*A?I?AAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. TH.OAAeUeEIAE*A

IEAOIIIAA

Aeea Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 577.152:581.5

NOAI AIOEIENEAeAIOII? NENOAIE

I?I?INOE?A AI?IOO (PISUM SATIVUM L.)

CA Ae?? ?II?A EAAeI?TH, OAE?TH OA NAEIOeTH

03.00.04 — a?io?i?y

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

*a?i?aoe? — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a *a?i?aaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio

oi?aa?neoao? ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

aeaaeai?e AI AO Oe?a?ie,

Einoeoei Noaiai Noaiaiiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a?io?i?? ?
aenia?eiai-

oaeueii? aeieia??, ?aeoi?
*a?i?aaoeueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.TH.Oaaeueeiae/a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaueoai ?aai Oaaei?iae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaee/ii? o?i?? Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii?

iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??;

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa?ae Ieueaa ?ooaai?aia,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?c?ieia?? ?ineei Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?. O?aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa ( Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i.Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a
a?io?i??

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «_16_» _/a?aiy 1999 ?. i 1400 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 76.051.05 i?e
*a?i?aaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.TH.Oaaeueeiae/a (274012,
i.*a?i?aoe?, aoe. Eioethaeinueeiai, 2).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a (274012, i.*a?i?aoe?, aoe.
E.Oe?a?iee, 23).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «15» o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee, aeioeaio A.I.Eiieeue/oe

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE. Aeoeaicaoeiy aieeao aio?iiiaaiiiai oaeoi?a ca
inoaiii ?iee i?ecaaea aei caaino?aiiy /eneaiieo i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ci
noaiii iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Iaeii?th c ieo ? ii?ooaiiy
ooieoeiiioaaiiy caoenieo nenoai aeeaeo i?aaiiciia iiae aieeaii
iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi?ia aeiaeieey.

Aaaeei iaoaee (AI) ca oaiiaie ?o iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy a aiinoa?i oa ?iaiai
oiene/iinoi, ii?iaiyii c iioeie ?ia?aae??ioaie i?iieneiaeo aeeeaeia,
noaiiaeyoue iaeaieueoo iaaaciaeo aeey na?aaeiaeua. C a?oie aaaeeeo
iaoaeia eaaeiie i naeiaoeue ciaeoee oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy a ?ic-ieo
aaeocyo i?iieneiainoi. Oea i?ecaaei aei ?iceiai iiaeaeuaiiy ?o aiinoo a
ioi/oth/iio na?aaeiaeui, ui, a naith /a?ao, aeeeeeaei caieueoaiiy ?o
eieueeinoi a oeaieiao ?ineei oa oaa?ei [Eeueei A.A., 1991; O?aooaiaa?a
E.I. e ae?., 1998]. Oaeie i?eaa?oa? oaaao aaaaoueio aeineiaeieeia ye
iaeei c iaeaieueo oiene/ieo iaoaeia, aiieiai/ia ?ieue yeiai a aeeaeo
i?aaiiciao ua aei eiioey ia c’yniaaia [Nie?eaeiiiaa A.N. e ae?., 1977].

Aaeaioaoeiy ?ineei aei ?iciiiaiioieo iaaaoeaieo aieeaia ia?aaeaa/a?
iiaieicaoeith aai ae oi?ioaaiiy aiaeiiaiaeieo caoenieo nenoai.
Noieeinoue ?ineei aei aieeao aaaeeeo iaoaeia caaacia/o?oueny
iieaeoey?ieie oa oiciieiai/ieie iaoaiiciaie i caeaaeeoue ye aiae
i?e-?iaee iaoaeo, oae i aiae aeaeiaeo iniaeeainoae i?aaiicio [Wagner
I.G. et. al., 1989; Oaiee N.E. e ae?., 1995].

Aaaeeeaith caoeniith nenoaiith ?ineei ? nenoaia aeooaoiiio, yea caoeua?
i?aaiici aiae caoaii? aei? i?iaeoeoia ia?ieneaeiiai ieeniaiiy eiiiaeia
(IIE), ?aaoeth? ieenii-aiaeiiaii i?ioeane, ciaoeiae-aeo? enaiiaiioeee,
aeeiio? ?aaeiii?ioaeoi?ii ooieoei? [Alscher R.G., 1989; Deneke S.M. et.
al., 1989]. Aei nenoaie caoenoo i?aaiicio aiae ooeiaeaeaiue aianeiaeie
ia?ieneaeiiai ieeniaiiy eiiiaeia iaeaaeaoue oaeiae oa?iaioe
ciaoeiaeaeaiiy aeoeaieo oi?i eenith — noia?ieneaeaeeniooaca (NIAe) i
eaoaeaca. Oiciieiai/ia aioeieneaeaio-ia nenoaia caaacia/o? iiaeo?eiaiiy
aiiainoaco i?e aei? ?icieo aeno?aiaeueieo aaaioia, a oiio /enei e iiiia
aaaeeeo iaoaeia [Iaiueueeiaa A.A. e ae?., 1993; Ao?aeue/oe AE.C., 1994].

O ca’yceo ?c aeeeaaeaiei aea/aiiy noaio caoenieo nenoai ?ineei ca oiia
aei? iiiia aaaeeeo iaoaeia, cie?aia eaaeiith, oaeith oa naeioeth ?
aeineoue aeooaeueiei.

CA’ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE. ?iaioa
i?iaiaeeeanue c 1995 ii 1998 ?ie ia eaoaae?i aiioiii? i
aenia?eiaioaeueii? aeieiai? *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaa-iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a i ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai? oaiaoeee eaoaae?e
«Aeineiaeaeaiiy iineyaei? ?aaeiaoeieiiai oa oiii/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy ia
aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoue aeeaeo i?aaiiciia», ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0194V
028027.

IAOA ? CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Iaoa: c’ynoaaoe iniaee-aino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie i?i?inoeia ai?ioo ca oiia
aeai-, i’yoe- oa ainueieaeiaiaiai aieeao iiiia eaaeiith, naeioeth i
oaeith a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao.

Aiaeiiaiaeii aei iaoe iinoaaeaii ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe aiino iaeiiiaiai aeueaeaaiaeo (IA) a iaaiiao oa ei?aiyo
i?i?inoeia ai?ioo ca aei? iiiia eaaeiith, oaeith i naeioeth.

