IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey

Iynieeia Aai?a?e A?eoi?iae/

OAeE 616.127-005.8-037

NOAI NENOIE?*II? OA Ae?ANOIE?*II? OOIEOe?? E?AIAI OEOII*EA O
II*AOEIAIIO IA??IAe? ?IOA?EOO I?IEA?AeA ?C COAOeAI Q ? EIAI
I?IAIINOE*IA CIA*AIIss

EA?Ae?IEIA?ss — 14.01.11

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaee/iee iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

?i.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? iaaee/iee iaoe, i?ioani? Aiiniaa Eaoa?eia
Ieeiea?aia,

caa.eaoaae?ith aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?1 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A.I. Aia?ia,

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii?
i?aeaioiaee,

eaoaae?a ea?ae?ieia??, caa.eaoaae?ith;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe ?.I.Nieiiaiei,

Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e
i?aceaeaioia?

Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a oi?aae?iiy ioi?iie caei?ia’y,
caa.eaoaae?ith

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo ea?ae?ieia???i. I.Ae.No?aaeanei

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «______» ______________ 1999 ?ieo i
_______ aiaeei? ia

can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.003.02 i?e
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey (252012, i.
Ee?a, aoe O. Oaa/aiea, 17, aoaeeoi??y oa?aiaaoe/ii? ee?i?ee).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey (aoe. Ciieia?/ia,3)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_____»__________1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe
N.A.Nae?eae

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. I?iaiic oai?eo i?ney ia?aianaiiai ?ioa?eoo
i?iea?aea (?I) a cia/i?e i??? iia’ycaiee ?c ?icaeoeii oa i?ia?anoaaiiyi
aino?i? na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? (NI) (Iaoyaeaiei A.C. oa ni?aaao.,
1997; P. Gaudron c ni?aaao., 1993), yea a?aei?/a?oueny o 50-70% oaeeo
iaoe??io?a ? ? iniiaiei oaeoi?ii, ui aecia/a? iaeaeeae/ee oa
a?aeaeaeaiee i?iaiic (E.I.Aiiniaa, 1997, A.I.Aia?ia, 1998). Iaeii/an, ia
aeeaey/enue ia cia/iee i?ia?an e?eoaaiiy ?I, eeoa?oueny
iaaaeiaieai?noue, a ca’yceo c oei, ui ia aaea?oueny cieceoe
eaoaeuei?noue oai?eo i?ioyaii iino?ioa?eoiiai ia??iaeo, o oiio /ene? e
a?ae cano?eii? NI (A.A.Aecye oa E.TH.?ai?ia, 1996). Ana oea iio?aao?
iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?I, ye? iathoue aacoaaoeny ia
no/aniiio ?icoi?ii? i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o i?iea?ae? i?ae /an
?icaeoeo aino?iai ei?iia?iiai neiae?iio.

Aaeeeee ?ioa?an aeine?aeiee?a aeeeeea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy NI ca
aeaieie aiae?co noaio nenoie?/ii? aai ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? e?aiai
oeoii/ea (EO). I?ioa a?aeiiino? e?oa?aoo?e c oeueiai i?eaiaeo
noinothoueny, a iniiaiiio, iaeiiai iieacieea nenoie?/ii? ooieoe?? —
o?aeoe?? aeeeaeo (OA) ( Noaaeithe E.A., 1997; P. Giannuzzi ? ni?aaao.,
1993; F. X. Kleber ? G.Baumann, 1993; E. Loh ? ni?aaao., 1997 ), iaeiae,
eiai i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy ?yae aaoi??a noaaeoue i?ae noii?a
(Ae.?.*?eaaoa?e? ? ni?aaao. , 1994; ?.?.Ieoaeeiaa ? ni?aaao., 1996; H.
D. White ? ni?aaao.,1997). O 20% oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?I, oi?io?oueny
neiae?ii i?ia?anoth/i? aeeeaoaoe?? EO, ui ni?ey? cieaeaiith ianinii?
ooieoe?? na?oey ? ? i?aaeeeoi?ii i?ia?anoaaiiy cano?eii? NI o
iino?ioa?eoiiio ia??iae? (G. Ertl ? ni?aaao.,1993). I?ioa iaoai?cie eiai
oi?ioaaiiy ia yni?, a?aenooi? e?eoa???, ui aeicaieeee a i?iaiicoaaoe
eiai ?icaeoie a ?aiiueiio ia??iae? caoai?thaaiiy.

Ia?niaeoeaiei i?e aea/aii? iniaeeainoae aioo??oiuei-na?oeaai?
aaiiaeeiai?ee o oai?eo ia ?I ? aecia/aiiy i?noey ? ?ie? ?ano?eeoeaiiai
oeio ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, iienaiiai a inoaii? ?iee a e?oa?aoo??
(I.I.I?e?o?i ? A.E.Aeya?, 1998; R. A. Nishimura ? A.J. Tajik, 1994;
Y.Kasuhiro ? ni?aaao.,1996) ? iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiiai i?e ?I.

Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo eiiiainaoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a, ui caaacia/o? aaeaeaaoio
iio?aaai i?aai?cio aaiiaeeiai?eo, ? iiceoeaiee ?iio?iiiee aieea ia
i?iea?ae neiiaoiaae?aiaeiai? nenoaie (?.N.ssaaeia ? ni?aaao., 1997;
Th.Makikallo ? ni?aaao., 1996; T.S.Faber ? ni?aaao., 1996). I?e oeueiio
iaei aea/aiei eeoa?oueny ieoaiiy aieeao neiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie ia
i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy nenoie?/ii? ? iniaeeai ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? EO
o oaeeo oai?eo.

Ae??oaiiy oeeo ieoaiue ia? aacia?a/iee i?aeoe/iee ? oai?aoe/iee ?ioa?an,
oiio ui aoaea ni?eyoe ?ic?iaoe? e?eoa???a ?aiiueiai i?iaiicoaaiiy
?icaeoeo NI i?ae /an ?I ? aaeineiiaeaiith ?? e?eoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeee,
/iio ? i?enay/aia i?aaenoaaeaia ?iaioa.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? oaie eaoaae?e aini?oaeueii?
oa?ai?? ?1 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey
«Iia? aniaeoe e?eoaaiiy na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?», ? aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 01960004716.

Iaoa ?iaioe: ia iniia? eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ci?i nenoie?/ii? ?
ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO o ?aii? no?iee ?I ?c coaoeai Q oa a
iino?ioa?eoiiio ia??iae? ? aieeao ia ieo aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie
?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo NI oa iioei?coaaoe
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?? e?eoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeee.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

Aecia/eoe aeeiai?eo iieaciee?a nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?e EO
o oai?eo ia ?I ?c coaoeai Q a ia?o? 10 aei?a caoai?thaaiiy i?e
??ciiiai?oi?e ae?aaeaiino? ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a aino?i? e?aioeoii/eiai?
iaaeinoaoiino? (AEOI).

Ioe?ieoe noai aaaaoaoeaiiai oiiono ca aeaieie noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co
na?oeaaiai ?eoio a oai?eo ia ?I ?c ??ciiiai?oiei ee?i?/iei ia?aa?aii ?
aecia/eoe ?o aca?iica’ycie c iieacieeaie ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
i?iea?aea oaeeo oai?eo.

I?iaanoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ci?i nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?e
EO o ?aii? no?iee ?I oa i?ae /an iino?ioa?eoiiai ia??iaeo.

?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? ?aiiueiai i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ia?anoth/i? aeeeaoaoe?? EO
? eiai aeenooieoe?? o iino?ioa?eoiee ia??iae e ioe?ieoe ?o
?ioi?iaoeai?noue.

