IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?inoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue

OIEAN ETHAeIEEA IEEIEA?AIA

OAeE 65.016.7 (33:336)

NO?OEOO?I? C?OOAIIss A I?IIENEIAINO?

ssE *EIIEE ?AAOETHAAIIss ?OOO ??

O?OAeIAEO ?ANO?N?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie (i. Iaeana).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

EENTHE Aieiaeeie? Ieo?ioaiiae/,

Iaeanueea iaeania oa?eoi??aeueia a?aeae?-

eaiiy Aioeiiiiiieueiiai eii?oaoo

Oe?a?ie, aieiaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/i?o iaoe, i?ioani?,

aeaaeai?e IAI Oe?a?ie

AeIE?OI?E Ia?yi ?aaiiae/,

?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue

IAI Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi? (i.
Euea?a)

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

IIE?IA Ieaia Aaeaioei?aia,

?inoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-

aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
noa?oee

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee (i. Iaeana)

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: ?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie
IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo oa

?ici?uaiiy aaeocae ia?iaii? i?iieneiaino? (i. Ee?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “18” ethoiai 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 41.177.01 a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai
?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
270044, i.Iaeana-44, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo i?iaeai
?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
270044, i.Iaeana-44, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 15 ” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A.i. a/aiiai nae?aoa?y

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe _________________________ Noaiaiia A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i?
caeeoa?oueny neeaaeiith. Aiane?aeie iaiine?aeiaiino? o cae?eniaii?
?aoi?i, a?aenoaaaiiy o i?iaaaeaii? no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue oiui, ia
caaacia/o?oueny ia?ao?ae aeiiii?ee aei oace c?inoaiiy. Iniaeeai aaaeea
noaiiaeua neeaeiny a aacia?e aaeoc? aeiiii?ee — i?iieneiaino?, ui
coiiaeaii ianooiiei: iaaaoeaiei aieeaii aeaoi?iaoe?e o
a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioeanao, ui iaa?iiaaeaeoaaeeny i?ioyaii aaaaoueio
?ie?a; o?ce/iei oa ii?aeueiei iinoa??iiyi ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo,
cia/iith aia?aiaii?noth ae?iaieoeoaa, ui cieaeo?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue oe?a?inueei? i?iaeoeoe?? oa caoaeo? ?eiee
caooo; ui??/iei aeaaaeaiiyi c aeiiii?/iiai iai?ioo cia/ieo o?iainiaeo
?ano?n?a /a?ac iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iae?ea?aeii? i?iaeoeoe??; iaaeaaaeaiith
eaae?iaith iie?oeeith ye c aieo aea?aeaae, oae ? c aieo ie?aieo
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Aoaeoeai?noue ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaino?, ye ? ?ioeo aaeocae aeiiii?ee,
caeaaeeoue a?ae noaio oa i?aai?caoe?? aeei?enoaiiy ?? ?ano?n?a:
iaoa??aeueieo, o?iainiaeo, aia?aaoe/ieo, o?oaeiaeo, oiui.

sse na?ae/eoue na?oiaee aeina?ae, iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeey i?iieneiaino?
ia? naia ye?niee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a oa aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy aaeocaaiai ?eieo i?aoe?, ye oaeoi? caaacia/aiiy
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, oiio ui iniaeea?noue
i?iieneiaino? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia iio?aao? aenieieaae?o?eiaaii?
?iai/i? neee.

Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui oaiie nei?i/aiiy ianya?a i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa
ca inoaii? 5 ?ie?a c?inee i?eaeecii a 4-5 ?ac?a, iiaeia neacaoe, ui a
iaeaeeae/ee /an ?icaeoie o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino? ia iiaea aooe
i?aee??ieaiee ?aaeueiith aacith, oiaoi iiieoii ia ?iai/o neeo.

Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith no/aniiai ?eieo i?aoe? a i?iieneiaino? caeeoa?oueny
i?eoiaaia aac?ia?ooy, yea, iaeiae, c? c?inoii e?eueeino? i?eaaoeciaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa, ia?aoai?th?oueny ia a?aee?eoa.

Iaei??th c iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ieo ci?i, ui cia/iith i??ith aieeaa? ia
noai aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a i?iieneiaino?, ? ia?ao?ae aei
iaoi?iaeueii? (ia?aaeaiaioiaaii?) caeiyoino?, aei yei? a?aeiineoueny
ae?yeuei?noue, yea cae?enith?oueny aac o?oaeiai? oaiaee, ia
a?aeia?aaeo?oueny a ?nioth/eo oi?iao noaoca?oiino? ?, a oie aea /an,
aea? a?iiaaeyiai cia/iee i?eaooie, ui ia iaeeaaea?oueny iiaeaoeii.

Ca aenia?oieie ioe?ieaie III oa oe?a?inueeeo oao?aoe?a, a Oe?a?i?
ia?aaeaiaioiaaiith ae?yeuei?noueth ioiieaii a?ey 30% i?aoeacaeaoiiai
ianaeaiiy o i?aoeacaeaoiiio a?oe?, iai?eeeaae, o?eueee a Iaeanuee?e
iaeano? — oea a?eueo i?ae 200 oen. /ie., oiaoi eiaeiee nueiiee
i?aoeacaeaoiee iaoeaiaoeue iaeano?.

Ca inoaii? 5 ?ie?a a Iaeanuee?e iaeano? a?aecia/aeiny no?eea cieaeaiiy
ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ui, iaeiae, i?ecaaei ia aei ?inoo nei?i/aiiy
/enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a, a aei ?iciianthaeaeaiiy i?eoiaaiiai
aac?ia?ooy, ??aaiue yeiai ia?aaeuoaaa io?oe?eiee o 20 ?ac?a, oa
ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy ieeiiino? eaae??a a i?iieneiaino?. I?e/iio, aeeeeea?
oaaao ??no /anoee ?iai/eo iniiaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano na?aae
ca?eueiaieo ia o?eueee ca i?e/eiaie ieeiiino?, aea e ca nei?i/aiiyi
/enaeueiino?.

sseui ua e?eueea ?ie?a oiio i?iaeaie i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy ?nioaaee a
iniiaiiio aeey neoaeaiaoe?a, /a?ac no?oeoo?io iaa?aeiia?aei?noue iiieoo
e i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee, oi nueiaiaei? aiie caaino?ththoueny ? aeey
a?iiaaeyi, ye? iathoue ?ia?oie/? i?ioan??.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ia? noai?aiiy
iaoiaee/ii? aace ?aaoethaaiiy ?ooo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino?, yea
iiaeiia aooe i?aaenoaaeaia eiiieaenii ii?iaoeaieo ? iaoiaee/ieo
aeieoiaio?a, ui ?aaeaiaioothoue aei??, ia?eoeaio ioe?ieo, aiae?c,
caoiaee ? caniae ?aaoethth/eo aieea?a oiui.

I?e ae??oaii? oeeo i?iaeai aeieeathoue aaaaoi caaaeaiue, aeeiiaiiy
eiaeiiai c yeeo o?nii iiaycaii i?ae niaith. Oea ? noai?aiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo oiia ?icaeoeo oiaa?ieo ?eie?a, ia?iuoaaiiy /enaeueiino?
?iai/eo i?noeue i?e caaeainiaaiino? ?eieo i?aoe? a i?iieneiaino? ia oii?
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee.

