IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAIIss IAOE OE?A?IE

IINOEOOO I?IAEAI ?EIEO OA AEIIIIIEI-AEIEIAI*IEO

AeINEIAeAEAIUe

O?E?I*OE Aieiaeeie? Noaiineaaiae/

OAeE 338.984.2:665.63

No?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy o iaooiaacia?e i?iieneiainoi

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 08.07.01 — Aeiiiiiea i?iieneiainoi

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

aeiiiii/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?aaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iieioaoii/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie (i.Iaeana).

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee — aeieoi? aeiiiii/ieo iaoe,i?ioani?

Iiaieia Aaeaioei Ia?eiae/,

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee

Iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe – Aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,i?ioani?

Caeoeaa Ieaenaiae? Iaaeiae/,

?inoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie, aaaeo/ee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,aeioeaio

Eaca??aa ?aaai?y A’y/aneaa?aia,

Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a Aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino?

(i.Iaeana)

Caoeno aeena?oaoei? aiaeaoaeaoueny «___» __________ 1999? i ____
aiaeei? ia caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E41.177.01 i?e
Iinoeoooi i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiiiiei-aeieia?/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue IAI
Oe?aiie ca aae?anith:270044, i.Iaeana — 44, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo i?iaeai
?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
270044, i.Iaeana — 44, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee «___» ___________ 1999 ?.

A.I. a/aiiai nae?aoa?y

niaoeiae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aeiiiii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A.I.Noaiaiia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeieeaa? c oiai,
ui no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy ? iaeiei c iniiaieo /eiieeia noaiiaeaiiy
?eieiaeo aiaeiinei a Oe?a?ii. Ieii a nenoaii iaooiaaciai? i?iieneiainoi
e?a?ie aei? 238 iiaei?e?inoa, ic yeeo 135 aeoeiiia?ieo oiaa?enoa, 37
i?aiaeieo i eieaeoeaieo, 66 — aea?aeaaieo. ?acii c oei iacaaa?oaiinoue
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aeyaey?oueny o ii?ooaiii aa?oeeaei oi?aaeiiiy oa
?ici?aaiinoi oaoiieiai/ieo eaioethaia ?ano?niiai oa oiiainiaiai iioieia
ia aeaeiaooie, ia?a?iaeo oa ?aaeicaoeith iaooe i iaooii?iaeoeoia,
aiaenooiinoi a aaaaoueio aeoeiiia?ieo oiaa?enoaao cia/ieo noaoooieo
oiiaeia, ye? a caaacia/oaaee aeoeaio iiaanoeoeieio aeiyeueiinoue,
iaiaoiaeio aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?ano?nii? oa ae?iaie/i? aac.

A iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao aeey ii?iaeueiiai ?icaeoeo iaooiaaciaiai
eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie iaiaoiaeia i?aai?caoe?y no?aoaai/iiai ieaioaaiiy, yea
iiaeiii aca?iioa’ycaoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiiii/ieo, oi?aaeiinueeeo oa
i?aaiicaoeieieo aiaeiinei.

O ca’yceo c oeei, aeieea? caaaeaiiy ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa a
oe??? neeaaei?e aaeoc?, ooai?aiiy aa?oeeaeueii-iioaa?iaaieo eiiiaiie,
yei iiaeii? caeienithaaoe iiaiee oeeee ainiiaea?nueeeo ooieoeie aiae
aeaeiaooeo iaooe i aaco aei iaooii?iaeoeoicaaacia/aiiy. Aieiaiei a
ae??oaii? oe??? i?iaeaie ? iaiao?aei?noue caa?aaeaiiy io ainiiaea?nueeeo
ca’yceia, inioth/eo o?ainii?oieo oa ?ano?nieo iioieia, caaacia/aiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia aioo?ioiueiio ?eieo iaooii?iaeoeoia.
Aa?oeeaeueii-iioaa?iaaii iaooiaaciai eiiiaii? (A?IAE) iiaeiii noaoe
iniiaieie ainiiaea?nueeeie noa’?eoaie, «oeaio?aie aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi»
ic caa?aaeaiiyi aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy. Aiie iiaeiii noai?thaaoeny
oeyoii eiinieiaeaoei? iaeaaeieo aea?aeaai oiaa?enoa ia aac? niieueiiai
iaoaiicio ieaioaaiiy, oiiainoaaiiy, eii?aeeiaoei?, eiio?ieth, i?e
caa?aaeaiii naiinoieiinoi, aiie iathoue aeiyoe ia canaaei caaaeueii?
no?aoaai? oa iaoe aeiyeueiinoe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?a?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeany o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaiaoe/ieie ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?iaio Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo 1994-1998
??.?? ?acoeueoaoe aoee aeei?enoai? i?e aeeiiaii? aea?aeathaeaeaoii? IAe?
?0193U007653.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ?iaioi noaaeoueny iaoa: ia iniiai
aiaeico aeiaaino?ieiaiai i no?aoaai/iiai ieaioaaiiy, iniiaieo iai?yieia
oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoeo iaooiaaciai? aaeoc?, ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/ii ?ioaiiy
ii iiaeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiinoi aeiyeueiinoi aaeoc? oa ia oeeo canaaeao
cai?iiiioaaoe iia? i?aai?caoe?ei? no?oeoo?e, ye? a?aeiia?aeaee a
no/aniei aeiiaai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Aiaeiiaiaeii c iaoith a ?iaioi ?icaeyaeathoueny oae? caaaeaiiy:

-aeeiiaoe oa?oioaaiiy /eiiee?a ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ye? aieeaathoue
ia oi?ioaaiiy nenoai aeiaaino?ieiaeo ieaiia, oeieae, a oaeiae aecia/eoe
no?aoaaith ?icaeoeo iaooiaaciai? aaeoc?, iai?yiee ?? ?ano?oeoo??caoe??;

-i?iaiae?coaaoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ii ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie
aeiaaino?ieiaeo ieaiia, oeieae, no?aoaaie, ye? i?eoaiaii? ae?yeueiino?
ie?aiei no?oeoo?iei ooai?aiiyi(aaeeeei eiiiai?yi) iaooiaaciai? aaeoc?;

-i?iaiae?coaaoe noaiiaeua i naioiai oaiaeaioei? ?icaeoeo i oi?ioaaiiy
aaeeeeo eiiiai?e o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? (a oiio /ene? ?inienueeeo i
oe?a?inueeeo);

-aecia/eoe iaoiaee ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi aeoeiiioaaiiy o iaooiaacia?e
aaeoc? a oiiaao aeith/iai oiiaeiaiai ?eieo;

-oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaee iiaeaeuaiiy ?eieiai? aeoeaiinoi iaooiaaciai?
aaeoc?;

-aecia/eoe oiiae i /eiieee, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ni?yiiaai?noue
aeeaiaeaiaeii? iieioeee o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc?.

I?aaeiaoii aeineiaeaeaiiy ? nenoaie oa iaoiaee no?aoaai/iiai ieaioaaiiy,
aeiaaino?ieiaiai o?iainoaaiiy, o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? a oiiaao aeith/iai
oiiaeiaiai ?eieo.

