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I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey

E?EAIIONOIA NA?A?E IAO?IAE*

OAeE 616.1+616.83]-053.2:[618.29+618.43]-001.8

NOAI NA?OeAAI-NOAeEIII? NENOAIE O Ae?OAE,

ssE? IA?AIANEE AIOA- OA ?IO?AIAOAEUeIO A?IIEN?TH,

? EIAI IAOIAAIAOE*IA EI?AEOe?ss

14.01.10 – iaae?ao??y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

EE?A – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia(y Oe?a?ie

IAOEIAEE

EIINOEUeOAIO aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio

IAI Oe?a?ie, AII Oe?a?ie, ?AII, i?ioani?

N?AeAEUeIEEIA A?EOI? IEOAEEIAE*,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaae?ao??? ?2

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

NOE?IA IEAIA A?EAI??AIA,

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.

I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaiiaoieia??

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe

AAAEI NIO?ss IEAENAIAe??AIA,

?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie,

ea??aiee a?aeae?eo ooieoe?iiaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe

Eoeaooe A?eoi? Aeieo?iae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaae?ao??? ?3

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a oaeoeueoaonueei? oa oieoaeueii? iaae?ao???,

IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Euea?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 3 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 13.30 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.003.02 o
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey ca
aae?anith: 252004, i. Ee?a, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 17.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey (252057, Ee?a, aoe.
Ciieia?/ia,1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 24 aeiaoiy 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Nae?eae
N.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie iaoiiaeaia cia/iith ?iciianthaeaeai?noth
a?iien?? ieiaea oa ano?en?? iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai a Oe?a?i?, aenieith
ia?eiaoaeueiith nia?oi?noth oa iani?eyoeeaeie iaaeeei-nioe?aeueieie
iane?aeeaie. O no?oeoo?? aeeoy/i? nia?oiino? ia?eiaoaeueia iaoieia?y
caeia? ia?oa i?noea (A.A. Aa?aaeiee oa ni?aaao., 1993, I.A. Noe?ia,
1995, I.I. Eoe’yiiaa, 1996 oa ?i.). C 1990 ?ieo, ia oii? iia??oaiiy
noaio caei?ia’y ae?iie a Oe?a?i?, a caoai?thaaiino? iaiiaeyo oai?iae
ia?eiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo c?inee ia 37%. Aeaaeae? c?inoa? ??aaiue
aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? o aaa?oieo, o?eueee e?euee?noue aiai?e, ca
aeaieie UNICEF, i?ioyaii inoaii?o 15 ?ie?a c?inea o 8 ?ac?a.

Ciaioaiiy /enea aeeaiia?iaeaeaieo a Oe?a?i? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aenieei
??aiai ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino?, a no?oeoo?? yei? i?ia?aeia i?noea
iin?aea? aioo??oiueiiaoeiaa a?iien?y oa ano?en?y o iieiaao. ??aaiue
caoai?thaaiino? ia a?iien?th ieiaea oa ano?en?th iiaiia?iaeaeaieo
neeaaea? 97 ia 1000 ia?iaeaeaieo aeeaeie a Oe?a?i?, a a aeayeeo iaeanoyo
a?i aeinyaa? 100-120, oiaoi eiaeia aeanyoa aeeoeia, eio?a ia?iaeeeany,
ia?aianea a?iien?th. A?iien?y ? i?ia?aeiei iaoiaaiaoe/iei eaioethaii a
iaoai?ci? iioeiaeaeaiiy ieiaea oa iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai i?e a?eueoino?
aeno?aaai?oaeueieo oa aeooa?nueeeo caoai?thaaiue. I?ae ?? aieeaii
a?aeaoaathoueny aeeaie? ii?ooaiiy c aieo on?o i?aai?a e nenoai
i?aai?cio, iniaeeai oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoai
(E.O. Eiiaei, 1985, L.I. Mann, 1986, G. Lingman, J. Laurin, 1986, I.A.
Noe?ia, 1995 oa ?i.)

O no?oeoo?? aeeoy/i? ?iaae?aeiino? a Oe?a?i? iaa?ieia?/ia iaoieia?y
iin?aea? ia?oa i?noea. O aeeiai?oe? ca?eueoo?oueny ?iciianthaeaeai?noue
aioo??oiueiiaoeiai? a?iien?? oa ano?en?? iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai ye aieiaiiai
/eiieea i?aai?/iiai iioeiaeaeaiiy ia?aiai? nenoaie (I.A. Aieaea, A.A.
Aa?aaeiee, A.TH. Ia?oeithe oa ?i., 1995).

Aeniea /ooeea?noue aei a?iien??, e??i OeIN, i?eoaiaiia oaeiae ?
na?oeaai-noaeeii?e nenoai? (A.A. Iaaianueeee oa ni?aaao., 1987), a?ae
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe eio?i? caeaaeeoue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ioeo nenoai
i?aai?cio, aeeth/ath/e e OeIN a ia??iae iinoa?iiene/ii? aaeaioaoe??
iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai. I?e oeueiio aeioe?eueii aea/aoe ia ?cieueiaaii noai
OeIN oa (aai) na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, a ioe?ithaaoe ?o ?ioaa?aeueii,
a iaaeao oe?e?nii? ea?ae?ioea?aa?iaaneoey?ii? nenoaie (E.A. Neiiiia,
I.N. Aaeueoaiaaei, 1986). Aeua cacia/aia i?ecaaei aei aaaaeaiiy o IEO O
ia?aaeyaeo ie?aiiai ioieoo – ? 29 – na?oeaai-noaeeii? ii?ooaiiy, ui
aeieeathoue o ia?e-iaoaeueiee ia??iae (aeeeth/eoe i?e?iaeaeai? aiiiae??
?icaeoeo nenoaie e?iaiia?ao Q 20 – Q 28). Cai?iiiiiaaii ie?aii aeae?eyoe
oaeo aaeocue iaaee/ieo ciaiue ye ia?eiaoaeueia ea?ae?ieia?y.