2. Aeineiaeeoe aeoeaiinoue noia?ieneaeaeeniooace i eaoaeace a
i?i?inoeao ai?ioo i?e aei? iiiia aeineiaeaeoaaieo iaoaeia.

3. Aea/eoe noai nenoaie aeooaoiiio a iaaiiao oa ei?aiyo i?i-?inoeia
ai?ioo ca oiia aieeao aeineiaeaeoaaieo aeciaaiieo oaeoi?ia.

4. Aeineiaeeoe aieea iiiia eaaeiith, oaeith oa naeioeth ia aiiiao-?e/ii
iieacieee i?i?inoeia ai?ioo.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A.

A ?iaioi aia?oa aea/aii aieea iiiia oaeith, eaaeiith ? naeioeth ia noai
aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie oa aiino iaeiiiaiai aeueaeaaiaeo a i?i?inoeao
ai?ioo ia ?aiiio noaaeiyo iioiaaiaco ?ineei. Aeyaeaii aeoeaaoe?th
aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo ca oiia 2-aeiaiaiai aieeao
aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaoae-?ii?a oa cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a
aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo i?e ?o 8-aeiaia?e ae??.

Iieacaii, ui iaeaieueoee aieea ia ciiio aeineiaeaeoaaieo aiioiii/ieo
iieacieeia o i?i?inoeao ai?ioo iaee iiie oaeith, eaaeiith oa naeioeth a
eiioeaio?aoeiyo 10-5 i 10-4 I.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui c onio aeineiaeaeoaaieo aiioiii/ieo iieacieeia
niaoeeoi/iei aei aieeao iiiia aaaeeeo iaoaeia ? aiino aiaeiiaeaiiai
aeooaoiiio.

Aeyaeaii caeaaeiinoue iiae ai?noii a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio a ei?aiyo
i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo oa eiioeaio?aoei?th iiiia eaaeiith i oaeith a
iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeui.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A.

Io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe oa ?o ocaaaeueiaiiy aeiiiaiththoue i
iiaeeaeththoue ?nioth/? oyaeaiiy i?i aeith ?ii?a aaaeeeo iaoaeia ia
?ineeiiee i?aaiici, a oaeiae aeathoue ciiao c’ynoaaoe iniaeeaino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy caoenieo nenoai ?ineei ca oiia ae?? ?ii?a eaaei?th,
oae?th oa naeioeth.

??aaiue aiaeiiaeaiiai aeooaoiiio iiaea neoaeeoe iieacieeii
?aaeoei?-aiaeiiaiaei ?ineeiiiai i?aai?cio ia aieea iiiia aaaeeeo iaoaeia
i noai aiiainoaco ?ineei.

INIAENOEE AIANIE CAeIAOAA*A. Aeena?oaioea naiin-oieii aeeiiaea
aenia?eiaioaeueio /anoeio ?iaioe, iiaeia?aea oa ii?a-oethaaea
eioa?aoo?ii aeaea?aea, iiaeaiooaaea aei ae?oeo ani iaoeiai ?iai-oe, ui
aiaeia?aaeathoue ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoei?. Aiaeic oa iaaiai?aiiy
io?eiaiiai iaoa?iaeo i?iaaaeaii niieueii c iaoeiaei ea?iaieeii.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??. Iniiaii ?acoeue-oaoe ?iaioe
aeeeaaeaii ia Iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa-?aioei?
«Aeaiia?aoi/ia neooaoeiy a Ea?iaonueeiio ?aaiiii: ?aaeueiinoue,
i?iaeaie, i?iaiice ia XXI noieiooy» (*a?iiaoei-Ee?a, 1996), VI
eiioa-?aioei? iieiaeeo a/aieo, i?enay/aiie 50-e ?i/ieoei c aeiy
canioaaiiy Iinoeoooo oiciieiai? ?ineei i aaiaoeee IAI Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
1996), VII Oe?a?inueeiio aiioiii/iiio c’?caei (Ee?a, 1997),
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa-?aioe?? «Iioiaaiac ?ineei o i?e?iaeiiio oa
o?ainoi?iiaaiiio na?a-aeiaeu?» (Eueaia, 1998), I Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeiei-a?/iee no?an ? aaeaioaoe?y o a?ieia?/ieo
nenoaiao» (Oa?iii?eue, 1998).

IOAE?EAOe??. Ca iaoa?iaeaie aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe iioaei-eiaaii 4
noaoo? ? 6 oac aeiiiaiaeae.

NO?OEOO?A OA IANssA ?IAIOE. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e (2 ?icae?ee), iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue,
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy (4 ?icae?ee), aeniiae?a ?
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (220 aeaea?ae). ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 122
noi??ieao, ia? o nai?io neeaae? 15 oaaeeoeue oa 30 ?enoie?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe iiaeaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, a yeiio aena?oeaii
aeaye? aeieia?/i? aniaeoe oaoiiaaiiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ioi/o-th/iai
na?aaeiaeua aaaeeeie iaoaeaie, cie?aia ?iiaie eaaei?th, oae?th oa
naeioeth, ?icaeyiooi nenoaie caoenoo ?ineei a?ae ??ciiiai?oieo
aeci-aaiieo aieea?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iienaii iaoa??aee oa iniiai? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ia’?eoaie aeineiaeaeaiue aoee i?i?inoee ai?ioo (Pisum sativum L.) ni?oo
I?eia/aiei. Ianiiiy i?i?iuoaaee ia aeenoeeueiaaiie aiaei a oa?iinoaoi
i?e oaiia?aoo?i +23 iN aeai aeiae. A iiaeaeueoiio i?i?inoee ia?aiineee
ia iiaeeaia na?aaeiaeua Eiiia [A?iaec?inueeee Ae.I. oa ?i., 1973],
?icaaaeaia aeenoeeueiaaiith aiaeith o niiaaiaeiioaiii 1 : 2. A
aeineiae-ieo aa?iaioao aei iiaeeaiiai na?aaeiaeua aeiaeaaaee nie?
eaaeiith i oaeith o aeaeyaei noeueoao?a oa naeiaoeue o aeaeyaei i?o?aoo
a e?ioeaaeo eii-oeaio?aoeiyo 10-7, 10-6, 10-5, 10-4 I aeith/i? ?a/iaeie.
I?i?inoee ae?iuo-aaee i?e oaiia?aoo?i +23 iN, inaioeaiii 2200 ee i 16-oe
aiaeeiiiio naioeiaiio ia?iiaei.