Ia’?eoii aeineiaeaeaiiy ? aeiiii?/i? aiaeiineie ainiiaea?nueeeo
noa’?eoia iaooiaacia?e aaeoc?.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeineiaeaeaiiy
aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaiii aeinyaiaiue aeiiiii/ieo iaoe i i?aeoeee a
aaeoci ieaioaaiiy i oi?aaeiiiy, aiaeiieo iaoiaee/ieo ?ioaiue ii
aeoeiiioaaiith eaiioaeo, iiaeaeuaiith ?eieiai? aeoeaiinoi eiiiaii?,
i?iaaaeaiith aeeaiaeaiaeii? iieioeee. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee aeiiii?/iiai oa ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co,
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo. Aiaeioe/ia /anoeia aeineiaeaeaiiy aaco?oueny ia
iioi?iaoeieii-noaoenoe/ieo iaoa?iaeao, iaoeiaeo i i?aeoe/ieo
aeinyaiaiiyo, ye? aiaeia?aaeothoue noai ni?aa o iaooiaaciaie
i?iieneiainoi oa ia?niaeoeae ?? ?icaeoeo. Aeei?enoaii aeaii,
iioaeieiaaii o i?ia?aeieo niaoe?aeueieo oe?a?inueeeo oa ?inienueeeo
aeo?iaeao, aaeocaaeo iaoeiaeo cai?ieeao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Neeaae ? ci?no aeaiaio?a
iaoeiai? iiaecie iinoyoueny a neiaeoth/eo iieiaeaiiyo i aeniiaeao:

-cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? ii ai?iaaaeaeaiith aeiaaiinoeee
noaio i ioeiioei aieeao ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
aeiaaino?ieiaeo ieaiia, oeieae, no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo iaooiaaciai? aaeoc?;

-aecia/aii aca?iica’ycie aeiaaino?ieiaiai ieaioaaiiy, niieueii?
no?aoaai?, nenoaie oeieae aeey aaeeeeo eiiiaiie a nenoai? i?aei?e?inoa
iaooiaaciai? aaeoc?;

-aecia/aia ni?yiiaai?noue oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiicaoeieieo no?oeoo? oa
oi?aaeiiiy ieie c a?aooaaiiyi ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo iaooaaaciai? aaeoc?
Oe?a?ie;

-?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/ii canaaee ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi aeoeiiioaaiiy o
iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? a oiiaao aeith/iai oiiaeiaiai ?eieo;

-?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? canaaee oa iaoiaeeea iiaeaeuaiiy ?eieiai?
aeoeaiinoi aaeeei? eiiiaii?;

-aecia/ai? oiiae oa /eiieee, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ni?yiiaai?noue
aeeaiaeaiaeii? iieioeee iaooiaaciai? aaeoc? ye aaeeei? eiiiaii?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ouenoue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaii
oaco i?i iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? Oe?a?ie
aa?oeeaeueii-?ioaa?iaaieo aeoe?iia?ieo iaooiaaciaeo eiiiai?e, ye?
iiaeii? ooieoe?iioaaoe c a?aooaaiiyi ni?eueii? no?aoaa??, nenoaie
oe?eae, ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo iaooiaaciai? aaeoc? Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?aaeicaoei? ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa?
oaeiae a oiio, ui no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy ? aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc?. ?ic?iaeai?
iaoiaee/i? ??oaiiy ii i?aeaeuaiith ?eieiai? aeoeaiino?, aoaeoeaiino?
aeoe?iioaaiiy, ni?yiiaaiino? aeea?aeaiaeii? iie?oeee aecia/ai? ye
i?ia?aei? ?ino?oiaioe ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? oa ?icaeoeo
A?IAE, ye? caeieniththoue iiaiee oeeee ainiiaea?/eo ooieoeie aiae
aeaeiaooeo iaooe i aaco aei iaooii?iaeoeoicaaacia/aiiy. Oaeei /eiii aiie
aeeiiothoue aaeocaa? ooieoe??, ui a?aeiia?aea? iai?yieai ?icaeoeo
i?iieneiaino? ia ooieoe?iiaeuei?e canaae?. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/ii
iaoa?iaee, aeei?enoai? o iaooiaicia?e i?iieneiainoi Oe?a?ie oa i?eeiyo?
«Aea?aeeiiiaooiaaci?iiii» Oe?a?ie aei aeei?enoaiiy aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ia iiaei?e?inoaao iaooiaaciaiai eiiieaeno.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny oa io?eiaee iiceoeaio
ioe?ieo ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ia?aaeao “Aea?aeeiiiaooiaaci?iio”, iaoeiaeo
nai?ia?ao ?inoeoooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieiae/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie o 1996-1998 ??.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaieo aeineiaeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 5
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 33,0 ae.a.A oiio /enei iniaenoi
aaoi?iai iaeaaeeoue-12 ae.a.

No?oeoo?a, ianya i ei?ioeee ciino ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy aeeeaaeaia ia 174
noi?iieao. Neeaaea?oueny ci anooio, 3 ?icaeieia i aeniiaeia, iinoeoue 8
oaaeeoeue ia 8 noi??ieao,14 iaethieia ia 14 noi??ieao, nienea eioa?aoo?e
c 99 iaeiaioaaiue ia 6 noi??ieao.

A ia?oiio ?icaeiei ia iniiai aiaeico ?ic?iaie o aaeoci aeiaaino?ieiaiai
i no?aoaai/iiai ieaioaaiiy oa oi?aaeiiiy a aaeeeeo eiiiai?yo aecia/aia
nenoaia oeieae eiiiaiie, i?i?ioiaaieo ia nioeiaeueio
aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoue. Aecia/aia ?ieue aeiaaiinoe/iiai aoaio a oi?ioaaiii
no?aoaai/ieo ieai?a iaooiaaciai? aaeoc? oa ?? eiiiaiie, aecia/aii
aca?iica’ycie aeiaaino?ieiaeo ieaiia, caaaeueii? no?aoaai?, nenoaie
oeieae aaeeei? eiiiai?? o no/aniie ?eieia?e aeieniinoi.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei i?iaiaeiciaaii oaiaeaioei? ?icaeoeo iaooiaacia?e
aaeoc? ia aac? ?? neeaaeiaeo — aaeeeeo iaooiaeo eiiiaiie, caeaaei?noue
oeii ia iaooo i iaooii?iaeoeoe aiae aieeao ciaiioieo /eiiee?a, noai,
?icaeoie oa ia?niaeoeae aeiyeueiinoi oe?aiinueeeo iaooiaeo eiiiaiie.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? i ?ioaiiy
ii ?aaeicaoei? aeiaaino?ieiaiai i no?aoaai/iiai oiiainoaaiiy ?icaeoeo
aaeoc? ca ?aooiie aeoeiiia?iiai eaiioaeo, caeieniaiiy aiaeiiaiaeii?
aeeaiaeaiaeii? iieioeee oa iiaeo?eiee aeniei? aeio?aeiinoi i
eiea?aeiinoi aeoeie o iaooiaacia?e i?iieneiaino?.