Iaeiae, a e?oa?aoo?? ieoaiiy aieeao aioa- oa (aai) ?io?aiaoaeueii?
a?iien?? ia noai na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie aea/ai? iaaeinoaoiuei.
A?aenooi?e eiiieaeniee aia?ieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co noaio ??cieo
eaiie ea?ae?ioea?aa?iaaneoey?ii? nenoaie. Ia i?iaiae?ciaai? aieea
iaoieia??, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny, ia noai caei?ia’y ae?oae o eaoaiiac? oa
cia/aiiy iinoa?iiene/ieo aioa- oa (aai) ?io?aiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ia noai
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o ae?oae noa?oiai a?eo. A?aenooi? /?oe?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oa?iaeiei?aeoe?? iinoa?iiene/ieo aaiiaeeiai?/ieo
ii?ooaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeaia aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa iia’ycaia c iaoeiaith oaiaoeeith eaoaae?e
iaae?ao??? ?2 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.
Aiaiiieueoey “Noai na?oeaai-noaeeiii?, aeeoaeueii? oa o?aaii? nenoaie o
ae?oae, ye? ia?iaeeeenue oa i?iaeeaathoue a oiiaao aeieia?/iiai
iaaeaaiiieo//y (ee?i?ei-aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy)”, ?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U004709.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith ?iaioe ? aea/aiiy iaoiaaiaco ii?ooaiue na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
nenoaie o ae?oae, ye? ia?aianee aioa- oa ?io?aiaoaeueio a?iien?th,
?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiae?a ?o ei?aeoe??.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

o ae?oae ??ciiai a?eo, ye? ia?aianee aioa- oa (aai) ?io?aiaoaeueio
a?iien?th:

I?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao iinoa?iiene/ieo o?aaeaiue
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie.

Aea/eoe noai ?io?a- oa aeno?ae?ai?aeueiiai oea?aa?aeueiiai e?iaiia?ao.

Aecia/eoe ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue i?iea?aea, iieacieee oeaio?aeueii?
oa aio-o??oiueina?oeaai? aaiiaeeiai?ee.

Aeine?aeeoe noai ei?iia?iiai e?iaiia?ao i?aaiai oa e?aiai oeoii/e?a
na?oey.

?ic?iaeoe noaie iaoiaaiaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
nenoaie ca aeaieie eiiieaeno ee?i?ei-?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aia?oa aecia/ai? aieiai? eaiee iaoiaaiaco o?aaeaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
nenoaie o ae?oae ??ciiai a?eo, ye? ia?aianee aioa- oa (aai)
?io?aiaoaeueio a?iien?th, oa iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue eiie?aoecaoe??
aaiiaeeiai?/iiai aa??aioo oe??? iaoieia??.

Ca aeiiiiiaith aeanii? iaoiaeeee, caoeuaii? Iaoaioii Oe?a?ie, aecia/ai?
ii?ooaiiy ei?iia?iiai e?iaiieeio o ae?oae ??ciiai a?eo, ye? ia?aianee
aioa- oa (aai) ?io?aiaoaeueio a?iien?th.

Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaai? e?eoa??? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oeeoioiene/iiai oa
aaciaaiiiai iaa?yeo aieiaiiai iiceo o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith
oea?aa?iaaneoey?ii? aeiiie??ia?ao??.

Aia?oa ca aeiiiiiaith eaoaiianoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaaeaii cia/aiiy
ia?aianaii? aioa- oa (aai) ?io?aiaoaeueii? a?iien?? a ?icaeoeo ii?ooaiue
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o ae?oae o a?oe? 1 oa 3 ?ie?a.

Aia?oa iaoaiaoe/ii aecia/aia ieoiia aaaa aieeao ia?aianaii? aioa- oa
?io?aiaoaeueii? a?iien?? ia noai na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o ae?oae o
a?oe? 10-14 ?ie?a.

Aia?oa iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia aaiiaeeiai?/ia ei?aeoe?y
ea?ae?ioea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo ii?ooaiue o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith
aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th oa c’yniaaii nooi?iue aaciaee aeaii?
oa?iaeioa?ai??.

Ae?noaei iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aea/aiiy ieoaiiy iaoaaie?/ii? ei?aeoe??
iinoa?iiene/ieo o?aaeaiue na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y niin?a ioe?iee
ei?iia?iiai e?iaiia?ao o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith ei?iia?ii?
aeiiie??ia?ao??.

?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y ii?iaoeai?
iieacieee ?io?a- oa aeno?ae?ai?aeueiiai iiceiaiai, oeaio?aeueiiai,
ei?iia?iiai e?iaiia?ao, eiio?aeoeeueii? oa ?aeaenaoe?eii? caeaoiino?
i?iea?aea iaio oeoii/e?a o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y iaoiae
aeeoa?aioe?eiiai ae?aaiico oeeoioiene/iiai oa aaciaaiiiai
iinoa?iiene/iiai iaa?yeo aieiaiiai iiceo o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ca
aeiiiiiaith ioe?iee ?iaeaeno noaeeiii? ?acenoaioiino? a a?oa??yo
?io?ae?ai?aeueii? eaiee iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao.

Nenoaiaoeciaai? aa??aioe iinoa?iiene/iiai o?aaeaiiy
ea?ae?ioea?aa?iaaneoey?ii? nenoaie o ae?oae, ye? ia?aianee aioa- oa
(aai) ?io?aiaoaeueio a?iien?th.

?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y can?a ei?aeoe??
iinoa?iiene/ieo ii?ooaiue ea?ae?ioea?aa?iaaneoey?ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith i?oaaeei?io, ?ic?iaeai? iieacaiiy,
i?ioeiieacaiiy oa caoiaee aaciaee aeaii? oa?iaeioa?ai??.

