AEAAeAI?ss IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO IAE?IO??O?A??

?iai? aeaaeai?ea A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa

IAEEOAAA OAOssIA AIAe???AIA

OAeE 616.831-006.484:616.13:616.831.311.313

NI?AA?AeIIOAIIss AE?AEUeIEO IOOEEI OA IAA?NO?AEUeIEO NOAeEI
EIAIAI-NE?IIAAI? Ae?EssIEE IICEO

14.01.05 — Iae?io??o?a?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? iae?io??o?a?? ?iai? aeaaeai?ea A. I.
?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e AII Oe?a?ie,

Cicoey TH??e Iaianiae/,

?inoeooo iae?io??o?a?? ?iai? aeaaeai?ea A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie,

aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?icoiaiei Aieiaeeie? Aeaaeaeiae/,

?inoeooo iae?io??o?a?? ?i. aeaae. A.I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie,

Caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eaiiyi aioo??oiueiiiceiaeo iooeei.

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee

? oaoi?ee N?i?oee A?oae?e ?aaiiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee Aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee Oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie,

Caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iae?io??o?a??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaeanueeee Aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee Oi?aa?neoao IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aianoac?ieia??, ?aai?iaoieia??, iae?io??o?a?? ?
i?neyaeeieiiii? i?aeaioiaee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 07 aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 12. 00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.557.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
iae?io??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252050, i.Ee?a, aoe.
Iaio?euenueeiai, 32.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iae?io??o?a?? ?iai? aeaae. A.I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i.Ee?a,
aoe. Iaio?euenueeiai, 32).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 07” eeiiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I?eia TH.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie:

Iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? oa i?e/ei nia?oiino? ca inoaii? ?iee a Oe?a?i?
ci?ieeanue. Iaeia c cia/ieo i?noeue caeiathoue iieieia?/i? oai?iae.
Na?aae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iieieia?/ieo oai?eo a?aecia/a?oueny
iinooiiaa ca?eueoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia iooeeie oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai?
nenoaie (TH.A. Cicoey oa niaao.,1998). Ae?iie noi?aoaioi??aeueii?
eieae?caoe?? ii a?aeiioaiith aei on?o aioo??oiuei/a?aiieo ooai?aiue
neeaaeathoue 45,6% (A.TH.Oeeoei,1997), c ieo ceiye?ni? ae?iie
noaiiaeyoue 26-30% (A.?.?icae?euenueeee,?.N.Cicoey,1992). Iniaeeao, c
aiaoii?/ii-o??o?a?/iiai iiaeyaeo, a?oio neeaaeathoue oai?? c ae?iiaie
eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee iiceo, ui iio?aaothoue i?ae /an iia?aoeaiiai
ao?o/aiiy ie?aii? oaaae, /a?ac i?aeaeuaiee ?ecee ?icaeoeo a?oaeueieo
oneeaaeiaiue. Na?aae iiaiooai?aiue i?aeoeue aieiaiiai iiceo ae?iie
eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee neeaaeathoue 9,7-11% (I.ss.Aanei,1976; A.A.
Caineay,1982). Ca aeaieie ?inoeoooo iae?io??o?a?? ?i. aeaae.
A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie na?aae iia?iaaieo oai?eo — ae?iie
eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee aieiaiiai iiceo iaee i?noea a 12,6%. A?e oaeeo
oai?eo ciaoiaeeoueny o iaaeao 19-59 ?ie?a, oiaoi, no?aaeaeathoue iieiae?
oa na?aaeiueiai a?eo ethaee (ca?aeii eeaneo?eaoe?? ?inoeoooo
aa?iioieia?? AIIO (1969), naia i?aoeacaeaoia /anoeia ianaeaiiy.
I/aaeaeia aeooaeuei?noue oa nioe?aeueia-aeiiii?/ia cia/aiiy i?iaeaie
e?eoaaiiy oe??? eaoaai??? oai?eo, iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai iiaeeaeaiiai
oai?aoe/iiai aea/aiiy oa ?ic?iaie. Iaiao?aei?noue caa?aaeaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueii-aaaeeeaeo cii ? ooai?aiue i?e iia?aoeaiiio aeaeaeaii?
oeeo iooeei aieiaiiai iiceo noai?th? i?ai? neeaaeiiu? ? iaiaaeaiiy,
iiaeieaiiy yeeo iio?aao? iae?iiaoiii?oieia?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy. A
ca(yceo c oeei iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? aecia/aiiy oiiia?ao?/ieo
ni?aa?aeiioaiue iooeeiii? oeaieie c noi?aeieie ooai?aiiyie oa aea/aiiy
ia?aaaaeii? iioe?aiino? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. I??i?eoaoiei iai?yieii
no/anii? iae?io??o?a??, ii?yae c iiiiaeaiiyi ao?a/aieo, aai ii?ooaieo
ooieoe?e, ? oaeiae caa?aaeaiiy yeino? aeeooy a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio
ia??iae? oa caaacia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? nioe?aeueii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??.

Caieoe ee?i?ee aeiaaathoue aeineiiaei? i???ioaoe?? o ?icoaooaaii?
ae?aeueieo iooeei o eiaiai-ne?iiaa?e ae?eyioe? iiceo ? ia?aaaaeieo
iai?yie?a ?o iioe?aiiy o noi?aei? no?oeoo?e. Oiiia?ao?y iooeeiiiai
aiaieua aieeaa? ia ee?i?/iee ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy ia iaioa, i?ae eiai
a?noieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ?inoo oa iioe?aiiy ae?ii
eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee ? i?i?inoaiiy ?o o noi?aei? no?oeoo?e
aieiaiiai iiceo, ii iicaee?oeiiei i?inoi?ai i?ia?aeieo oeyo?a, noaeei
iiceo oa eiai iaieiiie. Iooeeie oe??? eieae?caoe?? aeineoue /anoi
i?i?inoathoue o iiaa?oiaa? oa?e ei?e aieiaiiai iiceo oa i(ye? iiceia?
iaieiiee (E.E.Nie?iia,1959; A.N.
Oiieineee,1969;A.A.Caineay,1985;Giese,1996). Naia oea oneeaaeith?
iiaeeea?noue ?o ?aaeeeaeueiiai aeaeaeaiiy, ? iiaea i?ecaanoe aei aaaeeeo
aaiiaeeiai?/ieo oneeaaeiaiue a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae?
(A.E.A?oothiia,1963; O.I.Aeoa?o,1969;
O.E.Yaeaeaeao,1998;A.ss.Ua?aaeiaa,1998). Cia/ia aeeneieaoe?y
iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei iniiae iiceo oa a?/ii? ai?icie, i?e iooeeiao
eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee iiceo, iiaea iaoiiaethaaoe iaai? neeaaeiino?
i?e o??o?a?/iiio aeinooi? ia oeyoo aeaeaeaiiy oaeeo iooeei. Iaea?eueo
i?e oeueiio ? ii?ooaiiy e?iaiiinoa/aiiy o aanaei? a?eie na?aaeiuei?
iiceiai? a?oa???. Ca aeaieie Aaneia I.ss.(1976) aeenaai?/i? ii?ooaiiy,
i?e iooeeiao aeacaii? eieae?caoe??, iathoue i?noea o 7,3% aeiaaeeao.
Ni?eyoe ?o ?icaeoeo iiaeooue (ca ee?i?ei-aenia?eiaioaeueieie
niinoa?aaeaiiyie) iiae?aciaiiy oa ?oeioaaiiy no?oeoo? iaae?i-aacaeueii?
iiaa?oi? ne?iiaai? /anoee, ui aoiaeyoue aei e?ia?/ii? nenoaie.
Aaaaoaoeai? ?aaeoe??, ye? aeieeathoue i?e o?aaioaaii? aeacaieo ae?eyiie
iiceo, iiaeooue i?iyaeyoeny ci?iaie na?oeaai-noaeeiii? ae?yeueiino?,
?iceaaeaie aeeoaiiy oa ii?ooaiiyi ?ioeo aaaaoaoeaieo ooieoe?e
(Kaada,Jasper,1952;Sloan,1952;Pool, 1954;Van Burner,1961). E??i oiai,
aeacaia ae?eyiea iiceo iana aaaeeeaa ooieoe?iiaeueia iaaaioaaeaiiy,
iniaeeai o aeii?iaioi?e i?aeoe? (a?noia?o?oaeoii?/i? iiey ?22 oa 44).

