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I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

EUeA?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. AeAIEEA AAEEOeUeEIAI

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

AAEE*EI

Ethaia Ieoaee?aia

OAeE 612.-014.482-06:616-053.6]-085.825.1

Noai caei?ia’y ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a
c ?aae?aoe?eii

caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e ? aieea
?aaa?e?oaoe?? ia

eo?i?o? O?oneaaaoeue ?c canoinoaaiiyi
e?iacioa?ai??.

14.03.04. – iaoieia?/ia o?c?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Euea?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

?i.Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai IIC oa ?inoeooo? o?c?ieia?? ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?AAN?AEA Noaiai Aaneeueiae/, caa.a?aeae?eo aenia?eiaioaeueii?
aaeueiaieia?? ?inoeoooo o?c?ieia??

?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IAI Oe?a?ieIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:Caneoaeaiee ae?y/
iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IA?EIAA Ieaia Ieaen??aia,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaoio?c?ieia??

Oa?iii?euenueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??

?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AA?C?IUe Aaea??e ?aaiiae/,

caa. eao.caaaeueii? a?a??ie ? a?a??ie ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

*eai – ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a

ii?iaeueii? o?c?ieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 29 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 14 aiae. ia

can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E-35.600.03 o Euea?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio

iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (290010, i. Euea?a, aoe. Iaea?nueea, 69).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Euea?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (290000, i. Euea?a, aoe. N?/iaeo
No??eueoe?a, 6).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 24 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe II?IC I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

A e o o a e ue i ? n o ue. A?aeiii, ui iniae, iioa?i?e? aiane?aeie
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe, cie?aia ae?oe oa i?aee?oee, eio?? iino?eii
i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi???, caa?oaeiai?e ?aae?iioee?aeaie,
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ii?ooaiiyi i?enoinoaaeueii-caoenieo iaoai?ci?a,
?ioiiiai noaoono, cieaeaiiyi ii??iino? aei iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a
na?aaeiaeua, o?ce/ii? oa ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, i?aeaeuaiith
caoai?thaai?noth (*a?iiaueueneay eaoano?ioa, 1995). Ia?ae?/ai? ci?ie
iiaeia eeaneo?eoaaoe ye cieaeaiiy a?oae?oaoo, oiaoi aeeoo?aino? aai
??aiy caei?ia’y. Oea noino?oueny ia o?eueee oai?eo, a e, iaa?oue
a?eueoith i??ith, in?a, eio?? aaaaeathoueny “i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeie”.
Cia/ia i?noea na?aae cania?a ?aaa?e?oaoe?? aeaii? eaoaai??? iioa?i?eeo
iin?aea? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oia e?eoaaiiy (E.Ae.Aaaia e ae?., 1994), cie?aia
a O?oneaaoe?, eio?ee ni?aaaaeeeai aaaaea?oueny iaeiei ?c
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo oeaio??a. I?i ni?eyoeeaee aieea aaeueiaioa?ai?? ia
eo?i?o? O?oneaaaoeue ia aeaye? iieacieee a?oae?oaoo na?ae/aoue
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue I.?.Aeaen??aa oa ?i. (1996), ?.E.Iiiiae/a oa
?i. (1995), N.I.Na?ai/? oa ?i. (1994, 1996). ?acii c oei, oeeie aaoi?aie
a?aei?/aia iaaeinoaoiy /e iaa?oue iani?eyoeeaa ae?y o?aaeeoe?eii?
aaeueiaioa?ai?? ia ie?ai? iieacieee, cie?aia o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue,
ui niiioeaei ?o aei iiooeo cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?aaa?e?oaoe??. Oaeeie aeyaeeenue o?oiaaeaioiaaie. I?ioa ? aeaiueoaiue, ?
aaeuecai “E?einueeee” iaeiaeinooii? aeey aeineoue /eneaiiiai eiioeiaaioo
i?iaeeaath/eo ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo. Oiio iiooe caeeoa?oueny
aeooaeueiei. Ie coieieee na?e aea?? ia ?aaoey?ieo iii??ieo i’ycaaeo
iaaaioaaeaiiyo oeeee?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, cie?aia a?ao, aeoiaey/e, ii-ia?oa,
c oiai, ui aiie ?icaeyaeathoueny E.O.Aa?eaae e ae?. (1990) oaae ye
aaeaioiaaie, a ii-ae?oaa, c aeia?a a?aeiieo oaeo?a i?i ni?eyoeeao ae?th
i’ycaaeo iaaaioaaeaiue i?aeoe/ii ia an? i?iyae aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
(O.C.Iaa?nii, I.A.Ioaiieeiaa, 1988; A.E.Aiaianaiei, 1992; I.I.Ia?eiaa oa
?i., 1997; E.Nii?aa, 1989), a ia?oo /a?ao ia i’ycaao i?aoeacaeaoi?noue,
eio?a, ye aaea aoei neacaii, i?iaeiaaeo? cieaeoaaoenue a oiiaao eo?i?oo
O?oneaaaoeue.

