EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? OA?ANA Oaa/aiea

I?EEOOeUeEEE TH??e ?aaiiae/

OAeE 538.9; 535.33; 532.73

NO?OEOO?A, AeEIAI?EA OA IIOE*I? AEANOEAINO?

OOEA?AI?A ? OOEA?EO?A N60, N70

01.04.02 — oai?aoe/ia o?ceea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ia
eaoaae?? oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoip oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, ipioanip
I?ieaae/ ?ai? Iaaeiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe Aaae??iei Aiaoie?e Aioiiiae/,
i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee O?ceei-oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo iecueeeo
oaiia?aoo? ?i. A.?. A??e?ia IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Oa?e?a)

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?aaiia Ieoaeei Ieaen?eiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo oai??? ia?aeaaeueieo e?enoae?a ?inoeoooo
iaoaeio?ceee ?i. A.A. Eo?aethiiaa IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a)

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe Eoi???ae/ A?eoi? Aiaoie?eiae/,
i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee ?i. I.I.
Aiaiethaiaa IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a)

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo o?ceee eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai IAI Oe?a?ie
(i. Euea?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 1430 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.08 i?e Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252022 Ee?a, i?iniaeo aeaae.
Aeooeiaa, 6, o?ce/iee oaeoeueoao, aoae. 500.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252033, Ee?a,
aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 10 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?aaee

ae.o.-i.i., i?ioani? Iiia?aiei E.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. C na?aaeeie 80-o ?ie?a ?icii/aoi ?ioaineaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ooea?ai?a [1] — aaaaoiaoiiieo eeanoa??a aoaeaoeth Cn, aea
n — /enei aoii?a aoaeaoeth, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia caieioo?e (noa?e/i?e /e
noa?i?aeaeuei?e) iiaa?oi? iieaeoee, neiao?e/iei /eiii iie?eo?e
i?aaeeueieie i’yoeeooieeaie (?o anueiai 12) ? oanoeeooieeaie (ca
oai?aiith Aeea?a ?o iiaea aooe n/2 — 10). Na?aae iiaeeeaeo oei?a
ooea?ai?a iaea?eueo noaa?eueieie ? iieaeoee N60 ? N70 [2]. Neiao??y
ooea?aio N60 iieno?oueny a?oiith ?einaaae?a [1], yea aeiaaee /an ia
aeeeeeaea iniaeeaiai ?ioa?ano, ine?eueee ia aoee a?aeii? ?aaeuei?
o?ce/i? ia’?eoe, ui i?noyoue na?aae iiai?ioieo aeaiaio?a neiao??? a?nue
i’yoiai ii?yaeeo.

O 1991?. aoea ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y iaea?aeaiiy ooea?ai?a o
iae?ineii?/i?e e?eueeino?, ui caniiaaia ia oa?i?/iiio ?icieeaii?
a?ao?oiaeo aeaeo?iae?a o aeoaiaiio ?ic?yae? [3]. Aiia a?aee?eea aeinooi
aei aea/aiiy ooea?ai?a ia o?eueee o iieaeoey?i?e oi?i?, aea oaeiae o
e?enoae?/iiio noai? (ooea?eo?).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo ? iaai?oieo aeanoeainoae aeiiiaaieo eoaeieie
aeaiaioaie ooea?ai?a i?eaaei aei a?aee?eooy o 1991?. iaaei?ia?aeiino? o
eoaiaaieo ooea?eoao (ooea?eaeao) [4]. O oeueiio ae ?ioe? aoea aeyaeaia
ua iaeia oe?eaaa iniaeea?noue ooea?ai?a — caeaoi?noue ooai?thaaoe
o?oa/ao? aieieia (iaiio?oaee), ye? a?eueo no?ee? aei o?i?/ii? ae??,
oiio? ? i?oei?o? ca ?io? a?aeii? aieieia. A caeaaeiino? a?ae
aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a iaiio?oaea iiaea iaoe aeanoeaino? a?ae iaoaeo
aei ae?aeaeo?eea [5].

O 1995?. aoee neioaciaai? aaoa?iooea?aie (iieaeoee ooea?ai?a, o yeeo
iaeei /e aeae?eueea aoii?a aoaeaoeth cai?uai? aoiiaie ?ioiai ni?oo) oa
io?eiai? aiaei? ?ic/eie ooea?ai?a N60, N70 [6].

Ioaea, aeeiiai? a inoaii? ?iee aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae ooea?ai?a aeacothoue ia oe?ie?, a ?ieiee
oi?eaeuei? ia?niaeoeae ?o i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy, cie?aia, a
i?e?iaeaeo?ii?oe? (aaoa?iooea?aie ye iniiaa aeey iiaeo iaaei?ia?aeiee?a
oa oioiaeaeo?iiieo i?eeaae?a, aoaeaoeaa? iaiio?oaee ye ?cieyoe?eiee
iaoa??ae oa aaoa?ino?oeoo?e), iaaeeoeei? (ooea?aie ye ni?aaioe,
iaiio?oaea ye can?a o?ainii?ooaaiiy a ee?oeio e?eoaaeueieo i?aia?ao?a),
oaoi?oe? (ooea?eoe ye iniiaa aeey neioaco ooo/ieo aeiac?a, ooea?aie ye
aeii?oee aei ianoeeueieo ?a/iaei oa ?iii? aeiaethaa/? aeey aoii?a
?aae?iaeoeaieo aeaiaio?a, ?ic/eie ooea?ai?a ye iniiaa aeey noai?aiiy
iae?i?eieo iioe/ieo caoai??a) [4-5]. O ca’yceo c oeei aeieeea
iaiao?aei?noue oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? ia ?o
iniia? ia?aaeaa/aiiy iiaeo aoaeo?a. A ia?oo /a?ao oea noino?oueny
aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e oa iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ooea?ai?a ?
ooea?eo?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e oa ciai?oiueiai oeneo.
Iio?aaothoue aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy ?o eieeai? niaeo?e, ine?eueee aiie
iaiao?aei? aeey iiaoaeiae ei?aeoieo i?aeiieaeoey?ieo iioaioe?ae?a, ye?
aecia/athoue i?oaei? eiinoaioe oa oa?iiaeeiai?/i? ia?aiao?e oeeo nenoai.
E??i oiai, caeeoathoueny aeooaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
iaaei?iaiaeiinoi o ooea?eaeao N60 [4], ye? a?aoiaothoue iecueei/anoioii
(e?a?aoe?ei?) oiiiie oa aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?i? (yi-oaeea??anuee?)
eieeaaiiy. Iiaeeaeaii? oaaae caneoaiao? aea/aiiy no?oeoo?ieo
aeanoeainoae aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a ooea?ai?a, ine?eueee aiie ? i?ioioeiaie
iiaiai eeano iaaee/ieo i?iaeoeo?a [6]. Ia?aoo?, aeeeeea? cia/iee ?ioa?an
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee o?eieaoii caoaeaeaieo noai?a ooea?eo?a a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e oa iaai?oiiai iiey [7-9], ine?eueee oe?
noaie a?ae?-a?athoue aaaeeeao ?ieue o aaaaoueio o?ce/ieo i?ioeanao
(oinoi?anoeaioe??, oiia?eueiai?e oethi?anoeaioe??,
aeaeo?iethi?i?noeaioe??, ia?aiino aia?a??, oioii?ia?aeiino?).

