EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

OOEUeAEOE Iaoae?y Aanee?aia

OAeE 808.3 — 56

NO?OEOO?A NEEAAeIIAI ?A*AIIss

O Ae?AEIA?*IIIO IIAEAII?

(ia iaoa??ae? ooaeiaei?o oai??a)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo aioe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe,

i?ioani? Aeoiaaiaoeue ?aai ?iiaiiae/, ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI
Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ?noi??? o a?aiaoeee oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iethu Ia??y
sse?aia,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae;

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee *oiae
Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/, Oe?a?inueeee iiaii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee oiiae IAI
Oe?a?ie, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i.I.Eioethaeinueeiai, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i.A?iieoey.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “21” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.19 a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i. Ee?a, aoeuea. Oaa/aiea, 14, e. 63).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i. Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58,
e.10).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “15” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio E.?.Oaoiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ? caeiiii??iinoae
eiai ?icaeoeo noaiiaeoue iaeio c i?ia?aeieo i?iaeai no/aniiai
iiaiciaanoaa. ?ioa?an aei i?iaeai ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy iiynith?oueny
oei, ui iiaia eiioi?eaoe?y iaaoea aaee/aciiai cia/aiiy a no/aniiio
noni?euenoa?. Onia iiaeaiiy, iacaaaeath/e ia iino?eia c?inoaiiy ?ie?
oaeeo iaa?ae’?iieo neeaaeiee?a noni?eueiiai aeeooy, ye i?ana,
eieaiae?oeoaaiiy, caeeoa?oueny aecia/aeueiei o i?ioean? uiaeaiiiai
ni?eeoaaiiy /eai?a iiaiiai eieaeoeao.

I?iaeaiaoeea oniiai e?oa?aoo?iiai iiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeo?oueny ianaiia?aae
o aeaio ieaiao — aeania e?iaa?noe/iiio ? noni?eueii-eiioi?eaoeaiiio.

Aea/aiiy oniiai iiaeaiiy aea? iaoeiao iniiao aeey aeeaieeo aeniiae?a i?i
no?oeoo?o iaoe?iiaeueieo iia, i?i ?o aeeiai?eo ? aaaaoia?aii? ooieoe?? a
eiioi?eaoe??.

Oe?a?inuee? iiaiciaaoe? aaea iathoue iaai? oni?oe a aeine?aeaeaii?
oniiai e?oa?aoo?iiai iiaeaiiy (aeea. i?aoe? I.N. Aeoaeeea, Ae.O.
Aa?aiieea, A.E. ??iaa?a, A.I. A?euaiea oa ?ioeo). Aea, ye a?aecia/a?
A.I. A?euaiei, iaaeinoaoiuei a oe?e aaeoc? aea/aia iiaeaiiy ae?aeia?/ia.

Neeaaeia ?a/aiiy a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? aeine?aeaeoaaee ia?aaeon?i
ia iaoa??ae? eieaeii-ienaiieo noee?a, ui ?ai?acaioothoue oeiia? c?acee,
iaaeeaeai? aei caaaeueiiiiaieo noaiaea?o?a, iniiaieo oi?i ?aae?caoe??
iiaeaeae. Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui a e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo??
iaiaeii?aciai aeneiaethaaeeny aeoiee i?i iaoeiia?noue aeey ae?aeia?/iiai
iiaeaiiy neeaaeieo ?a/aiue, noa?ith ooieoe?iioaaiiy yeeo ? eeoa
iiiieia?/i?, ienaiii i?aai?ciaai? eiioaenoe ( E.A. Ua?aa, E.A.
sseoaeinueeee oa ?io?).

Iayai? aeine?aeaeaiiy c neioaeneno i?inoiai ?a/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai
?iciiaiiai e?oa?aoo?iiai iiaeaiiy (I.N. Aeoaeeea, Ae.O. Aa?aiieea oa
?i.) cana?ae/othoue ?yae niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae o no?oeoo??,
eiioi?eaoeai?e i?aai?caoe?? oeeo eiino?oeoe?e oiui (iaiiaiioa
?a/aiue, ae?ioe/i?noue neiainiieo/aiue, iioe?ai?noue
iai?aaeeeaoeaieo eiioi?eaoeaieo iaeeieoeue, yaeua ia?aaoaeiae o?ac o
i?ioean? eiioi?eaoe??). Cae/aeii, oe? oa ?io? iniaeeaino? aeyaeythoueny
? a no?oeoo?? neeaaeieo ?a/aiue, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a ae?aeia?/iiio
iiaeaii?.

Aeey no/aniiai neioaeneno oa?aeoa?iei ? ?icaeyae ?a/aiiy ye iaeeieoe?,
ui ii?yae c oi?iaeueiith aoaeiaith ia? ua iaaio naiaioe/io no?oeoo?o ?
eiioi?eaoeaio i?aai?caoe?th. ?aeay i?i neeaaeio, aaaaoianiaeoio aoaeiao
?a/aiiy, aeneiaeaia O. Aeaiaoai, aoea ?icaeiooa a i?aoeyo I.Ae.
A?oothiiai?, A.A. A?eioaieiai?, ?.?. Eiaooiiai?, ?.?. Aeoiaaioey. A
oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? iaeiaioa aeine?aeaeaiee eiioi?eaoeaiee
aniaeo. Iaeiiai?oa ?aae?caoe?y on?o aniaeo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ?a/aiiy
iiaeeeaa naia ia iaoa??ae? ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy.

?a/aiiy o noa?? iiaeaiiy — oea eiai ?ieue o eiioaeno?, aea aiii iaaoaa?
aeiaeaoeiaeo ooieoe?e, aenooiath/e /anoeiith a?eueoiai neioaene/iiai
oe?eiai, eiai eaieith. *a?ac oa, e??i nooi iiaieo iciae, ?a/aiiy a
iiaeaii? iio?aao? cania?a, ye? a neaiae?coaaee i?i eiai
ia?cieueiaai?noue. Naia oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e
ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy, cie?aia neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy, o
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iiio, naiaioeei-neioaene/iiio oa eiioi?eaoeaiiio
aniaeoao ? aeooaeueiei a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa?.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia ianaiia?aae oei, ui neioaene/ia
? naiaioe/ia no?oeoo?e neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy a ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?, eiai
eiioi?eaoeaia i?aai?caoe?y ia ? aaeaeaaoieie a?aeiia?aeiei
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iei ? eiioi?eaoeaiei ia?aiao?ai neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy,
ui ooieoe?iio? a iiiieia?/ieo eiioaenoao no/anii? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, ? aeiaaathoue niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Neioaene/ia nai???aei?noue ae?aeia?/ii? eiioi?eaoe?? iio?aao?
iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue i?aoe? c neioaene/ii?
oai???, i?aaenoaaeaii? ?iaiaie 0.0. Iioaai?, I.I. I?oeianueeiai, ?.?.
Aeoiaaioey, E.A. Ai?iaeainueei?, A.I. A?euaiea, N.?. Aei?ioaiea, Ae.O.
Aa?aiieea, I.N. Aeoaeeea, E.O. Ooeueaeoea oa ?ioeo.

Ca’ycie aeena?oaoe?? c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaeieeii eiiieaenii? iaoeiai? oaie
eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaae?inoeoooo
«Ooieoe?iiaeueia oeiieia?y neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iia?», oaia
?iaioe caoaa?aeaeaia a/aiith ?aaeith ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo, ocaiaeaeaia a oaeiio oi?ioethaaii? a ?aae? c
eii?aeeiaoe?? iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? iiaiciaanoaa a Oe?a?i?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? no?oeoo?a neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy a ae?aeia?/iiio
iiaeaii?.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a nenoaiiiio iien? oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?,
naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? ? eiioi?eaoeaii? no?oeoo?e neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy a
ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?.

Aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ?aae?caoe?th oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1) aena?oeeoe i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeia?/iiio
iiaeaii?;

2) anoaiiaeoe oeie neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy a ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?;

3) i?iaiae?coaaoe /eiieee, ui coiiaeththoue niaoeeo?eo neeaaeieo
neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? ii??aiyii c
aiaeia?/ieie ooai?aiiyie a iiiieia?/ieo eiioaenoao;

4) noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe oi?iaeueii-neioaene/io aoaeiao
neeaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy, ?o niieo/i? caniae;

5) aecia/eoe oeaio?aeuei? ? ia?eoa??ei? oeie neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o
ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?;

6) aena?oeeoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ae?aeiao oa neeaaeiiai neioaene/iiai
oe?eiai;

7) c’ynoaaoe naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae /anoeiaie ?
eiiiiiaioaie neeaaeieo ?a/aiue, ?o ???a?o?/iee/ia???a?o?/iee oa?aeoa?;

8) aeine?aeeoe eiioi?eaoeaio i?aai?caoe?th neeaaeieo ?a/aiue o
ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?: noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe eiioi?eaoeai? oeie oa
iniaeeaino? aeooaeueiiai /eaioaaiiy (oaii-?aii? a?aeiioaiiy);

9) c’ynoaaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?,
naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? oa eiioi?eaoeaii? no?oeoo? neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o
ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?;

10) aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? neioaene/ii? i?aai?caoe?? ??cieo oei?a ae?aeiao
(ae?aiaoe/iiai oa i?iciaiai).

