AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

A??iye Na?oeaia Iao??aia

OAeE 808.3

NO?OEOO?II-NAIAIOE*IA I?AAI?CAOe?ss

NEIAIOAI?*EO AI?CAe C AACIAEIE Ae??NEIAAIE

IIAEAIIss A OE?A?INUeE?E IIA? XIX-XX no.

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa oa ?noi??? iiae
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee Oe?a?ie

Io?i ?aaai Noaiaiiae/,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa

oa ?noi??? iiae

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iiiianueeee Aiaoie?e Ieoaeeiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Oaaeo?ei Ia??y THe?ai?aia

Ae?iaiaeoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy

aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. ?aaia O?aiea,

eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 14.30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 11.051.04 aeey caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe i?e Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 340055,
i. Aeiiaoeuee, aoe Oi?aa?neoaonueea 24.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 20 aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo

iaoe, i?ioani? Nai?a I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiei caaaeaiiyi aea?eaaoieia?? ? aeine?aeaeaiiy neiaioa??ii?
nenoaie ye ?acoeueoaoo i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ethaenueeiai ieneaiiy.
O nenoai? neia’yinueeeo iia, cacia/a? I.?.Aieyie/, cia/ia ?ieue
iaeaaeeoue a?oi? ne?a ?c naiaioeeith aiai??iiy – “i?e?inenoai? c
?iaa??aioiei cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy”. I?ioa iiiyooy iiaeaiiy, ye ?
aoaeue-yea ?ioa, iiaeeo?eo?oueny ia o?eueee oei, ui ?nio? ia
?cieueiaaii, aoiaeeoue o nenoaio a?aeiia?aeieo iiiyoue, aea e oei, ui
aiii ia iiaea ?nioaaoe aac ao?eaiiy o eiie?aoio caoeiao oi?io ? iaaiith
i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae ?? iniaeeainoae, ui ? iaeiei ?c i?iya?a
aca?iicaeaaeiino? ieneaiiy ? iiae.

Iaei??th ?c aeooaeueieo i?iaeai aea?eaaoieia?? ? aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie
ai?cae, i?ae yeeie ?icoi??ii no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/io ?aei?noue
ni?eueiiei?aiaaeo ne?a (o oiio /ene? e neeaaeieo, o no?oeoo?? yeeo ?
a?aeiia?aeiee ei??iue), ii?aeiaieo i?ae niaith a?aeiioaiiyie no?oeoo?ii?
oa naiaioe/ii? iio?aeiino? e ia’?aeiaieo ia iniia? iine?aeiaiiai
i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy iaeieo iaeeieoeue ?ioeie, ?aei?noue, ui
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ??ciiiai?oi?noth naiaioe/ieo aca?iica’yce?a oa??ieo ?
iio?aeieo iniia, coiiaeth?oueny ye no?oeoo?ieie iniaeeainoyie oeeo
iniia, oae ? ei?aeyoe??th naiaioeee oa??ieo ? iio?aeieo ne?a, ca’ycaieo
a?aeiioaiiyie neio?iiii? neiaioai?/i? iioeaiaaiino?. Neiaioai?/? ai?caea
(aeae? NA) ?c cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy (i?eioeeie ?o iiaoaeiae, no?oeoo?a
iio?aeieo, neiaioai?/? cia/aiiy e oi?iaioe) ia aoee ua i?aaeiaoii
niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi/a ae??neiaa, ye? ae?aaeathoue i?ioean
aiai??iiy, i?eaa?oaee aei naaa oaaao aaaaoueio e?iaa?no?a, ui
iiynith?oueny eiioi?eaoeaiith cia/ou?noth, /anoioith aeei?enoaiiy,
aaaii?noth oe??? eaeneei-naiaioe/ii? a?oie a caaaeuei?e nenoai?
naiaioeee ae??neiaa, oiaoi oei, ui ae??neiaa aiai??iiy ae?aaeathoue
aeeoo?ai iaiao?aei? iiiyooy, ye? ?nioaaee i?ioyaii on??? ?noi???
noni?euenoaa ? cae??ieeeny o nenoai? cia/aiue aeaieo ae??ne?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy NA aea? iiaeeea?noue ?ice?eoe aea?eaaoe?eiee iioaioe?ae
ei?ai?a ?c cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy, ci?no naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e ae??ne?a, ui
ae?aaeathoue i?ioean aiai??iiy, iieacaoe ?acoeueoao a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
iia? ia’?eoeaii? ae?eniino?. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? NA ?c cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy
aoei aecia/aii ?o e?euee?niee neeaae oa ianya, naiaioe/io iaiiaiai?noue
iio?aeieo, neiaioai?/? caniae oa ?ano?ne, a oaeiae aaciaee aeaiaio –
aa?oeiia neiai, ui yaey? niaith oaeo no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/io ?aei?noue,
yea ? a ieai? ci?noo, ? a ieai? ae?aaeaiiy ?ice?eaa? iiiyo?eio
iaiiaiai?noue ai?caea; aaeaea on? ni?eueiiei?aiaa? neiaa, ui aoiaeyoue
aei eiie?aoiiai NA, ia?aaoaathoue ?c aa?oeiith o a?aeiioaiiyo
neiaioai?/i? iioeaiaaiino? (???a?o?/ia i?aai?caoe?y e oi?ioaaiiy NA),
yea o naith /a?ao, ye eiinoaoo? I.?.Aieyie/, “iaoiiaeth? neiaioai?/o
no?oeoo?o eiaeiiai /eaia ai?caea – aea?eaaoe?eio “?noi??th” a
neio?iiiiio ?? ?icoi?ii?”. Aaaaonoai iaeeieoeue ?c cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy
aea? iiaeeea?noue oi/i?oa ? ae?aci?oa ia?aaeaoe oo /e ?ioo aeoieo,
na?ae/eoue i?i ??ciiiai?oi?noue, aio/e?noue neiaieeiaiai neeaaeo
oe?a?inueei? iiae, caaaa/aiiy yeiai eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie ?c cia/aiiyi
aiai??iiy a?aeaoaaeiny e a?aeaoaa?oueny o ca’yceo c oneeaaeiaiiyi ?
ci?iith oi?i ni?eeoaaiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?? coiiaeth?oueny iaaeinoaoiueith aea/ai?noth a
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? ENA ?c caaaeueiei cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy, cie?aia
NA c aa?oeiieie neiaaie – ae??neiaaie aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe, ui
aeoeaii aaeeaathoueny iin?yie iiae oa o yeeo iaeneiaeueii i?iyaey?oueny
aacia?a?aiee i?ioean i?ciaiiy ia’?eoeaii? ae?eniino?.

Ia’?eoii aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee ae??neiaa iiaeaiiy (aiai?eoe,
eacaoe, iiaeoe), ye? iaeaaeaoue aei iaea?eueo aaeeaaieo iaeeieoeue ye a
iniiaiiio neiaieeiaiio neeaae? oe?a?inueei? iiae, oae ? a aeoeaiiio
neiaieeiaiio caian? ?ioeo neia’yinueeeo iia, ui iiynith?oueny ?o
aenieith eiioi?eaoeaiith cia/ei?noth e aaaii?noth o iianyeaeaiiiio
aeeoo? noni?euenoaa, aaeaea oe? neiaa ae??ciythoueny noee?noe/iith
iaeo?aeuei?noth, aenieei nooiaiai aano?aeoiino?, aea?eaaoe?eiith
aeoeai?noth e caeaoi?noth anooiaoe o neiaioai?/? aca?iia?aeiioaiiy ?c
neiaaie ??cieo a?oi.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie. Oaia aeena?oaoe?? ocaiaeaeaia c ieaiii
iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa oa ?noi??? iiae
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo e ?ice?eaa? iaeei ?c aniaeo?a
i?iaeaie “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aea?eaaoieia?? no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iia”
(iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? – 96-1aa/78), iaae yeith i?aoeth?
eaoaae?a; oaia ?iaioe caoaa?aeaeaia a/aiith ?aaeith Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy – aea/eoe no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i?
iniaeeaino? NA ae??ne?a aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe a oe?a?inuee?e iia? (o
oiio /ene? a ii??aiyeueiiio ieai?, cie?aia c a?aeiia?aeieie ae??neiaaie
iiaeaiiy o ?in?enuee?e iia?) O?O – OO no.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa iaoiiaeth? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??: 1) anoaiiaeoe
iaeneiaeueii iiaiee ianya NA aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe c o?aooaaiiyi
e?oa?aoo?ii? oa ae?aeaeoii? eaeneee; 2) ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aa?oeie ai?cae;
aecia/eoe ci?no, neiaioai?/ee iioaioe?ae ? aeoeai?noue, naiaioe/io e
noee?noe/io iaiiaiai?noue aaciaeo ne?a oa ?o iio?aeieo;
aca?iicaeaaei?noue neiaioai?/iai iioaioe?aeo aa?oeiiiai neiaa a?ae
iaeaaeiino? aei eiie?aoii? eaeneei-naiaioe/ii? a?oie; 3) ae?iaeoe
iaoiaeeeo neio?iiiiai aiae?co NA, ea?oth/enue oai?aoe/ieie iieiaeaiiyie
A.A.Aeiia?aaeiaa, A.I.Aeiieo?a, I.I.Oeoiiiaa, E.I.Ai?eniai?,
O.I.Aiciiai, I.A.AEiaoia?thoa, I.Ae.Ca??aaa oa ?i.; 4) aeine?aeeoe
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? ca’ycee ? a?aeiioaiiy “oa??ia ( iio?aeia” o NA; 5)
aecia/eoe, ye? c? niinia?a neiaioai?o, ui i?aaenoaaeai? o NA, ?
iaea?eueo oa iaeiaio i?iaeoeoeaieie; 6) aeyaeoe ni?euei? e niaoeeo?/i?
?ene o ?icaeoeia? NA aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e oa
NA aiai?eoue, neacaoue, iieaeoue o no/ani?e ?in?enuee?e iiaao ca
aeiiiiiaith neio?iiii-ii??aiyeueiiai iaoiaeo; 7) i?iaiae?coaaoe
ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo NA ?c cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy o no/ani?e
oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee no/ani? neiaieee oa aeia?aeieee
oe?a?inueei? iiae ??cieo oei?a, no/ani? neiaieee ?in?enueei? iiae;
neiaieee oe?a?inueeeo oa ?in?enueeeo ia?iaeieo aiai??a; aoeiieia?/i?
neiaieee; eaeneea ?c ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue (aacao, aeo?iae?a),
ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e, iiaeaiiy cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??,
iiaooiaiai iiaeaiiy. Aeo?aeiith aacith aeey ai?caeoaaiiy ne?a (ae??ne?a
iiaeaiiy) aoa “Neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiue neiaa?ue ?onneiai ycuea”
I.I.Oeoiiiaa oa noi?iiaai? I.?.Aieyie/ neiaioai?/? iiey ei?ai?a aiai?-,
eac-, iia-.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Caaaeueiei o?einionueeei iaoiaeii, c iiceoe?e
yeiai i?iaiaeeeiny aeine?aeaeaiiy, ? ae?aeaeoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei an?o
yaeu, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o iia? a oe?eiio oa o neiaioai?? cie?aia.
Iniiaieie noaee ?aea? i?i caaaeueio aca?iicaeaaei?noue ?
aca?iicoiiaeai?noue yaeu; canoiniao?oueny nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae o aea/aii?
yaeu ia’?eoeaii? ae?eniino?. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeei?enoiaothoueny
neio?iiii-iieniaee ? ii??aiyeueiee iaoiaee ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? neiaioai?/iai
iaoa??aeo; ai?caeiaee oa /anoeiiiiaiee niiniae aiae?co iio?aeieo
ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy; ii??aiyeueii-oeiieia?/ia aea/aiiy
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii? aoaeiae e i?aai?caoe?? NA. Aeey e?euee?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeei?enoiaothoueny i?eeiie noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co iiaieo
yaeu.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny ye eiai i?aaeiaoii, oae ?
aaaaoianiaeoiei oa eiiieaeniei i?aeoiaeii aei aiae?co NA. Oia?oa
nenoaiaoeciaaii NA ae??ne?a aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe a no/ani?e
oe?a?inuee?e iia? ia aac? e?oa?aoo?ii? oa ae?aeaeoii? eaeneee;
i?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniee neiaioai?/ee aiae?c NA ?c caaaeueiei cia/aiiyi
iiaeaiiy; aea/aia ?o aioo??oiy aoaeiaa e no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia
i?aai?caoe?y. Aeyaeaii aeeiai?eo naiaioe/ieo aca?iiia?aoiae?a o NA
ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c a?aeiia?aeieie NA
?in?enueei? iiae.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o iiaeaeueo?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeai
neiaioai?/iai aiae?co, anoaiiaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae ? iniaeeainoae
aioo??oiuei? i?aai?caoe?? NA c aaciaeie ae??neiaaie iiaeaiiy aiai?eoe,
eacaoe, iiaeoe ye a oe?a?inuee?e, oae ? aeecueeinii??aeiai?e
(?in?enuee?e) iiaao.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny oei, ui oeae iaoa??ae iiaea
aooe canoiniaaiee o eaeneeia?ao?/i?e i?aeoeoe? (i?e noai?aii?
neiaioai?/iai neiaieea), ia eaeoe?yo c eo?n?a “Neiaioa?? no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? iiae”, “Neiaioa?? no/anii? ?in?enueei? iiae”, “C?noaaia
aea/aiiy neiaioai?/eo ai?cae” oa “Iniaeeaino? ae??ne?aiiai neiaioai?o
aaiaoe/ii nii??aeiaieo iia”, i?e oeeaaeaii? iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai aeey
niaoeeo?no ?c neiaioai?o, a oaeiae ia caiyooyo c i?aeoeeoio ye
oe?a?inueei?, oae ? ?in?enueei? iia. I?e oeueiio iaoith iiaea aooe ia
eeoa iciaeiieaiiy nooaeaio?a ?c NA oa eiai iio?aeieie, a e ae?iaeaiiy
iaae/ie naiino?eii? o?enaoe?? eaeneee e nenoaiaoecaoe?? ?? o ai?caea.
Nenoaiaoeciaaia ea?oioaea oe?a?inueeeo i?eeacie, i?ene?a’?a, no?eeeo
ii??aiyiue oa ?ioeo c?ace?a ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?, ui i?yii /e
iiina?aaeeiaaii ia?aaeathoue i?ioean iiaeaiiy, iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny
ia caiyooyo c onii? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/ao. Aaoi? ?icoe?ea niaeo? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
caii/aoeiaaiee I.?.Aieyie/, a naia: aia?oa nenoaiaoecoaaa NA ae??ne?a
aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe a oe?a?inuee?e iia?, i?ia?a neiaioai?/ee aiae?c
ai?cae c aaciaeie ae??neiaaie iiaeaiiy, aeyaea ni?euei? e niaoeeo?/i?
?ene o nenoai? oi?ioaaiiy, ?icaeoeo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy NA, aeaa iiaiee
aiae?c neiaioai?/eo cania?a (ao?en?a), ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo
ooai?ththoueny iio?aei? o NA.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? aeniiaee oa iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeaeeny ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Na?o no/anii?
ethaeeie oa ?iicaii? iiae” (Ae?iaiae/, 1996); Ethaeeiiciaa/eo
o?einionueeeo /eoaiiyo “Ethaeeia ? ienoaoeoai a aoiai?noe/ieo aei??ao”
(Ae?iaiae/, 1997); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aoiai?ci. Ethaeeia. A??a.”
(Ae?iaiae/, 1998) oa Anaoe?a?inueeeo Aiaothe?anueeeo /eoaiiyo
“Oe?a?inueea iiaa: ?noi??y, no/aniee noai, ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo”
(Oa?iii?eue, 1999).