Ioaea, iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
no?oeoo?ieo oa iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae iaea?eueo noaa?eueieo ooea?ai?a ?
ooea?eo?a N60, N70, a oaeiae aeeiai?ee o?eieaoii caoaeaeaieo noai?a o
oeeo iieaeoey?ieo nenoaiao a iaaeao cai?iiiiiaaieo ?ic?aooieiaeo
iiaeaeae.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeua cacia/aieo o?ce/ieo i?iaeai noi?ioeueiaai?
oae? iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

( ?ic?aooiie yi-oaeea??anueeeo aeaoi?iaoe?e oa yi-oaeea??anueeeo
?icuaieaiue eieeaieo iiae iieaeoee N60;

( ?ic?aooiie ??aiiaaaeieo no?oeoo? ooea?eo?a N60 ? N70, niaeo??a ?o
i?aeiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue, oaeaeeinoae caoeo ? eiinoaio i?oaeiino?;

( ?ic?aooiie no?oeoo?e ooea?aiiaeo aa?aaao?a N60 o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei?;

( ?ic?aooiie eiia??iinoae ni?i-a?aoeiai? ?aeaenaoe?? o o?eieaoii
caoaeaeaieo noaiao ooea?eo?a N60 ? N70;

( ?ic?aooiie eiia??iinoae ia?aoiae?a o o?eieaoii caoaeaeaieo noaiao
ooea?eo?a N60 ? N70 i?ae ae??th aeonoe/ii? oaee?;

( ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a c iayaieie
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aaee/eiaie oa ia?aaeaa/aiiy iiaeo aoaeo?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeii?yaeeiaai? ?icaeoeo iiaiai iaoeiaiai iai?yieo o o?ceoe?
eiiaeainiaaiiai noaio — oai??? ooea?ai?a. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
aia?oa:

1. I?iaaaeaiee e?euee?niee aiae?c aeeiai?/iiai aoaeoo ssia-Oaeea?a o
ooea?ai? N60, aeei?enoiaoth/e eieeaio iiaeaeue c i?i?iaeueiei /eneii
ia?aiao??a.

2. Aeine?aeaeaia iecueeioaiia?aoo?ia i???ioaoe?eii aii?yaeeiaaia
e?enoae?/ia oaca ooea?ai?a N60 ? N70 a caeaaeiino? a?ae ciai?oiueiai
oeneo. I?iaaaeaiee oai?aoeei-a?oiiaee aiae?c aeeiai?/ii? caaea/? aeey
ooea?eo?a N60 ? N70 o aeiaaioaeeueiaiio iaaeeaeaii?. ?ic?aoiaai?
cia/aiiy /anoio ? oi?ie i?aeiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue oeeo e?enoae?a a
oeaio?? ciie A??eethaia. Io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ia/eneaiiy
oaeaeeinoae caoeo o ooea?eoao N60 ? N70 oa eiinoaio i?oaeiino? aeey
e?enoaea N70.

3. Aeine?aeaeaia no?oeoo?a ooea?aiiaeo aa?aaao?a N60 o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei?.

4. Aeine?aeaeai? iecueeioaiia?aoo?i? iaoai?cie ni?i-a?aoeiai?
?aeaenaoe?? o o?eieaoii caoaeaeaieo noaiao ooea?eo?a N60 ? N70, ye?
a?aoiaothoue:

— ca’ycie iinooiaeueieo ? iaa?oaeueieo ?oo?a iieaeoee;

— ca’ycie iinooiaeueieo ?oo?a iieaeoee ? aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?ieo
eieeaaiue ?? yaea?.

5. Io?eiaea iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oai??y aeonoioinoi?anoeaioiiai
iiaea?eiiai ?aci-iaino o aeii?oeiaeo iieaeoey?ieo e?enoaeao. Eiia??iino?
ia?aoiae?a o o?eieaoii caoaeaeaieo noaiao ooea?eo?a N60 ? N70 i?ae
ae??th aeonoe/ii? oaee? aeine?aeaeai? a caeaaeiino? a?ae iai?yieo ??
iioe?aiiy o oeeo e?enoaeao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy oa a??ia?aei?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.
I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiyniththoue ?yae
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaeo?a [10-13]:

( caeaaei?noue /anoio e?a?aoe?eieo eieeaaiue aeey ooea?eoo N60 a?ae
aaee/eie ciai?oiueiai oeneo;

( cia/aiiy aaee/eie iiaeoey ia’?iiiai noeneo aeey ooea?eoo N60;

( cia/aiiy aaee/ei eiinoaio i?oaeiino? aeey ooea?eoo N70;

( oaiia?aoo?io caeaaei?noue /ano ni?i-a?aoeiai? ?aeaenaoe?? o o?eieaoii
caoaeaeaieo noaiao ooea?eoo N60.

?ic?aoiaai? cia/aiiy /anoio aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue ooea?ai?a
N60 ? N70, no?oeoo?a oa niaeo? i?aeiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue ooea?eo?a N60
? N70 aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c iayaieie aenia?eiaioaeueieie aaee/eiaie
[14-20].

A??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny oaeiae
iaa?oioiaai?noth i?eeiyoeo oai?aoe/ieo iiaeaeae, oe?ieei canoinoaaiiyi
caaaeueieo i?eioeei?a neiao???, aeia?a ?icaeiaieo iaoiae?a oai??? a?oi
oa eaaioiai? iaoai?ee, aeei?enoaiiyi a?aeiia?aeiiai iaoaiaoe/iiai
aia?aoo a iaaeao /eneiaeo ?ic?aooie?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaeooue oe?eeii aooe aeei?enoai?
aeey ii-aeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?/ieo, iioe/ieo ? aeaeo?iiieo
aeanoeainoae aoaeaoeaaeo iaiio?oaie oa oiiiiieo iaoai?ci?a
iaaei?ia?aeiino? o ooea?eaeao.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy:

1. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo yi-oaeea??anueeeo aeaoi?iaoe?e oa ?icuaieaiue
aeoeaieo yi-oaeea??anueeeo iiae ooea?aio N60 a iaaeao eieeaii? iiaeae? c
i?i?iaeueiei /eneii ia?aiao??a (/ioe?e iacaeaaei? neeia? noae?).

2. Oai?aoeei-a?oiiaee aiae?c aeeiai?/ieo caaea/ aeey ooea?eo?a N60, N70,
ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ca aiae?oe/ieie oi?ioeaie ia/eneeoe cia/aiiy /anoio
? oi?ie i?ae- iieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue oeeo e?enoae?a a oeaio?? ciie
A??eethaia, oaeaeeino? caoeo a ieo oa ?oi? eiinoaioe i?oaeiino?.

3. Iiaeaeueiee ?ic?aooiie iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieo ??aiiaaaeieo no?oeoo?
ooea?eo?a N60, N70 oa ?o eieeaieo niaeo??a a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ciai?oiueiai oeneo.

4. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo no?oeoo?e ooea?aiiaeo aa?aaao?a N60 o aiaeiiio
?ic/ei?, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ?nioaaiiy o iueiio noaa?eueieo a?ae?aoiaaieo
eeanoa??a oa e?enoae?o?a.

