3

AIEEINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? EAN? OE?A?IEE

Aeaieeaae/ Ie?ineaaa Aanee?aia

OAeE 796. 071.5: 371.037.044

NI?AI?AOess N?I’? OA OEIEE O O?CE*IIIO AEOIAAII? O*I?A NA?AAeIUeIAI
OE?EUeIIAI A?EO

24. 00. 02 — O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy

??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe

c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo

Eooeuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio ?inoeooo? o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Nieiiiiei
Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/, Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e, aeioeaio eaoaae?e oai??? ? iaoiaeeee o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eooe
Ieaenaiae? Na?a?eiae/, A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. Ieoaeea Eioethaeinueeiai, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oai??? ?
iaoiaeeee o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? In?i/oe Aieiaeeie? A?eai?iae/,
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a oai??? ? iaoiaeeee o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 15 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo ia 1100 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.32.051.02 Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee ca aae?anith: 263000, i.
Eooeuee, aoe. Aeiie/aiea, 30.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (263000, i. Eooeuee, aoe.
Aeiie/aiea, 30).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 12 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oeueinue A.A

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue. Noai caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy no/anii? Oe?a?ie ia?
oaiaeaioe?th aei iia??oaiiy. Oea iaoiiaeth?oueny iineeaiiyi iaaaoeaieo
aieea?a aeieia?/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo oa ?ioeo oaeoi??a. O
no/anieo oiiaao iaeiei c aoaeoeaieo oa aeinooiieo cania?a i?ioieaeoeee
caoai?thaaiinoi, i?aeaeuaiiy ?icoiiai? oa o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?,
i?iaaaeaiiy aeica?eey oeiey??a ? o?ce/ia eoeueoo?a (E.?.Eoaeoaaa, 1994;
A.I.?eaae, 1995; A.E.Aaeuenaae/, 1996; ?.Eicaoia, 1996; A.I.Oeyi, 1998).

Noaoenoeea na?ae/eoue, ui i?e anooii aei oeiee ?iciiiaiioii aiaeoeeaiiy
o noaii caei?ia’y ia? eiaeia o?aoy aeeoeia, a aei eiioey iaa/aiiy o
aeaa’yoiio eeani — eiaeia ae?oaa (I.I.Aaeae???aa, 1995; N.?.I?enyaeithe,
1998). O 10-20% no/anieo oeiey??a aeyaeaii iaaeeeoeiao iano oiea; o
30-40% — caoai?thaaiiy iiniaeioee; o 20-40% — ii?ooaiiy iinoaae; o 50% —
aeaoaeoe ci?o ? ia?aiai-ineo?/i? a?aeoeeaiiy; o 50-60% — noeeuei?noue
aei /anoeo caoai?thaaiue (A.Aeia?einueeee, 1997; I.Ae.Aeoaiaae, 1998;
I.N.Eooe, 1998; TH.I.Oe?aao?e, 1998).

Eieueeinoue caei?iaeo aeioneieeia oeie, ca aeaieie ??cieo oao?aoe?a, a
inoaii? ?iee noaiiaeea a?ae 5 aei 25% (I.?.Aeie?oi?e, N.I.Ceoiei, 1997,
A.A.Aeiiaoaiei, 1998). Na?aae aeioneiee?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e 40%
o/i?a iathoue o?ii?/i? caoai?thaaiiy, eiaeai o?ao?e thiae ia
i?eceaa?oueny ia a?enueeiao neoaeao ca noaiii caei?ia’y (A.?.Aeooia,
1994; TH.I. I?eiea?a, 1997; O.A.Ia/a?aiei, 1997).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaei??th c i?e/ei ??ciiiai?oieo a?aeoeeaiue o o?ce/iiio
?icaeoeo ? noai? caei?ia’y ae?oae ? iaaeinoaoiy ?ooiaa aeoeai?noue,
ianya yei? c eiaeiei ?ieii ciaioo?oueny (A.I.Io?ca, 1991; A.A.Nooa??a,
1991; A.N.ssceiaaoeueeee, 1991; I.A.Ea?iooei, N.A.Iini?eiaa, 1997;
?.C.Iioaoithe, 1997). O?iee o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e eiiiainothoue iaiaoiaeiee
aeey aeeoy/iai i?aaiicio ia’?i ?ooiai? aeoeaiinoi eeoa ia 11-13%
(A.A.Eaiiiaa, I.N.Aeai/oe, 1991, A.O. Iiainaeuenueeee, 1994;
O.A.Ai?oaoeueea, 1998).

I?e?iaeiy iio?aaa aeeoeie o ?ooao ii/eia? iiiioii cieaeoaaoeny o
na?aaei?o eeanao, a a noa?oeo eeanao ana aieueoa eieueeinoue oeiey?ia ia
aaaea? caeiaoeny oice/iith eoeueoo?ith (TH.A.Eiieeia, 1986; A.A.Aaeee,
1990; A.I.?aaiiaa, 1997). Oiio, aeoaea aaaeeeai nai?/anii noi?ioaaoe o
aeioae iio?aao o nenoaiaoe/iie oice/iie aeoeaiinoi. Iaeaieueo
ni?eyoeeaei aeey oeueiai aaaaea?oueny na?aaeiie oeieueiee aie, ine?eueee
o oeueiio aioei aiaeaoaathoueny cia/ii ciiie oice/iiai oa ineoi/iiai
?icaeoeo aeeoeie, caeeaaeathoueny iniiae caei?ia’y, iaeaooiio cae/ie,
oi?iothoueny iiaeyaee ia aeeooy, iioa?ane, ?ene oa?aeoa?o i naiaeiiinoue
(I.A.Eiceaiei, 1985; A.E.Aaeuenaae/, A.A.Caii?iaeaiia, 1987;
A.I.Aiaaeaiia, 1989).

Ia aeaiee /an oeiea oa iicaoeieueii caeeaaee ia iiaeooue naiinoieii
ae?ioeoe oe? ieoaiiy, oiio nii’y iiaeiia a cia/iie ii?i aeiiiiaaaoe ?i.
Niiai?aoey nii’? oa oeiee, ca oiia ?? aoaeoeaii? i?aaiicaoei?, iiaea
noaoe nooo?aei aaaeaeai aeoeaicaoei? caeo/aiiy aeioae aei caiyoue
oice/iith eoeueoo?ith (A.I.Aaeeia, 1987; A.A.Eiia?, 1993; I.I.Aeieoe?ia,
1993; I.Ae.Aeoaiaae, E.A.Ua?aaiue, 1998).