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa iaaiai?thaaeany ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai
iiaiciaanoaa oa ?noi??? iiae Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. C
oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 noaoae.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny ?? iaoith oa caaaeaiiyie. ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e ? aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a (NA ae??ne?a aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe
o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e oa NA ae??ne?a aiai?eoue, neacaoue, iieaeoue o
no/ani?e ?in?enuee?e iiaao). Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe – 262 noi??iee, o
oiio /ene? 10 ?ethno?aoe?e oa 7 oaaeeoeue, aeiaeaoee caeiathoue 50
noi??iie.

no?oeoo?a ? ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii ia?aiiy oaie aeena?oaoe??, c’yniaaii ??
aeooaeuei?noue, iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy. Noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoo e caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae e iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.
E??i oiai, iiaeaii ei?ioeee aiae?c aeoiie ? oaa?aeaeaiue a/aieo uiaei
i?noey e ?icaeoeo aea?eaaoieia?? o iiaiciaanoa?. Ie?aneaii iniiai?
a?aei?iiino? neio?iiiiai oa ae?ao?iiiiai i?aeoiae?a aei aea/aiiy e
aiae?co neiaioai?/eo yaeu oa i?ioean?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?icaeoie neiaioai?/eo ai?cae c aa?oeiieie neiaaie
aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe a oe?a?inuee?e iia? O?O-OO no.” aecia/aii
e?euee?niee neeaae oa ianya ai?cae, naiaioe/io iaiiaiai?noue iio?aeieo,
ui aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy. ?icaeyiooi neiaioai?/o
aoaeiao e i?aai?caoe?th ai?cae, aeyaeaii i?iaeoeoeai?noue ao?en?a ye o
iaaeao eiie?aoiiai NA, oae ? o a?oi? ne?a (a?aeae??ne?aieo iio?aeieo),
ui iaeaaeaoue aei iaei??? /anoeie iiae. Aaeaea o no/ani?e
aea?eaaoieia??, yea ?icoe?eea naith i?iaeaiaoeeo, ei?enoo?oueny
aaaaoueia i?eeiiaie oa iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, ? iaaeae? aaaeeeaith
caeeoa?oueny i?iaeaia ae?iaeaiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy
naiaioeei-neiaioa??ii? no?oeoo?e iaei??? aai e?eueeio nii??aeiaieo iia.

Ia?oee ?icae?e neeaaea?oueny ?c 15-oe i?ae?icae?e?a. O ia?oeo i’yoe
(1.1-1.5) ?icaeyaea?oueny aoaeiaa e i?aai?caoe?y NA c aa?oeiith
aiai?eoe; iiaea?oueny aoeiieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea aaciaiai neiaa ai?caea
– ae??neiaa aiai?eoe, ui ? iaea?eueo caaaeueiei iicia/aiiyi i?ioeano
iiaeaiiy, iaeaaeeoue aei iaeiiai ?c iaeaeaai?oeo ieano?a eaeneee ?
i?noeoue o nia? iiiiaoiiiaoe/iee eiiieaen gov- [gav-]. Ae??neiai
aiai?eoe cao?eniaaii o neia’yinueeeo iiaao, a o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e
?icaeaa? aei i’yoe cia/aiue (i?yieo ? ia?aiinieo) ? aenooia? o??th
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iith aacith, yea ? a ieai? ci?noo, ? a ieai?
ae?aaeaiiy aecia/a? ia?aiao?e neiaioai?/iai ai?caea, eiaeai /eai yeiai,
caeiath/e /?oei aecia/aia i?noea o nenoai? ai?caea, ia?aaoaa? c
aa?oeiith o neeaaeieo ???a?o?/ieo a?aeiioaiiyo. O aa?oei? ai?caea –
aaciaiio neia? – iaeneiaeueii aeyaey?oueny no?eaeiaaa cia/aiiy e
naiaioe/iee iioaioe?ae ei?aiy aiai?- (aiai?eoe, aeiaiai?eoe,
i?iaiai?eoe, ia?aaiai?eoe, aaiai?eoe, iaaeiaiai?eoe, iiaiai?eoe ?
o.ae.).

Ia?eoa??eia /anoeia ai?caea ae?aaea? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie a?aeiia?aeiiai
cia/aiiy, yeei oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aa?oeia, o iueiio eiie?aoecothoueny
naiaioe/i? aeanoeaino? aaciaiai neiaa, oiaoi o iai?yieo aa?oeia –
ia?eoa??y cae?enith?oueny ?iciiae?e naiaioe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ai?caea.
Iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaieie o nenoai? eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo aa??aio?a
caaaeaii? aa?oeie aenooiathoue 1 ? 2 cia/aiiy, ine?eueee aiie
ae?aaeathoue oa?aeoa? iiiyooy, ?i i?eoaiaiiee iaea?eueo aenieee nooi?iue
eiioi?eaoeaii? cia/ouino?, oe? cia/aiiy aenooiathoue a yeino? oiai
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai ooiaeaiaioo, ia yeiio aaco?oueny naiaioeea ?
no?oeoo?a an?o aea?eaao?a.

Ae??neiai aiai?eoe, ui ? aaciaei neiaii ai?caea, neoao? iaeiiai?oei
iicia/aiiyi aeoo iiaeaiiy, a ioaea, ia? oe?ieee ae?aiacii neiaioai?/eo
ca’yce?a. A?oia ne?a ?c cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy i?iaeiaaeo? iiiiaithaaoeny
iiaeie eaenaiaie, oea yaeua a?aeaoaa?oueny o ca’yceo c oneeaaeiaiiyi ?
ci?iaie oi?i ni?eeoaaiiy. O NA aiai?eoe ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy yaeua
iiina?aaeeiaaii? iioeaaoe?? oa /a?acnooi?i/aoiai neiaioai?o. Oae, o
ai?cae? a?aenooiy i?yia iioeaaoe?y ae??neiaa aeiaiai?yoeny, oiaoi o
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? iaia? ae??neiaa aeiaiai?yoe, oi/a aeaia
iiaeaeue ooai?aiiy aeieiiaiiai aeaeo a?ae iaaeieiiaiiai ca aeiiiiiaith
noo?ena -y- ooieoe?iio? o no/ani?e nenoai? iiae e i?aaenoaaeaia o NA
aiai?eoe. Iai?eeeaae:

aiai?eoe aiai?eoe

aei-aiai?eoe a-aiai?eoe

aeiaiai?yoe
aaiai?-y-oe

aeiaiai?yoe-ny
aaiai?yoe-ny ? o.ae.

Neiaioa??ia no?oeoo?a aea?eaao?a ai?caea, ye ? aaaaoueio iaeeieoeue ?c
cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny caeaoi?noth aei aa??thaaiiy
o?eueee a iaaieo ia?aiao?ao, iaeiae caoeia? iiaeeo?eaoe??
cae?eniththoueny i?e caa?aaeaii? oe?e?niino? e oioiaeiino? iaeeieoeue.
Oae, a?oia aea?eaao?a, iioeaiaaieo ae??neiaii aiai?eoe, a?ae??ciy?oueny
iayai?noth oiiaoe/ieo aa??aio?a – oaeeo aeaeici?i caoeiai? iaieiiee
iio?aeieo, ye? ia aeeeeeathoue naiaioe/ieo ? ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i,
iai?eeeaae: aia??eeaee/aiai?eeaee, oaiai?/oaia??,
a?aeaiai?eoe/iaeaiai?eoe oa ?io?. I?e oeueiio ne?ae cacia/eoe
ianoaiaea?oi?noue aieeao eiaeiiai c aa??aio?a ia ioi?ieaiiy eiai
iio?aeieo.

Neiaioai?/a no?oeoo?a aea?eaao?a aeyaey?oueny o ?o caeaoiino?
/eaioaaoeny ia neeaaeia? /anoeie: aiai?eoe ( aiai?-eea-ee (
aiai?eea-?noue ? o.i. A iniia? aoaeiae NA ae??neiaa aiai?eoe eaaeeoue
i?eioeei ???a?o??, iine?aeiaii? i?aeii?yaeeiaaiino?. Oaeei /eiii, on?
/eaie ai?caea, e??i aaciaiai, ? iio?aeieie neiaaie, a NA aaco?oueny ia
iniia? aeeaeo neiaioai?/eo a?aeiioaiue.

NA c aa?oeiith aiai?eoe a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? iaeaaeeoue aei
ai?caea-aea?aaa, ui iaiaeii??aeia ca neeaaeii, aei iueiai oa?eoei 97
ae??ne?a (o oiio /ene? 14 ae??i?eeiaoiee?a), 81 ?iaiiee, 27
i?eeiaoiee?a, 4 i?ene?aieee, oiaoi NA c aa?oeiith aiai?eoe ia?aoiao? 209
iio?aeieo (aac aaciaiai) ne?a. Iio?aei? ai?caea ?icoaoiaai? ia i’yoe
neiaioai?/eo nooiaiyo, oiaoi aeeaeia ai?caea – i’youe aea?eaaoe?eieo
e?ie?a. Iioeaoth/a aaca NA aiai?eoe o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?
neeaaea?oueny ?c 81 neiaa. Oe?eia ai?caea – 26. Iniiai? neiaioai?/?
i?ioeane o ai?cae? i?ioiaeyoue ia ?-io, ??-io oa ???-io nooiaiyo
neiaioai?o. C ?V-ai e?ieo aea?eaaoe?? ii/eia?oueny ??cea caanaiiy
neiaioai?/i? aeoeaiino? iio?aeieo ai?caea. Noaoenoe/ia oi?ioea NA
ae??neiaa aiai?eoe: 210-5-26-130-81.

I?ia?aeiei i?ioeanii o iiiiaiaii? neiaieeiaiai neeaaeo iiae ? oai?aiiy
iiaeo ne?a ?c iayaieo o iia? aeaiaio?a. Oaiaeaioe?y aei eaene/iiai
caaaa/aiiy iiae aeoea?co? ?aca?ae neiaioai?o, coiiaeth? iiooe oeyo?a
i?iaeoeoaaiiy iiaeo ne?a. A ooai?aii? iio?aeieo NA ae??neiaa aiai?eoe
acyee o/anoue i’youe niinia?a neiaioai?o: 1) iinoo?enaeueiee
(iaaiai?thaaoe-ny); 2) i?ao?enaeueiee (a?ae-aiai?eoe); 3) noo?enaeueiee
(aia??e-?noue); 4) neeaaeaiiy (?aae?i/ia?aaiai?e); 5) aa?aa?aoe?y
(nioe/aeiaia??).

Coo?enaoe?y o NA aiai?eoe – iaea?eueo iioe?aiee niin?a ooai?aiiy ne?a.
142 aea?eaaoe, a oea – 68% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iio?aeieo NA,
ooai?ththoueny oeei niiniaii ca aeiiiiiaith 42 neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a.
I?i?iaeueia e?euee?noue o NA neeaaeieo ne?a – onueiai 6 aea?eaao?a,
iaeiae o no/ani?e iia? iii?oia oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
neeaaeieo ooai?aiue.