5. Oai??y iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii? ni?i-a?aoeiai? ?aeaenaoe?? o o?eieaoii
caoaeaeaieo noaiao ooea?eo?a N60, N70, yea a?aoiao? ca’ycie
iinooiaeueieo ?oo?a iieaeoee c ?? iaa?oaeueieie ?ooaie oa
aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?ieie ci?uaiiyie yaea?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiioaaeany a iaaeao iaoeiaiai i?iaeoo
“Oinoi?anoeaioii-i?e?ioaeeueiaee ?aciiain oa ni?i-naeaeoeaia aeeiai?ea
o?eieaoieo caoaeaeaiue a iieaeoey?ieo e?enoaeao o neeueieo iaai?oieo
iieyo i?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao” (Aea?aeaaia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia i?ia?aia N
2/186 “O?eieao” a?ae 24.06.1992?.) oa o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiii
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea “O?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ia i?iaiicoaaiiy
iiaeo o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??ae?a, ia’?eo?a ? na?aaeiaeu,
iaoiiaeaieo ?o aca?iiae??th c aei?ii?ithaaiiyi, oa iaoanoaa?euei? oacia?
noaie ?a/iaeie” (Aea?aeathaeaeaoia oaia N 970 26 a?ae 01.01.1997?.).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iioae?eiaai? a iaoa??aeao oaeeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e:
I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y c iaaiaoecio (Aa?oaaa, Iieueua, 1994?.);
?a?iiaenueea aeine?aeieoeueea eiioa?aioe?y c aeaeo?iiii? no?oeoo?e
oaa?aeeo o?e (Aaonaeae, Ii?aaa?y, 1994?.); 3 ? 4 I?aeia?iaei? oeiee c
neiao??? oa no?oeoo?ieo aeanoeainoae eiiaeainiaaiiai noaio (Iiciaiue,
Iieueua, 1994?.; Cay/eiai, Iieueua, 1996?.); 1 ? 2 I?aeia?iaei?
oeiee-eiioa?aioe?? “Aeaeo?iii? i?ioeane a i?aai?/ieo iaoa??aeao” (Ee?a,
1995?., 1998?.); 2 ? 3 I?aeia?iaei? oeiee “Ooea?aie ? aoiii? eeanoa?e”
(N.-Iaoa?ao?a, ?in?y, 1995?., 1997?.); XII ? XIII Iaoe?iiaeuei?
oeiee-nai?ia?e “Niaeo?ineii?y iieaeoe oa e?enoae?a” (I?aeei, 1995?.;
Noie, 1997?.); XXI I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y c o?ceee iecueeeo
oaiia?aoo? (I?aaa, *ao?y, 1996?.); 10 Eiioa?aioe?y ?a?iiaenueeiai
o?ce/iiai oiaa?enoaa “Oaiaeaioe?? o o?ceoe?” (Naa?euey, ?niai?y,
1996?.); Eiioa?aioe?y c ab initio ?ic?aooie?a neeaaeieo i?ioean?a o
iaoa??aeao (Oaueia?o-Aithiae, I?ia//eia, 1996?.); Eiioa?aioe?y c
iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? (No?ana E?nia, Neiaa//eia, 1996?.); 32 Ceiiaa oeiea
c oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee (Ea?ia/, Iieueua, 1996?.); XII Eiioa?aioe?y c
oaa?aeiai o?ea (Caeiiaia, Iieueua, 1996?.); I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa
eiioa?aioe?y “Iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? iae?i?eieo caoaeaeaiue, ia?aiino,
aeeiai?ee, ea?oaaiiy a eiiaeainiaaieo nenoaiao oa ?ioeo na?aaeiaeuao”
(Oaa?, ?in?y, 1996?.); 15 oa 16 Caaaeuei? eiioa?aioe?? c o?ceee
eiiaeainiaaiiai noaio (No?ana-Aaaaia, ?oae?y, 1996?.; E?oa?i, Aaeuea?y,
1997?.); Nai?ia? e?a?i NIAe “Ooea?aie-97” (Ee?a, 1997?.); Aaniyia
can?aeaiiy ?a?iiaenueeiai oiaa?enoaa c aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoa??ae?a
(No?anao?a, O?aioe?y, 1997?., 1998?.); 5 I?aeia?iaeiee neiiic?oi c
aeine?aeaeaiue o neeueieo iaai?oieo iieyo (N?aeiae, Aano?ae?y, 1997?.);
5 I?aeia?iaeiee A?aia??anueeee neiiic?oi c oai??? a?oi (A?aeaiue,
Aano??y, 1997?.); ?a?iiaenueea eiioa?aioe?y c o?i?? oa o?ceee
aaaaoiooie- oe?iiaeueieo iaoa??ae?a (Ani?ioi, Ii?ooaae?y, 1997?.); 2
I?aeia?iaeia oeiea c aenieeo oaoiieia?e (N.-Iaoa?ao?a, ?in?y, 1998?.);
XXIV ?a?iiaenueeee eiia?an c iieaeoey?ii? niaeo?ineii?? (I?aaa, *ao?y,
1998?.); 5 I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y c iaiioeaeueii? iaoee ? oaoiieia??
(A??i?iaai, Aiae?y, 1998?.); 9 I?aeia?iaeiee neiiic?oi c iaeeo /anoeiie
oa iai?aai?/ieo eeanoa??a (Eocaia, Oaaeoea??y, 1998?.); Eiioa?aioe?y c
eiii’thoa?ii? o?ceee (A?aiaaea, ?niai?y, 1998?.); I?aeia?iaeia
eiioa?aioe?y “O?ceea 21 noie?ooy” (N.-Iaoa?ao?a, ?in?y, 1998?.).

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia nai?ia?ao
eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, ?inoeoooo oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee ?i. I.I. Aiaiethaiaa IAI Oe?a?ie
(Ee?a), ?inoeoooo iaoaei- o?ceee ?i. A.A. Eo?aethiiaa IAI Oe?a?ie
(Ee?a), ?inoeoooo yaea?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie (Ee?a),
O?ceei-oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? ?i. A.?. A??e?ia IAI
Oe?a?ie (Oa?e?a), ?inoeoooo o?ceee eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai IAI Oe?a?ie
(Euea?a), eaai?aoi??? c ian-niaeo?iiao??? ?inoeoooo oa?ai?? AII Oe?a?ie
(Oa?e?a), eaai?aoi??? c iaaei?ia?aeiino? oa iaaiaoecio Iieaeaanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Eeoei?a), ?inoeoooo oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee
A?ioeeaanueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Iieueua), a oaeiae ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao
c? noaoenoe/ii? oai??? eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai o Euea?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. ?. O?aiea oa “Iae?i?ei? nenoaie oa ?o
iiaeae?” a Iineianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I. Eiiiiiniaa
(?in?y).

Aei iniaenoiai aianeo caeiaoaa/a a iaea?aeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a
iaeaaeaoue:

— iinoaiiaea caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy;

— i?iaaaeaiiy on?o aiae?oe/ieo aeeeaaeie;

— i?iaaaeaiiy /eneiaeo ?ic?aooie?a ni?eueii c ni?aaaoi?aie a iaaeao
iiaeaeae, cai?iiiiiaaieo aaoi?ii;

— aiae?c oai?aoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ia iniia? ii??aiyiiy c iayaieie
aenia?e- iaioaeueieie aeaieie oa ia?aaeaa/aiiy iiaeo aoaeo?a.

Ioae?eaoe?? caeiaoaa/a. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 48
?ia?o: 21 noaooth o ?aoa?iaaieo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 4 noaoo? o
?aoa?iaaieo ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa 23 oace o iaoa??aeao iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?e. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? i?aaenoaaeai? o 18
i?aoeyo, a oiio /ene? 10 iaeiiin?aieo. ?o ia?ae?e iiaeaii a e?ioe?
aaoi?aoa?aoo.

O ?iaioao [1A, 3A, 5A-8A, 13A], aeeiiaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, aeena?oaioo
iaeaaeaoue iinoaiiaea caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaea oa aea?? iaoiae?a
?o ?ica’ycaiiy, aiae?c oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
iaienaiiy oaenoo noaoae. *eneia? ?ic?aooiee aeeiiai? ni?eueii c
Oaiiaaeiaei A.A., Aeo?iaei N.N. oa Iaca?aieii I.A. [1A, 5A, 8A, 13A,
18A]. Ni?aaaoi?e Aiae?a?a A.I. [1A, 3A, 5A-7A] oa Aoaaiia A.I. [13A]
a?aee o/anoue a iaaiai?aii? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aenia?eiaioaeueia
/anoeia ?iaioe [18A] aeeiiaia ni?aaaoi?aie Aocaiueiaith ?.A., Aoeaa?iei
E.A., Iiai??eiaei A.?., ssuoeii A.I., Anoaoe?iei TH.A., Iaoeue/ainueeei
O.TH., Aiae???anueeei A.A. oa Oa?oii I.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, aeaio aeiaeaoe?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 163 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo ?
i?noeoue 17 oaaeeoeue oa 25 ?enoie?a. Nienie ae-ei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
aeeth/a? 156 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ANOOI? aeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? ?icaeyiooeo a aeena?oaoe??
i?iaeai, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
a?aeia?aaeai? iaoeiaa iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy oa a??ia?aei?noue
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaaaaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno.

