I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AEIIII?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

ss?IOAIEI EA?ENA A?EOI??AIA

OAeE:311.3:378

Noaoenoe/ia caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith aeui?

ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.03.01 — Noaoenoeea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? noaoenoeee Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aa?aneiaiei Na?a?e Na?a?eiae/

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith noaoenoeee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaaoeue

A?eoi? A?eai?iae/, Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoth/ee

eaoaae?ith aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo oa aoaeeoo.

Eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iaothoa

Aiaoie?e Ieeieaeiae/, ?inoeooo i?aeaioiaee

niaoe?ae?no?a noaoenoeee ? ?eieo Aea?aeeiinoaoo

Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ?ioi?iaoeee

oa ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao I?iina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a,

eaoaae?e noaoenoeee ? iae?eo, ia?eaoeiao.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 16-00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.006.01 Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

ca aae?anith: 252057, Ee?a-57, i?in. Ia?aiiae, 54/1, aoae. 16.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai

aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 27 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee ________________ Oa?aiia I.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nooi?iue ?? ?ic?iaee. Cia/aiiy
ina?oe aeey ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae a?aeiii aeaaii. Ci?ie, ui a?aeaoaathoueny
a noni?euenoa?, aieeaathoue ia ci?ie a ina?o?, ? — iaaiaee. I?e oeueiio
i?aai?caoe?y ? ye?noue caaaeueiiina?oiuei? i?aeaioiaee cia/ii iaioa
iia’ycai? ?c ci?iaie a aeiiii?oe? e?a?ie oa aeia?iaoo? ianaeaiiy, i?ae
noai niaoe?aeueii? ina?oe. Ia oea caa?oaee oaaao aaaaoi a/aieo, ye?
caeiaeeny aea/aiiyi aca?iica’yceo ?icaeoeo aeui? ina?oe c aeiiii?/ieie
iieacieeaie ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae oa ?? ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a. Na?aae ieo iiaeia
iacaaoe N.A. No?oi?e?ia, A.I.AEai?ia, A.Eiia?iaa, A.A.Eei/eiaa,
A.A.Eoaa?iei, I.E.Eaaeoeueeiai, O.A. Aeieo?aiei, E.I.Iaea??e,
A.I.I?eiea?aa, N.N.Aa?aneiaiei oa ca?oa?aeieo: ?.O?oa?a, A.Aeaeiiniia,
O.Ooeueoea, I.Aeaoaa, A.Eiia, *.Aainiia, ?.Ia?eiaia, Aeae.Oeoaia,
O.Iinoa?aaea, ?.? Eaiaethoieeiaa oa ?ioeo.

Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui iaoeia? ?ic?iaee oeeo a/aieo aoee aeeiiai? aai ca
iaoa??aeaie e?a?i c aeiiii?eith, yea oeaio?ae?ciaaii ieaioaaeanue (a/ai?
eieeoiueiai N?N?), /e ca iaoa??aeaie e?a?i c ?icaeiaiith ?eieiaith
aeiiii?eith (a/ai? cao?aeieo e?a?i). I?aoeue, o yeeo ?icaeyaeaeeny a
iaoiaee aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy aeuith ina?oith a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei c’yaeeiny iiee ui iaei. A
oie aea /an, i?ney ?iciaaeo N?N? nenoaia ina?oe Oe?a?ie caciaea
iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a , ui ciaoiaeeeenue ca iaaeaie
noa?e ?? ae?yeueiino?. Aieiai? c ieo:

Aeiiii?/i? iaaa?acaee, iia’ycai? c ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee,
ye? a?aeia?aceeenue o aenieeo oaiiao ?ioeyoe?? oa cieaeaii? AAI.

Iia? aca?iia?aeiineie oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai oa ?aa?iiaeueieo athaeaeao?a,
aiane?aeie /iai aoee aeanoaa?e?ciaai? aeaea?aea o?iainoaaiiy nenoaie
ina?oe.

Oaeaeeee «ii?aeueiee» ciin o/aiaeo i?ia?ai, ui ?ic?iaeyeeny aeey
i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a, iaiao?aeieo aeiiii?oe? c oeaio?ae?ciaaiei
oi?aae?iiyi oa ieaioaaiiyi, aea ia iio??aieo o iei?oi?o oiiaao.

O iaaeao naii? nenoaie ina?oe c’yaeeenue i?iaeaie, ui iio?aaothoue
iaaaeiiai ae??oaiiy:

Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue no?oeoo? aeui? ? na?aaeiuei? ina?oe aeiiaai ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee.

Cieaeaiiy, iaaeinoaoi?noue oa ianoaa?euei?noue o?iainoaaiiy.

Iineeaiiy oaiaeaioe?? aei aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? a nenoai? ina?oe.

A?aenooi?noue ae?eiaiai iaoai?cio eiio?ieth oa aa?aio?? yeino? ina?oe
/a?ac a?aenooi?noue iaiao?aeii? noaoenoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i noai oa
ae?yeuei?noue ina?oe.

?ic?iaea caoiae?a aeey coieiaiiy aeano?oeoeaieo i?ioean?a, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny ca?ac a nenoai? ina?oe Oe?a?ie, iio?aao? ?? aiae?co ye
aaeoc? iaiaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui aeicaieeoue canoinoaaoe
a?aeiia?aei? noaoenoe/i? iieacieee oa iaoiaee.

Aeoiaey/e c aeuaiaaaaeaiiai, iiaeia neacaoe, ui aeooaeuei?noue oaie
aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a iaiao?aeiino? i?aeaeuaiiy a iiaeo oiiaao
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe, a oe?eiio, oa aocii, ye
?? neeaaeiaith eaieith, — c iaeiiai aieo, ? o a?aenooiino? iaiao?aeiiai
noaoenoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy aeey aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iaoiae?a — c
?ioiai aieo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo aeeiiaii a?aeiia?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca oaiith
«Noaoenoe/ia caaacia/aiiy aiae?co oa i?iaiico nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
yaeu ? i?ioean?a a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae. ?icae?e ?V. Noaoenoe/ia
caaacia/aiiy a?aeoai?aiiy eaae??a oao?aoe?a». ? Ae? 0196 O 007511, a
oaeiae a?aeiia?aeii aei I?ia?aie ?aoi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? noaoenoeee ia
ia??iae aei 2002 ?ieo.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeieia?/ieo ieoaiue noaoenoe/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy aeuith ina?oith a ia?ao?aeiee
ia??iae oa ai?iaaoe?? oeeo iieiaeaiue aeey ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a oa aoc?a
Oe?a?ie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? aecia/ai? oa
?ica’ycai? ianooii? caaea/?:

ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c noaoenoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy nenoaiaie
aeui? ina?oe oa ?o aieiaieie neeaaeiaeie — aocaie, ?icaeiaieo e?a?i
Caoiaeo ? Oe?a?ie;

ocaaaeueiaiiy i?aeoeee aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie
aeui? ina?oe;

?ic?iaea iaoiaeieia?/ieo ieoaiue eiiieaeniiai noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co
ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe;

oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ?ic?iaea nenoaie noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a aeey
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoc?a ??cieo
?aa?ii?a oa aaeocaaeo a?oi;

noaoenoe/ia ioe?iea o?iainoaaiiy aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie ? ?? ie?aii? eaiee
— aoco;

?iaeaeniee aiae?c oaeoi??a aeeiai?ee aeo?ao ia aeuo ina?oo;

aiae?c no?oeoo?e o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aoco;

noaoenoe/iee aiae?c nenoaie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie ia ie?aieo ??aiyo ??
ooieoe?iioaaiiy .

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oaiaeaioe?? oa i?ioeane ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie oa ?? ie?aia
neeaaeiaa — aoc.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe ? iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui c
o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei:

neeaaeai? iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey iie?ioaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe;

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei noaoenoe/iiai aea/aiiy
ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe;

?ic?iaeaia nenoaia noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a ioe?iee ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoco;

?ic?iaeaia ? ai?iaiaaia iaoiaeeea noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? aoco;

ioe?iaii aca?iica’ycie ??aiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio,
c o?aooaaiiyi ??aiy o?aai?caoe?? ? ??aiy aac?ia?ooy oa ina?oiueiai ??aiy
eiai ianaeaiiy.

?iaioa iineoue iaoiaeieia?/iee oa eiie?aoii-aiae?oe/iee oa?aeoa?.

?ioi?iaoe?eia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco aeena?oaoe?? neeaee aeai? noaoenoe/iiai ca??ieea —
ui??/iee Oe?a?ie; noaoenoe/ieo atheaoai?a Aea?aeeiinoaoo Oe?a?ie — «Aoce
?-?? ??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe??», «Aoce ???-?V ??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe??»,
«Caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie o 1995 ?ioe?»; aeia?aeieea «I?aei?e?inoaa
Oe?a?ie o 1997 ?ioe?»; a?o/eciyia ? ca?oa?aeia iiiia?ao?/ia e?oa?aoo?a;
noaoenoe/ia ca?oi?noue aoco: 2-3IE, iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo nai?ia??a oa
eiioa?aioe?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o iaoeiaiio
iaa?oiooaaii? noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ??
ae?yeueiino?. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo o aeai?e
?iaio?, iiaeooue aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey aeei?enoaiiy:

Aea?aeeiinoaoo Oe?a?ie — aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?i noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino?
aoc?a c iaoith aeeth/aiiy aei ieo iieaciee?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoco ? ?ic?aoiaothoueny ia i?aenoaa?
aaniethoieo iieaciee?a, iaaaaeaieo o oeueiio ca?o?;

I?i?noa?noao ina?oe Oe?a?ie — i?e ieaioaaii? ianya?a i?eeiio nooaeaio?a
aei aoc?a ??cieo aaeocaaeo a?oi aeey o?aooaaiiy iiaeeeainoae aoc?a oa
noaio ?eieo i?aoe?;

ieaiiai-o?iainiaei a?aeae?eai aoc?a — i?e ieaioaaii? ?iciiae?eo
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a c iaoith iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?o aeei?enoaiiy;

i?noeaaei oa ?aa?iiaeueiei i?aaiai aeaaee — i?e o?iainoaaii? caeeaae?a
aeui? ina?oe ia? a?aoiaoaaoenue ?nioaaiiy aca?iiiai aieeao ??aiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio oa ??aiy ina?oe eiai
ianaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y iieiaeaiue oa ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?enithaaeanue aaoi?ii o oi?i? aeiiia?aeae ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
noaoenoeee EIAO, a oaeiae ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
no/anieo nenoai aeui? ina?oe», ui i?ieoea o 1995 ?ioe? o iaoe?iiaeueiiio
oi?aa?neoao? «Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea aeaaeai?y». Iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aoee aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? oa /eoaii? eo?n?a «Aeiiii?ea ina?oe»,
«Nioe?aeueia noaoenoeea» oa «Aeiiii?/ia noaoenoeea». Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa i?ieoea ai?iaaoe?th a oi?aae?ii? nioe?aeueii? noaoenoeee
Aea?aeeiinoaoo Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 4 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, caaaeueiei
ianyaii 1,47 ae.a..

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, 8-ie iaethie?a, 45 oaaeeoeue, 34 aeiaeaoe?a, 75
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? aeeeaaeai? iniiai? iaoeia? iai?yie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeiaaaeaia
aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iinoaaeaia iaoa ?iaioe oa iaa?oioiaai? caaaeaiiy,
uiaei aeinyaiaiiy iaoe.

O ?icae?e? 1 caoaaaeaii ia ?ieue ina?oe ye o ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae, oae ?
o aeeoo? ie?aii? ethaeeie ? ?icaeyioo? aieiai? canaaee, ia yeeo
aaco?oueny aeiiii?ea ina?oe. Oey iaoea i?aeoiaeeoue aei aea/aiiy nenoaie
ina?oe ye aaeoc? iaiaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, nie?ath/enue ia oai??th
«ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo», ca?aeii yei? ciaiiy ethaeeie aaaaeathoueny
eai?oaeii, ui i?eiineoue i?eaooie ii?yae c ?ioeie eiai aeaeaie.

Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii ca aeiiiiiaith noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a oa
iieaciee?a aeine?aeaeoaaoe oae? aniaeoe ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, ye aaeoc?:

o?iainoaaiiy nenoaie ina?oe ? ?? ie?aieo eaiie;

aea?aeaai? iaoiaee ?aaoethaaiiy ina?oe;

aoaeoeai?noue ina?oe;

noai ?eieo i?aoe? ?, aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, ia?ai???ioaoe?y nenoaie ina?oe
ia i?aeaioiaeo eaae??a a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

Oeaio?aeueiith i?iaeaiith ina?oe ? ca?eueoaiiy aoaeoo oa i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaeoc?. I?e oeueiio ie?aii ne?ae
?icaeyaeaoe aeaa aeaee aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe: ciai?oith oa aioo??oith. Oea
iio?aao?, o ia?oo /a?ao, aea/aiiy aeaea?ae ? no?oeoo?e o?iainoaaiiy
ina?oe.