Ca inoaiii ?iee, o ca’yceo ci neeaaeiei nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/iei
noaiiaeuai o noniieuenoai, a cia/iie ii?i ii?ooeeenue o?aaeeoeieii
ca’ycee nii’? oa oeiee o oice/iiio aeoiaaii? aeioae (A.A.Aaeaoa?e?,
1990; O.A.E?aa/aiei, 1993; A.O.Aeaa?ia, 1994; N.N.Iiaeeiaa, 1994). Oiio
inio? iio?aaa o ?ic?iaoe? no/anieo oeyo?a, iaoiae?a, oi?i, cania?a
oice/iiai aeoiaaiiy oeiey?ia a oiiaao aca?iiaei? nii’? oa oeiee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
ia i?aenoaa? Caaaeaiiai ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe o noa??
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo ia 1998-2000 ??. ca oaiith 1.4.5: “Iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe
oice/iiai aeoiaaiiy a aea?aeaai?e nenoai? ina?oe”.

Iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy: ?ic?iaeoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oiooaaoe
i?ia?aio ni?ai?aoe? nii’? oa oeiee o oice/iiio aeoiaaii? o/i?a
na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Ocaaaeueieoe aeina?ae oai??? ? i?aeoeee c ieoaiue ni?ai?aoe? nii’? oa
oeiee o oice/iiio aeoiaaii? o/i?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo.

2. Aeine?aeeoe iieacieee o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo ? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
oeiey??a 11-13 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa.

3. Aea/eoe noaaeaiiy o/i?a oa ?o aaouee?a aei o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ?
nii?oo, a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aei ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee.

4. Aecia/eoe aieea ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee ia
aoaeoeai?noue o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oeiey??a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

— ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee o
no/anieo oiiaao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ae?oae na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo;

— neeaaeaia i?ia?aia (oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy, oi?ie, iaoiaee, caniae)
ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? o/i?a na?aaeiueiai
oe?eueiiai a?eo;

— aia?oa eiiieaenii aeine?aeaeaii noaaeaiiy a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e
? aaouee?a aei ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee; aaouee?a oa o/i?a ??ciiai
??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ?
nii?oii;

— aeiiiaiai? oa eiie?aoeciaai? a?aeiiino? i?i o?ce/iee ?icaeoie ?
o?ce/io i?aeaioiaeai?noue oeiey??a 11-13 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa;

— io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aeine?aeaeaiiy i?i iiceoeaiee aieea
?ooiai? aeoeaiino? ia o?ce/iee noai oeiey??a 12 ?ie?a .

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o oiio, ui:

— ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a na?aaeiueiai
oe?eueiiai a?eo aaoi?nueeo i?ia?aio ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee, yea
ni?eyea i?aeaeuaiith ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oeiey??a;

— aeiiiaiaii iiaeie aeaieie iaa/aeueiee eo?n “Oai??y ? iaoiaeeea
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy” aeey nooaeaio?a Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e a ?icae?e? “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i? iniiae
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ae?oae oe?eueiiai a?eo”;

— ?ic?iaeaii oi?o?eiaai? ioe?ii/i? oaaeeoe? ie?aieo iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai
?icaeoeo ? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o/i?a 11-13 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai eiio?ieth ca o?ce/iei noaiii oeiey??a;

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? oi?o?eiaaieo ioe?ii/ieo
oaaeeoeue ie?aieo iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo ? o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? oeiey??a 11-13 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa. Aaoi?ii neeaaeaia
i?ia?aia ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee o no/anieo oiiaao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy
o/i?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo ? aecia/aii ?? aieea ia iieacieee
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, o?ce/ii? oa ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?,
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa noai caei?ia’y 12-??/ieo oeiey??a i.
Eueaiaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia eiioa?aioe?yo ??cieo ??ai?a. A ?o /ene? i?aeia?iaei?:
“O?ceoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?ia’y iaoe??” (A?iieoey, 1994, 1998),
“I?iaeaiu oece/aneiai ainieoaiey e nii?oa a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo”
(Eae?i?ia?aae, 1997); Anaoe?a?inuee?: “Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie”
(Euea?a, 1999), “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie icaei?ia/i? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e,
nii?oo aeey ?iaae?ae?a oa aaeaieia?? a iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao Oe?a?ie”
(E??iaia?aae, 1997), “O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a ye oaeoi? ci?oeiaiiy caei?ia’y
ae?oae ? iieiae? a no/anieo oiiaao” (Iaeana, 1994); ui??/i?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e (1994-1999 ??.).

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ? iaaiai?ai? ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
oai??? ? iaoiaeeee o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e (1994-1997 ?iee); ia iaae?aaeao NO ?? 54,
79 i. Eueaiaa (1995-1998 ?iee).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 17 ?ia?o, a
oiio /ene? 5 noaoae o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo Oe?a?ie ? 12 — o ca??eao
iaoa??ae?a ? oac eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
196 noi??ieao ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoe?a.
?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 43 oaaeeoeyie ? 7 ?enoieaie. O i?aoe? aeei?enoaii
269 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, c yeeo 27 — ?iicaiieo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie; aecia/aii iaoo oa
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy; ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a; iienaii noa?o
ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, cacia/aii e?euee?noue
ioae?eaoe?e, no?oeoo?o oa ianya aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “I?iaeaie ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio
aeoiaaii? oeiey??a” iiaeaii aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c
i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. E?oa?aoo?iee iaeyae aena?oeth?: caeiiiaeaa/? oa
i?ia?aiii-ii?iaoeai? iniiae o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ae?oae ia no/aniiio
aoai?; aieea ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? ia caei?ia’y ? ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai
i?aai?cio o/i?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo; iniaeeaino? o?ce/iiai
?icaeoeo i?aee?oe?a; oi?ioaaiiy o oeiey??a ?ioa?ano oa iioeaaoe?? aei
o?ceoeueoo?ieo caiyoue; ci?no o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o n?i’?; ni?ai?aoey
n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? ae?oae.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaeeea ? i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy” iienaii
ci?no oa i?ioeaaeo?o canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, a naia: aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae c ieoaiue o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a; iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo,
nioe?ieia?/ieo oa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy; iaoiae?a
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo oeiey??a cae?enithaaeiny c
aeei?enoaiiyi aio?iiiiao??? (aecia/aeenue aeiaaeeia, iana o?ea oa
ie?oaei?noue a?oaeii? ee?oee).

??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oeiey??a aecia/aany ca aeiiiiiaith
“Aea?aeaaieo oano?a ? ii?iaoea?a ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie” (1996).

?ooiaa aeoeai?noue aea/aeanue ca iaoiaeeeith A.A.Eaiiiai? (1991),
iiaeeo?eiaaiith I.N.Eooeii (1997). Ae?aoiaoaaany ?iaeaen ?ooiai?
aeoeaiino? oeiey?a ca oeaeaeaiue.

Ioe?iea o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? oeiey??a cae?enithaaeanue ca
aeiiiiiaith noai-oanoo. ?ic?aooiie i?iaiaeeany ca oi?ioeith A.E.Ea?iiaia
(1974) ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie N.A.Oeoa?inueeiai, N.A.O?ouiaa (1980). Ia
iniia? aeaieo noai-oanoo, ca ??aiyiiyi ?aa?an??, ?ic?aoiaoaaany iieaciee
iaeneiaeueiiai niiaeeaaiiy eenith.