NA c aa?oeiith aiai?eoe – neeaaeia iaeeieoey, ui ia’?aeio? 130
neiaioai?/eo eaioethaee?a (aeae? NE) oa 81 neiaioai?/o ia?aaeeaio (aeae?
NI). Iaea?eueo iioe?aieie c iiaeyaeo /anoeiiiiaii? iaeaaeiino?
no?oeoo?aie ? : AeAeAeAe – 17 NE, AeAeAe – 16 NE, AeAe?? – 14 NE. O NE
/anoi aaeeaa?oueny eaiea: Ae ( Ae, Ae ( ?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaea?eueoo
neiaioai?/o aeoeai?noue ei?aiy aaciaiai neiaa a ooai?aii? ae??ne?a oa
?iaiiee?a. O NA 48 e?eueoeaaeo oa 83 e?i?eieo NE. NI o NA aiai?eoe iiaea
ia?aoiaoaaoe a?ae 1 aei 22 /eai?a. Iniiaiith neiaioai?/ith neeith
ai?caea ? ae??neiaa, aea?eaaoe (iioeaoth/? e iioeaiaai?) ?icoaoiaai? o
NA oae: aiai?eoe ( 40(26) ( 86(41) ( 66(13) ( 16(1) ( 1(0), aea ia?oa
/enei – e?euee?noue iio?aeieo, a ae?oaa – iioeaoth/eo.

NA c aa?oeiith aiai?eoe ia? a?aee?eoo no?oeoo?o, ui ni?ey? iiiiaiaiith
neiaieeiaiai neeaaeo iiae iiaeie aea?eaaoaie.

O i?ae?icae?eao 1.6 – 1.10 iiaea?oueny neiaioai?/ee aiae?c NA c
aa?oeiith eacaoe ca noaiith, cai?iiiiiaaiith i?e aiae?c? NA c aa?oeiith
aiai?eoe, oiaoi ?icaeyaea?oueny ?noi?e/ia iiaeeo?eaoe?y aaciaiai neiaa,
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? ca’ycee o NA, neiaioa??i? cia/aiiy aea?eaao?a
ai?caea, niiniae oa caniae ?o ae?aaeaiiy, oa?aeoa?enoeea NA ye ?aeiino?
NE oa NI. Iaeiae ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui ae??neiai eacaoe ??cieoueny a?ae
ae??neiaa aiai?eoe a?eueoith eiie?aoi?noth. O no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?
ai?caei i?aeoe/ii ia iiiiaith?oueny iiaeie eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie. I?e
neiaioai?? o NA eacaoe i?ioiaeeoue aca?iii?enoinoaaiiy iniiae oa??iiai
neiaa aei neiaioai?/iai oi?iaioa. Oea yaeua ia? ?aa?aneaio
ni?yiiaai?noue: aei iioeaoth/i? iniiae i?e?aeio?oueny noo?en ? aeeeeea?
a i?e ii?oiiieia?/i? ci?ie. Ia ii?oaiiiio oa? a?aeaoaathoueny ianooii?
ci?ie: a) /a?aoaaiiy (eacaoe – eaaeaa); a) ci?iiee iaaiein (eacaoe –
eaaeaa; neacaoe – neaciiyoe, neacaiyoe). NA c aa?oeiith eacaoe o
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? iaeaaeeoue aei ai?caea-aea?aaa. NA
iaiaeii??aeia ca neeaaeii, aei iueiai aoiaeeoue 84 ae??neiaa (o oiio
/ene? 18 ae??i?eeiaoiee?a), 55 ?iaiiee?a, 17 i?eeiaoiee?a oa 4
i?ene?aieee, oiaoi NA ae??neiaa eacaoe ia?aoiao? 160 iio?aeieo (aac
aaciaiai) ne?a. Iioeaoth/a aaca NA a oe?a?inuee?e iia? neeaaea?oueny ?c
57 ne?a. Iniiai? neiaioai?/? i?ioeane o ai?cae? a?aeaoaathoueny ia ?-io,
??-io oa ???-io nooiaiyo neiaioai?o. C ?V-ai e?ieo aea?eaaoe??
a?aeaoaa?oueny caanaiiy neiaioai?/i? aeoeaiino? iio?aeieo. Noaoenoe/ia
oi?ioea NA c aa?oeiith eacaoe oaea: 161-5-17-102-57.

A ooai?aii? iio?aeieo ai?caea c aa?oeiith eacaoe acyee o/anoue 4 niiniae
neiaioai?o: 1) iinoo?enaeueiee (aeacaoe-ny); 2) noo?enaeueiee
(i?aeeac-/ee); 3) i?ao?enaeueiee (aei-eacaoe); 4) neeaaeaiiy
(aeua/neacaiee). sse ? o NA aiai?eoe, o NA c aa?oeiith eacaoe
noo?enaoe?y – iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiee niin?a ooai?aiiy iio?aeieo (82
aea?eaaoe ai?caea), a oea 51% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iio?aeieo.
Neeaaeaiiy noaiiaeoue i?i?iaeueio e?euee?noue –iaeei aea?eaao.

NA c aa?oeiith eacaoe aenooia? ye ?aei?noue 102 NE oa 57 NI.
Ia?aaaaeathoue o ai?cae? o?eeaieia? NE. Iaea?eueo iioe?aieie c iiaeyaeo
/anoeiiiiaii? iaeaaeiino? no?oeoo?aie ?: AeAeAeAe – 14 NE, AeAe? – 13
NE, AeAeAe – 12 NE, AeAeAe? – 10 NE. O NE /anoi aeei?enoiao?oueny eaiea
Ae ( Ae, Ae ( ?. O NA 49 e?eueoeaaeo oa 53 e?i?eieo NE.

NI o NA eacaoe iiaea ia?aoiaoaaoe a?ae 1 aei 25 /eai?a. O ai?cae? 35
ae??ne?aieo, 15 ?iaiieeiaeo oa 7 i?eeiaoieeiaeo NI. Iniiaiith
neiaioai?/ith neeith ai?caea aenooiathoue ae??neiaa, a oa??i? e iio?aei?
ia nooiaiyo neiaioai?o ?icoaoiaai? oae: eacaoe ( 23(17) ( 62(28) (
57(10) ( 16(2) ( 2(0), aea ia?oa – e?euee?noue iio?aeieo, a ae?oaa –
iioeaoth/eo.

O i?ae?icae?eao 1.11 – 1.15 iiaeaii neiaioai?/ee aiae?c NA ae??neiaa
iiaeoe ca iiaeaiith aeua noaiith. O i?ioean? aiae?co aaeaeiny
c’ynoaaoe, ui ANOI ia aea? ?noi?e/ii? aeia?aeee uiaei aeieeiaiiy,
?icaeoeo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae??neiaa iiaeoe a oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

I.?.Aieyie/ aaaaea?, ui ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe aeaa NA /e oi NIiey, aa?oeiaie
yeeo ? ae??neiai iiaeoe oa ?iaiiee iiaa, ye? iathoue ni?eueiee
no?oeoo?iee aeaiaio iia- (ei??iue). Ie aeio?eio?iiny aeoiee, ui oi/a
neiaioai?/o iio?aei?noue “?i’y ( ae??neiai” iiaeia i?inoaaeeoe ia
aaaaoueio i?eeeaaeao ?c aeaaiuei?onueei? aeiae, aea noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
na?aae aeaio iiaiicia/ieo ne?a, iaeia c yeeo ?iaiiee, a ae?oaa –
ae??neiai, aaciaei ? ?iaiiee – iai?aaeeueii.

Noiniaii aeieeiaiiy ? iio?aeiino? /e iaiio?aeiino? ?iaiieea iiaa ie
cai?iiiioaaee oaeo a?iioaco: aeaia neiai – ?acoeueoao ?aaa?n??. Ia
a?aei?io a?ae ao?enaoe?? i?e ?aaa?n?? aeieea? neiai a?eueo i?inoi?
ii?oieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e a?ae neiaa a?eueo neeaaeii? no?oeoo?e: iiaeoe >
iiaa. Aaeaea ii?oaiia neeaaei?noue aeaeaei ia caaaeaee iieaciee
iio?aeiino?, oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeine?aeaeaiiyie I.Ae.A?oothiiai?
oa A.A.Eiiao?ia. O ca’yceo ?c cacia/aiei ? an? i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe, ui
?iaiiee iiaa – oea iio?aeia (oi/a ? a?eueoi? naiaioe/ii? neeaaeiino?)
a?ae ae??neiaa iiaeoe. I?ioa oeae oaeo iaoiiaeth? iiao oaiaeaioe?th, ui
niinoa??aa?oueny o ?icaeoeo e ooieoe?iioaaii? no/aniiai NA c aa?oeiith
iiaeoe, a naia: aei aeae?eaiiy (aeoiaeo) ?iaiieea iiaa oa iei
iioeaiaaieo ne?a ?c NA c aa?oeiith iiaeoe ? oi?ioaaiiy iei naiino?eiiai
neiaioai?/iai ai?caea.

Ae??neiai iiaeoe ia? iiiiaoiiiaoe/io ei?aiaao aaco. Ai?iaeiaae
?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo oea neiai iiaeeo?eoaaeiny o niieo/iee iia (iaiia,
iaiiaae, iaiiaaeoi, iiaeya, iaiia).

Iio?aei? ai?caea ae??ciythoueny noee?noe/iith iaeo?aeuei?noth oa aenieei
nooiaiai aano?aeoiino?, aea?eaaoe?eiith aeoeai?noth, caeaoi?noth
anooiaoe o neiaioai?/? ca’ycee ?c neiaaie (aeaiaioaie) ??cieo eaene/ieo
a?oi. Aea?eaao iiaeoe ?icaeaa? o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? iaeia
eaene/ia cia/aiiy, i?ioa ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui naiaioe/ia neeaaei?noue
neiaa – iaeei ?c /eiiee?a, a?ae yeiai caeaaeeoue iioe?ai?noue
(aaeeaai?noue) neiaa. Iaea?eueoo iiaio aa?o?noue iathoue neiaa ?c
“a?aeiinii” caaaeueiei cia/aiiyi, oiio ae??neiaa iiaeaiiy, a cie?aia
iiaeoe, ? iiaiiaa?o?nieie neiaaie, naiaioe/ia aa?o?noue yeeo
aecia/a?oueny e?euee?noth naiaioe/ii caeaaeieo ne?a (aea?eaao?a), a ?o o
ae??neiaa iiaeoe – 425.

O ai?cae? ? a?oia iio?aeieo, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny caeaoi?noth aei
aa??thaaiiy, iai?eeeaae: iaiiaiee/iai?aiee, iaiiaea/iai?aea,
i?iiiaea/i?ii?aea, iaaeiiiaiee/iaaeii?aiee, i?eiiaea/i?ei?aea.

NA iiaeoe o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? iaeaaeeoue aei ai?caea-aea?aaa,
ui iaiaeii??aeia ca nai?i neeaaeii, aei iueiai aoiaeeoue 116 ae??ne?a (o
oiio /ene? 22 ae??i?eeiaoieee), 205 ?iaiiee?a, 89 i?eeiaoiee?a, 18
i?ene?aiee?a. Aeeaeia ai?caea – 6 aea?eaaoe?eieo e?ie?a, iioeaoth/a aaca
– 133 neiaa. Noaoenoe/ia oi?ioea NA c aa?oeiith iiaeoe:
426-6-21-288-133.

A ooai?aii? iio?aeieo NA ae??neiaa iiaeoe acyee o/anoue o?noue niinia?a
neiaioai?o: 1) iinoo?enaeueiee (iiaeoe-ny); 2) noo?enaeueiee
(iiae-y-oe); 3) i?a-o?enaeueiee (aei-iiaeoe); 4)
i?ao?enaeueii-noo?enaeueiee (aac-iaeiia-i-ee); 5) neeaaeaiiy
(?io-i-iiaiee); 6) aa?aa?aoe?y (nioe/oiiaa, O?E). sse ? o NA ae??ne?a
aiai?eoe oa eacaoe, o NA c aa?oeiith iiaeoe noo?enaoe?y –
iaei?iaeoeoeai?oee niin?a iiiiaiaiiy ai?caea iiaeie aea?eaaoaie. 249
ne?a, a oea – 58,6% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iio?aeieo ai?caea,
ooai?ththoueny aeaiei niiniaii.

Ua iaei??th iniaeea?noth NA ae??neiaa iiaeoe ? iayai?noue cia/ii?
e?eueeino? aea?eaao?a, ooai?aieo niiniaii neeaaeaiiy. ? oi/a aea/aiiy
neeaaeieo ne?a oneeaaeiaia o?oaeiiuaie, iia’ycaieie ?c anoaiiaeaiiyi
iaeaaeiino? neiaa aei iaaiiai NA, iaeiae neeaaeaiiy (thenoaiiceoe?y,
eiiiiceoe?y ? aa?aa?aoe?y) o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? no?eio?
ao?enaeueia ?ic?inoaiiy neiaa. Iaea?eueoa iiaeeeaa e?euee?noue nooiai?a
neiaioai?/iai ao?enaeueiiai ia?aoai?aiiy neeaaeii? iniiae aei??aith?
/ioe?ueii, a oie /an ye i?inoei neiaai aeanoea? ainueienooiaiaa? (??aeei
a?eueo) ia?aoai?aiiy iniiae. sseui noo?enaeuei? iio?aei? a NA iiaeoe
neeaaeathoue 58,6%, oi neeaaei? iio?aei? – 19%, ioaea, oea ae?oaee
i?iaeoeoeaiee niin?a oai?aiiy aea?eaao?a ai?caea.