Aecia/aiiy aiioiii/ieo oa aiiiao?e/ieo iieacieeia i?iaiaee-ee a iaaiiao
i ei?aiyo /ioe?ueio-, naie- oa aeanyoeaeiaiaeo i?i?inoeia ai?ioo.

E?euee?noue iaeiiiaiai aeueaeaa?aeo aecia/aee iaoiaeii Aeaae?-i??iaa
TH.A. oa ni?aaao. (1972). Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeoeaiino?
noia?ieneae-aeeniooace [EO 1.15.1.1] i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith Iao?e?i?
oa ni?aaao. [Nashikimi N. et al., 1972] ? O??aea [Fried R., 1975], a
eaoaeace [EO 1.11.1.6] — iaoiaeii Ei?iethe I.A. oa ?i. (1988). Aiino
aiaeiiaeaiiai aeooaoiiio aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii Eay oa ni?aaao. [Lay M.
et al., 1976]. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeoeaiino? aeooao?iicaeaaeieo oa?iaio?a
i?iaiaeeee: aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace [EO 2.5.1.18] iaoiaeii A?iiaaeueaea
oa ?i. [Gronwald J.W. et al., 1987], aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace [EO 1.6.4.2] ca
iaoiaeii Eaiia oa ni?aaao. [Yenne S.P. et al., 1989]. Ai?no a?eeo a
ia’?eo? aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii Eio?? [Lowry O.H. et al.,
1951].

Iioaa?aeueio ioeiieo oiciieiai/iiai noaio ?ineei i?iaiaeeee ia iniiai
oaeeo aiiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao?ia: aeiaaeeia i iana ei?aiia oa
iaaiiia i?i?inoeia ai?ioo.

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo aeaieo i?iaiaeeee caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee [Iieaaie A.A. e ae?., 1978; Eaa-

iia TH.E. e ae?., 1990].

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa
?o iaaiai?aiiy.

?ACOEUeOAOE OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

?yaeii aaoi??a iieacaii noeioethaaiiy aieueii?aaeeeaeueieo ?aaeoeie
ia?ieneaeiiai ieeniaiiy eiiiaeia (IIE) ca ae?? ??ciiiai?oieo no?aniaeo
oaeoi??a [Trippi V.S. et al., 1989; Aa?aaie A.A., 1991], i?ioa
aiaeiiinoi i?i aieea aaaeeeo iaoae?a ia i?ioeane eiiiia?ieneaeaoei? a
?ineeiieo i?aaiiciao aeineoue iaei/eneaii?.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii
a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo iaeiiiaiai aeueaeaa?aeo, iaeiiai c
e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a IIE, a ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo ca oiia 2-aeiaiai?
ae?? ?ii?a eaaei?th o eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-7 I (6,06(0,381 ieiieue/a
oeaieie i?e eiio?ieueiiio cia/aii? 3,79(0,189 ieiieue/a), 10-6 I
(6,33(0,424 ieiieue/a), 10-5 I (5,72(0,309 ieiieue/a) ? 10-4 I
(5,65(0,254 ieiieue/a). I?e ae?? ?ii?a oae?th o eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-5 ?
10-4 I aeyaeaii cieaeaiiy ai?noo IA a iaaiiao i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo
(3,96(0,261 ? 3,18(0,252 ieiieue/a a?aeiia?aeii, a eiio?ie? — 5,24(0,241
ieiieue/a). Aiaeia?/i? ci?ie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iieacieea cao?eniaaii ?
ca ae?? ?ii?a naeioeth o aeacaieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo (3,87(0,309 ?
3,91(0,243 ieiieue/a).

Ca oiia a?eueo o?eaaeiai aieeao (8 ae?a) Cd2+ o eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-5 ?
10-4 I a?aecia/aii aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? IA ? a iaaiiao
(5,73(0,318 ? 6,86(0,376 ieiieue/a oeaieie i?e cia/aii? 4,70(0,282
ieiieue/a o eiio?ie?), ? a ei?aiyo (3,68(0,262 ? 3,73(0,233 ieiieue/a, o
eiio?ie? — 2,52(0,141 ieiieue/a) i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo. Tl+ ? Pb2+ o
eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-5, 10-4 I aeeeeeaee i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo IA eeoa a
ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a (i?e ae?? Tl+ — 3,45(0,231 ? 3,42(0,280 ieiieue/a
a?aeiia?aeii, i?e ae?? Pb2+ — 3,63(0,290 ? 3,40(0,198 ieiieue/a).

Ia?oi/a?aiaa cia/aiiy o ciaoeiaeaeaii? aeoeaieo oi?i eenith
(noia?ieneaeiiai ai?ii-?aaeeeaeo, ia?ieneaeo aiaeith) iaeaaeeoue
aioeieneaeaioiei oa?iaioai — noia?ieneaeaeeniooac? oa eaoaeac?.

Ca oiia 2-aeiaiaiai aieeao ?ii?a eaaei?th o eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-6, 10-5,
10-4 I anoaiiaeaii a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? NIAe, o ii??a-iyii? c
eiio?ieai, o iaaiiao oa ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo. I?e ae?? ?i-i?a
oae?th o eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-4 I a iaaiiao ? ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a
cao?e-niaaii i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo. Aiaeia?/i? ci?ie
aeine?aeaeo-aaiiai iieacieea aeyaeai? ? i?e ae?? 10-5, 10-4 I ?ii?a
naeioeth (?en. 1).

Iaeiae i?e ca?eueoaii? oa?i?io aieeao iaoae-?ii?a aei 8 ae?a aeyaeaii
aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? noia?ieneaeaeeniooace a?aeiinii
eiio?ieth. A iaaiiao i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo aeacai? ci?ie aeyaeai? i?e ae??
?ii?a eaaei?th o eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-5 ? 10-4 I oa i?e ae??
aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e (10-7-10-4 I) ?ii?a oae?th (?en. 2). A
ei?aiyo ?ineei aeoeai?noue NIAe a??ia?aeii ciaiooaaeanue ca ae?? on?o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e Cd2+ ? Pb2+ oa i?e ae?? 10-5, 10-4 I
Tl+.

I?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? noia?ieneaeaeeniooace i?e ae?? ?ii?a oae?th oa
naeioeth o ii/aoeiaee oa?i?i i?i?iuoaaiiy iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i
aeoeaaoe?th aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie, iane?aeeii /iai, eiia??ii, ?
ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? aeoeaieo oi?i eenith, ui o e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao?
ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo iaeiiiaiai aeueaeaa?aeo a
i?i?ino-eao ai?ioo.