Aeoiaey/e c iaaaaeaiiai, ie iinoaaeee ia?aae niaith i a o o:

aeine?aeeoe iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy ia
eo?i?o? O?oneaaaoeue a?oae?oaoo o ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, ui i?iaeeaathoue
ia ?aae?aoe?eii eiio?ieueiaai?e oa?eoi???, oeyoii aeiaeaoeiaiai
canoinoaaiiy aeiciaaiiai a?ao. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ne?ae aoei ae??oeoe
ianooii? c a a ae a i i y:

1. ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio oano?a aeey eiiieaenii? ioe?iee a?oae?oaoo ?
canoinoaaoe ?? i?e ianoaaeaii? i?iaeeaath/eo ia oa?eoi???, caa?oaeiai?e
?aae?iioee?aeaie.

2. Ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue o?aaeeoe?eii? aeey eo?i?oo aaeueiaioa?ai??
noiniaii a?aeiiaeaiiy a?oae?oaoo a i?ioean? ?aaa?e?oaoe??.

3. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo e?iacioa?ai?? (aeiciaaiiai a?ao) aeey aeaiiai
eiioeiaaioo ? ioe?ieoe ?? aoaeoeai?noue i?e aeiaeaoeiaiio aeeth/aii? a
o?aaeeoe?eiee aaeueiaioa?aiaaoe/iee eiiieaen.

I a o e i a a i i a e c i a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenio ioe?ieo
noaio a?oae?oaoo o ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, i?eaoaath/eo ia eo?i?oio
?aaa?e?oaoe?th c ?aae?aoe?eii eiio?ieueiaaieo oa?eoi??e, aeei?enoaaoe
?ic?iaeaio nenoaio oano?a. Aia?oa aea/aii aieea o?aaeeoe?eii?
aaeueiaioa?ai?? ia eo?i?o? O?oneaaaoeue ia oae? eiiiiiaioe a?oae?oaoo ye
caaaeueia aaeaioaoe?eia ?aaeoe?y, aaaaoaoeaiee aiiainoac, iaoaaie?/iee
noaoon, nenoaie o?ainii?oo eenith, a?eueo iiaeeaeaii aeine?aeaeaii
?ioiiee noaoon oa ianiaoeeo?/iee caoeno. Aia?oa iieacaia iiaeeea?noue
i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy ineaaeaiiai a?oae?oaoo oeyoii
aeiiiaiaiiy o?aaeeoe?eiiai aaeueiaioa?aiaaoe/iiai eiiieaeno aeiciaaiei
a?aii ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith.

O a i ? a o e / i a c i a / a i i y. Ooi/iaii oa iiaeeaeaii a?aeiiino?
i?i noai a?oae?oaoo o ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, eio?? iino?eii i?iaeeaathoue
ia oa?eoi???, caa?oaeiai?e ?aae?iioee?aeaie. Iieacaia iayai?noue o
aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo ye iaoieia?/ieo, oae ?
eiiiainaoi?ii-i?enoinoaaeueieo ci?i a nenoaiao, a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca
??aaiue caei?ia’y.

I ? a e o e / i a c i a / a i i y. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii
eiiieaenio iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee a?oae?oaoo o ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, eio??
i?eaoaathoue ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?th ia eo?i?o O?oneaaaoeue. ?ic?iaeaii ?
ai?iaaaeaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeiciaaiiai a?ao, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue
i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy cieaeaiiai a?oae?oaoo o aeaiiai
eiioeiaaioo iioa?i?eeo a?ae iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe.

