I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa

AIOeOEUeNUeEEE Aieiaeeie? sseiae/

OAeE 536.4:535.8

NO?OEOO?I? IA?AOAI?AIIss A ??AeEIAO C NEEUeIIAI?CIO?IIIEIE IIEAEOEAIE

01.04.14-oaieio?ceea oa iieaeoey?ia o?ceea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

IAeANA-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa
ia eaoaae?? caaaeueii? oa o?i?/ii? o?ceee

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ca?aiaa Aaeaioeia A?eai??aia

aeioeaio eaoaae?e caaaeueii? oa o?i?/ii?

o?ceee Iaeanueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe

Caoianueeee I.A., ae.o.-i.i., i?ioani? eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee
(Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa)

Eiiooo N.I., ae.o.-i.i., i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?ceee (Iaeanueea
aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oieiaeo)

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie
?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “12“ aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.41.051.01 i?e Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa.

Aae?ana: 270026, i.Iaeana, aoe. Aeai?yinueea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?n?oaoo ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa, aoe.I?aia?aaeainueea,

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ”10” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee____________ Oaae/oe I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iacaaaeath/e ia oni?oe a oai?aoe/ieo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo i?ioean?a no?oeoo?oaaiiy a
eiiaeainiaaieo nenoaiao iaia? iiaii? ea?oeie oeeo yaeu. I?iaeaia
no?oeoo?oaaiiy ??aeei oa ca?iaeaeaiiy e?enoae?a ? iaei??th c iniiaieo a
o?ceoe? eiiaeainiaaiiai noaio ?a/iaeie. Oe? i?ioeane caeaaeaoue a?ae
aaaaoueio oaeoi??a, iaeaaaeeeaeoei? na?aae yeeo ? oi?ia iieaeoe,
oa?aeoa? i?ae/anoeieiai? aca?iiae??, iiaeeea?noue ooai?aiiy aiaeiaaeo
ca’yce?a ? o.i. Iniaeeai oe?eaaa no?oeoo?oaaiiy i?ae aieeaii ??cieo
oaeoi??a: i?aeaiaeo aia?a??, ciai?oiueiai iiey, oiui. Icia/ai?
i?iaeaie i?eaa?oathoue aaeeeo oaaao oaeiae a ca’yceo c io?eiaiiyi
i?iaeoeo?a c caaeaeaa?aeue caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie, ?o i/enoeith,
?ic?iaeith a?eueo aoaeoeaieo ?aaeei?a i?iieneiaeo i?ioean?a, a oaeiae
??ciiiai?oieo i?ioean?a a aeenia?nieo nenoaiao. Aea/aiiy no?oeoo?oaaiiy
??aeei c ai?cio?iiieie iieaeoeaie a i?inoi?iai iaiaaeaieo ia’?iao
aaaeeeai a ca’yceo c i?aeoe/iei aeei?enoaiiyi a i?iieneia?no?, a?ieia??
? iaaeeoeei?.

Oai?aoe/ii aoei iieacaii, ui oo?aoe?caoe?y na?aaeiaeua a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ia?aiao??a nenoaie iiaea i?ecaiaeeoe aei c?eao iaoanoaa?eueiino?,
aai i?eai?/oaaoe ii/aoie ooai?aiiy ca?iaee?a. Oea ieoaiiy ?icaeyaeaeinue
c iiceoe?e noi??iino? ?ici???a i?e?iaeoi?a oa e?eoe/iiai ca?iaeea ii
Aeuei??iao i?e oaciaiio ia?aoai?aii?. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aee a
ia?ane/aieo aiaeieo ?ic/eiao naoa?ice oa aeiii? eeneioe, ye? ia
e?enoae?coaaeenue ia i?ioyc? iaa?oue aeanyoe?a ?ie?a, iieacaee, ui i?e
iaeeo ia?ane/aiiyo ?ioaineaia ia?ai?ooaaiiy i?ecaiaeeoue aei ianiaiai
ca?iaeaeaiiy iiai? oace. Oea yaeua aaoi?e iiynithaaee iiae??aeaiiyi
e?enoae?a, ui ooai?thaaeenue. Iaoai?cie c?eao iaoanoaa?eueiino? oaeeo
?ic/ei?a oa ooai?aiiy aaeeei? e?eueeino? e?enoae?a i?e oo?aoe?caoe??
ia?ane/aieo ?ic/ei?a iiai?noth ia c’yniaai?. Ia iao iiaeyae,
no?oeoo?oaaiiy ?ic/ei?a i?e oo?aoe?caoe?? iiaea a?aeaoaaoeny aei
ooai?aiiy e?enoae?/iiai ca?iaeeo, iniaeeai a nenoaiao, a yeeo neeueii
?icaeiooa eeanoa?ia no?oeoo?a caaaeyee aiaeiaaei ca’yceai, aai ?ioei
oaeoi?ai. Iayai?noue eeanoa?ii? no?oeoo?e cao?oaeith? ca?iaeie
e?enoae?a, ui iiaea ci?ithaaoenue i?e i?aeaiae? aia?a??.

I?e?iaea oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo iaiaoe/iee ??aeeee e?enoae (I?E) – ?cio?iiia
??aeeia (N-I) iio?aao? inoaoi/iiai c’ynoaaiiy. Iaei? aaoi?e a?aeiinyoue
eiai aei ia?oiai ?iaeo (oi/a ? aeecueeiai aei ae?oaiai), a ?io?ie a?i
aaaaea?oueny aeecueeei aei e?eoe/ii? oi/ee. Ieoaiiy e?eoe/ii? aeeiai?ee
? neeaaeiei aiane?aeie oaici?iiai oa?aeoa?o ia?aiao?o ii?yaeea. Ne?ae
cacia/eoe, ui a?i??thaaiiy /ano ?aeaenaoe?? aaco?oueny ia i?eiouaii?
aaoniai? noaoenoeee iiey ?icn?yiiai na?oea iaa?oue iiaeeco oi/ee N-I
ia?aoiaeo. E??i oeueiai, eeane/i? oa neiaoey?i? oeoeooaoe?? a
iaiaoe/iiio ??aeeiio e?enoae? ai?ieneiothoueny aaoniaei iaaeeaeaiiyi, ui
oaeiae iio?aao? ia?aa??ee. A ca’yceo c oeei iaaoaa? cia/aiiy ?aoaeueiee
aenia?eiaioaeueiee aiae?c noaoenoeee eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iieaeoe I?E.
O?aaa a?aecia/eoe, ui ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue iaia? iaae?eii? iaoiaeeee
aiae?co noaoenoeee iaaaoniaeo iie?a. Oeae aiae?c iiaeia i?iaanoe, yeui
aei??thaaoe ei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? noa?oeo ii?yaee?a.

