IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO ?AA?IIAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Eooeeoei Iaoae?y Iao??aia

OAeE 338
(477:438) : 91

NIOe?AEUeII-AEIIII?*IEE ?ICAEOIE

O?AINEI?AeIIIIAI ?AA?IIO

(IA I?EEEAAe? ?A?I?AA?IIO “AOA”)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.10.01 — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee

? ?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aieeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaeuenueeee Ia?e?yi C?iia?eiae/,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i.?a.O?aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeiea ?ai? Ieeieaeiae/, *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
TH.Oaaeueeiae/a, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee E?aaoe?a
Aaneeue Noaiaiiae/, ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e i?iaeai i?iaiicoaaiiy oa
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 19 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 1100 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.154.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe a ?inoeooo?
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 290026, i.Euea?a,
aoe.Eicaeueieoeueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 18 ” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
A.?.AEiaoaiaoeueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/ani? oaiaeaioe?? ? i?ioeane ainiiaea?nueeiai
?icaeoeo a Oe?a?i? ni?e/eiythoue iiyao iiaeo ? caaino?aiiy ?nioth/eo
i?iaeai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueieo i?ioean?a ? yaeu. O oae?e neooaoe??
?icaeoie o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa iaaoaa? iiaiai cia/aiiy, eiai
aeooaeuei?noue iineeth?oueny c ?icaeoeii ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia
a?oio? ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. I?iyaeythoueny iia? oa?eoi??aeuei? aniaeoe
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, ye? iio?aaothoue ananoi?iiiueiai
aiae?co. Ca inoaii? ?iee iaoeiaa ?ic?iaea i?iaeai i?aeia?iaeiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa aeaui iineeeeanue. Iioae?eiaaii ?yae i?aoeue,
i?enay/aieo, aieiaiei /eiii, i?aeia?iaeiiio ni?a?ia?oieoeoao ia
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio ??ai?. Aea ?aa?iiaeueiee aniaeo, oiaoi
o?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, a ieo a?aeia?aaeai? iaaeinoaoiuei. Iaei
i?iaiaeeoueny aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiieo ?aa?ii?a
ia oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiio iia?aie//? ca o/anoth aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
iaeanoae. ?acii c oei, naia iaeaniee ??aaiue a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ia ?eieia? canaaee noa? iniiaiei ia`?eoii
oa?eoi??aeueiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy oa ?iaeeeaoeaiiai ieaioaaiiy. Ua a?eueoi?
aeooaeueiino? iaaoaathoue ieoaiiy o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a
i?aeaea?aeaaieo oi?ioaaiiyo oeio “?a?i?aa?ii?a”.

Iio?aao? iiaeeaeaiiy o?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai a ?a?i?aa?ii?
“Aoa”, yeee ia? ni?eyoeea? iiaeeeaino? aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo an?o
noa? ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno, aeei?enoiaoth/e nai? i?eei?aeiiia
iieiaeaiiy a cii? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ? noeeo Oe?a?ie, Iieueu? ?
A?ei?on?. Aea?aei?noue aaiiie?oe/iiai iieiaeaiiy Aieeinueeiai
i?eei?aeiiiiai ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno (IAE) oa ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”
ni?ey? iiaeeaeaiith ainiiaea?nueei? niaoe?ae?caoe??, ?icoe?aiith o/ano?
o caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio ? i?aeia?iaeiiio iiae?e? oa ?ioaa?aoe?? i?aoe?,
a oaeiae o?aiceoiiio ianeoaiaoaaii? aenii?oii-?iii?oieo ia?aaacaiue
Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu? oa ?ioeo ?a?iiaenueeeo aea?aeaa. Iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee iaoeiaeo i?iaeai o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, ioe?iea noaio eiai aea/aiino? acaaae? oa a Oe?a?i?
cie?aia coiiaeee aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae aecia/eee eiei
aeine?aeieoeueeeo ieoaiue.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y iia`ycaia c
aeine?aeaeaiiyie ii aea?aeathaeaeaoi?e oai? 4-42 “Iiaeaeue ?icaeoeo
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ?aa?iio a aniaeo? i?ioean?a ?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe??
(ia oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiio i?eeeaae?)” ?icae?e “Ioe?iea
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai ?aa?iio (? 0194 U
038206 aea?ae?a?no?aoe??).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? ie?aieo
?icae?e?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaiaoeee Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo “?aoe?iiaeueia i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy o Aieeinuee?e iaeano?”
oa “I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno Aieeinueei?
iaeano?”.

Iaoa ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iieyaa? o oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? iniiaieo canaae
ae?iaeaiiy eiioeaioe?? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ?aa?iio oa ?ic?iaoe? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
iiaeeaeaiiy ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae eiai neeaaeiaeie.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe coiiaeei iinoaiiaeo ? ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

— i?iaaaeaiiy nenoaiiiai aiae?co iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e oa no/anieo
iniaeeainoae o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa;

— ?ic?iaea nenoaie aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a oa iaoiaee/ieo i?eeii?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai
?aa?iio;

— aea/aiiy noeoiiino? oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie ?a?i?aa?iio
“Aoa”;

— aiae?c oaiaeaioe?e nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo i?eei?aeiiieo
ainiiaea?nueeeo eiiieaen?a ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”;

— ioe?iea no/aniiai noaio oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yie?a iiaeeaeaiiy
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a iaaeao ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”;

I?aaeiao, ia`?eo ? iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/i? ? i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai ?aa?iio. Ia`?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy — ?a?i?aa?ii “Aoa” c eiai iniiaieie neeaaeiaeie —
i?eei?aeiiieie ainiiaea?nueeeie eiiieaenaie.

Iaoiaeieia?/io ? iaoiaee/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue no/ani?
oai??? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, nenoaiiee ? i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaee i?aeoiaee,
ioae?eaoe?? a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo c ieoaiue ?aa?iiaeueiiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e:

— aeyaeaii oi?ie, iniiai? iai?yiee, oa?aeoa?i? iciaee ? iniaeeaino?
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa oa eiai aieea ia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie i?eei?aeiiieo ainiiaea?nueeeo
eiiieaen?a ?a?i?aa?iio;

— aecia/aii ia?aiao?e aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a ?
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie ia ?icaeoie o?ainei?aeiiiiai
?aa?iio oa eiai IAE;

— ?ic?iaeaii iia? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai ?aa?iio;

— aecia/aii ?ano?niee iioaioe?ae oa anoaiiaeaii iniiai? i?iaeaie
?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”, ?ic?iaeaii i?aeoe/i? caoiaee uiaei ?o
?ica`ycaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeaii iniiai? canaaee no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” oa
eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo Aieeinueeiai IAE ia ia??iae aei 2010 ?ieo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a canoinoaaii?
oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie, iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a oa eiie?aoieo i?iiiceoe?e
uiaei iie?auaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ia o?eueee
?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”, aea e ?ioeo o?ainei?aeiiieo oi?ioaaiue ca o/anoth
Oe?a?ie. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?eeeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o aeei?enoiaothoueny
oi?aae?iiyi aeiiii?ee oa ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? Aieeinueei?
iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? i?e ?ic?iaoe? iioi/ieo ? ia?niaeoeaieo
i?iaiic?a ? ieai?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo iaeano?.

Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie ? iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee
aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e /eoaii? eo?no
“?a?iiaenueea o?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai”, i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
nooaeaioaie eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o ia oaeoeueoao? i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. On? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, aeeeaaeai? a
aeena?oaoe??, io?eiai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi. C iaoeiaeo i?aoeue,
iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, a ?iaio? aeei?enoai? eeoa o? ?aea? oa
iieiaeaiiy, ui ? ?acoeueoaoii iniaenoi? ?iaioe caeiaoaa/a. Eiie?aoiee
aianie caeiaoaa/a a oe? i?aoe? aeacaiee a aaoi?aoa?ao? a ia?ae?eo
iniiaieo ioae?eaoe?e ii oai? aeena?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui i?noyoueny a aeena?oaoe??,
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo.
“Transformation in Eastern Europe” (I?aaa, *anueea ?anioae?ea, 1994),
“The Future of East-Central Europe” (Ethae?i, ?anioae?ea Iieueua, 1994),
“?a?i?aa?ii Aoa: i?iaeaie o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa” (Eooeuee,
1995), “Polska-Ukraina, problemy wspolpracy regionalnej. Doswiadczenia
Euroregionu Bug” (Iaeai/ia, ?anioae?ea Iieueua, 1997), “?aa?iiaeueia
iie?oeea Oe?a?ie: iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee, iaoai?cie” (Euea?a, 1998); ia
?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?aaiaa?aaeaey Oe?a?ie: a/i?a,
nueiaiaei?, caao?a” ( Eooeuee, 1997), a oaeiae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo i?aoe?aiee?a Aieeinueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1996\98 ?iee).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 21 iaoeiao
i?aoeth caaaeueiei ianyaii 19,2 ae.a., a oiio /ene? iniaenoi aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue 9,3 ae.a.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a caaaeueiei ianyaii 175 noi??iie
iaoeiiieno, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (206 iaeiaioaaiue), 15
?enoie?a ? 13 aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

?icae?e ?. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?
?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai ?aa?iio

O?ainei?aeiiiiio ni?a?ia?oieoeoao ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? aeanoea?
/ioe?e aoaie i?ioeano ?icaeoeo: aea/aiiy ?nioth/eo ca`yce?a i?ae
ia?oia?aie ?aa?iio; aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo; ?ic?iaea ?
caaacia/aiiy i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo, iii?oi?eia ? ioe?iea. Aiii i?ioiaeeoue o
aeae?eueeio iai?yieao: o?yaeiai-?aa?iiaeueiiio ?
?aa?iiaeueii-eieaeueiiio.

