.

Споживчі властивості нових видів морозива: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / Л.В. Молоканова, Київ. держ. торг.-екон. ун-т. — К., 1999. — 18 с. — укp

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No?oeoo?a oaeea «Aaoi?aoa?ao» ia aeeneao?

# 1. OAeE 663.674.004.12 (043.3)

# 2. Iaoeiaee nooi?iue – eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

# 3. Aaeocue iaoee – oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue

# 4. Oeo? niaoe?aeueiino? – 05.18.15

# 5. Iacaa niaoe?aeueiino? – Oiaa?iciaanoai oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a

# 6.1. Eeth/ia? neiaa : ii?iceai, iaiiaithaa/?,oeoe?i?ao?iaaeia iaoiea,
ne?ii, aa?aiiy, i’yoa, niiaeea/? aeanoeaino?.

#6.2. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ii?iaeaiia, iaiieieoaee, ?aoeiaaeiay iaoiea,
ne?ii, aa?aiuea, iyoa, iio?aaeoaeueneea naienoaa.

#6.3. Key words: ice-cream, fillers, sugar treacle, syrop, jam, mint,
consumer characteristics.

#7. Iacaa aeena?oaoe?? – «Niiaeea/? aeanoeaino? iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa»

#8. Iacaa onoaiiae, aea a?aeaoaeaoueny caoeno aeena?oaoe?? – Ee?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao

# 9. I?noi, ??e caoenoo – Ee?a, 1999 ?.

# 10. Caeiaoaa/ – Iieieaiiaa E?e?y Aanee?aia

# 11. ??e ia?iaeaeaiiy caeiaoaa/a – 1965

# 12. Noaoue caeiaoaa/a – ae?ii/a

# 13. I?noea ?iaioe, iinaaea caeiaoaa/a – Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae?, eaoaae?a oiaa?iciaanoaa oa aenia?oece
i?iaeiaieue/eo oi?aa??a, anenoaio

# 14.1. Aiioaoe?y

Iieieaiiaa E.A. Niiaeea/? aeanoeaino? iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe.
Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.18.15. – Oiaa?iciaanoai oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a,
Ee?anueeee Aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999
?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa c aeei?enoaiiyi
iao?aaeeoe?eii? ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie a yeino? iaiiaithaa/?a.

Aia?oa aeey aeaioiaeaiiy ii?iceaa ia iiei/i?e iniia? aeei?enoaii
oeoe?i?ao?iaaeio iaoieo, ne?ii c ieiae?a /i?ii? oiaeiaeoe?, aa?aiiy c
iaethnoe?a ao??iie?eii? o?iyiaee, aiaeio aeoyaeeo c i(yoe ia?oeaai?.

Ia i?aenoaa? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?i o?i?/iee neeaae oa oa?/iao
aacaeiaaii?noue cacia/aieo iaiiaithaa/?a iaa?oioiaaii iiaeeea?noue ?
aeioe?euei?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey ?ic?iaee iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui iia? aeaee ii?iceaa iathoue i?ea?iaeuei? i?aaiieaioe/i?
aeanoeaino?, i?aeaeuaio a ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eiei ii?iceaii
a?ieia?/io oe?ii?noue. Aea/aii aieea iaiiaithaa/?a ia “oaoiieia?/i?”
aeanoeaino? iiaiai ii?iceaa. Aeine?aeaeaii caeiiii??iino? i?ioean?a, ui
iathoue i?noea i?e o?eaaeiio caa??aaii? iiaiai ii?iceaa, aecia/aii
aa?aio?eiee oa?i?i eiai caa??aaiiy.

Iaaaaeaii aeai? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaiai
ii?iceaa o ae?iaieoeoai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ii?iceai, iaiiaithaa/?, oeoe?i?ao?iaaeia iaoiea, ne?ii,
aa?aiiy, i(yoa, niiaeea/? aeanoeaino?.

# 14.2. Aiiioaoeey

Iieieaiiaa E.A. Iio?aaeoaeueneea naienoaa iiauo aeaeia ii?iaeaiiai.
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe.
Niaoeeaeueiinoue 05.18.15.- Oiaa?iaaaeaiea ieuaauo i?iaeoeoia, Eeaaneee
Ainoaea?noaaiiue oi?aiai-yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iiauo aeaeia ii?iaeaiiai n
eniieueciaaieai iao?aaeeoeeiiiiai nu?uey a ea/anoaa iaiieieoaeae.

Ia i?eia?a iiiai/eneaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee, i?iaaaeaiiuo a Oe?aeia e ca
?oaaaeii, iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue ?ac?aaioee iiauo aeaeia ii?iaeaiiai n
eniieueciaaieai iao?aaeeoeeiiiiai nu?uey, a o./. ?anoeoaeueiiai
i?ienoiaeaeaiey.

A ea/anoaa iaiieieoaeae ii?iaeaiiai ia iiei/iie iniiaa aia?aua
i?aaeeiaeaiu iiai/iue i?iaeoeo naoa?iiai i?iecaiaenoaa –
naoa?i?aoeiaaeiay iaoiea, a oaeaea i?iaeoeou ia?a?aaioee eaea?noaaiiuo
?anoaiee – ne?ii ec ieiaeia /a?iie oaeeiaeoeu, aa?aiuea ec eaianoeia
yoe?iianee/iie ?icu, aiaeiay auoyaeea ec iyou ia?a/iie.