?icaeyaeath/e o?oaeia? ?ano?ne a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ye oiaa?,
iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe an? ia?eoeai? caeiiii??iino? ieeio i?ioean?a ?o
iaa?oaiiy ia i?iieneiaiio ?eieo, a naia: oi?ioaaiiy iiieoo oa
i?iiiceoe??, oe?iiooai?aiiy, ?ooo, a?aeoai?aiiy oiui.

Iniaeeao oaaao i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ?eieo i?aoe? a i?iieneiaino? aeeeeea?
aea/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae ieeiiino? i?ioean?a a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee
oa ci?ie noaio o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, aeeeeeaieo no?oeoo?ieie c?ooaiiyie a
aeiiii?oe?. Ia iaoo aeoieo, yea oaeiae aeineoue iioe?aia a iaoeiaeo
eieao aea?aeaae, oaea caeaaei?noue ?nio?. Oae, o Iinoaiia? Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie ? 643 a?ae 28.06.97 ?. a?aecia/a?oueny, ui:
“Aeoea?caoe?y no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aaciaeo aaeocae aeiiii?ee,
i?eaaoecaoe?y aaeeeeo ia?eo?a, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoai?cio aaie?oonoaa
i?aei?e?inoa aeeeeea? iineeaiiy i?ioean?a aea?eueiaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a oa
iiaeaeueoa c?inoaiiy aac?ia?ooy”. Aea inoaoi/ii? a?aeiia?ae? ia ieoaiiy
uiaei oa?aeoa?o oe??? caeaaeiino? (i?yia aiia /e iiina?aaeeiaaia, yea
nooi?iue ?? u?eueiino? oiui) iiaea aeaoe o?eueee i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaenieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, yeei nueiaiaei?, ia aeaeue, ia i?eae?ey?oueny iaeaaeii?
oaaae. Iniaeeaa cia/aiiy oea ia? o ia?ao?aeieo, ianoaa?eueieo oiiaao,
eiee aeiiii?ea e?a?ie oa o?nii iiaycai? c ?? noaiii nioe?aeuei?
iane?aeee i?aenooiathoue aei e?eoe/ii? iaae?.

O i?ioean? ?iaioe iaae aeena?oaoe??th aaoi? nie?aeany ia i?aoe?
iaoeiaoe?a — oao?aoe?a, ui niaoe?ae?cothoueny a oe?e i?iaeaiaoeoe?:
Eoe?iiaa ?.?., Aaeoey A.I., Aiaei? Ae.A., *oia/aiei I.A., Aeie?oiueiai
I.?., Ao?eeinueeiai A.A., Ii?e??iei A.A., Aei?iaoioeiaa N.?.,
Aaneeue/aiei A.N., E?ia I., E?aaiiai? A.I., Oaeaiei I.A., Eieiiieoeaaa
A.?. oa ?ioeo.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeany a iaaeao I?ia?aie I?aeia?iaeii?
i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? TASIS “I?aeo?eiea ?icaeoeo aeoeaii? iie?oeee
caeiyoino? a Oe?a?i?” ia 1997-2000 ??.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?icaeoeo
oai?aoe/ieo ? iaoiaeieia?/ieo iieiaeaiue, ?ic?iaoe? i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e noiniaii aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino? a oiiaao no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeuaaeacaii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

aecia/eoe iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue o i?iieneiaino? oa
?o aieea ia noai o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a;

iaa?oiooaaoe eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee ?aaoethaaiiy iiieoo oa
i?iiice-oe?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a i?iieneiaino? c o?aooaaiiyi
no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue;

aecia/eoe noaoe/i? oa aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee noaio o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino?;

ioe?ieoe ??aaiue caaeainiaaiino? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a oa iaa?oiooaaoe
eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae ?aaoethaaiiy ?o ?ooo a i?iieneiaino? ?aa?iio;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaiicoaaiiy aeeiai?ee o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a;

iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee/i? iniiae aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaoeth-aaiiy
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino?.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy
uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
i?iieneiaino? a oiiaao no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue.

Ia?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie oa ?? o?oaeia? ?ano?ne a
oe?eiio oa a ?ic??c? ie?aieo aaeocae.

Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith oa
iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ?: no/ania oai??y ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee, eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeai ioe?iee ??aiy ?
oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? oae? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye aeiiii?/iee,
aano?aeoii-eia?/iee oa noaoenoe/iee aiae?c.

I?e aeeiiaii? ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeeny caeiiiaeaa/? oa ii?iaoeai? aeoe
Oe?a?ie, iinoaiiae i?aai?a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, iaoeia? ioae?eaoe??
(iiiia?ao?? oa noaoo?) a?o/eciyieo oa caei?aeiiieo aaoi??a, iaoa??aee
noaoenoe/ii? oa iia?aoeaii? ca?oiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
i?aaenoaaeai? aei caoenoo ianooii? oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i?
iieiaeaiiy oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui neeaaeathoue ?? iaoeiao
iiaecio oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue:

aeyaeai? iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? oa /eiieee aieeao no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue a
i?iieneiaino? ia noai ?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a;

?ic?iaeai? eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee ?aaoethaaiiy iiieoo oa i?iiiceoe??
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a i?iieneiaino? c o?aooaaiiyi no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue;

aecia/ai? noaoe/i? oa aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee noaio o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a o i?iieneiaino?, ia aac? yeeo cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee
??aiy caaeainiaaiino? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a;

cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaiicoaaiiy aeeiai?ee
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a;

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue
?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a oiio, ui cai?iiiiiaai?
?ic?iaee aeicaieyoue, ia iniia? aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy
?ooo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino?, i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?ice?eo? a iioae?eiaaieo ?iaioao ?
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
o?oaeicaa?aaeaiiy ? nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee (i. Ee?a, 1992 ?.), nai?ia?? c ieoaiue ?ic?iaee oa
aeeiiaiiy i?ia?ai caeiyoino? (i. Ee?a, 1995 ?.), ?anioae?eainueeiio
nai?ia?? c i?iaeai ineoieia?/ii? i?aeo?eiee ianaeaiiy a no?oeoo??
neoaeae caeiyoino? (i. Iaeana, 1995 ?.), nai?ia?? c ieoaiue noaoenoeee
i?aoe? (i. Ee?a, 1996 ?.), Iaoe?iiaeuei?e o?enoi?iii?e eiioa?aioe?? c
iie?oeee caeiyoino? Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a, 1997 ?.), Ia?aae? c
i?aaenoaaieeaie I?i?noa?noaa i?aoe? O?aioe?? c ieoaiue aiae?co oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy aac?ia?ooy (i. Ee?a, 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 5
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 10 ae?oe. a?e., c yeeo iniaenoi
aaoi?ia? iaeaaeaoue 8,2 ae?oe. a?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 98 iaeiaioaaiue ia
9 noi??ieao, 8 aeiaeaoe?a, ia? 157 noi??iie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, 31
oaaeeoeth ia 42 noi??ieao, 9 ?enoie?a ia 9 noi??ieao.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaie
eiai iaoa ? caaaeaiiy, aena?oeaia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai
i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue, iia? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe e ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “No?oeoo?i? c?ooaiiy o i?iieneiaino? oa ?o aieea ia
aeeiai?eo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a” i?iaiae?ciaai? aeiiii?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ci?i a aaeocyo i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio oa ie?aii a Iaeanuee?e
iaeano?; aecia/ai? iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue oa ?o aieea
ia noai o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ? iaa?oioiaai? eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee
?aaoethaaiiy iiieoo oa i?iiiceoe?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a c o?aooaaiiyi
no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue o i?iieneiaino?.