I?e aea/aii? 2-aeiaiai? ae?? ?ii?a eaaei?th, oae?th oa naeioeth ia
aeoeai?noue eaoaeace a i?i?inoeao ai?ioo aeyaeaii a??ia?aeia c?inoaiiy
aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo iaae eiio?ieueieie aaee/eiaie ye a iaaiiao, oae
? a ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a (aeiyoeii ? eiioeaio?aoe?y 10-7 I Tl+ ? 10-7 I
Pb2+ a ei?aiyo) (?en. 3).

Ca oiia a?eueo o?eaaeiai aieeao (8 ae?a) anoaiiaeaii cieaeaiiy
aeoeaiino? eaoaeace ? a iaaiiao, ? a ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo i?e ae??
?ii?a eaaei?th ? oae?th o eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-6, 10-5 ? 10-4 I oa ?ii?a
naeioeth o eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-4 I. Pb2+ o eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-5 I aeeeeeaa
ci?ie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iieacieea eeoa a iaaiiao ?ineei (?en. 4).

Ioaea, ca ae?? ?ii?a eaaei?th, oae?th oa naeioeth ia ?aii?o aoaiao
aieeao, iiaeeeai, i?ioiaeeoue aaia?aoe?y aeoeaieo oi?i eenith ?
oeaiith ?aaeoe??th ?ineei ? aeoeaaoe?y oa?iaio?a aioeieneaeaioiiai
caoenoo. Ca?eueoaiiy oa?i?io ae?? iaoae-?ii?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei
aeniaaeaiiy aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie ? aeoeaaoe?? ia?ieneaeiiai
ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a a i?i?inoeao ai?ioo, ui a naith /a?ao aeeeeea? ci?io
iniiaieo o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ieo i?ioean?a o ?ineeiiiio i?aai?ci?.

Aiaeiiaeaiee aeooaoiii, ye iaeei ic iniiaieo ni?eiaiinieo eii-iiiaioia
aeeaeo eeioei, ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey eeioeiiiai iaoaai-eicio. sse
aioeieneaeaio, ASI caoeua? ianoaaieueii iae?iiieaeoee aiae aei? aieueieo
?aaeeeaeia i ia?ieneaeo aiaeith, ui c’yaeythoueny a ?ineeii i?e aei?
ieenithaaeueieo no?ania [Smith I.K., 1985; Wingate V.P. et al., 1988].

Oae, i?e 2-aeiaia?e ae?? ?ii?a eaaei?th o eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-4 I
aeyaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo ASI eeoa a ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo
(3,62(0,174 ieiieue/a oeaieie i?e cia/aii? eiio?ieth 2,60(0,109
ieiieue/a), ?iie oae?th o aeacai?e eiioeaio?aoe?? aeeeeeaee aiaeia?/i?
ci?ie ? a ei?aiyo (4,33(0,316 ieiieue/a), ? a iaaiiao i?i?inoe?a
(5,23(0,335 ieiieue/a, o eiio?ie? — 3,97(0,258 ieiieue/a), a
i?e ae?? iaoae-?iio o eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-5 I — eeoa a ei?aiyo
(3,28(0,183 ieiieue/a).

I?e ca?eueoaii? oa?i?io aieeao ?ii?a aeine?aeaeoaaieo aaaeeeo iaoae?a
aei 5 ae?a cao?eniaaii i?aeaeuaiiy ??aith ASI a ei?aiyo i?i-?inoe?a
ai?ioo ca ae?? ?ii?a naeioeth o eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-4 I (2,05(0,123
ieiieue/a, o eiio?ie? — 1,53(0,078 ieiieue/a) oa ?ii?a eaaei?th o
eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-5 ? 10-4 I (2,34(0,106 ? 4,78(0,302 ieiieue/a).
I?e ae??

?ii?a oae?th o eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-6, 10-5 ? 10-4 I aiaeia?/i? ci?ie
a?aecia- /aii ? a iaaiiao (10,92(0,577, 12,11(0,593 ? 12,24(0,765
ieiieue/a a?aeiia?aeii, i?e eiio?ieueiiio cia/aii? 7,62(0,291
ieiieue/a), ? a ei?a-iyo (2,23(0,089, 3,11(0,180 ? 4,30(0,274 ieiieue/a)
i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo.

Ca oiia 8-aeiaiaiai aieeao on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ii?a
eaaei?th ? oae?th (10-7-10-4 I) aeyaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo ASI ye a
iaaiiao, oae ? a ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo. ?iie naeioeth aeeeeeaee
aiaeia?/i? ci?ie a iaaiiao i?i?inoe?a, a i?e ae?? 10-4 I Pb2+ ? a
ei?aiyo ?ineei (?en. 5).

sse iieacaee i?iaaaeaii aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?c caieueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoei?
iiiia eaaeiith a iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeui i?aeaeuoaaany aiino
aiaeiiaeaiiai aeooaoiiio a ei?aiyo i?i?inoeia ai?ioo i?e aeai- (r =
0,85), i’yoe- (r = 0,96) oa ainueieaeiaiaie (r = 0,97) aei? iaoae-?iio.
Iiaeiaiei /eiii i?i?inoee ai?ioo ?aaaoaaee i ia caieueoaiiy
eiioeaio?aoei? iiiia oaeith a iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeui (i?e
aeaiaeiaiaiio aieeai r = 0,96, i’yoeaeiaiaiio — r = 0,89,
ainueieaeiaiaiio — r = 0,72).

Io?eiai? aeai? ocaiaeaeothoueny c e?oa?aoo?ieie, aaeaea a?aeiii, ui
a?aeiia?aeiith ?aaeoe??th ?ineeiiiai i?aai?cio ia ieenithaaeueiee no?an
? iineeaiee neioac ASI [Alcher R.G., 1989]. Ie??i oiai, ? a?aeiiino? i?i
caeaoi?noue ?ii?a eaaeiith ? naeioeth ?iaeoeoaaoe neioac
iaoaeica’ycoth/eo iecueeiiieaeoey?ieo o?ie?a — oioioaeaoei?a.
Oioioaeaoeie ceioa-cothoueny aai c aeooaoiiio, aai ae c eiai
aiineioaoe/iiai iiia?aaeieea — (-aeooaiieoeenoa?io. No?oeoo?ia
iiaeiaiinoue oioioaeaoeiia c aeooaoiiiii ia?aaeaa/a? aca?iica’ycie
aeaoieneeaoei? enaiiaiioeeee?a c aioo?i-oiueieeioeiiei ?iaiai ASH
[Eineoeei A.A. e ae?., 1983, Klapheck S. et al., 1995].