Iaa?oiooaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiio ei?eaoaaiith ?
aoi?eii?e i?io?eaeoeoe? ii?ooaiue nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe??
EO o oai?eo ia ?I.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa aea/aia aeeiai?ea
iieaciee?a nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO ca aeaieie
aeiiiea?aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioyaii ia?oeo 10 aei?a ?I
?c coaoeai Q o ni?anoaaeaii? c ?o ci?iaie a iino?ioa?eoiiio ia??iae?.
Aia?oa aeae?eai? oeie ii?ooaiue nenoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO, ui aacothoueny
ia iniaeeainoyo oi?ioaaiiy na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? ? iaoai?ci?a ??
eiiiainaoe??, ye? iia’ycai? c ??aiyie O? i?ioyaii 1-? aeiae ?I.
Iieacaii, ui i?e cieaeaii? O? aei 35 ie/i2 (? oei nenoie?/ii?
aeenooieoe??) aeeth/aiiy iaoai?ci?a oa?i?iiai? eiiiainaoe?? NI ia
niinoa??aa?oueny, ee?i?/i? i?iyae AEOI a?aenooi?. I?e cieaeaii? O? a
iaaeao 27-35 ie/i2 ?icaeaa?oueny ieioua eiiiainaoi?ia aeeeaoaoe?y EO ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi e?ioeaai-ae?anoiee/iiai oa e?ioeaai-nenoie?/iiai ?iaeaen?a
(EAe? ? EN?) i?ioyaii 1-? aeiae ? ?o ii?iae?caoe??th ia 10-o aeiao
caoai?thaaiiy (II oei nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??). Aia?oa iieacaia
iani?eyoeeaa i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy cieaeaiiy O? ieae/a 27 ie/i2 (II? oei
aeenooieoe??), yea iia’ycaia c oi?ioaaiiyi aeeeaoaoe?? EO aei 10-? aeiae
caoai?thaaiiy ? ?? i?ia?anoaaiiyi a iino?ioa?eoiiio ia??iae? o 80%
oai?eo.

Aia?oa iieacaii, ui iaea?eueo /anoei (o 60,0% aeiaaee?a) oeiii
ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? EO o oai?eo ia ?I o ?aii? no?iee
caoai?thaaiiy, iacaeaaeii a?ae ae?aciino? AEOI, ? a?ia?o?io?/iee ca
eeaneo?eaoe??th R.Nishimura i A. Tajik (1994)., iaoiiaeaiee ii?ooaiiyie
?icneaaeaiiy. Ia 10-o aeiao eiai /anoioa cieaeo?oueny aei 37,8% i?e
c?inoaii? /anoioe ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeio (c 3,3% aei 26,6%), ui
a?aeia?aaea? ca?eueoaiiy aei?noeino? eaia?e oeoii/ea, iia’ycaia,
iaaooue, ?c i?aeaeuaiiyi e?ioeaai-ae?anoie?/iiai oeneo (EAeO).

Aia?oa iieacaiee ca’ycie aeeiai?ee ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO ?c oeiii
nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? ia 1-o aeiao ?I. Aiia aeyaeyeany a oiio, ui a
oai?eo ?c ? oeiii nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? a
noaoe?iia? ia 10-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy iaea?eueo /anoi aecia/aany
a?ia?o?io?/iee oei ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? (o 65,1% aeiaaee?a), i?e
?? oeiia? /ano?oa ?icaeaaany inaaaeiii?iaeueiee oei ae?anoie?/ii?
aeenooieoe?? (o 52,2% aeiaaee?a) ? i?e ??? oeiia? — ?ano?eeoeaiee oei
ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? ( o 73,9%) aeiaaee?a).

Aia?oa iienaia aeeiai?ea oei?a ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy EO o
iino?ioa?eoiee ia??iae. Iieacaii, ui ?ano?eeoeaiee oei ae?anoie?/ii?
aeenooieoe??, ui noi?ioaaany ia 10-o aeiao ?I, caa??aa?oueny ? /a?ac 1
??e. I?e oeueiio eiai /anoioa c?inoa? c 26,7% aei 40,0% ca ?aooiie
iineeaiiy ii?ooaiiy ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy o 50% oai?eo ?c
inaaaeiii?iaeueiei ? o 6.3% oai?eo ?c a?ia?o?io?/iei oeiaie
ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??.

Aia?oa iieacaii, ui iaaeeeoeiaa neiiaoeeioii?y ia 1-o aeiao
caoai?thaaiiy anioe?th?oueny c oi?ioaaiiyi aeeeaoaoe?? EO aei 10-?
aeiae caoai?thaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo aeaieo.

Cai?iiiiiaaii e?eoa??e i?iaiicoaaiiy aeeeaoaoe?? EO i?ae /an aino?iai
ia??iaeo ?I ? i?ia?anoth/i? aeeeaoaoe?? EO o iino?ioa?eoiee ia??iae ca
aeaieie aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy (aaee/eia O?), i?iaiinoe/ia
oe?ii?noue 92,8% (iiceoeaia ??oaiiy N 98020642 a?ae 5 ethoiai 1999 ?.)

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iioei?ciaai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
ii aeeoa?aioe?eiiio e?eoaaiith oai?eo ia ?I i?ae /an aino?iai ?
iino?ioa?eoiiai ia??iaeo a caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?aeoa?o nenoie?/ii? ?
ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? EO o ?aii? no?iee caoai?thaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny o aeeeaaeaii? ia eaoaae??
aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?1 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?
eaoaae?? a?enueeiai? oa?ai?? A?enueeiai-iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??. E?eoa???
?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo
?iaioe a?aeae?eaiue ea?ae?ieia?/ii? ?aai?iaoe?? Oeaio?aeueii? i?nueei?
ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? i. Ee?aa ? Aieiaiiai a?enueeiaiai ee?i?/iiai
aini?oaeth II Oe?a?ie.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo i?aeoaa?aeaeaia
a?aeiia?aeieie aeoaie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iaoeiaiai nooiaiy. Aaoi? aeena?oaoe??
iniaenoi ?ic?iaea i?ia?aio ? iaoiaeieia?th aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ioyaii
1996-1997 ?ie?a i?ia?a ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo a?aeiia?aeii aei ?ic?iaeaii?
i?ia?aie. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ia?aeiiiai iaoa??aeo,
noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoee iiaeai? o iaoa??aee XIV c’?caeo oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie
(Ee?a,1998a.), VI eiia?ano na?oiai? oaaea?aoe?? oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?nueeeo
oiaa?enoa (Iaeana,1996?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii?
20-??//th Ee?anueeiai i?nueeiai oeaio?o ea?ae?ieia?? oa ?aaiaoieia??
(Ee?a,1998?.). Aeena?oaoe?y ai?iaiaaia ia can?aeaii? ai?iaaoe?eii?
?aaee « Caaaeuei? i?iaeaie aioo??oi?o oai?ia» i?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 9 ?ia?o, o oiio
/ene? 4 aeo?iaeuei? noaoo? o aeaeaiiyo ca oaoii, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo AAE
Oe?a?ie.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 139 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ?
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 5 aeaa aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
aeiaeaoeo ? ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (190 aeaea?ae, o oiio /ene?
51 a?o/eciyieo ? 139 ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

?iaioa aaco?oueny ia ianoaaeaii? 96 oai?eo ia ?I ?c coaoeai Q, ui
ciaoiaeeeeny ia noaoe?iia?iiio e?eoaaii? o a?aeae?eaiiyo ea?ae?ieia?/ii?
?aai?iaoe?? Aieiaiiai a?enueeiaiai ee?i?/iiai aini?oaeth II Oe?a?ie ?
oeaio?aeueii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? i. Ee?aa i?ioyaii 1996-1998 ?ie?a.