Aiae?c no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue a i?iieneiaino? oa aeeiai?ee ?? o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a ca inoaii? 5 ?ie?a iieacaa noaeo oaiaeaioe?th iia??oaiiy iaeaea
an?o e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo iieaciee?a (aeea. oaae.1-3).

Oaaeeoey 1

Niaae ae?iaieoeoaa a Oe?a?i? ii ie?aiei aaeocyi i?iieneiaino?

o 1991-1996 ?ieao (1991 a. — 100%)

Aaeoc? i?iieneiaino?1992 1993 1994 1995 1996Ony
i?iieneia?noue,8982605248a oiio
neeaae?:aeaeo?iaia?aaoeea9085747065iaeeaia7659494442/i?ia
iaoaeo?a?y8061464139o?i?/ia oa
iaooio?i?/ia8161454140iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy9899574233i?ii.
aoaeiaoa??ae?a9883523835eaaea 10389473229oa?/iaa 7565534745e?niaa oa
aea?aaiia?iaetha. 9883523832

sseui ?ai?oa ie iiaee aiai?eoe i?i no?oeoo?i? ci?ie, ye oa?aeoa?i? yaeua
oa i?eeeaaee iaaieo aaeocaaeo ia?aoie?a /enaeueiino? caeiyoeo, oi
nueiaiaei? oey /enaeuei?noue iaaieiii ciaioo?oueny o an?o aacocyo
ainiiaea?noaa, ? iniaeeai — a i?iieneiaino?.

Aieiaiith i?e/eiith oeueiai yaeua ? oa, ui aea?aeaaa a?ae?eoea a?ae
aeoeaii? iie?oeee ni?eyiiy iiceoeaiiio ?icaeoeo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a,
eiio?ieth ca i?ioeanaie a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, oiui.

I?aoe?aieee, ui i?oee c iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, nai? nia? aecia/eee
noa?o caeiyoino?. Oe? ethaee caeiathoueny caeaa?eueoiai
ia?aaeaiaioiaaiith caeiyo?noth — iina?aaeieoeoaii, ??cieie oi?iaie
aeiiii?/iiai oo?ecio, oi?a?aeath oiaa?aie ?iicaiiiai e a?o/eciyiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, oiui.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aeeiai?ea ci?ie ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa a Iaeanuee?e iaeano? ii

ie?aiei aaeocyi i?iieneiaino? o 1994 -1997 ??.

Aaeoc? i?iieneiaino?Oaii i?e?inoo (+), cieaeaiiy (-) o % aei ieioeiai
?ieo1995 ?.1996 ?.1997 ?.I?iieneia?noue o oe?eiio,

a oiio neeaae?:-8,0-13,7-23,5Aeaeo?iaia?aaoeea-5,6-2,3-16,9Iaeeaia
i?iieneia?noue-3,2-21,8-45,5O?i?/ia oa iaooio?i?/ia
i?iiene.+5,2+9,0+7,6Iaoeiiaoae?aia oa iaoaeiia?ia-ethaaeueia
i?iieneia?noue

-23,5

-14,5

-14,0I?iieneia?noue aoaeiaoa??ae?a-35,6-43,9+0,2Eaaea
i?iieneia?noue-26,2-31,0-7,4Oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue-25,3-60,0-32,5

Oaaeeoey 3

?oo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie a 1991-1997 ??.

(oen. /ie.)

1991199219931994199519961997*enaeuei?noue o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a

5800

5335

-*enaeuei?noue aea?eueia-ieo

19,5

70,3

65,7

102,5

108,9

153,8

86,3*enaeuei?noue ca?eueiaieo ca ieeii?noth eaae??a

1019,7

874,9

846,1

710,8

283,9

Oaeei /eiii, a?aeaoaa?oueny noeo?eia ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y ?iai/i? neee,
iaaaoeaiei iane?aeeii /iai ? cieaeaiiy caaaeueiiai ??aiy eaae?o?eaoe??.
Oa?aeoa?ii, ui ?eiie iiiiaith?oueny, caaaeii, ca ?aooiie iieiae?,
aeei?enoaiiy yei? ia iecueeii?ioan?eiiio ??ai? iiaeeaeoue iane?aeee,
coiiaeai? aeaeaae?o?eaoe??th ?iai/i? neee. Iiaeeaeaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie,
ye iieaco? aiae?c, iaieio/a iaa?iaoueny a iaeaooiueiio ao?aoaie a
ia?iuoaaii? i?iieneiaiai iioaioe?aeo e?a?ie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c noaio o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a ?aa?ii? oa
i?iaeaie eiai ?aaoethaaiiy” i?iaiae?ciaaiee noai o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
i?iieneiaino?, aecia/ai? eiai noaoe/i? oa aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee;
i?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia ioe?iea ??aiy caaeainiaaiino? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
oa iaa?oioiaai? eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee ?aaoethaaiiy ?o ?ooo.

I?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co noaio o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino? iiaeiii
cae?enithaaoeny ca neeaaeiith eeane/iith noaiith aeyaeaiiy
i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo cayce?a i?ae i?ioeanaie, ui ieeiooue ia oii?
iani?eyoeeaeo iie?oe/ieo ? caaaeueiiaeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a a e?a?i?
(?aa?ii?), oa ?o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie iane?aeeaie.

Iaeiae, o cayceo c ?yaeii ia?eoeaieo i?e/ei, ui e oa?aeoa?eco?
ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae, o oaia??oi?e /an oeae aiae?c cae?enith?oueny ca
??cieie noaiaie, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei noii?a?a o ia?eoeaiino? io?eiaieo
aeaiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Cai?iiiaaia iaie i?ioeaaeo?a i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
iiaea aooe o caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? i?aaenoaaeaia ianooiiith noaiith, yea
a?aoiao? neooaoe?th a aea?aeaa? oa ?aa?ii? (?en. 1). Ia noai? no??eeaie
iieacaiee aca?iiee aieea iie?oe/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo ?
i?aaiaeo noa? (aeie?a) ae?yeueiino? ia ci?io ia?aiao??a o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a, yeee iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e i?iaaaeaii? aiae?co.

I?e oeueiio iayai?noue i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo cayce?a ci?ie ia?aiao??a
noaio o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino?, caeaaeii a?ae noaio ni?aa o
eiaeiiio c iaaaaeaieo aeie?a, iiaeeeai anoaiiaeoe ca aeacaieie no??eeaie
aca?iicayceaie.