A ia?oiio aeiaaeeo ni?a?ia?oieoeoai nie?a?oueny ia i?aeia?iaei?
oaiaee. Aiii iioe?aia oai, aea ? aaeeea aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy.
?aa?iiaeueii-eieaeueia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai ?icaeaa?oueny aeineoue
niiioaiii. Eiai ?oo?eiith neeith ? iniaeno? eiioaeoe c non?aeaie, ye?
aeeeeeai? ainiiaea?nueeeie iio?aaaie, a oaeiae ni?ai?aoey a aaeoc?
eoeueoo?e. Noai?aiiy oaei? i?aai?caoe?eii? oi?ie ye “?a?i?aa?iie” oa
i?eeiyooy Iaae?eaenueei? eiiaaioe?? (1980 ?.) neeaee i?oeiee i?aaiaee
ooiaeaiaio aeey ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ? eieaeueiiio ??aiyo. I?ae iiiyooyi “?a?i?aa?ii”
?icoi??oueny iaaia caeiiiaeaa/i cae??ieaia i?inoi?iaa oi?ioaaiiy ?c
/?oei ie?aneaieie iaaeaie, aei neeaaeo yeiai aoiaeyoue i?eei?aeiii?
ainiiaea?nuee? eiiieaene uiiaeiaioa aeaio aea?aeaa, ui iathoue ni?eueiee
ei?aeii, yea ia? ca iaoo ni?eueii ? ocaiaeaeaii noeioethaaoe
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie nai?o oa?eoi??e. Aei ?ioeo oei?a
o?ainei?aeiiieo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i a?aeiinyoueny: 1) “?iai/?
ni?eueiioe”, ye? aacothoueny ia iaaieo oaiaeao, iathoue iaiaaeai?
iiaeeeaino? ? ??aeei aeeth/athoueny a ?a?iiaenuee? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo
i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??e; 2) ??ci? onoaiia/? aeiaiai?e, ye? neoaothoue
aeey aeeiiaiiy iaaieo i?ia?ai.

O?ainei?aeiiiee ?aa?ii — oea iayai?noue uiiaeiaioa aeaio oa?eoi??e
??cieo e?a?i, ui iathoue ni?eueiee aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii, i?ae yeeie
anoaiiaeeenue o?ni? ae?iaie/? ? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ca`ycee. I?i
ia`?eoeaiee i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy o?ainei?aeiiiiai ?aa?iio na?ae/eoue
??aaiue ?icaeoeo ??ciiai ?iaeo ca`yce?a (ae?iaie/eo,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiui), ye? cae?eniththoueny i?ae aeaiia
oa?eoi??yie ??cieo e?a?i, ui iathoue ni?eueiee aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii. Aac
iayaiino? oaeeo ca`yce?a ia iiaea oi?ioaaoenue o?ainei?aeiiiee ?aa?ii.

?a?i?aa?ii “Aoa” — oea o?ainei?aeiiia ia`?aeiaiiy, aei neeaaeo yeiai
aoiaeeoue Aieeinueea iaeanoue Oe?a?ie, Oieinueea, Caiinonueea,
Ethae?inueea, Oa?iiaaeacueea ? A?eii?aeeynueea ai?aiaenoaa ?anioae?ee
Iieueua1 oa A?anonueea iaeanoue A?ei?on?2 (?en.1). A?i ia? oae?
caaaeaiiy: 1) i?aai?ciaoaaoe oa eii?aeeioaaoe ae??, ui ni?eythoue
ni?a?ia?oieoeoao i?ae /eaiaie ?a?i?aa?iio a aaeocyo aeiiii?ee, iaoee,
aeieia??, eoeueoo?e oa ina?oe, 2) iaaeaaaoe aeiiiiiao o ?ic?iaoe?
eiie?aoieo i?iaeo?a o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, ui noaiiaeyoue
aca?iiee ?ioa?an; 3) ni?eyoe ?icaeoeia? aeia?inon?aenueeeo a?aeiinei
i?ae e?a?iaie-/eaiaie ?a?i?aa?iio; 4) aecia/aoe iioaioe?ei? aaeoc?
aaaaoinoi?iiiueiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa; 5) aooe niieo/iith eaieith ?
ni?eyoe ni?a?ia?oieoeoao /eai?a ?a?i?aa?iio c i?aeia?iaeieie
i?aai?caoe?yie, onoaiiaaie oa aaainoaaie. Ea??aieie i?aaiaie
?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” ?: ?aaea, I?aceae?y, Nae?aoa??ao. Oe? i?aaie
aeeiiothoue eii?aeeiaoe?ei?, aei?aae/? ? i?aaenoaaieoeuee? ooieoe??, ui
iia`ycai? c ?aae?caoe??th oe?eae ? caaaeaiue ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”. Aeey
ae??oaiiy aecia/aieo ni?eueieo caaaeaiue ?aaea noai?th? iino?ei? ?iai/?
a?oie. O?iainoaaiiy ae?yeueiino? no?oeoo? caaacia/o?oueny eiaeiith
noi?iiith ca?aeii ie?aii anoaiiaeaieo e?eoa???a.

A ?acoeueoao? aeaiie?aoe/ieo ci?i a Oeaio?aeuei?e ? No?aei?e ?a?ii?,
ye? i?ecaaee aei a?aee?eooy ei?aeii?a, aeieeea iio?aaa a ?ioaineaiiio
?icaeoeo ca`yce?a i?ae oeeie oa?eoi??yie. Ia Aae?iao?cuee?e
?a?iiaenuee?e eiioa?aioe?? (a?oaeaiue 1992 ?.) aoei ae??oaii, ui
?a?iiaenueeee Nithc o?iainiai i?aeo?eia? “o?ain?a?iiaenuee? ia?aae?”, a
oiio /ene? o iaio ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao. Oe? ia?aae? iiaeii? noaoe oieonaie
?icaeoeo ?a?iiaenueeiai aaoiiia?eueiiai ? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.

??oaiiy uiaei aieiaii? o?ainii?oii? ia?aae? ?aae?cothoueny ia
iaoe?iiaeueiiio ??ai? ? ??ai? ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco. C ?aa?iiaeueiiai
??aiy i?aeo?eiothoueny o? i?iaeoe, ye? i???ioothoueny ia eiioaeia?i?
oa?i?iaee, oeaio?e oo?ecio oiui. A?aeaaioaaeoaaeuei? oa?i?iaee (?o oaea
a ?a?ii? ia?aoiao?oueny 40) aoaeooue ?ici?uai? a a?eueoiio i?inoi??
i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?ii?a, o oiio /ene? ? a Oe?a?i? (noai?aia aeoe?iia?ia
eiiiai?y “?ioa?ii?o Eiaaeue”).

Aaaeeeaei aeey aeine?aeaeoaaii? oa?eoi??? ? oi?ioaaiiy
Aaeo?enueei-*i?iiii?nueei? in? o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, yea
i?ieaea acaeiaae cao?aeiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie ? A?ei?on?. Ia oe?e in?
Oe?a?ia aiane?aeie naiai aaiiie?oe/iiai iieiaeaiiy oa iiooaeiiai
ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo caeia eeth/iaa iieiaeaiiy. Naia oea ?
caaacia/eoue ?? ?ioaa?aoe?th a ?a?iiaenueeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io
nenoaio. ?icaeoie oe??? in? oa oi?ioaaiiy ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue o?ainoi?iaoe?? ieaioaaeueii? no?oeoo?e Aieeinueeiai IAE.
Oiaoi aieiaieie aoaeooue ieaioaaeuei? in?:
Ee?a-Na?ie-Eiaaeue-Ethaiieue-Oiei-Ethae?i-Aa?oaaa oa
Ee?a-AEeoiie?-??aia-Eooeuee-Aieiaeeie?-Aieeinueeee-Onoeeoa-A?oaao?a-Caii
noue-E?ae?a.

Aieiaiith ia?aaeoiiaith ?aae?caoe?? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ? aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a ?aa?iio, ?
caaaeueia i???ioaoe?y e?a?ie ia ?ioaa?aoe?th o na?oiainiiaea?nuee?
ca`ycee.

Ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ia iie?oeea Oe?a?ie cina?aaeaeoaaoeiaoueny ia
ae??oaii? oaeeo caaaeaiue: caaacia/aii? ia?aoiaeo aei aeoeaii?
aenii?oii-i???ioiaaii? no?aoaa?? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ia aac?
oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy ? aoaeoeaii? ?aae?caoe?? aenii?oiiai
iioaioe?aeo o i??i?eoaoieo aaeocyo aeiiii?ee; i?aai?/iiio ii?aeiaii?
caoiae?a uiaei iine?aeiaii? e?aa?ae?caoe?? noa?e ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo
ca`yce?a, c aeei?enoaiiyi ?eieiaeo cania?a ?o ?aaoethaaiiy;
?aa?iiaeueiiio ni?yioaaii? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

O?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai a iaaeao ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”
cae?enith?oueny i?ae o?ueiia /anoeiaie oa?eoi??e, ui iaeaaeaoue aei
ainiiaea?nueeeo no?oeoo? ??cieo e?a?i ? ? neeaaeiaeie aeaiaioaie
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeeo eiiieaen?a Oe?a?ie, Iieueu? ? A?ei?on?. Oe?
oa?eoi??? oi?iothoue i?eei?aeiii? ainiiaea?nuee? eiiieaene nai?o e?a?i.

