?INOEOOO IAAeAAIA?EE AII OE?A?IE

Oa?eoiiaa A?eoi??y Aaeaioei?aia

OAeE — [371:316.3] + 338

NIOe?AEUeIA OI?AAE?IIss OA EIIOeAIOe?? IAAeAAIA?*IIAI

IAIAAeAEIAIOO A CAAAEUeIIINA?OI?O CAEEAAeAO

13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaai?e Aeaaeai?? ea??aieo eaae??a ina?oe,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aiiaea? Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, aeaeai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Nethna?aiei A?eoi? A?eai?iae/,

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Ee?anueeee I?ae?aa?iiaeueiee ?inoeooo

oaeineiiaeaiiy a/eoae?a ?iai? A.A??i/aiea,

?aeoi?.

Naaaeiaa Aaeaioeia Aanee?aia,

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee AII Oe?a?ie,

nae?aoa? a?aeae?eaiiy.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “11” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 1400 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.452.03 ?inoeoooo iaaeaaia?ee AII
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252014, i. Ee?a-14, aoe. Aano?iiia, 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e /anoei? ?inoeoooo
iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252014, i.Ee?a, aoe. Aano?iiia, 9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 10 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee i?ioani? Eaaeee I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?,
oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, iiyaa ??ciiiai?oieo
oei?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a iio?aao? iiooeo oa
?ic?iaee aaeaeaaoieo iiaeaeae oi?aae?iiy.

O 80-90-o? ?iee c’yaeeiny /eiaei aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue nioe?aeueiiai
oi?aae?iiy, a yeeo anaa?/ii aiae?co?oueny oai??y ? oaoiieia?y oeueiai
oaiiiaio a ??cieo noa?ao eiai i?iyao.

Iacaaaeath/e ia ii??aiyii aaeeeo e?euee?noue i?aoeue ?c caaaeueii?
oai??? oi?aae?iiy, i?iaeaie iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo aeine?aeaeai?
ua iaaeinoaoiuei. Cie?aia ia aeine?aeaeaii iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe
oi?aae?iiy: oaiaeaioe??, caeiiii??iino? oa i?eioeeie eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy, no?oeoo?a, ci?no ooieoe?e, oi?ie oa iaoiaee
iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. Iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy ieoaiiy
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe oi?aae?inueeeo eaae??a, caaacia/aiiy
o?iainoaaiiy oa ?icaeoie iaoa??aeueii? aace oeiee,
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? oa i?aaia? aniaeoe ea??aieoeoaa
caaaeueiiina?oi?ie caeeaaeai ??cieo oei?a.

Oey i?iaeaia noa? iniaeeai aeooaeueiith c ?icaeoeii aeiiii?/ieo,
iaoeiaeo, iaaeaaia?/ieo ca’yce?a Oe?a?ie c e?a?iaie ca?oa?aeaey,
na?oiaeie aeinyaiaiiyie a aaeoc? oai??? oi?aae?iiy, iaeiie/aiiyi
aeina?aeo aoaeoeaiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a noa?? ae?iaieoeoaa acaaae? oa a
aaeoc? ina?oe cie?aia. Ia i?eieaeoth/e cia/aiiy a?o/eciyieo oai?aoe/ieo
iaaeaaiue ? e?auiai iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo a aaeoc? nioe?aeueiiai
oi?aae?iiy oa a?aoiaoth/e iaiao?aei?noue aeoiaeo Oe?a?ie ia
i?aeia?iaei? noaiaea?oe iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ye iaei??? c oiia
?ioaa?oaaiiy a ?a?iiaenueeo ni?aae?oaei?noue, iiaeia oaa?aeeoe, ui ?nio?
ia’?eoeaia iio?aaa a iiaeaeueoeo oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo i?iaeaie nioe?aeueiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. Iayai?noue
??ciiiai?oieo eiioeaioe?e oi?aae?iiy caeeaaeaie ina?oe ??cieo oei?a
(oeieaie, a?iiac?yie, e?oeayie, eieaaeaie, eieaa?oiaie) iio?aao?
?ic?iaee oai?aoe/ieo canaae iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, ye? a
a?aeiia?aeaee na?oiaei noaiaea?oai ? iio?aaai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa, ui i?aee?aneth? aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? iaie i?iaeaie.

