EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

A?EOA?AA ??eia Anaaieiae?aia

OAeE 159.922.1:616.98

NOAOAAINIAOeEO?*I? INIAEEAINO? INEOIEIA?*IEO OAEOI??A ?ECEEO
?IO?EOAAIIss A?E/NI?Aeii

19.00.04 — iaaee/ia ineoieia?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe —

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa AO?EA*OE Eaii?ae Oieiae/

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
ineoiae?aaiinoeee

oa iaaee/ii? ineoieia??

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

A?EIA Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/

I?aeia?iaeiee iaoeiai-iaa/aeueiee oeaio? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ?
nenoai IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

AI?IINOAE Iaaei Iao?iae/

?inoeooo nioe?aeueii? oa iie?oe/ii? ineoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a i?eeeaaeii? ineoieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny (_21_( __n?/iy_______ 1999 ?. i _14.00_ aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aiie ?aaee Ae 26.001.26 a Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith 252017, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60, aoae.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii (_18_( _a?oaeiy_________ 1998 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?eeaiei O.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Neiae?ii iaaooiai ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo,
iiaeeeai, ? iaei??th c iaena?eici?oeo caa?ic o?ce/iiio aeaeeaaiith
ethaenoaa, yea ia aecia? ei?aeii?a, iaoe?iiaeueiinoae, ?aniaeo oa
eoeueoo?ieo a?aei?iiinoae. Noi?ioeueiaaiee Iaoe?iiaeueiith i?ia?aiith
i?io?eaeoeee A?E/NI?Aeo a Oe?a?i? aeniiaie uiaei aaaeeeaino?
i?aaaioeaieo caoiae?a aenoioa ia ia?oa i?noea coneeey ii iiia?aaeaeaiith
iioe?aiiy ai?aeai??, ?aae?caoe?y yeeo iaiiaeeeaa aac anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy
ineoieia?/ieo aniaeo?a i?iaeai A?E/NI?Aeo.

Ineoieia?/iee eiioaeno, a yeiio ?aae?co?oueny iiaaae?iea, iia(ycaia ?c
?aii?oaaiiyi /e, iaaiaee, oieeiaiiyi ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy a
aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao coiiaeth?oueny aaaaoueia aca?iiiia(ycaieie
/eiieeaie. Aieiaieie na?aae ieo aenooiathoue noaaeaiiy ?iaeea?aea aei
i?iaeai, iia(ycaieo ?c A?E/NI?Aeii oa ioe?iea eiia??iino? ?eceeo
?io?eoaaiiy, ye? aacothoueny ia ?ai?acaioaoe?? a na?aeiiino? oyaeaiue
i?i caoai?thaaiiy (J.D.Fisher, D.L.Kimble, J.S.St.Lawrence). A naith
/a?ao, ni?eeiyooy aeaniiai ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy aenooia? i?aaeeeoi?ii
ia?aiiy o??? /e ?ioi? no?aoaa?? iiaaae?iee ? /anoi ? aaaeeea?oith
aeaoa?i?iaioith ci?i o iiaaae?ioe?, i?ae ?aaeueiee ?ecee (F.V.van der
Velde). I?e oeueiio aei iioaioe?eieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo a?aeiinyoue
iecueeee ??aaiue ii?ioi?iiaaiino? a ieoaiiyo, iia(ycaieo ?c A?E/NI?Aeii,
a oaeiae iioei?noe/ia ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy, yea aaco?oueny ia
oyaeaiiyo uiaei aeanii? iaa?aceeaino? (J.Kelly, M.M.Dolcini,
J.A.Catania, S.C.Kalichman, N.D.Weinstein).

?ioei aaaeeeaei /eiieeii oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?e iiaaae?iee ? onoaiiaee
a?aeiinii ?iciiae?eo ?ieae oa i?eeiyoiino? iaaii? iiaaae?iee a
i?aenoaoaaeo aca?ieiao (?.N.Eii, A.A.Noie?i, I.N.Ei/a?yi). A?ae
ni?aiaaeaiiy onoaiiaie oa aca?iieo i/?eoaaiue ia?oia??a caeaaeeoue
oni?oi?noue i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy uiaei aeio?eiaiiy i?aaee aaciaee, a oie
aea /an eiio?iiooth/? oyaeaiiy iioaioe?eii i?aeaeuothoue iaaaciaeo.

Ie??i o?aaeeoe?eieo onoaiiaie oa noa?aioei?a noaoaai?ieueiai?
iiaaae?iee cia/io ?ieue a i?eeiyoo? iiaeono iiaaae?iee a?ae?a?a?
ao?eaooe?y ?iaeea?aeii a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca aeanio aaciaeo oa aaciaeo
naiai ia?oia?a, yea oiniaeth?oueny a eieon? eiio?ieth — ?ioaa?aeuei?e
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? iniaenoino? (E.Iocaeeaa?a). I?eienoaaiiy
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ciai?oi?i ianoaaeiai i?aeaeuo? ?ecee ?io?eoaaiiy.

Noaoaai?ieueia? aeanoeaino? ? no?eaeiaaeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iniaenoino?
(A.A.Aiaiueaa, ?.N.Eii, A.A.Noie?i, I.N.Ei/a?yi, N.O.Oaaaiia). Noaoaa?
a?aei?iiino?, ineoieia?/ia noaoue, canaiai? ii?ie oa iiaeae?
noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee ooai?ththoue (i?ecio(, /a?ac yeo ?iaeea?ae
ni?eeia?, ioe?ith? ? ae?iaey? aeaniee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeai A?E/NI?Aeo.
?icoi?iiy aieeao noaoaaeo a?aei?iiinoae ia oi?ioaaiiy eiai?oeaieo
?ai?acaioaoe?e A?E/NI?Aeo /i?ae yeeie ie ?icoi??ii noeoii?noue oyaeaiue
uiaei NI?Aeo ye caoai?thaaiiy, eiai ao?ieia?? oa iaoiaaiaco, oeyo?a
?io?eoaaiiy a??onii ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo ethaeeie, cania?a caiia?aaiiy
?io?eoaaiith/ oa ia aea?? iiaeae? iiaaae?iee iiaeeaeth? ineoieia?/i?
oyaeaiiy i?i noaoaai?ieueia? aniaeoe eiai?oeaii? noa?e oa i?i /eiieee
oi?ioaaiiy iiaaae?ieiaeo no?aoaa?e a i?aenoaoaaeo aca?ieiao. A?aooaaiiy
noaoaai? niaoeeo?ee i?iya?a ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ? oaeiae
aaaeeeaith caii?oeith aoaeoeaiino? noai?aiiy i?io?eaeoe/ieo i?ia?ai.
Aeooaeuei?noue cacia/aii? i?iaeaie ? iaaeinoaoi?noue ?? ?ic?iaee a
no/ani?e ineoieia?? coiiaeee aea?? oaie (Noaoaainiaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino?
ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii(.

Ia(?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — eiai?oeai? ?ai?acaioaoe?? A?E/NI?Aeo,
ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy, onoaiiaee oa aca?ii? aeniaeoaoe??
a?aeiinii noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae
iniaeno?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oa iiaaae?ieith a aaoa?inaenoaeueieo
noinoieao.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — noaoaainiaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino?: eiai?oeaieo
?ai?acaioaoe?e ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii, ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy,
onoaiiaie ia noaoaai?ieueiao iiaaae?ieo a i?aenoaoaaeo aca?ieiao,
oa?aeoa?o aca?iica(yceo eieono eiio?ieth iniaenoino? ?c nooiaiai
?eceeiaaiino? iiaaae?iee a aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aecia/aii? oa?aeoa?ieo aeey
i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cii? noao? iniaeeainoae eiai?oeaieo ?ai?acaioaoe?e
caoai?thaaiiy ia NI?Ae, ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy /a?ac
aaoa?inaenoaeuei? noinoiee, onoaiiaie ia noaoaai?ieueiao iiaaae?ieo a
i?aenoaoaaeo aca?ieiao c iiaeyaeo ia ?o aaciaeo, a oaeiae aea/aii?
niaoeeo?ee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth iniaenoino? oa
iiaaae?ieiaei ?eceeii a aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao.