I?eei?aeiiiee ainiiaea?nueeee eiiieaen ie ?icoi??ii ye neeaaeio
iie?no?oeoo?io nenoaio aca?iiiia`ycaieo eiiiiiaio [i?e?iaea (i?e?iaeia
na?aaeiaeua), ianaeaiiy ? eiai ?icnaeaiiy, noa?a iaoa??aeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? noa?a iineoa], ye? ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae niaith a
aaiaoe/iiio, ooieoe?iiaeueiiio ? oa?eoi??aeueiiio ca`yceo. Eiaeia
eiiiiiaioa iiae?ey?oueny ia aace?/ a?aeiinii iaeiiye?nieo aeaiaio?a
(i?iieneiaa /e n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea i?aei?e?inoai, ianaeaiee ioieo
oiui). Oiaoi IAE — oea ainiiaea?nueea nenoaia aenieiai ??aiy
i?aai?caoe?? c? neeaaeiith no?oeoo?ith ? a?aeiineiaie aca?iii?
iaoiiaeaiino? i?ae eiiiiiaioaie, ye? i?aeii?yaeeiaai? aeiiii?/iei
caeiiai ? caeiiii??iinoyi. Iaeaaaeeea?oeie iciaeaie aeaii? nenoaie ?:
oa?eoi??aeuei?noue, oe?e?ni?noue, no?oeoo?a, ???a?o?/i?noue ?
naiii?aai?caoe?y. Nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae a aiae?c? IAE aeicaiey? ?icaeyaeaoe
no?oeoo?o (aoaeiaa ? aioo??oiy oi?ia i?aai?caoe??) ? ooieoe?? (ciai?oi?
i?iyae aeanoeainoae ia`?eo?a o iaai?e nenoai? a?aeiioaiue). Ine?eueee
eiaeia c eiiiiiaio oa ?? aeaiaioe a IAE aeeiiothoue iaaio ooieoe?th,
aeioe?eueii ?icaeyaeaoe eiai ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiiiiiaioio no?oeoo?o.
Inoaiiy oa?aeoa?eco? noeoii?noue aeae?a ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?, ?o
?ieue o oi?ioaaii? ciai?oiueiai ? aioo??oiueiai aniaeo?a ooieoe??,
ae?aaeaieo i?aeia?iaeieie ca`yceaie oa iniaeeainoyie aca?iia?aeiinei
aoaeoeaiiai eiiieaenii-i?iii?oe?eiiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa. Iniiaia
caaaeaiiy nenoaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy IAE — oea iiooe oeyo?a aieeao ia
iueiai a iaaieo oiiaao aeey aeinyaiaiiy eiie?aoii? iaoe.

?icae?e 2. Oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”

Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ae
aieeaii aaaaoueio oaeoi??a, iaeaaaeeea?oeie c yeeo ? i?e?iaeii-?ano?niee
? o?oaei?ano?niee iioaioe?aee, noeoii?noue iaoa??aeueieo ?ono?n?a,
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee iioaioe?ae, ?ie?noue ? aeieia?/iee noai oa?eoi???
oiui. Aiie oi?iothoue ainiiaea?nueeo no?oeoo?o ?aa?iio, yea, a naith
/a?ao, aecia/a? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iee iioaioe?e oa?eoi???. O
a?aeiia?aeiino? c iieiaeaiiyi oai??? ii??aiyeueieo ia?aaaa
iaenooo?a?oeie aeey ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio ? o?
?ano?ne, ye? aeaoa?i?iothoue ia?aiao?e ae?iaieoeoaa o aaeocyo
i?aeia?iaeii? niaoe?ae?caoe??.

C i?e?iaeieo /eiiee?a ia ?icaeoie ?aa?iio aaaeeeaee aieea iathoue
caiaeuei? ?ano?ne. A oe?a?inuee?e /anoei? oeae iieaciee aeaui iaioee,
i?ae a iieuenuee?e (a?aeiia?aeii 2014 oen.aa ? 2392 oen.aa), /anoea
??ee? a no?oeoo?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue iieuenueeeo
ai?aiaenoa oaeiae aeua, i?ae o Aieeinueeiio IAE (79,6% ? 62,2%). Oea
coiiaeei aeuee e?euee?niee iieaciee iiaie?a`y naeiae iieuenueei? /anoeie
?a?i?aa?iio (72,8 oo\100 aa oa?aeue ii a?aeiioaiith aei 38,5 o\100aa
oa?aeue Aieeinueeiai IAE).

?aa?ii aieiae?? ii??aiyii iacia/ieie caianaie i?ia?aeueii-ne?iaeiieo ?
iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a. Iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy c oe?a?inueei?
noi?iie iathoue iieeaaee eai`yiiai aoa?eey, oi?oo, e?aeaee, i?neo,
oeaaaeueii-/a?aie/ii? ne?iaeie ? aaco. Ia iieuenuee?e /anoei? — eai`yia
aoa?eey, n??ea, oi?o ? aoae?aaeueia ne?iaeia.

Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo /eiiee?a ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” ? ii??aiyii
aea?aeia eiai aaiiie?oe/ia iieiaeaiiy. Eiai ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe /a?ac
i?ecio aaii?inoi?iaeo noinoie?a i?ae i?eei?aeiiieie ainiiaea?nueeeie
eiiieaenaie e?a?i, ui aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo ?a?i?aa?iio. ?c oe??? oi/ee
ci?o, iai?eeeaae, Aieeinueeee IAE ? ia?eoa??eiei a Oe?a?i?, aea
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oeaio?aeuei?noth a ?a?ii?. Oaiiiai eiioaeoiino?
iieiaeaiiy iaeano? ye IAE Oe?a?ie aecia/a? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io
nai???aei?noue oa?eoi??? ? aea? iiooaeiee noeioe aeey ?icai?oaiiy ??cieo
aeae?a ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?. ?a?i?aa?ii “Aoa” — oea
“c`?aeioaaeueiee i?no”, /a?ac yeee i?ieyaathoue iaeei?ioo? oeyoe c NIAe
oa Oe?a?ie aei e?a?i Cao?aeii? ?a?iie, a oaeiae i?ae e?a?iaie
Aaeo?enueeiai ? *i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?ii?a. Ioe?ithth/e iiaeeeaino?
?icaeoeo Aieeinueeiai IAE ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie o?ainei?aeiiiiai
?aa?iio, c o?aooaaiiyi aea?aeiino? aaiiie?oe/iiai iieiaeaiiy, iiaeia
aeae?eeoe aeae?eueea aaaeeeaeo iai?yie?a ?aae?caoe?? iioaioe?aeo:
?icaeoie aenii?oieo oa ?iii?oieo ae?iaieoeoa ia iniia? niaoe?ae?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa ? eiiia?oaaiiy ?c non?aei?ie oa?eoi??yie; noai?aiiy ia eiai
oa?eoi??? i?aeia?iaeieo ainiiaea?nueeeo ia`?eo?a, niaoe?aeueieo
(a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii (AAC), oaoiiiie?n?a ? oaoiiia?e?a;
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a aaeocyo i?iieneiaino?, n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa, ?ae?aaoe?? ? oo?ecio; noai?aiiy o?aiceoieo o?ainii?oieo
ei?eaei??a; ?aoe?iiaeueia ? eiiieaenia aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeii-?ono?niiai
iioaioe?aeo.

Iniaeeaa cia/aiiy na?aae oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ?aa?iio, iaeaaeeoue ianaeaiith oa ethaenueeei ?ano?nai.
Ia oa?eoi??? ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” i?iaeeaa? 3454,0 oen./ie., c ieo a
oe?a?inuee?e /anoei? 31,1%, a ia iieuenuee?e — 68,9%. Aonoioa ianaeaiiy
a iieuenuee?e /anoei? iaeaea aaea?/? aeua (99 /ie./ei2) a?ae oeueiai
iieacieea o Aieeinuee?e iaeano? (53 /ie./ei2). I?ioa ??aaiue
o?aai?caoe?? oe?a?inueei? /anoeie ? aeuei (51,9%), i?ae iieuenueei?
(47,1%).

*enaeuei?noue i?aoethth/eo a iaaeao ?a?i?aa?iio noaiiaeoue 1387,0
oen./ie. (72,7% a iieuene?e /anoei? ? 27,3% a oe?a?inuee?e). ??aaiue
aac?ia?ooy cia/ii ia?aaeuo? na?aaeiueiaea?aeaai? iieacieee a iaio
e?a?iao. O iieuenueeeo ai?aiaenoaao a?i ia??aeei ia?aaeuo? 25%, a ?ieiee
nyaa? 50%.

Ci?ia noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a Iieueu? ? a Oe?a?i? ia ?oaaae?
80-90 ?ie?a aeoea?coaaea ainiiaea?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue a ?aa?ii?.
Iniaeeai aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ooo a?ae?a?a? i?eaaoecaoe?y. Iai?eeeaae, o
1997 ?. o Aieeinueeiio IAE a aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoaao, onoaiiaao oa
i?aai?caoe?yo aoei caeiyoi 64,9% an?o i?aoethth/eo, a i?aei?e?inoaao
eieaeoeaii? aeaniino? — 28,4%, a ainiiaea?noaao
iniaenoii?aei?e?iieoeueei? aeaniino? — 6,7%.

?aoe?iiaeueia i?aai?caoe?y IAE iio?aao? a?aooaaiiy an?o a?oi oaeoi??a,
ye? aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy eiai no?oeoo?e, ?icaeoie ca`yce?a oiui. A
aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaii aiae?c ?icaeoeo ainiiaea?noaa ? a?ciano,
ia?eaoeiao, iiieoo oa i?iiiceoe??, o?ainii?oo, noni?eueii? i?aai?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa, iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a,
??aiy ainiiaea?nueei? inai?iino? oa?eoi??? oiui.

?icae?e 3. Iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo i?eei?aeiiieo ainiiaea?nueeeo
eiiieaen?a ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”

sse oaea cacia/aeinue, o iaecaaaeuei?oiio aeaeyae? eiiiiiaioaie IAE
aenooiathoue: i?e?iaea, ianaeaiiy, noa?a iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ?
noa?a iineoa. Ooieoe?? oeeo eiiiiiaio iiaeooue aooe aecia/ai? oeyoii
aea/aiiy ?o ooieoe?iiaeueieo ca`yce?a. Ia ?o iniia? o IAE iaio /anoei
?a?i?aa?iio noi?ioaaany ?yae i?aeaaeocaaeo ? aaeocaaeo eiiieaen?a.

Iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iee eiiieaen noaiiaeoue niaith ?aeeio nenoaio
aeaeiaoaaiiy iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a, ?o o?ainii?ooaaiiy,
caa??aaiiy, ?iciiae?eo, aeei?enoaiiy ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aaeeeith
e?euee?noth ca`yce?a c? an?ia aaeocyie ainiiaea?noaa. O Aieeinueeiio IAE
ia iueiai i?eiaaea? 8,3% caaaeueiiai ianyao i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa. A
iaio /anoeiao ?a?i?aa?iio ooieoe?iio? aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue ?
ae?iaieoeoai oi?oo. C iaoith iie?auaiiy caaacia/aiiy Aieei? i?e?iaeiei
aacii, iaiao?aeii inai?oe Eiea/einueea aaciaa ?iaeiaeua iiooaei?noth 4,5
ie?ae.eoa.i. Aeaeo?iaia?a?y iinoa/a?oueny a?ae Aeia?ioa??nueei? Ae?AN oa
??aiainueei? AAN. A Oa?iiaaeacueeiio ai?aiaenoa? ? aea? aaeee?
aeaeo?inoaioe?? — a Iieyioe? ? a Noaeueia?e Aie?.

Iaoeiiaoae?aiee eiiieaen ? iaeiei c i?ia?aeieo o no?oeoo??
i?eei?aeiiieo ainiiaea?nueeeo eiiieaen?a. Iaea?eueoiai ?icaeoeo caciaei
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ? aaoiiia?eaaoaeoaaiiy, ye?
aeathoue aei 22% ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? a eiaei?e c e?a?i.
Iaea?eueoith eiioeaio?aoe??th i?aei?e?inoa iaoeiiaoae?aiiai eiiieaeno (a
oiio /ene? ? AIE) oa?aeoa?eco?oueny Oa?iiaaeacueea ai?aiaenoai, aea a
oe?e aaeoc? caeiyoi 42,7% i?aoethth/eo.

Aoae?aaeueii-?iaeono??aeueiee eiiieaen noi?ioaaany ia iniia? iiooaeii?
i?noeaai? ne?iaeiii? aace. O iieuenuee?e ? oe?a?inuee?e /anoeiao
?a?i?aa?iio oeae eiiieaen aea? aei 50% caaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a
e?a?i? ie?aieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? (iai?eeeaae, i`yeeo iie??aaeueieo
iaoa??ae?a o Aieeinuee?e iaeano?, aoae?aaeueiiai neea o Oa?iiaaeacueeiio
ai?aiaenoa? ? oeaiaioo o Oieinueeiio ai?aiaenoa?).

Aa?a?ii-i?iieneiaee eiiieaen cina?aaeaeo? 36,4% caeiyoeo i?aoe?aiee?a o
anueiio ainiiaea?noa? Aieeinueei? iaeano? ? ua a?eueoa o iieuenuee?e
/anoei? ?a?i?aa?iio. Ooo io?eiaee ?icaeoie oae? niaoeae?ciaai? AIE:
ca?iii?iaeoeoiaee, oeoe?iao?yeiaee, ieiaeiiai/aeiina?aiee,
eueiiii?iieneiaee, ea?oiieai?iieneiaee, i`ynii?iaeoeoiaee,
iieieii?iaeoeoiaee, ioaoii?iaeoeoiaee, nie?oi?iaiee. Ca ae?iaieoeoaii
aaaaoueio aeae?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? aiie caeiathoue
1-4 i?noey o iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?eao.

Aeey ?icaeoeo e?nii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno c on?o eiiiiiaio?a
i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy iathoue e?nia? ?ano?ne. O
Aieeinueeiio IAE aeia?a ?icaeioo? e?nicaaio?aaeueia ? e?niieeueia aaeoc?
ia aac? i?noeaai? ne?iaeie, oiae? ye o iieuenuee?e /anoei? ?a?i?aa?iio
ia?aaaaeathoue i?aei?e?inoaa aea?aaiia?iaii? aaeoc? (iaaeaa? ? iaia?ia?
oaa?eee). Iniaeeai aeae?ey?oueny Caiinonueea ai?aiaenoai, aea a oe?e
aaeoc? caeiyoi 11,2% i?aoethth/eo. ?icaeoie oeueiai eiiieaeno a
oe?a?inuee?e /anoei? iiaeiai ni?yiiaoaaoenue ia ae??oaiiy oaeeo iniiaieo
i?iaeai: cae?eniaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? ? iiaea?i?caoe?? ae?th/eo oa
nii?oaeaeaiiy iiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, cie?aia, caaiaeo aea?aaiiaieieienoeo
ieeo, iaia?iai? oa n??ieeiai? oaa?ee; oaeineiiaeaiiy aaeocaai?
no?oeoo?e; i?enei?aiiy ?icaeoeo i?ia?aneaieo ae?iaieoeoa; ca?eueoaiiy
aeioneo iaea?eueo iaiao?aeieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ae?ia?a; ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy e?niaeo
?ano?n?a oiui.

Eaaea i?iieneia?noue ?a?i?aa?iio oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieeie iieacieeaie
o /ioe?ueio iieuenueeeo ai?aiaenoaao, aea iaaeinoaoiuei ?icaeiooa o
Aieeinueeiio IAE. *anoea oe??? aaeoc? o eaae?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie
neeaaea? eeoa 1,9%. C iaoith ia?iuoaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa iio??aii ?icaeaaoe
aeanio ne?iaeiio aaco aeey oaenoeeueii? i?iieneiaino?, cie?aia noai?eoe
iiaa ae?iaieoeoai a i.Eiaae?, i?enei?eoe i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy ia?aae?
iaeeo oa ni?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith IAE ?a?i?aa?iio ? noa?a iineoa, yea iieeeeaia
caaeia?eueiyoe iaoa??aeuei? ? aeooiai? iio?aae ethaeae a?aeiia?aeii aei
?aaeueieo iiaeeeainoae noni?euenoaa ia aeaiiio ?noi?e/iiio aoai? eiai
?icaeoeo. Iai?eeeaae, o Aieeinueeiio IAE ia noa?o iineoa i?eiaaea? 32%
an?o caeiyoeo. Iaea?eueoa /anoea iaeaaeeoue iaoa??aeueii-iiaooiaiio
aeieo aaeocae (51,1%). Ae?oaa i?noea iin?aea? eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e
(30,8%), o?ao? — e?eoaaeueii-icaei?ia/ee (17,7%) aeiee.

Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iaeai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
?aa?iio ? aeeoeiai-eiioiaeueia ainiiaea?noai. O caaacia/aii? aeeoeii
Aieeinueeee IAE aeaui aeia?aaeaeo? iieuenueeo /anoeo ?a?i?aa?iio
(a?aeiia?aeii 309 eaa?oe? ia 1000 aeeoae?a ? 286). ?noioiei iieacieeii
aeia?iaooo ? aeaaiono??e eaa?oe? — iniauaiiy aiaeii?iaiaeii,
eaiae?caoe??th, aacii. Iieuenuee? ai?aiaenoaa ca oeeie iieacieeaie
cia/ii a?aenoathoue a?ae Aieeinueei? iaeano?. A iaeano? ia
caaeia?eueiy?oueny iiieo ia iineoae c ?aiiioo acoooy, oaaeieo ?
o?eeioaaeieo ae?ia?a, neeaaeii? iiaooiai? oaoi?ee, iaae?a oiui.

Nenoaia ina?oe a Oe?a?i? ?aaeeeaeueii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iieuenueei?.
Iaeiae, ia caaaeueiiina?oiueiio ??ai? ?nioth/a oe?eueia ia?aaea oe?eeii
caaeia?eueiy? iio?aae ?aa?iio. Noiniaii aeui? ina?oe, oi ia iieuenuee?e
oa?eoi??? ia?aoiao?oueny 50,1 oen. nooaeaio?a, a ia oe?a?inuee?e — 12
oen. nooaeaio?a (oaae.1).

Iaaee/io aeiiiiiao ianaeaiith ?aa?iio iaaeathoue 9,3 oen.e?ea??a (5,6
oen. ia iieuenuee?e ? 3,6 oen. ia oe?a?inuee?e noi?ii?). E?euee?noue
e?ea??a ia 10 oen. ianaeaiiy o Aieeinuee?e iaeano? aeua (33), i?ae ia
iieuenuee?e oa?eoi??? (23,9), na?aaeiueiai iaaee/iiai ia?niiaeo —
a?aeiia?aeii 119,0 ? 58,3, e?ea?iyieo e?aeie — 112,4 oa 54,2. O
Aieeinuee?e iaeano? ooieoe?iio? 99 e?ea?aiue, a ia iieuenuee?e noi?ii?
?a?i?aa?iio o?eueee 37.

Ia?aaea eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o caeeaae?a ?a?i?aa?iio aeineoue oe?iea. Ooo
i?aoeth? 1536 a?iiaaenueeeo a?ae?ioae (c ieo 813 o Aieeinuee?e iaeano?).
Ia Aieei? e?euee?nii ia?aaaaeathoue a?ae?ioaee ? e?iioaao?e, a ia
iieuene?e oa?eoi??? — oaao?e ? ioca?.

?icaeoeo oo?enoe/ii-?ae?aaoe?eiiai eiiieaeno ni?eythoue cia/i?
?ae?aaoe?ei? ?ano?ne. E?euee?noue oo?enoe/ieo ia`?eo?a aeinoaoiy aeey
caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa a?aeii/eaath/eo, i?ioa ?o ye?noue ia ? aeniea, ui
oaeoe/ii aeeeth/a? i?e?cae aaaaoeo oo?eno?a.

I?e?iaeiioi?iiiee eiiieaen ? aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith o?ainei?aeiiiiai
?aa?iio, aaeaea ieoaiiy ioi?iie aeiae?eey iathoue o?ainei?aeiiiee
oa?aeoa?. Aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith ? e?ea?aeaoe?y aeaea?ae caa?oaeiaiiy ?
a?aeiiaeaiiy i?e?iaee oeyoii noai?aiiy i/enieo nii?oae oa
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?iieneiaino?. Aeooaeueiei ? oi?aae?iiy aeiae?eeyi ye
ni?eueiei ?ano?nii, aeeth/ath/e ae??, ui caiia?aathoue eiai
aeaa?aaeaoe??.