Ae?aaiic anoaiiaethaaany a?aeiia?aeii aei e?eoa???a AIC (1979) ia
i?aenoaa? ee?i?/ieo, AEA ? aiceiieia?/ieo aeaieo. An? ianoaaeai? oai??
aoee aini?oae?ciaai? i?ioyaii ia?oeo 6-12 aiaeei c iiiaioo ?icaeoeo
aino?iai ?I. Na?aaei?e a?e oai?eo neeaaeaa 61,8 SYMBOL 177 \f «Symbol»
\s 14 ± 4,5 ?ie?a.

I?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? aei ee?i?ee o a?eueoino? ianoaaeaieo oai?eo iaee
i?noea iciaee AEOI ?? e ??? eean?a ca?aeii eeaneo?eaoe?? T. Killip ? S.
Kimball (a?aeiia?aeii 36 ? 22 iaoe??ioa, 37,5 % ? 22,9 % ianoaaeaieo, ??
e ??? a?oie). Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui o aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
aeeth/ai? o?eueee o? iaoe??ioe, o yeeo iaa?ye eaaai?a ?icaeioany
i?ioyaii 1-? aeiae. O 38 iaoe??io?a (39,6 % ianoaaeaieo) iciaee AEOI
aoee a?aenooi? (? eean ii T.Killip ? S.Kimball, ? a?oia). I?e oeueiio
aeinoia??i? ?icoiaeaeaiiy a no?oeoo?? ?iciiae?eo eean?a AEOI o oai?eo
ii??aithaaieo ee?i?/ieo a?oi aoee a?aenooi? c 3-? aeiae ?I.

Oai?? an?o ee?i?/ieo a?oi iaea?aeoaaee o?aaeeoe?eio noaiaea?oeciaaio
oa?ai?th, ui i?noeea iae? aeice aaoa-aeieaoi??a (i?ii?aiieie 0,5-1 ia/ea
ia aeiao), ani??ei 125 ia ia aeiao, i?o?aoe (?cini?a?aea iiiii?o?ao 80
ia/aeiao aai ?cini?a?aea aeei?o?ao 40 ia/aeiao), oo?inai?ae
(aioo??oiueiaaiii no?oiii, 20-40 ia 1 ?ac ia 2-3 aei? ca iieacaiiyie).
?ia?a?oi?e AIO (eaioii?ee, aiaeai?ee) o iaeeo aeicao iaea?aeoaaee 6
/ieia?e ??? a?oie (6,3% ianoaaeaieo).

C iaoith ooi/iaiiy ?ie? ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i i?iea?aea EO, ui iaee
i?noea i?ioyaii ia?oeo 10 aei?a caoai?thaaiiy, o oi?ioaaii? ii?ooaiue
aioo??oiueina?oeaai? aaiiaeeiai?ee o iino?ioa?eoiee ia??iae, 30
iaoe??io?a aoee ianoaaeai? /a?ac 9-12 i?nyoe?a i?ney aeienee c?
noaoe?iia?o. Oey a?oia ca iniiaieie ee?i?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ia
a?ae??ciyeany a?ae caaaeueii? a?oie oai?eo ia ?I.

Iaoiaee, ui canoiniaoaaeeny, ia?aaeaa/aee ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo i?e
aeeiiaii? ?iaioe caaea/. Aiie i?noeee a nia? caaaeueiiee?i?/ia,
?ino?oiaioaeueia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, a oaeiae noaoenoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Noai aioo??oiueina?oeaai? aaiiaeeiai?ee ioe?ithaaany oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy
uiaeaiiiai oeueo?acaoeiaiai ianoaaeaiiy na?oey aia?aoii LOGIQ — 500
«General Electric» (NOA) aeao/eeaie 3,5 ? 2,5 IAoe ca cae/aeiith
iaoiaeeeith (H.Feigenbaum, 1993; F. A. Bulock ? ni?aaao.,1995) o ia?o?
/ioe?e aeiae ? iio?i ia 7-o ? 10-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy.

Aeey ioe?iee nenoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO aecia/aee oae? iieacieee: oiaueia
i?aeoeoii/eiai? ia?aai?iaeee (IOI, ni) ? caaeiuei? no?iee EO (CNEO, ni);
ia?aaeiueicaaei?e ?ici?? e?aiai ia?aaena?aey (EI, ni);
e?ioeaai-nenoie?/iee ? e?ioeaai-ae?anoie?/iee ia’?ie ca iaoiaeii
«ieiua-aeiaaeeia», a oaeiae oaea?iee ? oaeeeiiee ia’?ie, i?eaaaeai? aei
ieiu? iiaa?oi? o?ea ianoaaeaieo (a?aeiia?aeii EN?, EAe?, O? ? N?,
ie/i2); o?aeoe?y aeeeaeo ( OA, %) ye ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oaea?iiai
aeeeaeo aei EAeI (I. I. Iooa?eyiia ? ni?aaao., 1987).

Aeey ioe?iee nei?i/oaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? i?iea?aea EO ?ic?aoiaoaaany
e?ioeaai-nenoie?/iee ?iaeaen nei?ioeeaino? ENO/ENI, ii ?o. no./ ie (K.
Sagawa, 1981).

Aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO on?i oai?ei
i?iaiaeeeiny aeiiiea?ianueea ianoaaeaiiy o?aini?o?aeueiiai e?iaioieo.
Aiae?coaaeeny oae? iieacieee: /an ?ciaiethi?/iiai ?icneaaeaiiy EO (IVRT,
n), o?eaae?noue oace oaeaeeiai iaiiaiaiiy (O?, n); /an i?enei?aiiy (AO,
n) ? oiia?eueiaiiy (DO, n) e?iaioieo a oac? oaeaeeiai iaiiaiaiiy; oaca
nenoiee EI (OA, n); ae?anoac (Ae, n); iaeneiaeuei? oaeaeeino? e?iaioieo
a oac? oaeaeeiai iaiiaiaiiy (pVE, ni/n) ? ia?aaena?aeii? nenoiee (pVA,
ni/n) ? ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (A/A, iae.); ?ioaa?aee e?i?eieo oaeaeeinoae
?aiiueiai iaiiaiaiiy ? nenoiee EI (ViA ? ViA, ni) ii I. Oeeea?o ? I.
A. Ineiiao (1993); a?aenioeiaee aianie nenoiee EI o iaiiaiaiiy EO (AFF,
%) (E.J.Benjamin ? ni?aaao.,1992). Aeey aeeeth/aiiy aieeao ia aaee/eie
/aniaeo ia?aiao??a (IVRT, TA, TE ? D) /anoioe na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue
(*NN) i?e aiae?c? aeei?enoiaoaaee /anoeo a?ae ?o ae?eaiiy ia SYMBOL 214
\f «Symbol» \s 14 Oe RR. Ca oi?ioeith T. K. Stork (1989) aecia/aee
e?ioeaai-ae?anoie?/iee oene o EO (EAeO, ii ?o no). E?ioeaai-ae?anoie?/io
iiaeaoeea?noue eaia?e EO ioe?ithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith ?iaeaeno EAeO/EAeI
(?.?.*acia, 1982), ui aeey c?o/iino? ni?eeiyooy iiiaeeee ia 100.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie
i?iaiaeeeiny ia aac? noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co na?oeaaiai ?eoio (NAN?) ca
iaoiaeii ?. I. Aa?anueeiai (1984). ?a?no?aoe?y 100 ea?ae?i?ioa?aae?a
i?iaiaeeeany i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? oai?eo o noaoe?iia? aei i?ecia/aiiy
ieaiiai? oa?ai??. Ia iniia? iieaciee?a NAN? i?iaiaeeeany ioe?iea noaio
nenoaie ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio ca?aeii c e?eoa??yie ?. I.
Aa?anueeiai ? ni?aaao.,(1987) ?c ianooiiei aiae?cii aaaaoaoeaieo
noaoon?a ca /anoioith.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ii?aoeueiaoaaeeny iaoiaeaie
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee. Aeinoia??i?noue a?aei?iiino? i?e ii??aiyii?
na?aaei?o a?eoiaoe/ieo aaee/ei aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoa??th
Nouethaeaioa, a i?e ii??aiyii? /anoioe iciaee (o a?aenioeao) — iaoiaeii
aeueoa?iaoeaiiai aa??thaaiiy (I.I.I?ioea? ? ni?aaao.,1982).