Iniiai? a?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy:

aieea o?aaeeoe?eieo oyaeaiue uiaei /ieia?/eo oa ae?ii/eo noa?aioei?a
noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee coiiaeth? ?nioaaiiy o i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cieo
noaoae ?ica?aeiinoae a onoaiiaeao oa aca?iieo i/?eoaaiiyo a?aeiinii
aacia/ii? iiaaae?iee a i?aenoaoaaeo noinoieao;

eiai?oeai? ?ai?acaioaoe?? A?E/NI?Aeo iathoue niaoeeo?/i? a?aei?iiino? o
i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cii? noao?;

ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii ia? noaoaainiaoeeo?/i?
a?aei?iiino?;

ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth iniaenoino? oa ?eceeiaai?noth
iiaaae?iee a i?aenoaoaaeo aca?ieiao ia? niaoeeo?/iee oa?aeoa? o
i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cii? noao?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe oa ia?aa??ee a?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy ae??ooaaeeny
oae? caaaeaiiy:

?ice?eoe niaoeeo?eo onoaiiaie i?aaenoaaiee?a i?ioeeaaeieo noaoae ia
noaoaai?ieueiao iiaaae?iee oa aca?iieo i/?eoaaiue a i?aenoaoaaeo
noinoieao, c iiaeyaeo ia ?o aacia/i?noue.

Aecia/eoe caaaeueiee ??aaiue ii?ioi?iiaaiino? a ieoaiiyo, ui
noinothoueny caoai?thaaiiy ia NI?Ae ? i?iaiae?coaaoe niaoeeo?/iee
oa?aeoa? aea??eiaiai aieiae?iiy ?ioi?iaoe??th i?aaenoaaieeaie ??cieo
noaoae oa oaeoi?e, ui eiai coiiaeththoue.

?icaeyiooe noaaeaiiy aei ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii a
aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao, a naia: ni?eeiyooy aeaniiai ?eceeo, ?eceeo
?io?eoaaiiy aeey ?ioeo oa ioe?iee eiio?ieth ca neooaoe??th, oieonoth/e
oaaao ia noaoaainiaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoyo ioe?ithaaiiy.

Aecia/eoe oa?aeoa? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth iniaenoino? oa
ni?eeiyooyi ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii o /ieia?e?a oa ae?iie.

C(ynoaaoe oa?aeoa? ca(yceo i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth iniaenoino? oa
iieacieeaie ?eceeiaaiino? iiaaae?iee a aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao o
i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cieo noaoae.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee aacia? iieiaeaiiy
eiioeaioe?? noaoaaiai aeeii?o?cio A.A.Aiaiueaaa; oai??? onoaiiaee
Ae.I.Ociaaeca; oai?aoe/ieo canaae aea/aiiy ineoieia?/ii? noao?, noaoaaeo
?ieae, noaoaai?ieueiaeo noa?aioei?a ?.N.Eiia, A.A.Noie?ia,
neiioiiieiiieaeno ianeoe?iiino?/ oai?i?iiino? I.N.Ei/a?yia;
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iee aei?iaie E.Iocaeeaa?aa uiaei eieono eiio?ieth oa
eiai iniaeno?nieo ei?aeyo?a; nioe?aeueii — eiai?oeaia oai??y A.Bandura
oa eiai eiioeaioe?y naiiaoaeoeaiino?; oai??y nioe?aeueiiai iaa/aiiy
J.Rotter; oai?aoe/ia i?aea?oioy iiaeaeae iiaaae?iee, ni?yiiaaii? ia
i?aaaioeaiee caoeno caei?ia(y: iiaeae?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-iioeaaoe?eii-iiaaae?ieiaeo iaae/ie I.D.Fisher oa iiaeae?
caei?iaeo ia?aeiiaiue M.H.Becker; iiaeae? caoenoo caei?ia(y oa
caiia?aaiiy A?E/NI?Aeo J.Catania, yea oieono? oaaao ia iiia?aaeaeaii?
?io?eoaaiiy /a?ac naenoaeuei? noinoiee; oai?aoe/i? iaa?oiooaaiiy
N.D.Weinstein aea/aiiy ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeee
iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno iaoiae?a aii??e/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yeee aeeth/aa: oeaeo iiaaae?ieiaeo onoaiiaie oa
aeniaeoaoe?e A.Buysse; iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ??aiy noa(?eoeaiiai
eiio?ieth (?NE) ?.O.Aaaeeia, A.A.Aieeie?ii?, I.I.Aoe?iaea; oeaee ioe?iee
?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy oa eiio?ieth neooaoe?? F.Velde; iaoiaeeeo
ioe?ithaaiiy iiaaae?ieiaiai ?eceeo a aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao
J.A.Kelly; ia?aeeaaeaiee oa aaeaioiaaiee a ?aieao i?iaaaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieooaaeueiee (A?E/NI?Ae, oeyoe
ia?aaea/? oa caniae caiia?aaiiy(. Aeey noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee iaea?aeaieo
aeaieo aeei?enoiaoaaeeny o?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, a
oiio /ene? ei?aeyoe?eiee, oaeoi?iee oa aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia: aia?oa i?aaeiaoii niaoe?aeueiiai ineoieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee noaoaainiaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino? i?iyao eieono
eiio?ieth a aaoa?inaenoaeuei?e iiaaae?ioe?, noaoaai?ieueia? ia?aaeoiiae
oi?ioaaiiy eiai?oeaieo ?ai?acaioaoe?e A?E/NI?Aeo oa ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo
?io?eoaaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o iiaeeaeaii? ineoieia?/ieo
oyaeaiue i?i noaoaai?ieueia? aniaeoe eiai?oeaii? noa?e oa ia?aaeoiiae
?oi?o i?iya?a; i?i /eiieee oi?ioaaiiy iiaaae?ieiaeo no?aoaa?e a
i?aenoaoaaeo aca?ieiao, i?i noaoaai?ieueia? iniaeeaino? i?iyao
?ioa?iaeueiino?-aenoa?iaeueiino? a aaoa?inaenoaeuei?e iiaaae?ioe?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny iiaeeea?noth

aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeey ?ic?iaee
?ioi?iaoe?eii-ina?oi?o oa eiioi?eaoeaii-o?ai?iaiaeo i?io?eaeoe/ieo
i?ia?ai iiia?aaeaeaiiy ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii, i???ioiaaieo ia
i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cieo noaoae;

ei?aeoe?? oa aeiiiaiaiiy iaa/aeueieo ieai?a eo?no noaoaai? ina?oe oa
noaoaaiai aeoiaaiiy;

iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy ia?aeeaaeaieo oa aaeaioiaaieo iaoiaeee aeey
aea/aiiy ineoieia?/ieo aniaeo?a i?iaeai A?E/NI?Aeo;

aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaieo aeaieo aeey ii??aiyiiy c ?acoeueoaoaie
iiaeaeueoeo iii?oi?eiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue na?aae iieiae? oa aecia/aiiy
aeeiai?ee aea/a?ieo ia?aiao??a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iaa?oioiaaii oai?aoe/i? canaaee aea/aiiy
ineoieia?/ieo, cie?aia noaoaainiaoeeo?/ieo, /eiiee?a oi?ioaaiiy
eiai?oeaieo ?ai?acaioaoe?e, ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii oa
i?iyao iniaeno?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee a aaoa?inaenoaeuei?e iiaaae?ioe?.
?ic?iaeaia oa i?aeoe/ii ?aae?ciaaia no?aoaa?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia iniia?
iaea?aeaieo aeaieo aeiaaaeaii noaoaainiaoeeo?/iee oa?aeoa?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae iiaaae?ieiaith no?aoaa??th a i?aenoaoaaeo noinoieao
oa ao?eaooe??th a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?; ?ai?acaioaoe?? i?iaeai, iia(ycaieo
?c A?E/NI?Aeii oa ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy.

Iaae?ei?noue oa aae?aei?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiae?a
caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeieia?/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iii?ith ia no/ani? aeinyaiaiiy ineoieia?/ii? iaoee a
aaeoc? aea/aiiy ineoieia?/ieo i?iaeai A?E/NI?Aeo, a?aeiia?aei?noth
aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iao? oa caaaeaiiyi;
?ai?acaioaoeai?noth aeine?aeaeoaaii? aea??ee, canoinoaaiiyi no/aniiai
iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/iiai aia?aoo aiae?co aeaieo.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

Onoaiiaee a?aeiinii noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee a i?aenoaoaaeo noinoieao
oa aca?ii? i/?eoaaiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cieo noaoae ? i?ioe??/ieie oa
iioaioe?eii eiioe?eoieie c iiaeyaeo ia cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aacia/ii?
iiaaae?iee.

?niothoue noaoaainiaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino? eiai?oeaieo ?ai?acaioaoe?e
A?E/NI?Aeo.

?ecee ?io?eoaaiiy ii-??ciiio ioe?ith?oueny /ieia?eaie oa ae?ieaie,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth iniaenoino? oa ni?eeiyooyi ?eceeo
?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii ia? noaoaainiaoeeo?/iee oa?aeoa?.