Oai?aoe/ii aoei iieacaii, ui aeeiai?ea iieaeoey?ieo ?oo?a caeaaeeoue
a?ae i?inoi?iai? iaiaaeaiino? i?e e?eoe/ieo yaeuao. Ine?euee? a
iaiaoe/ieo ??aeeeo e?enoaeao aeiaaeeia ei?aeyoe?? noi??ia c oiaueiith
ieineeo i?aia?ao?a, ui canoiniaothoueny a aenia?eiaioao oa ia i?aeoeoe?,
oi i?e?iaeo oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue iiaeia i?ine?aeeoaaoe ci?ithth/e oiiae
i?inoi?iai? iaiaaeaiino?.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. C’ynoaaiiy niaoeeo?ee no?oeoo?oaaiiy a
nenoaiao c neeueiiai?cao?iiieie iieaeoeaie i?e aieea? ciai?oi?o
oaeoi??a. Eiie?aoii noaaeeenue caaea/?:

1. No?oeoo?oaaiiy aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a aeiii? eeneioe a eaoaioiiio ia??iae?
i?e oo?aoe?caoe??, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ianiai? e?enoae?caoe??. Aieea
oo?aoe?caoe?? ?ic/eio ia ?iciiae?e aeica?iaee?a ii Aeuei??iao ia
ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo no?oeoo?oaaiiy.

2. Aenia?eiaioaeueiee aiae?c noaoenoeee eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iieaeoe
iaiaoe/iiai ??aeeiai e?enoaeo. C’ynoaaiiy i?e?iaee oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue
I?E iaiaoee-?cio?iiia ??aeeia.

3. Aeey aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo oa onoaiiaeo
aeey aeine?aeaeoaaiiy i?ioean?a ye aaoniai?, oae ? iaaaoniai? noaoenoeee
ca aeiiiiiaith ei?aeyoe?? oioii?a ?icn?yiiai na?oea i?e iaeiioi/eia?e
?a?no?aoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1.Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a ye aaoniai? oae ? iaaaoniai? noaoenoeee
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo oa onoaiiaeo ia aac? iiaoaeiae ei?aeyoe?eieo
ooieoe?e ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo oa iiiaio?a EO o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo
aeaeo?iiaaieoieo iie?a i?e iaeiioi/eia?e ?a?no?aoe??. Ei?aeiiao?
a?ae??ciy?ony a?ae ?nioth/eo oei, ui aeicaiey? aeine?aeaeoaaoe iaaaoniao
noaoenoeeo ? iiaeeea?noth ?a?no?oaaoe neaae? na?oeia? iioiee (ii?yaeea
10-14 Ao/n).

2. A ia?ane/aieo ?ic/eiao c ai?cio?iiieie iieaeoeaie, aea neeueii
?icaeioo? aiaeiaa? ca’ycee, i?e oo?aoe?caoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny
no?oeoo?oaaiiy, ui ci?ith? a ?ic/ei? ?iciiae?e aeie?eoe/ieo ca?iaee?a ii
Aeuei??iao.

Ioe?iea na?aaei?o ?ici???a anioe?ao?a ia iieaco? iayai?noue ia?aaaaeiiai
?ici??o, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue ae?iaeaiiy e?enoae?a. I?e
ia?ai?ooaaii? a i?ioeanao ?inoo anioe?ao?a aieiaio ?ieue a?ae?a?a?
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ia aeeooc?y.

3. Aeyaeaiiy iaaaoniaiai aianeo a noaoenoeeo ??cieo iiae iieaeoey?ieo
?oo?a a iaiaoe/iiio ??aeeiio e?enoae? i?e iaaeeaeaii? aei oi/ee oaciaiai
ia?aoai?aiiy N-I.

4. Aeeiai?ea eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iiia?a/ieo oeoeooaoe?e aee?aeoi?a
iaiaoee?a ia? oa?aeoa? oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo ae?oaiai ?iaeo.

Ia nueiaiaeiyoiee aeaiue ia ia? oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie aeey iieno
noaoenoeee iaaaoniaeo aeaeo?iiaaieoieo iie?a c aeiiiiiaith ei?aeyoe?eieo
ooieoeee noa?oeo ii?yaee?a. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeea ? onoaiiaea
aei??thaaiiy EO o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo ?N iiaeooue ?i?oe?thaaoe oai?aoe/i?
?ic?iaee ii canoinoaaiith ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e aenieeo ii?yaee?a a
ei?aeyoe?ei?e niaeo?ineii??, ui aeicaieeoue a?eueo aaeaeaaoii iienoaaoe
ia’?eoe, ui aea/athoueny.

Caeiiii??iino? ii/aoeiaeo no?oeoo?oaaiue, ui aeyaeai? a eaoaioiiio
ia??iae? a ia?ane/aieo iaoanoaa?eueieo ?ic/eiao, iiaeooue aooe
ei?enieie aeey iiaeaeueoeo oai?aoe/ieo ?iaio oa i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy
(aeaioiaeaiiy i?iaeoeo?a c caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie, ?ic?iaea aoaeoeaieo
oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a oa ?i.).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ??cieo iiae eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a a iaiaoe/ieo
??aeeeo e?enoaeao, ui iieacaee ci?io oa?aeoa?o ?oo?a i?e aaiiao?e/ieo
iaiaaeaiiyo eieeaaiue, aaaeeea? aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oai???
oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue oa i?aeoe/ieo aeei?enoaiue ye a i?iieneiaino? oae ?
i?e aea/aii? a?ieia?/ieo ia’?eo?a (iaia?ai, u?eei, eai?ey??a).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a oiio, ui o an?o ni?eueieo
ioae?eaoe?yo a?i i?eeiaa o/anoue a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei??ao ? a
aiae?c? oa iaaiai?aii? ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia: Cai?ia?? ii oai??? oa
i?aeoeoe? e?enoae?caoe?? i?e Iaoeia?e ?aae? AI N?N? “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae
o?i?/ii? oaoiieia??” (A?yinuee, 26-27 o?aaiy 1989 ?.), XI Iaoe?iiaeuei?e
oeie?-nai?ia?? “Niaeo?ineii?y iieaeoe oa e?enoae?a” (Oa?e?a 14-21 o?aaiy
1993 ?.), XIII Iaoe?iiaeuei?e oeie?-nai?ia?? c i?aeia?iaeiith
o/anoth“Niaeo?ineii?y iieaeoe oa e?enoae?a” (Noie 20-25 aa?aciy 1997
?.), International Conference “HYDROGEN BOND” (May 10-15, 1998, Kyiv,
Ukraine), Ogolnopolska konferenzja naukowa z udzialem gosu zagranicznich
“Problemy fizyczne ekologi] wod naturalnych” (Szczecin, 14-15 wresnja
1998), Internnational Conference dedicated to the memory of Prof.
I.Z.Fisher “Special Problems in Physics of Liquids” (May 31-June 4,
1999, Odessa, Ukraine), XIV International school-seminar Spectroscopy of
Molecules and Crystals (7-12 June, 1999, Odessa).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 3 noaooyo o
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, a 1 ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 7 oacao aeiiia?aeae
ia eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? anooi, /ioe?e
?icae?ee, 112 aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, 2 oaaeeoe?, 32
?enoiea, 109 noi??iie.

NEI?I*AIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

A anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ? oi?ioeth?ony iaoa
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? c?iaeaiee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe??. ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?iaioe ii
aieeao oo?aoe?caoe?? ia oacia? ia?aoai?aiiy, oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee ii
e?eoe/iei yaeuai a aaiiao?e/ii iaiaaeaieo nenoaiao, iniaeeaino? oaciaeo
ia?aoai?aiue a iaiaoe/ieo ??aeeeo e?enoaeao oa niiniae a?aeie?aiethaaiiy
a I?E ??cieo iiae eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a i?e ?icn?yii? na?oea.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? iaoiaeeee, iienothoueny
cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae oa iiaoaeiaaia onoaiiaea aeey iaai?o ei?aeyoe?eieo
ooieoe?e ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo ? iiiaioo EO o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo ?ioaineaiino?
?icn?yiiai na?oea. Iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe oanooaaiiy onoaiiaee ?
ioe?iee iioeaie iaai?o ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e iaoiaeii noi.

