoaiiaie ia
ia?oiio i?noe? aoee ia i?iaoeuee? ae?aiaoo?ae, ye ia oa iiaeia aoei a
/aeaoe, a AE.-A.Iieue?? ? E.Aieueaeii?. Ooaeiaei? a?aee?eooy
oe?a?inueei? noeaie iia’ycai? c ?iaiai A.Oaeni??a.

Eiioeaioe?? iinoaiiaie «Nii e?oiuei? ii/?» (Caii??aeaey) oa «Aaieao»
(Euea?a), ?aeiino?oeiaaieo aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy, oei??iai? ye a
iaoe?iiaeuei?e na?aeiiino?, oae ? a ineoieiiieaenao a?eie oa ieoiaoe?? ?
a?aeaeaathoue iiooee ieooeyie a?aeiia?ae? ia i?iaeaie ?nioaaiiy a
iaaie?.

O ea?oi? 1943 ?ieo, ca i?a?ieo aei aecaieaiiy Caii??aeaey, I.Iaea?aiei
noai?ea aenoaao «Nii e?oiuei? ii/?» A.Oaeni??a, eio?a noaea iaei??th c
iaeyne?aa?oeo noeai?/ieo aethc?e OIO ? caeiaoea, cie?aia, aenieo ioe?ieo
?in?enueeeo ieooe?a N.?aaeeiaa oa A.?aaeeiai?. Ii a?ei? I.Iaea?aiei
iaieoa i?i oaoeno?a o nai?io ?iiai? «Aea? ceie iaae??»: «Aiie iiaeooue
a?yooaaoe oai? aeeooy, uia iio?i ia?aoai?eoe oaaa ia noeo» 1 1 Iaea?aiei
Ieeiea. Aea? ceie iaae??. — E., 1970. — N. 109.. A oeeo oiiaao ?aaeena?
aeoia? i?i aeieth ooaeiaeieea a na?o? oa i?i iaae? naiaiaee ?
eiioi?i?cio a oiiaao ieoiaoe??. O eiioaeoao aa?oeianueeiai aeai?o ?
aeoi??a-?ai?niee?a a?i «ii?o?aoo?» ?iaioo naiai oaao?o ? oeo, ooi
«caiiaey? ioceeo».

Inaaaeiaaee/iee ii?oee ? ianeai? eieiie aa?oeianueeiai iaeaoeo
iaaaaeothoue A?aiaeaiao?cuee? ai?ioa (ooaeiaeiee A.Ooieeia).
Aa?oeianueeee aea?? o aenoaa? i?e?oa?eciaaiee, a?i ai?iaeee
?ai?nieeai-ieaaayi, ia?aiei oaao?aeueiei aiaoi?ai. Inoaii? ca
aeni?an?ii?nonueeei a?eiii, ui neiaie?co? aeenaa?iii?th aeeooy, noiae?
ia aea?oae aeie?. Oa neeuei?oa ca noni?eueio i?eieaeai?noue ?oiy
aia?a?y naiia?yooaaiiy ? naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy. Ae??aa oa?aeoa?enoeea oeeo
ni?aaaei?o aa?i?a aenoaae ia?iaeaeo?oueny o eiio?aioieoi?e aca?iiae??
noiieo a?ei?a-ianie oa ea?iaaaeueii aaaeuei?i?, a?ioaneiai-eiiaae?eii?
iiaaae?iee a eeth/? oe?a?inueeiai aa?oaio.

I.Iaea?aiei aaea?oueny aei aano?aeenonueeiai iioeao aeaoi?iiaaiino?
/ano: e?oi ?ai?nieee a?ae/oaathoue ye ceio. Aiie o?ii?/ii aieiaei?,
ia?ciooue, ooeyoueny aei ?iciaeaii? i?/ee. Oey aeaoaeue iaea
«a?ia?ao?/io» i?ea’yceo — oaea i?/ea noiyea a ?aiaoeoe?eiiio cae?
oaao?o, ?? ae aeei?enoaee ia noeai? ye aeaoaeue ioi?ieaiiy. Aiia
a?aeoai?aia ia iaeiiio c iaethie?a ?iiaio «Aea? ceie iaae??».

