IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AEAEO?IAeEIAI?EE

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

Aeaienia TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/

OAeE 621.316.722.1

Noaa?e?caoi?e iino?eii? iai?oae c ?iioeuenieie ? eaac??aciiainieie

?aaoethth/eie aeaiaioaie

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.09.12 – Iai?ai?ia?aeieeia? ia?aoai?thaa/?
aeaeo?iaia?a??

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoeEe?a -1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? «I?iieneiaa aeaeo?ii?ea» *a?i?a?anueeiai

oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo (i. *a?i?a?a)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ni??iia Aieiaeeie? Na?a?eiae/,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee niaoe?ae?no

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe –

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeieaiy A?eoi? Oeiio?eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani?.

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eoe?oia TH??e ?aaai?eiae/,

Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y eaaei? i?iieneiaino?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie
«Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo” I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a oai?aoe/ieo iniia aeaeo?ioaoi?ee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «_22___» _a?oaeiy_”_ 1998 ?. i 14___ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.187.01 a ?inoeooo?
aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252680? i. Ee?a-57, i?iniaeo
Ia?aiiae, 56,

oae. 446-91-15

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue e a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_20_» _eenoiiaaea__ 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Oaae?e A. N.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. A?aoiaoth/e ?ieue neeiai? aeaeo?ii?ee a
aia?aicaaacia/aii? aeaeo?iiieo i?eno?i?a, ca’ycaieo c ia?iaeith ?
ia?aaea/ath ?ioi?iaoe??, c oi?aae?iiyi oaoiieia?/ieie i?ioeanaie ?
aeaeo?ii?eaiaeaie, oao?aoe? iino?eii a?aei?/athoue iaiao?aei?noue
i?aeaeuaiiy ?o oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee: aia?aaoe/ieo, ieoiieo,
aa?o?nieo.

Aeaeo?iii? i?eno?i?, i?ecia/ai? aeey noaa?e?caoe?? iai?oae aeeaeaiiy
??ciiai ?iaeo iaaaioaaeaiue, aeeiiothoueny ca i?eioeeiii caieiooeo
nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy.

I?e ?ic?iaoe? nenoai aeaeo?iaeeaeaiiy ieoaiiy ye?nii? noaa?e?caoe??
aeo?aeii? iai?oae, aeaeo?iiaai?oii? noi?niino? c ia?aaeath ae??oathoueny
eiiieaenii ia iniia? iaeiia?oeo aeinyaiaiue oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa
neeiaeo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo i?eeaae?a ? i?e?inoaiioaoi?ee.

No/aniee ??aaiue aeaiaioii? aace neeiai? aeaeo?ii?ee – iiooaeieo
iiai?noth ea?iaaieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo i?eeaae?a, iaai?oieo iaoa??ae?a,
eiiaeainaoi??a – aeicaiey? ?ic?iaeyoe iaeiaaaa?eoi? oa iaae?ei? eeth/? a
?ioaa?aeuei?i aeeiiaii?, ye? i?aoeththoue a iaaaaa?oeiaiio /anoioiiio
ae?aiacii? ? oiae? a yeino? o?eueo?oth/eo eaiie aenooiathoue ia?aceoi?
ia?aiao?e noaie.

?aae?caoe?y iiaeeeainoae no/anii? aeaiaioii? aace c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy
iioeiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee noaa?e?caoi??a iai?oae ca’ycaia c aeeaieei
aea/aiiyi i?ioean?a, ye? i?io?eathoue a ?o aia?aaoe/ieo oa
?ioi?iaoe?eieo eaiaeao c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee ?aaeei?a
aia?aiia?aoai?thaaiiy, oi?aae?iiy.

Cie?aia ia aenieeo /anoioao c?inoa? aieea ia?aoeiaeaeaiue, a oaeiae
ia?aceoieo ia?aiao??a o?eueo??a ia aeeiai?/i? i?ioeane a noaa?e?caoi??,
ui i?eiooo? ooeaoe iia? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae eeth/iaeo aeaiaio?a oa
eaioetha?a cai?ioiiai ca’yceo.

A inoaii? ?iee o noaae?? ?ioaineaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ciaoiaeyoueny
eeth/ia? aeaiaioe ia iniia? eaac??aciiaino, ia?aeeth/aiiy yeeo
a?aeaoaathoueny i?e ioeueiaiio no?oi? aai ae i?e ioeueia?e iai?oc?.
Canoinoaaiiy eaac??aciiainieo eeth/?a cia/ii i?aeaeuo? aia?aiaeeiai?/i?
oa ieoii? oa?aeoa?enoeee noaa?e?caoi?a, a oaeiae aeaeo?iiaai?oio
noi?ni?noue c ia?aaeath.

A oeueiio ca’yceo c’yaey?oueny iaiao?aei?noue a aeine?aeaeaii?
aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a a aeniei/anoioieo ?iioeuenieo ? a eaac??aciiainieo
?iioeuenieo noaa?e?caoi?ao iino?eii? iai?oae c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ?o
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueea ?iaioa ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiaeeeanue o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c Eii?aeeiaoe?eieie ieaiaie IAI Oe?a?ie ia 1991-1995 ??.
(eiiieaenia i?ia?aia “Iaoeia? iniiae aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee”, i.1.9, 2.2,
3.3), a oaeiae o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aea?aeaaiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith
i?ia?aiith ii i??i?eoaoieo iai?yieao iaoee ? oaoi?ee (1995-2000 ??.), i.
04-00, i. 04-11 eiiieaeniiai i?iaeoo aea?aeeii?oaoo Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue
iaoee, oaoi?ee oa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo oa i?iaeooaaiiy ?iioeuenieo
noaa?e?caoi??a c ??cieie caniaaie oe?ioii-?iioeuenii? iiaeoeyoe?? (O?I),
a oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee noaa?e?caoi??a c eaac??aciiainieie
eeth/iaeie aeaiaioaie c iaoith noai?aiiy ia ?o iniia? aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy
c i?aeaeuaieie aia?aaoe/ieie oa ieoiieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

?aae?caoe?y iinoaaeaii? iaoe aeeth/a? a naaa ianooii? ieoaiiy:

— iioei?caoe?y /aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee;

