2

I?i?noa?noai eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

OAeE 37.01:
793.3

*o?i?oa Oaoyia Ieeiea?aia

Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a caniaaie oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa

(ia iaoa??ae? aeei?enoaiiy eacie)

13.00.05- nioe?aeueia iaaeaaia?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa, I?i?noa?noai eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie.

IAOEIAEE EA??AIEE:

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Caaaaea?/oe Aaeeia Ieeiea?aia,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo eoeueoo?ii-aeica?ee?ai? ae?yeueiino?
Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa.

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eaa/aiei Oaoyia ?aai?aia, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee Ee?anueeiai e?iaa?noe/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, Caa?aaeianueeee Noaiai A?eai?iae/,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e ia?iaeii? oi?aia?ao?? Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa.

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA:

?inoeooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a, eaai?aoi??y anoaoe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 14-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.807.02 i?e Ee?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa ca aae?anith: i.Ee?a —
133, aoe. Ui?na, 36, aoae. 209.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? i?e
Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa (i.Ee?a,
aoe. Ui?na, 36).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 27 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
I.A.Aeaeei/a?aaeca.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaoa noni?euenoai ciaoiaeeoueny a noai?
ia?aaoaeiae an?o noa? ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?. Aeeaie? ye?ni? ci?ie,
aeeeeeai? noai?aiiyi iacaeaaeii? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, i?aai?/ii
aieeaathoue ia iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, iaoee,
ina?oe oa eoeueoo?e. Iiaiio noni?euenoao iio??ai? ia i?inoi oao?aoe? a
o?aaeeoe?eiiio ?icoi?ii? oeueiai neiaa, a ethaee c iiaei oeiii ieneaiiy,
ethaee oai?/? oa ?i?oe?aoeai?.

A na?ii? 1996 ?ieo o?yae i?eeiya Caeii Oe?a?ie «I?i ina?oo», a yeiio
aecia/aii iaoo ina?oe, ni?yiiaaii? ia anaa?/iee ?icaeoie ethaeeie ye
iniaenoino?, ye iaeaeui? oe?iiino? noni?euenoaa, ia ?icaeoie ??
oaeaio?a, ?icoiiaeo, o?ce/ieo oa oai?/eo cae?aiinoae.

Aeooae?caoe?y i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoino? iio?aao?
ia?ainieneaiiy ci?noo ae?yeueiino? on?o nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue ca aioiai?noue iieiaeiai iieie?iiy aei aeeooy ? i?aoe?.
Cia/iei iaaeaaia?/iei iioaioe?aeii aeey aeoiaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino?
ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo aieiae?thoue iicaoe?euei?
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi? caeeaaee, a yeeo ooieoe?iiothoue aiaoi?nuee?
ia»?aeiaiiy, a oiio /ene? ? aeeoy/? oi?aia?ao?/i? ao?oee.

Caeaaia oaiaoeue aeciaii oethaeaiei ? iiioey?iei aeaeii aiaoi?nueeiai
ienoaoeoaa, yeee ni?ey? aa?iii?eiiio ?icaeoeo ae?oae. I?i aeoiai?
iiaeeeaino? oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa iaaieiooaaee aeaeaoi? oe?a?inuee?
ieooe? A.0.Aa?aciaa, E.TH.Aaneeaiei, A.I.Aa?oiaeiaoeue, I.I.A??nueeee,
A.A.Aoiaithe, I.I.Eieinie, I.?.O?aaoaia oa ?i.

Oai?/ee iioaioe?ae aeeoeie yne?aai aeyaey?oueny o ni?eeoaaii? c
ienoaoeoaii oaioeth. Aea cae?aiino? aei aeyaeaiiy ?ioa?ano aei
ienoaoeoaa, ye aecia/athoue aeine?aeieee E.N.Aeaionueeee,
Ae.A.Aeueeii?i, TH.I. Naia??i, aeieeathoue o aeeoeie ia a?ae
ia?iaeaeaiiy, a oi?iothoueny i?ae aieeaii na?aaeiaeua, oiia noni?eueiiai
aeeooy, i?ae aieeaii aeoiaaiiy.

I?iaeaia oai?/ino? i?eaa?oaea oaaao aaaaoueio a/aieo — o?einio?a,
nioe?ieia?a, ineoieia?a, o?c?ieia?a, ienoaoeoaiciaaoe?a, iaaeaaia?a.
I?e?iae? oai?/ino? i?enay/aii ?iaioe I.I.A?iioaeiaa, A.I. Aaooa?aaa,
A.I.Eoea, ss.A. Iiiiia?ueiaa, A.A.?iiaioey, N.E.?oa?iooaeia, I.E.
Oeoiie?iaa, I.I.sseianiia oa ?i.

Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oa oai?/? iniaeeaino? iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo
?icaeyaeaeenue a ?iaioao I.A.Ai?uaiei, ?.A.Ai?eniaa, ?.A. Aoaeeia,
I.I.Aai?ayi, E.I.Ai?aoiiai?, I.O.Ao?aoeue, A.A.Aeaaeaeiaa,
A.N.Aeaianthe, A.N.Einothea, A.A.E?ooaoeueeiai, E.A.Eociaoeiai?, A.0.
Nooiieeinueeiai,

I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae ae?oae aeine?aeaeoaaee Ae.Ae.Aeo?iia,
A.A.A?ooeeinueeee, E.A.Aaiaa?, A.N. Aeaienthe, A.ss.Aeoaeaoeueeee,
C.?.?naaoeia, Oe.I.Ei?ieaiei, E.N. Ei?ooiiaa, I.I.Eono?i, A.N.Iaaeia,
A.A.Iao?ianueeee, I.A.Iueyieiaa, ?.I.?icao, TH.I.Naia??e, ?.A.No?aoia oa
?io?.

Aeoiai? iiaeeeaino? eacee ? ?o aieea ia ?icaeoie aeeoeie aea/aee
I.A.Aaoeoa?ia, E.N.Aeaionueeee, E.O. Aeoia?anueea, O.I.Iie?uoe,
A.N.Neiai?iaea, TH.I.Nooiae, A.I.Nooiieeinueeee, E.Ae.Ooeinueeee,
?.ss.O?aiei. Aei eaceiai? iiaoeee caa?oaeeny aeaeaoi? ae?y/? iaoee ?
eoeueoo?e I.A.Aiaieue, I.A.Eenaiei, I.N.Iooe?i, A.N.Neiai?iaea,
E.Oe?a?iea, E.Ae.Ooeinueeee, ?.ss.O?aiei, I.?. *aeeianueeee oa ?i. Oeyoe
?icaeoeo aaeaoii? eacee ?icaeyaeaee a nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo I.?.A?e?ia,
TH.A.Aao?ooei, E.A. Ai/a?i?eiaa, E.ss.Aieacianueeee,
Ae.A.AEeoiie?nueeee, I.I. Caaaeeaae/, A.I.E?anianueea, I.I.Eo?eeaiei,
A.I. Ianthoeinueea, TH.E.Neii?inueeee, TH.I.Noai?oaanueeee, I.E. Aeueyo.
I?iaeaiaie ?icaeoeo oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ae?oae caniaaie oi?aia?ao?/iiai
ienoaoeoaa caeiaeeny iaaeaaiae-oi?aia?aoe N.A.Ae?oaa, O.E.Aa?eoi?eiaa,
A.I.Aa?aciaa, A.I.A?eue/aiei, A.I.Aa?oiaeiaoeue, A.A.Aa?auaiei, N.A.
Caa?aaeianueeee, I.I.Eieinie, A.I.Oa?aeaiiaa, A.?. O?aeuenueea,
E.TH.Oea?oeiaa. Aea aeoiai? iiaeeeaino? eacee oa ?? aieea ia ?icaeoie
oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ua ia noaee i?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy
iaoeiaoe?a.

Aiae?c i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a
cana?ae/o?, ui nioe?aeueii cia/ou? aeoiai? iiaeeeaino? eacee a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio oai?/iio i?ioean? aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo
ia’?aeiaiue iaeaea cian?i ia aeei?enoiaothoueny aai ia??aeei
?aae?cothoueny iai?ioan?eii oa iaaoaeoeaii.

