EE?ANUeEEE IAOEIAI-AeINE?AeIEE ?INOEOOO

AAIAOIEIA?? OA IA?AEEAAIIss E?IA?

IIC OE?A?IE

EEEIAIEI Na?a?e A?eoi?iae/

OAeE
616.155.394.5:616.155.392:616-006.48:616-001.28/.29:612.014.481/.482

NOAI A?AIOEIOeEOA?II-IAE?IOAAAEUeII? EAIEE AAIIIIACO A IN?A, UI
IA?AIANEE AINO?O I?IIAIAAO OAI?IAO O CA’ssCEO C AAA???TH IA
*I?IIAEEUeNUeE?E AAN, O IA??IAe A?AeAeAEAIEO IANE?AeE?A

14.01.31 — aaiaoieia?y oa o?ainooc?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o
?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:- aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AAAAOEI Aieiaeeie? A?eai?iae/,

aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o
?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:- aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AEOCIAI Aeaie?e O?oaeaae/,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii ?ioiioeeoio?i?? ?inoeoooo aenia?eiaioaeueii?
iaoieia??, iieieia?? oa ?aae?ia?ieia?? ?i. ?.?.Eaaaoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe

O?AOssE Iaoae?y Ieeiea?aia,

caa?aeoth/a a?aeae?eaiiyi aaiaoieia?? aeey aei?ineeo Ee?anueeiai IAe?
aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia? IIC Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:- Oe?a?inueeee IAe? iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC
Oe?a?ie, iaoeiaa a?aeae?eaiiy nenoaiieo iooeeiieo caoai?thaaiue (i.
Ee?a)

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 20 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiae.00
oa. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.612.01 o
Ee?anueeiio IAe? aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia? (254060, i. Ee?a, aoe.
I. Aa?e?inueeiai, 12).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai IAe?
aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 6 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.A. EII?NA?AIEI

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeaiaioe aaiiiiaco, ye ? ee?oeie oeaiei
?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a ? ai?oae?e eeoa/ieea aaaaeathoue o ?ac?
?aae?aoe?eiiai aieeao “e?eoe/ieie» ee?oeiieie iiioeyoe?yie (I.Ae.
Eiiiieyiieeia, 1984; I.I. A?ocaeaa, 1988). A?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee ae??
?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe?? (??) ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie ianaiia?aae iia’ycai?
c oeeie, iaea?eueo ?aae?i/ooeeaeie eiai nenoaiaie (A.E. Aonueeiaa, A.Ae.
Aaeniaieia, 1971; A.A. Aaaaoei oa ni?aaao., 1996, 1998).

Ca inoaii? 50 ?ie?a o eieeoiueiio N?N? i?iaaaeaii anaa?/ia ee?i?/ia
ianoaaeaiiy iiiaae 500 in?a, ye? iioa?i?ee a?ae aieeao ciai?oiueiai , -,
-iaeo?iiiiai oa ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiue a ae?aiacii? aeic a?ae
0,7 aei 16 A? ia ana o?ei (A.E. Aonueeiaa, 1997). Iaeiae aeai? i?i noai
nenoaie e?iaioai?aiiy a in?a, ui ia?aianee aino?o i?iiaiaao oai?iao
(AIO), o a?aeaeaeai? no?iee i?ney ?aae?aoe?eiiai o?aaeaiiy iaei/eneaii?
? o?aaiaioa?i?. Aein? caeeoathoueny iaae??oaieie ieoaiiy uiaei
iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?iaioai?ii? nenoaie o a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae
i?ney aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy (?A), iaiiai?noth ?ice?eo?
iaoai?cie eiiiainaoe?? ii?ooaiue aaiiiiaco o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO. Ia
aecia/aiee aianie ?aae?aoe?eiiai o?aaeaiiy no?iiu e?noeiaiai iiceo (EI)
oa ioeo noiaao?iaeo e?iaioai?ieo ee?oei o oi?ioaaii? a?aeaeaeaii?
?aae?aoe?eii-?iaeoeiaaii? aaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia?? (I.Ae.
Eiiiieyi-ieeia, 1997).

Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?? ? aaaeeeaei ao?ieia?/iei /eiieeii ?icaeoeo eaeeai?? oa
aoi?eiiiai i??eiaeenieanoe/iiai neiae?iio (IAeN) (Preston et al., 1994;
Boice, Inship, 1996). Aea/aiiy noaio e?iaioai?aiiy o iioa?i?eeo i?ae /an
aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e aoiii?e aeaeo?inoaioe?? (*AAN) iiaea noaoe
aaaeeeaei e?ieii o aeine?aeaeaii? i?ioeano iooeeiii? o?ainoi?iaoe??,
aeyaeaii? ia?ea??a ?aae?iaaiieo eaeeai?e (Ae.O. Aeociai, 1996).

Aea?? iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaiee aaeeeith ooieoe?iiaeueiith
cia/ou?noth a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee aaiiiiaco. Iaea?aeaiiy
ia’?eoeaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?? noai o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO o ia??iae
oi?ioaaiiy a?aeaeaeaieo iieiaaiaoieia?/ieo iane?aee?a aieeao ?A aoaea
ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? ae?aaiinoe/ieo oa
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiiy aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaiee c iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith
?iaioith ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? ?aae?ieia?? (?E?) Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o
?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie (IOe?I) AII Oe?a?ie (? Aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0195 U 003373, oeo? oaie 238).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe noai
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee aaiiiiaco o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO
o ia??iae oi?ioaaiiy iieiaaiaoieia?/ieo iane?aee?a, ioe?ieoe ?ieue
aeyaeaieo ci?i o ?icaeoeo i?ciuei? aaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia??.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1) aeaoe e?euee?nio oa ye?nio ioe?ieo aeaiaio?a
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee aaiiiiaco a in?a, ui ia?aianee
AIO, o aeeiai?oe? 12-??/iiai iiaaa??eiiai ia??iaeo;

2) aea/eoe noai ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a a?aioeiiiiioeeoiiiaco o
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO o ia??iae oi?ioaaiiy a?aeaeaeaieo aaiaoieia?/ieo
iane?aee?a;

3) ioe?ieoe iiaeeea? iaoai?cie eiiiainaoe?? aeyaeaieo ci?i, aecia/eoe
cia/aiiy ?aae?aoe?eiiai /eiieea a aeiaaio?eaaeiio ii?ooaii?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee aaiiiiaco oa
noai?aii? ia?aaeoiia aei ?icaeoeo iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoieia??;

4) ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo aaiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue o
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO, ioe?ieoe cia/aiiy ?A ye iaoiaaiaoe/iiai /eiieea
a ?o ?aae?caoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?oa
onoaiiaeai? ci?ie a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee aaiiiiaco ia
??cieo ???a?o?/ieo ??aiyo o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO o ia??iae a?aeaeaeaieo
iane?aee?a. Aeyaeai? aeniea /anoioa a?aeoeeaiue iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii?
e?ia? (IE), ye?ni? ii?ooaiiy ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a, aeniaaeaiiy
a?aioeioeeoa?iiai ?aca?ao oa ca?eueoaiiy /anoee i?ie?oa?oth/eo ee?oei
(i?ii??eioeeo?a oa i??eioeeo?a) o EI, e?euee?ni? ii?ooaiiy a ioe?
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueieo ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a. Oe? ci?ie
coiiaeai? /anoeiaith iaiiai?ioi?noth ?aae?aoe?eiiai o?aaeaiiy oa
o?eaae?noth iai?oaeaiiy eiiiainaoe?eii-i?enoinoaaeueieo iaoai?ci?a o
nenoai? e?iaioai?aiiy.

Iieacaii, ui o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?ioaineai?noue ?aaaia?aoe??
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee aaiiiiaco a ia??iae a?aeaeaeaieo
iane?aee?a caa??aa? i?yio caeaaei?noue a?ae iiaeeiaii? aeice ??.
Ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaiiiiaco ye ia ?aii?o, oae ? ia i?ci?o
iino?aae?aoe?eieo aoaiao caaacia/o?oueny i?aeaeuaiei aeoiaeii o
i?ie?oa?aoe?th ieth?eiioaioieo ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a.

Aecia/aii, ui o?eaaea iai?oaeaiiy i?ioean?a eiiiainaoe??
iino?aae?aoe?eieo ii?ooaiue o a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeuei?e eaioe?
nenoaie e?iaioai?aiiy, yea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ciaioaiiyi ia’?io
noiaao?iaiai ioeo o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO, iiaea ni?e/eieoe c?ea
iioaioe?aeo noiaao?iaeo ee?oei aei aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa ?o iaiieanoe/io
o?ainoi?iaoe?th.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue. No?ee? ci?ie a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii?
eaiee aaiiiiaco (e?euee?ni? a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a IE, ye?ni? ii?ooaiiy
ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a, aeniaaeaiiy a?aioeioeeoa?iiai ?aca?ao ? ca?eueoaiiy
/anoee i?ie?oa?oth/eo ee?oei o EI, e?euee?ni? ii?ooaiiy a ioe?
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueieo ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a) o
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO iathoue aooe i?aenoaaith aeey oi?ioaaiiy a?oi
aenieiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo ?aae?aoe?eii iaoiiaeaii? aaiaoieia?/ii?
iaoieia?? ? aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy.