— aea/aiiy aieeao ??cieo niinia?a oe?ioii-?iioeuenii? iiaeoeyoe?? ia
noaaa?iii?/io no?ee?noue noaa?e?caoi??a iai?oae i?e aaeeeeo cao?aiiyo;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee eaac??aciiainieo ?iioeuenieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ui ia?aieeathoueny i?e ioeueiaiio no?oi? (E??I-IIN);

— i?aaenoaaeaiiy E??I-IIN a aeaeyae? eaiie nenoai noaa?e?caoe??
iino?eii? iai?oae;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ia?aceoieo ia?aiao??a E??I-IIN ia e?eoe/iee
eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy nenoaie noaa?e?caoe??;

— iioei?caoe?y noaa?e?caoi??a c E??I-IIN ii oaeaeeiae?? ca ?aooiie
?aae?caoe?? i?ioean?a e?ioeaai? o?eaaeino?;

— oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii?
noi?niino? ?iioeuenieo noaa?e?caoi??a c ia?aaeath;

— ?ic?iaea c?ace?a noaa?e?caoi??a iino?eii? iai?oae c E??I-IIN oa ?o
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?e aeeiiaii? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeei?enoai? iieiaeaiiy
ooiaeaiaioaeueii? oai??? e?i?eieo oa iae?i?eieo ?iioeuenieo nenoai,
oai??y ai?ieneiaoe?? ooieoe?e ca aeiiiiiaith ?yae?a Oieoa-Oo?‘?, iaoiae
eiaa?eoi?/ieo aiie?ooaeii-/anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee ia iniia? a?e?i?eiiai
ia?aoai?thaaiiy, iaoiae z-ia?aoai?thaaiiy. Iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiai?/ieo
i?ioean?a a noaa?e?caoi?ao iai?oae aeeiiaii ia ia?niiaeueiiio
eiii’thoa?? c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aiiiai i?iaeoeoo Psp?ce 6.1.Oai?aoe/i?
aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?aeoaa?aeaeaii? aenia?eiaioaie ia
eaai?aoi?ieo c?aceao ?iioeuenieo noaa?e?caoi??a c aeei?enoaiiyi
aenieioi/ieo oeeo?iaeo aei??thaaeueieo i?eeaae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo aaoi?ii ?acoeueoao?a:

— aia?oa aeiaaaeaii, ui a eeth/iaeo noaa?e?caoi?ao iino?eii? iai?oae c
?ia?oe?eiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi can?a oe?ioii-?iioeuenii? iiaeoeyoe?? ia ia?
iii?oiiai aieeao ia noaaa?iii?/io no?ee?noue;

— anoaiiaeaii ?ai?oa iaa?aeiiee aieea caniao oe?ioii-?iioeuenii?
iiaeoeyoe?? ia noaaa?iii?/io no?ee?noue, yeee ii/eia? i?iyaeyoeny, eiee
ia??iae eiiooaoe?? eeth/a noi??iee c iino?eiith iaaaioaaeaiiy, i?e
oeueiio iaeiaioee caian no?eeino? iathoue noaa?e?caoi?e c
aeainoi?iiiueith O?I;

— aeey iioei?caoe?? /aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaieiioo?ieo noaa?e?caoi??a
iieacaia aoaeoeai?noue eiia?iiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo – aioo??oi?e eiioo?, ye
iaea?eueo oaeaeeiae?th/ee, aaaeaii iaeaaiaeaeoaaoe ia e?ioeaao
o?eaae?noue i?ioean?a, a ciai?oi?e – c aeei?enoaiiyi a?e?i?eiiai
ia?aoai?thaaiiy oa iaoiaea eiaa?eoi?/ieo aiie?ooaeii-/anoioieo
oa?aeoa?enoee (EA*O);

— io?eiaii iiaa iaoaiaoe/ia iienaiiy noaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee E??I
(ciai?oiuei?, ?aaoeth?iai/ii?, ioeuenaoe?eii?), ye? aeicaieythoue ciaeoe
noaoe/i? eiao?oe??ioe i?aeneeaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/a ii cao?thth/iio oa
ea?oth/iio aieeaai;

— ia iniia? aiae?co aeaeo?iiaai?oieo i?ioean?a a E??I cai?iiiiiaai?
aa??aioe i?aaenoaaeaiiy ?o eaieith nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy c
o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ia?aceoieo ia?aiao??a;

— ?ic?aoiaaii aieea ia?aceoieo ia?aiao??a ia e?eoe/iee eiao?oe??io
i?aeneeaiiy noaa?e?caoi?a c E??I;

— ae?noaea iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oai??y iioei?caoe?? nenoai neeiai?
aeaee?ii?ee: ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iioei?caoe?? /aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee a
aeaieiioo?ieo noaa?e?caoi?ao c E??I, cai?iiiiiaai? aa??aioe
noaiioaoi?/ii? oa i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe?? ei?aeooth/eo eaioetha?a;

— a ?acoeueoao? aeaeo?iiiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aia?oa iieacaii, ui noaa?e?caoi?e c E??I
iathoue e?auo aeaeo?iiaai?oio noi?ni?noue c ia?aaeath, i?ae
noaa?e?caoi?e c? cae/aeieie ?iioeuenieie ia?aoai?thaa/aie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— iia? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, cie?aia, ioe?iee no?eeino? aeaieiioo?ieo
?iioeuenieo noaa?e?caoi??a c ??cieie caniaaie O?I, a oaeiae
cai?iiiiiaaiee eiia?iiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei iioei?caoe?? ?o
/anoioii-/aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeiiiaiththoue a?aeiio oai??th
aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a a oaeaeeiae?th/eo ?iioeuenieo nenoaiao
aeaeo?iaeeaeaiiy;

— aeei?enoaiiy eaac??aciiainieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a a yeino? eeth/iaeo
aeaiaio?a noaa?e?caoi??a iino?eii? iai?oae a?aee?eaa? iiaeeeaino?
cia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaea?ae
aeeaeaiiy oa ?o aeaeo?iiaai?oii? noi?niino? c ia?aaeath;

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iioei?caoe?? aeaieiioo?ieo noaa?e?caoi??a c E??I
aeicaiey? i?enei?eoe i?ioean aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaee aenieiaoaeoeaieo
nenoai aeeaeaiiy;

— ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo a aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? i?e
?ic?iaoe? noaa?e?caoi??a iino?eii? iai?oae c E??I-IIN; aiie
?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey canoinoaaiiy a ?aae?iaeaeo?iii?e aia?aoo??, yea
?ic?iaey?oueny a IAe? aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo i?eeaae?a (i. Ee?a);

— iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oa iioei?caoe?? aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
?iioeuenieo noaa?e?caoi??a c oe?ieith nioaith i?iioneaiiy
aeei?enoiao?oueny a eaeoe?yo, ia i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo oa a aeeieiiiiio
i?iaeooaaii? ii eo?no “Nenoaie ia?aoai?thaaeueii? oaoi?ee” eaoaae?e
“I?iieneiai? aeaeo?ii?ee” *a?i?a?anueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. A ?iaioao, ye? iioae?eiaai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?,
iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue:

— a ?iaio? [1] aeeiiaiee aiae?c aeaeo?iiaai?oieo i?ioean?a a E??I-IIN;

— a ?iaio? [2] ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea a?aooaaiiy aieeao caniao O?I ia
noaaa?iii?/io no?ee?noue noaa?e?caoi?a;

— a ?iaioao [7], [8] io?eiai? iniiai? iaoaiaoe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ye?
aeicaieythoue ei?aaoaaoe /anoioi? oa?aeoa?enoeee noaa?e?caoi?a c
o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee E??I-IIN.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia: I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“Neeiaa aeaeo?ii?ea a ae??oaii? i?iaeai ?ano?ni- oa aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy”
(Aeoooa, 1996 ?.); I?aeia?iaeiee eiioa?aioe?? c aeaeo?iiaoaiio?ii?ee
(N.-Iaoa?ao?a, 1997 ?.); I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Neeiaa aeaeo?ii?ea oa aia?aiaoaeoeai?noue” (Aeoooa, 1998 ?.); iaoeiaeo
nai?ia?ao IAI Oe?a?ie “Iaoeia? iniiae aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee”.

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a 8 iaoeiaeo ?iaioao, o oiio
/ene? a 6 noaooyo, ye? iioae?eiaai? a oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, oa a 2
oacao aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a.
Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 155 noi??iie. Ia 47 noi??ieao
?ici?uai? 47 ?enoie?a, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 52 iaeiaioaaiue ?
aeaa aeiaeaoee.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? aeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? oa aeioe?eueiino?
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ia iniia? aiae?co no/aniiai noaio ieoaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaee aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy c iie?ioaieie
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? caaea/a
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaea?aeai? ia?aaeaoi/i? ooieoe?? oe?ioii-?iioeueniiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a c iiaeoeyoe??th caaeiueiai, ia?aaeiueiai oa aeaio o?iio?a
?iioeueno aac o?aaeeoe?eiiai iaiaaeaiiy ae?aiaciio ci?ie neaaaeiino?
iane?i/aiii iaeith aaee/eiith.

Ia?aaeaoi/i? ooieoe?? iaea?aeai? ia iniia? ai?ien?iaoe?? O?I neaiae?a
?yaeii Oieoa-Oo?‘?.

Ii ?acoeueoaoao aiae?co i?ioiaeaeaiiy neiao?e/ii? neeaaeiai? aeo?aeii?
iai?oae ia?aoai?thaa/a e??cue iaia?a?aio /anoeio nenoaie, iaea?aeai?
ae?ace aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy oaeoi?a ioeuenaoe?e nenoaie c ?ioaa?aeueiei
?aaoeyoi?ii aeey o?ueio aeiaaee?a O?I.

?c oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai ??aiyiiy nenoaie iaea?aeai? ne?aeoth/i oiiae
no?eeino? ?iioeueniiai noaa?e?caoi?a ia iniiai?e noaaa?iii?oe?:

-aeey O?I caaeiueiai o?iioo; (1)

-aeey O?I ia?aaeiueiai o?iioo; (2)

aeey aeainoi?iiuei? O?I. (3)

A ae?acao (1)-(3):

Fi? Fc? oaeoi?e ioeuenaoe?e ii ia?aaeiueiio oa caaeiueiio o?iioai o
a?aeiia?aei?e cii? ci?io neaaaeiino? g;

Te-iino?eia ?ioaa?aoi?a;

N-e?euee?noue ooieoe?e Oieoa;

a=T/Ti a?aeiinia iino?eia iaaaioaaeaiiy.

.

. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaea?eueo no?ee? nenoaie c O?I caaeiueiai o?iioo,
a iaeiaio no?ee? – nenoaie c aeainoi?iiiueith O?I.

..

?en.1

Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo ia?aaeaoi/ieo ooieoe?yo ia?aoai?thaa/a aeeiiaii
neioac ei?aeooth/eo eaioetha?a aeaieiioo?iiai noaa?e?caoi?a aeey
?iai/iai ae?aiaciio ci?ie neaaaeiino?.

Ine?eueee aioo??oi?e eiioo? ia?aaa?oo? ii oaeaeeiae?? aieiaiee eiioo? a
aeae?eueea ?ac, oi eiai ?aaoeyoi? cai?iiiiiaaii iano?ithaaoe ia e?ioeaao
o?eaae?noue i?ioeano. A ?acoeueoao? ciaeaeaii eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy
eiioo?o no?oio, i?e yeiio i?ioean cae?i/o?oueny ca aeaa eiiooaoe?eieo
?ioa?aaee.

C a?aooaaiiyi iaea?aeaiiai eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy a eiioo?? no?oio
?ic?aoiaai? ?aaeoe?y iaia?a?aii? /anoeie ia neiao?e/io neeaaeiao
aeo?aeii? iai?oae E??I-IIN, i?ney /iai ciaeaeaii oaeoi? ioeuenaoe?e a
?iai/?e cii? O?I.

Ia iniia? oeeo ?acoeueoao?a iaea?aeaia aeene?aoia ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y
?ic?ieiooiai eiioo?o iai?oae, yea iioei?ciaaia ii e?eoa??th yeino?
ia?ao?aeii? oa?aeoa?enoeee (/an ia?inoaiiy, ia?a?aaoethaaiiy) iaoiaeii
eiaa?eoi?/ieo aiie?ooaeii-/anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

I?ioean iioei?caoe?? aeeiiaii c aeei?enoaiiyi a?e?i?eiiai
ia?a-oai?thaaiiy, ui aeicaieeei a?aooaaoe aeene?aoiee oa?aeoa? nenoaie
noaa?e?caoe??.

