1

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO OAA?EIIEOeOAA

Nae?eaeaiei Ieaen?e ?aaiiae/

OAeE 636.52/58.53.064.033

NOEIOETHAAIIss ?INOO OA I?AeAEUAIIss

I`ssNII? I?IAeOEOEAIINO?

EO?*AO-A?IEEA??A

06.02.04 – oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a –1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio ciiaaoa?eia?iiio ?inoeooo? I?i?noa?noaa
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

aeioeaio ?oaai Ai?en Aaneeueiae/, iain?iia?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
?aei ?aai ?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo ioao?aieoeoaa OAAI, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c
iaoeiai? ?iaioe

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aanoe?i A?eoi? ?aaiiae/,
A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
ae??aiiai oaa?eiieoeoaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
?inoeooo, eaoaae?a niaoe?aeueiiai oaa?eiieoeoaa, I?i?noa?noai
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie, i.Iieoaaa

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “26 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 65.356.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI (312120, Oa?e?anueea iaeanoue, Oa?e?anueeee ?aeii,
i/a Eoeeie/?)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “14” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Oaaoia A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue iaoee ? ae?iaieoeoaa aoei ?
caeeoa?oueny caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy aenieiye?nieie i?iaeoeoaie
oa?/oaaiiy. O na?oiaiio aaeain? i’ynii?iaeoeo?a ioaoeia i’yni noaiiaeoue
20-25%, a?ey 70% i’yna ioeoe? io?eiothoue ca ?aooiie ae?iuoaaiiy
a?ieea??a. Oaoiieia?y ae?iuoaaiiy a?ieea??a ? a iao /an iio?aao?
oaeineiiaeaiiy o iai?yieo ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
i?iaeoeoe??.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeina?ae i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa i`yna a?ieea??a
iieaco?, ui ae?iaieoeoai iaeneiaeueii? e?eueeino? i?iaeoeoe?? aeniei?
yeino? iiaeeeaa eeoa a oiiaao, eio?? a?aoiaothoue a?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino?
ioeoe?, ?? iiaaae?ieo oa aieea ia ia? ciai?oi?o oiia.

?ic?iaea oa canoinoaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo aeaiaio?a c iaoith
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ?inoo ioeoe? oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy a?ieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae i?aai?cio i?eaa?oathoue aei naaa ana a?eueoo oaaao
ioao?aiee?a. Ca ?aooiie oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aieeao ia aiae?caoi?e ci?o,
neooo oa niaeo i?iaiaeeoueny aeoea?caoe?y ei?iiai? iiaaae?iee, yea a
naith /a?ao i?aeaeuo? ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo ioeoe? (Ae?iia A.A., 1992;
Ao?aeaoe?ia I.A. c ni?aaao., 1990; Aaeniai A.A., 1985 oa ?i.). Eie??
caeia? aaaeeeaa i?noea a ni?eeiaii? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. A?ae
eiai ae?? ci?ith?oueny e?ia`yiee oene, aiaoeo, oaaaa, aiioe??, aino?ioa
neooo oa aaaaoi ?ioiai (Aeai?aeia A., 1987).

Ioeoey cia/ii e?aua a?ae ?ioeo oaa?ei ?ic??ciy? eieuei?e (?yaia A.A.,
1985) oa /?oei ? ??ciiiai?oii ?aaao? ia ieo o caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo oa
aeaeo (Ei/?o ?.?. c ni?aaao., 1987; ?oaai A.A. c ni?aaao., 1987 oa ?i.)
. Iaeiae oe? iniaeeaino? ua ia i?eaa?ioee iaeaaeio oaaao oaoiieia?a aeey
iiaeeeaiai aeei?enoaiiy ?o a i?iieneiaiio ioao?aieoeoa?. Oiio aea/aiiy
aieeao eieuei?o ia ??no oa i?iaeoeoeai? yeino? a?ieea??a ? aeooaeueiei
aeey ?ic?iaee a?ieia?/ii aei?aaaeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo aeaiaio?a i?e
ae?iaieoeoa? i’yna a?ieea??a. Aeeiiaia ?iaioa ni?yiiaaia ia ae??oaiiy
ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy naiino?eii? iiaaae?iee oa noeioeyoe?? aeoeaiino?
eo?/ao, ia ?ic?iaeo i?eeii?a, ui caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy
aeeoo?caeaoiino? oa ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo ioeoe?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeeiiaia ?iaioa
? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ?i?oe?aoeaii? oaiaoeee ieaiiaeo iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo
(? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0194U027855).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa i’yna eo?/ao-a?ieea??a ca ?aooiie
noeioethaaiiy ?o ?inoo i?e aeei?enoaii? iniaeeainoae eieuei?iaiai ci?o
ioeoe?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iacaaii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. Aecia/eoe aieea eieuei?o ina?oeaiiy ciie aiae?ae? ia ei?iiao
iiaaae?ieo oa i?iaeoeoeai? yeino? a?ieea??a.

2. Aecia/eoe aieea eieuei?o aiae?aieoeue ia ei?iiao iiaaae?ieo oa
i?iaeoeoeai? yeino? a?ieea??a.

3. Aea/eoe aieea eieuei?o ei?i?a ia ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo oa i?iaeoeoeai?
yeino? eo?/ao-a?ieea??a.

4. ?ic?iaeoe niin?a noeioethaaiiy ?inoo oa i?aeaeuaiiy i’ynii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? a?ieea??a i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?yo ae?iuoaaiiy.

5. I?iaanoe ae?iaie/o ia?aa??eo oa aecia/eoe aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue
cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao noeioethaaiiy ?inoo eo?/ao-a?ieea??a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii eiiieaeni?
ii??aiyeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao eieuei??a ina?oeaiiy ciie aiae?ae?,
ei?i?a oa aiae?aieoeue ia ei?iiao iiaaae?ieo, ??no oa i?iaeoeoeai?
yeino? eo?/ao-a?ieea??a. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii ? cai?iiiiiaaii
oaoiieia?/iee i?eeii noeioethaaiiy ?inoo a?ieea??a i?e ee?oeiaiio oa
i?aeeiaiaiio ?o ae?iuoaaii?. I?e iaa?oiooaaii? cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?eeiio
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? a?ieea??a aia?oa i?iaaaeaii oe?ie?
aiaoii?/i?, a?noieia?/i?, a?io?i?/i? oa aaiaoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy iacaaiiai i?eeiio aeeeeea? ia o?eueee
e?euee?ni?, aea ? ye?ni? ci?ie a i?aai?ci? ioeoe?. ?ic?iaeaii
oaoiieia?/io noaio i?ioeano aeaioiaeaiiy caaa?aeaieo eiia?ei?i?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaiee oaoiieia?/iee
i?eeii noeioethaaiiy ?inoo a?ieea??a aeoea?co? niiaeeaaiiy ei?io ? ia
oe?e iniia? i?aeaeuo? i?iaeoeoeai? yeino? ioeoe?. Caiaeiaoaaiiy
caaa?aeaieo ei?i?a ia o?eueee i?aeaeuo? caa?ei? oa i’yni? yeino? ioeoe?,
aea ? iie?ioo? oiaa?iee aeaeyae oooie. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ae?iaie/i?
ia?aa??ee, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaie o ae?iaieoeoai caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy
aeeai? iane ioeoe? ia 240,6 a, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a aeeai? iane
– ia 15,9%, caa?aaeaiino? iiaie?a’y – ia 4%, ciaioaiiy aeo?ao ei?io ia
ea i?e?inoo aeeai? iane ia 7,8%.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/ aeeiiaa iniiaio /anoeio ?iaioe
naiino?eii (90 a?aenioe?a caaaeueiiai ia’?io). Iaoiaee oa noaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aei?aoeueiaai? ?acii c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii.
Aeine?aeieoeueea ?iaioa aeeiiaia iiooeoaa/ai iniaenoi. ?c caaaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa ioae?eaoe?e aeena?oaio aeei?enoaa aeey ioi?ieaiiy
?iaioe eeoa naith /anoeio ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ui??/ieo ca?oieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?i iaoeiai-aeine?aeio
?iaioo o Oa?e?anueeiio ciiaaoa?eia?iiio ?inoeooo?, ia Ananithci?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei oa oaeineiiaeaiiy cania?a ai?ioueae ?c
caoai?thaaiiyie a oiiaao ?ioaineaiiai aaaeaiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa oa
noai?thaaiiy oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa» (Oa?e?a, 1991 ?.), ia
Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo oa ani??aio?a c ieoaiue
ioao?aieoeoaa (Oa?e?a, 1992 ?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oai??y
? i?aeoeea no/anii? naeaeoe?? oaa?ei” (Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.)