Aecia/aii, ui ee?i?/i?e iai?oanoaoe?? a?iiieanoe/iiai aa??aioo IAeN a
in?a, ui ia?aianee AIO, ia?aaeo? o?eaaeee ia??iae ianoaa?eueieo ci?i
iieaciee?a IE. A?iiee?oeii?noue EI o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO, aeniea
/anoioa o ieo a?aeoeeaiue iieaciee?a IE (iaeo?i-, o?iiaioeeoiiai?e) ?
ci?i ii?oieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a ia aoaiao
ae?aaiinoe/iiai iiooeo aeiaaathoue aeeeth/aiiy ae?aaiico a?iiieanoe/iiai
aa??aioo IAeN.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue
aaiaoieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy ? a?aeae?eaiiy i?iiaiaai? iaoieia?? ?E?
IOe?I, iienai? a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio eeno? “Iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao
oa ae?aaiinoeee i??eiaeenieanoe/iiai neiae?iio a in?a, ui ia?aianee
aino?o i?iiaiaao oai?iao”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a
iaa?oiooaaii? aeooaeueiino? ia?aii? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeai??
iaoiaeee ? i?iaaaeaii? iniiaiiai ia’?io aeine?aeaeaiue, noaoenoe/i?e
ia?iaoe? oa aiae?c? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, oi?ioethaaii? aeniiae?a.

Aaaaea?ii nai?i iaia’yceii aeneiaeoe iiaeyeo ea??aieeo a?aeae?eo
i?iiaiaai? iaoieia?? ?E? IOe?I ae-?o iaae. iaoe I.I. Eiaaeaieo,
i?ia?aeiiio iaoeiaiio ni?a?ia?oieeo a?aeae?eo aaiaoieia?? aeeoy/iai a?eo
?E? IOe?I ae-?o iaae. iaoe I.I. A?eueei, i?ia?aeiiio iaoeiaiio
ni?a?ia?oieeo iaoieiaiaiaoii?/iiai a?aeae?eo Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? (OIAe?I?) eaiae.
iaae. iaoe E.A. Cio?eiao, anenoaioo i?ioani?a a?aeae?eo ee?i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoeoooo ?aae?aoe?eii? a?ieia?? ? iaaeeoeeie
Oi?aa?neoaoo i. O??in?ia (ssiii?y) ae-?o iaaeeoeeie ?iaio?a, ye?
iaaeaee i?aeoe/io ? eiinoeueoaoeaio aeiiiiiao i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ?
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia I I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “?aae?ieia?/i?
iane?aeee *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe” (I?inuee, A?ea?onue, 1996);
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo, i?enay/ai?e 10-??//th IOe?I
“I?iaeaie ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie i?ney *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe”
(Ee?a, 1996); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “A?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee
ii?ii?iaiiy a ?ioii?e oa aaiiiiaoe/i?e nenoaiao” (Ee?a, 1996); iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie” (Ee?a, 1999);
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ee?i?/ii?
aaiaoieia?? oa o?ainooc?ieia?? a ee?i?oe? aioo??oi?o oai?ia” (Ee?a,
1999); IV eiia?an? ?a?iiaenueei? anioe?aoe?? aaiaoieia?a (Aa?naeiia,
?niai?y, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe??.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 11 noaoae: 4 — o iaoeiaeo
aeo?iaeao, 3 — o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo noaoae, 4 — o ca??ieeao iaoa??ae?a ?
oac iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 154
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, 6 ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeniiae?a oa i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui aeeth/a? 242 aeaea?aea. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 17
oaaeeoeyie, 16 a?ao?eaie, 2 oioia?ao?yie ? 14
aeaeo?iiiii?e?ioioia?aiaie.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

IA’?EO ? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Ia’?eoii aea/aiiy aoee 186 in?a c onoaiiaeaiei ae?aaiicii AIO,
ni?e/eiaii? aieeaii ?A aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *AAN o 1986 ?. ?c ieo 172
(92,5%) — /ieia?ee, 14 (7,5%) — ae?iee. Na?aaei?e a?e iaoe??io?a ia
iiiaio aaa??? 26.04.86 ?. noaiiaea 37,21,14 ?iee (a?ae 17 aei 72
?ie?a). Iniiaiei o?aaeath/ei ?aae?aoe?eiei /eiieeii aoei ei?ioei/ania
ciai?oi? — oa -aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Ca?aeii c i?iaaaeaiei o 1989 ?. oao?aoeyie ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?6 i.Iineae
oa ?E? IOe?I AII Oe?a?ie ia?aaeyaeii iaa?oioiaaiino? ae?aaiico AIO
(E.A. Oaeyaea, ?.?. Aie/oe, 1992; Guskova et al., 1995) oeiiao
e?noeiaiiiceiao oi?io AIO ia?aianee 96 in?a. O 90 iaoe??io?a ae?aaiic
AIO ia aa??o?eiaaii. Oea coiiaeei ?iciiae?e iaoe??io?a o iaoiio
aeine?aeaeaii? ia a?oio A, ui aeeth/aea 90 in?a c iai?aeoaa?aeaeaiei
ae?aaiicii AIO (AIO-Ii) ? a?oio A, ui aeeth/aea 96 in?a c aa??o?eiaaiei
ae?aaiicii AIO (?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO). O a?oi? A ie a?aeie?aieee a?oio
A1, aei yei? oa?eoee 43 ?aeiiaaeanoeaioe AIO I nooiaiy oyaeeino? oa
a?oio A2 — 53 ?aeiiaaeanoeaioe AIO ?? oa ??? nooiaiy.

Iiaeeiai? aeice ?A a in?a a?oie A noaiiaeee a?ae 0,1 aei 1,0 A?, a?oie A
— a?ae 0,7 aei 7,1 A? (I.I. Eiaaeaiei, 1998).

Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaee 40 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a (37 /ieia?e?a ? 3
ae?iee), ye? ia a?aee o/ano? o e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN.
?o na?aaei?e a?e ia iiiaio aaa??? aoa 32,11,34 ?ie?a (a?ae 19 aei 52
?ie?a).

I?ae /an aea/aiiy ci?i o nenoai? e?iaioai?aiiy a aeeiai?oe? ie
?icaeyaeaee 1987-1989 ??. ye ia??iae aaciina?aaeiueiai a?aeiiaeaiiy oa
iaeaeeae/eo iane?aee?a, a 1992-1998 ??. — ye ia??iae a?aeaeaeaieo
iane?aee?a AIO.

Aeeiioaaee ?iaioo ?c canoinoaaiiyi oaeeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1) ee?i?/iee aiae?c IE;

2) aeine?aeaeaiiy ioieoao?a c a?oaeeie ?/aai caeooaeiii? e?noee;
i?ae?aooiie i??eia?ai i?iaiaeeee ia 500 yae?iai?nieo ee?oeiao EI;

3) aea/aiiy ye?nieo ii?oieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ee?oei nenoaie e?ia? o
iaceao IE ? EI, caaa?aeaieo ca ?iiaiianueeei-A?ica;

4) aea/aiiy oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae aeaiaio?a EI ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoiaeo aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??. E?noeiaiiiceia? aaeee c ani??ao?a,
io?eiaieo oeyoii noa?iaeueii? ioieoe?? aai ioieoe?? caeooaeiii? e?noee,
o?enoaaee a 1,6% ?ic/ei? aethoa?iaiai aeueaeaa?aeo oa 2% ?ic/ei?
/ioe?eieeno ini?th a 0,1I oinoaoiiio aooa??. Iio?i oeaieie
ciaaiaeithaaee o nie?oao aeno?aeii? eiioeaio?aoe?? oa ieeno i?ii?eaio
aai aaniethoiiio aoeaoii?, i?ney /iai ai?uoaaee a aiii ca iaoiaeeeith
Eaooa (1959). Oeueo?aoiie? c??ce aiooaaee ia oeueo?ai?e?ioii? EEA 8800
??? (Oaaoe?y), eiio?anooaaee aoeaoaoii o?ai?eo ca Eaooii oa oeeo?aoii
naeioeth ca ?aeiieueaenii (1963). Aeey ia?aaeyaeo i?aia?ao?a
canoiniaoaaee aeaeo?iiiee i?e?ineii AI-100A (ssiii?y) c
i?enei?thaaeueiith iai?oaith 60eA. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia aac?
eaai?aoi??? iaoieiaiaiaoii?/iiai a?aeae?eo OIAe?I? ni?eueii c eaiae.
iaae. iaoe E.I. Cio?eiaei;