Ca(ycie i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth iniaenoino? oa iieacieeaie ?eceeiaaiino?
iiaaae?iee a aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao ia? ??ciee oa?aeoa? o
i?aaenoaaiee?a /ieia?/i? oa ae?ii/i? noao?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe: iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny oa
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia nai?ia?? (Nioe?aeuei? oa ineoieia?/i? i?iaeaie
A?E/NI?Aeo( (5-7 o?aaiy 1997 ?. Aaionueeee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
ineoieia?? iniaenoino?); Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo
iaoeiaoe?a (I?iaeaie iniaenoino? a no/ani?e iaooe?: ?acoeueoaoe oa
ia?niaeoeae aeine?aeaeaiue( (23-25 aa?aciy 1998?., Ee?a), ia iaoiaee/ieo
oa iaoiaeieia?/ieo nai?ia?ao ? can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e iaaee/ii? ineoieia??
oa ineoiae?aaiinoeee oaeoeueoaoo nioe?ieia?? oa ineoieia?? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Ioae?eaoe??: iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 5 noaooyo iioae?eiaaieo o oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao oa iaoeiaeo
ca??eao.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??: ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 3-o
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, 3 aeiaeaoe?a.
?iaioo aeeeaaeaii ia 179 noi??ieao, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae iae?/o?
244 iacae. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 28 oaaeeoeue, 2 ?enoiee, 3 a?noia?aie,
4 a?ao?ee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aeae?eaii ia(?eo oa
i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii iaoo, noi?ioeueiaaii a?iioace oa
caaaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieacaii
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, aena?oeaii iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iiaeaii iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno,
iaaaaeaii aeai? uiaei ai?iaaoe?? ?iaioe, ?? no?oeoo?e oa ianyao.

O IA?OIIO ?ICAe?E? (Ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e, ye? aeaoa?i?iothoue
oi?ioaaiiy oyaeaiue uiaei A?E/NI?Aeo oa ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy(
aiae?cothoueny oai?aoe/i? canaaee oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue /eiiee?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy oa aecia/athoue
iniaeeaino? eiai?oeaieo ?ai?acaioaoe?e uiaei A?E/NI?Aeo oa ni?eeiyooy
?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy. Noi?ioeueiaaii i?eioeeie ?ic?iaee oa aeiiae aei
ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo?. ?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
eiai?oeaii? noa?e o i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cii? noao?.

?ioi?iaoe?eiee eiiiiiaio ? aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith ineoieia?/ieo
iiaeaeae ci?ie ?eceeiaaii? ii a?aeiioaiith aei caoai?thaaiiy ia NI?Ae
iiaaae?iee (J.D.Fisher, W.A.Fisher). A iniia? ?o oai?aoe/iiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy eaaeeoue oaa?aeaeaiiy, ui ciaiiy i?i caiia?aaiiy A?E,
iioeaaoe?y aei oieeiaiiy oa iaieiae?iiy iiaaae?ieiaeie iaae/eaie ?
ooiaeaiaioaeueieie aeaoa?i?iaioaie iiaaae?ieiaeo ci?i (S.S.Williams,
T.E.Malloy). Na?aae oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy eiai?oeaieo
?ai?acaioaoe?e A?E/NI?Aeo aecia/athoue a?e, noaoue, aoi?/io
iaeaaei?noue, ina?oo, iaeaaei?noue aei iaaii? eoeueoo?e (J.A. Catania).
Aei ?yaeo /eiiee?a a?aeiinyoue oaeiae oyaeaiiy i?i NI?Ae ye i?i
i?ia?anoth/a iaaee?eiaia caoai?thaaiiy, yea niioai?th? ethaeeio; iiaea
ia?aaeaaaoeny, a a?aeoae, noai?th? caa?iceeao neooaoe?th aeey
ioi/oth/eo; i?i nioe?aeueia oaa?oaaiiy oa aeene?ei?iaoe?th
A?E-?io?eiaaieo (D.A.Dawson, J.H.Price). E?aua ii?ioi?iiaai?noue
ei?aeth? c iiceoeaieie onoaiiaeaie uiaei aacia/ii? iiaaae?iee oa aeuith
oiea?aioi?noth ii a?aeiioaiith aei a??oniiin??a (P.M.Doherty, B.Manro).
?niothoue ??ci? aeai? uiaei aieeao oaeoi?o noao? ia ia?ciai?noue a
ieoaiiyo A?E/NI?Aeo. Aeaye? aeine?aeieee aecia/athoue iaai? a?aei?iiino?
a ia?ciaiino? thiae?a oa ae?a/ao, oa iioeaaoe?? aei iaieiae?iiy
?ioi?iaoe??? noiniaii A?E/NI?Aeo (?.Eoi?i, J.St.Lawrence), ?io? — ia
ciaoiaeyoue oaeeo (M.K.Strader).

A iniia? oi?ioaaiiy eiai?oeaieo ?ai?acaioaoe?e o??? /e ?ioi? i?iaeaie
eaaeeoue caaeiaieaiiy i?ciaaaeueii? iio?aae, yea i?iyaey?oueny a
aeiieoeeaino?. ?yae aeine?aeaeaiue aeacothoue ia niaoeeo?eo i?iya?a
oeueiai ineoieia?/iiai ooai?aiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae noao? (?.N.Eii,
I.N.Ei/a?yi, N.O.Oaaaiia, TH.A.Oaeai?iaenueeee, N.?.Eoae?iia).
Aecia/ath/e ineoieia?/io niaoeeo?eo i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ae?a/ao
aeae?eythoue aenie? iieacieee ?ioa?iaeueiino?, i?iaeoeoeaiino?,
a?a?/iino?, aiioe?eiino? oa inieneaiino?. ?oiy i?ciaaaeueia
ae?yeuei?noue oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieei ??aiai aeoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??;
ni?yiiaai?noth ia naiino?eiee eiio?ieue i?ciaaaeueii? aeoeaiino?;
i?aai?ciaai?noth oa iaiieaaeea?noth o iiooeao ?ioi?iaoe??; a?eueo
aenieith aioiai?noth oa aaaeaiiyi inai?oe yeiiiaa a?eueoa iiai?
?ioi?iaoe??; oaiaeaioe??th aei ?? ?aae?caoe?? a noa(?eoii-iniaeno?ni?e
noa??; iiaeeea?noth ?iciiae?eyoe oaaao; oe?oei ae?aiaciiii i?iya?a
iiceoeaieo aiioe?e. Niaoeeo?eo i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? thiae?a
aecia/athoue aeinoaoi?e ??aaiue naii?aaoeyoe?? (?i?oe?aoeai?noue,
iaiieaaeea?noue), oaiaeaioe?y aeeaiei inienethaaoe iaeio ia?aio iaeanoue
ciaiue, a?eueo oe?eani?yiiaaiee oa ieaiii??iee oa?aeoa? ?aaoeyoe??.
THiaee /ano?oa noeeuei? a?ae/oaaoe iaaaoeai? aiioe?? ca oiiae iaaaea/?.
Iioeaaoe?y aei i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o ieo ia? aaioeaio?e/io
i???ioiaai?noue. Naith i?ciaaaeueio aeoeai?noue aiie ioe?iththoue
nei??oa c oi/ee ci?o ei?eniino?, iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy aeey
aeinyaiaiiy aeanieo oe?eae oa caaeiaieaiiy aeanieo caieo?a.

Ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo caoai?thaaiiy ia NI?Ae ? oei aeaiaioii a no?oeoo??
iiaeae? iiaaae?iee, yeee, ?ioaa?oth/e iiia?aaei?e aeina?ae ?iaeea?aea ?
iaei??th c ia?aaeoiia oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? iiaeaeueoi? iiaaae?iee a
neooaoe?? iioaioe?eii? caa?ice. A aeine?aeaeaiiyo noaaeaiiy aei ?eceeo
?io?eoaaiiy aeae?eythoue aeaa aniaeoe — eiai?oeaiee, iia(ycaiee ?c
ioe?ieith eiia??iino? ?io?eoaaiiy oa aiioe?eiee — iia(ycaiee ?c
ioe?ieith caiaiiei?iiy uiaei iiaeeeaino? ?io?eoaaiiy (S.C.Kalighman,
R.Prochaska, M.M.Dolcini). Oaeoi?aie, ye? aieeaathoue ia ioe?ieo
aeaniiai ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy ? ii?ioi?iiaai?noue uiaei oeyo?a ia?aaea/?
a??ono, oa?aeoa?enoeee noaoaai? iiaaae?iee; aeina?ae caoai?thaaiue, ui
ia?aaeathoueny noaoaaei oeyoii; aeina?ae ?i(?eoe?e ia?eioe/ieo
i?aia?ao?a, oanooaaiiy ia iayai?noue a??ono, iaaee/ieo i?ioeaaeo?,
iia(ycaieo c aeiii?noaii aai ia?aeeaaiiyi e?ia?. Oa?aeoa?iith
iniaeea?noth ioe?ithaaiiy aeaniiai ?eceeo oa ?eceeo aeey ?ioeo ?
oaiaeaioe?y ioe?ithaaoe ?ecee ?ioeo ethaeae cia/ii aeua, i?ae aeaniee.
I?e oeueiio iioei?noe/ia noaaeaiiy aei ?eceeo iioiaeeoue a?ae
ia?aioe?iee ?eceeo aeey ?ioeo a?eueoa, i?ae a?ae ?icoi?iiy naiai
aeaniiai ?eceeo. Aeey ae?iie oa?aeoa?iith ? aeua ioe?iea ?eceeo
?io?eoaaiiy A?E a noaoaaeo noinoieao o ii??aiyii? c ioe?ieaie /ieia?e?a
(J.A.Goldman,L.L.Harlow). Oa?aeoa? aca?iica(yceo noaoaai? iiaaae?iee,
ioe?iee aeaniiai ?eceeo oa iai???a uiaei iiaeaeueoi? iiaaae?iee ? ??ciei
aeey a?oi c iecueeei oa aenieei iiaaae?ieiaei ?eceeii (N.D.Weinstein,
F.W.van der Velde).