Ioae?eaoe??: Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o 8ie noaooyo
o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa 2o oacao eiioa?aioe?e.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 150
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aiia ia? anooi, /ioe?e ?icae?ee (iaeyae
e?oa?aoo?e, iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa
ae?iaie/a ia?aa??ea), aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao, 31 oaaeeoeth
oa 13 ?enoie?a, aeiaeaoee ia 6 noi??ieao. Nienie aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 171 iaeiaioaaiiy, o oiio /ene? 84
?iicaiiith iiaith.

IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia ?iaioe aeeiioaaeanue ia i?ioyc? 1989-1991??. a
oiiaao o/aiai-aenia?eiaioaeueiiai ioaoieea eaoaae?e oaoiieia??
ioao?aieoeoaa ? ieai?iii? ni?aae Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai
?inoeoooo. Ae?iaie/o ia?aa??eo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaii ia
Ia?/ainuee?e ioaoioaa?eoe? Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?. Eaai?aoi?i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia aac? a?aeiia?aeieo eaoaae? OCA?.

Eiaeia aeine?aeia a?oia oi?ioaaeanue ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a
iaeiiaeiaiaeie eo?/aoaie e?ino “A?ieea?-6”, ia ?icae?eaieo ca noaooth.
Eo?/ao ae?iuoaaee 56 aei?a a iaeiiy?onieo ee?oeao, aai ia aeeaie?e
i?aenoeeoe? a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoe aeine?aeo. Ae?iuoaaiiy ioeoe?
i?iaiaeeeinue ca?aeii aeiia aaeocaaeo noaiaea?o?a 10. 7-86 oa 10.
105-88. Aiae?aeth ioeoe? o an?o aeine?aeao cae?enithaaee
iiaii?aoe?iiieie eiia?ei?iaie IE 5-4 oa IE 6-5. A?ieea?e iaee a?eueiee
aeinooi aei ei?i?a oa aiaee.

O ia?oiio (iiooeiaiio) aeine?ae? aecia/aany aieea eieuei??a
aiae?aieoeue, ei?io oa ina?oeaiiy ciie aiae?ae? ia ei?iiao iiaaae?ieo,
??no, ?icaeoie, caa?aaeai?noue oa aaiaeiaai?noue oooie eo?/ao-a?ieea??a.
Noaio aeine?aeo iaaaaeaii o oaaeeoe? 1. Eiaeia aeine?aeia a?oia eo?/ao
ae?iuoaaeanue a iaeiiy?oni?e ee?ooe?, yea aoea ?ic?aoiaaia ia 22 aieiae.
A inoaii?e oeaeaeaiue ae?iuoaaiiy (50-56 aei?a) any ioeoey oo?eioaaeanue
a iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao.

Aeey io?eiaiiy ei?io /a?aiiiai eieuei?o aeei?enoiaoaaany aa?aiee
?oaa?icoi, aeiaoiai – oa?o?acei, neiueiai – ?iaeeaiea?i?i, caeaiiai –
noi?o oa?o?aceio oa ?iaeeaiea?i?io. On? neioaoe/i? aa?aieee, ui
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o aeine?aeao, canoiniaothoueny o oa?/ia?e
i?iieneiaino? oa oa?iaoeaaoe/iiio ae?iaieoeoa?.

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia ia?oiai aeine?aeo

Oaeoi?, ui aea/aanyA?oieEie??Oiiae ae?iuoaaiiy ca?aeii ANO 10.7861
(eiio?ieueia)Eieuei?e ei?io, ina?oeaiiy oa aiae?aieoeue ca?aeii c
ii?iaoeaaieEie??
ei?io2*a?aiiee3AEiaoee4Nei?e5Caeaiee6??ciieieuei?iaeeEie?? ina?oeaiiy
ciie aiae?ae?7*a?aiiee8AEiaoee9Nei?e10Caeaiee11??ciieieuei?iaeeEie??
aiae?aieoeue12*a?aiiee13AEiaoee14Nei?e15Caeaiee16??ciieieuei?iaee

Aeey oa?aoaaiiy ei?io noaiaea?oiee eiia?ei?i ci?ooaaee c iiia?aaeiuei
?ic/eiaiei o oaie?e aiae? aa?aieeii. Ceaaea caieiaeaio iano i?aenoooaaee
oaieiaaioeeyoi?ii «Ao?ai» i?e iino?eiiio ia?ai?ooaaii? aei ii/aoeiai?
aieiaino? eiia?ei?io. O caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eueeino? ei?io, ui
oa?aoaaany, eiai ci?ooaaiiy i?iaiaeeee a?o/io aai ca aeiiiiiaith
aeaeo?ici?ooaa/a.

Aeey eieuei?iaiai ina?oeaiiy ciie aiae?ae? ioeoe? (aiae?aieoeue)
aeei?enoiaoaaee cae/aei? eaiie ?icaea?thaaiiy, ye? caaa?aeai?
oeaiiieaeii ??ciiai eieuei?o. Eiaeia aeaeo?ieaiia iaea ieaoii, yeee
ni?yiiaoaaa a?ae ia? eieuei?iaee i?ii?iue o?eueee ia aiae?aieoeth.
??aaiue ina?oeaiino? ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae oeueiai iieacieea aeey ?ioeo
ae?eyiie ee?oee. Eiai eiio?iethaaee etheniao?ii, a ?aaoethaaee ca
aeiiiiiaith iiooaeiino? eaii, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeenue, ? o?aioi?iaoi?a.
Ina?oeai?noue ee?oie a on?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao i?aeo?eioaaee ca?aeii c
oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie aaeocaaiai noaiaea?oo 10. 7-86.