Iieacaii, /oi aeaiiua iaiieieoaee i?aaiieaioe/anee oi?ioi ni/aoathony n
iiei/iie iniiaie e i?eaeatho iiaui aeaeai ii?iaeaiiai i?eaeiaeueiua
aeon, a?iiao, oeaao. ?aoeiaaeiay iaoiea, ne?ii ec ieiaeia /a?iie
oaeeiaeoeu, aa?aiuea ec eaianoeia yoe?iianee/iie ?icu niaea?aeao
aieueoia eiee/anoai naoa?ia (a o./. aetheicu e o?oeoicu), /oi aeaei
aiciiaeiinoue nyeiiiieoue naoa?-ianie i?e i?iecaiaenoaa ii?iaeaiiai. Yoi
iicaieyao ?anniao?eaaoue oeacaiiia nu?uea ia oieueei eae iaiieieoaee, ii
e eae /anoe/iue caiaieoaeue naoa?a-ianea. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaiieieoaee a
naiai ninoaaa niaea?aeao oeaiiua aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua aauanoaa:
ieia?aeueiua yeaiaiou – eaeee, oinoi?, iaaiee, aeaeaci, o?ii,
aethieiee; aeoaieiu – anei?aeiiaoth eeneioo, aeioeaaiiieaeu, ieaoeei,
(-ea?ioei. Aianaiea iaiieieoaeae a iiei/ioth iniiao iicaieeo iaiaaoeoue
oeacaiiuie aauanoaaie iiaua aeaeu ii?iaeaiiai. I?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey
ieuaaie aaciianiinoe iaiieieoaeae. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iieacaee,
/oi niaea?aeaiea oiene/iuo yeaiaioia a iaiieieoaeyo ia yaeyaony
i?ioeaiiieacaieai aeey eo eniieueciaaiey.

Ia iniiaa ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey a ?aaioa naeaeai auaiae, /oi
eniieueciaaiea naoa?i?aoeiaaeiie iaoiee, ne?iia ec ieiaeia /a?iie
oaeeiaeoeu, ?iciaiai aa?aiuey e aiaeiie iyoiie auoyaeee n oeaeueth
oeo/oaiey i?aaiieaioe/aneeo naienoa ii?iaeaiiai e iiauoaiey aai
aeieiae/aneie oeaiiinoe yaeyaony oeaeaniia?aciui e iainiiaaiiui.

A ?acoeueoaoa na?ee aeaaonoaoeee ioia?aii aeaaiaaeoeaoue aeaeia
ii?iaeaiiai, eioi?ua iieo/eee iaeaunoee ioeaii/iue aaee: “Niiaoa” –
ii?iaeaiia n naoa?i?aoeiaaeiie iaoieie a eiioeaio?aoeee 1% e 3%
(iiei/iia), 3% e 5% (neeai/iia), 5% e 7% (ieiiae?), “Eeeey” (iiei/iia,
neeai/iia, ieiiae?) – ii?iaeaiia n ne?iiii ec ieiaeia /a?iie oaeeiaeoeu
a eiioeaio?aoeee 10%; “O?iyiaea” (neeai/iia, ieiiae?) – ii?iaeaiia n
aa?aiueai ec eaianoeia yoe?iianee/iie ?icu a eiioeaio?aoeee 8%,
“Iyoiia” (iiei/iia) – ii?iaeaiia n aiaeiie iyoiie auoyaeeie a
eiioeaio?aoeee io 1,5% nooie iyou.

Aeaaiaea?y eniieueciaaieth iaiieieoaeae iiauoaia aeieiae/aneay
oeaiiinoue iiaiai ii?iaeaiiai. Iaiieieoaee iaiaaoeee ii?iaeaiia
ioiineoaeueii eiio?iey (o?aaeeoeeiiiiai ii?iaeaiiai) eaeeai ia 9,5-122%,
iaaieai ia 7,3-44,5%, oinoi?ii ia 8,3%, aeaeacii e o?iiii a 2-5 ?ac.
Ieia?aeueiue ninoaa iiaiai ii?iaeaiiai iioeiece?iaai a niioaaonoaee n
iio?aaiinoueth i?aaiecia /aeiaaea (Na+Ca/K+Mg(1). Eniieueciaaiea
iaiieieoaeae niinianoaiaaei iiauoaieth niaea?aeaiey a iiaii ii?iaeaiii
anei?aeiiaie eeneiou a 1,6-2,3 ?aca, ieaoeeia a 1,2-3,2 ?aca. N iiauie
aeaeaie ii?iaeaiiai (ii?oeey 100 a) /aeiaae iieo/aao 5,03-35,16 ia
aeoaieia ?, eioi?ue a o?aaeeoeeiiiii ii?iaeaiii ionoonoaoao. Ii?iaeaiia
“O?iyiaea” e “Iyoiia” oaeaea iaiaauaiu (-ea?ioeiii. Iiaua aeaeu
ii?iaeaiiai a naiai ninoaaa niaea?aeao naiaiaeioth aethoaieiiaoth
eeneioo e eaaeionaiyaiua naoa?a – aetheico e o?oeoico, eioi?ua a
o?aaeeoeeiiiii ii?iaeaiii ionoonoaotho.

Enneaaeiaaiu “oaoiieiae/aneea” naienoaa iiaiai ii?iaeaiiai
(e?eineiie/aneay oaiia?aoo?a, aeeiaie/aneay ayceinoue nianae, noaiaiue
aiiiaaiecaoeee nianae e aioiaiai i?iaeoeoa, nii?ioeaeaiea ii?iaeaiiai
oayieth). Aeieacaii, /oi eniieueciaaiea iaiieieoaeae iieiaeeoaeueii
aeeyao ia yoe naienoaa e ia aucuaaao iaiaoiaeeiinoe aiineoue ei??aeoeau
a oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iiaua aeaeu ii?iaeaiiai eiatho aunieoth noieeinoue i?e
aeeeoaeueiii o?aiaiee. Ia iniiaa iieo/aiiuo yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo
onoaiiaeai aa?aioeeiue n?ie o?aiaiey iiaiai ii?iaeaiiai.