Ia i?eeeaae? ?ic?iaeaiiai aeaea?aea aeeaeaiiy iieacaii i?ioean
iioei?caoe?? eiai eiioo??a. Ciaeaeai? no?oeoo?e ? ia?aiao?e ?aaoeyoi??a,
ye? caaacia/othoue caaeaio ye?noue ia?ao?aeii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
noaa?e?caoi?a.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aea/aiith iniaeeainoae E??I-IIN ye
?aaoethth/iai aeaiaioa noaa?e?caoi?a iai?oae.

E??I-IIN, ?en. 2, yaeyth/enue eaieith noaa?e?caoi?a, ia? aeanio
/anoioii-/aniao oa?aeoa?enoeeo, yea iiaea aieeaaoe a o?e aai ?ioee i???
ia /anoioii-/aniao oa?aeoa?enoeeo an??? caieiooi? nenoaie. Aeey
aeyniaiiy oeueiai oaeoo i?iaiae?ciaai? aeaeo?iiaai?oi? i?ioeane ia
/ioe?ueio eiiooaoe?eieo ?ioa?aaeao E??I-IIN.

?en .2

Aeey eiaeiiai ?ioa?aaeo neeaaeai? iia?aoi?i? ??aiyiiy ia aeua /aoaa?oiai
ii?yaeeo, a ?acoeueoao? ??oaiiy yeeo iaea?aeaiee no?oi iaaaioaaeaiiy c
a?aooaaiiyi ioeuenaoe?e. O a?aeiieo ?iaioao iiae?aiee aiae?c aeeiiaiee
aac a?aooaaiiy ioeuenaoe?e no?oio iaaaioaaeaiiy.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co aeaeo?iiaai?oieo i?ioean?a ciaeaeai? oae?
iniaeeaino? E??I-IIN ye eaiee nenoaie aaoi?aaoethaaiiy:

ia ia?oiio eiiooaoe?eiiio ?ioa?aae? E??I-IIN aiineoue a i?ioean
oi?aae?iiy /enoa cai?ciaiiy, aecia/aia /anii cae?eaaiiy cai?ioiiai
ae?iaeo;

ia ae?oaiio ?ioa?aae? oi?ia iai?oae ia eiiaeainaoi?? aeecueea aei
neioni?aeaeueii?;

ia o?aoueiio – aei aeniiiaioe?aeueii?, i?e/iio, aeiaaeeia oeeo
?ioa?aae?a caeaaeeoue a?ae iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Aeeth/aiiy E??I-IIN a caieiooo nenoaio a yeino? neeiaiai ?aaoethth/iai
aeaiaioa aeiionea?, ui eiai noaoe/i? eiao?oe??ioe i?aeneeaiiy ii
ea?oth/iio ? cao?thth/iio ae?yi a?aeii?.

Aaaaea?oueny a?aeiiei ? oa?aeoa? ci?ie ioeuenaoe?e aeo?aeii? iai?oae a
i?ioean? ?aaoethaaiiy. Iaiao?aeio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i oea iiaeia
iaea?aeaoe, aiae?coth/e ciai?oith, ?aaoethaaeueio oa ioeuenaoe?eio
oa?aeoa?enoeee E??I-IIN.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co i?ioean?a a E??I-IIN iaea?aeaia ??cie/ia
??aiyiiy ?ic?ieiooi? nenoaie, yea ae??oaii iaoiaeii z-ia?aoai?thaaiiy
a?aeiinii no?oio iaaaioaaeaiiy.

?en. 3

Ciaeaeai? cia/aiiy no?oio iaaaioaaeaiiy a ia?ao?aei?i oa onoaeai?i
?aaeeiao ii ie?aieo eiiooaoe?eieo ?ioa?aaeao aeey aeia?eueiiai ia??iaeo
ia?aeeth/aiiy. Ia iniia? oeueiai iiaoaeiaai? ciai?oi? , ?aaoethth/? ,
?en.3, oa ioeuenaoe?eia , ?en.4, oa?aeoa?enoeee aeey ??cieo
iaaaioaaeaiue. Ciai?oiy oa?aeoa?enoeea 7 oa ?aaoethth/a oa?aeoa?enoeea
2, ?en.3, ? aenia?eiaioaeueieie. Aiie ia aeoaea a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
a?aeiia?aeieo oai?aoe/ieo e?eaeo 6 oa 5.

?en .4

?c ?aaoethth/eo oa ciai?oi?o oa?aeoa?enoee E??I-IIN aeaeii, ui i?e
neeaeaii? iaaaioaaeaiiy eiai aeo?aeia iai?oaa c?inoa?. I?e/eia oeueiai a
oiio, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae cae/aeiiai ?iioeueniiai ia?aoai?thaa/a,
E??I-IIN ia? aeaa ae?inae? – a eieeaaeueiiio eiioo?? oa a eaioethao
iaaaioaaeaiiy. Ae?inaeue o?eueo?a ia ia?oeo aeaio eiiooaoe?eieo
?ioa?aaeao iaeiie/o? aia?a?th, a iio?i /anoeiai ia?aaea? ??
iaaaioaaeaiith ia ne?aeoth/eo ?ioa?aaeao. Ae?inaeue eiioo?o i?aoeth? a
?aaeei? iaeiie/aiiy aia?a?? ia ia?oiio eiiooaoe?eiiio ?ioa?aae?. *a?ac
eiai iaiioeo i?io?ea? ioeuenoth/ee no?oi.

C ?inoii iaaaioaaeaiiy aeia?ioi?noue eiioo?o cieaeo?oueny, eiai /anoioa
iaaea?, a iino?eia neeaaeiaa no?oio ca?eueoo?oueny.

Aiane?aeie oeueiai, ii/eia? i?iyaeyoeny aoaeo iaeiie/aiiy iaaei??ii?
aia?a?? a ae?inae? eiioo?o, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey iaai?oieo eaioetha?a c
iaci?iiei iai?aaeaiiyi iaai?oiiai iioieo. Ao?aoe ia ae?inae?
ca?eueoothoueny, a aeo?aeia iai?oaa cieaeo?oueny.

I?e cieaeaii? iaaaioaaeaiiy aeia?ioi?noue eiioo?o ca?eueoo?oueny,
eiiaeainaoi? ca?yaeaea?oueny aei a?eueoi? iai?oae, i?aeoe/ii, iino?eiei
no?oiii ae?inaey.