Ia caaaeath/e ia /enaeuei? ioae?eaoe??, ua e aein? iaiiai? iao? oyaeaiiy
? i?i iniiai? a?noia?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino? ae?ii, iniaeeaino? ?o
oiiia?ao??, a?aenooi? /?oe? oa ia(?eoeai? e?eoa??? nooiaiy ?o
ceiye?niino?, ui a naith /a?ao aecia/a? ?iaaceai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iooeeiii? oeaieie, ? iiaeeea?noue ?? a?inoaiiy a iiaa?oiaa? oa?e no?iee
iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei, a oaeiae oaiaeaioe?? aei iioe?aiiy iooeeie o
noi?aei? no?oeoo?e. No/ani? iiaeyaee ia e?eoaaiiy iooeei aieiaiiai iiceo
aca?iiiia(ycai? c niaoeeo?/iith a?ieia?/iith oeeee?/i?noth aeeooy
iooeeiieo ee?oei, ui coiiaeth? oe?eani?yiiaaiee aieea aioeaeanoe/ieo
i?aia?ao?a (A.A.Ei?ooiia,1998).

Iaiiaeeea?noue, o ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a, ?aaeeeaeueiiai
aeaeaeaiiy iooeeie aenoaa? ia ia?oee ieai iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo
iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiiai eiiieaeno iaoiae?a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai aaaeaiiy ?
e?eoaaiiy oaeeo oai?eo (o?i?i-, ?ioii-, i?iiaiaaa, aaiia oa?ai?y oa ?o
ii?aeiaiiy). A naith /a?ao oea aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoiai iiaeeaeaiiai
aea/aiiy a?noia?ieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae oeeo iooeei ? cie?aia,
i?iaaaeaiiy ??ciia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iniaeeainoae ii?oieia?? yaea?iiai
aia?aoo oa iaoai?ci?a, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue ca aaiaoe/io aeaoa?i?iaoe?th
oeeoia?ieia?/iiai oeeeeo, ui ia no/aniiio ??ai? ? iaea?eueo aaaeeeaei a
ioe?ioe? oa i?iaiicoaaii? i?ioean?a iieiaaiaco. Ne?ae iaaieineoe, ui
aaeaeaaoiee i?aea?? aeic i?iiaiaaiai aieeao a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio
ia??iae? iaiiaeeeaee aac /?oeiai ii?oieia?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
a?noieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae iooeeiii? oeaieie oa noaio noaeei a cii? ?o
?inoo.

Aaeeea i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey iae?io??o?a?/ii? ee?i?ee iathoue aeai?,
ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oaii iioe?aiiy iooeeie. Oea nooo?ai aieeaa? ia
i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aa?ao oa ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy. A oeueiio ieai?
?ioi?iaoeaiei ? aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae e?i?aeiiai iai?io i?e
ae?iiao (A.N.Oii?inueeee,1962; ?.I.A?iaenueea,1970; Pulsinelli,1985;
Wioloch,1985; Chen,1988).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui iai?aaeai? ia ae??oaiiy aeua caaaeaieo i?iaeai,
?icoe?youe oyaeaiiy i?i oiiia?aoiaiaoii?/i? oa a?noia?ieia?/i?
iniaeeaino? ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee iiceo ? ni?eyoeiooue
?icaeoeia? iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy oe???
iaoieia??.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?y aoea o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie, yea
?ic?iaeyeanue eieaeoeaii ?inoeoooo, ? aeeiioaaeany ca ieaiii,
caoaa?aeaeaiei AII Oe?a?ie “?ic?iaea iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
eiia?iiaaiiai e?eoaaiiy ae?aeueieo iooeei, ui a?aaeathoue
ooieoe?iiaeueii aaaeeea? ciie aaeeeeo i?aeoeue aieiaiiai iiceo” (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196 O 006534). Oaio aeena?oaoe?? aoei caoaa?aeaeaii
ia can?aeaii? A/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo iae?io??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie (I?ioieie
? 9 a?ae 24 o?aaiy 1996 ?ieo).

Iaoa ?iaioe: aea/eoe oiiia?ao?/i? aa??aioe oa iniaeeaino?
ni?aa?aeiioaiue ae?aeueieo iooeei eiaiai-ne?iiaai? eieae?caoe?? c oa?aie
no?iee iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei, a cii? ?o ?inoo ? caeaaei?noue oeueiai
i?ioeano a?ae nooiaith aiaieac?? iooeeiii? oeaieie c iaoith iie?ioaiiy
oiia ieaioaaiiy iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

Aea/eoe oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i? iniaeeaino? ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai?
ae?eyiee, iai?yiee ?o ia?aaaaeiiai iioe?aiiy ? aecia/aiiy oiiia?ao?/ieo
aa??aio?a.

Anoaiiaeoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ae?ii ??ciiai nooiaiy ceiye?niino? c no?ieaie
iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei. Aeine?aeeoe ci?ie on?o oa??a no?iee
iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei iiceo i?e a?inoaii? a ieo ae?aeueieo iooeei.

C(ynoaaoe oa?aeoa?i? a?noia?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ae?ii, ui coiiaeththoue
?o ?iaaceai? aeanoeaino? oa oaii iioe?aiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa aeyaeaii ia?aaaaei? iai?yiee iioe?aiiy ae?aeueieo iooeei
eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee, aecia/ai? ?o oiiia?ao?/i? aa??aioe.

— Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui ?iaac?y ae?ii o no?iee noaeei i?eoaiaiia, ye
iooeeiai oeiiai? no?oeoo?e (?-?? nooiaiy ceiye?niino?), oae ? ceiye?niei
(???-IV). Aeeaeia a?inoaiiy ?o a?eueoa o ?ac? ceiye?nieo iiaiooai?aiue.

— Aeiaaaeaii, ui a?inoaiiy iooeeie a no?ieo na?aaeiuei? iiceiai? a?oa???
oa ?? a?eie ?-?? ii?yaeeo, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ae?acieo iaoieia?/ieo ci?i a
?? no?oeoo??. Oe? ci?ie a on?o oa?ao noaeeiii? no?iee ? aaaeeeaei
oaeoi?ii, ui iiaea iaoiiaethaaoe aaiiaeeiai?/i? oneeaaeiaiiy.

— Aecia/aii ii?oieia?/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?iaaceaieo aeanoeainoae ae?ii
??ciiai nooiaiy ceiye?niino? ca eiiieaenii no/anieo a?noio?i?/ieo
iaoiaeee.

— Anoaiiaeaii a??ia?aei? iieacieee aaiaoe/ii aeaoa?i?iiaaiiai oeio
caaeaae? ee?oei (aiiioico), caeaaeii a?ae nooiaiy aiaieac?? iooeeiii?
oeaieie oa ?ie? oeueiai iieacieea a e?iaoeoe? a?ieia?? iooeei
ae?aeueiiai ?yaeo.

— C(yniaaii, ui aenie? ??ai? iaoieia?/ieo i?oic?a o ceiye?nieo ae?iiao
iaoiiaeththoue iaiiaeeea?noue ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aiiioico ia
na?oeiiioe/iiio ??ai? aac canoinoaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?a
(oeueo?ai?e?ineii?y, ?ioiia?noio?i?y).

— Aecia/aii, ui a?ia?ieanoe/ia ?aaeoe?y aiaeieae?aeueiiai oa?o iooeeiieo
noaeei a ceiye?nieo ae?iiao, ? ?acoeueoaoii i?eai?/aiiy i?ioean?a
aiiioico a aiaeioae?? noaeei i?ae ae??th iaoaaie?o?a iooeeiii? oeaieie.
Oae? ci?ie aiaeioae?th a noaeeiao ceiye?nieo iooeei ? iane?aeeii
aeene?iaoe/iiai i?ioeano, coiiaeaiiai a?noia?ieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie
ae?ii.

— Anoaiiaeaii o/anoue noaeei iooeeiii? oeaieie oa ia?eoieaeueii? ciie o
caaaeueiiiaoieia?/ieo a?io?i?/ieo (iai?i e?i?ae?a) i?ioeanao ? ?ieue
oeeo iieaciee?a o i?iaiic? oaii?a iioe?aiiy iooeei.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Anoaiiaeai? iai?yiee iioe?aiiy ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee iiceo o
noi?aei? ooieoe?iiaeueii aaaeeea? no?oeoo?e oa ?o oiiia?ao?/i? aa??aioe,
ui aeicaiey? iaa?oiooaaoe iioeiaeueiee iia?aoeaiee aeinooi oa ianya
iia?aoe??.