Iiaea?eieie no??eeaie aeacai? cai?iiiiiaai? caoiaee uiaei ci?ie
caeiiiaeaa/i? aace, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?, ciai?oiuei- ?
aioo??oiueiiie?oe/ii? no?aoaa??, ye? a iaee i?eaanoe aei iie?ioaiiy
neooaoe?? a i?iieneiaino?. Ia?aoo?, oo?eo-ioieoe?ia no??eea — oea
cia?aaeaiiy iaoai?cio iia?aoeaiiai ?aaaoaaiiy c aieo aeacaieo aeie?a ia
??cea (e?eoe/ia) caaino?aiiy neooaoe?? ia ?eieo i?aoe? i?iieneiaino?
(yea iia?iaeo? nioe?aeueiei aeaooii) ua ia aoai? i?iaiico cia/aiue eiai
ia?aiao??a.

Aeey oe?eueini?yiiaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? i?iieneiaino?
iaiao?aeii iaoe a??ia?aeia, ia?eoeaia oyaeaiiy i?i eiai ii/aoeiaee noai.
A

Iie?oe/iee aeie

1. O?yaeia? i?ia?aie
Caeiiiaeaa/a

2. ?aoi?ie (i?eaaoecaoe?y, a?ioiaa
(i?aaiaa)

?aoi?ia, ?icaeoie eiieo?aioe??)
aaca

3. ?iaanoeoe?eia iie?oeea

4. Iiaeaoeiaa iie?oeea

Aeiiii?/iee aeie
Nioe?aeueiee aeie

1. Ianya i?iieneiaiai 1. ??aaiue
aeeooy

ae?iaieoeoaa 2.
??aaiue ca?ieaoe

2. Ianya aenii?oo, ?iii?oo 3. I?eueae

3. ?icaeoie i?aei?e?iieoeoaa 4. Aeiiiiiae

4. Aea?aeaai? noaneae??

5. Oe?iiaa ? e?aaeeoia iie?oeea

Ci?ia ia?aiao??a ?eieo i?aoe?

Aiae?c

?aeiiaiaeaoe?? (caoiaee)

?en. 1. Noaia aiae?co ?eieo i?aoe? i?iieneiaino?.

oeueiio ieai? caaaeueiee noai ?eieo i?aoe? iiaea aooe aecia/aiee ca
aeiiiiiaith ioe?iee eiai caaeainiaaiino?. A naith /a?ao, aaeain ?eieo
i?aoe? cae?enith?oueny ye ni?aa?aeiioaiiy /e nooi?iue a?aeiia?aeiino?
i?ae iiieoii oa i?iiiceoe??th ia ?iai/o neeo.

I?e ?ic?aooieo aaeaino ?eieo i?aoe? ia?aaaaea? i?aeo?ae, caniiaaiee ia
ioe?ioe? aeeiai?ee iiieoo oa i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee, oa, ianaiia?aae,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae iayaieie a?eueieie ?iai/eie i?noeyie oa e?euee?noth
a?iiaaeyi, ui ooeathoue ?iaioo a i?iieneiaino?. ?iiae?, oa?aeoa?ecoth/e
?eiie i?aoe?, aeei?enoiaothoue o?eueee aeai? i?i e?euee?noue
aac?ia?oieo, aaaaoi oao?aoe?a ?iaeyoue aeoeaio ia iaiao?aeiino? iiaii?
caeiyoino? oa caaacia/aiiy eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa ia i?aoeth oa
nioe?aeueiee caoeno a?ae aac?ia?ooy.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?I oa eiai ianooaae iiaeooue aooe caaaeai? aei
i?iaiic?a uiaei aea?eueiaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a, e?eueeino? iieiaeeo
oao?aoe?a, ui cae?i/othoue iaa/aiiy oa aioia? i?enooieoe aei i?aoe?,
e?eueeino? aac?ia?oieo, a?eueieo ?iai/eo i?noeue, a oiio neeaae?
iiainoai?thaaieo, oiui.

Aaeaine ?eieo i?aoe? iiaeia o caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? i?aaenoaaeoe
ianooiiei /eiii:

K = Z + N, (1)

aea: K — caaaeueia e?euee?noue i?aoeacaeaoieo, /ie.;

Z — e?euee?noue caeiyoeo ii aaeocyi oa ii i?ioan?yi, /ie.:

wmetafile8? ??“???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ??
???&??yyyy?????Ay?yA: ???&? ?MathType??????u?th??????
j= 1,…, m — e?euee?noue i?ioan?e;

N — iacaeiyo?, /ie.: N = O + I, aea I — iacaeiyo?, ye? caa?ioeeny
aei

neoaeae caeiyoino?, /ie.; ? — iacaeiyo?, ye? ia
caa?oathoueny aei

neoaeae caeiyoino?, /ie.;

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ay?y : ???&? ?MathType??????u?th??????
ioany aei neoaeae caeiyoino? oa
aac?ia?oieie,

iayai?noue yeiai iaoiiaeaia
?ia?oi?noth nenoaie

iae?eo oa ?a?no?aoe??, ca ioe?ieaie
I?inoaoo Oe?a?-

ie a?i aei??aith? 1-6,

Aj — aac?ia?oi? ca i?ioan?yie.

Oiaoi,

E = wmetafile8? ??†???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ay?y : ???&?
?MathType??????u?th??????Iiieo ia ?iai/o neeo ia ?eieo i?aoe? a
i?iieneiaino? iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe ianooiiei /eiii:

wmetafile8? ??±???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ay?y@: ???&? ?MathType??????u?th??????
cyie oa i?ioan?yie.

A ioe?ioe? caaeainiaaiino? ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? iio??aii aoei a o
/enoiio aeaeyae? ?icaeyaeaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Pv<=>N, aea i?e ioe?ioe?
caaeainiaaiino? ?eieo i?aoe? i?iieneiaino? iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Pv<=> I. Oea iaoiiaeaii oei, ui a oeueiio aeiaaeeo
a?aoiaoaaoe neeaaeiao ? iaia? iio?aae, oiio ui oey /anoeia i?aoe?aiee?a
ciaoiaeeoue ?iaioo naiino?eii e ia i?aoaiaeo? ia a?euei? ?iai/? i?noey.

Oaeei /eiii, aaeain ?eieo i?aoe? i?iieneiaino? i?eeia? aeaeyae:

wmetafile8? ??a???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ay?y : ???&?
?MathType??????u?th???????eiie ?iai/i? neee ia iio?aao? aeiaeaoeiai?
naaiaioaoe?? ca aaeocyie, oiio ui caeaoiee ia naiino?eia naaiaiooaaiiy
ca i?ioan?yie oa a?oiaie i?ioan?e, ye? ? oa?aeoa?ieie aeey aeaii?
aaeoc?. Oei a?eueo, ui iaeiannia?o? i?ioan?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a
aaaaoueio aaeocyo i?iieneiaino? oa ?ioeo aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa. Oi?aae?iiy oeei ?eieii iaiao?aeii cae?enithaaoe c
iiceoe?e i?ioan?eii? no?oeoo?e ?eieo ?iai/i? neee oa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a aeoiaeo ia iueiai.