A oai?aoe/ieo ?iaioao aoei iieacaii, ui aeey iiaiiai iienaiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey iaaeinoaoiuei ciaoe g(2)(), ine?euee? a oeth
ooieoe?th ia aoiaeeoue ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i oaco. Ei?aeyoe?eia ooieoe?y
g(3)() iana i?eioeeiiai iiao ?ioi?iaoe?th, ui aaaeeeai a aeiaaeeao, eiee
iiea ia iieno?oueny aaoniaith noaoenoeeith ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy C?aa?oa ia
aeeiio?oueny.

?ai?oa o iao?e eaai?aoi??? aoa ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae oa c?a?aia onoaiiaea,
yea a?oiooaaeanue ia ia?aoai?aii? /aniaiai ?ioa?aaeo a aiie?ooaeo c
ianooiiith iiaoaeiaith oa iaeiie/oaaiiyi ?iciiae?e?a aiie?ooae ca
aeiiiiiaith aiae?caoi?a ?iioeuen?a AE-256. Iaeiie/oaaiiy ?iciiae?eo
?ioa?aae?a /ano i?ae non?aei?ie, /a?ac 1,2,…,n ?iioeuenaie R(n,)=
aeicaieeei aecia/eoe EO ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo G(2)(). Iaie
aoei cai?iiiiiaaii aaciina?aaeiuei ia?aoai?thaaoe /ania? ?ioa?aaee i?ae
oioia?aee?eaie a eiae n caiii’yoiaoaaiiyi ianea?a aeaieo a iia?aoeai?e
iai’yo? eiii’thoa?a. Oea aeicaieeei ii iaeiei aeaiei aoaeoaaoe
ei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo ? iiiaioe EO a?eueo noa?oeo
ii?yaee?a ca?aeii ae?acai

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00000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f001
0100030000000000

Oanooaaiiy iaoiaeeee ? ia?aa??ea ?iaioe onoaiiaee i?iaiaeeeanue
o?aae?oe?eieie iaoiaeaie, i?eeiyoeie a ei?aeyoe?ei?e niaeo?ineii??. A
?icae?e? iaaaaeaii? ei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo oa iiiaioe
M3() aeey ia??iaee/ieo neaiae?a, “a?eiai” na?oea, cioeaiiai o aiae?
eaoaeno, aeiaaeeiaiai oaciaiai ae?aio c aaoniaith oa iaaaoniaith
noaoenoeeith noaoenoeeaie ?icn?yiiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Ioe?iaia
iioeaea iaai?o ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e, yea noaiiaeea ia a?eueoa 0,5%.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeoaaeanue aeeiai?ea ii/aoeiaeo noaae?e
no?oeoo?oaaiiy ia?ane/aieo ?ic/ei?a i?ae ae??th ia?ai?ooaaiiy.

Oaeiai ?iaeo aeine?aee c?o/ii i?iaiaeeoe ia ?ic/eiao, ui niiioaiii ia
e?enoae?cothoueny, oa i?e ia?ai?ooaaii? iathoue aeinoaoiuei aaeeeee
eaoaioiee ia??iae e.

Oaeei oiiaai a?aeiia?aeathoue aiaei? ?ic/eie aeiii? eeneioe N4I6I6 c
iaeeie nooiaiyie ia?ane/aiiy h=C/Ci ia a?eueoeo i?ae 1,2. Ooo C oa Ci –
eiioeaio?aoe?? aeine?aeaeo?iiai oa iane/aiiai ?ic/ei?a a?aeiia?aeii.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ii/aoeiaeo noaae?e ioeeaaoe?? iaie
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ye ?ioaa?aeuei?, oae ? niaeo?aeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee
?icn?yiiai na?oea. Aei??thaaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ?icn?yiiai na?oea I
i?iaiaeeeinue ca noaiaea?oiith iaoiaeeeith.

?ic/eie ia?ai?ooaaeenue aeaooeiianoiith i?oaeeith. A caeaaeiino? a?ae Re
oa ia?ane/aiy aecia/aeanue o?eaae?noue e. Ia ?en.1 iaaaaeai? cia/aiiy
eiao?oe??io?a eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icn?yiiy na?oea R90 a caeaaeiino? a?ae
o?eaaeino? ia?ai?ooaaiiy tia? ?ic/ei?a ??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?e. sse
aeaeii c a?ao?e?a, i?e ia?ai?ooaaii? iaiane/aieo ?ic/ei?a aaee/eia R90
ia ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao iiieeee aei??thaaiiy (e?ea? 1, 2).
Ia?ai?ooaaiiy ia?ane/aieo ?ic/ei?a noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue c?inoaiiyi
?ioaineaiino? ?icn?yiiai na?oea. sse aeaeii c e?eaeo 3-5 i?e iaeiaeia?e
oaiia?aoo?? oa /ene? Re eiao?oe??ioe ?icn?yiiy aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a aeiii?
eeneioe c?inoathoue ye c ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe??, oae ? c
ca?eueoaiiyi /ano ia?ai?ooaaiiy. ??cea c?inoaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ?N
i?eoiaeeoueny ia ae?oao iieiaeio eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo.

Aeey ioe?iee aieeao ia?ai?ooaaiiy ia no?oeoo?oaaiiy ?ic/ei?a
?ic?aoiaoaaany ??aaiue oeoeooaoe?e f, ye oea cai?iiiiiaaii Aoenii:
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Ooo — aeiaaeeia oaee? ciiaeoth/iai i?iiaiy, NA -/enei Aaiaaae?i, n —
iieaciee caeiieaiiy na?aaeiaeua, X1, X2 — iiey?i? eiioeaio?aoe??
eiiiiiaio?a ?ic/eio, V12- iiey?iee ia’?i ?ic/eio. Caeaaei?noue
ln(f(tia?)) aeyaeeanue e?i?eiith c ??ciei eiao?oe??ioii iaoeeo a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe??. Ioaea, c?inoaiiy ??aiy oeoeooaoe?e a?ae /ano
ia?ai?ooaaiiy iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe aeniiiaioe?aeueiith caeaaei?noth f=f0
exp(btia?). Ooo f0 – ??aaiue oeoeooaoe?e a ?ic/ei?, ui ciaoiaeeoueny o
niiei?, b – oaeaee?noue ?inoo anioe?ao?a i?e ia?ai?ooaaii?. Aecia/ai? ii
iaoeeo i?yieo ln(f(tia?)) cia/aiiy b iieacaee, ui oaeaee?noue ?inoo
??aiy oeoeooaoe?e ia caeaaeeoue a?ae o?eaaeino? ia?ai?ooaaiiy ? c ?inoii
ia?ane/aiino? c?inoa? ii caeiio aeecueeiio aei e?i?eiiai. Oaeei /eiii,
?ioaineaia ia?ai?ooaaiiy c Re>Reii?ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy
aeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae ?iciiae?eo anioe?ao?a ii ?ici??ai, ui ?nio? a
noaa?eueieo oa iaoanoaa?eueieo nenoaiao ca?aeii oai???
Oieueia?a-Aeuei??iaa.