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e iieacaa, ui aeeneooaaaeueiei caeeoa?oueny ieoaiiy i?i
aieea oaeoi?o noao? ia oi?ioaaiiy oyaeaiue uiaei A?E/NI?Aeo oa
ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy, i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? a?o/eciyi?
aeine?aeaeaiiy icia/aiiai eiea ieoaiue.

O Ae?OAIIO ?ICAe?E? (Iniaeno?ni? oa noaoaai?ieueia? ia?aaeoiiae aeai?o
iiaaae?ieiaeo no?aoaa?e a aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao( aiae?co?oueny
oai?aoe/ia i?aea?oioy ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?eceeiaaii? ii
a?aeiioaiith aei ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii iiaaae?iee. Ia i?eeeaae?
nioe?aeueii-eiai?oeaii? oai??? A.Bandura oa oai??? nioe?aeueiiai
iaa/aiiy J.Rotter ?icaeyaea?oueny nioe?aeueii-eiai?oeaiee iai?yiie
ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, yeee aea/a? iiaaae?ieo ethaeeie ye oaeo,
ui ?aaoeth?oueny aca?iiae??th aioo??oi?o (aeeth/ath/e ia?aeiiaiiy,
i/?eoaaiiy, naiini?eeiyooy) oa nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a. Aecia/aii
oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiiiaio eieono eiio?ieth ye
?ioaa?aeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iniaenoino?. Iaaiai?ththoueny
ineoiae?aaiinoe/i? iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiiy eieono eiio?ieth — oeaea
?ioa?iaeueiino?-aenoa?iaeueiino? J.Rotter oa ?? no/ani? iiaeeo?eaoe??.
I?aaenoaaeaii aei?iaie ineoieia?/ii? iaoee a aaeoc? aea/aiiy i?iaeai
ineoieia?/ii? noao?, noaoaaeo ?ieae, noa?aioei?a noaoaai?ieueiai?
iiaaae?iee. Aena?oeththoueny oai?aoe/i? canaaee aea/aiiy iiaaae?iee,
iia(ycaii? c oo?eiaiiyi a?ae ?eceeo — ia i?eeeaae? iiaeae? caei?iaeo
ia?aeiiaiue (Health Belief Model) M.N.Becker oa I.M.Rosenstock, oai???
i?iaeoiaieo ae?e (Theory of Reasoned Action) M.Fishbein oa I.Ajzen.

Nioe?aeueii-eiai?oeaia oai??y A.Bandura oa oai??y nioe?aeueiiai iaa/aiiy
J.Rotter aeoeaioothoue oaaao ia aaaeeeaino? nioe?aeueieo oa eiai?oeaieo
/eiiee?a a iiyniaii? iiaaae?iee ethaeeie. A.Bandura iieno? ineoieia?/ia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ethaeeie a oa?i?iao iino?eiiai aeeiai?/iiai i?ioeano
aca?iiae?? iiaaae?ieiaeo ?aaeoe?e oa nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a, a yeiio
eiai?oeai? eiiiiiaioe a?ae?a?athoue oeaio?aeueio ?ieue a i?aai?caoe?? oa
?aaoethaaii? ae?yeueiino?. ?ic?iaeaia iei eiioeaioe?y naiiaoaeoeaiino?
(yea noaea oai?aoe/iei i?aea?oioyi iiaeaethaaiiy no?aoaa?e aacia/ii?
iiaaae?iee) aaco?oueny ia ona?aeiieaii? ethaeeiith caeaoiino? oi?ioaaoe
iiaaae?ieo a?aeiinii niaoeeo?/ii? caaea/? aai neooaoe??.
Naiiaoaeoeai?noue iaaoaa?oueny c /ioe?ueio aieiaieo aeaea?ae: oi?ioaaiiy
iiaaae?iee, iina?aaeiueiai aeina?aeo, aa?aaeueiiai ia?aeiiaiiy oa
aiioe?eiiai i?aeeiio.

A oeaio?? oaaae oai??? nioe?aeueiiai iaa/aiiy J.Rotter eaaeeoue i?iaiic
iiaaae?iee ethaeeie a neeaaeieo neooaoe?yo, yeee aecia/a?oueny
aca?iiae??th /ioe?ueio ia?ai?iieo: iioaioe?aeo iiaaae?iee, i/?eoaaiiy,
oe?iiino? i?aee??ieaiiy oa ineoieia?/ii? neooaoe??. Oeaio?aeueiei
eiino?oeoii oai??? nioe?aeueiiai iaa/aiiy J.Rotter ? iiiyooy eieono
eiio?ieth, yeee i?aaenoaaey? niaith ocaaaeueiaia i/?eoaaiiy oiai, a
yeiio nooiai? ethaee eiio?ieththoue i?aee??ieaiiy a nai?io aeeoo?.
Eiino?oeo oiniaeth? niaith eiio?iooi, iaeiei iiethnii yeiai ?
aenoa?iaeuei?noue, a i?ioeeaaeiei — ?ioa?iaeuei?noue. Ethaee c
aenoa?iaeueiei eieonii eiio?ieth aaaaeathoue i?e/eiith nai?o oni?o?a aai
iaaaea/ ciai?oi? oaeoi?e, ?ioa?iaee ae a??youe a oa, ui oni?oe oa
iaaaea/? aecia/athoueny ?oi?ie aeanieie ae?yie oa cae?aiinoyie.
I?aaaethaaiiy o ?iaeea?aea iaeiiai aai ?ioiai oeio eieae?caoe??
eiio?ieth aieeaa? ia ??ciia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiai ineo?ee oa
iiaaae?iee. A aeine?aeaeaiiyo I.Iocaeeaa?aa ?ioa?iaeuei?noue aoea
iiceoeaii iia(ycaia c nioe?aeueiith a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth, ona?aeiieaiiyi
ethaeeiith naino, oe?eae aeeooy; o P.D.Heresch — c aeii?iaioi?noth,
oiea?aioi?noth, nioe?aaaeuei?noth, naiieiio?ieai, aeuei nooiaiai
i?eeiyooy aeaniiai (ss(. ?ioa?iaee iienothoue naaa ye i?enoiniaaieo,
iine?aeiaieo, aeinyaath/eo oe?eae, caoeuaieo, aiaaiaieo o nia?
(K.E.Scheibe). Oa?aeoa?ieie ?enaie ?ioa?iae?a aaaaeathoueny oaeiae
aiioe?eia noaa?euei?noue oa ii?aeueia ii?iaoeai?noue. Ia a?aei?io a?ae
?ioa?iae?a aaaaea?oueny, ui aenoa?iaeueiei iniaai aeanoea?
i?aeic??e?noue, o?eaiaei?noue, noeeuei?noue aei aeai?an??,
aa?aneai?noue, eiioi?ii?noue; aiie /ano?oa iathoue ineoieia?/i?
i?iaeaie, a?eueoa noeeuei? aei ?eceeiaaii? iiaaae?iee. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
ca(yceo eieono eiio?ieth oa noaaeaiiy aei naiai caei?ia(y iieacaee, ui
ia a?aei?io a?ae aenoa?iae?a, ?ioa?iaee i?eae?eythoue eiio a?eueoa
oaaae, aeoeai?oa ooeathoue ?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei aeaniiai caei?ia(y,
/ano?oa aaeathoueny aei coneeue, ni?yiiaaieo ia caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia(y
(M.Seeman). Aenoa?iaeuei?noue oaeiae aaaaea?oueny iaeiei c iniaeno?nieo
oaeoi??a ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E, ine?eueee iia(yco?oueny c ia?aeiiaiiyie
o oaoaeueiino? oe??? iiae??, ieae/ei ??aiai ii?ioi?iiaaiino? uiaei
A?E/NI?Aeo; oaiaeaioe??th iaaeiioe?ithaaoe aeaniee ?ecee, ia
anioe?thaaoe eiai ?c aeaniith iiaaae?ieith; a?eueo ?eceeiaaiith
naenoaeueiith iiaaae?ieith (J.St.Lawrence, J.Kelly, B.Strickland,
R.Crisp, D.Olbrisch).