NA c aa?oeiith iiaeoe – eiiieaenia iaeeieoey, ui ia’?aeio? 288 NE oa 133
NI. Ia?aaaaeathoue o ai?cae? o?eeaieia? NE – 155. Iaea?eueo iioe?aieie
/anoeiiiiaieie no?oeoo?aie ?: AeAe?? – 46 NE, AeAeAeAe – 24 NE, Ae?? –
19 NE, Ae?II – 17 NE, AeAeAe – 15 NE. O NE /anoi aeei?enoiao?oueny eaiea
Ae ( Ae, Ae ( ?, ? ( ?. O NA – 60 e?eueoeaaeo oa 228 e?i?eieo
eaioethaee?a.

O NA c aa?oeiith iiaeoe 54 ae??ne?aieo NI, 44 ?iaiieeiaeo NI, 34
i?eeiaoieeiaeo oa 1 i?ene?aieeiaa NI. Iniiaia neiaioai?/a neea ai?caea –
ae??neiaa, aea?eaaoe ?icoaoiaai? ia nooiaiyo neiaioai?o oae:
iiaeoe ( 22(21) ( 24(67) ( 185(40) ( 83(4) ( 10(1) ( 1(0), aea ia?oa
/enei – e?euee?noue iio?aeieo, a ae?oaa – iioeaoth/eo.

O NA c aaciaeie ae??neiaaie iiaeaiiy niinoa??aa?ii ?aaoey?ia
aeei?enoaiiy neiaioai?/iai iioaioe?aeo oe?a?inueei? iiae. Iaea?eueo
i?iaeoeoeaiei niiniaii oai?aiiy iio?aeieo ? noo?enaoe?y.
I?iaeoeoeai?noth (a iaaeao NA iiaeoe) ae??ciy?oueny neeaaeaiiy.
Iaeiioeii?noue oai?aiiy i?eoaiaiia i?ene?aieeai. O a?oi? aiae?ciaaieo NA
niinoa??aa?ii yaeua ia?aoiaeo ne?a iaei??? /anoeie iiae a ?ioo (i?eei. >
ae??i?eei.; ae??ne?ai? oi?ie ia -ii, -oi ( i?ene?aiee).

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea neiaioai?/eo ai?cae ?c
aaciaeie ae??neiaaie iiaeaiiy o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e
iiaao, no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia aca?iiae?y oa ?o aca?iiaieea” neeaaea?oueny
?c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “No?oeoo?a ? ?icaeoie NA c aa?oeiieie neiaaie
aiai?eoue, neacaoue, iieaeoue o ?in?enuee?e iia? O?O–OO no.”
?icaeyaea?oueny aoaeiaa, i?aai?caoe?y, naiaioe/ia iaiiaiai?noue,
no?oeoo?a NA c aaciaeie ae??neiaaie iiaeaiiy o ?in?enuee?e iia?, aaeaea
aea?eaaoe a?oie verba dicendi iaeaaeaoue aei ne?a ?c neeaaeiith
naiaioe/iith ?noi???th.

Ia?oee i?ae?icae?e ae?oaiai ?icae?eo neeaaea?oueny ?c 13 ioieo?a. O
ioieoao 2.1.1 – 2.1.5 iiaea?oueny neiaioai?/ee aiae?c NA c aa?oeiith
aiai?eoue ca noaiith, cai?iiiiiaaiith o ia?oiio ?icae?e?. Ae??neiai
aiai?eoue iaeaaeeoue aei iaeaeaai?oiai ieanoa eaeneee, ui nyaa?
?iaei?a?iiaenueeeo ei?ai?a ?c iiiiaoiiiaoe/iith iniiaith. Nieneiaa
no?oeoo?a ae??neiaa na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue oaei? oi?eaeueii?
aeanoeaino?, ye naiaioe/ia iio?aei?noue oa ?noi?e/ia iaia?a?eai?noue.
Iniaeeai o?nii iia’ycaia c ae??neiaii aiai?eoue ae??neiai neacaoue, yea,
ii noo?, ? naiaioe/iei aeoaeaoii aeaiiai neiaa, a ?acii aiie yaeythoue
niaith aeaeiao ia?o ENA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy.

Ae??neiai aiai?eoue iaeaaeeoue aei caaaeueiiia?iaeii?, noee?noe/ii
iaeo?aeueii? eaeneee, iaeiae aei neeaaeo NA aoiaeyoue ye iaeo?aeuei?
neiaa, oae ? o?, ui iathoue aocueeieieaeueia ae?aeaeoia aaeeaaiiy.
Na?aae iio?aeieo NA ae??neiaa aiai?eoue – 17 ia? iie?iioeaiaaieo
ooai?aiue. On? iioeaaoe?? io?eiothoue nai? oi?iaeueia ae?aaeaiiy o
iio?aeiiio, o eiaei?e ia?? aea?eaaoe /eaiothoueny ia ??ci? oi?iaeuei?
/anoeie (iia’ycai? c ae?aaeaiiyi ??cieo cia/aii?aeo a?aeiioaiue):
iioeaoth/a ? oi?iaio. Iai?eeeaae: auaiaa?-eaa-oueny1 a?ae auaiai?eoueny
‘auneacaoueny aei eiioea’ e auaiaa?eaaoue-ny2 a?ae auaiaa?eaaoue
‘i?iecianoe, neacaoue’* oa ?io?.

O NA ae??neiaa aiai?eoue ia? i?noea neiaioai?/a iiii?i?y iio?aeieo.
Iai?eeeaae: 1) iiii?ie, ui aeieeee ia aac? eaene/ieo iiii?i?a, –
caaiaa?eaa-iej-a ?, ?iaiiee a?ae caaiai?eoue ? (‘ia/aoue aiai?eoue’) ?
caaiaa?eaa-iej-a ??, ?iaiiee a?ae caaiaa?eaaoue ??? (‘aicaeaenoaiaaoue
ia eiai-ieaoaeue caaiai?ii, caeieaeiaaoue’); 2) iiii?i?y, ui aeieea?
caaaeyee iiii?i?/iino? neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a: i?i-aiai?eeoue ?, ae??neiai
a?ae aiai?eoue (‘i?iecianoe /oi-e.’) ? i?i-aiai?eoue ??, ae??neiai a?ae
aiai?eoue (‘a oa/aiea iaeioi?iai a?aiaie’). Iniaeeai i?iaeoeoeaiee oeae
oei o ae??neiaao, cie?aia ?c i?ao?enaie ca-, i?i-, ii- oa ?ioeie; 3)
aei neiaioai?/eo iiii?i?a ca?aoiaothoue, ye i?aaeei, aoaeue-ye? iio?aei?
aai i?inoi /eaiiaai? neiaa, iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o ii?oaiii? aoaeiae ?
neiaioai?/i? no?oeoo?e. Ii?yae c yaieie neiaioai?/eie iiii?iaie nthaee
a?aeiinyoue oae? ooai?aiiy, ye aeiaiaa?eaaoue-ny ?, ae??neiai a?ae
aeiaiai?eoue (‘aeieii/eoue ?a/ue, i?iecianoe aei eiioea’) ?
aeiaiaa?-eaa-oueny ??, ae??neiai a?ae aeiaiai?eoueny (‘i?eeoe e
niaeaoaieth iinea ia?aaiai?ia, naiai?eoueny’)* oa ?io?.

NA c aa?oeiith aiai?eoue – oea ai?caei-aea?aai, ui neeaaea?oueny ?c 128
?iaiiee?a, 111 ae??ne?a, 46 i?eeiaoiee?a, 9 i?ene?aiee?a, oiaoi ?c 294
iio?aeieo. Oa??ia aaca – 107 iioeaoth/eo ne?a. Aeeaeia ai?caea – 5
aea?eaaoe?eieo e?ie?a. Noaoenoe/ia oi?ioea NA aiai?eoue:
295-5-36-189-107.

A ooai?aii? iio?aeieo NA ae??neiaa aiai?eoue acyee o/anoue
aeanyoue niinia?a neiaioai?o: 1) noo?enaeueiee (aiai?-ie); 2)
i?ao?enaeueiee (au-aiai?eoue); 3) iinoo?enaeueiee (caaiai?eoue-ny); 4)
i?ao?enaeueii-iinoo?enaeueiee (aei-aiai?eoue-ny);
5) i?ao?enaeueii-noo?enaeueii-iinoo?enaeueiee (ca-aiaa?-eaa-oue-ny); 6)
i?ao?enaeueii-noo?enaeueiee (ii-aiaa?-eaa-oue); 7) neeaaeaiiy: a//enoa
(nai-i-iaiai?); a/oneeaaeiaia noo?enaoe??th (a?iie-i-aiai?e-oaeue); 8)
c?iuaiiy (iaei/aiai?yuee); 9) aa?aa?aoe?y (eie/aeiaiai?); 10) oeaen?eiee
(aiai?yu-ay). Iaeiioe?ai?oee niin?a ooai?aiiy iio?aeieo – noo?enaoe?y,
ui neeaaea? 66% (195 aea?eaao?a ai?caea).

NA c aa?oeiith aiai?eoue aenooia? ye ?aei?noue 189 NE oa 107 NI.
Ia?aaaaeathoue o NA o?eeaieia? eaioethaeee – 84 NE. Iaea?eueo iioe?ai?
/anoeiiiiai? no?oeoo?e: AeAe?? – 21 NE, AeAeAeAe –20 NE, AeAe?I – 18 NE,
AeAeAe? – 12 NE. O NA ia?aaaaeathoue eaiee: Ae ( Ae, Ae ( ?, ? ( ?, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i iaea?eueoo neiaioai?/o aeoeai?noue ei?aiy aaciaiai neiaa
ai?caea a ooai?aii? ae??ne?a oa ?iaiiee?a. O NA 58 e?eueoeaaeo NE oa 131
e?i?eieo NE.

NI o NA aiai?eoue iiaea ia?aoiaoaaoe a?ae 1 aei 20 /eai?a. O ai?cae? 53
ae??ne?ai? NI, 42 ?iaiieeia? NI oa 12 i?eeiaoieeiaeo NI. NA c aa?oeiith
aiai?eoue ia? a?aee?eoo no?oeoo?o.

O ioieoao 2.1.6 – 2.1.9 iiaea?oueny aiae?c NA c aa?oeiith neacaoue. O
no/an-iiio iiaeaii? aeoeaii aaeeaaiei ? aea?eaao neacaoue, aaci?ao?enia
ae??neiai eacaoue cono??/a?oueny eeoa o ae?aeaeoao. Ae??neiai neacaoue o
oiae? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo o?ainoi?ioaaeiny a /anoeo aeaneaoue –
?acoeueoao ceeooy /anoee aea ?c ooai?aiei o iia? /anoeiaei neiaii
neaoue, ui aa?a na?e ii/aoie a?ae iiaiicia/iiai ae??neiaa neaaeao, yea
nei?ioeeiny a ?acoeueoao? oaeaeei? aeiiae.

O no/ani?e ?in?enuee?e iia? ae??neiai neacaoue iaeaaeeoue aei
caaaeueiiaaeeaaii? eaeneee. Aei neeaaeo NA oa?eoei 3 ia?e
iie?iioeaiaaieo ooai?aiue: 1) neacaoue-ny ( neac-uaa-oueny1 (‘iacuaaoue
naay, naia eiy’) oa neac-uaa-oue ( neacuaaoue-ny2 (‘iacuaaoueny
eai-eeai, auaeaaaoue naay ca eiai-eeai’); 2) auneacaoue-ny (
auneac-uaa-oueny1 (‘n aieueoae eee iaiueoae iieiioie, yniinoueth
au?aaeaoue, eceaaaoue neiaaie naie iunee, acaeyaeu, /oanoaa e o.ae.’) oa
auneac-uaa-oue ( auneacuaaoue-ny2 (‘eceaaaoue, au?aaeaoue naie iunee,
iiaiey, /oanoaa e o.ae.’); 3) ?anneacaoue-ny ( ?anneac-uaa-oueny1
(‘neiaanii niiaueoue, iienaoue, eceiaeeoue /oi-ieaoaeue; iieo/eoue
au?aaeaiea a ?anneaca’) oa ?anneac-uaa-oue ( ?anneacuaaoue-ny2
(‘iienuaaoue, eceaaaoue //oi-eeai aeaeaiiia, neuoaiiia e o.i./;
niiauaoue i eii-, /ai-eeai’).

O NA c aa?oeiith neacaoue oa?eoei 56 ?iaiiee?a, 76 ae??ne?a, 4
i?eeiaoieee oa 2 i?ene?aieee, oiaoi ai?caei neeaaea?oueny ?c 138
aea?eaao?a. Aeeaeia ai?caea – 4 aea?eaaoe?ei? e?iee. Iioeaoth/a aaca –
49 oa??ieo. Noaoenoe/ia oi?ioea NA ae??neiaa neacaoue: 139-4-21-89-49.

