OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Aaa?eethe TH??e ?iiaiiae/

OAeE 621.91.06

NO?OEOO?II-EIIIIIIAI*IEE NEIOAC

AAAAOIIIIAIEEAOO?IEO AA?AAAOIEO AA?NOAO?A

05.03.01- i?ioeane iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee, aa?noaoe oa ?ino?oiaioe

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe.

Oa?e?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa
iaoaei??caeueieo aa?noao?a Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ea?ionue Aeaaeeneaa ?aaaiiae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa iaoaei??caeueieo aa?noao?a.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaiiiia Aieiaeeie? Noaiaiiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith aeaoaeae iaoei oa i?eeeaaeii? iaoai?ee;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaeueie/aiei Ieaenaiae? Aiaoie?eiae/,

Oe?a?inueea ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith
iaoaei??caeueieo aa?noao?a oa oai??? ??caiiy iaoae?a (i. Oa?e?a).

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo

oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 3 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.050.12 o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a-2, aoe.
O?oica, 21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 2 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ocoiyi I.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aa?aaaoi? aa?noaoe (AA), ui iioe?ai? a
oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? oa a iaea?eueo ?icaeiaieo o i?iieneiaiio
a?aeiioaii? e?a?iao, ? iane?aeeii oni?oii? ?aae?caoe?? i?eioeeio
aa?aaaooaaiiy o aa?noaoiaoaeoaaii?. Aenieee nooi?iue eiioeaio?aoe??
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aoiae?a, iiaeeea?noue iiaii? aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?iai/iai
oeeeeo, oe?ie? oaoiieia?/i? iiaeeeaino? oa aeniea i?iaeoeoeai?noue
caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaia canoinoaaiiy AA oa aaoiiaoe/ieo e?i?e (AE) c AA
ia i?aei?e?inoaao e?oiiina??eiiai oa ianiaiai oeio ae?iaieoeoaa a ??cieo
aaeocyo iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. Aeeeth/iith ia?aaaaith AA ? aenieee nooi?iue
oi?o?eaoe?? aa?aaao?a oa i?eno?i?a, c yeeo eiiiiiothoueny aa?noaoe,
caaaeyee /iio cia/ii nei?i/othoueny no?iee oa aa?o?noue i?iaeooaaiiy ?
aeaioiaeaiiy AA, i?aeaeuo?oueny iaae?ei?noue oa aeiaaia?/i?noue,
iieaaoo?oueny ?aiiio ? oaoi?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa ?ioa.

I?ioa iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino?, ui caeeaaeai? a i?eioeei? aa?aaaooaaiiy,
ye? aacothoueny ia aeanoeaino? iai?ioiino? aa?aaaoiiai
iaoaei??caeueiiai onoaoeoaaiiy, ?ice?eo? aei oeueiai /ano aeaeaei ia
iiai?noth. O a?o/eciyiiio oa na?oiaiio iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? iaaooee iaaiee
aeina?ae canoinoaaiiy AA oa AE ?c AA o aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, aea, ia aeeaey/enue ia ?nioaaiiy oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue, ui
i?aeaeuothoue aio/e?noue AA oa i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aoaeoeai?noue ?o
canoinoaaiiy a na??eiiio ae?iaieoeoa?, ca?ac a?aenooi? onoaeai?
eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/i? oa iaoeia? iniiae iioeiaeueiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo AA (AAA).

Aeooaeuei?noue ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie neioaco AAA o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei
aeiia aio/eino? oa i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?iaee i?aeaeuo?oueny o na?oe?
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy Oe?a?ie oa ia?aoiaeo aei
ia?aaaaeii na??eiiai aeaioiaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe??. Oaia aeena?oaoe?? ?
/anoeiith iai?yieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e oaoiieia??
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa iaoaei??caeueieo aa?noao?a, ui iia’ycai? c
i?aeaeuaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy oa i?iaeooaaiiy aa?aaaoiiai
iaoaei??caeueiiai onoaoeoaaiiy, ca Eiiieaenieie oe?eueiaeie
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieie i?ia?aiaie Oe?a?ie (EOeIOI-14 oa EOeIOI-22).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa — iiaeaeueoa i?aeaeuaiiy
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? AA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o ca ?aooiie
oi?aae?iiy nooiaiai ?o ia?aiaeaaiaeaeoaaiino? oeyoii aaaaeaiiy
iaiao?aeii? oaoiieia?/ii? iaaei??iino? i?e i?iaeooaaii? iniiaieo aoce?a
oa eiino?oeoi?nueeeo eiiiiiiaie aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo aa?aaaoieo
aa?noao?a. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aaco?oueny ia ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie
oeiiaeo noai eiiiiiiaie AA, oieiaeaeueiiai iniauaiiy (OI) oa
onoaiiai/ii-caoeneieo i?eno?i?a (OCI) c ??ciei nooiaiai
ia?aiaeaaiaeaeoaaiino?, a oaeiae iaoiaeeeith no?oeoo?iiai neioaco
eiiiiiiaie AA oa OCI. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio?
ae??oothoueny oae? caaea/?:

iaa?oiooaaiiy no?oeoo?e oa aeae?a aio/eino? AA c ?ic?iaeith
eeaneo?eaoe?? oa ocaaaeueiaii? no?oeoo?e AAA;

nenoaiaoecaoe?y oa eeaneo?eaoe?y eiino?oeoe?e OCI oa OI AAA c
?ic?iaeith aaie iiaeo eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue;

noai?aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie neioaco noai eiiiiiiaie OCI aeey
ia?iaee a?oie ei?ionieo aeaoaeae ia AAA;

?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e
eiino?oeoi?nueei? eiiiiiiaee AAA;

?aae?caoe?y ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee o aeaeyae? eiiieaeno i?ia?ai oa
ia?aa??ea aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaii? nenoaie i?iaeooaaiiy noai
eiiiiiiaie OCI aeey AAA.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia iniia?
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy Oe?a?ie oa ia?niaeoea
?icaeoeo, ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo i?iaeooaaiiy, aeaioiaeaiiy oa
aenieoaoaoe?? aa?aaaoiiai iaoaei??caeueiiai onoaoeoaaiiy aia?oa
?ic?iaeai? iniiai? i?eioeeie neioaco eiiiiiiaie aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo
aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a na?aaei?o ?ici???a, ye? aeeth/athoue a naaa
niiniae, iiaeae? oa iaoiaeeeo oi?aae?iiy aio/e?noth
(ia?aiaeaaiaeaeoaai?noth) oeueiai onoaoeoaaiiy.