O?iainiai-e?aaeeoiee eiiieaen a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue a ?icaeoeo
?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”, ine?eueee ia?aaeoiiaith ?icaeoeo ainiiaea?noaa ?
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy o i?aei?e?inoaa an?o aaeocae ? naeoi??a. Oae? a?ioia?
aeeaaiiy iaaeoiaeyoue a?ae ??cieo o?iainiaeo ?inoeoooe?e, a oaeiae
i?eaaoieo in?a ? oiiae?a o aeaeyae? iicee, a?aio?a /e ?iaanoeoe?e. Ia
iaeiiai aeeoaey Aieei? i?eiaaea? 26 aeie.NOA ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e, ia
iieuenuee?e oa?eoi??? — 117 aeie.NOA. Aeey ?iaanoi??a iniaeeai
i?eaaaeeaeie ? o?i?/ia, aea?aaiia?iaia, iaoeiiaoae?aia oa oa?/iaa aaeoc?
i?iieneiaino?.

I?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?? Aieeinueeiai IAE ? iieuenueeeo ai?aiaenoa
o?aaeeoe?eii i?aeo?eiothoue ae?iaie/i-aeiiii?/i? ca`ycee c ia?oia?aie o
aaaaoueio ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao. Oeueiio ni?ey? aea?aeia ?o iieiaeaiiy,
aeiiiaiaia oi?ioeie o?ainii?oieie ca`yceaie. Iaeiae ?nio?
aeeni?iii?oe?y a ianyc? aenii?oo oe?a?inueei? ? iieuenueei? /anoei
?a?i?aa?iio. Aa?o?noue aenii?oo a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aeeoaey iieuenueei?
/anoeie noaiiaeoue 304,4 aeie.NOA, oe?a?inueei? — 58,6 aeie.NOA, oiaoi
?nio? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy 5,2:1.

?icae?e 4. I?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”.
?a?i?aa?ii “Aoa” iiee ui ? ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? naiai oi?ioaaiiy, oiio
no?aoaa?y eiai ?icaeoeo iiaeiia aeeth/aoe oae? iniiai? noa?e oe?eae ?
ae?e: 1) noa?a a?ciano: i???ioaoe?y i?aei?e?inoa ia ?eiee ?ioi? noi?iie
? ia eiiia?aoe?th c ieie; a?eueiee ?oo oiaa??a, eai?oaeo, ?iai/i? neee;
?icaeoie ae?iaie/i? ? ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e; iai?i ?ioi?iaoe??th; 2)
noa?a ainiiaea?nueeiai ?icaeoeo: iineeaiiy ?ioaa?aoe??, ?icaeoie
eiioi?eaoe?e ? ca`yceo; oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo o?ainei?aeiiieo nenoai
oaoi?/ii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e; ?ioaa?aoe?y iinaeainueeeo nenoai; ?icaeoie
? aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ioaa?aoe?? ?ae?aaoe?eii? aace; 3) nioe?aeueia noa?a:
ioi?iia aeiae?eey ? ni?a?ia?oieoeoai a aaeoc? aeieia??; ?icaeoie
?ioaa?aoe?? o noa?? eoeueoo?e; ni?a?ia?oieoeoai o noa?? ina?oe ? iaoee;
?ioaa?aoe?y nenoai nioe?aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy; ioi?iia i?aaa ?
a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo; ioi?iia caei?ia`y; ?icaeoie ?ioaa?aoe?? ?
eiioaeo?a a ?ioeo noa?ao.

O iaoiaee/iiio ieai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”
iiaeia aeae?eeoe i`youe aoai?a: 1) a?iioaca iai???a; 2) ia?aeiia
oii?yaeeoaaiiy i?iaeai; 3) no?aoaa?y ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”; 4)
noeaia??e iaeaooiueiai i?iaiico; 5) aeaiaioe iioi/ii? iie?oeee ?icaeoeo
?a?i?aa?iio.

I?ia?aia ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” iiaeiia ie?aneeoe eiai iiaa i?noea
a aeiiii?/iiio i?inoi?? Oe?a?ie, Iieueu? e A?ei?on?, a oaeiae a?aooaaoe
?ioaa?aoe?ei? ?a?iiaenuee? i?ioeane. Noi?iie iiaeii? aeei?enoaoe
aeina?ae e?a?i ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco. A i?ia?ai? ?icaeoeo iiaeii? ciaeoe
ae??oaiiy aeae?eueea a?oi i?iaeai, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”:
1) i?aai?caoe?y o?ainei?aeiiii? ae?yeueiino? (ci?ia ?ie? ei?aeiio, eiai
iaeaaeiaiiy, ia?a?iciiae?e o?ainii?oieo iioie?a); 2) aeiiii?/i?
(noai?aiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo oeaio??a aeiiii?/ii? aeoeaiino?); 3)
i?aeaioiaea eaae??a (i?aeaioiaea niaoe?ae?no?a-i?ioan?iiae?a c
?aa?iiaeueiiai ia?eaoeiao ? iaiaaeaeiaioo, eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?,
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei); 4) i?aai?caoe?ei? ? i?aaia?; 5) ?ic?iaea
ni?eueieo i?iaeo?a; 6) eoeueoo?e ? naiiaecia/aiiy; 7) aeieia??; 8)
i?iiaaaiaee aeina?aeo ?iaioe ?a?i?aa?iio.

Noiniaii ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” eiioeaioe?y nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo ia ia?aeii? OO ? OO? noie?oue iiaea i?eeiyoe aea? e?aei? oi?ie:
1) iiaeieaiiy oeea?e?caoe?eii? a?aenoaeino?, oaeaeeee aeiiii?/iee
?icaeoie, a oaeiae ?ioaa?aoe?y c ?N (noeaia??e “oain”); 2) aaeueioaaiiy
?aoi?i, iie?oe/ia ? ainiiaea?nueea aeanoaa?e?caoe?y, a a ?acoeueoao? —
iieiaiiy ia ia?eoa??? ?icaeiooi? ia`?aeiaii? ?a?iie (noeaia??e
“caa?ica”). A?aoiaoth/e oe? aea? e?aei? neooaoe??, ii?aoeueiaaii o?e
a?iioace ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo: iiey?ecaoe?y ainiiaea?nueeiai
?icaeoeo, aei?icaeoie ? ??aiii??iee ?icaeoie. Inoaiiy c a?iioac
i?aaenoaaey?oueny iai iaeiioeiaeuei?oith aeey iiaoaeiae eiioeaioe??
?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”. Aiia ia?aaeaa/a?, ui i?ioean iiaea?i?caoe??
ainiiaea?nueeiai ?icaeoeo ocaiaeaeoaaoeiaoueny c aeieia?/iei ?icaeoeii.
Iniiaith ainiiaea?nueei? nenoaie ?a?i?aa?iio aoaeooue: iao?iiie??, ui
neoaoaaoeiooue i?noeai eieae?caoe?? eai?oaeo, iiaaoi?noa ?
?a?iiaenueeiai a?ciano, oa ina?aaeee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
?a?iiaenueeiai cia/aiiy “?a?iiie?ne”, ye? a i?ioean? i?aeia?iaeii?
eiieo?aioe?? ooai?thaaoeiooue aocee a?ciano ? iiaaoi?noa. Oey a?iioaca
?icaeoeo aeeth/aoeia o?e aeiee: aeiiii?/iee; o?ainii?o ? ?io?ano?oeoo?o;
ioi?iio aeiae?eey.

Aei i??i?eoao?a ?icaeoeo Aieeinueeiai IAE ia ia??iae aei 2010 ?ieo
ne?ae a?aeianoe: iie?ioaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe??, ?icaeoie
nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e iaeeo i?no ? n?e; ?icaeoie ?ioaineaiiai
i`yniiai oaa?eiieoeoaa; caaa?oaiiy eiiaa?n?? i?aei?e?inoa
a?enueeiai-i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno; noai?aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeey ?icaeoeo
ainiiaea?noaa ia caa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?eoi??yo; iii`yeoaiiy
oa?eoi??aeueieo aeeni?iii?oe?e o ainiiaea?nueeiio ?icaeoeo; i???ioaoe?y
i?aei?e?inoa eaaei? oa oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ia ae?iaieoeoai
i?iaeoeoe?? c i?noeaai? ne?iaeie; ?aeiino?oeoe?y inoooaaeueieo nenoai,
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aeayeeo ??/ie oa ica?; ia?ai?io?ethaaiiy
aeieiaiiaaacia/ieo i?aei?e?inoa ia oaoiieia??, ui ia cieuoaaoeiooue
i?e?iaee; ?aeiino?oeoe?y ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie, aeei?enoaiiy
?? o aeoiai?e ? a eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ?iaio? oa ?icoe?aiiy
oo?enonueei? ae?yeueiino?; ?icaeoie aca?iiaea?aeieo aeiiii?/ieo ca`yce?a
c ia?oia?aie a ?ioeo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie oa ca?oa?aeieie e?a?iaie, iniaeeai
ai?aiaenoaaie ? iia?oaie Iieueu?, ye? aoiaeyoue aei ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”.

