OI?AA?NEOAO AIOO??OI?O NI?AA

Oaeei ?iiai Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 301

NIOe?AEUeIEE NOAOON I?AOe?AIEEA I?AAI?A AIOO??OI?O NI?AA A OIIAAO
O?AINOI?IAOe?? NONI?EUeNOAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 22.00.03 — nioe?aeueia no?oeoo?a, nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe
oa nioe?aeuei? a?aeiineie

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo
iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?eeeaaeii? nioe?ieia?? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa, I?i?noa?noai aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Niaie?a Aaneeue
Ieaenaiae?iae/,

Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o
ni?aa,

ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e
i?eeeaaeii? nioe?ieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe Aoii?i
Aaeoa?ae Aiae??eiae/,

Aa?oiaia ?aaee Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii

?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ae?ioa/iiai caaacia/aiiy.

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe Eooeaiei Ieueaa Aeieo??aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

aeieoi?aio eaoaae?e nioe?ieia??.

.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie,
I?i?noa?noai aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «30» /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.700.01 i?e Oi?aa?neoao? aioo??oi?o
ni?aa ca aae?anith: 310080, i. Oa?e?a, i?. 50-??//y N?N?, 27.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «29» /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aioe A.ss.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ioean noaiiaeaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?
i?aaiai? aea?aeaae a Oe?a?i? ia?aaeaa/a? iaiao?aei?noue aaeineiiaeaiiy
an?o ?? ?inoeooo?a. No/ani? oiiae aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? aeiaaathoue
a?aeiia?aeiiai ia?aaeyaeo i?noey, ?ie? ? caaaeaiue aaaaoueio c ieo. A
ia?oo /a?ao oea noino?oueny nenoaie i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ye aa?aioa
i?aaiii?yaeeo ? noaa?eueiino? a noni?euenoa?. IAN a?aeaiaeeoueny iaeia c
i?ia?aeieo ?ieae a ?aieao aioo??oiuei? iie?oeee iaoi? aea?aeaae ii
ai?iouea? c? cei/eii?noth, caaacia/aii? iniaenoi? aaciaee, i?aa ?
naiaiae ?? a?iiaaeyi, aa?aioiaaieo iniiaiei caeiiii e?a?ie –
Eiinoeoooe??th Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeiei i?aaiii a oe?e nenoai? ca ianyaii eiiiaoaioiino? ?
iaaeeaeaiiyi aei ?aaeueieo iianyeaeaiieo i?iaeai ethaeae ? i?e?oe?y.
Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino? oeueiai i?aaio ?
oi?ioaaiiy ?inoeoooe?iiaeueii? ? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? i?aeo?eiee
nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Oea, a naith
/a?ao, aoaea ni?eyoe ae??oaiith oe?ei? iecee iaoa??aeueieo ? i?aaiaeo
ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c ae?yeuei?noth i?e?oe??.

Oi/a oe?a?inueea i?e?oe?y a ia?o? ?iee noaiiaeaiiy iiai? aea?aeaae,
iaaii, c?a?aea aaaeeeao ?ieue a noaa?e?caoe?? noni?eueieo i?ioean?a,
ianooiia ?? ae?yeuei?noue iieacaea, ui aeeiiaiiy ooieoe?e ii
i?aeo?eiaiith i?aaiii?yaeeo ia? iaiaei ?aca?a?a. Aei oaeiai aeniiaeo
i?eaiaeyoue ?acoeueoaoe aaaaoueio nioe?ieia?/iee aeine?aeaeaiue, ui
i?iaiaeeeenue i?ioyaii aeae?eueeio ?ie?a a Oe?a?i? ye na?aae
i?aoe?aiee?a IAN, oae ? na?aae ianaeaiiy e?a?ie. Aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie: aeieeea iaaaaeaia neooaoe?y, eiee noaoon
i?e?oe??, ui iecueei ioe?ith?oueny ? i?aoe?aieeaie i?e?oe??, ? oe?ieeie
i?ioa?eaie ianaeaiiy, ia a?aeiia?aea? oei ?ieyi ? ooieoe?yi, ui
iieeaaeathoueny ia i?e?oe?th, ?, a?aeiia?aeii, aiie ia iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? a iaiao?aeiiio ianyc? ? c aaeaeaaoiith aoaeoeai?noth ?
ye?noth.

Aiae?c oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea IAN a iei?oi?e /an
oneeaaeith?oueny iaaeinoaoiueith ?ic?iaeai?noth oe??? oaie a a?o/eciyi?e
nioe?ieia?/iee e?oa?aoo??. Aea/aiiy no?aoeo?eaoe?? noni?euenoaa ?
nioe?aeueiiai noaoono ye iaei??? c iniiaieo eaoaai??e, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??, aaeiny, aieiaiei /eiii, a cao?aei?e nioe?ieia?/iee
oai??? ? i?aeoeoe?. ?aaeyinuee? ? a?o/eciyi? nioe?ieiae ii/aee aea/aoe
oaiiiai nioe?aeueiiai noaoono o?eueee a inoaii? 10-15 ?ie?a, ui
coiiaeaia, c iaeiiai aieo, caia?a/aiiyi i?ioyaii aaaaoueio ?ie?a a
?aaeyinueeeo noni?eueieo iaoeao ?nioaaiiy no?aoeo?eaoe?? ?aaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa, c ?ioiai aieo, i?ioeanaie o?ainoi?iaoe?? nioe?aeueii?
no?oeoo?e. I?e/iio, a?eueo?noue ?ia?o aoee i?enay/ai? ?icaeyaeo
i?ioean?a ci?ie ? oi?ioaaiiy iiai? nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo a oe?eiio. Aei nioe?ieia?/iiai aiae?co i?ioean?a,
ui a?aeaoaathoueny a eiie?aoieo nioe?aeueieo a?oiao ? ?inoeoooao,
iai?eeeaae, a nenoai? IAN, caa?oaeeny ae?ae ??aeei. I?e oeueiio oaaaa
i?eae?eyeany yeiionue iaeiiio aniaeoo noaoono i?aoe?aieea i?aai?a
i?aaiii?yaeeo (iai?eeeaae, i?aaiaiio aai iaoa??aeueiiio) aac
eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie.

Aiae?c nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea IAN a no/anieo oiiaao
aeicaieeoue noi?ioethaaoe ieceo iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
iai?aaeaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano a?aeai?o, i?eeiyooy ?
i?aeaioiaee ia?niiaeo i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae
cai?iiiioaaoe oeyoe ci?ie nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea IAN.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ? ieaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia a
?aieao «Eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy
iia?aoeaii-neoaeaiai? ae?yeueiino? IAN ia ia??iae aei 2000 ?.» (?icae..
7, i. 5, ?iaioa c iniaiaei neeaaeii) eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? nioe?ieia??
Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa (i. Oa?e?a). Oaeiae oaia aeena?oaoe??
a?aeiia?aea? i??i?eoaoiei caaaeaiiyi iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano uiaei
i?aeaioiaee eaae?o?eiaaieo oao?aoe?a aeey i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa c
o?aooaaiiyi nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo ci?i no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa.

Ia’?eo aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee
i?aoe?aieee i?e?oe?? Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae ??ciiiai?oi? eaoaai??? ianaeaiiy.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — e?euee?ni? ? ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee
nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aiee?a i?e?oe??.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ice?eooy
nooo?aeo oa?aeoa?enoee nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aiee?a i?e?oe?? a
noni?euenoa? ia?ao?aeiiai oeio ye niaoeeo?/ii? nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?eii?
a?oie, a oaeiae aeyaeaiiy ioe?iee iieiaeaiiy i?e?oe?iia?a ye c aieo
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, oae ? c aieo naieo i?aoe?aiee?a i?aai?a aioo??oi?o
ni?aa.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith iaoith aoei
aenoiooi oae? caaea/?:

1. Ooi/ieoe iiiyooy «nioe?aeueiee noaoon» ia iniia? iaoiaeo
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co iniiaieo eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a a
nioe?ieia?/i?e oai??? noiniaii aei oiia noni?euenoaa, ui
o?ainoi?io?oueny;

2. ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio iieaciee?a aeey aecia/aiiy nioe?aeueiiai noaoono
i?aoe?aieea i?e?oe??;

3. Ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe neeaaeia? nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea IAN
Oe?a?ie;

4. Aecia/eoe i?noea i?ioan?? i?e?oe?iia?a ia oeae? i?anoeaeo i?ioan?e a
no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?;

5. Aeyaeoe aieea ??ciiiai?oieo nioe?aeueieo /eiiee?a ia oi?ioaaiiy
i?anoeaeo i?aoe?aieea i?e?oe??;

6. Cai?iiiioaaoe oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea
i?e?oe??.

Oai?aoe/iei i?aea?oioyi aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee iaoeia? ?iaioe a?o/eciyieo
? caei?aeiiieo nioe?ieia?a ? nioe?aeueieo ineoieia?a, i?enay/ai?
?ic?iaoe? no?aoeo?eaoe?eii? eiioeaioe??, i?iaeai? nioe?aeueiiai noaoono,
i?anoeaeo ? i?eaaaeeaino? i?ioan??, oi?ioaaiiy ?i?aeaeo.