Ca iaoiaeeeith I.A.Ceeiaa (1974), iiaeeo?eiaaiith A.A.Iaaeueiaaiei
(1988) aecia/aeenue oae? iieacieee ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?: /an
aiae?co iaeiiai ciaeo, oaeaee?noue ia?a?iaee ci?iai? ?ioi?iaoe??,
eiao?oe??io oi/iino?, eiao?oe??io i?iaeoeoeaiino?, /an i?inoi? ?ooiai?
?aaeoe??, iieaciee ei?ioeio?eaaei? iai’yo?. Oaeiae aiae?coaaany
na?aaei?e aae oni?oiino? iaa/aiiy o/i?a ai?iaeiaae iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo.

Aaiiaeeiai?ee oeiey??a 12 ?ie?a ioe?ithaaeanue ca iieacieeaie
iaeneiaeueiiai ? i?i?iaeueiiai a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo, /anoioe na?oeaaeo
nei?i/aiue ca 1 oa., ioeueniaiai oeneo, nenoie?/iiai oa oaeeeiiiai
ia’?io e?ia?, na?aaeiueiai a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo, oaea?iiai ? na?oeaaiai
?iaeaen?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie
cae?enithaaeinue ?c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao??. Aaaaoaoeaia
?aaoeyoe?y na?oeaaiai ?eoio o ae?oae aea/aeanue iaoiaeii iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co noa ea?ae?i?ioa?aae?a ca iaoiaeeeith ?.I.Aa?anueeiai (1975),
aaeineiiaeaiith ca aeiiiiiaith naeniiea?ae?ia?ao?/iiai aeao/eea
NEA-SA2893234NI ? 864. ?ic?aooiee i?iaiaeeeenue ca iaoiaeeeith
A.A.Nao?iiiai? (1984).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aei aeae?eueea aoai?a. Ia ia?oiio aoai?
(1994-1995 ??.) aea/aeanue iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia e?oa?aoo?a oa
cae?enithaaeanue i?aeaioia/a ?iaioa aei i?iaaaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai
aenia?eiaioo.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (1995-1996 ??.) i?iaiaeeany eiinoaooth/ee
iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio. Aecia/aeenue iieacieee o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo ?
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o/i?a 11-13 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa. Aoei ianoaaeaii
700 oeiey??a, a?aeianaieo ca noaiii caei?ia’y aei iniiaii? iaaee/ii?
a?oie. Aeae?, ia iniia? aieaooaaiiy, aea/aeinue noaaeaiiy ae?oae oa ?o
aaouee?a (700 in?a) aei o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo oa a/eoae?a o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e (33 iniae) aei ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aeine?aeaeaiue aoea neeaaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia i?ia?aia ni?ai?aoe?
(oi?ie, caniae oa iaoiaee) n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? o/i?a
na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? (o 1996-1997 iaa/aeueiiio ?ioe?) ia aac? NO ?54 ? ?79
i. Eueaiaa i?iaiaeeany iniiaiee iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio. O iueiio
a?aei o/anoue 95 o/i?a 12 ?ie?a oa ?o aaoueee. C /enea o/i?a aoei
noi?iiaaii /ioe?e a?oie, ie?aii oeii/ee?a ? ae?a/aoie: aea? eiio?ieuei?
? aea? aenia?eiaioaeuei?. Aecia/aany aieea ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie
ni?ai?aoe? ia aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oeiey??a ca
iieacieeaie ?o o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, o?ce/ii? oa ?icoiiai?
i?aoeacaeaoiino?, ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Oa?aeoa?enoeea iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo ?
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oeiey??a” iiaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ianoaaeaiiy
o/i?a 11-13 ?ie?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e i. Eueaiaa.