?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y can?a
iaoaaie?/ii? ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue ea?ae?ioea?aa?iaaneoey?ii?
aaiiaeeiai?ee o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith i?eae?iiaoo.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a ?iaioo aeeoy/eo
oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaee/ieo ia’?aeiaiue Aei?i?ianueeiai, Ia/a?nueeiai,
Noa?iee?anueeiai ?aeii?a i. Ee?aa, Oeaio?o ioi?iie caei?ia’y iaoa?? ?
aeeoeie E?aiaa?aaeaey i. Ee?aa, i?nueeiai ea?ae?i?aaiaoieia?/iiai
oeaio?o i. Ee?aa, Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo ioi?iie
caei?ia’y ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a (i. Oa?e?a), ?inoeoooo na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?anueeiai i?nueeiai
eiinoeueoaoeaii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai oeaio?o, i?nueei? e?ea?i? ?8 i. E?eaee
??a, aeeoy/i? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?5 i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanii? aeeoy/i? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?, aeeoy/i? iaeanii?
e?ea?i? i. Oa?nii, aeeoy/i? i?nueei? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? i. ?aiaoi??y,
I?aeia?iaeiiai aeeoy/iai iaaee/iiai oeaio?o “?aiaoi??y”, a o/aiaee
i?ioean ia eaoaae?? iaae?ao??? ?2 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, ia eaoaae?? iaae?ao??? Oa?iii?euenueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??, ia eaoaae?? aini?oaeueii? iaae?ao??? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, ia eaoaae?? oaeoeueoaonueei? oa
oieoaeueii? iaae?ao??? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? aoee iioae?eiaai?:

N?aeaeueieeia A.I., Aieiniaaoeue I.I., E?eaiionoia N.I. Oeueo?acaoeiaa
ae?aaiinoeea oai?ia na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o ae?oae. Iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??. – Ee?a. – 1997. – 23 n.

Ioe?iea oeaio?aeueiiai, aioo??oiueina?oeaaiai oa ei?iia?iiai e?iaiia?ao
o ae?oae c neiae?iiii ea?ae?aea?e i?e iaaooeo caoai?thaaiiyo i?iea?aea /
A.I. N?aeaeueieeia, I.I. Aieiniaaoeue, N.I. E?eaiionoia, A.A. Iiieoe?i.
?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno i?i iiaiaaaaeaiiy a nenoai? ioi?iie caei?ia’y.
Aeione 5 ii i?iaeai? “Iaae?ao??y”. – ?26-97. – 2 n.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? iniaenoith i?aoeath aaoi?a. Aaoi? i?iaiae?coaaa
a?o/eciyio oa caei?aeiiio e?oa?aoo?o c i?iaeaie, ui aea/aeany, iniaenoi
ieaioaaa iaoo ?iaioe oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. An? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiioaaeenue aaoi?ii naiino?eii. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaae?ao???
?2 (caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aei 1997 ?ieo – /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI, AII
Oe?a?ie, ?AII, ae.i.i., i?ioani? N?aeaeueieeia A.I., c 1997 ?ieo
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e – aeioeaio Aieiniaaoeue I.I.) Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey (?aeoi? – aeaaeai?e IAI,
AII, AII Oe?a?ie, ?AII, ae.i.i., i?ioani? Aii/a?oe ?.A.) I?aea??,
ee?i?/ia oa ia?aee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, aea/aiiy
ee?i?ei-aaiiaeeiai?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy aioaaii?no?a
eaeueoe?th (i?oaaeei?i, oeeia?ecei), ea?ae?iiaoaaie?/iiai i?aia?aoo
i?eae?iiao o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aeeiiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. Iniaenoi aoa
i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaeaoo
no/anieo noaoenoe/ieo i?ia?aie “Multifac. Version 2.2”, noaoenoe/ii?
i?ia?aie “NUMERI”, ia i?aenoaa? /iai aoee i?aeaioiaeai? aei ae?oeo an?
iaoeia? i?aoe?, i?aeaioiaeaia aei caoenoo aeaia aeena?oaoe?y, a oaeiae
cae?eniaia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a
i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y. Noai?aia eiii’thoa?ia aaca aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, iaienai? an? ?icae?ee aeena?oaoe?? oa
noi?ioeueiaai? aeniiaee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia XX?
I?aeia?iaeiiio Eiia?an? iaae?ao??a (Cairo, Egypt, 1995 ?.), V? Eiia?an?
Na?oiai? Oaaea?aoe?? Oe?a?inueeeo E?ea?nueeeo Oiaa?enoa (Iaeana, 1996
?.), eiioa?aioe?? iaae?ao??a Oe?a?ie “Iaaeeao?ey ia ?oaaaea OO e OO?
noieaoee” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996 ?.), Ieaioi? iaoeiai-iaaee/iiai
oiaa?enoaa aeeoy/eo e?ea??a “?aaa?e?oaoe?y a iaae?ao???” (Oa?iii?eue,
1995 ?.), I?aeia?iaeiiio Eiia?an? Iieiaeeo A/aieo Oe?a?ioe?a “Aeooaeuei?
ieoaiiy iaaeeoeeie” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1995 ?.), eiioa?aioe?yo
Aia?eeainueeiai I?aeia?iaeiiai Aeueyino Ioi?iie Caei?ia’y “Aeooaeueiua
i?iaeaiu io?aiu caei?iauey iaoa?e e ?aaaiea” (Ee?a, 1994 ?., 1995 ?.), ?
Oe?a?inueei-Aaaa?nueeiio neiiic?oi? aeeoy/eo iaa?ieia?a oa iaiiaoieia?a
(Oa?nii, 1995 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Eeeie/aneea e ii?oieiae/aneea e?eoa?ee ia?eiaoaeueiie iaoieiaee”
(Aeiiaoeuee, 1994 ?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iaiiaoieia?a oa
aeooa?-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeiiooaaiiy,
?ioaineaiiai aeoiaeaeoaaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy ia?aae/anii ia?iaeaeaieo
ae?oae” (Ee?a, 1995 ?.), ?? Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
c iaa?ae-eeaaeii? aeiiiiiae “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeii?
aeiiiiiae” (Iaeana, 1994 ?.), Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu ea/aiey e ?aaaeeeoaoeee iiae?inoeia n
niiaoe/aneeie e ineoe/aneeie caaieaaaieyie” (Oa?e?a, 1995 ?.),
neiiic?oi?, i?enay/aiiio 150-??//th eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai??
Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Ee?a, 1994 ?.),
tha?eaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 75-??//th
eaoaae?e oa?ai?? – 1 Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aio-o??oiuei? iaoieia?? oa i?neyaeeieiiii?
i?aeaioiaee e?ea??a-oa?aiaao?a” (Ee?a, 1996 ?.), i?aeaoc?anuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? “?ioaeoe?eiee i?ioean – oai??y oa i?aeoeea” (Ee?a, 1994
?.), eiioa?aioe?? aeaia?oaiaioo ea?ae?ieia?? aeeoy/iai aini?oaeth i.
O?eaaeaeueo?y oa iaaee/ii? oeiee Oi?aa?neoaoo Iaineeueaai?y (i.
O?eaaeaeueo?y, NOA, 1997 ?.), nai?ia?? iaiiaoieia?a i. Ee?aa ia aac?
Oeaio?o ioi?iie caei?ia’y iaoa?? ? aeeoeie E?aiaa?aaeaey (Ee?a, 1994
?.), Ia?oiio Eiia?an? Oe?a?inueei? Anioe?aoe?? niaoe?ae?no?a
oeueo?acaoeiai? ae?aaiinoeee a ia?eiaoieia??, aaiaoeoe? oa a?iaeieia??
“Ie?ae ye iaoe??io” (Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.), eiioa?aioe?yo e?ea??a aeeoy/iai
oa?eoi??aeueiiai iaaee/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy Aei?i?ianueeiai ?aeiio i. Ee?aa
(Ee?a, 1994 ?., 1995 ?., 1996 ?., 1997 ?.). Iaaiai?aiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e iaae?ao??? ?2 IIO ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey
a?aeaoeinue 13 o?aaiy 1998 ?., ia can?aeaii? i?aeeaoaae?aeueii?
ai?iaaoe?eii? ?aaee c oaoo “iaae?ao??y” IIO ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey 19
o?aaiy 1998 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe iiai?noth aeeeaaeai? o 46 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo,
a oiio /ene? o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao ca oaoii – 21 noaooy, c ieo
naiino?eieo – 11.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeaii a i?ae?o/ieeo “Aeeoy/? oai?iae” i?ae
?aaeaeoe??th A.I. N?aeaeueieeiaa, A.A. Aa?aaeiiai, iaa/aeueiiio
iin?aieeo “Iaaeeoeeia aeeoeinoaa” i?ae ?aaeaeoe??th I.N. Iiue/a,
iin?aieeo “Iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino?, ?iae?a, noaio
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oa i?iya?a niiaoe/ii? ? ineoiiaa?ieia?/ii? iaoieia?? o
ae?oae, ye? caciaee ?aae?aoe?eiiai aieeao aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe” i?ae ?aaeaeoe??th I.I. Eoe’yiiai?. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeei?enoai? i?e neeaaeaii? aeieoiaio?a I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y
Oe?a?ie “Ianyae iaaeaiiy e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/ii? aeiiiiiae ae?oyi
ea?ae?i?aaiaoieia?/iiai i?io?eth ia ??cieo aoaiao
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a” oa “I?ioieie?a e?eoaaiiy
ea?ae?i?aaiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae”.