Io?eiai? aeai?, uiaei a?inoaiiy iooeeiii? oeaieie a no?iee
iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei, aeicaieythoue ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? iioeiaeueiiai
ianyao iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy c iaoith caiia?aaiiy ?icaeoeo
aaiiaeeiai?/ieo ii?ooaiue a iiceo.

Anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? a?noia?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ae?ii, ye?
aeiiiiaaathoue aecia/eoe nooi?iue aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy iooeeiieo ee?oei,
oa ?o /ooeea?noue aei iieioa?aiaaoe/ieo cania?a, ui ni?ey? aeai?o
?aoe?iiaeueii? e?eoaaeueii? oaeoeee o eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caaaeueia ea?oaaiiy iaoeiaei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi cae?eniaii aeaaeai?eii AII Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi?ii
?inoeoooo iae?io??o?a??, i?ioani?ii TH.I. Cicoeath. ?ic?iaea caaaeaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aea?? iaoiae?a aeeiiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii.
Oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? naiino?eii i?ae
aaciina?aaei?i ea??aieoeoaii aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?a
I.?.Oaia?aa. Aeena?oaioii naiino?eii cae?eniaii i?aea?? oa
nenoaiaoecaoe?y ?nioth/iai a e?oa?aoo?? ?ethno?aoeaiiai iaoa??aeo
ae?eyiee iiceo, ui aea/aeany c iaaieioaiiyi oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ieo
aa??aio?a, ui aaaeeeai aeey iae?io??o?a?a. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii ?ic?iaeaia
noaia oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ieo aa??aio?a ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee
iiceo. A?noio?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniai? aaoi?ii ni?eueii c
ni?a?ia?oieeaie ?inoeoooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AIIO
(ea??aiee ae.i.i.i?ioani? O.Ae.Caaei?iaeia). Ia?iaea,
oioiaeieoiaiooaaiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaa?oiooaaiiy
aeniiae?a i?iaaaeaii aaoi?ii ?acii c iaoeiaeie ea??aieeaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iia?aeiieai? ia 2
c(?cae? iae?io??o?a?a Oe?a?ie (Iaeana 1998?), iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e iai(yo? i?io. I.I. Eiaaeuenueeiai (A?ea
Oea?eaa 1998?.) oa V? Eiia?an? iaoieia?a Oe?a?ie (A?iieoey 1998?).
Ai?iaaoe?th aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaii ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? A/aii?
?aaee ?inoeoooo iae?io??o?a?? ?i. aeaae. A. I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae? iae?io??o?a?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai Oi?aa?neoaoo oa
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe 30.10.1998 ?ieo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ?ia?o, a oiio /ene? 4
naiino?ei? noaoo? o a?o/eciyieo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo AAE
Oe?a?ie oa 3 oac iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia 170 noi??ieao
ae?oea?nueeiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny ?c: anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 4
?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a oa aeniiae?a.
Aeania oaeno neeaaea? 82 noi??iee, iaethiee 65, oaaeeoeue 2. Nienie
e?oa?aoo?e aeeeaaeaii ia 22 noi??ieao, aeeth/a? 273 ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
aeaea?aea (c ieo 81 ee?eeeoeath, 192 eaoeiith). Aeiaeaoie aeeth/a? 9
noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

IAOA??AE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei 119 aeiaaee?a ae?ii ??ciiai nooiaiy
ceiye?niino? eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee iiceo, c ieo 69 eaoaeueieo
aeiaaee?a. Iooeeia eieae?coaaeany o i?aa?e i?aeoe? a 60 aeiaaeeao, o
e?a?e — 55 aeiaaeeao, o 4 aeiaaeeao a?aaeai? aoee iaeaea? i?aeoe?. C ieo
/ieia?ee -72, ae?iee -47. Ca a?noieia??th aeiaaeee ?iciiae?eeeeny oae:
ano?ioeeoiie oeiiai? no?oeoo?e-18; aiaieanoe/i? ano?ioeeoiie-55;
ae?iaeanoiie-31; ie?aiaeaiae?iano?ioeeoiie-3; aiaieanoe/i?
ie?aiaeaiae?iano?ioeeoiie-7; aiaiae?iiie-1; aiaieanoe/i? aiaiae?iiie-2.
Iaoa??ae, ui i?aeeyaaa oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/iiio aea/aiith (69 aeiaaee?a)
?iciiae?eyany ia aea? a?oie: -aeie-i?aia?aoe iiceo aeey
iae?i-i?e?ii?aia?oaaiiy i?ae iia?aoe?eiei i?e?ineiiii (44); i?aia?aoe
iiceo, ui caaa?aethaaeeny ca ye?niith ?aaeoe??th ia nie? cae?ca(25).
Iaie aia?oa aoea canoiniaaia oey iaoiaeeea aeey aea/aiiy oiiia?ao??
aioo??oiueiiiceiaeo iooeei. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ia?aeieo oeyo?a oa
oiiia?ao?? iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii
iae?i-i?e?ii?aia?iaee i?ae iia?aoe?eiei i?e?ineiiii. Ieiua /anoie
aei??thaaeany aaciina?aaeiuei i?ney ?icoeio (aei o?enaoe??) ca
aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueii? a?aaeoeiaaii? n?oee c e?ieii a 1 eaaae?aoiee
i?e?iao?. Aeey i?e?ineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeanue caeeaea
o ia?ao?i aai ia?ao?i oeaei?ae?i, a oaeiae c??ce, ia caii?iaeoth/iio
i?e?ioii?. Aeaioiaeyeeny a?noioiiia?ao?/i? i?aia?aoe. A?noieia?/i? c??ce
caaa?aethaaeeny caaaeueii i?eeiyoeie iaeyaeiaeie (aaiaoienee?i-aic?i oa
aaiaoienee?i-i?e?iooen?i) oa niaoe?aeueieie iaoiaeeeaie (o?ii?i ca
I?nneai, aaiaoienee?i Eoeue/eoeueeiai, ?ii?aaiaoe?y ii Aiii??), ui
?iaeeeny a on?o aeiaaeeao c oeo naii aeie?a. A?noio?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeth/aee: ?aaeoe?th Oueieueaaia; iaoiae TUNEL, ui ? iaeiei c
iiaeeo?eaoe?e ia?ien?aeacii-aioeien?aeaciiai iaoiaeo ? aaaaea?oueny
a??ia?aeiei aeey aea/aiiy aiiioico o ae?iiao (A.A.Ei?ooiia,1998); iaoiae
A.N.Ai?aeaeaaeca (1963) — noaeai ???; e?euee?niee aiae?c a?noio?i?/ieo
?aaeoe?e cae?enithaaany ca aeiiiiiaith eiii(thoa?iiai aiae?caoi?a
cia?aaeaiiy IBAS-2000, o??ie OPTON (I?ia//eia) c i?ia?aiiei
caaacia/aiiyi o??ie Kontrol bildanalyse (1986), a oaeiae ?c
canoinoaaiiyi i?ia?ai oa aeai?eoi?a, ui ?ic?iaeai? ni?a?ia?oieeaie ?IO
(A.A.Aoeaaea,1989,1990).

A ?iaio? aeei?enoiao?oueny: 1)inoaiiy (oinoa) Eiiaeiinueea aiaoii?/ia
iiiaieeaoo?a (Eiiaeii 1985), inoaoi/ia ?aaeaaiaaia aeaeaiiy 1989 ?.
(Iueth-Ei?e); 2) inoaiiy I?aeia?iaeia eeaneo?eaoe?y iooeei OeIN
caoaa?aeaeaia AIC (Aa?e?i,1993) oa ?? inoaiiy ?aaeaeoe?y
(Aao?iaoii,1994).

?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o aiae?c oa iaaiai?aiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? ia?aaaaeiiai ?icoaooaaiiy oa iioe?aiiy ae?ii
eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee iiceo iaie aoee aeae?eai? o?e ?o
oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i? aa??aioe.

— Iooeeie ia?oi? a?oie (oeaio?aeueii-aeeaeiiiai ?icoaooaaiiy (56,5%))
a?aaeathoue caaei? a?aeae?ee eiaiai? oa ia?aaei? a?aeae?ee ne?iiaai?
/anoie. Aiie i?i?inoathoue ii??a ino??aoey, ia?aaeith eiai aeieth oa
i?i?inoathoue aieieia ia?aaei?o a?aeae?e?a naii? ciai?oiuei? oa
ciai?oiuei? eainoe; ia?aaeith ae?eyieo eooieie oa ni/aaeoeaiiae?aiiai
yae?a. ?iiae? a?aei?/a?oueny i?i?inoaiiy ieaaeaeaiiae?aiiai o?ea oa
aeaoi?iaoe?y ? aeeneieaoe?y ia?aaei?o a?aeae?e?a ieaeiueiai ?iao a?/iiai
oeoii/ea. O ?yae? niinoa?aaeaiue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iooeei eaea ii oiaeo
aieieii iicieynoiai o?ea, i?e oeueiio ia? i?noea a?inoaiiy o i?ici?o
ia?aoeieo oa ?? ii?iaeieio ? o i?ioeeaaeio i?aeoeth.