Ioaea, iaaeinoaoiy aeine?aeaeai?noue i?iaeaie oa ?? aeooaeuei?noue ?
coiiaeee aea?? oaie eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? «Nioe?aeueia
oi?aae?iiy oa eiioeaioe?? iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a
caaaeueiiina?oi?o caeeaaeao».

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy: nioe?aeueia oi?aae?iiy oa oi?aae?iiy
caaaeueiiina?oi?ie caeeaaeaie.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: iaoiaeieia?/i?, oai?aoe/i? oa eiioeaiooaeuei?
aniaeoe iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?ic?iaeoe oa iaa?oiooaaoe oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i?
iniiae ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy
caaaeueiiina?oi?ie iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie Oe?a?ie a no/anieo oiiaao.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

I?iaiae?coaaoe noai ?icaeoeo caaaeueii? oai??? nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy
oa o?ainoi?iaoe?? ?? iieiaeaiue o nenoaio iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

Aeyaeoe e nenoaiaoecoaaoe i?ia?aei? oaiaeaioe??, caeiiii??iino? oa
i?eioeeie oi?aae?iiy caaaeueiiina?oi?ie iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie a
Oe?a?i? ia no/aniiio aoai?.

Cae?enieoe nenoaiiee aiae?c noaio oi?aae?iiy caaaeueiiina?oi?ie
caeeaaeaie a Oe?a?i? oa ca ?? iaaeaie.

I?iaanoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a aei
iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a Oe?a?i? oa ca ?? iaaeaie.

Aecia/eoe oeyoe iioei?caoe?? iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a na?aaei?o
caaaeueiiina?oi?o caeeaaeao Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith oa oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee aeo?aei?
iieiaeaiiy oai??? nenoai, caeiie caeaaeiino? ooieoe?e aea?aeaaieo oa
eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ieo oiia, aeiiii?/iiai oa noni?eueiiai ono?ith; i?aoe?
a/aieo a aaeoc? caaaeueii? oai??? oi?aae?iiy oa iaaeaaia?/iiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. O aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny:
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee aiae?c, oai?aoe/iee aiae?c
iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeaea?ae ? i?aoeue c ieoaiue nioe?aeueiiai
oi?aae?iiy, oeieiciaanoaa, ?ao?iniaeoeaiee, eia?/iee oa ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c, nenoaiaoecaoe?? ? eeaneo?eaoe??, aeno?iiieaoe?? oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy, iaoiae ocaaaeueiaiiy aeaieo aiae?co.