Aiane?aeie oeueiai iai?oaa ia aeoiae? c?inoa?, ui iiae?aii c i?e/eiith
?inoo aeo?aeii? iai?oae ia?aeaeueiiai ?iaa?oi?a no?oio i?e cieaeaii?
iaaaioaaeaiiy.

E??i iaeiie/aiiy iaaei??ii? aia?a?? ia aaee/eio aeo?aeii? iai?oae
aieeaa? o?eaae?noue ae?oaiai eiiooaoe?eiiai ?ioa?aaeo. Aiia
aecia/a?oueny /anii ?ic?yaeo eiiaeainaoi?a /a?ac iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Aiae?c noaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee E??I-IIN aeicaieea ioe?ieoe /anoioiee
ae?aiacii ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?aeii? iai?oae, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeoe
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ?ic?aooieo oaeoi?a ioeuenaoe?e.

Iniaeeaino? E??I-IIN, ye? anoaiiaeai? a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo i?ioean?a, ia aeicaieythoue iaeiicia/ii o?aeooaaoe eiai
oeiiaei iae?i?eiei eaioethaii c /anoioii-?iioeueniith iiaeoeyoe??th, oi/
? an? iciaee oaeiai eaioethaa. A aeiaa?oaiiy aei a?aeiieo o?oaeiiu?a
aiae?co oaeeo eaioetha?a c’yaeythoueny iia?, ca’ycai? c a?aooaaiiyi
aieeao aioo??oi?o ia?aiao?e/ieo cai?ioieo ca’yce?a ia aeiaaeeio
eiiooaoe?eieo ?ioa?aae?a.

A?aoiaoth/e a?aecia/aio niaoeeo?eo E??I-IIN, cai?iiiiiaai? oae? aa??aioe
eiai ia?aaeaoi/ii? ooieoe??:

a) ia aenieeo /anoioao E??I-IIN iiaeia i?aaenoaaeyoe o?enaoi?ii
ioeueiaiai ii?yaeeo c /enoei cai?ciaiiyi, aaee/eia yeiai aecia/a?oueny
/anii caie?aiiy cai?ioiiai ae?iaea;

a) aeene?aoiee oa?aeoa?

E??I-IIN aeioe?eueii a?aoiaoaaoe a iaeano? iecueeeo /anoio, aea iii?oiee
aieea oaeoi?a ioeuenaoe?e.

Ia?aceoi? ia?aiao?e a oeueiio ?ac? iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe.

Ine?eueee oi?ia ?iioeueno iai?oae ia aeoiae? E??I-IIN yaey?oueny
neeaaeiith, oi aeey ni?iuaiiy aiae?co cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe iaoiae
aea?aaeaioieo ieiu, eiee ?aaeueiee ?iioeuen cai?ith?oueny ??aiei eiio ii
aeiaaeei? ? aieueo-naeoiaei?e ieiu? ?iioeuenii i?yiieooii? oi?ie.

Cai?iiiiiaai? ia?aaeaoi/i? ooieoe?? E??I-IIN ni?aaaaeeea? “a iaeiio”.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith noaaa?iii?/ii? no?eeino? oa
ei?aeoe?? /anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee noaa?e?caoi??a iai?oae c E??I-IIN.

Ine?eueee noaa?e?caoi?e i?aoeththoue a oe?ieiio /anoioiiio ae?aiacii?,
oi ci?ia /anoioe ?iaeoue iii?oiei aieea ia iaeanoue ?o no?eeino? i?noey
?icoaooaaiiy aiie?ooaeii-oaci-/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaia?a?aii?
/anoeie ia eiiieaeni?e ieiuei?. sseui aiia ciaoiaeeoueny a ieaei?e
iieiaei? ieiueie, oi iayai?noue ?iioeueniiai aeaiaioa aecia/a?
iayai?noue a?ai?/iiai, ca ci?noii no?eeino?, eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy
nenoaie ia /anoio? iniiaii? noaaa?iii?ee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy no?eeino? aeeiiaii a iaeiieiioo?ieo noaiao c a?aooaaiiyi
niaoeeo?ee ciai?oiuei?, ?aaoethth/i? oa?aeoa?enoee ? ia?aceoieo
ia?aiao??a iaaaioaaeaiiy. Aeanii ia?aoai?thaa/ i?aaenoaaeaii aeene?aoiei
eaioethaii ii iaoiaeo aea?aaeaioieo ieiu.

Ia iniia? iaoiaeo z-ia?aoai?thaaiiy iaea?aeai? oa?aeoa?enoe/i? ??aiyiiy
caieiaieo noaa?e?caoi??a aeey ?aeaaeueiiai aeiaaeeo, a oaeiae c
o?aooaaiiyi /enoiai cai?ciaiiy, i?aeaeoeiai? ?ieino?, iii?o aeoeaieo
ao?ao ae?inaey ? eiiaeainaoi?a o?eueo?a.

Ia iniia? e?eoa??th Oo?-Eiia, aiaeiaa e?eoa??th ?aona-Ao?a?oea aeey
aeene?aoieo nenoai, iaea?aeai? caeaaeiino? e?eoe/iiai eiao?oe??ioo
i?aeneeaiiy nenoaie ia iniiai?e noaaa?iii?oe? a?ae /anoioe aeey ??cieo
cia/aiue neaaaeiino? ?aaoethaaiiy oa eiao?oe??ioo caoooaiiy nenoaie,
?en. 5.

?en .5

E?eaa 1 a?aeiia?aea? ?aeaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, e?eaa 2 — a?aoiao? iaaaeeea
/enoa cai?ciaiiy, e?eaa 3 — i?aeaeoeiao ?ie?noue ae?inaeth o?eueo?o oa
/enoa cai?ciaiiy, e?eaa 4 — a?aoiao? ii?? aeoeaieo ao?ao ae?inaeth ?
eiiaeainaoi?a o?eueo?o oa i?aeaeoeiao ?ie?noue; o?anoeeaie iicia/ai?
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioo.

Aiane?aeie aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui iaaaeeea /enoa cai?ciaiiy (oa?aeoa?ii
aeey iecueeeo /anoio) i?aeaeuo? no?ee?noue, a cia/ia (oa?aeoa?ii aeey
aenieeo /anoio) – cieaeo?.

I?aeaeoeiaa ?ie?noue ae?inaey o?eueo?a i?e ci?i? /anoioe aei cia/aiiy
ia?aceoii? ?aciiainii? i?aeaeuo? e?eoe/iee eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy
nenoaie.

sseui /anoioa aoaea aeua ia?aceoii? ?aciiainii?, oi niinoa??aa?oueny
cai?ioia yaeua.