Noaoenoe/ia ioe?iea o?iainoaaiiy nenoaie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie oa ??
ie?aii? neeaaeiai? — aoco na?ae/aoue, ui iath ca?ac aeei?enoiaothoueny
caaaeueiii?eeiyo? o na?o? aeaea?aea o?iainoaaiiy (?en.1).

A oie aea /an, i?iaiae?coaaoe no?oeoo?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaea?ae
o?iainoaaiiy a oe?eiio ii nenoai? ina?oe iaiiaeeeai /a?ac a?aenooi?noue
caaaeaii? ii aocao noaoenoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Oiio a?eueo aeaoaeueia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaia ca aeaieie ie?aiiai aoco — EIAO.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy
ieoiii? aaae iicaathaeaeaoieo aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy (oaae.1). I?e
oeueiio, athaeaeaoi? eiooe aeei?enoiaothoueny, aieiaiei /eiii, ia
iie?eooy aeo?ao ia ca?ia?oio ieaoo, noeiaiae?? oa, o iacia/i?e i???, ia
eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio. ?io? ae aeo?aoe iie?eaathoueny ca ?aooiie
iicaathaeaeaoieo aeaea?ae. Aea aaoi?ii cacia/a?oueny, ui ca?ac a Oe?a?i?
ia on? aoce iiaeooue aeoioethaaoe iaathaeaeaoi? eiooe o aeinoaoi?o aeey
ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ici??ao. Naia aeey ieo o?iainiaa
i?aeo?eiea aea?aeaae ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy.

,

Oaaeeoey 1

No?oeoo?a aeaea?ae o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a EIAO o 1994 oa 1997 ?ieao

Aeaea?aea eioo?a

1994

o caaaeuei?e

noi? ieoiia

??e

ca a?oiith

aeioiae?a

aaaa, %

1997

o caaaeuei?e

noi?

??e

ca a?oiith

aeioiae?a

Anueiai iaaeoiaeaeaiue 100,0 o 100,0 o

Athaeaeaoi?

aneaioaaiiy ca

eiooi?enii

— o o./. ca aeeiiaiiy IAe? 82,0

1,3 100,0

1,0 74,2

0,9 100,0

0,7

Iicaathaeaeaoi?

aeioiaee, o o./.

— ca ieaoia iaa/aiiy

— a?ae iaaeaiiy ieaoieo

ina?oi?o iineoa (i?aeaio.eo?ne,

i?aeaeu.eaae?o?eaoe??)

— a?ae aeeiiaiiy IAe?

ca oaiaeaie

— a?ae iai?io.ae?yeuei.

— ?io? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy

18,0

11,9

1,5

0,3

2,2

2,1 100,0

66,2

8,2

1,7

12,2

11,7 25,8

19,9

1,7

0,4

1,8

2,0

100,0

77,1

6,5

1,6

7,0

7,8

O ?iaio? i?aee?aneth?oueny cia/aiiy aiae?co iiceoeaiiai aeina?aeo
?icaeiooeo e?a?i na?oo (NOA, Aaeeeia?eoai??, I?ia//eie, O?aioe??) aeey
aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie. Aeey oeueiai
aaoi?ii aoa i?iaaaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ye no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy
nenoaiaie aeui? ina?oe acaaae?, oae ? ?o neeaaeiaeie — aocaie, a oaeiae
?ic?iaeai? caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy caei?aeiiiiai
aeina?aeo.

O ?icae?e? 2 aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?icaeyioo? i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c
oaeineiiaeaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co
aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe.

Aaoi?ii iaaaaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c nenoai noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a
ae?yeueiino? aoc?a ca ei?aeiiii ? a Oe?a?i?, iaaeaii ioe?ieo ?nioth/?e
?ioi?iaoe?ei?e aac?, cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a
ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? aoco oa ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei
aecia/aiiy ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe.

Cie?aia, cacia/aii, ui aea/aiiy noaio nenoaie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie, ??
aaeocaai? oa ?aa?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? aeaieo
noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino? aeueo o/aiaeo caeeaae?a (oi?ia 2-3IE).

A?eueo aeaoaeueiee aiae?c o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? aoco iiaea
aooe i?iaaaeaiee c aeei?enoaiiyi ca?o?a, ui neeaaeathoueny
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/iei oa ieaiiaei a?aeae?eaie ? aooaaeoa???th.

Cae?eniaiiy ?ic?aooie?a ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe
iio?aao? oaeineiiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace, yea, o ia?oo /a?ao, iieyaa?
o ?icoe?aii? oi?ie noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino? ? 2-3IE ca aeiiiiiaith
iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue o?iainiai-aeiiii?/io ae?yeuei?noue
aoc?a. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii oaeiae i?iaanoe niaoe?aeueia aea??eiaa
ianoaaeaiiy oao?aoe?a, i?aoethth/eo o ??cieo aaeocyo, c aeae?eaiiyi
??aiy ?o ina?oe oa iieacieea ??aiy iieaoe i?aoe?. Oiio ui aeai? noiniaii
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, /enaeueiino? aac?ia?oieo oa e?eueeino? aaeain?e,
ui iio?aaothoue aeey naiai cai?uaiiy oao?aoe?a c aeuith ina?oith c?
noaoenoe/iiai ca??ieea «Aeiiii?/ia aeoeai?noue ianaeaiiy» oa aeia?aeieea
«I?aei?e?inoaa Oe?a?ie», ye? aoee aeei?enoai? aaoi?ii, ia i?noyoue an???
iaiao?aeii? aeey aiae?co ?ioi?iaoe??.

C i?eaiaeo oaeineiiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia oa
cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a, ui neeaaea?oueny c 5
a?oi, eiaeia c yeeo oa?aeoa?eco? ?icaeoie oa noaiiaeua a?aeiia?aeii?
noa?e ae?yeueiino? aeuiai o/aiaiai caeeaaeo (oaae.2). On? oe? iieacieee
iathoue ?ic?aoiaoaaoenue ye a?aeiini? aaee/eie ia aac? aaniethoieo
iieaciee?a, ui iaaaaeai? o noaoenoe/i?e ca?oiino? ca oi?iith 2-3IE, a
oaeiae o o?iainiaeo ca?oao aoc?a. Aeey ocaaaeueithth/i? ioe?iee aaoi?ii
i?iiiio?oueny ia’?aeiaoe iieacieee o aeaeyae? caaaeueii? aaaaoiaei??ii?
na?aaeiuei?, a oaeiae i?iaiaeeoe ?ic?aooiee aaaaoiaei??ieo na?aaei?o ii
eiaei?e a?oi? iieaciee?a aeey eiaeiiai aoco. Oea aeicaieeoue noai?eoe ?
iino?eii iiiiaethaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco ?aeoeia?a aoc?a.