Ia ii?iaeaiia “Niiaoa”, “Eeeey”, “O?iyiaea”, “Iyoiia” ?ac?aaioaia e
ooaa?aeaeaia ii?iaoeaiay aeieoiaioaoeey: oaoie/aneea oneiaey e
oaoiieiae/aneea eino?oeoeee, iieo/aii 4 iaoaioa Oe?aeiu ia ecia?aoaiea.

Iiaua aeaeu ii?iaeaiiai aiaae?aiu a i?iecaiaenoai ia Aeiiaoeeii IAI
“Aeioa?”, i?eaaaeaiu aeaiiua ia yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe aiaae?aiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ii?iaeaiia, iaiieieoaee, ?aoeiaaeiay iaoiea, ne?ii,
aa?aiuea, iyoa, iio?aaeoaeueneea naienoaa.

# 14.3. ANNOTATION

Molokanova L.V. The consumer characteristics of the kinds of ice-cream.
Manuscript.

Dissertation for the Candidate s degree of the technical sciences
competition by Speciality 05.18.15 – Food Stuffs Commodity Science. Kiev
State Trade-Economic University. Kiev, 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to elaboration of new types of ice-cream with
using non-traditional kinds of raw materials as a fillers.

For the first time lump sugar treacle, syrop out of black mulberry
fruits, jam out of essential-oil rose petal, water extraction out of
pepper-mint were used for milk ice-cream.

On the basis of experimental data of chemical composition and food
purity of mentioned fillers the possibility and appropricy of their
usage for creation of new types of ice-cream is grounded.

It is proved that new of ice-cream types have original organoleptical
propervties, higher in comparison with traditional ice-cream types
biological value.

Fillers influance on “technological” propevties of new ice-cream has
been studied. Long storage processes regularities. of new ice-cream
have been researched.

The data about the economic effectiveness of producing of new ice-cream
types are given.

Key words: ice-cream, fillers, sugar treacle, syrop, jam, mint,
consumer characteristics.

# 15. Oaeno aaoi?aoa?aoo.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Na?aae iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iaeai, ye? iiaeiia ae??oeoe
nueiaiaei? iaoea ? i?aeoeea, iniaeeaa i?noea caeia? caaacia/aiiy
ianaeaiiy iiaiioe?iieie i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy. Oea noino?oueny ia eeoa
iniiaieo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy, a e aeana?o?a, eaniu?a, oaeeo ye
ii?iceai.

Ii?iceai yaey?oueny iaeiei c iaeoethaeai?oeo i?iaeoeo?a ? ei?enoo?oueny
no?eeei iiieoii niiaeeaa/?a. Aeey ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue i?aeaeuaiiy
a?ieia?/ii? oe?iiino? ii?iceaa ia iiei/i?e iniia?, ?icoe?aiiy oa
aaeineiiaeaiiy eiai ani?oeiaioo iaiao?aeiee iiaeaeueoee iiooe oa
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo aeae?a aeiaaaie oa iaiiaithaa/?a i?e?iaeiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy. Oe? iaiiaithaa/? iiaeii? aeia?a niieo/oaaoeny c iiei/iith
iniiaith aeey iaaeaiiy aioiaiio i?iaeoeoo aenieeo i?aaiieaioe/ieo
aeanoeainoae, i?noeoe a nai?io neeaae? i?ia?aeuei? aeaiaioe, a?oai?ie
oa ?io? a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? ?a/iaeie.

Aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie a ?ioeo e?a?iao na?oo i?iaiaeeoueny
aeei?enoaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa? ii?iceaa iao?aaeeoe?eii? ?ineeiii?
ne?iaeie: iia?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa, i?iaeoeo?a
ia?a?iaee e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei ? o?aa.

A Oe?a?i? ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa c
aeei?enoaiiyi iao?aaeeoe?eii? ne?iaeie, aeoaea iaei, a ?acoeueoaoe oeeo
?ia?o ia i?aeoeoe? iae/ano?oa ia canoiniaothoueny. I?ae oei Oe?a?ia ?
e?oiiei ae?iaieeii oeoe?o, e?oi, niiyoieeiai? ie??. Iia?/i? i?iaeoeoe
oeeo ae?iaieoeoa, a oaeiae i?iaeoeoe ia?a?iaee e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei, ui
?iciianthaeaeai? ia oa?eoi??? e?a?ie, yaeythoueny aeinooiiith,
iaaei?iaith ne?iaeiith, yeo c oni?oii iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey
aeaioiaeaiiy ii?iceaa ia iiei/i?e iniia?. Oei a?eueoa, ui o ia??iae
aeiiii?/ii? ia?aaoaeiae iniiaiiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? ?aoe?iiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy oa?/iaeo ?ano?n?a ne?iaeie.

Oiio i?iaeaia noai?aiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ianiaa ae?iaieoeoai iiaeo
aeae?a ii?iceaa c iao?aaeeoe?eieie iaiiaithaa/aie ? nueiaiaei?
aeooaeueiith.

Iaoa ? caaea/? iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
?ic?iaea iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa ia iiei/i?e iniia? c aeei?enoaiiyi a
yeino? iaiiaithaa/?a iao?aaeeoe?eii? ne?iaeie – iia?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a
oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa oa i?iaeoeo?a ia?a?iaee e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei ?
o?aa.