O aeniiaeao aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy, ioe?iee, iniiaii
?aeiiaiaeaoei?, yei aeiinyoueny ia caoeno ? aiaeia?aaeathoue iiceoei?
aaoi?a aei ?icaeoeo iaooiaaciai? aaeoc? oa ?eieiaeo oiia a Oe?a?ii.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOeIEII? ?IAIOE

Aeae?eaii iniiai? oiiae, /eiieee oi?ioaaiiy nenoai ieai?a, oe?eae oa
no?aoaa?e ?icaeoeo iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? Oe?a?ie.

Ia?ao?ae Oe?a?ie a?ae eiiaiaeii-oeaio?ae?ciaaii? aeiiii?ee aei ?eieiai?
aeeeeeaa iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo iaoiae?a no?aoaa?/iiai
ieaioaaiiy aeey noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo aaeocae i?iieneiaino?. O ?iaio?
aaoi? eiinoaoo?, ui oi?ia ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee aca?iiiia’ycaia ye ci
no?oeoo?ith i ianooaaaie ?eieo eaiioaeo, oae ic oi?iaie aai iiaeaeyie
ieaioaaiiy. ?icieoey aecia/a?oueny noai?thaaiei aeiiiii/iei aeinaiaeii,
aeiiiii/iei iioaioeiaeii e?a?ie, a oaeiae inoi?e/ieie oiiaaie i o.i.
Aaciina?aaeiuei no?aoaae/ia ieaioaaiiy a aaeoc? caeienith?oueny o
aeaeyae? nenoaie ieaiia iiina?aaeeiaaieo e?icue oeiei, iinith oa
no?aoaaith ?icaeoeo. Nenoaia ieaiia, yea ci?i?ioiaaia ia ?eiie i
i?eaooie, /a?ac caoeieaaeaiiy ?iaanoi??a, iiaeiia ni?eyoe caaacia/aiith
caeo/aiiy eaiioaeo, iaiaoiaeiiai aeey caeieniaiiy aeoeaii?
iiaanoeoeieii? iieioeee o aaeoc?.

O aeena?oaoe?? no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye i?eoaiaiia
aeiiii?oe? ?eieiaiai oeio, eiee iiaa eaea i?i ieaioaaiiy ia ??ai?
ie?aii? aaeoc?, eiee aiii ?aae?co?oueny o oi?i? a?cian-ieai?a, a ia o
aee?aeoeai?e oi?i?.

Ia?aaeaa/aii aeeeth/aiiy neooaoei?, i?e yeie iieioeea o iaooiaacia?e
aaeoc? iiaea i?eaanoe aei aiaeoieo eaiioaeo, aai aei ae?eaie: “Ieaioaaoe
/e aooe caieaiiaaieie”. Oaea neooaoeiy aeeeeea? iaiaoiaeiinoue ?ic?iaee
nenoaie ieaiia, oeieae ?icii? oa?iiiiainoi, eiiieaeoiinoi, a a oeieiio
?ic?iaee no?aoaai?, yea ae?ioo? iaai? i?iaeai aiaeiinii oe?ieiai eiea
aeoeiiia?ia i noniieuenoaa a oeieiio. Oaeei /eiii o aeena?oaoe?? nenoaia
oe?eae, ieai?a ?icaeyaea?oueny iiooeoaa/ai, ye no?aoaa?y iaea?aeaiiy
e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui a caeaaeiinoi aiae oiai
ianeieueee aeoeiiia?iee eaiioae o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? ?icna?aaeaeaiee
i?ae aeoeiiia?aie, aaieaie i aea?aeaaith, iano?eueee ii ?iciiio
oi?iothoueny oeiei, nenoaie oeieae oa no?aoaaiy ?? ?icaeoeo. Aeyaeaii,
ui iiaanoeoeieii i?iaeoe aaeoc? aoieththoueny o ?aaeueiinoue ca
aeiiiiiaith ia oieueee iaeiie/aiiai i?eaooeo, aea i eaiioaeo
aeoeiiia?ia.

I?ioa aeinaiae iieaco?, ui caaacia/aiiy aeniei? i?eaooeiainoi — oea i
aeniei a?aenioeia? noaaee ca ieaoaaeaie, aiaeiiaiaeii aenieee ?ecee oa
aeniei aeo?aoe. Oaeei /eiii, o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? aeey oiai, uia ia
o?eueee i?enoinoaaoeny aei ?eieiai? aeieniinoi, a e aoaeoeaii
i?aoethaaoe, iaiaoiaeii ea?oaaoeny oeieyie ?icii? oeiiiinoi, yei
ooai?ththoue i??a?oith, a aiia, o naith /a?ao, ? iniiaith nenoaie
oeieae, ieaiia i caaaeueii? no?aoaai? aeiyeueiinoi aaeoc?. Iiooeoaa/ai
i?iaiae?ciaaii noaiiaeua oa oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo iaooiaaciai? aaeoc?,
aecia/aia a?oia /eiiee?a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ye? aieeaathoue ia
nenoaio ieai?a, oe?eae, no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo ie?aieo eiiiai?e. Ia iae.1
iieacaia nenoaia oaeeo /eiieeia i iieacieee ?o ioeiiee. O ca’yceo c oeei
?ac?iaeaii oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ioe?ioe? aieeao
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy ie?aieo eiiiai?e.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui ni?yiiaai?noue no?aoaae/iiai ieaioaaiiy a aaeoc? ia
?icoe?aiiy iaooioa?i?iae?a ia? aeiyoeiaa cia/aiiy aeey ?ioa?an?a
aea?aeaae.

Aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? aeiaaaeaii, ui oaiaeaioei? ?icaeoeo naioiai?
aeiiiiiee naiae/aoue i?i oa, ui i?iaiaeia ?ieue iaooe, ye iiia?aeueiiai
aia?aiiiniy, aoaea caa?iaaoeny i o iaeaeeae/? aeanyoe?i//y. A ca’yceo c
oeei o?aaa iaoe ?ic?aooiee caian?a iaooe c iiceoe?? iaoeiiiaeueii?
aaciaee ? oea noa? aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii aeiiiii/ii? no?aoaai? e?a?ie. O
aeena?oaoe?? iiiyooy aeiiiie/ia no?aoaa?y, no?aoaa?y iaooiaacia?e
aaeoc? ?icaeyaeathoueny o oi?i? iaea?eueo caaaeueieo i?aeoiae?a aei
i?aai?caoe?? ? cae?eniaiiy ?? ae?yeueiino?. Ie?ai? oeaio?e aia?aaoe/ieo
aeineiaeaeaiue ii ?iciiio ioeiiththoue iaeaooi? noaiiaeua iaooiaiai
?eieo, ia?aaeaa/ath/e eiai aeeiaiieo a?ae aeniaini? aei niiaieueithaaiiy
i cieaeaiiy ianyaia i?iaeaaeo a caeaaeiinoi aiae iiceoei?
iaooiaeiaoaath/eo e?a?i, caiania o naioi. Oeiiiaa iieioeea ia iaooiaeo
?eieao noa? iaeiei ic iniiaieo /eiieeia noaaieicaoei? (aai
aeanoaaieicaoei?) aeiiiii/iiai ?inoo o naioiaeo ianooaaao. I?iaiicii
noeaia?i? o aaeoci oeiiiooai?aiiy i?eioneathoue ?ic?iaeo ei?eaei?ia oeii
ia iaooo, i?eeiyoeo, ye aeey e?a?i iaooiae?iaieeia, oae i aeey e?a?i
iaooiniiaeeaa/ia. Aiaeoeeaiiy oeii ia iaooo a?ae i?iaiicieo oeiiiaeo
ei?eaei?ia a oie /e iioie aie ni?ey? ii?ooaiith aeiiiii/ii? neooaoei? o
naioi oa iiaea i?eaanoe aei cia/ieo aiaeoeeaiue ? o aeiiiiioei Oe?a?ie.
O oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaooa iiaea noaoe aeiaeaoeiaei eaiaeii aeo?ao oa
caeoe?a, a ia aeaea?aeii athaeaeaoieo i?eaooe?a. E?ii oiai aiae?c
iieaco?, ui eieeaaiiy oeii aeoaea /anoi noathoue iaia?aaeaa/aieie /a?ac
ae??a?noue aaaaoueio /eiieeia oa ianoaaei ia aeiaaiio i?iiiaeeo /ano
(iai?eeeaae, ?ioi?iaoeiy i?i caiane iaooe a o?e /e iio?e ?icaeioo?e
e?a?ii). Noa? c?icoi?eei, ui iaooioa?iiiaee, ye iaeiie/oaa/? i
o?oaii?iaiaeii nenoaie, ye ?aeiaeueii aeaiaioe ?aaiiiia, aeicaieythoue a
cia/iie ii?i ia o?eueee eiiiainoaaoe oeiiiai eieeaaiiy ia iaooiaiio
?eieo Oe?a?ie, aea ? noai?eoe oiiae aeey eiieo?aioe?? oa iioei?caoe??
oe?i ia iaooo, ?ioaa?oaaoe oe?a?inueeo aeiiii?eo a aeiiii?eo
?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i, oa ca?eueoeoe aeioiaee a?ae o?aiceoo aia?aiiin??a.
Oaeei /eiii, ni?yiiaai?noue no?aoaa?/iiai oa aeiaaino?ieiaiai ieaioaaiiy
iaooiaaciai? aaeoc? ia iiae?aio aeeaa?neo?eaoe?th ia? aeiyoeiaa cia/aiiy
c oi/ee ci?o iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae.

-?ioi?iaoe?y

-Noaaea aaie?anueeiai i?ioeaioo

-Iiaeaoeia? noaaee

-Iai?iiee eo?n aaetho

-Caeiyo?noue ?iai/i? neee

-Ianya i?iaeaaeo

-No?oeoo?a aeo?ao

-Oe?iiaa eiieo?aioe?y

-Iaoe?iiaa eiieo?aioe?y

-?eieiaa na?aaeiaeua

-Eaiaee oiaa?ii?inoaaiiy

-Niiaeeaa/?

-I?iiiceoe?y

-Oiaa?

-Eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue

-Ca?ia?oia ieaoa

-No?oeoo?a ca?ia?oii? ieaoe

-Aeea?aeaiaee ii aeoe?yi

-Aaciaea ae?iaieoeoaa

-Iiaooia? oiiae ae?iaieoeoaa

-Iaaee/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy

-Noaiaea?o?caoe?y

-Oi?o?eaoe?y

-Iaoai?caoe?y

-Aaoiiao?caoe?y

-Eiii’thoa??caoe?y

-Aa?aaaooaaiiy

-Iiaiaaaaeaiiy

-Oa?aeoa?enoeea ?eieo

-Eiieo?aioe?y

-Iiieo

-?ecee

-Oe?iiooai?aiiy

-?aeeaia

-Oe?ia

-Caoo

NO?AOAA?ss EIIIAI??

IAOOIAACIA?E AAEOC?

Iie?oe/iee

I?aeia?iaeiee

-Aea?aeaaia caeiiiae?yeuei?noue

-Noaaeaiiy aei ?iicaiieo ?iaanoi??a

-Caeiiiae?yeuei?noue ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a

-Iae?iaeiiii?/i? ianoaaeie

-Aea?? ia?oia?a

-Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? caei?aeiiieo o??i

-Iieacieee ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? caei?aeiiieo o??i

-I?aeia?iaeia eiiia?aoe?y

-Ae?eiaa ni?eeoaaiiy

Iae1. *eiieee, iieacieee, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue no?aoaa?th iaooiaaciai?
eiiiai??. Anoaiiaeaiii, ui iniaeea?noth ?icaeoeo oa ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? o na?o? ? noai?aiiy aa?oeeaeueii-?ioaa?iaaieo
eiiiai?e.

Aaoi?ii anoaiiaeaii, ui iniaeea?noth ?icaeoeo oa ?ano?oeoo??caoe??
?in?enueei? iaooiaaciai? i?iieneiaino? ? noai?aiiy a aaeoc? aaeeeeo
iaooiaeo eiiiaiie o aeaeyae? aa?oeeaeueii-iioaa?iaaieo eiiiaiie (AIE),
ye? ia’?aeiothoue iiaei?e?inoaa aiae aeaeiaooeo iaooe i aaco aei
iaooii?iaeoeoicaaacia/aiiy ic caa?aaeaiiyi ?o ainiiaea?nueeeo ca’yceia o
ie?aiiio ?aaiii?. Oey noaia ia iiaa o naioiaie i?aeoeoei, i?eeiyoa ia
caoiaei o aaeeeeo iaooiaeo eiiiaiiyo, aea a ?ini? aiia ii?aeioaaia c
i?ioeanii i?eaaoecaoei? ? oi?ioaaiiyi ?eieo oeiiieo iaia?ia. Nain
ooai?aiiy iiaeiaieo eiiiaiie iinoeoueny o oiio, ui aiie i?ecia/athoueny
aeey aa?aioiaaiiai iaooii?iaeoeoicaaacia/aiiy ie?aiiai ?aaiiio,
ainiiaea?nueeeo nenoai, iiiiai?iie, nieueneiai ainiiaea?noaa,
o?ainii?oo, a oaeiae iiiaeaiiy no?aoaai/ieo oa ?aaiiiaeueieo ?aca?aia.
Aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii ?inienueei? no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae iaooiai? aaeoc?
? iayaiinoue o ia? ie?aieo noano?oeoo?, yei iathoue i?aai ?iciiaeieo
aeiei iaooii?iaeoeoia c oeieeth caiiaiaaiiy aeeeoaoo c aieo
iaooiaeiaoaieeia. Neiae caa?iooe oaaao ia oa, ui iacaaaeath/e ia
i?eaaoecaoeith ooai?thaaieo eiiiaiie, AIE caeeoathoueny iiae eiio?ieai
aea?aeaae. Iaeiae o?oaeiiuaie i?e noai?aii? oaeeo eiiiai?e ? ii?iaiyii
iaaaeeea eieueeinoue iaooiia?a?iaieo caaiaeia (IIC) c na?aaeiueith
iiooaeiinoueth ia?a?iaee 10–15 iei.o iaooe ia ?ie. Aeieea?
iaiaoiaeiinoue iinoa/aiiy ?o i?iaeoeoei? ia aaee/acii aiaenoai? ? ye
iane?aeie oeueiai o no?oeoo?i niaiaa?oinoi o?ainii?oii aeo?aoe
neeaaeathoue iaeaieueoo aeieth, ui ?iaeoue o?ainii?oe?iaeo
iaooii?iaeoeoia (iniaeeai iacooo) oeieeii ia?aioaaaeueiith. Aeey
ii?iaiaiiy neiae aeaeieeoe oie oaeo, ui NOA iathoue aieueo 300 IIC c
na?aaeiueith iiooaeiinoth ia?a?iaee 2 iei.o iaooe ia ?ie, a a?aenoaiue
o?ainii?ooaaiiy i?iaeoeoei? ia ia?aaeuo? 1,0 oen.ei, ui aeeeth/a? aenieo
aeieth o?ainii?oieo aeo?ao o no?oeoo?i niaiaa?oinoi.