Aeey oa?aoaaiiy aiae?aieoeue aeei?enoiaoaaee i?o?ioeaetheici? aiae?
IOe-25 ??cieo eieuei??a (/a?aiio, aeiaoo, caeaio, neith).

I?iaaaeaiee iiooeiaee aeine?ae aoei ni?yiiaaii ia aecia/aiiy aieeao
cai?iiiiiaaieo oaoiieia?/ieo niinia?a noeioethaaiiy ?inoo ioeoe? ia
?aae?caoe?th ?? aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeaa ciiao aecia/eoe oeyoe iiaeaeueoiai
aea/aiiy iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai niiniao i?aeaeuaiiy i’ynii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ioeoe?, aeei?enoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? eieuei?iaiai ci?o
eo?/ao-a?ieea??a.

Ae?oaee aeine?ae i?iaiaeeany iaoiaeii aeaioaeoi?iiai eiiieaeno, o yeiio
aecia/aee aieea cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao noeioethaaiiy ?inoo ia i’ynio
i?iaeoeoeai?noue eo?/ao-a?ieea??a i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?yo ae?iuoaaiiy
ioeoe? (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Noaia ae?oaiai aeine?aeo

A?oieOaoiieia?y ae?iuoaai-iy a?ieea??aEie?? ei?i?a, ui

caiaeiaoaaeenue, ca a?eiaeie ia??iaeaie1-7 aei?a8-49 aei?a50-56 aei?a1
(eiio?.)o ee?oeaoiaoo?aeueieeiaoo?aeueieeiaoo?aeueiee2
(aeine?ae.)/a?aiieeaeiaoeeiaoo?aeueiee3 (eiio?.)ia aeeaie?e
i?aenoeeoe?iaoo?aeueieeiaoo?aeueieeiaoo?aeueiee4
(aeine?ae.)/a?aiieeaeiaoeeiaoo?aeueiee

C iaoith noeioethaaiiy ?inoo eo?/ao-a?ieea??a ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy ?o
ei?iiai? aeoeaiino? o ia?oee oeaeaeaiue ae?iuoaaiiy ?i caiaeiaoaaee
eiia?ei?i /a?aiiiai eieuei?o, a a ianooiiee ia??iae oo?eiaiiy — aeiaoee.
Aeey ciaioaiiy a i?aai?ci? ioeoe? eiioeaio?aoe?? aa?aieea a inoaii?e
oeaeaeaiue ae?iuoaaiiy oa?aoaaiiy ei?io ia i?iaiaeeeinue. A?oie ioeoe?,
ii 120 aie?a o eiaei?e, ae?iuoaaeenue o ee?oeao oa ia aeeaie?e
i?aenoeeoe?.

Ae?iaie/a ia?aa??ea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?ae?a i?iaiaeeeanue a oiiaao
Ia?/ainueei? ioaoioaa?eee c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo cania?a
iaoai?caoe?? oa aaoiiaoecaoe?? ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a, ca?aeii c
oaoiieia??th ae?iuoaaiiy ia aeeaie?e i?aenoeeoe?, yea aeei?enoiaoaaeanue
o ainiiaea?noa? (oaae.3).

Oaaeeoey 3

Noaia ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee

A?oieEie?? ei?i?a, ui caiaeiaoaaeenue, ca a?eiaeie ia??iaeaie1-7
aei?a8-49 aei?a50-56 aei?a1
(eiio?)iaoo?aeueieeiaoo?aeueieeiaoo?aeueiee2/a?aiieeaeiaoeeiaoo?aeueiee

Oo?eioaaee eo?/ao aeine?aeii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi (ii 1000 aie?a o
eiaei?e) a ie?aieo naeoe?yo, a?aeai?iaeaeaieo ia?aai?iaeeaie a?ae
caaaeueiiai iiaie?a`y a?ieea??a, ui ae?iuoaaeenue o ioaoieeo.

Iniiai? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a, ui aea/aeeny, aoee
caaaeueiia?aeiieie.

Ciioaoi?/i? oa ?ioa?`??i? iieacieee ioeoe? aecia/aee ca oaeeie
iaoiaeeeaie:

— aeeao iano eo?/ao-a?ieea??a aecia/aee ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei caaaeoaaiiyi o
7-, 14-, 21-, 28-, 35-, 42-, 49-, 56—aeaiiiio a?oe?. Oaeaee?noue ?inoo
aecia/aee ca aaniethoiei oa na?aaeiueiaeiaiaei i?e?inoii ca eiaeiee
oeaeaeaiue ae?iuoaaiiy;

— niiaeeaaiiy ei?io — oeyoii caaaeoaaiiy caaeaiiai ei?io oa eiai
caeeoe?a. Aeo?aoe ei?io ia iaeeieoeth i?e?inoo ?ic?aoiaoaaee iaeii/anii
?c caaaeoaaiiyi ioeoe?;

— caa?aaeai?noue a?ieea??a – oeyoii uiaeaiiiai iae?eo caaeaei? ioeoe? c
anoaiiaeaiiyi i?e/ei a?aeoiaeo;

— aaiaeiaai?noue oooie — ca?aeii AINO 25391-82 “Iyni a?ieea?ia”;

— aiaoii?/iee ?icoei (iaaaeea) oooie i?iaiaeeany ia ioeoe? 56-aeaiiiai
a?eo ii iaoiaeeoe? O.I.Iieeaaiiai? (1967);

— o?i?/iee neeaae i`yna – aecia/aee ai?no aieiae, ne?iai i?ioa?io,
ne?iai aee?o, ciee, eaeueoe?th ? oinoi?o ca iaoiaeeeaie AEo?aanueei?
I.E. c ni?aaao. (1985);

— a?noieia?/i? iieacieee – aecia/aee oiaueio aieieii oa aaee/eio
i?ioa?e?a niieo/ii? oeaieie a?oaeeiieo i`yc?a ii iaoiaeeoe?
Ia?eoeiaa A.A. (1969);

— a?io?i?/i? iieacieee – aecia/aee eiioeaio?aoe?th a?eea, ?IE ? AeIE o
ia/?ioe? oa a?oaeeiieo i`yc?a ii iaoiaeeoe? Lone E.A. (1977);

— aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee – aecia/aee e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a oa
aaiiaeia?io o e?ia? eo?/ao ii iaoiaeeoe? Aieioieeiaa ?.A. c ni?aaao.
(1980).

Aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca?aeii c aeiiaaie “Iaoiaeeee
ii?aaeaeaiey yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey a naeueneii
oicyenoaa ?acoeueoaoia iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo e
iiuoii-eiino?oeoi?neeo ?aaio, iiaie oaoieee, ecia?aoaiee e
?aoeeiiaeecaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiee” (1980).