Ca?aeii c iacaaiith iaoith aoee iinoaaeai? oa ae??oai? oae? iniiai?
caaea/?:

– i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ii i?aeai?o iia?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/iaeo
ae?iaieoeoa, cie?aia oeoe?iaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, oa aeayeeo e?ea?nueeeo
?ineei a yeino? iaiiaithaa/?a ii?iceaa ia iiei/i?e iniia?;

– aeine?aeaeaii ye?noue iaiiaithaa/?a, aeei?enoaieo aeey ae?iaieoeoaa
iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa;

– aea/aii niiaeea/? aeanoeaino? oa aeine?aeaeaii a?ieia?/io oe?ii?noue
iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa;

– aeine?aeaeaii ci?ie, ui iathoue i?noea i?e caa??aaii? iiaiai
ii?iceaa, ? aecia/aii oa?i?i ?o caa??aaiiy;

– ?ic?iaeaii oa caoaa?aeaeaii iino?eii ae?th/o ii?iaoeaio
aeieoiaioaoe?th ia iia? aeaee ii?iceaa;

– ae?iaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? ia?o?? iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa ?
ai?iaaaeaeaii ?o o ae?iaieoeoai;

– ?ic?aoiaaii aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo aeae?a
ii?iceaa o ae?iaieoeoai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

– aia?oa anoaiiaeaii i?aaiieaioe/io ii?aeioaai?noue oeoe?i?ao?iaaeii?
iaoiee, ne?iio c ieiae?a /i?ii? oiaeiaeoe?, aa?aiiy c iaethnoe?a
ao??iie?eii? o?iyiaee oa aiaeii? aeoyaeee c i’yoe ia?oeaai? c iiei/iith
iniiaith, a oaeiae iiaeeea?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy a
iioeiaeueieo e?eueeinoyo i?e ae?iaieoeoa? ii?iceaa ia iiei/i?e iniia?;

– aeiaaaeaii, ui iia? aeaee ii?iceaa oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i?aeaeuaiith
a?ieia?/iith oe?ii?noth;

– anoaiiaeaii iiceoeaiee aieea cacia/aieo iaiiaithaa/?a ia
oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa;

– aeine?aeaeaii caeiiii??iino? ci?i yeino? iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa i?e
caa??aaii? oa anoaiiaeaii aa?aio?eiee oa?i?i ?o caa??aaiiy.

Iiaecia ?ic?iaeaieo aeae?a ii?iceaa i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie
(6A 23 G 9/02); N 21291A “Ii?iceai “Niiaoa”; N 21299A “Ii?iceai
“E?eay”; N 21290A “Ii?iceai “O?iyiaea”; N 21289A “Ii?iceai “I’yoia”.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii ?aoeaioo?e
iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa ia iiei/i?e iniia? c aeei?enoaiiyi a yeino?
iaiiaithaa/?a oeoe?i?ao?iaaeii? iaoiee, ne?iio c ieiae?a /i?ii?
oiaeiaeoe?, aa?aiiy c iaethnoe?a ao??iie?eii? o?iyiaee oa aiaeii?
aeoyaeee c i’yoe ia?oeaai?. ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia aaeueii? ioe?iee
i?aaiieaioe/ieo aeanoeainoae iiaiai ii?iceaa. Ia iia? aeaee ii?iceaa
?ic?iaeaii oa caoaa?aeaeaii iino?eii ae?th/o ii?iaoeaio
aeieoiaioaoe?th – Oaoi?/i? Oiiae (OOO 01549478.002-96) oa “Oaoiieia?/io
?ino?oeoe?th ii ae?iaieoeoao ii?iceaa “Niiaoa”, “E?eay”, “O?iyiaea”,
“I’yoia”. Iia? aeaee ii?iceaa ai?iaaaeaeai? o ae?iaieoeoai ia
oaa?eoe? ii?iceaa Aeiiaoeueeiai AAO “A?ioa?”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iieyaa? o caaaeueiiio aecia/aii? caaaeaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy, cae?eniaii? aiae?oe/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe,
aiae?c? oa ocaaaeueiaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Aaoi? a?aea
aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? ii?iaoeaii? aeieoiaioaoe??,
ai?iaaaeaeai? o ae?iaieoeoai iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa, a oaeiae o
ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
io?eiai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae? (1995-1999 ??.), I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoeia? ? i?eeeaaei? i?iaeaie
oiaa?iciaanoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao” (Ee?a, EAeOAO,1996 ?.),
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeieia?y ? aeiiii?ea”
(Euea?a, EAeEA,1997?.), ia ?icoe?ai?e ?aae? aee?aeoi??a anioe?aoe??
“Aeiiiiei?ii” i?e Aeiiaoeueeiio iaeaniiio Oi?aae?ii? iiei/ii?
i?iieneiaino? (Aeiiaoeuee,1997 ?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieo oiaa??a ? iineoa Oe?a?ie” (Iieoaaa, IE?, 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai?  iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a 19
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao, o oiio /ene? 4 iaoaioe Oe?a?ie ia aeiao?ae,
oaoi?/i? oiiae oa oaoiieia?/ia ?ino?oeoe?y.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 144 noi??ieao
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
nieneo e?oa?aoo?e oa 14 aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioo ?ethno?iaaii 30-ia oaaeeoeyie
oa 11-ia ?enoieaie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?oueny c 211 aeaea?ae, a
o./. 48 caei?aeiiieo aaoi??a.

Ia(?eoe, iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniaii a eaai?aoi??yo eaoaae?e oiaa?iciaanoaa oa
aenia?oece i?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a AeiiAeOAO, ae?iaie/?e eaai?aoi???
oaa?eee ii?iceaa AAO “A?ioa?”, ?inoeooo? o?ceei-i?aai?/ii? o?i?? oa
aoaeao?i?? ?i. E.I. Eeoaeiaiea AI Oe?a?ie, Aeiiaoeueeee i?nueeee NAN.

Ia(?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee: iaoiea oeoe?i?ao?iaaeia, ne?ii c ieiae?a
/i?ii? oiaeiaeoe?, aa?aiiy c iaethnoe?a ao??iie?eii? o?iyiaee, aiaeia
i(yoia aeoyaeea, ii?iceai ia iiei/i?e iniia?, aeaioiaeaia c
aeei?enoaiiyi cacia/aii? ne?iaeie a yeino? iaiiaithaa/?a.