Aieiai? aniaeoe oa aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?enithaaeiny i?ioyaii 1994-1998 ?ie?a. Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1994-1995
??.) aecia/aeeny e eiie?aoecoaaeeny iniiai? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiiy:
i?iaeaia, i?aaeiao, aaciina?aaei? ia’?eoe aea/aiiy, aeaea?aea iiooeo
iaiao?aeieo iaoa??ae?a, iaoiaee oa oaoiieia?y iaoeiai? ?iaioe. Ia
ae?oaiio aoai? (1996-1997 ??.) aiae?coaaeany e?oa?aoo?a c ieoaiue
oi?aae?iiy ? iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, aea/aeeny eiioeaiooaeuei?
i?aeoiaee aei oi?aae?iiy caaaeueiiina?oi?ie caeeaaeaie ??cieo ?aa?ii?a
Oe?a?ie. Ia o?aoueiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy (1997-1998 ??.)
ocaaaeueithaaeeny iai?aoeueiaai? iaoa??aee, oi?ioethaaeeny
caeiiii??iino?, nenoaiaoecoaaeeny i?eioeeie oi?aae?iiy
caaaeueiiina?oi?ie caeeaaeaie. Ioi?ieyeeny ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyeueiiai
aiae?co ??cieo eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a aei oi?aae?iiy, ?ic?iaeyeeny
i?iaiinoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy c ieoaiue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?
nooiino? iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ye neeaaeiai? oi?aae?iiy
caaaeueiiina?oi?ie caeeaaeaie, ?ice?eoo? ca’yce?a i?ae eiioeaiooaeueieie
i?aeoiaeaie aei ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?e ??cieo oei?a ? i?aai?caoe??th ?o
ae?yeueiino?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii?
nenoaiaoecaoe?? oaiaeaioe?e, caeiiii??iinoae oa i?eioeei?a oi?aae?iiy
caaaeueiiina?oi?ie onoaiiaaie, nenoaiiiio ?icaeyae? oa iien? ooieoe?e ?o
ea??aiee?a, a oaeiae o e?eoe/iiio i?aeoiae? aei oeiieia??
caaaeueiiina?oi?o caeeaae?a ? eiioeaioe?e oi?aae?iiy ieie, a
iaa?oiooaaii? iaoeiaeo iniia oa niinia?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? ea??aiee?a oe?e Oe?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny iiaeeea?noth aeei?enoaiiy
?? iaoa??ae?a i?aoe?aieeaie onoaiia ina?oe, cie?aia ?iniaeoi?aie
iaeanieo, ?aeiiieo ??ai?a, iaoiaee/ieie neoaeaaie, ea??aieeaie
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a. Aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ieoaiue
iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo iiaeooue aooe ei?enieie i?e ?ic?iaoe?
e?eoa???a aecia/aiiy yeino? oi?aae?iiy, aoaeoeaiino? ea??aieoeoaa a
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao. Iaoa??aee ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co oi?aae?iiy
iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie, i?aai?ciaaiiai ca ??cieie eiioeaioe?yie,
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? iioeiaeueieo iiaeaeae oi?aae?iiy
c o?aooaaiiyi oeio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai caeeaaeo,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy oiui.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeany oeyoii
aeiiia?aeae ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?e Aeaaeai?? ea??aieo
eaae??a ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i?aeaioiaee iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo iaoa??ae?a c
iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a I?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e aeaaeai?? oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii, a oaeiae o ioae?eaoe?yo ?anioae?eainueeiai oa ?aa?iiaeueiiai
??ai?a.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa?:

o aecia/aii? i?ia?aeieo oaiaeaioe?e a oi?aae?ii? no/anieie na?aaei?ie
caaaeueiiina?oi?ie caeeaaeaie Oe?a?ie;

nenoaiaoecaoe?? i?eioeei?a iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ye oai?aoe/ii?
iniiae iaoeiaiai oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie;

aeae?eaii? oa iaa?oiooaaii? oe?eueiaeo ? i?ioeanoaeueieo ooieoe?e
oi?aae?iiy caaaeueiiina?oi?ie caeeaaeaie;

?ic?iaoe? eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a aei iiaoaeiae iioeiaeueieo
iiaeaeae oi?aae?iiy iaaieie oeiaie ina?oi?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

A??ia?aei?noue ? iaa?oioiaai?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/ai?
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeieia?? ? iaoiae?a, aaeaeaaoieo i?aaeiaoo, iao? oa
caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, nenoaiiei aiae?cii ia?oiaeaea?ae ?
i?aeoe/iiai noaio oi?aae?iiy a oeieao, aenia?oiith ioe?ieith caeiaooeo
?acoeueoao?a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 198 aeaea?ae. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia ia 157 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 2 noaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooii?e /anoei? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie,
aecia/athoueny ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoa, caaaeaiiy ? a?iioaca
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaee. O anooi? a?aeia?aaeai?
iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – «Oai??y oi?aae?iiy oa iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo
a caaaeueiiina?oi?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao» – a?aeia?aaeaii ?acoeueoaoe
aiae?co e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii oaiaeaioe??,
i?eoaiaii? oi?aae?iith caaaeueiiina?oi?ie caeeaaeaie, a oaeiae
nenoaiaoeciaaii ? iaa?oioiaaii i?eioeeie iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