Iaoiaeieia?/iei ooiaeaiaioii aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? oai??y noaoonieo
a?oi I. Aaaa?a, oai??y nioe?aeueii? no?aoeo?eaoe?? I. Ni?ie?ia ? I.
Ooi?ia, oai??y ?ieae ?. E?ioiia, ?aeaioeo?eaoe?ei? eiioeaioe?? Ao?aeue?
? Ae?Iaaeaeei.

Ie?ai? noi?iie i?iaeaie, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny a aeena?oaoe??,
?icaeyaeathoueny oaeeie a/aieie, ye A. Aae??ia, N. Aieoiae/, A.
Innianueeee, A. Ieueoainueeee, I. O?oia (o?oaeiaa iioeaaoe?y ? i?iaeaia
i?anoeaeo ? i?eaaaeeaino? i?ioan??); I. Eiia?ia, A. ?o/ea, I. sseoaa, I.
Eooeaiei (nioe?aeueia no?oeoo?a); A. Aoii?i, A. Aae??a, N. Ao?aea
(i?anoeae a?enueeiai? i?ioan?? oa nioe?aeueiee noaoon
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey); I. Aaiaeo?ea, ?. ?ouaiei, ?. Eaaaae?a, A.
Iaoa??iei (i?aeaeuaiiy aaoi?eoaoo ? noaoono ni?a?ia?oiee?a IAN).

Aii??e/io aaco aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue iaoa??aee nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue «I?anoeae i?ioan?? i?e?oe?iia?a», «E?ei?iiaaiia neooaoe?y
? aca?iica’ycie i?e?oe?? c ianaeaiiyi a i. Oa?eia?», «Aeenoeeie?ia ?
noai caeiiiino? a nenoai? IAN Oe?a?ie», «Nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aoe?aiee?a i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa», ui aoee
i?iaaaeai? aaoi?ii ye a neeaae? eieaeoeao aeine?aeiee?a, oae ?
naiino?eii a ?aieao ?iaioe eaoaae? caaaeueii? oa i?eeeaaeii? nioe?ieia??
Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa (i. Oa?e?a) i?ioyaii 1995-1998 ?ie?a.

Aoei oaeiae acyoi aei oaaae aeina?ae eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue a?o/eciyieo ? caei?aeiiieo o/aieo ca aeaiith oaiith.

Aieiaieie iaoeiaeie caniaaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei ia?aii: nioe?ieia?/i?
(aieaooaaiiy, eiioaio-aiae?c), noaoenoe/i? (aea??eiaee can?a, iieniaa
noaoenoeea, ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c), ineoieia?/i? (naiaioe/i? iaoiaeeee ?
oanoe)

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui aoea c?iaeaia iaeia c
ia?oeo ni?ia ii?ooeoe i?iaeaio eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy nioe?aeueiiai
noaoono i?aoe?aieea i?e?oe??, a oaeiae a iecoe? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?
ocaaaeueiaiue, o oiio /ene?:

1. Cai?iiiiiaaii aa??aio iieniai? nenoaie, ui ooi/ith? eaoaai??th
«nioe?aeueiee noaoon» c oai?aoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o;

2. Aecia/aii ?ieue ioe?iee iiceoe?? ye iaea?eueo aaaiii? a iien?
nioe?aeueiiai noaoono;

3. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iieaciee?a aeey aei??o nioe?aeueiiai noaoono, yea
aaco?oueny ia aiae?c? aeniaeoaoe?e uiaei iieiaeaiiy noa’?eoo
nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei, ye? ae?aaeathoueny ye c aieo ioi/aiiy, oae ? c
aieo naiiai noa’?eoo;

4. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie iieaciee?a aoei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c
nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aiee?a i?e?oe??, ui neeaaea?oueny c aeie?a,
oiiaii iacaaieo: «Io?oe?eia (ii?iaoeaii caoaa?aeaeaia) ioe?iea noaoono»,
«Iaio?oe?eia (noni?eueia) ioe?iea iiceoe??», «Naiiioe?iea noaoono»;

5. Aeyaeaii ni?yiiaai?noue ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? i?aoe?aieea i?e?oe?? ii
a?aeiioaiith aei i?ioan?eii? a?oie ? ?inoeoooo a oe?eiio, ui
aeaoa?i?iothoue naiiioe?ieo i?anoeaeo i?ioan??;

6. Iieacaii iayai?noue noaoonii? ?ieinenoaioe?? i?aoe?aieea i?e?oe??,
yea i?iyaey?oueny a iaa?aeiia?aeiino? eiai iii?iaeueiiai ? ?aaeueiiai
iieiaeaiiy;

7. Aeyaeaii oiiae ? /eiieee, ui coiiaeththoue cieaeaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
noaoono i?aoe?aiee?a i?e?oe??;

8. Aecia/ai? oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea
i?e?oe??.

Oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe coiiaeth?oueny aeooaeuei?noth
i?iaeaie, iaaeinoaoi?i nooiaiai ?? ?ic?iaeaiino? ? iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

· iniiai? ?aea? ? aeniiaee ?iaioe ?icoe?ththoue iaoeia? ciaiiy i?i
nioe?aeueiee noaoon ethaeeie, a?oie aai ?inoeoooo, caeiiii??iino? eiai
o?ainoi?iaoe??, a oaeiae iiaeooue aooe oai?aoe/iith aacith aeey
iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy i?ioean?a no?aoeo?eaoe?? ? oi?ioaaiiy iiai?
nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e;

· aeine?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?ee nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea i?e?oe??
oa cai?iiiiiaai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a?aeiinii i?aeaeuaiiy
aaoi?eoaoo i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeicaieythoue nei?aaoaaoe iniiai?
eiioeaiooaeuei? iai?yiee ?aoi?ie eaae?iai? iie?oeee a i?aaiao aioo??oi?o
ni?aa Oe?a?ie.

?acoeueoaoe ? aeniiaee ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a ?iaio?
aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, iai?eeeaae, I?i?noa?noaa aioo??oi?o ni?aa, a
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? neoaea ? a?aeae?e?a i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa,
cie?aia, a?aeae?e?a o ca’yceao ?c a?iiaaenuee?noth,
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo neoaea, a?aeae?e?a ii ?iaio? c iniaiaei
neeaaeii, iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, ui aioothoue eaae?e aeey nenoaie
i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co ? i?aeoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue
ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy a i?aeaioiaoe? eaeoe?e ? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c
iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a, cie?aia, c iniia nioe?ieia??, nioe?ieia??
oi?aae?iiy, iaaeee ??eaeoic a IAN, nioe?ieia?? iniaenoino?, oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii a IAN.

Iaae?ei?noue oa a??ia?aei?noue aeeeaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a
caaacia/oaaeenue iine?aeiai?noth ?aae?caoe?? oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue i?e
?ica’ycaii? caaaeaiue aii??e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy; canoinoaaiiyi
iaoiae?a, aaeaeaaoieo caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy; ?ai?acaioaoeaiith
aea??eith; aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee aeaieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a, a oaeiae aeiiia?aeaeeny ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo «Iiaeyae a iaeaooi?: iieiaeue,
noni?euenoai, oeea?e?caoe?y» (Iaeana, 1996), «Oa?e?anuee? nioe?ieia?/i?
/eoaiiy» (Oa?e?a, 1998).