A ooai?aii? iio?aeieo ai?caea acyee o/anoue 8 niinia?a neiaioai?o: 1)
iino-o?enaeueiee (neacaoue-ny); 2) noo?enaeueiee (neac-uaa-oue); 3)
oeaen?eiee (neacaii-ia); 4) i?ao?enaeueii-noo?enaeueiee
(ia-neaca-ii-ue); 5) i?ao?enaeueiee (au-neacaoue); 6)
i?ao?enaeueii-iinoo?enaeueiee (aei-neacaoue-ny); 7) neeaaeaiiy: a//enoa
(ei-i-neacaiea); a/oneeaaeiaia noo?enaoe??th (ei-i-neaca-oaeuei-ue); 8)
c?iuaiiy (ieaea/neacaiiue). Iaea?eueo iiaii i?aaenoaaeaia noo?enaoe?y –
60%.

Aei neeaaeo ai?caea oa?eoei 9 ne?a, ooai?aieo niiniaii neeaaeaiiy, a
iniiaiiio – oea aea?eaaoe, ui aeieeee o OO no.: aioeiiaeneacea,
?anneac-ii?o?ao, aaoiiiaeneac/ee oa ?io?.

O?e aea?eaaoe ai?caea ooai?ththoueny oeaen?eiei niiniaii, i?e/iio ne?ae
caoaaaeeoe, ui na?aae iio?aeieo NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iia?
oeae niin?a oai?aiiy iiaeo ne?a ia cao?eniaaii.

NA c aa?oeiith neacaoue aenooia? ye neeaaeia eiiieaenia iaeeieoey, ui
ia’?aeio? 89 NE oa 49 NI. Iae/eneaii?oo a?oio neeaaeathoue o?eeaieia?
eaioethaeee. Iaeoeiia?oeie c iiaeyaeo /anoeiiiiaii? iaeaaeiino?
no?oeoo?aie ?: AeAe?? – 17 NE, AeAeAeAe – 12 NE, AeAeAe – 12 NE,
AeAeAe? – 9 NE. O NE ia?aaaaeathoue eaiee Ae ( Ae, Ae ( ?, ? ( ?. O NA
48 e?i?eieo oa 41 e?eueoeaaa NE.

NI o NA neacaoue iiaea ia?aoiaoaaoe a?ae 1 aei 23 /eai?a. Iniiaia
neiaioai?/a neea ai?caea – ae??neiaa. Iioeaoth/? e iioeaiaai? o NA
?ici?uai? oae: neacaoue ( 27(21) ( 63(27) ( 47(1) ( 1(0), o ye?e ia?oa
/enei – oea e?euee?noue iio?aeieo, a ae?oaa – iioeaoth/eo.

O ioieoao 2.1.10 – 2.1.13 iiaea?oueny neiaioai?/ee aiae?c NA c aa?oeiith
iieaeoue. Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui oea ae??neiai ca nai?th i?e?iaeith –
caoeiiane?aeoaaeueia ooai?aiiy. O oiae? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo ae??neiai
iieaeoue o?ainoi?ioaaeiny o allegro-oi?io iie (/anoeo). Aea?eaao
iieaeoue iaeaaeeoue aei ia?iaeii-iiaoe/ii? eaeneee, ui /anoi e oe?iei
aaeeaa?oueny o oai?ao onii? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?.

No/ania NA c aa?oeiith iieaeoue ia a?aecia/a?oueny aaaaonoaii oa
??ciiiai?oi?noth iio?aeieo, ui iiynith?oueny iaiaaeaiei aaeeaaiiyi
aeaiiai neiaa o no/ani?e iia?. NA ae??neiaa iieaeoue neeaaea?oueny eeoa
?c 52 iio?aeieo, ui na?ae/eoue i?i neaaeo neiaioai?/o aeoeai?noue
aea?eaao?a ai?caea. O ai?cae? ia i?aaenoaaeaia iiii?i?y iio?aeieo,
a?aenooi? iie?iioeaiaai? ooai?aiiy.

NA c aa?oeiith iieaeoue o no/ani?e ?in?enuee?e iia? iaeaaeeoue aei
ai?caea-aea?aaa, ui iaiaeii??aeia ca neeaaeii, aei iueiai oa?eoei 36
ae??ne?a, 13 ?iaiiee?a, 1 i?eeiaoiee oa 2 i?ene?aieee. O nenoai?
iio?aeieo yaii ia?aaaaeathoue ae??neiaa. Iioeaoth/a aaca – 19 oa??ieo
ne?a. Aeeaeia ai?caea – 3 aea?eaaoe?ei? e?iee. Noaoenoe/ia oi?ioea NA c
aa?oeiith iieaeoue: 53-3-15-32-19.

A ooai?aii? iio?aeieo ai?caea acyee o/anoue o?noue niinia?a neiaioai?o:
1) iinoo?enaeueiee (iieaeoue-ny); 2) i?ao?enaeueiee (i?i-iieaeoue); 3)
noo?enaeueiee (i?iiiea-e-a); 4) i?ao?enaeueii-noo?enaeueiee
(aac-iiea-i-ue); 5) i?ao?enaeueii-iinoo?enaeueiee (ca-iieaeoue-ny); 6)
oeaen?eiee (iiea-a).

O ai?cae? c aa?oeiiei neiaii iieaeoue iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiei niiniaii
a ooai?aii? iio?aeieo aenooia? i?ao?enaoe?y. Noo?enaoe?y, ia a?aei?io
a?ae NA ae??ne?a aiai?eoue oa neacaoue, i?aaenoaaeaia iaio ??ciiiai?oii.

NA ae??neiaa iieaeoue aenooia? ye noeoii?noue 32 NE. Ia?aaaaeathoue o NA
aeaieaieia? NE. Iaea?eueo iioe?aieie /anoeiiiiaieie no?oeoo?aie ?
ianooii?: AeAe? – 7 NE, AeAe – 5 NE, AeAeAe – 7 NE. O eaioethaeeao
ia?aaaaea? eaiea Ae ( Ae, ui na?ae/eoue i?i neiaioai?/o aeoeai?noue
ei?aiy aaciaiai neiaa a ooai?aii? ae??ne?a. O NA 18 e?eueoeaaeo oa 14
e?i?eieo NE.

19 ne?a ai?caea i?iyaeythoue neiaioai?/o aeoeai?noue, ioaea NA ae??neiaa
iieaeoue neeaaea?oueny ?c 19 NI, ui iiaeooue ia?aoiaoaaoe a?ae 1 aei 7
/eai?a. Iniiaiith neiaioai?/ith neeith ai?caea ? ae??neiaa. Neiaioai?/i
aeoeaia aaciaa neiai NA ia? 22 aaciina?aaei?o iio?aeieo. Oa??i? e
iio?aei? ?ici?uai? o ai?cae? ianooiiei /eiii: iieaeoue ( 22(15) ( 26(4)
( 4(0), aea ia?oa /enei – e?euee?noue iio?aeieo, a ae?oaa – iioeaoth/eo.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? ae?oaiai ?icae?eo “C?noaaiee aiae?c aioo??oiuei?
i?aai?caoe?? neiaioai?/eo ai?cae c aaciaeie ae??neiaaie iiaeaiiy a
oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e iiaao O?O–OO no.” iiaea?oueny ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c neiaioai?/eo cania?a oa ?ano?n?a NA ae??ne?a aiai??iiy a iaio
iiaao.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aea? ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui oe?a?inueea oa
?in?enueea iiae iathoue iaeiaeia? niiniae oai?aiiy ne?a,
iaei?iaeoeoeai?oei a iaio iiaao ? ii?oieia?/iee niin?a iiiiaiaiiy iiae
iiaeie eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie, a iaaeao yeiai ?ic??ciythoue ao?enaeueia
neiaioai?aiiy oa neiaineeaaeaiiy. Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui aea?eaaoe, ye?
aoiaeyoue aei iaeiiai ai?caea, i?iyaeythoue ??cio neiaioai?/o
aeoeai?noue a?aeiia?aeii aei ?o /anoeiiiiaii? iaeaaeiino?. Oae,
noo?enaeueia neiaioai?aiiy i?iaeoeoeaia a oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e
iiaao o ?iaiieeao, i?eeiaoieeao, ae??neiaao, iai?eeeaae: aiai?-?ii-y,
aia??-eea-ee, aia??eea-?noue, aia??-e-ee, oaiai?-thaa-oe; aiaa?-eaa-oue,
aiai?-oo-a, aiai?-eea-ue, neac-uaa-oue, neaca-io-oue oa ?io?.
I?ao?enaeueia neiaioai?aiiy iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaia o noa?? ae??ne?a,
iai?eeeaae: a-iiaeoe, aei-iiaeoe, i?ae-iiaeoe; aei-iieaeoue,
ac-iieaeoue, au-iieaeoue, ec-iieaeoue oa ?io?.

Neiaineeaaeaiiy ye aeae ii?oieia?/iiai neiaioai?aiiy iaeiiai?oa
i?aaenoaaeaia o NA ae??neiaa iiaeoe o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e oa NA
ae??neiaa aiai?eoue o no/ani?e ?in?enuee?e iiaao, iai?eeeaae:
?iciiai-i-e?oa?aoo?iee, ia?iaei-i-?iciiaiee, ?io-i-iiaiee;
nai-i-aiai?yuee, aiae-i-aiai?yuee, ieaiia-i-aeiaiai?iue oa ?io?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy aea? ciiao eiinoaooaaoe, ui
ae??neiai – oea oa /anoeia iiae, yea ? a ae?eyioe? neiaioai?o ??cei
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?iaiieo /anoei iiae. Oea coiiaeaii ia?aaeon?i oei,
ui eiaeia ae??neiai ia? ia iaeio (ye ?io? /anoeie iiae), a aea? iniiae,
a oaeiae ? oei, ui o nenoai? ae??neiaa o?nii ia?aie?oathoueny oaeoe
oi?ii- ? neiaioai?aiiy.

Aiae?c NA c aaciaeie ae??neiaaie iiaeaiiy o no/anieo oe?a?inuee?e oa
?in?enuee?e iiaao aeiaiaeeoue, ui ao?enaoe?y (cie?aia noo?enaoe?y oa
i?ao?enaoe?y) e iaaeae? caeeoa?oueny iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiei niiniaii
iiiiaiaiiy neiaieeiaiai neeaaeo iiae a?aeae??ne?aieie aea?eaaoaie.

Cia/ii oe?oa, i?ae noo?enaoe?y, aeei?enoiao?oueny a ae??ne?aiiio
neiaioai?? i?ao?enaoe?y. Aiia, ia a?aei?io a?ae noo?enaoe??, oai?eoue
iia? ae??neiaa aeeeth/ii a?ae ae??ne?a. I?ao?ene oai?youe ae??neiaa ye c
iiaei cia/aiiyi, oae ? c iiaei a?aeo?ieii o cia/aii?.

A oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e iiaao iaeia ? oa ae ae??ne?aia iniiaa
iiaea niieo/aoeny c e?eueeiia i?ao?enaie, iai?eeeaae: aiai?eoe (
a-aiai?eoe, aei-aiai?eoe, ia?a-aiai?oe, a?ae-aiai?eoe, ia-aiai?eoe;
neacaoue ( au-neacaoue, aei-neacaoue, iaaei-neacaoue, iiae-neacaoue,
i?aae-neacaoue. O oeueiio iniaeea?noue ae??ne?aiiai neiaioai?o.

Ae??neiaa iiaeaiiy (aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe) o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e
iia? ooai?ththoueny ca o/anoth 19 i?ao?en?a, a o no/ani?e ?in?enuee?e
iia? (aiai?eoue, neacaoue, iieaeoue) – 21. Iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaieie a
iaaeao NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy iaio iia ? oi?iaioe: ae-//au-, ii-//ii-,
ca-//ca-, ia-//ia-, ia-//ia-, a?ae-//io-, ia?a-//ia?a-, aei-//aei-,
i?e-//i?e-, i?ae-//iiae-, i?i-//i?i-, ?ic-//?in. Niaoeeo?/ii
oe?a?inueeeie (a iaaeao NA iiaeaiiy) ?: a-, ?-, ia-, iae-. Iai?eeeaae:
iae-iiaeoe, ?-neacaoe, a-iiaeoe, iae-aiai?eoe, ia-aeiiiaeoe,
ia-aeiaiai?eoe. *anoeia oe?a?inueeeo i?ao?en?a i?aaenoaaeaia
aa??aioieie oi?iaie, ye? coiiaeai? caeaa?eueoiai iio?aaaie aaoii??,
iai?eeeaae: a?aeaiai?eoe ( iaeaiai?eoe; a?aeiiaeoe ( iaeiiaeoe.

I?ao?enaoe?y, ui aenooia? o noi?iaiae? ?ioiai neiaioai?/iai caniao –
noo?enaoe??, iinoo?enaoe??, noo?enaoe?? oa iinoo?enaoe?? iaeii/anii,
i?aaenoaaeaia na?aae ?in?enueeeo iio?aeieo: aei-aiai?eoue-ny,
ca-aiai?eoue-ny, ?ac-aiai?eoue-ny, ii-aiaa?-eaa-oue, i?e-aiaa?-eaa-oue,
ca-aiaa?-eaa-oue, oiae? ye na?aae oe?a?inueeeo ae??ne?aieo iioeaiaaieo
eiia?iiaaiee niin?a ooai?aiiy aea?eaao?a ia i?aaenoaaeaiee.