Ioaea, aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ?? iaoeiaa, i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue, a
oaeiae iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeai?noue oa aena?oeaiiy a iaaeaaia?/iiio
aniaeo? a iaoeia?e, iaaeaaia?/i?e oa ienoaoeoaiciaa/?e e?oa?aoo??
iaoiiaeee aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy: «Nioe?aeueii — iaaeaaia?/i?
i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a caniaaie
oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa/ia iaoa??ae? aeei?enoaiiy eacie/».

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ia? o?niee ca’ycie c Aea?aeaaiith i?ia?aiith
«Eoeueoo?a. I?ina?oieoeoai. Aeica?eey», c «Eiioeaioe??th Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa» ii aaeineiiaeaiith
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo oa?oioaaiue.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a —
o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a.

Eiai i?aaeiao — iaaeaaia?/ia ea??aieoeoai ?icaeoeii oai?/i? oyae oeyoii
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy aeoiaieo iiaeeeainoae eacee a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e oai?/?e ?iaio?.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy- iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe, ai?iaoaaoe ?
aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai
ea??aieoeoaa ?icaeoeii oai?/i? oyae caniaaie eacee a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio oai?/iio i?ioean? aeeoy/iai oi?aia?ao?/iiai ao?oea;
?ic?iaeoe oa ai?iaoaaoe iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/io iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy
eacee a oai?/iio i?ioean?; ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
ii noai?aiith iiaeaeae iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae
ae?oae aeey ea??aiee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia’?aeiaiue.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei iaoe aoei aecia/aii caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe noai aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie a iaoeia?e oa
iaoiaee/i?e e?oa?aoo??;

— aea/eoe oa i?iaiae?coaaoe no/aniee noai aeeoy/i? oaioethaaeueii?
oai?/ino? a i?aeoeoe? aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe ?aia?ooa? aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia’?aeiaiue c iaoith
aeyaeaiiy iiceoeaieo oa iaaaoeaieo iiiaio?a oa iiioey?ecaoe?? e?auiai
aeina?aeo o oi?ioaaii? aeeoy/iai ?aia?ooa?o;

— cai?iiiioaaoe ? aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe iiaeaethaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae oa ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaiaa-oi?aia?aoa,
aaeaoiaenoa?a aei i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oeao.

A i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aeei?enoaii eiiieaen
iaoiae?a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue eiai iao? ? caaaeaiiyi, a naia:

— oai?aoe/iee aiae?c iaaeaaia?/ii?, ineoieia?/ii?, iaoiaee/ii?,
oi?aia?ao?/ii?, ienoaoeoaiciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e oa ?aia?ooa?ii?
aeieoiaioaoe?? aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a;

— aeane?eioeaiee /iieniaee/ oa eiiia?aoeaiee /ii??aiyeueiee/ aiae?c
oi?aia?ao?/ieo eiiiiceoe?e;

— eiioaio-aiae?c oi?aia?ao?/ieo iiia??a, a yeeo aoei aeei?enoaii eaceia?
nthaeaoe;

— iaaeaaia?/ia aeeth/aia oa iiina?aaeeiaaia niinoa?aaeaiiy;

— onia oa ienueiiaa iieooaaiiy o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a
c iaoith aeyaeaiiy ooaeiaei?o ?ioa?an?a ? iio?aa o aeei?enoaii?
oi?aia?ao?/ii? eacee;

— oanooaaiiy o/aniee?a oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a c iaoith aeyaeaiiy ??aiy
oai?/i? oyae;

— aieaooaaiiy ea??aiee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo oa?oioaaiue c iaoith
aeyaeaiiy ??aiy ?o i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee aei ea??aieoeoaa ?icaeoeii
oai?/i? oyae caniaaie eacee;

— iiaeaethaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?ai ii aoaeoeaiiio ?icaeoeo oai?/i?
oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a c aeei?enoaiiyi aeoiaieo iiaeeeainoae eacee;

— eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio, yeee i?iaiaeeany ia aac? ?yaeo aiaoi?nueeeo
aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia’?aeiaiue ??cieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie;

— oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio, caaaeaiiyi yeiai aoea ia?aa??ea aoaeoeaiino?
?ic?iaeaii? aeena?oaioii nenoaie i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
iaaeaaia?a-oi?aia?ao?a aei ea??aieoeoaa ?icaeoeii oai?/i? oyae caniaaie
oi?aia?ao?/ii? eacee.

Aacaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aecia/aii Aea?aeaaio aeeoy/o Oi?aia?ao?/io
nooae?th oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth «Aa?a?ii/ie» i?noa Ee?aa, ?yae aeeoy/eo
oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a Ieeiea?aa, Oa?niia, Iiai? Eaoiaee, E??iaia?aaea
oa ?ioeo i?no Oe?a?ie. Aieaooaaiiyi aoei ioiieaii aeecueei 550
?aniiaeaio?a /o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia’?aeiaiue oa
ea??aiee?a-oi?aia?ao?a nooaeaio?a cai/iiai a?aeae?eo Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa/.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny a o?e aoaie:c 1987ii1998 ??.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? /1987 — 1988/ aoei aecia/aii iaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noi?iiaaii a?iioaco, eiie?aoeciaaii caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe, aea/aii iaoeiao e?oa?aoo?o, noai?aii i?ia?aio
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? / 1988 — ?994/ i?iaaaeaii eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio,
iaoith yeiai aoei aea/aiiy noaio aeei?enoaiiy aeoiaieo iiaeeeainoae
eacee a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio oai?/iio i?ioean?, cae?eniaii aiae?c
?aia?ooa?o aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a, aecia/aii ??aaiue oai?/i?
oyae o/aniee?a oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a oa ??aaiue iaaeaaia?/iiai
ea??aieoeoaa ?icaeoeii oai?/i? oyae caniaaie eacee a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean?.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? / ?994 — ?998/ aoei cae?eniaii oi?ioth/ee
aenia?eiaio, i?iaaaeaii ia?aa??eo aoaeoeaiino? iaa?oioiaaii? a
aeena?oaoe?? nenoaie ea??aieoeoaa ?icaeoeii oai?/i? oyae caniaaie eacee
a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio oai?/iio i?ioean?, ai?iaiaaii iiaeaeue
iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ia?aie.

Ia oeueiio aoai? i?iaaaeaii ia?aa??eo oa aiae?c aii??e/ieo oa
aeine?aeieoeueeeo aeaieo, cae?eniaii ?o oai?aoe/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th,
ocaaaeueiaii oa noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iiaei ? nai i?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yeee iieyaa? o aecia/aii? oa iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii?
oeyo?a oa oiia aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy aeoiaieo iiaeeeainoae eacee o
?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a. A
aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo iiaeaethaaiiy iaaeaa?/ieo i?ia?ai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aai?ciaaiiai aeina?aeo oa ea??aieoeoaa ?icaeoeii
oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo
ao?oe?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o
?ic?iaoe?, aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? o i?aeoeeo
iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy aeoiaieo iiaeeeainoae eacee o ?icaeoeo oai?/i?
oyae o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia’?aeiaiue, a oaeiae oeyo?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee ea??aiee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? aoc?a ? o/eeeu eoeueoo?e, oe?e ienoaoeoa, i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
oao?aoe?a ea??aiee?a-aaeaoiaenoa??a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a, i?e
?ic?iaoe? eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a oa i?e neeaaeaii? iaa/aeueieo ieai?a ?
i?ia?ai c niaoeeo?no «I?iaeaie ?aia?ooa?o a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo
ao?oeao», «Iaoiaeeea ?iaioe a aeeoy/iio oi?aia?ao?/iiio ia’?aeiaii?» c
iaa/aeueii? aeenoeeie?ie «Ienoaoeoai aaeaoiaenoa?a».