Naaiaioaoe?y in?a, ui caa?ioeeny ca ni?eyiiyi o caeiyoino? aei neoaea
caeiyoino?, iiaea aooe oi?iae?ciaaia ianooiiei /eiii:

I = I1 + I2 + I3 + I4,

aea I1 — aea?eueiai? oa ca?eueiai? c aeaniiai aaaeaiiy, /ie.; I2 —
aeioneieee iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, /ie.; I3 — aeaiia?e?ciaai? c a?i?? oa
ca?eueiai? c i?no iicaaaeaiiy aie?, /ie.; I4 — iniae, ui a?eueoa ?ieo ia
i?aoethaaee, /ie.

C on?o oeeo a?oi aeey i?iieneiaino? iaea?eueo i?eaaaeeaeie ? aea? ia?o?,
oiio ui o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aiie iathoue i?ioan?? oa ia ao?aoeee
eaae?o?eaoe??eieo oa nioe?aeueii-aaeaioaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee. I?e
oeueiio ii/aoeiao i?ioan?eio no?oeoo?o i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee ia ?eieo
i?aoe? i?iieneiaino? iiaeia ei?aaoaaoe a?aeiia?aeii aaeocaaiio iiieoo.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee/i? iniiae aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio
?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino?” ?icaeyiooa i?ia?aia
caeiyoino? ye aaaeeeaee aaaeaeue ?aaoethaaiiy ?ooo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a,
cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy aeeiai?ee o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
i?iieneiaino?, a oaeiae aeeeaaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eiiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? i?iieneiaino?.
Nueiaiaei? (a oiiaao ianoaa?eueii? aeiiii?ee) ? ?aca?ae aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?ia?aiiiai iaoiaeo ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?. Iaeiei c nooo?aeo
iaaeie?e?a i?ia?ai caeiyoino? ? oa, ui aiie i???ioiaai? o?eueee ia
o?eniaaiee ?eiie i?aoe? (yeee, ye a?aeiii, neeaaea? a?ey 10%) ? ia
aieeaathoue ia eiai a?eueoo /anoeio.

Iaeiae, oi/a ie ?icoi??ii, ui a ?eieiaeo oiiaao cia/io ?ieue
aeae?a?athoue iaoai?cie naii?aaoethaaiiy, iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe, ui
?ieue aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeineoue cia/ia ? iieyaa? naia a oiio,
uia noai?eoe aaco aeey aeeth/aiiy ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a, iniaeeai, ia
ia?ao?aeiiio aoai? ?icaoaeiae aeiiii?ee.

?ic?iaea i?ia?ai caeiyoino? iio?aao? cia/iiai ianyao ??ciiiai?oii?
?ioi?iaoe??. ?? ca?? ? ia?iaea — oea aeoaea o?oaeii?noeee ? neeaaeiee a
i?aai?caoe?eiiio ieai? i?ioean. Ana ua ?niothoue cia/i? ?ica?aeiino? o
ci?no? e yeino? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeaieo, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue ?c ??cieo
aeaea?ae, ui, i?e?iaeii, aieeaa? ia ye?noue aiae?co, oi/i?noue
i?iaiicieo aeaieo, ?aaoethth/eo caoiaeao, ui ?ic?iaeththoueny, oiui.

Iaeiei c nooo?aeo iaaeie?e?a ? iaiaae?ei?noue io?oe?eieo noaoenoe/ieo
aeaieo, ui iaoiiaeaii ianooiieie i?e/eiaie: ci?iaie a inoaii? ?iee oi?i
noaoca?oiino?; a?aenooi?noth a ieo iaiao?aeieo ia?eoeaieo aeaieo aeey
aiae?co ?eieo i?aoe?; a?aenooi?noth iiaieo aeaieo a?ae
i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo?, ui oiaiiaeeeaeth? i?iaaaeaiiy ia?eoeaiiai
aiae?co ?eieo i?aoe?.

Ii/eiath/e c oi?ioaaiiy aace aeaieo ? cae?i/oth/e caoaa?aeaeaiiyi
i?ia?aie, ?ic?iaieee i?ioiaeyoue ?yae aoai?a: oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
aace (ca??, ia?iaea ?ioi?iaoe??), aiae?c, i?iaiicoaaiiy, ?ic?iaea
i?ia?aiieo caoiae?a, oi?ioaaiiy i?ia?aie, ?? ocaiaeaeaiiy oa
caoaa?aeaeaiiy. Iaeiae, nueiaiaei? iaia? iaoiaee/iiai aeieoiaioo, yeee
ae /?oei ?aaeaiaiooaaa eiaeio i?ioeaaeo?o, ?? i?aai?caoe?th, oa?i?ie,
oiui.

I?e?iaeii, ui a caaaeuei?e i?iaeai? aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoaiecio ?ic?iaee
i?ia?ai caeiyoino? ii/eiaoe iaiao?aeii c oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace,
yea iio?aao? aaeineiiaeaiiy o iai?yi? /?oeiai iaoiaee/iiai
a?aei?aoethaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eiiai iaoai?cio ?? oi?ioaaiiy.

sse iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia ci?ie o ??ai? oa no?oeoo?? aac?ia?ooy
aieeaathoue aieiaiei /eiii ianyae oa no?oeoo?a iioie?a ia aoiae? aei
aac?ia?ooy (oiaoi ianyae oa no?oeoo?a oeo, ui ooeathoue ?iaioo), i?ae
iioiee ia aeoiae? c ia?.

O cayceo c oeei iiaeeeai aeae?eeoe i?ei??oaoi? iai?yie iie?oeee
?aaoethaaiiy ?ooo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a:

1) ia?ao?ae a?ae nioe?aeueieo iaoiae?a ??oaiiy i?iaeai aac?ia?ooy oa ??
iane?aee?a aei aeiiii?/ieo, ui aeeth/athoue iaoai?ci naii?aaoethaaiiy
?eieo i?aoe?. I?e oeueiio iiaeiai aooe caae?yiee aanue a?naiae ?nioth/eo
cania?a, aeeth/ath/e iaa/aiiy, noaneae?? aeey iaeio, i?aeo?eiea a
noai?aii? aeaniiai a?ciano oiui;

2) caaacia/aiiy aca?iicayce?a i?ae aio/e?noth ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo
i?aoe? i?aei?e?inoaa ? ciai?oiueiio (?aa?iiaeueiiio) ?eieo i?aoe?;

3) iinooiiaa cai?ia ianeaieo caoiae?a ?aaoethaaiiy aeoeaieie ae?yie.

Aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aiao??a ?eieo i?aoe? (xi — a?aeii? ia?aiao?e; yi —
i?iaiici?) iaie ia?aiee iaoiae nieaei-aeno?aiieyoe??. Oeae iaoiae
a?eueiee a?ae iaaeie?e?a iie?iii?aeueii? aeno?aiieyoe??, yea iiaea
aeaaaoe cia/i? iioeaee i?e ci?i? a?aoiaioo ca iaaeaie ?ioa?aaeo
?ioa?iieyoe??. *anoi c? ca?eueoaiiyi aoce?a (oi/ie) oey iioeaea ia
o?eueee ia ciaioo?oueny, aea e ii/eia? c?inoaoe.