Aeyaeaii cia/io iaiaeii??aei?noue iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo (V=6.2
-51.8%) oa ??ci? oaiie ?o i?e?inoo c 11 aei 13 ?ie?a. Iaeaeu? oaiie
i?e?inoo aeiaaeeie, iane o?ea oa ie?oaeiino? a?oaeii? ee?oee cao?eniaaii
o ae?oae a ia??iae c 11 aei 12 ?ie?a.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo na?ae/eoue i?i
iayai?noue nooo?aeo ?ica?aeiinoae (p<0.05) i?ae oeiey?aie i. Eueaiaa oa i?no oeaio?aeueii? ciie Oe?a?ie. Oae, oaiie i?e?inoo aeiaaeeie o?ea aeu? o oeii/ee?a c oeaio?aeueii? ciie Oe?a?ie oa ae?a/aoie-euea?a’yiie; iane o?ea - o ae?a/aoie i. Eueaiaa; a?aenooi? ?ica?aeiino? ca iieacieeaie iane o?ea o oeii/ee?a oa ie?oaeiino? a?oaeii? ee?oee o oeii/ee?a ? ae?a/aoie 11-13 ?ie?a. Ioe?iea ??aiy o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo aeyaeea, ui 8.3% ianoaaeaieo oeii/ee?a iathoue iecueeee ??aaiue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo; 15.0% - ieae/a na?aaeiueiai; 36.8% - na?aaei?e; 29.7% - aeua na?aaeiueiai oa 10.2% - aenieee ??aaiue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ye?nii? ioe?iee ae?a/aoea i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae oeii/ee?a: 7.2% - iecueeee; 13.9% - ieae/a na?aaeiueiai; 34.7% - na?aaei?e; 32.1% - aeua na?aaeiueiai ? 12.1% - aenieee ??aaiue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo. Aiae?c iieaciee?a o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oeii/ee?a iieacaa, ui ca iniiaieie o?ce/ieie yeinoyie o ieo niinoa??aa?oueny iinooiiaa c?inoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a o a?eiaiio ae?aiacii? c 11 aei 13 ?ie?a. Aeiyoie neeaaeathoue ?acoeueoaoe oanoo ia aio/e?noue, ye? cieaeothoueny. O ae?a/aoie ??aiii??ia c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a cao?eniaaii eeoa a ?acoeueoaoao a?ao ia 1500 i oa caeiaiiy-?icaeiaiiy ?oe a oii?? eaaea/e. O iieacieeao ?ioeo /ioe?ueio aei?iaoaaiue (a?a 60 i, /iaieeiaee a?a 4 o 9 i, iaoeee ooeoaa aia?aae c iieiaeaiiy neaey/e, no?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noey) niinoa??aathoueny no?eaeiiiae?ai? ci?ie: ?acoeueoaoe aai aeaui cieaeothoueny c a?eii, aai c?inoathoue. Ioe?iea ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iieacaea, ui 23.4% ianoaaeaieo oeii/ee?a iathoue iecueeee; 26.1% - ieae/a na?aaeiueiai; 29.2% - na?aaei?e; 17.5% - aeua na?aaeiueiai oa eeoa 3.8% - aenieee ??ai? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? 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00002d010300040000002d010500040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d010400 040000002d010200040000002d010100050000000102ffffff0005000000090200000000 070000001604e800540200000000040000002d010000040000002d010300040000002d01 0500040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d010400040000002d01020004000000 2d010100050000000102ffffff0005000000090200000000070000001604420097001000 58000400000004010d00040000000201010012000000320a14005a0007000000e2e8f1ee eae8e90008000900070009000800090009000d000000320a2900670004000000352c3425 0800040008000d00040000002d010000040000002d010300040000002d01050004000000 2701ffff030000001e00040000002d010400040000002d010200040000002d0101000500 00000102ffffff0005000000090200000000070000001604e80054020000000004000000 2d010000040000002d010300040000002d010500040000002701ffff030000001e000400 00002d010400040000002d010200040000002d010100050000000102ffffff0005000000 090200000000070000001604e80054020000000007000000fc02010000000000ffff0400 00002d01060004000000f001020007000000fc020000000000000000040000002d010200 04000000f0010600040000002d01000004000000f0010100040000002701ffff05000000 0c02e8005402030000001e00050000000102ffffff000500000009020000000004000000 2701ffff050000000b0200000000030000001e00050000000102ffffff00050000000902 00000000040000002701ffff0300000000000900090004000400090004000e0009000900 09000900070007000600090008000c0009000a0007000000000000000000000000000000 0000 ?en. 2. ??ai? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? ae?a/aoie 11-13 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa O ae?a/aoie anoaiiaeaii ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe: 28.3% - iecueeee; 25.2% - ieae/a na?aaeiueiai; 24.9% - na?aaei?e; 16.2% - aeua na?aaeiueiai oa 5.4% - aenieee ??ai? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? (?en.2). Ioaea, /aoaa?oa /anoeia oeiey??a 11-13 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa iathoue iecueeee ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. Aeey caaacia/aiiy iiaiioe?iiiai caei?ia’y oeei oeiey?ai iaiao?aeii eiai i?aeaeueoe. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Noaaeaiiy oeiey??a oa aaouee?a aei o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo, a/eoae?a o?ceoeueoo?e aei ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee” ia iniia? aieaooaaiiy anoaiiaeaii ieceo noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia o?ceoeueoo?io aeoeai?noue ae?oae. Iniiaieie oaeoi?aie caeo/aiiy o/i?a aei caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii o a?eueiee /an, ia aeoieo ae?oae oa ?o aaouee?a, ? aieea ae?oc?a (38.8% ae?oae ? 34.7% aaouee?a), /eai?a n?i’? (a?aeiia?aeii 36.5% ? 54.9%) oa a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e (a?aeiia?aeii 31.7% ? 23.3%). Aea/aii iayai?noue oiia aeey caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie o/i?a aaeiia. A?eueo?noue ae?oae (71.7%) iathoue eeoa i?noea aeey caiyoue; 19.8% - acaaae? ia iathoue oiia aeey caiyoue ? 8.5% - iathoue niaoe?aeueii iaeaaeiai? nii?oeai? eooi/ee. O oeiey??a i?ia?aeieie iioeaaie aei caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii ? aaaeaiiy: iaoe i?oeia caei?ia’y (62.8%), e?aneao o?ao?o (49.6%); iie?aueoe iano??e (48.5%); aooe o?ce/ii neeueiei (45.9%), ni?iiiaeiei iinoiyoe ca naaa (43.4%). Iaeiae, na?aae caiyoue, yeei ae?oe oa aaoueee iaaeathoue ia?aaaao ia aeica?ee?, ia?oa i?noea iin?aea? ia?aaeyae oaeai?ia?ai. Iniiaieie i?e/eiaie, ui ia?aoeiaeaeathoue o/iyi caeiaoeny o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ? nii?ii iacaai?: a?aenooi?noue a?eueiiai /ano (26.5%); a?aenooi?noue oiia aeey caiyoue ca i?noeai i?iaeeaaiiy (20.2%); caiyooy a?eueo oe?eaaeie ni?aaaie (18.9%). Aaoueee ia ni?eythoue caeo/aiith ae?oae aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie iae/ano?oa /a?ac a?ae a?eueiiai /ano (31.2%) oa aoiio i?ney ?iaioe (18.5%). Caoiaee, ye? canoiniaothoueny aaoueeaie o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? ae?oae, iinyoue, ye i?aaeei, o?aaiaioa?iee oa?aeoa? ? ?o iaaeinoaoiuei aeey noeioeyoe?? ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oeiey??a. Ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? aaouee?a - ?aniiiaeaio?a iio??aia eiinoeueoaoeaia aeiiiiiaa iaaeaaia?/iiai eieaeoeao oeiee c ieoaiue o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ae?oae. O i’yoiio ?icae?e? “Aieea iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo ia aeeiai?eo iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai noaio” iiaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo aenia?eiaioaeueii? i?ia?aie ni?ai?aoe? n?i? oa oeiee. Iniiai? ?? ?icae?ee: o?i/i? oi?ie caiyoue; iicao?i/i? caoiaee ca o/anoth oeiey??a oa aaouee?a; aa?oaoe?eii-i?ina?oieoeuee? caoiaee aeey aaouee?a; iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy oa aeio?eiaiiy i?aaee aaciaee; eiio?ieue ca ?aae?caoe??th i?ia?aie. Eiaeai c ?icae?e?a i?ia?aie eiie?aoeciaaii uiaei o/ano? a eiai ?aae?caoe?? aaouee?a, o/i?a, a/eoae?a, a oaeiae oa?i?i?a i?iaaaeaiiy. O ?acoeueoao? canoinoaaiiy cania?a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a ?aaeei? aeiy oeiee, iicao?i/ieo oi?iao caiyoue c aeei?enoaiiyi ?a?iaiai oa ciaaaeueiiai iaoiae?a, anoaiiaeaii noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiee i?e??no (p<0.05) ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oeiey??a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi. Oaiie eiai o oeii/ee?a ia 1.8% aeu?, i?ae o ae?a/aoie. Ca?eueoaiiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? ni?e/eieei ci?ie o iieacieeao o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o/i?a. Oae, ca /an iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo a?aeaoeeny a??ia?aei? ci?ie (p<0.05) o oeii/ee?a a ?acoeueoaoao /ioe?ueio aeae?a aei?iaoaaiue: a?a 60i oa 1500i, no?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noey, i?aeoyaoaaiiy ia ia?aeeaaeei?; o ae?a/aoie - o i’yoe aeaeao: a?a 60 i ? 1500 i, caeiaiiy ? ?icaeiaiiy ?oe a oii?? eaaea/e, /iaieeiaee a?a 4 o 9 i, iaoeee ooeoaa aia?aae c iieiaeaiiy neaey/e. O eiio?ieueieo a?oiao cao?eniaaii noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??i? ci?ie (p<0.05) eeoa o oeii/ee?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie a?ao ia 60 i. Ioe?iea o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iieacaea ciaioaiiy ia 8.9% e?eueeino? oeii/ee?a oa ia 8.3% ae?a/aoie c iecueeei oa a?aeiia?aeii ia 15.4% ? 11.4% - c ieae/a na?aaeiueiai ??aiyie o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. ?acii c oei, ca?eueoeeanue ia 9.8% ? 10.6% e?euee?noue ae?oae c aeua na?aaeiueiai oa ia 8.3% ? 6.2% c aenieei ??aiyie o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. Ioaea, aeuaiaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oeii/ee?a ? ae?a/aoie aiane?aeie canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee. Ca ia??iae aenia?eiaioo a?aeaoeeny noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aei? ci?ie (p<0.05) o iieacieeao o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ae?oae (?en. 3). C?ooaiiy a?eueo /?oei ae?aaeai? o oeii/ee?a: ?acoeueoaoe caaaeueii? o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? o ieo ca?eueoeeenue ia 72.5 eai/oa., o ae?a/aoie - ia 38.1 eai/oa. picscalex1000100090000038b0f00000d006f0000000000050000000902000000000500 00000102ffffff000400000004010d000400000002010200050000000c020c0168020300 00001e002d000000f7000003140000000000800000000080000080800000000080008000 800000808000c0c0c000c0dcc000a6caf000fffbf000a0a0a40080808000ff00000000ff 0000ffff00000000ff00ff00ff0000ffff00ffffff000400000034020000030000003500 040000002701ffff050000000b0200000000030000001e00050000000102ffffff000500 0000090200000000040000002701ffff030000001e00050000000102ffffff0005000000 0902000000000700000016040c01680200000000040000002701ffff030000001e000500 00000102ffffff00050000000902000000000700000016040c0168020000000004000000 2701ffff030000001e00050000000102ffffff0005000000090200000000070000001604 070163020500050007000000fc020100000000000000040000002d01010009000000fa02 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ffffff0005000000090200000000040000002701ffff050000000b020000000003000000 1e00050000000102ffffff00050000000902000000000400000034020000040000002701 ffff030000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 O iieacieeao a?aeiinii? o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? niinoa??aaeinue iacia/ia (p>0.05) i?aeaeuaiiy ?acoeueoao?a. 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a?aeiia?aeii (?en.4).