Aeoiaey/e c ?aae?e no/aniiai aeiiii?/iiai noaio, ui neeaany a Oe?a?i?,
a oaeiae, a?aoiaoth/e ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo Aieeinueeiai IAE, a ia?niaeoea? iiaeeea? oae? iniiai? aoaie
cae?eniaiiy caoiae?a oa i?iaeo?a eiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo:
1) 1996-2000 ??. — aoai i?enoinoaaiiy aeiiii?ee ? ianaeaiiy iaeano? aei
iiaeo ?eieiaeo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aaeaeaaoii? ?i no?oeoo?e
ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno, i?eieiaiiy niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa a iniiaieo
naeoi?ao oa aaeocyo aeiiii?ee; 2) 2001-2005 ?? . — aoai aeiei??iieo
no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a aeiiii?oe? iaeano?, caaacia/aiiy noaa?eueieo oaii?a
aeiiii?/iiai ?inoo a iniiaieo aaeocyo ainiiaea?noaa, ?noioia i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy aeeooy an?o aa?noa ianaeaiiy iaeano?; 3) 2006-2010 ??. — aoai
caaa?oaiiy oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueii caaeainiaaii? ca ?ano?naie oa
iiaeeeainoyie no?oeoo?e ainiiaea?noaa iaeano?, caaacia/aiiy i?enei?aieo
oaii?a aeiiii?/iiai ?inoo, aeinyaiaiiy noaiaea?o?a ??aiy aeeooy
ianaeaiiy aeniei?icaeiooeo e?a?i ?c ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith.

A aeena?oaoe?? i?noyoueny eiie?aoi? caaaeaiiy ? ia?aiao?e ?icaeoeo an?o
neeaaeiaeo Aieeinueeiai IAE. I?aeoe/ia ?o ?aae?caoe?y ciiaea noai?eoe
iaiao?aei? i?aai?caoe?ei?, i?aaia? oa aeiiii?/i? oiiae aeey eiiieaeniiai
?icaeoeo iaeano?, aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?noeaaeo ?ano?n?a ? ia oe?e
iniia? o ia?niaeoea? ?noioii iie?ioeoe oiiae aeeooy ianaeaiiy oa
i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ainiiaea?nueeiai iioaioe?aeo ca
?aooiie eiai iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii? oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??.

A E N I I A E E

1. O?aiei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai ye oi?ia eiiia?aoe?? ? iaia`yceiaith
aeey ?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe??. Aeey eiai oni?oiiai cae?eniaiiy iio??ai?
ia?oia?noai oa ci?ie o ?icoe?aii? ni?ai?aoe? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?,
yea ? aeaea?aeii oeueiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa. O?ainei?aeiiia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai ia ?a?iiaenueeiio eiioeiaio? ? “iinoii” i?ae non?aeaie,
a ?a?i?aa?iie aenooiathoue “eieiiioeaaie” i?ioeano ?a?iiaenueei?
?ioaa?aoe??.

Noai?aiiy ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” ? iiceoeaiei oaeoi?ii ye c oi/ee ci?o
iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a Oe?a?ie a ieai? ci?oeiaiiy noinoie?a ?c
non?aei?ie aea?aeaaaie ? ?icoe?aiiy ia?aae? ca`yce?a o
Oeaio?aeueii-No?aei?e ?a?ii?, oae ? c iiceoe?? caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeo
?ioa?an?a — o ieai? ni?eyiiy i?aeia?iaei?e noaa?eueiino? a ?aa?ii?.

2. I?eei?aeiiiee ainiiaea?nueeee eiiieaen (IAE) — oea neeaaeia
iie?no?oeoo?ia nenoaia, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aaaaoieiiiiiaioiei ai?noii
? neeaaeiith aioo??oiueith aoaeiaith. Eiio aeanoeaa ??cia
ooieoe?iiaeueia no?oeoo?a. Aei aeaiaio?a ooieoe?iiaeueii-aaeocaai?
no?oeoo?e IAE ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” a?aeiinyoueny aaeocaa? ? i?aeaaeocaa?
eiiieaene. Aiae?c no/aniiai ?o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai noaio (ye c
oe?a?inueei? oae ? iieuenueei? noi?iie) aea? iiaeeea?noue eiinoaooaaoe
??ci? ??ai? ?o ?icaeoeo. ??ciee iaa?? oiaa??a ? iineoa a?aee?eaa? oe?ie?
iiaeeeaino? aeey ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o noa?? iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
iai?io aioiaith i?iaeoeoe??th oa iaaeaiith iineoa.

3. Aieea i?aeia?iaeiiai iiae?eo i?aoe? ia oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e
o?ainei?aeiiii? ae?yeueiino? ? aoi?eiiei. Na?aae ia?aeiieo oaeoi??a
aenooia? iio?aaa a iaea?aeaii? aeiaeaoeiaiai i?eaooeo a aeiiii?oe?, a
aeaiia?ao?/ii-nioe?aeueieo eiioaeoao. Oiaoi, o?ainei?aeiiia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai aenooia? iaiao?aeiei oaeoi?ii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo IAE, aecia/a? aeiiii?/i? i?iii?oe?? ?icaeoeo oa?eoi???,
?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee, ?icaeoie ainiiaea?nueei? ?io?ano?oeoo?e.
O?ainei?aeiiia ?ioaa?aoe?y ni?ey? aaeineiiaeaiith aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e
ainiiaea?noaa, i?aeaeuaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ? yeino?
iaoa??aeueieo i?iaeoeo?a oa iineoa, ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??e.

4. Aeine?aeaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai
?aa?iio aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe a o?e aoaie. Ia ia?oiio aoai?
aecia/athoueny i?eei?aeiii? ainiiaea?nuee? eiiieaene o?ainei?aeiiiiai
?aa?iio, neeaaeia? oeeo eiiieaen?a ye ?aeeieo oe?e?niinoae, aea/athoueny
ae?iaie/?, nioe?aeuei? oa i?e?iaeiioi?iii? ca`ycee, ui ?niothoue i?ae
ieie, aiae?cothoueny oiiae, ?ano?ne ? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
eiaeiiai IAE c iaoith aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae ?ici?uaiiy ia`?eo?a —
neeaaeiaeo eiiieaen?a oa niaoeeo?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ?o ?icaeoeo ia
aeine?aeaeoaai?e oa?eoi???.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? i?iaiaeeoueny no?oeoo?iee aiae?c eiiiiiaioii? ?
oa?eoi??aeueii? no?oeoo? i?eei?aeiiieo ainiiaea?nueeeo eiiieaen?a.
Iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaei ooo ? aeyaeaiiy i?aeaaeocaaeo ? oa?eoi??aeueieo
aeeni?iii?oe?e a ?icaeoeo IAE ia iniia? ?ic?iaee iiaeaeae aeacaieo
no?oeoo? oa anoaiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/eo, aeiiii?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo ca`yce?a
i?ae ie?aieie IAE.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? ?ic?iaey?oueny no?aoaa?y ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”,
iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo i?eei?aeiiieo ainiiaea?nueeeo eiiieaen?a,
aecia/athoueny oeyoe iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e aeine?aeaeoaaieo IAE ?
?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ca`yce?a i?ae ieie oa ??cieie eaieaie, ?ic?iaey?oueny
eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo IAE ia ia?niaeoeaiee ia??iae.

5. O oae?e neeaaei?e nenoai? ye IAE, ui neeaaea?oueny c aeae?eueeio
??ciiye?nieo i?aenenoai, oie /e ?ioee eiiiiiaio iaei??? i?aenenoaie
iiaea aenooiaoe a ?ie? oiia aai oaeoi??a ?icaeoeo aoaeue-yeiai
eiiiiiaioa ae?oai? i?aenenoaie aai an??? nenoaie. Noeoiiiio aieeao oiia
? oaeoi??a an?o eiiiiiaio (?o aca?iica`yceai) i?aeaea?oueny aanue IAE,
iniaeeai eiai iniiai? oi?ie (ae?iaie/? ? nioe?aeuei? eiiieaene).

Ianyae aenii?oo, eiai oiaa?ia ? oa?eoi??aeueia no?oeoo?e,
aecia/athoueny iniaeeainoyie aaiiie?oe/iiai iieiaeaiiy, no?oeoo?ith ?
ianooaaii ae?iaieoeoaa, oa?aeoa?ii eiiieaeniooai?aiiy, ??aiai ?icaeoeo
o?ainii?oii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e. Aaee/eio ? oa?eoi??aeueiee ?iciiae?e
?iii?oieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue coiiaeththoue yaeua oa i?ioeane nioe?aeueiiai
oa?aeoa?o (oa?aeoa? ?icnaeaiiy, /enaeuei?noue ianaeaiiy).

6. ??aaiue ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? Aieeinueeiai IAE cia/ii
ieae/ee, i?ae a na?aaeiueiio a Oe?a?i?. C iaoith ?? ?icaeoeo iaiao?aeii
cae?enieoe oae? caoiaee: iiaeeaeoe oiaa?io aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th
ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?, ca?eueoeaoe /anoeo iaoei ? iaeaaeiaiiy,
i?iaeoeoe?? o?i?/ii? ? eaaei? i?iieneiainoae oa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? aaeoc?; aaeineiiaeeoe i?inoi?ia? i?iii?oe??
?icaeoeo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ?icoe?eoe naeoi? ?
i?aeaeueoe ye?noue aenii?oieo iineoa c iaeyaeo ia ia?niaeoeao
iaaeeaeaiiy iaae? ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco aei Cao?aeiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie
oiui.

7. No?aoaa?y ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” aeeth/a? o?e iniiai? noa?e
oe?eae ? ae?e: noa?o a?ciano, noa?o ainiiaea?nueeiai ?icaeoeo oa
nioe?aeueio noa?o.

Eiioeaioe?y nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio ia ia??iae
aei 2010?. aaco?oueny ia noeaia??? “oain”. Na?aae ii?aoeueiaaieo a?iioac
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo iaeiioeiaeuei?oith ? a?iioaca ??aiii??iiai
?icaeoeo, yea aeeth/a? o?e aeiee: aeiiii?/iee, o?ainii?o oa
?io?ano?oeoo?o, ioi?iio aeiae?eey.

8. Eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo Aieeinueeiai IAE ia 1996-2010 ??. ni?yiiaaia ia
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy eiai ianaeaiiy, aeoeaio iioeaaoe?th aei
o?oaeiai? oa i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia
aeey anaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo ethaeeie, c?inoaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa a
on?o aaeocyo aeiiii?ee, i?enoinoaaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo ia`?eo?a aei
?eieiaeo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy. .