— Ae?iie ae?oai? a?oie (iaae?i-aacaeueii? eieae?caoe?? (36,2%))
iioe?thth/enue o eaoaeaeueiiio iai?yieo, a?aaeathoue
ia?aaeiuei-iaae?aeuei? a?aeae?ee ne?iiaai-iioeee/ii? caeaeie oa aa/ie ?
ia?aaei? a?aeae?ee a?iieaiio. Oae aoei anoaiiaeaii a?inoaiiy oeeo iooeei
o ia?aaei? a?aeae?ee a?iieaiiaeueii? ai?icie ? ioi/aiiy iooeeiith
noiaao?o ia?aaeiuei? a?oa??? noaeeiiiai nieaoaiiy. A aeayeeo aeiaaeeao
iooeeia ?iciianthaeaeoaaeany a ioi/oth/o oeenoa?io ? a?inoaea o
eaoa?aeueio iiaa?oith i?aeie iiceo. Iooeeie oe??? a?oie iathoue
oaiaeaioe?th aei iioe?aiiy o iaae?aeueiiio iai?yieo — a iaeanoue
i?aeca??(y, o no?iee o?aoueiai oeoii/eo. Iiaeeeaa ia?inoaiiy
iaiieaciaoe/iith oeaieiith n??iai iaai?aa oa a?inoaiiy ?? a ia?ao?ano
ci?iaeo ia?a?a ? ii/aoeia? a?aeae?ee ci?iaeo o?aeo?a.

— O?aoth, iaeiaio /enaeueio a?oio, neeaaeathoue iiaa?oiaai ?icoaoiaai?
(iia?eoey?i? iooeeie (7,3%)). Aiie i?i?inoathoue a?eo ?a/iaeio, oa ei?o
eiiaaeneoaeueii-aacaeueii? ciie eiaiai? /anoee (ieaeiy eiaiaa caeaeia),
? aeae? i?i?inoathoue i(ye? iiceia? iaieiiee a iaeano?
ia?aaeiuei-ciai?oi?o a?aeae?e?a a?/ii? yie iiceo ? caiaeii ii/aoeia?
a?aeae?ee a?/ii? ai?icie iiceo. Cacae/ae, aiie i?i?inoathoue caaeith
o?aoeio ieaeiuei? eiaiai? caeaeie, ieaeith o?aoeio ia?aaeoeaio?aeueii?
caeaeie, ia?aaeith o?aoeio aa?oiuei?, na?aaeiuei? oa iiethnii? caeaei o
ne?ii?, oiaoi eiaiao oa ne?iiaao iie?eoee. I?e oeueiio iooeeie
i?i?inoathoue ii??a ino??aoey, ia?aaeith eiai aeieth, ?iaacothoue
ieaaeaeaiiae?iee eiiieaen ? o /anoei? aeiaaee?a, a?inoathoue o ieaei?e
??a a?/iiai oeoii/eo.

Cia/ii ci?iththoueny aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae no?oeoo?aie iiceo, iiaeeco oa
ia aeaye?e a?aenoai? a?ae iooeeiiiai aiaieua. Oae? i?inoi?ia? ci?ie
iiaeooue ni?e/eiyoe ii?ooaiiy aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaeo ooieoe?e. I?e iooeeiao
eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee iathoue i?noea ae?aci? ci?ie ?aeueaoo ?
aeeneieaoe??. Aeey ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? eieae?caoe?? i?eoaiaii?
caeiiii??iino? ia?aaaae iaaieo aeeneieaoe?eii-aeaoi?iaoe?eieo ci?i oa ?o
eiia?iaoe?e, caeaaeii a?ae oiiia?ao?? iooeeie. Aeey ae?ii, ui
cina?aaeaeai? ia?aaaaeii o iaaeao caaei?o a?aeae?e?a eiaiai? /anoee
i?eoaiaii?: ca?eueoaiiy ia(?io a?aaeaii? /anoee, nieiuaiiy ?aeue?oo
caeaei, aeeeiaiiy ia?aaei?o a?aeae?e?a iiynii? caeaeie i?ae na?iiaeaeiee
ia?inoie. I?e ia?aaaaeiiio ?icoaooaaii? iooeeiii? oeaieie o aacaeueieo
a?aeae?eao eiaiai? oa iaae?i-aacaeueieo a?aeae?eao ne?iiaai? /anoie
iathoue i?noea: aeeeiaiiy caaeiuei-aacaeueieo a?aeae?e?a eiaiaeo /anoie
i?ae iae? e?eea iniiaii? e?noee, -aeaoi?iaoe?y oa caeaaeaiiy a?/ii? yiee
iiceo. I?e iioe?aii? iooeeiii? oeaieie o i?aee??eia? ooai?aiiy, ye
i?aaeei, niinoa??aa?oueny: ne?iiaai-oaioi??aeueia aeeeiaiiy (ia?aaaaeii
ia?aaei?e aa??aio), caeaaeaiiy oa aeeneieaoe?y nini/eiiiae?aieo o?e; I?e
iooeeiao, ye? ?icoaoiaai? a?eueoith nai?th ianith eiiaaeneoaeueii,
niinoa??aa?oueny: nieiuaiiy ?aeueaoo caeaei, ci?uaiiy oa aeaoi?iaoe?y
a?/ii? ai?icie iiceo. sse iane?aeie aioo??oiuei/a?aiii? a?ia?oaic??
?icaeaa?oueny aen?aeueia ci?uaiiy noiaao?o iiceo, ui iiaea i?ecaiaeeoe
aei e?iaiaeeea?a o iacaioeaoaeueii-iiio?ii? a?aeae?ee iiceo (ia iaoiio
iaoa??ae? 14,5%), ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei caaeaae? oai?eo.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiue ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai?
eieae?caoe?? c no?ieaie iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei anoaiiaeee, ui o 24,6%
aeiaaee?a oe? iooeeie a?inoaee ye a no?iee a?oa??e (aioo??oiy niiia;
na?aaeiy iiceiaa; ia?aaeiy iiceiaa; caaeiy niieo/ia oa ?o a?eee), oae ?
a no?iee iiaa?oiaaeo aianoiiioe/ieo aai oa aai a?/ii? ai?icie iiceo.
Iae/ano?oa a?aaeaiiy noaeei iaei i?noea i?e iaae?i-aacaeueiiio oa
iia?eoey?iiio aa??aioao ae?ii. Aiie, i?i?inoath/e on? oa?e ei?e iiceo,
?iaacothoue i(ye? iiceia? iaieiiee, ia?inoath/e i?e oeueiio
noi?aee?ii?aei? a?aeae?ee aioo??oiuei? niiii? a?oa???, ii/aoeia?
a?aeae?ee noiaao?o na?aaeiuei? iiceiai? a?oa??? (ae?eyiea I1) oa ??
iaae?aeuei? ia?oi?aioi? a?eee. I?e iioe?aii? iooeei o eaoaeaeueiiio
iai?yieo iathoue i?noea ia?inoaiiy ianith iooeeie ii/aoeiaeo naaiaio?a
(?1,?2) caaeiuei? iiceiai? a?oa???. O aeiaaeeao iia?eoey?iiai
?icoaooaaiiy o iooeeiio oeaieio caeo/a?oueny i?noea ia?aoiaeo
ai?eciioaeueii? /anoeie na?aaeiuei? iiceiai? a?oa??? o ?? aa?oeeaeueiee
a?ae??cie (ae?eyiea I1-I2). O cii? ?inoo oaeeo iooeei iieiythoueny,
oaeiae, iaa?no?aeuei? aaiici? noiaao?e iiaa?oiaaeo aianoiiioe/ieo aai,
oa aaie a?/ii? ai?icie iiceo. A?inoaiiy iooeeiieo ee?oei o iiaa?oiaa?
oa?e no?iee iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei aoei aeyaeaii, ye i?e ae?iiao oeiiai?
no?oeoo?e, oae ? i?e ceiye?nieo ae?iiao. Iaeiae aeeaeia a?inoaiiy o
no?ieo e?iaiiinieo noaeei caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaiy ceiye?niino? iooeeie ?
iaea?eueoa i?e ceiye?nieo ae?iiao (?V).