C iaoith ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ie?aneaii aeaea?aeueio aaco,
iaoiaeieia?th e iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei
iiae ye aei oe?e?nii? oa aca?iiiia’ycaii? nenoaie, ui ia?aaoaa? a
iino?ei?e aeeiai?oe?, ?icoi?iiy iiae ye noni?eueiiai yaeua.

Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe ? caaaeaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y iaoa??aeo cae?enith?oueny ia iniia?
e?iaa?noe/iiai iieno ca aeiiiiiaith oaeeo aeiaeaoeiaeo i?eeii?a, ye
o?ainoi?iaoe?eiee aiae?c, noaoenoe/iee aenia?eiaio. Aeey aeyaeaiiy
niaoeeo?ee aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiino?oeoe?e aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoiae
neioaene/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaoaaea ea?oioaea ae?aeia?/ieo ?aeiinoae
oa ie?aieo ae?aeia?/ieo ?aie?e, oeeaaeaia oeyoii nooe?eueii? aea??ee
ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ia?niiaae?a ae?aiaoe/ieo oa i?iciaeo oai??a
oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a XIX — XX noie?oue (7 oeny/ ?a/aiue), aeaieo
Eaene/ii? ea?oioaee ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui oea
ia?oa ni?iaa a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? nenoaiiiai ? eiiieaeniiai
aiae?co oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?, naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? oa
eiioi?eaoeaii? i?aai?caoe?? neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?;
anoaiiaeaii oeiieia?th neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeic?; aeacaii ia
/eiieee, ui coiiaeththoue niaoeeo?eo neeaaeieo ae?aeia?/ieo
eiino?oeoe?e; aecia/aii oeaio?aeuei? ? ia?eoa??ei? oeie neeaaeieo
?a/aiue o ae?aeic?; c’yniaaii naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae
/anoeiaie ? eiiiiiaioaie neeaaeieo ?a/aiue; aeine?aeaeaii
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiioi?eaoeaii? i?aai?caoe?? neeaaeieo ?a/aiue-?aie?e c
?oiueith oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iith ? naiaioeei-neioaene/iith aoaeiaith. O
aeena?oaoe?? aaaaeaii a iaoeiaee ia?a cia/iee ca ianyaii oa cia/ou?noth
iiaee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiaiththoue
oai??th neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy. Aiie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? oai?aoe/ieo i?aoeue ?c neioaeneno oe?a?inueei? oa ?ioeo
neia’yinueeeo iia.

I?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeaeooue canoinoaaiiy o i?ae?o/ieeao ? iin?aieeao ?c
neioaeneno no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae. Aeaye? iaoa??aee iiaeia
aeei?enoaoe o na?aaei?o niaoe?aeueieo caeeaaeao ? a oeieao c iiaeeaeaiei
aea/aiiyi oe?a?inueei? iiae, o aoc?anueeeo eaeoe?eieo eo?nao, ia
i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo ?c neioaeneno, o ?ic?iaoe? niaoeeo?n?a oa
niaoenai?ia??a, i?e iaienaii? eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o
nooaeaioaie-o?eieiaaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee, ye? i?noyoueny
o ?iaio?, aoee aeeeaaeai? ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? (??aia, 1995?.); ia eiioa?aioe?? «No?aeiineia’yinuee? iiae
a ?o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo», i?enay/ai?e 90-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy
i?ioani?a N.I. Nai?eeaiea (Caii??aeaey 1996?.); I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Noni?euenoaiciaa/? iaoee ? a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??»
(Eooeuee, 1997?.); i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
(Aeiiaoeuee, 1997). C oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii aeaa’youe iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, c ieo n?i noaoae o aeo?iaeao ? iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao.

No?oeoo?a ? ci?no aeena?oaoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, ui
ia?aoiao? 282 iaeiaioaaiiy, nieneo aeaea?ae oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo ( 60
iaeeieoeue). Iiaiee ianya oaenoo aeena?oaoe?? — 192 noi??iee, ianya
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aac niene?a iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e ?
aeaea?ae – 165 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O Anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie, ?? aeooaeuei?noue; c’yniao?oueny
iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a; aecia/aii ia’?eo,
iaoiaeieia?th oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Aniaeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o
ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?» ?icaeyaeathoueny caaaeueiie?iaa?noe/i? i?iaeaie
aea/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy (iiiyooy ?iciiaiiai
iiaeaiiy o no/aniiio iiaiciaanoa?, ??ciianiaeoia aea/aiiy ae?aeiao oa
eiai aecia/aiiy ye e?iaa?noe/iiai iiiyooy, ?aie?ea ye eiiiiiaio
ae?aeia?/ii? ?aeiino?) oa i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o
ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?, c’yniao?oueny ieoaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue aea/aiiy
neioaeneno ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ca eiai e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueith
o?enaoe??th.

Ia aeoieo a?eueoino? e?iaa?no?a (aeea. i?aoe? ?.E. A?eiae?aea, A.A.
Einoiia?iaa, I.A. AEiaoia?thoa, I.TH. Oaaaeiai?, I.A. Ne?io?i?ii?, A.A.
I?eieuenueeiai, I.A. Eaio?ai? oa ?i.), ?iciiaia iiaeaiiy noaiiaeoue
iaeei ?c noee?a, aai ooieoe?iiaeueieo ??ciiaeae?a iiae, ui ianeoaiao?
aieiaiei /eiii iiaooia? noa?e iin??a iaaii? iiae, iath/e aeey oeueiai
onio (ia?aaaaeii ae?aeia?/io) ? ienaiio (a iniiaiiio iiiieia?/io) oi?ie
aeyao, a oaeiae eiiieaen nai???aeieo iiaieo aeanoeainoae o a?aiaoe/i?e
aoaeia?, eaeneoe?, oiiaoeoe?, ?eoiiiaeiaeeoe?.

Iiaooiaa ae?aeia?/ia iiaeaiiy ? iaeoeiia?oith ?aae?caoe??th ?iciiaiiai
iiaeaiiy. sseui ae ni?eeoaaiiy iaaoaa? nooi niaoe?aeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, oi
iiaoe? iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoe niieo/aiiy aeaiaio?a ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy
c aoaeue-yeei eieaeiei noeeai (iaoeiaei, ae?eiaei ? o. ?i.). E??i oiai,
o aoaeue-yeiio noeeueiaiio aeya? ?iciiaia iiaeaiiy ? ae?aeia?/iei aai
iiiieia?/iei, a iiaeaeoaee aiii aenooia? ye ci?oaia, c ia?aaaaith
aeaiaio?a iaei??? oi?ie iaae aeaiaioaie ?ioi?, ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, i?
ae?aeia?/i?noue, i? iiiieia?/i?noue ia ? aaniethoieie iciaeaie
?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy.

Ae?aeia ia cae??ieaiee ca aeneiaeaiiyi o?eueee a ?aieao iaeiiai noeeth
aai oi?ie, aea noeeue ? oi?ia (onia /e ienaiia) iathoue na?e aieea ia
eiai no?oeoo?o. Oiio aeioe?eueii aiai?eoe i?i ae?aeia ?iciiaiee —
oniiiiaiee ? ienaiiee, iaoeiaee, ioae?oeenoe/iee, io?oe?eii-ae?eiaee,
ooaeiaei?e ? o. ?i. sse aa/eii, ?iciiai?noue — iiiyooy cia/ii oe?oa,
i?ae ae?aeia?/i?noue, ai a oniiio e ienaiiiio aeyaao aiii ioiieth?
oaeiae iaai? oeie iiiieia?/ieo eiioaeno?a, oei /anii oea iiiyooy ?
aoae/ei o noeeueia?e i?iaeoe??.

Ae?aeia?/ia iiaeaiiy yaey? niaith /anoeio caaaeueii? eiioi?eaoeaii?
nenoaie, yeith ? iiaa. Iiaa ye can?a ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae ethaeueie iiaea
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? ??cii? yeino? ? ??cii?
e?eueeino?, caeaaeii a?ae oe?eueiai? ianoaiiae iiaoey, a?ae
ni?yiiaaiino? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? a?ae oiia ?? ia?aaea/?.

Ia?aaea/a ?ioi?iaoe?? a ae?aeic? eaea a?ae?aco e?eueeiia eaiaeaie:
neiaaniei, ?ioiiaoe?eiei, i?i?ei-aeanoeeoeyoe?eiei,
neooaoeaii-i?aaeiaoiei, oiio ae?aeia?/ia iiaeaiiy — yaeua neie?aoe/ia.

Aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ia coiiaeai?noue iiaeaii?aiai aeoo neeaaea?oueny c
aaaaoueio /eiiee?a: ia’?eoeaieo (a?coaeueiiai, oaiii?aeueiiai, nooiaiy
io?oe?eiino?, oeiiaino? neooaoe??, iaoe?iiaeueii? niaoeeo?ee, aieeao
ia?aii? aeey ?iciiae oaie oa ?i.) oa noa’?eoeaieo (a?e, ina?oa,
a?oaeeoe?y, i?ioan?eia oa nioe?aeueia eaae?o?eaoe?y, caoe?eaaeai?noue oa
ia’?i ciaiue i?i i?aaeiao ?iciiae, iniaeeaino? ineo?/iiai ii?yaeeo,
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? iiaeaiiy oa ?i.).