Nieaei-ooieoe?th iiaeia o?aeoiaaoe ye e?i?th, yeo ooai?th? aio/ea
e?i?eea, ui cae??ieaia o ?yae? oi/ie — aoce?a aeno?aiieyoe??.
Iaoaiaoe/ii nieaei — niaoe?aeueiee iiiai/eai, yeee i?eeia? o aoceao xi
cia/aiiy y(x) = yi = y(xi) ? caaacia/o? iaia?a?ai?noue o ieo iio?aeieo,
ye oiiae oi/iino? iaaeeaeaiiy. Aeinoaoiuei caaacia/eoe iaia?a?ai?noue
ia?oi? oa ae?oai? iio?aeieo, aeey /iai iiaeeeai aeei?enoiaoaaoe
nieaei-iiiai/eaie o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo (eoa?/i? nieaeie).

Aeey eiaeiiai ?ioa?aaeo xi, xi+1 ci?ie ia?aiao?o x eoa?/ia
nieaei-ooieoe?y ia? aeaeyae:

wmetafile8? ??c???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A`6???&??yyyy?????Ay?y 6s ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-?????]3/4???]6???uZyU?????aea hi =
xi+1 — xi, fi(x) = y(x), mi = f//( xi), i = 1,2,…,n (n — /enei
aoce?a).

I?e a?aeiieo xi, yi ? mi oey oi?ioea caaea? nieaei-ai?ieneiaoe?th.

Iaeiae, oey nenoaia ia iiai?noth aecia/a? an? mi. Aeey oeueiai
iaiao?aeii caaeaoe aeiaeaoeia? a?aie/i? oiiae. O aeiaaeeo m1=0 ? mn= 0 —
io?eio?ii ii?iaeuei? nieaei-ooieoe??; mn=m1 ? mi+1=m2 — ia?ii
ia??iaee/i? nieaei-ooieoe??, oiui.

O ?ic?iaeai?e i?ia?ai? i?e xxn — aeno?aiieyoe?y ca
oi?ioeith:

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a???&??yyyy?????Ay?y ss ???&? ?MathType?? ?
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y??????1/4??????Times New Roman??

Iaiieyaath/e ia iaiao?aeiino? aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ia?aiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
?aaoethaaiiy ?ooo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ye caniao iiceoeaieo c?ooaiue a
aeiiii?oe? oa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy i?iieneiaino?, a oeueiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe
cai?iiiiiaai? iai?yiee oaeiai aaeineiiaeaiiy, a naia:

1. Iaiayceiaa ia?aaeaa/aiiy i?e ?ic?iaoe? aaeocaaeo i?ia?ai naia
caoiae?a, ye? aaeineiiaeththoue ye?nio no?oeoo?o o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a,
a??aiiaaaeothoue iiieo oa i?iiiceoe?th ?iai/i? neee, ?, a ia?oo /a?ao,
ia?aaeaa/athoue noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue.

2. Aacoaaiiy ?ic?iaee oaeeo i?ia?ai ia iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oa
iaa?oiooaaii? i?iaiicieie ?ic?aooieaie ia iniia? aaeineiiaeaii?
iaoiaeeee aiae?co ?eieo i?aoe?, a oiio /ene? — aaeocaaiai.

3. Iiaycoaaoe aaeocaa? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino? (a oiio /ene? —
?iaanoeoe?ei?) c ?aa?iiaeueieie i?ia?aiaie caeiyoino? oa caeo/aoe aei ?o
?ic?iaee oa i?aeoe/iiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aei? aea?aeaai? oa
i?noeaa? i?aaie aeaaee oa oi?aae?iiy.

4. Aea?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aaoethth/eo caoiae?a o i?ia?aiao ?icaeoeo
i?iieneiaino? cae?enithaaoe ca oiia canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai
iaoai?cio ?o iaa?oiooaaiiy oa a?aooaaiiy aeiia ?eieo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a.

AENIIAEE

Aeeiiai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee c?iaeoe
ianooii? aeniiaee:

1. Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?ano?nieo neeaaeiaeo i?iieneiaino? ?
o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, ye? a?ae?a?athoue cia/io ?ieue a oi?aae?ii? i?ioeanaie
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aaeoc?. Ni?iiiaei?noue aoaeoeaiiai ?o
aeei?enoaiiy, i?aeo?eiee oa noeioethaaiiy ?o eaae?o?eaoe?eiiai oa
i?iaeoeoeaiiai noaio ca?aeii aeiiaai i?iieneiaino?, ye? oi?iothoue iiieo
ia oao?aoe?a ia ?eieo ?iai/i? neee, iiaea noaoe ae??oaeueiei /eiieeii
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ye acaaae?, oae ? a aaeocyo i?iieneiaino?.

2. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaiaeyoue, ui nueiaiaei?
aaaeeeaith oaiaeaioe??th a aeiiii?oe? ? oa, ui ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y
i?iieneiaino? aeeeeea? iaeii/anii iaaaoeai? ci?ie a no?oeoo?? caeiyoi?
?iai/i? neee. I?e/iio aeiaaaeaii, ui oa?aeoa? oeeo ci?i a iaaaaeaieo
no?oeoo?ao ia? iaaio i?yio caeaaei?noue, c iaeiaeiaith ni?yiiaai?noth
aieeao.

3. Nueiaiaei? aea?aeaaia iie?oeea uiaei ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?, yea
iiaeiia aieeaaoe ia i?ioeane ?ooo ?iai/i? neee oa ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
no?oeoo? i?iiiceoe?? oa iiieoo ia ia?, ia a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee, oiio i?iieneia?noue ao?a/a? aenieieaae?o?eiaaio ?iai/o neeo,
a i?ioeane ?? a?aeiiaeaiiy ia iathoue aeinoaoiuei? i?aai?caoe??, a oiio
ia iiaeooue ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaino? ? acaaae? ??
i?aeeiio.

4. Oaeei /eiii, a?aeaoaa?oueny noeo?eia ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y ?iai/i? neee,
iaaaoeaiith iciaeith /iai ? cieaeaiiy caaaeueiiai ??aiy eaae?o?eaoe??.
Oa?aeoa?ii, ui ?eiie iai?aai?ciaaii? caeiyoino? iiiiaith?oueny, caaaeii,
ca ?aooiie iieiae?, aeei?enoaiiy yei? ia iecueeii?ioan?eiiio ??ai?
iiaeeaeoue iane?aeee, coiiaeai? aeaeaae?o?eaoe??th ?iai/i? neee. Oea
i?ecaaei aei iaaei?aaieo ao?ao a ia?iuoaaii? aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo
i?iieneiaino?.

5. Aiane?aeie nei?i/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaaie i?aoe?aiee?a, ye? ia?aaoaathoue
o noai? /anoeiaiai aac?ia?ooy, oa cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ii?yaeeo aeieaoe
aea?eueithaaiei i?aoe?aieeai aeaii?ny/ii? eiiiainaoe?? na?aaeiuei?
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ca ?aooiie eioo?a iaiayceiaiai nioe?aeueiiai
no?aooaaiiy ia aeiaaeie aac?ia?ooy, o?eniaaiee ?eiie i?aoe? a 1999
?ioe?, ca iaoeie ?ic?aooieaie, iiaea ca?eueoeoeny iaeaea a 2 ?ace.