O ?ICAe?E? 1 “Aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?i? eieeai? niaeo?e ooea?ai?a N60 ?
N70” [13A, 17A] cai?iiiiiaaia eieeaia iiaeaeue c i?i?iaeueiei /eneii
ia?aiao??a (/ioe?e iacaeaaei? neeia? noae?), a iaaeao yei? aia?oa
i?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueia oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/iiai aoaeoo
ssia-Oaeea?a o iieaeoe? N60: ?ic?aoiaai? yi-oae-ea??anuee? aeaoi?iaoe??
oa ?icuaieaiiy aeoeaieo yi-oaeea??anueeeo iiae ooea?aio, i?iaiae?ciaaia
eiai caeeoeiaa neiao??y. Oey eieeaia iiaeaeue ia?aa??aia ia ?ic?a-ooieao
/anoio ? oi?i aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue ?cieueiaaieo iieaeoe N60
? N70.

.

.

Ia ?en.1.1 (a) ? (a) iieacai? no?oeoo?a ooea?ai?a N60 ? N70 oa
?icoaooaaiiy ?o inae neiao???.

Eieeai? i?aaenoaaeaiiy aeey ?cieueiaaieo iieaeoe N60 ? N70 iathoue oaeee
aeaeyae:

AI(N60)=2Ag + 4F1g + 4F2g + 6Gg + 8Hg + Au + 5F1u + 5F2u + 6Gu +
7Hu. (1.1)

. (1.2)

Aeei?enoiaoth/e ?aeeiee i?aeo?ae uiaei ?ica’ycaiiy aeeiai?/ii? caaea/?
aeey oo-ea?ai?a N60 ? N70, ?o aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?iee niaeo? aoa
?ic?aoiaaiee a iaaeao eieeaii? iiaeae?, yea a?aoiaoaaea eeoa /ioe?e
iacaeaaei? neeia? noae? i?e aecia/aii? iioaioe?aeueii? aia?a?? oeeo
iieaeoe

, (1.3)

aea ki (i=1,2,3,4) — neeia? noae?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue a?aeiinio ci?io
a?aenoai? i?ae aoiiaie aoaeaoeth o i?aaeeueieo i’yoe- (k1) ?
oanoeeooieeao (k2), a oaeiae ci?io aaee/eie eooa o i?aaeeueieo i’yoe-
(k3) ? oanoeeooieeao (k4). ?o /eneia? cia/aiiy iaaaaeai? o Oaae.1.1.