A??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeieia?/iith oa oai?aoe/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth ?o
aeo?aeieo iiceoe?e a?aeiia?aeii aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a, aaeaeaaoieo iao?,
caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy: iaoeiaei aiae?cii oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo,
cina?aaeaeaiiai a iaoiaee/ieo oa aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, e?euee?niei
? ye?niei aiae?cii oaeo?a, iaea?aeaieo o oiae? ?iaioe, i?iaaaeaiei
iaaeaaia?/iei aenia?eiaioii, iaoaiaoe/iith ia?iaeith aeaieo ? ?o
?ioa?i?aoaoe??th.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeanue a i?ioean?
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe ii i?aeaioiaoe? ? i?iaaaeaiith
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? oai?/i? ?iaioe a Aea?aeaai?e aeeoy/?e oi?aia?ao?/i?e
nooae?? oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth «Aa?a?ii/ie» i.Ee?aa. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? eaoaae?e ia?iaeii?
oi?aia?ao?? Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa.
Ca o/anoth aeena?oaioa aoei i?aeaioiaeaii ? i?iaaaeaii ?yae a?aee?eoeo
caiyoue aeey ea??aiee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a Oe?a?ie,
noai?aii oi?aia?ao?/i? eiiiiceoe?? a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oeao
«Aa?a?ii/ie», «A?ii/ie» i.Ee?aa, «A ainoyo o eacee» i.E??iaia?aaea oiui.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?aaenoaaeaii o
iaoeiaeo aenooiao aaoi?a /?988 -1998 ??./: «Eioaineoeeaoeey o/aaiiai
i?ioeanna a aoca eoeueoo?u» /Aa?iaoe, ?988/, ia anaoe?a?inueeeo oa
aoc?anueeeo iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, ye «Eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie:
?noi??y ? no/ani?noue» /Oa?e?a, ?992/, «?inoeooo eoeueoo?e ia no/aniiio
aoai?» /Ee?a, ?993/, «?ieue ?aaeeno?e oa oi?aia?ao?? o aeeiai?oe?
eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie /Ee?a, ?993/, «Ooaeiaeiy eoeueoo?a oa
i?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee eaae??a»/Ee?a, ?996/, «Aei 30 — ??//y EAeOE?I»
/Ee?a, ?998/ oiui.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??
ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 8 ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a — c ieo 2 noaooyo o
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iaei?e a?ioo?? oa ?ioeo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? i?aeii?yaeeiaaia iao? oa caaaeaiiyi
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeaoa?i?io? eia?eo iaoeiaiai iiooeo oa nooi?iue
?ic?iaee oaie. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae /237 iaeiaioaaiue/ ? aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaiae?ciaaii
nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie, aecia/aii iaoo oa caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeeo oa ai?iaaoe?th aeine?aeaeaiiy,
cacia/aii i?aeoe/ia oa oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Aeei?enoaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae eacee o
?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae ae?oae caniaaie oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa»
aiae?cothoueny iaaeaaia?/i?, ineoieia?/i? oa ienoaoeoaiciaa/? iiaeyaee
ia ieoaiiy oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? ae?oae oa ?icaeoie oai?/i? oyae
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a oeyoii aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy aeoiaieo iiaeeeainoae
eacee.

Aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue, ui i?iaeaia aeeoy/i? oai?/ino?
ciaoiaeeoueny a oeaio?? oaaae a/aieo, iaaeaaia?a, ineoieia?a,
ienoaoeoaiciaaoe?a, oieueeei?eno?a, oi?aia?ao?a. I?i oea na?ae/aoue
?iaioe A.A.Aiaiueaaa, A.I. Aa?aciai?, I.N.Aiaiethanueei?, E.A.
Aiiaea?aiei, A.I. Aa?oiaeioey, E.N.Aeaionueeiai, I.ss.Aaeueia??ia, ?.ss.
Ea?ia?a, TH.I.Naia??ia, A.I.Oaieiaa oa ?i.

A eie? ci?o a/aieo aeyaeany oe?eee ?yae ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c oe??th
i?iaeaiith, ii/eiath/e c aeeneon?eiiai ieoaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue
?nioaaiiy naiiai iiiyooy «aeeoy/a oai?/?noue» ? e?i/ath/e aea/aiiyi
oeyo?a ? iiaeeeainoae ?? ?icaeoeo.

Aeacoth/e ia i?aaii??i?noue ?icoi?iiy iiiyooy «aeeoy/a oai?/?noue»,
ineoieia E.N.Aeaionueeee ienaa, ui oai?/?noue — oea aeiey an?o ethaeae a
a?eueo?e /e iaio?e i???, aiia ae ? ii?iaeueiei ? iino?eiei noiooieeii
aeeoy/iai ?icaeoeo.

I?ioa aeine?aeaeaiiy a aaeoc? oi?ioaaiiy a o/i?a oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ua
ia iaaoei iaeaaeiiai ?icaeoeo. Oae, a niaoe?aeuei?e e?oa?aoo?? ia
aecia/aii eiie?aoi? oiiae oa iaoiaee ?iaioe, ni?yiiaai? ia ?icaeoie
oai?/i? oyae a ae?yeueiino? aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a, ia
?icaeyiooi oi?ioaaiiy ?o ?aia?ooa?o, ia cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeoiaee aei
iiaeaethaaiiy i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae ae?oae.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co iaoeiai?, iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, ocaaaeueiaiiy
i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo aeena?oaioii aoei aecia/aii iniiai? ?ene oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino?, yeeie iaiao?aeii iaieiae?oe o/anieeai oi?aia?ao?/iiai
ao?oea: ii-ia?oa, oai?/ee i?ioean ia?aaeaa/a? naiino?eia ia?aianaiiy
ciaiue ? oi?iue a iiao neooaoe?th; ii-ae?oaa — aa/aiiy iiai? ooieoe??
ciaeiiiai ia’?eoa; ii-o?ao? — aaaaeaiiy iiaeo i?iaeai o ciaeii?
neooaoe??; ii-/aoaa?oa — aa/aiiy no?oeoo?e ia’?eoa, ui i?aeeyaa?
aea/aiith. Oaeei /eiii, oai?/a ae?yeuei?noue ia?aaeaa/a? aenoaaiiy
??cieo noi??i, ai?iiy noai?thaaoe i?ea?iaeuei?, iacae/aei? caniae
?ica’ycaiiy.

C on?o ineoieia?/ieo eiiiiiaio?a oai?/ino? a aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi
oai?/o oyao c aeio?eioaaiiyi caaaeueiiaecia/aii? oi/ee ci?o; aac ia?
iaiiaeeeaa i?yea oai?/?noue acaaae?, oei a?eueoa aeeoy/a. Oai?/ee
iioaioe?ae aeeoeie aeyaey?oueny a ?? aaaeaii? noai?eoe ui-iaaoaeue a
iaethieo, ioceoe?, a??, oaioe? ? o. ?i., a iaiieaaeeaiio aeiaaaeaii?
ni?aae aei e?ioey. On?o oeeo yeinoae ia aoaea, yeui o aeeoeie ia
?icaeiooi oyaeaiiy.

Oyaeaiiy aai ?iaeoa oaioac?y — oea oi?ia a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia’?eoeaii?
?aaeueiino?. Nai???aei?noue oe??? oi?ie a?aeia?aaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio,
ui oyaeaiiy ? iiiyooy, yeeie aieiae?? noa’?eo, ia?aiiny/enue c iaei???
neooaoe?? a ?ioo, ?ic/eaiiaoth/enue, ia?aaoaeiaoth/enue oa
c’?aeioth/enue, o?ainoi?iothoueny a iia? oyaeaiiy /e iiiyooy. Oaeei
/eiii, a?eueia eiia?ioaaiiy oyaeaiue /e iiiyoue a ??ciiiai?oieo
eiia??ieo neooaoe?yo — oea oa, ui iiaeia iaceaaoe oaioac??th.

Aaoi?ii o ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai? aeanoeaino? i?ioeano
i?io?eaiiy oa iaoai?ci oyaeaiiy, a naia: 1). Iiaia aai /anoeiaa
«ioioiaeaiiy» iaeiiai ia?aco c ?ioei / ye ia?aco iai’yo?, oae ? ia?aco
ni?eeiyooy/. 2). I?ioean aaethoeiaoe?? /»neeathaaiiy» oyaeaiiy/. 3).
I?ioean ia?aianaiiy oyaeaiiy /e iiiyooy c iaei??? neooaoe?? a ?ioo. Ooo
oaea a?aeaoaa?oueny ioioiaeiaiiy iaeiiai i?aaeiaoa /ia’?eoa/ /e yaeua c
?ioei, aeei?enoaiiy yeiai-iaaoaeue i?eioeeio, iciaee, caiice/aieo a
iaei?e neooaoe?? aeey neooaoe?? cian?i ?ioiai oeio.

