2

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?inoeooo i?iaeai e??ia?ieia?? ? e??iiaaeeoeeie

I?inii ?ai? sseiae/

OAeE 615.832.9:616.77:616-001.18

NO?OEOO?I? ? OOIEOe?IIAEUeI? OA?AEOA?ENOEEE OE??E I?NEss AIEEAO IECUeEEO
OAIIA?AOO? ? IAI-1500

03.00.19 – E??ia?ieia?y ? e??iiaaeeoeeia

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? aenia?eiaioaeueii? e??iiaaeeoeeie ?inoeoooo
i?iaeai e??ia?ieia?? ? e??iiaaeeoeeie IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe i?ioani? Ai?en Iao?iae/
Naiaeii??nueeee. ?inoeooo i?iaeai e??ia?ieia?? ? e??iiaaeeoeeie IAI
Oe?a?ie, caa.a?aeae?eii aenia?eiaioaeueii? e??iiaaeeoeeie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe i?ioani? TH?/aiei Oaoyia Ieeiea?aia

?inoeooo i?iaeai e??ia?ieia?? ? e??iiaaeeoeeie IAI Oe?a?ie,
caa.a?aeae?eii e??iii?oieia??

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe i?ioani? A?eai?’?aa Oaia?a A?eai??aia

Oa?e?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e i?oiiaae??, o?aaiaoieia?? oa eiiaono?ieia??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee Oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “21”aa?aniy1999?. i 12:00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae64.242.01 i?e ?inoeooo? i?iaeai
e??ia?ieia?? ? e??iiaaeeoeeie IAI Oe?a?ie 310015, Oa?e?a-15,
aoe.Ia?ayneaanueea, 23.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?IE?E IAI Oe?a?ie
310015, Oa?e?a-15, aoe.Ia?ayneaanueea,23.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “15”o?aaiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeeae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee

aeieo.iaae.iaoe,i?ioani?
A.I. Aieueoeaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy inoaii?o
aeanyoee?oue aeicaieythoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeinyaiaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue e?iiaiieiai? a i?aeoe/ieo oe?eyo. Iiooee aaaeooueny, a
iniiaiiio, o aeaio iai?yieao: caaacia/aiiy i?aeaeuaiiy noieeinoi oeaiei
aei oieiaeiaeo iioeiaeaeaiue ? ?ic?iaee a?eueo aoaeoeaieo iaoiaeia o
e?eoaaii? oieiaeiai? o?aaie.

O ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe? ??cieo iaaee/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoae
aeineoue oe?iei canoiniao?oueny aeiciaaia aiiioa?iiy (Aaaie/oe A. A. c
ni?aaao. 1990-1996, Caai?oeei TH. A., 1991, Eiioaa N. I.,1985, Hoffman
W. E. et al., 1992, Vendelto J. Z., 1995) ? e?iiaeano?oeoeiy (Ia/an A.
?. c ni?aaao., 1978, A?euaiei A. ?., 1992, Anselmo G., et al., 1995 oa
?i.)

Aieea aoiinoa?ieo oaeoi??a i?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao ia oe??yi?
iie?iae ia? nai? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo oieiaeiaeo ooeiaeaeaiue oa ?o
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo. ? oi/a oeae aeaeyae o?aaie ? naciiiei ? ia
aeineoue /anoi niinoa??aa?oueny a na?aaei?o oe?ioao, a?aeii?iaeaiiy
oei?e ? i?eeaaeeo oeaiei neeaaeathoue a?ae 14 aei 23 aeiaaee?a ia 1000
niinoa?aaeaiue, ?? iane?aeee ia??aeei i?ecaiaeyoue aei ooai?aiiy ?ai,
iae?ico oeaiei, naaiaio?a e?ioe?aie ? oei?e iaee//y (Eioaeueieeia A. I.,
1985, Sullivan S. A. et al., 1993). sse iieacothoue no/ani? iaoeia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oe??a ethaeeie ? iaei??th c iaea?eueo noieeeo oeaiei aei
ae?? iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?, i?e/iio aeine?aeieee iiyniththoue aeaiee
oaiiiai iniaeea?noth no?oeoo?e ? ooieoe?? ??cieo i?ioa?e?a oei?e, ??
e?iaiiinoa/aiiy, a oaeiae ??aiai iaoaaiei/ieo i?ioean?a o oe???.
A?aeiii oaeiae, ui a?aeiinia no?ee?noue oe??e aei oieiaeo iaoiiaeaia
ii??aiyii iecueeei ai?noii oeaieiii? oa aioo??oiueiee?oeiii? aiaee, ui
a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue o caaacia/aii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oeaieie i?e ??
caii?iaeoaaii?.