Oaeei /eiii o i?ioean? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aaeoc? aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue
oaeiae ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ia?aaee IIC c iaoith ciaioaiiy a?aenoai?
o?ainii?ooaaiiy iaooii?iaeoeo?a oa cieaeaiiy o?ainii?oieo aeo?ao o ?o
nia?aa?oino?. ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y ia?aaee IIC cia/ii aieeaa? ? ia
oaeineiiaeaiiy ia canaae? A?E, cie?aia ia i?aeneeaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
iacaeaaeiino? ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a /a?ac cieaeaiiy aeeeoaoo oe?i ia
iaooii?iaeoeoe. Noiae? i?iaeaie oa?aeoa?i? ? aeey oe?a?inueei?
iaooiaaciai? aaeoc?, yea ia? oaae IIC c aaeeeith iiooaei?noueth
iaooiia?a?iaee oa iio?aao? oaoiieia?/iiai ia?aiaeaaeiaiiy c iaoith
i?aeaeuaiiy aeeaei ia?a?iaee aei no/anieo aeiia oa i?aeaeuaiiy
eieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo iaooii?iaeoeo?a.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeey caaacia/aiiy ?eieiaeo oiia a ae?yeueiino?
iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? e?a?ie iaiao?aeii noai?eoe aeoe?iia?i?
aa?oeeaeueii-?ioaa?iaai? iaooiaacia? eiiiai??.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy ?eieiaeo oiia aeiyeueiinoi a iaooiaacia?e aaeoc?
i?iiiio?oueny ia?aaeaa/eoe i?e ?? ia?aaoaeia? noai?eoe aeoe?iia?i? AIIAE
c iiaiei oaoiieiai/iei oeeeeii aiae iiooeo, aeaeiaooeo, ia?a?iaee,
o?ainii?ooaaiiy aei ?aaeicaoei? iaooe i iaooii?iaeoeoia oa ?aeeiei
iaoaiiciii ieaioaaiiy, oiiainoaaiiy, eii?aeeiaoei?, eiio?ieth i?e
caa?iaaiii naiinoieiinoi eiaeiiai i?aei?e?inoaa o neeaaei A?IAE.

Iaie aeiaaaeaii, ui i?aai?caoe?y A?IAE aeeeth/a? ?icae??aeaii?noue
aeoe?iia?iiai eai?oaeo, i?aeaeuo? eo?n aeoe?e, ni?ey? i?iaaaeaiith
?aeeii? aeea?aeaiaeii? iie?oeee, noai?th? ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey
caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e, i?iaaaeaiith aca?iicaeee?a
aeaaeoi?nueei? oa e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? i?ae i?aei?e?inoaaie
A?IAE, eiioeaio?o? eai?oae eiiiai?? oa ni?ey? iaiaa?oaaiith iei. A
oe?eiio i?aai?caoe?y A?IAE noa? iniiaith aeey ae??oaiiy i?iaeai
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae iaooiaaciai? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui ye noa’?eo ainiiaea?thaaiiy A?IAE – oea ia’?aeiaiiy ia
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i?e canaae? ae?iaiee?a, caoe?eaaeaieo o aoaeoeaiiio
e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao?, ye? ea?othoueny iaei??th no?aoaa??th ?icaeoeo.

I?iiiio?oueny c iaoith noai?aiiy oiia aeey ?icaeoeo iaooiaaciai? aaeoc?
aca?iioa(ycaoe no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy c ?aoi?ioaaiiyi aeiiii?/ieo,
oi?aae?iueneeo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo a?aeiinei. Oea aeicaieeoue ooai?eoe a
oe?e aaeoc? eiiiai?? o aeaeyae? “oeaio??a a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?” ii
ie?aiei ?aa?iiai c aeeiiaiiyi aaeocaaeo ooieoe?e.

O ?iaio? i?ae iiiyooyie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y, no?oeoo?ia ia?aaoaeiaa
?icoi??ony ooai?aiiy o aaeoc? ae??caeaoii? no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? ia
canaae? aiae?co caaaeaiue oa n?ioaco neeaaeiaeo /anoei, aeaiaio?a, a
oaeiae ?o eii?aeeiaoe?y ia aac? caaaeueiiai aieiaiiai caaaeaiiy.

Iao? ?ic?aooiee iieacothoue, ui iiii?o iaooe a Oe?a?io o 2000 ?. aoaea
neeaaeaoe i?eaeecii 14,0 iei.o, a o 2010 ?. aeinyaia 20 iei.o o ?ie, a
oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeioeieueii noai?thaaoe oiiae aeey iiaanooaaiiy eiooia
o iioaineaio ?ic?iaeo ?iaeiaeu, ui aeicaieeoue iiaeaeueoe aio/eciyiee
aeiaooie iaooe aei 10 — 12 iei.o ia ??e i cia/ii ciaiueoeoe ?icii?
iiii?oo.

Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aneththoue oaea eiei ia?oi/a?aiaeo ia?niaeoea
?icaeoeo iaooiaaciai? i?iieneiaino? e?a?ie:

-i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?nii? oa ae?iaie/i? aac,
noai?aieo o ieioee ?iee;

-coieieoe niaae aeaeiaooeo iaooe oa aaco ? noaa?e?coaaoe eiai ia ??ai?
4,0 – 4,5 iei.o iaooe c eiiaeainaoii oa i?eaeecii 18,0 ie?ae.eoa.i aaco;

-noai?eoe oiiae aeey naiio?iainoaaiiy aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o oa
caoiae?a ii aeyaeaiith iiaeo ?ano?nieo ?iaeiaeu oa ia?iuoaaiith caian?a
iaooe ? aaco;

-noai?eoe oiiae aeey iaeiie/aiiy aeanieo ia?aiaeo eioo?a ia IIC c iaoith
i?aeaeuaiiy caaaioaeaiino? ?o iiooaeiinoae oa cae?eniaiiy iinooiiaiai
oaoiieia?/iiai ia?ainiauaiiy;

-caaa?oeoe on? no?oeoo?i? ci?ie o iaooiaacia?e i?iieneiaino?
a?aeiia?aeii aei na?oiaeo oiia oa aeiia c oeueiai ieoaiiy, o oiio /ene?
noai?eoe aeoe?iia?io aeani?noue o A?IAE;

-aeoea?coaaoe aoae?aieoeoai ia?oiai oe?a?inueeiai i?e/i?iiii?nueeiai
iaooiia?aaaeueiiai eiiieaeno o ?aeii? Iaeane oa oaeineiiaeaiiy noai
ae?th/i? o?oaii?iaiaeii? nenoaie.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee ni?yiiaai? ia ?aae?caoe?th
aeiaaino?ieiaiai o?iainoaaiiy o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc?.