?ic?aoiaai? cia/aiiy /anoio eieeaaiue aeey ?cieueiaaieo iieaeoe N60 ?
N70 eaaeaoue o oaeeo ?ioa?aaeao (i?e T<25 K): (AI=(296-1581) ni-1 aeey ooea?aio N60 ? (AI=(241-1570) ni-1 aeey ooea?aio N70. ?o a?aeiinia iaeneiaeueia a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae aenia?eiaioaeueieo cia/aiue [17-18] ia ia?aaeuo? 11%. Coiniaii io?eiaieo oi?i ii?iaeueieo eieeaaiue ooea?ai?a N60 ? N70 cacia/eii, ui o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a eieeaiei iiaeai a?aeiia?aea? aeineoue neeaaeiee ?oo aoii?a aoaeaoeth, yeee ? noia?iiceoe??th ?icoyao-noeneo oa e?o/aiiy-caeio ca’yce?a N-N o iieaeoe?. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth aenieineiao?e/ii? iieaeoee N60 ? ae?iaeaeaiiy a?eueoino? ?? eieeaieo (1.1) oa aeaeo?iiieo noai?a [21], aeey yeeo, ca?aeii oai?aie ssia-Oaeea?a, iiaeiia iaoe i?noea niiioaiia aeaoi?iaoe?y, yea ci?ia? oea ae?iaeaeaiiy. Aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy yi-oaeea??anueeeo aeoeaieo iiae aeinoaoiuei ?iceeanoe neiao?e/iee aeiaooie iaca?aeieo i?aaenoaaeaiue a?oie ooea?aio N60 Ih ia naieo naaa: ; ; . (1.4) Ioaea, eiaeiee neiao?e/iee aeiaooie iaia’yceiai i?noeoue oi/a a iaeia c iaca?aeieo i?aaenoaaeaiue Hg(u) oa Gg(u), yea ia ? iiaiineiao?e/iei. C oeueiai aeieeaa? aaaeeeaee aeniiaie, ui aeo?aeia ?einaaae?e/ia eiio?ao?aoe?y iieaeoee N60 ? aeeiai?/ii iano?eeith a?aeiinii niiioaiiiai iiieaeaiiy neiao???. Oaae.1.1 Cia/aiiy neeiaeo noaeeo k1, k2 (a Aeae/i2) ? k3, k4 (a Aeae/(?aae)2) aeey eieeaii? iiaeae? iieaeoe N60 ? N70. ceeia? noae? iieaeoea N60 iieaeoea N70 k1 6.06(102 2.15(102 k2 5.19(102 2.50(102 k3 4.57(10-3 2.10(10-2 k4 1.04(10-2 2.10(10-2 Aeey e?euee?niiai aiae?co aeeiai?/iiai aoaeoo ssia-Oaeea?a o ooea?ai? N60 aoa aeei?enoaiee oaeee i?aeo?ae: ci?ithth/e aaiiao??th iieaeoee, i?i?i?coaaee ?? iioai-oe?aeueio aia?a?th (1.3) ye ooieoe?th aaee/eie aaeoi?a aeaoi?iaoe?? (?acoeueooth/ee aaeoi? ci?uaiue aoii?a o iieaeoe?) aeey a?aeiia?aeieo eieeaieo iiae, a aeae? ?ica’ycoaaee aeeiai?/io caaea/o aeey io?eiaii? no?eei? eiio?ao?aoe?? (iaaii? neiao???) ooea?aio N60. Cacia/eii eeoa, ui i?i?i?caoe?y aia?a?? iieaeoee N60 i?iaiaeeeany c o?aooaaiiyi ?? ioeueiaeo eieeaaiue. Aea/aeeny aeaoi?iaoe?? aeey aeaio iaeieae/eo eieeaieo Hg (296 ci-1) oa Hg (437 ni-1) iiae, ye? eaaei caoaeaeothoueny o iieaeoe? ? aeey yeeo ?icuaieaiiy iiaea iaoe iaea?eueoo aaee/eio. Cie?aia, a Oaae.1.2 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo aeeiai?/iiai aoaeoo ssia-Oaeea?a a iaeano? iecueei/anoioiiai eieeaiiai niaeo?a iieaeoee N60 aeey caoaeaeaii? Hg (437 ni-1) iiaee. sse aeaeii, aeey ?icuaieaieo eieeaaiue (ssO<(AI. . Neiao??y aeaoi?iiaaii? iieaeoee N60 aeey caaeaii? Hg iiaee ? D2h. O ?ICAe?E? 2 “No?oeoo?a ooea?ai?a N60 ? N70 o e?enoae?/i?e oac? oa aiaeiiio ?ic/ei?” [5A, 8A, 16A, 18A] c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo aoii-aoiiieo iioaioe?ae?a aia?oa ?ic?aoiaaia ??aiiaaaeia iecueeioaiia?aoo?ia i???ioaoe?eii aii?yaeeiaaia no?oeoo?a ooea?eoo N70. I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy io?eiaieo no?oeoo? e?enoae?a ooea?ai?a N60 ? N70 a caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie ciai?oiueiai oeneo. C aeei?enoaiiyi i?eioeei?a neiao??? oa u?eueii? iaeiaee aia?oa ?ic?aoiaaia no?oeoo?a ooea?aiiaeo aa?aaao?a N60 o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei?. A iaeano? iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? (T<25 K) ??aiiaaaeia no?oeoo?a ooea?eoo, yeee ciaoiaeeoueny i?ae ae??th ciai?oiueiai a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo ?, aecia/a?oueny i?i?ioiii a?eueii? aia?a??, yea ia? aeaeyae (2.1) aea U((,V) - iioaioeiaeueia aia?aiy aca?iiae?? iieaeoe, ( - eoo ocaiaeaeaiiai iaa?oaiiy iieaeoe a aeaiaioa?i?e eii??oe?, V/4 - ia’?i aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee e?enoaea ooea?aio, ui i?eiaaea? ia iaeio iieaeoeo. Oaae.1.2 Cia/aiiy /anoio ((ssO, ni-1) eieeaaiue iieaeoee N60 aeey caaeaii? yi-oaeea??anueei? aeaoi?iaoe?? Hg (437 ni-1) iiaee. neiao??y eieeaaiue (AI (ssO Hg 296 168 172 191 226 229 Gu 322 238 258 261 264 F2u 378 272 275 287 Hu 401 304 306 308 313 314 Hg 437 320 321 323 324 327 O aeiaaeeo ooea?eoo N60 (a?oia neiao??? Th [19]) ooieoe?y U((,V) i?noeoue aeaa neeaaeieee: aoii-aoiiiee iioaioe?ae Eaiia?aea-Aeaeiina (12-6) oa iioaioeiae aeaeo?inoaoe/ieo aca?iiaeie ca?yaeia, ?iciiuaieo ia C-C ca'yceao (oey iiaeaeue a?aoiao? ia?iaiioeiiiinoue ei?ioeeo ? aeiaaeo ca'yceia o iieaeoe? N60) , (2.2) aea r(i oa r(m - aiaeiiaiaeii eii?aeeiaoe i-ai aoiia aoaeaoeth oa oeaio?o m-ai ca'yceo o (-e iieaeoe?, qm- aoaeoeaiee ca?yae m-ai ca'yceo, i?e/iio qm=q - aeey aeiaaiai ca’yceo ? qm=-2q - aeey ei?ioeiai. O aeiaaeeo ooea?eoo N70 (a?oia neiao??? C2h [14]) aeey ooieoe?? U((,V) aaeaeiny iaiaaeeoeny eeoa aoii-aoiiiei iioaioe?aeii Eaiia?aea-Aeaeiina, iaoooth/e aeaeo?inoaoe/ieie aca?iiaeiyie ca?yaeia, ?ici?uaieo ia N-N ca’yceao (qm=0). I?i?i?caoe?y a?eueii? aia?a?? (2.1) ca ia?aiao?aie ( ? V i?e caaeai?e aaee/ei? ciai?oiueiai oeneo P i?iaiaeeeany o iaaeeaeaii? aei?noeeo iieaeoe ca oiiae caa?aaeaiiy neiao??? e?enoaea. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo a?aoiaoaaee eeoa 12 (aeey ooea?eoo N60) ? 6 (aeey ooea?eoo N70) iaeaeeae/eo non?ae?a eiaeii? iieaeoee. sse iieacaee /eneia? ?ic?aooiee, aianie ?ioeo iieaeoe o (2.1) ? iacia/iei ? noaiiaeoue aeecueei 10-3-10-4 ca ii?yaeeii aaee/eie. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy cana?ae/eee, ui ??aiiaaaeiei no?oeoo?ai ooea?eo?a N60 ? N70 i?e ?=0 a?aeiia?aea? i?i?iaeueia aia?a?y a?aoee: U=-1.911 eA i?e (=23.8( (aeey eoa?/iiai e?enoaea ooea?aio N60) ? U=-1.989 eA i?e (=0 (aeey iiiiee?iiiai e?enoaea ooea?aio N70). Anoaiiaeaii, ui o aeiaaeeo ooea?eoo N60 oeae iiiiioi ia 90% coiiaeaiee aianeii aoii-aoiiiiai iioaioe?aea Eaiia?aea-Aeaeiina. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai aiae?co: (=22( i?e O=5 E (aeey e?enoaea ooea?aio N60 [19]) ? (=0 i?e O=10 E (aeey e?enoaea ooea?aio N70 [20]). ?ic?aoiaaia cia/aiiy aia?a?? aeey no?oeoo?e ooea?eoo N70 a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae aenia?eiaioaeueii? ioe?iee [14] iaio, i?ae ia 5%. Cacia/eii, ui i?e ?=10 AIa e?enoaee ooea?ai?a N60 ? N70 ao?a/athoue aeecueei (12-15)% a?ae naiai ii/aoeiaiai ia’?io. E??i oiai, ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui iaea?eueoa ci?uaiiy iieaeoe i?e a?ae?inoaoe/iiio noeneo ooea?eoo N70 a?aeaoaa?oueny a iaeiiio u?eueiiiaeiaaiiio oa?? - ieiuei? XY e?enoaea. Iiaoaeiaa iiaeeeaeo eeanoa??a o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei? cae?enithaaeany oeyoii o?aineyoe?? ia iaeiaeiao a?aenoaiue ooea?ai?a N60 acaeiaae inae neiao??? C5 (ia?oa eii?aeeiaoe?eia noa?a c 12 iieaeoe), C3 (ae?oaa eii?aeeiaoe?eia noa?a c 20 iieaeoe) ? C2 (o?aoy eii?aeeiaoe?eia noa?a c 30 iieaeoe) iiiaeeiiei? iieaeoee C60, ?icoaoiaaii? a oeaio??. I?eioneaeiny, ui i?aeiieaeoey?ia aca?iiae?y i?e ooai?aii? ooea?aiiaeo eeanoa??a iieno?oueny aoii-aoiiiei iioaioe?aeii Eaiia?aea-Aeaeiina (2.2) (qm=0). Aio?ii?eiee oaeoi? ia a?aoiaoaaany, ine?eueee ia?aaeaa/aeiny, ui o aiae? ooai?ththoueny i???ioaoe?eii aii?yaeeiaai? ooea?aiia? no?oeoo?e. aeey noa?e/iiai eeanoa?a, ui i?noeoue N=13 iieaeoe C60 aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aenia?eiaioaeueiith ioe?ieith [6]. . Io?eiai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe aeey eeanoa??a c /eneii iieaeoe N60 N=13, 33 oa 63 c o?aooaaiiyi, cae/aeii, iieaeoey?iiai ?aae?ona iieaeoee aiaee ia noia?a/aoue oeueiio oaeoo. Ia?aoo?, io?eiaiee aenia?eiaioaeueiith a?oiith ia /ie? c Iiai??eiaei A.?. (Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao) aeniei/anoioiee niaeo? E?N aiaeiiai ?ic/eio ooea?ai?a N60 cana?ae/ea, ui ae?y aiaee (ye noaa?e?caoi?a) caiaeeoueny aei ciai?oiueiai a?ae?inoaoe/iiai noeniaiiy iieaeoe N60 o aa?aaao?, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iacia/iiai ciaioaiiy eiai aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a oa c?inoaiiy aia?a?? ca’yceo. [3]). Ooo aaaeeeai cacia/eoe, ui i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo?? iieaeoee N60 a?eueii iaa?oathoueny o a?aooe? ooea?eoo [3]. Ia iaoo aeoieo, aoaeo ae?? aiaee i?e ooai?aii? a?ae?aoiaaieo e?enoae?o?a iia’ycaiee c o?enaoe??th i???ioaoe?e iieaeoe N60 a aeaiaioa?i?e eii??oe?, oiaoi ia? i?noea ia?ao?ae a?ae iaaii?yaeeiaaii? no?oeoo?e (a?oia neiao??? Oh [3]) aei i???ioaoe?eii aii?yaeeiaaii? (a?oia neiao??? Th [19]) e?enoae?/ii? oace. ?ic?aoiaaia cia/aiiy aia?a?? aeey oaei? e?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e o aiae? noaiiaeoue U=-2.183 eA. i q=0.27e (e-ca?yae aeaeo?iia). O ?ICAe?E? 3 “I?aeiieaeoey?i? eieeai? niaeo?e ooea?eo?a N60 ? N70” [1A-2A, 5A, 8A, 12A, 16A] i?iaaaeaiee oai?aoeei-a?oiiaee aiae?c aeeiai?/ii? caaea/? aeey ooea?eo?a N60 ? N70. Cia/aiiy a?aie/ieo (a oeaio?? ciie A??eethaia) /anoio i?aeiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue oeeo e?enoae?a aeine?aeaeai? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ciai?oiueiai oeneo. Io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ia/eneaiiy oaeaeeinoae caoeo o ooea?eoao N60 ? N70. ?ic?aoiaai? ?o eiinoaioe oa iiaeoe? i?oaeiino?. Oai?aoeei-a?oiiaee aiae?c aeeiai?