?aaeena? ieneea ia?acii e oe?eani?yiiaaii, aeinyaath/e iie?oii?/iiai
iano?ith. I?ney ai?ciaeo ?iciiae?eo ?ieae ?ai?nieee eaeooue ?aiaoe?oaaoe
aei Eiycaaiai aeoaa. Ia noeai? aoei nii?oaeaeaii aenieee i?aea?niee
i?noie, «caa?eiiaaiee» i?ae aea?aai, ia?aeeiooa /a?ac aieioi. Ii iueiio,
i?ae ii aocuee?e eueiaeia?e nioaeoe?, ia?aoiaeeee aei aaeyaeie aiaoi?e,
aaeainoth/e, /?ieyth/enue iaeei ca iaeiiai, eyeath/e ? aiaeii/an
caanaeyth/e aeyaea/?a. Caoee ia?oo Aaooiaaia aei i’?ne «Ao?inuee? ?o?ie»
A.Eioeaao iaaeaaaee aoiinoa?? ae?? aaee/iiai a?aeo?ieo. Oaao? oai?ea
o?aa?oa?niao iaoaoi?o iaaaciaee iaae i???aith.

Aenoaaa cae?i/oaaeany ia i?eaiooaaiiyi aoaia?ieo aeueo?a ? oae aei
inay/aiiy eiyaeiai aeiio (oey noeaia a?aeeeaeaeanue), a ia?aiiaeiei
«aa?aainueeei» oaieii ?ai?niee?a. A i?eano?? cao/aa oaiie eeoea??a c
aaeaoo «?iiai ? Aeaeoeue?ooa» N.I?ieio’?aa. A eiai o?i/enoi-ai?aeiaeoiio
?eoi? iacaeaaeieie caeeoaee noeaio ni?oi? ? cai?ooeea? a?aoe *a?e?
*aie?ia, ?iaee/? on?o aeoi??a, eio?ei a?aeiii, /iai eiooo? ooio eeoa.

O aa?ani? 1943 ?ieo a EIO? 48-??/iee E.A??iye, yeiio ia iioaeaieei
c?a?aoe Aaieaoa o «Aa?acie?», oia?oa a ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o
noaaeoue oeae oa?? c iainoeaeei aeaoii a?ae caiaoo nia?o? a
Ooo-Ia/i?nueeiio oaai??, aea a?i ia?aaoaaa, oa c ona?aeiieaiiyi
oeaeaoeoaa iiaeo «oacy?a». Aenoaaa aaoia?ia?ao?/ia, ye aiaie?anueea
«i?ye ia iiaeo ienaoe iiac naaa». ?? i?ieia? ?aeay iai?iuaiiy cea (aei
?a/?, Noae?i i?noe/ii aiyany iioa?iiiai nieneo oe??? i’?ne).

Ia ii/aoeo 1970-o o eeno? aei ?.Noaoaiei E.A??iye ae?eeoueny
caiia?oiei: «Caaaeaiiy, yea y iinoaaea ia?aae niaith, «o oa ethoa
a?ai’y» iieacaoe ethaeeio, yea ia? o nia? Aiaa, aea caia?a/o? na?o,
noai?aiee Aiaii. Aei oiai ae iai? caeaaaeiny, ui «Aaieao» eiiaeainoaaa o
nia? aaaaoi oaeiai, ui /a?ac oiae?oi? ianoaaeie eaaeaei ca aeanyoueia
ia/aoyie an?eyeeo iaiaaeaiue ? oeaico?ieo caai?ii. A aeaiai?eoenue — io,
ye oio?einy!» 1 1 ?aaooeueeee Aaea??yi. Ianei?ai? aa?ac?eueoe?: Einei
A??iye ? Ie?ii?y Aeia?iaieuenueea. — Iueth-Ei?e, 1985. — N. 159-160. Ii
noo? ?aaeena? eiiaioo? na?e aeaai?e caaeoi ye iiaeaeue o iaai?e i???
i?aei?eueio ? ineoiaiae?oe/io.