A oiiaao ?eieo, yeee neeaaea?oueny o e?a?i?, iaeiei ic aaaeeeaioeo
iai?yieia aoaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo AIIAE ? aeoeaia iiaanoeoeieia
aeiyeueiinoue. Iiooeoaa/ aaaaea?, ui aeioiaeiinoue i eieaiaeiinoue — oea
iniiaii /eiieee, yei aecia/athoue no?aoaai/io ni?yiiaai?noue
iiaanoeoeieii? aeiyeueiinoi. Caaacia/aiiy aeioiaeiinoi oa eieaiaeiinoi
aeoeiiia?iiai oiaa?enoaa ?aaeico?oueny ia iniiai caieueoaiiy eiooia aiae
ainiiaea?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi, oae i ai?aeiaiai eioe?oaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo
iaia?ia ia ?eieo oe?iieo iaia??a.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?eiie oe?iieo iaia??a ?icaeyaea?oueny ye /anoeia
o?iainiaiai ?eieo, yeee cae?enith? ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo iioie?a,
? aaaeeeaei ?iaeeeaoi?ii noaio aeiiii?ee, ?ino?oiaioii aea?aeaaii? oa
aeea?aeaiaeii? iie?oeee.

Aeniea aeioiaeiinoue ? eieaiaeiinoue oeiiieo iaia?ia aeoeiiia?iiai
oiaa?enoaa aecia/a? noaa?eueio aeea?aeaiaeio iieioeeo, ioaea i noaaeaiiy
iiaanoi?ia aei ia?, ui o naith /a?ao aecia/a? aoaeoeaiinoue
iiaanoeoeieii? aeiyeueiinoi aeoeiiia?iiai oiaa?enoaa. A aeena?oaoei? c
iicioei? ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?/iiai iiaeoiaeo aei ioeiiee iiaanoeoeieii?
aeiyeueiinoi o aaeeeeo aeoeiiia?ieo oiaa?enoaao iaooiaaciai?
i?iieneiaino?

Oaaeeoey 1

?ic?aooiie eiao?oe??io?a ?eieiai? aeoeaiino?

Eiao?oe??io ?eieiai? aeoeaiino? Niin?a ?ic?aooieo (oi?ioea ?ic?aooieo)
?ic?aooiie

(c?acie)

1.I?eaooie ia iaeio aeoe?th *enoee i?eaooie//enei aeoe?e o iaa?oaii?
2000000:400000=5 a?i

2.Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oe?ie aeoe?? oa i?eaooeo ia iaeio aeoe?th ?eieiaa
oe?ia iaei??? aeoe??//enoee i?eaooie ia iaeio aeoe?th 13,0:5=2,6

3.Aaeainiaa aa?o?noue iaei??? aeoe?? Aa?o?noue aeoe?iia?iiai
eai?oaeo//enei aeoe?e o iaa?oaii? 6300000:400000=15,75 a?i

4.Oe?ia (aaeainiaa aa?o?noue) ?eieiaa oe?ia iaei??? aeoe??/aaeainiaa
aa?o?noue iaei??? aeoe?? 13,0:15,75=0,83

5.Ii?ia aeea?aeaiaeo ia iaeio aeoe?th Aeea?aeaiae ia iaeio
aeoe?th/?eieiaa oe?ia iaei??? aeoe?? (1000000:400000):13,0=0,192 aai

0,192*100%=19,2%

6.Eiao?oe??io aeieaoe aeea?aeaiae?a Aeea?aeaiae ia iaeio aeoe?th//enoee
i?eaooie ia iaeio aeoe?th 2,5:5,0 aai 0,5*100%=50%

7.Eiao?oe??io ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eoi?ae? ? i?iaeaaeo aeoe?e Aa?o?noue
eoi?ae? iaei??? aeoe??/aa?o?noue i?iaeaaeo iaei??? aeoe??
12,7:13,0=0,98

8.Eiao?oe??io iaa?oaiiy aeoe?e ?aaeueia e?euee?noue i?iaeaaeo (aeoe?e ia
oi?aao)/caaaeueia e?euee?noue aeoe?e o iaa?oaii? 100000:400000=0,25

9.Aeio?aei?noue aeoe?e (ii?ia i?eaooeo) {Noiia aeiea/aiieo aeea?aeaiae?a
ia iaeio aeoe?th + (aa?o?noue i?iaeaaeo aeoe??-aa?o?noue eoi?ae? iaei???
eoe??)}/ aa?o?noue eoi?ae? aeoe??
{(1000000:400000)+(13,0-12,7)}:12,7=0,17

aai 0,17*100%=17%

10.Eiao?oe??io e?ea?aeiino? aeoe?? ia ?eieo oe?iieo iaia??a Caaaeueiee
ianya i?iaeaaeo (aeoe?e ia oi?aao/?aaeueia e?euee?noue aeoe?e i?iaeaaeo
(aeoe?e ia oi?aao) 150000:100000=1,5

e?a?ie ?ic?iaeaii a?aeiia?aei? iaoiaee/i? ?ioaiiy. Iaeiei c ieo ?
iaoiaeeea iiaeaeuaiiy ?eieiai? aeoeaiinoi, yea aeyaey? iane?euee?
ni?yiiaai?noue aeea?aeaiaeii? iie?oeee ni?ey? iaoe ?iaanooaaiiy, aai
caoe?eaaeaiino? aeoe?iia??a. Aeey ?ethno?aoe?? a ocaaaeueiaiie oi?ii o
aeaeyae? oaae.1 i?aaenoaaeaia a?oia eiaoioei?ioia oa c?acie ?o
?ic?aooie?a, ye? oa?aeoa??cothoue aoaeoeaiinoue ?eieiai? aeoeaiinoi
aeoeiiia?iiai oiaa?enoaa.

AENIIAEE

1.Aeyaeai? iniiai? /eiieee, ye? no?eiothoue ?icaeoie iaooiaaciai?
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie. Na?aae ieo: iacaaa?oai?noue no?oeoo?ii?
ia?aaoaeiae o iaooiaacia?e i?iieneiaino? aiane?aeie yei? ? ii?ooaiiy
aa?oeeae? oi?aae?iiy oa ?ic??aai?noue oaoiieia?/ieo eaioetha?a
?ano?niiai oa o?iainiaiai iioie?a; a?aenooi?noue o aaaaoueio
i?aei?e?inoa cia/ieo noaoooieo oiiae?a, ye? ia caaacia/othoue
?iaanoeoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue oa iani?iiiaei? o eiiieaen? ?aca(ycoaaoe
aaeocaa? i?ia?aie.

I?iiiio?oueny aaaaeaiiy no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy ye iaeiiai c iniiaieo
?ino?oiaio?a oaeineiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei o iaooiaaciaiio
eiiieaen?, yeee ?ai?oa ia aeei?enoiaoaaany o iiai?e i??? o oe?e aaeoc?.