5) aea/aiiy ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee
aaiiiiaco ca aeiiiiiaith eoeueoeaoaaiiy e?iaioai?ieo ee?oei a aaeaaeo
aeeooc?eieo eaia?ao. Iiiiioeeaa?i? ee?oeie io?eioaaee oeaio?eooaoaaiiyi
o a?aae??io? u?eueiino? e?ioii?aia o??ie Serva (u?euei?noue 1,077
a/ni3). Ee?oeiio noniaic?th ci?ooaaee c iniiaiei iiaeeaiei na?aaeiaeuai,
ui i?noeoue na?aaeiaeua RPMI, oaoaeueio oaey/o ne?iaaoeo, 0,33% aaa?
Difco ? aioea?ioeee ? aaiaeeee o aioo??oith ii?iaeieio aaeaaeo
aeeooc?eieo eaia? aenioith 0,7 ni ? ae?aiao?ii 1,5 ni, aeaioiaeaieo c
iie?ia?iiai iaoa??aeo. Eaia?e ?iieaiooaaee a /a?aaio ii?iaeieio
ieoae-naioe?a e?i?? NAA a?eii 6-8 oeae. c ianith o?ea 16-18 a, yeei ca
aeiao aei aenia?eiaioo aaiaeeee oeeeeioinoai?ae o aeic? 250 ia/ea iane
o?ea oaa?eie (A.Ae. Aieueaeaa?a e niaao., 1992). Aoaeoeai?noue
eeiioaaiiy a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueieo ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a
aecia/aee ia 14-oo oa 28-io aeiao eoeueoeaoaaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaaaeai? ia aac? a?aeae?eaiiy aaiaoieia?? aeeoy/iai a?eo ?E? IOe?I
ni?eueii c ae-i iaae. iaoe I.I. A?eueei;

6) aiie?o?eaoe?y AeIE ca aeiiiiiaith iie?ia?acii? eaioethaiai? ?aaeoe??
(IE?) c aecia/aiiyi iie?ii?o?cio eiioi?iaoe?? iaeiiieoeiaiai eaioethaa
AeIE. AeIE c aenieith iieaeoey?iith ianith io?eioaaee c iiiiioeeaa??a EI
(Imamura et al., 1990). Ie?aiioeeaioeaei? i?aeia?e, ui aeei?enoiaoaaee
aeey aiie?o?eaoe?? yecii?a 5-9 aaia ?53 aoee i?/ai? ca iaoiaeii,
iienaiei Prober et al. (1987). IE? i?iaiaeeee o oa?iaeueiiio oeeeea??
Quick Thermo System, QTS 10M, Nippon Genetics (Gyllensten, Erlich,
1988). I?iaeoeoe IE? i?aeaeaaaee oaieia?e aeaiaoo?aoe?? c iiaeaeueoei
iaaeaiaoo?oth/ei yeaeo?ioi?acii a iie?ae?eeai?aeiiio aae? i?e e?iiaoi?e
oaiia?aoo?? a i?enooiino? 5% ae?oea?eio. Noi?ani?iee iieiaai ?53
aeine?aeaeoaaee ia aac? ?inoeoooo ?aae?aoe?eii? a?ieia?? ? iaaeeoeeie
Oi?aa?neoaoo i.O??in?ia (ssiii?y) ni?eueii c ae-i iaaeeoeeie ?iaio?a.

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee a iia?aoe?eiiio
na?aaeiaeu? Windows 95 c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?ai Microsoft Exel 7.0., SPSS
8.0.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

Na?aaei? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a IE o iaoe??io?a a?oi A, A1 oa A2,
ianoaaeaieo o 1987-1989 ??. (161 iniaa) oa o 1995-1998 ??. (114 in?a),
aoee a iaaeao ii?iaoeaieo eieeaaiue. O ia??iae a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a
i?ae /an c?noaaeaiiy c eiio?ieai o iaoe??io?a a?oie A2 aeyaeaii
ciaioaiiy na?aaeiuei? e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a (4,610,08 o 1012/e; o
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? — 4,820,06 o 1012/e; ?0,05) oa ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
e?ioioeeo?a (2,430,16 o 109/e; o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? 1,960,07 o 109/e;
?0,01), o iaoe??io?a a?oie A1 — cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? o?iiaioeeo?a
(190,28,87 o 109/e; o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? 223,856,28 o 109/e; ?0,01) oa
ciaioaiiy aaniethoiiai ai?noo iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a (3,120,23 o
109/e; o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? 3,820,09 o 109/e; ?0,01). O a?oi? A i?ae /an
ianoaaeaiiy o 1995-1998 ??. a??ia?aeieo a?aeciae a aaniethoiiio ai?no?
ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a a IE o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith ia aoei.

I?ney aea/aiiy iieaciee?a IE iaoe??io?a, ianoaaeaieo o ??ci? no?iee
i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN, onoaiiaeaii, ui o 1995-1998 ??. o ii??aiyii? c
1987-1989 ??. o iaoe??io?a on?o a?oi ?noioii ca?eueoeeany na?aaeiy
e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a (?0,05 aeey a?oi A ? A1 ? ?0,001 aeey a?oie A2).
I?aeaeueeeny e?euee?noue o?iiaioeeo?a o a?oi? A2 (?0,05), aaniethoiee
ai?no iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a o a?oiao A ? A2 (?0,05 ? ?0,01
a?aeiia?aeii) oa aaniethoiee ai?no e?ioioeeo?a o a?oiao A1 ? A2
(?0,001).

I?ioyaii iiaaa??eieo ?ie?a o aaaaoueio iaoe??io?a ?a?no?oaaee ieiou?
a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a IE. ?o na?aaeiy /anoioa o a?oiao ianoaaeaiiy
i?ioyaii ia??iaeo a?aeiiaeaiiy oa ia??iaeo a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a
?ic?aoiaaia ca iaoiaeii oe?oiiaiiy ?ioa?aae?a (A.I. Ia?eia, 1963)
(oaaeeoey). O 1987-1989 ??. o cia/ii? /anoeie ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO
??-??? nooiaiy a?aecia/aee oeeoiiai?th o IE. O oeae ia??iae /anoioa
aaniethoieo iaeo?i- oa e?ioiiai?? o ieo aoea a??ia?aeii aeua, i?ae o
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ? nooiaiy oa iaoe??io?a c AIO-Ii (p0,001). *anoioa
aaniethoieo iaeo?i- oa e?ioiiai?? o a?oi? A2 oa iaeo?iiai?? o a?oi? A
aei 1995-1998 ??. ?noioii ciaioeeany o ii??aiyii? c 1987-1989 ??. O
ia??iae a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a /anoioa aaniethoii? iaeo?iiai?? a a?oi?
A1 aoea aeua, i?ae a a?oiao A oa A2 (p0,05). *anoioa aaniethoii?
e?ioiiai?? a inoaii? ?iee o a?oi? A1 oaeiae ia?aaaaeaea iaae oaeith o
a?oi? A2 (p0,05). O 1987-1989 ??. o?iiaioeeoiiai?y o a?oiao A1 ? A2
cono??/aeany /ano?oa (p0,05 ? ?0,001 a?aeiia?aeii), i?ae o a?oi? A, a o
1995-1998 ??. — /ano?oa o?eueee o a?oi? A1.

Oaaeeoey

*anoioa a?aeoeeaiue iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a
AIO, ianoaaeaieo o 1987-1989 oa 1995-1998 ??., % (Mm)

1987-1989 ??.1995-1998 ??. IieacieeAIO-Ii (n=165)AIO ? no. (n=92)AIO ??
oa ??? no. (n=95)AIO-Ii (n=109)AIO ? no. (n=57)AIO ?? oa ??? no.

(n=58)A?eo?ioeeoe, 1012/e>5,1

<4,018,23,0 1,20,813,03,5 4,42,111,63,3 6,32,524,84,1 5,52,229,86,0* 10,54,113,84,5 6,93,3Eaeeioeeoe, 109/e>9,0

<4,07,32,0 13,32,61,11,1 11,93,46,32,5 32,64,84,62,0 9,22,71,71,7 17,55,013,84,5 3,42,4***O?iiaioeeoe, 109/e<18026,73,441,35,153,75,128,44,343,96,522,45,5***Iaeo?io?euei? a?aioeioeeoe, 109/e>5,5

<2,04,81,7 16,42,92,21,5 14,13,64,22,1 35,84,98,32,6 8,32,6*3,52,4 24,65,715,54,7* 10,34,0***E?ioioeeoe, 109/e>3,0

<1,27,32,0 13,32,61,11,1 11,93,46,32,5 32,64,84,62,0 9,22,71,71,7 17,55,013,84,5 3,42,4***Iiiioeeoe, %>1019,43,118,58,822,14,33,71,8***8,83,76,93,3**Aiceiio?euei?
a?aioeioeeoe, %

>6

10,32,4

7,62,7

17,93,9

11,93,1

15,84,8

18,95,1I?ei?oea: * — ? 0,05; ** — ? 0,01; *** — ? 0,001 i?e
ii??aiyii? aeaieo ianoaaeaiiy a?oie a ??ci? no?iee.