Ii?? aeoeaieo ao?ao eiiaeainaoi?a o?eueo?a c ?inoii /anoioe
ca?eueoo?oueny, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy e?eoe/iiai eiao?oe??ioo
i?aeneeaiiy nenoaie. Aei oaeiai ae aoaeoo i?eaiaeeoue c?inoaiiy
neaaaeiino? ?aaoethaaiiy oa iii?o iaaaioaaeaiiy.

I?iaaaeaia ei?aeoe?y /anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeiieiioo?ieo
noaa?e?caoi??a ii e?eoa??th yeino? ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano.

?en 6.

Aeey ?ic?ieiooiai iaeiieiioo?iiai noaa?e?caoi?a c E??I-IIN iaea?aeaia
ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y /aoaa?oiai ii?yaeeo, a iio?i iiaoaeiaaia eiai EA*O
aeey caaeaieo ia?aiao??a noaie, e?eaa 1, ?en. 6. E?eaa 2 a?aeiia?aea?
a?eueoiio, a ii??aiyii? c iiia?aaei?i aeiaaeeii, cia/aiith eiao?oe??ioa
i?aeneeaiiy nenoaie. E?ea? 3,4 a?aeiia?aeathoue nei?aeoiaaiei nenoaiai.
Iaee?au? yeino? ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano (/an c?inoaiiy, ia?a?aaoethaaiiy)
oa caian no?eeino? aeinyaathoueny i?e aaaaeaii? a nenoaio ei?aeooth/eo:
ioeueiaiai iiethna, aeaio ioe?a oa iaeiiai iiethna, e?eaa 4 ?en.6.

Aeey oeueiai aeiaaeeo iaea?aeaia ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y ei?aeooth/i?
eaiee oa eiai noaiioaoi?/ia ?aae?caoe?y.

Ine?eueee aioo??oi?e eiioo? no?oio a aeaieiioo?i?i noaa?e?caoi?? cia/ii
ia?aaeuo? ii oaeaeeiae?? ciai?oi?e eiioo?, oi eiai iioei?caoe?y aeeiiaia
aeene?aoiei iaoiaeii, aeoiaey/e c oiiae caaacia/aiiy e?ia/ii? o?eaaeino?
i?ioeano.

Ia iniia? oai??? e?i?eieo ?iioeuenieo nenoai iaea?aeaia iioei?ciaaia ii
e?eoa??th oaeaeeiae?? aeene?aoia ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y caieiaiiai
eiioo?o no?oio.

Ciaeaeaia ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y iine?aeiaiiai ei?aeooth/iai eaioethaa,
yea aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe i?ioean a eiioo?? no?oio ca o?e ia??iaee
oaeoiai? /anoioe aac iii?oiiai ia?a?aaoethaaiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaii aeaa aa??aioe noaiioaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe?? iioeiaeueii?
ei?aeooth/i? eaiee eiioo?a no?oio – i?ia?aiii o aeaeyae? ?aeo?neaiiai
oeeo?iaiai o?eueo?a oa ia iniia? iia?aoe?eieo i?aeneethaa/?a.

O ia?oiio ?ac? i?ia?aiii ae??oo?oueny ??cienia ??aiyiiy, yea iaea?aeaia
a i?ioean? iioei?caoe?? nenoaie.

O ae?oaiio ?ac? a?ae aeene?aoii? ia?aaeaoi/ii? ooieoe?? iioeiaeueiiai
?aaoeyoi?a cae?eniaii ia?ao?ae aei aea?aaeaioii? ?e ia?aaeaoi/ii?
ooieoe?? iaia?a?aiiai ?aaoeyoi?a, yea iiaeaia o?ueiia aeaiaioa?ieie
ia?aaeaoi/ieie ooieoe?yie: i?iii?oe?iiaeueii-?ioaa?aeueiei ?aaoeyoi?ii,
eieeaaeueiei ? i?iii?oe?iiaeueii-aeeoa?aioe?aeueiei eaieaie.

On? o?e eaiee ?aae?ciaai? ia iia?aoe?eieo i?aeneethaa/ao c
a?aeiia?aeieie cai?ioieie ca’yceaie.

Aieiaiee eiioo? noaa?e?caoi?a, yeee a?eueo ?ia?oe?eiee, i?ae eiioo?
no?oio, cai?iiiiiaaii iano?ithaaoe ia caaeaio o?eaae?noue ?
ia?a?aaoethaaiiy i?ioeano iaoiaeii EA*O, ye a iaeiieiioo?i?i
noaa?e?caoi??.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii aeaeo?iiia iiaeaethaaiiy noaa?e?caoi??a c
E??I-IIN c iaoith ooi/iaiiy ?o noaoe/ieo, aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa
ia?aiao??a iano?ieee iioeiaeueieo ?aaoeyoi??a.

Aeey iiaeaethaaiiy aeei?enoaiee i?ia?aiiee i?iaeoeo Pspice 6.1, yeee
aeeth/a? a naaa ?aaeaeoi? i?eioeeiiaeo noai Pshed, i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo
i?eioeeiiaeo noai Spice, ?aaeaeoi? ao?aeieo neaiae?a StmEd, a?ao?/iee
iino-i?ioeani? Probe, i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a iiaeaeae
eiiiiiaio?a Parts.

?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co oa aeaeo?iiiiai iiaeaethaaiiy
iieeaaeai? a iniiao ?ic?iaee noaa?e?caoi??a iino?eii? iai?oae c
E??I-IIN, ye? ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a aeine?aeia
ae?iaieoeoai IAe? aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo i?eeaae?a, (i. Ee?a).

Oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aiie?ooaea
aa?iii?e ao?aeiiai no?oio E??I-IIN ia iecueeeo oa na?aaei?o /anoioao a
i’youe ? a?eueoa ?ac?a iaioa, i?ae aiaeia?/i? aiie?ooaee no?oio
cae/aeiiai ?iioeueniiai ia?aoai?thaa/a. Ia aenieeo /anoioao eiiooaoe??
(aeua iaeiiai IAoe) oea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o?ioe ci?aeo?oueny.

A aeiaeaoeao iaaaaeai? aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe oa
iii?iaee noai ?ic?iaeaieo noaa?e?caoi??a iai?oae.