I?e a?inoaii? iooeeiii? oeaieie o no?iee noaeei aoei a?aei?/aii
iayai?noue aeano?oeoeaii-aeeno?io?/ieo ci?i a on?o ?? oa?ao. A i?ina?o?
noaeei, iaee i?noea yaeua aeiaaio?eaaeiai noaco, o?iiaico. O
aioo??oiueiio oa?? niinoa??aaeeny ae?aci? aeeno?io?/i? ci?ie
aiaeioae?ioeeo?a. Noaaiaeioae?aeueiee oa? aoa iioiauaiee, c yaeuaie
iaa?yeo. Aacaeueia iaia?aia iaea aeaieiioo?i? ia?ene. Aioo??oiy
aeanoe/ia iaia?aia, oaeiae iioiauaia, c yaeuaie aiaieuaaiai iaa?yeo
(?iiae?, c oieaeueieie iae?icaie). Aeyaeaia cia/ia a?aei?ii?noue noaio
aioo??oiuei? aeanoe/ii? iaia?aie o ??cieo aeiaaeeao: a?ae aoii??, aei
no?eeiai niacio (oii?/ii? noaeiie). Ci?ie o na?aaeiueiio oa?? noaeeiii?
no?iee iieyaaee o aeano?oeoeaii-aeaaaia?aoeaieo ci?iao i(yciaeo ee?oei,
iaei i?noea i?ine/oaaiiy i?aeee?oeiiiai i?inoi?o ??aeeiith,
eiiiaeoi?noue oa?o ao?a/aeany. Iicaee?oeii? i?inoi?e ca?eueooaaeeny. O
aeiaaeeao ceiye?nieo ae?ii niinoa??aaeeny oieaeuei? iae?ice
aaeaaioeoe?aeueiiai oa i(yciaiai oa??a noaeeiii? no?iee. A
aaeaaioeoe?aeueiiio oa?? i?e ia?inoaii? noaeeie iooeeiith, oa a?inoaii?
a no?ieo noaeei a?aei?/aeeny iaeae?aci?o? ci?ie. Cia/iee iaa?ye,
iioiauaiiy ? aeaci???ioaoe?y aieieii, ?o o?aaiaioaoe?y aae aei iiaiiai
?oeioaaiiy. Iooeeii? ee?oeie iioe?thaaeeny i?ae io/eaie
aeeno?io?/ii-ci?iaieo aieieii. Ia iiia?aeiaeo c??cao iooeeii? ee?oeie
aoee ?icoaoiaai? a?oiaie ? iaee aeaeyae aneiao?e/ieo iai?aeoiue. O vasa
vasorum niinoa??aaeeny yaeua noaco. O ?yae? niinoa?aaeaiue, iooeeii?
ee?oeie iioe?thaaeeny acaeiaae oeeo noaeei, ye? i?ioiaeyoue o o?enoth/eo
niieo/ii-oeaieiieo eiino?oeoe?yo. ?iaaceai? aeanoeaino? iooeei
iaoiiaeai? caeaoi?noth aeeeeeaoe eieaeueiee eieaaaiie?c (Hooff,1983),
oeei iiaeeeai ? iiynith?oueny aeeaiea a?inoaiiy iooeeie a no?ieo noaeei.
Ioaea, o ?ac? iioe?aiiy iooeeie o oiauo noaeeiii? no?iee, iathoue
i?noea (??ciiai nooiaith ae?aciino?) yaeua aeenoii??, no?oeoo?iith
iniiaith yeeo ? aeeno?io?/ii-aeaaaia?aoeai? ci?ie a on?o oa?ao no?iee
noaeei.

Anoaiiaeaiee oaeo a?inoaiiy iooeeiii? oeaieie, a no?iee iaa?no?aeueieo
noaeei na?ae/eoue i?i ia(?eoeai? ia?aoeiaee ia oeyoo aei ?aaeeeaeueiiai
aeaeaeaiiy ae?ii. Aeyaeai? ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie a on?o oa?ao noaeeiii?
no?iee ? iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo oaeoi??a, ui coiiaeth? aeieeiaiiy oa
?icaeoie aaiiaeeiai?/ieo ii?ooaiue i?e iooeeii?e ?iaac??.

Anoaiiaeaii o/anoue noaeei ??ciiai eae?a?o, ye aeania naii? iooeeie oae
? i?aoi?iiaaieo noaeei, o aeaaaeaii? i?iaeoeo?a e?i?aeiiai iai?io ae?ii.
Iaea?eueo aeoeaio o/anoue a oeueiio i?ioean? aa?ooue noaeeie
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?ii? eaiee. E?i?aei? i?iaeoeoe o iiaa?oiaaeo oa?ao
noaeeiii? no?iee oa ia?eaaneoey?ia ?icoaooaaiiy aee?iaeo e?aiaeue — iaee
i?noea o an?o, aac aeiyoeo aeiaaeeao. I?aoi?iiaai? noaeeie oeaieie iiceo
aeoeaii aeaiaeyoue i?iaeoeoe e?i?aeiiai iai?io. Iiaiooai?ai? iooeeii?
noaeeie (a oiio /ene? ? noaeeii? eai?ey?i? aeiia?oee) ia aa?ooue
o/ano? o ?aci?aoe?? e?i?aeieo i?iaeoeo?a. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueio iaaeinoaoi?noue noaeei iooeeiii? oeaieie ?
iiynith? “oaiiiai” ooiooaaiiy, ui iienaiee o ceiye?nieo ae?iiao
(TH.I.Cicoey,1972). Ca ?ioaineai?noth iaeiie/aiiy e?i?aeieo i?iaeoeo?a
aeaci?aai?caoe?? ia?aiai? oeaieie, iiina?aaeeiaaii, iiaeia neeanoe
oyaeaiiy i?i nooi?iue ceiye?niino? oa oaii iioe?aiiy iooeeie. Oe?iea
canoinoaaiiy aeacaiiai iaoiaeo i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ae?aeueieo iooeei,
ni?eyoeia ?icoe?aiith oyaeaiue i?i a?noia?ieia?th oeeo iiaiooai?aiue.

Iioe?aiiy iooeeiieo ee?oei ae?ii iiaea eoe ii ia?eaaneoey?iei
i?inoi?ai, acaeiaae eiiiaeoieo i?ia?aeieo oeyo?a oa ii i?aeiaieiieiaei
i?inoi?ai. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ae?iie eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee ia?aaaaeii
iioe?ththoueny acaeiaae aieieii ia?aaeiuei? i?aeee aa?oiueiai
iiacaeiaaeiueiai (aeoaiiiae?aiiai) oa aa/eiiiae?aiiai io/e?a. Iaea?eueo
yne?aai oea i?inoaaeo?oueny i?e aeeaeiiiio oa iia?eoey?iiio
?icoaooaaii? iooeei. I?e oeaio?aeueii-aeeaeiiiio aa??aio? ae?ii, eiee
caeaa?eueoiai a?aaeaia a?ea ?a/iaeia eiaiai? oa ne?iiaai? /anoie, oeyoii
iioe?aiiy ? aioo??oi? ieanoeiee aieieii ia?aaeiuei? i?aeee aa?oiueiai
iiacaeiaaeiueiai io/ea; i?e iaae?i-aacaeueiiio, eiee a?aaeai?
caaeiuei-ieaei? a?aeae?ee eiaiai? /anoee, ia?aaeiy o?aoeia ino??aoey oa
ne?ii?, oeyoii iioe?aiiy ? aieieia ia?aaeiuei? i?aeee aa?oiueiai
iiacaeiaaeiueiai oa aa/eiiiae?aiiai io/e?a; i?e iia?eoey?iiio, eiee
a?aaeathoueny eiiaaeneoaeuei? a?aeae?ee ieaeiuei? eiaiai? oa ia?aaei?
a?aeae?ee aa?oiuei? ne?iiaai? caeaei (iie?eoeia? /anoeie), oeyoii
iioe?aiiy ? ciai?oi? ieanoeiee aieieii ia?aaeiuei? i?aeee aa?oiueiai
iiacaeiaaeiueiai oa aa/eiiiae?aiiai io/e?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae aiiioico o iae?iaeoiaea?iaeueieo iooeeiao
aeicaieeei neeanoe a??ia?aeio ea?oeio e?iaoe/ieo i?ioean?a
iaiieaciaoe/ii? oeaieie oa ni?eyoeia ?ic?iaoe? noai iaea?eueo
aeioe?eueieo eiia?iaoe?e ??cieo oa?aiaaoe/ieo iaoiae?a. Aea/aiiy
aiiioico in vitro canoiniaothoue ye ae?aaiinoe/iee e?eoa??e aecia/aiiy
aoaeoeaiino? o?i?ii?aia?aoo o eiaeiiai iaaiiai oai?iai. Naia oeae
i?eioeei ca?ac noa? ia?oi/a?aiaei o iai?yieo ?ic?iaie iia?oi?o iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy iooeei.