Oe? ?ic?iaee aacothoueny:

ia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai?e nenoai? oeiiaeo eiiiiiiaie AAA, a oaeiae
niinia?a i?aeaeuaiiy ?o aio/eino?;

ia iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeyo no?oeoo? oaoiieia?/ieo oa eiino?oeoi?nueeeo
eiiiiiiaie AAA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o, ?ic?iaeaieo ia iniia?
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?? c aeei?enoaiiyi iieiaeaiue oai???
ia/?oeeo iiiaeei, ye? aeicaieythoue noai?eoe nenoaio aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
neioaco no?oeoo?e oeeo eiiiiiiaie;

ia cai?iiiiiaaieo i?eioeeiao iioei?caoe?? oieiaeaeueiiai iniauaiiy, yea
aeei?enoiao?oueny a aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iiio aa?aaaoiiio iaoaei??caeueiiio
onoaoeoaaii?;

ia i?eioeeiao no?oeoo?iiai neioaco oa ?aae?caoe?? eiiiiiiaie OCI aeey
ia?iaee a?oi ei?ionieo aeaoaeae ia AAA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ? ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a a i?iieneiaino?. Ia
iniia? aeeiiaieo ocaaaeueiaiue, oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa
?ic?iaeaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeinyaiaii i?aeaeuaiiy
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? AA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o ca ?aooiie
nooo?aiai ?icoe?aiiy ?o oaoiieia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae, ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee
i?iaeooaaiiy eiiiiiiaie AAA oa noai?aiiy aaie aoce?a, ye? caaacia/othoue
aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe. Eiiieaen i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?iaie aeeth/a? a
naaa:

iaoiaeeeo aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?? i?e i?iaeooaaii?
aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a ia iniia? oai??? ia/?oeeo
iiiaeei;

iaoiaeeeo aeai?o ??aiy aio/eino? AA na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o, yea aeicaiey?
ia ?aii?o aoaiao i?iaeooaaiiy iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yiee oa iaae? aaaaeaiiy
aio/eino? a oaoiieia?/io nenoaio ? ?aoe?iiaeueiee ??aaiue iaaei??iino?
i?e oeueiio;

?ic?aooieiai-oaoi?/io iaoiaeeeo eiino?othaaiiy iniiaieo oe?eueiaeo
aeaiaio?a, ye? ?icoe?ththoue aio/e?noue AA (OI oa OCI);

?ic?iaeo iiaeo aa?aaao?a, iaoai?ci?a oa i?eno?i?a (iaoaioe Oe?a?ie
17225A, 14576A, 14578A, 17405A, 17805A oa 17380A), ye? ?icoe?ththoue
aio/e?noue AAA;

aeai?eoi?/ia oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai neioaco
noai eiiiiiiaie OCI aeey ia?iaee ei?ionieo aeaoaeae oa AAA.

A ?aieao iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iai ia’?aeiaiiy “Aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iee
aa?aaaoiee aa?noao”, aei yeiai aoiaeyoue eaoaae?a “Oaoiieia?y
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa iaoaei??caeuei? aa?noaoe” Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, caaiae aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a oa
NEA aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a, i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?niaeoea oa
iiaeeeainoae aeei?enoaiiy AAA ia oa?e?anueeeo iaoeiiaoae?aieo
i?aei?e?inoaao, ai?iaaaeaeai? eiino?oeoi?nuee? ?ic?iaee eaoaae?e a
i?iaeoe aa?noao?a, i?aeaioiaeai? ea??ai? oaoi?/i? iaoa??aee ii
i?iaeooaaiith AAA. I/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaea? 2,5 iei.
a?eaaiue (/anoea aaoi?a 1 iei. a?eaaiue).

Ia oiiaao iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c Oa?e?anueeei
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei ?inoeoooii oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy (OIAe?OI)
?ic?iaeai? oeiia? eiiiiiiaee AAA aeey noai?aiiy oeaio?ae?ciaaieo
ae?iaieoeoa oi?o?eiaaieo ooaii?a oa i?an-oi?i ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii?
OIAe?OI nenoaie oi?o?eaoe?? oeueiai aeaeo oaoiieia?/iiai iniauaiiy.
I/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaea? 1,5 iei. a?eaaiue (/anoea aaoi?a
600 oen. a?eaaiue).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?aai?caoe?y oa oaoiieia?y ?aiiioo iaoai?ci?a, iaoei,
iniauaiiy” (28-30 o?aaiy 1996 ?., E?ei); iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“?ano?ni- oa aia?aicaa?aaei? oaoiieia?? a i?iieneiaino?” (4-6 aa?aniy
1996 ?., i. Iaeana); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“No/ani? i?iaeaie iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa oaoi?/iee i?ia?an” (10-13 aa?aniy
1996 ?., i. Aeiiaoeuee); i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ioaa?aoe?y ina?oe,
iaoee oa ae?iaieoeoaa” (26-29 aa?aniy 1996 ?., i. Eooeuee);
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iniauaiiy” (20-21 aa?aciy 1997 ?., i. Ee?a);
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oaoiieia?/ia caaacia/aiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?
aeaoaeae iaoei, iaoai?ci?a oa ?ino?oiaioa” (18-20 aa?aciy 1997 ?., i.
Ee?a); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??: iaoea, oaoi?ea, oaoiieia?y, ina?oa, caei?ia’y” (12-14 o?aaiy
1997 ?., i. Oa?e?a); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“E?eoe/i? oaoiieia??, aaoiiaoecaoe?y i?iaeooaaiiy oa ae?iaieoeoaa
ae?ia?a a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?” (3-6 aa?aniy 1997 ?., i. Aeoooa).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oanoe oacao
aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?e, oanoe iaoaioao Oe?a?ie oa
/ioe?iaaeoeyoe iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo noaooyo, o oiio /ene? i’yoe
?ioi?iaoe?eieo eenoeao.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a ? iniiaieo aeniiae?a, ?ici?uaieo ia 144 noi??ieao, 89
iaethie?a oa 11 oaaeeoeue ia 50 noi??ieao, nieneo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
c 196 iaeiaioaaiue ia 19 noi??ieao ? 3 aeiaeaoe?a ia 5 noi??ieao,
onueiai 225 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Nei?i/aiiy no?ie?a oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee oa ianoaa?euei?noue
ia’?eo?a ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?aei?e?inoaao ianiaiai oa e?oiiina??eiiai
oei?a aenoaathoue iia? aeiiae aei aio/eino? iaoaei??caeueiiai
onoaoeoaaiiy, ye aieiaii? oiiae nei?i/aiiy no?ie?a oaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
ae?iaieoeoaa i?e ia?aoiae? ia aeaioiaeaiiy iiaeo ae?ia?a ca ?aooiie
iaeneiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy iayaiiai onoaoeoaaiiy. I?e oeueiio
i?aeaeuaiiy aio/eino? iaoaei??caeueiiai onoaoeoaaiiy ia iiaeiia
i?eaiaeeoe aei cieaeaiiy eiai i?iaeoeoeaiino?, oiaoi iaiao?aeii caa?aaoe
aenieee ??aaiue eiioeaio?aoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aoiae?a ? aaoiiaoecaoe??
oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e oa i?ioean?a ia?iaee aeaoaeae. I?aeaeuaiiy
aio/eino? oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai ianiaiai oa e?oiiina??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
aeiaaa? noai?aiiy iiaeo eiino?oeoe?e oaoiieia?/iiai iniauaiiy, caeaoieo
caaacia/eoe iaiao?aeio aio/e?noue iniiaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai onoaoeoaaiiy.