Iiceoeaiei o noai?ai?e nenoai? noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a ioe?iee
ae?yeueiino? aoco ? oa, ui aiia i?noeoue aeaye? iieacieee, ui aaea ca?ac
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?aaiaie oi?aae?iiy ina?oith aeey aiae?co ??
ooieoe?iioaaiiy. E??i oiai, aiia ? a?aee?eoith ? a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ci?ie aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua a aea?aeaa?, iiaea aooe
oaeineiiaeaia oa ci?iaia.

Oaaeeoey 2

Nenoaia noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a ioe?iee yeino? iioaioe?aeo

oa ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? aeuiai o/aiaiai
caeeaaeo

Noa?a ae?yeueiino? Ia?ae?e iieaciee?a, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue

a?aeiia?aeio noa?o ae?yeueiino?

1.O?iainiai-aeiiii?/ia

oa eiia?oe?eia

ae?yeuei?noue *anoea aea?aeaaieo aeo?ao

*anoea aeo?ao c i?noeaaiai athaeaeaoo

*anoea aeo?ao aaeocae, onoaiia, i?aei?e?inoa

*anoea aeo?ao i?eaaoieo th?eaee/ieo oa o?ce/ieo in?a

A?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao ia i?aeaioiaeo oao?aoe?a aei ?ano?n?a, ui iaae?eoee

2.O/aiaee iioaioe?ae oa

ye?noue o/aiai? ?iaioe E?euee?noue nooaeaio?a noaoe?iia?o, ui
i?eiaaea? ia 1 aeeeaaea/a

*anoea aiaeei, a?aeaaaeaieo ia naiino?eio ?iaioo, o caaaeuei?e
e?eueeino?

o/aiaeo aiaeei

*anoea aiaeei, a?aeaaaeaieo aeey i?aeoeee

Ieoiia aaaa aeioneiee?a, ui c ioe?ieaie «aeia?a» oa «a?aei?iii»

neeaee aea?aeaai? ?nieoe

Ieoiia aaaa a?ae?aoiaaieo nooaeaio?a o caaaeuei?e e?eueeino? nooaeaio?a,

ui iaa/aeeny

3.sse?noue iaoeiai-

iaaeaaia?/iiai neeaaeo ?

i?aeaioiaea iaoeiai-

iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a

Ieoiia aaaa i?ioani??a (ae.i.) o /enaeueiino? ooaoiiai IAN

Ieoiia aaaa aeioeaio?a (e.i.) o /enaeueiino? ooaoiiai IAN

Ieoiia aaaa iaa?no??a o /enaeueiino? ooaoiiai IAN

*anoea niaoe?aeueiinoae, ca yeeie i?enoaeaeo?oueny iaoeiaee nooi?iue
iaa?no?a

*anoea niaoe?aeueiinoae, ca yeeie i?enoaeaeo?oueny iaoeiaee nooi?iue

eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe

*anoea niaoe?aeueiinoae, ca yeeie i?enoaeaeo?oueny iaoeiaee nooi?iue

aeieoi?a iaoe

4. Iaoeiaa ?iaioa Ieoiia aaaa ianyao ooiaeaiaioaeueieo IAe? o
caaaeueiiio ianyc? IAe?

Ieoiia aaaa ianyao IAe? ca aaeocyie ciaiue o caaaeueiiio ianyc? IAe?

Ieoiia aaaa ianyao iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?ia?o o caaaeueiiio ianyc? IAe?

5.Noai iaoa??aeueii-

oaoi?/ii? aace o/aiaiai

i?ioeano ? ?icaeoeo

nioe?aeueii-iiaooiai?

noa?e

Caaacia/ai?noue nooaeaio?a iaoeiaei oa o/aiaei iaeaaeiaiiyi

Caaacia/ai?noue nooaeaio?a o/aiaith ieiuath

Caaacia/ai?noue nooaeaio?a i?noeyie o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?

Caaacia/ai?noue nooaeaio?a aeenieaeieie i?noeyie

Caaacia/ai?noue ?iiai?iaei?o nooaeaio?a i?noeyie o ao?oiaeeoeao

Caaacia/ai?noue aeeoeii aeeeaaea/?a oa ni?a?ia?oiee?a aoco

Ieoii? aeo?aoe ia nioe?aeueii-iiaooiao noa?o, ui i?eiaaeathoue ia 1
iniao

c noia?ii? /enaeueiino? aeeeaaea/?a, nooaeaio?a oa ni?a?ia?oiee?a

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii o ?iaio? iiaeaia aecia/aiiy ciai?oiuei? oa
aioo??oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe.

Oae, ciai?oiy aoaeoeai?noue ina?oe a?aeia?aaea? aieea ina?oe ia
aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie aea?aeaae, ?? ?aa?ii?a oa aaeocae aeiiii?ee, a
oaeiae ia c?inoaiiy aeia?iaooo ie?aii? ethaeeie — i?aoe?aieea.

Aioo??oiy aoaeoeai?noue ina?oe iieaco? ?ioaineai?noue i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a
nenoaie ina?oe, aeiiiii?noue oa ?aoe?iiaeuei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ieie
iaoa??aeueieo ? a?ioiaeo ?ano?n?a ia ??ai? an??? nenoaie, a oaeiae ??
ie?aii? eaiee — aoco.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? caoaaaeaii ia aca?iica’ycie aioo??oiuei? oa
ciai?oiuei? aoaeoeaiino?: ciai?oiy aoaeoeai?noue ina?oe caaacia/o?
c?inoaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeioiaeo e?a?ie, a aioo??oiy i?e oeueiio ?
aeaea?aeii ciai?oiuei?.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoiaee oa cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea noaoenoe/iiai
aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe, no?oeoo?a yei? aeeeaaeaia ca aeiiiiiaith
oaaeeoe? 3.

Oaaeeoey 3

Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aioo??oiuei? oa ciai?oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe

aeae aoaeoeaiino? ??aaiue noaoenoe/iee

iaoiae aai

iieaciee ?ic’yniaiiy oiiaieo

iicia/aiue

Aioo??oiy ? ??aaiue

ie?aiee aoc A.A.(?) = Nc.i.

A

Nc.i. — aeione niaoe?ae?no?a, nei?eaiaaiee

ia ?o iaeaooith c/i

A — aeo?aoe ia ?o i?aeaioiaeo ia i?ioyc?

anueiai ?o iaa/aiiy

Aioo??oiy ? ??aaiue

ie?aiee aoc A.A. (?) = Ae

A Ae — aeioiaee aoco o iioi/iiio ia??iae?