A i ? i a a oe ? y ? i a i o e. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeeaaeaii ? iaaiai?aii ia i?aeia?iaeieo oa ?anioae?eainueeeo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo ii eo?i?oieia?? (Eeoeiao, aa?anaiue
1995?.), “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu nia?aiaiiie eo?i?oieiaee e ?aaaeeeoaoeee”
(Na?a??aea, ethoee 1996?.), “Iaaee/ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y iioa?i?eeo
aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe” (O?oneaaaoeue, o?aaaiue 1996?.),
“Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? aniaeoe caoenoo i?aai?cio a?ae iioeiaeaeoth/eo
oaeoi??a” (O?oneaaaoeue, o?aaaiue 1997?.), “Caeiaooee ee?i?/ii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaaeeoeeie” (Oa?iii?eue, /a?aaiue 1997?.), ni?eueiiio
can?aeaii? eaai?aoi??? aenia?eiaioaeueii? aaeueiaieia?? ?inoeoooo
o?c?ieia?? ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey oa eaoaae?e ?aaa?e?oaoe?? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeiaaeoi?aa?neoaoo c o/anoth iaoeiaoe?a eo?i?oo (O?oneaaaoeue,
n?/aiue 1997?.), can?aeaii? eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? o?c?ieia?? EAeIO
(Euea?a, a?oaeaiue 1997?.), ??? neiiic?oi? “Ae?aaiinoeea oa i?io?eaeoeea
iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a ?aae?aoe??” (Ee?a, a?oaeaiue 1997?.).

I o a e ? e a oe ? ?. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 ?ia?o.

I a ’ ? i o a n o ? o e o o ? a ? i a i o e. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeeaaeaia ia 187 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 22
oaaeeoeyie ? 31 ?enoieii. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, iieno iaoa??aeo ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, 2 ?icae?e?a c
aeeeaaeii ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o iaaiai?aiiy,
aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, a eio?iio
i?eaaaeaii 344 aeaea?aea.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia ca?aeii oaie, caoaa?aeaeaii? A/aiith ?aaeith
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ae a e e a ? a oe ? y i n i a e n o i a i a i a n e o. Aeena?oaioii
cae?eniaii iaoaioiee iiooe, ?ic?iaeaii ? i?ae?a?aii aaeaeaaoi? oanoe,
i?aai?ciaaii i?iaaaeaiiy e?eoaaeueieo oa ?ino?oiaioaeueii-eaai?aoi?ieo
ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo?, i?iaiae?ciaaii io?eiaiee oeeo?iaee iaoa??ae ?
oai?/i eiai inieneaii.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

IAOA??AE ? IAOIAeE

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaia aaniith 1995 ?ieo o oi?i? ee?i?ei-o?c?ieia?/iiai
aenia?eiaioo ia 86 oeiey?ao iaio noaoae a?eii a?ae 10 aei 17 ?ie?a,
eio?? i?eaoaaee a naiaoi??e “Aeaea?aei” eo?i?oo O?oneaaaoeue c
Iaiaaeoeueeiai, Eai?iue-Eaoe?nueeiai oa Ethaao?anueeiai ?aeii?a Aieei?,
caa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie, cie?aia oeac??i-137 c? u?euei?noth
1,0-2,5 E?/ea.ei. Aeoeai?noue ?iei?ii?iaaiiai oeac?th-137, aei??thaaia
“E?/eeueieeii aei?ii?ithaaiiy ethaeeie” oeio “Ne?eia?-3I”, neeaaeaea i?e
iinooieaii? 4-61 iE? (150-2250 Ae aai 3-50 Ae/ea). Naia a oaeiio
ae?aiacii? (100-2000 Ae) ca?a?no?iaaii ??aaiue aeoeaiino? o 2/3 ?c
iaeaea 5000 ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, eio?? i?eaoaaee a O?oneaaaoeue ?c
?aae?aoe?eii eiio?ieueiaaieo oa?eoi??e o 1995 ?ioe? (A.?.Noaoeaiei oa
?i., 1996), ioaea, niinoa?aaeoaaiee iaie eiioeiaaio iiaeia aaaaeaoe
?ai?acaioaaaeueiei.

Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue oeiey??a aaaaeaeeny “i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeie”,
niiaoe/ia iaoieia?y (o?ii?/iee aano?iaeoiaeai?o, oieaoeenoioieaia?o,
a?iio?o) iaea i?noea eeoa o 1/3. ?acii c oei, o 2/3 iaie aeyaeaia
aaaaoi-noaeeiia aeenoii?y, o 1/5 – a?ia?ieac?y ueoiaeaeii? caeice ?-??
noaae??.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa noai a?oae?oaoo, oiaoi aeeoo?aino? /e ??aiy
caei?ia’y, eio?ee ioe?ithaaee ca i?ae?a?aiith iaie nenoaiith oano?a. Any
noeoii?noue oano?a iiaea aooe ca?oiiaaia a ie?ai? aeiee, eio??
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ianooii? eiiiiiaioe a?oae?oaoo: caaaeueio aaeaioaoe?eio
?aaeoe?th, aaaaoaoeaiee aiiainoac, iaoaaie?/iee noaoon, noai o?ce/ii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa caaacia/oth/eo ?? nenoai o?ainii?oo eenith, noai
ianiaoeeo?/iiai caoenoo oa ?ioi?oaoo. Eiie?aoi?oa oa?aeoa?enoeea
iaoiaeee aoaea aeaia i?e aeeeaae? ?acoeueoao?a.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ia?aeiiiai oanooaaiiy aoee noi?iiaai? aea? i?eaeecii
??aiioe?ii? a?oie. Oeiey?? eiio?ieueii? a?oie io?eioaaee o?aaeeoe?eio
aeey eo?i?oo aaeueiaioa?ai?th (ieooy aiaee “Iaooony”, aie?eaoe??
iciea?eoo, i?ia?aeuei? aaiie). A iniiai?e a?oi? i?ecia/aee aeiaeaoeiai
e?iacioa?ai?th o aeaeyae? aeiciaaiiai a?ao ca i?ia?aiith, ?ic?iaeaiith
iaie ca?aeii c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie A.E.Eeueieoeeiai (1978). Ci?no
e?iacioa?ai?? neeaaeaee: aea?/? ia oeaeaeaiue – aacia?a?aiee a?a c?
oaeaee?noth aeecueei 40% a?ae iaeneiaeueii? (ia a?ae??ceo 200-400 i)
i?ioyaii 15 oa. aeey 10-12-??/ieo ? 30 oa. – aeey 13-17-??/ieo, ? aea?/?
ia oeaeaeaiue – a?a i?aeothioeai (a?aeiia?aeii 8 ? 15 oa.), aeae? –
?ioa?aaeueiee a?a c? oaeaee?noth aeecueei 50% a?ae iaeneiaeueii? (ia
30i) ia a?ae??ceao 50i, 6 (10-12 ?ie?a) ? 11 (13-17 ?ie?a) ?ac?a /a?ac
1,5 ? 2,5 oa. a?aeiia?aeii, i?ney /iai ciiao a?a i?aeothioeai, ye ia
?icieioe?. A e?ioe? 3-oeaeiaaiai eo?no ?aaa?e?oaoe?? i?iaiaeeee iiaoi?ia
oanooaaiiy.

Oeeo?iaee iaoa??ae ia?iaeaii iaoiaeaie aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee c
aeiiiiiaith ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eeeaaeieo
i?ia?ai Costat ? SuperCalc. A??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae i?ae a?oiaie oa
ci?i ioe?ithaaee ca e?eoa???i t Student.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