Iniiai? ?ene, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oyaeaiiy, aeeth/aia a ae?yeuei?noue,
oea ? iae?e ?aaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ? i?aeoe/ia ioi?ieai?noue i?iaeoeo?a
oyaeaiiy. sseui oyaeaiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iae?eii ?aaeueieo
iiaeeeainoae, i?aeoe/iith ioi?ieai?noth, i?ea?iaeuei?noth ?
nioe?aeueiith cia/ei?noth, ie iiaeaii aiai?eoe i?i oai?/ee oei oyaeaiiy,
i?e a?aenooiino? ae cacia/aieo iciae — i?i aacie?aeio i??ei?noue, i?i
a?aeo?ae a?ae aeeooy.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, oi?aia?ao?y iiaea aeaoe oe?ieee i?ino?? aeey ?icaeoeo
oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a. Ua A.I.Aa?oiaeiaoeue i?aee?anethaaa, ui
i?ui oae ia ?icaeaa? ?icoiia? ? o?ce/i? cae?aiino? ae?oae, ?o ii/oooy ?
oai?/o oaioac?th, ye ?a?e c ?ooaie, oaioeyie, ni?aii.

Aaeeeo ?ieue o ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a?ae?a?athoue
eacee. Oe?eaaee nthaeao c oaioanoe/ieie i?eaiaeaie, ni?eea? ? a?aeaaaei?
aa?i?, ye? caaaeaee ia?aiaaathoue, aeeeeeathoue o aeeoeie neeuei?
ia?aaeeaaiiy, caaaa/othoue eiie?aoii-/ooo?aee aeina?ae, aeoiaothoue
anioe?aoeai?noue ieneaiiy, ia?acia ni?eeiaiiy iaaeieeoiuei? ae?eniino?,
ui eii/a iaiao?aeii i?e noai?aii? oi?aia?ao?/iiai ia?aco.

Iaeaecia/i?oith ?enith eacee ? aeaaaeea, oai?/a i??y, oaioac?y, yeith
a?eueo /e iaio ?ioaineaii caaa?aeaii eiaeio iiia?aeeo /A.I.Aiaothe/.

Aeniea ?icoi?iiy eaceiai? anoaoeee o ni?aa? aeoiaaiiy i?iaeaiiino?oaaee
aeaeaoi? oe?a?inuee? ienueiaiieee, aeaeaoi? ae?y/? eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoaa ?.I.Eioey?aanueeee, I.I.Eioethaeinueeee,
A.O.Ea?oea-0niia’yiaiei, I.A. Eenaiei, A.N.Neiai?iaea, E.Oe?a?iea,
?.ss.O?aiei.

Oae, ?.ss.O?aiei a i?neyiia? aei ca??ieea iniaenoeo eacie «Aaeea i?i
aaeeo», aae?aniaaieo a ia?oo /a?ao ae?oyi, iniaeeai i?aee?anethaaa
aeinooii?noue aeey aeeoy/iai ni?eeiyooy eaceiaeo ia?ac?a, iioea?a, iiae
eacie, a?aecia/aa aaeeeee aieea eacee ia anaa?/iee ?icaeoie ethaeeie c
ia?oeo ?ie?a aeeooy.

O iieiaeoiio oe?eueiiio a?oe? ae?oe iathoue cia/i? iiaeeeaino? aeey
iiaiioe?iiiai, anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o. Aeeoeia, yea
iaeaaeeoue aei oe??? a?eiai? a?oie, caeaoia ia eeoa aei
«ia?aii-?aae?noe/iiai» /eoaiiy. Aiia iiaea caaeeaethaaoeny o aioo??oi?e
ci?no oai?o; ?e aeinooiia aeaiaioa?ia ?icoi?iiy oiiaiino? ienoaoeoaa;
aiia iaiaaa?oueny a ianeeaaeieo neooaoe?yo inieneeoe aaoi?nueeo
iiceoe?th o oai?? ? c?icoi?oe ia eeoa o?ae iiae?e, cia?aaeaieo aaoi?ii,
a e cia/aiiy ooaeiaeiuei? aeaoae?, aeeaiei i?iieeiooeny ia?aaeeaaiiyie
aa?iy.

E.N.Aeaionueeee a eiec? «Iaaeaaia?/ia ineoieia?y» aea? ineoieia?/iee
aiae?c eacee, ?ice?eaa? ?? iiceoeai? noi?iie, ye icaei?ia/iai ?
oe?ethuiai caniao aiioe?eii? noa?e aeeoeie, ye i?e?iaeiiai aeoiaaoaey
anoaoe/ieo aiioe?e.

A.I.Nooiieeinueeee ?icaeyaeaa eaceo ye aeaaiaeaoiee a?oio aeey
oi?ioaaiiy aiioe?eii-anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiyooy o/i?a, aeey ?icaeoeo ?o
ieneaiiy, iiae, oaioac??, oyae. Aeey iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaaeeeaei
aeniiaie A.I. Nooiieeinueeiai i?i oa, ui eacea aeecueea aei i?e?iaee
aeeoeie, caeiiii??iinoae ?? ?icaeoeo, noai?th? nai???aeiee na?o, a yeiio
aiia aeeaa, ?icaeaa?oueny, oai?eoue. O nai?e iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe?
A.I.Nooiieeinueeee aenoioa oe?eaa? ? i?ea?iaeuei? iieiaeaiiy c
i?aai?caoe?? oaeeo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?, ye neeaaeaiiy iiia?aeaiue,
a??o?a ?, iniaeeai eacie, ii/eiath/e ua oeth ?iaioo a «Oeie? ?aaeino?»,
i?iaeiaaeoth/e a iieiaeoeo ? iaa?oue a na?aaei?o eeanao.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi aeoiaia cia/aiiy aaeaoii?
eacee oa ?? ?ieue o ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae ae?oae.

Aeena?oaio caa?oa?oueny aei aeaea?ae oi?aia?ao?? ? eiinoaoo? oie oaeo,
ui aaea a aiioo ia?a?niiai eaaeo oaiaoeue ia??aeei iaa ii/aoeiaa
?ae?a?eii-iaa?/ia cia/aiiy. A?i aoa iaa?ae’?iiee a?ae ia?yae?a ?
aaiaoe/ii iia’ycaiee ia o?eueee c i?aoeath, aea e c iaa?/ieie,
?ae?a?eieie, oaioanoe/ieie oyaeaiiyie i?i na?o. I?e aeiiiiic? oaioeth,
yeee ii nai?e i?e?iae? aeecueeee aei «?ineeiieo» ? «oaa?eieo» oi?i ?ooo
aeeai? i?e?iaee, ia?a?nia ethaeeia iiaea ia?aaeaoe eiie?aoi? yaeua
iaaeieeoiuei? ae?eniino?, cae/eo ioao?a, ca???a ? ethaenueeiai aeeooy.

Oaiaoeue iinooiiai ?icaeaa?oueny a?ae iaei?ino?oeo oi?i aei iaea?eueo
neeaaeieo, caaaa/oth/enue ci?noiaiei ? ooaeiaeiuei-aiioe?eiei ci?noii. O
eeaniaiio noni?euenoa? a?aeaoaa?oueny ?iciiae?e oaioeth ia ia?iaeiee ?
i?ioan?eiee. Ia?iaeiee oaiaoeue aeiaaee /an caa??aa? ca’ycie c
o?oaeiaeie i?ioeanaie, eoeueoiaeie ? iiaooiaeie ia?yaeaie, ye? aaaaoueia
nai?ie ?enaie iaaaaeothoue eaceia? oaioanoe/i? cia?aaeaiiy. O
neia’yinueeeo ia?iae?a aeaiaioe eaceiaino? ? oaioanoeee aoee
iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith ia?iaeieo aoeyiue ? nayo / nayoi ?aaia Eoiaea,
??caeai, Ianeyia oa ?i./. A oaioeyo ciaoiaeyoue ao?eaiiy oa?aeoa?i? ?ene
oethaeaieo aa?i?a ia?iaeieo eacie, a?aeia?aaeaiiy ii/ooo?a ia?iaeo, eiai
iaoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino?. Aaaaoi iaioii?iii-oaioethaaeueieo oi?i
ia?iaeieo nayo ? ia?yae?a eyaei a iniiao aaeaoiiai oaao?o /»Iai
Eiiueianueeee», «E?eay», «E?niaa i?niy», «Ia?ony Aiaoneaaea» oa ?i./.