A — aeo?aoe aoco o iioi/iiio ia??iae?

Aioo??oiy ? ??aaiue

ie?aiee aoc ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee —

aaaaoiaei??ia na?aaeiy

(

( pij * di

( i=1

gj =___________

(di

(

pij — aaaaoiaei??i? na?aaei? ii eiaei?e

a?oi? iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue

ae?yeuei?noue aoco

di — aaaia? eiao?oe??ioe

Aioo??oiy ?? ??aaiue

nenoaia

aeui? ina?oe

aea?aeaae

( Nc.i.

A.A. (??) = ( A ( Nc.i. — aeione niaoe?ae?no?a an??? nenoaie

aeui? ina?oe, nei?eaiaaiee ia

?o iaeaooith c/i

( A — aeo?aoe ia ?o i?aeaioiaeo ia

i?ioyc? anueiai ?o iaa/aiiy

Aioo??oiy ?? ??aaiue

nenoaia

aeui? ina?oe

aea?aeaae ( Ae

A.A. (??) = ( A

( Ae — aeioiaee nenoaie a/i o iioi/iiio

ia??iae?

( A — aeo?aoe nenoaie a/i o iioi/iiio

ia??iae?

Ciai?oiy ? ??aaiue

ie?aia

ethaeeia ( CI

C.A. (?) = AI (CI — i?e??no ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ca

?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy

ina?oe ethaeeie

A.I. — aeo?aoe ia io?eiaiiy ina?oe

Ciai?oiy ?? ??aaiue

i?aei?e?inoai

(noeoii?noue

i?aoe?aiee?a

i?aei?e?inoaa Ei?aeyoe?eii-

?aa?an?eiee

aiae?c Oaeoi?ia iciaea:

o — ina?oi?e ??aaiue ?ia?oieea (e?euee?noue

?ie?a iaa/aiiy)

o — i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? — ?acoeueoaoeaia

iciaea

Ciai?oiy ??? ??aaiue

aaeocue

(noeoii?noue

i?aei?e?inoa

aaeoc?) Ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiee

aiae?c Oaeoi?i? iciaee:

o1 — na?aaei?e ??aaiue ina?oe ?ia?oiee?a

ia i?aei?e?inoaao aaeoc?; aai

o2 — aeo?aoe eiaeiiai i?aei?e?inoaa ia

i?aeaeuaiiy ina?oiueiai ??aiy eiai

?ia?oiee?a;

?acoeueoaoeaia iciaea:

o — i?eaooie i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?

Ciai?oiy ?V ??aaiue

?aa?iie

e?a?ie Ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiee

aiae?c Oaeoi?i? iciaee:

o1 — ina?oi?e ??aaiue ianaeaiiy ?aa?ii?a; aai

o2 — aeo?aoe ?aa?ii?a ia i?aeaeuaiiy

ina?oiueiai ??aiy ?o ianaeaiiy;

?acoeueoaoeaia iciaea:

o — ?iaeaen nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai

?icaeoeo ?aa?iio

O ?icae?e? 3 aeena?oaoe??, aeei?enoiaoth/e cai?iiiiiaaio aaoi?ii
nenoaio noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a oa iieaciee?a, i?iaiae?ciaaiee noai oa
?icaeoie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie ia ie?aieo ??aiyo ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee nenoaie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie ca 1985-1996 ?.?.
aeicaieeei aeyaeoe iiceoeai? ci?ie o ?? ?icaeoeo: ia 59 iaeeieoeue
c?inea e?euee?noue aoc?a ?-?? ??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe?? oa ia 128 iaeeieoeue —
aoc?a ???-?V ??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe??. Iieaciee e?eueeino? nooaeaio?a ia
10000 /ie. ianaeaiiy aeey aoc?a ?-?? ??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe?? ciaioeany ia 43
/ie. (aai ia 27%), a aeey aoc?a ???-?V ??aiy ca?eueoeany ia 25 /ie. (aai
ia 15%).

?icoe?aiiy nenoaie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie a?aeaoaaeiny, aieiaiei /eiii,
ca ?aooiie a?aee?eooy aoc?a iaaea?aeaaii? oi?ie aeaniino? (o 1996 ?ioe?
?o aoei na?aae caeeaae?a ?-?? ??aiy — 75, a na?aae caeeaae?a ???-?V
??aiy — 52), a?eueoith /anoeiith, o i?iieneiai-?icaeiaieo ?aa?iiao
(Aei?i?iiao?ianueea, Caii??cueea, Eoaainueea, Iaeanueea, Oa?e?anueea
iaeano? oa i. Ee?a).

Aiae?c aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e aeui? ina?oe oa ?? ci?i i?iaeaiiino?oaaa, ui
ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue c a?aee?eoeo aoc?a aioothoue oao?aoe?a c
aeiiii?ee, i?aaa oa ina?oe.

Ci?ie o ?aa?iiaeuei?e oa aaeocaa?e no?oeoo?? aeui? ina?oe aeeeeeaee
iio?aao a aiae?c? ??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy
a?aeiinii aeioneiee?a aoc?a ca ?aa?iiaie oa aaeocyie ainiiaea?noaa
Oe?a?ie.

Ioe?iea ??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo, ui aoea cae?eniaia aaoi?ii o
aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeai?, a?oiooaaeanue ia ii??aiyii? /anoie aeaio
?iciiae?e?a — /enaeueiino? caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy oa /enaeueiino?
aeioneiee?a aoc?a.

Aeaye? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co, io?eiai? aaoi?ii, iaaaaeai? o oaae.4.

Oaaeeoey 4

Eiao?oe??ioe eiioeaio?aoe?? ?iciiae?eo caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy

a?aeiinii aeioneiee?a aoc?a ca ?aa?iiaie Oe?a?ie oa aaeocyie
ainiiaea?noaa

o 1996 ?ioe?

iieaciee ca ?aa?iiaie, % ca aaeocyie

ainiiaea?noaa, %

Eiao?oe??io eiioeaio?aoe?? ?iciiae?eo caeiyoiai

ianaeaiiy a?aeiinii aeioneiee?a aoc?a:

?-?? ??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe??

???-?V ??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe??

5,4

22,7

12,8

22,7

Aeai? oaaeeoe? na?ae/aoue, ui ?iciiae?e caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy a?aeiinii
aeioneiee?a aoc?a ?-?? ??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe?? ??aiii??iee ye ca ?aa?iiaie,
oae ? ca aaeocyie ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie. Aeey a?eueo iiaeeaeaiiai ?
aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co aeei?enoiaoaaeenue eiao?oe??ioe eieae?caoe??, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue noaiiaeua o eiaeiiio ie?aiiio ?aa?ii? oa aaeoc?.