2.I?iiiio?oueny c iaoith noai?aiiy oiia aeey ?icaeoeo iaooiaaciai?
i?iieneiaino? aca?iioa(ycaoe no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy c ?aoi?ioaaiiyi
aeiiii?/ieo, oi?aae?iueneeo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo a?aeiinei. Oea
aeicaieeoue ooai?eoe a oe?e aaeoc? eiiiai?? o aeaeyae? “oeaio??a
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?” ii ie?aiei ?aa?iiai.

3.Aeiaaaeaii, ui caaacia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia aioo??oiueiio
?eieo iaooii?iaeoeo?a ? aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy eioo?a oa ?iaanoeoe?e ia
ia?ao?aeiiio noai? ?aoi?ioaaiiy o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc? iiaeeeai c
ooai?aiiy a oe??? aaeoc? aa?oeeaeueii-?ioaa?iaaieo eiiiai?e, ye?
cae?eniththoue iiaiee oeeee ainiiaea?nueeeo ooieoe?e a?ae aeaeiaooeo
iaooe ? aaco aei iaooii?iaeoeoicaaacia/aiiy c caa?aaeaiiyi ?o
ainiiaea?nueeeo ca(yce?a, ? ye? a no/anieo ?eieiaeo oiiaao o iiai?e i???
aoaeooue aeeiioaaoe aaeocaa? ooieoe??.

4.Aia?oa o aaeoc? i?iaiae?ciaaii ? ocaaaeueiaii noaiiaeua oa oaiaeaioe??
?icaeoeo iaooiaaciai? aaeoc?, aecia/aia a?oia /eiiee?a ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, ye? aieeaathoue ia nenoaio ieai?a, oe?eae, no?aoaa??
ie?aieo eiiiai?e oa ?o ?icaeoie. O ca(ceo c oeei, ?ic?iaeaii ?
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ioe?ioe? aieeao ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ia no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy ie?aieo eiiiai?e iaooiaaciai?
aaeoc?.

5.Aeiaaaeaii, ui ye noa(?eo ainiiaea?thaaiiy A?IAE – oea ia(?aeiaiiy ia
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i?e canaae? ae?iaiee?a, caoe?eaaeaieo o aoaeoeaiiio
e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao?, ye? ea?othoueny iaei??th no?aoaa??th ?icaeoeo.

6.I?aai?caoe?y A?IAE aeeeth/a? ?icae??aeaii?noue aeoe?iia?iiai eai?oaeo,
i?aeaeuo? eo?n aeoe?e, ni?ey? i?iaaaeaiith ?aeeii? aeea?aeaiaeii?
iie?oeee, noai?th? ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e, i?iaaaeaiith aca?iicaeee?a aeaaeoi?nueei? oa
e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? i?ae i?aei?e?inoaaie A?IAE, eiioeaio?o?
eai?oae eiiiai?? oa ni?ey? iaiaa?oaaiith iei. A oe?eiio i?aai?caoe?y
A?IAE ? iniiaith aeey ae??oaiiy i?iaeai no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae
iaooiaaciai? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie.

7. C iiceoe?? ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei ioe?iee
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? o aaeeeeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoaao
iaooiaaciai? i?iieneiaino? cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee/i? canaaee i?aeaeuaiiy
?eieiai? aeoeaiino? oa iaoeia? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
aeoe?iioaaiiy o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc?, aecia/ai? oiiae ? /eiieee, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ni?yiiaai?noue aeea?aeaiaeii? iie?oeee ie?aieo
eiiiai?e.

Oaeei /eiii, i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
oiio, ui no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy ? i?ia?aeiei ?ino?oiaioii oaeineiiaeaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei o iaooiaacia?e aaeoc?, a ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i?
??oaiiy ii i?aeaeuaiith ?eieiai? aeoeaiino?, aoaeoeaiino? aeoe?iioaaiiy,
ni?yiiaaiino? aeea?aeaiaeii? iie?oeee aecia/ai? ye i?ia?aei? ?ino?oiaioe
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? oa ?icaeoeo A?IAE.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei? iioae?eiaai? o oaeeo ?iaioao:

1.Oeeei/oe A.N., Oaeaeia A.N. Iaiaaeaeiaio e ia?eaoeia a e?oiiuo
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oicyenoaaiiuo no?oeoo?ao.- Iaeanna: AI COE?YIOO, IAIO,
1996. — 200 n.

Iniaenoi aaoi?a – ?ic?iaeai? iaoeia? canaaee i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy
e?oiieie i?aai?caoe?yie, iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ii ?ac?iaoe? nenoaie
aeiaaino?ieiaeo ieai?a, oe?eae, no?aoaa?e iaooiaaciai? aaeoc?.

2.Oeeei/oe A.N., Oaeaeia A.N., Iiaeeia A.I., Yeiiiieea e no?aoaae/aneia
ieaie?iaaiea a io?anee. — Iaeanna: IAIO, 1998. — 250 n.

Iniaenoi aoi?a – ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? ??oaiiy, o yeeo aecia/aii
aca?iica’ycie i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e, ?? i?ae?icae?e?a c no?aoaae/iei
ieaioaaiyi. Aeeiiaii aiae?c noaiiaeua oa iniiaieo iai?yie?a
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? a iaooiaacia?e i?iieneiaino?.

3.Iiaeeia A.I., Oeeei/oe A.N. ?ieue i?aaei?eieiaoaeue-noaa a oneiaeyo
?uii/iie yeiiiieee.// O?oaeu Iaeanneiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa.
Nai?i., aui.2. — Iaeanna: 1997. Iniaenoi aaoi?a — ?icaeioo? ?aea?
?icaeoeo i?aei?e?iieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?. N. 186-188.

4. Oeeei/oe A.N. Iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey iaooaaaciaie io?anee
Oe?aeiu / -Iaeanna, 1998.-61 n. (Einoeooo i?iaeai ?uiea e
yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu).

5.TH.I. Aeaie., O?eii/oe A.N. Aeinaiae aeieiaicaoei? ae?iaieoeoaa ia
no/aniie iaooiaaci // Iaooa i aac, 1997, N6(4), N. 26-28.

Iniaenoi aaoi?a – iaa?oioiaaii no?aoaa?th ?icaeoeo iaooiaace, ye
neeaaeiai? /anoeie aa?oeeaeueii-?ioaa?iaaii? iaooiaaciai? eiiiai??.

Aiioaoe?y

O?e?i/oe A.N. No?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy o iaooiaacia?e
i?iieneiaino?.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeueiinoth 08.07.01-Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?. – ?inoeooo i?iaeai
?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aecia/ai? na?oia? oaiaeaioe?? oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy o aaeeeeo eiiiai?yo, cie?aia, iaooiaeo.
Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeoeo iaooiai? aaeoc? Oe?a?ie ia canaae?
i?aai?caoe?? aa?oeeaeueii-?ioaa?iaaieo eiiiai?e: a?ae aeeiiaiiy
iiooeiaeo ?ia?o, aeaeiaooeo, ia?a?iaee, o?ainii?ooaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe??
iaooe ? iaooii?iaeoeo?a, a oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue oi?aae?iiy ?o eai?oaeii
ia canaae? eiai aeoe?ioaaiiy.

O ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee/i? iaoa??aee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
ai?iaaaeaeaiith ae?aaiinoeee oa ioe?ioe? aieeao ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua
ia oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaino?ieiaeo ieai?a, oe?eae, no?aoaa?th aaeeei?
eiiiai?? oa iaoiaee/i? ?ac?iaee aeey aeei?enoaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoaao
aaeoc? i?e ?aae?caoe?? aeiaaino?ieiaiai o?iainoaaiiy ca eiooe
aeoe?iia?iiai eai?oaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeoe?y, aeoe?iia?iee eai?oae, aoaeoeai?noue,
?iaanoeoe?y, iaooiaaciaa i?iieneia?noue, ?ano?oeoo??caoeey, ?icaeoie
aaeoc?, no?aoaa?y, no?aoaae/ia ieaioaaiiy, oe?eue, oe?ia.

Aiiioaoeey

Oeeei/oe A.N. No?aoaaey ieaie?iaaiey a iaooaaaciaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01 – yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — Einoeooo
i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu,
Iaeanna, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ii?aaeaiu ie?iaua oaiaeaioeee e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey
no?aoaae/aneiai ieaie?iaaiey a io?aneyo i?iiuoeaiiinoe, e a /anoiinoe
iaooyiie. Iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?acaeoey iaooyiie io?anee Oe?aeiu
ia iniiaa i?aaiecaoeee aa?oeeaeueii-eioaa?e?iaaiiuo iaooaaaciauo
eiiiaiee: io auiieaiey iieneiai-ecuneaoaeueneeo ?aaio, aeiau/e,
ia?a?aaioee, o?aiaiey, o?ainii?oe?iaee e ?aaeecaoeee iaooai?iaeoeoia, a
oaeaea iaiaoiaeeiinoue oi?aaeaiey eo eaieoaeii ia iniiaa aai
aeoeeiie?iaaiey. A nayce n yoei a ?aaioa i?aaeeiaeaiu iaoiaee/aneea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii aiaae?aieth aeeaaiinoeee iieiaeaiey eiiiaiee e ioeaiee
aeeyiey aiaoiae n?aaeu ia oi?ie?iaaiea nenoaiu aeieain?i/iuo ieaiia,
oeaeae, no?aoaaee ?acaeoey iaooaaaciaie io?anee i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Iieacaia
acaeiinaycue oaeoi?ia e eo iieacaoaeae, eioi?ua oa?iaeatho no?aoaaee
aeayoaeueiinoe e?oiiie iaooyiie eiiiaiee. Ii?aaeaeaia acaeiinaycue
aeieain?i/iiai ieaie?iaaiey, iauae no?aoaaee, nenoaiu oeaeae aeey
e?oiiuo eiiiaiee iaooaaaciaie io?anee. Ii?aaeaeaia iai?aaeaiiinoue
oi?ie?iaaiey i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo no?oeoo? e oi?aaeaiey eie n o/aoii
ia?niaeoea ?acaeoey iaooaaaciaie io?anee Oe?aeiu.

?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaee/aneea iniiau ioeaiee aeoeeiie?iaaiey iaooaaaciaie
io?anee a oneiaeyo aeaenoaothuaai oiiaeiaiai ?uiea. ?ac?aaioaiu
iaoiaee/aneea iniiau e iaoiaeeea iiauoaiey ?uii/iie aeoeaiinoe e?oiiie
iaooyiie eiiiaiee. A aeenna?oaoeee cia/eoaeueiia aieiaiea oaeaeaii
aiaeeco ninoiyiey e ia?niaeoea ?acaeoey iaooaaaciaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe
Oe?aeiu. Iaicia/aii, /oi iaeiei ec aaaeiaeoeo iai?aaeaiee yooaeoeaiiai
?acaeoey AEIAE yaeyaony aeoeaiay aeieain?i/iay eiaanoeoeeiiiay
aeayoaeueiinoue eae ni noi?iiu ainoaea?noaa, oae e ia iniiaa ae?aeaaie
eioe?iaee oeaiiuo aoiaa ia oiiaeiaii ?uiea.

I?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea ?aaeecaoeee ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey ninoieo a
oii, /oi no?aoaae/aneia ieaie?iaaiea yaeyaony aaaeiaeoei iiiaioii
niaa?oainoaiaaiey ?uii/iuo ioiioaiey a iaooaaaciaie io?anee.
?ac?aaioaiiua iaoiaee/aneea ?aoaiey ii iiauoaieth ?uii/iie aeoeaiinoe,
yooaeoeaiinoe aeoeeiie?iaaiey, iai?aaeaiiinoe aeeaeaeaiaeiie iieeoeee
ii?aaeaeaiu, eae aaaeouea eino?oiaiou, niinianoaothuea yooaeoeaiiio
inouanoaeaieth iieiiai oeeeea oicyenoaaiiuo ooieoeee io aeiau/e iaooe e
aaca aei iaooai?iaeoeoiiaania/aiey e, oaeei ia?acii. auiieiythueo
io?aneaaua ooieoeee, eae “oeaio?u ioaaonoaaiiinoe” a ioaeaeueiuo
?aaeiiao no?aiu. Yoi niioaaonoaoao iniiaiui iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey
i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu a iiauo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo.

No?oeoo?u iiaeiaiiai oeia aeieaeiu noaoue ia aeaiiii yoaia i?iia?acii e
iniiaie nia?aiaiiie oi?iu i?aaiecaoeee io?aneae ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa.
Iie caiieiyo yeiiiie/aneia i?ino?ainoai, oii?yaei/ao aeayoaeueiinoue
ia?iiiie iannu i?aaei?eyoee, niaeanotho eo eioa?anu. Oaeea no?oeoo?u
aoaeoo niinianoaiaaoue noaaeeecaoeee e naiii?aaiecaoeee ?uii/iie
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, oi?ie?iaaieth ?uiea aoaeouaai, iniiaaiiiai ia
nia?aiaiiuo iaoiaeao e oi?iao aai i?aaiecaoeee, a oaeaea aunieie
eioi?ie?iaaiiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeoeey, aeoeeiia?iue eaieoae, eiaanoeoeey,
iaooaaaciaay i?iiuoeaiiinoue, no?aoaaey, no?aoaae/aneia ieaie?iaaiea,
?ano?oeoo?ecaoeey, ?acaeoea io?anee, nenoaia oeaeae, oeaia,
yooaeoeaiinoue.

Summary

Filipchyk V.S. Strategic planning in oil and gas industry.

A thesis manuscript to be submittad for the candidate’s of Economic
sciencts Degree in Economics on speciality 08.07.01 industrial
Economics, Institute of the iarket Problems and Economical-Ecological
Researches, NSA of Ukraine, Odessa, 1999.

The paper presents world tendencies and prospects of development of big
enterprises strategic plannig and especially oil enterprises.

It determines the necessity of developing oil industry in Ukraine on
the basis of creating joint — stock vertically integrated companies in
the structures which will prospect for oil and so on up to oil output,
cracking, retineung, storage, transportation and realization of crude
oil and oil products.

It determines also the necessity of controlling their capital on the
basis of sharesholding.

The paper suggests methodic recommendations for using them in
enterprises of oil industry when realizing long — term financing at the
expence of joint stock capital.

Key words: stock, stock capital of company, investmant, oil-gas
industry, strategy, strategic company, purpose system,
restructurization, effectivness, development of branch, price.

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