Iaoiaeii “TUNEL”, yeee aaaaea?oueny iaeiei c a??ia?aeieo aeey
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aiiioico o ae?iiao, aoei aeyaeaii ?ioiiiiceoeai? yae?a a
on?o aeine?aeaeaieo aeiaaeeao. A? (aiiioiciee ?iaeaen) eieeaaany
caeaaeii a?ae nooiaith aiaieac?? iooeei. O ano?ioeeoiiao oeiiai?
no?oeoo?e A? neeaaeaa 10,8(0,31 ? aoa aeuee ca oeae iieaciee a
aiaieanoe/ieo ano?ioeeoiiao (?(0,001); A? a aiaieanoe/ieo ano?ioeeoiiao
neeaaeaa 6,0(0,58 ? aoa aeuee i?ae o ae?iaeanoiiao. A ae?iaeanoiiao A?
neeaaeaa 3,3(0,3, a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyany a?ae ano?ioeeoii oeiiai?
no?oeoo?e (?<0,001). A ano?ioeeoiiao oeiiai? no?oeoo?e aiiioici? ee?oeie aoee ?icoaoiaai? aeeoocii ii an?e ieiuei? iooeeiii? oeaieie (a?ae 3 aei 5 a iaeiiio iie? ci?o). A aiaieanoe/ieo ano?ioeeoiiao, aea iieacieee aiiioico iaea?eueo eieeaaeeny, yae?a aiiioicieo ee?oei aoee ?icoaoiaai? iiiaeeiiei, ii an?e ieiuei? iooeeiii? oeaieie. O ae?iaeanoiiao niinoa??aaeeny iiiaeeiie?, ??aeei ?icoaoiaai? niaoeeo?/ii caaa?aeai? yae?a ae??aieo ee?oei. ssae?a a?aaionueeeo oa aaaaoiyaea?ieo ee?oei ia aoee caaa?aeai?. A on?o aeiaaeeao ceiye?nieo ae?ii, ye? aea/aeeny iaoiaeii TUNEL, yaeu aiiioico a aiaeioae?aeueiiio oa?? noaeei ia niinoa??aaeiny. ?ioiia?noio?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeni?an?? yaea? i?ie?oa?oth/eo ee?oei aiaeioae?th a ceiye?nieo ae?iiao, aeyaeei i?iaeoeoe?th ieie aia?iaaiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a, e?euee?noue yeeo ei?aeth? ?c nooiaiai ceiye?niino?. Iaei??th c neeaaeiaeo iaoiaaiaoe/iiai eaioethaa oaei? ?aaeoe?? noaeei, ia iaoo aeoieo, iiaea aooe, ii?yae ?c aeacaiei aeua, i?eai?/aiiy i?ioean?a aiiioico a aiaeioae?? noaeei i?ae ae??th iaoaaie?o?a iooeeiii? oeaieie. Oaeei /eiii, a?ia?ieanoe/i? ci?ie aiaeioae?th a noaeeiao ceiye?nieo ae?ii - aeene?iaoe/iee i?ioean, coiiaeaiee ?o a?noia?ieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie. I?e ni?anoaaeaii? ?acoeueoao?a iaoiaeo “TUNEL” c ?aaeoe??th Oueieueaaia aeyaeaii i?oice o ??cieo oacao, iaoieia?/i? i?oice oa ie?oae? iaaaeee?, ?icoaoiaai? neoi/aiiyie “Oueieueaai-iiceoeaii” caaa?aeai? a?aioee. E?euee?noue “Oueieueaai-iiceoeaii” caaa?aeaieo a?aioe, a on?o aea/aieo niinoa?aaeaiiyo - cia/ia. Noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui oea aiiioioe/i? o?eueoey, a ia i?e?iyae?a, ui ? ?acoeueoaoii iaoieia?/ieo i?oic?a, ia na?oeiiioe/iiio ??ai? a??ia?aeii ia iiaeeeai. Ioaea, canoiniaoaaoe ?aaeoe?th Oueieueaaia aeey aeyaeaiiy aiiioico o ae?iiao, ia iaoo aeoieo, iaiaa/ii. Ia(?eoeaio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i oea yaeua iiaea iaaeaoe eeoa aeiaeaoeiaa oeueo?ai?e?ineii?/ia, aai a?noio?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy. *?oe? oyaeaiiy i?i eieae?caoe?th iooeeie, iai?yiee ?? iioe?aiiy, iniaeeaino? o?ainoi?iaoe?? noaeeiiiai ?onea iiceo, a?aaeaiiai ae?iiith, aeicaieythoue iaa?oiooaaoe iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiee aeinooi iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy; aeaoae?coaaoe eiai ianya, caa??aath/e aeeoo?ai aaaeeea? ciie oa ooai?aiiy; ia?aaeaa/eoe iiaeeea? oneeaaeiaiiy oa caiia?aoe ?o ?icaeoeo. Io?eiai? aeai?, uiaei a?noieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee, aeiiiaiththoue oyao i?i a?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino? iae?iaeoiaea?iaeueieo iooeei. Iniaeeaino? oiiia?ao?? oa a?noia?ieia?? ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee aieiaiiai iiceo, aeiiiiiaeooue i?aeaeueoe aaciaeo oa aoaeoeai?noue iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue ia no/aniiio iaoeiaiio ??ai?. A E N I I A E E . 1. Ae?iie i?aeoeue aieiaiiai iiceo iae/ano?oa a?aaeathoue eiaiao (31,3%) oa ne?iiaao (16,3%) /anoee, aai aiaeii/an ?o iaeaea? ( 12,6%). 2. Aeey ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee iiceo ??-?V nooiai?a ceiye?niino? i?eoaiaiiee ?io?eueo?aoeaiee ??no c ?o iioe?aiiyi ii ia?eaaneoey?iei i?inoi?ai ? acaeiaae eiiiaeoieo i?ia?aeieo oeyo?a iiceo. 3. A caeaaeiino? a?ae eieae?caoe?? oa iai?yie?a ia?aaaaeiiai iioe?aiiy o noi?aei? no?oeoo?e iiceo aeae?eaii oae? oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i? aa??aioe ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee: oeaio?aeueii-aeeaeiiee; iaae?i-aacaeueiee; iiaa?oiaaee (iia?eoey?iee). 4. Aeey iaeneiaeueiiai caa?aaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii aaaeeeaeo no?oeoo? iiceo, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iniaeeainoyie ?o ?icoaooaaiiy a cii? iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy, iioeiaeueieie ne?ae aaaaeaoe aeinooie: i?e iooeeiao oeaio?aeueii-aeeaeiiiai ?icoaooaaiiy o iaaeii?iaioi?e i?aeoe? - ai?eciioaeueiee ?ic??c ii aa?oiueiio e?ath na?aaeiuei? aai ieaeiuei? eiaiai? caeaeie; o aeii?iaioi?e i?aeoe? – ii na?aaei?e o?aoei? ieaeiuei? eiaiai? caeaeie; i?e iaae?i-aacaeueieo ae?iiao: o aeii?iaioi?e i?aeoe? – ii ia?aaei?e o?aoei? ieaeiueiai e?ath aa?oiuei? aai na?aaeiuei? ne?iiaai? caeaei; i?e iia?eoey?iiio aa??aio? ?icoaooaaiiy iooeei aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe ?ic??ce o ciiao i?i?inoaiiy iooeeiith ei?e iiceo oa i(yeeo iiceiaeo iaieiiie, ui ?o iie?eaathoue. 5.Aeey iia?eoey?iiai aa??aioo ae?ii oa?aeoa?ia ?iaac?y iooeeiith i(yeeo iiceiaeo iaieiiie ia?aaeiuei-ciai?oi?o a?aeae?e?a ciie a?/ii? ai?icie iiceo, a oaeiae i?i?inoaiiy ?? o ieaeith eiaiao, ieaeith o?aoeio ia?aaeoeaio?aeueii?, aa?oith ? na?aaeith ne?iiaa? caeaeie oa ieaaeaeaiiae?iee eiiieaen ? ieaei?e ??a a?/iiai oeoii/eo, ui iaiaaeo? ia??i aeaeaeaiiy oaeeo iooeei. 6. Aeey iaae?i-aacaeueiiai oa iia?eoey?iiai aa??aio?a ae?ii i?eoaiaiia ia o?eueee i?i?inoaiiy iooeei a i(ye? iiceia? iaieiiee, a ? a?inoaiiy o no?iee iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e ? aai a?/ii? ai?icie iiceo. Aeeaeia ?o a?aaeaiiy iaea?eueoa i?e ae?iiao ???-?V nooiaiy ceiye?niino?. 