I?aeaeuaiiy noieeinoi oeaiei ? ee?oei aei aieeao oieiaeiaeo
iioeiaeaeaiue caaacia/o?oueny canoinoaaiiyi e?iii?ioaeoi?ia, cie?aia,
aiae?ioieueieo iaaiaeieo ?ic/eiiee?a, iai?eeeaae oaeeo ye ae?oea?ei,
iieiaoeeaiieneae, i?iiieaiaeieieue oa ?i.,caeaoieo ca’ycoaaoe aiaeo,
?cieueiaai? aieee, eiiiaee aiiiaia?ai. ?icaeoie caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? ? ??
?ioaineai?noue i?ney oieiaeiai? o?aaie coiiaeaia noaeeiieie oa
i?e?inoaeeiieie ?iceaaeaie, ui ?icaeaathoueny a ia??iae? i?ney
aiaeia?iao o aeaeyae? aieiaiai aai nooiai iae?ico. sseui aeano?oeoe?y
ee?oei aiane?aeie i?ioean?a e?enoaeicaoeii iicaee?oeiii? ?
aioo??oiueiee?oeiii? ??aeeie a iaiai?ioiei i?ioeanii ? aecia/a?
oi?ioaaiiy ciie o. c. «ia?aeiiiai» iae?ico, oi ianooiiee ?icaeoie
iie?inoaeeiieo ?aaeoe?e o oeaieiao oi?io? o. c. «aoi?eiiee» iae?ic,
ianya yeiai iiaeia ciaioeoe ca aeiiiiiaith caaaeueiiai ? i?noeaaiai
aieeao ia ?aio ye o?ce/ieie, oae ? o?i?/ieie caniaaie (Naiaeiie?nueeee
A. I., 1990, Aeaoeaiei A. I., 1995). ? oi/a aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei
canoinoaaiiy i?ia?ai caii?iaeoaaiiy oa aiaeoaaaiiy a oiiaao
e?iii?ioaeoeii noaee aaea eeane/ieie, i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy
e?iii?ioaeoi?ia ua ia ae/a?iaei nai?o e?eoaaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ? ia
ciaeoei aeinoaoiueiai aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aea/aiiy oa canoinoaaiiy a
ee?ie/i?e i?aeoeoe? i?e oieiaeiaie o?aai? oei?e. O no/ani?e e?oa?aoo?? ?
iaaeinoaoiuei oyaieie a?aeiiino? i?i a?aeiiaeaiiy iaa?no?aeueiiai ?
oeaieiiiai e?iaia?ao a iioeiaeaeaieo oeaieiao, cie?aia a naaiaioao
e?ioe?aie, ui inoioii aieeaa? ia ia?aa?a ? ?acoeueoao oieiaeiai? o?aaie.
Aaaaea?oueny ia?niaeoeaiei aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee ?icaeoeo oa ia?aa?a
i?noeaai? caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? oe??e i?ney caii?iaeaiiy a oiiaao
aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi iacae ia
aiae?ioieueiie iniia?, iiaeeeaino? iie?ioaiiy ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy
oe??? eaoaai??? oai?eo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii
c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?inoeoooo i?iaeai e??ia?ieia?? ?
e??iiaaeeoeeie IAI Oe?a?ie (? aea?aeaaii? ?aa?no?aoe?? 01.01.06/006 E-
95) uiaei i?iaeaie 2.28.7.4, “Ee?oeiia o?c?ieia?y, iaoai?cie
iioeiaeaeaiiy, aaeaioaoe??, noa??iiy ? ?aia?aoe?? ee?oei”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aea/eoe aieea aiae?ioieueieo
iaaiaeieo ?ic/eiiee?a ia no?oeoo?i? ? ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oeaieie oei?e oa ia?aa?a caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? a cii? e?iiooeiaeaeaiiy
i?ney aiaeii?iaeaiiy a aenia?eiaio? ? a ee?i?oe?.

Eiie?aoieie caaea/aie aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee oae?:

1. Aeine?aeeoe oa?aeoa? ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i ? noai
iie?ioee?eoeyoei? a oe??? a oiiaao ?? e?iiooeiaeaeaiiy.

2. Aea/eoe noai iaa?no?aeueiiai ? ia?eoa?ieiiai e?iaiia?ao
naaiaio?a ieaei?o e?ioe?aie oa ia?aa?a caiaeueiiai i?ioeano a cii?
iioeiaeaeaiiy i?e oieiaeiaie o?aai?.

3. Aea/eoe ai?no oa o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? iica- ?
aioo??oiueiee?oeiii? ??aeeie iaoeaii? oei?e ? ?oi? ci?ie o ??ci? oa?i?ie
i?ney oieiaeiai? o?aaie a oiiaao i?noeaaiai canoinoaaiiy
e?iii?ioaeoi?ia.

4. Aeine?aeeoe aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy iaci, yea i?noeoue
e?ii?ioaeoi? IAI-1500 (iacue «Eaaiiaeieue») i?e e?eoaaii?
aiaeii?iaeaieo naaiaio?a ieaei?o e?ioe?aie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oia?oa a aenia?eiaio?
caniaii ?aaeiiniaeo?iiao?i? c aeei?enoaiiyi aioo??oiueiee?oeiieo ciiaeia
aea/aii o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? oeaieiii? aiaee a iaoeaiie oei?i a
ae?aiacii? oaiia?aoo? a?ae +25 aei -20 °N ? aieea aiae?ioieueieo
iaaiaeieo ?ic/eiiee?a ia aeaee?noue iica- oa aioo??oiueiee?oeiii?
??aeeie. Aea/ai? no?oeoo?i? ? oeueo?ano?oeoo?ii ci?ie a ??cieo oa?ao
oeaieie oei?e i?e aiaeii?iaeaiii a oa?i?i? aei 30 ae?a i?ney oieiaeiai?
o?aaie i?e i?iaaaeaii? e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a, ui aeeth/athoue i?noeaaa
canoinoaaiiy IAI-1500 a neeaae? iac? ia a?ae?io?euei?e iniia?. Ia
i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy e?i?eii? oa ia’?iii? oaeaeeino? e?iaiia?ao ca
aeaieie aeiiiea?ia?ao?? ? ?aiaacia?ao??, noaio i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? a cii?
a?aeii?iaeaiiy ca aeaieie a?ii?e?ineii??, aeyaeaii iineeaiiy ?oai??
a?aeii?iaeaii? ae?eyiee oeaieie ia i?ioyc? 3-7 ae?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
i?e/eiith ?oai?/ieo ooeiaeaeaiue a cii? a?aeii?iaeaiiy aoa iine?aeiaiee
?icaeoie noaeeiiiai ia?aco oa o?iiaico caeaa?eueoiai o aaiici?e nenoai?
? ?noioia iia??oaiiy no?oeoo?ieo ? o?c?ieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae
a?eo?ioeeo?a.

Oe? iaoio?c?ieia?/i? c?ooaiiy i?ecaiaeyoue aei c?inoaiiy
oeaieiiiai iaa?yeo, iia??oaiiy oiia a?aeiaaeoaaiiy ciie caiaeaiiy,
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ciie aoi?eiiiai iae?ico ? iia??oaiiy ?aia?aoeaieo
i?ioean?a a cii? oieiaeiai? o?aaie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy c
ia?oeo aiaeei i?ney oieiaeiai? o?aaie IAI-1500 a neeaae? iac? ia
a?ae?io?euei?e iniia? ciaioo? ?ioaineai?noue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
oeaieiiiai iaa?yeo, ui ni?ey? a?aeiiaeaiith aaiioee?eoeyoe?? a cii?
oieiaeiaiai ooeiaeaeaiiy, caaacia/oth/e iie?ioaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
e?eoaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia i?aenoaa?
i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeaii aieea
e??ii?ioaeoi??a ia o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? aiaee i?ney e??iiae?ico oe??e,
aeiaaaeaii a?eueoo aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy IAI-1500 a eiiieaen?
caoiae?a, iai?aaeaieo ia a?aeiiaeaiiy e?iaiia?ao oa i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??
oeaieie a cii? oieiaeiai? o?aaie.

O ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe? i?e e?eoaaii? 28 oai?eo c a?aeii?iaeaiiyie
naaiaio?a e?ioe?aie i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
?ic?iaeaiiai niiniao e?eoaaiiy a?aeii?iaeaiue, yeee iieyaa? o
aeei?enoaii? iac? ia a?ae?io?euei?e iniia? iae?aco i?ney oieiaeiai?
o?aaie, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?eueo ni?eyoeeaiai ia?aa?ao caiaeueiiai
i?ioeano a cii? oa?i?/iiai ooeiaeaeaiiy..

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii naiino?eii
i?iaaaeaii: iaoaioii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe, aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ? aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.
?ic?iaeaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoei aeeeaaeaii ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo ?IE?E IAI Oe?a?ie
(Oa?e?a, 1997); Eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo Oa?e?anueeiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (Oa?e?a, 1997); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie ee?i?/ii? o??o?a??» (Oa?e?a, 1998) oa can?aeaii? O??o?a?/ii?
naeoe?? Oa?e?anueeiai iaoeiaiai iaaee/iiai oiaa?enoaa (Oa?e?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 4
ae?oea?nueeeo ?iaioe o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia
135 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo. Aiia neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, aeanieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue (5 aeaa),
caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a ? nieneo e?oa?aoo?e. Oaeno i?i?ethno?iaaii 16
oaaeeoeyie oa 28 iaethieaie. A?ae?ia?ao?y i?noeoue 191 iaeiaioaaiue
?ia?o.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

IA’?EOE OA IAOIAeE AENIA?EIAIOAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aaco?oueny ia aea/aii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo, iaea?aeaieo a?ae aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue o 3 a?oiao ia
78 oaa?eiao – uo?ao e?i?? A?noa? oa aeaieo ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia
28 oai?eo ?c a?aeii?iaeaiiyie naaiaio?a ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ?-??? nooiaiy.

O ia?o?e a?oi? (33 oaa?eie) aea/aee ci?ie a oe???, ui
aeieeathoue i?ney e??iooeiaeaeaiue /a?ac 1.3, 7.14 oa 30 ae?a. A ae?oa?e
a?oi? (31 oaa?eia) aea/aee aeeiai?eo i?ioeano iae?ico a oiiaao
aie?eaoe?? iac? ia a?ae?io?euei?e iniia? ia ooeiaeaeai?e ae?eyioe?
oe??e a aiaeia?/i? oa?i?ie. sse eiio?ieuei? iieacieee, aoei aeei?enoaii
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy o 14 ?ioaeoieo oaa?ei i?ney ia?eico. Aoei
canoiniaaii ianooiio iiaeaeue e??iooeiaeaeaiiy oe??e: aieea
ia?i-??aeeiiiai iioieo i?e aeia?iaoaaii? ??aeeiai acioo i?ioyaii 30
oaeeei ia oe??o aooa uo?a c? cieaeaiiyi eieaeueii? oaiia?aoo?e aei -20
°N, ?aeoaeueia oaiia?aoo?a cieaeoaaeany aei +36 °N, oaiia?aoo?a
ciai?oiueiai neooiaiai i?ioiaeo neeaaeaea +35 °N. Oaeiae aeei?enoiaoaaee
iiaeaeue, ui iieyaa? a ioieiaeaeaii? ?cieueiaaieo c?ace?a oe??e,
caio?aieo ia 1 aiaeeio a ?ic/eie e??ii?ioaeoi??a: i?ii?eaiae?eieth,
IAI-400 oa IAI-1500 a ??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo. Oaa?ei i?e oeueiio
ia?eioecoaaee aioo??oiuei/a?aaiei aaaaeaiiyi 5% ?ic/eio o?iiaioaeo
iao??th ? 20% ?ic/eiii aaia-ieneianeyii? eeneioe c ?ic?aooieo 0.35-0.4
ie ia 100 a. iane oaa?eie. Ia’?eoe ? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue
i?aaenoaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ia’?eoe ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue a aenia?eiaio?

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiueIi?oieia?y oe??e,
ii?oieia?y noaeei oe??eNa?oeiaa i?e?ineii?y a?noieia?/ieo c??c?a,
iace?a-a?aeaeoe?aOeueo?ano?oeoo?a ai?oae?ioeeo?aAeaeo?iiia
i?e?ineii?yI?e?ioee?eoeyoe?y a oe???Eiioaeoia a?ii?e?ineii?yAi?no iica-
oa aioo??oiueiee?oeiii? ??aeeieIaoiae nieiiaeo ciiae?a
(?aae?iniaeo?iiao??y)Eiioeaio?aoe?y ?ii?a eae?th oa iao??th a
a??o?ioeeoaoIeaciaiia oioiiao??yIaa?no?aeueiee e?iaiia?a a noaeeiao
ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ?aiaacia?ao?y, OCAe-aeiiiea?ia?ao?y
Ii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii ia 143 i?e?ii?aia?aoao,
i?ioa?aiaaieo aaiaoienee?i-aiceiii, ia i?e?ineii? «A?ieai» i?e
ca?eueoaii? 1o80 ? 1o250, a oaeiae aeine?aeaeoaaeeny iacee-a?aeaeoee
ai?aea?i?no a cii? ai?aea?i?no, i?ioa?aiaai? ca ?iiaiianueeei.
Ii?oieia?y noaeeiii? no?iee aea/aeany i?e niaoe?aeueiiio
i?ioa?aiaoaaii? i?e?iooeneiii ia eieaaai ? aeanoe/i? aieieia i?e
ca?eueoaii? 1o250 c ?ia?n??th. Noai i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea oe??e
aea/aany caniaii i?eaeeoo?ai? eiioaeoii? a?ii?e?ineii?? ca aeiiiiiaith
i?e?ineiio «Ethiai E-1», c oioi?a?no?oth/ei i?eeaaeii i?e ca?eueoaii?
1o250. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny a ?aaeeiao iiey?ecaoe?? ?
ethi?ianoeaioe??. Aeey ethi?ianoeaioii? i?oee canoiniaoaaany 2% ?ic/ei
o?ai?io, aaaaeaiiai aioo??oiueiaaiii a e?eueeino? 0.5 ie. I?e aea/aii?
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea a eiaeiiio iie? ci?o i?e?ineiio niinoa??aaany
ane?c e?iaiia?ao ? iciaee i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ii? eaiee, i?ney oeueiai ia
oioia?ao?? ioe?ithaaeeny e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??:
u?euei?noue ?icoaooaaiiy eai?ey??a ia 1ii2, a?oa??iei-aaioey?ia
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, e?euee?noue eieaeueii niaciiaaieo a?oa??ie. Oaeiae
ioe?ithaaeeny ye?ni? iieacieee: iayai?noue iaoieia?? noaeeiii? no?iee,
i?enoaeeii? ci?ie, oa?aeoa? e?iaiia?ao a i?e?inoaeeiao. Aeaeo?iiio
i?e?ineii?th oe??e i?e ca?eueoaii? a?ae 10 aei 30 oeny/ ?ac aoei
i?iaaaeaii ia i?e?ineii? AII-100 A? i?e iai?oc? 75 eA. Aea/aiiy ci?noo ?
o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae aiaee a oe??? aoei aeeiiaii ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo
?aae?iniaeo?iiao??? (iaoiae nieiiaeo ciiae?a) ?c aeei?enoaiiyi
aiaei?ic/eiiiai ? e?iio?eueiiai ciiaeo ca iaoiaeeeith ?aaiiaa E. A. ?c
ni?aaao., 1983. Ia ?aae?iniaeo?iiao?? «Bruker» c oa?iii?enoaaeith a
oaiia?aoo?ieo ae?aiaciiao a?ae