6. Aiae?c ?ooo ?iai/i? neee iieacaa, ui, ii??aiyii c ?ioeie aaeocyie,
iaea?eueoa nei?i/aiiy e?eueeino? caeiyoeo a?aeaoeiny a i?iieneiaino?.
I?e oeueiio eaaiaa /anoea aeaoooy i?eiaaea? ia ieeii?noue, a oiio
neeaae? ca?eueiaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a c aeaniiai aaaeaiiy, iniiaiith
i?e/eiith /iai ? iacaaeiaieaiiy ??aiai ca?ieaoe, a iniaeeai — cao?eieaie
?? aeieaoe oiui. Oaeei /eiii, eiaeiee ae?oaee ca?eueiaiee ca aeaniei
aaaeaiiyi iiaea? cayao ia ca?eueiaiy ?c-ca aeiiii?/iiai noaio
i?aei?e?inoaa. Oiio cia/iee oene ia ?eiie i?aoe? /eiyoue naia ca?eueiai?
c aeaniiai aaaeaiiy oa c ?i?oe?aoeae aaei?i?no?aoe??.

7. C aieo aea?aeaae iaiao?aeii ??cei ci?ieoe noaaeaiiy aei i?iaeaie
?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? acaaae? oa i?iieneiai? aaeoc? aeiiii?ee
iniaeeai. Iiceoeai? ci?ie iiaeii? oi?eaoeny caeiiiaeaa/i? aace,
i?aai?caoe?eieo noa? ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo ?aaoethth/eo i?aai?a,
a?eueo aeoeaii? i?aeo?eiee ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, a oaeiae
i?ia?aiieo caoiae?a.

8. Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iaeai i?aeeiio oa ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino?
? aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy aaeocaaiai ?eieo i?aoe? ye
caniaa a?aeiiaeaiiy oa iie?ioaiiy noaio o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, canoinoaaiiy
aeineiiaeeo i?ia?aiieo iaoai?ci?a ?aaoethaaiiy.

9. Cai?iiiiiaai? oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy oeeo iaoai?ci?a iieyaathoue o
iaoeia?e ?ic?iaoe? oa canoinoaaii? iiaeo iaoiae?a ioe?iee ??aiy
caaeainiaaiino? ?eieo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino?, ?ic?iaoe?
iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy, cayceo aaeocaaeo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino?
oa ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai caeiyoino?, a oaeiae iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio
iaa?oiooaaii? aeai?o ?aaoethth/eo caoiae?a oiui.

INIIAI? IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Oiean E.I. Aieea no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue o i?iieneiaino? ia noai
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a oa ?o a?aeoai?aiiy (ia i?eeeaae? Iaeanueei?
iaeano?).- Iaeana: ?inoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, 1998. — 45 n.

2. Oiean E.I. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?ic?iaee ?aa?iiaeueieo
i?ia?ai caeiyoino? ia 1995 ??e.- Iaeana: I?ii?aoe? Oe?a?ie, Iaeanueeee
oeaio? caeiyoino?, 1995.- 4 ae?. a?e.

3. Caoa?/aiei A.E., Eunthe A.I., Oiean E.I. Aecian-ieaie?iaaiea oe?iu.-
Iaeanna: Einoeooo i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee
IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998.- 52 n.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio oe?eaaecia/aiiy o a?cian?.

4. Eenthe A.I., Oiean E.I. ?eiie i?aoe?: i?iaiic, i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy oa
oi?aae?iiy // I?aea?ae. iaoe. ca.- Ee?a: IOeC?I, 1993.- N. 47-53.

Aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaaiee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaiicoaaiiy aeeiai?ee
aac?ia?ooy a aaeocyo aeiiii?ee.

5. Oiean E.I., Oeaoiai I.E. Aiaeec ninoiyiey ?uiea o?oaea //
Yeiiiie/aneea eiiiaaoeee. Aui.3.- Iaeanna: Ei-o i?iaeai ?uiea e
yeii.-yeieia. enneaae. IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998. — N. 64-67.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei aaeineiiaeaiiy aiae?co ?eieo
i?aoe?.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oiean E.I. No?oeoo?i? c?ooaiiy a i?iieneiaino? ye /eiiee ?aaoethaaiiy
?ooo ?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ii niaoe?aeueiino? 08.07.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?. — ?inoeooo
i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,
Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia oai?aoe/iei, iaoiaeieia?/iei oa i?aeoe/iei
ieoaiiyi ?icaycaiiy i?iaeai ?aaoethaaiiy ?ooo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
i?iieneiaino? ye oaeoi?o i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiaeaioe?e aieeao no?oeoo?ieo
c?ooaiue a i?iieneiaino? ia noai ?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a aeaei
iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaeoe iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy oeeo i?ioean?a. Ia iniia?
oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aecia/ai? noaoe/i? ? aeeiai?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee noaio o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o i?iieneiaino?, ia aac? yeeo
cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee ??aiy caaeainiaaiino? o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a. C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i?iieneiaino?
cai?iiiiiaai? caoiaee uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ??
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: No?oeoo?i? c?ooaiiy a i?iieneiaino?, niaae ae?iaieoeoaa,
aeiiii?ea, aoaeoeai?noue, o?oaeia? ?ano?ne i?iieneiaino?, ??aaiue
caaeainiaaiino?, iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy.

s u m m a r y

Fokas L.N. Structural changes in industry as a regulating factor of
labour force movement. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a scientific degree of the Candidate of economical sciences
by speciality 08.07.01 — economy of industry. – The Institute of Market
problems and Economical-Ecological Researches of National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine, Odessa, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to theoretical, methodological and practical
problems on a solution of regulating questions of labour force movement
in industry as factor of efficiency increase of industrial production.
The conducted research of the tendencies of influence of structural
modifications in industry on a condition of its labour forces have
allowed developing the mechanism of regulation of these processes. On
the theoretical basis are determined static and dynamic characteristics
of labour force condition in industry, on the basis of them the
technique for an evaluation of a level of equation of labour forces is
offered. With the purpose to increase an overall performance of an
industry the measures on perfecting the mechanism of regulation of its
labour forces are offered.