O i?ioean? niinoa?aaeaiiy a on?o a?oiao a?aei?/aii cieaeaiiy /anoioe
a?aeiiniiai iiiioeeoico aac a??ia?aeieo a?aeciae i?ae a?oiaie ye a
ia??iae a?aeiiaeaiiy, oae ? a ia??iae a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a. *anoioa
a?aeiinii? aiceiio?e?? ia caciaea ?noioieo ci?i. Na?aaei?e ??aaiue
a?eo?ioeeoiiai?? o iaoe??io?a on?o a?oi ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae
iiioeyoe?eiiai, yeee noaiiaeoue 4% (I.I. Aaeyaa e niaao., 1998). Oea
iiaea aooe coiiaeaii ia?aaaaeiith i?ie?oa?aoe??th aeaiaio?a a?eo?iiiaco
aeey ia?oi/a?aiaiai i?aeo?eiaiiy a iaaeao o?c?ieia?/ii? ii?ie ooieoe??
/a?aiii? e?ia?.

O a?oi? A2 a ia??iae a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a a?aecia/aii ca?eueoaiiy
/anoioe aaniethoiiai iaeo?io?eueico a ii??aiyii? c oaeei o ia??iae
a?aeiiaeaiiy. O 1995-1998 ??. ??ai? eaeei-, e?ioioeeoico oa
iaeo?io?eueico a a?oi? A2 ?noioii a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae oaeeo o a?oi? A1
(p0,05). O ia?o? iiaaa??ei? ?iee eaeeioeeoice o a?oi? A2 /ano?oa aoee
coiiaeai? iaeo?io?eueicaie, i?ae e?ioioeeoicaie (p0,05). I?iaaaeaiee
aiae?c ia aeicaieea aeae?eeoe a oe?e a?oi? a?eueoo cia/ou?noue
aoaeue-yei? ee?oeiii? e?i?? o ?icaeoeo eaeeioeeoic?a a inoaii? ?iee.

A?aei?iiino? a /anoio? a?aeoeeaiue iieaciee?a IE a in?a, ye? ia?aianee
AIO, ia iiaeia iiynieoe iniaeeainoyie niiaoe/ii? iaoieia??, oiio ui
no?oeoo?a caoai?thaaiue o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ? nooiaiy ? AIO ?? oa
??? nooiaiy aoea iiae?aia i?ae oeeie a?oiaie (I.I. Iaaeaaeeia e niaao.,
1997; I.I. Eiaaeaiei ? ni?aaao., 1998). Ine?eueee /a?ac 9-12 iiaaa??eieo
?ie?a i?ney AIO ? nooiaiy ?a?no?oaaee ?noioii a?eueoo /anoioo
oeeoiiai?e, i?ae i?ney AIO ?? oa ??? nooiaiy, iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui o
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?ioaineai?noue ?aaaia?aoe?? aaiiiiaco a oe?eiio,
oa eiai a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee, cie?aia, a ia??iae
a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a caa??aa? i?yio caeaaei?noue a?ae iiaeeiaii?
aeice ??. Ia?aaaaeaiiy eaeeioeeoico oa aaniethoiiai iaeo?io?eueico a
in?a, ui ia?aianee AIO ?? oa ??? nooiaiy, iiaea aooe iane?aeeii
ii?ooaiiy iaoai?ci?a ?aaoeyoe?? aaiiiiaco, ?ia?oe?y eio?eo iiaea
i?ecaiaeeoe aei nai???aeii? a?ia??aaaia?aoe?? e?iaioai?ii? oeaieie.

sse i?aaeei, eoa?/ia oa eaaae?aoe/ia iiaeae? o?aiaeo /aniaeo iecie
a?aeoeeaiue iieaciee?a IE o a?oiao ianoaaeaiiy a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae
e?iaeii? iiaeae?. Ia?o? 8 ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN /anoioa aaniethoii?
iaeo?iiai?? o a?oi? A1 aoea noaa?eueiith ? ?noioii ia ci?ithaaeanue o
iaaeao 0 — 20%. Eeoa o iiaeaeueoiio i?inoaaeoaaeinue ae?acia i?aeaeuaiiy
oeueiai iieacieea. *anoioa o?iiaioeeoiiai?? o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?
nooiaiy oae naii, ye ? o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?? oa ??? nooiaiy,
i?ioyaii ia?oeo 6 iiaaa??eieo ?ie?a cieaeoaaeanue, iio?i ii/aea
c?inoaoe. Ia?o? 8 ?ie?a na?aae iaoe??io?a a?oie A2 a?aei?/aeinue
ca?eueoaiiy /anoee in?a c aaniethoiei iaeo?io?eueicii. Iaeneioi i?eiaa
ia 1994 ?., eiee o 7 c 17 ianoaaeaieo ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?? oa ???
nooiaiy (41%) ?a?no?oaaee ieiouee iaeo?io?eueic. O iiaeaeueoiio eiai
/anoioa eieeaaeanue o iaaeao 14-17%.

Ine?eueee o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO i?ae iieacieeaie IE ? iiaeeiaiith
aeicith ?? ia anoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoe?eieo caeaaeiinoae, ci?ie /anoioe
a?aeoeeaiue iieaciee?a IE, iaaia, ia iathoue aaciina?aaei?o ca’yce?a c
iaiai?ioiueith eiiiiiaioith i?iiaiaaiai o?aaeaiiy e?iaioai?aiiy, a
coiiaeai? o?eaaeei iai?oaeaiiyi eiiiainaoe?eii-i?enoinoaaeueieo
iaoai?ci?a a aaiiiiaoe/i?e nenoai?. ?o aeniaaeaiiy iiaei ni?e/eieoe
c?inoaiiy /anoioe iaeo?i- oa o?iiaioeeoiiai??, yea niinoa??aaee o
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ? nooiaiy /a?ac 6-8 ?ie?a i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy. C
o??? ae i?e/eie nenoaia e?iaioai?aiiy o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?? oa ???
nooiaiy a inoaii? ?iee iaioa caeaoia aei a?ia??aaaia?aoe??, ui
i?iyaeeinue o ieo cieaeaiiyi /anoioe iaeo?io?eueico.

Ca aeaieie i??eia?ai aoei aea/aii e?noeiaiiiceiaa e?iaioai?aiiy o 15
iaoe??io?a c ae?aaiicii AIO, ianoaaeaieo o 1992-1998 ??. Na?aaeiy
e?euee?noue i??eiea??ioeeo?a o EI 8 in?a c AIO-Ii (a?oia A) oa 7 — c AIO
?-??? nooiaiy (a?oia A) ciaoiaeeeanue a iaaeao ii?iaoeaieo eieeaaiue
(80,4312,17 o 109/e ? 51,835,48 o 109/e a?aeiia?aeii). O a?oi? A aiia
aoea a??ia?aeii ieae/a, i?ae o a?oi? eiio?ieth (95,47,29 o 109/e;
?0,01). Na?aaeiy e?euee?noue iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a o a?oi? A (
50,94,4%) aeoiaeeea ca ?aiee ii?iaoeaieo cia/aiue (52,7 — 68,9%). Oea
cieaeaiiy aoei coiiaeaia iecueeei ai?noii iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a,
ia caeaoieo aei iiae?eo: iaoai??eioeeo?a (6,80,6%; eiio?ieue -8,90,5%;
?0,01; ii?ia 8,0-15,0%), iaee/eiyaea?ieo (12,11,4%; eiio?ieue -14,51,0%;
ii?ia — 12,8-23,7%) oa naaiaioiyaea?ieo (14,32,2%; eiio?ieue -19,51,2%;
?0,01; ii?ia — 13,1-24,1%) a?aioeioeeo?a. O 3 iaoe??io?a c AIO ?-???
nooiaiy a i??eia?ai? a?aecia/aeinue ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo i?ii??eioeeo?a, o
5 — i??eioeeo?a. Na?aaei?e ai?no iaeo?io?eueieo i??eioeeo?a o a?oi? A
(14,82,0%) ia?aaeuoaaa ii?iaoeai? cia/aiiy (7,0-12,2%). sse ?acoeueoao
oeueiai a oe?e a?oi? ca?a?no?iaaii ca?eueoaiiy na?aaeiueiai ?iaeaeno
aec??aaiiy iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a (0,990,12; eiio?ieue — 0,710,04;
?0,01; ii?ia — 0,5-0,9), ui o niieo/aii? c a?iiee?oeii?noth EI
na?ae/eoue i?i i?aeaeuaiee aeo?ae c??eeo ee?oei a?aioeioeeoa?ii? eaiee
?c EI oa aeniaaeaiiy a?aioeioeeoa?iiai ?aca?ao.