Oai??y ae?aeiao aaaaoianiaeoia, ?? oi?iothoue neeaaeieee ??cieo
ia?aiao??a. Aea yeeie a ??cieie ia aoee i?e/eie, ui ii?iaeaeothoue
?ioa?an aei ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cieo
niaoe?aeueiinoae, yeeie a ??cieie ia aoee aeania e?iaa?noe/i? i?aeoiaee
aei ae?aeiao, aiie iathoue aeaui ni?eueia, aecia/aia neie?aoe/iith
i?e?iaeith naiiai ae?aeiao. Oiio neia?ic, ooai?thaaiee ?acoeueoaoaie
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeai ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ??cieie iaoeaie, ni?eyoeia
anaa?/iiio aiae?co oeueiai neeaaeiiai oa niaoeeo?/iiai yaeua a nooi
e?iaa?noe/iiio aniaeo?.

Aaeeeee ?ioa?an aei ae?aeiao aeyaey?oueny c e?ioey 40-o — ii/aoeo 50-o
?ie?a (I.A. Ai?eniaa, A.A. Aae?iiaa, O.A. Aeiieo?, I.E. Ieeeo, I.E.
Ieoe?ia, I.TH. Oaaaeiaa oa ?i.). C oeo i?? ieoaiiy ae?aeiao
?ioaineaii ii?aoeueiaothoue ia iaoa??ae? ??cieo iia. *eiaeee aeina?ae o
aea/aii? ae?aeiao ia? e oe?a?inueea iiaiciaanoai (Ae.O. Aa?aiiee, ?.A
Ai?enthe, A.I. A?euaiei, I.N. Aeoaeee, A.I. Ie?eiee oa ?i.).

O 80-90-o? ?iee c ieoaiue ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy c’yaeeiny iiiaae
aeanyoie ioae?eaoe?e oa e?eueea aeena?oaoe?eieo ?ia?o.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy — aea/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiae a
iaei?e?iaei?o?e aeey ia? oi?i? ?nioaaiiy, ui oi?ea?oueny aaaaoueio
ia?aiao??a (oiiaoe/iiai, eaene/iiai, a?aiaoe/iiai, noee?noe/iiai ?
o.?i.). Aeey a?eueoino? e?iaa?no?a i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy a oe?e
aaeoc? aoei ? caeeoa?oueny aeneiaeaiiy ye ?aae?caoe?y a iioioe? iiaeaiiy
iaaii? caaeaii? aano?aeoii? nenoaie iaeeieoeue iiae, oiaoi neioaene/ia
aoaeiaa ae?aeia?/ii? ?aie?ee noaea i?aaeiaoii aaaaoueio aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aaaeeeaei noeioeii aeoea?caoe?? oe?a?inueeiai ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy noaee,
c iaeiiai aieo, i?eeeaaee aaeaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?in?enueeiai ?iciiaiiai
iiaeaiiy (O.A. Aeiieo?, ?.I. Nayoiai?a, I.A. Aeaaie?aa, E.0. Aoc??ai?,
I.?. Oao??i, I.TH. Oaaaeiai? oa ?i.), a c ?ioiai, aeaeaiiy ?inoeoooii
iiaiciaanoaa ?iai? 0.0. Iioaai? AI Oe?a?ie o?ueio eieaeoeaieo iiiia?ao?e
(Caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai oniiai e?oa?aoo?iiai iiaeaiiy.-
E., 1965; Oe?a?inueea onia e?oa?aoo?ia iiaeaiiy.- E., 1967; Onia
iiaooiaa e?oa?aoo?ia iiaeaiiy.- E., 1970). I?ioa noaoo?, ai?uaii? a ieo,
caeaa?eueoiai ci???ioiaaii? ia ??ciianiaeoia aea/aiiy oniiai
e?oa?aoo?iiai iiaeaiiy, a aiii aeaeaei ia ca?aa?oueny c
?iciiaii-iiaooiaei oe?a?inueeei e?oa?aoo?iei iiaeaiiyi. Eeoa ie?ai?
noaoo? (N.I. Nai?eeaiea, I.O. Ea?ainueei?, I.I. Iaooaaae, A.A. Eiaiaee,
A.A. AEaeai?iiea, A.?. Aeiaioa) i?enay/ai? aiae?cia? neioaene/ieo yaeu
?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy a eiai oni?e (ae?aeia?/i?e) oi?i?.

Ia?oith ni?iaith iiiia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iciiaiiai oe?a?inueeiai
e?oa?aoo?iiai iiaeaiiy, ia?aaaaeii eiai neioaene/ii? aoaeiae, noaea
i?aoey I.N. Aeoaeeea (Neioaenen no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai ?iciiaiiai
e?oa?aoo?iiai iiaeaiiy. – E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1973), aea ?icaeyaea?oueny
aeania neioaene/iee aniaeo aiae?co yaeu ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy ia iaoa??ae?
i?inoiai ?a/aiiy.Iioae?eiaaieo iiiia?ao?/ieo i?aoeue, o yeeo
niaoe?aeueii ?icaeyaeaeany a aoaeiaa neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy a
?iciiaii-ae?aeia?/iiio oe?a?inueeiio e?oa?aoo?iiio iiaeaii?, aein?
iaia?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenoaaaiiy iaoeiai-e?iaa?noe/ii? ?iaioe a
oe?e aaeoc?.

Iiaiciaaoe? ii-??ciiio noaaeyoueny aei iiaeeeaino? aea/aiiy neioaeneno
ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ia iaoa??ae? e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueiai ae?aeiao.
Ie aaaaea?ii, ui ?nio? ??cieoey i?ae niiioaiiei oa ooaeiaei?i ae?aeiaii.
Aea ae /?oei? iaae? i?ae aeeaei ?iciiaii-iiaooiaei iiaeaiiyi oa
eiaeeo?eiaaiei a oe?eiio iaia?, oi/a ooaeiaei?e ae?aeia, cae/aeii,
oneeaaeiaiee iaaieie caaaeaiiyie aaoi?a (anoaoe/ieie, aeoiaieie ?
o.?i.). I?aaeeueiei ? ? oa, ui ooaeiaei?e ae?aeia ia caaaeaee ia? ciiao
aaniethoii oi/ii a?aeoai?eoe ?ioiiaoe?eiee iaethiie niiioaiiiai
ae?aeiao. Aea, ye i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aiae?c ae?a?aiiai iaie iaoa??aeo, a
oaeiae aeoiee ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? e?iaa?no?a, eaene/ia oa neioaene/ia
aoaeiaa niiioaiieo ae?aeia?a iiaea aooe aeinoaoiuei oi/ii a?aeoai?aia a
ooaeiaeiueiio ae?aeic?. Oiio iiaeaiiy ia?niiaae?a ooaeiaeiuei?
e?oa?aoo?e, ia iao iiaeyae, iiaea ? iiaeiia neoaoaaoe iaeiei ?c aeaea?ae
aea/aiiy ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy. I?ioa aaniethoii aaeaeaaoia
oa?aeoa?enoeea no?oeoo?e neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy a ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?
iiaeeeaa ca oiiae neioaco ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ye
ooaeiaeiuei-e?oa?aoo?iiai ae?aeiao, oae ? aeeaiai ?iciiaii-iiaooiaiai
iiaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Oi?iaeueii-neioaene/i? ia?aiao?e neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy
o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?» ?icaeyiooi oeaio?aeuei? ? ia?eoa??ei? oeie
neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?, c’yniaaii iniaeeaino?
no?oeoo?e neeaaeieo aeaiaioa?ieo oa aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo ae?aeia?/ieo
?a/aiue, aeyaeaii niaoeeo?eo aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e i?aaeeeaoeaieo
iaeeieoeue o neeaaeiiio ?a/aii? ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy. O ?icae?e?
aena?oeth?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy-?aie?ee ? oaenoo.

Na?oeaaeio oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii? i?aai?caoe?? ?a/aiiy
noaiiaeyoue neioaene/i? ca’ycee e aeae?ethaai? ia ?o iniia? eiiiiiaioe
?a/aiiy. Aiie ? aecia/aeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oei?a ? i?aeoei?a
?a/aiue.

A eieaeii-ienaiieo noeeyo ia?aaaeii ?aae?cothoueny iiai? iiaeae?
neeaaeieo ?a/aiue. Onii-?iciiaia ae neioaene/ia iiaeaeue yaey? niaith
o?e/eaiiee aiiiooieoe?iiaeueiee neioaene/iee ?yae, ui neeaaea?oueny ?c
aeania iiaeae?, ?? no?oeoo?ieo iiaeeo?eaoe?e oa ?? eiie?aoieo
iiaeaii?aeo ?aae?caoe?e.