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ia ia?niiaeueiiio
eiii`thoa?? ?AI ?N/AO ca iaoiaeeeaie Ieioeinueeiai I.I. (1978) oa
Ia?eo?`?ai? A.E. (1970).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aieea eieuei?o aiae?aieoeue, ei?i?a oa ina?oeaiiy ciie aiae?ae?

ia ??no oa ?icaeoie eo?/ao

Aiae?coth/e aieea cai?iiiiiaaieo oaeoi??a noeioethaaiiy ?inoo ia ei?iiao
aeoeai?noue ioeoe? aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ioaineai?noue niiaeeaaiiy
ei?i?a eo?/aoaie a aeine?aeieo a?oiao caeaaeaea a?ae eieuei?o oaeoi??a,
ye? aea/aeenue.

?acoeueoaoe ia?oiai (iiooeiaiai) aeine?aeo (oaae.4), iieacaee, ui
aeei?enoaiiy o oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy iniaeeainoae eieuei?iaiai ci?o
ioeoe? ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? eo?/ao ? yeino? oooie
oa iie?ioo? ciioaoi?/i? iieacieee ae?iuoaaiiy a?ieea??a.

Iaea?eueo iiaia ?aae?caoe?y aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo a?ieea??a
niinoa??aaeanue o 3-?e, 4?e, 5?e oa 6?e -a?oiao, aea o ioeoe? ca ?aooiie
a?eueoiai ii?aeaiiy ei?io i?eaaaeeaiai aeey ia? eieuei?o i?ioiaeeee
a?eueo aeoeaii iai?ii? oa o?c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane a i?aai?ci?. AEeaa iana
eo?/ao o e?ioe? ia??iaeo ae?iuoaaiiy aoea a??ia?aeii a?eueoith a?ae iane
ioeoe? eiio?ieueii? a?oie a?aeiia?aeii ia : 23,0; 19,5; 16,0 oa 20,9%,
(?>0,999).

O a?ieea??a oeeo a?oi aoee iaea?eueo? na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe
(a?eueo? a?ae 1i? a?oie ia : 23,6; 19,9; 16.1 oa 21,4%) oa iaeiaio?
aeo?aoe ei?io ia 1 ea i?e?inoo (iaio? a?ae 1-i? a?oie ia : 6,8; 6,4; 5,2
oa 6,4%) (?>0,999). ?io? oaoiieia?/i? oaeoi?e, ui aea/aeeny, a naia:
eieuei?iaa ina?oeaiiy aiae?aieoeue oa aiae?aey ioeoe? ?c
??ciieieuei?iaeo aiae?aieoeue, iaee iaioee, aai iaa??ia?aeiee aieea ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ioeoe?.

Oaaeeoey 4

Iieacieee ae?iuoaaiiy eo?/ao-a?ieea??a o ia?oiio aeine?ae?

A?oieCaa?aaeai?noue, %AEeaa iana a 56-aeaiiiio a?oe?, a
(I±m)Na?aaeiuei-aeiaiaee i?e??no, aAeo?aoe ei?io, ea/ea i?e?inoo1

(eiio?.)95,51530,4±35,926,62,48295,51617,0±59,828,12,4231001883,1±54,5
***32,92,31495,51829,2±75,3 **31,92,32595,51776,5±56,2
***30,92,3561001851,3±53,6 ***32,32,3271001754,7±52,3
**30,62,3681001698,4±51,8
*29,62,40995,51554,6±44,726,92,47101001631,8±49,428,42,41111001656,1±54,
628,82,401295,51607,1±46,327,92,421395,51565,7±45,227,22,47141001560,2±4
1,627,12,47151001580,6±45,427,42,45161001638,5±48,728,52,41I?ei?oee: * —
P>0,95; ** — P>0,99; *** — P>0,999

O ca’yceo c aeuaaeeeaaeaiei, a ianooiieo aeine?aeao, c iaoith
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo oa iie?auaiiy oiaa?ieo yeinoae
eo?/ao-a?ieea??a ca ?aooiie aeoea?caoe?? ei?iiai? iiaaae?iee ioeoe?, o
ia?oee oeaeaeaiue ae?iuoaaiiy caiaeiaoaaee eo?/aoai ei?i /a?aiiiai
eieuei?o, a a ianooii? oeaei? — ei?i aeiaoiai eieuei?o.

I?iiiceoe?y aeaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai niiniao aaco?oueny ia oiio, ui a
ia?oee oeaeaeaiue ae?iuoaaiiy eo?/ao (naiee e?eoe/iee) iaea?eueoa
ei?iiaa aeoeai?noue oa aeeaa iana niinoa??aaeanue o a?ieea??a , ye?
niiaeeaaee ei?i /a?aiiiai eieuei?o (?>0,999). A iiaeaeueoiio oeae oaeoi?
ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ioeoe? ia iaa nooo?aiai aieeao. O ianooii? a?eia?
ia??iaee eo?/aoa, ye? niiaeeaaee ei?i aeiaoiai eieuei?o, a?aecia/aeeny
na?aae aeine?aeieo a?oi i?aeaeuaiith aeoeai?noth oa ?ioaineai?noth
?inoo. E??i oeueiai, oooee a?ieea??a iaaoaaee aeiaoiai eieuei?o aa?aieea
(oa?o?aceio), yeee aeei?enoiaoaaany aeey oa?aoaaiiy ei?i?a, ui
iie?iooaaei ?o oiaa?iee aeaeyae.

I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? a?ieea??a i?e ??cieo niiniaao ae?iuoaaiiy

Aiae?c ei?iiai? iiaaae?iee eo?/ao aeine?aeieo a?oi o ae?oaiio aeine?ae?
iieacaa (oaae.5), ui ?ioaineai?noue niiaeeaaiiy ei?io caeaaeaea a?ae
eiai eieuei?o ye i?e ee?oeiaiio, oae ? i?e i?aeeiaiaiio ae?iuoaaii?.

Oaaeeoey 5

Niiaeeaaiiy ei?i?a eo?/aoaie aeine?aeieo a?oi ca a?eiaeie ia??iaeaie, a

A?oieNiin?a ae?iuoaaiiyA?e eo?/ao-a?ieea??a,
aei?1-78-1415-2122-2829-3536-4243-4950-561 (eiio?.)o
ee?oeao731302464145296059029462801663105666656909728153

(eiio?.)ia aeeaie?e
i?aenoeeoe?62107197390553641755969469141284502686718852843

? ca aeeiai?eith aeeai? iane (oaae. 6) ia?aaaae iaee aeine?aei? a?oie,
ia iniia? /iai iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui aeei?enoaiiy o oaoiieia??
ae?iuoaaiiy iniaeeainoae eieuei?iaiai ci?o eo?/ao-a?ieea??a coiiaeei
a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy aeeai? iane ioeoe?.

Oaaeeoey 6

Aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane eo?/ao-a?ieea??a ca a?eiaeie ia??iaeaie o ae?oaiio
aeine?ae?, a ( I±m)

A?oieA?e eo?/ao-a?ieea??a, aei?7142128354249561

(eiio?.)89,4

±0,94160,2

±2,1283,3

±6,2468,1

±17,3690,3

±24,1915,0

±30,21261,2

±38,51574,7

±42,0295,7

±1,05192,4

±3,5372,4

±7,8630,5

±20,1932,5

±27,01233,4

±34,01588,8

±41,41873,3

±55,23

(eiio?.)81,3

±0,90137,7

±1,8235,2

±5,4403,7

±15,3628,1

±22,4876,5

±26,51162,3

±29,81468,3

±37,2488,3

±1,10168,2

±2,5316,7

±7,1544,4

±18,2837,5

±25,81114,7

±31,61451,6

±39,71729,4

±53,1I?ei?oea. A on? a?eia? ia??iaee aeeaa iana eo?/ao aeine?aeieo a?oi
a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae aeeai? iane eo?/ao eiio?ieueieo a?oi
(P>0,999).