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ioaeieaoeiyo:

Iiiia?ao??:

1. Eooeeoei I.I., Ee?i/oe A.I., Oaaeiithe N.A. ?a?i?aa?ii Aoa:
Ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ia ae?yeuei?noue Aieeinueeiai
noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno/ A?aei. ?aae. Eooeeoei I.A.-
Eooeuee: Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, 1998.-194n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ice?eoi ooieoe?iiaeueio no?oeoo?o, i?iaeaie ?
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy- 2,5 ae.a.

2. Eooeeoei I.I., Eooeeoei I.A. Ei?ioea oa?aeoa?enoeea ?a?i?aa?iio
“Aoa”/ ?a?i?aa?ii Aoa: Aieeinueea iaeanoue.-Eooeuee: Aieeinueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, 1997.-N.6-12.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aeaia ei?ioea oa?aeoa?enoeea ?a?i?aa?iio Aoa —
0,4 ae.a.

3. Eooeeoei I.I., Eooeeoei I.A. O?ainei?aeiiia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai iaeano?
/?a?i?aa?ii Aoa: Aieeinueea iaeanoue.-Eooeuee: Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao, 1997.-N.385-395.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aecia/aii iioaioe?ae oa iniaeeaino?
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” — 0,7 ae.a.

4. Eooeeoei I.I., Eooeeoei I.A. Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ainiiaea?nueeiai
eiiieaeno Aieeinueei? iaeano?/?a?i?aa?ii Aoa : Aieeinueea iaeanoue. —
Eooeuee: Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, 1997.- N.396-404.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ice?eoi iniiai? caaaeaiiy ?icaeoeo
ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno iaeano? — 0,5 ae.a.

Noaoo?:

5. Eooeeoei I.I., Eooeeoei I.A. Nooue ? no?oeoo?a ?a?iiaenueeiai
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa// Oe?a?inueeee aaia?ao?/iee aeo?iae. —
1998.-?2.-N.41-45.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aeyaeaii oi?ie, iniiai? iai?yiee, oa?aeoa?i?
iniaeeaino? o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa — 0,2 ae.a.

6. Eooeeoei I.I. I?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a iaaeao ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”// Iaoeiaee a?niee
Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: Aeiiii?/i? iaoee
.-1997.-?7.-N.82-84.

7. Eooeeoei I.I. Ethaenueeee oaeoi? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”// Iaoeiaee a?niee Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: Aaia?ao?/i? iaoee .-1998.-?5.-N.61-64.

8. Eooeeoei. I.I., Eooeeoei I.A. Oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y
Aieeinueeiai noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iiai eiiieaeno// Iaoeiaee a?niee
Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: Aaia?ao?/i? iaoee
.-1998.-?5.-N.11-17.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ice?eoi oi?ie oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
Aieeinueeiai noi?eueii-aaia?ao?/iiai eiiieaeno- 0,4 ae.a.

9. Lutsyshyn N. Transition to Democracy in Ukraine: Reality and
Prospects// The Future of East-Central Europe.- Lublin: Maria
Curie-Sklodowska University Press.-1996.-P.459-460.

10. Lucyszyn N., Lucyszyn P. Zagadnienia dotyczace strategji rozwoju
Euroregionu Bug// Euroregion Bug.-t.16.-1997.-S.289-295.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaeaii iniiai? canaaee no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo
?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” aei 2010?.- 0,2 ae.a.

11. Eooeeoei I.I. Iieuenueei- oe?a?inueea o?ainei?aeiiia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai ? aeiiii?/i? ia?aoai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? //Ca??iee iaoe.
i?aoeue: ?a?i?aa?ii Aoa: aeiiii?/ia ? nioe?aeueia aaia?ao?y Aieei?.-
Eooeuee: Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao.-1995.-N.36-38.

12. Eooeeoei I.I. Aei ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy ?a?i?aa?ii?a a
Oeaio?aeueii-No?aei?e ?a?ii? //Ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue: ?a?i?aa?ii Aoa:
aeiiii?/ia ? nioe?aeueia aaia?ao?y Aieei?. — Eooeuee: Aieeinueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao.-1995.-N.38-42.

13. Eooeeoei I.I., Eooeeoei I.A. I?e?iaei? ?ano?ne// Aaia?ao?y
Aieeinueei? iaeano?.-Eooeuee: Eooeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
?inoeooo.-1991.-N.91-100.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: i?iaiae?ciaaii ?ano?niee iioaioe?ae iaeano? —
0,3ae.a.

14. Eooeeoei I.I. Aiai?iae/ ?.I. O?ainii?oia nenoaia//Aaia?ao?y
Aieeinueei? iaeano?.-Eooeuee: Eooeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
?inoeooo.-1991.-N.136-141.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ice?eoi no?oeoo?o o?ainei?aeiiii? nenoaie
iaeano? — 0,2ae.a.

15. Eooeeoei I.I., Aia?iae/ ?.I. Oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoie aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno E?aa?oe?anueeiai ?aeiio//Ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue: Aeiiii?/ia ?
nioe?aeueia aaia?ao?y Aieei?.Aei.1-Eooeuee: Eooeueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo.-1992.-N.120-131.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: c`yniaaii ??aaiue ?icaeoeo E ?aa?oe?anueeiai
?aeiio — 0,3 ae.a.

16. Eooeeoei I.I. I?iaeaie ?a?iiaenueeiai o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa//Ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue: ?a?i?aa?ii Aoa: i?iaeaie ?
ia?niaeoeae o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.-Eooeuee: Aieeinueea
iaeania aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?y.-1996.-N.38-43.

17. Eooeeoei I.I. , Eooeeoei I.A. Eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo o?ainei?aeiiiiai
ia“?aeiaiiy ?a?i?aa?ii “Aoa”// Ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue ca iaoa??aeaie
i?aeia?. eiio. “?aa?iiaeueia iie?oeea Oe?a?ie, iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee,
iaoai?cie”. — Euea?a: ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie.-1998.-Oii ???.-N.273-277.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaeaii iniiai? canaaee eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” — 0,2 ae.a.

18. Eooeeoei I.I., Eooeeoei I.A. I?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
Aieeinueeiai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno a aniaeo? i?ioean?a
?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe??//I?aoe? Anaoe?a?inueei? eiio. “Oe?a?inueea
Iie?nny: a/i?a, nueiaiaei?, caao?a”.-Eooeuee: Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao.-1998.-N.120-122.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? oeyoe ?ica“ycaiiy
?nioth/eo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo Aieeinueeiai IAE- 0,3 ae.a.

Oace aeiiia?aeae

19. Eooeeoei I.I. Ia?aaeoiiae noai?aiiy ? noaiiaeaiiy ?a?i?aa?iio
“Aoa”//Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aei. eiio. “?a?i?aa?ii Aoa: i?iaeaie
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa”.-Eooeuee: Aieeinueea iaeania
aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?y.-1995.-N.41.

20. Eooeeoei I.I. Aei ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ?a?i?aa?iio
“Aoa”//Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aei. eiio. “?a?i?aa?ii Aoa: i?iaeaie
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa”.-Eooeuee: Aieeinueea iaeania
aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?y.-1995.-N.42-43.

21. Eooeeoei. I.I., Aia?iae/ ?.I. Aei ieoaiiy
aoae?aaeueii-?iaeono??aeueiiai eiiieaeno Aieeinueei? iaeano?//Oace
aeiiia?aeae i?aei. e?a?ciaa/i? eiio. “Aaeeea Aieeiue: ieioea ?
no/ania”.-AEeoiie?: AEeoiie?nueea iaeania aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?y. —
1993.-N.242-244.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: i?iaiae?ciaaii no?oeoo?o ? ?icaeoie
aoae?aaeueii-?iaeono??aeueiiai eiiieaeno iaeano? — 0,1 ae.a.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eooeeoei I.I. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie o?ainei?aeiiiiai ?aa?iio
(ia i?eeeaae? ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.10.01. — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea. — ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie, Euea?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eoi nooue, oe?e?, caaaeaiiy, iai?yiee ? no?oeoo?o
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a o?ainei?aeiiiiio ?aa?ii?, iniaeeaino? oa oaeoi?e
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo i?eei?aeiiieo ainiiaea?nueeeo eiiieaen?a, aieea
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie ia ?icaeoie ?aa?iio. Aeyaeaii
i?iaeaie oa ae?iaeaii no?aoaa?th ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa”, a oaeiae
iniiai? iai?yiee ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a oa caoiae?a uiaei aeoea?caoe??
aeiiii?/iiai aeeooy Aieeinueeiai i?eei?aeiiiiai ainiiaea?nueeiai
eiiieaeno aei 2010 ?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?ainei?aeiiiee ?aa?ii, o?ainei?aeiiia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, i?eei?aeiiiee ainiiaea?nueeee eiiieaen,
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ia ae?yeuei?noue, no?aoaa?y ? eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo,
?a?i?aa?ii.

Lutsyshyn N.P. Social-economic development of cross-border region
(Euroregion “Bug” as an example).-Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate`s degree by speciality 08.10.01.-Distribution of
productive forces and regional economy.- Institute of regional research
of National Academy of Sciences, Lviv, 1999.

Dissertation presents the essence, aims, tasks, directions and
structure of cooperation in cross-border region, peculiarities and
factors of the formation and development of border economic complexes,
the role of foreign economic policy of Ukraine in social economic
development of region. The main problems of cooperation are discovered.
The development strategy of Euroregion “Bug” and main directions of the
realization of projects and acts aimed on the activization of economic
life of Volhyn border region to 2010 are also worked out.

Key words: cross-border region, cross-border cooperation, border
economic complex, foreign economic activity, development strategy and
conception, Euroregion.

Eooeeoei I.I. Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea o?aina?aie/iiai
?aaeiia (ia i?eia?a Aa?i?aaeiia “Aoa”). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.10.01 — ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee e
?aaeiiaeueiay yeiiiieea. — Einoeooo ?aaeiiaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee
Iaoeeiiaeueiie Aeaaeaiee Iaoe, a.Eueaia, 1999 a.