Aenia?eiaio cae?enithaaee ca noaiith, iiaeaiith ia ?en. 1.

I?e aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee aeei?enoai? oae? iaoiaeeee:
i?aaiieaioe/ia ioe?iea iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa i?iaiaeeeany ca?aeii aeiia
OO 10.16.0015.005 c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaii? iaie aaeueii? nenoaie
ioe?iee yeino? (1); ai?no nooeo ?a/iaei – iaoiaeii aenoooaaiiy aei
iino?eii? iane (2); ai?no a?ee?a – ii Aa?iooaeio (3); ai?iieeneioiee
neeaae a?ee?a oa ai?no a?eueii? aethoai?iiai? eeneioe – ia aaoiiaoe/iiio
aiae?caoi?? “Hitachi EO-2” (4,5); ai?no o?eioioaio – eiei?eiao?e/iei
iaoiaeii ia iniia? ?aaeoe?? c n-aeeiaoeeai?iiaaicaeueaeaa?aeii (6);
ai?no ?aaeoeoth/eo oeoe??a oa oeoe?ice – iaoiaeii Aa?o?aia (7); ai?no
aetheice oa o?oeoice – iaoiaeii oiieioa?iai? o?iiaoia?ao?? c ianooiiei
e?euee?niei aecia/aiiyi ia niaeoi?ioioiiao?? (8); ai?no aee?o a ii?icea?
– ca AINO 5867 (9); ai?no ciee – nooei icieaiiyi i?e oaiia?aoo??
(400-600)i N aei iino?eii? iane (10); i?ia?aeueiee neeaae – iaoiaeii
aoiiiiaani?aoe?eii? niaeo?ineii?? ia niaeo?ioioiiao?ao “Naoo?i-3” oa
“Perkin-Elmer-1160” (11); ai?no oinoi?o – eiei?eiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ia
iniia? ?aaeoe?? c iie?aaeaiaaiaae??aei ?aaeoeaii (12); ai?no oei?o –
iaoiaeii Oieueaa?aea (13); ai?no a?oai?i?a iaoiaeaie: anei?a?iiao
eeneioo – ?iaeioaiieueiei (14), o?ai?i oa ??aioeaa?i – oeoi?iiao?e/iei
(15, 16), a?ioeaaiii?aee – eiei?eiao?e/iei (17), (-ea?ioei –
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iei (18), i?aoeei – i?e?ia?ieia?/iei (19); eeneioi?noue
ii?iceaa – ca AINO 3624 (20); e??ineii?/io oaiia?aoo?o noi?oae ii?iceaa
– oa?iiiao?ii Aaeiaia (21); eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/ii? a(yceino? –
i?aoeac?iiiei a?neiceiao?ii Aaie??a AI-2 (22); aoaeoeai?noue
aiiiaai?caoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?ineiio I-9 (ca?eueoaiiy o 630 ?ac?a)
(23); caeo?noue ii?iceaa – aaaiaei iaoiaeii (24); oaeaee?noue
oaiaiiy – ca o?eaae?noth iaeiie/aiiy 10 ie ?icieaaeaii? noi?oe (25);
i?e?ia?ieia?/i? iieacieee ii?iceaa – ca AINO 9225 (26); aaaee? iaoaee –
ia niaeo?ioioiiao?? “Perkin-Elmer-1160” (27); ianoeoeeaee – iaoiaeii
oiieioa?iai? o?iiaoia?ao?? ca noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeeeaie IIC N?N? ?
4344-87, ? 3222-85, ? 2142-80 (28); i?o?aoe – oioiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ca
noaiaea?oiith iaoiaeeeith IIC N?N? ? 5048-89 (29); aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaiai ii?iceaa – iaoiaeii
i?iaaaeaiiy “i?iaiiai i?iaeaaeo” c ianooiiei ?ic?aooieii aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a (30).

Aeey aecia/aiiy aa?aio?eiiai oa?i?io caa??aaiiy iiaiai ii?iceaa aea/aee
ci?ie iieaciee?a yeino? a i?ioean? o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy. Ii?iceai
caa??aaeiny a oieiaeeeueieo eaia?ao i?e oaiia?aoo?? -20oN oa -30oN,
a?aeiini?e aieic? iia?o?y 93-95%.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy ?iaioe, aecia/aia iaoa ? ni?yiiaai?noue aeine?aeaeaiue.

A aiae?oe/iiio iaeyae? e?oa?aoo?e ?icaeyaea?oueny no/aniee noai
ae?iaieoeoaa ii?iceaa a Oe?a?i? oa ca ?oaaaeai, cia/aiiy ii?iceaa a
no/ani?e no?oeoo?? oa?/oaaiiy. Iaaiai?aii aeinyaiaiiy iaoee ? i?aeoeee c
i?iaeaie ?icoe?aiiy ani?oeiaioo oa i?aeaeuaiiy a?ieia?/ii? oe?iiino?
ii?iceaa. Ia i?eeeaae? aaaaoi/eneaiieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaia
iiaeeea?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue ?ic?iaee iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa c
aeei?enoaiiyi iao?aaeeoe?eii? ne?iaeie, a o./. ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea iaiiaithaa/?a, aeei?enoaieo aeey ae?iaieoeoaa

iiaiai ii?iceaa

A yeino? iaiiaithaa/?a aeey ii?iceaa ia iiei/i?e iniia? aoee
cai?iiiiiaai? iaeyna ao?yeiaa, iaoiea oeoe?i?ao?iaaeia, ne?iie c ieiae?a
/i?ii? oiaeiaeoe?, aoceie, eaeeie; i?aeaa?ee c ao?yeo oa aa?aoca; aiaei?
aeoyaeee c i’yoe, iaoa?eiee, ca??iaith. Anoaiiaeaii, ui c iiei/iith
iniiaith aeia?a niieo/othoueny oae? iaiiaithaa/? ye oeoe?i?ao?iaaeia
iaoiea, ne?ii c ieiae?a /i?ii?

oiaeiaeoe?, o?iyiaeiaa aa?aiiy oa i’yoia aeoyaeea.