?ioi?iaoeai?noue ae?aaiinoe/ieo ? aeeoa?aioe?eii-ae?aaiinoe/ieo iciae
ioe?ithaaee oeyoii aecia/aiiy /ooeeaino?, niaoeeo?/iino? ? i?iaiinoe/ii?
oe?iiino? ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie oi?ioeaie (A. N. Aanee?i ? A. A.
Neaei?aiei, 1981).

Ei?aeyoe?eiee ? eeanoa?iee aiae?c iieaciee?a aioo??oiueina?oeaai?
aaiiaeeiai?ee ? NAN? i?iaiaeeany ca aeiiiiiaith iaeaoa i?eeeaaeieo
i?ia?ai «Statistica» (aa?n?y 5.3).

Aiae?c aeeiai?ee nenoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO o oai?eo ia ?I i?ioyaii ia?oeo
10 ae?a caoai?thaaiiy iieacaa ?? ?noioi? a?aei?iiino? o iaoe??io?a ?c
??cieie ee?i?/ieie i?iyaaie AEOI o 1-o aeiao.

O oai?eo, ui ia iaee i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? e o ianooii? 10 ae?a ee?i?/ieo
i?iya?a AEOI (? eean ca eeaneo?eaoe??th T. Killip ? J. Kimball, 1969;
? a?oia) aoee i?i?iaeueii ae?aaeai? iciaee nenoie?/ii? iaaeinoaoiino?,
iaoiiaeaii? cieaeaiiyi nei?ioiino? i?iea?aea EO (cieaeaiiy ENO/ENI a 1,2
— 1,3 ?ace). Aiie iieyaaee a cieaeaii? OA i?ioyaii onueiai ia??iaeo
niinoa?aaeaiiy, a oaeiae O? i?ioyaii 1-? aeiae caoai?thaaiiy. I?e
oeueiio aoei a?aenooi? aeeth/aiiy iaoai?ci?a oa?i?iiai? eiiiainaoe?? NI
o aeaeyae? ca?eueoaiiy *NN aai aeeeaoaoe?? EO, ui, iaaooue, iiaeia
iiynieoe i?i?iaeueieie ci?ie ianinii? ooieoe?? ? a?aenooi?noth
iaiao?aeiino? ?o aeeth/aiiy.

O oai?eo ?? a?oie (?? eean AEOI ii T. Killip ? J.Kimball,1969, i?e
iaaeoiaeaeaii? aei noaoe?iia?o) iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ee?i?/ii
ii/eiath/e c 3-? aeiae caoai?thaaiiy aiie ia a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae
iaoe??io?a ? a?oie, a?aecia/aeeny a?eueo ?noioi? ii?ooaiiy ianinii?
ooieoe?? EO. Aeey iaoe??io?a oe??? a?oie aoee oa?aeoa?i? a?eueo
iecuee? ye o ii??aiyii? c ii?iith, oae ? a ii??aiyii? c oai?eie ? a?oie,
?ici??e O? ? OA o ia?o? o?e aeiae ?I. I?e oeueiio iaee i?noea iciaee
aeeth/aiiy oaeoi??a eiiiainaoe?? aino?i? NI aaea ia 1-2 aeiao
caoai?thaaiiy o aeaeyae? neiiaoeeioii?? (a?eueo aeniea *NN) ? iaoai?cio
O?aiea-Noa?e?iaa (ca?eueoaiiy EAe?), ui caaacia/oaaei ia?aiao?e ianinii?
ooieoe?? EO o iaoe??io?a oe??? a?oie ii/eiath/e c 7-? aeiae
caoai?thaaiiy ii??aiyi? c oaeeie o iaoe??io?a 1 a?oie.

?ioee iaoai?ci eiiiainaoe?? AEOI aoa oa?aeoa?iee aeey iaoe??io?a ???
a?oie, ui ia?aianee iaa?ye eaaai?a o 1-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy (??? eean
ca eeaneo?eaoe??th T.Killip ? J.Kimball, 1969, i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii?). Ca
ae?aaeai?noth ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a AEOI, ii/eiath/e c 3-? aeiae
caoai?thaaiiy oe? iaoe??ioe oaeiae ia a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae oaeeo ? ? ??
a?oi. I?ioa aiae?c aeeiai?ee iieaciee?a nenoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO o
oai?eo oe??? a?oie na?ae/ea i?i iayai?noue aeaioaoaiiino? ?? ci?i
i?ioyaii ia?oeo 10 ae?a caoai?thaaiiy. Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1-4 aeiaa
caoai?thaaiiy) eiiiainaoe?y NI, iaaooue, aeinyaaeany ia?aaaaeii ca
?aooiie aeoeaaoe?? neiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?eo aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie
(a?eueo aenie? oeeo?e *NN). Ia oeueiio aoai? a?aecia/aeeny a?eueo
iecuee? ii??aiyii c ?ioeie a?oiaie na?aaei? ?ici??e O?, OA i?e
a?aenooiino? aeeeaoaoe?? EO. Ii/eiath/e c 7-? aeiae caoai?thaaiiy aeey
oa?i?iiai? eiiiainaoe?? AEOI aeeth/aany iaoai?ci O?aiea-Noa?e?iaa
(ca?eueoaiiy EAe?), ui caaacia/oaaei ca?eueoaiiy O?.

I?ioa i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiae iieacaee, ui ae?aaeai?noue
ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a AEOI o 1-o aeiao ?I ?c coaoeai Q ia caaaeaee ei?aeth?
c oa?aeoa?ii ? aeeaeiith ii?ooaiue nenoie?/ii? EO a ii/aoeiaiio ia??iae?
caoai?thaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe eeanoa?iiai aiae?co na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ca noaiii
nenoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO ia 1-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy oai?? ?I yaeythoue
niaith aaoa?iaaiio a?oio, ui neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio iaeii??aeieo ca
noeoii?noth ?? iieaciee?a i?aea?oi. Oea aeaei i?aenoaao aeae?eeoe 3 oeie
nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, ui a?ae??ciythoueny iaoai?ciaie oi?ioaaiiy NI
? ?? oa?i?iiai? eiiiainaoe??.