A?aeiinii iieaciee?a eiioeaio?aoe?? aeey aoc?a ???-?V ??aiy
ae?aaeeoaoe??, oi ?iciiae?e caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy a?aeiinii /enaeueiino?
?o aeioneiee?a ca ?aa?iiaie iiaeia aaaaeaoe ??aiii??iei, a ca aaeocyie
ainiiaea?noaa — ia??aiii??iei. O oiae? aiae?co ?ic?aoiaaieo
eiao?oe??io?a eieae?caoe?? c’yniaaii, ui o oaeeo aaeocyo, ye
i?iieneia?noue, ienoaoeoai oa eoeueoo?a, ina?oa ?nio? ia?aiane/ai?noue
eaae?aie c aeuith ina?oith. A o aoae?aieoeoa?, oi?a?ae?, ioi?ii?
caei?ia’y, a?iiaaenueeiio oa?/oaaii?, o?ainii?o? oa ca’yceo ?
iaaeinoaoiy caaacia/ai?noue oao?aoeyie, ui cae?i/eee aoce ???-?V ??aiy
ae?aaeeoaoe??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? oaeiae iaaaaeai? ?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii iaoiaeieia?/i?
i?aeoiaee, uiaei ioe?iee aca?iica’yceo ??ai?a ina?oe oa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao ?icaeoeo nenoaie ina?oe ia aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie
aea?aeaae aeei?enoaia iaeiioaeoi?ia iiaeaeue ca’yceo, ca aeiiiiiaith
yei? aeine?aeaeoaaany ca’ycie:

i?ae /enaeuei?noth aeioneiee?a aoc?a a?aeiinii /enaeueiino? caeiyoiai
ianaeaiiy oa /enaeuei?noth aac?ia?oieo a?aeiinii caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy;

i?ae /enaeuei?noth aeioneiee?a aoc?a a?aeiinii caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy oa
e?euee?noth aaeain?e, ui iio?aaothoue aeey naiai cai?uaiiy oao?aoe?a c
aeuith ina?oith, a?aeiinii caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeiaiaeyoue, ui ciai?oiy aoaeoeai?noue ina?oe
ciaoiaeeoue na?e i?iya o i?aeaeuaii? caeiyoino?, iie?ioaii? yeino? ?
no?oeoo?e ?iai/i? neee, /iio ni?ey? c?inoaiiy ??aiy ina?oe (oaae.5).

O i?aeoeoe? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ??aiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a ia ina?oi?e ??aaiue ianaeaiiy o ?ie? oaeoi?ii? iciaee
aeei?enoiao?oueny ?iaeaen nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio,
aaoi?ii ?ic?aooieo yeiai ? a?aeiiee a/aiee Iiiiae?i A.A.. ?iaeaen
?ic?aoiao?oueny ye aaaaoiaei??ia na?aaeiy ia iniia? aeaieo ca 15
iieacieeaie, ui aaaaeathoueny iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeie a ioe?ioe? ??aiy
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ii on?i ?aa?iiai Oe?a?ie. A?aea?? iieaciee?a oa
aecia/aiiy aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a i?iaiaeeoueny oeyoii aenia?oii? ioe?iee
aeoiie oao?aoe?a o aaeoc? aeiiii?ee. Aaoi?ii o aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeai? cai?iiiiiaaii aeeth/eoe aei ?ic?aooieo aeuaicia/aiiai
?iaeaeno ua iaeei iieaciee — ieoiio aaao i?nueeiai ianaeaiiy, aai
nooi?iue o?aai?caoe?? ?aa?iio. Aeioe?euei?noue oeueiai caoiaeo
aeiaaaeaia ia iniia? ?ic?aooieo iaeiioaeoi?ii? iiaeae? ca’yceo i?ae
??aiai o?aai?caoe?? ?aa?iio oa ??aiai ina?oe eiai ianaeaiiy (oaae.5).

I?iaiae?ciaai? o ?iaio? iiaeae? i?aeoaa?aeeee ?nioaaiiy aca?iiiai
aieeao ?icaeoeo nenoaie ina?oe oa aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae.

Iayai?noue aeiaeaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ii EIAO aeicaieeea cae?enieoe
aiae?c o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? aoco c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaea
an?o cai?iiiiiaaieo noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a oa iieaciee?a. Aaoi?ii
cacia/a?oueny, ui aiae?c o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? caeeaaeo
ii?yae c ?ic?aooieii eiai aioo??oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? aeicaiey? ia?aoe
iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiee aa??aio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy aoco.

Oaeei /eiii, o ?iaio? aeiaaaeaii aeioe?euei?noue ?ic?aooieo
aioo??oiuei? oa ciai?oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii?
aaoi?ii iaoiaeeee (aeea. Oaae.3) oa ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie noaoenoe/ieo
iieaciee?a ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? aoco, ui cai?iiiiiaaia aaoi?ii c
o?aooaaiiyi aeina?aeo ?icaeiooeo e?a?i na?oo (aeea. Oaae.2). I?e oeueiio
c’yniaaii, ui o iao?e e?a?i? iio??aii aeey oeueiai aaeineiiaeeoe
?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith ina?oe oa
i?aai?coaaoe a?aeiia?aeia noaoenoe/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy. O ?iaio? aeacai?
oeyoe ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie.

Oaaeeoey 5

Aeyaeaiiy ca’yceo i?ae /enaeuei?noth aeioneiee?a aoc?a a?aeiinii
caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy oa /enaeuei?noth aac?ia?oieo ? e?euee?noth aaeain?e
a?aeiinii caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy, a oaeiae i?ae ??aiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa ina?oi?i ??aiai ianaeaiiy

?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie o 1996 ?ioe?

oaeoi?ia

iciaea ?acoeueoaoeaia

iciaea ??aiyiiy eiao?oe??io

aeaoa?i?iaoe?? eiao?oe??io

aeanoe/iino?

o1 — /enaeuei?noue

aeioneiee?a aoc?a ?-?? ??aiy a?aeiinii

/enaeueiino?

caeiyoeo, /ie.ia

1000 caeiyoeo o1 — /enaeuei?noue

aac?ia?oieo a?aeiinii /enaeueiino? caeiyoeo, /ie. Ia

1000 caeiyoeo

Y1=66,70-1,20×1

(

R = 0,478

Eae.( = — 0,20%

o( — /enaeuei?noue

aeioneiee?a aoc?a

???-?V ??aiy

a?aeiinii

/enaeueiino?