O aenoaa? aoea a?aenooiueith o?iaeueia noeaia c Oi?o?ia?anii. Ae?y
o?eaaeany ia neiaao Aaieaoa «Aeae? — oeoa…» Ia’?eoeaii o iinoaiiaoe?
nia?oue aa?iy eeoaeany iaiieaeaiith, aeeooy — iaioe?iaiei. E.A??iye
caaa?oo? nthaeao nei?aioiith iioith: noeaia, ae?eoa o?eaie caaeaeeo, —
iiea aith…

I?ui ia caoueia?thaaei aieueiaiai aa?i?/iiai ni?yioaaiiy ae?e
Aaieaoa-Aeaaaoeueeiai. ??oo/?noue ? oe?eani?yiiaai?noue — ni?eueia ?ena
a noeai?/iiio i?i/eoaii? ?ie? a ?iee ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie ??cieie
aeeiiaaoeyie ia noeaiao «ii iaeaeaa aiee». A?aee?eoee, aeaeiaaeaiee eia,
aieinny aei iea/ae oa i?aeianaia aieiaa — oe? ciai?oi? i?eeiaoe
Aaieaoa-Aeaaaoeueeiai i?iaeiaaeoaaee Eo?aaniao ii?o?aoio iiaeaeue
o?aa?/ieo ieneeoae?a — Iaaeo?a — I.E?ooaeueieoeueeiai c “Iaeeaie A?ane”
I.Eoe?oa, oa oaeni???anueeiai ei?iey E??a (i?aeaioia/a ?iaioa ?c
N.I?oiaenii).

Aaieao-Aeaaaoeueeee o oe?eiio ia aoa ?iiaioeeii. Aeeiiaaaoeue a?a ?ieue
o ineoieia?/ii-o?einionueeiio eeth/?. Oae ia aeoiaeea iaciai?, a iai?eaa
eiai cna?aaeeie. ?ieue i?ae a?aeoai?thaaea oei ?icoio ? oaiia?aiaioo
euea?anueeeo ?ioae?aaio?a, eio?? aoaaee ia aenoaa?, — a?oeno?a,
ienueiaiiee?a, iiao?a, aeo?iae?no?a, ooaeiaeiee?a, ioceeaio?a, a/eoae?a,
e?ea??a, nooaeaio?a. Aiie, ye ? Aaieao, noaaeee oiae? ia?aae niaith
ieoaiiy i?i nain aoooy oa ethaenueei? a?aeiino?. Ineoieia?/iee no?oi?iue
?ie? ia?aieaaeyany ?c iiaoe/iei i?aeianaiiyi. I?e?iaeo aeaniiai noeeth
aeoi? aecia/ea oae: «Ia noeai? y i?aaio i?iaoaeeoe a nia? oa, ui Eo?aan
iaceaaa «?aae?noth a?ae a?e» 2 2 Iaeyinueeee Aiaaeai. C oa?iieo aeeaei
aeoi?nueei? oai?/ino? (?iciiaa c aee?. A.Aeaaaoeueeei i?i eiai i?aoeth
iaae ?ieath Aaieaoa) // Euea?anuee? a?no?. — Euea?a, 1943. — 31
aeiaoiy — 1 eenoiiaaea..

Aeaui ia?aaeienaeueiei, i?ioa eiia??iei ineoieia?/iei i?aea?oioyi ?ie?
Aaieaoa aeey A.Aeaaaoeueeiai i?a noaoe noai?aiee iei caaieiaiee ia?ac o
ae?ai? «O??oio i?ieo?i?a Aeaeuenueeiai» E.Aoiaea, yea aeeoea ca i?aoi?a
?ieo aei oaeni???anueei? i?ai’??e, a ii?ney aeoi? o?eaaeee /an a?aa oe?
?ie? ia?aeaeueii (/anoi aenoaae /a?aoaaeeny iiaeaiii). I?e an?e
ooaeiaei?e ??ciiaenieino? i’?n oa ia?ac?a ?o ii?aeioaaa noiaeee
aioo??oi?e eiio?aioieo: ? neoaeaea noae?inueeiai ?aaeeio Aeaeuenueeee, ?
aoiai?no Aaieao aeeoathoue io?oeiei iia?o?yi ai?iaeia/? ethaeae o nai?o
e?a?iao-oth?iao, ae?thoue o ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiio ?aaeei? aeeooy
i?aei?eueiee?a, ?ica?aeiee?a. Nooue oeeo ethaeae ? iaoea?a, eio?o aiie
iinyoue, u?eueii i?eianiaai? iaeia aei iaeii?. *an ? iaoea?a —
ceiaiaeaiiee ia?aciee iioea, ni?eueiee aeey iaio aenoaa.