Noaoaai?ieueia? noa?aioeie, yeeie ea?othoueny a ?aaeuei?e iiaaae?ioe?
i?aaenoaaieee iaio noaoae aecia/athoue oeie iiaaae?iee, ye?
?icaeyaeathoueny noni?euenoaii ye a?eueo i?eeiyoi? aeey i?aaenoaaiee?a
iaei??? noao?, i?ae ?ioi?. No?oeoo?iith iaeeieoeath ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
noaoaai?ieueiaeo noa?aioei?a ? noaoaai?ieueia? oyaeaiiy, ui
aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy noaoaaeo ?ieae, aecia/aieo
?.N.Eiiii ye nenoaio i?eien?a, iiaeaeae iiaaae?iee, yeeo iiaeiai
aeio?eioaaoeny ?iaeea?ae, uia eiai aeciaee ca /ieia?ea aai
ae?ieo.(?.N.Eii, I.Eea). Aaaeeeaei /eiieeii oi?ioaaiiy aoaeii?a
/ieia?/iai oa ae?ii/iai oei?a iiaaae?iee ? onoaiiaee, i?ae yeeie ca
aecia/aiiyi Ae.I.Ociaaeca, ?icoi?thoue oe?e?nio ni?yiiaai?noue
iniaenoino?, ui aeieeea ia iniia? iayaiino? iaaii? iio?aae oa neooaoe??
?? caaeiaieaiiy. A iniia? oi?ioaaiiy onoaiiaie ia noaoaai?ieueiao
iiaaae?ieo eaaeeoue i?ioean canai?iiy iaaieo noaoaaeo ii?i, ac??oe?a,
noni?eueii oa iniaeno?nii aaaeaieo i???ioaoe??.

Ia oi?ioaaiiy iiaeaeae iiaaae?iee aieeaathoue oaeiae nioe?aeuei?
i/?eoaaiiy, ine?eueee a oiae? nioe?ae?caoe??? aeieea? oaiaeaioe?y ae?yoe
o a?aeiia?aeiino? c nioe?aeueieie i/?eoaaiiyie, oiaoi iaia(yceaie,
o?aaeeoe?yie, i?aaeeaie iiaaae?iee, ye? i?eienothoueny iaai?e noao?.
O?aaeeoe?eia nenoaia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? noaoaaeo ?ieae ? iia(ycaieo c ieie
noa?aioei?a ianeoe?iiino?/oai?i?iiino? ia?aaeaa/a? ?icoi?iiy /ieia?/eo
oa ae?ii/eo ?ieae ia i?inoi ye aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo, aea ? ye
???a?o?/ieo (?.N.Eii).

Aiae?c no/anieo aeine?aeaeaiue noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee a eiioaeno?
ai?aeai?? A?E/NI?Aeo aeiiiaith? oyaeaiiy uiaei oaeoi??a ?eceeo, ye?
coiiaeai? niaoeeo?eith noaiiaeua ae?iee a i?aenoaoaaeo aca?ieiao:
-oa?aeoa?ii ?iciiae?eo ?ieae a aaoa?inaenoaeuei?e ia??, a naia
caeaaei?noth ae?iee a?ae ia?oia?a, yea ocaiaeaeo?oueny c o?aaeeoe?eieie
oyaeaiiyie i?i i?eeiyoio noaoaai?ieueiao iiaaae?ieo; -i?ioe??//yi i?ae
i/?eoaaiiyi a?ae ae?iee a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca caei?ia(y ia?e, oa ??
iaiiaeeea?noth iaeiiin?aii caaacia/eoe aaciaeo, eiee eaeaoueny i?i
caa?ico ?io?eoaaiiy A?E. Ie??i oiai, a?eueo?noue ?aniiiaeaio?a
iia(ycothoue iaaiai?aiiy ei?enooaaiiy caniaaie caiia?aaiiy oa aecia/aiiy
iiia?aaeiueiai aeina?aeo ia?oia?a c ao?aoith ?iiaioecio, aeia??e oa
a?ae/oooy oi?eaeueiino? noinoie?a, ui ia?aoeiaeaea? cai?iaaaeaeaiith
aacia/ii? iiaaae?iee, oaiiiaiieia?/ia aecia/aiiy yei? ia?aaeaa/a?
/eiieeaie aaciaee aieiae?iiy ?ioi?iaoe??th, iaiao?aeiith aeey
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iiai ia?oia?a, eiioi?eaoeai? iaae/ee
aecia/aiiy ?eceeiaaiino? iiia?aaeiueiai naenoaeueiiai aeina?aeo oa
iaaiai?aiiy i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?e.

O O?AOUeIIO ?ICAe?E? (Aii??e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoaainiaoeeo?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii a
aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao( i?noyoueny aeai? uiaei aea??ee
?aniiiaeaio?a; iaa?oioiao?oueny no?aoaa?y aeine?aeaeaiiy; i?aaenoaaeaii
iaoiaeeee, ye? aa?eoee aei ineoiae?aaiinoe/iiai eiiieaeno; iaaiaeyoueny
?acoeueoaoe, ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y oa iaaiai?aiiy aeaieo; ia iniia? aiae?co
iaea?aeaieo aeaieo c?iaeaii aeniiaee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi aoei ioiieaii 829 in?a. O ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?eeiaee o/anoue 621 ?aniiiaeaio a?eii a?ae 16 aei 23 ?ie?a — 275
thiae?a (44.3%) oa 346 ae?a/ao (55.7%). An? iieoai? iaa/aeeny a ??cieo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao i?noa Ee?aa. Na?aaei?e a?e ?aniiiaeaio?a — 18.9
?ie?a (SD 1.9). O ae?oaiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?eeiaee o/anoue 208
?aniiiaeaio?a a?eii a?ae 17 aei 26 ?ie?a, na?aae ieo 99
?aniiiaeaio?a-/ieia?e?a (47.4%) oa 109 ae?iie (52.6%) a?aeiia?aeii.
Na?aaei?e a?e ?aniiiaeaio?a noaiiaea 21 ??e (SD 2.25).

A iaaiai?aii? ?acoeueoao?a aiae?cothoueny onoaiiaee i?aaenoaaiee?a
i?ioeeaaeii? noao? ia noaoaai?ieueiao iiaaae?ieo oa aca?ii? aeniaeoaoe??
a i?aenoaoaaeo noinoieao. Aecia/a?oueny aeeiai?ea onoaiiaie i?ae aieeaii
aeina?aeo noaoaaeo noinoie?a. I?aaenoaaeaii caaaeueiee ??aaiue
ii?ioi?iiaaiino? uiaei A?E/NI?Aeo oa oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia eiai
oi?ioaaiiy: iaeaaei?noue aei iaaii? noao?, iayai?noue naenoaeueiiai
aeina?aeo. Iaaiai?ththoueny iniaeeaino? ni?eeiyooy aeaniiai ?eceeo
?io?eoaaiiy oa ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy aeey ?ioeo ae?ieaie ? /ieia?eaie oa
coiiaeai?noue ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo oa oyaeaiiy uiaei aeanii? iiaeeeaino?
eiio?ieth neooaoe?? oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee.
Aiae?cothoueny oa?aeoa? ca(yceo i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth iniaenoino? oa
nooiaiai ?eceeiaaiino? iiaaae?iee o ae?iie oa /ieia?e?a a i?aenoaoaaeo
aca?ieiao.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeei iaai? ?ica?aeiino? a onoaiiaeao ia
noaoaai?ieueiao iiaaae?ieo oa aca?iieo aeniaeoaoe?yo ?aniiiaeaio?a
??cii? noao? (oaae.1). Cai?iiiiiaai? aeey ioe?ithaaiiy aa??aioe
iiaaae?iee (oeaea A.Buysse) aoei ca?oiiaaii a 5 aeie?a:
thiaeia?/ae?a/ei? aeicaiey?oueny: 1)caieoaoe ia?oia?a i?i eiai
iiia?aaei?e aeina?ae ?ioeiieo noinoie?a; 2) ?i?oe?thaaoe ?ioeii?
noinoiee; 3)cai?iiiioaaoe ei?enooaaiiy i?aca?aaoeaii; 4)aeneiaethaaoe oa
iaaiai?thaaoe iaaaoeai? aiioe??; 5)a?aeiiaeoeny a?ae ?ioeiieo noinoie?a.
Eiaeai ?c aa??aio?a iiaaae?iee ioe?ithaaany ?aniiiaeaioaie aea?/? — ca
naith oa ca i?ioeeaaeio noaoue, aeei?enoiaoth/e oeaeo 1 — (aaniethoii ia
caiaeai(ia)( aei 5 — (iiai?noth caiaeai(ia)(. Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo
aeeth/aea aaaaoioaeoi?iee aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c (MANOVA) oaeoi?ieo
ioe?iie: 2 (aieea noao? ia i?aenoa(?eoi? a?aei?iiino? a ioe?ieao) o 2
(aieea noao? ia aioo??oiuei-noa(?eoi? a?aei?iiino? a ioe?ieao).
?acoeueoaoe i?aaenoaaeai? a oaae.1, aea I/5 — na?aaei? ioe?iie
aa??aio?a iiaaae?iee eiaeiiai c aeie?a, Fst — a?aeiioaiiy i?ae ioe?ieaie
ca naith oa ca i?ioeeaaeio noaoue, Fss — a?aeiioaiiy i?ae ioe?ieaie
thiae?a oa ae?a/ao, Fg — aoaeo aca?iiae??).