caeiyoeo, /ie.ia

1000 caeiyoeo o( — /enaeuei?noue

aac?ia?oieo

a?aeiinii /enaeueiino? caeiyoeo, /ie. ia

1000 caeiyoeo

Y(=61,90-0,90x(

(

R = 0,484

Eae.( = — 0,12%

o( — /enaeuei?noue

aeioneiee?a aoc?a

?-?? ??aiy a?aeiinii

/enaeueiino?

caeiyoeo, /ie.ia

1000 caeiyoeo o( — e?euee?noue

aaeain?e, ui

iio?aaothoue aeey

naiai cai?uaiiy

oao?aoe?a c aeuith

ina?oith, a?aeiinii

caeiyoeo, /ie. Ia

1000 caeiyoeo

Y(=0,86-0,02x(

(

R = 0,375

Eae.( = — 0,22%

o( — /enaeuei?noue

aeioneiee?a aoc?a

???-?V ??aiy

a?aeiinii

/enaeueiino?

caeiyoeo, /ie.ia

1000 caeiyoeo

o( — e?euee?noue

aaeain?e, ui

iio?aaothoue aeey

naiai cai?uaiiy

oao?aoe?a c aeuith

ina?oith, a?aeiinii

caeiyoeo, /ie.ia

1000 caeiyoeo

Y(=0,67-0,01x(

(

R = 0,324

Eae.( = — 0,09%

o( — ?iaeaen

nioe?aeueii-

aeiiii?/iiai

?icaeoeo ?aa?iio o( — ??aaiue ina?oe

ianaeaiiy, ia

1000 /ie. a?eii 15

?ie?a ? a?eueoa

iathoue ina?oo

Y(=527,67+249,77x(

(

R = 0,263

Eae.( = 0,32%

o( — ieoiia aaaa

i?nueeiai

ianaeaiiy aai

??aaiue o?aai?caoe??,

% o( — ??aaiue ina?oe

ianaeaiiy, ia

1000 /ie. a?eii

15 ?ie?a ? a?eueoa

iathoue ina?oo

Y(=641,77+2,18x(

(

R = 0,492

Eae.( = 0,20%

AENIIAEE

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeai? caoaaaeaii ia ?ieue ina?oe ye o
?icaeoeo aea?aeaae, oae ? o aeeoo? ie?aii? ethaeeie. ?icaeyae oeueiai
ieoaiiy ? iniaeeai aeooaeueiei o iao /an, eiee /a?ac iaai? aeiiii?/i?
iaaa?acaee o aea?aeaa? no?aaeaea? oaeiae nenoaia ina?oe. Cieaeaiiy
ianya?a eioo?a, ui aeae?eythoueny c aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo ia
caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie ina?oe (o o./. ? aeui?), aieeaa? ia
ci?io no?oeoo?e aeo?ao ia iioi/ia oo?eiaiiy aoc?a. Oey ci?ia iieyaa? o
oiio, ui aea?aeaai? eiooe iie?eaathoue, aieiaiei /eiii, aeo?aoe ia
aeieaoo ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, noeiaiae?e nooaeaioai oa ani??aioai. A oie aea
/an ia o?iainoaaiiy ?ioeo aeo?ao oeeo eioo?a ia aenoa/a?. sse aeiaaaeaii
o ?iaio?, ca oaeeo oiia aeei?enoaiiy aocii eioo?a c iicaathaeaeaoieo
aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy ? ia eeoa aeioe?eueiei, a e iaiao?aeiei.

O ?iaio? caoaaaeo?oueny ia i?a?iaaoeae i?aeaeuaiiy ye aioo??oiuei?,
oae ? ciai?oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? aeui? ina?oe. Oea iiaeia cae?enieoe ca
oiiae aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy aeuith ina?oith. C oe??th iaoith aaoi?ii
o ?iaio? aoa i?iaaaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no?oeoo? nenoai oi?aae?iiy
aeuith ina?oith oa ?o noaoenoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy o ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao
na?oo (NOA, Aaeeeia?eoai?y, I?ia//eia, O?aioe?y) oa Oe?a?i?.
Nie?ath/enue ia iiceoeaiee aeina?ae aeuaicia/aieo e?a?i, aaoi?ii
?ic?iaeai? caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iie?auaiiy ye nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy, oae ? ?? noaoenoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy a Oe?a?i?.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? oaeiae iaaaaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c nenoai
noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? aoc?a ca ei?aeiiii ? a
Oe?a?i?. C iaoith i?iaaaeaiiy anaa?/iiai aiae?co ye iioaioe?eieo
iiaeeeainoae aoco, oae ? ?acoeueoao?a eiai iaoeiai?, o/aiai? oa
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaia oaeineiiaeaia
nenoaia noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a, ui neeaaea?oueny c 5 a?oi:

iieacieee o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? oa eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?;

iieacieee o/aiaiai iioaioe?aeo aoco ? yeino? o/aiai? ?iaioe;

iieacieee yeino? iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai neeaaeo ? i?aeaioiaee
iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a;

iieacieee noaio iaoeiai? ?iaioe;

iieacieee noaio iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace o/aiaiai i?ioeano ? ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii-iiaooiai? noa?e aoco.

Ine?eueee iieacieee iathoue ??ci? iaeeieoe? aei??o, ?o ia’?aeiaiiy
iio?aao? ?ic?aooieo ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee ye o aeaeyae? caaaeueii?
aaaaoiaei??ii? na?aaeiuei? aeey eiaeiiai aoco, oae ? aaaaoiaei??ieo
na?aaei?o ii eiaei?e a?oi? iieaciee?a.

Aaoi?ii oaeiae iaaeaia ioe?iea ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace, aecia/ai? iniiai?
iai?yiee ?? oaeineiiaeaiiy oa i?aai?caoe?? noaoenoe/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy
o nenoai? aeui? ina?oe.