OA?AEOA?ENOEEA A?OAE?OAOO I?IAEEAATH*EO

IA ?AAe?AOe?EII EIIO?IEUeIAAIEO OA?EOI??ssO

CAAAEUeI? AAeAIOAOe?EI? ?AAEOe?? OA ?O IAE?I-

AI?IIIAEUeIA CAAACIA*AIIss

sse?noue caaaeueii? aaeaioaoe?eii? ?aaeoe?? i?aai?cio (CA?I) ioe?ithaaee
ii eaeeia?ai? ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? ca iaoiaeii E.O.Aa?eaae e ae?. (1990).
I?e oeueiio, ye ?aeiiaiaeothoue I.?.Aeaen??a oa ?i. (1996), eiaeiiio
i?aeoeio CA?I i?enaithaaee iaaiee ?aia, a?aeiia?aeii aei ??aiy
aaeaioaoe??. Aeyaeaii, ui CA?I aenieeo ??ai?a ?aaeoeaiino?, eio??
aaaaeathoueny aa??aioaie ii?ie ? a?aeia?aaeathoue ie?ai? a?aaeaoe??
caei?ia’y, iaee i?noea eeoa o 11 aeiaaeeao (13%). O 56 (65%) ianoaaeaieo
eiinoaoiaai? CA?I iecueeeo ??ai?a ?aaeoeaiino?, oiaoi c aeaiaioaie
iai?oaeaiiy (ia?aaaaeii o aeaeyae? iiiioeeoiiai??, ??aeoa –
aiceiio?e??), eio?? aaaaeathoueny i?aii?a?aeieie, oiaoi oaeeie, ui
a?aeia?aaeathoue noai, ia?ao?aeiee i?ae caei?ia’yi ? oai?iaith (“o?ao?e
noai”). Ia?aoo?, o 22% oeiey??a aeyaeai? iaoieia?/i? CA?I,
a?aeia?aaeath/?, ca H.Selye, “oai?iao acaaae?”. I?e oeueiio, anoia?a/
niiae?aaiiyi, o?ii?/iee no?an iaa i?noea eeoa o 2 aeiaaeeao, a o ?aooe
17 eiinoaoiaaia ?aaeoe?y ia?aaeoeaaoe??, eio?a aaaaea?oueny ae?oaith
?iinoannth no?ano ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny, ia i?ioeaaao inoaiiueiio,
e?ioioeeoicii. Na?aaei?e ?iaeaen aaeaioaoe?? ianoaaeaiiai eiioeiaaioo
neeaa eeoa 2,28%0,18 aaea aai 45% a?ae na?aaeiuei? ii?ie (4-6 aae?a).

Iicaye oei CA?I coiiaeaiee ??aiai aaeaioeaieo ai?iii?a oa ?o
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi, iaie i?iaaaeai? aeaye? ai?iiiaeuei? oanoe, ioe?ieo
eio?ei aeaaaee, aeoiaey/e c eiie?aoii? na?aaeiuei? noaoaai-a?eiai?
ii?ie. Aeyaeaii cieaeaiiy ai?noo a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? caaaeueiiai
oe?ieneio aei 796%, cieaeaiiy aeiaiai? aene?aoe?? c na/ath 17-IEN, eio??
a?aeia?aaeathoue nae?aoe?th ei?ith iaaeie?iee?a aetheiei?oeei?ae?a, aei
795%, a 17-EN, eio?? a?aeia?aaeathoue nae?aoe?th aiae?iaai?a, aeaea?aeii
yeeo ? ei?a iaaeie?iee?a ? aiiaaee, aei 826% na?aaeiuei? ii?ie.

Aa?o/e aei oaaae, ui oa?aeoa? e?eai? ae?eai?? i?ney aaeeaaiiy aetheice ?
?ioaa?aeueiei a?aeia?aaeaiiyi ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ?inoe?iii oa
eiio??inoey?ieie oaeoi?aie, eio?? aiaeii/an iaeaaeaoue aei aaeaioeaieo
ai?iii?a, ie aeei?enoaee aeey ioe?iee ??aiy inoaii?o i?aeueiee oano
oiea?aioiino? aei aetheice. I?e oeueiio o 29,7% aeiaaee?a aeyaeaii
oeiia? ieine? ae?eai?/i? e?ea?, a o ?aooe aiie, aaaaeath/enue oi?iaeueii
ii?iaeueieie, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny noeeuei?noth aei iaiaaeaiiy
a?ia?ae?eai?/ii? ?aaeoe?? ia 120-e oa., ui ie ?ioa?i?aoo?ii ye
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a?iiooieoe?? eiio??inoey?ieo nenoai, cie?aia
a?iioaeaii-a?iio?ca?ii-aae?aiiei?oeeaeueii?, -oe?ai?aeii? oa
neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiai? ?/aai a?ia?ooieoe?? aaai-?inoey?ii? nenoaie.