O?aina?aie/iiio nio?oaeie/anoao ia ?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaia naienoaaiiu
/aou?a yoaia i?ioeanna ?acaeoey: eco/aiea nouanoaothueo naycae iaaeaeo
ia?oia?aie ?aaeiia; ii?aaeaeaiea no?aoaaee ?acaeoey; ?ac?aaioea e
iaania/aiea i?ia?aiiu ?acaeoey, iiieoi?eia e ioeaiea. Iii i?ienoiaeeo a
ianeieueeeo iai?aaeaieyo: i?aaeoaeuenoaaiii-?aaeiiaeueiii e
?aaeiiaeueii-eieaeueiii. Aeaeaeouae neeie iineaaeiaai yaeythony
acaeiinayce n ninaaeyie, eioi?ua aucaaiu oicyenoaaiiie
iaiaoiaeeiinoueth, a oaeaea nio?oaeie/anoai a iaeanoe eoeueoo?u.

N?aaee i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oi?i oaeiai nio?oaeie/anoaa aaaeiia cia/aiea
eiatho aa?i?aaeiiu, iiae eioi?uie iiieiaaony ii?aaeaeaiiia, th?eaee/anee
cae?aieaiiia, i?ino?ainoaaiiia oi?ie?iaaiea n /aoei ii?aaeaeaiiuie
a?aieoeaie, a ninoaa eioi?iai aoiaeyo i?ea?aie/iua oicyenoaaiiua
eiiieaenu ia iaiaa aeaoo ainoaea?noa, eiathueo iauoth a?aieoeo, oeaeueth
eioi?iai yaeyaony: niiaua e neaaeaiii noeioee?iaaoue
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea naieo oa??eoi?ee.

Aa?i?aaeii “Aoa” – yoi o?aina?aie/iia iauaaeeiaiea, a ninoaa eioi?iai
aoiaeyo Aieuineay iaeanoue Oe?aeiu, Ethaeeineia aiaaiaenoai e
Oa?iiaaeaaneee oacae Iiaeea?iaoneiai aiaaiaenoaa Iieueoe, a oaeaea
A?anoneay iaeanoue Aaea?one. Aai iniiaiua caaea/e: noeioee?iaaoue
nio?oaeie/anoai iaaeaeo /eaiaie aa?i?aaeiia a io?aneyo yeiiiieee, iaoee,
yeieiaee, eoeueoo?u, ia?aciaaiey; iiiiaaoue a ?ac?aaioea eiie?aoiuo
i?iaeoia nio?oaeie/anoaa; noeioee?iaaoue aeia?ininaaeneea ioiioaiey;
ii?aaeaeyoue iioaioeeaeueiua io?anee nio?oaeie/anoaa; niaeaenoaiaaoue
nio?oaeie/anoao /eaiia aa?i?aaeiia n iaaeaeoia?iaeiuie i?aaiecaoeeyie.
?oeiaiaeyueie i?aaiaie Aa?i?aaeiia “Aoa” yaeythony: Niaao, I?aceaeeoi e
Nae?aoa?eao. Oeiaine?iaaiea aeayoaeueiinoe no?oeoo? iaania/eaaaony
eaaeaeie noi?iiie niaeanii ioaeaeueii onoaiiaeaiui e?aoa?eyi.

O?aina?aie/iia nio?oaeie/anoai a i?aaeaeao Aa?i?aaeiia “Aoa”
inouanoaeyaony iaaeaeo o?aiy /anoyie oa??eoi?ee i?eiaaeeaaeaueo e
oicyenoaaiiui no?oeoo?ai ?aciuo no?ai, e yaeythueony ninoaaiuie
yeaiaioaie ia?iaeiioicyenoaaiiuo eiiieaenia Oe?aeiu, Iieueoe e Aaea?one.
Yoe oa??eoi?ee oi?ie?otho i?ea?aie/iua oicyenoaaiiua eiiieaenu (IOE)
naieo no?ai.

IOE iu iiieiaai eae neiaeioth iieeno?oeoo?ioth nenoaio acaeiinaycaiiuo
eiiiiiaio, eioi?ua iaoiaeyony iaaeaeo niaie a aaiaoe/aneeo,
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo e oa??eoi?eaeueiuo naycyo. Eaaeaeay eiiiiiaioa aeaeeony
ia iiiaeanoai ioaeaeueiuo iaeiiea/anoaaiiuo yeaiaioia. Aeaaiuie
naienoaaie aeaiiie nenoaiu yaeythony: oa??eoi?eaeueiinoue,
oeaeinoiinoue, no?oeoo?a, ea?a?oe/iinoue e naiii?aaiecaoeey. Iniiaiay
caaea/a nenoaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey IOE – yoi iiene iooae aeeyiey ia iaai a
ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaeyo aeey aeinoeaeaiey eiie?aoiie oeaee.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ane?uou iniaaiiinoe e oaeoi?u oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey
i?ea?aie/iuo oicyenoaaiiuo eiiieaenia, aeeyiea aiaoiayeiiiie/aneie
iieeoeee Oe?aeiu ia ?acaeoea ?aaeiia, i?iaiaeece?iaaiu aaaeiaeoea
io?aneaaua e iaaeio?aneaaua eiiieaenu o/anoieeia o?aina?aie/iiai
?aaeiia. Iaia?oaeaiu i?iaeaiu e au?aaioaia no?aoaaey ?acaeoey
Aa?i?aaeiia “Aoa”, i?iaeoia e ia?ii?eyoee n oeaeueth iioeiecaoeee
yeiiiie/aneie aeecie Aieuineiai IOE e 2010 aiaeo.

Eanaoaeueii Aa?i?aaeiia “Aoa”, eiioeaioeey ?acaeoey iiaeao i?eiyoue
aeaa ?aciua oi?iu: 1) i?aiaeieaiea oeeaeeecaoeeiiiie ionoaeinoe, auno?ia
yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea, a oaeaea eioaa?aoeey n AN (noeaia?ee “oain”); 2)
naea?aeeaaiea ?aoi?i, iieeoe/aneay e oicyenoaaiiay aeanoaaeeecaoeey, a a
?acoeueoaoa-i?aauaaiea ia ia?eoa?ee ?acaeoie iauaaeeiaiiie Aa?iiu
(noeaia?ee “oa?ica”). O/eouaay yoe aeaa neooaoeee ?ac?aaioaiu o?e
aeiioacu ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey: iiey?ecaoeey oicyenoaaiiiai ?acaeoey,
yei?acaeoea e ?aaiiia?iia ?acaeoea. Iineaaeiyy i?aaenoaaeyaony iai naiie
iioeiaeueiie aeey iino?iaiey eiioeaioeee ?acaeoey Aa?i?aaeiia “Aoa”. Iia
i?aaeiieaaaao, /oi i?ioeann iiaea?iecaoeee oicyenoaaiiiai ?acaeoey
aoaeao niaeaniauaaoueny n yeieiae/aneei ?acaeoeai. Iniiaie oicyenoaaiiie
nenoaiu aa?i?aaeiia noaioo: “iao?iiieee”, e “aa?iiieenu”, eioi?ua a
i?ioeanna iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiieo?aioeee nicaeaaeoo oceu aeciana e
iiaoanoa. Ninoaaiuie yoie aeiioacu ?acaeoey yaeythony o?e aeiea:
yeiiiie/aneee; o?ainii?o e eio?ano?oeoo?a; io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu.

A ia?niaeoeaa aiciiaeiu oaeea iniiaiua yoaiu ?aaeecaoeee ia?ii?eyoee e
i?iaeoia aai nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey: 1) 1996-2000 aa. –
yoai i?eniiniaeaiey yeiiiieee e ianaeaiey iaeanoe e iiaui ?uii/iui
oneiaeyi oicyenoaiaaiey, aaeaeaaoiie ei no?oeoo?u oicyenoaaiiiai
eiiieaena, i?einoaiiaea niaaea i?iecaiaenoaa a iniiaiuo naeoi?ao e
io?aneyo yeiiiieee; 2) 2001-2205 aa. – yoai ea?aeeiaeueiuo no?oeoo?iuo
ia?aiai a yeiiiieea iaeanoe, iaania/aiea noaaeeueiuo oaiiia
yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa a iniiaiuo io?aneyo oicyenoaa, cia/eoaeueiia
iiauoaiea o?iaiy aeecie anao neiaa ianaeaiey iaeanoe; 3) 2006-2010 aa. –
yoai caaa?oaiey oi?ie?iaaiey iioeiaeueii naaeaine?iaaiiie ii ?ano?nai e
aiciiaeiinoyi no?oeoo?u oicyenoaa iaeanoe, iaania/aiea onei?aiiuo
oaiiia yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa, aeinoeaeaiea noaiaea?oia o?iaiy aeecie
ianaeaiey auniei?acaeouo no?ai ie?a n ?uii/iie yeiiiieeie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?aina?aie/iue ?aaeii, o?aina?aie/iia nio?oaeie/anoai,
i?ea?aie/iue oicyenoaaiiue eiiieaen, aiaoiayeiiiie/aneay
aeayoaeueiinoue, no?aoaaey e eiioeaioeey ?acaeoey, aa?i?aaeii.

1 I?ei?oea 1. C 1.01.1999 ?. ca iiaei
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiei iiae?eii Iieueu? oea Ethae?inueea
ai?aiaenoai ? Oa?iiaaeacueeee iia?o I?aeea?iaonueeiai ai?aiaenoaa

2. A?eii?aeeynueea ai?aiaenoai Iieueu? oa A?anonueea iaeanoue A?ei?on?
oa?eoee aei neeaaeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” 15.04.98?., oiio a
ainiiaea?noai ?a?i?aa?iio aiie ua ia anoeaee ?ioaa?oaaoenue.

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