Na?aaei? ?ici??e anioe?ao?a ioe?ithaaeenue aei??thaaiiyi EO ae?oaiai
ii?yaeeo ?icn?yiiai na?oea g(2)()=1+exp(-2Dq2). Ooo D=kAT/6r-
eiao?oe??io aeeooc??, q- aaeoi? ?icn?yiiy, kA — iino?eia Aieueoeiaia, T
— oaiia?aoo?a, — a’yce?noue na?aaeiaeua.

Na?aaei? ?ici??e anioe?ao?a a aiaeieo ?ic/eiao aeiii? eeneioe, ye?
aei??thaaeenue i?ney ia?ai?ooaaiiy ia i?ioyc? e/3, ui ia i?ecaiaeeei aei
c?eao iaoanoaa?eueiino?, cia?aaeai? ia ?en.2. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo
cieaeaiiy oaeaeeino? ?o ?inoo iiaeia iiynieoe ciaioaiiyi c /anii
eiioeaio?aoe?? eeneioe a “aeai?eeo” anioe?ao?a.

?ici??e anioe?ao?a, ye? aecia/aeenue i?e coieieao aeey aei???a i?e
ia?ai?ooaaii? ?ic/ei?a aae aei aeiaaeaiiy oia?e e?enoae?a, cia?aaeai? ia
?en.3. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo ?ici?? anioe?ao?a ci?ith?oueny ii caeiio
aeecueeiio aei r0exp(tia?/), aea r0– ii/aoeiaee ?ici?? anioe?ao?a, —
eiao?oe??io, yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?ane/aiiy ? oiia aenia?eiaioo. Oaeo
aaeeeo oaeaee?noue a ii??aiyii? c ?inoii a niiei? iiaeia iiynieoe
ia?aaaaeiith ?ieeth a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? aeeooc??.

A oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooieao i?eioneaeinue, ui iiaeeco e?eoe/ii? oi/ee
oo?aoe?caoe?y iiaea i?eai?/oaaoe oaciaee ia?ao?ae, aai ?i?oe?thaaoe
eiai. ?acoeueoao caeaaeeoue a?ae noi??iino? ?ici???a i?e?iaeoi?a oa
e?eoe/iiai ca?iaeea ii Aeuei??iao. A iiia?aaei?o aenia?eiaioaeueieo
?iaioao aaaaeaeinue, ui ia?ai?ooaaiiy ?ic/ei?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iiae??aeaiiy e?enoae?a, ui ooai?ththoueny. Iaie ia niinoa??aaeinue yaeua
i?eai?/oaaiiy oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy, a oaeiae ia niinoa??aaeinue
iiae?iaeaiiy e?enoae?a. Oae ?c ?en.3 aeaeii, ui ia i?ioyc? eaoaioiiai
ia??iaea a?aenooi? ia?aaaaei? ?ici??e anioe?ao?a. E??i oiai, c ?en.1
aeaeii, ui no?oeoo?oaaiiy ?ic/ei?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo
ia?ai?ooaaiiy ia?ane/aieo ?ic/ei?a.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoenoeee
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, ?icn?yiiai n?iaoey?ieie oeoeooaoe?yie iaiaoe/ieo
??aeeeo e?enoae?a, a oaeiae aieea aaiiao?e/ieo iaiaaeaiue ia aeeiai?eo
eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a. Ca c?acee, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, aoa aea?aiee
iaiaoe/iee ??aeeee e?enoae IAAA (n-iaoieneaaic?e?aeai-n’-aoo?eai?e?i),
yeee ? iaea?eueo aea/aiei I?E . Aeey a?aeie?aieaiiy eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a
iieaeoe ??cieo oei?a caaeaaaeenue ??ci? i?e?ioaoe?? aee?aeoi?a n
a?aeiinii i?aeeeaaeie i?aia?aoo, a oaeiae iai?yiee aaeoi??a iiey?ecaoe??
iaaeath/iai oa ?icn?yiiai i?iiai?a Pi ? Ps.

Ei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo aeey iiia?a/ieo oeoeooaoe?e
aee?aeoi?a i?e oaiia?aoo?ao ii?yaeea ia 20E ieae/a oi/ee oaciaiai
ia?aoai?aiiy TNI ? aeniiiaioaie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aaoniao noaoenoeeo
iiey. A?aeiia?aei? cia/aiiy iiiaioo M3() ?icn?yiiai na?oea cia?aaeai? ia
?en.4 (e?eaa 1). Oey ooieoe?y ? iiiioiii c?inoath/ith. I?e iaaeeaeaii?
oaiia?aoo?e c?acea iaiaoeea aei oi/ee ia?aoiaeo N-I aenia?eiaioaeuei?
cia/aiiy g(2)() ia iienothoueny oai?aoe/ieie caeaaeiinoyie. Iiea ?N ia
iiia?a/ieo oeoeooaoe?yo aee?aeoi?a noa? iaaaoniaei. Niioai?th?oueny
oaeiae aeaeyae iiiaio?a ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e ?ioaineaiino? o?aoueiai
ii?yaeeo M3() (e?ea? 2-5 ?en.4).

Ine?eueee aeey M3() oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee a?aenooi?, iaie aoa
aeei?enoaiee aeiaaeeiaee oaciaee ae?ai, iiea yeiai ?ic?aoiaaia
oai?aoe/ii ? ?aoaeueii ia?aa??yeinue oeyoii aei??thaaiiy g(2)(). sse
a?aeiii, iiea ?icn?yiiai na?oea ?ooiiei iaoiaei aeeneii c aeiaaeeiai
?icoaoiaaieie ?icn?thaa/aie iieno?oueny aaoniaith noaoenoeeith. Aea
eiee ?ici?? iaiaeii??aeiinoae noa? noi??iei c ?ici??ii ?icn?th/iai
ia’?ia W, oi iiea ? iaaaoniaei aiane?aeie ii?ooaiiy oeaio?aeueii?
a?aie/ii? oai?aie.

Ei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? g(2)(), aei??yi? iaie, i?e aaeee?e e?eueeino?
?icn?thaa/?a aoee aeniiiaioaie, a M3() iiiioiii c?inoaea ye ? e?eaa 1 ia
?en.4. I?e ci?i? ?ici??o ?icn?th/iai ia’?ia W ia oaciaiio ae?ai?
ooieoe?y M3() niioai?th?oueny. Uia ciaeoe aianie iaaaoniaino? ii i???
ciaioaiiy ?icn?th/iai ia’?io i?e noaeino? an?o ?ioeo ia?aiao??a
aeine?aeo a?ae iiiaio?a M3() aeey iaaaoniaeo iie?a a?aei?iaany iiiaio
aeey aaoniaiai iiey. Oae? ??cieoe? ii i??? iinooiiaiai ciaioaiiy
?icn?th/iai ia’aio W iaaaaeai? ia ?en.5 (e?ea? 6-9). C ?inoii
a?aeiioaiiy /W iaaaoniaee aianie c?inoa?.