I?e ? oei? nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, ui aecia/a?oueny ??aiai O?,
a?eueoei ca 35 ie/i2, yeee ia? i?noea o 46,9% oai?eo ia ?I ia?aaaaeii c
AEOI ? eeano ca T. Killip ? S. Kimball (1969), oa?aeoa?i? i?i?iaeueii
ae?aaeai? ci?ie iieaciee?a aioo??oiueina?oeaai? aaiiaeeiai?ee,
aeeeaoaoe?y EO (ca?eueoaiiy EAeI) i?ioyaii 10 aei?a a?aenooiy.
A?aecia/a?oueny a?aeiinii iaaaeeea, oi/a ? aeinoia??ia, cieaeaiiy OA ?c
iiceoeaiith aeeiai?eith aei 10-ai aeiy.

?? oei nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? (26% oai?eo) oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iiaeaeueoei no?eeei cieaeaiiyi O? a iaaeao 27-35 ie/i2 c ieiouith
eiiiainaoi?iith aeeeaoaoe??th EO i?ioyaii ia?oeo 7 aei?a caoai?thaaiiy ?
aeeeaoaoe??th oa a?ia?ooieoe??th EI i?ioyaii 10 aei?a. OA ia 1-e aeaiue
iii??ii cieaeaia c iiceoeaiith aeeiai?eith aei 10-ai aeiy.

I?e cieaeaii? O? ieae/a 27 ie/i2 o 1-o aeiao ?I (??? oei ae?anoie?/ii?
aeenooieoe??, 27,1% oai?eo) ?icaeaa?oueny aeeeaoaoe?y EO aei 10-? aeiae
caoai?thaaiiy. Oea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi O?, i/aaeaeii,
a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoai?cio O?aiea-Noa?eeiaa, ? cieaeaiiyi OA.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui ?icaeoie aeeeaoaoe?? EO aei 10-? aeiae ?I ia
caeaaeeoue a?ae ae?aaeaiino? ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a AEOI o 1-o aeiao
caoai?thaaiiy. Oae, ?c 26 oaeeo oai?eo o 1-o aeiao ?I AEOI ? eeano
a?aecia/aeany o 4 (15,4 % ), ?? eeano — o 10 (38,4%) ? ??? eeano — o 12
/ieia?e (46,2 %).