O a?oi? A na?aaei?e ai?no iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a on?o aaia?aoe?e
oa ??cieo nooiai?a c??eino? ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae cia/aiue o eiio?ieuei?e
a?oi?.

Iae?e ?acoeueoao?a eeiioaaiiy a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueieo
ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a EI cana?ae/ea, ui ia 14-oo aeiao aenia?eiaioo
aoaeoeai?noue eieii??ooai?aiiy (AEO) o 5 ?c 7 in?a o a?oi? A ? o 1 c 7 —
o a?oi? A aoea ?noioii cieaeaiith ? eieeaaeanue o iaaeao 16 — 25 ia 1 o
105 aenieaioiaaieo ee?oei (AE). O ?aooe iaoe??io?a eieii??ooai?thth/ee
iioaioe?ae ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae eiio?ieueieo iieaciee?a (AEO — a?ae 38
aei 45 ia 1 o 105 AE). Na?aaeiy AEO ia 14-oo aeiao eeiioaaiiy o a?oi?
A (24,93,6 ia 1 o 105 AE) aoea ieae/a, i?ae a a?oi? A (37,92,9 ia 1 o
105 AE; ?0,05) oa a?oi? eiio?ieth (39,21,4 ia 1 o 105 AE; ?0,01).

C i?iaeiaaeaiiyi no?ie?a eoeueoeaoaaiiy aei 28 ae?a e?euee?noue eieii?e
o iaoe??io?a c? cieaeaiei ia 14-oo aeiao eieii??ooai?aiiyi ca?eueoeeanue
? aeinyaea ??aiy eiio?ieth (AEO a?ae 36 aei 46 ia 1 o 105 AE).
A??ia?aeieo a?aei?iiinoae o na?aaei?o cia/aiiyo AEO i?ae a?oiaie ia
28-io aeiao aenia?eiaioo ia aoei.

Ee?oeiiee neeaae eieii?e ia 14-oo aeiao eeiioaaiiy o iaoe??io?a iniiaii?
a?oie ?noioii ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae eiio?ieth. Ia 28-io aeiao o
iaoe??io?a c? cieaeaiei ia 14-oo aeiao eieii??ooai?aiiyi /anoeia eeii?a
(67%) a?aeiia?aeaea 28-aeaiiei eieii?yi eiio?ieueii? a?oie c aenieei
a?aenioeiaei ai?noii iae?ioaaaeueieo aeaiaio?a. Ee?oeiiee neeaae ?ioi?
/anoeie eeii?a (33%) a?aeiia?aeaa eieii?yi in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia 14
aeaiue.

Aeyaeai? i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy EI iniaeeaino? ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye
iciaee eiiiainaoe?eii-i?enoinoaaeueiiai iaoai?cio a aaiiiiaoe/i?e
nenoai? ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?-??? nooiaiy, ia oa?aeoa?iiai aeey in?a c
AIO-Ii. I?aeaeuaiee aeo?ae ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a o IE o ieo iaaeinoaoiuei
eiiiaino?oueny e?iaioai?aiiyi, ine?eueee ? iciaee ciaioaiiy
e?noeiaiiiceiaiai a?aioeioeeoa?iiai ?aca?ao. Ca?eueoaia iio?aaa o c??eeo
ee?oeiao i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui /anoeia ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a
i?aeeyaa? oa?i?iaeueiiio aeeoa?aioe?thaaiith, /a?ac ui ia
aeei?enoiao?oueny a iiai?e i??? ?o i?ie?oa?aoeaiee iioaioe?ae. Oea
coiiaeei o iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? iecueeo AEO iiiiioeeaa??a EI o
iaoe??io?a c AIO ?-??? nooiaiy ia 14-oo aeiao eeiioaaiiy i?e ca?eueoaii?
/anoee i?ie?oa?oth/eo a?aioeioeeo?a o i??eia?ai?. Ca?eueoaiiy ai?iaeiaae
iiaeaeueoiai eeiioaaiiy AEO aei ??aiy eiio?ieth, yea ie niinoa??aaee,
iiaeeeaa eeoa ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiai aeoiaeo a i?ie?oa?aoe?th
ieth?eiioaioieo noiaao?iaeo ee?oei oa ?o iaeaeeae/eo iauaaee?a.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui a in?a c AIO ?-??? nooiaiy i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy
EI e?euee?noue eeii?a c aiceiio?eueiith ni?yiiaai?noth
aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy aoea ?noioii aeua, i?ae o eiio?ie? (18,63,7%;
eiio?ieue — 5,51,9%; ?0,01).

I?e eeiioaaii? iiiiioeeaa??a EI o 2 ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO c IAeN
cieaeaiee ia 14-oo aeiao i?ie?oa?aoeaiee iioaioe?ae i?e i?iaeiaaeaii?
aenia?eiaioo ia a?aeiiaethaaany.

I?ae /an aea/aiiy a eoeueoo?? aeeooc?eieo eaia? oee?eoethth/eo o IE
ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a a?aioeiiiiioeeoiiiaco a in?a c AIO ?-??? nooiaiy
(n=14) AEO aoea ?noioii aeua i?ae o eiio?ie? (21,11,6 ia 5 o 105 AE;
eiio?ieue — 12,52,1 ia 5 o 105 AE; ?0,01). A?aeiii, ui a ii?i?
?ioaineai?noue iai?io e?iaioai?ieie ee?oeiaie i?ae ??cieie ae?eyieaie
aaiiiiaoe/ii? nenoaie iacia/ia ? e?iaioai?i? ee?oeie ia ia?aaoaathoue o
noai? “aacia?a?aii? o?ainieaioaoe??” (E.E. *a?oeia, I.E. Ae?eca, 1998).
Iiaeeeaei iiyniaiiyi i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino? eeiioaaiiy iiiiioeeaa??a
IE o iaoe??io?a a?oie A iiaeooue aooe ci?ie e?iaioai?iiai i?e?iioi/aiiy,
aeyaeai? i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy EI iaoiaeii aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??.
Oeueo?ano?oeoo?ia aeaoaeoi?noue aeaiaio?a e?iaioai?iiai i?e?iioi/aiiy, a
naia, ii?ooaiiy iaia?a?aiino? no?iie neioni?ae?a, o?aaiaioaoe?y
a?ae?inoe?a aiaeioae?aeueieo ee?oei, iiaea ni?eyoe oiio, ui o i?ina?oe
neioni?ae?a, a aeae? o IE ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO iio?aiey? iaaeeeoie
ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a a?aioeiiiiioeeoiiiaco. Iineeaia i?a?aoe?y
e?iaioai?ieo iiia?aaeiee?a o IE ii?yae c ?icaeyiooei ?ai?oa i?aeaeuaiei
aeoiaeii o i?ie?oa?aoe?th ieth?eiioaioieo aaiiiiaoe/ieo ee?oei iiaea
iaoe ?noioia cia/aiiy a ciaioaii? ia’?io noiaao?iaiai e?iaioai?iiai ioeo
a in?a, ui ia?aianee AIO.

Oeueo?ano?oeoo?o aeaiaio?a EI aea/aii o 13 iaoe??io?a c ae?aaiicii AIO,
ianoaaeaieo o 1987-1989 ??., ? a 11 — o 1992-1998 ??. No?oeoo?i?
aeaiaioe aaiiia?aio?ie EI /a?ac 6-12 ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN aeyaeyee
iciaee aeaoaeoiino?. Aeeno?io?y aeaiaio?a aaiiia?aio?ie niinoa??aaeanue
ia?aaaaeii a ee?oeiao a?aioeioeeoa?ii? iecee. Iae/ano?oeie ci?iaie a
oeeo ee?oeiao aoee ii?ooaiiy aec??aaiiy oa aeaoaeoe no?oeoo?e
niaoeeo?/iiai a?aioey?iiai aia?aoo. A?aei?/aeenue i?iyae iae?ico
ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a a in?a c AIO ?-??? nooiaiy, ae?aaeai? a ia??iae
a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a cia/ii iaiueoa, i?ae a ia??iae a?aeiiaeaiiy.
Iaeii/anii ?a?no?oaaee oeeoioaaioeeoic ee?oei oa ?o o?aaiaio?a
iae?ioaaaie, eio?? nai? caciaaaee aeeno?io?? oa iae?ia?ico. Oaaioeeoa?i?
ooieoe?? iae?ioaa?a /anoeiai cae?enithaaee ee?oeie aiaeioae?th
neioni?ae?a oa eai?ey??a.

Ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie ee?oei a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee
aaiiiiaco a in?a a?oi A oa A a?aecia/aeenue oaeiae i?ae /an ?o aea/aiiy
ia na?oeiiioe/iiio ??ai?. Iaea?eueo oeiiaeie ye?nieie ci?iaie a
i??ei?aeieo aeaiaioao /a?ac 9-12 ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN aoee a?ii-
oa a?ia?naaiaioaoe?y, o?aaiaioaoe?y yaea?, iica?/i?noue ?iciiae?eo
a?aioey?iiai aia?aoo iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a. Oe? iciaee a a?oi? A
a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae oaeeo a a?oi? eiio?ieth. ??aeoa
cono??/aeeny aaeoie?caoe?y yaea? ? oeeoiieacie iaeo?io?eueieo
a?aioeioeeo?a, aiiiaeueia oi?ia yae?a oa ?ynia aco?io?eueia ca?ieno?noue
o oeeoiieaci? iiiioeeo?a.