O OV?? noie?oo? iaoa??ae «eaceiaiai» oeio oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny a
aaeaoiiio ienoaoeoa?. Ia?aaaaeii eaceiaei aoa aaeaoiee oaao? XIX
noie?ooy. Iioya aaeaoo aei eacee ? oaioanoeee iiynith?oueny a cia/i?e
i??? naiith i?e?iaeith oeueiai ienoaoeoaa, eiai oiiai?noth, ca
aeiiiiiaith yei? eaaoa ao?eeoe eaceiaee oaioanoe/iee nthaeao, ai?ae
?aaeueiee aai iiaooiaee. Oaeee “a?aee?o oaioac?? a?ae aeeooy” iaaeoi
aeanoeaee aaeaoiiio ienoaoeoao. sseui caa?iooeny aei eacee, oi a i?e, ye
i?aaeei, ?nio? aeaa /ane — /a??aiee ? ?aaeueiee. Oaeiai ii?aeiaiiy
a?/iiai ? oei/aniaiai, a?e ? ?aaeueiino? ia cia? aeiaeai aeai?. Oe?
aeanoeaino? ? aeaee oai?/o naiaiaeo iinoaiiaieeai aaeaoii? eacee.

Ni?aaaei?i ?aoi?iaoi?ii aaeaoii? eacee iiaeia iacaaoe I.?.*aeeianueeiai.
A iniiao e?a?aooi «Niey/i? e?anoi?» iieeaaeaii iaeio c iaeiiioey?i?oeo
eacie a?aeiiiai o?aioeocueeiai ienueiaiieea OV?? noie?ooy O.Ia??i.
E?a?aooi «Eaaaaeeiiai ica?a» a?oioo?oueny ia nthaeaoiiio iioea?,
iioe?aiiio a aaaaoueio ia?iaeieo eaceao na?oo. Oea iioea ceeo /a?, ye?
ia?aoai?ththoue ae?a/eio ia ioaoa / aai ca??a/, oea ia?aai?aiiy
/aeeoinoaa neeith eioaiiy, iiaeaeao aai iaa?/iith ae??th. Aaeao
«Eoneoi/ee» noai?aii ca a?aeiiith eaceith Aioiaia «Eoneoi/ee ? ieoa/ee
ei?ieue». O aaeaoao I.?.*aeeianueeiai ae?thoue oiiai? eaceia? aa?i?, aea
eiiiiceoi? iaae?ey? ?o ?aae?noe/ieie, caaaeueiiethaenueeeie ?enaie.

? ana ae iniiaiith iaoith aaeaoii? eacee, ia iao iiaeyae, caeeoa?oueny
?? aeoiaia cia/aiiy. Eacea ni?iiiaeia a aeinooii?e oi?i? aeoeaii
aieeaaoe ia na?oey ? ?icoi ae?oae, ia iaiaaeoth/enue iaaeeeoeiaith
ii?aeeth, caeaoia ?icaeaaoe eoeueoo?o, aaeineiiaethaaoe oai?/?
cae?aiino? ? oyaeaiiy, ?aae?coth/e ?o oai?/o aeoeai?noue ? noai?thth/e
aia?a?th ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy. Aaeao-eacea aea? aeeoei? ia?o?
oyaeaiiy i?i oi?aia?ao?/ia ienoaoeoai, ??ciiaa?ai?noue oaioethaaeueieo
?oo?a, ?, aiaeii/an, a?ae/oooy i?oeiino? na?oo ? eiai ii?aeueieo iniia.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Oeyoe caaacia/aiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa
?icaeoeii oai?/i? oyae o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a»
ianaiia?aae ?icaeyiooi iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, ye? ni?eythoue a?eueo
aoaeoeaiiio ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae ae?oae a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio oai?/iio
i?ioean? oi?aia?ao?/iiai oa?oioaaiiy.

Aaoi?ii anoaiiaeaii, ui oni?o o oi?ioaaii? oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oeao caeaaeeoue a?ae aeeaieiai
aea/aiiy ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iniia, aecia/aiiy oa o?aooaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? a?eiaeo iniaeeainoae ?o oai?/i? oyae oa ooaeiaei?o
?ioa?an?a, noai?aiiy ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a nenoaie
oe?eani?yiiaaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo canoinoaaiue.

?acoeueoaoe eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo ni?eyee aeyaeaiith cia/ieo
iaaeie?e?a a iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e oai?/?e ae?yeueiino? ?yaeo aeeoy/eo
oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a Oe?a?ie, a naia: iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae
i?eae?ey?oueny ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae ae?oae, iaae/eai ia?aao?eaiiy a
ia?ac, oai?/ei caaaeaiiyi /?ii?ia?caoe?ei?e oa aothaei?e ?iaio?/;
iaaeiioe?iththoueny ?ioa?ane iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, ?o o?ce/i? oa oai?/?
iiaeeeaino?. Ia??aeei a aeeoy/o naiiae?yeuei?noue ia?aiinyoueny iaoiaee
?iaioe aei?ineeo i?ioan?eieo ainaiae?a. A oaeeo oiiaao oi?aia?aoe
ao?a/athoue iiaeeea?noue ?icaeaaoe oai?/? cae?aiino? ae?oae,
noai?ththoue ia?aiaoyaeaiee ?aaeei aeiia ? oiia ?iaioe aeey ieo.
Caoiiethth/enue ?icaeoeii o ae?oae o?eueee oaoi?/ieo iaaee?a, iaaeaaiae
ao?a/athoue iiaeeea?noue ?icaeaaoe aioo??oi?e na?o aeeoeie, ui iaieio/a
aieeaa? ? ia aeeiiaa/o eoeueoo?o. A aeayeeo ao?oeao iaei oaaae
i?eae?ey?oueny aeoiai?e ?iaio?. Ae?oe ??aeei a?aea?aeothoue aaeaoi?
aenoaae, oaao?e, eiioea?oi? iaeaeai/eee.

Aea/ath/e i?iaeaio aeei?enoaiiy eacee a iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e oai?/?e
?iaio?, ie io?eiaee oae? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iaoo
a?iioaco i?i oa, ui eacea iiaea noaoe cia/iei noeioeii o ?ica’ycaii?
neeaaeieo iaaeaaia?/ieo caaaeaiue, cie?aia o ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a. ?acoeueoaoe aieaooaaiiy iieacaee, ui iieooaai? ae?oe
ethaeyoue eacee, a?ae iinoaiia/i? ?iaioe aiie /aeathoue oe?eaaeo
eaceiaeo nthaeao?a, ia?ac?a, iiae?e, oethaeaieo aa?i?a. Iaiao?aeieie
aeey ieo aeyaeeeny «aanae?» eacee i?i ni?oi? i?eaiaee Aiaea ? Caeoey,
Ao?ao?ii, Iaciaeee, Ea?eniia, *aao?aoee. Aea i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae, aiae?c
eiioea?oieo i?ia?ai, ?acoeueoaoe oai?/eo ca?o?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo
ao?oe?a aeathoue i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui eacea, eaceiaa oaiaoeea a
?aia?ooa?? eieaeoea?a, ia iao iiaeyae, iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiao?oueny.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei aeyaeoe ? iiceoeaiee aeina?ae aeei?enoaiiy
eacee a iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e oai?/?e ?iaio? a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo
ia’?aeiaiiyo Oe?a?ie, yeee aiae?co?oueny a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
aaoi?a.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaioii c?iaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
e?oa?aoo?e i?i ??ci? aeaee oai?/ino?: ooaeiaeiueiai /E.N.Aeaionueeee,
A.I.Oaieia, I.ss.Aeoaeaoeueeee, ?.?. ?aiaoue?a/, iaoeiaiai
/A.A.A?ooeeinueeee/, oi?aia?ao?/iiai /A.I.Aa?aciaa, A.I.Aa?oiaeiaoeue,
E.A.Aiiaea?aiei, I.N.Aiaiethanueea, A.I.Oa?aeaiiaa/, yeee iieaco?
iayai?noue iaia’yceiaeo aeey oai?/i? oyae eiiiiiaio?a. Oaeee i?aeo?ae
aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui iaiao?aeieie eiiiiiaioaie iiaiioe?iiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oai?/i? oyae a oi?aia?ao?/i?e ae?yeueiino? iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a iiaeia aaaaeaoe ciaiiy oai???, aioiai?noue aei oaioethaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino?, ye?noue oai?/i? oyae, caaaeuei? yeino? iniaeeaino?
iieiaeoiai oeiey?a, ineoieia?/iee noai a i?ioean? oai?/i? i?aoe?.
Ia?a?aoiaai? eiiiiiaioe, ye? aecia/athoue ye?noue oai?/i? iniaenoino?
o/iy, ? ?acoeueoaoii ?o aeooiaiiai ?icaeoeo. Ioaea, oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo
yeinoae iiaeeeai o?eueee a aaeaeaaoi?e ae?yeueiino?, o aeei?enoaii?
iaiao?aeieo ciaiue i?i oi?aia?ao?/ia ienoaoeoai.