Aeniiaee

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?ic?iaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oai???
noaa?e?caoi??a iino?eii? iai?oae c E??I-IIN, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
?nioth/eo noaa?e?caoi??a e?aueie aia?aaoe/ieie, ieoiieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oa iaioei aieeaii ia ia?aaeo.

Noeoii?noue io?eiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a neeaaea? nooo?aee aianie o
iiaeaeueo?e ?icaeoie aoaeoeaieo aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy aeaeo?iiii?
aia?aoo?e, yea oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny a ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa? oa
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo.

1. I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aa??aio?a iiaoaeiae noaa?e?caoi??a c
??cieie niiniaaie O?I. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a eeth/iaeo noaa?e?caoi?ao aieea
caniao oe?ioii-?iioeuenii? iiaeoeyoe?? ia noaaa?iii?/io no?ee?noue
ii/eia? i?iyaeyoeny, eiee ia??iae eiiooaoe?? eeth/a noi??iee c
iino?eiith iaaaioaaeaiiy, i?e oeueiio iaeiaioee caian no?eeino? iathoue
noaa?e?caoi?e c aeainoi?iiiueith O?I.

2. Aeey iioei?caoe?? /aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaieiioo?ieo noaa?e?caoi??a
aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue eiia?iiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo: aioo??oi?e eiioo?, ye
a?eueo oaeaeeiae?th/ee, cai?iiiiiaaii iaeaaiaeaeoaaoe ia e?ioeaao
o?eaae?noue i?ioean?a, a ciai?oi?e – c aeei?enoaiiyi a?e?i?eiiai
ia?aoai?thaaiiy oa iaoiaeo eiaa?eoi?/ieo aiie?ooaeii-/anoioieo
oa?aeoa?enoee, ui aeicaiey? a i?ioean? i?iaeooaaiiy aeinyaoe caaeaio
ye?noue noaa?e?caoe?? c i?i?iaeueieie aeo?aoaie /ano.

3. Io?eiaii iaoaiaoe/iee iien noaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee eaac??aciiainiiai
?iioeueniiai ia?aoai?thaa/a (ciai?oiuei?, ?aaoethaaeueii?,
ioeuenaoe?eii?), ye? aeicaieythoue ciaeoe noaoe/i? eiao?oe??ioe
i?aeneeaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/a ii cao?thth/iio oa ea?oth/iio aieeao.

4. Ia iniia? aiae?co aeaeo?iiaai?oieo i?ioean?a a E??I-IIN cai?iiiiiaai?
aa??aioe ?o i?aaenoaaeaiiy eaieith nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy c
o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ia?aceoieo ia?aiao??a, ui aeicaieeei ?ic?aooaaoe
aieea ia?aceoieo ia?aiao??a ia e?eoe/iee eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy
noaa?e?caoi?a c E??I.

5. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iioei?caoe?? /aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee a
aeaieiioo?ieo noaa?e?caoi?ao c E??I-IIN, ui aeicaieeei cai?iiiioaaoe
aa??aioe noaiioaoi?/ii? oa i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe?? ei?aeooth/eo
eaioetha?a.

6. A ?acoeueoao? aeaeo?iiiiai iiaeaethaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui noaa?e?caoi?e c
E??I-IIN iathoue e?auo aeaeo?iiaai?oio noi?ni?noue c aeeaeth/ith
ia?aaeath, i?ae c? cae/aeieie ?iioeuenieie ia?aoai?thaa/aie.

7. Ae?ia?aei?noue oa iaa?oioiaai?noue iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a
oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ocaiaeaeaiiyi oai?aoe/ieo
?acoeueoao?a c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaiieie oa ?acoeueoaoaie
aeaeo?iiiiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

8. Oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? niaoe?aeueiino? “I?iieneiaa aeaeo?ii?ea” a *a?i?a?anueeiio
oaoiieia?/iiio ?inoeooo?.

?ic?iaeai? noaa?e?caoi?e iino?eii? iai?oae c E??I-IIN ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a aenia?eiaioaeueia ae?iaieoeoai IAe? aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo
i?eeaae?a, i. Ee?a.

IOAE?EAOe?? ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aeaienia A.E., Aeaienia TH.A. Iniaaiiinoe eaace?aciiainiiai
i?aia?aciaaoaey eae caaia caieiooie nenoaiu yeaeo?iieoaiey //
Oaoie/aneay yeaeo?iaeeiaieea. – 1995. – ? 5. – n.13-17.

2. Aeaienia A.E., Aeaienia TH.A. Onoie/eainoue eiioeueniuo
noaaeeecaoi?ia n ?acee/iuie niiniaaie oe?ioii-eiioeueniie iiaeoeyoeee //
Oaoie/aneay yeaeo?iaeeiaieea. – 1996. – ? 5. – n.22-27.

3. Aeaienia TH.I. Ei?aeoe?y /anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy c
eaac??aciiainieie ?iioeuenieie ia?aoai?thaa/aie // A?niee
*a?i?a?anueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. – 1996. – ? 1. – n. 68-76.

4. Aeaienia TH.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy noaa?e?caoi?a iino?eii? iai?oae c
eaac??aciiainieie ?iioeuenieie ia?aoai?thaa/aie // A?niee
*a?i?a?anueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. – 1997. – ? 3. – n. 102-108.5.
Aeaienia TH.A. Onoie/eainoue iaeiieiioo?iuo noaaeeecaoi?ia n
eaace?aciiainiuie eiioeueniuie i?aia?aciaaoaeyie // Oaoie/aneay
yeaeo?iaeeiaieea. – 1998. – Niaoe. auione 2. – O.1. – n. 170-173.6.
Aeaienia TH.A. Noaoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee eiioeueniiai eaace?aciiainiiai
i?aia?aciaaoaey eae ?aaoee?othuaai caaia noaaeeecaoi?a // Oaoie/aneay
yeaeo?iaeeiaieea. – 1998. – ? 4. – n. 26-32.

7. Aeaienia A.E., Aeaienia TH.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea noaaeeecaoi?ia
iinoiyiiiai iai?yaeaiey n eaace?aciiainiuie i?aia?aciaaoaeyie // Na.
oacenia aeiee. I Iaaeaeoia?. (III Ana?inneeneie) eiio. Ii
yeaeo?iiaoaiio?iieea. – N.-Iaoa?ao?a. – 1997. – n. 85-86.