-20 aei +25 °N. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a o oaa?ei
iieyaaei o aecia/aii? e?eueeino? ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oi?iaieo aeaiaio?a
e?ia?, ia/eneaiiy a?aenioeiaiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c??eeo ? thieo oi?i
iaeo?io?eueieo eaeeioeeo?a, aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino? in?aeaiiy
a?eo?ioeeo?a. Iaa?no?aeueiee e?iaiia?a aea/aany o 28 oai?eo c
a?aeii?iaeaiiyie naaiaio?a ieaeiuei? e?ioe?aee 1-3 nooi?iy ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee ?aiaacia?ao?? (aiia?ao ?A-4) ?
OCAe-aeiiiea?ia?ao?? OCAe-neaia?? «Siemens-2000» c aecia/aiiyi
e?iaiia?ao ia ??ai? i?aeeie?iii? a?oa??? ? aaie. Eiio?ieueio a?oio
neeaee 10 oai?eo c a?aeii?iaeaiiyie oaeaia iaeueoe?a, ye? iaea?aeoaaee
o?aaeeoe?eio oa?ai?th ? iaeo?aeuei? iacaa? iia’ycee c aioea?ioeeaie. A
iniiai?e a?oi? (18 oai?eo) ye caniae e?eoaaiiy aoei aeei?enoaii
aeiaeaoeia? aie?eaoe?? iac? «Eaaiiaeieue», yea i?noeoue 19.5% IAI-1500.
Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea io?eiaieo aeaieo aeeiioaaeany caniaii aa??aoe?eiiai
? ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co, ca aeiiiiiaith e??oa??y Nouethaeaioa-O?oa?a.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e e??iooeiaeaeaii? oe??e aei -20 °N
c aeniiceoe??th 30 oaeeei aaciina?aaeiuei i?ney a?ae?a??aaiiy
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny i?i?iaeueieie no?oeoo?ieie ooeiaeaeaiiyie i?ae /an
ia?oeo 5 aiaeei. A?aecia/aeiny iioiauaiiy ai?aea?i?no, eiai
?icioooaaiiy, iiaeaeoaee eiai ceouoaaiiy. Oe??yi? i?eaeaoee aoee
iaci?iieie, a?aecia/aeeny iaeeie/i? niaciiaai? a?oa??aeuei? noaeeie ?
?icoe?ai? aaiici? noaeeie. Ia 5-7 aeiao niinoa??aaeiny i?ia?anoaaiiy
caiaeueii? ? noaeeiii? ?aaeoe?? c iae?icii ai?aea?i?no, iaa?yeii
iiaa?oiaaeo ? aeeaieeo i?ioa?e?a oe??e ca ?aooiie o?iiaico a?oa??e ?
aai ??cieo eae?a??a ? iayaiino? aaneoe?o?a c iaa?yeii aioo??oiuei? ?
na?aaeiuei? iaieiiee noaeei. *a?ac 14-21 aeiao i?ney e??iooeiaeaeaiiy
niinoa??aaany ii/aoie ?aia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a, ui i?iyaeyeinue ooai?aiiyi
a?aioeyoe?eii? oeaieie c ?io?eueo?aoe??th e?ioi?aeii-a?no?ioeeoa?ieo
aeaiaio?a c iayai?noth ieaciioeeo?a ? naaiaioiaaieo eaeeioeeo?a. Aei 30
aeiae a ina?aaeeao iae?ico i?iyaeyeiny oi?ioaaiiy iac??ei? ?aeiaeueii?
oeaieie c iacia/iith e?ioi-a?no?ioeeioeeoa?iith ?io?eueo?aoe??th c
iayai?noth aaeeei? e?eueeino? o?a?iieano?a, iiaiie??a’yi noaeei, ii/aoie
ai?oae?caoe?? a?aioeyoe?eii? oeaieie.

A ae?oa?e a?oi? oaa?ei, o yeeo i?e e?eoaaii? canoiniaoaaeany
iacue «Eaaiiaeieue», ii?oieia?/ia ea?oeia a aiaeia?/i? oa?i?ie na?ae/eea
i?i iaio aeyaeaia iioeiaeaeaiiy aeeaieeo i?ioa?e?a oe??e, iacia/iee
?ioa?noeoe?aeueiee iaa?ye, ui caaacia/oaaei a?eueo ?aiith iiyao
a?aioeyoe?eii? oeaieie ia i?noe? aeaneaaiaoe?? ai?aea?i?no. ?noioii
iaioeie aoee iciaee ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiiai iaa?yeo ? noaeeiiiai
i?e?io?iiaico, ui ni?eyei iiya? iciae ai?oae?caoe?? ina?aaee?a iae?ico a
a?eueo ?aii? oa?i?ie. Aiae?c aeeiai?ee oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo ii?ooaiue
ai?aea?i?no a cii? e??iooeiaeaeaiiy oeacoaaa ia ?icaeoie
aeano?oeoeaiiai i?ioeano ia ??ai? iaia?ai ? i?aaiae, o?iaeii yeiai aoa
iae?ic oeeoiieacie ? caaeaaeue ee?oeie. I?ioyaii 5 aiaeei i?ney
e??iooeiaeaeaiiy i?aaaethaaee e?enoae?caoe?ei? ooeiaeaeaiiy iaia?ai
ee?oeie. Ia 1-3 aeiao ?icaeaaany aioo??oiueiee?oeiiee iaa?ye ?
aeeno?io?/i? ci?ie i?aaiae, iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? a aacaeueieo
ai?oae?ioeeoao. I?ia?aneaia ia?inoaiiy aeeno?io?/ieo ci?i i?ecaiaeeei
aei ia?a?inoaiiy ?o o aeano?oeoeai? aei 7-10 ae?a.