Iaea?aeaii iaoaio:

Iao. 13437 A Oe?a?ie, IE? A 61A 8/00. Niin?a ioe?iee ei?iia?iiai
e?iaiia?ao o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo / N?aeaeueieeia A.I., E?eaiionoia N.I.,
Aieiniaaoeue I.I., Eocueiaiei A.ss.; Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. aeaae. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey. – ? 95010131; Cayae. 06.01.95;
Iioae. 16.12.96. – 1 n.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c ci?noo, ia?ae?eo oiiaieo nei?i/aiue,
anooio, 9 ?icae?e?a (aeeth/ath/e aiae?oe/iee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/io /anoeio),
aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.
Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 290 noi??iie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo
oe?a?inueeith iiaith, a oiio /ene? – 60 noi??iie oaaeeoeue (56
oaaeeoeue), 12 noi??iie ?enoie?a (13 ?enoie?a), 39 noi??iie nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (400 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O iaaeao aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe ianoaaeaii 495 ae?oae, c ieo – 225
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, na?aae yeeo ia?aianee aioa- oa (aai) ?io?aiaoaeueio
a?iien?th – 196. Iiaiia?iaeaeai? ianoaaeai? o aeeiai?oe? – i?ioyaii
?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo, ia 10-14 aeaiue aeeooy, iai?ee?ioe?
ia?oiai i?nyoey aeeooy, c iiaeaeueoei eaoaiianoe/iei niinoa?aaeaiiyi o
a?oe? 1 oa 3 ?ie?a, c ieo 36 – ca i?ia?aiith oa?iaeiei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa 29 caei?iaeo aeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo
neeaee a?oio eiio?ieth. Ca aeaeaie ia?aianaii? a?iien?? ia?aaaaeaee
ae?oe c eaaeith oa na?aaeiueiaaaeeith A?IA, ye? neeaee 27,55% oa 28,57%
a?aeiia?aeii. O ?iciiae?e? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ca noaooth ia?aaaaeaee
oeii/eee (59,18%), ca aanoaoe?eiei a?eii – aeiiioai? (79,59%).