Noeai?/ia oeoia/aiiy aeaio oaeni???anueeeo i’?n oi?ea?oueny iniiaieo
oiai/anieo aecenoaioe?ae?e ethaeeie: eiiaae?y aea?eueiyea a?ae neiae?iio
no?aoo, o?aaaae?y iaaiaeeea ia oeyo nian?iiy aeoo?.

Noeo?eia «oaeni???anueei-eo?aan?anueea» a?nue Caii??aeaey-Euea?a
aena?oeth? iianthaei? a Oe?a?i? 1941-1944 ?ie?a ?aca?ae ooaeiaeiino? e
no?aoaa?/iiai iai??o ieooe?a aeoiaeeoe ia oe?ie? i?inoi?e oai?/ino?.

Iiaeia oaa?aeeoe, ui oe?a?inueeee oaao? oeueiai /ano, nie?ath/enue ia
nai? aacia? oe?iiino? oa oai?/o iaoiaeieia?th, oi?eioany o noa??
?aaeena?nuee?e, aeeiiaanuee?e, noeaiia?ao?/i?e aeaiaio?a ienoaoeoaa
iiaea?io — neiaie?cio, aeni?an?ii?cio, aecenoaioe?ae?cio, aano?aeecio,
oaao?o aei?noieino?. Aae ia iiaoi?aiiy iieiio nioe?aae?cio ii a?ei?,
a??ia?aeii, ui ae?aiaoo?a?y ? noeaia aenia?eiaiooaaee a o oeueiio
iai?yieo.

Ai?iia aa?ai?y c?oeioea oe?a?inueeo noeaio c ?a?iiaenueeei aeyaea/ai ?
aeoea?coaaea ?? ?ai?acaioaoeaio ooieoe?th. Eaeaoueny ia o?eueee i?i
i?ioe?a, ?oae?eoe?a, ?oioi?a, oai?oe?a. Ia i?iaao aenoaa

EIOo aeineoue /anoi aoee iaio?oe?eii i?enooi? iieiiai? aiae?eoe?,
o?aioeoce, aia?eeaioe?. Ia?aae iiaei aeyaea/ai oe?a?inueeee oaao? aeyaea
naaa ye eoeueoo?a naiiaeinoaoiy.

Aeniiaee ?iaioe a?aeaeaathoue iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— ?aeiino?oeiaaia ? iaoeiai i?iaiae?ciaaia aaoi?ii oaao?aeueia
oiiia?ao?y Oe?a?ie, ieoiiaaii? oaoenoaie (1941-1944 ??.), cana?ae/o?
aeiyoeiaa cia/aiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai noeai?/iiai ienoaoeoaa o
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio i?inoi?? o?aa?/iiai /ano:

— aiae?c ianoaaei oa ci?noo ?iaioe OIO aea? i?aenoaae eaae?o?eoaaoe
oeae ia??iae ye ?ic?ea oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o c iaoiaeii nioe?aae?cio oa
i?aeeeth/aiiy aei i?ioeano na?oiaiai eeane/iiai ienoaoeoaa;

— i?aaiaoe/iei aeaa?cii “niiaeeaaiiy” oaao?o i?ae /an a?eie o i?ioe?a
aoa «Kraft durch Freude» — «neea /a?ac ?aae?noue»; oe?a?inuee?e noeai?
aeecuee? aeani? iaoe?iiaeuei? aoeei-ii?aeuei? ianoaiiae, ui ca?aathoueny
c ?aeaaeaie aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ienoaoeoaa: «e?ana ? aeia?i»; ia /an?
noa? ineoio?iiiee aieea noeaie;

— oe?a?inueeee oaao? aeei?enoiao? eaa?oeiia noaiiaeua (ca oiiae
ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?iaoeueei? a?i??) aeey iaeoe?oiai ni?eeoaaiiy c
oeea?eueiei ianaeaiiyi ? a?aeoae noa? ienoaoeueeei iaoai?ciii
naiicaa?aaeaiiy iaoe??;

— oaao? aeyaey? naaa eaoaai???th naiiiaeaaiaeaeoaaiith ?
iiaooi?ino?aoaa?/iei ??ciiaeaeii eoeueoo?e, a?i nie?a?oueny ia ni?eueio
c aeyaea/ai ii?aeueii-aoe/io ? iao??ioe/io i?oieia?th;