C’yniaaii, ui aeayei aeaeo?ioieueii aaaioe ni?eeiathoueny ?ineeiith ye
enaiiaiioeee i aeaiaeyoueny c i?aaiicio o aeaeyaei oaeaoieo niieoe, a
ooai?aiii yeeo aa?a o/anoue aiaeiiaeaiee aeooaoiii. Oeae i?ioean
aiaeaoaa?oueny oa?iaioaoeaiei oeyoii ca o/anoth aeooaoiii-S-o?ainoa?ace.
Oieneeieiai/ii oa aiioiii/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy naiae/aoue, ui aeooaoiiiiaa
eii’thaaoeiy ? aaaeeeaei oeyoii aeaoieneeaoei?, yea caeie nith?oueny
aiaeieie i iacaiieie ?ineeiaie oa a?oioiaeie iie?i-i?aaiiciaie [Field
J.A. et al., 1996; Marrs K.A., 1996].

I?e aea/aii? aieeao aeine?aeaeoaaieo /eiiee?a ia aeoeai?noue

aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace a i?i?inoeao ai?ioo aeyaeaii a??ia?aeia
i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo ia 5 aeiao ae?? ?ii?a eaaei?th o
eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-6 I a iaaiiao i?i?inoe?a, a a eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-7 I —
a ei?aiyo. Cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? ASO a?aecia/aii a ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a ca
ae?? 10-7 I Cd2+ (oaae. 1).

Ca oiia 5-aeiaiaiai aieeao aeyaeaii oaeiae a??ia?aeia c?inoaiiy
aeoeaiino? ASO a iaaiiao ? ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo i?e ae?? ?ii?a
oae?th o eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-4 I. Ca ae?? an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo
eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ii?a naeioeth (10-7-10-4 I) cao?eniaaii i?eai?/aiiy
oa?iaioaoeaii? aeoeaiino? a ei?aiyo ?ineei.

Ia 8 aeiao ae?? ?ii?a naeioeth aeoeai?noue ASO aeinoia??ii
cieaeoaaeanue a?aeiinii eiio?ieth ? a iaaiiao, ? a ei?aiyo
i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo. ?iie eaaei?th ? oae?th aeeeeeaee ??ciiiai?aaeai?
ci?ie aeoeaiino? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iieacieea.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeoeai?noue aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace a i?i?inoeao ai?ioo ca oiia aieeao
?ii?a aaaeeeo iaoae?a (iiieue/ ia a?eea . oa, I ( m, n =8)

?iie Aa??aio Eiio?ieue 10-7 I 10-6 I 10-5 I 10-4 I

iaoae?a Oa?i?i aieeao 5 ae?a

Cd2+ iaa?i

ei??iue 65,8(4,01

50,7(3,75 58,4(4,16

34,2(2,72( 89,9(5,35(

50,8(4,41 71,3(4,41

58,3(3,80 64,8(3,30

76,8(5,33(

Tl+ iaa?i

ei??iue 65,8(4,01

50,7(3,75 73,0(4,23

52,5(2,50 68,1(3,50

55,1(3,31 65,0(4,38

51,7(2,84 90,8(6,74(

69,9(5,17(

Pb2+ iaa?i

ei??iue 65,8(4,01

50,7(3,75 68,4(4,24

40,6(1,87( 65,1(3,58

39,5(1,98( 64,5(2,87

28,9(2,25( 67,8(4,41

40,1(2,09(

Oa?i?i aieeao 8 ae?a

Cd2+ iaa?i

ei??iue 34,4(2,30

33,8(2,67 19,2(1,12(

104,4(7,83( 43,9(1,93(

35,3(2,05 44,3(1,76(

32,1(1,77 35,5(2,59

53,6(4,51(

Tl+ iaa?i

ei??iue 34,4(2,30

33,8(2,67 36,7(2,25

29,7(1,93 47,9(2,59(

32,8(2,45 42,0(1,85(

43,6(2,53( 56,5(4,12(

14,1(0,85(

Pb2+ iaa?i

ei??iue 34,4(2,30

33,8(2,67 25,8(2,08(

21,2(1,78( 23,4(1,26(

20,3(1,38( 25,5(1,73(

17,2(1,20( 25,1(1,88(

16,9(1,44(

I?ei?oea: ( — a??ia?aei? a?aei?iiino? ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai (p ( 0,05)

Ae?oaei aeooao?iicaeaaeiei oa?iaioii, ui aea/aany iaie, ?
aeooao?ii?aaeoeoaca. Ine?eueee a?aeiiaeaiee aeooao?ii ?
aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?aca aa?ooue o/anoue a ?aaeoe?yo oaeaooaaiiy
aeaeo?io?eueieo niieoe, a oiio /ene? e ?ii?a aaaeeeo iaoae?a, oi oaeei
/eiii noeioeththoue nenoaie, ye? ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith ai?noo
aeooao?iio. I?aeo?eiaiiy aenieiai ??aiy ASI a ee?oei?
cae?enith?oueny neioacii de novo ? (aai) ?aaeoeoe??th ieeniaiiai
aeooao?iio. Inoaiiy ?aaeoe?y i?ioi-aeeoue ca o/anoth
aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace.