Ianoaaeaii oaeiae 270 ae?oae o a?oe? 10-14 ?ie?a. Na?aae ieo – 148
ae?oae, ye? ia?aianee a aiaiiac? ci?oaio a?iien?th, neeaee iniiaio
a?oio, 102 ae?oae aac ia? a aiaiiac? ?c iiae?aiei niaeo?ii iicieia?/ieo
oi?i neeaee a?oio ii??aiyiiy oa 20 caei?iaeo ae?oae neeaee a?oio
eiio?ieth.

Aeey aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oae? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy: aiaiianoe/i?, ee?i?/i?, eaai?aoi?i?, ?ino?oiaioaeuei?,
noaoenoe/i?. Cie?aia, oeue?acaoeiaa ianoaaeaiiy aeeth/aei
iae?iniiia?ao?th, aeiiie??ianueeee aiae?c ?io?a- oa aeno?ae?ai?aeueii?
iiceiai? aaiiaeeiai?ee, aoiea?ae?ia?ao?th a I – oa A – ?aaeeiao,
aeiiie??aoiea?ae?ia?ao?th a PW ? CW – ?aaeeiao ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie
iaoiaeeeaie, oa ei?iia?io aeiiie??ia?ao?th – ca aeaniith iaoiaeeeith,
caoeuaiith Iaoaioii Oe?a?ie.

I?e ee?i?/iiio ianoaaeaii? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aeyaeyeeny ??ciiiai?oi?
ci?ie c aieo oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoai.

Aaia?ae?ciaaiee oe?aiic ia a?aei?/aany o ae?oae c eaaeith a?iien??th,
i?e na?aaeiueiaaaee?e ?? oi?i? a?i iaa i?noea i?e AIA o ?II o 13,33%, ia
10-14 aeaiue – o 6,67%, i?e ?IA – 29,41% oa 5,88% a?aeiia?aeii, i?e A?IA
– 19,64% oa 7,14% a?aeiia?aeii c iine?aeoth/ith ?aaeoeoe??th oe?aiico.
I?e aaaee?e a?iien?? – 71,43% oa 14,29% a?aeiia?aeii c aiaeia?/iith
aeeiai?eith aei e?ioey ia?oiai i?nyoey. Oao?ea?ae?y aoea oa?aeoa?ia aeey
a?eueo eaaeeo oi?i eeniaaiai aieiaeoaaiiy, i?ioa aeineoue o?eaaea, i?e
oeueiio ae?oe c ?IA ia?aaaaeaee. O 7,14% iiaiia?iaeaeaieo niinoa??aaeeny
iiiaeeiie? iaaeoeoii/eia? aeno?anenoiee. Iaea?eueo iioe?aiei ?
?acenoaioiei o /an? AEA – oaiiiaiii aoei ii?ooaiiy
aioo??oiueioeoii/eiai? i?ia?aeiino? ia ??ai? aieieii Io?e?iue?.
?iciianthaeaeai?noue ?oai?/ieo “ST-T” – iciae ii a?oiao a?iien?? iiaeia
ae?aceoe ye “?IA > A?IA > AIA”. Ci?ie AeAO ia?aaeuoaaee oae? aeey
nenoie?/iiai. AeAO iaa oaiaeaioe?th aei i?aeaeuaiiy a on?o i?aea?oiao
ae?oae, iaa?oue c eaaeith a?iien??th, ca aeiyoeii eaaei?
aioo??oiuei-iaoeiai? a?iien??.

A on?o ianoaaeaieo ae?oae 10-14 ?ie?a, ye? ia?aianee A?IA a aiaiiac?,
iaea i?noea ee?i?ei-?ino?oiaioaeueia ea?oeia i?iea?ae?iaeeno?io??. A
iicieia?/iiio niaeo?? ia?aaaaeaea aeaeiiiainiaaia oi?ia o?ii?/iiai
oiic?eeoo. Aaaeeeaith iniaeea?noth aoea oe?iea ?iciianthaeaeai?noue
ea?ae?aea?e. Iaeaea o eiaeii? o?aouei? aeeoeie oiie na?oey aoee
i?aeneeai? ? eeoa o eiaeii? aeanyoi? aiie ca aeaieie aoneoeueoaoe??
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny ye iineaaeai?. Ia AEA aeii?ioaaee ii?ooaiiy
?aiiey??caoe?eieo i?ioean?a, iiaeiaaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? nenoiee na?oey,
ii?ooaiiy aioo??oiueioeoii/eiai? i?ia?aeiino? ia ??ai? aieieii
Io?e?iue?. Noi?aaaio?e-eoey?ia aeno?anenoie?y ca?a?no?iaaia o 3,38%
ae?oae. O 13,51% ca?a?no?iaai? AEA – iciaee noaaiaeiea?ae?aeueii?
?oai??.

Ca aeaieie oea?aa?iaaneoey?ii? aeiiie??ia?ao?? o ia??iae
iiaiia?iaeaeaiino? cacia/aii, ui i?ia?aeieie aa??aioaie
oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo ii?ooaiue aoee niaci, aeeeaoaoe?y, i?aei?aeoeaaa
aneiao??y e?iaiia?ao, a?ia?e?iaoe/ii-a?ia?aiethi?/iee neiae?ii oa cano?e
o aaiao.

Noaoenoe/ii RI ?io?ae?ai?aeueieo iiceiaeo a?oa??e i?e aioa- aai
?io?aiaoaeuei?e a?iien?? ia ci?ithaaany. Eaaea A?IA oaeiae ia aaea aei
noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii? ci?ie RI, i?ioa na?aaeiueiaaaeea oa aaaeea
ci?oaia a?iien?y noi?iaiaeaeoaaeany aenieiaeinoia??iei eiai
i?aeaeuaiiyi, ui na?ae/eoue i?i c?ea iaoai?ci?a aaeaioaoe??.
Oea?aa?iaaneoey?ia aeeeaoaoe?y ye caoenia ?aaeoe?y, ui ni?yiiaaia ia
ca?eueoaiiy iiceiaiai ia’?iiiai e?iaiia?ao oa iie?ioaiiy ieneaaiaoe??
iiceo, aoea iaea?eueo i?eoaiaiia aeey aino?i? a?iien?? eaaeiai nooiaiy.

Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao cia/ia ?iciianthaeaeai?noue i?aei?aeoeaai?
aneiao??? e?iaiia?ao o aanaei? a. cerebri ant., med. Aiia aoea iaaaaaoi
a?eueo oa?aeoa?iith aeey ae?oae c ?IA, i?ae AIA. Iiaeeeai, oea
na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueo aaeaeaaoi? caniae eiiiainaoe?? oea?aa?aeueiiai
e?iaiieeio i?e o?ii?/i?e a?iien??, i?ae ??ceee iieii a ?aaoeyoe??
i?aei?aeoeaaiai e?iaiia?ao o ae?oae c ?IA.

A oe?eiio ci?ie c aieo NIA ia?aaaaeaee iaae oaeeie o aanaei? IIA. Ae?oe
c na?aaeiueiaaaeeith a?iien??th aeaiiino?oaaee aaeaioaoe?eio ?aaeoe?th
aaciaeeeyoaoe?? ia aino?a eeniaaa iaaeiiinoa/aiiy, RI ciaiooaaany (p 0,05. O aioo??oi?e niii?e a?oa??? a??ia?aeii? ci?ie
nenoi-e?/iiai e?iaiia?ao ia a?aeaoaaeiny, ? Vd oi/a e cieaeoaaeany,
aeinoia??ii? aeeiai?ee RI ia aoei. Aneiao??y e?iaiia?ao o ae?oae c ?IA,
ye ? o aeiaaeeo ?io?ae?ai?aeueiiai aiae?co, ia?aaaaeaea oaeo o ae?oae c
AIA. Iaeneiaeueii ae?acieie aoee aaiiaeeiai?/i? ci?ie a
aeno?ae?ai?aeuei?e eaioe? iiceiai? aaiiaeeiai?ee o ae?oae, ye? ia?aianee
ci?oaio a?iien?th. Aeec?aaoeyoi?ia ?aaeoe?y a?aeaoaaeany ia oe?
c?inoaiiy Vs i?e a?aenooiino? a??ia?aeieo ci?i Vd a. carotis com. oa
??ceiai iaae?iiy Vd a. carotis int.

I?ia?aeiei aa??aioii ii?ooaiue e?iaiia?ao a v. jugularis int. aoei
oneeaaeiaiiy aaiiciiai a?aeoieo. Oae, o ae?oae c eaaeith AIA i?enei?aiiy
iaei oaiaeaioe?th aei ciaioaiiy (p > 0,05), a iieacieee (Pm, (Pp
a??ia?aeii c?inoaee. Ua a?eueoa aiie c?inoaee i?e na?aaeiueiaaaeeiio
nooiaith aioo??oiueiiaoeiai? a?iien??. Ia ciaioaiiy aaiiiai oiiono
aeacoaaei a??ia?aeia iaae?iiy cia/aiue RI, aeey eaaeiai nooiaiy – p 0,05), i?ioa i?e na?aaeiueiaaaeeiio
nooiaith aiie c?inoaee. A oe?eiio, o aeiaaeeo eaaei? a?iien??
oneeaaeiaiiy aaiiiai a?aeoieo o ae?oae c o?ii?/iith aioo??oiueiiaoeiaith
a?iien??th ia?aaaaeaee iaae oaeeie o ae?oae c ?IA. O ae?oae c A?IA
iaa?oue eaaeee nooi?iue noi?iaiaeaeoaaany aenieia??ia?aeiei ciaioaiiyi
onueiai ianeao e?iaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee o v. jugularis int. oa
c?inoaiiyi oeneo.

Eaoaiianoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?oae o a?oe? 1 oa 3 ?ie?a iieacaei, ui
neiioii aia?iniacio cono??/aany c /anoioith 29,59% oa 23,47%
a?aeiia?aeii. Aeey NIA a 10,2% aeiaaee?a, ia?aaaaeii aaaeei? A?IA, aoa
i?eoaiaiiee a?ia?oaic?eii-a?ia?aieai?/iee neiae?ii. 28,57% ??/ieo oa
25,51% o?ueio??/ieo ae?oae iaee aneiao??th e?iaiia?ao a aanaeiao a.
cerebri med., a. carotis int., ui ia?aaeuoaaea 10% ca aeaieie
na?aaeiuei? oaeaeeino? iioieo e?ia?. Oneeaaeiaiiy a?aeoieo c aai iaee
29,08% oa 27,55% ae?oae a?aeiia?aeii. A oe?eiio, o ae?oae iaeii- oa,
iniaeeai, o?ueio??/iiai a?eo aaii? ii?ooaiiy ia?aaaaeaee iaae ci?iaie a
a?oa??aeueiiio ?io?a- oa aeno?ae?ai?aeueiiio oea?aa?aeueiiio e?iaiia?ao.

O ae?oae 10-14 ?ie?a, eio?? ia?aianee A?IA, niinoa??aaeiny ciaioaiiy
?iaeaeno noaeeiii? ?acenoaioiino? Iio?oeaeioa NIA. E?iaiieei a aanaei?
aioo??oiuei? y?aiii? aaie o ieo oa?aeoa?ecoaaany oaiaeaioe??th aei
oiia?eueiaiiy e?iaoe/ieo iieaciee?a Vs, Vp. Cia/iiai nooiaiy aeinyaaa
iieaciee i?aei?aeoeaai? aneiao??? aeey e?ai? oa i?aai? aioo??oi?o
y?aiieo aai.