8. Aeaienia A.E., Aeaienia TH.A. Neioac ?aaoeyoi?ia aeey noaaeeecaoi?ia
iinoiyiiiai iai?yaeaiey ia iniiaa eaace?aciiainiuo eeth/ae // Na.
o?oaeia Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “Neeiaay yeaeo?iieea a ?aoaiee i?iaeai
?ano?ni- e yia?ainaa?aaeaiey”. – Aeoooa. – 1996. – n. 74.Aeaienia TH. I.

Noaa?e?caoi?e iino?eii? iai?oae c ?iioeuenieie ? eaac??aciiainieie
?aaoethth/eie aeaiaioaie. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.09.12 – iai?ai?ia?aeieeia? ia?aoai?thaa/?
aeaeo?iaia?a??. – ?inoeooo aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith ? iioei?caoe?? aeeiai?/ieo
i?ioean?a a ?iioeuenieo noaa?e?caoi?ao c ??cieie caniaaie
oe?ioii-?iioeuenii? iiaeoeyoe?? a oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiith noaoe/ieo ?
aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee noaa?e?caoi??a iino?eii? iai?oae c
eaac??aciiainieie ?iioeuenieie ia?aoai?thaa/aie, ye? ia?aieeathoueny i?e
ioeueiaiio no?oie ( E??I-IIN).

A ?iaio? aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
i?ioean?a a E??I-IIN, io?eiai? ?o ciai?oi? ?aaoethth/? oa ioeuenaoe?ei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee. Ciaeaeai? oiiae no?eeino? ia iniiai?e noaaa?iii?/i?e
/anoio? ?iioeuenieo noaa?e?caoi??a c E??I-IIN. Aeoiaey/e c oiia
e?ioeaaiai /ano i?ioean?a, aeeiiaia iioei?caoe?y ia?ao?aeieo
oa?aeoa?enoee noaa?e?caoi??a i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii?
noi?niino? noaa?e?caoi??a c ??cieie oeiaie eeth/iaeo aeaiaio?a.

Oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? noaa?e?caoi??a
iino?eii? iai?oae c E??I-IIN, ye? ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aei ao?eaiiy a
aeine?aeieoeueea ae?iaieoeoai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo
aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo i?eeaae?a, i. Ee?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eaac??aciiainiee ia?aoai?thaa/, noaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee,
aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, noaaa?iii?/i? aaoieieeaaiiy, iiaeaethaaiiy,
aeaeo?iiaai?oia noi?ni?noue.

Aeaienia TH. A. Noaaeeecaoi?u iinoiyiiiai iai?yaeaiey n eiioeueniuie e
eaace?aciiainiuie ?aaoee?othueie yeaiaioaie. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.09.12 – iieoi?iaiaeieeiaua i?aia?aciaaoaee
yeaeo?iyia?aee. – Einoeooo yeaeo?iaeeiaieee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth e iioeiecaoeee aeeiaie/aneeo
i?ioeannia a eiioeueniuo noaaeeecaoi?ao n ?acee/iuie niiniaaie
oe?ioii-eiioeueniie iiaeoeyoeee, a oaeaea enneaaeiaaieth noaoe/aneeo e
aeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee noaaeeecaoi?ia iai?yaeaiey n
eaace?aciiainiuie eiioeueniuie i?aia?aciaaoaeyie, ia?aeeth/aaiuie i?e
ioeaaii oiea (E?EI-IIO).

A ?aaioa eceiaeaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo i?ioeannia
a E?EI-IIO, ia iniiaa eioi?uo iieo/aiu eo aiaoiea, ?aaoee?iai/iua e
ioeuenaoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee. Iaeaeaiu oneiaey onoie/eainoe ia
iniiaiie noaaa?iiieea eiioeueniuo noaaeeecaoi?ia n E?EI-IIO. Ec oneiaey
eiia/iie aeeeoaeueiinoe i?ioeannia auiieiaia iioeiecaoeey a?aiaiiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee noaaeeecaoi?ia, aeaia n?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea
yeaeo?iiaaieoiie niaianoeiinoe noaaeeecaoi?ia n ?acee/iuie oeiaie
eeth/aauo yeaiaioia.

Oai?aoe/aneea ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou eniieueciaaiu i?e ?ac?aaioea
noaaeeecaoi?ia iai?yaeaiey n E?EI-IIO, ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiuo e aiaae?aieth a
iiuoiia i?iecaiaenoai IEE yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneeo i?eai?ia a. Eeaa .

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaace?aciiainiue i?aia?aciaaoaeue, noaoe/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee, aeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee, noaaa?iiie/aneea
aaoieieaaaiey, iiaeaee?iaaiey, yeaeo?iiaaieoiay niaianoeiinoue.

Y. A. DENISSOV. Constant Voltage Stabilizers Having Pulse and
Quasi-resonant Regulating Elements. – Manuscript.

The Thesis of Candidate of Technology on the Speciality 05.09.12 –
Semiconductor Electric Energy Converters. – The Institute of
Electrodynamics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv,
1998.

The present thesis relates to the study and optimization of dynamic
processes in pulse stabilizers with a variety of pulse-with modulations
(PDM) as well as to the study of static and dynamic characteristics of
quasi-resonant pulse converters switched at zero current ( QRPC-SZC).

The present scientific paper given the results of the study of
electromagnetic processes in QRPC-SZC on the basis of which external
regulating and pulsating characteristics have been obtained. The
stability conditions on the basic subharmonic of pulse stabilizers
having QRPC-SZC have been found. The conditions of final duration of
processes has given an opportunity to perform the optimization of the
stabilizers time response , give an electromagnetic estimations of
compatibity of stabilizers with different types of key elements.

The theoretical results of reseach have been used when working out the
voltage stabilizers with QRPC-SZCrecommended for the integration in
pilot-scale production at the Reseach Institute of Electromechanical
Devices, Kyiv.

Key words: quasi-resonant converter, static characteristics, dynamic
characteristics, subharmonic self-excited oscillations, modulation,
electromagnetic compatibility.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 2 11 98 ? Oi?iao 60 O 90 /16 Iaie? ionaoiee Oi?iao
aeaeaiiy 145O215

Oiiai-ae?oe a?eoo 1a0 Ia-aeae a?eoo 1,0

Oe?aae 120 Caiiae

?aaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e *a?i?a?anueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo

250027 , *a?i?a?a ,aoe Oaa/aiea ,95

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