A?aeae??ne?ai? ?iaiieee o NA ?c cia/aiiyi aiai??iiy noaiiaeyoue aaaeeeao
e /eneaiio a?oio iio?aeieo, ye? caiiaiththoue on? nooiai? aea?eaaoe??.
Iaeiioe?ai?oeie ? iaei?iaeoeoeai?oeie caniaaie neiaioai?aiiy ?iaiiee?a o
iaio iiaao ? noo?enaoe?y.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iiae ii?yae ?c aeei?enoaiiyi
o?aaeeoe?eiiai ao?ena -?noue, aeey oai?aiiy aano?aeoieo ?iaiiee?a
oe?iei aaeeaaiei noaa oi?iaio -iiy (-aiiy, -yiiy, -?iiy): aiai??iiy,
iiaeaiiy, eacaiiy, iaai-ai?thaaiiy, a?aeiiaeyiiy oa ?io?. O ?in?enuee?e
iia? oey ?ieue iaeaaeeoue aenieii?iaeoeoeaiei noo?enai -iea, -aiea.
Eiino?oeoe?? ia -iea, -aiea, caaaeyee eaaeino?, aaoiiaoe/iino? ?o
ooai?aiiy, oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny ye o ?iciiaiiio (iianyeaeaiiiio e
iaaeiooaiiio) iiaeaii?, oae ? o eieaeiiio, io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiio oa
iaoeiaiio, noeeyo no/anii? ?in?enueei? iiae.

Onueiai na?aae iio?aeieo NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iia?
ia?aoiao?oueny 26 aea?eaao?a ia -iiy oa 23 – ia -aiea, -iea o
?in?enuee?e iia?.

Aenieith i?iaeoeoeai?noth ae??ciythoueny na?aae iio?aeieo NA ae??ne?a
iiaeaiiy iaio iia oi?iaioe -?noue//-inoue: caia??eea-?noue,
iaeiiiai-?noue, aeiaiai?ai-?noue, aeieacia-?noue; nei?iaiai?i/i-inoue,
iaaeineacaii-inoue, aaciieai-inoue ? o.ae. Na?aae a?aeae??ne?aieo
?iaiiee?a (a iaaeao NA iiaeaiiy) ? 35 iio?aeieo c oi?iaioii -?noue oa 16
aea?eaao?a c ao?enii -inoue.

I?e ooai?aii? a?aeae??ne?aieo noanoaioea?a yne?aaee iie?ooieoe?iiaeueiee
oa?aeoa? o nenoaiao iaio iia aeyaeythoue ii?oaie -iee, -/ee (-uee):
aeeaae/ee, caiia-uee; iaaiai?-uee, iiaeneac-/ee, iiaeaiai?-uee,
oaiai?-uee.

I?iaeoeoeai?noue aeyaeythoue oaeiae ni?aa?aeiini? c iacaaie in?a
/ieia?/i? noao? ia -iee, -/ee, -uee a oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e iiaao
aea?eaaoe ia -ieoe(a)//-/eoe(a), -/eoe(y)//-/eoe(a),
-ueoe(y)//-ueoe(a): caaiai?uee – caaiai?-ueoe-y, i?aeiiaiee –
i?aeiia-ieoe-y, aeieaae/ee – aeieaae-/eoe-y; aiai?uee – aiai?-ueoe-a,
ia?aneac/ee – ia?aneac-/eoe-a, iiaeneac/ee – iiaeneac-/eoe-a.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c neiaioai?/iai ?ic?yaeo iaca in?a /ieia?/iai ?iaeo
ca niiniaii ae?yeueiino? oa ?iaeii i?ioan?? aeicaiey? c?iaeoe oae?
aeniiaee: a) ia a?aeae??ne?ai? ooai?aiiy (deverbativa) a?aeaiaeeoueny, a
iaaeao NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy, 7 neiaioai?/eo oei?a ?c noo?enaie: -uee,
-eueuee, -oaeue, -eueiee, -aoe(ue), -a//-/, -oi; a) a?ae?iaii? ooai?aiiy
(denomination) – 4 neiaioai?/? oeie c noo?enaie -uee, -iee, -/ee, -aoe;
a) o iaaeao aaaioeaieo oa i?ioan?eieo ooai?aiue cono??/athoueny iniiai?,
aeea? oa i?iaeoeoeai? neiaioai?/? oeie (a iaaeao NA iiaeaiiy) c
noo?enaie -/ee, -uee,

-iee; iaei- oa iai?iaeoeoeai?: -eueuee, -oaeue, -aoe(ue), -a//-/, -oi.

Aeai?iooeai?noue, ui aeanoeaa oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e iiaai,
aeyaey?oueny o eiaei?e c ieo ?iaeea?aeoaeueii. O NA ae??ne?a aiai?eoe,
eacaoe, iiaeoe oea cia/aiiy aiinyoue noo?ene: -e-, -ie, -iiuee-, -a/e-,
-i/e- (aia??-iiuee-a, aiai?oo-a/e-a, iaiia-iiuee-a, nei?iiia-i/e-a) oa o
NA ae??ne?a aiai?eoue, neacaoue, iieaeoue:

-aoe, -thoe-, -euee-, -e-, -ie, -i/e-, -a/e-, -ee (aiai?-ie,
aiai?-thoe-a, oaiai?-aoe, ne?iaiai?-i/e-a, ?anneac-ee, ianeaco-euee-e).
Ioaea, aeai?iooeai? eaenaie a NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy ? iaei??th ?c
oa?aeoa?ieo iciae oe?a?inueeiai oa ?in?enueeiai neiaioai?aiiy,
a?aeoai?thth/e oe?ieo aaio a?aeo?ie?a ?c iiceoeaiei oa iaaaoeaiei
caaa?aeaiiyi.

Oai?aiiy i?eeiaoiee?a o iaaeao NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy aeoeaii
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca o/anoth noo?en?a, i?ao?enaoe?y ae a?ae?a?a? iacia/io
?ieue o a?aeae??ne?aiiio i?eeiaoieeiaiio neiaioai?aii?, aei oiai ae,
e?euee?noue oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue aae’?eoeaieo i?ao?en?a, ye ?
noanoaioeaieo, aeoaea iaiaaeaia.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aea? ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe: oi/a a a?oi? ae??ne?a
iiaeaiiy ooieoe?iiothoue ni?euei? aeey iaio iia noo?ene i?eeiaoiee?a
(-i-, -eea-, -/ea-,

-eno-), o NA ae??ne?a aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe i?aaenoaaeaiee a?eueo
oe?ieee niaeo? neiaioai?/eo cania?a, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo iiiiaith?oueny
eean i?eeiaoiee?a, oea ao?ene: -oeuee- (caaiai?ueoeueeee), -ia-
(aia??eiaee, i?eeaceiaee), -ao-/

-yo- (ae?ae. aiai?aoeeaee, aiai?yoeeaee), -an- (ae?ae. eacaoaeanee).
Iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee aeiaiaeyoue ? cana?ae/othoue, ui o O?O–OO noie?oo?
ii?yae ?c e?oa?aoo?iei i?iaeiaaeo? ?icaeaaoeny e oe?a?inueea ae?aeaeoia
iiaeaiiy, yea, iio?aaoth/e iiaeo ne?a aeey a?eueo iiaii? ia?aaea/? aeyao
o??? /e ?ioi? iciaee, caeo/a? aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe neiaioai?/?
iiaeeeaino? e iioaioe?ae ??aeii? iiae.

Neiaioa?? ae??i?eeiaoiee?a o no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iiaao a?oioo?oueny ia
ii?aeiaii? iniiae ae??neiaa ?c noo?enaie, aeanoeaeie eiaei?e ?c oeeo
iia. A iaio iiaao ae??i?eeiaoieee iiaeooue ooai?thaaoeny ?
i?ao?enaeueiei niiniaii – c o/anoth i?ao?en?a ia- (a iaio iiaao):
ia-neacaiee, ia-aeieacaiee, ia-iiaeyuee, ia-aeiiaeaiiee; ia-auneacaiiue,
ia-?anneacaiiue; oa ii- (o ?in?enuee?e iia?): ii-?anneacaiiue.

Uiaei iio?aeieo i?ene?aiee?a, oi ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui oe?a?inueea oa
?in?enueea iiae iathoue /eiaei i?ene?aiee?a ni?eueiiai iioiaeaeaiiy.
Iaeiae ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue i?ene?aieeiaeo ne?a aeieeea ia a?oio?
eiaeii? c iia. Ni?eueiei aea?eaaoe?eii aeoeaiei oi?iaioii ? noo?en -i,
ca eiai o/anoth ooai?ththoueny iio?aei? i?ene?aieee o NA ae??ne?a
iiaeaiiy: aia??e-i, aeieacia-i, aaciaeiiai-i, i?iiiaeno-i; aiai?e-i,
aiai?eea-i, aaciieai-i, eiineacaoaeuei-i. O NA c aa?oeiaie aiai?eoue ?
iieaeoue iio?aei? i?ene?aieee ooai?ththoueny oaeiae ca aeiiiiiaith
oi?iaioa -ii: aiai?e-ii, iaaeiiiee-ii. Ioaea, i?ene?aieee, ui aoiaeyoue
o NA ?c caaaeueiei cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy, ae??ciythoueny iaeiioeii?noth
ooai?aiiy ? neeaaeathoue iaaaeeeo e?euee?noue iio?aeieo.

Iniaeeaa i?noea o nenoai? ii?oieia?/iiai neiaioai?o iaeaaeeoue neeaaeiei
neiaai, ooai?aiiy yeeo iia’ycaia c iaiao?aei?noth ae?aaeaoe iia?
iiiyooy, ui oi?iothoueny o oiae? ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?,
cae?eniththoueny a oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e iiaao ia aac? aaea
?nioth/eo ne?a ? a?oioothoueny ia iaaieo aca?iica’yceao i?ae a?oiaie
ne?a. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iaei??th c
i?eeiao OO noie?ooy na?aae iiaieo yaeu noaiooue e?eueeaei?aiaa?, aai
neeaaei? neiaa. Oae, o NA ae??ne?a aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe – 85
neeaaeieo ne?a, ?c ieo 20 i?iyaeythoue neiaioai?/o aeoeai?noue,
iai?eeeaae: aiai?eoe ( ia?a-aiai?eoe ( ia?aaiai?-e ( ?aae?i/ia?aaiai?e (
?aae?iia?aaiai?-i-ee;

?io-i-iiaiee ?ioiiiai-?noue

??aei-i-iiaiee ??aeiiiiai-?noue

??aeiiiia’y

iiaeoe iiaa iia-i-ee nieiaee-i-iiaiee
nieiaeeiiiai-i

e?aniiiiai-i

e?ani-i-iiaiee e?aniiiia-noa(i)

e?aniiiiai-?noue

e?aniiiia-ai oa ?io?.

I?eaeecii 94% neeaaeieo iio?aeieo – oea ?iaii? aea?eaaoe. Na?aae
iio?aeieo NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iia? 2 aea?eaaoe
ooai?ththoueny niiniaii aa?aa?aoe??.

Neeaaeieo iio?aeieo o NA ae??ne?a aiai?eoue, neacaoue, iieaeoue – 22, ?c
ieo 3 i?iyaeythoue neiaioai?/o aeoeai?noue, iai?eeeaae: aiai?eoue (
ia?a-aiai?eoue ( ia?aaiai?(u) ( ?aaeei/ia?aaiai?u (
?aaeeiia?aaiai?-i-ue; aiai?eoue ( nei?-i-aiai?-e-a ( nei?iaiai?-i/e-a,
nei?iaiai?i/i-inoue; neacaoue ( ei-i-neaca-oaeuei-ue ( eiineacaoaeuei-i,
eiineacaoaeuei-inoue.

C?iuaiiy, ye iaeei ?c niinia?a neiaioai?o a a?oi? iio?aeieo ae??ne?a
iiaeaiiy a ?in?enuee?e iia?, i?aaenoaaeaia /ioe?ia aea?eaaoaie:
iiiai/aiai?yuee, iaei/aiai?yuee, auoa/neacaiiue, ieaea/neacaiiue. O?e
aea?eaaoe ooai?ththoueny niiniaii aa?aa?aoe??: eie/aeiaiai?,
nioe/aeiaiai?, oic/aeiaiai?. Ioaea, aacia?a/iei ? oie oaeo, ui neeaaei?
eaene/i? iiaeaii?a? iaeeieoe? – oea iiaooiy neea, yea caa??aa? e
i?eiiiaeo? neiaieeiaa aaaaonoai iiae.

Oaeei /eiii, iaoa, iinoaaeaia o aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?,
iieyaaea o nenoaiiiio aea/aii? no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo iniaeeainoae NA
ae??ne?a aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe o O?O–OO no. oa ?o eiiieaeniiio
neiaioai?/iio aiae?c? (a oiio /ene? e o ii??aiyii?, cie?aia, c
a?aeiia?aeieie aea?eaaoaie ?in?enueei? iiae). ?aae?caoe?y iinoaaeaii?
iaoe aeiaaaea ?ica’ycaiiy ie?aieo caaaeaiue, ae??oaiiy yeeo aea? ciiao
c?iaeoe oae? ocaaaeueithth/? aeniiaee: 1. NA – oea iaeia c
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iiiyoue o neiaioai?/?e nenoai? iiae, neeaaeia
neie?aoe/ia ?aei?noue, ?acoeueoao aca?iiae?? ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo (NI) oa
neioaaiaoe/ieo (NE) iaeeieoeue.