Ia ?en. 5 oaeiae iaaaaeai? aeey IAAA ??cieoe? i?ae M3(), ui cia?aaeai?
ia ?en.4 (e?ea? 2-5) oa M3() aeey aaoniaiai iiey (e?eaa 1 ?en.4). C
ii??aiyiue e?eaeo 2-5 ?en.6 aeey iaiaoeea oa e?eaeo 6-9 aeey
iaoiaiai aeeneo iiaeii c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui i?e iaaeeaeaii?
oaiia?aoo?e iaiaoeea aei oi/ee oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy N-I aeey iiey ?N
iiia?a/ieo oeoeooaoe?e aee?aeoi?a ii?ooo?oueny oeaio?aeueia a?aie/ia
oai?aia ? oea ii?ooaiiy oei a?eueoa, /ei iaioa ??cieoey oaiia?aoo? TNI
-T. Aea iiaii? aiaeia?? a niioai?aii? iie?a iaoiaiai aeeneo ? iaiaoeea
iaia?. Ia e?eaeo 2-5 aeey eaiae?a c aaeeeeie /anaie c’yaey?oueny
i?iaae.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiai? ei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? g(2)() aeey
iiacaeiaaeieo oeoeooaoe?e ia?aiao?a ii?yaeea aeaeaei a?ae oi/ee oaciaiai
ia?aoai?aiiy iienothoueny ?ioaa?aeii iioeaie. I?e iaaeeaeaii? aei TNI
oey caeaaei?noue niioai?th?oueny. Aeey oeo aea iie?a ia ?en.6 iaaaaeai?
iiiaioe M3(). Ia ?en.7 cia?aaeaia ??cieoey i?ae M3() e?eaeie 2-5
?en.6 oa M3() e?eai? 1 ?en.6. C ?en.7 aeaeii, ui aeey iie?a ?N ia
iiacaeiaaeieo oeoeooaoe?yo ia?aiao?a ii?yaeea IAAA i?e iaaeeaeaii? aei
oi/ee oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy ci?ie iiiaio?a M3() ca?eueoothoueny, aea
nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae cia/aiue aeey M3(). Ioaea, aeine?aee c
IAAA iieacaee, ui aeaeaei a?ae oi/ee oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy N-I iiea
na?oea ?icn?yiiiai iiia?a/ieie oeoeooaoe?yie aee?aeoi?a ? aaoniaei, aea
aaoniaa noaoenoeea ii?ooo?oueny c iaaeeaeaiiyi aei TNI. Aeey iiey ?N ia
iiacaeiaaeieo oeoeooaoe?yo eiai noaoenoeea ia ? aaoniaith ? aiia
ci?ith?oueny i?e iaaeeaeaii? aei TNI.

Aieea aaiiao?e/iiai iaiaaeaiiy ia aeeiai?eo ?oo?a aecia/aany
aa???oaaiiyi oiaueie oa?o iaiaoeea, a oaeiae aea??ii iai?yieo eieeaaiue
iiacaeiaae oa ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii i?aeeeaaeoe?. Ia ?en.8 iaaaaeai?
oa?aeoa?i? /ane c a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, ui caeiaoo? ii
aei??ai g(2)() ?ioaineaiinoae ?icn?yiiai na?oea ia iiia?a/ieo
oeoeooaoe?yo aee?aeoi?a aeey oiaueie i?aia?aoo 10 iei (e?ea? 1, 2) oa 50
iei (e?eaa 3). E?ea? 1 oa 3 ciyo? i?e iaei?e aaiiao??? aeine?aeo, aea
aee?aeoi? iaa ieaia?io i???ioaoe?th. C a?ao?e?a aeaeii, ui c ciaioaiiyi
oiaueie i?aia?aoo a?eueo yaii i?iyaey?oueny caeaaei?noue iieaeoey?ieo
?oo?a a?ae oaiia?aoo?e. I?e iaaeeaeaii? aei oi/ee oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy
ia e?eaeo aeaeii ??cea c?inoaiiy oa?aeoa?ieo /an?a. A oeeo aeine?aeao
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icn?yiiy na?oea ia eieeaaiiyo n, ui ia?aeaeuei? oa
ia?iaiaeeeoey?i? iiaa?oi? i?aeeeaaeee, oiaoi ?a?no?othoueny oeoeooaoe??,
ui iaee a a?ae/oaaoe iaiaaeaii?noue i?aia?aoo, ? ia ye? aiia ia aieeaa?.

Ia e?ea?e 2 ?en.8 cia?aaeai? oa?aeoa?i? /ane iiia?a/ieo oeoeooaoe?e
aee?aeoi?a ?icoaoiaaiiai aiiaio?iiii aei iiaa?oi?. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo
iiia?a/i? eieeaaiiy aee?aeoi?a ia?aeaeuei? iiaa?oi? ? ia iiaeii?
a?ae/oaaoe i?inoi?iai? iaiaaeaiino? ?ooo. C ?enoieo 8 aeaeii, ui a
aeiaaeeo eieeaaiue n ia?aeaeueii i?aeeeaaeoe? oa?aeoa?i? /ane iaei
ci?iththoueny c i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e, a oai, aea /anoeia eieeaaiue
n a?aeaoaa?oueny o iai?yieo ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiio aei iiaa?oi? i?aeeeaaeee,
a ?ioa?aae? 25i oa?aeoa?iee /an ciaioo?oueny a aeaa ?ace i?e iaeiaeia?e
oiauei? i?aia?aoo.

Ca?aeii oai?aoe/iei ?iaioai i?e e?eoe/ieo yaeuao ia iieaeoey?io
aeeiai?eo aieeaa? i?inoi?iaa iaiaaeai?noue, eiee oa?aeoa?iee ?ici??
nenoaie noi??iee c ei?aeyoe?eiith aeiaaeeiith. A iaiaoe/ieo ??aeeeo
e?enoaeao ei?aeyoe?eia aeiaaeeia iiaea aeinyaaoe ii?yaeea 1000
iieaeoey?ieo oa??a. I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aee a i???ioiaaieo i?aia?aoao
IAAA oiaueiith 10 iei a?aeiia?aeathoue oiiaai, eiee ei?aeyoe?eia
aeiaaeeia noi??ia c oiaueiith i?aia?aoo. Oea iiynith? niinoa??aa?iee
aieea aaiiao?e/iiai oaeoi?o ia iieaeoey?i? ?ooe ia oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae?
oaiia?aoo?. A i?aia?aoao oiaueiith 50 iei aieea i?inoi?iai? iaiaaeaiino?
ia neiaoey?i? iiia?a/i? oeoeooaoe?? aee?aeoi?a iaeaea ia
niinoa??aa?oueny.