Iniaeeaino? neioaene/iiai eaaeo ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ca nai?th
i?e?iaeith aeai?no?. C iaeiiai aieo, iiaeia aeae?eeoe a?oio yaeu, ui
aeieeathoue ia ??oio? caaaeueieo ?ica?aeiinoae i?ae iiaeaiiyi ?iciiaiei
oa eieaeiei: eaeii?/i?noue oa ae?ioe/i?noue aeneiaeaiiy, ia?aaaaa
no?yaeiino? iaae i?ae?yaei?noth, aacniieo/ieeiaiai ca’yceo iaae
niieo/ieeiaei, aaeeea e?euee?noue aiioe?eii caaa?aeaieo ?a/aiue oa ?i. C
?ioiai aieo, iii?/a?ii oae? iniaeeaino?, iayai?noue yeeo aecia/a?oueny
aeeeth/ii niaoeeo?eith ae?aeia?/ii? iiaeaii?ai? aca?iiae??, oiaoi
?aie?eoaaiiyi, ui ia? nai? caeiiii??iino? ci?noiaiai oa a?aiaoe/iiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiiiiaio?a. Oea iia’ycaii c ??cieie aeyaaie
aca?iicoiiaeaiino? neioaene/ii? no?oeoo?e ?aie?e, ni?aa?aeiinieo ca
ci?noii.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca na?ae/eoue, ui a ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? iayai? ??ci?
oeie neeaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e, ye? ?ai?acaioothoue ye iiai? iiaeae?
?a/aiiy, ia a?ae??ciyth/enue a?ae oeo, ui aeanoea? iiiieia?/iei
eiioaenoai, oae ? aeneiaeaiiy, ui cia/iith i??ith a?aeaeaeai? a?ae ieo.

Iniaeea?noth ae?aeia?/ieo iie?i?aaeeeaoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e on?o oei?a ?
oa, ui aiie ia?aaaaeii iaeneiaeueii noene?, /anoi iaiiai?; oaeo
eiiaeainiaai?noue coiiaeththoue iio?aae ni?eeoaaiiy, eiioi?eaoeaia eiai
i???ioaoe?y, oiio caeiiii??ii, ui c iiaeyaeo oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?
no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ?ai?acaioothoue ia?aaeon?i
iiaeaii?a? aa??aioe iiaeaeae.

Oa?aeoa? ?ioi?iaoe??, oiiae ?? ia?aaea/? aecia/athoue ia o?eueee
a?o?oaeoii?eo ae?aeiao, aea e ie?aneththoue eiei no?oeoo?, ui eiai
ianeoaiaothoue. Oeaieia ae?aeiao aeineoue ?ooeeaa, a i?e niinoa??aa?ii
iino?eiee ia?ao?ae iaei??? ae?aeia?/ii? iiaoaeiae a ?ioo ca ci?uaiiy
eiioi?eaoeaii? ianoaiiae o oiae? iiaeaii?aiai aeoo. Oiio neioaene/i?
iiaeae? ienaiiiai iiaeaiiy, iniaeeai iiaeae? neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy,
aoaathoue ?iiae? iai?eaeaoi? aeey iaaeiooaiiai aeeaiai iiaeaiiy. Iiaeae?
neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy a ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? coiiaeththoueny neooaoe??th,
oiaoi i?e?iaeieie ianoaaeiaie, a ye? iio?aiey? iiaaoeue.

O ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? ?aaoey?ii ooieoe?i iothoue ia?aaaaeii
aeaiaioa?i? neeaaei? ?a/aiiy, i?ioa ia ? ?a?eoaoieie ? neeaaei?
aaaaoieiiiiiaioi? eiino?oeoe??.

Oeaio?aeueio iiceoe?th na?aae i?i?iaeueieo no?oeoo? caeiathoue
neeaaeiii?ae?yaei? ?a/aiiy c iaeiei i?ae?yaeiei, oi/a aeey ae?aeiao a
oe?eiio oa?aeoa?ia oaiaeaioe?y aei ia?aoaeoe/iiai oa aacniieo/ieeiaiai
ii?aeiaiiy /anoei neeaaeieo iiaoaeia. Na?aae aeaiaioa?ieo
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue ne?ae a?aecia/eoe aenieo /anoioi?noue
aeei?enoaiiy a ae?aeic? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo eiino?oeoe?e c
i?ae?yaeieie c’ynoaaeueieie, oiiae, i?e/eie, icia/aeueieie.

O neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiio ?a/aii? ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy oe?oa, i?ae o
iiaeaii? eiaeeo?eiaaiiio, i?aaenoaaeaii i?aiiceoe?th caeaaeii? /anoeie
uiaei aieiaii? : «Ui c? iiith nei?einy, ia a?aeath… » (?. Aooeaei);
«Ui iiaeia a ?io eeanoe, caa?aee» (A. Aa?ea).

A aiae?ciaaieo ooaeiaei?o ae?aeiaao ia??aeei o?aieythoueny oae? neeaaei?
iiaoaeiae, a yeeo iaeaea? /anoeie iaaoaathoue ciai?oiuei? oi?ie
i?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue. Iai?eeeaae: «Noa?oeia. Naia oe aa/eea? ?eiaee/ea.
Nai?ie i/eia! Uia iai? iiaeeaceei, eiee a?aoo!» (I. E?iieaieoeueeee);
«Aaey. A uia a?i ia ae?aeaeaa, uia y i?oea ca iueiai cai?ae’! » (?.
Ea?iaiei-Ea?ee).

Neeaaeiii?ae?yaeio eiino?oeoe?th o ae?aeic? /anoi ooai?ththoue
niieo/aiiy ?aie?e aai noi?aeieo, aai oe? ?aie?ee iiaeooue aooe
?ic??aaieie ?ioeie ?aie?eaie, oiaoi iathoue aeenoaioia ?icoaooaaiiy):

— Ia aoaeo ieanoe anye? ia?ieoe?? ia Iaoaeeo…

-1 ia ni?e! — noen eoeaee Ieaena.

-… ai ae?iea aiia oi?ioiai ?iaeo e /ania (A. I?iyeei).

Nooi?iue iaiiaiioe neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeic? iiaea aooe
??ciei:

?aie?ea iiaea i?noeoe eeoa aieiaio /anoeio, o?eueee i?ae?yaeio, ?iiae?
ae?aeia?/ia ?aie?ea neeaaea?oueny c /anoeie aieiaiiai ?a/aiiy (/ano?oa
i?aaenoaaeaii? caeiaiieeiaeie ooai?aiiyie) oa i?ae?yaeiiai, ia??aeei
a?ae i?ae?yaeiiai o ?aie?oe? caeeoa?oueny eeoa niieo/iee.

Na?aae aeaiaioa?ieo neeaaeiino?yaeieo ?a/aiue ?aaoey?ii ooieoe?iiothoue
c?noaaii-i?ioenoaai? oa ?aeiaeuei?. Iaeoaeeaai?oeie na?aae
c?noaaii-i?ioenoaaieo neeaaeiino?yaeieo iiaoaeia ? ?a/aiiy, /anoeie yeeo
ii?aeiai? niieo/ieeii a.

?aaoey?ii aeei?enoiaothoueny aeaiaioa?i? aacniieo/ieeia? ?a/aiiy c
iaeii??aeieie oa iaiaeii??aeieie /anoeiaie (/anoioi?noue inoaii?o cia/ii
a?eueoa a?ae eiino?oeoe?e c iaeii??aeieie /anoeiaie).

??aeoa a ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? aeei?enoiaothoueny oneeaaeiai? neeaaei?
eiino?oeoe??. Na?aae ieo aeii?iothoue niieo/ieeiai-aacniieo/ieeia?
no?oeoo?e. O iiiica’yceiaeo aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo?ao /ano?oa
ooieoe?iiothoue neeaaeiii?ae?yaei? ?a/aiiy c e?eueeiia i?ae?yaeieie (ooo
aeii?iothoue no?oeoo?e c iine?aeiaiith i?ae?yaei?noth). ?a/aiiy c
aaaaoieiiiiiaioiith no?yaei?noth ooieoe?iiothoue ??aeoa. O
iie?ca’yceiaeo no?oeoo?ao ia?aaaaeathoue ?a/aiiy c no?yaei?noth oa
i?ae?yaei?noth.

Iiaaoeue, ii/eiath/e ?a/aiiy, ia??aeei ia ia? /?oeiai oyaeaiiy i?i eiai
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/io i?aai?caoe?th. Oiio ie?ai? eaiee ?a/aiiy
?aae?cothoueny o aeaeyae? i?e?aeioaaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a, ye? nii/aoeo ia
aoee ia?aaeaa/ai? iiaoeai. Oae ooai?ththoueny neeaaeiii?e?aeioaaeuei?
eiino?oeoe??:

«?iceacoth, a nai oaea aeio?a iaeyaeath eiai e?iiaoeo, — aiia caaeoa
eieaeeaie, iaeea?ia ?ai?iaeoeoe?yie, caaaeaia ieao?aeaie,
iae??ciiiai?oi?oeie caienaie” (?. Aooeaei); «… A iooo y oia?
iiaeyeoaaoe, ai i?eeoea ae?oyi oa iai? iain?y, oa ua iaaeaeue
ia?oecainueeo aeaee Ia?oooe?» (A. I?iyeei).