2. O ENA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy aeae?ey?oueny aea?eaao aiai?eoe – neiai, o
yeiio iaea?eueo iiaii aeyaey?oueny caaaeueia cia/aiiy i?ioeano iiaeaiiy.
Neiaioai?/a aeoeai?noue aea?eaaoa aiai?eoe ia?aaoaa? o i?yi?e
caeaaeiino? a?ae eiai oa?aeoa?enoeee c oi/ee ci?o
aaaaoicia/iino?/iaeiicia/iino?, a oiio aenieee aea?eaaoe?eiee iioaioe?ae
ae??neiaa iaoiiaeaiee niaeo?ii eiai cia/aiue (aei i’yoe a oe?a?inuee?e
iia?) oa noee?noe/iith iaeo?aeuei?noth iniiae.

3. O a?oi? NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy ooieoe?iiothoue iio?aei?, ae?aaeai?
??cieie /anoeiaie iiae, a iaaeao yeeo ii-??ciiio aeyaey?oueny
i?iaeoeoeai?noue niinia?a oai?aiiy iio?aeieo. Oae, o ae??ne?aiiio,
?iaiieeiaiio oa i?eeiaoieeiaiio neiaioai?? iaio iia iaei?iaeoeoeai?oei
aoa ? caeeoa?oueny ii?oieia?/iee oei oai?aiiy eaenai, o iaaeao yeiai
iniaeeai ae??ciy?oueny noo?enaoe?y. I?ao?enaoe?y – iaeiioe?ai?oee niin?a
oai?aiiy iiaeo ne?a o ?aieao ae??ne?aiiai neiaioai?o, oiae? ye
e?euee?noue i?ao?enaeueieo iio?aeieo na?aae ?iaiieo /anoei iiae ?
iaiaaeaiith. Ioaea, i?ae /anoeiiiiaiith iaeaaei?noth iio?aeieo oa
aea?eaaoe?eiei iioaioe?aeii neiaa ?nio? aaciina?aaei?e ca’ycie.

4. Aei NA ?c aaciaeie ae??neiaaie iiaeaiiy aeey ooai?aiiy ao?enaeueieo
iio?aeieo caeo/aia /eneaiia a?oia neiaioai?/eo oi?iaio?a: o NA aiai?eoe
– 64, eacaoe – 48, iiaeoe – 65 oa o NA aiai?eoue – 67, neacaoue – 36,
iieaeoue – 33.

5. I?ioyaii O?O-OO no. /anoeia neiaioai?/eo cania?a (i?ao?en?a oa
noo?en?a) caciaea ci?i, ye? a iniiaiiio iieyaathoue o o?ainoi?iaoe??
i?iaeoeoeaiino? a?oie oi?iaio?a, o iioe?aii? /e caoaeaii? ?o ooieoe?e, o
oiiaoe/iiio oa ii?oieia?/iiio ia?aioi?ieaii?.

6. O OO noie?oo? aeoea?coaaany i?ioean oai?aiiy neeaaeieo ne?a,
na?ae/aiiyi /iai ? iio?aei? NA c aa?oeiith iiaeoe. O no/ani?e
oe?a?inuee?e iia? iaaoea iioe?aiiy aa?aa?aoe?y.

7. NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy (aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe – a oe?a?inuee?e oa
aiai?eoue, neacaoue, iieaeoue – o ?in?enuee?e iiaao) – oea
ai?caea-aea?aaa, ?acoeueoao eaioethaeeiaeo, ia?aeaeueieo oa
iine?aeiaii-ia?aeaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e, iioaioe?ae yeeo caeaaeeoue a?ae
/anoeiiiiaii? iaeaaeiino?, iie?naiaioe/iino?, noee?noe/ii? caaa?aeaiino?
oa??ieo ne?a.

8. Caaaeueia ni?eueiineia’yinueea iioiaeaeaiiy ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy,
nii??aeiai?noue oe?a?inueei? oa ?in?enueei? iia aeyaey?oueny e o
ni?eueieo oaiaeaioe?yo, ui ooieoe?iiothoue o NA c aa?oeiaie aiai?eoe –
aiai?eoue oa eacaoe – neacaoue. I?i oea na?ae/aoue e?euee?ni?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ai?cae, ye? ? iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeaieie: aiai?eoe –
210-5-26-130-83 ? aiai?eoue – 295-5-36-189-107, eacaoe – 161-5-17-102-57
? neacaoue – 139-4-21-89-49.

9. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei niiniaii oai?aiiy iio?aeieo ? ao?enaoe?y, o NA c
aa?oeiaie aiai?eoe oa aiai?eoue e?euee?noue oaeeo ooai?aiue neeaaea?
a?aeiia?aeii 92,3% oa 89,4%, a o NA c aa?oeiaie eacaoe oa neacaoue –
94,3% oa 84,7%. Iio?aei? oeeo NA oe?iei aaeeaathoueny o ?iciiaiiio
iiaeaii?, o oai?ao ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e, ioae?oeenoe/iiio,
io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiio noeeyo, ianaiia?aae aeey ia?aaea/? iiaeaiiy ?ioi?
iniae.

10. Uiaei NA ae??ne?a iiaeoe oa iieaeoue, oi ooo ia?ii i?eeeaae
nai???aeiiai ?icaeoeo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy iio?aeieo a?ae ni?eueiiai
ei?aiy iia-, neiaioai?/ee iioaioe?ae yeiai iaeneiaeueii ?aae?coaaany a
oe?a?inuee?e iia?. E?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee yne?aai cana?ae/othoue
iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo oeeo ai?cae: iiaeoe – 426-6-21-288-133 oa iieaeoue
– 53-3-15-32-19. NA c aa?oeiith iiaeoe o 8 ?ac?a ia?aaeuo? ianya NA
ae??neiaa iieaeoue o no/ani?e ?in?enuee?e iia?. Iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiei
niiniaii oai?aiiy iio?aeieo o NA iiaeoe ? ao?enaoe?y oa neeaaeaiiy,
e?euee?noue oaeeo aea?eaao?a noaiiaeoue a?aeiia?aeii: 76,9% oa 19,5%,
oiae? ye o NA iieaeoue – 91,6%, neeaaei? neiaa o oeueiio ai?cae?
a?aenooi?.

11. A?eueo?noue ?in?enueeeo iio?aeieo – oea aea?eaaoe, ye?
ooieoe?iiothoue i?ioyaii noie?oue, ? iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ae??neiai
iieaeoue iaeaaeeoue aei i?iaeoeoeaiiai eeano ne?a, a ioaea neiaioai?/a
no?oeoo?a ai?caea ? a?aee?eoith, iiaioai??a ?c ei?aiai iia- o no/ani?e
?in?enuee?e iia? i?i?iaeueia e?euee?noue. Iio?aei? c aa?oeiith iieaeoue
? iiaiiaa?o?nieie e ia iio?aaothoue i? ?icoe?aiiy nai?? naiaioeee, i?
a?eueoiai i?inoi?o aeey aaeeaaiiy; aiie – nai???aeiee i?eeeaae
“naiiaeinoaoiino?”, i?eoaiaiiee e?oa?aoo?i?e eaeneoe?, yea
a?aecia/a?oueny iniaeeaith no?ee?noth, oaiaeaioe??th aei iaeii??aeiino?
ye o iia? a oe?eiio, oae ? a iaaeao aiae?ciaaieo NA, oiae? ye a
oe?a?inuee?e iia? NA c aa?oeiith iiaeoe aaccoieiii i?iaeiaaeo?
iiiiaithaaoeny ana iiaeie e iiaeie neiaaie – /ano?oa neeaaeieie
aea?eaaoaie oa ?o noo?enaeueieie iio?aeieie.

12. O NA ae??neiaa iiaeoe, o ca’yceo c? noaoonii iiae ye iniaeeaiai
nioe?aeueiiai ooai?aiiy, iio?aeiee ?iaiiee iiaa noaa iioeaoth/ith aacith
cia/ii? e?eueeino? aea?eaao?a (iiiaae 100), a oea aea? i?aenoaae
i?iaiicoaaoe aeo?ae (a?aeie?aieaiiy) ?iaiieea iiaa oa iei iioeaiaaieo
ne?a o ie?aia NA, ye oea noaeiny c eaenaiaie eacea ? neacea oa ?o
iio?aeieie o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e iiaao.

I?ioa ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui aiae?c iio?aeieo NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy iaio
iia, i?iaaaeaiee o aeaiiio aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?, aeiaiaeeoue,
ui oe?a?inueea oa ?in?enueea iiae ?icaeaathoueny ca nai?ie aioo??oi?ie
caeiiaie, aiinyoue a onoaeaio nenoaio nai? niaoeeo?/i? ci?ie oa
aeiiiaiaiiy. Aiae?ciaai? no?aeiineia’yinuee? iiae aeaeici?iththoue nai?
nenoaie neiaioai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei iio?aa eiioi?eaoe??, iaeii/anii
caaaa/oth/e iiao iiaeie eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie ? aeoai?ththoue iniaeea?
e nai???aei? nenoaie neiaioai?aiiy.

Ioaea, aiae?c neiaioai?/eo cania?a ? cia/aiue iio?aeieo NA c aa?oeiaie
aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe aea? ciiao iienaoe no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i?
iniaeeaino? i?aai?caoe?? oeeo ae??ne?aieo ai?cae, i?iaiicoaaoe oeyoe ?o
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo, c?icoi?oe i?eioeeie e iniaeeaino? iiaoaeiae ?ioeo
NA (ye?, aacia?a/ii, ua noaiooue i?aaeiaoii ie?aiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
caaaeyee nai?e aeecueeino? ENA ?c cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy), aaciaeie neiaaie
yeeo iiaeooue aenooiaoe eaenaie, ui aoiaeyoue o ENA ae??ne?a,
iai?eeeaae, ?c caaaeueiei cia/aiiyi aieaaeyaeaiiy oa ieneaiiy.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy NA ?c caaaeueiei cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy aea? iiaeeea?noue
i?inoaaeeoe nenoaii?noue neiaioai?/eo i?ioean?a o aeecueeinii??aeiaieo
neia’yinueeeo iiaao.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o 7 ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oa?aeoa?enoeea neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiiai aiacaea n aa?oeiie aiai?eoue a
nia?aiaiiii ?onneii ycuea // Iiaa ? eoeueoo?a. Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “Na?o no/anii? ethaeeie oa ?iicaii? iiae”. –
Ae?iaiae/, 23-27 o?aaiy 1996. – Ae?iaiae/: A?ae?iaeaeaiiy, 1996. –
N.68-79.

2. Ienoaoeoai neiaioai?aiiy // Ethaeeia ? ienoaoeoai a aoiai?noe/ieo
aei??ao. Iaoa??aee ethaeeiiciaa/eo o?einionueeeo /eoaiue. – Aeione ?V.
–Euea?a: E?ae, 1997. – N.285-291.

3. Iiuo aiaeeca neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo oeaii/ae e ia?aaeeai (ia iaoa?eaea
a?oiiu aeaaieia ?a/e: aiai?eoue, neacaoue, iieaeoue) //
Ainoi/iioe?aeineee eeiaae-noe/aneee nai?iee. – Auione /aoaa?oue. –
Aeiiaoee: Aeiia//eia, 1998. – N.99-107.

4. Naiaioe/aneay iaa?ocea aeaaieia ?a/e a Aaaiaaeeyo io Iaooay e Eiaiia
// Ethaeeia ? aoiai?noe/ia i?e?iaea a??e. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? “Aoiai?ci. Ethaeeia. A??a” (Aeanyo? ethaeeiiciaa/?
/eoaiiy). – Aeione VII. – Ae?iaiae/: Aei??, 1998. – N.272-280.

5. Neiaioai?/a ai?caei c aa?oeiith eacaoe o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?
// A?niee Aeiiaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – Iaoeiaee aeo?iae. – Na??y A.
Aoiai?oa?i? iaoee, 1998. – ?2. – N.192-198.

6. Naiaioe/i? aca?iia?aeiioaiiy o neiaioai?/eo ai?caeao c aaciaeie
ae??neiaaie aiai?eoe, eacaoe oa aiai?eoue, iieaeoue a oe?a?inuee?e ?
?in?enuee?e iiaao O?O-OO no. // Oe?a?inueea iiaa ? e?oa?aoo?a: ?noi??y,
no/aniee noai, ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo. – Iaoeiaee ui??/iee. – Oa?iii?eue:
Ca?o/, 1999. – N.205-211.

7. C?noaaiee aiae?c i?iaeoeoeaiino? ao?en?a o neiaioai?/eo ai?caeao c
aaciaeie ae??neiaaie iiaeaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e oa ?in?enuee?e iiaao O?O-OO
no. // A?niee Aeiiaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – Iaoeiaee aeo?iae. – Na??y A.
Aoiai?oa?i? iaoee, 1999. – ?1. – N.160-171.

AIIOAOe??