/ii? caaea/? aeey ooea?eoo N60 a oeaio?? ciie A??eethaia aea? iiaeeea?noue io?eiaoe a aiae?oe/i?e oi?i? aeani? aaeoi?e i?ae-iieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue, a oaeiae oi?ioee aeey ?ic?aooieo ?o /anoio. Iai?eeeaae, aeey Ag ? Au iiae ia?ii: (2(Ag)=d1+2d2+d3-2d4-2d5-d6-2d7-d8; (2(Au)=2(d1+2d2+d3-2d4). (3.1) Aeey Eg ? Eu iiae: (2(Eg)=d1-d2+d3+d4+d5-d6+d7-d8; (2(Eu)=2(d1-d2+d3+d4). (3.2) Aeey Fu iiaee: . (3.3) O ae?acao (3.1-3.3) /a?ac d iicia/ai? iacaeaaei? aeaiaioe aeeiai?/ii? iao?eoe? e?enoaea ooea?aio N60. Cia/aiiy /anoio aeey Fg iiae aecia/athoue c a?aeiia?aeiiai oa-?aeoa?enoe/iiai ??aiyiiy. sse i?eeeaae, iaaaaeaii aeaniee aaeoi? aeey Ag (Au) iiaee: . (3.4) Ioaea, Ag iiaea a?aeiia?aea? iaa?oaiith iieaeoee c eii?aeeiaoaie (0,0,0) iaaeiei e?enoaeia?ao?/ii? a?n? [111]. A oie aea /an Au iiaea a?aeiia?aea? ?? ci?uaiith acaeiaae a?n? [111]. Noiniaii io?eiaieo aeanieo aaeoi??a aeey Eg (Eu) ? Fg (Fu) iiae a?aecia/eii, ui ?o aea?? ? iaiaeiicia/iei. *eneia? ?ic?aooiee aeaiaio?a aeeiai?/ii? iao?eoe? ooea?eoo N60 aeey nooi o?aineyoe?eieo eieeaaiue cana?ae/eee, ui: (d1 + d3). (3.5) E??i oiai, /anoioe o?aineyoe?eieo iiae caaeiaieueiythoue oaeei oiiaai: {3[(12(Fu) + (22(Fu)] + 2(2(Eu) + (2(Au)}/12 = d1; {3[(22(Fu) - (12(Fu)] + 2[(2(Au) - (2(Eu)]}/24 = d2; {2(2(Eu) + (2(Au) - 3[(12(Fu) + (22(Fu)]}/12 = d3; {2[(2(Eu) - (2(Au)] - 3[(12(Fu) - (22(Fu)]}/24 = d4. (3.6) C aiae?co ni?aa?aeiioaiue (3.5-3.6) aeieeaa? aaaeeeaee aeniiaie, ui ca a?aeiieie c aenia?eiaioo cia/aiiyie /anoio aeey o?aineyoe?eieo iiae e?enoaea ooea?aio N60 iiaeia ciaeoe an? eiiiiiaioe eiai aeeiai?/ii? iao?eoe? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ooi/ieoe cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a (, ( ? q (iaa?iaia niaeo?aeueia caaea/a) i?aeiieaeoey?iiai iioaioe?aea (2.2). O Oaae.3.1 iaaaaeai? ?ic?aoiaai? cia/aiiy a?aie/ieo i?aeiieaeoey?ieo /anoio aeey ooea?eoo N60 i?e ?=0. sse aeaeii, /anoioe o?aineyoe?eieo iiae, c yeeo 2Fu iiaee aeoeai? a ?*-iiaeeiaii?, eaaeaoue aeua a?ae /anoio e?a?aoe?eieo eieeaaiue, aeoeaieo o niaeo?ao E?N. Io?eiai? cia/aiiy /anoio iathoue a?aeoeeaiiy aei 7% a?ae aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo [16] i?e O=10 E. Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? /anoio e?a?aoe?eieo ? o?aineyoe?eieo iiae a?ae aaee/eie ciai?oiueiai oeneo aeyaeee, ui a iaeano? 0(P(1.5 AIa ia? i?noea e?i?eia c?inoaiiy /an-oioe i?aeiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue c? oaeaeeinoyie ci?ie (na?aaei? cia/aiiy) 6.5 ni-1/AIa aeey e?a?aoe?e ? 13.8 ni-1/AIa aeey o?aineyoe?e. Oeae ?acoeueoao aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aenia?eiaioii [10], i?ae /an yeiai niinoa??aaee c?inoaiiy c oeneii /anoioe e?a?aoe?eieo iiae ia aaee/eio, yea ia ia?aaeuo? 5.2 ni-1/AIa. I?iaaaeaiee oai?aoeei-a?oiiaee aiae?c aeeiai?/ii? caaea/? aeey ooea?eoo N70 a oeaio?? ciie A??eethaia aeaa iiaeeea?noue io?eiaoe a aiae?oe/i?e oi?i? aeani? aaeoi?e i?aeiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue, a oaeiae oa?aeoa?enoe/i? ??aiyiiy aeey ?ic?aooieo ?o /anoio. A iaaeao i?eeiyoi? ?ic?aooieiai? iiaeae? aaea?oueny io?eiaoe i?ino? oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy /anoio e?a?aoe?eieo Ag oa o?aineyoe?eii? A1g iiae: , (3.7) . (3.8) Aeaniee aaeoi? aeey e?a?aoe?eieo oa o?aineyoe?eieo eieeaaiue a?aoee e?enoaea ooea?aio N70 ia? oaeee caaaeueiee aeaeyae: Oaae.3.1 A?aie/i? /anoioe ((A?, ni-1) i?aeiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue ooea?eoo N60. Ceiao??y eieeaaiue oai??y aenia?eiaio [16] e?a?aoe?? Ag 18.6 18.5 Eg 18.5 Fg 17.1 Fg 17.5 Fg 22.0 21.8 o?aineyoe?? Au 35.0 Eu 46.7 Fu 42.9 40.8 Fu 51.0 54.8 e0=(e1,e2,0; -e1,-e2,0; e7,e8,0; -e7,-e8,0). (3.9) Eiiiiiaioe oeueiai aaeoi?a (e1,e2) oa?aeoa?ecothoue ci?uaiiy iieaeoee c eii?aeeiaoaie (0,0,0), a (e7,e8) - ci?uaiiy iieaeoee c eii?aeeiaoaie (0,1,0) a aeaiaioa?i?e eii??oe?. sse aeaeii, eieeaaiiy iieaeoe a aeaiaioa?i?e eii??oe? ooea?eoo N70 a?aeaoaathoueny, aieiaiei /eiii, o ieiuei? XY e?enoaea. ?ic?aoiaai? cia/aiiy /anoio ? oi?i eieeaaiue aeey ooea?eoo N70 a oeaio?? ciie A??eethaia i?e ?=0 iaaaaeai? o Oaae.3.2. sse aeaeii, /anoioe iioe/ieo o?aineyoe?eieo iiae eaaeaoue aeua a?ae e?a?aoe?eieo. ?o a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae aenia?eiaioaeueieo cia/aiue [15] (i?e O=23 E) ia ia?aaeuo? 8% aeey e?a?aoe?e ? 36% aeey o?aineyoe?e. Cacia/eii, ui on? eieeai? iiaee aeyaeeeny aeoeaieie a niaeo?ao E?N. E??i oiai, e?a?aoe?ei? oa o?aineyoe?ei? ?ooe iieaeoe (0,0,0) ? (0,1,0) (a?aeiia?aeii iieaeoe c eii?aeeiaoaie (1,0,0) ? (1,1,0)) a?aeaoaathoueny o oac? aai i?ioeoac?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? /anoio e?a?aoe?eieo ? o?aineyoe?eieo iiae a?ae aaee/eie ciai?oiueiai oeneo anoaiiaeee, ui a iaeano? 0(P(1.5 AIa /anoioe e?a?aoe?eieo eieeaaiue c?inoathoue e?i?eii c? oaeaeeinoyie ci?ie (na?aaei? cia/aiiy) 10.2 ci-1/ AIa, a /anoioe o?aineyoe?eieo eieeaaiue - 19.9 ci-1/AIa. Ca oai???th cao?aiue (o aeiaaioaeeueiaiio iaaeeaeaii? f(0) aoei io?eiaii ??aiyiiy aeenia?n?? aeonoe/ieo oaeeue c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao e?a?aoe?eieo eieeaaiue, yea aea? ciiao aecia/eoe ?oi? oaeaeeino? (aeea. Aeiaeaoie A). O Oaae.3.3 iaaaaeai? cia/aiiy ?ic?aoiaaieo oaeaeeinoae aeonoe/ieo oaeeue o ooea?eo? N60 (aeey caaeaieo aenieineiao?e/ieo e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo iai?yie?a) i?e ?=0. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c aenia?eiaioaeueiith ioe?ieith na?aaeiuei? oaeaeeino? caoeo (a ei/c) o e?enoae? ooea?aio N60 a iaeano? oaiia?aoo? 1.4(O(20 E [11]: vl=3.6 ? vt=2.1 (vl ? vt - iicaeiaaeiy oa iiia?a/ia oaeaeeino? caoeo). Oaae.3.2 A?aie/i? /anoioe ((A?, ni-1) i?aeiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue ooea?eoo N70. Neiao??y eieeaaiue aenia?eiaio [15] oai??y e1 e2 e7 e8 e?a?aoe?? A1g 12 13 -0.999 0.019 0.999 -0.019 A2g 15 16 0.950 -0.313 0.950 -0.313 B1g 19 20 -0.998 0.062 -0.998 0.062 B2g 21 21 0.313 0.950 0.313 0.950 B3g 27 28 -0.019 -0.999 0.019 0.999 B4g 30 29 0.062 0.998 0.062 0.998 o?aineyoe?? A1g 32 33 -0.262 0.965 0.262 -0.965 A2g 33 38 0.379 0.925 0.379 0.925 B1g 36 56 0.099 -0.995 0.099 -0.995 B2g 51 61 0.965 0.262 -0.965 -0.262 A3g 53 63 -0.925 0.379 -0.925 0.379 *eneia? ?ic?aooiee eiinoaio i?oaeiino? (a AIa) aeaee cia/aiiy: n11=22.4, n12=9.1 ? n44=11.6. Iiaeoeue ia’?iiiai noeneo K, iiaeoeue THiaa A oa eiao?oe??io Ioanniia ( a?aeiia?aeii aei??aiththoue: K=13.5 AIa, A=22.7 AIa ? (=0.22 i?e ?=0. Io?eiaia cia/aiiy aeey iiaeoey ia’?iiiai noeneo K aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aenia?eiaioaeueiei ?acoeueoaoii [11]: K=13.0 AIa i?e 1.4(O(20 K. O Oaae.3.4 iaaaaeai? cia/aiiy ?ic?aoiaaieo oaeaeeinoae caoeo o e?enoae? ooea?aio N70 o a?aeiia?aeieo e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo iai?yieao i?e ?=0. Eiinoaioe i?oaeiino? (aeey iiiiee?iii? no?oeoo?e ?o anueiai 13) aecia/athoue c ??aiyiiy E??noiooaey. ?ica’ycoth/e eiai, aaeaeiny ciaeoe oae? aiae?oe/i? ni?aa?ae-iioaiiy i?ae oaeaeeinoyie caoeo ? eiinoaioaie i?oaeiino? Oaae.3.3 Oaeaeeino? caoeo (a ei/n) o ooea?eo? N60 i?e O=(4.2-5) E. iai?yiie o e?enoae? vl v1t v2t [100] 3.60 2.50 2.50 [110] 3.96 1.98 2.50 [111] 4.16 2.21 2.21 Oaae.3.4 Oaeaeeino? caoeo (a ei/n) o ooea?eo? N70 i?e O=10 E. iai?yiie o e?enoae? vl v1t v2t [100] 3.43 2.25 1.94 [010] 3.74 2.97 2.03 [110] 2.81 1.78 1.45 [101] 2.35 1.54 1.32 [011] 2.41 1.62 1.41 ; (3.10) aea (=2.33 a/ni3 - aonoeia ooea?eoo N70. ?ic?aoiaai? cia/aiiy eiinoaio i?oaeiino? (a AIa) aeey ooea?eoo N70 n11= 27.41 ? n12=10.94 i?e ?=0 aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c aenia?eiaioaeueiith ioe?ieith [12]: c11=30.87 ? n12=13.12. sse aeaeii, ?o iaeneiaeueia a?aeoeeaiiy ia ia?aaeuo? 17%. i q=0.03e. O ?ICAe?E? 4 “Ni?i-a?aoeiaa ?aeaenaoe?y o o?eieaoii caoaeaeaieo noaiao oo-ea?eo?a N60 ? N70” [3A, 6A-7A, 9A-10A, 14A-15A] iiaoaeiaaia oai??y iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii? ni?i-a?aoeiai? ?aeaenaoe?? (NA?) o o?eieaoii caoaeaeaieo noaiao (OCN) ooea?eo?a N60 ? N70, yea a?aoiao? ca’ycie iinooiaeueieo ?oo?a iieaeoee c ?? iaa?oaeueieie ?ooaie oa aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?ieie ci?uaiiyie yaea?. A iaaeao cai?iiiiiaaii? oai???, aeei?enoiaoth/e ?acoeueoaoe c aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e oa iieaeoey?ii? aeeiai?ee ooea?ai?a ? ooea?eo?a N60, N70 (aeea. ?icae?ee 1, 2, 3), iiyniaia oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue /ano NA? o ia?aiaai?oieo oeaio?ao ooea?eoo N60 oa ia?aaeaa/aii ?yae iiaeo aoaeo?a. Aea/aii aieea aeeiai?/iiai aoaeoo ssia-Oaeea?a o ii-eaeoe? N60 ia aaee/eio eiia??iino? ?aeaenaoe?eieo ia?aoiae?a o OCN e?enoaea ooea?aio N60. O aeiaaeeo neeueieo iaai?oieo iie?a oa ioeueiaiai iiey aia?oa i?iaiae?ciaai? oa ?ic?aoiaai? eiia??iino? ia?aoiae?a i?ae ni?iiaeie i?ae??aiyie o?eieaoii oioicaoaeaeaieo iieaeoe o ooea?eoao N60 ? N70 i?ae ae??th aeonoe/ii? oaee? a caeaaeiino? a?ae iai?yieo ?? iioe?aiiy o oeeo e?enoaeao. Ni?i-aai?eueoii?ai o?eieaoii caoaeaeaii? iieaeoee ia? aeaeyae [8] HS=HCA+HON, (4.1) aea HCA ? HON - a?aeiia?aeii iia?aoi?e aia?a?? ca?iai?anueei? aca?iiae?? ? oiiei? no?oeoo?e. I?iaiae?co?ii iiaeeea? eaiaee NA? o o?eieaoi?e nenoai? o aeiaaeeo neeueieo iaai?oieo iie?a (HCA>>HON).