Oai?aoe/ia i?ciaiiy nooiino? oi?aae?iiy, iaoeiaa i?iieeiaiiy a eiai
niaoeeo?eo, no?oeoo?o, ooieoe?iiaeueio aca?iiae?th a
i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/?e noa?? ? noni?euenoa? noa? i?aaeiaoii a?oioiaiiai
aea/aiiy eeoa iai?ee?ioe? O?O — ii/aoeo OO noie?oue. ?acoeueoaoii oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue noaee i?aoe? i?aaenoaaiee?a oae caaii? eeane/ii? oeiee
oi?aae?iiy O.Oaeei?a, A.Oaeiey, A.Aia?niia oa ?i.

O iao /an eiioeaiooaeueii noi?ioaaany ? caeiaoa aeciaiiy ?yae i?ia?aeieo
oe?e o aaeoc? oi?aae?iiy. Aiae?coth/e aaiethoe?th oi?aae?inueei? aeoiee
? ??cieo eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a aei iaiaaeaeiaioo, iiaeia
i?inoaaeeoe oae? oa?aeoa?i? oaiaeaioe??: iineeaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai
oa?aeoa?o oi?aae?iiy; aecia/aiiy ni?eueiiai oa niaoeeo?/iiai a
oi?aae?ii?; anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae, oi?i ? caaaeueieo iaoiae?a
oi?aae?iiy; iineeaiiy oaaae ia o?eueee aei oaoiieia?/ii? eoeueoo?e, a e
aei ineoieia?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy, eiai aoiai?caoe??; anaa?/ia ? aeeaiea
i?iieeiaiiy a oi?aae?iiy eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e; aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae
iaoe?iiaeueieo ?en a oi?aae?ii?, oaeaeea i?enoinoaaiiy o iaoe?iiaeuei?e
noa?? ?iicaiieo iaiaaeaea??a.

Aiae?c ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo iaiaaeaeiaioo ye niaoeeo?/ii? aaeoc? iaoee
oi?aae?iiy aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe /ioe?e iniiai? oeiee oi?aae?inueei?
aeoiee: iiaa oeiea iaoeiaiai oi?aae?iiy (?.A.Eioo, E.Aa?oaeaio?,
?.Ethn), eeane/ia oeiea (O.Oaeei?, A.Oaeieue, A.Oi?ae, E.O?a?e),
a?ioaa?i?enoe/ia (?.Iaei, ?.Aeaee) ? e?euee?nia (E.Eeaei, Ae.Oi?anoa?)
oeiee, oi/a ?niothoue ? ?io? eeaneo?eaoe?? oe?e oi?aae?iiy.

Eiioeaioe?y oi?aae?inueeiai i?ioeano, yea canoiniaoaaeany uiaei an?o
oei?a i?aai?caoe??, aeieeea o ?aieao eeane/ii? oeiee, ? ?? aieea ia
oai??th ? i?aeoeeo ??cieo i?aeoiae?a aei oi?aae?iiy ia ao?aoea naiai
cia/aiiy ? a iao? /ane.

Nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae o iaiaaeaeiaio? ?icaeyaea? iaa/aeueiee caeeaae ye
a?aee?eoo nenoaio, ui neeaaea?oueny ?c e?eueeio aca?iiiia’ycaieo
i?aenenoai. Oai??y nenoai aeiiiiaaa? iaiaaeaea?ai c?icoi?oe
aca?iica’ycie i?ae ie?aieie /anoeiaie a nai?e onoaiia?, a oaeiae i?ae
iath oa iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai.

Neooaoe?eiee i?aeo?ae aei oi?aae?iiy ?icoe?ea i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy
oai??? nenoai, ine?eueee a ca’yceo c oeei i?aeoiaeii iaoiaeeee ?
eiioeaioe?? iaiaaeaeiaioo iathoue aooe i?enoiniaai? aei eiie?aoieo
neooaoe?e.