Oaaeeoey 1

Noa?aioeii? oyaeaiiy i?i i?eeiyoio iiaaae?ieo oa aca?ii? i/?eoaaiiy
?aniiiaeaio?a ??cii? noao?

Aa??aioe

i?eeiyoii? iiaaae?iee I/5 (TH) SD I/5 (Ae) SD Fst

Fss

Fg

Aeie 1

thiaee

ae?a/aoa

3.41 1.1

3.56 1.1

3.69 .98

3.61 1.0 1.0 3.9 10.3**

Aeie 2

thiaee

ae?a/aoa

3.22 .93

2.95 .94

3.19 .81

2.56 .82 140.9*** 12.4*** 23.9***

Aeie 3

thiaee

ae?a/aoa

4.08 1.0 3.89 1.1

4.33 .91

4.06 1.0 30.3*** 8.2** 0.7

Aeie 4

thiaee

ae?a/aoa

2.93 .95

3.19 .93

2.91 .78

3.00 .78 28.4*** 2.6 6.9*

Aeie 5

thiaee

ae?a/aoa

3.47 1.1

3.70 1.0

3.68 1.0

4.15 .98 68*** 21.4*** 7.4*

*p < .05 **p < .005 ***p < .0005 Noiniaii ?ica?aeiinoae a ioe?ithaaii? i?eeiyoieo aeey nai?? oa i?ioeeaaeii? noao? iiaaae?iee (Fst) — aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciyeeny oyaeaiiy uiaei i?eionoeiino? i?eeiyooy ?i?oe?aoeae, a?aeiiae a?ae ?ioeiieo noinoie?a, i?iiiceoe?? ei?enooaaoeny i?aca?aaoeaii oa iaaiai?aiiy iaaaoeaieo aiioe?e. ? ae?a/aoa ? thiaee aaaaeaee, ui i?eeiyooy ?i?oe?aoeae oa i?iiiceoe?y ei?enooaaoeny caniaaie caiia?aaiiy iaioa i?eionoei? aeey ae?ii/i? noao?. Aiaeii/an, aeneiaeaiiy iaaaoeaieo aiioe?e oa a?aeiiaa a?ae ?ioeiieo noinoie?a iaioa i?eionoei? aeey thiae?a. Noiniaii ??cieoe? a oyaeaiiyo ?aniiiaeaio?a ??cii? noao? (Fss), thiaee aeinoia??ii aeua ioe?ithaaee i?eionoei?noue i?eeiyooy ?i?oe?aoeae ? thiaeaie ? ae?a/aoaie, o ii??aiyii? c ae?a/aoaie. A oie aea /an, ae?a/aoa aeua ioe?ithaaee iiaeeea?noue i?iiiioaaoe ei?enooaaiiy i?aca?aaoeaii oa a?aeiiae a?ae ?ioeiieo noinoie?a aeey nai?? oa i?ioeeaaeii? noao? o ii??aiyii? c thiaeaie. Aiae?c aoaeoa aca?iiae?? ia?ai?iieo (Fg) aeyaea iayai?noue iaaieo iaii?icoi?iue a i/?eoaaiiyo ia?oia??a. THiaee ioe?ithaaee i?eionoei?noue ?i?oe?thaaiiy ?ioeiieo noinoie?a ae?a/aoaie cia/ii aeua, i?ae oea aeicaieyee nia? inoaii?, a oie aea /an ?aniiiaeaioee ieae/a ioe?ithaaee i?eionoei?noue ?i?oe?aoeae a noinoieao aeey thiae?a. ?ioa iaii?icoi?iiy noinoaaeiny iiaeeeaino? aecia/aiiy iiia?aaeiueiai aeina?aeo ia?oia?a. THiaee iieeaaeaeeny a oeueiio ieoaii? ia ae?a/ao, a o? ia thiae?a. Ae?a/aoa, ii??aiyii ?c thiaeaie, ieae/a ioe?ithaaee aeey naaa i?eionoei?noue aeneiaeaiiy iaaaoeaieo aiioe?e, aea aeua iiaeeea?noue a?aeiiae a?ae ?ioeiieo noinoie?a. ?acii c oei, thiaee aaaaeaee iaio i?eionoeiei a?aeiiao a?ae noinoie?a aeey naaa, i?ae oea aeicaieyee ?i ae?a/aoa. Aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao aeina?aeo noaoaaeo noinoie?a ia onoaiiaee uiaei i?eeiyoii? noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee, aea??eo ?aniiiaeaio?a aoei iiae?eaii ia o?e a?oie. Aoei aecia/aii, ui onoaiiaee ia noaoaai?ieueiao iiaaae?ieo iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei ci?i i?ae aieeaii iaaooiai aeina?aeo. Ii??aiyiiy iaea?aeaieo aeaieo c ?acoeueoaoaie aiaeia?/ieo ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaei a?aei?iiino? a oyaeaiiyo ? thiae?a, ? ae?a/ao uiaei i?eionoeii? noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee a aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao. Ia a?aei?io a?ae nai?o ?iaaniee?a, iao? ?aniiiaeaioe aoee a?eueoa noeeueieie aei o?aaeeoe?eiiai ?iciiae?eo ?ieae a ia??, ui iaiaaeoaaei iiaeeeaino? ae?a/eie caaacia/eoe aeanio aaciaeo. Iaea?aeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i aeioe?euei?noue iiia?aaeiuei? aaeaioaoe?? ca?oa?aeieo i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa ina?oi?o i?ia?ai, ni?yiiaaieo ia iiia?aaeaeaiiy iioe?aiiy ai?aeai?? /a?ac aaoa?inaenoaeuei? noinoiee. Aeey aecia/aiiy ??aiy ii?ioi?iiaaiino? a ieoaiiyo, iia(ycaieo ?c A?E/NI?Aeii ?aniiiaeaioai i?iiiioaaeeny 29 oaa?aeaeaiue, ye? iio?i aoee ca?oiiaai? a o?e oeaee: ?-ciaiiy i?i NI?Ae ye i?i oai?iao; ??-oeyoe ia?aaea/? A?E; ???-ei?enooaaiiy caniaaie caiia?aaiiy. Na?aaei?e a?aenioie i?aaeeueieo a?aeiia?aeae aeey oeaee ? - 59%, aeey oeaee ?? - 61%, aeey oeaee ??? - 50%. Aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoaainiaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae eiai?oeaieo ?ai?acaioaoe?e A?E/NI?Aeo iieacaei, ui caaaeueiee ??aaiue aieiae?iiy ?ioi?iaoe??th uiaei caoai?thaaiiy ia NI?Ae, oeyo?a ia?aaea/? A?E oa cania?a caiia?aaiiy ?io?eoaaiith iinyoue ai?ciaee/ii iaaooee, ianenoaiaoeciaaiee oa?aeoa?. Ia aoei ciaeaeaii a?aei?iiinoae o ??ai? ii?ioi?iiaaiino? ?aniiiaeaio?a, c oa aac aeina?aeo noaoaaeo noinoie?a uiaei ciaiiy i?i NI?Ae ye i?i oai?iao, aea ia?o? ciaee aeinoia??ii a?eueoa uiaei oeyo?a ?io?eoaaiiy oa cania?a caiia?aaiiy. Aeey aecia/aiiy aca?iica(yceo i?ae oaeoi?ii noao? ?aniiiaeaio?a oa ??cieie aniaeoaie ciaiue uiaei A?E/NI?Aeo aoei aeeiiaii aaaaoioaeoi?iee aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c aeaieo (MANOVA) (oaae.2). Oaaeeoey 2 Ciaiiy uiaei A?E/ NI?Aeo oa oaeoi? noao? Oeaee THiaee M SD Ae?a/aoa M SD F ? oeaea .55 .21 .62 .21 18.6 *** ?? oeaea .57 .21 .63 .18 14.1*** ??? oeaea .54 .22 .46 .21 15.1*** *** p < .001 Aeyaeai? a?aei?iiino? noinoaaeeny ia eeoa ??aiy ii?ioi?iiaaiino?, aea ? no?oeoo?e ?ai?acaioaoe?e: ae?a/aoa aeyaeeeny e?aua ii?ioi?iiaaieie uiaei iniaeeainoae NI?Aeo ye caoai?thaaiiy oa oeyo?a ?io?eoaaiiy A?E. THiaee — a ieoaiiyo uiaei ei?enooaaiiy caniaaie caiia?aaiiy. Aiae?c ca(yceo i?ae ??aiai ii?ioi?iiaaiino? oa onoaiiaeaie ia i?eionoeio iiaaae?ieo iieacaa, ui e?aua ia?ciai?noue ?aniiiaeaio?a ei?aeth? c iiceoeaieie onoaiiaeaie uiaei -ei?enooaaiiy caniaaie caiia?aaiiy; - ?i?oe?thaaiiy noinoie?a; - aecia/aiiy iiia?aaeiueiai aeina?aeo ia?oia?a; - iaaiai?aiiy iaaaoeaieo aiioe?e. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E oa iiaeeeaino? eiio?iethaaoe neooaoe?th iieacaei, ui ioe?iee aeaniiai ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy ca 100 a?aenioeiaith oeaeith aa??thaaee a?ae 0% aei 85%; ?eceeo aeey ?ioeo — a?ae 0% - aei 100%. Aeey ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? ?aniiiaeaio?a oa?aeoa?iith aoea iayai?noue iioei?noe/iiai ni?eeiyooy aeaniiai ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E — 86% aaaaeaee, ui ?oi?e aeaniee ?ecee cia/ii ieae/ee ca ?ecee ?io?eoaaiiy na?aaeiuei noaoenoe/ii? iniae ?oiueiai a?eo oa noao?, 10% ioe?ithaaee iaeiaeiai ?ecee aeey naaa oa aeey ?ioeo ? 