A iaiiaoaeueiee ia??iae iaie ia ciaeaeaii aeinoia??ieo c?ooaiue OI i?e
?cieueiaaieo oi?iao a?iien??. Oae, i?e o?ii?/i?e a?iien?? eeoa o
aeiaaeeo na?aaeiueiaaaeeiai nooiaiy a?aeaoaaeany oaiaeaioe?y aei
ca?eueoaiiy OI ia oe? noaoenoe/ii cia/oui? oao?ea?ae??, oi/a nooi?iue
c?inoaiiy OI i?e oeueiio iacia/iee (p > 0,05). O ae?oae c aino?ith
aioo??oiueiiieiaiaith a?iien??th oaiaeaioe?y aei i?aeaeuaiiy (p > 0,05)
OI aoea i?e aoaeue-yeiio nooiaith aaaeeino? oa ca?eueooaaeany i?e eiai
c?inoaii?. I?e oeueiio cia/aiiy OI oaeiae ca?eueooaaeeny e aeey
na?aaeiueiaaaeeiai nooiaiy aeinyaaee noaoenoe/ii? aeinoia??iino?. O
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ye? ia?aianee A?IA eaaeiai nooiaiy, OI oaeiae
i?aeaeuoaaany (p 0,05, aeey (Ds p 0,05).

Ci?i RI, PI ai?oe o ae?oae c ?cieueiaaieie oi?iaie eeniaaiai
iaaeiiinoa/aiiy oa i?e eaae?e, na?aaeiueiaaaee?e A?IA, ca aeaieie
noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co, iaie ia ca?a?no?iaaii. I?e aaaee?e A?IA
ca?eueoaiiy RI ai?oe iaei aenieiaeinoia??iee oa?aeoa?. Aeacaii, ui
i?ia?aeiei iaoai?ciii i?e oeueiio aoei ??cea cieaeaiiy (p 0,05), iaeiae cieaeaiiy e?iaoe/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aiiueiae?anoie?/iiai iaiiaiaiiy aoei a?eueo ae?aciei,
i?ae ia?aaena?aeiuei? oaee?, ui e iaoiiaeei a??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy
cia/aiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy A/A, oiaoi ca?eueoaiiy “aeeaaeo” ia?aaena?ae?e
o iaiiaiaiiy e?aiai oeoii/ea o oeueiio aeiaaeeo aoei a?aeiiniei. Ioaea,
eeoa aaaeea A?IA i?ecaiaeeea aei ae?anoie?/ii? aeenooieoe?? e?aiai
oeoii/ea o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Ci?ie oaeaeeinoae iieaciee?a ae?anoie?/iiai
?icneaaeaiiy a noi?iio ?o oiia?eueiaiiy oa cieaeaiiy “ae?anoie?/iiai
?aca?ao” aeey i?aaiai oeoii/ea ia?aaaaeaee iaae oaeei aeey e?aiai.
Aenieiaeinoia??iei aoei oaeiae c?inoaiiy A/A o?aino?eeoni?aeaeueiiai
iioieo e?ia? aeey aaaeei? A?IA. Oea ca?eueoaiiy a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyeiny
a?ae a?oie na?aaeiueiaaaeei? (p 0,05) oa iaeneiaeueii? (p 0,05 p >
0,05 p > 0,05

RI

a. cerebri med. 0,691 ± 0,003 0,666 ± 0,019 0,701 ± 0,015 p > 0,05 p >
0,05 p > 0,05

EF, % 69,489 ± 2,094 77,638 ± 2,100 75,490 ± 3,631 p 0,05 p >
0,05

(Ds, % 32,635 ± 1,289 39,867 ± 2,113 39,000 ± 3,210 p 0,05 p
> 0,05

A/A OOE 1,268 ± 0,027 1,096 ± 0,087 1,163 ± 0,062 p > 0,05 p > 0,05 p >
0,05

A/A OIE 1,194 ± 0,043 1,044 ± 0,087 1,121 ± 0,076 p > 0,05 p > 0,05 p >
0,05

RI IEA 0,582 ± 0,010 0,547 ± 0,085 0,640 ± 0,023 p > 0,05 p > 0,05 p 0,05 p > 0,05 p >
0,05

Oaaeeoey 2

Oa?aeoa?enoeee e?iaiia?ao o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ye? ia?aianee
?io?aiaoaeueio a?iien?th (M ± m)

Aaiiaeeiai?/-iee iieaciee oa iaeeieoe? aei??thaaiiy ?

A?oia eiio?ieth, n=58 ??

Eaaeee nooi?iue, n=36 ???

Na?aaeiuei-aaaeeee nooi?iue,

n=34 ?

?-?? ?

??-??? ?

?-???

RI

a. cerebri ant. 0,687 ± 0,006 0,668 ± 0,014 0,692 ± 0,016 p > 0,05 p >
0,05 p > 0,05

RI

a. cerebri med. 0,691 ± 0,003 0,688 ± 0,013 0,624 ± 0,025 p > 0,05 p 0,05 p > 0,05 p >
0,05

(Ds, % 32,635 ± 1,289 37,136 ± 2,065 42,110 ± 3,053 p > 0,05 p > 0,05 p
0,05 p > 0,05 p >
0,05

A/A OIE 1,194 ± 0,043 1,159 ± 0,026 1,148 ± 0,049 p > 0,05 p > 0,05 p >
0,05

RI IEA 0,582 ± 0,010 0,566 ± 0,029 0,540 ± 0,030 p > 0,05 p > 0,05 p >
0,05

RI EEA 0,598 ± 0,006 0,609 ± 0,026 0,674 ± 0,016 p > 0,05 p > 0,05 p 0,05 p 0,05

RI a. cerebri med. 0,691 ± 0,003 0,667 ± 0,018 0,740 ± 0,011 0,742 ±
0,012 p > 0,05 p 0,05

EF, % 69,489 ± 2,094 76,212 ± 2,441 73,329 ± 2,938 66,560 ± 4,412 p 0,05 p > 0,05 p > 0,05 p > 0,05 p > 0,05

(Ds, % 32,635 ± 1,289 39,786 ± 2,040 39,333 ± 2,061 27,240 ± 5,183 p 0,05 p > 0,05 p 0,05
p 0,05