— oaiiiai oaao?o a ieoiaoe?? noaa iiaeeeaei ca oiiae i?aeeeth/aiiy aei
i?ioan?eiiai ienoaoeoaa ?aca?a?a ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e;

— ianiaee oaao? ieoiiaaii? Oe?a?ie (OIO), aacoth/enue ia ioce/i?e
i?e?iae? oa o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa, iaeii/anii
ni?yiiaaiee ia iiaaoi?nuee? anoaoe/i? iiooee;

— anoaoeea OIO oyae?? aei aecenoaioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy
ae?aiaoo?a?? oa oe?oiiaieo ia?acii-nieneiaeo ocaaaeueiaiue, eio??
a?aeaeaathoue eiio?anoiee aeya na?oo ye eaoaai??e aeia?a ? cea;

— aa?oeiith ooaeiaeiuei-oe?ii?nii? i??ai?aee /ano ? Euea?anueeee
iia?iee oaao? (EIO) ?c naeoe?yie iia?e, aaeaoo, iia?aoe ? ae?aie i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii A.Aeaaaoeueeiai ? ca o/anoth E.A??iyea; cae?eniaia ieie
ia?oii?i/eoaiiy ia oe?a?inuee?e noeai? “Aaieaoa” A.Oaeni??a, aeai?iaee
neioaoeci ? ooaeiaeiy aeiaa?oai?noue ?aia?ooa?o aecia/athoue
iiaeeeaino? EIOo ye noeaie na?oiaiai

??aiy;

— oe?a?inueeee oaao? a ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944 ??.) — /?oei ie?aneaia
nenoaia iaoe?iiaeueii? oaao?aeueii? eoeueoo?e; ?? aienaii, ia?aaeon?i,
a ?noi??th aioea?eueoiaeoeueeiai oa aioeoaoenonueeiai aeooiaiiai
ni?ioeao ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aecaieaiiy. Oe?ii?nii-nieneiaee oa anoaoe/iee
iioaioe?ae ?iaioe noeaie ca oeo ianoaaei ioneoue i?eneoaeeoeny
nueiaiaei? a ona?aeiieaii? oi?eaeueii? ?ie? oaao?o a i?ioean?
iaoe?ioai?aiiy, aea?aeaaioai?aiiy, aoiai?caoe?? noni?euenoaa.

Cae?enieaoe aia?oa ?noi?eei-ienoaoeoaiciaa/ee oa nioe?ieoeueoo?iee
aiae?c aaaeeeai? oaie, aaoi? aaa/a? a i?e aeey naaa oa ?ioeo
oaao?iciaaoe?a ?aca?ae aeey iiaeaeueoeo iaoeiaeo

nooae?e.

E??i iiiia?ao?? «Oaao?, caoiaaiee a a?o?aao. Noeai?/ia ienoaoeoai a
Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944)». — E.:
Ienoaoeoai, 1998 (19,35 ae.a.), i?aaenoaaeaii? ye aeena?oaoe?y,
aaoi?ii ca oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? oae?

?iaioe:

1. Oaao?aeuei? nie aeo?iiai /ano // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E., 1989. — ?
5. — N. 28-31 — 0,5 ae.a.

2. «?onneee» ?enoiie AEaia Eieoi, eee Iaoa iinoaeueaey ii aoiaiiinoe //
Oaao?aeueiay aeeciue. — I., 1990. — ? 8. — N. 27-28. — 0,2 ae.a.

3. Aaieao aiai?eoue oe?a?inueeith // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E. — 1990. —
? 4. — N. 27-29. — I,2 ae.a.

4. «E iaoa ia?aay ethaiaue ai?eo iineaaeiath ethaiaueth…» // Oaao?. —
I. — 1992. — ? 10. — N. 101-126. — 2,5 ae.a.

5. «Ieia Iacaeei» i?ioe aaiioeeaeo // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E. — 1992.
— ? 6. — N. 19-20. — 0,1 ae.a.

6. I?aaaea i?i «A?iii» // A?o/ecia. — E. — 1993. — ? 9-10. — N.
145-154. — 1,1 ae.a.

7. ?aaeeia — c?aiaia ?i’y // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E. — 1993. — ? 1. —
N. 30-32. — 0,3 ae.a.