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
i?aaenoaaeai? a IAN Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae ea??aieoeoao Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa (i. Oa?e?a). Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aoee aeei?enoai? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? eo?no «Nioe?ieia?y a?iiaaenueei?
aeoiee» aeey neooa/?a nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Oi?AN.
Iaeaaaeeea?o? i?iaeaie aeena?oaoe?? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo
eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? nioe?ieia?? Oi?AN.

Ioae?eaoe??. C oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a, ye?
i?noyoue 6 iaethie?a. ?iaioo aeeeaaeaii ia 183 noi??ieao iniiaiiai
oaenoo. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 121 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iiaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? oaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoo ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aenoaae, iieacaii aeaiaioe iiaecie,
oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, oi?ie ? oa?aeoa? ?? ai?iaaoe??.

Ia?oee ?icae?e: «Iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy nioe?aeueiiai
noaoono». O iueiio cae?eniaii aiae?c ??ciiiai?oieo i?aeoiae?a aei
aea/aiiy nioe?aeueiiai noaoono, ye? ?icaeaaeeny a iaaeao nioe?ieia?? oa
?ioeo noni?eueieo iaoe. ?icaeyiooi nooi?noue nioe?aeueiiai noaoono, eiai
neeaaeia?, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c ?ioeie nioe?ieia?/ieie iiiyooyie.
?ic?iaeaii nenoaio nioe?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a aeey aei??thaaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai noaoono a ?aieao ?inoeoooo i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a
aei aea/aiiy nioe?aeueiiai noaoono a oiiaao noni?euenoaa, ui
o?ainoi?io?oueny, noaei ynii, ui aeey aeaoaeueiiai ? iiaiiai aiae?co
i?iaeaie iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiei ? ioeueoeia?aae?aiaeueiee i?aeo?ae.
Aeei?enoaiiy iaei??? ia?aaeeaie iaiaaeo? ??ai? aiae?co i?aaeiaoo
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaeaeee neioac ? aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo ia?aaeeai
aeicaiey? ae??ooaaoe oe?eo ieceo oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue i?e
aea/aii? nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea IAN. Oey oi/ea ci?o
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny no/anieie iiaeyaeaie nioe?ieia?/ii? iaoee ia
nioe?aeueiee i?ino?? ye ia ia iaeiii??io no?oeoo?o, a ia aaaaoii??ia
iaoa?iaoaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo ?aaeueiinoae.

Oaeei /eiii, i?e aiae?c? noaoono aei?aaaeaii aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo
iai?yie?a, ye:

· Oai??y noaoonieo a?oi (I. Aaaa?, I. Ni?ie?i). A ?aieao oeueiai
iai?aaeaiiy aia?oa aeae?eythoueny oae? iiiyooy, ye nioe?aeueiee noaoon ?
nioe?aeueia no?aoeo?eaoe?y, aea?oueny ?o oa?aeoa?enoeea ? iieno?oueny
iaiao?aei?noue aiae?co i?e aea/aiiy nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa.

· No?oeoo?ia oai??y (A?inn, A?aeaee, Aeaa?n, Aaeon, Ia?niin, Ia?oii,
A?aeaeain), aea noaoon ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aaciaa iaeeieoey nioe?aeueii?
no?oeoo?e. Oeae iai?yiie aea? iiaeeea?noue oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe nioe?aeueio
nenoaio ye noeoii?noue iaeeieoeue (noaoon?a) ? noaiaea?oeciaaieo
a?aeiioaiue i?ae oeeie iaeeieoeyie. Oe? a?aeiioaiiy aeyaeythoueny a
ooieoe?yo, aiae?c yeeo iiaea aeiiiiiaoe ?ice?eoe niaoeeo?eo
a?aeoai?thaaiiy oiai aai ?ioiai noaoono.

· Oai??y ?ieae (Aeae. I?ae, Ii?aii, ?. E?ioii) ? ioe?ii/ia eiioeaioe?y
(Iae??, Aaaeai, Ooi?i, Aaeon, O?aeiai, O. E. Oi?ia?). Aeei?enoaiiy oeeo
iai?yie?a aea? iiaeeea?noue a?eueo ?aoaeueiiai aiae?co i?iya?a
nioe?aeueiiai noaoono o aeaeyae? ?ieae, iiaoaeiae nenoaie eiai
iieaciee?a, a oaeiae i?aeoe/iiai aea/aiiy ca aeiiiiiaith aiae?co
nioe?aeueieo ioe?iie (a?aeiioaiue).

Aaaeeeaa i?noea a i?ioean? aiae?co nioe?aeueiiai noaoono caeia? aea/aiiy
«ii/oooy naiai i?noey», aai ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniaenoino? c? nai?i
noaoonii (Aiooiai, Ao?aeue?, Ae?Iaaeaeei). Noa’?eo ia i?inoi caeia?
noaoon aai aeinyaa? eiai, aea ? ni?aa?aeiineoue naaa c iei. Nioe?aeueia
? iniaeno?nia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ia iiaea oni?oii i?ioiaeeoe aac noaoono,
a?i ? iaiao?aeiith ia?aaeoiiaith i?ioeaaeo? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa
ioioiaeiaiiy.

I?e oeueiio noa’?eo, ui caeia? oie aai ?ioee noaoon, ia a ciic?
caaeia?eueii ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe naaa iacaeaaeii a?ae ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
ioi/aiiy. ?ioeie neiaaie, iaaeinoaoiuei i?eienaoe nia? iaeaaei?noue aei
yeiai-iaaoaeue noaoono, iaiao?aeii, uia ? ?io? i?aeoaa?aeeee ? aeciaee
iiae?aiiai ?iaeo naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?th. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c aieo
i?aai?caoe?? aai aea?aeaae aenooia? iaeaaaeeea?oith neeaaeiaith
naii?aeaioeo?eaoe??. Oea coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiai
aeciaiiy.

Nenoaiaoecoaaaoe an? i?aeoiaee ? iiaeyaee ia eaoaai??th «nioe?aeueiee
noaoon», aeena?oaio ?iaeoue oae? aeniiaee:

1. Nioe?aeueiee noaoon aecia/a?oueny c aeaio aniaeo?a: ii-ia?oa, oea
iiiyooy ia? ?aiaiao oa?aeoa?enoeeo, oiaoi oea iaaia i?noea ia
nioe?aeueieo ???a?o?/ieo noiaeao; ii-ae?oaa, iaeaaei?noue aei oiai aai
?ioiai nioe?aeueiiai noaoono iaae?ey? noa’?eo a?aeiia?aeiei iaai?ii i?aa
? iaia’yce?a. Nioe?aeueiee noaoon iiaeia aecia/eoe ye iaaio iiceoe?th a
nioe?aeuei?e no?oeoo?? a?oie aai noni?euenoaa, yea ca’ycaia c ?ioeie
iiceoe?yie /a?ac noeoii?noue i?aa ? iaia’yce?a, c iaeiiai aieo, ?
nenoaio aeniaeoaoe?e – c ?ioiai. I?e/iio, oey iiceoe?y iiaea aooe
ci??yia e?euee?nii ca aeiiiiiaith o?enoaaiiy ?? iieaciee?a.

2. Iiiyooy «nioe?aeueiee noaoon» ? ?acoeueoaoii ?ioaa?aoe?? oaeeo
iiiyoue, ye aeiiii?/iee noaoon, iie?oe/iee noaoon, i?aaiaee noaoon,
i?ioan?eiee noaoon, aoi?/iee noaoon, aeaiia?ao?/iee noaoon.

3. Oa aai ?ioa iieiaeaiiy (noaoon) noa’?eoo nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei iiaea
oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeny ye ia’?eoeaieie, oae ? noa’?eoeaieie iieacieeaie.
Ia?oeie ? a oe?ieiio nain? i?aaa ? iaia’ycee, ae?oaeie iiaeooue aooe
aaoi?eoao, iiaaaa, yeeie ei?enoo?oueny ethaeeia aai a?oia ethaeae a
noni?euenoa?. *anoi oe?ieee niaeo? i?aa, aeaaeieo iiaiiaaaeaiue,
iiaeeeainoae aeinooio aei iaoa??aeueieo oe?iiinoae coiiaeththoue aenieee
??aaiue i?anoeaeo a noni?euenoa?, iaeiae iiaea aooe ? cai?ioia
caeaaei?noue.