Iaea?eueo neeaaeieie oa o?oaeii?noeeie o aeaioiaeaii? ? ei?ioni?
aeaoae? (EAe) iaoei, ye? neeaaeathoue a?eueo i?ae 13% an??? i?iaeoeoe??
iaoaiiia?iaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. A ianea? aeaoaeae, ye? ia?iaeythoueny ia
AA iaeeo oa na?aaei?o ?ici???a, /anoeia EAe neeaaea? 24,7%, a
a?eueo?noue AA aaeeeeo ?ici???a i?ecia/ai? aeey ia?iaee aeeeth/ii EAe.
Aiae?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeae?a ia?iaee EAe a no?oeoo?? oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a, ui ?aae?cothoueny ia AA oa AE ?c AA, iieacaa, ui ia?aaaaeieie
aeaeaie ia?iaee ? naa?aee?iiy, caiea?oaaiiy, caieoaaiiy, ?icoi/oaaiiy oa
ia??caiiy ??cueae, ia ye? a noi? i?eiaaea? 85,1% an?o oieiaeae?a.

AA iathoue iaea?eueo? iiaeeeaino? a ?aae?caoe?? an?o aeae?a
eiioeaio?aoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aoiae?a. E??i oiai aeanoea?noue
iai?ioiino? aa?aaaoiiai onoaoeoaaiiy, yea neeaaea?oueny, a iniiaiiio, c
oi?o?eiaaieo aa?aaao?a, i?eno?i?a oa aeaoaeae, noai?th? ia’?eoeaio
iniiao aeey ?ic?iaee AAA c ??ciiiai?oiei nooiaiai aio/eino? i?e
caa?aaeaii? aeniei? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ye? c oni?oii iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? a aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iiio ae?iaieoeoa? (e?oiiina??eiiio oa
na??eiiio). Aiae?c aeina?aeo noai?aiiy oa aenieoaoaoe?? AA iieacaa, ui ?
ie?ai? eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/i? ?ic?iaee, ye? i?aeaeuothoue
nooi?iue ?o aio/eino?, aea a?aenooi? iaoeia? iniiae
no?oeoo?ii-ia?aiao?e/iiai neioaco AAA, a oaeiae aeinoaoiy aeaiaioia aaca
aeey ?o noai?aiiy.

Aio/e?noue AAA caaacia/o?oueny eiino?oeoi?nueeeie ??oaiiyie i?e aeai??
no?oeoo?e eiiiiiiaee aa?noaoa. Ocaaaeueiaia ooieoe?iiaeueia no?oeoo?a
AAA, a yeo aoiaeyoue o?eueee iniiai? ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeaiaioe oa
i?aenenoaie, iieacaia ia iae. 1. Oeyoe aeinyaiaiiy iio??aii? aio/eino?
AAA iaiao?aeii aiae?coaaoe, ii/eiath/e c aeaiaio?a, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei
aca?iiae?thoue c caaioiaeith (OCI oa OI). Ia iniia? aiae?co
ocaaaeueiaii? ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e oa a?aeiieo eiiiiiiaie AAA
cai?iiiiiaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y AAA (iae.2), iniiaiith eeaneo?eaoe?eiith
iciaeith yei? ? ia’?eo ia?aiaeaaiaeaeaiiy, oiio ui a?i nooo?ai aieeaa?
ia no?oeoo?o eiiiiiiaee AAA.

Iae. 1. Ocaaaeueiaia no?oeoo?a aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo aa?aaaoieo
aa?noao?a.

I?eioeeiiai iiaei aeaeii aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iiai iaoaei??caeueiiai
onoaoeoaaiiy ? AA c? ci?iieie oieiaeaeueieie ei?iaeaie (COE), ye?
caeaoi? caaacia/eoe i?aeoe/ii aoaeue-yeee ??aaiue aio/eino? i?e
iaeneiaeuei?e eiioeaio?aoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aoiae?a. Cai?iiiiiaai?
eeaneo?eaoe?? aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iiai aa?aaaoiiai onoaoeoaaiiy, AA c COE
oa ?o iaaacei?a noai?ththoue ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?ic?iaee
??ciiiai?oieo eiiiiiiaie oeueiai aeaeo iaoaei??caeueiiai onoaoeoaaiiy a
caeaaeiino? a?ae iio??aii? aio/eino? oa i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Ia eaoaae??
oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa iaoaei??caeueieo aa?noao?a OAeIO i?e
o/ano? aaoi?a ?ic?iaeaia aaia eiiiiiiaie AA c COE, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny
ca oeiii iaaaceio oa /eneii COE.

Aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?i? AA

I?eno??e ia?ai?uai-iy OE

Oieiaeaeue-ia ei?iaea

(OE)

I?eno??e ia?ai?uai-iy OI

Oieiaeaeue-ia ianaaeea

(OI)

Oieiaeaeue-iee aocie

(OA)

I?eno??e ia?ai?uai-iy OA

I?eno??e ia?ai?uai-iy NA

O?ainii?-oiee aa?aaao (OA)

Onoaiiai/ii-caoeneiee i?eno??e (OCI)

Neeiaee

aa?aaao

(NA)

I?eno??e

ci?ie

OE

I?eno??e ia?ai?uai-iy OCI

Aio/eee (AAN)

Ia?aiaeaaiaeaeoaaeueiee (IAN)

Aaoiiaoe/ii

Iaoai?ciaaii

A?o/io

Iciaea

Ia’?eo

ia?aiaeaaiae-aeaiiy

Nooi?iue

aio/eino?

Aeae ia-

?aiaeaai-aeaeaiiy

Ai?eciioaeueia

Aa?oeeaeueia

Iaoeeueia

??ciioeiia

?aeaeia

Iaeiiiiceoe?eiee

Aaaaoiiiceoe?eiee

I?ia?aio?iee

eiio?iea? (IE)

*IE

Oieiaeaeueia iniauaiiy

Onoaiiai/ii-caoeneiee i?eno??e

Neeiaa

aieiaea

?aaieueaa?ia

aieiaea

Iiai?ioii-ae?eeeueiee

no?e

Iiai?ioiee

aa?aaai

Neeiaee no?e

O?anoiaee

no?e

Aeae eiiii-

iiaee

*enei iiceoe?e

Nenoaia ea?oaaiiy

Ia’?eo iiaea/e

Iiacaeiaaeiuei-ii?ioiee

no?e

I?noea ciaoiaeaeaiiy ia’?eoo

Iae. 2. Eeaneo?eaoe?y aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a.

Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue niaoe?aeueieo aeaoaeae a AA i?eiaaea? ia aeieth
OCI, a ca’yceo c /ei o?oaeii?noe?noue ?o aeaioiaeaiiy neeaaea? 20 …
40% an??? o?oaeii?noeino? aeaioiaeaiiy AA, oi/ e?euee?noue oa iana oeeo
aeaoaeae a AA ia ia?aaeuo? 6 … 15%. ?ic?iaeaia ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaii?
ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e oa eeaneo?eaoe?? aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo OCI
nenoaia aaoiiaoeciaaiiai neioaco noai eiiiiiiaie (NE) OCI (iae. 3)
ooieoe?iio? ia ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio iie? ?yaeo ianea?a oiiaii-iino?eii?
?ioi?iaoe??, yea noai?th? aaie ciaiue a oe?e i?aaeiaoi?e aaeoc?. Ciaiiy
oe? iino?eii ooi/iththoueny oa aaeineiiaeththoueny, oiio i?aeeyaathoue
ci?i?. Oiiaii-iino?eio ?ioi?iaoe?th NAI? OCI neeaaeathoue oae? a?oie
ciaiue: a?ae?ioaea eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a (AEA), a?ae?ioaea oeiiaeo
cia?aaeaiue (AOC) oa a?ae?ioaea eiino?oeoe?e-aiaeia?a (AEA).

Iniiaieie aoaiaie NAI? NE OCI ?:

oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo oi?ioe (NO) OCI;

neioac eiieo?aioieo aa??aio?a eiino?oeoe?e OCI ia ??ai? noai
eiiiiiiaie;

aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia iioei?caoe?y NE OCI.

Iae. 3. Aeai?eoi?/ia no?oeoo?a nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai neioaco NE OCI.

Iine?aeiaia oi?ioaaiiy cia/oueo iie?a NO cae?enith?oueny ii noi?iiaai?e
aac? aeaieo (AAe), yea ooai?th? AEA o aeaeyae? oaaeeoeue
a?aeiia?aeiinoae (OA). NO OCI neeaaea?oueny c aeaa’yoe iie?a, ye?
?iciiae?eai? ia o?e a?oie aeao?naie. Ia?oa a?oia aeeth/a? o?e iiey, ye?
aecia/athoue eiino?oeoeai? iciaee onoaiiai/ieo aeaiaio?a. Ae?oaa —
iieno? caoenei? aeaiaioe oa i?noeoue i’youe iie?a. Inoaii? iiea ooai?th?
o?aoth a?oio, yea aecia/a? aeae ei?iona OCI. No?oeoo?ia oi?ioea ia?
aeaeyae:

(((.(((.((( — (.((.(.((.(( — ((

1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9

eiaee iie?a a?aeiia?aeathoue oaeei aeaiaioai: 1 — eiae ianoaiiaiiai
aeaiaioo, yeee ?aae?co? aacoaaiiy ii onoaiiai/i?e aacia?e ieiuei?; 2
— eiae ianoaiiaiiai aeaiaioo yeee ?aae?co? aacoaaiiy ii iai?aaeyth/?e
aacia?e ieiuei?; 3 — eiae ianoaiiaiiai aeaiaioo, yeee ?aae?co? aacoaaiiy
ii iii?i?e aacia?e ieiuei?; 4 — eiae aeaeo i?eaiaeo caoeneiiai aeaiaioa;
5 — eiae iaoai?cio, ui ia?aaea? coneeey a?ae i?eaiaeo aei i?aeneethaa/a
caoeneiiai aeaiaioa; 6 — eiae i?aeneethaa/a caoeneiiai aeaiaioa; 7 —
eiae iaoai?cio, ui ia?aaea? coneeey a?ae i?aeneethaa/a aei aeeiiaa/iai
iaoai?cio caoeneiiai aeaiaioa; 8 — eiae aeeiiaa/iai iaoai?cio caoeneiiai
aeaiaioa; 9 — eiae oeio ei?iona OCI.

Ca cia/aiiyie iie?a NO cae?enith?oueny oi?ioaaiiy iiiaeeie NO oeyoii
ia?aiiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo aa??aio?a, a oaeiae ?o ni?ooaaiiy. A?ao?/ia
cia?aaeaiiy oi?io?oueny aeey aa??aio?a, ui aeciai? ia?niaeoeaieie. Ia
oeueiio ae aoai? a ?aaeei? ae?aeiao ?ic?aoiaothoueny neaey?i? e?eoa???
iioeiaeueiino? ii eiaeiiio aa??aioo.

Neioac aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo OCI ? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiith caaea/ath,
oiaoi cae?enith?oueny c canoinoaaiiyi e?eueeio oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e O, ui
caeaaeaoue a?ae ?yaeo ia?aiao??a eiino?oeoe?? E i?eno?ith:

I?e/iio, ia?aiao?e oa iieacieee yeino? eiino?oeoe?? ?c m aeaiaio?a
iiaeii? caaeiaieueiyoe caaeaiei iaiaaeaiiyi, ye? o naiiio caaaeueiiio
aeaeyae? i?aaenoaaeythoueny oaeeie ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie aeey iaeano?
aeiionoeieo eiino?oeoe?e D:

aea EO — /enei oeii?ici???a aeaoaeae, ye? iiaeia onoaiiaethaaoe a OCI,
oo.; tHi — /an ia?aiaeaaiaeaeaiiy OCI i?e ia?aoiae? ia ia?iaeo aeaoaeae
?-ai oeii?ici??o, oa.; (AAA? — /an oeeeeo AAA i?e ia?iaoe? aeaoae? ?-ai
oeii?ici??o, oa.; NI? — ?ici?? ia?o?? aeaoaeae ?-ai oeii?ici??o, oo.

aea ( — ia?aiao? iioieo a?aeiia; (? — /an ?iaioe OCI, oa.

Caeaaei?noue aeey aecia/aiiy iioeaee onoaiiaee i?e iaeiioe?ai?o?e noai?
aacoaaiiy ei?ionieo aeaoaeae ii ieiuei? oa aeaio ioai?ao ia? aeaeyae

aea ( — caci? a c’?aeiaii? iaeaoeue-ioa??, ii; ?Od, ?OD — aeiionee ia
ae?aiao?e iaeueoey oa ioai?o a?aeiia?aeii, ii; l — a?aenoaiue a?ae
oeee?iae?e/iiai iaeueoey aei iiaa?oi?, ui ia?iaeth?oueny, ii; t —
eiao?oe??io ?eceeo a ?ic?aooieo ?ici??iiai eaioethaa; m — /enei eaiie
?ici??iiai eaioethaa, oo;

OA? — aeiione ia ?-e aeaiaio ?ici??iiai eaioethaa, ii; E? — eiao?oe??io
a?aeiiniiai ?icn?thaaiiy.

Nenoaia oaoi?/ieo oa e?eoa??aeueieo iaiaaeaiue ia i?ioean neioaco
eiiiiiiaie OCI ia? aeaeyae

Aea on? aeaiaioe eiino?oeoe?? OCI AOCI iiaeii? ciaoiaeeoeny o
a?ae?ioaoe? eiino?oeoe?eieo aeaiaio?a, ia?aiao?e aeaiaio?a IEA iathoue
iaai? iaae?, a ia?aiao?e i?eno?ith iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe aeiiaai aei
ia?aiao??a aa?noaoa. Oaeiae ?niothoue iaiaaeaiiy ia /an ia?aiaeaaeee
i?eno?ith, eiao?oe??io eiai nooiaiy aio/eino? oa iioeaee onoaiiaee
caaioiaee o i?eno?i?.

Aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia iioei?caoe?y NE OCI cae?enith?oueny iaoiaeii
iine?aeiaieo iinooiie. Nenoaia iioei?caoe?eieo caaea/ i?e oeueiio ia?
ianooiiee aeaeyae:

E1 = inf COCI (u),

E2 = sup GOCI (u), i?e COCI (u)( E1 + (COCI ,

E3 = sup ?(u), i?e GOCI (u) ( E2 — (GOCI ,

E4 = inf (O (u), i?e ?(u) ( E3 — (?(u),

aea u — eiie?aoiee aa??aio eiino?oeoe?? OCI c iiiaeeie U; (NOCI, (GOCI,
(?(u) — iinooiee ii e?eoa??yi, aaee/eia yeeo aecia/a?oueny i?e
ii??aiyii? e?eoa???a iiia?ii oa iine?aeiaii.

?ic?iaeaia nenoaia aaoiiaoeciaaiiai neioaco NE OCI c aeei?enoaiiyi
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aacaie aeaieo NLARION aeicaiey? ciaioeoe
o?oaeii?noe?noue i?iaeooaaiiy OCI ia ??ai? aeai?o noai eiiiiiiaie ia 5
… 8%. Oaeiae, ca o/anoth aaoi?a ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaii?
ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e oa eeaneo?eaoe?? OCI ?ic?iaeaia aaia
aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo onoaiiai/ieo i?eno?i?a.

Caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai aeo?aeiiai iieiaeaiiy ??caeueieo ?ino?oiaio?a
(??) ii a?aeiioaiith aei caaioiaee, yea onoaiiaeaia a OCI, oa
ia?aaeaaaiiy ?i iaa?oaeueiiai ?ooo cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith OI,
aei yeiai a?aeiinyoueny oieiaeaeuei? aocee (OA), oieiaeaeuei? ianaaeee
(OI), oieiaeaeuei? ei?iaee (OE) oa oieiaeaeuei? aaaee (OA). OI, yea
ia?aiaeaaiaeaeo?oueny, aea? iiaeeea?noue ci?ithaaoe iieiaeaiiy ?? a
inueiaiio oa iiia?a/iiio iai?yieao, iiaeeeaa oaeiae ci?ia eooiaiai
iieiaeaiiy in?. Ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaii? eeaneo?eaoe?? OI AA ca o/anoth
aaoi?a ?ic?iaeaia aaia eiino?oeoe?e OI c ??ciei nooiaiai aio/eino?
(iaoaioe Oe?a?ie 14576A, 14578A, 17225A, 17380A, 17405A oa 17805A), yea
iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye ia AAA, oae ? ia aa?noaoao c *IE.

Aeae OI aieeaa? ia no?oeoo?o oaoiieia?/ii? eiiiiiiaee AAA, oiio ui
aecia/a? nooi?iue eiioeaio?aoe?? ia?iaee, aeae neeiaiai aa?aaaoo,
e?euee?noue ?iai/eo iiceoe?e, i?inoi?iao eiiiiiiaeo aa?noaoa oa eiai
iieacieee (i?iaeoeoeai?noue, iaae?ei?noue, aio/e?noue, aa?o?noue
aa?noaoa oa nia?aa?o?noue ia?iaee). Oiio aea?? iaeaea?aei?oi?
eiino?oeoe?? OI iaiao?aeii ?icaeyaeaoe a eiiieaen? c neioacii eiiiiiiaee
AAA, iiia?aaeiuei aecia/eaoe aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeyaeo oaoi?/ii
aeiionoei? aa??aioe eiino?oeoe?e OI, ye? caaeiaieueiythoue oaoi?/iei
oiiaai oa oaoiieia?/iei aeiiaai ia ia?iaeo aeaoaeae a?oie. Noeoii?noue
i?eeiyoeo aa??aio?a eiino?oeoe?e OI ? aeo?aeiith aacith aeey oi?ioaaiiy
aa??aio?a eiiiiiiaee AAA.

Iniiaith iiaoaeiae AA ? i?eioeeie aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa eiioeaio?aoe??
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aoiae?a. Aea?? o??? /e ?ioi? no?oeoo?e eiioeaio?aoe??
ia?aoiae?a ia AAA aecia/a?oueny eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aeaoaeae, ye? ia iueiio ia?iaeythoueny, oa caaeaiith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth. Aeanoea?noue aio/eino? AAA caaacia/o?oueny ci?iiith
no?oeoo?ith oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie. Aaaaoiaa??aioi?noue eiino?oeoe?e
oaoi?/ieo cania?a oa oeyo?a ?aae?caoe?? iaiao?aeii? aio/eino? AAA aaaea
aei c?inoaiiy /enea aa??aio?a AAA ia aac? i?eeiyoi?
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ii? noaie ia?iaee. No?oeoo?a nenoaie neioaco
eiiiiiiaee AAA iieacaia ia iae. 4.

A no?oeoo?? AAA iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e ???a?o?/ieo ??ai?: ooieoe?iiaeueieo
aeaiaio?a; neeaaeaeueieo iaeeieoeue oa aeaoaeae; eiino?oeoeaieo
aeaiaio?a. Ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaii? ooieoe?iiaeueii? oa ???a?o?/ii?
no?oeoo?e AAA iiaeaeue neioaco eiai eiiiiiiaee iiaeia iiaeaoe o aeaeyae?
neeaaeiiai a?aoa. Aeaiaioe no?oeoo?e AAA ? neeaaeiaeie ia?oiai ??aiy
aeaeiiiiceoe??.

A?aoe, ye? neeaaeathoue ae?oaee ??aaiue, iiaoaeiaai? ca oei naiei
i?eioeeiii, ui e iniiaiee a?ao, ? a?aeia?aaeathoue no?oeoo?o eiaeiiai
aeaiaioo aeuiai ??aiy.

O?ao?i ??aiai aeaeiiiiceoe?? ? aa??aioe eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a aeey
?aae?caoe?? eiaeiiai ?c aeaiaio?a ae?oaiai ??aiy. Ia iae. 5 cia?aaeaiee
iiaiee a?ao neioaco, aea aa?oeie oeaio?aeueiiai a?aoa a?aeiia?aeathoue
ocaaaeueiai?e no?oeoo?? AAA, a a?aoe, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue no?oeoo?o
aeaiaio?a ae?oaiai ??aiy, oi?iothoueny ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaieo
ooieoe?iiaeueieo no?oeoo? oeeo aeaiaio?a. Eiaeai a?ao ioeueoea?aoa Yij
yaey? niaith a?ao-aea?aai ia?iaee oaaeeoeue a?aeiia?aeiinoae aeai?o j-ai
eiino?oeoeaiiai aeaiaioo ae?oaiai ??aiy aeey i-ai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
aeaiaioo ia?oiai ??aiy.