Nie?ath/enue ia i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae i?ia?aeieo aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo
ao?oe?a Oe?a?ie, aaoi? a aeine?aeaeaii? i?iiiio? oaeee neeaae
iaiao?aeieo eiiiiiaio?a iiaiioe?iiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy oai?/i? oyae a
oi?aia?ao?/i?e ae?yeueiino? ae?oae:

— i?eaeaaiiy o/iai ciaiue c ?noi??? ? oai??? oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa,
eiai caeii?a, i?aaee oa i?eeii?a, iaoiaeeee aeeiiaiiy ?oo?a, ioce/iino?,
aeei?enoaiiy aea/aieo ?oo?a a oai?/eo caaaeaiiyo, ?ii?ia?caoe?yo, ciaiiy
eiiiiceoe?eieo caeii?a oa ?i.;

— aeaiaioe iiia?aaeiueiai aeina?aeo o/iy, ye? aecia/athoue aioiai?noue
aei oi?aia?ao?/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeina?ae aeena?oaioa aeiiii?a anoaiiaeoe, ui oai?/ee aeina?ae o/iy,
aioiai?noue aei oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? iiaeooue aecia/aoenue oaeeie
aeaiaioaie:

— anoaoe/ia ni?eeiyooy oa ioe?iea ae?eniino?;

— iayai?noue iiaeo ?aeae, ia?ac?a, caaeoiie;

— aa/aiiy aeueoa?iaoea eiiiiceoe?eieo ??oaiue oa aa??aio?a ao?eaiiy
?aeae;

— a?aeiiaa a?ae ciaeiieo cania?a eiiiiceoe?eiiai ??oaiiy, eiiiiceoe?eia
aa/aiiy;

— aieiae?iiy caniaaie ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/i? ia?a?iaee iaoa??aeo
ae?eniino?;

— nthaeaoia oa ia?acia ieneaiiy;

— a?eueia aeei?enoaiiy ieanoe/ieo cania?a oaioethaaeueii? ae?aciino? ;

— caaaa/aiiy, eiie?aoecaoe?y ia?ac?a;

— ia?aaeaa/aiiy oaoi?ee aeeiiaiiy iaoa??aeo ao?eaiiy caaeoiee.

?iaeea?aeoaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea oyae aeeoeie cae?enith?oueny ca ?yaeii
yeinoae, c yeeo iaea?eueo nooo?aeie ? oae?: neea /nooi?iue yne?aaino? oa
ae?aciino? ia?ac?a/, oe?ioa /e?euee?noue ia?ac?a/, e?eoe/i?noue
/nooi?iue caeeaeaiiy oyaieo ia?ac?a c ae?eni?noth/. A neeo oeeo yeinoae
i?iaeoeoe oai?/i? oyae oa?aeoa?ecothoue iiaecia, i?ea?iaeuei?noue
ae??oaiiy caaeoio, ia’?eoeaia oa noa’?eoeaia cia/ou?noue;

— caaaeuei? yeino? iniaenoino? oeiey?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?acoeueoao
oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?: ?icaeoie ?ioaeaeoo, e?eoe/i?noue ?icoio,
aioiai?noue iino?eii a/eoenue, iaiieaaeea?noue, oe?eani?yiiaai?noue,
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue, aiey;

— ineoieia?/iee noai a i?ioean? oi?aia?ao?/ii? ae?yeueiino?:

aiioe?eia noaaeaiiy aei ni?eeiyoiai oa a?aeia?aaeoaaiiai ia’?eoo ?
oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?, iai?oaa, eiioeaio?aoe?y aeooiaieo oa o?ce/ieo nee,
caoiieai?noue caaaeaiiyi, aaaeaiiy aeiaanoe ?icii/aoa aei e?ioey.

Aiae?c iaoeiai? oa iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, a oaeiae i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae
aeiiii?a aaoi?o ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? oai?/i? ?iaioe a
oi?aia?ao?/iiio ao?oeo, yea ni?eyea a?eueo oni?oiiio ?icaeoeo oai?/i?
oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a. Aenia?eiaioaeueia nenoaia iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii?
oai?/i? ?iaioe aeicaieeea aecia/eoe eiiieaen aoaeoeaieo i?eeii?a, aei
yeeo iaeaaeeoue: iieac , c?acie, neiaaniee iaoiae, ioce/iee noi?ia?ae,
?a?iaee iaoiae ciaaaiiy, iaoiae aeoiaaiiy i?aena?aeiii? ae?yeueiino?.

Ia iniia? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee
aeena?oaioii aoei ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ia?aie aoaeoeaiiai
?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi oethaeaieo eacie. A i?ia?ai? aoei ia?aaeaa/aii i?iaaaeaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo caoiae?a, ye i?aai?caoe?y oai?/eo caaaeaiue,

?ii?ia?caoe?eia oa aothaeia ?iaioa, noai?aiiy aeanieo nthaeao?a eacie oa
?o oi?aia?ao?/ia ao?eaiiy, a?aea?aeoaaiiy aaeaoieo aenoaa, aan?ae i?i
aaeaoi? aenoaae, iaaiai?aiiy niaeoaee?a, caeo/aiiy ae?oae aei aeai?o
?aia?ooa?o, ?ic?iaee ane?c?a einothi?a oa ?i.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe a aeeoy/iio
oi?aia?ao?/iiio ao?oeo noaee ?acoeueoaoe eiio?ieueiiai cai??o, yeee
i?iaiaeeany o oi?i? oanooaaiiy, / oano-?ii?ia?caoe?y/. Iaoith
eiio?ieueiiai cai??o aoei aecia/aiiy ii??aiyiiai ??aiy oai?/i? oyae
o/aniee?a eiio?ieueii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oi.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe iieacaee, ui ??aaiue oai?/i? oyae
a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi? noaa aeuei. A?aeiia?aei? aeai? iaaaaeaii a
oaaeeoe?.

Oaaeeoey 1.

OANOIA?

CAAAeAIIss IIEACIEEE

1.I?ea?iaeuei? ci?noiai? ?ii?ia?caoe??.

2.Aeei?enoaiiy ?oo?a aac nthaeaoo.

3.A?aenooi?noue nthaeaoo, ae??, eaene/ia iaeiiiai?oi?noue.