Aeey ioe?iee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaio inoaii?o ?aaoeyoi?ieo nenoai iaie
aeei?enoaiee iaoiae aa??aoe?eii? ea?ae?i?ioa?aaeia?ao?? ca ?.I.Aaaaneei
e ae?. (1984). Aaee/eia AIi, eio?a oa?aeoa?eco? ?ioaineai?noue
neiiaoe/ieo aieea?a, aeyaeaia a iaaeao ii?ie (30-50%) eeoa o 41%
aeiaaee?a, cieaeaiith – o 48%, i?aeaeuaiith – o 11%. I?e oeueiio
aaee/eia A?, eio?a oa?aeoa?eco? ?ioaineai?noue aaaonieo aieea?a,
ciaoiaeeeanue a iaaeao ii?ie (0,15-0,30 nae.) oaae o 41% aeiaaee?a, aoea
i?aeaeuaiith – o 52%, cieaeaiith – o 7%. ?iaeaen iai?oaeaiiy, ye
?ioaa?aeueia a?aeia?aaeaiiy aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco, eiinoaoiaaiee
ieae/ei i?ae 50 iae. O 52%, aeuei i?ae 200 iae. – eeoa o 11%. Ioaea,
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeniiaie, aeieeaath/ee c iiia?aaeiueiai oanoo, i?i
a?iiooieoe?th neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiai? ?/aai a?ia?ooieoe?th aaai-?inoey?ii?
nenoaie ye oa?aeoa?i? iciaee ianoaaeaiiai eiioeiaaioo. ?acii c oei,
a?aenooi?noue aaeaeaaoiiai ca?eueoaiiy Ii na?ae/eoue i?i
aeec?aaoeyoe?th, coiiaeaio neaae?noth i?ioean?a iia?e?caoe?? ?ano?n?a,
cieaeaiiyi ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio (neiae?ii anoai?caoe??).

IAOAAIE?*IEE NOAOON

I?i noai iaoaaie?cio noaeeee ca ai?noii a e?ia? ?yaeo ?a/iaei, eio?ee
aecia/aee oi?o?eiaaieie iaoiaeaie (A.A.Iaiueoeeia e ae?., 1987;
A.I.Aenaiaiei oa ?i., 1994), a?aoiaoth/e noaoaai-a?eia? ii?iaoeae
(TH.A.Aaeueoeuaa, 1979; TH.A.Oiaeaaneee, I.E.Onaoaiei, 1987;
A.A.Ia?aaea?ee e ae?., 1993).

A?eeiai-acioenoee iai?i. Ai?no a ne?iaaooe? aeueaoi?io neeaaeaa a
na?aaeiueiio 37,90,7 a/e, oiaoi 85% a?ae na?aaeiuei? ii?ie, i?e oeueiio
a?iiaeueaoi?iai?y (iaioa 37 a/e) eiinoaoiaaia o 46% aeiaaee?a.
Eiioeaio?aoe?y aeiaoe?i?a (29,41,4 a/e) ia 7% ia?aaeuoaaea na?aaeith
ii?io, a caaaeueiiai a?eea (67,31,4 a/e) – aoea ia no?eueee ae ieae/ith
a?ae ia?. A ?acoeueoao? aeueaoi?ii-aeiaoe?iiaee eiao?oe??io aeyaeany
cieaeaiei aei 1,290,15, oiaoi ia 20% iaioei a?ae na?aaeiuei? ii?ie. Oea
ocaiaeaeo?oueny ?c c?inoaiiyi ia 25% na?aaeiuei? aaee/eie o?iieiai?
i?iae (2,50,12) ? a noeoiiino? na?ae/eoue i?i iii??io aeeni?ioa?iai?th c
ia?aaaaeaiiyi a?oai-aeenia?nieo a?ee?a. Eiioeaio?aoe?y na/iaeie aeyaeaia
cieaeaiith (

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