Aiae?c /anoio aeieeiaiiy oei?a ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, ui
cono??/athoueny ca R.A. Nishimura ? A.J. Tajik (1994) o oai?eo ia ?I,
iieacaa a?aenooi?noue ?noioieo a?aei?iiinoae ?o ?iciiae?eo i?e ??ciiio
nooiaith ae?aaeaiino? ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a AEOI o 1-o aeiao
caoai?thaaiiy. Ia?aaaaeath/ei o oeae ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa
a?ia?o?io?/iee oei (o 60,0% aeiaaee?a), iaoiiaeaiee ii?ooaiiyie
?icneaaeaiiy i?iea?aea EO. Ia 10-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy a?aecia/aeiny
cieaeaiiy /anoioe aeieeiaiiy a?ia?o?io?/iiai oeio ae?anoie?/ii?
aeenooieoe?? (aei 43,3%, ? <0,05) ? ??no /anoioe ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeio na?aae oai?eo ia ?I o oe?eiio, a oaeiae o ? (aei 14,7%) ? ??? (aei 38,9% ) a?oiao (? a?aeiia?aeii <0,05 ? <0,001). C iaoith ooi/iaiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ii?ooaiue aioo??oiueina?oeaai? aaiiaeeiai?ee o ?aii? no?iee ?I iaie aoa i?iaaaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c oei?a nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? a ianoaaeaieo oai?eo, ui iieacaa, ui ae?anoie?/ia aeenooieoe?y a ia?o? 10 aei?a ?I ? aeineoue noaa?eueiith, aoaeo/e iaoiiaeaiith, iaaooue, a iniiaiiio aeo?aeiith aeia?o?io??th i?iea?aea, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ii?ooaiiyie ae?anoie?/iiai ?icneaaeaiiy. Aiae?c aeeiai?ee iieaciee?a ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio EO na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o oai?eo ia ? oei nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? i?ioyaii ia?oeo 10 aei?a caoai?thaaiiy noaa?eueii caa??aa?oueny aaaeo/a ?ieue a?ia?o?io?/iiai oeio ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? EO. I?e oeueiio ?? oei nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? ia 10-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy /ano?oa ii?aeioaaany c inaaaeiii?iaeueiei oeiii ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy (o 52,2% aeiaaee?a), a ??? oei - c ?ano?eeoeaiei oeiii ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? (o 73,9% aeiaaee?a). I?e oeueiio iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui noaoenoe/ii cia/ei? ?icoiaeaeaiiy a ii??aiyii? c ?iciiae?eii /anoio oei?a nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? o ?-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy aoee i?aeoaa?aeaeai? o?eueee aeey ??? oeio nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??. O iaoe??io?a oe??? i?aea?oie aeinoia??ii ??aeoa, i?ae o iaoe??io?a ?c ? ? ?? oeiaie, cono??/aany a?ia?o?io?/iee oei (a?aeiia?aeii a 7,8 ? 4,7 ?ac?a, ? a on?o aeiaaeeao <0,001). I?iaiinoe/ii iani?eyoeeaei o 1-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy ? ??? oei nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, i?e yeiio aei 10-? aeiae caoai?thaaiiy a 83,3% aeiaaee?a a?aecia/a?oueny iia??oaiiy ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy EO, a o 41,7% aeiaaee?a oi?io?oueny ?ano?eeoeaiee oei ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??. Aiae?c noaio aaaaoaoeaiiai oiiono ca aeaieie NAN? ca ?. I. Aa?anueeei ? ni?aaao. (1984) o oai?eo ia ?I i?ioyaii ia?oi? aeiae caoai?thaaiiy iieacaa, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae nooiaiy ae?aaeaiino? NI ? eieae?caoe?? ciie iae?ico, iaea?eueo /anoei noaiii aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie aoea neiiaoeeioii?y, /anoioa yei? a ie?aieo a?oiao aeinyaaea 83,3 %. Io?eiai? iaie aeai? uiaei a?eueo aeniei? /anoioe aeieeiaiiy neiiaoeeioii?? o oai?eo ia ?I ca?aathoueny c aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e (?.N.ssaaeia ? ni?aaao., 1997; T.S. Faber ? ni?aaao., 1996). I?ioa, ie ia aeyaeee i?aaaethaaiiy oiiono ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?eo aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie o iaoe??io?a ?c eieae?caoe??th iae?ioe/iiai aiaieua ia caaei?e no?ioe? EO, yea a?aecia/aee aeaye? ?io? aaoi?e (A.?.I?oee, 1998; A. Pipilis ? ni?aaao., 1991). I?iaaaeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c i?aeoaa?aeea iayai?noue ?noioiiai aieeao aeo?aeiiai noaio aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, ? cie?aia, ia?inoaiiy ??aiy neiiaoeeioii??, ia noai aioo??oiueina?oeaai? aaiiaeeiai?ee o oai?eo ia ?I. O oeae ia??iae a?ae nooiaiy neiiaoeeioii?? caeaaeaea aei?noe?noue eaia?e EO (r = 0,72), ui coiiaeei ?? aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy eiiiainaoi?ii? aeeeaoaoe?? EO (r = - 0,33) ? ia iiyao iciae a?ia?ooieoe?? EI (r = - 0,30). ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui aeae?eai? iaie oeie nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? ? oeie ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? ca?aeii R.A. Nishimura ? A.J. Tajik (1994) e?aua ei?aeththoue c aaaaoaoeaiei noaoonii oai?eo ia ?I, i?ae eeane AEOI ca?aeii T.Killip ? J.Kimball (1969). Oae, neiiaoeeioii?y aoea oa?aeoa?ia aeey an?o oai?eo c ??? oeiii nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? ? an?o oai?eo c ?ano?eeoeaiei oeiii ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy EO. Naia oe? iaoe??ioe iathoue iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? ii?ooaiiy nenoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO ? eiai ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy, ui ? i?ecaiaeeoue, iaaooue, aei eiiiainaoi?ii? neiiaoeeioii??. I?ioa iaaeeeoeiaa neiiaoe/ia aeoeaaoe?y, anioe?eiaaia c ?inoii EAeO, iiaea ni?eyoe oi?ioaaiith neiae?iio i?ia?anoth/i? aeeeaoaoe?? EO. I?iaaaeaiee iaie aiae?c aioo?oiueina?oeaai? aaiiaeeiai?ee a oai?eo ia iino?ioa?eoiee ea?ae?ineea?ic iieacaa, ui oeie nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?e o ia?o? aei? aino?iai ?I iiaeooue iaoe cia/aiiy aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue i?iea?aea EO i?ae /an iino?ioa?eoiiai ia??iaeo. Iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaei o ia?o? 10 aei?a caoai?thaaiiy o oai?eo ia ?I ? a?ia?o?io?/iee oei ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, i?ioa oaeee oei o 6,3% iaoe??io?a i?ioyaii 1 ?ieo iiaea ia?aoiaeeoe o inaaaeiii?iaeueiee oei ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??. I?e iayaiino? a ia?o? 10 ae?a caoai?thaaiiy inaaaeiii?iaeueiiai oeio ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, o iieiaeie oai?eo a?i caa??aa?oueny i?ioyaii 9-12 i?nyoe?a, oiae?, ye o 50% iaoe??io?a iiaeeeaa iiaeaeueoa c?inoaiiy aei?noeino? eaia?e EO ?c i?ia?anoth/ith eiai aeeeaoaoe??th ? oi?ioaaiiyi ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeio ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy. A?aeiia?aeii aei io?eiaieo iaie aeaieo, ?ano?eeoeaiee oei ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, ae?aaiinoiaaiee i?ioyaii ia?oeo 10 aei?a aino?iai ?I, caa??aa?oueny o an?o iaoe??io?a ? /a?ac ??e. Iayai?noue oeueiai oeio ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? ia 10-o aeiao ?I ? i?iaiinoe/ii iani?eyoeeaei, oiio ui c i?iaiinoe/ii? oe?ii?noth o 96% aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ?icaeoie o oeeo iaoe??io?a neiae?iio i?ia?anoth/i? aeeeaoaoe?? EO i?ioyaii iino?ioa?eoiiai ia??iaeo. Iaiao?aeii oaeiae a?aecia/eoe iani?eyoeeaa aaiiaeeiai?/ia cia/aiiy ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeio ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy EO. Aeey oai?eo ia iino?ioa?eoiee ea?ae?ineea?ic ?c oaeith ae?anoie?/iith aeenooieoe??th oa?aeoa?i? a?eueo iecuee? oeeo?e O?, a?eueo ae?aaeaia aeeeaoaoe?y EO ? a?eueo iecueeee ooieoe?iiaeueiee eean NYHA. AENIIAEE Ae?aaeai?noue ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a AEOI ia 1-o aeiao ?I ?c coaoeai Q ia caaaeaee ei?aeth? c oa?aeoa?ii ? aeeaeiith ii?ooaiue nenoie?/ii? ? ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO o ii/aoeiaee ia??iae caoai?thaaiiy. Aeai? eeanoa?iiai aiae?co iieaciee?a nenoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO o ia?o? 10 aei?a ?I aeicaieythoue a?ae?eeoe 3 oeie nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, ui aecia/athoueny aaee/eiith O? o 1-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy. I?e ? oei? nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? (46,9% oai?eo), ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny O? a?eueoei, i?ae 35 ie/i2, ?noioi? ci?ie ea?ae?iaaiiaeeiai?ee a?aenooi?. I?e cieaeaii? O? o ?ioa?aae? 27-35 ie/i2 (?? oei nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, 26% oai?eo) a?aei?/a?oueny ieiath/a eiiiainaoi?ia aeeeaoaoe??th EO i?ioyaii ia?oeo 7 aei?a caoai?thaaiiy c iiceoeaiith aeeiai?eith ii/aoeiai iii??ii cieaeaii? nei?ioiino? EO ca aeaieie ioe?iee OA. O aeiaaeeao cieaeaiiy O? ieae/a 27 ie/i2 (??? oei ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, 27,1% oai?eo) i?e a?aenooiino? aeeeaoaoe?? EO o 1-o aeiao a 90,9% aeiaaee?a aiia ?icaeaa?oueny aei 10-? aeiae caoai?thaaiiy, ui nie?y? i?aeaeuaiith oaea?iiai aee?aeo, iacaaaeath/e ia i?ia?anoth/a cieaeaiiy nei?ioiino? i?iea?aea (eiai OA). Iayai?noue ca?eueoaiiai EAe? EO aei 10-? aeiae ?I ? i?aaeeeoi?ii eiai i?ia?anoth/i? aeeeaoaoe?? i?ioyaii iino?ioa?eoiiai ia??iaeo (i?iaiicoth/a oe?ii?noue 92,8%), ?icaeoie yei? iiaeia i?iaiicoaaoe o 1-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy ca cieaeaiiyi O? ieae/a 27 ie/i2 ?c oi/i?noth 96%. O oai?eo ia ?I ?c coaoeai Q o 1-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy, iacaeaaeii a?ae ae?aaeaiino? ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a AEOI ? oeio ?? nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, iaea?eueo /anoi (o 60,0%) aecia/a?oueny a?ia?o?io?/iee oei ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? ca?aeii eeaneo?eaoe?? R.A.Nishimura ? A.J.Tajik (1994), iaoiiaeaiee ii?ooaiiyi ?icneaaeaiiy. Aei 10-? aeiae caoai?thaaiiy eiai /anoioa cieaeo?oueny aei 43,3% ia?aaaaeii ca ?aooiie iaoe??io?a ?c ?? ? ??? oeiaie nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?inoii /anoioe ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeio ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy ca ?aooiie oai?eo ?c ??? oeiii nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? (aei 21,1%). ?ano?eeoeaiee oei ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, ae?aaiinoiaaiee ia 10-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy, caa??aa?oueny o an?o iaoe??io?a /a?ac ??e. I?e oeueiio eiai /anoioa c?inoa? c 26,7% aei 40,0% /a?ac iineeaiiy ii?ooaiiy ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? o 50% oai?eo ?c inaaaeiii?iaeueiei ? o 6,3% oai?eo ?c a?ia?o?io?/iei oeiii ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy. Iayai?noue ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeio ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy EO o iino?ioa?eoiee ia??iae anioe?th?oueny c ae?aaeaiei cieaeaiiyi ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio oai?eo /a?ac cano?eio NI ??? eeano NYHA, aeeeaoaoe??th oeoii/ea, i?aeaeuaiiyi eiai EAeO ? iineeaiiyi cieaeaiiy O?. Na?aae oai?eo ia aino?ee ?I i?aeaeuaia a ii??aiyii? c? caei?iaeie iniaaie /anoioa neiiaoeeioii?? ia 1-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy, ui aeinyaa? 100%, a?aecia/a?oueny o?eueee a iaoe??io?a ?c iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiith nenoie?/iith ? ae?anoie?/iith aeenooieoe??th - i?e cieaeaii? O? ieae/a 27 ie/i2 ? ?ano?eeoeaiiio oa?aeoa?ia? ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy. I?e oeueiio ciaioaiiy A? iaioa 0,09 n iiaea neoaeeoe ?aii?i i?aaeeeoi?ii ?icaeoeo i?ia?anoth/i? aeeeaoaoe?? EO ?c oi/i?noth77,7%. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. Aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ia?anoth/i? aeeeaoaoe?? EO, iioei?caoe?? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee ?I ?c coaoeai Q ? i?iaaaeaiiy iiaoi?ii? i?io?eaeoeee ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a NI aeioe?eueii ea?oaaoeny aeae?eaieie iaie oeiaie nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, ui aecia/athoueny aeoiaey/e c ?ici??o O? ia 1-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy ? oa?aeoa?ii ci?ie ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? EO ca aeaieie aeiiea?aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. 2. I?e ? oei? (O? a?eueoa 35 ie/i2 aac ii?ooaiue aaiiaeeiai?ee), anioe?eiaaiiio o 72% aeiaaee?a ?c a?ia?o?io?/iei oeiii ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy EO, e?eoaaeuei? caoiaee iiaeii? aooe ia?oi/a?aiai ni?yiiaai? ia ciaioaiiy ?oai?? i?iea?aea oeyoii i?ecia/aiiy aaeaeaaoieo aeic aaoa-aeieaoi??a. 3. I?e ?? oei? nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny O? 27 ie/i2 -35 ie/i2 ? aeey yeiai oa?aeoa?ia ieio/a aeeeaoaoe?y EO, yea cieea? aei 10-ai aeiy caoai?thaaiiy, aeioe?eueia ?aii?, ii/eiath/e c 1-? aeiae, canoinoaaiiy ia?eoa?e/ieo aaciaeeeaoaoi??a ? aeeo?aoee?a, ui ni?eythoue aaiiaeeiai?/iiio ?icaaioaaeaiith EO ?, oei naiei, yeiaeoaeaeoiio cai?ioiueiio ?icaeoeo eiai aeeeaoaoe?? ? iie?ioaiith ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe??. 4. Aeyaeaiiy i?ioyaii 1-? aeiae ??? oeio nenoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cieaeaiiyi O? iaioa 27 ie/i2 ? A? i?e noaoenoe/iiio aiae?c? na?oeaaiai ?eoio iaioei 0,09 n, aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ?icaeoie aeeeaoaoe?? EO ia 10-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy ? i?ia?anoth/o eiai aeeeaoaoe?th o iino?ioa?eoiee ia??iae ?c oi/i?noth a?aeiia?aeii 92,8% ? 96%. Oaeei oai?ei, iaa?oue i?e a?aenooiino? ee?i?/ieo iciae AEOI, aeioe?eueia oaeiae ?aii? i?ecia/aiiy ?ia?a?oi??a AIO oa ?o o?eaaeee (ia iaioa 1 ?ieo) aacia?a?aiee i?eeii. 5. O?eaaea canoinoaaiiy cania?a, ui cieaeothoue aeoeai?noue nenoaie aia?ioaiceio -II (?ia?a?oi??a AIO ?, iiaeeeai, aeieaoi??a ?aoeaioi??a aia?ioaiceio-II) ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny oaeiae i?e oi?ioaaii? aei 10-? aeiae ?I ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeio ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe??, iia'ycaiiai c ?icaeoeii i?ia?anoth/i? aeeeaoaoe?? EO ? ae?aaeaiith cano?eiith NI ? c ??? eeanii NYHA i?ioyaii iino?ioa?eoiiai ia??iaeo. Aei iecee iieacaiue o?eaaeiai i?ecia/aiiy oeeo i?aia?ao?a aeioe?eueii aeeth/eoe ? caa?aaeaiiy aei iiiaioo aeienee inaaaeiii?iaeueiiai oeio ii?ooaiiy ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy o ca'yceo c i?aeaeuaiei ?eceeii (o 50% aeiaaee?a) eiai o?ainoi?iaoe?? o ?ano?eeoeaiee oei. IA?AE?E ?IA?O, IAAe?OEIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? Aiiniaa E.I., Iynieeia A.A., Neaei?iaa I.I., ?oaeaeia I.I. Ii?ooaiiy ae?anoie?/ii? oa nenoie?/ii? ooieoe?e e?aiai oeoii/ea o oai?eo ia iaoneeaaeiaiee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aeo// Iaoa??aee XIV c’?caeo oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie.-Ee?a, 1998.-N. 81-83. Iynieeia A.A., ?oaeaeia I.I., Neaei?iaa I.I. Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea noaio ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea o oai?eo ia aino?ee ia?aaei?e oa caaei?e ?ioa?eo i?iea?aeo// Iaoa??aee XIV c’?caeo oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie.-Ee?a, 1998.- N. 206-207. Iynieeia A.A., ?oaeaeia I.I., Neaei?iaa I.I. Ci?ie ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aiai oeoii/ea o oai?eo aino?ei iaoneeaaeiaiei ?ioa?eoii i?iea?aea c coaoeai Q // No/ani? i?iaeaie ea?ae?ieia?? oa ?aaiaoieia??. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai- i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? ( I?ae ?aae. A.A.A?aeiiai )- Ee?a, 1998.- N. 76-77. Iynieeia A.A., ?oaeaeia I.I ., Neaei?iaa I.I. Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea noaio ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea o oai?eo ia aino?ee ia?aaei?e oa caaei?e ?ioa?eo i?iea?aeo // No/ani? i?iaeaie ea?ae?ieia?? oa ?aaiaoieia??. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai- i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??( i?ae ?aae. A.A. A?aeiiai).-Ee?a, 1998.- n. 75-76. Iynieeia A. A., Neaei?iaa I.I., ?oaeaeia I.I. Eciaiaiey nenoiee/aneie ooieoeee eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea o aieueiuo eioa?eoii ieiea?aea n coaoeii Q // E?ea?nueea ni?aaa.