4. Iaiao?aeii iiae?eyoe nioe?aeueiee noaoon, ye iieiaeaiiy ethaeeie a
noni?euenoa?, ui a?i caeia? ye i?aaenoaaiee iaaii? nioe?aeueii? a?oie, ?
iniaenoee noaoon, ye iieiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aea a iae?e a?oi?, ui caeaaeeoue
a?ae oiai, ye eiai ioe?iththoue ? ni?eeiathoue /eaie oe??? a?oie a
a?aeiia?aeiino? c eiai iniaenoeie yeinoyie.

5. Nioe?aeueiee noaoon iio??aii ?icaeyaeaoe oaeiae ye ioe?ieo, c iaeiiai
aieo, aeianaio nioe?aeueiei ioi/aiiyi, c ae?oaiai – ye naiiioe?ieo
?iaeea?aea aai a?oie.

6. Iaeaaei?noue aei iaaiiai nioe?aeueiiai noaoono coiiaeth?
a?aeiia?aeiee noeeue, iaia?o ? niin?a aeeooy.

Aeoiaey/e c ia?aiiai ioeueoeia?aae?aiaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo, nioe?aeueiee
noaoon ?icaeyaea?oueny ye neeaaeia iiiyooy. Ia iniia? aiae?co
oai?aoe/ieo i?aeoiae?a a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia iieaciee?a
noaoono, a oaeiae a?aeiia?aei? caniae ?o aei??o. Nie?ath/enue ia
oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee Ooi?ia, Aiooiaia, Oi?ia?a, Ao?aeue?, aaoi?
a?aecia/a? ioe?ii/io eiioeaioe?th ye iaea?eueo ei?enio i?e aiae?c?
iieaciee?a nioe?aeueiiai noaoono, oiaoi noaoon i?aaenoaaeaiee a ia?ac?
noeoiiino? ioe?iie (i/?eoaaiue). Oe? ioe?iee ca?oiiaai? a o?e aeiee, ui
io?eiaee oiiai? iacae:

1? «Io?oe?eia (ii?iaoeaii caoaa?aeaeaia) ioe?iea noaoono», a ye?e
aeoioeueiaai? a?aeiioaiiy aea?aeaaieo nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a, ?o
i/?eoaaiiy aei ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaiaio?a nenoaie IAN, ui aeneiaeai? a
ii?iaoeai?e aac?, naiai ?iaeo ?inoeooae?ciaaia i?aeo?eiea, caaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? IAN.

2? «Iaio?oe?eia (noni?eueia) ioe?iea iiceoe??», aea noaoon
a?aeia?aaea?oueny a i/?eoaaiiyo ? a?aeiioaii? aei ae?yeueiino? i?e?oe??
??ciiiai?oieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi noni?euenoaa. ?ioeie neiaaie, oea
ioe?iea, ui aeianaia noni?eueiith aeoieith

3? «Naiiioe?iea noaoono», aea inoaii?e ae?aaea?oueny a oiio aai ?ioiio
??ai? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? i?aoe?aieea IAN c iei, eiai naiiii/ooo?,
a?aeiioaii? aei iinaaee, i?ioan??, nenoaie IAN a oe?eiio. Oea —
naiiioe?iea i?aoe?aieeii i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a naiai nioe?aeueiiai
noaiiaeua, iniiaaia ye ia aeaniiio aeina?ae?, oae ? ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
ioi/aiiy, noni?euenoaa.

Aaaaoieiiiiiaioi?noue ? neeaaei?noue i?ioeano aei??o nioe?aeueiiai
noaoono, ui coiiaeai? neeaaeiith no?oeoo?ith nenoaie iieaciee?a,
aeiaaathoue iaiao?aeiino? canoinoaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo nioe?ieia?/ieo ?
ineoieia?/ieo cania?a (iieooaaiiy a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee, aiae?c
aeieoiaio?a, aenia?oia iieooaaiiy, oeaea «ss-Eiioeaioe?y» Oaiian?, oano
«Ooi y» I. Eoia, naiaioe/iee aeeoa?aioe?ae *. Inaoaea, eieuei?iaee oano
a?aeiioaiue).

Aeoiaey/e c oeeo iniiaieo iieiaeaiue caaaeueii? oai??? iiaeia aea/aoe
eiie?aoi? aeaiaioe nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e. Caaea/a iieyaa? a oiio, uia
ia’?eoeaii ni?aa?aeianoe oai??th c i?aeoe/ieie i?iaeaiaie i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa, aaeaei iiaeeo?eoaaoe ?? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ia’?eoii
nioe?ieia?/iiai aiae?co.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Nioe?aeueia noaiiaeua i?aoe?aieea IAN»
i?iaiae?ciaaii iniaeeaino? a?aeoai?aiiy nioe?aeueiiai noaoono a i?aaiao
aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie; oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia i?ioean
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniaenoino? a ?aieao oe??? no?oeoo?e; ioe?ieo oa
a?aeiioaiiy ianaeaiiy aei aeaiiai nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo.

Aiae?c iii?iaeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa
Oe?a?ie, ui a?aeia?aaea?oueny a ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaioao, ye?
?aaoeththoue ??ciiiai?oi? noi?iie eiai ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae i?aaao ?
iaia’yceao, aoa cina?aaeaeaiee ia eiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio aniaeo?.
?acoeueoaoii aiae?co noaa aeniiaie, ui nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee noaoon
i?aoe?aieea IAN a no/anieo oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa ia? nei??oa oi?iaeueiee oa?aeoa?, ai a?eueo?noue noaoae
caeii?a ia iathoue i?aeoe/iiai i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
iii?iaeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea IAN Oe?a?ie oa aeayeeo e?a?i Cao?aeii?
?a?iie ? NOA iieacaa, ui a oe?eiio a caeiiiaeaa/iio ieai? aeiiii?/ia
caaacia/aiiy ?iaioe ? aeeooy i?e?oe?iia?a ia iinooia?oueny, a ?ieiee ?
ia?aaaaea? caaacia/aiiy ?iaioe ? aeeooy iie?oeaenueeiai. ?acii c oeei
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iie?oeaenueeeo i?aai?a caaacia/o?oueny
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiith aeiaai?iaeith (aieiaiei /eiii, a?ioiaith) a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?aeoa?o, ianyao ? ?acoeueoao?a i?aoe?. Oea a?ae?a?a?
aaeeeo ?ieue i?e noeioethaaii? ? oi?aae?ii? iie?oeaenueeith
ae?yeuei?noth. ?aae?caoe?y oaeiai i?eioeeio a ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo
i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa iiaea a ?icaeyaeaoeny ye niin?a, ui aeicaieeoue
i?aoe?aieeai IAN caeiaoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?ei?
noaoone, a?aeiia?aei? ?o iinaaeai ? ooieoe?yi.

Aiae?c a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee a?aeiinii ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o
ni?aa iieacaa, ui niinoa??aa?oueny iecueea ioe?iea i?anoeaeo IAN
i?aeoe/ii an?ia eaoaai??yie ianaeaiiy. Cao?eniaaia iayai?noue aeoae?cio
a?aeiioaiiy ianaeaiiy aei i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa. C iaeiiai aieo,
i?e?oe?y a oe?eiio oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaaoeaii, c ?ioiai aieo – 37%
?aniiiaeaio?a noaaeeee a aaaeaiiy nai?o ae?oae i?aoethaaoe a oeo aai
?ioeo ?? neoaeaao. Aiae?c ia?aaaae i?ae?icae?e?a ? neoaea aea? ciiao
c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iaea?eueoee i?anoeae iathoue i?ioan??, aea,
ii-ia?oa, oiiae i?aoe? aeicaieythoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?ioaeaeooaeueiee
oeno, ii-ae?oaa, eiioeiaaio, c yeei iio??aii i?aoethaaoe, «a?eueo
?ioae?aaioiee». Oea a?aeae?e ii ai?iouea? c aeiiii?/iith cei/eii?noth,
ianii?oiee no?e ? a?aeae?e a?c, iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee IAN Oe?a?ie, a
oaeiae AeA?.