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1e00040000002d010500040000002d010a00040000002d010700050000000102ffffff00
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0d000400000002010200070000001b040901ff02f100f10204000000020101000a000000
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00002d010b00050000000102ffffff00050000000902000000000700000016044c014b03
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030000001e00040000002d010500040000002d010a00040000002d010b00050000000102
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0f000000320a1d01080305000000cfb3f1ebff00110005000c000e000d00040000002d01
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2d010500040000002d010700040000002d010b00050000000102ffffff00050000000902
000000000700000016044c014b03e000e602040000002d010800040000002d010a000400
00002d010600040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d010500040000002d010700
040000002d010b00050000000102ffffff00050000000902000000000700000016040903
560300000000040000002d010800040000002d010a00040000002d010600040000002701
ffff030000001e00040000002d010500040000002d010700040000002d010b0005000000
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0100000000000000040000002d010c0004000000f0010700040000002d01090004000000
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050000000b0200000000030000001e00050000000102ffffff0005000000090200000000
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34020000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

?en. 4. Aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a oaeaeeino? ia?a?iaee ci?iai? ?ioi?iaoe??
oeiey??a 12 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa ca ia??iae aenia?eiaioo

Aeai? “oaii?ia-oanoo” (noia e?aiie ca 20 n) iieacaee noaoenoe/ii
a??ia?aeia (p < 0.05) ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iaianaieo e?aiie ? nei?i/aiiy /ano i?inoi? ?ooiai? ?aaeoe?? o oeii/ee?a - ia 9.7%. Oea aeaco? ia iie?auaiiy o ieo oaeaeeino? oa eii?aeeiaoe?? ?oo?a. O ae?a/aoie c?inoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aoei iaaeinoia??ia ? neeaaeaei eeoa 1.5%. Iieacieee ei?ioeio?eaaei? iai’yo? a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao a?ae/ooieo ci?i ai?iaeiaae iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo ia caciaee (p>0.05): o
oeii/ee?a aiie i?aeaeueeenue ia 2.1%, o ae?a/aoie cieceeenue ia 5.6%.