Aiae?coth/e iieacieee ae?iuoaaiiy a?ieea??a o ae?oaiio aeine?ae?
(oaae.7), iiaeia i?eeoe aei aeniiaeo i?i aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?eeiio noeioethaaiiy ?inoo eo?/ao ye i?e
ee?oeiaiio, oae ? i?e i?aeeiaiaiio oo?eiaii? ioeoe?.

Eo?/aoa aeine?aeieo a?oi, o yeeo i?iaiaeeeinue noeioethaaiiy ei?iiai?
aeoeaiino?, iaee i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiao c eo?/aoaie eiio?ieueieo a?oi
caa?aaeai?noue iiaie?a’y ? a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae ieo a?eueoei niiaeeaaiiyi
ei?io (ia 10,9 oa 11,5%), a?eueoeie na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie (ia
19,8 oa 18,5%), a?eueoith aeeaith ianith (ia 18,9 oa 17,8%) oa iaioeie
aeo?aoaie ei?io ia ea i?e?inoo (ia 7,2 oa 5,8%).

Oaaeeoey 7

Iieacieee ae?iuoaaiiy eo?/ao-a?ieea??a o ae?oaiio aeine?ae?

A?oieCaa?aaea-i?noue,%AEeaa iana, a

M±mNa?aaeiuei-aeiaiaee i?e??no, aNiiaeeoi ei?io, eaAeo?aoe ei?io ea/ea
i?e?inoo1

(eiio?.)96,61574,7±4227,33,8452,51298,31873,3±55,2***32,74,2642,333

(eiio?.)97,51468,3±37,225,43,6742,58498,31729,4±53,1***30,14,0952,43I?ei
?oea. *** — P>0,999

Aeey a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai aecia/aiiy aieeao ia i?aai?ci ioeoe?
cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? a?ieea??a aoei
i?iaaaeaii aiaoii?/i?, a?noieia?/i?, a?io?i?/i? oa aaiaoieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeuaiacaai? aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeenue ia eo?/aoao, ye? ae?iuoaaeenue o
ee?oeao (1-a oa 2-a a?oie).

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aiaoii?/iiai ?icoeio 8-oeaeiaaeo eo?/ao iieacaa, ui
a i?aai?ci? ioeoe?, e??i e?euee?nieo ci?i, ye? i?iyaeeenue o ca?eueoaii?
aeeai? iane, a?aeaoeenue oaeiae ? ye?ni? ci?ie. Iana oooie i?aiee?a,
yeei caiaeiaoaaee caaa?aeaiee ei?i, aoea ia 20,8%, a iana oooie eo?i/ie
— ia 23,3% (?>0,99) a?eueoith, i?ae iana oooie i?aiee?a oa eo?i/ie
eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Iana ?no?aieo /anoei ioeoe? aeine?aeii? a?oie, aea
i?iaiaeeeinue noeioethaaiiy ?inoo, aoea aeuith o ii??aiyii? c oeei
iieacieeii ioeoe? eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia 21,2-19,5%.

Aiae?c o?i?/iiai neeaaeo i`yna 8-oeaeiaaeo a?ieea??a iieacaa, ui o
oooeao aeine?aeii? a?oie aeaui ca?eueoeany ai?no ne?iai i?ioa?io, ne?iai
aee?o oa ne?i? ciee (i?ioa?io — ia 0,15-1,17%, aee?o — ia 0,6-3,07%,
ciee — ia 0,09-0,14%).

A ?acoeueoao? a?noieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui noeioethaaiiy
?inoo a?ieea??a ca aeiiiiiaith aeei?enoaiiy caaa?aeaiiai ei?io
caaacia/o? ia eeoa i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci?,
a oaeiae aieeaa? ia oaiie ii?oiooai?thth/eo i?ioean?a ia ??ai? oeaiei oa
i?aai?a a oe?eiio, ui, aacia?a/ii, iia`ycaii c ?inoii i?iaeoeoeaiino?
ioeoe?.

A?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aiai?eoe i?i i?aeaeuaiiy
ai?noo ?IE oa a?eea o ia/?ioe? ? i’ycia?e oeaiei?, ui ei?aeth? c
i?aeaeuaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo ioeoe? ? aeaco? ia ?ioaineo?eaoe?th
i?ioean?a a?ineioaco a?eea ? ?IE a i?aai?ci? a?ieea??a. O oie aea /an ia
aoei aeyaeaii a??ia?aeii? ??cieoe? i?ae aeine?aeieie a?oiaie a?ieea??a a
eiioeaio?aoe?? AeIE o ia/?ioe? oa a?oaeeiieo i’ycao.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue e?ia? aeine?aeieo eo?/ao-a?ieea??a iieacaee,
ui ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiai? i?ioeane ?ioaineai?oa i?ioiaeeee a i?aai?ci?
ioao?a, yeeo noeioethaaee aei niiaeeaaiiy ei?i?a oa?aiaaieie ei?iaie
(e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a a aeine?aeieo a?oiao a?eueoa ia 1,8-4,9%, a
aaiiaeia?io — ia 1,2-6,19%).

Ae?iaie/a ia?aa??ea niiniao noeioethaaiiy

?inoo eo?/ao-a?ieea??a

Iniiai? iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino? ioeoe? iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 8.
Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ae?iuoaaiiy a?ieea??a oa iaoa??aee aeenia?n?eiiai
aiae?co iieacaee, ui oaeoi? eieuei?o ei?io iaa aieea ia aeeao iano
eo?/ao c ia?oeo aei?a ?o aeeooy (P>0,999). Eo?/aoa, yeei noeioethaaee
?ioaineai?noue ?inoo, iaee ia?aaaao iaae ?iaanieeaie ?c eiio?ieueii?
a?oie ca caa?aaeai?noth i?e iaioeo aeo?aoao ei?io ia iaeeieoeth
i?e?inoo.

Oae, o a?ieea??a, ye? niiaeeaaee ia ii/aoeo ae?iuoaaiiy ei?ie /a?aiiiai
eieuei?o, a c ae?oaiai oeaeiy ae?iuoaaiiy eiia?ei?i aeiaoiai eieuei?o,
caa?aaeai?noue iiaie?a’y o ii??aiyii? c ioaoaie, ye? niiaeeaaee ei?i
iaoo?aeueiiai eieuei?o, aoea aeuith ia 4,0%, a ieoii? aeo?aoe ei?io
iaioeie ia 7,8%.

Oaaeeoey 8

Iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino? eo?/ao-a?ieea??a i?e ae?iaie/?e ia?aa??oe?