4% — aaaaeaee aeaniee ?ecee aeuei ca na?aaeiuei noaoenoe/iee. Ioe?iee aeaniiai ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy ni?aa?aeiineeeny c oyaeaiiyie i?i ?eceeiaai?noue ?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee. Aeaio-oaeoi?iee aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c (ANOVA), a yeiio ioe?iea ?eceeo aenooiaea caeaaeiith ia?ai?iiith aeyaea aeinoia??i? a?aei?iiino? a ioe?ithaaii? ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy /ieia?eaie oa ae?ieaie. ?aniiiaeaioe-/ieia?ee ioe?ithaaee aeaniee ?ecee ?io?eoaaiiy aeua, o ii??aiyii? c ae?ieaie. Ioe?iea iiaeeeaino? eiio?ieth ca neooaoe??th ciaoiaeeeany a caeaaeiino? a?ae iiaaae?ieiaiai ?eceeo — /ei ieae/ei aoa ioe?iaiee ?ecee, oei aeua ioe?ithaaeany iiaeeea?noue eiio?iey. A oie aea /an ?nioaaea oaiaeaioe?y aei ia?aioe?iee aeanii? iiaeeeaino? eiio?ieth. Aeia/aiiy eieono eiio?ieth a aeai?e aea??oe? iieacaei, ui na?aae ?aniiiaeaio?a-/ieia?e?a aoei a?eueoa aenoa?iaeueii i???ioiaaieo in?a, i?ae na?aae ae?iie. ?ioa?iaeuei?noue o ae?iie aoea aeuith a ae?eia?e noa??, i?aeiniaeno?nieo aca?ieiao oa noa?? iaaaea/; o /ieia?e?a — a noa?? aeinyaiaiue oa a noaaeaii? aei naiai caei?ia(y. ?ioa?iaeuei?noue ei?aethaaea ?c aeuei ??aiai ina?oe. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee a aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao aeyaeei, ui iieacieee eiao?oe??ioa iiaaae?ieiaiai ?eceeo aa??thaaee a?ae 0 aei 10 i?e na?aaeiueiio 2.06 aeey /ieia?e?a, 1.16 — aeey ae?iie. Aeey aea/aiiy aca?iica(yceo oaeoi??a noao? oa eieono eiio?ieth c eiao?oe??ioii iiaaae?ieiaiai ?eceeo aoei canoiniaaii aeaio-oaeoi?iee aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c (ANOVA). A?ao?e 1. Ona?aaeiaiee iiaaae?ieiaee ?ecee ?aniiiaeaio?a ??cieo noaoae a caeaaeiino? a?ae eieono eiio?ieth (?1 - caaaeueia ?ioa?iaeuei?noue), (1-/ieia?ee; 2- ae?iee). Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo aeaieo aoei c?iaeaii aeniiaee: oa?aeoa? ca(yceo i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth oa iiaaae?ieiaei ?eceeii o ?aniiiaeaio?a ??cii? noao? aeyaeany i?ioeeaaeiei. Iaeaeuei aoa iiaaae?ieiaee ?ecee o /ieia?e?a c aenoa?iaeueiei eieonii eiio?ieth oa o ae?iie c ?ioa?iaeueiei eieonii eiio?ieth. Iaeieae/ei — o /ieia?e?a c ?ioa?iaeueiei eieonii eiio?ieth oa ae?iie c aenoa?iaeueiei eieonii eiio?ieth. O cae?i/aii? i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, cacia/aii, ui aiii i?aeoaa?aeeei a?iioace oa aenoioo? ia caoeno iieiaeaiiy, c?iaeaii AENIIAEE: I?ioe??/iee oa?aeoa? onoaiiaie ia noaoaai?ieueiao iiaaae?ieo oa aca?iieo i/?eoaaiue i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cii? noao? ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy. ?ica?aeiino? noinothoueny: -?i?oe?thaaiiy ei?enooaaiiy caniaaie caiia?aaiiy, - a?aeiiae a?ae noinoie?a, -aecia/aiiy iiia?aaeiueiai aeina?aeo ia?oia?a - ye? aaaaeathoueny ia?aaeoiiaaie cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aacia/ii? iiaaae?iee. Aecia/aia a aeine?aeaeaii? aeeiai?ea onoaiiaie i?ae aieeaii iaaooiai aeina?aeo i?aenoaoaaeo a?aeiinei oaeiae ia ni?ey? cai?iaaaeaeaiith aacia/ieo iiaaae?ieiaeo no?aoaa?e. Caaaeueia ii?ioi?iiaai?noue uiaei caoai?thaaiiy ia NI?Ae, oeyoe ia?aaea/? A?E oa caniae caiia?aaiiy ?io?eoaaiith iineoue ai?ciaee/ii iaaooee, ianenoaiaoeciaaiee oa?aeoa?, ?nio? nooo?aee aeao?oeeo ye oai?aoe/ii? oae ? i?aeoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe???. Aea??eia?noue aieiae?iiy ?ioi?iaoe??th ia? noaoaainiaoeeo?/iee oa?aeoa?. Aeyaeai? a?aei?iiino? noinothoueny ia eeoa ??aiy ii?ioi?iiaaiino?, aea ? no?oeoo?e ?ai?acaioaoe?e. Ae?a/aoa ? e?aua ii?ioi?iiaaieie o ieoaiiyo uiaei iniaeeainoae NI?Aeo ye caoai?thaaiiy oa oeyo?a ?io?eoaaiiy A?E, thiaee — a ieoaiiyo uiaei ei?enooaaiiy caniaaie caiia?aaiiy. ??aaiue ii?ioi?iiaaiino? ia? aea??eiao oaiaeaioe?th aei i?aeaeuaiiy ?c iaaoooyi aeina?aeo i?aenoaoaaeo a?aeiinei. Ca(ycie i?ae ??aiai ii?ioi?iiaaiino? oa onoaiiaeaie uiaei i?eionoeii? iiaaae?iee ia? noaoaainiaoeeo?/? iniaeeaino?: O thiae?a e?aua ina?/ai?noue a ieoaiiyo i?i oaeoi?e ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii ni?aa?aeiineoueny ?c iiceoeaieie onoaiiaeaie uiaei i?eionoeiino? ?i?oe?aoeae ae?a/ao o aecia/aii? iiia?aaeiueiai aeina?aeo ia?oia?a oa iaaiai?aii? iaaaoeaieo a?ae/ooo?a; o ae?a/ao e?aua ia?ciai?noue a ieoaiiyo uiaei oaeoi??a ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy oa cania?a caiia?aaiiy ni?aa?aeiineoueny ?c a?eueo (e?aa?aeueieie( onoaiiaeaie uiaei i?eionoeiino? aeanii? ?i?oe?aoeae oa, cie?aia, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aacia/ii? iiaaae?iee a ?ioeiieo noinoieao. Aeey ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? ?aniiiaeaio?a oa?aeoa?iith ? iayai?noue iioei?noe/iiai ni?eeiyooy aeaniiai ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E: 86% aaaaeathoue, ui aeaniee ?ecee ?io?eoaaiiy cia/ii ieae/ee a?ae ?eceeo na?aaeiuei noaoenoe/ii? iniae ?oiueiai a?eo oa noao?; 10% ?aniiiaeaio?a aaaaeathoue, ui ?ecee ?io?eoaaiiy A?E aeey ieo ? oaeei aea naiei ye ? aeey ?ioeo ? 4% noaaeyoueny aei aeaniiai ?eceeo ianei?noe/ii, aaaaeath/e eiai aeuei ca na?aaeiuei noaoenoe/iee. Ni?eeiyooy aeaniiai ?eceeo ni?aa?aeiineoueny c oyaeaiiyie i?i ?eceeiaai?noue ?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee. *ieia?ee ioe?iththoue aeaniee ?ecee aeua, i?ae ae?iee. ?ioa?iaeuei?noue o /ieia?e?a ni?aa?aeiineoueny c ieae/eie ioe?ieaie aeaniiai ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy. Aeey ?aniiiaeaio?a iaio noaoae ?nio? oaiaeaioe?y aei ia?aioe?iee aeanii? iiaeeeaino? eiio?ieth. Oa?aeoa? ca(yceo i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth oa iiaaae?ieiaei ?eceeii o ?aniiiaeaio?a ??cii? noao? ? i?ioeeaaeiei. Iaeneiaeuei? iieacieee iiaaae?ieiaiai ?eceeo aoei aecia/aii o /ieia?e?a c aenoa?iaeueiei eieonii eiio?ieth oa o ae?iie c ?ioa?iaeueiei eieonii eiio?ieth. I?i?iaeuei? - o /ieia?e?a c ?ioa?iaeueiei eieonii eiio?ieth oa ae?iie c aenoa?iaeueiei eieonii eiio?ieth. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe a?aee?eaathoue ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoieia?/ieo /eiiee?a ia?aiiy no?aoaa?e aacia/ii? oa ?eceeiaaii? ii a?aeiioaiith aei ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii iiaaae?iee. Aeioe?eueiei ? iiaeaeueoa aecia/aiiy oaeoi??a, ye? coiiaeththoue iiceoeaio aeeiai?eo onoaiiaie oa ?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee; i?iaaaeaiiy aiaeia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?aae a?oi ?eceeo, aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaieo aeaieo aeey iii?oi?eiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ??aiy ii?ioi?iiaaiino? oa ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii. Aeiiiaiaiiyi aei no/anieo iaaeaaiue aaiaea?ii? ineoieia?? iiaee a noaoe ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy iniaeno?nieo ei?aeyo?a eieono eiio?ieth o /ieia?e?a oa ae?iie, oa iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy iiaaae?ieiaeo no?aoaa?e. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeaii o ioae?eaoe?yo: A?eoa?aa ?.A., Ao?ea/oe E.O. Iniaeeaino? noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee iieiae? oa i?aee?oe?a oa caa?ica caoai?thaaiiy ia NI?Ae // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y Ineoieia?y.— 1998.— ? 403. — N. 33 — 38. A?eoa?aa ?.A., Ao?ea/oe E.O. Oaeoi?e ?eceeo: ui iieiaeue oa i?aee?oee ciathoue i?i NI?Ae? //I?aeoe/ia ineoieia?y oa nioe?aeueia ?iaioa.—1998.— ?3.— N. 39 — 42. A?eoa?aa ?.A. Eieon eiio?ieth oa noaoaaa iiaaae?iea iieiae? a eiioaeno? ai?aeai?? A?E/NI?Aeo //A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo Nioe?ieia?y. Ineoieia?y. Iaaeaaia?ea. — Aeione 6.— 1998.—N. 48 — 50. A?eoa?aa ?.A., Ao?ea/oe E.O. Noa?aioeie noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee oa oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia aeio?eiaiiy i?aaee aaciaee a oiiaao ai?aeai?? NI?Aeo /O?einionuee? iiooee. Aeione 1(V), Euea?a, 1998.— N. 127 — 130 . Ao?ea/oe E.O., A?eoaaaa E.A. NIEAe: ?aaeee e i?iaiicu. (Nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneee aniaeo) // I?aeoaeno.— 1998.— ? 24 (94).— N. 35 — 38; I?aeoaeno.—1998.— ? 25 (95).— N. 34— 36. A?eoa?aa ?.A. Noaoaainiaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino? ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy A?E/NI?Aeii.— ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.04 — iaaee/ia ineoieia?y. Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aea/aiith iniaeeainoae onoaiiaie ia noaoaai?ieueiao iiaaae?ieo, eiai?oeaieo ?ai?acaioaoe?e A?E/NI?Aeo, ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy oa oa?aeoa?o aca?iica(yceo i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth oa ?eceeiaai?noth iiaaae?iee a aaoa?inaenoaeueieo noinoieao. Aecia/aii, ui onoaiiaee oa aca?ii? i/?eoaaiiy ia?oia??a iathoue i?ioe??/iee oa iioaioe?eii eiioe?eoiee oa?aeoa?; aea??eia?noue aieiae?iiy ?ioi?iaoe??th coiiaeaia iaeaaei?noth aei iaaii? noao?; ia?aaaaeath/ei ? iioei?noe/ia ni?eeiyooy caa?ice ?io?eoaaiiy, o /ieia?e?a ?ioa?iaeuei?noue ni?aa?aeiineoueny c ieae/eie ioe?ieaie aeaniiai ?eceeo; oa?aeoa? ca(yceo i?ae eieonii eiio?ieth oa iiaaae?ieiaei ?eceeii o ?aniiiaeaio?a ??cii? noao? ? i?ioeeaaeiei. Eeth/ia? neiaa: onoaiiaee ia noaoaai?ieueiao iiaaae?ieo, aca?ii? aeniaeoaoe??, eiai?oeai? ?ai?acaioaoe?? A?E/NI?Aeo, ni?eeiyooy ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy, ?eceeiaaia iiaaae?iea, eieon eiio?iey. A?eoaaaa E.A. Iieiniaoeeoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe ineoieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia ?enea eioeoee?iaaiey AE*/NIEAeii.— ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.04 — iaaeeoeeineay ineoieiaey. Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth onoaiiaie ia iiei?ieaaia iiaaaeaiea, eiaieoeaiuo ?ai?acaioaoeee AE*/NIEAea, aini?eyoey ?enea eioeoee?iaaiey e oa?aeoa?a acaeiinayce iaaeaeo eieonii eiio?iey e ?eneiaaiiinoueth iiaaaeaiey a aaoa?inaenoaeueiuo ioiioaieyo. Auyaeaii, /oi onoaiiaee e acaeiiua iaeeaeaiey ia?oia?ia eiatho i?ioeai?a/eaue e iioaioeeaeueii eiioeeeoiue oa?aeoa?; ecae?aoaeueiinoue aeaaeaiey eioi?iaoeeae iineo iieiniaoeeoe/aneee oa?aeoa?; i?aiaeaaeaao iioeienoe/aneia aini?eyoea oa?icu eioeoee?iaaiey, o ioae/ei eioa?iaeueiinoue niioiineony n aieaa ieceeie ioeaieaie nianoaaiiiai ?enea; naycue iaaeaeo eieonii eiio?iey e iiaaaeai/aneei ?eneii o ?aniiiaeaioia ?aciiai iiea eiaao i?ioeaiiieiaeiue oa?aeoa?. Eeth/aaua neiaa: onoaiiaee ia iiei?ieaaia iiaaaeaiea, acaeiiua iaeeaeaiey, eiaieoeaiua ?ai?acaioaoeee AE*/NIEAea, aini?eyoea ?enea eioeoee?iaaiey, ?eneiaaiiia iiaaaeaiea, eieon eiio?iey. Grishayeva I.V. Gender specific features of psychological HIV/AIDS risk factors. — Manuscript. Dissertation on searching of candidate of psychological science scientific degree in specialty 19.00.04 — medical psychology. Kyiv Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv, 1998. Gender distinctions in attitudes toward appropriate gender role behavior; HIV/AIDS cognitive representations; AIDS risk perception; relationship between locus of control and sex risk-taking behavior are considered. Reciprocal misunderstanding was revealed in the attitudes and mutual expectations among partners. Gender based differences in AIDS-related knowledge level was found. Ss tended to have optimistic beliefs toward AIDS. In male Ss internal locus of control associated with lower risk behavior index. Locus of control and sexual behavior risk index had different connection in male and female samples. Eao words: attitudes toward appropriate gender role behavior, mutual gender-role expectations, HIV/AIDS cognitive representations, HIV/AIDS risk perception, risk-taking behavior, locus of control. PAGE 15

Похожие записи