Aeena?oaio caoaaaeo?, ui ?nioaaiiy iaiaeii??aeiino? a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oa, ui, iacaaaeath/e ia caaaeueia iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy aei
i?e?oe?? c aieo ianaeaiiy, a a?aeiioaii? aeia??e aei ia? ye aei i?aaio
aeaaee, ui a?aeiia?aea? ca i?aaiii?yaeie, ?aniiiaeaioe aeneiaeeeny
iiceoeaii. Ia??ai? c? Ca?ieieie Neeaie, Neoaeaith aaciaee ?
i?ieo?aoo?ith, i?e?oe?y ciaoiaeeoueny ia aeueo ?yaeeao ?aeoeiao aeia??e,
aeia?aaeeaoe oae? ?inoeoooe aeaaee, ye I?aceaeaio Oe?a?ie, I?nueea
?aaea, Aa?oiaia ?aaea ? Eaa?iao I?i?no??a.

Ia oeae? i?anoeaeo, neeaaeaii? c 38 iniiaieo i?ioan?e, i?ioan?y
i?e?oe?iia?a caeia? 14 i?noea, caaa?ooth/e ia?oo o?aoeio nieneo. ?acii c
oeei, c ?yaeo cai?iiiiiaaieo i?ioan?e a ?aieao ?inoeoooo i?aaiioi?iiieo
i?aai?a i?e?oeaenueea ioe?ith?oueny ye iaea?eueo iai?anoeaeia.

Aiae?c /eiiee?a, ye? oei /e ?ioei /eiii iaoiiaeththoue oi?ioaaiiy
a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee uiaei i?e?oe?? iieacaa, ui iaea?eueo aieeaiaei ia
i?anoeae ?iaioe a IAN, ca aeoieith a?eueoino? ?aniiiaeaio?a (73 %),
aeyaeany aeiiii?/iee. Iaeiae, 38% a?aecia/athoue aaaeeea?noue iiaaae c
aieo ioi/aiiy, iiceoeaieo a?aeiinei c a?iiaaenuee?noth ye aaaeeeaee
/eiiee i?aeaeuaiiy i?anoeaeo i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Ia iaae?iiy
i?anoeaeo IAN iaea?eueo aieeaathoue ei?oioe?y (oaaa?ieoeoai), iecueeee
i?ioan?iiae?ci, neaaea oaoi?/ia iniauai?noue, iecueea eoeueoo?a
iniaenoiai neeaaeo, a?oa?noue ? /a?noa?noue.

Na?aae i?e/ei, ui niiioeathoue aei anooio ia ?iaioo a i?aaie aioo??oi?o
ni?aa ?noioieie ?aniiiaeaioe aaaaeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaoe
neoaeaiaa noaiiaeua a ??oaii? nai?o i?iaeai, aeinooi aei aeaaee,
iaaeaiiy i?euea. Iaeiaio aieeaiaeie noeioeaie aoee iacaai? iiaeeea?noue
iaoe oai?/o naiaiaeo, i?aoethaaoe ia ca noaiaea?oii, iiaeeea?noue
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai c?inoaiiy, ??ciiiai?oi?noue ?iaioe. Aeinoaoiuei
iecueei ioe?iththoueny noni?eueii ei?eni? ooieoe??, a naia iiaeeea?noue
iaaeaoe aeiiiiiao eiie?aoiei ethaeyi, aeeiioaaoe iio??aio aeey naaa ?
noni?euenoaa ni?aao.

Aeena?oaio a?aecia/a?, ui ?nioth/a a noni?euenoa? no?aoeo?eaoe?y iiaea
noaoe ia’?eoii iniaenoeo i?aaiaiue, ia?aaeeaaiue, caaeiaieaiino? aai
o?ono?aoe?? ethaeeie, ui aieeaathoue ia iioeaaoe?eio noa?o:
caoaeaeothoue aeoeaii aeeiioaaoe nai? neoaeaia? iaia’ycee aai, iaaiaee,
a?aeiineoenue aei ieo aaeaeoaea. Aeey eiaeii? ethaeeie noaoon, ui aiia
caeia?, ? aaaeeeaei /eiieeii naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy ye iniaenoino? acaaae?
aai ye i?ioan?iiaea cie?aia. Oiio aaaeeeaa i?noea a i?ioean? aiae?co
nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa caeia?
aea/aiiy eiai «ii/oooy naiai i?noey», aai ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniaenoino? c?
nai?i noaoonii. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, o naith /a?ao, ye nioe?aeueia, oae ?
iniaeno?nia ia iiaea oni?oii i?ioiaeeoue aac noaoono, a?i ? iaiao?aeiith
ia?aaeoiiaith i?ioeaaeo? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa ioioiaeiaiiy.

Aea/aiiy naiiioe?iee naiai noaiiaeua i?aoe?aieeaie i?aai?a aioo??oi?o
ni?aa iieacaei, ui a caeaaeiino? a?ae neoaeae niinoa??aa?oueny aeayea
??cieoey ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? naaa c oaeeie iiiyooyie ye i?ioan?y, iinaaea,
nenoaia IAN. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y a naith /a?ao a?aeaeaa?oueny ? ia ioe?ioe?
i?aoe?aieeaie i?e?oe?? naiai noaoono. Oae, ne?ae/? a?eueoith i??ith
?aeaioeo?eothoue naaa c i?ioan??th, yea ?icoi??oueny ieie ye aeoeaia,
aia?a?eia iiceoe?y, ui aeiaaa? aieueiaeo coneeue, ye? iiaeooue i?ecaanoe
aei naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy ? naii?aae?caoe??. A naith /a?ao o i?aoe?aiee?a
?icooeo i?ia?aeia i?noea caeia? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c iinaaeith. I?ioan?y
aeey ieo caeeoa?oueny ae?oai?yaeiei ia’?eoii ioioiaeiaiiy. A?aeaeath/e
ia?aaaao aai i?ioan??, aai iinaae?, ? ne?ae/?, ? i?aoe?aieee ?icooeo
iaeiaeiai neaaei ?aeaioeo?eothoue naaa c i?aaiaie i?aaiii?yaeeo. O?eueee
eeoa i’yoa /anoeia an?o iieoaieo ?aeaioeo?eo? naaa c nenoaiith i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue caia?a/o? oea, aeacoth/e ia
iecueeee noaoon IAN.

Aeae?ey?oueny caeaaei?noue ioe?iee i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa a?ae noaaeo
?iaioe a ieo. Ia ?aii?o aoaiao (a?ae 1 ?ieo aei 5 ?ie?a)
niinoa??aa?oueny c?inoaiiy ?ic/a?oaaiiy ? iaaaoeaieo ?aaeoe?e ii
a?aeiioaiith aei nenoaie. Iaeiae ia??iae 5-7 ?ie?a noaaeo iiaeia
aaaaeaoe e?eciaei. I?aoe?aieee, ui a?aeneoaeeee a?eueo 7 ?ie?a a
i?aaiao, ii/eiathoue e?aua a?aeiineoenue aei nai?o eieaa, ia/aeuenoaa,
an??? nenoaie IAN, iiceoeaii ioe?iththoue naith i?ioan?th. Oea
iiynith?oueny oei, ui a?eueo?noue oeo, ooi ia ?aeaioeo?eoaaa naaa c IAN,
aaea ca?eueieeeny, a na?aae ?ioeo a?aeaoeiny aoiaeaeaiiy a nenoaio,
aaeaioaoe?y a i?e, ui i?ecaaei aei iaio ??ceeo ? iaeiicia/ieo ioe?iie.

Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue iieoaieo i?aoe?aiee?a (a?ey 90 %) aaaaeathoue, ui
i?anoeae ?iaioe a i?e?oe?? noaa cia/ii ieae/a. Ia ?oith aeoieo, ia oea
aieeioei oae? /eiieee, ye a?aenooi?noue oo?aioe i?i i?e?oe?th c aieo
o?yaeo ? i?noeaaeo i?aai?a naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ??aaiue ca?ia?oii? ieaoe,
oiiae i?aoe?, i?eueaiaa caaacia/aiiy, ?ecee ia ?iaio?. A?eueo?noue
iieoaieo i?aoe?aiee?a i?e?oe?? aaaaeathoue, ui iaei??th c i?e/ei
iaae?iiy i?anoeaeo i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ? iaa?aeiia?aei?noue
iieiaeaiue, ui aeaeea?othoueny a caeiiiaeaa/iio ieai?, ?aaeueiiio ?o
ao?eaiith a aeeooy. I?e oeueiio iniiaio /anoeio i?iaeie a oeueiio aiie
iieeaaeathoue ia ??ciiiai?oi? aea?aeaai? i?aaie, iaeii/anii
a?aecia/ath/e, ui aiie nai? ye /anoeia nenoaie a oe?eiio aeeiiothoue
nai? ooieoe?? ii i?aeo?eiaiith i?aaiii?yaeeo ? caeiiiino? a
noni?euenoa?.