No?oeoo?o eiiiiiiaee AAA iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe o aeaeyae? ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
iiaeae?

Iae. 4. No?oeoo?a nenoaie neioaco eiiiiiiaee AAA.

aea A? — aaeoi? eiaeo no?oeoo?iiai aeaiaioa; I? — aaeoi? iao?e/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeaiaioo; ?? — aaeoi? i?inoi?iaiai ?icoaooaaiiy; G?? —
aaeoi? ia?aiao?e/ii? aio/eino?; Gsi — aaeoi? no?oeoo?ii? aio/eino?; m —
/enei aeaiaio?a a no?oeoo??.

( max; eiao?oe??io nooiaith aio/eino? GAAA ( max; eiao?oe??io
aioiaiino? (A(t) ( max; eiia??i?noue aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe AAA ia i?ioyc?
ieaiiaiai ia??iaeo /ano ?(t) ( max; caian aa?noaoa ii i?iaeoeoeaiino? (Q
( max.

Ooo Ai — ii?iaoeaiee eiao?oe??io aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?; EAAA —
eai?oaeuei? aeo?aoe ia AAA; N? — nia?aa?o?noue ??/iiai aeioneo aeaoaeae
caaeaii? iiiaieeaoo?e; EO — /enei oei?a aeaoaeae; OIA?j — /an
ia?aiaeaaiaeaeaiiy AAA ia ia?iaeo aeaoaeae j-ai oeii?ici??o; (AAAj — /an
oeeeeo AAA i?e ia?iaoe? aeaoaeae j-ai oeii?ici??o; NIj — ?ici?? ia?o??
aeaoaeae j-ai oeii?ici??o; NKj — /enei ??caeueieo ?ino?oiaio?a a
eiiieaeo? aeey ia?iaee aeaoaeae j-ai oeii?ici??o; nij, Soij -aeaiaioe
?aaeeio ??caiiy i-ei ??caeueiei ?ino?oiaioii i?e ia?iaoe? aeaoaeae j-ai
oeii?ici??o; tpij — /an ??caiiy i-ei ?ino?oiaioii i?e ia?iaoe? aeaoaeae
j-ai oeii?ici??o; (j — aaaiaee eiao?oe??io aeey j-ai ae?iaie/iai
caaaeaiiy; (Aj(t) — eiao?oe??io aioiaiino? AAA i?e aeeiiaii? j-ai
ae?iaie/iai caaaeaiiy; Pj(t) — eiia??i?noue aeeiiaiiy j-ai ae?iaie/iai
caaaeaiiy i?ioyaii ieaiiaiai ia??iaeo /ano t; QAAA — i?iaeoia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue AAA; [QAAA] — caaaeaia i?iaeoeoeai?noue AAA.

Iae. 5. A?ao neioaco no?oeoo?e eiiiiiiaee AAA.

Nenoaia oaoi?/ieo oa e?eoa??aeueieo iaiaaeaiue neioaco eiiiiiiaie AAA
ia? aeaeyae

Aea on? aeaiaioe eiino?oeoe?? AAA AAAA iiaeii? ciaoiaeeoeny o
a?ae?ioaoe? aeaiaio?a, ia?aiao?e aeaiaio?a IA iathoue iaai? iaae?,
ia?aiao?e aa?noaoa iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe caaeaiei cia/aiiyi, a
iaoi/i?noue ia?iaee (I ia aa?noao? ia iiaeiia ia?aa?eueooaaoe
aeiionoeiiai ??aiy. Oaeiae ?niothoue iaiaaeaiiy ia eiao?oe??io nooiaiy
aio/eino? aa?noaoa, i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?iaee oa aaee/eio eai?oaeueieo
aeeaaeaiue ? oaoiieia?/ii? nia?aa?oino? aeioneo. Iaiaaeaiiy ii
aeiiii?/iiio e?eoa??th c?o/i?oa iiae?eyoe ia eiai neeaaeia?, c oi/ee
ci?o niiaeeaa/a.

Aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia iioei?caoe?y cae?enith?oueny c aeei?enoaiiyi oai???
ia/?oeeo iiiaeei, iniaeea?noth yei? ? ?ic?aooiie ooieoe?e i?eiaeaaeiino?
(i(j) aeey eiaeiiai c e?eoa???a ii an?o aa??aioao eiiiiiiaee AAA.
Ooieoe?y i?eiaeaaeiino? ?ic?aoiao?oueny ie?aii aeey iaenei?co?ieo oa
i?i?i?co?ieo e?eoa???a, ye? caaeiaieueiythoue oiia? aeeth/aiiy aa??aioo
a iiiaeeio

aeey E? ( min (i(j) = 1 — ( Eij — Ei min ) / ( Ei max — Ei
min ), i?e Eij ( Ei min + (Ei ,

aeey E? ( max (i(j) = 1 — ( Eimax — Eij ) / ( Ei max — Ei
min ), i?e Eij ( Ei max — (Ei .

Iioeiaeueiiio aa??aioo a?aeiia?aea? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy:

(A ( j opt ) = max min {(1(j), (2(j), … , (6(j)}.

Iae. 6. Aeaoi?iaoe?? oieiaeaeueii? ei?iaee.

Ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee neioaco ni?iaeoiaai? noaie
eiiiiiiaie AAA aeey ia?iaee oi?o?eiaaieo aeaoaeae ooaii?a oeio “ieeoa”.
Aeeiiai? ia?aa??i/i? ?ic?aooiee ia aei?noe?noue oieiaeaeueii? ei?iaee c
?ooiieie oieiaeaeueieie aeieaie, yea caaacia/o? iaiao?aeio aio/e?noue
AAA, i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue oi/iino? ia?iaee (iae. 6).

Iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiei ? AAA c iiai?ioii-ae?eeeueiei noieii, ia yeiio
ia?iaeythoueny ieeoe ?ici??ii aei 400 o 400 ii. I?iaeoeoeai?noue AA c
COE ? iaaaceiii o aeaeyae? e?eueoeaaiai noiea (iao. 17938A) iaioa a 3,2
?ace; AA c COE ? iaaaceiii-neeaaeii (iao. 17846A) — a 5,5 ?ace; AA iiae.
E?500 IIO4 — a 8,3 ?ace. ?ic?iaeaia aaia eiiiiiiaie AAA, a oaeiae
aio/eiai oieiaeaeueiiai iniauaiiy oa onoaiiai/ii-caoeneieo i?eno?i?a
noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae aeey oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oi?o?eiaaieo
ooaii?a ? i?an-oi?i.

AENIIAEE

Aiae?c ocaaaeueiaii? ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e AAA aeicaieea aecia/eoe
iniiai? ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeaiaioe, ye? iaea?eueoa aieeaathoue ia
aio/e?noue aa?noaoa. Niiniae aeinyaiaiiy iaiao?aeii? aio/eino? AAA
o?aaa aiae?coaaoe, ii/eiath/e c aeaiaio?a, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei
aca?iiae?thoue c caaioiaeith, a naia c OCI oa OI.