O?i?/iee neeaae cacia/aieo iaiiaithaa/?a i?aaenoaaeaiee a oaae. 1.

Noo? ?a/iaeie ?ao?iaaeii? iaoiee, ne?iio oa aa?aiiy i?aaenoaaeai?
ia?aaaaeii oeoe?aie. A oeeo iaiiaithaa/ao oeoe?e neeaaeathoue 79-95,5%
a?ae caaaeueiiai ai?noo nooeo ?a/iaei, ui ?iaeoue iiaeeeaei cieceoe
e?euee?noue oeoe?iaiai i?neo, yeee aiineoueny o noi?o ii?iceaa ca
?aoeaioo?ith.

?en. 1. Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo

On? iaiiaithaa/? aaaao? i?ia?aeueieie aeaiaioaie, iniaeeai eae??i, ia
aeieth yeiai i?eoiaeeoueny 37,3-71% a?ae caaaeueiiai ai?noo ciee.
Iaoieo, ne?ii, aa?aiiy oa i’yoio aeoyaeeo iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye
aeaea?aei eae?th aeey iiaiai ii?iceaa. Oaeiae a iaiiaithaa/ao i?noeoueny
cia/ia e?euee?noue iaai?th (30,9-149,4 ia/100a), oinoi?o (20,5-164,3
ia/100a), cae?ca (29-108,6 ia/ea), a ieo ciaeaeai? oae? oe?ii?
i?e?iaeaiaioe ye oeeie, o?ii, aethi?i?e, i?aeue. Iaoiea, ne?ii, aa?aiiy,
i’yoia aeoyaeea oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oe?iiei a?oai?iiei neeaaeii.

Oaaeeoey 1

O?i?/iee neeaae iaiiaithaa/?a, aeei?enoaieo aeey ae?iaieoeoaa

iiaiai ii?iceaa, a/100a I(m, p (0,05

Iieacieee ?ao?iaaeia

iaoiea Ne?ii c ieiae?a /i?ii? oiaeiaeoe? Aa?aiiy c iaethnoe?a
ao??iie?eii? o?iyiaee Aiaeia i(yoia

aeoyaeea

Caaaeueiee ai?no nooeo ?a/iaei 77,2(0,60 68,04(0,53 68,02(-0,55
2,92(0,06

a o./.oeoe?e, c yeeo 61,01 65,03 64,00 0,47(0,02

oeoe?ica 51,2(0,36 21,4(0,15 29,1(-0,18 –

?aaeoeoth/? oeoe?e 9,81(0,20 43,63(0,34 34,90(0,31 0,47(0,02

a?eee 1,81(0,05 0,66(0,03 0,48(0,02 0,76(0,04

ciea 6,52(0,19 0,62(0,02 0,31(0,01 1,58(0,06

Aei neeaaeo iaiiaithaa/?a aoiaeyoue anei?a?iiaa eeneioa, i?aoeei,
a?oai?ie a?oie A, (-ea?ioei. Aeoaea aaaao? iaiiaithaa/? a?ioeaaiii?aeaie
(75,5-537,2 ia/100a).

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui aeei?enoaiiy
?ao?iaaeii? iaoiee, ne?iio c ieiae?a /i?ii? oiaeiaeoe?, o?iyiaeiaiai
aa?aiiy oa i(yoii? aeoyaeee c iaoith iie?ioaiiy i?aaiieaioe/ieo
aeanoeainoae ii?iceaa oa i?aeaeuaiiy eiai a?ieia?/ii? oe?iiino? ?
aeioe?eueiei ? iaa?oioiaaiei.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui ai?no oiene/ieo ?a/iaei a
iaiiaithaa/ao ia yaey?oueny caia?a/aiiyi aeey ?o aeei?enoaiiy, ine?eueee
aeaye? c ieo ia ciaeaeai?, a oaeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?ioeo ia ia?aaeuo?
ia?aaeaa/aieo nai?oa?ieo ii?i.

Aieea iaiiaithaa/?a ia ye?noue iiaiai ii?iceaa

Aiane?aeie na??? aeaaonoaoe?e a?ae?a?aii aeaaiaaeoeyoue aeae?a ii?iceaa,
ye? io?eiaee iaeaeu? i?aaiieaioe/i? ioe?iee: “Niiaoa” – ii?iceai c
oeoe?i?ao?iaaeiith iaoieith o eiioeaio?aoe?? 1% oa 3% aeey iiei/iiai, 3%
oa 5% aeey aa?oeiaiai, 5% oa 7% aeey ieiia??o; “E?eay” (iiei/ia,
aa?oeiaa, ieiia??) – ii?iceai c ne?iiii c ieiae?a /i?ii? oiaeiaeoe? o
eiioeaio?aoe?? 10%; “O?iyiaea” (aa?oeiaa, ieiia??) – ii?iceai c
o?iyiaeiaei aa?aiiyi o eiioeaio?aoe?? 8%; “I(yoia” – ii?iceai c aiaeiith
i(yoiith aeoyaeeith o eiioeaio?aoe?? a?ae 1,5% nooi? i(yoe.