8. Aa?n?y ia i?aeoaa?aeeeanue // Ioceea. — E. — 1993. — ? 6. — N.
24-25. — 0,1 ae.a.

9. Ia oa?acao aeie? // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E. — 1996. —

? 1. — N. 6-11. — 0,5 ae.a.

10. Aaoia?aoe ethaia? Ie?ineaaa ?aaeeoa // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E. —
1996. — ? 4. — N. 24-27. — 0,5 ae.a.

11. Niia?aeue, iaii?ia aieai // O?ii?ea 2000. — E., 1997. — Aeione
17-18. — N. 331-338. — 0,5 ae.a.

12. Oae ieia? neaaa caiia // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E. — 1997. — ? 6. —
N. 30-31. — 0,3 ae.a.

13. «Aea ae i?e aea?aa?..” // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E. — 1998. — ? 1. —
N. 11-14. — 0,4 ae.a.

14. «Neaaooeeiu caienee i aieia» // ?aiannain. — E., 1996. — ? 2. — N.
99-113. — 0,8 ae.a.

15. I?ae eieanaie a?enueeiai? iaoeie // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E. —
1998. — ? 3. — N. 25-28. — 0,4 ae.a.

16. sseee oaao? aoa o Oa?au?! // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E. — 1998. — ?
4. — N. 24-28. — 0,4 ae.a.

17. Ioae?ea a n??i-caeaiiio // Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E. — 1999. — ?
1-2. — N. 22-25. — 0,5 ae.a.

18. Ioceea Aaaia?a i?ae ceeaith aiia// E?ii-oaao?. — E. — 1998. — ? 5.
— N. 30-31. — 0,3 ae.a.

19. ?aianain ?c caoii?aii ia oe? // Art Line. — E. — 1998. — ? 5-6. —
N. 18-20. — 0,5 ae.a.

20. I?i?ioeoai // E?ii-oaao?. — E. — 1999. — ? 2. — N. 33-35. — 0,2
ae.a.

21. ?aeonia?ee aeey aeeoeie *?i-*?i-Nai // Art Line. — E. — 1999. — ?
3. — N. 64-67. — 0,5 ae.a.

22. I/eia ?a?iiaeoe?a // Art Line. — E. — 1999. — ? 5-6 — N. 90-92. —
0,35 ae.a.

23. “Iieaaeo aai aeia?o noaaeeo…” (I.?.Oia?eaae/-E?anai o ?iee
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? Ee?aa) // Oe?a?inueea a?ia?ao?noeea. —
E. — 1999. — Aeione 2. — N. 110-115. — 0,4 ae.a.

Aaeaeaao?a A.I. Noeai?/ia ienoaoeoai a Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944). — Iiiia?ao?y.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 17.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e. —
Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai. — Ee?a,
1999.

Aaoi? oia?oa ?ice?eaa? oaio, oaao?ciaaio iiiaae i?anoie?ooy
?aaeyinueeith iie?oeei-?aeaieia?/iith nenoaiith. Oaiiiai oaao?o a
Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944 ??.)
?icaeyiooi a ienoaoeoaiciaa/iio oa nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio aei???. Ca oiia
oaoenonueeiai ieuaiiy oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e, noeaia, nei?enoaaoenue
a?aeno?i/eith naiai ia?a?iaeueiiai o?iaeo, eiiiaino? ao?a/oaaio neeo
noaaioth/eo aeae?a ienoaoeoaa, iineeth? ineoiei?aaoaaeuei? ooieoe??,
aeyaey? naaa ye oaeoi? iaoe?ioai?aiiy.