?ioeie aaoi?aie aeonoe/iith iaoiaeeeith aei??thaaeeenue /ane ?aeaenaoe??
eeane/ieo oeoeooaoe?e a aaeeeeo ia’?iao iai?e?ioiaaii? iacioace IAAA. A
oeeo ?iaioao iieacaii c?inoaiiy oa?aeoa?ieo /an?a i?e ca?eueoaii?
oaiia?aoo?e iacioace. Iieo/aia iaie ciaioaiiy n c i?aeaeuaiiyi
oaiia?aoo?e niinoa??aaeenue aeey neiaoey?ieo iiia?a/ieo oeoeooaoe?e
aee?aeoi?a a i???ioiaaieo ? iaiaaeaieo oa?ao iaiaoeea. Oe? ?acoeueoaoe
ye?nii ocaiaeaeothoueny c oai?aoe/ieie ?ic?iaeaie ii aieeao
aaiiao?e/iiai oaeoi?o ia iieaeoey?io aeeiai?eo. Oaeei /eiii, ?c
iayaiino? aieeao iaiaaeaiino? ia oa?aeoa?i? /ane eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a
aeieeaa? e?eoe/iee oa?aeoa? oeoeooaoe?e aee?aeoi?a I?E ia i?ioyc? an???
iacioace.

Oaiia?aoo?ia iiaaae?iea iiacaeiaaeieo oeoeooaoe?e ia?aiao?a ii?yaeea
neeaaeia ? iaio iaeiicia/ia. Aiie /anoeiai iaoiiaeai? iiia?a/ieie
oeoeooaoe?yie aee?aeoi?a ? oeei iiaeia iiynieoe aieea ia ieo i?inoi?iai?
iaiaaeaiino?, eiee iiacaeiaaei? oeoeooaoe?? ia?aeaeuei? i?aeeeaaeoe?, a
iiia?a/i? — ia?iaiaeeeoey?i?. E??i oiai, ?icn?yia na?oei ia
iiacaeiaaeieo oeoeooaoe?yo ia?aiao?a ii?yaeea ia? iaioo ?ioaineai?noue,
ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?eueoeo iioeaie i?e aei??thaaii?..

AENIIAEE

1.Cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a ? iiaoaeiaaii ei?aeiiao? aeey io?eiaiiy
ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo ? iiiaio?a EO noa?oeo ii?yaee?a
?icn?yiiai na?oea i?e iaeiioi/eia?e ?a?no?aoe?? ia aac? iaeieo ? oeo aea
aeaieo, ui aeinyaa?oueny aaciina?aaei?i ia?aoai?aiiyi /ano i?ae
oioia?aee?eaie a eiae ? iaeiie/aiiyi noi ?iciiae?e?a ??cieo i?ii?aee?a
/ano. Oanooaaiiy ei?aeiiao?a ia iiaeaeueieo ia’?eoao iieacaei, ui
ei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo oa iiiaioe ei?aeyoe?eieo
ooieoe?e o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaeathoue niaeo?aeueiee
neeaae aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ye aaoniai? oae ? iaaaoniai? noaoenoee.
Ei?aeiiao? iiaea i?aoethaaoe c neaaeeie na?oeiaeie iioieaie ii?yaeea 500
oioia?aee?e?a ca naeoiaeo.

2. Aia?oa io?eiai? iiiaioe ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo
M3() ? iiiioiii c?inoath/eie ooieoe?yie aeey iie?a c aaoniaith
noaoenoeeith ? niioai?ththoueny c iiyaith iaaaoniaino?. Iiiaio M3()
a?eueo /ooeeaee aei iaaaoniaiai aianeo i?ae ei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe??
ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo.

3. Eieaeoeaiee ?oo ai?cio?iiieo iieaeoe a iacioac? IAAA, i???ioiaaieo a
oiieeo oa?ao i?aeeeaaeeith, ia? neeaaeiee oa?aeoa?. Noaoenoeea iiey
iiacaeiaaeieo oeoeooaoe?e ia?aiao?a ii?yaeea ia ? aaoniaith ia i?ioyc?
anueiai oaiia?aoo?iiai ?ioa?aaeo iacioace. Noaoenoeea iiia?a/ieo
oeoeooaoe?e aee?aeoi?a – aaoniaa aeaeaei a?ae oi/ee oaciaiai
ia?aoai?aiiy N-I, aea i?e iaaeeaeaii? aei ia? cacaeaeaa?aeue
c’yaey?oueny iaaaoniaee aianie, iaoiiaeaiee ii?ooaiiyi oeaio?aeueii?
a?aie/ii? oai?aie.

4. Eieaeoeai? ?ooe iiia?a/ieo oeoeooaoe?e aee?aeoi?a S-iiaee iathoue
neiaoey?iee oa?aeoa? ia i?ioyc? an??? iacioace. I?i oea na?ae/eoue aieea
aaiiao?e/ii? iaiaaeaiino? i?aia?aoo ia iieaeoey?io aeeiai?eo IAAA:
oa?aeoa?i? /ane oeoeooaoe?e aee?aeoi?a i?e iai?yieo eieeaaiue
ia?aeaeueieo i?aeeeaaeoe? ia caeaaeaoue a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, a aeey
eieeaaiue ia?iaiaeeeoey?ieo aei i?aeeeaaeee e?ooi niaaeathoue. Ioaea,
ia?ao?ae N-I ia? iciaee oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy ae?oaiai ?iaeo.

5. Ia?ai?ooaaiiy i?e iaaieo Re ia?ane/aieo aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a aeiii?
eeneioe i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy ii aeniiiaioe?aeueiiio caeiio a?ae
/ano ia?ai?ooaaiiy ??aiy aaoa?iaaieo oeoeooaoe?e eiioeaio?aoe?? a
eaoaioiiio ia??iae? cacaeaeaa?aeue aei ii/aoeo e?enoae?caoe??. A
iaiane/aieo ?ic/eiao ??aaiue oeoeooaoe?e ia ci?ith?oueny.

6. Iieacaii, ui a aiaeieo ?ic/eiao aeiii? eeneioe a i?ioeanao ?inoo
anioe?ao?a i?e ia?ai?ooaaii? nooo?ao ?ieue a?ae?a?a? a?ae?iaeeiai?/ia
aeeooc?y. A ?ic/eiao ia niinoa??aa?oueny yeiainue iaaiiai ia?aaaaeiiai
?ici??o, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue i?ioeano ae?iaeaiiy e?enoae?a
i?e ia?ai?ooaaii?.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue caeiaoaa/a ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1.A.A.Ca?aiaa, A.?.Nae?no?a, A.ss.Aioeoeuenueeee, A.A.*?/ei Aecia/aiiy
iiiaioa noa?oeo ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a i?e
iaeioi/eia?e ?a?no?aoe??//Oe?a?inueeee o?ce/iee aeo?iae. 1995, O.40. ?6.
n.638-639.

2. A.ss.Aioeoeueneee, A.A.*a/ei, A.A.Ca?aiaa. Ei??aeiiao? aeey neo/aeiuo
eiioeueniuo neaiaeia//IOY, 1997, ?2, n.161-162.

3.A.ss.Aioeoeuenueeee. Ei?aeyoeieia niaeoi?ineiiiy ?iaeeeo e?enoaeia
iiaeeco oi/ee oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy//OOAE, 1999, ?4, o.44, n.464-467.

4. Aioeoeueneee A.ss., Ca?aiaa A.A. Ei??aeyoeeiiiay niaeo?ineiiey
ia?anuuaiiuo ?anoai?ia// Iioe/aneay niaeo?ineiiey: Na. iao/. o?oaeia-
E.:AI Oe?aeiu. Ei-o oeceee, 1993, n.280-283.