1. Noaaeiaei A.E. [8] aoa cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoai?ci ni?i-oiiiiiiai
ca’yceo, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia oiio, ui aiane?aeie ai?cio?ii??
i?aeiieaeoey?ieo aca?iiae?e o iieaeoey?ieo e?enoaeao o?aineyoe?eiee ?oo
oeaio??a ian iieaeoe noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ci?iith i???ioaoe?? iieaeoey?ieo
inae, oiaoi ia? i?noea ca’ycie iinooiaeueieo ? iaa?oaeueieo ?oo?a
iieaeoee (CII-iaoai?ci). Oaeei /eiii, aeieea? aca?iiae?y ni?iiai?
i?aenenoaie c aeonoe/iith oaeeath ? noa? iiaeeeaith ia?aaea/a aia?a??
a?ae ni?iiai? nenoaie aei a?aoee ? iaaiaee. Oey aca?iiae?y iieno?oueny
aai?eueoii?aiii, yeee ia? aeaeyae

, (4.2)

— iane?i/aiii iaeee eoo iiai?ioo iieaeoee iaaeiei (-? aieiaii? a?n?
?ia?oe??.

aecia/a?oueny, acaaae? eaaeo/e, ia eeoa a?aoeith e?enoaea-iao?eoe?,
aea ? aeanoeainoyie o?eieaoii caoaeaeaii? iieaeoee. Iaeiae, yeui /anoioe
ia?aoiae?a i?ae ni?iiaeie i?ae??aiyie cia/ii iaio? aeaaa?anueei?
/anoioe, oi aieeaii o?eieaoii caoaeaeaii? iieaeoee ia eieeaaiiy a?aoee
iiaeia ciaoooaaoe ? iieeanoe:

(4.3)

— iia?aoi? ia?iaeaeaiiy oiiiia j-? aeonoe/ii? a?oee, (fj — /anoioa
eieeaaiiy, yea aecia/a?oueny e?i?eiei caeiiii aeenia?n??.