I?ioyaii ia??iaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy 1986-1998 ??. na?aae 186 in?a c
ae?aaiicii AIO o 10 iaoe??io?a aeyaeaii aaiaoieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy. O
a?oi? iaoe??io?a c AIO-Ii o 2 ae?aaiinoiaaii aieanoe/io aiai?th (o 1986
?.), o 2 — o?ii?/iee aa?aioeioeeoic (o 1986 ? 1987 ??.), o 1 — oai?iao
Aa?eueaioa (o 1986 ?.). A a?oi? iaoe??io?a c AIO ?-??? nooiaiy o 1
ae?aaiinoiaaii o?ii?/iee i??eieaeeic (o 1990 ?.), o 1 — IAeN,
?ao?aeoa?io aiai?th c e?eueoeaaeie n?aea?iaeanoaie (o 1993 ?.), o 2
— IAeN, ?ao?aeoa?io aiai?th (o 1995 ? 1996 ??.), o 1 — aino?o
i??eiiiiiaeanoio eaeeai?th (AIE, I4) (o 1998 ?.). ?c 5 aeiaaee?a
aaiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue o a?oi? A 4 ae?aaiinoiaaii o
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?? oa ??? nooiaiy.

On? aaiaoieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy o a?oi? iaoe??io?a c AIO-Ii
ae?aaiinoiaaii i?ioyaii ia?oiai iiaaa??eiiai ?ieo. Iaaii, aiie ia aoee
iane?aeeii ia?aii?ii?iaiiy oa iiaee aooe /eiieeii a?ia?ae?aaiinoeee AIO.
?icaeoie caoai?thaaiue o a?oi? in?a c AIO ?-??? nooiaiy, a iniia? yeeo
eaaeeoue iaiieanoe/ia o?ainoi?iaoe?y e?iaioai?ii? ee?oeie, ca oa?i?iii
?icaeoeo oe?eeii eiia??ii i?a ni?e/eieoe ?aae?aoe?eiee oaeoi?.

C iaoith aea/aiiy iaoai?ci?a eaeeaiiaaiaco i?iaaaeaii ne?ei?ia
i?e?iiooaoe?e aaio ?53 o ?aeiiaaeanoeaioa AIO ?? nooiaiy, caoai??aoiai
ia AIE, I4. A?aenooi?noue aaa??aioiiai ci?uaiiy o?aaiaio?a aaio ?53 o
?ac? iaaeaiaoo?oth/iai aeaeo?ioi?aco io?eiaieo ?aae?iaeoeaiii?/aieo
i?iaeoeo?a IE? anioe?thaaeanue c a?aeiinii ni?eyoeeaei ee?i?/iei
ia?aa?aii caoai?thaaiiy c? cia/iith a?aae?eaoe??th iooeeiiiai eeiio i?ae
/an e?eoaaiiy.

Iniaeea?noth ?icaeoeo IAeN o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?-??? nooiaiy aoa
o?eaaeee, ia?aaeoth/ee ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiiy aeia?iye?niee ia??iae,
yeee oa?aeoa?ecoaaany iano?eeeie, iii??ii ae?aaeaieie a?aeoeeaiiyie
iieaciee?a IE o aeaeyae? eaeei-, iaeo?i- oa o?iiaioeeoiiai??. IAeN o ieo
iai?oanooaaa ye a?iiieanoe/iee, a?iiee?oeiiee noai EI caa??aaany o 2 ?c
3 caoai??aoeo i?ioyaii onueiai ia??iaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy i?ney
anoaiiaeaiiy ae?aaiico.

Ne?ae i?iaiae?coaaoe ieoiio aaao IAeN a iaoieia?? o iaoe??io?a a?oie A.
Aecia?oueny, ui iaea?eueoee ?ecee ?icaeoeo o ethaeeie IAeN
a?aecia/a?oueny i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy ?? c aenieith e?i?eiith ao?aoith
aia?a?? (Kuni, 1998). Iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO,
ni?e/eiaii? ae??th ?A i?ae /an aaa??? ia *AAN, o oi?ioaaii? a?aeaeaeaieo
iieiaaiaoieia?/ieo iane?aee?a cia/io ?ieue a?ae?a?a? ?iei?ii?aoe?y
aeiaaiaeeao/eo ?aae?iioee?ae?a o e?noeia?e oeaiei?, ye? ia?aaaaeii ? —
oa -aei?ii?ithaa/aie (90Sr, 239Pu). Aiie ni?aaeythoue ?noioio ii?oooth/o
ae?th ia noiaao?ia? e?iaioai?i? ee?oeie, ?icoaoiaai? o oa??
e?noeiaiiiceiai? oeaieie, yeee aaciina?aaeiuei i?eeyaa? aei
aiaeinoaeueii? iiaa?oi? e?noee (E.A. Iei/oe e niaao., 1996).

Cae/aeii, oaca aoi?eiiiai IAeN, yea ia?aaeo? iai?oanoaoe?? ?aae?aoe?eii
?iaeoeiaaii? eaeeai??, o?eaa? i?eaeecii 6 i?n. (Dann et al., 1998). O
ca’yceo c oeei ia aeeeth/aii, ui o 2 ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO, ye? iiia?ee
aiane?aeie oneeaaeiaiue IAeN ?ai?oa oeueiai oa?i?io, ?icai?iooa ee?i?/ia
ea?oeia eaeeai?? ia niinoa??aaeany /a?ac oaeaeeee eaoaeueiee e?iaoeue
IAeN.

Iiaeaeueo? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca iino?aaeaeaeeie aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe oa ai?aeai?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieyoue o e?ioeaaiio
i?aenoieo aeaoe e?euee?nio ioe?ieo ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy ?aae?aoe?eii
?iaeoeiaaieo eaeeai?e oa IAeN o oe??? eaoaai??? in?a.

AENIIAEE

1. O 31% ianoaaeaieo ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ? nooiaiy ? o 27% —
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?? oa ??? nooiaiy /a?ac 9-12 ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? ia
*AAN a ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? ?a?no?oaaee ieiou? e?euee?ni? a?aeoeeaiiy o
ai?no? aeaiaio?a a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee aaiiiiaco.
Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth aeey ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ? nooiaiy aoea
aeniea /anoioa o ieo aaniethoii? iaeo?iiai?? (o 24% ianoaaeaieo), a aeey
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?? oa ??? nooiaiy — aaniethoiiai iaeo?io?eueico (o
14% ianoaaeaieo). O ?aooe in?a, ye? ia?aianee AIO, e?euee?noue
a?aioeioeeo?a oa iae?ioaa?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? a?aeiia?aeaea
ii?iaoeaiei cia/aiiyi.

2. O ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?-??? nooiaiy o a?aeaeaeaiee
iino?aae?aoe?eiee ia??iae o a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeuei?e eaioe?
aaiiiiaco caa??aaeenue ye?ni? ci?ie ii?oieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e ee?oei, ye?
i?iyaeyeeny a?ii- oa a?ia?naaiaioaoe??th yaea?, iica?/i?noth ?iciiae?eo,
ii?ooaiiyi aec??aaiiy oa aeeno?io?/ieie ci?iaie niaoeeo?/iiai
a?aioey?iiai aia?aoo oeeoiieacie a?aioeioeeo?a, aenieei ??aiai
oeeoioaaioeeoico oa iae?ia?ioe/ieie ci?iaie iae?ioaa?a.

3. O 27% ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?-??? nooiaiy c aaniethoiith
iaeo?iiai??th oa 33% — c aaniethoiei iaeo?io?eueicii o ia?eoa?e/i?e
e?ia? /a?ac 6-12 ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN a e?noeiaiio iiceo aecia/aii
noeeuei?noue aei a?iiee?oeiiino? (e?euee?noue i??eiea??ioeeo?a a
ianoaaeaieo in?a noaiiaeea a?ae 40 aei 80 o 109/e), aeniaaeaiiy
a?aioeioeeoa?iiai ?aca?ao oa ca?eueoaiiy /anoee i?ie?oa?oth/eo ee?oei
(i?ii??eioeeo?a oa i??eioeeo?a).

4. A in?a, ui ia?aianee AIO, o a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae aeyaeai? ci?ie
no?oeoo? e?iaioai?iiai i?e?iioi/aiiy, ye? i?iyaeyeenue ii?ooaiiyi
iaia?a?aiino? no?iie neioni?ae?a, o?aaiaioaoe??th a?ae?inoe?a
aiaeioae?aeueieo ee?oei, c /ei iiaeia iia’ycaoe i?aeaeuaiee aeo?ae
eeiiiaaiieo ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a o ia?eoa?e/io e?ia.