-1999.- ? 1.- N. 36-38. Aiiniaa A.I., Iynieeia A.A., Neaei?iaa I.I, ?oaeaeia I.I. Aeeyiea aaee/eiu eioa?oee?iaaiey eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea ii aeaiiui yeaeo?iea?aeeioiiia?aiiu ia ooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea ieiea?aea eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea o aieueiuo ino?ui eioa?eoii ieiea?aea n coaoeii Q ia?aaeiae eieaeecaoeee// Oe?. ea?ae?ie. aeo?iae.-1998.- ? 12.- N. 6-9. Iynieeia A.A. Ninoiyiea aaaaoaoeaiie ia?aiie nenoaiu ii aeaiiui noaoenoe/aneiai aiaeeca na?aea/iiai ?eoia o aieueiuo eioa?eoii ieiea?aea e aa aeeyiea ia aioo?ena?aea/ioth aaiiaeeiaieeo// Oe?. ea?ae?ie. aeo?iae.-1998.-? 12.-N.39-42. Aiiniaa A.I., Iynieeia A.A., Neaei?iaa I.I.,?oaeaeia I.I., Euoianeee I.E., Aioiiaiei E.I. Ninoiyiea aioo?ena?aea/iie aaiiaeeiaieee o aieueiuo ino?ui iaineiaeiaiiui eioa?eoii ieiea?aea // I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia AAIO II Oe?aeiu.- OAIA, Eeaa. - 1997. - N. 244-246. Iynieeia A.A., E?eai?o/ei I.I. Ninoiyiea aaaaoaoeaiie ia?aiie nenoaiu ii aeaiiui noaoenoe/aneiai aiaeeca na?aea/iiai ?eoia o aieueiuo eioa?eoii ieiea?aea // I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey, ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey. O?oaeu E?uineiai iaaeeoeeineiai oieaa?neoaoa ei. A. Aai?aeaaneiai.-1998.- O.134. -*.1. Iynieeia A.A. Noai nenoie?/ii? oa ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea o ii/aoeiaiio ia??iae? ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea ?c coaoeai Q ? eiai i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.11. - ea?ae?ieia?y. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee e?eoa???a i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo cano?eii? na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? ca aeaieie ci?i iieaciee?a nenoie?/ii? oa ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?e e?aiai oeoii/ea o ii/aoeiaiio ia??iae? ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea. A ?iaio? iaaaaeai? aeai? aiae?co noaio aioo??oiueina?oeaai? aaiiaeeiai?ee, aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoia o ia?o? 10 ae?a ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea ?c coaoeai Q oa /a?ac 1 ??e i?ney ia?aianaiiai caoai?thaaiiy, yeee aeicaieea aeae?eeoe i?iaiinoe/ii cia/ei? ??ai? cieaeaiiy ianinii? ooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea, aecia/eoe i?noea ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeia eiai ae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy oa neiae?iia i?ia?annoth/i? ae?eaoaoe?? o oi?ioaaii? cano?eii? na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? o iino?ioa?eoiiio ia??iae?. Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei e?eoaaiiy oai?eo o caeaaeiino? a?ae noaio nenoie?/ii? oa ae?anoie?/ii? ooieoe?? e?aiai oeoii/ea. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe a?aeae?eaiue ea?ae?ieia?/iiai i?io?eth Aieiaiiai a?enueeiaiai ee?i?/iiai aini?oaey II Oe?a?ie oa Oeaio?aeueii? i?nueei? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? i. Ee?aa. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea, iino?ioa?eoiee ea?ae?ineea?ic, nenoie?/ia oa ae?anoie?/ia aeenooieoe?y, aaaaoaoeaia ?aaoeyoe?y na?oeaaiai ?eoia. Iynieeia A.A. Ninoiyiea nenoiee/aneie e aeeanoiee/aneie ooieoeee eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea a ia/aeueiii ia?eiaea eioa?eoa ieiea?aea n coaoeii Q e aai i?iaiinoe/aneia cia/aiea. - ?oeiienue. Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.11.- ea?aeeieiaey. Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?ac?aaioee e?eoa?eaa i?iaiice?iaaiey ?acaeoey canoieiie na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe ii aeaiiui aeeiaieee iieacaoaeae nenoiee/aneie e aeeanoiee/aneie ooieoeee eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea a ia/aeueiii ia?eiaea eioa?eoa ieiea?aea. A ?aaioa i?eaaaeaiu aeaiiua aiaeeca ninoiyiey aioo?ena?aea/iie aaiiaeeiiaieee, aaaaoaoeaiie ?aaoeyoeee na?aea/iiai ?eoia a ia?aua 10 aeiae eioa?eoa ieiea?aea n coaoeii Q e /a?ac 1 aiae iinea ia?aianaiiiai caaieaaaiey, eioi?ua iicaieeee aeaeaeeoue o?iaie nieaeaiey ianiniie ooieoeee eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea, eiathuea i?iaiinoe/aneia cia/aiea, ii?aaeaeeoue ianoi ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeia aai aeeanoiee/aneiai iaiieiaiey e neiae?iia i?ia?anne?othuae aeeeaoaoeee a iinoeioa?eoiii ia?eiaea. ?aaioa aace?oaony ia ianeaaeiaaiee 96 aieueiuo eioa?eoii ieiea?aea n coaoeii Q, 30 aieueiuo iinoeioa?eoiui ea?aeeineea?icii e 30 caei?iauo eeoe. Ninoiyiea aioo?ena?aea/iie aaiiaeeiaieee ioeaieaaee iooai i?iaaaeaiey aaeaaeiaaiiai oeueo?acaoeiaiai ianeaaeiaaiey na?aeoea ia aiia?aoa LOGIQ - 500 «General Electric» (NOA) a ia?aua /aoaa?i nooie caaieaaaiey, caoai ia 7-a e 10-a nooee caaieaaaiey. Aaaaoaoeaiue oiion ii?aaeaeyee ii aeaiiui noaoenoe/aneiai aiaeeca na?aea/iiai ii ?eoia ii ?. I. Aaaaneiio (1984). I?e noaoenoe/aneie ia?aaioea iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia eniieueciaaeny ei??aeyoeeiiiue e eeanoa?iue aiaeecu. Aaoi?ii aia?aua i?iaaaeai aiaeec /anoio ano?a/aaiinoe oeiia aeeanoiee/aneie aeenooieoeee a ino?ii ia?eiaea eioa?eoa ieiea?aea e eo cia/aiea a oi?ie?iaaiee canoieiie na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe a iinoeioa?eoiii ia?eiaea. Iieacaii iaaeaaii?eyoiia i?iaiinoe/aneia cia/aiea ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeia aeeanoiee/aneie aeenooieoeee. Auei iieacaii, /oi ecauoi/iay neiiaoeeioiiey a 1-a nooee caaieaaaiey iiauoaao ?ene oi?ie?iaaiey aeeeaoaoeee eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea e 10-i nooeai caaieaaaiey e oi?ie?iaaiey neiae?iia i?ia?anne?othuae aeeeaoaoeee eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea a iinoeioa?eoiii ia?eiaea. Ia iniiaa iieo/aiiuo aeaiiuo ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiie oa?aiee aieueiuo eioa?eoii ieiea?aea a caaeneiinoe io ninoiyiey nenoiee/aneie e aeeanoiee/aneie ooieoeee eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey aiaae?aiu a i?aeoeeo ?aaiou ioaeaeaiee ea?aeeieiae/aneiai i?ioeey Aeaaiiai aiaiiiai eeeie/aneiai ainieoaey II Oei?aeiu e Oeaio?aeueiie ai?iaeneie eeeie/aneie aieueieoeu a. Eeaaa. Eeth/aaua neiau: eioa?eo ieiea?aea, iinoeioa?eoiue ea?aeeineea?ic, nenoiee/aneay e aeeanoiee/aneay aeenooieoeey, aaaaoaoeaiay ?aaoeyoeey na?aea/iiai ?eoia Miasnicov G. V. Systolic and diastolic left ventricle function status in the early period of myocardial infarction with Q-wave and its prognostic importance. - Manuscript. Work on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of medical sciences on a speciality 14.01.11.- Cardiology. The dissertation is devoted to questions of create prognostic criteria of the development congestive heart failure on the dynamics data of systolic and diastolic left ventricle function in the early period of myocardial infarction. In this work the data of the analysis of intracardiac hemodynamics condition, vegetative status of an heart rhythm per the first 10 days of myocardial infarction with Q-wave and in 1 year follow-up are given which the levels of reduction left ventricle pump function have allowed assess prognostic importance to determine a place restrictive type diastolic dysfunction and progressing dilatation syndrome in the postinfarction period. On the basis of the received data the recommendations for differential therapy of the patients with myocardial infarction are developed depending on systolic and diastolic left ventricle function status. The basic results of this study are introduced into practice of work of the Central military clinical hospital Ukrainian MD and Central clinical hospital of Kiev cardiologic departments. Key words: myocardial infarction, postinfarction cardiosclerosis, systolic and diastolic dysfunction, vegetative status of an heart rhythm PAGE PAGE 2

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