4.A?aeiiaa aeeiioaaoe caaaeaiiy.eiio?ieueia a?oiaaenia?aiaioaeueia a?oia

1.Oyae nia?, ui oe -Iaeuea?ia.1.71.82.Oyae nia?, ui oe —
Ao?ao?ii.1.92.23.Oyae nia?, ui oe i?aaenoaaey?o, eiee /o?o oeth
ioceeo.2.02.24.Caoaioethe oa, ui i?aaenoaaey?o, eiee /o?o oeth
ioceeo.1.72.15.Caoaioethe oethaeaiiai eaceiaiai aa?iy.1.72.2

Ioaea, a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy ae?oae i?e caaaeueiiio ?icaeoeo ?o
cae?aiinoae aaaeaii ea?oaaoeny oei, ui oyaa noa? ana a?eueo ea?iaaiei
i?ioeanii, ? oai?/? ia?ace aeieeathoue a ?one? oeo caaaeaiue, ye?
noaaeyoue ia?aae ieie ci?no ? oi?ie caiyoue iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?
ae?oae.

I?iaaaeaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei c?iaeoe oae?
aeniiaee.

Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoino?, ui caeaoia i?eeiaoe ??oaiiy, ieneeoe ?
ae?yoe a iiaeo oiiaao, ? aaaeeeaei caaaeaiiyi an?o nioe?aeueieo
?inoeooo?a aeoiaaiiy Oe?a?ie. Aeeoy/? oi?aia?ao?/i? ao?oee aieiae?thoue
cia/iei iaaeaaia?/iei oa aeoiaiei iioaioe?aeii aeey oi?ioaaiiy oaei?
iniaenoino?, aiie a?aeiia?aeathoue no?oeoo?? oa aeiiaai ?icaeoeo oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino?, yea aeanoeaa aeeoy/iio oi?aia?ao?/iiio ienoaoeoao.

Aeai? eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo aeathoue ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui a
?iaio? aeayeeo aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a iathoue i?noea iaai?
iaaeie?ee a i?aai?caoe?? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?, iniaeeai, a ?icaeoeo
oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a. Iiaeaeueoa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa ?icaeoeii oai?/i? oyae ae?oae caniaaie
oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa, ye cana?ae/o? aeina?ae, ciaoiaeeoueny a
aaciina?aaei?e caeaaeiino? a?ae i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee ea??aiee?a
aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia’?aeiaiue. A iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?
ia??aeei iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiaothoueny iaaeaaia?/i? i?eioeei
aeinooiiino?, iine?aeiaiino?, nenoaiaoe/iino?, ii?aeiaiiy oai??? c
i?aeoeeith.

Iaei oaaae i?eae?ey?oueny neiaaniiio iaoiaeo, ?a?iaiio iaoiaeo ciaaaiiy,
ui iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?icaeoie oai?/i? oyae ae?oae.
Iaaeaaiae-oi?aia?aoe caeiathoueny ia?aaaaeii ?icaeoeii oaoi?/ieo,
i?ioan?eieo iaae/ie oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa, ui cia/iith i??ith
cieaeo? aa?iii?eiee ?icaeoie oai?/i? iniaenoino?.

Oai?/a oyaa iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ?icaeaa?oueny iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii, yeui a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio oai?/iio i?ioean? aeoeaii ? oe?eani?yiiaaii
aeei?enoiao?oueny eacea, eaceia? ia?ace, eaceiaa neooaoe?y, ? oea aoei
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieueiiai aenia?eiaioo. A i?ioean?
eiai aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue iaaeaaia?/iiai
ea??aieoeoaa ?icaeoeii oai?/i? oyae ae?oae caniaaie eacee, yeo aoei
ao?eaii a ?iaio? Aea?aeaaii? aeeoy/i? oi?aia?ao?/ii? nooae??
oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth “Aa?a?ii/ie” i.Ee?aa. Noai?aiiy aa??aoeaii?
iiaeae? iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?ai aoaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae
o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a ? i?aenoieii niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiai ocaaaeueiaiiy, yea a?aee?eaa? iiaeeeaino? aeey
iiaeaeueoeo iaaeaaia?/ieo iiooe?a ?icaeoeo oi?aia?ao?/ii? oai?/ino?
ae?oae.

A i?ioean? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe aeena?oaioii aoei aecia/aii iniiai?
no/ani? iaoeia? i?eioeeie iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa ?icaeoeii oai?/i?
oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a —

o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a, a naia:

— a?a ? eacea a iieiaeoiio oe?eueiiio a?oe? aiineoue a aeeooy aeeoeie
?aae?noue, yne?aa? a?aaeaiiy, aeeeeea? anoaoe/i? ii/oooy, noai?th?
oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey aeyaeaiiy ?i?oe?aoeae, caoaeaeo? aeoeai?noue,
?icaeaa? oai?/? cae?aiino?, oyao, oaioac?th, a/eoue naiino?eiino?. Naith
o?oaeiao ae?yeuei?noue aeeoeia i?iyaey? /a?ac eaceo. Oiio anoaoe/ia
aeoiaaiiy, ?icaeoie oai?/i? oyae caniaaie oi?aia?ao?? iaiao?aeii
aoaeoaaoe ia a?? ? /a?ac a?o a eaceo;

— a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio oai?/iio i?ioean? iaaeaaiao-oi?aia?aoo
iaiao?aeii aeio?eioaaoeny iine?aeiaiino? a canoinoaaii? iaoiaee/ieo
i?eeii?a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue oe?e a?eia?e a?oi?;

— o iaoiaee/ieo i?eeiiao a?ae eiie?aoieo aeac?aie, ye? ae?oe oi/ii
aeeiiothoue, ne?ae iinooiiai ia?aoiaeeoe aei i?aeoe/ieo ii?aae, ui
ni?yiiaothoue ?o oai?/o ae?yeuei?noue ?, ia?aoo?, aoaeoaaoe caiyooy oae,
uia ae?oe cae?enithaaee nai? oai?/? caaeoie, naiino?eii aiineee a ieo
aeanio ?i?oe?aoeao;

— iiaoi?aiiy ?oo?a, oai?/eo caaaeaiue, aothae?a, oaioe?a — iaia’yceiaee
aeaiaio i?ioeano canai?iiy iaoa??aeo, yeee ia? nain o?eueee oiae?, eiee
i?e eiaeiiio iiaoi?aii? noaaeyoueny aeiaeaoeia? caaaeaiiy;

— iaaeaaia ciiaea aeiiiiiaoe aeeoei? aac ia?aaaioaaeaiiy ?? aiioe?eii?
noa?e i?iyaeoe a oaioe?, a?? nai? aeoiee, ii/oooy eeoa oiae?, eiee a?i,
i?aeae?ath/e ci?no i?ia?aiiiai iaoa??aeo, ?aoaeueii i?iaeoia?
aeinooii?noue aeey ae?oae ii/ooo?a, ye? aeeee/a oeae iaoa??ae, ?
ianaiia?aae, caa?oa?oueny aei eaceiaeo ia?ac?a ? nthaeao?a;

— ioce/iee iaoa??ae iaiao?aeii i?aeae?aoe c o?aooaaiiyi a?eiaeo
iniaeeainoae. Iai?aaeeueiee eiai aeia?? iiaea aeeeeeaoe aiioe??, ui ia
a?aeiia?aeathoue a?eia? aeeoeie, a oea oe?aeeeai aieeia ia ?? ia?aiao
nenoaio ? a?aeaa?ia oaaao a?ae canai?iiy ?ooiaeo iaae/ie;

— aeey oai?/eo caaaeaiue, aothae?a, ?ii?ia?caoe?e aaaeaii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ciaeii? ae?oyi i?ni? c ioeueoeie?eaoe?eieo o?euei?a. Ca
nai?i ci?noii ioce/i? oai?e iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe aioo??oiueiio na?oia?
aeeoeie, aeiiiiaaaoe ?icaeoeia? ia?ac?a.