5.A.A.Ca?aiaa, A.ss.Aioeoeueneee. Ia/aeueiua noaaeee e?enoaeeecaoeee a
?anoai?ao i?e aiaoiai aicaeaenoaee.//Iaoa?eaeu Ananithciiai naieia?a ii
oai?ee e i?aeoeea e?enoaeeecaoeee, 26-27 iay 1989, A?yine, Iao/iue Niaao
AI NNN? ii i?iaeaia “Oai?aoe/aneea iniiau oeie/aneie oaoiieiaee”,
n.50-53.

6. A.ss.Aioeoeueneee. Ei??aeyoeeiiiay niaeo?ineiiey aeeaeeeo e?enoaeeia
aaeece oi/ee oaciaiai i?aa?auaiey// XIII Iaoeiiiaeueiee oeiea-naiiia? c
iiaeia?iaeiith o/anoth «Niaeo?ineiiiy iieaeoe oa e?enoaeia», Noie,
20-26 eaioiy 1997 ?., n.146 (oace aeiiiaiaeae).

7. Ca?aiaa A.A., Neaei?ia A.E., Aioeoeueneee A.ss. Nicaeaiea
eiiieaeniie iaoiaeeee aeenoaioeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey ay?icieueiuo
/anoeoe a aoiinoa?a, iniiaaiiie ia naaoi?annayiee// I?iaeaiu e iiuo
io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu a ?anioaeeea (oac. aeieeaaea) Aui.
3.-E.:Oe?. IEEOE,1990.

8.V.G.Zaremba, V.Ya.Gotsulsky, V.Ye.Chechko. Strukturization of water
solutions of tartic acid under stirring/ International Conference
«Special problems in physics of liquids», May 31-June 4, 1999, Odessa,
p.150.

9.V.Ya.Gotsulsky,V.G.Zaremba, V.Ye.Chechko. Space limitation influence
on molecelar movement in nematic liquid cristals/ XIV International
school-seminar “Spectroscopy of Molecules and Crystals” (7-12 June,
1999, Odessa),p.272.

10.V.G.Zaremba, V.Ya. Gotsulskiy, V.E. Chechko. Measurement of Average
Size of Emulsion Particle and Flow Velocity / Book of Abstracts of
conference.- 1998, Sept.
14-15, Szczecin, Poland, p.17.

11. A.ss.Aioeoeuenueeee, A.A.Ca?aiaa, A.A.*a/ei,. Ei??aeyoe?eia
niaeo?ineii?y eieaeoeaiiai ?ooo iieaeoe a eiiaeainiaaieo
na?aaeiaeuao//XII ?anioae?eainueeee oeiea-naiiia? «Niaeo?ineiiiy
iieaeoe oa e?enoaeia», I?aeei, 3-8 eeiiy 1995 ?., n.85 (oace
aeiiiaiaeae).

Aiioaoe?y

Aioeoeuenueeee A.ss. No?oeoo?i? ia?aoai?aiiy a ??aeeiao c
neeueiiai?cao?iiieie iieaeoeaie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoueth 01.04.14 — Iieaeoey?ia
o?ceea oa oaieio?ceea.- Iaeaneee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa, Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi no?oeoo?oaaiiy ??aeei c
ai?cio?iiieie iieaeoeaie, ii/aoeiaei noaae?yi ca?iaeaeaiiy iiai? oace oa
aieeao ia oe? i?ioeane ciai?oieo oaeoi??a. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo oa
aeaioiaeaii onoaiiaeo, ye? aeicaieeee aei??thaaoe ia iaei?e aac? aeaiieo
c iaeiioi/eiaith ?a?no?aoe??th ei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? (EO) ae?oaiai
ii?yaeeo ? iiiaioe EO o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo ?ioaineaiino? ?icn?yiiai
na?oea.

Ca aeiiiiiaith ei?aeyoe?eii? niaeo?ineii?? aeine?aeaeaii no?oeoo?oaaiiy
a ia?ane/aieo aiaeieo ?ic/eiao aeiii? eeneioe ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo
eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo i?e ia?ai?ooaaii?. Anoaiiaeaii oa?aeoa? c?inoaiiy
??aiy oeoeooaoe?e oa ?ici???a anioe?ao?a a eaoaioiiio ia??iae? i?e
??cieo ia?ane/aiiyo oa /eneao Re.

Ca aeiiiiiaith iiiaio?a EO o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo aeyaeaiiee ??ci?e
iaaaoniaee aianie a noaoenoeeo ??cieo iiae iieaeoey?ieo ?oo?a a
iaiaoe/iiio ??aeeiio e??noae? i?e iaaeeaeaii? aei oi/ee oaciaiai
ia?aoai?aiiy iaiaoee-?cio?iiia ??aeeia. Aeyaeaii aeeiai?eo neiaoey?ieo
oeoeooaoe?e a iaiaoe/iiio ??aeeiio e??noae? i?e aaiiao??/ieo
iaiaaeaiiyo, ia iniia? yei? c?iaeaiee aeniiaie i?i oei oaciaiai
ia?aoai?aiiy iaiaoee-?cio?iiia ??aeeia.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: no?oeoo?oaaiiy, eieaeoeai? ?ooe, ei?aeyoe?eia
niaeo?ineii?y

Aiiioaoeey

Aioeoeueneee A.ss. No?oeoo?iua i?aa?auaiey a aeeaeeinoyo n
neeueiiaiecio?iiiuie iieaeoeaie.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.14 – Iieaeoey?iay
oeceea e oaieioeceea.-Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao
ei.E.E.Ia/ieeiaa, Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai no?oeoo?e?iaaiey aeeaeeinoae n
aiecio?iiiuie iieaeoeaie, ia/aeueiui noaaeeyi ca?iaeaeaiey iiaie oacu e
aeeyieth ia yoe i?ioeannu aiaoieo oaeoi?ia. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea e
ecaioiaeaia onoaiiaea, iicaieythuea ecia?youe ia iaeiie aaca aeaiiuo i?e
iaeiioi/a/iie ?aaeno?aoeee ei??aeyoeeiiiua ooieoeee (EO) aoi?iai
ii?yaeea e iiiaiou EO o?aoueaai ii?yaeea eioaineaiinoe ?annayiiiai
naaoa. I?eiaiaiea EO noa?oeo ii?yaeeia iaiaoiaeeii aeey aaeaeaaoiiai
aiaeeca i?ioeannia n iaaaonniaie noaoenoeeie. Aia?aua iieo/aiiua iiiaiou
EO o?aoueaai ii?yaeea yaeythony iiiioiiii aic?anoathueie ooieoeeyie aeey
iieae n aaonniaie noaoenoeeie e eneaaeathony n iiyaeaieai iaaaonniainoe.
Iiiaio I3 aieaa /oanoaeoaeai e iaaaonniaiio aeeaaeo ii n?aaiaieth n
ei??aeyoeeiiiuie ooieoeeyie aoi?iai ii?yaeea.