A?oieAEeaa iana, aCaa?aaeai?noue, %Na?aaeiuei-aeiaiaee i?e??no, aAeo?aoe

ei?io, ea/ea i?e?inooi?aieee, Mmeo?i/ee, Mma na?aaeiueiio ii a?oi?,
Mm11712,6

38,41412,725,81520,634,694,026,42,6821935,3

42,5 ***1628,4

29,7 ***1761,249,4 ***98,030,62,47I?ei?oea. *** — P>0,999

AEeaa iana i?aiee?a oa eo?i/ie aoea aeuith o aeine?aei?e a?oi? ia 13,0%
oa 15,3% a?aeiia?aeii, a a na?aaeiueiio a a?oi? ia 15,8% o ii??aiyii? c
aeeaith ianith ioeoe?, ye?e caiaeiaoaaee ei?i iaoo?aeueiiai eieuei?o.

?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai
niiniao i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? a?ieea??a iiaeaii a oaaeeoe? 9.

Aeoiaey/e c iaaaaeaieo iieaciee?a, caaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo i?e
ae?iuoaaii? 1000 aie?a eo?/ao-a?ieea??a c aeei?enoaiiyi o oaoiieia??
cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao noeioethaaiiy ?inoo neeaa 1068 a?i .

Io?eiaiiy aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo caaacia/aii ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy
e?euee?nieo, oae ? iie?auaiiy ye?nieo iieaciee?a io?eiaii? i?iaeoeoe??,
ui aeaco? ia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao o
oaoiieia?? i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa i’yna a?ieea??a.

Oaaeeoey 9

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue niiniao noeioethaaiiy ?inoo eo?/ao-a?ieea??a

IieacieeeAa??aioeiio?ieueiee(aaciaee)aeine?aeiee
(cai?iiiii-aaiee)Iinaaeaeaii ia ae?iuoaaiiy, aie?a10001000Ae?iuaii
ioeoe?, aie?a940980Caa?aaeai?noue, %94,098,0Caaaeueia aeeaa iana
ae?iuaieo a?ieea??a, oe14,2917,26Na?aaeiy aeeaa iana 1 aieiae,
a15201761Caa?eiee aeo?ae i’yna (i/i oooie), %81,082,0Caa?eiee aeo?ae
i’yna (i/i oooie), oe:11,5814,16o oiio /ene?: ? eaoaai???4,867,98??
eaoaai???5,985,69ianoaiaea?oiiai0,740,49Aa?o?noue aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe??,
a?i:71659292 Caaaeuei? ae?iaie/? aeo?aoe, a?i:38154874I?eaooie,
a?i33504418Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo: anueiai, a?i-1068o ?ic?aooieo ia iaeio
aieiao, a?i-eii-1-06

AENIIAEE

1. Aeei?enoaiiy i?e ae?iuoaaii? a?ieea??a iniaeeainoae ?o eieuei?iaiai
ci?o aeaei ciiao i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ioeoe? oa ciaioeoe ieoii?
aeo?aoe ei?i?a. Iaea?eueoee aieea ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ioeoe? ( o
ii??aiyii? c aeei?enoaiiyi aiae?aieoeue ??ciiai eieuei?o oa eieuei?iaiai
ina?oeaiiy) ia? caiaeiaoaaiiy ?e eieuei?iaeo ei?i?a. Ioeoey, ye?e
caiaeiaoaaee eieuei?ia? ei?ie, iaea a?eueoo ia 5,6-23,0% aeeao iano
i?e iaioeo ia 2,4-6,8% aeo?aoao ei?io ia iaeeieoeth i?e?inoo aeeai?
iane.

2. ?ic?iaeaiee a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue niin?a noeioethaaiiy ?inoo
oa i?aeaeuaiiy i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? a?ieea??a, ui aeeth/a?
caiaeiaoaaiiy eo?/aoai ia i?ioyc? ia?oiai oeaeiy ae?iuoaaiiy eiia?ei?io
/a?aiiiai, a iio?i aei 7-oeaeiaaiai a?eo — ei?io aeiaoiai eieuei?o,
caaacia/o? ? i?e ee?oeiaiio, ? i?e i?aeeiaiaiio ae?iuoaaii? i?aeaeuaiiy
aeeai? iane ioeoe? a?aeiia?aeii ia 18,9 oa 17,7%, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo
i?e?ino?a aeeai? iane — ia 19,7 oa 18,5%, caa?aaeaiino? iiaie?a’y ia 1,7
oa 0,8% ? cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ei?io ia ea i?e?inoo aeeai? iane ia 7,1 oa
5,8%.

3. A i?aai?ci? aeine?aeii? ioeoe?, ye?e caiaeiaoaaee eiia?ei?i
cai?iiiiiaaieo eieuei??a, a?aeaoaaeenue ia eeoa e?euee?ni?, a ? ye?ni?
ci?ie. Iana iao?aieo oooie i?aiee?a ? eo?i/ie aoea a??ia?aeii aeuith
(ia 20,8 oa 23,3% a?aeiia?aeii i?e ?>0,99) o ii??aiyii? c oooeaie ioeoe?
eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Anoaiiaeaii oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy iane ?no?aieo
/anoei (ia 9,7-15,8%) oa caa?eiiai aeoiaeo a?ieea??a (ia 1,8-2,2%).
O?i?/iee neeaae i’yna eo?/ao aeine?aeieo a?oi oa?aeoa?ecoaaany a?eueoei
ai?noii ne?iai i?ioa?io, aee?o oa i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei.

4. I?e caiaeiaoaaii? eieuei?iaiai ei?io niinoa??aa?oueny aca?iica’ycie
eieuei?o oooie c eieuei?ii aa?aieea, ui canoiniaoaaany i?e i?eaiooaaii?
eiia?ei?io. Oey iniaeea?noue iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aeey iie?auaiiy
oiaa?iiai aeaeyaeo a?ieea??a.

5. Aaiaoieia?/ieie oa a?noieia?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui a
i?aai?ci? a?ieea??a, yeeo ae?iuoaaee ca?aeii c cai?iiiiiaaiith
oaoiieia??th, iai?i ?a/iaei i?ioiaeea a?eueo ?ioaineaii. E?euee?noue
a?eo?ioeeo?a oa aaiiaeia?io a e?ia? eo?/ao aeine?aeii? a?oie aoea
a?eueoith ia 1,8…4,9% oa ia 1,2…6,1% a?aeiia?aeii. O aeine?aeieo
eo?/ao niinoa??aaany aeia?aaeaeath/ee oaii ii?oiooai?thth/eo i?ioean?a a
i’ycia?e oeaiei?, ui ciaeoei a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia i?aeaeuaii?
i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae ioeoe?.

6. Noeioethaaiiy ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo eo?/ao-a?ieea??a caaacia/eei
i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo ?eaiioeea?iiai? eeneioe oa a?eea o ia/?ioe? ?
i’ycia?e oeaiei?, ui ei?aeth? c i?aeaeuaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo ? aea?
ciiao c?iaeoe i?eiouaiiy uiaei ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioean?a a?ineioaco
a?eea ? ioeea?iiaeo eeneio a i?aai?ci? a?ieea??a. Ai?no a?eea a
ia/?ioe? aeine?aeii? ioeoe? aoa a?eueoei ia 4,5-6,6%, a a?oaeeiieo
i’ycao — ia 1,5…3,6%, a ai?no ?eaiioeea?iiai? eeneioe o ia/?ioe? aoa
a?eueoei ia 3,7-7,6% ? a a?oaeeiieo i’ycao — ia 8,3-15,3% (?>0,95).