A ae?oa?e a?oi? oaa?ei ci?ie oeueo?ano?oeoo?e oe??e a
aiaeia?/i? oa?i?ie iaee iica?/iee oa?aeoa?. Ia?yaeo c iayai?noth
aeano?oeoeaieo ci?i a ai?oae?ioeeoao niinoa??aaeiny ia?inoaiiy
neioaoe/ieo ? ?aia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a, no?oeoo?ii iaaaaeaieo
a?ia?ieac??th aiaeiieaciaoe/iiai ?aoeeoeoio, ca?eueoaiiyi /enea
i?oioiiae??e oa e??no a ieo, a?ia?o?io??th ieanoei/anoiai eiiieaeno
Aieueaeae? ? ca?eueoaiiyi /enea ?eainii.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo ? o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae aiaee a oe??? aoei
i?iaaaeaia ye o oaa?ei ia?oi? ? ae?oai? a?oie, oae ? ia aeiaeaoeia?e
iiaeae?, ui iieyaaei a ioieiaeaeaii? c?ace?a oe??e oaa?ei o
oaiia?aoo?iiio ae?aiacii? a?ae +25 aei -20°N a i?enooiino?
e??ii?ioaeoi??a: i?ii?eaiae?eieth, IAI-400 ? IAI-1500. I?iaaaeai?
caniaii nieiiaeo ciiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui
aioo??oiueiee?oeiia ??aeeia ee?oie oeaieie oe??e ? eiia?iaoe??th ?c
ca’ycaii? ae?oea?eiiiiae?aii? ??aeeie c aeaee?noth a 6.5 ?ace aeua
aiaee ? iaca’ycaii? aiaee c aeaee?noth ye o oeeoiciey a??o?ioeeoa (a
2.5 ?ace aeua aeaeeino? aiaee), ui a?aeia?aaea? iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e
ee?oie oeaieie oe??e (ciaaiaeiaiiy, eieaaaiia? aieieia ? o. ?i.).

Aea/aiiy ia?aiao??a niaeo??a aeaeo?iiiiai ia?aiaai?oiiai
?aciiaino e?iio?eueiiai ? aiaei?ic/eiiiai ciiae?a aeicaieeei aea/eoe
nii??aeiai?noue ?yaeo e??ii?ioaeoi??a aei iaia?ai ee?oei oeaieie oe??e ?
ioe?ieoe aeaee?noue aioo??oiueiee?oeiii? ??aeeie oeaieie. Iieacaii, ui
e??ii?ioaeoi?e aoaeoeaii ca’ycothoueny c e?i?aeaie iaia?ai ee?oei
oe??e, aeo?niyth/e ii eiieo?aioiiio iaoai?cio e?iio?eueiee ciiae c
iaia?aie. Nii??aeiai?noue e??ii?ioaeoi??a oa e?i?ae?a iaia?ai
ca?eueoo?oueny i?e c?inoaii? iieaeoey?ii? iane ? ? iaeneiaeueiith aeey
IAI-1500, ui ? aecia/eei aea?? iac?, yea i?noeoue aeaiee e??ii?ioaeoi?
a eiioeaio?aoe?? 19,5%.

Caiaeuei? ci?ie, ui niinoa??aaeeny a oa?i?ie aei 14 aeiae i?ney
e??iooeiaeaeaiiy, na?ae/eee i?i i?aeneeaiiy a?ae?aoaoe?? oeaieie ca
?aooiie iaca’ycaii? ??aeeie. A i?enooiino? e??ii?ioaeoi?a ciaioaiiy
aeaeeino? ia niinoa??aaeiny ? a?aeiiaeaiiy iieaciee?a aeae? iineei
a?eueo ae?aciee oa?aeoa? o ii??aiyii? c oaa?eiaie ia?oi? a?oie.

Iieacieee i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? /a?ac 5 aiaeei i?ney a?aeii?iaeaiiy
o oaa?ei cia/ii iia??ooaaeeny: o 7 ?ac?a ciaiooaaeany e?euee?noue
eai?ey??a ia 1 ii2 oe??e, aeinyaath/e 11±0, 9 iae/ii2, ca?eueooaaeany
e?euee?noue niaciiaaieo a?oa??ie ? aaioe, niinoa??aaeiny ooai?aiiy
i?eno?iieo ? iaoo?oth/eo o?iia?a, a?aenioie o?iiaiaaieo aaioe neeaaeaa
42,6% (oaae. 2). C ia?oi? aeiae ?oai?/i? ci?ie oeaieie c?inoaee,
a?aenioie o?iiaiaaieo aaioe ca?eueooaaany aei 52,1%; ciaiooaaeany
oaeaee?noue e?iaiia?ao, a?aecia/aeany eiai o?ea/ano?noue ?
iayoieeiiiae?aiee oa?aeoa?.

Oaaeeoey 2.

Noai i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? oe??e i?ney ?? e??iooeiaeaeaiiy

Iieacieee Eiio?ieue? a?oia?? a?oia5 aiaeei1 aeiaa14 ae?a14 ae?a1.
E?euee?noue ea-i?ey??a ia 1 ii2

86±0,4

11±0,9

34±0,5*

51±2,2*

62±2,2**2. A?oa??iei- aaio-

ey?ia ni?a-

a?aeiioaiiy, iae.