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeai? aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo oa aiae?co aioo??oiuei? oa ciai?oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe
ca aeiiiiiaith ??ciiiai?oieo noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a oa iieaciee?a.
Iaaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy iiaeaeae c iaoith aecia/aiiy
aieeao aeo?ao ia ina?oo ia aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie aea?aeaae, ?? ie?aieo
?aa?ii?a oa aaeocae ainiiaea?noaa, a oaeiae ia c?inoaiiy aeia?iaooo
ie?aii? ethaeeie. Caoaaaeaii, ui ?ic?aooiie aioo??oiuei? aoaeoeaiino?
ina?oe ii?yae c aiae?cii o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? aoco
aeicaieeoue caeeaaeo ia?aoe iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiee aa??aio naiai
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaieo aaoi?ii noaoenoe/ieo
iaoiae?a oa iieaciee?a i?iaiae?ciaaii nenoaio aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie ia
??cieo ??aiyo ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy: aea?aeaae, ?aa?ii?a, aaeocaaeo a?oi
aoc?a oa ie?aiiai aoco. I?e oeueiio c’yniaaii, ui iacaaaeath/e ia
e?eciaa aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua a Oe?a?i? nenoaia aeui? ina?oe i?iaeiaaeo?
aeineoue aoaeoeaii ooieoe?iioaaoe. Ca?eueoeeanue e?euee?noue aoc?a oa
/enaeuei?noue nooaeaio?a, ui a ieo iaa/athoueny, aieiaiei /eiii, ca
?aooiie a?aee?eooy caeeaae?a iaaea?aeaaii? oi?ie aeaniino? o
i?iieneiai-?icaeiooeo ?aa?iiao, ui aioothoue niaoe?ae?no?a o aaeocyo
ina?oe, aeiiii?ee oa i?aaa.

Ca aeiiiiiaith ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co aeiaaaeaii, ui ??aaiue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio oa ??aaiue ina?oe eiai
ianaeaiiy iathoue aca?iiee aieea. Iie?auaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
noaio ?aa?iio i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy ina?oiueiai ??aiy eiai
ianaeaiiy. A c?inoaiiy ??aiy ina?oe i?iaeeaath/eo o aeaiiio ?aa?ii?
aieeaa? ia cieaeaiiy ??aiy aac?ia?ooy oa nei?i/aiiy /enea aaeain?e, ye?
iio?aaothoue aeey naiai cai?uaiiy oao?aoe?a c aeuith ina?oith, ui ?
iieacieeaie iie?ioaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua o ?aa?ii?.

Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? ie?aiiai aoco, yeee aoa cae?eniaiee ia i?eeeaae?
EIAO, aeia?a aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy iicaathaeaeaoieo aeaea?ae
o?iainoaaiiy, a oaeiae cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaiaio?a aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? a
oi?aae?iiy oa ieaioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? aoco.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy
o

4-o iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,47 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a:

ss?ioaiei E.A. Aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy eiioeaioe??
?ic?aooieo aoaeoo oa aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe a Oe?a?i? // Aeiiii?ea oa
i?aei?e?iieoeoai: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo oa
ani??aio?a. E.: EIAO, 1997, — n.239-246.

ss?ioaiei E.A. I?iaeaie nenoaie ina?oe Oe?a?ie oa ?ieue noaoenoeee o ?o
ae??oaii? // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. — 1997. — ? 10 (21)
ea?oaiue. — n.10-14.

ss?ioaiei E.A. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c nenoaie noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a
ae?yeueiino? aeuiai o/aiaiai caeeaaeo a Oe?a?i? oa ca ei?aeiiii //
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. — 1997. — 47 (58) eenoiiaae. —
n.11-15.

ss?ioaiei E.A. Iia? caaea/? noaoenoeee ina?oe // Oace iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? «Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no/anieo nenoai aeui? ina?oe». — E.:
IO «EIA», 1995. — n.40-42.

ss?ioaiei E.A. Noaoenoe/ia caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith aeui?
ina?oe Oe?a?ie a ?eieiaeo oiiaao. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.03.01 — Noaoenoeea. — Ee?anueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? noaoenoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie a
oe?eiio oa ?? ie?aieo eaiie.

Aeey oeueiai o ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c i?aai?caoe?? oa noaoenoe/iiai
caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy aeuith ina?oith i?ia?aeieo e?a?i na?oo,
cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a aeey ii??aiyeueiiai
aiae?co ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoc?a. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy
ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ina?oe.

C aeei?enoaiiyi iecee noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ci?i a
ianyaao oa no?oeoo?? o?iainoaaiiy aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie, ci?i naii?
nenoaie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie oa aca?iica’yceo oeeo ci?i c
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei noaiii aea?aeaae oa ?? ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ciai?oiy oa aioo??oiy aoaeoeai?noue ina?oe, noaoenoe/ia
caaacia/aiiy, oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe.

ss?ioaiei E.A. Noaoenoe/aneia iaania/aiea oi?aaeaiey nenoaiie aunoaai
ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu a ?uii/iuo oneiaeyo. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.03.01 — Noaoenoeea. — Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue
yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea noaoenoe/aneiai iaania/aiey
enneaaeiaaiee yooaeoeaiinoe oi?aaeaiey nenoaiie aunoaai ia?aciaaiey
Oe?aeiu a oeaeii e aa ioaeaeueiuo caaiueaa.

Aeey yoiai a ?aaioa i?iaaaeai aiaeec i?aaiecaoeee e noaoenoe/aneiai
iaania/aiey oi?aaeaiey aunoei ia?aciaaieai aaaeoueo no?ai ie?a,
i?aaeeiaeaia nenoaia noaoenoe/aneeo iieacaoaeae aeey n?aaieoaeueiiai
aiaeeca ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aocia. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey
aiaoiae e aioo?aiiae yooaeoeaiinoe ia?aciaaiey.

N eniieueciaaieai ?yaea noaoenoe/aneeo iaoiaeia i?iaaaeai aiaeec
eciaiaiee a iauaiao e no?oeoo?a oeiaine?iaaiey aunoaai ia?aciaaiey
Oe?aeiu, eciaiaiee a naiie nenoaia aunoaai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu e
acaeiinayce yoeo eciaiaiee n nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneei ninoiyieai
ainoaea?noaa e aai ioaeaeueiuo ?aaeiiia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aiaoiyy e aioo?aiiyy yooaeoeaiinoue ia?aciaaiey,
noaoenoe/aneia iaania/aiea, oi?aaeaiea nenoaiie aunoaai ia?aciaaiey.

Yaroshenko L.V. Statistical implementation of the Higher Educational
System Managing in Ukraine. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for the obtaining of Scholastic Degree of the Economical
Sciences candidate. Spesiflity 08.03.01. — Statistics. — Kiev National
Economical University, Kiev,1998.

The Dissertation is dedicated to the elaboration of the statistical
implementation researches in the field of the Higher Educational System
Managing in Ukraine, altogether and by installments.

To that end the analysis of the organization and statistical
implementation of the Higher Educational System Managing in major
countries had been proposed for the comparative analysis running of the
Higher Educational Institutes. The method of the definition of the
internal and external effectiveness of the education.

The analysis of changes in financial structure of the Higher
Educational System in Ukraine had been made. The analysis of changes in
the Higher Educational System in interaction of those changes with
social and economic position of our State and separate regions.

Key words: statistical implementation, of the Higher Educational System
Managing, internal and external effectiveness.

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