Key words: structural modifications in the industry, labour forces of
industry, economics, efficiency, evaluation of a level of equation of
labour forces, mechanism of regulation.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oiean E.I. No?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a i?iiuoeaiiinoe eae oaeoi?
?aaoee?iaaiey aeaeaeaiey aa o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01 — Yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — Einoeooo
i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu,
Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oai?aoe/aneei, iaoiaeieiae/aneei e i?aeoe/aneei
aii?inai ?aoaiey i?iaeai ?aaoee?iaaiey aeaeaeaiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia
i?iiuoeaiiinoe eae oaeoi?a iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe i?iiuoeaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu yeiiiie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee eciaiaiee a
io?aneyo i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu a oeaeii e, a /anoiinoe, a Iaeanneie
iaeanoe; ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua oaiaeaioeee no?oeoo?iuo eciaiaiee e eo
aeeyiea ia ninoiyiea o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia, iainiiaaiu eiioeaiooaeueiua
iniiau ?aaoee?iaaiey ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia n o/aoii
no?oeoo?iuo eciaiaiee a i?iiuoeaiiinoe. I?iaaaeaiiia enneaaeiaaiea
oaiaeaioeee aeeyiey no?oeoo?iuo eciaiaiee a i?iiuoeaiiinoe ia ninoiyiea
aa o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia iicaieeei ?ac?aaioaoue iaoaieci ?aaoee?iaaiey yoeo
i?ioeannia. Ia iniiaa oai?aoe/aneiai iainiiaaiey ii?aaeaeaiu noaoe/aneea
e aeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee ninoiyiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia a
i?iiuoeaiiinoe, ia aaca eioi?uo i?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee o?iaiy
naaeaine?iaaiiinoe o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia. I?iaiaeece?iaaii ninoiyiea
o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia i?iiuoeaiiinoe, ii?aaeaeaiu aai noaoe/aneea e
aeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee; i?iaaaeaia eiiieaeniay ioeaiea o?iaiy
naaeaine?iaaiiinoe o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia e iainiiaaiu eiioeaiooaeueiua
iniiau ?aaoee?iaaiey eo aeaeaeaiey. I?iaaaeaiea aiaeeca ninoiyiey
o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia i?iiuoeaiiinoe aeieaeii inouanoaeyoueny a
niioaaonoaee ni neiaeiie eeanne/aneie noaiie auyaeaiey
i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiuo naycae iaaeaeo i?ioeannaie, i?ioaeathueie ia oiia
iaaeaaii?eyoiuo iieeoe/aneeo e iauayeiiiie/aneeo i?ioeannia a no?aia
(?aaeiia), e eo nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeie iineaaenoaeyie. Iaeiaei, a
nayce n ?yaeii iauaeoeaiuo i?e/ei, oa?aeoa?ecothueo ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae,
naaiaeiy yoio aiaeec inouanoaeyaony ii ?acee/iui noaiai, /oi i?eaiaeeo e
niiiaieyi a iauaeoeaiinoe iieo/aiiuo auaiaeia e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. Aeey
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ?uiea o?oaea i?iiuoeaiiinoe iaiaoiaeeii
eiaoue aeinoiaa?iia, iauaeoeaiia i?aaenoaaeaiea i aai ia/aeueiii
ninoiyiee. A yoii ieaia iauaa ninoiyiea ?uiea o?oaea iiaeao auoue
ii?aaeaeaii n iiiiuueth ioeaiee aai naaeaine?iaaiiinoe. A naith
i/a?aaeue, aaeain ?uiea o?oaea iiaeao auoue ii?aaeaeai eae niioiioaiea
(noaiaiue) niioaaonoaey iaaeaeo ni?inii e i?aaeeiaeaieai ia ?aai/oth
neeo. I?e ?an/aoa aaeaina ?uiea o?oaea i?aiaeaaeaao iiaeoiae, iniiaaiiue
ia ioeaiea aeeiaieee ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey ?aai/ae neeu, e, i?aaeaea
anaai, niioiioaiey iaaeaeo nouanoaothueie ?aai/eie ianoaie e eiee/anoaii
a?aaeaeai, euoueo ?aaioo a i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea ?uiea
o?oaea e aai ianooaau iiaoo auoue naaaeaiu e i?iaiice?iaaieth oaeeo
ia?aiao?ia, eae: aunaiaiaeaeaiea ?aaioieeia, eiee/anoai iieiaeuo
niaoeeaeenoia, caeai/eaathueo iao/aiea e aioiauo i?enooieoue e ?aaioa,
eiee/anoai aac?aaioiuo, naiaiaeiuo ?aai/eo iano, a oii /enea aiiaue
nicaeaaaaiuo, e o.ae. A oneiaeyo ianoaaeeueiie yeiiiieee anoue ?aca?au
niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?ia?aiiiiai iaoiaea ?aaoee?iaaiey ?uiea o?oaea
i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Iaeiei ec nouanoaaiiuo iaaeinoaoeia i?ia?aii caiyoinoe
yaeyaony oi, /oi iie i?eaioe?iaaiu oieueei ia oeene?iaaiiue ?uiie
(ninoaaeythuee ieiei 10% iieiiai ?uiea) e ia aeeytho ia aieueooth aai
/anoue. E oioy a ?uii/iuo oneiaeyo cia/eoaeueioth ?ieue ea?atho
iaoaieciu naii?aaoee?iaaiey, iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue, /oi ?ieue
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey aeinoaoi/ii cia/eoaeueia e ninoieo
eiaiii a oii, /oiau nicaeaoue aaco aeey aeeth/aiey ?uii/iuo iaoaieciia,
iniaaiii ia ia?aoiaeiii yoaia aic?iaeaeaiey yeiiiieee. O/eouaay
iaiaoiaeeiinoue niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?ia?aiiiiai iiaeoiaea e
?aaoee?iaaieth aeaeaeaiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia, eae oneiaey iiceoeaiuo
eciaiaiee a yeiiiieea e aic?iaeaeaiey i?iiuoeaiiinoe, a ?aaioa
i?aaeeiaeaiu neaaeothuea iai?aaeaiey oaeiai niaa?oainoaiaaiey: 1).
Iaycaoaeueiia i?aaeoniio?aiea i?e ?ac?aaioea io?aneaauo i?ia?aii eiaiii
ia?, niaa?oainoaothueo ea/anoaaiioth no?oeoo?o o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia,
o?aaiiaaoeaathueo ni?in e i?aaeeiaeaiea ?aai/ae neeu, e, a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue, i?aaeoniao?eaathueo nicaeaiea iiauo ?aai/eo iano; 2).
Aace?iaaiea ?ac?aaioee oaeeo i?ia?aii ia iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo e
iainiiaaiee i?iaiiciuie ?an/aoaie ia iniiaa oniaa?oainoaiaaiiie
iaoiaeeee aiaeeca ?uiea o?oaea, a oii /enea — io?aneaaiai; 3). Oaycea
io?aneaauo i?ia?aii ?acaeoey i?iiuoeaiiinoe (a oii /enea —
eiaanoeoeeiiiuo) n ?aaeiiaeueiuie i?ia?aiiaie caiyoinoe e i?eaeaeaoue e
eo ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aieth niioaaonoaothuea ainoaea?noaaiiua e ianoiua
i?aaiu aeanoe e oi?aaeaiey; 4). Auai? e aiaae?aiea ?aaoee?othueo ia? a
i?ia?aiiao ?acaeoey i?iiuoeaiiinoe inouanoaeyoue i?e oneiaee
eniieueciaaiey i?aaeeiaeaiiiai iaoaiecia eo iainiiaaiey e o/aoa
o?aaiaaiee ?uiea o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia. N oeaeueth iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe
?aaiou i?iiuoeaiiinoe i?aaeeiaeaiu ia?u ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth iaoaiecia
?aaoee?iaaiey aa o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: No?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a i?iiuoeaiiinoe, niaae
i?iecaiaenoaa, yeiiiieea, yooaeoeaiinoue, o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu
i?iiuoeaiiinoe, o?iaaiue naaeaine?iaaiiinoe, iaoaieci ?aaoee?iaaiey.

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