A??iye N.I. No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia i?aai?caoe?y neiaioai?/eo ai?cae c
aaciaeie ae??neiaaie iiaeaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iia? O?O-OO no. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa. – Aeiiaoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao. – Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeai? no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii? i?aai?caoe??
neiaioai?/eo ai?cae c aaciaeie ae??neiaaie aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe a
oe?a?inuee?e iia? O?O-OO no. O ?iaio? aia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio
iiaiciaanoa? nenoaiaoeciaaii NA ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy aiai?eoe, eacaoe,
iiaeoe, i?iaaaeaii ?o neiaioai?/ee aiae?c, aeyaeaii ni?euei? e
niaoeeo?/i? ?ene o nenoai? oi?ioaaiiy, ?icaeoeo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy NA.
Neiaioai?/a ai?caei ?icaeyaea?oueny e aiae?co?oueny ye neeaaeia
neie?aoe/ia ?aei?noue, ui neeaaea?oueny ?c eiiieaenieo iaeeieoeue
(neiaioai?/eo eaioethaee?a oa neiaioai?/eo ia?aaeeai).

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aea?eaao, oa??ia, iio?aeia, neiaioai?/ee oi?iaio
(ao?en), neiaioai?/a ai?caei, neiaioai?/ee eaioethaeie, neiaioai?/a
ia?aaeeaia, eaeneei-naiaioe/ia a?oia.

Ae?iye N.I. No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneay i?aaiecaoeey neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo
aiacae n aaciauie aeaaieaie ?a/e a oe?aeineii ycuea OIX-XX aa. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 – oe?aeineee ycue. – Aeiiaoeeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. – Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneie i?aaiecaoeee
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo aiacae n aaciauie aeaaieaie aiai?eoe, eacaoe,
iiaeoe a oe?aeineii ycuea OIX-XX aa. A ?aaioa aia?aua a oe?aeineii
ycueiciaiee nenoaiaoece?iaaii NA aeaaieia ?a/e aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe
e i?iaaaeai eo neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiue aiaeec, auyaeaiu iauea e aaeeie/iua
/a?ou a nenoaia oi?ie?iaaiey, ?acaeoey e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey NA.
Neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiia aiacaei ?anniao?eaaaony e aiaeece?oaony eae
neiaeiia neie?aoe/aneia oeaeia, ninoiyuaa ec eiiieaeniuo aaeeieoe
(neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo oeaii/ae e neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo ia?aaeeai).

Niaea?aeaiea aeenna?oaoeee ii?aaeaeyaony aa oeaeueth e caaea/aie. ?aaioa
ninoieo ec anooieaiey, aeaoo ?acaeaeia, auaiaeia, nienea eniieueciaaiiie
eeoa?aoo?u e enoi/ieeia, i?eeiaeaiee (NA aeaaieia aiai?eoe, eacaoe,
iiaeoe a oe?aeineii e NA aeaaieia aiai?eoue, neacaoue, iieaeoue a
?onneii ycueao). Iauee iauai ?aaiou – 262 no?aieoeu, a oii /enea 10
eeethno?aoeee, 7 oaaeeoe, i?eeiaeaiey caieiatho 50 no?aieoe.

Oeaeue, iinoaaeaiiay a aeaiiii aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee,
caeeth/aeanue a nenoaiiii eco/aiee no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae
NA aeaaieia aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe a O?O-OO aa. e eo eiiieaeniii
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiii aiaeeca (a oii /enea niiinoaaeoaeueiii, a
/anoiinoe, n niioaaonoaothueie aea?eaaoaie ?onneiai ycuea).

?aoaiea iinoaaeaiiuo caaea/, aeaao aiciiaeiinoue eiinoaoe?iaaoue:

1. NA – iaeii ec ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo iiiyoee a neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiie
nenoaia ycuea, neiaeiia neie?aoe/aneia oeaeia, ?acoeueoao
acaeiiaeaenoaey ia?aaeeaiaoe/aneeo (NI) e neioaaiaoe/aneeo (NOe)
aaeeieoe.

2. A ENA aeaaieia ?a/e auaeaeyaony aea?eaao aiai?eoe – neiai, a eioi?ii
iaeaieaa iieii i?iyaeyaony iauaa cia/aiea i?ioeanna ?a/e.
Neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiay aeoeaiinoue aea?eaaoa aiai?eoe iaoiaeeony a i?yiie
caaeneiinoe io aai oa?aeoa?enoeee n oi/ee c?aiey
iiiaicia/iinoe/iaeiicia/iinoe, iiyoiio aunieee aea?eaaoeeiiiue
iioaioeeae aeaaiea iaoneiaeai niaeo?ii aai cia/aiee (aei iyoe a
oe?aeineii ycuea) e noeeenoe/aneie iaeo?aeueiinoueth iniiau.

3. A a?oiia NA aeaaieia ?a/e i?aaenoaaeaiu aea?eaaou, ioiinyueany e
?aciui /anoyi ?a/e, n?aaee eioi?uo ii-?aciiio i?iyaeyaony
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue niiniaia ia?aciaaiey i?iecaiaeiuo. A aeaaieueiii e
eiaiiii neiaiia?aciaaiee oe?aeineiai e ?onneiai ycueia iaeaieaa
yooaeoeaiui aue e inoaaony ii?oieiae/aneee oei ia?aciaaiey eaenai.

4. A NA n aaciauie aeaaieaie ?a/e aeey ia?aciaaiey aooeenaeueiuo
i?iecaiaeiuo eniieuecoaony iiiai/eneaiiay a?oiia neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo
oi?iaioia: a NA aiai?eoe – 64, eacaoe – 48, iiaeoe – 65 e a NA aiai?eoue
– 67, neacaoue – 36, iieaeoue – 33.

5. A OO aaea i?iaeoeoeaiui noaiiaeony ia?aciaaiea neiaeiuo neia, y?eei
naeaeaoaeuenoaii yoiai i?ioeanna yaeythony i?iecaiaeiua NA n aa?oeiie
iiaeoe. A nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii ycuea aeoeaece?iaaeanue aaa?aaeaoeey
eae oei oiiiyiooiai i?ioeanna.

6. NA aeaaieia ?a/e (aiai?eoe, eacaoe, iiaeoe – a oe?aeineii e
aiai?eoue, neacaoue, iieaeoue – a ?onneii ycueao) – yoi
aiacaea-aea?aauey, ?acoeueoao oeaii/a/iuo, ia?aeeaeueiuo e
iineaaeiaaoaeueii-ia?aeeaeueiuo eiino?oeoeee, iioaioeeae eioi?uo caaeneo
io /anoa?a/iie i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe, iieenaiaioe/iinoe, noeeenoe/aneie
ie?anee neia.

7. ?iaenoaaiiinoue oe?aeineiai e ?onneiai ycueia i?iyaeyaony a iaueo
oaiaeaioeeyo, eioi?ua ooieoeeiie?otho a NA n aa?oeiaie aiai?eoe –
aiai?eoue e eacaoe – neacaoue. Ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaotho eiee/anoaaiiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee aiacae, yaeythueany iaeneiaeueii aeeceeie: aiai?eoe –
210-5-26-130-83 e aiai?eoue – 295-5-36-189-107, eacaoe – 161-517-102-57
e neacaoue – 139-4-21-89-49.

8. Iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiue niinia ia?aciaaiey i?iecaiaeiuo – noooeenaoeey.
A NA n aa?oeiaie aiai?eoe e aiai?eoue eiee/anoai oaeeo ia?aciaaiee
ninoaaeyao niioaaonoaaiii 92,3% e 89,4%, a a NA n aa?oeiaie eacaoe e
neacaoue – 94,3% e 84,7%. I?iecaiaeiua yoeo aiacae oe?iei eniieuecothony
a ?acaiai?iie ?a/e, i?iecaaaeaieyo ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u,
ioaeeoeenoe/aneii, ioeoeeaeueii-aeaeiaii noeeyo, i?aaeaea anaai aeey
ia?aaea/e neia ae?oaiai eeoea.

9. Ioiineoaeueii NA aeaaieia iiaeoe e iieaeoue, oi caeanue eiaai i?eia?
niaoeeoe/aneiai neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiiai ?acaeoey e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
i?iecaiaeiuo i?e iaee/ee iaeiiai ei?iy iie- e aai neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiiai
iioaioeeaea, iaeneiaeueii iieii i?iyaeaoaainy a NA n aa?oeiie iiaeoe a
nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii ycuea. Eiee/anoaaiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee y?ei
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho ia iniaaiiinoyo ?acaeoey yoeo aiacae: iiaeoe –
426-6-21-288-133 e iieaeoue – 53-3-15-35-19. NA n aa?oeiie iiaeoe a 8
?ac i?aauoaao iauai NA aeaaiea iieaeoue a nia?aiaiiii ?onneii ycuea.
Iaeaieaa i?iaeoeoeaiue niinia ia?aciaaiey i?iecaiaeiuo a NA iiaeoe –
noooeenaoeey e neiaeaiea, eiee/anoai oaeeo aea?eaaoia ninoaaeyao
niioaaonaaiii: 76,9% e 19,5%, oiaaea eae a NA iieaeoue – 91,6 %,
neiaeiua neiaa a yoii aiacaea ionoonoaotho.

10. A NA aeaaiea iiaeoe, a nayce ni noaoonii ycuea eae iniaiai
nioeeaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey, i?iecaiaeiia nouanoaeoaeueiia iiaa aunooiaao
iioeae?othuae aacie aeey cia/eoaeueiiai eiee/anoaa aea?eaaoia (aieaa
100), a yoi aeaao iniiaaiea i?iaiice?iaaoue auoiae (iainiaeaiea)
nouanoaeoaeueiiai iiaa e ei iioeae?iaaiiuo neia a ioaeaeueiia NA, eae
yoi neo/eeinue n eaenaiaie eacea e neacea e eo i?iecaiaeiuie a
oe?aeineii e ?onneii ycueao.

Aiaeec i?iecaiaeiuo NA aeaaieia ?a/e, i?iaaaeaiiue a aeenna?oaoeeiiiii
enneaaeiaaiee, aeaao aiciiaeiinoue ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi oe?aeineee e
?onneee ycuee ?acaeaathony ii naiei aioo?aiiei caeiiai, i?e yoii
aeaeieciaiyy nenoaio neiaiia?aciaaiey e iaiaauay ycue iiauie
eaene/aneeie aaeeieoeaie, n?aaenoaaie iauaiey, nicaeaaay naith
(iniaaiioth e naiaia?acioth) nenoaio neiaiia?aciaaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aea?eaao, iioeae?othuaa, iioeae?iaaiiia,
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiue oi?iaio (aooeen), neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiia aiacaei,
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiay oeaii/ea, neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiay ia?aaeeaia,
eaeneei-naiaioe/aneay a?oiia.

Hirnyak S.P. Structural semantic organization of word-forming nests with
basic speech verbs in the Ukrainian language of the XIX-XX century. –
Manuscript

Thesis for searching the scientific degree of “Doctor philology”
discipline “Ukrainian language” – Donetsk, 1999.

Thesis is dedicated to the problem of structural-semantic organization
of word-forming nests with basic verbs “aiai?eoe”, “eacaoe”, “iiaeoe” in
the Ukrainian language of the XIX-XX century.

In this research for the first time in the ukrainian linguistics the
word-forming nests of speech verbs “aiai?eoe”, “eacaoe”, “iiaeoe” are
systematized, their word-forming analysis is made, the general and
characteristic features in the system of word-formation, development and
functioning of these word-forming nests are discovered.

Word-forming nests are considered and analysed as complicated syncretic
unity, which consists of complex units.

Key words: derivative, affix, word-forming nest, word-forming chain,
word-forming paradygm, created (motivated), originated, lexcico-semantic
group.

Aieyie/ I.E. Iniaaiiinoe naiaioe/aneie no?oeoo?u neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo
aiacae ni cia/aieai aiai?aiey // A na.: Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu ?onneiai
neiaiia?aciaaiey. – Oaoeaio: Oeeooa/e, 1982. – N.117-120.

Aieyie/ I.E. Neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiua iiey ei?iae ni cia/aieai aiai?aiey a
nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii ycuea. – Aeen. … eaiae. oeeie. iaoe. – E., 1979.
– N.21.

A??iye N.I. Ienoaoeoai neiaioai?aiiy // O ca??ieeo: Ethaeeia ?
ienoaoeoai a aoiai?noe/ieo aei??ao. – Euea?a: E?ae, 1997. – N.285-291.

* Ooo ? aeae? cia/aiiy ne?a iiaeathoueny ca aeaieie ONO: a 4-o oiiao /
iiae ?aae. Ooaeiaa Ae.I. – I.: Nia. yioeeeeiiaaeey, 1935-1940 oa Neiaa?y
nia?aiaiiiai ?onneiai eeoa?aoo?iiai ycuea: a 17-oe oiiao. – I.-E.,
1950-1965.

I?i a?eueo aeaoaeueiee aiae?c neiaioai?/eo oi?iaio?a oa cia/aiue o
aeaiiio NA aeea. o noaoo? A??iye N.I. Oa?aeoa?enoeea
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiiai aiacaea n aa?oeiie aiai?eoue a nia?aiaiiii
?onneii ycuea // O ca??ieeo: Iiaa ? eoeueoo?a. – Ae?iaiae/:
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy, 1996. – N.68-79.

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