7. I?e aei?iaoaaii? cai?iiiiiaaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?eeiio
noeioethaaiiy ?inoo eo?/ao-a?ieea??a o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao o eo?/ao
aeine?aeii? a?oie ca?eueoeeenue na?aaeiy aeeaa iana ia 240,6 a oa
na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe aeeai? iane ia 15,9% (?>0,999),
caa?aaeai?noue iiaie?a’y i?aeaeueeanue ia 4%, aeo?aoe ei?io o ?ic?aooieo
ia ea i?e?inoo aeeai? iane ciaioeeenue ia 7,8%. A ?acoeueoao?
i?aeaeuaiiy i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ioeoe? oa iie?auaiiy yeino?
i?iaeoeoe?? o ii??aiyii? c aaciaei aa??aioii io?eiaii aeiiii?/iee aoaeo
1068 a?i. ia 1000 ae?iuaieo a?ieea??a.

I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

C iaoith noeioethaaiiy ?inoo oa i?aeaeuaiiy i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
a?ieea??a i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e ?o ae?iuoaaii? eiia?ei?ie
‘ i?eaaaeeaiai eieuei?o: aei oeaeiaaiai a?eo — /a?aiiiai, a a ianooiiee
a?eiaee ia??iae ? aei inoaiiueiai oeaeiy ae?iuoaaiiy — aeiaoiai
eieuei?o. A inoaii?e oeaeaeaiue ae?iuoaaiiy ioeoe? aeei?enoiaoaaoe
eiia?ei?ie aac aa?aiee?a.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? :

1. Nae?eaeaiei I.?. I?aeaeuaiiy ei?iiai? aeoeaiino? eo?/ao-a?ieea??a //
I?iaeaie cii?iaeaia??? oa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue
Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?i-oo.- Oa?e?a.: ?AA OCA?, 1998.-
Aei.3(27).- N.26-29.

2. Nae?eaeaiei I.?. Aea/aiiy iiaeeeaino? ?aaoethaaiiy ei?iiai?
aeoeaiino? eo?/ao-a?ieea??a // I?iaeaie cii?iaeaia??? oa aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?i-oo.-
Oa?e?a: ?AA OCA?.- 1998.- Aei.3(27).- N.29-32.

3. Nae?eaeaiei I.?. Aieea noeioethaaiiy ei?iiai? aeoeaiino? ia ye?noue
i’yna eo?/ao-a?ieea??a // A?niee Noinueeiai AeAO: Iaoe.-iaoiae. aeo?iae
.- Noie: Eicaoeueeee aae.- 1998.- Aei.2.- N.375-377.

4. Nae?eaeaiei I.?. Aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy
eo?/ao-a?ieea??a // I?iaeaie cii?iaeaia??? oa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie:
Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?i-oo.- Oa?e?a: ?AA
OCA?.- 1988.- Aei.4; a 2o o., O.1.- N.41-43.

5. Nae?eaeaiei I.?. Aeei?enoaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ioeoe? aeey
noeioethaaiiy ?? ?inoo oa i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? // I?iaeaie
cii?iaeaia??? oa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue
Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?i-oo.- Oa?e?a: ?AA OCA?.- 1998.- Aei.4;
a 2-o o., O.1.- N.24-27.

6. Nae?eaeaiei I.?., ?aaiia E.I. Aieea eieuei?o ei?i?a ia i?iaeoeoeai?
yeino? eo?/ao-a?ieea??a // I?iaeaie cii?iaeaia??? oa aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?i-oo.-
Oa?e?a.: ?AA OCA?.- 1997.- Aei.2(26).- N.36-37.

7. ?oaai A.A., Nae?eaeaiei A.E. Noeioee?iaaiea ei?iiaie aeoeaiinoe
iieiaeiyea ioeoeu. // Eioaineoeeaoeey ioeoeaaiaenoaa: Iaaeaoc. na. iao/.
o?. / Oa?uee. aaa?i. oi-o; Oa?uee. ciiaao. ei-o.- Oa?ueeia., 1991.-
N.13-16.

8. ?oaai A.A., Nae?eaeaiei A.E. Oeaao eae oaeoi? noeioee?iaaiey ei?iiaie
aeoeaiinoe ioeoeu // Iiauoaiea i?iaeoeoeaiinoe naeiae e ioeoeu: Iaaeaoc.
na. iao/. o?. / Oa?uee. ain. aa?a?. oi-o; Oa?uee. ciiaao. ei-o.
Oa?ueeia, 1993.- N.129-134.

9. ?oaai A.A., Nae?eaeaiei A.E. I niiniaao noeioeyoeee ieuaaie
aeoeaiinoe o ioeoeu // Iiauoaiea i?iaeoeoeaiinoe naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo
aeeaioiuo e niaa?oainoaiaaiea ia? ai?ueau n aieaciyie a oneiaeyo
eioaineaiiai aaaeaiiy aeeaioiiaiaenoaa e nicaeaiey oa?ia?neeo
oicyenoa:Oac. aeiee. Ananithc. iao/. eiio.- Oa?ueeia, 1991.- N.53.

10. ?oaai A.A., Nae?eaeaiei I.?. Aieea eieuei?o ei?i?a oa ?o ii?aeaiiy
ia i’ynio i?iaeoeoeai?noue eo?/ao-a?ieea??a // Oe?a?inueea eiioa?aioe?y
iieiaeeo o/aieo oa ani??aio?a c ieoaiue ioao?aieoeoaa: Oace aeiiia.-
Oa?e?a, 1992.- N.14-15.

Nae?eaeaiei I.?. Noeioethaaiiy ?inoo oa i?aeaeuaiiy i`ynii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? eo?/ao-a?ieea??a. ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.04 – oaoiieia?y
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa. ?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI.
Oa?e?a , 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa
i`yna eo?/ao-a?ieea??a ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy a?ieia?/ii aei?aaaeaieo
oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a i?e ae?iuoaaii? ioeoe?. C iaoith noeioethaaiiy
?inoo oa i?aeaeuaiiy i`ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? eo?/ao-a?ieea??a
i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe o oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy iniaeeaino?
eieuei?iaiai ci?o ioeoe?. Caiaeiaoaaiiy eo?/aoai o ia?oee oeaeaeaiue
ae?iuoaaiiy eiia?ei?io /a?aiiiai eieuei?o, a iio?i aei 49-aeaiiiai a?eo
eiia?ei?io aeiaoiai eieuei?o aeoea?co? ei?iiao iiaaae?ieo ioeoe?, ui
aea? ciiao iiai?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae a?ieea??a i?e
??cieo oaoiieia?yo ?o ae?iuoaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa : ioao?aieoeoai, a?ieea?e, ??no, noeioethaaiiy, i’ynia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue, eieuei?iaee c??, eie?? ei?io.