,0,1) oioicaoaeaeaii? iieaeoee o ooea?eo?:

(4.4)

. (4.5)

Ooo ( — eoo i?ae aaeoi?ii ?iaeoeoe?? iaai?oiiai iiey A ? iieaeoey?iith
a?nnth x, g — oaeoi? a?eueiiai aeaeo?iia.

Cia/aiiy eiinoaioe ni?i-oiiiiiiai ca’yceo a aoei io?eiaii c aiae?co
??aiyiue aeeiai?ee a?aoee o aeiaaioaeeueiaiio iaaeeaeaii? (f(0), eiee
CII ?oo?a iieaeoee iiaea aooe a?aoiaaiee ca oai???th cao?aiue (aeea.
Aeiaeaoie A). *eneia? ?ic?aooiee cana?ae/eee: a=2.98(102 c-1 Te-3 (o
aeiaaeeo ooea?aio N60) ? a=1.73(102 c-1Te-3 (o aeiaaeeo ooea?aio N70).

2. Aiae?a?aei A.I. oa I?eeooeueeei TH.?. [9] aoa cai?iiiiiaaiee
iaoai?ci ni?i-oiiiiii? aca?iiae??, iaoiiaeaiee ca’yceii iinooiaeueieo
?oo?a iieaeoee ? aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue ?? yaea?
(CIAE-iaoai?ci), ye? ci?iththoue ?iciiae?e aeaeo?iiii? aonoeie ii
iieaeoe? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, iiaeoeththoue aia?a?th oiiei? no?oeoo?e.
Iniaeeai aeooaeueiei oeae iaoai?ci iiaea aeyaeoeny o aeiaaeeo
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aeaenaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o ooea?eo? N60, ine?eueee
ci?uaiiy yaea? o o?eieaoii oioicaoaeaeai?e iieaeoe? N60 oaeiae
a?aeaoaathoueny ca ?aooiie aeeiai?/iiai aoaeoo ssia-Oaeea?a.

Ni?i-aai?eueoii?ai caaea/? ia? oaeee aeaeyae:

(4.6)

a iie? aeonoe/ii? oaee? iieno?oueny oi?ioeith

(4.7)

aea M — iana yae?a aoiia aoaeaoeth o iieaeoe?.

?icaeyaeath/e iia?aoi? aca?iiae?? H(CIAE) (4.6) ye cao?aiiy, aoee
?ic?aoiaai? eiia??iino? ia?aoiae?a i?ae ni?iiaeie o?eieaoieie
i?ae??aiyie oioicaoaeaeaii? iieaeoee o ooea?eo?:

(4.8)

(4.9)

=3.78 n-1Oe-5 (aeey iieaeoee N70).

. C oeueiai aeieeaa? aaaeeeaee aeniiaie i?i iiaeeea?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy
oeeo iaoai?ci?a naeaeoeaiei /eiii o ??cieo iaeanoyo iaai?oiiai iiey.

(aeea. Aeiaeaoie

Oaae.4.1

(a c-1) o OCN ooea?eoo N60 aeey ??cieo oaiia?aoo? ? iaai?oieo iie?a
(B((z, z((C2), io?eiai? a iaaeao CII- ? CIAE-iaoai?ci?a.

I?ei?oea. O aeoaeeao iaaaaeai? cia/aiiy eiia??iinoae NA? c o?aooaaiiyi
aieeao aeeiai?/iiai aoaeoo ssia-Oaeea?a o iieaeoe? N60.

eiia??iino? NA? B, Te

T, K

4.2 10 15 20

7.36(102

1.66(103

2.46(103

3.26(103

0.3

2.94

(1.41(101)

6.62

(3.17(101)

9.80

(4.69(101)

1.30(101

(6.22(101)

1.01(104

2.02(104

2.90(104

3.79(104

1

4.47(102

(1.88(103)

8.95(102

(3.76(103)

1.29(103

(5.42(103)

1.68(103

(7.06(103)

6.21(105

8.06(105

1.01(106

1.22(106

5

6.88(105

(1.65(106)

8.93(105

(2.14(106)

1.11(106

(2.66(106)

1.35(106

(3.24(106)

(B2.

(aeea. Oaae.4.1).

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ni?iiai? ?aeaenaoe?? o c?aceao ii?ioeiaeaeiiai
ooea?eoo N60 [13] a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? O=(1.7-15) E oa ?iaeoeoe??
iaai?oiiai iiey A=0.3 Oe aenia?eiaioaeueii niinoa??aaee oaeo
oaiia?aoo?io caeaaei?noue /ano NA?: O1=((1+(2T2.5)-1 ((1 ? (2 — iino?ei?
aaee/eie). Oey caeaaei?noue ? aiiiaeueiith c oi/ee ci?o a?aeiieo
?aeaenaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a. Iaeiae, ?? aaea?oueny iiynieoe a iaaeao
CII-iaoai?cio ni?i-oiiiiii? aca?iiae?? c o?aooaaiiyi ?aiai?anueeeo
aeaioiiiiieo i?ioean?a.

Aai?eueoii?ai caaea/? ia? oaeee aeaeyae:

. (4.10)

?icaeyaeath/e iia?aoi? aca?iiae?? H(CII) (4.10) ye cao?aiiy, aoee
?ic?aoiaai? eiia??iino? ia?aoiae?a i?ae ni?iiaeie o?eieaoieie
i?ae??aiyie oioicaoaeaeaii? iieaeoee o ooea?eo? N60

(4.11)

(4.12)

aea eiinoaioa ni?i-oiiiiii? aca?iiae?? b=1.28(10-6 c-1 K-7 ?

(4.13)

. Ioaea, oe? oeie ?aeaenaoe?eieo i?ioean?a iiaeooue aooe aeine?aeaeai?
ie?aii o ??cieo iaeanoyo oaiia?aoo?e.

Oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? /ano NA? aeey i?yieo iaeiioiiiiieo (e?eaa 1) ?
?aiai?anueeeo aeaioiiiiieo (e?eaa 2) i?ioean?a i?e aaee/ei? iaai?oiiai
iiey A=0.3 Oe oa eiai i???ioaoe?? (=(/2 (B((z) iaaaaeai? ia ?en.4.1. sse
aeaeii, a iaeano? aae??ai? oaiia?aoo?e aeii?iothoue ?aiai?anuee?
i?ioeane, ui aeaco? ia a?eueo aenieo aonoeio aeaioiiiiieo noai?a, i?ae
iaeiioiiiiieo i?e O=(4.2-5) E. C ?inoii oaiia?aoo?e (T>5 K) ii/eiathoue
aeii?ioaaoe i?yi? iaeiioiiiii? i?ioeane. Io?eiai? ?ic?aooieia?
e?ea? 1 ? 2 aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioo
[13] (e?eaa 3) a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? O=(4.2-15) E: i?io?eue e?eai? 2
iiaoi?th? e?eao 3 a iaeano? O=(4.2-5) E, a i?io?eue e?eai? 1 — i?e
5

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