O aeine?aeaeaii? aecia/ai? aeoiee eaa?oeiiino?, ?noi?e/ia aeeiai?ea
oaao?o a ieoiaoe??, iniaeeaino? eiai i?aai?caoe?eii? oa ooaeiaeiuei?
no?oeoo?e. O oeaio?? oaaae — oai?/? i?iaeaie, oaiaoeei-anoaoe/i?
ia?aiao?e noeaie. A?aeeeioaoe ?aaeyinueeo ?aeaieia?/io
cai?ia?aiiaai?noue, aiia caa?oa?oueny aei aeooiaii i?iaeoeoeaieo
iaoe?iiaeueieo i?oieiaai. ?yo?aiei ?aca?aii oaao?o, ye ? eoeueoo?e a
oe?eiio, noa? o?aaeeoe?iiae?ci. ?acii c iiaaoi?nueeeie iiooeaie
aeaeaoieo ieooe?a oea caaacia/o? noaa?euei?noue oai?/iai i?ioeano,
ni?eeoaaiiy ?c ni?aa?o/ecieeaie. Aia?oa a ?noi??? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
ienoaoeoaa eiai i?cia? oa aeniei ioe?ith? oe?iea iana ?a?iiaeoe?a.
Aia?a??th ienoaoeoaa a ieoiaoe?? aeeaeeeny iiai?iiee oaao?
oe-?a?inueei? ae?anii?e ? — i?eoiaaii — oaao? a O?N?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?a?inueeee oaao?, iaoe?iiaeueia ienoaoeoai, ae?oaa
na?oiaa a?eia, i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueea ieoiaoe?y Oe?a?ie, eaa?oeii?noue,
i?oieiaaie, oe?a?inueea ae?anii?a.

Aaeaeaao?a A.I. Noeaie/aneia eneonnoai a Oe?aeia ia?eiaea
iaiaoeei-oaoenoneie ieeoiaoeee (1941-1944). — Iiiia?aoey.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a eneonnoaiaaaeaiey ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 17.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey eoeueoo?u. — Iaoeeiiaeueiay
iocueaeueiay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu eiaie I.E.*aeeianeiai. — Eeaa, 1999.

Aaoi? aia?aua ?ane?uaaao oaio, iaoiaeeaoothny iiae cai?aoii niaaoneie
iieeoeei-eaeaieiae/aneie nenoaiu. Oaiiiai oaao?a a Oe?aeia
ia?eiaea iaiaoeei-oaoenoneie ieeoiaoeee (1941-

1944 ??.) enneaaeiaai a eneonnoaiaaae/aneii e nioeeieoeueoo?iii
ecia?aiee.

Enoi?ey oaao?a a ieeoiaoeee eae /anoe oe?aeineie eoeueoo?u i?ioaeaea ia
ae?aiaoe/aneii e eciai/eaii oiia aieiu. Yoi ii?aaeaeeei, n iaeiie
noi?iiu, eiieinoue e iai?aaeneacoaiinoue aai noaeueau, a n ae?oaie, —
oi?ne?iaaiioth yia?aeth oai?/aneiai i?ioeanna. Ionoonoaea ainoaea?noaa,
aioo?aiiaa nii?ioeaeaiea oaoenoneiio oa??i?o aeoeaece?iaaei eneonnoai
eae n?aaenoai iaoeeiiaeueiiai naiiooaa?aeaeaiey.

A oeaeii oaao? a ieeoiaoeee — ?acoeueoao eioaa?aoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna, a
eioi?ii iauaaeeieeenue ia ieaooi?ia ia?iaeiiai oai?/anoaa ethaee /anoi
aioaaiienoe/aneeo iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneeo neiiaoee.

A oneiaeyo oaoenoneiai oie/oiaeaiey oe?aeineie eoeueoo?u, noeaia,
ainiieueciaaaoenue ion?i/eie naiaai ia?aeiaeueiiai oeiaea, eiiiaine?oao
yia?aeth noaaie?othueo aeaeia eneonnoaa, oneeeaaao ineoiei??aeoe?othuaa
aicaeaenoaea ia c?eoaeueiue cae.

A enneaaeiaaiee ii?aaeaeaia enoi?e/aneay aeeiaieea oaao?a a ieeoiaoeee,
iniaaiiinoe aai i?aaiecaoeeiiiie e ooaeiaeanoaaiiie no?oeoo?u.

I?aaiaui ooiaeaiaioii aeayoaeueiinoe noeaiu noaiiaeony “aea?iaaiiay” ae
eaaeoeiiinoue. Ii oaao?, aiaaaee?iaaiiue a?aaii aeey nianoaaiiuo
ioaeae, oeaeaono?aieaiii e ?acoeueoaoeaii iauaaony ni naiei ia?iaeii.