Noia?a/i?noue i?ae e?i?eiith i?aai?caoe??th ?a/aiiy oa iae?i?eiei
oa?aeoa?ii ieneaiiy, a oaeiae i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aeoiee aaiein
coiiaeththoue o ae?aeic? ?ioiiaoe?eia ?ic/eaioaaiiy ?aeeii? a?aiaoe/ii?
no?oeoo?e. Oea yaeua ia?oeaeyoe??. O iaaeao neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy-?aie?ee
iae/ano?oa caciathoue ia?oeaeyoe?? /anoeie, ui nai?th no?oeoo?ith ?
ci?noii a?aeiia?aeathoue i?ae?yaeiei ?a/aiiyi i?e/eie oa iaoe:

«Eaaee ca?ac! Ai ooo oia? e?iaoeue. » (A. Aa?ea); «Iaa?ui ae oe oiae?
ian aeeeeeaa?-neei?a Aei?io.- Uia ieaneaoe oia? a aeieii??» (A.
Othothiiee).

C iaeiiai aieo, no?oeoo?a neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeic?
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaiaeaioe??th aei a?aeiinii iaei? aeeaeie o?ace, c
?ioiai — ae?aeia?/ia ?aie?ea iiaea cina?aaeaeoaaoe ci?no, i?aai?ciaaiee
o neioaene/iee ia??iae. Iai?eeeaae:

— Ae cia?oa, ui oaea ia?oa caiia?aeue eieaini?a?

— E??i ia?oi?, ?aaia Iaaeiae/o, y a iae?/ea ?ua aeaa’youe. Ai iai? o?aaa
a/anii canee?ooaaoe nieiio, uia aaniith ia i?aeoyaaoe ooaeiao ia oeayo.
Ai iai? ua e aaaeeeai, uia ia aaiyoe iaoei aea?aiii a «Caaioca?ii» e
iacaae ? uia ethaee ia ?iaeee aeo?ii? ?iaioe, eiee eiaeia aeooa ii ca??c
iio??aia,- inue ye? ua caiia?ae? y ciath»(A. I?iyeei).

Ae?aeia?/ia ?aie?ea ca iaaieo ianoaaei iiaea yaeyoe niaith aeneiaeaiiy,
ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai ae?aaeathoueny eiiieaene i?inoeo oa neeaaeieo
aeoiie. A niayi?noue ?aie?e ae?aeiao aaaea aei iinoaiiaee ieoaiiy i?i
eiai noinoiie aei iiiyooy neeaaeia neioaene/ia oe?ea, ine?eueee ae?aeia
ye ?acoeueoao iiaeaii?aiai iai?io yaey? niaith ?aeeiee oaeno iniaeeaiai
?iaeo, ui iaeaaeeoue ia iaei?e inia?.

Uiaei aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue o neeaaeiiio
?a/aii? ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy, oi aiie ia??aeei i?aaenoaaeai?
iaeiineeaaeieie iiaoaeiaaie, iaiiaiineeaaeieie neioaene/ieie
iaeeieoeyie (iaiiaieie ?a/aiiyie, «c?aaeoeiaaieie» eiino?oeoe?yie,
?a/aiiyie c iaaa?aae?ciaaiith eaieith). Aei oeiiaeo yaeu neioaeneno
ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy iaeaaeaoue iacae?i/ai? no?oeoo?e. Iai?eeeaae:
«Naeeeoa. N?aeaeoa ae, uia noa?inoe n?aeaee a iaia: iiaea, aaoeie
iieeoaaie…» (I. Noa?eoeueeee); «Io, ui ae, ia oio?ea, niaa/a eaii, ca
noieii, oi…» (A. I?iyeei); «… ss ii/oaath, ui oaea oaeaeei,
oaeaeei…- a?i ia aeiiiaea» (I. Iethu).

Niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae iiaeaiiyi aa?i?a ooaeiaei?o oai??a iaaiaeyoue ia
aeoieo, ui nai???aei?noue eiai neioaene/ii? aoaeiae ia ? a?aeoeeaiiyi
a?ae ii?i a?aiaoe/ii? aoaeiae iiae, a noaiiaeoue niaoeeo?/io
caeiiii??i?noue aeeaiai ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy.

O?ao?e ?icae?e «Naiaioeei-neioaene/ia no?oeoo?a neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o
ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?» i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith iniaeeainoae
?aae?caoe?? naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo a?aeiioaiue o neeaaeieo
?a/aiiyo-?aie?eao ae?aeia?/ieo ?aeiinoae.

Naiaioeei-neioaene/ia no?oeoo?a naiaioe/ii aeaiaioa?iiai ?a/aiiy
i?aaenoaaeaia neioaenaiaie — i?aaeeeaoiith, ui a?ae?a?a? i?aai?coth/o
?ieue o ?a/aii?, oa noanoaioe?aeueieie, ui aoiaeyoue aei aaeaioii? ?aiee
i?aaeeeaoa. ?aaeueii niinoa?aaeoaaia a iiaeaii? ?a/aiiy caeaa?eueoiai
neeaaea?oueny c e?eueeio naiaioe/ii aeaiaioa?ieo ?a/aiue.

Niieo/ieee a aenie?oeeoi?e aai ?iie?oeeoi?e oi?i? ? oeaio?aeueiei
naiaioe/iei eiiiiiaioii, aecia/aeueiei iieacieeii naiaioe/ieo
a?aeiioaiue i?ae aeaiaioa?ieie ?a/aiiyie. O naiaioeei-neioaene/iiio
y?on? neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy-?aie?ee ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue niieo/ieo
cania?a aeoeaioo? naiaioeei-neioaene/io ooieoe?th iaei??? c
i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei, a naiaioe/ia ooieoe?y ?ioi? eiioi?eaoeaii
iaeo?ae?co?oueny.

Niieo/ieee a naiaioeei-neioaene/iiio y?on? neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy iathoue
??cia ooieoe?iiaeueia iaaaioaaeaiiy. Oae, iai?eeeaae, no?yaeiee
?aeiaeueiee niieo/iee ? ae?aaea? eeoa iayai?noue no?yaeiiai ca’yceo, ia
aeacoth/e ia oa?aeoa? naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae
i?aaeeeaoeaieie /anoeiaie ?a/aiiy-?aie?ee. Oaiii?aeuei?,
i?e/eiiai-iane?aeeia? oa ?io? a?aeiioaiiy, ui iayai? o ii?aeioaaieo
niieo/ieeii ? neeaaeiino?yaeieo ?a/aiiyo, noai?ththoueny naiaioeeith
no?yaeieo /anoei neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy-?aie?ee. O ca’yceo c oeei niieo/iee
? aenooia? ye anaiaioe/iee. Iai?eeeaae : «I?ooi ia iceaa?oueny, ? i?/iai
ia aeaeii c yie. » (?. Aooeaei) (oaiii?aeuei? a?aeiioaiiy); «A?e iao a
aoiiiiio oieii?, ? ia oea ia iiaeia ia caaaeaoe» (I.Aii/a?)
(i?e/eiiai-iane?aeeia? a?aeiioaiiy); «Ae i??yee i?i ae?oaeeio-?aeaae, ?
oaia? ae ?? ianoa» (I. *i?iiaoc) (a?aeiioaiiy
a?aeiia?aeiino?-iane?aeeo); «Oe a?ey iaia — ? y niie?eiee» (I. Aeaniye)
(oiiaii-iane?aeeia? a?aeiioaiiy).

?io? no?yaei? niieo/ieee, e??i oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ii? ooieoe??
ae?aaeaiiy no?yaeiiai ca’yceo, ia?aaeathoue oaeiae naiaioeei-neioaene/i?
a?aeiioaiy i?ae no?yaeieie /anoeiaie o neeaaeiino?yaei?e iiaoaeia?
(c?noaai?, i?ioenoaai?, ?icae?eia? oa ?i.): “Aeaaea eiaeoue ethaeae, a
ie oeaeae?a…” (A. Aa?ea); “… oea, cae/aeii, iaoaeia?y,
aea /iio aiia oae iioe?aia?” (I. Aii/a?); “Ioi aai aiie
eaeooue aei iaia, aai y aei ieo ?aeo…” (?. Aooeaei).

I?ae?yaeiei niieo/ieeai, ye ? no?yaeiei, aeanoeaa iaiaeiaeiaa naiaioe/ia
iaaaioaaeaiiy. Iaei? (niieo/iee ui) ae?aaea? eeoa caeaaei?noue
i?ae?yaeii? /anoeie a?ae aieiaii? (“Aie/oe ? any ioa eiiiai?y ia
iia??youe, ui y i?eeoia i?inoi oae” (N. AEo?aoiae/)), ?io? — ua e
ae?aaeathoue iaai? naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiy : «Aeiee aaiaeeoe
e?oaii oaoe oiaeyoue, o?aa ae iiaeia e?ea?aeoaaoe?» (I. Aii/a?)
(oaiii?aeuei? a?aeiioaiiy); «Oiae? y aeieaaeo, ine?eueee aai niaoe ia
oi/aoueny. » (I. *i?iiaoc) (i?e/eiia? a?aeiioaiiy); «Iieeaa y oaaa
nthaee, uia a?ae aeoo? iiaiai?eoe» (I. Aeaniye) (oe?eueia? a?aeiioaiiy);
» I? aei eiai ia caoiaeue, oi/ iaoae ye i?ei?ioothoue.» (A. Aa?ea)
(aeiionoia? a?aeiioaiiy); «Ae aiai?eoa oae, iaiiaae a?eia aaea
ne?i/eeanue» (N. AEo?aoiae/) (ii??aiyeuei? a?aeiioaiiy); «O?eueee ae ye
ae a oeae a?e a?aaoeiaoa, oi ae ?? i?eiee ia aeiaeaiaoa» (?. Aaa?yiee)
(oiiai? a?aeiioaiiy); «Oe eaee eoaee-iaaoaeue iiaeae? a?ae iaoeo
i?noeue, aea oaaa ia ciathoue. » (A. Othothiiee) (i?inoi?ia?
a?aeiioaiiy); «Ae iio?aieee a oaeo neooaoe?th, c yei?, a?ao, iaia?
aeoiaeo.» (?. Aaa?yiee) (ao?eaooeai? a?aeiioaiiy); «?iceacoeoa, ye
aoei.» (A.Othothiiee) (ia’?eoi? a?aeiioaiiy).