A ioe?ieao ?aniiiaeaio?a c /enea i?aoe?aiee?a ?nio? ???a?o?y i?anoeaeo
neoaea a ?aieao i?e?oe??. Iaea?eueo i?anoeaeiei, ia ?o iiaeyae, ?
a?aeae?e ii ai?iouea? c aeiiii?/iith cei/eii?noth, iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee
nenoaie IAN, oi?aae?iiy ii ai?iouea? c i?aai?ciaaiith cei/eii?noth ?
AeA?. Iaeiaio – iao?oeueii-iinoiaa neoaeaa, aei?aaii-o?oaeia? onoaiiae ?
neoaeaa ioi?iie a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo.

Ia caaaeueio ioe?ieo noaoono aeyaey? aieea oaeee iieaciee, ye oaoi?/ia ?
iaoa??aeueia caaacia/aiiy o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?. Caaaeueia aeiiii?/ia
neooaoe?y coiiaeth? neaaea iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy, ui
a?aeeeaaea? na?e a?aeaeoie ia caaeiaieaiiy ?iaioith, a, ioaea, ? ia
ioe?ieo naiai noaoono.

A ioe?ioe? noeioe?a, ui niiioeathoue eoe i?aoethaaoe a i?aaie aioo??oi?o
ni?aa, ?aniiiaeaioe a ia?oo /a?ao i?aee?aneeee aaaeeea?noue
iaiaoa??aeueieo oe?iiinoae a ?iaio?. A ia?oo /a?ao ?o i?eaaaeththoue
«nioe?aeueii ei?eni?» ooieoe?? neoaeaiai? ae?yeueiino?. C iaoa??aeueieo
?ioa?an?a iaea?eueo oe?iieie aaaaeathoueny i?eueae, ui iaaeathoueny
i?aoe?aieeai ? /eaiai ?o n?iae.

Aeoiaey/e c ?icaeyiooeo iiiaio?a aaoi? noaa?aeaeo?, ui niinoa??aa?oueny
neooaoe?y, eiee ?nioth/? a noni?euenoa? iino?eii a?aeiiaethaai? ni?iae
?iaeea?ae?a ? a?oi ?ici?noeoe naaa ? ?ioeo a nioe?aeueiiio i?inoi??
c?ooiaoothoueny c iayai?noth nooo?aeo i?iaeai. Aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y a
e?a?i? noaaeoue i?ae ieoaiiy eieeoi? i?ioan?ei? ? nioe?aeuei?
?aeaioe/iino?. Iniiai? aeaea?aea ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, oae? ye aeiaai?iaea ca
i?aoeth, aeciaiiy ? i?anoeae, eiiiaoaioi?noue ? a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue,
aeyaeeeny i?aeoe/ii iaaeinyaeieie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi cao?eniaaia iayai?noue a?ae/oaeaiiy iii?iaeueiiai
noaoono i?aoe?aieea i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa a?ae ??ciiiai?oieo nenoai
aeiaai?iaee aai i?aeo?eiee noaoono, ui ae?aaeathoueny a ae?aiacii? a?ae
aeiiii?/iiai caaacia/aiiy aei i?anoeaeo ? noaaeaiiy ye c aieo ioi/aiiy,
oae ? c aieo noa’?eoo, ui caeia? noaoon. Oaea neooaoe?y aieeaa? ia /?oea
aecia/aiiy ?inoeoooo i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa a nioe?aeuei?e no?oeoo??,
a oaeiae ia aoaeoeai?noue eiai ae?yeueiino?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Iniiai? oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy nioe?aeueiiai noaoono
i?aoe?aieea i?e?oe??» aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? iiaeeea?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
i?eioeeio «nioe?aeueiiai i?aeoiaeo» o ae?yeuei?noue i?aaiioi?iiieo
i?aai?a, a oaeiae oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy i?anoeaeo oa aaoi?eoaoo i?e?oe??.

Aaoi? cacia/a?, ui i?aeaeuaiith noaoono i?aoe?aieea ? aoaeoeaiino? eiai
ae?yeueiino? aoaeooue ni?eyoe:

· cae?eniaiiy i?? noaa?e?caoe?? caaaeueiii?aaiai? neooaoe??, oi?ioaaiiy
/?oei? caeiiiaeaa/i? nenoaie, aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa;

· iaeneiaeueia a?aee?eo?noue aeey iaoeiaiai aiae?co i?iaeai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie IAN (iai?eeeaae, ieoaiiy aeenoeeie?ie ?
caeiiiino?, iaa?? ? nei?i/aiiy ooao?a, ?iaioa c iniaiaei neeaaeii);

· ?aaoey?ia i?iaaaeaiiy i?iaiicieo ? iii?oi??iaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue noaio
a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee ye ??ciiiai?oieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi, oae ?
i?aoe?aiee?a uiaei ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa;

· iaoa??aeueii-o?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? IAN. Ca aeoieith
aeena?oaioa, iaeiei c iiaeeeaeo oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea IAN ? a?aeiiae a?ae
??ciiiai?oieo i?euea oa iaaeaaaie, a?eueo?noue yeeo ia
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?aaeueii (ui, o naith /a?ao, aieeaa? ia cieaeaiiy
noaoono), oa aaaaeaiiy ia caeiiiaeaa/iio ??ai? /?oei o?eniaaii?
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, ui a?aeiia?aeaea a ?ici??o ca?ia?oii? ieaoe
aenieieaae?o?eiaaiiai ?ia?oieea.

· oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e IAN, noai?aiiy ioi?oeeiaeueii? i?e?oe??
aeicaieeoue caeo/eoe aei ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy iie?ioaiiy noaiiaeua
i?aoe?aiee?a i?noeaa? i?aaie naiia?yaeoaaiiy;

· iineeaiiy eiio?ieth uiaei aeio?eiaiiy aeenoeeie?ie ? caeiiiino?
i?aoe?aieeaie i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa;

· i?aeaeuaiiy yeinoae i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee oa ia?ai?aeaioiaee
eaae??a;

· ?inoeoooe?iiaeueia cae??ieaiiy ca’yce?a c a?iiaaenuee?noth. ??oaiiy
oe??? i?iaeaie aeena?oaio aa/eoue a iaoeiaiio ? i?aeoe/iiio
ii?aoethaaii? i?eioeei?a ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ? aca?iiae?? IAN c ianaeaiiyi
c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy ni?eyoeeaiai ?i?aeaeo, i?aeaeuaiiy i?anoeaeo
i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Oea, o naith /a?ao, ia? cae?enithaaoenue a
?aieao «nioe?aeueiiai i?aeoiaeo», yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iie?oeea ?
no?aoaa?y, ui iaoe?eai? ia aeinyaiaiiy a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai ?
eaae?o?eiaaiiai eiio?ieth ca cei/eii?noth, ciaioaiiy no?aoo ia?aae iath,
iie?ioaiiy yeino? aeeooy, aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaioe i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa
c ianaeaiiyi ? eaa?oeiiino? IAN. Oea aeinyaa?oueny caaaeyee i?aeo?eioe?
c aieo ??ciiiai?oieo a?oi, ye? caoe?eaaeai? a aoaeoeai?e ae?yeueiino?
i?aai?a i?aaiii?yaeeo ? iaiaaathoueny ci?ieoe nioe?aeuei? oiiae, ui
i?eaiaeyoue aei ii?ooaiiy caeiio.

O aeniiaeao aaoi?ii oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i?
i?aenoiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iiiiothoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai ? i?aeoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o, aeacothoueny
iiaeeea? iai?yiee iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie. Aeena?oaio
aeoeaioo? oaaao ia oiio, ui:

1. Noaoon – oea iaaia iiceoe?y a nioe?aeuei?e no?oeoo?? a?oie aai
noni?euenoaa, yea ca’ycaia c ?ioeie iiceoe?yie /a?ac iaa?? i?aa ?
iaia’yce?a, c iaeiiai aieo, ? nenoaio aeniaeoaoe?e – c ?ioiai. I?e/iio,
oey iiceoe?y iiaea aooe ci??yia e?euee?nii ca aeiiiiiaith o?enoaaiiy ??
iieaciee?a.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia iieaciee?a noaoono, a oaeiae a?aeiia?aei?
caniae ?o aei??o. C oi/ee ci?o ioe?ii/ii? eiioeaioe?? noaoon
i?aaenoaaey?oueny a ia?ac? noeoiiino? ioe?iie (i/?eoaaiue). Oe? ioe?iee
ca?oiiaai? o o?e aeiee, ui io?eiaee oiiai? iacae:

· «Io?oe?eia (ii?iaoeaii cae??ieaia) ioe?iea noaoono».