Nae?eaeaiei A.E. Noeioee?iaaiea ?inoa e iiauoaiea iyniie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe
oeuieyo-a?ieea?ia. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.04. – oaoiieiaey
i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoia aeeaioiiaiaenoaa. Einoeooo aeeaioiiaiaenoaa
OAAI. Oa?ueeia, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?ai aii?in iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa
iyna oeuieyo-a?ieea?ia ca n/ao eniieueciaaiey aeieiae/anee ii?aaaeaiiuo
oaoiieiae/aneeo i?e?iia i?e au?aueaaiee ioeoeu.

N oeaeueth noeioee?iaaiey ?inoa e iiauoaiey iyniie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe
i?aaeeaaaaony eniieueciaaoue a oaoiieiaee au?aueaaiey iniaaiiinoe
oeaaoiiai c?aiey ioeoeu. Nea?ieeaaiea oeuieyoai a ia?aoth iaaeaeth
au?aueaaiey eiiaeei?ia e?aniiai oeaaoa, a caoai aei 49-aeiaaiiai
aic?anoa eiiaeei?ia aeaeoiai oeaaoa aeoeaece?oao ei?iiaia iiaaaeaiea
ioeoeu, /oi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue iieiaa eniieueciaaoue aaiaoe/aneee
iioaioeeae a?ieea?ia i?e ?acee/iuo oaoiieiaeyo eo au?aueaaiey.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eae i?e eeaoi/iii, oae e i?e iaiieueiii au?aueaaiee
a?ieea?ia ioeoea, eioi?ie nea?ieeaaee ie?aoaiiua ei?ia, eiaea aieaa
aunieoth aeeaoth ianno (ia 5,6-23,0%) i?e aieaa ieceeo oaeaeueiuo
cao?aoao ei?ia ia aaeeieoeo i?e?inoa aeeaie iannu (ia 2,4-6,8%) a
n?aaiaiee n ioeoeae, au?aueaaaiie i?e eniieueciaaiee ei?iooae ?aciiai
oeaaoa e inaauaiey ?acee/iiai niaeo?a. Eniieueciaaiea ?ac?aaioaiiiai
niiniaa noeioee?iaaiey ei?iiaie aeoeaiinoe ioeoeu i?e eeaoi/iii
au?aueaaiee a n?aaiaiee n eiio?ieai, a eioi?ii ioeoeo au?aueaaee a
niioaaonoaee n ii?iaie io?aneaaiai noaiaea?oa e ei?ieee eiiaeei?iii
iau/iiai oeaaoa, iicaieyao e eiioeo ia?eiaea ioei?ia iiauneoue aeeaoth
iano ioeoeu ia 18,9 e n?aaeianooi/iua i?eaanu — ia 19,7% i?e iiauoaiee
nio?aiiinoe ioeoeu ia 1,7% e nieaeaiee cao?ao ei?ia a ?an/aoa ia ea
i?e?inoa aeeaie iannu ia 7,1%. I?e iaiieueiii au?aueaaiee aeeaay ianna
ioeoeu iiauoaaony ia 17,7, n?aaeianooi/iua i?e?inou aeeaie iannu — ia
18,5, a nio?aiiinoue ioeoeu — ia 0,8% i?e nieaeaiee cao?ao ei?ia ia ea
i?e?inoa aeeaie iannu ia 5,8%.

A i?aaiecia iiuoiie ioeoeu, eioi?ie nea?ieeaaee ii ia?eiaeai eiiaeei?i
i?aaeeiaeaiiiai oeaaoa, i?ienoiaeeee ia oieueei eiee/anoaaiiua, ii e
ea/anoaaiiua eciaiaiey. Oae, ianna iio?ioaiuo oooae iaoooeia e eo?i/ae
iiuoiuo a?oii auea aeinoiaa?ii aieueoae (ia 20,8 e 23,3%
niioaaonoaaiii i?e ?>0,99), /ai niioaaonoaothuea iieacaoaee ioeoeu
eiio?ieueiuo a?oii. Ianna nuaaeiaiuo /anoae auea auoa ia 9,7-15,8%, a
oaieiue auoiae a?ieea?ia — ia 1,8-2,2%. Oeie/aneee ninoaa iyna oeuieyo
iiuoiuo a?oii oa?aeoa?eciaaeny aieueoei niaea?aeaieai aaeea, aee?a e
ieia?aeueiuo aauanoa.

Aaiaoieiae/aneeie e aenoieiae/aneeie enneaaeiaaieyie onoaiiaeaii, /oi
a i?aaiecia a?ieea?ia, au?aueaaaiuo ii i?aaeeiaeaiiiio niiniao, iaiai
aauanoa i?ioiaeeo aieaa eioaineaii. Niaea?aeaiea ioeeaeiiauo eeneio e
aaeea a ia/aie e iuoa/iie oeaie, aaiiaeiaeia e y?eo?ioeeoia a e?iae
iiuoiie ioeoeu i?aauoaao yoe iieacaoaee, ioia/aaiua o ioeoeu
eiio?ieueiuo a?oii.

A i?iecaiaenoaaiiie i?iaa?ea i?aaeeiaeaiiiai oaoiieiae/aneiai i?eaia
onoaiiaeaii iiauoaiea aeeaie iannu ioeoeu a eiioea ia?eiaea ioei?ia ia
240,6 a, n?aaeianooi/iuo i?eaania — ia 15,9%, nio?aiiinoe ioeoeu — ia 4%
i?e nieaeaiee cao?ao ei?ia ia ea i?e?inoa aeeaie iannu ia 7,8%.
Yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo io aiaae?aiey ?ac?aaioee ninoaaee 1068 a?i. a
?an/aoa ia 1000 au?auaiiuo a?ieea?ia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ioeoeaaiaenoai, a?ieea?u, ?ino, noeioee?iaaiea, iyniay
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, oeaaoiia c?aiea, oeaao ei?ia.

Sviridenko O.I. Growth stimulation and increase of meat productivity of
broilers. Manuscript.

The dissertation to compete the academic degree of Candidate of
Agricultural Science on Speciality 06.02.04 – Production Technology of
Animal Products. Institute of Animal Husbandry of UAAS. Kharkiv, 1999.

The problem of increasing the efficiency of broiler meat production by
the use of biological methods when raising poultry has been considered
in the dissertation.

The peculiarities of coloured sight of poultry are offered to use in the
technology of chicken raising to stimulate their growth.

Feeding the chickens during the first week of their life with all-mash
of red colour and then up to the 49 th day of life with all-mash of
yellow colour activates feeding behavior of chickens that gives the
possibility to use the genetic potential of broilers more efficiently
when different technologies of their raising are used.

Key words: apiculture, broilers, growth, stimulation, meat productivity,
coloured sight, colour of feed.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione ?.?.?aei

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 25 eeiiy 1999 ?ieo. Oi?iao 60o90 1/16. Iai??
ae?oea?nueeee. Ianya 0.9 ae.a. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ? 218.

Ae?eyiea iia?aoeaiiai ae?oeo ?O OAAI

312120. Oa?e?anueea iae., Oa?e?anueeee ?-i, i/a Eoeeie/?. Oae. 95-31-81.

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