0,3±0,1

0,8±0,1*

0,6±0,1*

0,4±0,1

0,4±0,13. Eieaeueii-

niaciiaai?

a?oa??iee, %

8,4±0,5

65,3±2,1

47,3±2,6

23,1±1,7*

12,6±0,6**4. A?aenioie o?ii-

aiaaieo aaioe

5,2±0,1

42,6±1,8

52,1±2,0

11,7±0,5

9,3±0,45. Noai e?iaiia?ao,

aaee

10

2

4

6

8

*- ??cieoe? iieaciee?a noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aei? ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai
(P<0,01). **- ??cieoe? iieaciee?a noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aei? ii??aiyii c ? a?oiith (?<0,05). I?e i?iaaaeaii? e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a o 2-e a?oi? oaa?ei i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ia ea?oeia oe??e caciaaaea ?noioieo ci?i o ii??aiyii? c oaa?eiaie 1-? a?oie. Aei 14 aeiae e?euee?noue eai?ey??a ia 1 ii2 aeinyaaea iaeneiaeueieo cia/aiue, neeaaeath/e 62±2,1 iae/ii2; a?oa??iei-aaioey?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy cieaeoaaeiny i?aeoe/ii aei ii?iaeueiiai iieacieea (0.4±0.1). Eieaeueii niaciiaai? a?oa??iee neeaaeaee 12,6%, o?iiaiaai? aaioee neeaaeaee 9.3% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? i?e?inoaeei. A oe?eiio, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea aeacothoue, ui canoinoaaiiy iac? ia a?ae?io?euei?e iniia? c ia?oeo ae?a i?ney a?aeii?iaeaiiy ia?aoeiaeaea? ?icaeoeo ae?aciiai ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiiai iaa?yeo ? ni?ey? iai?ioiino? i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ieo ?iceaae?a, ui niinoa??aathoueny i?ney e??iooeiaeaeaiiy oeaieie oe??e. Aea/aiiy iaa?no?aeueiiai ? ia?eoa??eiiai e?iaiia?ao ca aeaieie ?aiaacia?ao?? ? aeiiiea?ia?ao?? o oai?eo a oa?i?ie aei 30 ae?a i?ney a?aeii?iaeaiue e?ioe?aie na?ae/eei i?i ii?ooaiiy aaiiaeeiai?ee ye a?oa??aeueiiai, oae ? aaiiciiai e?iaiia?ao. Aaea aei 7 aeiae a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy aoei a?aecia/aii ?noioi? a?aei?iiino? o a?aeiiaeaii? e?iaiia?ao a iniiai?e a?oi? o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith: niinoa??aaeiny ca?eueoaiiy ia'?iiiai e?iaiia?ao ia ??ai? i?aeeie?iii? a?oa??? a 2 ?ace, a oie /an ye a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? i?e??no neeaaeaa onueiai eeoa 20%. O aaiici?e nenoai? oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy e?iaiia?ao a iniiai?e a?oi? ia?aaeuoaaei eiio?ieuei? cia/aiiy. Aei 14 aeiae a?aeiiaeaiiy e?iaiia?ao a iniiai?e a?oi? aoei iaeneiaeueiei ? neeaaeaei aeey a?oa??? - 70% a?ae ii?iaeueieo cia/aiue ? aeey aai - 60%, ui ni?eyei ciaioaiith ciie iae?ico, a oaeiae a?eueo ni?eyoeeaiio ?icaeoeo caai?iiy iiaa?oiaaeo ?ai ? ?ai, ui aeieeee i?ney aiiooaoe?? oaeaia iaeueoe?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ee?i?/ieo iieaciee?a ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eae?th ? iao??th a a?eo?ioeeoao ? a ieaci? e?ia? o oai?eo iniiaii? ? eiio?ieueii? a?oi oaeiae na?ae/eee i?i a?eueo ?aii? ciaioaiiy yaeu caaaeueii? ?ioieneeaoe?? ? caiaeueio ?aaeoe?th c ii?iae?caoe??th o?c?ieia?/ieo eiinoaio o a?eueo ei?ioe? oa?i?ie o oai?eo a iniiai?e a?oi?. E?euee?noue aeeiiaieo o??o?a?/ieo ia?iaie ?ai i?ney a?aeii?iaeaiue, o aeeo/aii? iae?ioeciaaieo ae?eyiie oe??e, oanoe?ioii?? ? aeeo/aii? e?noeiaeo naeaano??a o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? neeaaeaei a na?aaeiueiio 2,8 c e?aeei-aeiai 45,6. A iniiai?e a?oi? aeai? iieacieee ?noioii cieaeoaaeenue, neeaaeath/e 1,7 o??o?a?/ieo ia?iaie ia 1 iaoe??ioa i?e ciaioaii? o?eaaeino? na?aaeiueiai e?aeei-aeiy aei 32,2. Oaeei /eiii, o oai?eo c a?aeii?iaeaiiyie e?ioe?aie 1-3 nooiaiy niinoa??aaany ?icaeoie oee?eoeyoi?ii? ? aai?/ii? a?iien??. Iaa?no?aeueiee ? ia?eoa??eiee e?iaiia?a e?ioe?aie i?ney a?aeii?iaeaiiy aoa i?eai?/aiee ye ca ?aooiie iia??oaiiy i?eieeao, oae ? a?aeieeao a aaiici?e eaioe?. O?c?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino? a?eo?ioeeo?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? na?ae/eee i?i ca?eueoaiiy o?ainiaia?aiiiai a?aae??ioo aeey ?iia eae?th ? ciaioaii? aeaiiai iieacieea aeey ?ii?a iao??th. Ii?ooaiiy ia ??ai? i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea, i?inoaaeai? ia aenia?eiaioaeuei?e iiaeae?, i?eaiaeeee aei ii?ooaiiy oe?eino? noaeei ? i?aeneeaiith ae?aiaaeaca e?ia? c ?icaeoeii oeaieiiiai iaa?yeo ? i?e?aeiaiiyi o a?aeaeaeai? oa?i?ie aoi?eiieo ?oai?/ieo ooeiaeaeaiue, ca'ycaieo c iaa?yeii ia?eaaneoey?ieo oeaiei, caeaaeaiiyi noaeei ? ?icaeoeii a ieo o?iiaic?a. Aieea ia noaeeiia ?onei o?aaeeoe?eii? oa?ai?? a eiiieaen? c iaccth, ui i?noeoue IAI-1500, coiiaethaaei i?ioeiaa?yeiaee aoaeo ? ni?eyei a?eueo ?aiiueiio ? aoaeoeaiiio a?aeiiaeaiith e?iaiia?ao. Ii?oieia?