· «Iaio?oe?eia (noni?eueia) ioe?iea iiceoe??».

· «Naiiioe?iea noaoono».

3. Neeaaei?noue no?oeoo?e nenoaie iieaciee?a, a oaeiae
aaaaoieiiiiiaioi?noue i?ioeano aei??o nioe?aeueiiai noaoono
coiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo nioe?ieia?/ieo
oa ineoieia?/ieo iaoiae?a (aea/aiiy a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee, aiae?c
aeieoiaio?a, aenia?oia iieooaaiiy, oeaea “ss-Eiioeaioe?y” Oaiian?, oano
“Ooi y” I. Eoia, naiaioe/iee aeeoa?aioe?ae *. Inaoaea, eieuei?iaee oano
a?aeiioaiue oiui).

4. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee noaoon i?aoe?aieea IAN a no/anieo oiiaao
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa ia? aeaiyeee oa?aeoa? o
ca’yceo c oei, ui a?eueo?noue noaoae caeii?a oa ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo
aeo?a ia iathoue iiee ui i?aeoe/iiai i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a neeo i?e/ei
??ciiiai?oiiai oa?aeoa?o.

5. Cao?eniaaii iayai?noue aeoae?cio a?aeiioaiiy ianaeaiiy aei i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa. A?i aeyaey?oueny a iaiaeii??aeiino? ioe?iie c aieo
a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee uiaei ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa oa
?o ?ie? a noni?euei?e nenoai?. Oea iineeth?oueny oei, ui iii?iaeueii
aenieee ii?iaoeaiee noaoon ia i?aeo?eio?oueny ?aaeueiei a?aeiioaiiyi aei
iueiai ye c aieo i?aoe?aiee?a i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa, oae ? c aieo
??ciiiai?oieo eaoaai??e ianaeaiiy.

6. Aiae?c noni?eueii? aeoiee uiaei ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa
iieacaa, ui niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy i?anoeaeo i?aaiioi?iiieo i?ioan?e
a ioe?ieao i?aeoe/ii on?o eaoaai??e ianaeaiiy.

7. Na?aae /eiiee?a, ia aeoieo ?aniiiaeaio?a, ui iaea?eueo aieeaathoue ia
iaae?iiy i?anoeaeo IAN, ia?o? i?noey caeiathoue ei?oioe?y
(oaaa?ieoeoai), iecueeee i?ioan?iiae?ci, neaaea oaoi?/ia iniauai?noue,
iecueea eoeueoo?a iniaiaiai neeaaeo, a?oa?noue oa /a?noa?noue.

8. A noni?euei?e aeoioe? no?eei cae??ieeiny oyaeaiiy uiaei i?e/ei, ui
niiioeathoue aei anooio ia ?iaioo a i?aaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Iaea?eueo
nooo?aeie ?aniiiaeaioe aaaaeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaoe neoaeaiaa
noaiiaeua a ??oaii? nai?o i?iaeai, aeinooi aei aeaaee, iaaeaiiy i?euea.
Iecueei aoee ioe?iai? noni?eueii ei?eni? ooieoe??, a naia iiaeeea?noue
aooe ei?enieie noni?euenoao, iiaeeea?noue iaaeaoe aeiiiiiao eiie?aoiei
ethaeyi, ?iaeoe iio??aio aeey naaa ? noni?euenoaa ni?aao.

9. I?aoe?aieee i?e?oe?? nueiaiaei? neaaei ?aeaioeo?eothoue naaa c
i?aaiaie i?aaiii?yaeeo. O?eueee eeoa i’yoa /anoeia an?o iieoaieo
?aeaioeo?eo? naaa c nenoaiith i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa. A?eueo?noue
caia?a/o? oea, aeacoth/e ia iecueeee noaoon IAN.

10. Aeae?ey?oueny caeaaei?noue ioe?iee i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa a?ae
noaaeo ?iaioe a ieo: ia ?aii?o aoaiao neoaeae niinoa??aa?oueny c?inoaiiy
?ic/a?oaaiiy ? iaaaoeaieo ?aaeoe?e ii a?aeiioaiith aei nenoaie. Iaeiae
i?ney 7 ?ie?a neoaeae a i?aaiao i?aoe?aieee ii/eiathoue e?aua
a?aeiineoenue aei nai?o eieaa, ia/aeuenoaa, an??? nenoaie IAN, iiceoeaii
ioe?iththoue naith i?ioan?th.

11. Iniiaieie /eiieeaie, ui coiiaeththoue iaae?iiy i?anoeaeo IAN,
i?aoe?aieeaie i?e?oe?? aoee iacaai? iaa?aeiia?aei?noue iieiaeaiue, ui
aeaeea?othoueny a caeiiiaeaa/iio ieai?, ?aaeueiei ao?eaiiyi ?o a aeeooy,
a?aenooi?noue oo?aioe i?i i?e?oe?th c aieo o?yaeo ? i?noeaaeo i?aai?a
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, cieaeaiiy ??aiy ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, iia??oaiiy oiia
i?aoe?, i?eueaiaa caaacia/aiiy, ?ecee ia ?iaio?.

12. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi cao?eniaaii iayai?noue a?ae/oaeaiiy iii?iaeueiiai
noaoono i?aoe?aieea i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa a?ae ??ciiiai?oieo nenoai
aeiaai?iaee aai i?aeo?eiee noaoono.

13. ??oaiiy i?iaeaie nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? i?aeo?eiee oa i?aeaeuaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai noaoono i?aoe?aieea i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa iieyaa? ia
o?eueee o ae??oaii? aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai, aea ? a iaoeiaiio oa
i?aeoe/iiio ii?aoethaaii? oaeeo ieoaiue ye i?anoeae i?aai?a
i?aaiii?yaeeo ? ?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a aeeooy i?eioeei?a
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ? aca?iiae?? IAN ? ianaeaiiy.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Oaeei ?.A. I?iaeaiu aaeaioaoeee iieiaeiai nio?oaeieea nenoaiu i?aaiia
aioo?aiieo aeae. // Acaeyae a aoaeouaa: iieiaeaaeue, iauanoai,
oeeaeeecaoeey. Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie
eiioa?aioeee. – Iaeanna: Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee
oieaa?neoao, 1996. – N. 129 – 130.

2. Oaeei ?.A. Cia/aiiy eaoaai??? «nioe?aeueiee noaoon» aeey aea/aiiy
no?aoeo?eaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa. // Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie no/anii? iaoee a aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo o/aieo. — Aei.2. —
Oa?e?a: IAN Oe?a?ie, Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa, 1997. — N. 231 — 234.

3. Oaeei ?.A. *eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
noaoono i?aoe?aiee?a IAN: nioe?ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy. // A?niee
Eoaainueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie. Iaoeiai oai?aoe/iee
aeo?iae. — Aei.1. — Eoaainuee: Eoaainueeee ?inoeooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa,
1998. — N. 226-233.

4. Oaeei ?.A. I?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu a ioeaieao aeeoaeae Oa?ueeiaa.
// Oa?ueeianeea nioeeieiae/aneea /oaiey – 98: Nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio.
–Oa?ueeia: OeYII «?aaea?», 1998. – N. 262 – 268.

5. Oaeei ?.A. Iniaeno?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee nioe?aeueiiai noaoono
i?aoe?aieea IAN. // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? iaoee a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
iieiaeeo o/aieo. — Aei.5. — Oa?e?a: IAN Oe?a?ie, Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o
ni?aa, 1999. — 0,25 ae.a.

6. Oaeei ?.A. I?iaeaia noai?aiiy iioeiaeueii? iiaeae? aca?iicayce?a
i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a c ianaeaiiyi. // A?niee Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o
ni?aa. – Aei.5. – Oa?e?a: IAN Oe?a?ie, Oi?AN, 1999. – N. 259-269.