I?ae /an eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo oa aiae?co ?aia?ooa?o ?yaeo
aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a Oe?a?ie aoei aeyaeaii ye iiceoeai?, oae
? iaaaoeai? iiiaioo oi?ioaaiiy aeeoy/iai ?aia?ooa?o. Oe? aeniiaee aeaee
ciiao aaoi?ia? noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy ?aia?ooa?o:

— ?iaioa ea??aieea ? eieaeoeao a oe?eiio ioe?ith?oueny ii oeo
iinoaiiaeao, ye? ?niothoue a oi?aia?ao?/iiio ao?oeo;

— oaioethaaeuei? eiiiiceoe?? iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe oaoi?/iei
iiaeeeainoyi eieaeoeao;

— cae?eniaiiy i?eioeeio «a?ae i?inoiai aei neeaaeiiai», oiaoi iinooiiaee
ia?ao?ae a?ae i?inoeo, eaaeeo eiiiiceoe?e aei a?eueo neeaaeieo,
aaaaoiieaiiaeo iinoaiiaie, aei iaeiiaeoieo niaeoaee?a;

— iayai?noue ??cieo ca oi?iaie ? aeai?aie iinoaiiaie: ianiaeo, a?oiiaeo
? nieueieo eiiiiceoe?e;

— ni?aaaeiy ooaeiaei?noue oaioethaaeueii? iinoaiiaee, ?? aeoiaia
ni?yiiaai?noue, i?aaaeea?noue ooaeiaei?o ia?ac?a;

— o?aooaaiiy niaoeeo?ee ooaeiaeiuei? naiiae?yeueiino? i?ae /an
ia?aianaiiy oi?aia?ao?/ieo eiiiiceoe?e c i?ioan?eiiai eieaeoeao aei
naiiae?yeueiiai;

— noai?aiiy i?ea?iaeueiiai ?aia?ooa?o;

— i?e aecia/aii? oaiaoeee iinoaiia/i? ?iaioe a?aooaaiiy a?eiaeo
?ioa?an?a ae?oae.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii oae? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??:

— aaanoe a i?ia?aio niaoeeo?no «?iaioa a aeeoy/iio naiiae?yeueiiio
ao?oeo», a oaeiae a iaa/aeueiee eo?n «Ienoaoeoai aaeaoiaenoa?a», ye?
aeeeaaeathoueny a aocao eoeueoo?e, a o/eeuao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa, ui
ciaeiieyoue nooaeaio?a c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie ?icaeoeo
oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, c ?icaeaath/eie iaoiaeeeaie, ye?
ni?eythoue a?eueo aoaeoeaiiio ?icaeoeo oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ae?oae;

— ?ic?iaeoe oa aeaeaoe iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/i? iin?aieee aeey ea??aiee?a
aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a, oe?e ienoaoeoa, ina?oi?o oe?e, a oaeiae
aeey nooaeaio?a oi?aia?ao?/ieo niaoe?ae?caoe?e.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eeoa ii/aoeiaei aoaiii aeeaieiai aea/aiiy
i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a oeyoii aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy aeoiaieo iiaeeeainoae eacee a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo
ao?oeao ? aeiaaa? naiai iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. *o?i?oa O.I. Aaeaoia eacea a nenoai? ii?aeueii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a// Ooaeiaeiy ina?oa ? i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy iieiae?:
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae.-E.:?CII, ?997.-N.140-148.

2. *o?i?oa O.I. Aaeeea aeeai — eacea! — E.: ?IE IE, 1998. -30 n.

3. *o?i?oa O.I. Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeei?enoaiiy eacee a
aeeoy/eo naiiae?yeueieo oi?aia?ao?/ieo eieaeoeaao // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue EAe?E. Aei.2.-E.: EAe?E, 1994.-N.79-87.

4. *o?i?oa O.I. A ainoyo o eacee // Nioe. eoeueoo?a,- ?990.-?7, -N.9.

5. *o?ieoa O.I. Niaoeeo?n «Iaoiaeeea ?aaiou a aeaoneii oi?aia?aoe/aneii
eieeaeoeaa»// Eioaineoeeaoeey o/aaiiai i?ioeanna a aoca eooo?u: Oacene e
iao/iie eiioa?aioeee. Aa?iaoe, 1988. -N. 108-109.

6. *o?i?oa O.I. Aeoiaia cia/aiiy oa oeyoe aeei?enoaiiy oe?a?inueei?
ia?iaeii? eacee a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo eieaeoeaao//Eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie:
?noi??y ? no/ani?noue: Oace aeiiia?aeae ?anioae?eainueei?
iaoei-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. -Oa?e?a, 1992.-N.256-258.

7. *o?i?oa O.I. Aeaye? i?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee ea??aiee?a aeeoy/eo
oi?aia?ao?/ieo eieaeoea?a ia no/aniiio aoai? // ?inoeooo eoeueoo?e ia
no/aniiio aoai?: Oace aeiiia?aeae. -E.: EAe?E-?993.-N.56-57.

8. *o?i?oa O.I. Cono??/a?iiny c eaceith // Ia?iaeia neiai,
E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeanii? ?aaee ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a, 1991, — 2
ethoiai, -N.3.

*o?i?oa O.I. Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a caniaaie oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa /ia iaoa??ae?
aeei?enoaiiy eacie/. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ?c niaoe?aeueiino? 13.00.05 — nioe?aeueia iaaeaaia?ea. Ee?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa, I.Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeyaeaiith oa iaa?oiooaaiith iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia
?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae ae?oae caniaaie oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa. A
aeena?oaoe?? aecia/aii oeyoe aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy aeoiaieo
iiaeeeainoae eacee o ?icaeoeo oai?/i? oyae iieiaeoeo oeiey??a —
o/aniee?a aeeoy/eo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ao?oe?a, ai?iaiaaii ?
aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aoaeoeai?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai
ea??aieoeoaa ?icaeoeii oai?/i? oyae a i?ioean? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii?
?iaioe.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oai?/a oyaa, oi?aia?ao?/iee ao?oie, eacea, iieiaeo?
oeiey??.

*o?ieoa O.I. Nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneea i?iaeaiu ?acaeoey oai?/aneiai
aiia?aaeaiey ieaaeoeo ueieueieeia n?aaenoaaie oi?aia?aoe/aneiai
eneonnoaa /ia iaoa?eaeao eniieueciaaiey neacie/.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.05 — nioeeaeueiay iaaeaaiaeea. Eeaaneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa ,a.Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ii?aaeaeaieth e iainiiaaieth iaaeaaiae/aneeo
oneiaee ?acaeoey oai?/aneiai aiia?aaeaiey aeaoae n?aaenoaaie
oi?aia?aoe/aneiai eneonnoaa. A aeenna?oaoeee ii?aaeaeaiu iooe
yooaeoeaiiai eniieueciaaiey ainieoaoaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae neacee a
?acaeoee oai?/aneiai aiia?aaeaiey ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia — o/anoieeia
aeaoneeo oi?aia?aoe/aneeo eieeaeoeaia, ai?iae?iaaia e yenia?eiaioaeueii
iiaeoaa?aeaeaia cooaeoeaiinoue iaaeaaiae/anaiai ?oeiaiaenoaa ?acaeoeai
oai?/aneiai aiia?aaeaiey a i?ioeanna o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou.

Eeth/aaea neiaa: oai?/aneia aiia?aaeaiea, oi?aia?aoe/aneee e?oaeie,
neacea, ieaaeoea oeieueieee.

Tatyana M. Churpita. Social and pedagogical problems of developing the
creative imagination of the junior schoolchildren by means of
choreographic art (on a material of using fairy tales), Manuscript.

The dissertation on competing a scientific degree of the candidate of
pedagogical sciences on a speciality 13.00.05 — Social Pedagogic. Kiev
State University of Culture and Arts, Kiev, 1998.

The dispertation is devoted to detection and subistaritiation of
pedagogical conditions of development of creative imagination of the
junior schoolboys by means of choreographic art. The ways of efficient
use of the educational capabilities ot a fairy taly in the development
of creative imagination of the junioi scoolchildren — participants ot
children’s choreographic circles are determined in the dissertation, the
efficiency of the programme of a pedagogical management of the
development of creative imagination within the process of educational
and training activity is tested and experimentally confirmed.

Key words: creative imagniation, choreographic circle, fairy tale,
junior schoolchildren.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 23.11.1998 ?. Oi?iao 60o90/16.

Oiiai.ae?.a?e. 1.0. Iae.-aeae.a?e. 1.0. Iaeeaae 100 i?ei.

Cai._________

Ae?oea?iy Aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? ea??aieo

eaae??a eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa.

Aae?ana: 252601, Ee?a, aoe.N?/iaaiai iianoaiiy, 21.

Похожие записи