Aeyaeaii, ui o ae?a/aoieaenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie ia ii/aoeo oa a e?ioe?
iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo e?euee?noue ia?aaeyiooeo, i?aaeeueii oa iai?aaeeueii
cae?aneaieo ciae?a, eiao?oe??io i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa /an aiae?co iaeiiai
ciaeo aoee e?aueie (p<0.05), i?ae o oeii/ee?a. E??i oiai, o ieo, ca aeaieie oaii?ia-oanoo, aoa ei?iooei /an i?inoi? ?ooiai? ?aaeoe??. Aiae?c na?aaeiueiai aaeo oni?oiino? iaa/aiiy oeiey??a na?ae/eoue i?i eiai i?aeaeuaiiy c ia?oi? ii /aoaa?oo /aa?o?: o oeii/ee?a ia 10.8%, o ae?a/aoie - ia 5.7%. O eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ?acoeueoaoe oni?oiino? ia c?inee: o oeii/ee?a aiie caeeoeeenue aac ci?i, a o ae?a/aoie aeaui cieceeenue. Ia a?aei?io a?ae eiio?ieueieo a?oi, a aenia?eiaioaeueieo niinoa??aaeinue iinooiiaa c?inoaiiy oni?oiino? c ia?oi? ii /aoaa?oo /aa?o?. Iaea?eueo iii?oiee i?e??no ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi a?aeaoany o ae?oaiio i?a??//?, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueii? i?ia?aie. Aea/aiiy noaio neeai?iiy noiie iieacaei, ui canoinoaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo eiiieaen?a ai?aa ni?ey? ei?aeoe?? noiie, iniaeeai ia ii/aoeia?e noaae?? ieineinoiiino?. Iai?oeeanue oaiaeaioe?y aei iie?auaiiy noaio caei?ia’y o/i?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi: ciaioeeanue e?euee?noue i?iione?a /a?ac oai?iao iaa/aeueieo aei?a ca ??e o oeii/ee?a - ia 9.2%, o ae?a/aoie - ia 10.2%. Cao?eniaaii aaeaioaoe?ei? ci?ie iieaciee?a aaiiaeeiai?ee. Oae, /anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue, oaeeeiiee ia’?i e?ia?, ia?eoa??eiee noaeeiiee ii??, oaea?iee ? na?oeaaee ?iaeaene i?ae aieeaii iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo aeinoia??ii (p<0.05) cieceeenue . Ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?aie anoaiiaeaii oaeiae iiceoeai? aaeaioaoe?ei? ci?ie o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio noai? i?iea?aeo: iaea?eueo? c?ooaiiy aeyaeaii o iieacieeao na?oeaaiai oeeeeo, noie coaoe?a R o o?ueio noaiaea?oieo a?aeaaaeaiiyo oa aiie?ooaee coaoey TIII. O ae?a/aoie ci?ie iaio ae?aci?, i?ae o oeii/ee?a. Aiae?c ia?aiao??a aa??aoe?eii? ioeuenia?aie iieacaa iiceoeai? ci?ie aaaaoaoeaii? ea?ae?i?aaoeyoe??: ia?eoa??eiee eiioo? aaaaoaoeaii? ea?ae?i?aaoeyoe?? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iineeaiiyi aieea?a ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie (na?aaei?, iaeneiaeueia ? i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy ea?ae?ioeeeeo), a oeaio?aeueiee eiioo? (ca ?.I.Aa?anueeei, 1975) - iineeaiiyi neiiaoeeioii?/ieo aieea?a (aiie?ooaea iiaee, ?iaeaen iai?oaeaiiy). Oe? ci?ie ea?ae?i?aaoeyoe?? a?aeia?aaeathoue ii/aoeia? i?ioeane aaeaioaoe??, ye ca aeaieie ia?aneiiaoe/ieo, oae ? neiiaoeeioii?/ieo aieea?a. Ca aeaieie naeniiea?ae?ia?aie iie?aueeanue nei?i/oaaeueia ooieoe?y na?oey: ca?eueoeeanue (p<0.05) aiie?ooaea ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai naeniiea?ae?ia?ao?/ieo eiiieaen?a. Oaeei /eiii, aiae?c eiiieaeno iieaciee?a i?aeoaa?aeea iiceoeaiee aieea aenia?eiaioaeueii? i?ia?aie ia o?ce/iee noai oeiey??a. O oinoiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy” c?iaeaii i?aenoiie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue. O ?iaio? aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii aieea ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? ae?oae ia iieacieee o?ce/ii? oa ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie. Aia?oa iaeii/anii aea/aeiny oa ni?anoaaeyeiny, c iaoith eii?aeeiaoe?? coneeue, noaaeaiiy a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? aaouee?a aei ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee; aaouee?a oa o/i?a ??ciiai ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii; Aeiiiaiaii a?aeiiino? i?i o?ce/iee ?icaeoie ? o?ce/io i?aeaioiaeai?noue oeiey??a 11-13 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa; Io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aeine?aeaeaiiy i?i iiceoeaiee aieea ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? ia o?ce/iee noai oeiey??a 12 ?ie?a ca iieacieeaie o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, o?ce/ii? oa ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie. AENIIAEE 1. Aiae?c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue, ui ieoaiiy ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? oeiey??a aena?oeaii ia a iiai?e i???. Aaaaoi/enaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii iecueeee ??aaiue ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? ae?oae na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo, iacaaeia?eueiee noai ?o caei?ia’y, iaaeinoaoi?e ?ioa?an aei o?ceoeueoo?ieo caiyoue oa ianoi?iiaai?noue iio?aae o nenoaiaoe/iiio ?o i?iaaaeaii? a eie? n?i’?. Na?aae iaeiioe?ai?oeo oi?i ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? iienothoueny oae?: aenooie a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ia caaaeueii-oe?eueieo aaouee?anueeeo cai?ao, eaeoe??, aan?aee, i?iaaaeaiiy a?aee?eoeo o?ie?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/? caoiaee ?c caeo/aiiyi aaouee?a, nii?oeai? aa/i?e. Iaeiae, o no/anieo oiiaao aiie i?aeoe/ii ia aeei?enoiaothoueny. 2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo ? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oeiey??a 11- 13 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa na?ae/aoue i?i: - i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo oeiey??a 11-13 ?ie?a ca aeaieie aeiaaeeie ?o o?ea, iane oa ie?oaeiino? a?oaeii? ee?oee; cia/iee ?iceeae ianoaaeaieo iieaciee?a (V = 6.2% - 51.8%). - iinooiia?noue c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o oeii/ee?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie caaaeueii? aeo?eaaeino?, neee, oaeaeeino?, oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo yeinoae oa ni?eoiino? c 11 aei 13 ?ie?a oa a?aenooi?noue i?e?inoo ca ?acoeueoaoaie aio/eino?. O ae?a/aoie c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a cao?eniaaia eeoa ca ?acoeueoaoaie caaaeueii? aeo?eaaeino? oa neee. 3. Ioe?iea iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo ? ?ooiai? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oeiey??a 11-13 ?ie?a i. Eueaiaa ca?aeii ?ic?iaeaieo oi?o?eiaaieo oaaeeoeue iieacaea: - iecueeee ??aaiue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo anoaiiaeaii o 8.3% oeii/ee?a ? 7.2% ae?a/aoie; ieae/a na?aaeiueiai - o 15.0% ? 13.9% a?aeiia?aeii; na?aaei?e - o 36.8% ? 34.7%; aeua na?aaeiueiai - o 29.7% ? 32.1% ? aenieee ??aaiue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo - o 12.2% ? 12.1% o/i?a; - iecueeee ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? cao?eniaaii o 23.0% oeii/ee?a ? 28.3% ae?a/aoie; ieae/a na?aaeiueiai - a?aeiia?aeii o 26.1% ? 25.2%; na?aaei?e - o 29.2% ? 24.9%; aeua na?aaeiueiai - o 17.5% ? 16.2% oa eeoa o 3.8% oeii/ee?a ? 5.4% ae?a/aoie - aenieee ??ai? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. 4. Nioe?ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei c’ynoaaoe noaaeaiiy o/i?a oa ?o aaouee?a aei o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo, a?aeiioaiiy a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aei ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee. Anoaiiaeaii, ui: - iniiaieie oaeoi?aie caeo/aiiy ae?oae aei o?ceoeueoo?ieo caiyoue ? aieea /eai?a n?i’? (54.9% aaouee?a ? 36.5% oeiey??a) oa ae?oc?a (34.7% aaouee?a ? 38.8% ae?oae); - i?ia?aeieie iioeaaie oeiey??a aei caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii aeciaii aaaeaiiy: iaoe i?oeia caei?ia’y, e?aneao o?ao?o; iie?aueoe iano??e ? naiiii/oooy; - iiceoeaia noaaeaiiy aaouee?a aei o?ceoeueoo?ieo caiyoue iineoue ia?aaaaeii aeaeea?aoeaiee oa?aeoa?, a?eueo?noue ?c ieo (69.1%) acaaae? ia caeiathoueny o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie o uiaeaiiiio aeeoo?; - cia/iee a?aenioie oeiey??a nenoaiaoe/ii ia caeia?oueny o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie /a?ac a?aenooi?noue ?ioa?ano aei caiyoue (35.4%) oa a?aenooi?noue oiia aeey caiyoue ca i?noeai i?iaeeaaiiy (20.2%); - ia?aoeiaeaeathoue aaoueeai caeo/aoe ae?oae aei ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oae? oaeoi?e: ianoi?iiaai?noue iio?aae o i?e (49.7%) oa ianoa/a niaoe?aeueieo ciaiue (10.6%); - ca aeioe?euei?noue ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? ae?oae aeneiaeeinue 87.8% a/eoae?a oa 52.3% aaouee?a, i?ioe - a?aeiia?aeii 6.1% oa 39.3%. 