7. Oaeei ?.A. «Nioeeaeueiue noaoon»: e aii?ino i iiiyoee. // A?niee
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — ?433/99. — Oa?e?a: OAeO,
1999. — N. 120-123.

AIIOAOe??

Oaeei ?.A. Nioeeaeueiue noaoon ?aaioieea i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae a
oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee iauanoaa.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa nioeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 22.00.03. — nioeeaeueiay no?oeoo?a, nioeeaeueiua
einoeooou e nioeeaeueiua ioiioaiey. Oieaa?neoao aioo?aiieo aeae,
Oa?ueeia, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ane?uaaaony iiiyoea «nioeeaeueiue noaoon ?aaioieea
i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae», i?aaeeaaaaony nenoaia iieacaoaeae aeey aai
ecia?aiey, i?eaiaeyony ?acoeueoaou yiie?e/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey i?anoeaea
ieeeoeaeneie i?ioannee a nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii iauanoaa, a oaeaea
o?iaiy aai naiiioeaiee ?acee/iuie eaoaai?eyie ?aaioieeia i?aaiia
aioo?aiieo aeae.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iicaieytho naeaeaoue caeeth/aiea, /oi, n
iaeiie noi?iiu, ieeeoeey yaeyaony neeiaie no?oeoo?ie, eioi?ay a
ninoiyiee caueoeoue eioa?anu oao, eoi a iae ioaeaeaaony. N ae?oaie
noi?iiu, ?aniiiaeaiou ioiaoeee oaeea oa?aeoa?enoeee ieeeoeee eae
ath?ie?aoeci, a?oainoue, aac?acee/ea e i?iaeaiai ianaeaiey, /oi
cao?oaeiyao yooaeoeaioth ?aaioo IAAe. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ia oeaea
i?anoeaea i?ioannee ieeeoeeiia? caieiaao n?aaeithth iiceoeeth.

Iaaaoeaiua ioeaiee oe?aeineie ieeeoeee i?aaaee?otho n?aaee ianaeaiey e
ia caaenyo io nioeeaeueiiai noaoona. Aieueoeinoai iieaaaao, /oi ieeeoeey
ia caeioa?aniaaia a caueoa eo eioa?ania. I?iaeaeea?e?iaaiiue i?eioeei i
oii, /oi iniiaiui iai?aaeaieai a aeayoaeueiinoe ieeeoeee aeieaeii auoue
oaaaeaiea eioa?ania ee/iinoe a oaeie aea ia?a, eae e oaaaeaiea eioa?ania
ainoaea?noaa, ia ?aaeecoaony.

Auyaeaii nieaeaiea naiiioeaiee i?anoeaea a caaeneiinoe io aeieaeiinoiiai
iieiaeaiey, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia ino?ii e?ecena eaeaioeoeeaoeee
?aaioieeia i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae n a?oiiie, e?ecen i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e
iae.

Oaeei ia?acii, iaaethaeaaony neooaoeey, eiaaea iinoiyiii aiciaiiaeyaiua
iiiuoee eiaeeaeaeia e a?oii ?acianoeoue naay e ae?oaeo a nioeeaeueiii
i?ino?ainoaa noaeeeaathony n ?yaeii nouanoaaiiuo i?iaeai. Yeiiiie/aneay
neooaoeey a no?aia noaaeo iiae aii?in i?aaeiea i?ioanneiiaeueiua e
nioeeaeueiua eaeaioe/iinoe. Iniiaiua enoi/ieee eaeaioeoeeaoeee, oaeea
eae aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ca o?oae, i?eciaiea e i?anoeae, aino?aaiaaiiinoue
eiiiaoaioeee e ioaaonoaaiiinoue, ieacaeenue i?aeoe/anee iaaeinooiiuie.

Enneaaeiaaieai caoeene?iaaii iaee/ea io/oaeaeaiey iiieiaeueiiai noaoona
nio?oaeieea i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae io ?acee/iuo nenoai aiciaa?aaeaeaiey
eee iiaeaea?aeee noaoona, au?aaeathueony a aeeaiaciia io yeiiiie/aneiai
iaania/aiey aei i?anoeaea e iaeia?aiey, eae ni noi?iiu ie?oaeaiey, oae e
ni noi?iiu noauaeoa, caieiathuaai noaoon. Oaeay neooaoeey aeeyao ia
/aoeia ii?aaeaeaiea einoeoooa i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae a nioeeaeueiie
no?oeoo?a e ia yooaeoeaiinoue aai aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nioeeaeueiue noaoon, no?oeoo?a nioeeaeueiiai noaoona,
nioeeaeueiue i?anoeae.

Oaeei ?.A. Nioe?aeueiee noaoon i?aoe?aieea i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa a
oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 22.00.03 – nioe?aeueia no?oeoo?a, nioe?aeuei?
?inoeoooe oa nioe?aeuei? a?aeiineie. Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa,
Oa?e?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaa?oueny iiiyooy «nioe?aeueiee noaoon i?aoe?aieea
i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa», i?iiiio?oueny nenoaia iieaciee?a aeey eiai
aei??thaaiiy, i?eaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
i?anoeaeo i?e?oeaenueei? i?ioan?? a no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa?, a oaeiae ??aaiue eiai naiiioe?iee c aieo i?aoe?aiee?a
i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui, c iaeiiai
aieo, i?e?oe?y ? neeiaith no?oeoo?ith, yea o ciic? caoenoeoe ?ioa?ane
oeo, ooi oeueiai iio?aao?. C ae?oaiai aieo, ?aniiiaeaioe a?aei?oeee oae?
oa?aeoa?enoeee i?e?oe?? ye ath?ie?aoeci, a?oa?noue, aaeaeoae?noue aei
i?iaeai ianaeaiiy, ye? ia ni?eythoue aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? IAN.

Iaaaoeai? ioe?iee oe?a?inueei? i?e?oe?? i?aaaeththoue na?aae ianaeaiiy ?
ia caycai? c ?o nioe?aeueiei noaoonii. A?eueo?noue ?icae?ey? aeoieo, ui
i?e?oe?y ia ca?ioa?aniaaia o caoeno? ?o ?ioa?an?a. I?eioeei, eiee
iniiaiei iai?yieii ae?yeueiino? i?e?oe?? iiaeiia aooe iiaaaa aei
?ioa?an?a iniaenoino? ye aei ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae, ? o?eueee
aeaeea?aoeaiei.

Aeyaeaii cieaeaiiy naiiioe?iee i?anoeaeo o caeaaeiino? a?ae iinaaee, ui
aeaco? ia aino?o e?eco ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a i?aai?a aioo??oi?o
ni?aa c a?oiith, e?eco iaeaaeiino? aei ia?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nioe?aeuei?e noaoon, no?oeoo?a nioe?aeueiiai noaoono,
nioe?aeueiee i?anoeae.

Sheyko R.V. The social status of the militiaman in the transformational
conditions of the society.

Dissertation for the degree of candidate of sociological sciences
22.00.03. — social structure, social institutes and social relations.
The University of Internal Affairs, Kharkov, 1999.

In the dissertation the concept of the social status of the militiaman
is revealed, the system of factors for its estimation is proposed, the
results of the empirical researches of the militia profession prestige
in modern Ukrainian society are adduced. There is also examined the
level of self-estimation of the prestige of the militia profession by
different militiamen categories in the Ukrainian Internal Affairs
Bodies.

The results of the researches allow to make a conclusion that on the one
hand, militia is a powerful organisation which can protect the interests
of those people who need it. But on the other hand, noticed such
characteristics of militia as red tape, self-interest and rudeness,
which decline the effectiveness of activity of Internal Affairs Bodies.

Negative estimates of Ukrainian militia prevail among interviewees and
do not depend on their social characteristics. They believe that militia
does not even interest in the protection of citizens rights. The
declared principle that the main direction of militias work must be to
respect the interests of person and society is not realised in the
activity of militia and bears the character of declaration.

It was discovered that the decline of self-estimation of the prestige
fully depends on one’s service position, which points to a definite
crisis of self-identification with the militia group, the crisis of the
membership.

Key words: social status, the structure of social status, social
prestige.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 24.05.99 ?.

Oi?iao 60o84 1/16 Ianya 1,0 oiiai. ae?oe. a?e.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ? 275

Iaae?oeiaaii IAEO “Iioee-eiioaeo” i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Noinueea, 44/2

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