Nenoaia aaoiiaoeciaaiiai neioaco NE OCI AAA aeey ia?iaee ei?ionieo
aeaoaeae ia iniia? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?? cia/ii ciaioo?
o?oaeii?noe?noue oa nia?aa?o?noue ?o i?iaeooaaiiy oa i?aeaeuo?
iaa?oioiaai?noue i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, aeicaiey? aoaeoeaii iaea?aeoaaoe
iioeiaeuei? eiiiiiiaee OCI c ??ciei nooiaiai aio/eino? oa i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
a?aeiinio naiino?ei?noue ?o ?ic?iaee ii a?aeiioaiith aei no?oeoo?e AAA.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy OI iieaco?, ui iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? oeueiai
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeaiaioo aa?noaoa ii i?aeaeuaiith aio/eino? AAA
na?aaei?o ?ici???a iaea?eueo? ? aeicaieythoue caaacia/oaaoe iaiao?aeio
aio/e?noue onoaoeoaaiiy c i?i?iaeueieie aeiiii?/ieie aeo?aoaie, i?e/iio
a ca’yceo c nooo?aei aieeaii eiino?oeoe?? OI ia eiiiiiiaeo AAA aea??
iaeaea?aei?oiai aa??aioa OI ne?ae cae?enithaaoe a eiiieaen? c
iioei?caoe??th NE aa?noaoa.

Aaoiiaoeciaaia nenoaia neioaco eiiiiiiaee AAA aaco?oueny ia iaoaiaoe/i?e
iiaeae?, yea aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaea? o?e ??ai? aeaeiiiiceoe?? no?oeoo?e
aa?noaoa ? aeeth/a? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueio iioei?caoe?th iaoiaeaie oai???
ia/?oeeo iiiaeei.

?ic?iaeaia aaia oeiiaeo eiiiiiiaie AAA, a oaeiae eiino?oeoe?e OI oa
eiiiiiiaie OCI c ??ciei nooiaiai aio/eino?, a?eueo?noue c yeeo caoeuaia
iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie, ? iniiaith aeey ianooiii? oi?o?eaoe?? oei?a
eiiiiiiaie oa aeaiaio?a AAA.

I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o aeaeyae?
?ic?iaee aaie AAA aeey ia?iaee aeaoaeae oi?o?eiaaieo ooaii?a
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy a na??eiiio ae?iaieoeoa?
aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iiai aa?aaaoiiai iaoaei??caeueiiai onoaoeoaaiiy, yea
cia/ii i?iaeoeoeai?oa a ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie aeaeaie aa?noao?a, o oiio
/ene? ? c *IE.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Aaa?uethe TH.?. Neioac no?oeoo?u iiiaiiiiaieeaoo?iuo aa?aaaoiuo
noaieia // Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai
oieaa?neoaoa. — 1998.- N9.- N. 43 — 46.

2. Ea?ionue A.A., Aaa?uethe TH.?. Eiiiiiiaee aa?aaaoiuo noaieia ni
niaiiuie oieiaeaeueiuie ei?iaeaie // Iaoeiino?ieoaeue .- 1997.- N11.- N.
11-13 (aaoi? aeeiiaa aiae?c aeaiaio?a eiiiiiiaie AA c COE, ui neeaaea?
a?ey 40%).

3. Ea?ionue A.A., Aaa?uethe TH.?. Iiauoaiea aeaeinoe aa?aaaoiuo noaieia
// Iaoeiino?ieoaeue .- 1997.- N9.- N. 43-48 (aaoi? noi?ioaaa nenoaio
e?eoa???a iioeiaeueiino? oa aecia/ea iai?yiee ?icoe?aiiy aio/eino? AA,
ui neeaaea? a?ey 40%).

4. Ea?ionue A.A., Aaa?uethe TH.?. I?eiaiaiea iiiaiiiiaieeaoo?iuo
aa?aaaoiuo noaieia a i?iecaiaenoaa ooaiiia e i?ann-oi?i // Oaoieea
iaoeiino?iaiey.-1998. -N3. — N. 36-39 (aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia eiino?oeoe?y
OE oa ?ic?aooieiai-oaoi?/ia iaoiaeeea eiino?othaaiiy iniiaieo oe?eueiaeo
aeaiaio?a AAA, ui neeaaea? a?ey 40%).

5. Ea?ionue A.A., Aaa?uethe TH.?. Onoaiiai/ii-caaeeiiua i?eniiniaeaiey
iiiaiiiiaieeaoo?iuo aa?aaaoiuo noaieia //
Iaoeiino?ieoaeue.-1998.-N1.-N.38-42 (aaoi? ?ic?iaea ocaaaeueiaio
no?oeoo?o OCI AAA oa aeaye? onoaiiai/i? i?eno?i?, ui neeaaea? a?ey
40%).

6. Ea?ionue A.A., Aaa?uethe TH.?. Oieiaeaeueiay inianoea
iiiaiiiiaieeaoo?iuo aa?aaaoiuo noaieia // Iaoeiino?ieoaeue .- 1998.- N3.
.- N. 24-27 (aaoi? ?ic?iaea ocaaaeueiaio no?oeoo?o oa aeaye?
eiino?oeoe?? aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iiai OI, ui neeaaea? a?ey 40%).

7. Iao. 14576A Oe?a?ia, IE? A 23 A 19/02, D 23 Q 5/32. Oieiaeaeueiee
aocie / A.?.Ea?ionue, TH.A.Oeiio??a, TH.?.Aaa?eethe, A.Ae.O?oeai. Cayae.
11.01.95; Iioae. 25.04.97. Athe. N2 (aaoi? ?ic?iaea i?eioeei ae?? aocea,
ui neeaaea? a?ey 30%).

8. Iao. 14578A Oe?a?ia, IE? A 23 A 19/02, D 23 Q 5/32. Oieiaeaeueiee
aocie / A.?.Ea?ionue, TH.A.Oeiio??a, TH.?.Aaa?eethe, A.Ae.O?oeai. Cayae.
11.01.95; Iioae. 25.04.97. Athe. N2 (aaoi? ?ic?iaea noaio aocea, ui
neeaaea? a?ey 30%).

9. Iao. 17225A Oe?a?ia, IE? A 23 A 19/02, D 23 Q 5/32. Oieiaeaeueiee
aocie / A.?.Ea?ionue, TH.A.Oeiio??a, TH.?.Aaa?eethe, A.Ae.O?oeai. Cayae.
11.01.95; Iioae. 31.10.97. Athe. N5 (aaoi? ?ic?iaea iniiai? no?oeoo?i?
aeaiaioe aocea, ui neeaaea? a?ey 30%).

10. Iao. 17405A Oe?a?ia, IE? A 23 A 39/16. Aaaaoioieiaeaeueia ianaaeea /
TH.?.Aaa?eethe, A.?.Ea?ionue, TH.A.Oeiio??a, A.Ae.O?oeai. Cayae.
05.10.95; Iioae. 31.10.97. Athe. N5 (aaoi? ?ic?iaea eiino?oeoe?th
ianaaeee, ui neeaaea? a?ey 40%).