O naiaioeei-neioaene/iiio ieai? neeaaei? aacniieo/ieeia? ?a/aiiy-?aie?ee
oaeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae niieo/ieeiaeo, ca aeiyoeii oiai, ui
ia??aeei ia?o? a?eueoith i??ith caeaaeaoue a?ae oaenoo aai caciathoue
naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo iaoa?oaaiue ? iiaeeo?eaoe?e o ca’yceo c
a?aenooi?noth /?oeeo oi?iaeueieo iieaciee?a neioaene/ieo ca’yce?a ?
naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo a?aeiioaiue, a ioaea, o ca’yceo c iiaeeea?noth ?o
aaaaoiieaiiai? naiaioe/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca na?ae/eoue, ui oe?eueia?, i?ioenoaai?, ?icae?eia?,
ia’?eoi?, aeiionoia?, ii??aiyeuei? a?aeiioaiiy /ano?oa ?aae?cothoueny a
niieo/ieeiaeo iiaoaeiaao, oiae? ye oiiai?, iiynithaaeuei?, oaiii?aeuei?
naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy ?aaoey?ii ?aae?cothoueny a neeaaeieo
aacniieo/ieeiaeo eiino?oeoe?yo. Naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy, ui
?aae?cothoueny o aacniieo/ieeiaiio ?a/aii?, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?eueoith
aeeiai?/i?noth oa eiioi?eaoeaiith iane/ai?noth, ui e a?aeiia?aea?
aeiiaai ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy.

Ioaea, ia icia/aiiy iaei??? neooaoe??, aeey ia?aaea/? iaeiiai
aeaiioaoeaiiai ci?noo ae?aeia?/ia iiaeaiiy aeei?enoiao? ?yae naiaioe/ieo
aa??aio?a ?c ??cieie a?aiaoe/ieie oi?iaie ae?aaeaiiy i?aaeeeao?a.

Ine?eueee ?a/aiiy ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy c iiaeyaeo neioaene/ii?
no?oeoo?e ?ai?acaioothoue ia?aaeon?i iiaeaii?a? aa??aioe iiaeaeae, oi
naiaioe/ia no?oeoo?a oaeeo eiino?oeoe?e oaae i?noeoue aaaaoi
?iie?oeeoieo eiiiiiaio?a, i?eoiaaieo i?aaeeeaoieo ciae?a, ui iiaeooue
aooe ?icai?ioo? a i?iiiceoe?th. ?aie?ea /anoi noaiiaeoue eeoa eiiiiiaio,
iaiao?aeiee aeey ?icoi?iiy neooaoe??, oiio ia??aeei i?aaeeeaoi? oa
noa’?eoi? neioaenaie a i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoeiao neeaaeii? eiino?oeoe??
eaene/ii ia ae?aaeai?.

Caaaeii naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy o neeaaeieo ?a/aiiyo
ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy o? ae, ui ? a no?oeoo?ao iiiieia?/ieo, iaeiae
aiie a?eueoith i??ith ia ?aae?ciaai?.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? «Eiioi?eaoeaia i?aai?caoe?y neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o
ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?» cae?enith?oueny aiae?c eiioi?eaoeaieo oei?a
neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy a ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? oa oaii-?aiieo a?aeiioaiue o
oeeo no?oeoo?ao.

Ca iaoith aeneiaeaiiy neeaaei? ?a/aiiy-?aie?ee, ye ? i?ino?,
iiae?eythoueny ia ?iciia?aei?, ieoaeuei?, niiioeaeuei?. sse ? i?ino?,
on? oe? oeie neeaaeieo ?a/aiue iiaeooue aooe aiioe?eii caaa?aeaieie.

I?noea ?aie?ee a ae?aeic? aaaaoi a /iio aecia/a? ?? eiioi?eaoeaio
ooieoe?th. Neioaene/io iiceoe?th ia?oi? ?aie?ee ae?aeia?/ii? ?aeiino?
ia?aaaaeii caeiathoue ieoaeuei? ?a/aiiy. Eiioi?eaoeaia ni?yioaaiiy
ia?oeo ?aie?e ae?aeia?/ii? ?aeiino? ia ianooiia iiaeaiiy ae?aaea?oueny
oaeiae ca aeiiiiiaith aeei?enoaiiy a ieo oaeeo ?iciia?aeieo,
niiioeaeueieo oa ieee/ieo ?a/aiue, o yeeo i?noeoueny iaaeinoaoiuei
?icaeiaia aeoiea. sseui a eieaeiiio iiaeaii? oaeeo eiino?oeoe?e
oieeathoue, oi a ?iciiaii-iiaooiaiio ae?aeic? aiie cae/aeia yaeua,
ine?eueee o neeaae? ae?aeia?/ii? ?aeiino? a?aenooiy ?oiy ci?noiaa
iaaeinoaoi?noue.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae ia?oeo ?aie?e ae?aeiao, ianooii? eiai ?aie?ee iathoue
neeueia eiioi?eaoeaia ni?yioaaiiy ia iiia?aaei? iiaeaiiy. Eiioi?eaoeaia
ni?yioaaiiy ?aie?ee-?aaeoe?? iiaea aooe ??ciei. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue
?aie?e ae?aeiao ooieoe?iiaeueii aeaiieaiiaa. Aea aeineoue /anoi
niinoa??aa?ii iaa?aeiia?aei?noue (iiaio aai /anoeiao) ?aie?ee-?aaeoe??
eiioi?eaoeaiiio caaaeaiith ?aie?ee-noeioeo.

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiioi?eaoeaieo ??ciiaeae?a ?a/aiue o ae?aeia?/i?e
?aeiino? iiaea aooe ??ciei. Ae?aeia?/ia iiaeaiiy oe?iei aeei?enoiao? e
oae? nai???aei? iiaoaeiae, aea a iaeiiio ?a/aii?-?aie?oe? eiia?iothoueny
aeaa ??ci? oeie ?a/aiue, ooai?thth/e neie?aoe/io no?oeoo?o (/ano?oa
iaeiei ?c oaeeo oei?a ? ieoaeueia eiino?oeoe?y).

I?i oaii-?aii? a?aeiioaiiy o ae?aeic? iiaeia aiai?eoe ye o ?aieao
iaeiiai neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy-?aie?ee, oae ? a ?aieao ii?aeiaiiy ?aie?e, ai
?aie?ea a ae?aeia?/i?e ?aeiino? cae/aeii ? no?oeoo?ii e naiaioe/ia
iaaeinoaoiueith: ?aie?ea-?aaeoe?y iiaea aenooiaoe ye ?aia uiaei
iiia?aaeiuei? ?aie?ee-noeioeo, iacaeaaeii a?ae eiioi?eaoeaiiai
?ic/eaioaaiiy inoaiiuei? (iayai?noue o i?e aeanieo oaie e ?aie). Inue
/iio ae?ioe/i? no?oeoo?e, ui noaiiaeyoue ea?ean ? aoae?aaeueiee iaoa??ae
ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy, aeeiiothoue ?ieue eiino?oeoeaieo eiiiiiaio?a
iaaii? iiaeae? neeaaeieo ooai?aiue, ye? ia iiaeia /eaioaaoe ca
o?aaeeoe?eiith noaiith, ai aiie i?aeaeathoueny eeoa aeooaeueiiio
/eaioaaiith ia oaio ? ?aio aai aecia/athoueny ye eiiieaenia ?aia. Iiooee
noeneino?, eaeii?cio, aeni?aneaiino? i?ecaiaeyoue aei ?aii?oaaiiy
iniiaieo no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a ?a/aiiy ? aeooae?caoe?? oeo eiai
/anoei, ye? iathoue ?ioi?iaoeaio aaao:

-Neaaee, /iio ?eaeia caaoueny «eei»?

— Neaaee nai!

— Oiio, ui eeiy? (A. Aa?ea).