Ii?iceai ? i?iaeoeoii, yeee ia?aaeon?i iiaeiai aooe nia/iei.
Cai?iiiiiaai? iaiiaithaa/? iaaeaee iiaiio ii?iceao i?ea?iaeueieo
aa?iii?eieo niaeo oa a?iiaoo, i?e?iiiai eieuei?o. Niae ii?iceaa “E?eay”,
“O?iyiaea”, “I’yoia” – i?aeiee, iiei/iee, c yne?aai ae?aaeaiei i?eniaeii
iaiiaithaa/?a; caiao – iiei/iee c a?iiaoii ne?iio, o?iyiaee, i’yoe.
Ii?iceai “Niiaoa” caeaaeii a?ae ai?noo aee?o oa eiioeaio?aoe?? iaoiee
ia? niae – e?aiiaee; iiei/iee c i?eniaeii ea?aiae? /e iaaeo; niae
e?ai-a?thea; niae iiei/iiai ??eno; caiao i?aeiee c a?iiaoii ea?aiae?.
Eie?? ii?iceaa “E?eay” – aoceiaee, “O?iyiaea” – e?aiiaee c ?iaeaaei
a?aeo?ieii, ii?iceaa “I’yoia” – a?eee c e?aiiaei a?aeo?ieii, “Niiaoa” –
a?ae i?aeii-e?aiiaiai aei na?oei-ei?e/iaaiai.

?aoeaioo?e iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa iiaeaii a oaae. 2.

Oaaeeoey 2

?aoeaioo?e iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa, %(ia i?eeeaae? iiei/iiai oa ieiia??o)

Ne?iaeia Iiei/ia Ieiia??

Eiio?ieue Niiaoa 1 Niiaoa 3 E?-eay I’yoia Eiio?ieue Niiaoa 5 Niiaoa 7
E?-eay O?i-yiaea

Iieiei

ei?ia. Iacae?aia 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

Aa?oee c ei?ia.

iieiea 4,75 4,75 4,75 4,75 4,75 10 10 10 10 10

Iieiei nooa

ciaaee?aia 6,2 6,2 6,2 6,2 6,2 5,53 5,53 5,53 5,53 5,53

Ianei naeyi. – – – – – 13 13 13 13 13

Oeoei?-i?nie 17 16,51 15,53 6,8 18 16,5 14,05 13,07 6,8 8,04

?ao?iaaeia iaoiea – 1 3 – – – 5 7 – –

Ne?ii c oiaeiaeoe? – – – 10 – – – – 10 –

O?iyiaeiaa aa?aiiy – – – – – – – – – 8

Aiaeia i’yoia aeoyaeea – – – – 10 – – – – –

AEaeaoei 0,5 0,5 0,5 0,5 0,5 0,5 0,5 0,5 0,5 0,5

Aiaea ieoia 21,55 21,04 20,2 23,4 10,55 4,47 1,92 0,9 8,25 9,01

?acii 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

Aeine?aeaeaii o?i?/iee neeaae iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa (oaae.3).

Ca ?aooiie aianaiiy iaoiee, ne?iio, aa?aiiy oa i’yoii? aeoyaeee a iiaiio
ii?icea? ca?eueoo?oueny caaaeueiee ai?no nooeo ?a/iaei oa ianiaa /anoea
ciee, aea ?o cia/aiiy ia ia?aaeuothoue ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo – 44% oa 2,76%
a?aeiia?aeii. Iaiiaithaa/? i?noyoue iaei a?ee?a ? cian?i ia i?noyoue
aee?o. Oiio ca ai?noii a?ee?a ? aee?o iiaa ii?iceai i?aeoe/ii ia
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae eiio?ieth.

Aei neeaaeo iiaeo aeae?a ii?iceaa aoiaeyoue aetheica ? o?oeoica –
eaaeicanaithaai? oeoe?e, iaiao?aei? i?aai?cio ethaeeie. A o?aaeeoe?eiiio
ii?icea? aiie ia i?noyoueny. Iaea?eueoei ai?noii aetheice ? o?oeoice
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ii?iceai “E?eay” ? “O?iyiaea”. Oae, ai?no aetheice a
ii?icea? “E?eay” o 3,9 ?ace, a a ii?icea? “O?iyiaea” o 3,5 ?ace a?eueoee
i?ae a ieiia??? “Niiaoa” c iaeaeuith eiioeaio?aoe??th iaoiee – 7%. Ai?no
o?oeoice a ii??aiyii? c oeei aea ieiia??ii a ii?icea? “E?eay” aeuee a
12,6 ?ace, a a ii?icea? “O?iyiaea” – o 5,9 ?ace.

Cia/ia e?euee?noue aetheice ? o?oeoice a ii?icea? “E?eay” ? “O?iyiaea”
aeicaieeee cieceoe ianiao /anoeo oeoe??a (a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai) ?
i?e oeueiio iaea?aeaoe i?iaeoeo c aeia?a ae?aaeaiei nieiaeeei niaeii.

Oaaeeoey 3

Caaaeueiee o?i?/iee neeaae ii?iceaa, a/100a I(m, p (
0,05

Iacaa Caaaeueia Ianiaa Ianiaa Ianiaa /anoea oeoe??a Ianiaa

Ii?iceaa ianiaa /anoea nooeo ?a/iaei /anoea

aee?o /anoea

a?ee?a Oeoe?ica aetheica o?oeoica /anoea

ciee

Iiei/ia

Eiio?ieue 30,50(0,12 3,5(0,05 3,64(0,11 17,00(0,11 – – 0,74(0,02

“Niiaoa” 1 30,64(0,10 3,5(0,07 3,65(0,08 16,87(0,09 0,06(0,002
0,03(0,001 0,79(0,02

“Niiaoa” 3 30,92(0,18 3,5(0,05 3,67(0,08 16,70(0,12 018(0,004 0,10(0,003
0,89(0,03