/i? ? oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ci?ie ooeiaeaeaieo ee?oei oe??e i?ney oieiaeiai? o?aaie na?ae/eee ia o?eueee i?i i?aaiaaee, aea ? oeaieiiee ??aaiue ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeiaa?yeiai? ae?? IAI-1500 ? a?aeiiaeaiith neioaoe/ieo i?ioean?a, ui i?iyaeyeiny a?aeiinii a?eueoei caa??aaiiyi oeaieiieo no?oeoo? i?ney a?aeii?iaeaiue ? a?eueo oaeaeeiio a?aeiiaeaiith oeaiei, ye? i?aeeyaathoue oieiaeiaiio ooeiaeaeaiith ye ia aenia?eiaioaeuei?e iiaeae?, oae ? a ee?i?/ieo oiiaao. AENIIAEE 1. A ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo nooiaiy ooeiaeaeaiiy ??cieo oa??a oe??e i?ney ae?? iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? c iaoith ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a ?aia?aoeaii? oa?ai?? ooeiaeaeaii? oe??e. 2. E??iooeiaeaeaiiy oe??e i?ney caii?iaeaiiy aei oaiia?aoo?e –20°N i?ioyaii 30 oaeeei i?iyaey?oueny e?enoae?caoe?eieie ooeiaeaeaiiyie ee?oei aacaeueiiai oa?o ai?aea?i?no a oa?i?i? aei 24 aiaeei i?ney a?ae?a??aaiiy ? ?icaeoeii a ianooiiiio iae?ioe/ieo i?ioean?a a ai?aea?i?n?, aeeaieeo oa?ao oe??e ? oe??yieo i?eaeaoeao aiane?aeie i?e?aeiaiiy i?e?inoaeeiieo ?iceaae?a a oa?i?i? aei 5-7 ae?a a?ae?a??aaiiy. 3. I?e?inoaeeii? ?iceaaee i?ney e??iooeiaeaeaiiy oe??e i?ecaiaeyoue aei c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? iicaee?oeiii? ??aeeie a oeaiei? ? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ciie aieiaiai iae?ico a oeaieiao, ui ia i?aeeyaee e?enoae?caoe?eiei ooeiaeaeaiiyi. 4. Iaoiaeii aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? anoaiiaeaii, ui a ee?oeiao oe??e, ye? ia i?aeeyaee iae?ico, niinoa??aathoueny ci?ie oeeoiieaciaoe/ieo no?oeoo?, ye? iiaeooue oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe i?eai?/aiiy neioaoe/ieo ? iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a. 5. I?noeaaa aeei?enoaiiy e??ii?ioaeoi?a IAI-1500 i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca’ycoaaiiy iicaee?oeiii? ??aeeie ? ciaioaiiy iaa?yeo oeaieie, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iaoiaeii AI?-niaeo?iiao???. 6. A ?acoeueoao? ciaioaiiy oeaieiiiai iaa?yeo oe??e i?ae ae??th IAI- 1500 aeieeathoue oiiae iie?ioaiiy e?iaiiinoa/aiiy oeaieie, ui i?iyaey?oueny c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? eai?ey??a a 1,5 ?ace, ciaioaiiyi /anoioe eieaeueii niaciiaaieo a?oa??ie a 2 ?ace, cieaeaiiyi a?aenioea o?iiaiaaieo aaioe ia 30 %. I?e oeueiio a?aei?/a?oueny c?inoaiiy oaeaeeino? ia’?iiiai e?iaiia?ao a iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??yo ia 28-30% ? aaiao ia 18-24%. 7. I?noeaaa aeei?enoaiiy io?oe?iaeueii? iac? “Eaaiiaeieue”, a neeaae? yei? ? IAI-1500 a e?eueeino? 19,5% a ee?i?/ieo oiiaao i?e a?aeii?iaeaiiyo naaiaio?a ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ni?ey? ciaioaiith e?eueeino? aoi?eiieo iae?aeoii?e ? aiiooaoe?e, iie?ioo? i?ioeane caai?iiy ?ai ? nei?i/o? oa?i?ie e?eoaaiiy oai?eo. Ia?ae?e ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. Ieinii E. ss., E?eai?ioueei E.A. Iee?ioee?eoeyoeey eiaee a oneiaeyo ianoiiai ioii?iaeaiey//Aenia??iaioaeueia ? ee?i?/ia iaaeeoeeia., Oa?e?a. - 1998, ? 1. - no?. 106-111. 2. Naiaeiie?neee A. I., Ieinii E. ss., E?eai?ioueei E. A., Eaaiia E.E. Eco/aiea i?ioeania aeaaeae?aoaoeee oeaie eiaee e?un iiae aeaenoaeai ?yaea aeae?ioeeueiuo iaaiaeiuo ?anoai?eoaeae//Oa?iaeii., Oa?ueeia. - 1998, ? 6. - no?. 41-43. 3. Ieinii E. ss. Ninoiyiea iaaeno?aeueiiai e ia?eoa?e/aneiai e?iaiia?auaiey i?e ioii?iaeaieyo ieaeieo eiia/iinoae i?e ea/aiee iiiaieiiiiiaioiuie iacyie ia aeae?ioeeueiie iniiaa//Ainiee i?iaeai aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?ieia?? i iaaeeoeeie., Iieoaaa. - 1999, ? 5. - no?. 104-107. 4. Ieinii E. ss. Aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey aeaaeae?aoaoeeiiiuo iniaaiiinoae iiiaieiiiiiaioiie iace "Eaaiiaeieue" i?e ea/aiee ainiaeeoaeueiiai i?ioeanna a eiaea iinea ioii?iaeaiey//I?iaeaiu e?eiaeieiaee, Oa?ueeia. - 1999, ? 2. – no?. 79-83. Aiioaoe?? Iiinii I.ss. No?oeoo?i? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee oe??e i?ney aieeao iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? ? IAI-1500. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.19 - e??ia?ieia?y oa e??iiaaeeoeeia. - ?inoeooo i?iaeai e??ia?ieia?? oa e??iiaaeeoeeie IAI Oe?a?ie, Oa?e?a, 1999. A ?iaio? ?icaeyaea?oueny aieea ioieiaeaeaiiy oe??e ia ?? ii?oieia?/i? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Iieacaii, ui aieiaieie /eiieeaie e??iooeiaeaeaiiy ? e?enoae?caoe?ei? ooeiaeaeaiiy iaia?ai ee?oei oa ?oai?/i? ?iceaaee ia ??ai? iaa?no?aeueiiai ? i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea, ye? i?iyaeythoueny c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? iicaee?oeiii? ??aeeie oeaieie oe??e ? ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi ciie aiaeiai iae?ico o oa?i?i? aei 30-oe ae?a. I?noeaaa aeei?enoaiiy IAI-1500 i?ney ae?? iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaeneiaeueiiai ca'ycoaaiiy iica- oa aioo??oiueiee?oeiii? ??aeeie, ui ni?ey? ciaioaiith iaa?yea oeaiei oa iineeaiith e?iaiia?ao a ae?eyieao oe??e, ye? ia i?aeeyaeenue iae?ico. Aeei?enoaiiy a ee?i?/ieo oiiaao i?e a?aeii?iaeaiiyo IAI-1500 a neeaae? iac? "Eaaiiaeieue" ni?eyei iie?auaiith i?ioean?a caaith?iiy ?ai, ciaioaiith aeiaaee?a iae?aeoii?e oa aiiooaoe?e, oa?i?io e?eoaaiiy oai?eo. Eeth/ia? neiaa: e??iooeiaeaeaiiy, oe??a, IAI-1500, ii?oieia?y, i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?y, a?aeii?iaeaiiy. Ieinii E.ss. No?oeoo?iua e ooieoeeiiaeueiua oa?aeoa?enoeee eiaee iinea aeaenoaey ieceeo oaiia?aoo? e IYI-1500. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.19 - e?eiaeeiaey e e?eiiaaeeoeeia. - Einoeooo i?iaeai e?eiaeieiaee e e?eiiaaeeoeeiu IAI Oe?aeiu, Oa?ueeia, 1999. I?iaeaia iiauoaiey onoie/eainoe oeaiae e eeaoie e aicaeaenoaeth oieiaeiauo iia?aaeaeaiee iaania/eaaaony i?eiaiaieai e?eii?ioaeoi?ia, a /anoiinoe, aeae?ioeeueiuo iaaiaeiuo ?anoai?eoaeae, iai?eia?, oaeeo eae aeeoea?ei, iieeyoeeaiieneae, i?iieeaiaeeeieue, niiniaiuo naycuaaoue aiaeo, eciee?iaaiiua aaeee, eeieaeu aeiiaia?ai. A ?aaioa ?anniao?eaaaony aeeyiea ioeaaeaeaiey eiaee ia aa ii?oieiae/aneea e ooieoeeiiaeueiua oa?aeoa?enoeee i?e caii?aaeeaaiee aei oaiia?aoo?u –20° N ia iiaeaee ia?iaeeaeeinoiiai aicaeaenoaey no?oe aeeaeeiai acioa ia eiaeo aeeaioiuo a o?iie/aneii iiuoa e ia iiaeaee eciee?iaaiiiai eineooa eiaee. Iieacaii, /oi iniiaiuie i?e/eiaie e?eiiia?aaeaeaiey yaeythony e?enoaeeecaoeeiiiua iia?aaeaeaiey iaia?ai eeaoie e aoi?e/iua eoaie/aneea ?anno?ienoaa ia o?iaia iaaeno?aeueiiai e iee?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea. Iaoiaeaie yeaeo?iiiie e naaoiaie iee?ineiiee, i?eaeeciaiiie iee?ineiiee ninoaeia e yeaeo?iiii-ia?aiaaieoiiai ?aciiaina iieacaii, /oi a o/anoeao eiaee, ia iiaeaa?aoaeny e?enoaeeecaoeeiiiui iia?aaeaeaieyi, a n?iee aei 30 nooie iaaethaeaaony oaaee/aiea niaea?aeaiey aiaeeaoi/iie aeeaeeinoe n ?acaeoeai ioaea oeaie, naeaaeaieai iee?ininoaeia e nieaeaieai nei?inoe iaaeno?aeueiiai e?iaioiea, /oi ia oiia oaiaoaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiuo naienoa y?eo?ioeeoia i?eaiaeeo e ?anoe?aieth ciiu aoi?e/iiai iae?ica ca n/ao oee?eoeyoi?iie e aaie/aneie aeiienee oeaie. Ianoiia i?eiaiaiea IYI-1500 /a?ac 24 /ana iinea aeaenoaey ieceeo oaiia?aoo? i?eaiaeeo e ia?a?ani?aaeaeaieth aia- e aioo?eeeaoi/iie aeeaeeinoe, /oi niinianoaoao oiaiueoaieth ioaea oeaiae e oneeaieth e?iaiia?auaiey a o/anoeao eiaee, ia iiaeaa?aoeony iae?ico. A ?acoeueoaoa i?eiaiaiey IYI-1500 ii n?aaiaieth n eiio?ieueiie a?oiiie aeeaioiuo iaaethaeaaony oaaee/aiea /enea eaieeey?ia eiaee a 1,5 ?aca, oiaiueoaiea /enea eieaeueii niacie?iaaiiuo a?oa?eie a 2 ?aca e o?iiaica aaioe ia 30%. I?e yoii ioia/aaony oaaee/aiea nei?inoe iauaiiiai e?iaioiea a iaaeno?aeueiuo a?oa?eyo ia 28-30% e aaiao ia 18-24%. Ia iniiaaiee i?iaaaeaiiuo yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee aue i?aaeeiaeai e i?eiaiai o 18 aieueiuo niinia ea/aiey ioii?iaeaiee, caeeth/athueeny a ianoiii i?eiaiaiee iace “Eaaiiaeieue”, a ninoaaa eioi?ie iaoiaeeony e?eii?ioaeoi? IYI-1500 a eiioeaio?aoeee 19,5% e eniieuecothueeny a ea/anoaa aniiiiaaoaeueiiai aauanoaa. I?eiaiaiea i?e ioii?iaeaieyo I-III noaiaie IYI-1500 a ninoaaa iace "Eaaiiaeieue" o aieueiuo ii n?aaiaieth n o?aaeeoeeiiiie oa?aieae niinianoaiaaei oeo/oaieth i?ioeannia caaeeaeaiey ?ai, oiaiueoaieth /enea aoi?e/iuo iae?yeoiiee e aiiooaoeee, nie?auaieth n?ieia ea/aiey aieueiuo. Eeth/aaua neiaa: e?eiiia?aaeaeaiea, eiaea, IYI-1500, ii?oieiaey, iee?ioee?eoeyoeey, ioii?iaeaiea. Pinson I.Ya. Structural and functional changes of skin after the low temperature and PEO-1500 effect. – Manuscript. The thesis for scientific degree of a candidate’s medical sciences on speciality 03.00.19 - cryobiology and cryomedicine. The Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkov, 1999. Morphologic and functional changes in skin after its cooling are considering in this paper. The main reasons of skin cryodamages are crystallization injures and microvascular malfunction causing extracellurar liquid content increasing and spreading of wet necrosis area during 30 days. Local application of polyethyleneoxyde-1500 after cooling results to maximal immobilization of intra- and extracellular liquid, reduces tissue oedema and increases blood circulation in tissue, not affected after freezing. Usage of polyethyleneoxyde-1500 as a component of ointment "Levomecol" in frostbitten patients, reduces necrectomy, improves wound healing, decreases of treatment period. Key words: cryodamage, skin, PEO-1500, morphology, microcirculation, frostbite.

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