O i?ioean? ia?aaea/? ci?noo aaaeeeaa iayai?noue o neioaene/i?e
eiino?oeoe?? ?aie (aiia iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia iiai?noth aai /anoeiai,
aai ?nio? ?aaeueia iiaeeea?noue ?? a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
ia?ae?iaa?noe/ieo oaeoi??a), iayai?noue aea oaie oaeoeueoaoeaia,
ine?eueee o aeiaaeeo aaniethoii? a?aenooiino? ?aie iaeiicia/ia ?icoi?iiy
ae?aeia?/iiai aeneiaeaiiy i?iaeaiaoe/ia.

Ae?aeia?/ia iiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeaiia iiey?ieie iciaeaie:
aeiiii??th oa iaaeeeoeia?noth. sseui aeyaii aeiiii?? iiaieo cania?a
ae?aeiao ? ae?inen, oi iaeiei ?c aeya?a ae?aeia?/ii? iaaeeeoeiaino? ?
aioeae?inen — iicia/aiiy aaea caaaeaiiai ia’?eoa aea?/?. Iai?eeeaae:

— A oe ia cia?o, aea iiae?eany Aiia Caeaiye?

— I?, ia ciath, aea iiae?eany Aiia (A. Othothiiee);

Aaneeue. Oe a??eo iai??

Aaey. Oia? y a??th, aea ?o aithnue: oai /aeeoie, /a??aieoe?! (I.
Noa?eoeueeee).

C iiaeyaeo ooieoe?iiaeueii? ia?niaeoeae aeneiaeaiiy aioeae?inen caaaeaee
iia’ycaiee ?c iiaoi?ii oaie (aai ?? /anoeie), ui ni?ey? aeni?aneaiiio
aeae?eaiith ?aie (?aia i?ioenoaaey?oueny aenie?oeeoii ae?aaeai?e oai?).
Aea?? iaaii? no?oeoo?e a?aeaoaa?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei
eiioi?eaoeaii-noee?noe/ii? ianoaiiae.

Aeae? o ?aoa?iaai?e ?iaio? iiaea?oueny aiae?c aca?iiae?? eiioi?eaoeaiiai
y?ono neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy-?aie?ee c oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iei oa
naiaioeei-neioaene/iei. sseui naiaioeei-neioaene/iee ?
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iee y?one ?a/aiiy noinothoueny noa?e iiae,
aiane?aeie /iai aiie iathoue a?eueoo noaa?euei?noue ? aecia/ai?noue, oi
eiioi?eaoeaiee y?on ?a/aiiy ni?yiiaaiee o noa?o iiaeaiiy ? oiio,
a?aeia?aaeath/e iio?aae eiioi?eaoe??, ? aeeiai?/i?oei.

O ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? ?aaoey?ieie ? oae? neeaaei? eiino?oeoe??, a
yeeo niinoa??aa?ii iiaio a?aeiia?aei?noue oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?,
naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? oa eiioi?eaoeaii? no?oeoo?e, oiaoi iaeeieoe?
??cieo ?aia?a i?aaenoaaeai? aenie?oeeiii. Aea /ano?oa o neeaaeieo
?a/aiiyo-?aie?eao oaea a?aeiia?aei?noue ii?ooo?oueny. Iiethne
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? (iiaii? aai /anoeiai?) ?ai?acaioiaai?
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iei oa eiioi?eaoeaiei aniaeoaie. Iai?eeeaae:

— *iai ae oe oi/ao?

— ss oi/o, uia oe iaeyaaeanue (I. *i?iiaoc) (/anoeiaa
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue);

— Iaa?ui ainoeioe??

— A uia aeiaoa oe aeea, oi ainoeioe?a oia? i?eianea (A. I?iyeei) (iiaia
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue).

Ine?eueee a ae?aeic? ?ic??ciythoue eiino?oeoe??, ui eiiaeainiaaii
ia?aaeathoue iaaiee ci?no, ? eiino?oeoe??, ui caa??aathoue eia?/i?
«e?iee» ieneaiiy, oi eiiiiiaioe ci?noo ia caaaeaee cae??ieai? ca
iaei??th iaaiith iiaiith oi?iith.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, iacaaii
oeaio?aeuei? ? ia?eoa??ei? oeie neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeia?/iiio
iiaeaii? oa /eiieee, ui coiiaeththoue niaoeeo?eo
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?, naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? oa eiioi?eaoeaii?
i?aai?caoe?? aeacaieo no?oeoo?. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui o neeaaeiiio
?a/aii?-?aie?oe? ooieoe?iiaeueia oa no?oeoo?ia i?aai?caoe?y iiaea aooe
a ??cieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo: a iaeieo aeiaaeeao aiie a?aeiia?aeathoue
iaeia iaeiiio, a ?ioeo — oey a?aeiia?aei?noue ii?ooo?oueny (aiia iiaea
aooe iiaiith aai /anoeiaith). I?ioa ?nioaaiiy aeacaii? iaa?aeiia?aeiino?
ia oneeaaeith? i?ioeano ni?eeoaaiiy: neie?aoe/ia i?e?iaea ae?aeiao ?
aaaeeeaith i?aeo?eieith a onoiaii? iaaaeaeaaoiiai ni?eeiyooy ?ioi?iaoe??
i?ae /an ae?aeia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

Aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia niaoeeo?oe? ae?aeiao a ae?aiaoe/iiio oai??, yea
aeyaey?oueny a oiio, ui eiai ?aie?ee aeeiai?/i?o?, naiaioe/ii ia’?ii?o?
oa ooieoe?iiaeueii ??ciiiai?oi?o?, i?ae ?aie?ee ae?aeiao ai?/iiai oai?o,
ai naia ae?aeia o i’?n? ? iniiaiei caniaii oai?aiiy noeai?/ieo ia?ac?a.
I?ica?e aea ia? ??ciiiai?oi?o? iiai? caniae, i?ae ae?aiaoo?a. No?oeoo?a
i?iciaiai ae?aeiao iiaea aooe neeaaei?oith, oi/a a iaio aeai?ao ?
ni?eueia a eiiiiceoe?? ae?aeia?/ieo ?aeiinoae ? o ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo ?o
neeaaeiee?a (?aie?e).

Iniiai? ?aea? oa iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1 .Iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy a ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? //
No/ania o?eieia?y: i?iaeaie, iiooee, ciao?aeee: 36. iaoe. i?aoeue.-
??aia, 1995. — Aei. 2. — N. 48 — 49.

2. Aeei?enoaiiy eiino?oeoe?e ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy o i?ioean? aea/aiiy
neioaeneno // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aea/aiiy oai?aoeei-e?oa?aoo?ieo ?
iiaiciaa/eo aeenoeeie?i o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?.
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. — ??aia, 1995. — N. 65 — 66.

3. Neeaaeia ?a/aiiy o ae?aiaoe/ieo oai?ao ?. Eioey?aanueeiai
// No?aeiineia’yinuee? iiae a ?o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo: C6.
iaoe. i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo iai’yo? i?ioani?a Nai?eeaiea N.I. —
Caii??aeaey, 1996. — *. 1. — N. 76 — 78.

4. No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia ? eiioi?eaoeaia i?aai?caoe?y neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy
o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? // E?iaa?noe/i? nooae??: C6. iaoe. i?aoeue. —
Aeiiaoeuee, 1996. — Aei. 2. — N. 35 — 37.

5. I?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeia?/iiio
iiaeaii? // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a?aiaoeee: C6. iaoe. i?aoeue. —
E??iaia?aae, 1996. — Aei. 1.- N. 126 — 130.

6. Aeei?enoaiiy ?a/aiue ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei?
iiae // Oe?a?inueea iiaa. Oai??y ? i?aeoeea: Iaoa??aee i?aeaoc.
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.- Aeiiaoeuee, 1997.- N. 87 — 89.

7. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeiae neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?

// Noni?euenoaiciaa/? iaoee oa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??: C6. iaoe. i?aoeue.
— Eooeuee, 1997. — Ei.O. — N. 146 — 147.

8. Caaaeueiie?iaa?noe/i? i?iaeaie aea/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai ae?aeia?/iiai
iiaeaiiy // Neia’yinueeee a?niee: I?aea?aeii/ee iaoe. ca.- ??aia, 1998.
— Aei. ?.- N. 224 — 228.

9. Iniaeeaino? oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii? oa eiioi?eaoeaii? i?aai?caoe??
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? // E?iaa?noe/i?
nooae??: 36. iaoe. i?aoeue. — Aeiiaoeuee, 1998. — N. 38 — 43.