5. O ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ?-??? no. c? noaa?eueiith aai ieiouith
iaeo?iiai??th o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? o a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae i?e eeiioaaii?
iiiiioeeaa??a e?noeiaiai iiceo aeyaeaii cieaeaiiy eieii??ooai?thth/iai
iioaioe?aeo a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueieo ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a c
i?aeaeuaiiyi e?eueeino? aiceiio?eueieo eieii?e na?aae on?o eeii?a.

6. O ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO c? cieaeaiei eieii??ooai?thth/ei iioaioe?aeii
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueieo ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a e?noeiaiai iiceo o
?ac? i?iaeiaaeaiiy eoeueoeaoaaiiy a?aeaoaaeinue ca?eueoaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
eieii??ooai?aiiy aei ii?iaeueiiai ??aiy ca ?aooiie i?ci?o aaia?aoe?e
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueieo eeii?a. Aeao?oeeo ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? iecee a in?a, ui ia?aianee AIO, o
a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae eiiiaino?oueny i?aeaeuaiei aeoiaeii o
i?ie?oa?aoe?th ieth?eiioaioieo noiaao?iaeo ee?oei oa ?o iaeaeeae/eo
iauaaee?a.

7. Aecia/ai? ii?ooaiiy a on?o neeaaeiaeo a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii?
eaiee aaiiiiaco (ioe? noiaao?iaeo ee?oei oa ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a,
aec??aath/eo oa c??eeo ee?oeiieo aeaiaioao), no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaioao
e?iaioai?iiai i?e?iioi/aiiy ? ?noioiei /eiieeii ?eceeo ?icaeoeo
nenoaiieo caoai?thaaiue e?ia?, o oiio /ene? ceiye?nieo. Na?aae 90
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO ca 12-??/iee iiaaa??eiee ia??iae o 5 noi?ioaaeeny
iieiaaiaoieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy (o 1 — o?ii?/iee i??eieaeeic, o 3 —
i??eiaeenieanoe/iee neiae?ii, o 1 — aino?a i??eiiiiiaeanoia eaeeai?y).

8. Iie?ia?acia eaioethaiaa ?aaeoe?y c aecia/aiiyi iie?ii?o?cio
eiioi?iaoe?? iaeiiieoeiaiai eaioethaa AeIE ? ?ioi?iaoeaiei iaoiaeii
ne?ei?iaa iooaoe?e aaio ?53 i?e ?aae?aoe?eii ?iaeoeiaaieo aaiaoieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiiyo.

I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

1. O ca’yceo c aenieei ?eceeii ?icaeoeo nenoaiieo caoai?thaaiue e?ia?
?aeiiaaeanoeaioe AIO iiaeii? ia?aaoaaoe i?ae iaaeyaeii oa?aiaaoa ?
i?ioiaeeoe aaiaoieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy 2 ?ace ia ??e (?icai?iooee aiae?c
e?ia?, ee?i?/iee iaeyae). Aeey iaoe??io?a c ieioueie a?aeoeeaiiyie
iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? aaiaoieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy ne?ae
iiaoi?thaaoe eiaei? 3 i?nyoe? c iaia’yceiaei iaeyaeii aaiaoieiaa. O ?ac?
iiyae noaa?eueieo a?aeoeeaiue iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia?
(iaeo?iiai??, iaeo?io?eueico, e?ioioeeoico, iiiioeeoico,
o?iiaioeeoiiai??, aiai??) ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny iiaeeaeaia aaiaoieia?/ia
ianoaaeaiiy o niaoe?ae?ciaaiiio noaoe?iia?? c i?iaaaeaiiyi
e?noeiaiiiceiai? ioieoe??, o?aiaiia?iin??.

2. O ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a AIO c oeeoiiai?yie o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? o
i?ioean? ae?aaiinoe/iiai iiooeo iaiao?aeii canoiniaoaaoe eeiioaaiiy
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueieo ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a e?noeiaiai iiceo,
?acoeueoaoe yeiai aeicaieythoue ae?aaiinooaaoe i??eiaeenieanoe/iee
neiae?ii ia ii/aoeiaeo aoaiao eiai ?icaeoeo.

NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ethaa?aoe O.O., Eeeiaiei N.A. Eiee/anoaaiiua e ea/anoaaiiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee e?iaaoai?iie nenoaiu o eeoe, o/anoaiaaaoeo a eeeaeaeaoeee
iineaaenoaee *a?iiaueueneie aaa?ee, a ioaeaeaiiii ia?eiaea //
Aaiaoieia?y ? ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia? / I?aea?aeii/ee ca. — E.: Ii?a-i??io,
1998. — Aei.29. — N.136-140.

2. Eeeiaiei N.A. Einoiiiicaiaia e?iaaoai?aiea o eeeaeaeaoi?ia
iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN, ia?aianoeo ino?oth eo/aaoth aieaciue (ii
aeaiiui ieaeia?aii) // A?a/aa. aeaei. — 1999. — ? 1. — N.25-27.

3. Eeeiaiei N.A., Eiaaeaiei A.I. Ioeeiiaiey iieacaoaeae ia?eoa?e/aneie
e?iae o eeoe, ia?aianoeo ino?oth eo/aaoth aieaciue a ?acoeueoaoa aaa?ee
ia *a?iiaueueneie aoiiiie yeaeo?inoaioeee // Oe?. iaae. /aniien. — 1999.
— ?2. — N.86-89.

4. Iniaaiiinoe aaiiiiyca o ?aeiiaaeanoeaioia ino?ie eo/aaie aieacie a
ia?eiae ioaeaeaiiuo iineaaenoaee / Aeeueei I.I., Eeeiaiei N.A., Aaee/ei
A.A., AEaeae A.E. // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue ni?a?ia. EIAII ?i. I.E.Ooi?ea. –
1999. – Aei.8, ei. 1. – N.40-43.

5. ?ao?aeoa?iay aiaiey n eieueoeaauie neaea?iaeanoaie o aieueiiai,
ia?aianoaai ino?oth eo/aaoth aieaciue III noaaeee a ?acoeueoaoa aaa?ee
ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN / Eeeiaiei A.E., Ethaa?aoe O.O., Eiaaeaiei A.I.,
Aeyaeeue E.N., Eeeiaiei N.A. // Aaiaoieiaey e o?ainooceieiaey. — 1999.
— O.44, ?3. — N.45-46.

6. Aaiaoieiae/aneea caaieaaaiey o eeoe, ia?aianoeo ino?oth eo/aaoth
aieaciue a ?acoeueoaoa aaa?ee ia *AYN / Eeeiaiei N.A., Aaaaoei A.A.,
Eiaaeaiei A.I., Eeeiaiei A.E. // Yenia?ei. iieieiaey. — 1999. — O.21,
?2. — N.133-136.

7. The hematopoietic system of the acute radiation syndrome
reconvalescents in post-accidental period / Klimenko V., Dyagil I.,
Yukhimuk L., Bilko N., Bebeshko V., Klimenko S., Oberenko O. //
Proceedings of the 1-st international conference “The radiological
consequences of the Chernobyl accident”, Minsk, Belarus, 18-22 March
1996. — Luxemburg: Office for Official Publications of the European
Communities, 1996. — P.637-639.

8. Aaiaoieiae/aneea yooaeou n?aaee o/anoieeia eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee
aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN / Eeeiaiei A.E., Aeyaeeue E.N., E?y/ie
E.A., ?aae/oe C.A., Iaa?aiei I.A., Ethaa?aoe O.O., Eeeiaiei N.A., Neaae
E.A., Oieieei A.A., Neaei?aiei O.A., *a?ayeiaa A.A. // Oace iaoe.-i?aeo.
eiio. “A?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee ii?ii?iaiiy a ?ioii?e oa aaiiiiaoe/i?e
nenoaiao”, Ee?a, 16-18 aeiaoiy 1996 ?. — E., 1996. — N.100-101.

9. Eeeiaiei N.A. Aaiaoieiae/aneea yooaeou o eeoe, iieo/eaoeo aunieea
aeicu iaeo/aiey, a ioaeaeaiiue ia?eiae iinea aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie
AYN // Iaoa??aee iaoe. eiio. iieiae. a/aieo, i?enay/. 10-??//th IOe?I
“I?iaeaie ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie i?ney *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe”,
Ee?a, 2-4 aeiaoiy 1996 ?. — E., 1997. — N.54-55.

10. Aeeueei I.I., Eeeiaiei N.A. Eeaoee-i?aaeoanoaaiieoeu e?iaaoai?iie
nenoaiu o o/anoieeia eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie
AYN, eiathueo noaaeeueiua ioeeiiaiey iieacaoaeae ia?eoa?e/aneie e?iae //
Na. noaoae e 10-eaoeth aaiaoieia. ioaeae. EE? IOe?I AII Oe?aeiu
“Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu”. — E. — 1997. —
N.18-20.