“E?eay” 26,73(0,21 3,5(0,03 3,70(0,12 8,73(0,07 1,72(0,06 2,53(0,09
0,79(0,02

“I’yoia” 31,70(0,16 3,5(0,09 3,77(0,09 18,0(0,14 0,04(0,001 – 0,88(0,04

Aa?oeiaa

Eiio?ieue 35,04(0,25 10,1(0,07 3,68(0,09 15,00(0,09 – – 0,78(0,02

“Niiaoa” 3 35,46(0,19 10,0(0,04 3,72(0,11 14,69(0,10 0,19(0,006
0,10(0,002 0,95(0,04

“Niiaoa” 5 35,80(0,22 10,0(0,09 3,76(0,15 14,56(0,10 0,31(0,01
0,14(0,004 1,08(0,05

“E?eay” 32,30(0,17 10,0(0,07 3,77(0,10 7,66(0,05 1,74(0,05 2,58(0,10
0,82(0,02

“O?iyiaea” 32,32(0,20 10,0(0,04 3,70(0,13 9,20(0,07 1,56(0,06 1,19(0,04
0,79(0,02

Ieiia??

Eiio?ieue 41,51(0,28 15,0(0,09 3,70(0,09 16,48(0,08 – – 0,85(0,03

“Niiaoa” 5 42,25(0,33 15,0(0,11 3,78(0,14 16,00(0,07 0,31(0,01
0,14(0,002 1,14(0,04

“Niiaoa” 7 42,62(0,21 15,0(0,11 3,80(0,08 15,88(0,10 0,44(0,02 0,20(0,01
1,27(0,06

“E?eay” 38,27(0,22 15,0(0,08 3,75(0,10 8,63(0,06 1,74(0,07 2,60(0,08
0,89(0,03

“O?iyiaea” 38,30(0,17 15,1(0,10 3,72(0,15 10,21(0,11 1,56(0,04 1,20(0,03
0,86(0,03

Aaaeeeaei aeey oa?/oaaiiy ethaeeie ? caaaa/aiiy ?ae? eiiieaenii iae?i-
oa i?e?iaeaiaio?a. Iiaa ii?iceai caaaa/aia aaaeeeaeie i?ia?aeueieie
aeaiaioaie (oaae. 4).

sse na?ae/aoue iaaaaeai? aeai?, iiaa ii?iceai caaaa/aia eae??i. Oae,
ai?no eae?th a ii?icea? “Niiaoa” aeuee i?ae a eiio?ie? ia 18,4-121,6%, a
ii?icea? “E?eay” – ia 17,5%, “O?iyiaea” ia 9,2%, “I(yoia” – ia 39%.
Ai?no iaai?th a iiaiio ii?icea? aeu?e i?ae a eiio?ieueieo c?aceao
a?aeiia?aeii ia 18,5-44,5%, 17,6%, 6,9% ? 7,3%. ?ao?iaaeia iaoiea
oaeiae caaaaoeea ii?iceai

Oaaeeoey 4

Ai?no i?ia?aeueieo aeaiaio?a o iiaeo aeaeao ii?iceaa

Iaeiaioaaiiy ii?iceaa Iae?iaeaiaioe, ia/100 a I?e?iaeaiaioe, ia/ea

Na E Na Ig ? Nl Fa Nu Zn Al Cr

Iiei/ia (eiio?ieue) 136,4 147.5 50,7 16,5 96,0 49,1 0,98 0,12 3,05 0,28
0,01

Iiei/ia”Niiaoa” 1 138,2 174,6 56,9 17,8 96,9 50,1 1,95 0,14 3,28 0,33
0,02

“Niiaoa” 3 142,2 230,8 68,5 20,4 98,6 53,0 4,28 0,18 3,88 0,43 0,04

“E?eay” 133,7 173,9 52,3 19,4 106,1 49,2 3,76 0,13 3,78 0,51 0,02

“I(yoia” 144,0 205,0 50,9 17,7 97,5 49,3 5,48 0,22 3,54 0,33 0,01

Aa?oeiaa (eiio?ieue) 147,1 155,2 49,9 21,6 102,2 55,6 1,00 0,15 3,10
0,24 0,01

Aa?oeiaa”Niiaoa” 3 152,6 239,9 66,9 25,6 104,3 59,3 4,34 0,21 3,95 0,40
0,04

“Niiaoa” 5 155,8 296,4 77,8 28,8 108,3 61,9 6,25 0,24 4,52 0,50 0,06

“E?eay” 144,0 182,4 51,6 24,3 112,5 55,7 3,79 0,16 3,81 0,49 0,02

“O?iyiaea” 138,1 169,9 50,1 23,1 102,9 55,6 1,87 0,19 3,76 0,51 0,01

Ieiia?? (eiio?ieue) 156,8 160,9 50,1 20,9 109,9 56,4 1,30 0,17 3,12 0,23
0,01

Ieiia?? “Niiaoa” 5 164,1 301,7 78,1 27,9 116,4 62,9 6,49 0,26 4,57 0,51
0,06

“Niiaoa” 7 168,0 356,8 89,2 30,2 119,0 66,2 8,75 0,33 4,92 0,64 0,08

“E?eay” 152,9 188,8 52,0 23,5 120,2 56,5 4,04 0,18 3,82 0,46 0,02

“O?iyiaea” 145,9 175,3 50,4 22,2 110,7 56,4 2,12 0,21 3,76 0,51 0,01

“Niiaoa” iao???i oa eaeueoe??i, a ne?ii c ieiae?a oiaeiaeoe? caaaaoea
ii?iceai “E?eay” oinoi?ii.

C oi/ee ci?o caaeiaieaiiy aeeoo?aeo iio?aa ethaeeie iioeiaeueiei ? oaea
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeaiaio?a: Na+Ca/ K+Mg

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