A/A OIE 1,194 ± 0,043 1,032 ± 0,039 1,161 ± 0,049 1,401 ± 0,039 p 0,05 p 0,05
p > 0,05 p 0,05

RI EEA 0,598 ± 0,006 0,580 ± 0,013 0,511 ± 0,014 0,607 ± 0,020 p > 0,05
p 0,05 p 0,05 p 0,05). RI oa PI a??ia?aeii aoee i?aeaeuaieie e aeey
?iaeaeno Iio?oeaeioa p 0,05 o ii??aiyii? c
eiio?ieueiith a?oiith), ui aea?aeii oa?aeoa?eco? inoaii?e o ii??aiyii? c
iio?aeieie ae?a?ae?ii???ae?io. Aacoiiaii, ?iaeoeiaaia ?aaeoe?y
aaciaeeeyoaoe?? iiaea aooe ei?eniith, iniaeeai a ?II ye iaoai?ci, ui
ni?yiiaaiee ia ca?eueoaiiy iiceiai? ia?ooc??, oei ia/a, ui e?euee?nia
oa?aeoa?enoeea cieaeaiiy ?iaeaeno Iio?oeaeioa ia aeinyaaea o???
iaoieia?/ii? iaae?, ca yeith iiaeeeaei ? ?icaeoie aaciaaiii? iaoieia??
oea?aa?aeueiiai iniino. I?e aiae?c? e?iaiia?ao o na?aaei?e iiceia?e
a?oa??? iieacaii, ui a a?oi? i?oaaeei?io a?aei?/aeiny aeo?aeia cieaeaiiy
?iaeaeno noaeeiii? ?acenoaioiino? e i?ney e?eoaaiiy RI a??ia?aeii ia
ci?ithaaany. O ae?oae, eio?? io?eiaee eo?n oeeia?eceio i?e ia?aeiiiio
i?aeaeuaii? RI (p 0,05 o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith).

Iacaaaeath/e ia aeineoue ?aoaeueia oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa
aenia?eiaioaeueia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy iiceoeaiiai ea?ae?iiaoaaie?/iiai
cia/aiiy L – ea?i?oeio oa eiai iiia?aaeieea, i?eae?iiaoo (aiaeiaa
(-aoo??iaaoa?io) aeey iiaiia?iaeaeaieo o ia??iae ?o iinoa?iiene/ii?
aaeaioaoe??, aeina?ae ?o canoinoaaiiy a iaiiaoieia?? ae?ae iaiaaeaiee.

Iaie canoiniaaii i?eae?iiao o 30 iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, iacaeaaeii a?ae
aeaeo ia?aianaii? aioa- oa (aai) ?io?aiaoaeueii? a?iien??. A
noaoenoe/iee aiae?c aeeth/aii 20 aeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, eio??
ii??aiyi? c a?oiith eiio?ieth ca aanoaoe?eiei no?ieii, a?eii oa noaooth.
Na?aae ieo 80% ia?aianee A?IA, ?aooa – ?IA. A?e ae?oae ia ii/aoie aeaii?
ea?ae?iiaoaaie?/ii? oa?ai?? neeaaeaa a?ae 5 aei 14 ae?a. Na?aaeiy
o?eaae?noue eo?no neeaea 12 ae?a. Aeicoaaiiy i?aia?aoo i?iaiaeeeiny,
aeoiaey/e c aeiaiai? aeice 50 ia/ea aioo??oiuei o 3 i?eeiaiiy, ca 20-30
oaeeei aei aiaeoaaiiy (B. Melegh et. al., 1993, E.A. Ia?eiaa, I.I.
Oaaaeia, 1993).

Iieacaiiyie aei i?ecia/aiiy i?eae?iiaoa aoee iciaee iinoa?iiene/ii?
i?iea?ae?iaeeno?io?? o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ?c cieaeaiiyi iieaciee?a
oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee i?e caa?aaeaii? iaoai?ci?a aooi?aaoeyoe??
iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao, ui aeeeth/a? iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy
aaciaeoeaieo e?eoaaeueieo cania?a.

Aeo?aeiee noai oea?aa?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee a?aeiia?aeaa iniaeeainoyi
na?oeaaiai aeeeaeo o ?aieao eiiiainaoe?eii-i?enoinia/oth/eo iaoai?ci?a
aooi?aaoeyoe?? IEI, oiaoi ?iaeaene Iio?oeaeioa IIA, NIA aoee ieae/? ca
a?oio eiio?ieth, ui a?aeaeca?eaeth? aaeaioaoe?eia c?inoaiiy ia’?iiiai
iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao a oiiaao cieaeaiiy OI. I?ae aieeaii aeaiiai
e?eoaaiiy ia oe? iiceoeaiiai ?iio?iiiiai ea?ae?iaoaeoo oiion aaeeeeo
oea?aa?aeueieo noaeei a??ia?aeii i?aeaeuoaaany, oiaoi aooi?aaoeyoe?y IEI
caa??aaeany.

I?aeaeuaiiy RI iaei p 0,05)
a?aeaoaaeiny i?e iaci?ii?e Vd, aeey IIA – ca?eueoaiiy Vs (p 0,05),
Vp (p > 0,05), PI (p 0,05).
Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy AO/RVAO caeeoaeiny o iaaeao a?eiai? ii?ie,
a?aeaeca?eaethth/e iayai?noue ii?iaeueiiai na?aaeiueiai ioeueiiiaeueiiai
oeneo.

I?ae aieeaii canoinoaaiiy i?eae?iiaoo iaeaeaa ia’?iieo iieacieea (OI,
OI) aenieia??ia?aeii c?inoaee, i?e/iio ye?ac aei nooiaiy a?eiai? ii?ie.
I?e oeueiio oea a?aeaoaaeiny a?eueo aia?aaoe/ii aeiiiiii, ui
a?aeia?aaeaeiny o ii?iae?caoe?? *NN, ciaioaii? (p

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