11. Myelodysplastic syndrome in patients who suffered from the Chernobyl
accident / Klymenko V.I., Dyagil I.S., Bebeshko V.G., Klymenko S.V.,
Bazyka D.A. // Haematologica. — 1999. — Vol.84, EHA-4 Abstract Book. —
P.177.

AIIOAOe??

Eeeiaiei N.A. Noai a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee aaiiiiaco a
in?a, ui ia?aianee aino?o i?iiaiaao oai?iao o ca’yceo c aaa???th ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN, o ia??iae a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.31 — aaiaoieia?y oa o?ainooc?ieia?y. —
Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy
e?ia?, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueii? eaiee aaiiiiaco o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a
aino?i? i?iiaiaai? oai?iae o ca’yceo c aaa???th ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN.
*a?ac 6-12 ?ie?a i?ney aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeyaeaia
aeniea /anoioa a?aeoeeaiue iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia?, ye?ni?
ii?ooaiiy ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a, aeniaaeaiiy a?aioeioeeoa?iiai ?aca?ao ?
ca?eueoaiiy /anoee i?ie?oa?oth/eo ee?oei a e?noeiaiio iiceo, e?euee?ni?
ii?ooaiiy a ioe? a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueieo ee?oei-iiia?aaeiee?a.
Ioe?iaia ?ieue aeyaeaieo ci?i o ?icaeoeo i?ciuei? aaiaoieia?/ii?
iaoieia??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaa??y ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN, ?ii?coth/a
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, aino?a i?iiaiaaa oai?iaa, a?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee,
e?iaioai?aiiy, ia?eoa?e/ia e?ia, e?noeiaee iicie, eaeeai?y,
i??eiaeenieanoe/iee neiae?ii.

Eeeiaiei N.A. Ninoiyiea a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueiiai caaia aaiiiiyca
o eeoe, ia?aianoeo ino?oth eo/aaoth aieaciue a nayce n aaa?eae ia
*a?iiaueueneie AYN, a ia?eiae ioaeaeaiiuo iineaaenoaee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.31 — aaiaoieiaey e o?ainooceieiaey. — Eeaaneee
iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo aaiaoieiaee e ia?aeeaaiey e?iae,
Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou eiiieaeniiai eco/aiey
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueiiai caaia aaiiiiyca o ?aeiiaaeanoeaioia
ino?ie eo/aaie aieacie (IEA) a nayce n aaa?eae ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN.
Iniiauaaynue ia ?acoeueoaoao ia?aniio?a iainiiaaiiinoe aeeaaiica IEA,
186 iaoeeaioia auee ?acaeaeaiu ia aeaa a?oiiu: 90 iaoeeaioia n
iaiiaeoaa?aeaeaiiie (IEA-Ii) e 96 — n aa?eoeoee?iaaiiie IEA (IEA ?-???
noaiaie). *a?ac 6-12 eao iinea aicaeaenoaey eiiece?othuae ?aaeeaoeee
auyaeaia aunieay /anoioa ioeeiiaiee iieacaoaeae ia?eoa?e/aneie e?iae.
Iinea IEA ? noaiaie iaaethaeaeenue i?aeiouanoaaiii i?aoiaeyuea
oeeoiiaie/aneea ninoiyiey (iaeo?i-, eeioioeeoi- e o?iiaioeeoiiaiey), a
iinea IEA ??-??? noaiaie — i?aoiaeyuea oeeoicu (eeioioeeoic e
iaeo?ioeeac). O eeoe n aa?eoeoee?iaaiiie IEA /a?ac 6-12 eao iinea aaa?ee
ia *AYN a einoiii iicaa ii?aaeaeaia neeiiiinoue e aeiieeaoi/iinoe,
enoiuaieth a?aioeioeeoa?iiai ?aca?aa e oaaee/aieth aeiee
i?ieeoa?e?othueo eeaoie (i?iieaeioeeoia e ieaeioeeoia). A ioaeaeaiiue
iino?aaeeaoeeiiiue ia?eiae o ieo nio?aiyeenue ea/anoaaiiua eciaiaiey
ii?oieiae/aneie no?oeoo?u eeaoie, i?iyaeyaoeany aeii- e
aeia?naaiaioaoeeae yaea?, iicae/iinoueth ?ani?aaeaeaiey, ia?ooaieai
nic?aaaiey e aeeno?ioe/aneeie eciaiaieyie a?aioey?iiai aiia?aoa
oeeoiieaciu a?aioeioeeoia, aunieei o?iaiai oeeoioaaioeeoica e
iae?iaeioe/aneeie eciaiaieyie iae?ioaaia. O iaoeeaioia n IEA ?-???
noaiaie ni noaaeeueiuie eee i?aoiaeyueie ioeeiiaieyie a ia?eoa?e/aneie
e?iae a ioaeaeaiiue ia?eiae i?e eeiie?iaaiee iiiiioeeaa?ia einoiiai
iicaa auyaeaii nieaeaiea eieiieaia?acothuaai iioaioeeaea
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueiuo eeaoie-i?aaeoanoaaiieeia n oaaee/aieai
eiee/anoaa yiceiioeeueiuo eieiiee n?aaee anao eeiiia. O iaoeeaioia ni
nieaeaiiui eieiieaia?acothuei iioaioeeaeii i?e i?iaeeaiee
eoeueoeae?iaaiey i?ienoiaeeei ainnoaiiaeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
eieiieaia?aciaaiey aei ii?iaeueiiai o?iaiy ca n/ao iicaeieo aaia?aoeee
a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueiuo eeiiia. Aeaoeoeeo
eeaoie-i?aaeoanoaaiieeia a?aioeioeeoa?ii-iae?ioaaaeueiiai ?yaea o eeoe,
ia?aianoeo IEA, eiiiaine?oaony iiauoaiiui auoiaeii a i?ieeoa?aoeeth
ieth?eiioaioiuo noaieiauo eeaoie e eo aeeaeaeoeo iioiieia. O
?aeiiaaeanoeaioia IEA a ioaeaeaiiue ia?eiae auyaeaiu ia?ooaiey no?oeoo?
e?iaaoai?iiai iee?iie?oaeaiey, i?iyaeyaoeany o?aaiaioaoeeae io?inoeia
yiaeioaeeaeueiuo eeaoie, ia?ooaieai iai?a?uaiinoe noaiie neionieaeia, n
/ai iiaeii naycaoue iiauoaiiue auoiae eeiiiaaiiuo
eeaoie-i?aaeoanoaaiieeia a?aioeiiiiioeeoi-iiyca a ia?eoa?e/aneoth
e?iaue. Auyaeaiiua ia?ooaiey yaeythony nouanoaaiiui oaeoi?ii ?enea
?acaeoey nenoaiiuo caaieaaaiee e?iae, a oii /enea ceiea/anoaaiiuo. Ca
12-eaoiee iineaaaa?eeiue ia?eiae n?aaee iaoeeaioia n IEA-Ii
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiu: o 2 — aieanoe/aneay aiaiey, o 2 — o?iie/aneee
aa?aioeioeeoic, o 1 — eaeeiiaoe/aneay o?iiaioeeoiiaie/aneay io?io?a.
N?aaee eeoe n IEA I-III noaiaie aeeaaiinoe?iaaiu: o 1 — o?iie/aneee
ieaeieaeeic, o 3 — ieaeiaeenieanoe/aneee neiae?ii, o 1 — ino?ue
ieaeiiiiiaeanoiue eaeeic. Ianoaeaeaaony aa?iyoiinoue ?aaeeaoeeiiiie
eiaeooee?iaaiiinoe yoeo caaieaaaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaa?ey ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN, eiiece?othuay ?aaeeaoeey,
ino?ay eo/aaay aieaciue, ioaeaeaiiua iineaaenoaey, e?iaaoai?aiea,
ia?eoa?e/aneay e?iaue, einoiue iica, eaeeaiey, ieaeiaeenieanoe/aneee
neiae?ii.

Klymenko S.V. State of granulomonopoiesis elements in the persons
survived the acute radiation syndrome caused by the Chernobyl Accident
in the period of remote consequences. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 14.01.31 — hematology and
transfusiology. — Kyiv Research Institute for Hematology and Blood
Transfusion, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis contains the results of granulomonopoiesis elements
comprehensive study in ARS patients in connexion with Chernobyl
accident. In 6-12 years after radiation exposure there have been
revealed the high frequency of peripheral blood indices abnormalities,
qualitative changes of cells, the decrease of granulocytes reserve and
the increase of proliferative cells portion in bone marrow, quantitative
disturbances of granulomonocytic progenitor cells. It has been evaluated
the role of discovered changes in the development of remote
hematological pathology.

Key words: Chernobyl Accident, ionizing radiation, acute radiation
syndrome, remote consequences, hemopoiesis, peripheral blood, bone
marrow, leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome.

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