I?e 5-aeiaia?e ae?? ?ii?a Cd2+ o eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-7, 10-6 I
cao?e-niaaii a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace a
iaai-iao i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo, a i?e ae?? 10-4 I iaoae-?iio aeyaeaii
cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo. A ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a anoaiiaeaii
aeinoia??ia i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? A? iaae eiio?ieai i?e ae?? ?ii?a
eaaei?th o eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-7, 10-6, 10-4 I. Ca oiia aieeao
aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ii?a naeioeth (10-7-10-4 I) a ei?aiyo
i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo a?aecia/aii cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace
(oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Aeoeai?noue aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace a i?i?inoeao ai?ioo ca oiia aieeao ?ii?a
aaaeeeo iaoae?a (ieiieue/ ia a?eea . oa, I ( m, n =8)

?iie Aa??aio Eiio?ieue 10-7 I 10-6 I 10-5 I 10-4 I

iaoae?a Oa?i?i aieeao 5 ae?a

Cd2+ iaa?i

ei??iue 24,9(1,48

15,4(1,22 39,3(2,27(

20,2(1,05( 35,1(2,28(

16,7(0,70 28,0(1,70

19,5(0,81( 18,3(1,05(

24,1(1,22(

Tl+ iaa?i

ei??iue 24,9(1,48

15,4(1,22 28,4(1,70

15,1(0,94 26,1(1,17

14,8(1,08 23,9(1,36

13,7(1,07 21,9(1,49

15,5(0,87

Pb2+ iaa?i

ei??iue 24,9(1,48

15,4(1,22 26,4(1,62

11,2(0,85( 23,7(1,63

11,6(0,82( 22,4(1,34

10,8(0,73( 24,2(1,74

11,4(0,91(

Oa?i?i aieeao 8 ae?a

Cd2+ iaa?i

ei??iue 28,4(1,59

19,1(1,15 43,5(3,18(

10,2(0,46( 40,4(1,81(

19,3(1,45 38,8(2,55(

20,9(1,25 25,6(1,33

25,9(2,02(

Tl+ iaa?i

ei??iue 28,4(1,59

19,1(1,15 37,8(2,19(

16,2(1,15 41,1(1,85(

19,9(1,30 26,6(1,73

21,3(1,35 25,9(1,84

16,8(1,23

Pb2+ iaa?i

ei??iue 28,4(1,59

19,1(1,15 29,0(1,31

15,4(0,75( 28,7(1,49

14,9(1,09( 31,2(2,14

15,3(0,92( 43,5(3,09(

15,1(0,85(

I?ei?oea: ( — a??ia?aei? a?aei?iiino? ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai (p ( 0,05)

I?e ca?eueoaii? oa?i?io aieeao iaoae-?ii?a (8 ae?a) a?aecia/aii
a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace, a ii??aiyii? c
eiio?ieueieie aaee/eiaie, a iaaiiao i?i?inoe?a i?e ae??
Cd2+ o eiioeaio?aoe?yo 10-7, 10-6, 10-5 I; a ei?aiyo — i?e ae?? 10-4 I
iaoae-?iio. Cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo aeyaeaii a ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a
ai?ioo i?e ae?? i?i?iaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? (10-7 I) ?ii?a eaaei?th.

?iie oae?th o eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-7 ? 10-6 I aeeeeeaee aeinoia??ia
i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? A? a iaaiiao i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo.

Ca oiia 8-aeiaiaiai aieeao aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ii?a
naeioeth aeyaeaii cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? A? a ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a, a
i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo cao?eniaaii a iaaiiao ?ineei i?e ae??
iaeneiaeueii? (10-4 I) eiioeaio?aoe?? Pb2+.

Aiae?coth/e io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui c?in-oaiiy
aioo??oiueiee?oeiiiai ai?noo a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio ca oiia ae?? ?ii?a
eaaei?th, oae?th oa naeioeth a?aeaoaaeinue ye ca ?aooiie i?aeae-uaiiy
aeoeaiino? A?, yea eaoae?co? ?aaeoe?th a?aeiiaeaiiy ieeniaiiai
aeooao?iio, oae ? ca ?aooiie a?ineioaco ASI de novo.

I?e aea/aii? a?iiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo aeyaeaii
iaaaoeaio caeaaei?noue i?ae ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ii?a eaaei?th ?
oae?th a na?aaeiaeu? ?inoo oa aeiaaeeiith ? ianith iaaii?a oa ei?ai?a
i?i?inoe?a ai?iaeiaae aeine?aeaeoaaiiai oa?i?io.

Iaea?eueo? ci?ie aeiaaeeie iaaii?a oa ei?ai?a i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo
aeyaeai? ca oiia aieeao ?ii?a oae?th. Iacia/i? ci?ie a?iiao?e/ieo
ii-eaciee?a a?aeaoaaeeny i?e ae?? ?ii?a naeioeth. ?iie eaaei?th caeiaee
i?i-i?aeia iieiaeaiiy ca iane?aeeaie aieeao ia aea/ai? iieacieee (?en.
6).

Aiaeia?/io oaiaeaioe?th aeyaeaii ? i?e aea/aii? aieeao ?ii?a eaaei?th,
oae?th oa naeioeth ia iano i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo (?en. 7).

Ioaea, aeine?aeaeoaai? iaie ?iie aaaeeeo iaoae?a ca ??aiai oiene/iino?,
noiniaii a?iiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo, iiaeia ?icoaooaaoe a
ianooiiee ?yae: Tl+ ( Cd2+ ( Pb2+.

AENIIAEE

1. I?iyaii caoenii? ?aaeoe?? i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo ia ?aii?o aoaiao aieeao
(2 aeiae) aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e (10-7-10-4 I) ?ii?a eaaei?th,
oae?th ? naeioeth ? aeoeaaoe?y aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie ?ineei
(i?aeaeuo?oueny ai?no a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio, c?inoa? aeoeai?noue
noia?ieneaeaeeniooace ? eaoaeace).

2. Ainueieaeiaiaa ae?y ?ii?a eaaei?th, oae?th oa naeioeth o
eiioeaio-?aoe?yo 10-5, 10-4 I i?ecaiaeeoue aei iineeaiiy i?ioean?a
ia?ieneaeiiai ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a o i?i?inoeao ai?ioo, i?i ui na?ae/eoue
c?inoaiiy a ieo ??aiy iaeiiiaiai aeueaeaa?aeo oa cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino?
oa?iaio?a aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo (noia?ieneaeaeeniooace ? eaoaeace).

3. ?aaeoe??th i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo ia ae?th aeine?aeaeoaaieo
eiioeaio-?aoe?e ?ii?a eaaei?th, oae?th oa naeioeth ? i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo
a?aeiiaea-iiai aeooao?iio a oeaieiao ?ineei ? caeaaei?noue oeueiai
iieacieea ye a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? iaoae-?ii?a o iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeu?,
oae ? a?ae oa?i?io ?o ae??.

4. Ca oiia i’yoeaeiaiai? ae?? ?ii?a naeioeth o eiioeaio?aoe?yo
10-7 — 10-4 I cieaeo?oueny aeoeai?noue aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace oa
aeooa-o?ii?aaeoeoace a ei?aiyo i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo, ainueieaeiaiai? — ? a
ei?aiyo, ? a iaaiiao. Ca ae?? aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ii?a
eaaei?th ? oae?th ai?iaeiaae oa?i?io aenia?eiaioo caeiiii??iinoae o
ci?i? aeoeaiino? aeooao?iicaeaaeieo oa?iaio?a ia aeyaeaii.