I?e iiiiue ei??aeyoeeiiiie niaeo?ineiiee enneaaeiaaii no?oeoo?e?iaaiea
a ia?anuuaiiuo aiaeiuo ?anoai?ao aeiiie eeneiou ia ?aiieo noaaeeyo
eaoaioiiai ia?eiaea i?e ia?aiaoeaaiee. Onoaiiaeai oa?aeoa? aic?anoaiey
o?iaiy oeoeooaoeee e ?acia?ia annioeeaoia a eaoaioiii ia?eiaea i?e
?acee/iuo ia?anuuaieyo e /eneao Re. Ia?aiaoeaaiea i?e ii?aaeaeaiiuo
/eneao Re ia?anuuaiiuo aiaeiuo ?anoai?ia aeiiie eeneiou i?eaiaeeo e
yeniiiaioeeaeueiiio ?inoo io a?aiaie ia?aiaoeaaiey o?iaiy aaoa?iaaiiuo
oeoeooaoeee. Iieacaii, /oi a i?ioeannao ?inoa annioeeaoia i?e
ia?aiaoeaaiee ia?anuuaiiuo ?anoai?ia nouanoaaiioth ?ieue ea?aao
aeae?iaeeiaie/aneay aeeooocey.

I?e iiiiue iiiaioia EO o?aoueaai ii?yaeea auyaeai ?acee/iue iaaaonniaue
aeeaae a noaoenoeeo ?acee/iuo iiae iieaeoey?iuo aeaeaeaiee a
iaiaoe/aneii aeeaeeii e?enoaeea i?e i?eaeeaeaiee e oi/ea oaciaiai
ia?aoiaea iaiaoee-ecio?iiiay aeeaeeinoue. Noaoenoeea iiey i?iaeieueiuo
oeoeooaoeee ia?aiao?a ii?yaeea iaaaonniaa ia i?ioyaeaiee anaai
oaiia?aoo?iiai eioa?aaea iacioacu. Noaoenoeea iiia?a/iuo oeoeooaoeee
aee?aeoi?a – aaonniaa aeaeaei io oi/ee oaciaiai ia?aoiaea N-I, ii i?e
i?eaeeaeaiee e iae ca?aiaa iiyaeyaony iaaaonniaue aeeaae, iaoneiaeaiiue
ia?ooaieai oeaio?aeueiie i?aaeaeueiie oai?aiu.

Auyaeaia aeeiaieea neiaoey?iuo oeoeooaoeee a iaiaoe/aneii aeeaeeii
e?enoaeea i?e aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aie/aieyo. Eieeaeoeaiua aeaeaeaiey
iiia?a/iuo oeoeooaoeee S-iiaeu eiatho neiaoey?iue oa?aeoa? ia
i?ioyaeaiee anae iacioacu: oa?aeoa?iua a?aiaia oeoeooaoeee aee?aeoi?a
i?e iai?aaeaiee eieaaaiee ia?aeeaeueii iiaeeiaeea ia caaenyo io
oaiia?aoo?u, a aeey eieaaaiee ia?iaiaeeeoey?iuo iiaeeiaeea e?ooi
niaaeatho. Oaeei ia?acii, ia?aoiae N-I eiaao i?eciaee oaciaiai
i?aa?auaiey aoi?iai ?iaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: no?oeoo?e?iaaiea, eieeaeoeaiua aeaeaeaiey,
ei??aeyoeeiiiay niaeo?ineiiey.

Abstract

Gotsulsky V.Ya. — Manuscript.

Dissertation on aquirence of scientific degree of PhD on spesialisation
01.04.14 — Molecular physics and thermophysics, Odessa, I.I. Mechnikov
State University, Odessa, 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to questions of structurisation of liquids with
anisotropy molecules, early stages of new phase origin and outward
factors influence on these processes. The method was worked out and
device was constructed which allow to measure on common data base at
one-point registration correlation functions (CF) of second order and
correlation function moments of the third order of scattered light
intensity.

With the help of correlation spectroscopy structurisation was examined
in over-saturated with wine acid water solutions on early stages of
latent periods at mixing. Character of fluctuation level and associate
sizes increase were determined in latent period at different over —
saturations and Re- numbers.

With the help of the moments of CF of the third order different
non-Gausses input in different mode of molecular movement statistics in
nematic liquid crystal at getting to the point of phase conversion of
nematic-isotropy liquid was revealed. Dynamics of singular fluctuations
in nematic liquid crystal at geometrical limitations were revealed on
the base of which conclusion was made about the type of phase
transformation in nematic-isotropy liquid.

Key words: structurisation, molecular movement, correlation
spectroscopy.

?en.1

Eiao?oe??io ?icn?yiiy aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a aeiii? eeneioe ??cieo nooiai?a
ia?ane/aiiy h=C/Cian a caeaaeiino? a?ae /ano ia?ai?ooaaiiy.

?en.2

?aae?one anioe?ao?a a ia?ane/aieo aiaeieo ?ic/eiao aeiii? eeneioe a
caeaaeiino? a?ae /ano, ye? aecia/aeenue i?ney ia?ai?ooaaiiy, ui ia
i?ecaiaeeei aei c?eao iaoanoaa?eueiino?.

?en.3

Caeaaei?noue ?ici???a anioe?ao?a a ia?ane/aieo aiaeieo ?ic/eiao aeiii?
eeneioe a eaoaioiiio ia??iae? a?ae /ano ia?ai?ooaaiiy. Oaiia?aoo?a
?ic/ei?a 295 E,

?en.4

Iiiaioe EO o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo aeey na?oea, ui ?icn?yia ia iiia?a/ieo
oeoeooaoe?yo aee?aeoi?a IAAA a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e:

?en.5

??cieoey iiiaio?a EO o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo aeey aaoniaiai oa iaaaoniaiai
iie?a. E?ea? 1-4 a?aeiinyoueny aei iie?a na?oea ?icn?yiiai ia iiia?a/ieo
oeoeooaoe?yo aee?aeoi?a IAAA i?e oaiia?aoo?ao 35 C; 39C; 43C; 43,5C
a?aeiia?aeii. M3(1)() aei??thaaany i?e oaiia?aoo?? 25 C, aea iiea
aaoniaa. E?ea? 5-8 a?aeiinyoueny aei iie?a na?oea, ui aoei ?icn?yia ia
iaoiaiio ae?neo c ae?aiao?ii ciiaeoth/iai i?iiaiy 1,5; 0,5; 0,22; 0,05
ii a?aeiia?aeii. M3(1)() aei??thaaany i?e ae?aiao?? i?iiaiy, aea iiea
aaoniaa.

?en.6

Iiiaioe EO o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo aeey na?oea, ui ?icn?yia ia iiacaeiaaeieo
oeoeooaoe?yo ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo IAAA a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e:

?en.7

??cieoey iiiaio?a EO o?aoueai ii?yaeeo aeey na?oea, ui ?icn?yia ia
iiacaeiaaeieo oeoeooaoe?yo ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo IAAA i?e oaiia?aoo?ao
a?aeiia?aeii 35 C; 39C; 43C; 43,5C . M3(1)() aei??thaaany i?e
oaiia?aoo?? 25 C.

?en.8

Oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue oa?aeoa?ieo /an?a iiia?a/ieo oeoeooaoe?e
aee?aeo?i?a n: 1).eieeaaiiy n ia?iaiaeeeoey?i? i?aeeeaaeoe?; 2).
eieeaaiiy n ia?aeaeuei? i?aeeeaaeoe?; oiaueia i?aia?aoo 10 iei.
3).eieeaaiiy n ia?iaiaeeeoey?i? i?aeeeaaeoe?; oiaueia i?aia?aoo 50 iei.
Eoo ?icn?yiiy = 60.

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