5. Aeiaaaeaii iaaeaaia?/io aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ia?aie ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? o/i?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo, ui iiceoeaii iicia/eeinue ia i?aeaeuaii? ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oeiey??a (o oeii/ee?a - ia 14.6%, o ae?a/aoie - ia 12.8%). 6. C?inoaiiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oeiey??a ni?eyei iie?auaiith: a) o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? (e?euee?noue o/i?a c aenieei ??aiai ca?eueoeeanue ia 6.2% -8.3% ; c aeua na?aaeiueiai - ia 9.8%-10.6%; a?aeiia?aeii c iecueeei oa ieae/a na?aaeiueiai ??aiyie ciaioeeanue ia 8.3% - 8.9% oa 11.4% - 15.4%); a) o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? (caaaeueia o?ce/ia i?aoeacaeaoi?noue o oeii/ee?a c?inea ia 13.8%, o ae?a/aoie - ia 9.1%; a?aeiinia o?ce/ia i?aoeacaeaoi?noue - ia 13.4% oa 4.2% a?aeiia?aeii); a) ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino? (iie?aueeenue iieacieee oaeaeeino? ia?a?iaee ci?iai? ?ioi?iaoe??, eiao?oe??io i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa /an i?inoi? ?ooiai? ?aaeoe??); a) ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (c?inee aaeaioaoe?ei? aaaioii?/i? aieeae ia ooieoe?? aaoiiaoecio oa i?ia?aeiino? na?oey; iie?aueeenue aia?aaoe/i? oa a?aeiiaethaaeuei? i?ioeane; i?aeaeueeanue nei?i/oaaeueia aeoeai?noue i?iea?aeo, ui iiaeia aaaaeaoe ii/aoeiaei i?iyaii aoaeoeaii? aaeaioaoe?? i?iea?aeo aei ca?eueoaii? ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?). ae) na?aaeiueiai aaeo oni?oiino? iaa/aiiy oeiey??a c ia?oi? ii /aoaa?oo /aa?o?: ( o oeii/ee?a iieaciee ca?eueoeany ia 10.8%, o ae?a/aoie - ia 5.7%). 7. O ?acoeueoao? iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo aeinyaiooi icaei?ia/ee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie (ia 9.8% ciaioeeanue e?euee?noue i?iiouaieo /a?ac oai?iao iaa/aeueieo aei?a o oeiey??a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi ai?iaeiaae iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo. Caaaeueia e?euee?noue i?iione?a ca ??e a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao ia 19.4% iaioa, i?ae o eiio?ieueieo). 8. I?iaaaeaiee iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio i?aeoaa?aeea iiceoeaiee aieea i?ia?aie ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee ia aoaeoeai?noue o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo, ui aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ?? aeey oe?ieiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e ? n?iaeiiai aeoiaaiiy. Nienie i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??: 1. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Ci?ie o iieacieeao o?ce/iiai noaio i?aee?oe?a i?ae aieeaii caoiae?a ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee // Iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo: Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue i?ae ?aae. ??iaeiaa N.N. - Oa?e?a: OOI?, 1999. - N5. - N.19-22. 2. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Aieea ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee ia aoaeoeai?noue o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo // Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie: Ca. iaoe. noaoae ani??aio?a aaeoc? o?ce/ia eoeueoo?a oa nii?o. - Euea?a: EAe?OE, 1999. - Aei. 3. - N.161-165. 3. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy - oo?aioa ni?eueia // Iaoa??aee III I?aeia?. iaoeiai-i?aeoe/. eiio. "O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?ia’y iaoe??". - *.I. - Ee?a-A?iieoey, 1998. - N.30-32. 4. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. I?ia?aia ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? o/i?a // Iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo: Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue i?ae ?aae. ??iaeiaa N.N. - Oa?e?a: OOI?, 1998. - N5. - N.8-9. 5. Aeaieeaae/ I. Oaeoi?e aieeao ia o?ce/io aeoeai?noue oeiey??a // Iaoeiaee a?niee Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Caei?ia’y, o?ce/ia eoeueoo?a ? nii?o. - N6. - 1997. - N.94-97. 6. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Aeooaeuei?noue aca?iiae?? n?i’? oa oeiee ia oeyoo ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? ae?oae // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y 3: Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y. - N2. - 1998. - N. 124-126. 7. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. ?ooiaa aeoeai?noue ? caei?ia’y oeiey??a // Iaoa??aee ?aa?iiaeueii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/. eiio. "I?iaeaie aeoea?caoe?? ?ae?aaoe?eii-icaei?ia/i? ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy". - Euea?a, 1998. - N.34-36. 8. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Ni?ai?aoey n?i’? oa oeiee - aaaeeeaee oaeoi? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy //Iaoa??aee ?aa?iiaeueii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/. eiio. "I?iaeaie aeoea?caoe?? ?ae?aaoe?eii-icaei?ia/i? ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy". - Euea?a, 1998. - N.29-31. 9. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Caei?iauea aeaoae - caaioa naiuee e oeieu // Iaoa?eaeu II ?aaeiiaeueiie iao/.-i?aeoe/. eiio. "Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oi?i e iaoiaeia oece/aneiai ainieoaiey o/aueony iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo oeie". - Aeoaane, 1997. - N.164-166. 10. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Nio?oaeie/anoai naiuee e oeieu a i?ioeanna oece/aneiai ainieoaiey o/aueony //Iaoa?eaeu Iaaeaeoia?. iao/ii-i?aeoe/. eiio. "I?iaeaiu oece/aneiai ainieoaiey e nii?oa a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo". - Eaeeieia?aae, 1997. - N.10-11. 11. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Aca?iiae?y n?i’? oa oeiee a i?ioean? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a // Iaoa??aee V anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/. eiio. "Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie icaei?ia/i? o?ceoeueoo?e, nii?oo aeey ?iaae?ae?a oa aaeaieia?? a iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao Oe?a?ie". - E??iaia?aae, 1997. - N.111-112. 12. Aeaieeaae/ I.A., Aaaec I.I. Aieea ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a ia ??aaiue o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e o/i?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo: Ca. iaoeiaeo ?ia?o "O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?ia’y". - Oa?e?a: OaAe?OE, 1997. - N.87-88. 13. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Noaaeaiiy aaouee?a oa ae?oae aei o?ceoeueoo?ieo caiyoue (ca iaoa??aeaie iieooaaiiy) // Oace Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/. eiio. "O?ceoeueoo?ia ina?oa: oeyoe ? iai?yiee ?? ?icaeoeo a no/anieo oiiaao". - E??iaia?aae, 1996. - N.73-75. 14. Nieiiiiei I.A., Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Ioe?iea oa aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o/i?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e i. Eueaiaa // Iaoa??aee I?aeia?. iaoeiai-i?aeoe/. eiio. "O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?ia’y iaoe??". - *.I. - A?iieoey: I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, 1994. - N.185-186. 15. Nieiiiiei I.A., Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Iieacieee o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo i?aee?oe?a 10-15 ?ie?a i, Eueaiaa // Oace Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/. eiio. "O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a ye oaeoi? ci?oeiaiiy caei?ia’y ae?oae ? iieiae? a no/anieo oiiaao". - Iaeana, 1994. - N.97-98. 16. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Iieacieee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oeii/ee?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo i. Eueaiaa // Oace Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/. eiio. "O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a ye oaeoi? ci?oeiaiiy caei?ia’y ae?oae ? iieiae? a no/anieo oiiaao". - Iaeana, 1994. - N.31-32. 17. Nieiiiiei I.A., Aeaieeaae/ I.A. I?iaeaie i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao Oe?a?ie // Oace I ?anioae?eainueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiio. "I?aeaioiaea niaoe?ae?no?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa nii?oo a Oe?a?i?". - Eooeuee: Iaaenoe?’y, 1994.- N.106-107. AIIOAOe?? Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Ni?ai?aoey n?i’? oa oeiee o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? o/i?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 24.00.02 - o?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy. - Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee, Eooeuee, 1999. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aea/aii aieea aaoi?nueei? i?ia?aie ni?ai?aoe? n?i’? oa oeiee ia aoaeoeai?noue o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo. Ca?eueoeeanue ?ooiaa aeoeai?noue oeiey??a, ui ni?e/eieei i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo ?ooiaeo yeinoae, aaniethoii? oa a?aeiinii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ae?oae. Cao?eniaaii iiceoeai? ci?ie o iieacieeao ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?. Aeyaeaii iie?auaiiy noaio caei?ia’y o/i?a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii? a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e i. Eueaiaa. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ooiaa aeoeai?noue, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy, o?ce/ia i?aeaioiaeai?noue, o?ce/ia ? ?icoiiaa i?aoeacaeaoi?noue, ni?ai?aoey n?i’? oa oeiee. Danylevych M.V. Family and School Collaboration in the Physical Education of Junior Secondary School Pupils. - Manuscript. Scientific Degree Candidate of Physical Education and Sport Science Thesis; specialty 24.00.02. - physical culture, physical education of different groups of population, Volun State University named after Lesya Ukrajinka, Lutsk, 1999. The research work deals with the questions of physical education of pupils aged 11-13. It is examined the unsatisfactory state of physical development and physical fitness of Lviv secondary schools pupils aged 11-13. Elaborated and approved programme of family and school collaboration is directed to rise the motor activity of pupils aged 12. It has been fixed its positive influence upon the results of physical development and physical fitness, physical and mental capacity for work and functional state of cardio - vascular system. Applying the programme of family and school collaboration let to increase the efficiency of junior secondary school pupils physical education. The main results of this research are applied into Lviv secondary schools working practice. Aim of investigation - to work out the programme of family and school collaboration in physical education of junior secondary school pupils and to prove it experimentally. Scientific novelty of obtained results lays in the following: - conceptual approach to problem of family and school collaboration in physical education of junior secondary school pupils has been elaborated: - the programme of family and school collaboration in physical education of junior secondary school pupils has been worked out; - parents and physical training teachers attitude to family and school collaboration is investigated in complex first; it is ascertained the attitude of parents and different level pupils of physical fitness to going in for physical culture and sport; - the data about physical development and physical fitness of Lviv pupils aged 11-13 are supplemented; - investigation concerns positive influence of motor activity upon physical state of pupils aged 12 has been obtained the furthers development. Practical importance of obtained results lays in the following: - authors programme of family and school collaboration which caused the increasing of pupils motor activity has been applied into practice: - theory and method course of students physical education in Lviv State Physical Culture and Sport Institute has been supplemented with a chapter “Theoretical and Methodical Basics of family and school collaboration in pupils physical education”; - unificated tables which evaluate the results of physical development and physical fitness of pupils aged 11-13 have been applied into practice of pedagogical control for pupils physical state. The Introduction gives the description of the actuality of the problem. The first chapter titled “Family and School Collaboration Problems in Physical Education of Pupils” gives the analysis and research generalization concerning problem of investigation. The second chapter titled “Methods and Organization of Investigation” puts up methods which were used for solution of raised problems: analysis and generalization of literary sources concerning physical education of pupils; medical and biological, sociological and pedagogical methods mathematical statistics. Investigation was being conducted during 1994-1998. The third chapter titled “Description of the Results of Pupils Physical Development and Physical Fitness” gives the results of examined pupils aged 11-13 in Lviv secondary schools. The fourth chapter titled “Schoolchildren and Parents Attitude to Physical Culture and Sport; Physical Training Teachers Attitude to Family and School Collaboration” determine a line of subjective factors that have certain influence upon children activity. The fifth chapter titled “Pedagogical Experiment Influence upon the Moving Results Physical State” gives the characteristics of elaborated programme of family and school collaboration and shows the results of its applying into practice. The motor activity of pupils aged 12 has increased under the influence of pedagogical experiment. It is fixed its positive influence upon the level of development of motor characteristics results of physical and mental capacity for work functional state of cardio-vascular system. School results and pupils health have improved. The results of the research work are summed up in the sixth chapter titled “Analysis and Generalization of Investigation Results”. Key words: motor activity, physical education, physical fitness, physical and mental capacity for work, family and school collaboration. Aeaieeaae/ I.A. Nio?oaeie/anoai naiuee e oeie a oece/aneii ainieoaiee o/aieeia n?aaeiaai oeieueiiai aic?anoa. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe ii oece/aneiio ainieoaieth e nii?oo ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 24.00.02 - oece/aneay eoeueoo?a, oece/aneia ainieoaiea ?acio a?oii ianaeaiey. - Aieineee ainoaea?noaaiie oieaa?neoao eiaie Eane Oe?aeiee, Eooee, 1999. Yenia?eiaioaeueii eco/aii aeeyiea aaoi?neie i?ia?aiiu nio?oaeie/anoaa naiuee e oeieu ia yooaeoeaiinoue oece/aneiai ainieoaiey o/aueony n?aaeiaai oeieueiiai aic?anoa. Oaaee/eeanue aeaeaaoaeueiay aeoeaiinoue oeieueieeia, /oi i?eaaei e iiauoaieth o?iaiy ?acaeoey aeaeaaoaeueiuo ea/anoa, iieacaoaeae aaniethoiie e ioiineoaeueiie oece/aneie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe aeaoae. Caoeene?iaaii iieiaeeoaeueiua naeaeae iieacaoaeae ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu, oinoaaiiie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe. Auyaeaii oeo/oaiea ninoiyiey caei?iauey o/aueony. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey aiaae?aiu a i?aeoeeo ?aaiou iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo oeie a. Eueaiaa. Eeth/aaa neiaa: aeaeaaoaeueiay aeoeaiinoue, oece/aneia ainieoaiea, oece/aneay iiaeaioiaeaiiinoue, oece/aneay e oinoaaiiay ?aaioiniiniaiinoue, nio?oaeie/anoai naiuee e oeieu.

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