5. I?ae ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ii?a eaaei?th ? oae?th a
iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeu? oa a?iiao?e/ieie iieacieeaie i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo
(aeiaaeeia ? iana) ?nio? iaaaoeaia ei?aeyoe?y. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
aieeao aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ii?a aaaeeeo iaoae?a ia
a?iiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e i?i?inoe?a iieacaa ianooiiee ?o aeioiene/iee ?yae:
oae?e > eaaei?e > naeiaoeue.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ieaoiiiaa A.A., Einoeoei N.N. I?neyae?y eaaei?th ? oae?th ia ai?no
a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio a i?i?inoeao ai?ioo (Pisum sativum L.)//
Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo.- 1997.- Aei. 17.
A?ieia?y.- N. 3-12.

2. Ieaoiiiaa A.A. Noai aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie ai?ioo (Pisum sativum L.)
i?e ae?? ?ii?a naeioeth// Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo.-
1998.- Aei. 20. A?ieia?y.- N. 54-60.

3. Ieaoiiiaa A.A., Einoeoei N.N., Aeioei I.I. Ai?no a?aeiiaeaiiai
aeooao?iio oa aeoeai?noue aeooao?iicaeaaeieo oa?iaio?a o i?i?inoeao
ai?ioo (Pisum sativum L.) i?e ae?? ?ii?a eaaei?th ? oae?th// Oeceieiaey
e aeioeiey eoeueo. ?anoaiee.- 1998.- O. 30, ? 4.- N. 264-270.

4. Ieaoiiiaa A.A., Einoeoei N.N. Aieea ?ii?a naeioeth ia ai?no
iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo oa aeoeai?noue aioeieneaeaioieo oa?iaio?a o
i?i?inoao ai?ioo (Pisum sativum L.) // Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.- 1998.- Aei. 38. A?ieia?y.- N. 95-100.

5. Ieaoiiiaa A.A., Aeioei I.I. Ai?no a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio o ?ineei
Pisum sativum L. i?e ae?? o?i?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy// Oace aeii. VI

Eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie o?c?ieia?? ?ineei ?
aaiaoeee», Ee?a, 1996.- N. 63-64.

6. Bloshko M.M., Platonova A.A. Response evaluation of agricultural
plants protective system on environment pollution by cadmium ions// Oace
aeii. I?aeia?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. «Aeaiia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y a
Ea?iaonueeiio ?aa?ii?: ?aaeuei?noue, i?iaeaie, i?iaiice ia XXI
noie?o-oy», *a?i?aoe?-Ee?a, 1996.- N. 187-189.

7. Ieaoiiiaa A.A., Aeioei I.I., Einoeoei N.N. Aieea ?ii?a eaaei?th ?
oae?th ia noai aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie ai?ioo (Pisum sativum L.)// Oace
aeii. VII Oe?. a?io?i. c’?cae, E.: Aeae-ai IAI Oe?a?ie, 1997.-

*. 3.- N. 144-145.

8. Einoeoei N.N., Iiea/ei E.O., TH???aa I.A., Ieaoiiiaa A.A. Aieea ?ii?a
eaaei?th ia ai?no a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio oa aeoeai?noue
aeooao?iicaeaaeieo oa?iaio?a a i?i?inoeao ai?ioo (Pisum sativum L.)//
Iaoa??aee i?aei. eiio. «Iioiaaiac ?ineei a i?e?iaeiiio oa
o?ainoi?-iiaaiiio na?aaeiaeu?», Euea?a: Aeae-ai «Niieii», 1998.- N.
212-213.

9. Ieaoiiiaa A.A., Aeioei I.I., Einoeoei N.N. Noai aioeiene-aeaioii?
nenoaie i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo (Pisum sativum L.) a oiiaao ae?? ?ii?a
naeioeth// Iaoa??aee I Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoe. eiio. «Aeieia?/iee no?an ?
aaeaioaoe?y a a?ieia?/ieo nenoaiao», Aeae-ai Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?ae.
iaae. oi-oo, 1998.- N. 57-58.

10. Aeioei I.I., Ieaoiiiaa A.A. Ioe?iea aeioiene/iino? ?ii?a aaaeeeo
iaoae?a o ??cieo iiaeaeueieo nenoaiao ?ineei// Iaoa??aee I
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoe. eiio. «Aeieia?/iee no?an ? aaeaioaoe?y a
a?ieia?/-ieo nenoaiao», Aeae-ai Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?ae. iaae. oi-oo,
1998.- N. 118-119.

Ieaoiiiaa A.A. Noai aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie i?i?inoe?a ai?ioo (Pisum
sativum L.) ca ae?? ?ii?a eaaei?th, oae?th oa naeioeth. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.04 — a?io?i?y. *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a, *a?i?aoe?, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, iniiai? iieiaeaiiy yei? aeeeaaeai? a 10 iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao ??cieo
eiioeaio?aoe?e (10-7-10-4 I) ?ii?a eaaei?th, oae?th ? naeioeth ia noai
eiiiiiaio?a aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie oa ai?no iaeiiiaiai aeueaeaa?aeo a
i?i?inoeao ai?ioo ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo ?icaeoeo.

Anoaiiaeaii iineeaiiy i?ioean?a ia?ieneaeiiai ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a o
i?i?inoeao ai?ioo ca oiia 8-aeiaiai? ae?? ?ii?a eaaei?th, oae?th ?
naeioeth, i?i ui na?ae/eoue i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo iaeiiiaiai aeueaeaa?aeo
oa cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? aioeieneaeaioieo oa?iaio?a
(noia?ieneae-aeeniooace ? eaoaeace). Aeyaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio a i?i?inoeao ai?ioo ca ae?? ?ii?a eaaei?th,
oae?th oa naeioeth ? caeaaei?noue oeueiai iieacieea ye a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?? iaoae-?ii?a o iiaeea-iiio na?aaeiaeu?, oae ? a?ae
o?eaaeino? ?o aieeao. Ia aeyaeaii ei?aeyoeaii? caeaaeiino? i?ae ai?noii
ASI oa aeoeai?noth aeooao?ii-?aaeoeoace a i?i?inoeao ai?ioo ca ae??
?ii?a aeine?aeaeoaaieo AI.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Pisum sativum L., eaaei?e, oae?e, naeiaoeue, iaeiiiaee
aeueaeaa?ae, aioeieneaeaioia nenoaia.