A oeaio?a aieiaiey enneaaeiaaoaey — oai?/aneea i?iaeaiu,
oaiaoeei-ynoaoe/aneea ia?aiao?u noeaiu. Ioa?inea niaaoneoth
eaeaieiae/aneoth cai?ia?aiie?iaaiiinoue, iia ia?auaaony e aeooiaii
i?iaeoeoeaiui iaoeeiiaeueiui ieoieiaaiai. Nianeoaeueiui ?aca?aii oaao?a,
eae e eoeueoo?u a oeaeii, noaiiaeony o?aaeeoeeiiaeeci. Aianoa n
iiaaoi?neeie iieneaie auaeathueony aeayoaeae eneonnoaa yoi iaania/eaaao
noaaeeueiinoue oai?/anoaa.

Iauaiiay ea?oeia noeaie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe a Oe?aeia 1941-1944 aiaeia
i?aaenoaao a ?aaioa a ?acoeueoaoa ananoi?iiiaai aiaeeca ?aia?ooa?a
oaao?ia 50-oe ai?iaeia, n?aaee eioi?uo oieeaeueiia ianoi caieiae
Eueaianeee iia?iue oaao? (EIO) iiae ?oeiaiaenoaii A.Aeaaaoeeiai e i?e
o/anoee E.Ae?iyea.

A ieeoiaoeee n oe?aeineie noeaiie aia?aua oe?iei ciaeiiyony (ionoue a
ia?aaeienaeueii-o?aae/aneeo oneiaeyo) ca?oaaaeiua c?eoaee, iaeaoua a
aiaiioth oieoi?io. Oaao? iieo/aao eo aunieoth ioeaieo eae iaiiaoi?eiia
yaeaiea ie?iaie eoeueoo?u. Aaoi? enneaaeiaaiey i?aaenoaaeyao
iaoeeiiaeueiia eneonnoai a ieeoiaoeee ia?auaiiui e iaua/aeiaa/aneiio
ie?ioai?/aneiio einoeieoo.

Yia?aey oai?/anoaa a ieeoiaoeee ioeeeeioeanue a iineaaiaiiii oaao?a
oe?aeineie aeeanii?u e — iiaenioaeii — a oaao?a ONN?.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oe?aeineee oaao?, iaoeeiiaeueiia eneonnoai, aoi?ay
ie?iaay aieia, iaiaoeei-oaoenoneay ieeoiaoeey Oe?aeiu, eaaeoeiiinoue,
ieoieiaaiu, oe?aeineay aeeanii?a.

V.M.Gaydabura. Theatrics in Ukraine during Nazi military occupation
(1941-1944). — Monography.

Dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Art Criticism. Speciality
17.00.01 — Theory and History of Culture. — National Music Academy of
Ukraine named after P.I.Chaykovsky. — Kiev, 1999.

The author is the first investigator who had studied the theme
previously prohibited by Soviet political and ideological system.
Phenomenon of theater in Ukraine during Nazi military occupation
(1941-1944) was studied both in culturological dimension and as the
object of fine arts. Under pressure of fascist policy of destruction of
Ukrainian culture, theatrics snatched an opportunity to postpone its
inevitable final and has accumulated potential of other stagnating
performing arts; moreover, the theatrics has increased its psychological
corrective functions and showed itself to be a factor of national
self-affirmation of Ukrainians.

The study describes origins of legitimacy and historical dynamics of
theatrics during occupation, as well as specific characteristics of
organisational and art structure of theattics. This investigation is
concentrated on problems of creation, on thematic and aesthetic
parameters of theatrics. While rejecting Soviet preprogrammed ideology,
the Ukrainian theatrics is turning to spiritual and national productive
mythologemes. Traditionalism is becoming now a heaven-sent opportunity
both for the theatre and for the culture as a whole. This, along with
trailblazing experiments of prominent artists, ensures stability of
creative process and communication with compatriots. It is the first
chance in the history of national fine arts, when broad masses of
Europeans would have a chance to know and highly appreciate the
Ukrainian culture.

Energy of art during occupation found its implementation in the
post-war theater of Ukrainian Diaspora and in a latent form in theater
of the UkrSSR.

Keywords: Ukrainian theatre, national arts, Second World War, Nazi
occupation of Ukraine, legitimity, mythologemes, Ukrainian Diaspora.

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