7. Ci?ie no?iie noaeei a cii? ?inoo ae?ii iinyoue ??ciini?yiiaaiee oa?aeoa?. Aeey iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei iiceo oa?aeoa?i? aeeno?io?/ii-aeaaaia?aoeai? ci?ie on?o oa??a no?iee, aeey iiaiooai?aieo iooeeiieo noaeei - a?ia?ieanoe/i? ci?ie aioo??oiueiai oa?o. 8. ?iaac?y ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee a iaaeao a?/ii? yie oa ai?icie iiceo ? a?inoaiiy ?o o no?iee na?aaeiuei? iiceiai? a?oa??? oa ?? a?eie ?-?? ii?yaeeo, iaiaaeothoue iiaeeea?noue ?aaeeeaeueiiai aeaeaeaiiy oeeo iooeei oa noai?ththoue ?ecee ?icaeoeo aaiiaeeiai?/ieo oneeaaeiaiue o aeaeyae? e?iaiaeeea?a o caeeoee iooeeiii? oeaieie (49,3%), aai o oeoii/eiao nenoaio (8,7%); o i?aeiaieiieiaee i?ino?? (8,7%); o i?aee??eia? ooai?aiiy (2,9%) oa ?oai?/ieo ii?ooaiue o ia?eoieaeuei?e cii? (8,7%); noiaao?iaeo a?aeae?eao (8,7%); a?iioaeyi?/i?e ae?eyioe? (5,8%) iiceo. 9. Aiiioiciee ?iaeaen, ye iieaciee ?iaaceaieo aeanoeainoae ae?ii, aecia/a?oueny a?noio?i?/iei iaoiaeii TUNEL ? ? iaeiei c a??ia?aeieo iieaciee?a nooiaiy ceiye?niino? ae?aeueieo iooeei. ?aaeoe?y ia ai?no AeIE (Oaeueaaia) aeey ioe?iee aiiioico o ae?iiao ia na?oeiiioe/iiio ??ai? ia ?ioi?iaoeaia /a?ac iaiiaeeea?noue a??ia?aeii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aiiioicieo o?eaoeue oa i?e?iyaea?, ui ? ?acoeueoaoii aoeiiaeo i?oic?a. 10. Nooi?iue a?ia?ieanoe/ieo ci?i aiaeioae?th a noaeeiao ceiye?nieo ae?ii iaoiiaeaia a?noia?ieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie iooeeiii? oeaieie, aaaeeeaith i?e/eiith yeiai ? ii?ooaiiy aaiaoe/ii aeaoa?i?iiaaiiai aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo aiaeioae?th (aiiioico). 11. Nooi?iue o/ano? noaeei oeaieie iiceo o e?i?aeiiio iai?i? ae?ii iiaea aaaaeaoenue iaeiei c iieaciee?a ceiye?niino? oa ?iaaceaieo aeanoeainoae iooeei. I?aoi?iiaai? noaeeie iiceo aeoeaii aeaiaeyoue e?i?aei? iaoaaie?oe; iiaiooai?aii? noaeeie iooeei ia i?eeiathoue o/ano? o ?aci?aoe?? e?i?ae?a, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?o ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueio iaaeinoaoi?noue. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? Iaeeoaaa O.A. A?noioiiia?ao?/i? iniaeeaino? ae?aeueieo iooeei eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee // Athe. OAI.-1998.-? 5.-N.146-147. Iaeeoaaa O.A. I?e?io??o?a?/ia aiaoii?y ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee aieiaiiai iiceo // Athe.OAI, 1998.-?7.-N. 33-35. Iaeeoaaa O.A. Aaiiaeeiai?/i? ii?ooaiiy i?e ae?iiao eiaiai-ne?iiaai? eieae?caoe?? // Athe.OAI, 1998.- ?7.-N.58-61. Iaeeoaaa O.A. Iniaeeaino? o/ano? o e?i?aeiiio iaoaaie?ci? noaeei iiceo i?e ae?iiao // Athe. OAI, 1998.-?7.-N.86-89. Iaeeoaaa O.A. Ii?oieia?/i? iniaeeaino? e?i?aeiiai iai?io ae?ii // Ca??ea iaoeiaeo noaoae i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? iai(yo? i?io. I.I. Eiaaeuenueeiai.-(A?niee a?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai Oi?aa?neoaoo) A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998.-Aei.6.-/. 2.-N.48-52. Iaeeoaaa O.A. Iniaeeaino? oiiia?ao?? oa oeyoe ia?aaaaeiiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ae?aeueieo iooeei eiaii-ne?iiaai? eieae?caoe?? // I?aoe? OAIII (ae?cia nan?y Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? iaoe iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?ia?ano, i?enay/aia 40-??//th Oa?iii?euenueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss. Ai?aa/aanueeiai) Ee?a, 1997.-Aei. 1.-/. 2.-N.314-315. Iaeeoaaa O.A. Ii?oieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ae?aeueieo iooeei eiaiai-ne?iiaai? eieae?caoe??// Iaoa??aee 6 Eiia?ano iaoieia?a Oe?a?ie. - A?iieoey, 1998.-N148. AIIOAOe?ss Iaeeoaaa O.A. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ae?aeueieo iooeei oa iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee iiceo. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.05 “Iae?io??o?a?y”. ?inoeooo iae?io??o?a?? ?i. aeaae. A.I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeai? oaeineiiaeaiiy yeino? o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ae?ii noi?aoaioi??aeueii? eieae?caoe??. Aia?oa ia iaoa??ae? 119 aeiaaee?a eiiieaenii aeine?aeaeai? iniaeeaino? ae?ii eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee iiceo. Aecia/ai? oiiia?ao?/i? aa??aioe iae?iaeoiaea?iaeueieo iooeei oe??? ae?eyiee aieiaiiai iiceo oa i?inoaaeai? oeyoe ?o ia?aaaaeiiai iioe?aiiy. Aea/aii oa?aeoa? aca?iia?aeiinei ae?aeueieo iooeei ??ciiai nooiaiy ceiye?niino? c oa?aie no?iie iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei. I?iaaaeaii ia(?eoea?caoe?th nooiaiy ceiye?niino? ae?ii ca aeaieie aea/aiiy aiiioico. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe a ni?anoaaeaii? c ?ino?oiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeicaieyoue ?ic?iaeoe iaea?eueo iioeiaeuei? o??o?a?/i? aeinooie, iaa?oiooaaoe ianya iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue i?e ae?iiao eiaiai-ne?iiaai? ae?eyiee oa iiia?aaeeoe ?icaeoie aaiiaeeiai?/ieo oneeaaeiaiue. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aieiaiee iicie, ae?aeuei? iooeeie, iaa?no?aeuei? noaeeie, aca?iia?aeiineie, oiiia?ao?y, no?oeoo?a. AIIIOAOeEss Iaeuoaaa O.A. Niioiioaiey aeeaeueiuo iiooieae e iaaeno?aeueiuo ninoaeia eiaii-aeni/iie iaeanoe iicaa. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.05. “Iae?ioe?o?aey”. - Einoeooo iae?ioe?o?aee ei. aeaae. A.I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia oeo/oaiey ea/anoaa oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey aeeaeueiuo iiooieae noi?aoaioi?eaeueiie eieaeecaoeee. Aia?aua, ia iaoa?eaea 119 neo/aaa eiiieaenii eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe aeeii eiaii-aeni/iie iaeanoe iicaa. Auaeaeaiu oiiia?aoe/aneea aa?eaiou iae?iyeoiaea?iaeueiuo iiooieae ?anniao?eaaaiie iaeanoe aieiaiiai iicaa n o/aoii eo i?aeiouanoaaiiiai ?aniieiaeaiey, oa?aeoa?a acaeiiioiioaiee n ie?oaeathueie aeeciaiii aaaeiuie no?oeoo?aie, i?ineaaeaiu iooe e iai?aaeaiey eo ?ani?ino?aiaiey. Aeeiiu eiaii-aeni/iie eieaeecaoeee ?acaeaeaiu ia: 1) oeaio?aeueii-aeoaeiiua; 2) iaaeei-aacaeueiua; 3)iia?eoey?iua (iiaa?oiinoiua). A caaeneiinoe io oiiia?aoi – aiaoiie/aneiai aa?eaioa aeeii iainiiaaiu oe?o?ae/aneea aeinooiu n o/aoii iai?aaeaiee i?aeiouanoaaiiiai ?ani?ino?aiaiey iiooiee e aeiieiaioiinoe iieooa?ey. Auyniaii, /oi aeeiiu eiaii-aeni/iie eieaeecaoeee ?ani?ino?aiythony /aua anaai ii oiaeo aieieii aeoaiia?aciiai e e?th/eiaeaeiiai io/eia. Eco/ai oa?aeoa? acaeiiioiioaiee aeeaeueiuo iiooieae, ni noaieaie iaaeno?aeueiuo ninoaeia oeacaiiie iaeanoe iicaa. Auyniaia caaeneiinoue aeoaeiu a?anoaiey io noaiaie ceiea/anoaaiiinoe aeeaeueiuo iiooieae. Aeeiiu a?anoatho eae a noaieo a?oa?ee, oae e a noaieo aai, i?e/ai aeoaeia a?anoaiey ia?anoaao n oaaee/aieai noaiaie ceiea/anoaaiiinoe e iaeaieueoay i?e aeeaeanoiiao e ieceiaeeooa?aioee?iaaiiuo aeeiiao (?V noaiaie ceiea/anoaaiiinoe). I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi aeano?oeoeaii-aeaaaia?aoeaiua eciaiaiey ai anao neiyo noaiee iaaeno?aeueiuo ninoaeia yaeythony iaeiie ec i?e/ei ?acaeoey aaiiaeeiaie/aneeo ia?ooaiee. Iaeaieaa au?aaeaiiua aeano?oeoeaiua eciaiaiey a aaeaaioeoeeaeueiii neia ninoaeia, aeaaaia?aoeaii-aeano?oeoeaiua eciaiaiey i?iyaeythony a aeaea: ?acaieieiaiey e o?aaiaioaoeee ioaeaeueiuo aieieii ia?oaeiiai neiy n ?anoe?aieai iaaeeeaoi/iuo i?ino?ainoa, ii eioi?ui e eaeao a?anoaiea iiooiee a oieuo ninoaeenoie noaiee. A n?aaeiai e aioo?aiiai neiyo a?oaua ia?ooaiey no?oeoo?u, a aeaea aeeno?ioee ieioeeoia, oieaeueiuo iae?icia oeaeuo a?oii iuoa/iuo aieieii, ioaeii e iaaooaieai ia?oaeiie yeanoe/aneie iaia?aiu, ?anoe?aieai iaaeeeaoi/iuo i?ino?ainoa, aeaeoo ca niaie eciaiaiey a ?aaeoeaiinoe ninoaeia. Iaie onoaiiaeaii, /oi eiaacey aeeii eiaii-aeni/iie iaeanoe a i?aaeaeao aieiaie yiee e ai?icaeu iicaa e a?anoaiea eo a noaiee aioo?aiiae niiiie e n?aaeiae iicaiaie a?oa?ee e aa aaoaae ia?aiai e aoi?iai ii?yaeea, ia?aie/eaatho aiciiaeiinoue ?aaeeeaeueiiai oaeaeaiey yoeo iiooieae e /?aaaou ?acaeoeai aaiiaeeiaie/aneeo ineiaeiaiee. Ia iaoai iaoa?eaea aeenaaie/aneea ia?ooaiey ano?a/aeenue a aeaea: e?iaieceeyiee a inoaoee iiooiee (49,3%), a aeaeoaei/eiaoth nenoaio iicaa (8,7%); a iiaeiaiei/a/iua i?ino?ainoaa (8,7%); a iiaeei?eiaua ia?aciaaiey (2,9%) e eoaie/aneeo ia?ooaiee a ia?eoieaeueiie ciia (8,7%); a noaieiauo ioaeaeao (8,7%); aeiioaeyie/aneie iaeanoe (5,8%) iicaa. I?iaaaeaii iauaeoeaecaoeeth noaiaie ceiea/anoaaiiinoe aeeii ii aeaiiui eco/aiey yaeaiey aiiioica. AE (aiiioiciue eiaeaen) a ano?ioeeoiiao oeie/aneie no?oeoo?u ninoaaeye 10,8(0,31 e aue auoa yoiai iieacaoaey a aiaieanoe/aneeo ano?ioeeoiiao (?(0,001); AE a aiaieanoe/aneeo ano?ioeeoiiao ninoaaeye 6,0(0,58 e aue aeua /ai a aeeiaeanoiiao. A aeeiaeanoiiao AE ninoaaeye 3,3(0,3, aeinoiaa?ii ioee/aeny io ano?ioeeoii oeie/aneie no?oeoo?u (?<0,001). Ai anao neo/ayo ceiea/anoaaiiuo aeeii, eioi?ua eco/aeenue iaoiaeii TUNEL, yaeaiee aiiioica a yiaeioaeeaeueiii neia ninoaeia ia iaaethaeaeinue, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aeeneaiaoe/aneii i?ioeanna, iaoneiaeaiiii oiene/aneei aeeyieai iiooiee. Aunieea o?iaie iaoieiae/aneeo ieoicia e, eae ?acoeueoao yoiai aieueoia eiee/anoai iee?iyaea?, a ceiea/anoaaiiuo aeeiiao, iaoneaaeeaatho iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?eiaiaiey aeey aecoaeecaoeee aiiioiciuo oaeaoe eioiiaenoioiie/aneeo e yeaeo?iiii - iee?ineiie/aneeo iaoiaeee enneaaeiaaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi o/anoea a eeieaeiii iaiaia ninoaeia iicaa a ciia ?inoa aeeaeueiuo iiooieae iiaeii n/eoaoue iaeiei ec iieacaoaeae noaiaie eo ceiea/anoaaiiinoe e oaiiia eo ?ani?ino?aiaiey. Naeaeaoaeuenoaii ii?oi -ooieoeeiiaeueiie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe iiaiia?aciaaiiuo ninoaeia iiooiee yaeyaony ionoonoaea i?eciaeia eo o/anoey a i?ioeannao ?aci?aoeee i?iaeoeoia eeieaeiiai iaiaia. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou, a niiinoaaeaiee n eino?oiaioaeueiuie enneaaeiaaieyie (aiaeia?aoey, eiiiuethoa?iay oiiia?aoey, iaaieoii-yaea?ii-?aciiainiay oiiia?aoey) iicaieyo ?ac?aaioaoue iaeaieaa iioeiaeueiua oe?o?ae/aneea aeinooiu, iainiiaaiii ieaie?iaaoue iauai iia?aoeaiiai aiaoaoaeuenoaa i?e aeeiiao eiaii-aeni/iie iaeanoe n oeaeueth i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey ?acaeoey aaiiaeeiaie/aneeo ineiaeiaiee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aieiaiie iica, aeeaeueiua iiooiee, iaaeno?aeueiua ninoaeu, acaeiiioiioaiey, oiiia?aoey, no?oeoo?a. SUMMARY Malysheva T.A. Interrelationship between glial tumors and between cerebral in the fronto-temporal area.- Manuscript. Thesis on fulfillment the requirements of scientific grade of candidate of medical sciences in speciality 14.01.05. - “Neurosyrgery”. -Institute of Neurosyrgery named after acad. A. P. Romodanov Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine. Kyiv.1999. The main goal of the study is to improve the results of surgery in the treatment of supratentorial gliomas. The features of fronto-temporal gliomas were investigated in 119 cases. We defined topographic types of neuroectodermal tumors from pointed above area and followed the ways of their predominant expantion. As well we studies interrelationship between gliomas of different malignancy grades and vascular wall layers. Definition of the tumor malignancy grade was based on evaluation of apoptosis. Obtained results together with data of instrumental investigations allows to elaborate adequate surgical approaches, to plan the “completeness” of tumor removal and prevent hemodynamic complications in patients with fronto-temporal gliomas. Key words: brain, glial tumors, blood vessels, interrelationship, topography, structure. PAGE 17

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