Ieaoiiiaa A.A. Ninoiyiea aioeieneaeaioiie nenoai( i?i?inoeia ai?ioa
(Pisum sativum L.) i?e aicaeaenoaee eiiia eaaeiey, oaeeey e naeioea.
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeiei-ae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.04 — aeioeiey. *a?iiaeoeeee
ainoaea?noaaii(e oieaa?neoao ei. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a, *a?iiaoe(, 1999.

Caueuaaony aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
aeieiae/aneeo iaoe, iniiai(a iieiaeaiey eioi?ie ecei-aeai( a 10 iao/i(o
ioaeeeaoeeyo. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaa-ieth aeeyiey ?acee/i(o
eiioeaio?aoeee (10-7-10-4 I) eiiia eaaeiey, oaeeey e naeioea ia
ninoiyiea eiiiiiaioia aioeieneaeaioiie nenoai( e niaea?aeaiea iaeiiiaiai
aeueaeaaeaea a i?i?inoeao ai?ioa ia ia/aeuei(o noaaeeyo ?acaeoey.

Ia ?aiieo noaaeeyo aicaeaenoaey (2 nooie) enneaaeoaieo eiioeaio?aoeee
(10-7-10-4 I) eiiia eaaeiey, oaeeey e naeioea a(yaeaia aeoeaaoeey
aioeieneaeaioiie nenoai( i?i?inoeia ai?ioa (oaaee/aiea eiee/anoaa
ainnoaiiaeaiiai aeooaoeiia, aeoeaiinoe noia?ieneae-aeeniooac( e
eaoaeac().

A oneiaeyo 5-nooi/iiai aeeyiey eiiia naeioea a eiioeaio?a-oeeyo
10-7-10-4 I caoeene?iaaii nieaeaiea aeoeaiinoe aeooaoeii-S-o?ainoa?ac( e
aeooaoeii?aaeoeoac( a ei?iyo i?i?inoeia ai?ioa, 8-nooi/iiai — e a
ei?iyo, e a iiaaaao. I?e aicaeaenoaee eiiia eaaeiey e oaeeey ia
i?ioyaeaiee enneaaeoaiiai ia?eiaea caeiiiia?iinoe a ecia-iaiee
aeoeaiinoe aeooaoeiicaaenei(o oa?iaioia ia iaia?oaeaii.

Onoaiiaeaii iia(oaiea o?iaiy ainnoaiiaeaiiiai aeooaoeiia a i?i?inoeao
ai?ioa i?e aicaeaenoaee eiiia eaaeiey, oaeeey e naeioea e caaeneiinoue
(oiai iieacaoaey eae io eiioeaio?aoeee iaoaee-eiiia a ieoaoaeueiie
n?aaea, oae e io aeeeoaeueiinoe eo aicaeaenoaey. Iaia?oaeaia
iieiaeeoaeueiay caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo oaaee/aieai eiioeaio?aoeee eiiia
eaaeiey e oaeeey a ieoaoaeueiie n?aaea e niaea?aeaieai ainnoaiiaeaiiai
aeooaoeiia a ei?iyo i?i?inoeia ai?ioa. Ia a(yaeaia ei??aeyoeaiay
caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo niaea?aeaieai ASI e aeoeaiinoueth
aeooaoeii?aaeoeoac( a i?i?inoeao ai?ioa i?e aicaeaenoaee eiiia
enneaaeoai(o oyaeae(o iaoaeeia.

A oneiaeyo 8-nooi/iiai aeaenoaey eiiia eaaeiey, oaeeey e naeioea
onoaiiaeaii oneeaiea i?ioeannia ia?ieneaeiiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia a
i?i?inoeao ai?ioa, i /ai naeaeaoaeuenoaoao iia(oaiea niaea?aeaiey
iaeiiiaiai aeueaeaaeaea a i?i?inoeao, a oaeaea nieaeaiea aeoeaiinoe
aioeieneaeaioi(o oa?iaioia (noia?ieneaeaeeniooac( e eaoaeac().

I?e eco/aiee aeeyiey eiiia enneaaeoai(o oyaeae(o iaoaeeia ia
aeiiao?e/aneea iieacaoaee i?i?inoeia ai?ioa iaia?oaeaia io?eoeaoaeueiay
caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo oaaee/aieai eiioeaio?aoeee eiiia eaaeiey e oaeeey a
ieoaoaeueiie n?aaea e aeeeiie e iannie i?i?inoeia.

Ii noaiaie oiene/iinoe (ioiineoaeueii aeiiao?e/aneeo iieacaoaeae)
enneaaeoai(a iaoaee-eii( oi?ie?otho neaaeothuee ?yae: oaeeee > eaaeiee
> naeiaoe.

Eeth/aa(a neiaa: Pisum sativum L., eaaeiee, oaeeee, naeiaoe, iaeiiia(e
aeueaeaaeae, aioeieneaeaioiay nenoaia.

Platonova A.A. The state of the anti-oxidation system in pea sprouts
(Pisum sativum L.) under the influence of cadmium, thallium and lead
ions. The manuscript. The dissertation submitted for Candidate of
Biological Sciences degree, majoring in Biochemistry 03.00.04,
Chernivtsi, 1999.

The thesis is to be defended. Its essentials are exposed in 10
scientific publications. The thesis under discussion is devoted to the
investigation of the influence of different cadmium, thallium and lead
ion concentrations (10-7-10-4 M) on the state of the anti-oxidation
system and on the content of malonyl aldehyde in pea sprouts at the
initial stages of their development.

The increase of peroxygen oxidation lipid processes in pea sprouts
under the 8-day influence of cadmium, thallium and lead ions was
investigated. These results are testified by the increase of malonyl
aldehyde in pea sprouts as well as the lowering of antioxidation
ferments (superoxide dismutase and catalase) activity. The increase of
reduced glutathione content in pea sprouts under the influence of
cadmium, thallium and lead ions was found, as well as the dependence of
this marker upon both the concentration of metal-ions in the nutritions
media and the duration of their impact. The correlative dependence
between GSH and glutathione reductase in pea sprouts under the influence
of the given heavy metal ions was not found.

Key words: Pisum sativum L., cadmium, thallium, lead, malonyl aldehyde,
anti-oxidation system.

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