10. Iniaeeaino? aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue o
neeaaeiiio ?a/aii? oe?a?inueeiai ?iciiaiiai e?oa?aoo?iiai iiaeaiiy
//Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? o?eieia??. Iiaiciaa/? nooae??: Ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue. – ??aia, 1999. – Aei. 7. – N. 20-25.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ooeueaeoe I.A. No?oeoo?a neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? (ia
iaoa??ae? ooaeiaei?o oai??a).- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? – 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa. – Iaoe?iiaeueiee
oi?aa?eoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? cae?eniaii nenoaiia aeine?aeaeaiiy
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?, naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? oa eiioi?eaoeaii?
no?oeoo?e neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?. Aecia/ai?
oeaio?aeuei? ? ia?eoa??ei? oeie neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy-?aie?ee oa /eiieee,
ui coiiaeththoue niaoeeo?eo i?aai?caoe?? aeacaieo no?oeoo?. Iienaia
aca?iiae?y eiioi?eaoeaiiai y?ono c oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iei oa
naiaioeei-neioaene/iei. Aaoi? aeoeaioo? oaaao ia iniaeeainoyo no?oeoo?e
neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy ye o ae?aeic? i?iciaiai, oae ? ae?aiaoe/iiai oai??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?iciiaia iiaeaiiy, oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iee,
naiaioeei-neioaene/iee, eiioi?eaoeaiee aniaeoe, neioaene/iee ca’ycie,
neioaene/ia iiaeaeue, naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy, noa’?eoia
neioaenaia, i?aaeeeao, eiioi?eaoeaiee oei ?a/aiiy, oaii-?aii?
a?aeiioaiiy, ae?inen, aioeae?inen, ae?aeia?/ia ?aei?noue,
neeaaeiii?e?aeioaaeueia eiino?oeoe?y, aaa?aaeueia nenoaia eiioi?eaoe??.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ooeueaeoe I.A. No?oeoo?a neiaeiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey a aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e
(ia iaoa?eaea ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 – oe?aeineee ycue.-Iaoeeiiaeueiue
oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee inouanoaeaii nenoaiiia enneaaeiaaiea
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/aneie, naiaioeei-neioaene/aneie e eiiioieeaoeaiie
no?oeoo?u neiaeiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey a aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e. Ii?aaeaeaiu
oeaio?aeueiua e ia?eoa?eeiua oeiu neiaeiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey-?aieeee e
oaeoi?u, eioi?ua iaoneiaeeaatho niaoeeoeeo i?aaiecaoeee oeacaiiuo
no?oeoo?, iienaii acaeiiaeaenoaea eiiioieeaoeaiiai y?ona n
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/aneei e naiaioeei-neioaene/aneei. Aaoi? aeoeaioe?oao
aieiaiea ia iniaaiiinoyo no?oeoo?u neiaeiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey eae a
aeeaeiaa i?icae/aneiai, oae e ae?aiaoe/aneiai i?iecaaaeaiee. A
aeenna?oaoeee inouanoaeaii nenoaiiia enneaaeiaaiea
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/aneie, naiaioeei-neioaene/aneie e eiiioieeaoeaiie
no?oeoo?u neiaeiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey a aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea “Aniaeou enneaaeiaaiey neiaeiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey a
aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e” ?anniao?eaathony iauaeeiaaenoe/aneea i?iaeaiu
eco/aiey oe?aeineie aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e, a oaeaea i?iaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey
neiaeiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey a ninoaaa aeeaeiaa, ianoaeaeaaony aii?in i
aiciiaeiinoe eco/aiey neioaenena aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e ia iaoa?eaea
eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo aeeaeiaia.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea “Oi?iaeueii-neioaene/aneea ia?aiao?u neiaeiiai
i?aaeeiaeaiey a aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e” ii?aaeaeaiu oeaio?aeueiua e
ia?eoa?eeiua oeiu neiaeiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey-?aieeee e oaeoi?u, eioi?ua
iaoneiaeeaatho niaoeeoeeo i?aaiecaoeee oeacaiiuo no?oeoo?, inaauaaony
niioiioaiea neiaeiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey-?aieeee e oaenoa, a oaeaea
oeacuaaaony, /oi iniaaiiinoe neioaene/aneiai no?iy aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e
ii naiae i?e?iaea aeaienoaaiiua. N iaeiie noi?iiu, iiaeii auaeaeeoue
a?oiio yaeaiee, eioi?ua aicieeatho ia ii/aa iaueo ioee/ee iaaeaeo
?a/ueth ?acaiai?iie e eieaeiie: eaeiie/iinoue, yeeeioe/iinoue
auneacuaaiey, i?aiaeaaeaiea ni/eiaiey iaae iiae/eiaieai, aannithciie
nayce iaae nithciie, aieueoia eiee/anoai yiioeeiiaeueii ie?aoaiiuo
i?aaeeiaeaiee e ae?. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, ioia/athony oaeea iniaaiiinoe,
iaee/ea eioi?uo ii?aaeaeyaony eneeth/eoaeueii niaoeeoeeie
aeeaeiae/aneiai ?a/aaiai acaeiiaeaenoaey (?aieeoee?iaaieai).

O?aoee ?acaeae “Naiaioeei-neioaene/aneay no?oeoo?a neiaeiiai
i?aaeeiaeaiey a aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e” iinayuai enneaaeiaaieth
iniaaiiinoae ?aaeecaoeee naiaioeei-neioaene/aneeo ioiioaiee a neiaeiuo
i?aaeeiaeaieyo-?aieeeao aeeaeiae/aneeo aaeeinoa. A ?acaeaea oeacuaaaony,
/oi aeey ia?aaea/e iaeiiai e oiai aea niaea?aeaiey aeeaeiae/aneay ?a/ue
eniieuecoao ?yae naiaioe/aneeo aa?eaioia n ?aciuie a?aiiaoe/aneeie
oi?iaie ae?aaeaiey i?aaeeeaoia; iineieueeo i?aaeeiaeaiey aeeaeiae/aneie
?a/e n oi/ee c?aiey neioaene/aneie no?oeoo?u i?aaenoaaeytho i?aaeaea
anaai ?a/aaua aa?eaiou iiaeaeae, oi naiaioe/aneay no?oeoo?a oaeeo
eiino?oeoeee oiaea niaea?aeeo iiiai eiieeoeeoiuo eiiiiiaioia.

A /aoaa?oii ?acaeaea “Eiiioieeaoeaiay i?aaiecaoeey neiaeiiai
i?aaeeiaeaiey a aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e” inouanoaeyaony aiaeec
eiiioieeaoeaiuo oeiia neiaeiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey a aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e e
oaii-?aiaoe/aneeo ioiioaiee a yoeo no?oeoo?ao, a oaeaea iienaii
acaeiiaeaenoaea eiiioieeaoeaiiai y?ona n oi?iaeueii-neioaene/aneei e
naiaioeei-neioaene/aneei.

A auaiaeao iaiauaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey. Aaoi? aeoeaioe?oao
aieiaiea ia niaoeeoeea aeeaeiaa a ae?aiaoe/aneii i?iecaaaeaiee, eioi?ay
i?iyaeyaony a oii, /oi aai ?aieeee aeeiaie/iaa, naiaioe/anee iau?iiaa e
ooieoeeiiaeueii ?aciiia?aciaa, /ai ?aieeee aeeaeiaa yie/aneiai
i?iecaaaeaiey, iineieueeo eiaiii aeeaeia a iueana yaeyaony iniiaiei
n?aaenoaii nicaeaiey noeaie/aneeo ia?acia. I?icaee aea eiaao aieaa
?aciiia?aciua ?a/aaua n?aaenoaa, iaaeaee ae?aiaoo?a. No?oeoo?a
i?icae/aneiai aeeaeiaa iiaeao auoue neiaeiaa, oioy a iaieo aeai?ao anoue
iauaa a eiiiiceoeee aeeaeiae/aneeo aaeeinoa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?acaiai?iay ?a/ue, oi?iaeueii-neioaene/aneee,
naiaioeei-neioaene/aneee e eiiioieeaoeaiue aniaeou,
neioaene/aneay naycue, neioaene/aneay iiaeaeue,
naiaioeei-neioaene/aneea ioiioaiey, noaueaeoiay neioaenaia, i?aaeeeao,
eiiioieeaoeaiue oei i?aaeeiaeaiey, oaii-?aiaoe/aneea ioiioaiey,
yeeeinen, aioeyeeeinen, aeeaeiae/aneia aaeeinoai,
neiaeiii?eniaaeeieoaeueiay eiino?oeoeey, aaa?aaeueiay nenoaia
eiiioieeaoeee.

ANNOTATION

N.Schulzhuk. The structure of a complex in dialogical
speech.-Monuscript.

The dissertation for Candidate of Philolohy (speciality
10.02.01-Ukrainian Language). – The Taras Shevchenko Kyiv University,
Kyiv, 1999.

In present dissertation the systemic investigtion of formal-syntactic,
semantic-syntactic and communication structure of complex sentence in
dialogical speaking is presented. The central and types of complex
sentence-remark and facts that stipulate specification of organization
of represented structures is noted. The cooperation of communicative
level with formal-syntactic and semantic- syntactic ones is described.
The author concentrations attention on structural peculiarities of
complex sentence in dialogues of prose and drama texts.

Key words: dialogical speaking, formal-syntactic, semantic-syntactic
and communicative aspect, syntactical relation, syntactical model,
semantic-syntactical relations, subjct syntaxema, predicate,
communicative type of sentense, base and innovational relations,
ellipsis and antyellipsi dialogical unity, complex conjuncting
construction, averbal system of communication.

Caeaii aei iaai?o 5.08.99. I?aei. Aei ae?oeo 2.09.99. Oi?iao 60O841/16.
Iai?? ionaoiee. Aa?i?oo?a SchoolBookC. Ionaoiee ae?oe.Oi.ae?oe.a?e.093.
Oe?aae 100i?.Cai.2062. 266027 ??aia, Ee?anueea, 10, AAO “??aiainueea
ae?oea?iy”.

Похожие записи