11. Iao. 17380A Oe?a?ia, IE? A 23 A 39/16. Oi?aa?naeueii-ca??ia
oieiaeaeueia inianoea / A.?.Ea?ionue, TH.A.Oeiio??a, TH.?.Aaa?eethe,
A.Ae.O?oeai. Cayae.23.10.95; Iioae.31.10.97. Athe. N5 (aaoi? ?ic?iaea
i?eioeei ae?? inianoee, ui neeaaea? a?ey 30%).

12. Iao. 17805A Oe?a?ia, IE? A 23 A 39/16. Oi?aa?naeueii-ca??ia
oieiaeaeueia inianoea / A.?.Ea?ionue, TH.?.Aaa?eethe, TH.A.Oeiio??a,
A.Ae.O?oeai. Cayae.16.10.95; Iioae.31.10.97. Athe. N5 (aaoi? ?ic?iaea
iniiai? aeaiaioe inianoee, ui neeaaea? a?ey 30%).

AIIOAOe??

Aaa?eethe TH.?. “No?oeoo?ii-eiiiiiiai/iee neioac aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo
aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a”. Aeena?oaoe?y o aeaeyae? ?oeiieno ia caeiaoooy
iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth
05.03.01 — i?ioeane iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee, aa?noaoe oa ?ino?oiaio.
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.

A ?iaio? aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y noai?aiiy aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo
aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a oa ?o ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a, ui iathoue
??ciiiai?oi? ??ai? ia?aiaeaaiaeaeoaaiino?, iaa?oioiaaia no?oeoo?a
iieacieea aio/eino? oa nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy eiiiiiiaie
onoaiiai/ii-caoeneieo i?eno?i?a ? aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?ieo aa?aaaoieo
aa?noao?a. ?ic?iaeaia aaia eiino?oeoe?e onoaiiai/ieo i?eno?i?a,
oieiaeaeueiiai iniauaiiy oa eiiiiiiaie aa?aaaoieo aa?noao?a c? ci?iieie
oieiaeaeueieie ei?iaeaie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iee aa?aaaoiee aa?noao,
onoaiiai/ii-caoeneiee i?eno??e, oieiaeaeueia iniauaiiy, eiiiiiiaea,
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia iioei?caoe?y.

Aaa?uethe TH.?. “ No?oeoo?ii-eiiiiiiai/iue neioac iiiaiiiiaieeaoo?iuo
aa?aaaoiuo noaieia ”. Aeenna?oaoeey a aeaea ?oeiiene ia nieneaiea o/aiie
noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.01 —
i?ioeannu iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioee, noaiee e eino?oiaio. Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1998 a.

A ?aaioa aia?aua ?ac?aaioaia eiioeaioeey nicaeaiey iiiaiiiiaieeaoo?iuo
aa?aaaoiuo noaieia e eo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo yeaiaioia, iaeaaeathueo
?acee/iuie o?iaiyie ia?aiaeaaeeaaaiinoe, iainiiaaia no?oeoo?a iieacaoaey
aeaeinoe e nenoai aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey eiiiiiiaie
onoaiiai/ii-caaeeiiuo i?eniiniaeaiee e iiiaiiiiaieeaoo?iuo aa?aaaoiuo
noaieia. ?ac?aaioaia aaiia eiino?oeoeee onoaiiai/iuo i?eniiniaeaiee,
oieiaeaeueiie inianoee e eiiiiiiaie aa?aaaoiuo noaieia ni niaiiuie
oieiaeaeueiuie ei?iaeaie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiiaiiiiaieeaoo?iue aa?aaaoiue noaiie,
onoaiiai/ii-caaeeiiia i?eniiniaeaiea, oieiaeaeueiay inianoea,
eiiiiiiaea, iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiay iioeiecaoeey.

Gavriluyk Y.R.. «Structural-layout synthesis of multimix unit-type
machine tools». The thesis as the manuscript on competition of a
scientific degree of the candidate of engineering science on a
speciality 05.03.01 — processes of machining, machine tools and tool.
The Kharkov state polytenhnical university, Kharkov, 1998.

In work the concept of creation of multimix unit-type machine tools
and their functional elements having various levels adaptability for the
first time is developed, the structure of a parameter of flexibility and
computer-aided design systems of layout of locating-clamping devices and
multimix unit-type machine tools is reasonable. The scale of designs of
locating-clamping devices, spindle equipment and layout of unit
changeable machine tools with multihead changer is developed.

Key words: multimix unit-type machine tool, locating-clamping devices,
spindle equipment, layout, vector optimisation.

PAGE 19

PAGE 19

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e oiiae

ooieoe?iioaaiiy

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oa iaiaaeaiiy

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iioeiaeueiino?

AAA

A?oioaaiiy

aeaoaeae

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eiiiiiiaee OCI

Oi?o?eaoe?y oa a?ae-

i?aoethaaiiy aeaoaeae

ia oaoiieia?/i?noue

Oi?ioaaiiy

aa??aio?a no?oeoo?e

eiiiiiiaee AAA

Noai?aiiy

eiiieaenii?

aeaoae?

Aea?? a?oiiaiai

oaoiieia?/iiai

i?ioeano

Aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia

iioei?caoe?y AAA

Ei?aeoe?y no?oeoo?-

aaiiy

ii-oaoiieia?/ii?

noaie ia?iaee

Aecia/aiiy

neaey?ieo

e?eoa???a

a?aeiino? NO

OCI aei a?aeii-

iioei?caoe?y

Aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia

10

NE OCI

8

7

6

5

4

1

2

OCI?

aeecuee? NO

?

eia?

OCI-aia-

?

EA?

Iiooe NE

eeie NO

OCI c aeecue-

Aei?iaea NE

iiai?

Neioac

NE OCI

neioac EA

9

i?

i?

OCI-aiaeiaa

Iiooe ii NO

3

Ae-

a?ai? on?

caaaeaiiy ia

Oaoi?/ia

i?

AEA

AOC

AEA

NO NE OCI

iiiaeeie

Oi?ioaaiiy

Ia?aiao?e

a?oie

aeaoaeae

11

12

NE OCI

ci?ie

I?eno??e

COE

OI

ia?ai?uaiiy

(NA)

aa?aaao

Neeiaee

(OI)

iniauaiiy

Oieiaeaeueia

ea?oaaiiy

Nenoaia

I?eno??e

i?eno??e

I?eno??e

?ino?oiaio

??caeueiee

Iaaacei ci?iieo oieiaeaeueieo ei?iaie

A a c i a ? ae a o a e ? a a ? n o a o a

OCI

ia?ai?uaiiy

I?eno??e

NA

ia?ai?uaiiy

aacoth/ee

O?ainii?oii-

i?eno?ith

I?ea?ae

i?eno??e

caoeneiee

(OCI)

Ia’?eo

Onoaiiai/ii-

ia?iaee

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