Aiae?c ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? iaoee oi?aae?iiy aeia?a, ui aiia ?icaeaaeany
ia?aeaeueii c? na?oiaei aeina?aeii iaiaaeaeiaioo, a ?ieiee c aeayeei
a?aenoaaaiiyi ? ia?ae?o/aiiyi iaoeiai? ae?eniino?, ui coiiaeeiny oe?eith
ieceith ia’?eoeaieo /eiiee?a noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo.

No/aniee ?icaeoie iaiaaeaeiaioo a?aecia/a?oueny iaaieie iaoeiaeie ?
aii??e/ieie ocaaaeueiaiiyie, ?ic?iaeith ni?eueieo aeey an?o e?a?i
i?eioeei?a aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy, oei?caoe??th eiai ??cieo oi?i oa oiia
?aae?caoe??, aeciaiiyi eoeueoo?e i?aai?caoe?? aaaeeeaei eiiiiiaioii
oi?aae?inueeiai i?ioeano, anoaiiaeaiiyi iniaeeainoae iaoe?iiaeueiiai
noeeth a oi?aae?ii? ? iiaaae?ioe?, noai?aiiyi aaeaioeaieo oi?aae?inueeeo
iaoai?ci?a iia?aoeaii? ae??.

?icaeoie caaaeueieo i?iaeai oi?aae?iiy ? eiai ??ciiiai?oieo aniaeo?a
ie?aeii aieeioa ia aeine?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?ee oi?aae?iiy a noa?? ina?oe.
A Oe?a?i? a 70-90-o? ?iee aeeoee iiiia?ao?/i? i?aoe? c ieoaiue
oi?aae?iiy oeieith A.I.Aaaay, ?.N.Aa?aciyea, A.?.Aiiaea?y,
E.?.Aeaieeaiei, A.N.Eiaca?y, I.I.Ino?iaa?oiai?, A.N.I?eaeueii?,
A.A.Nethna?aiea, A.I.Nooiieeinueeiai, A.I.O?eeiaa, I.A.*a?i?inueeiai,
?.O.Oaeo?iaa oa ?ioeo. A iaeaeeae/iio ca?oa?aeae? – A?ei?on?? oa ?in??
iaae?oeiaai? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? i?aoe? c iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo
TH.A.Aaneeue?aa, I.?.Eiiaeaeiaa, TH.A.Eiia?aeaanueeiai,
A.TH.E?e/aanueeiai, I.I.Iioaoieea, O.?.Oaiiai? oa ?ioeo.

Aaeeea eiei ??ciiiai?oieo ieoaiue oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie
??cieo oei?a oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?oi?o i?ae?icae?e?a oa ??cieo eaiie
aeia?a aena?oeaii a i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a: I.?.Aoaaeiaa,
I.?.Ae?iaycei, E.?.Eae?i?ii?, E.I.Ea?aiooei, I.I.Eaaeiai,
A.I.Iaaec?aiia, A.?.Ianeiaa, A.A.Ie?eieea, A.I.I?aeaoianueei?,
A.O.Iaeaia?/oe, A.A.Naaaeiai?, I.Ae.ss?ia/aiea oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo o/aieo
? i?aeoee?a Oe?a?ie.

Aiae?c noaio oai??? iaiaaeaeiaioo a Oe?a?i? a oe?eiio ? a iaaeaaia?oe?
cie?aia na?ae/eoue i?i iaaia a?aenoaaaiiy iaoee ? i?aeoeee aoaeoeaiiai
oi?aae?iiy. I?ioa o?eueee aeoeaiooaaoe oaaao ia oeeo iaaeie?eao aac
o?aooaaiiy ianoaaei ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio ?icaeaaeanue
onoaiiaa, iaaeioe?eueii, oiio ui oi?aae?iiy i?ioyaii aeanyoe??/ aoei
i?enoiniaaia aei aeiia eiie?aoiiai na?aaeiaeua —
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii? nenoaie. Iaeaoaeoeai?oeie aeey oaei? nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy aoee ath?ie?aoe/i?, iaoai?noe/i? oi?ie. Aeinyaiooe
iiceoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo a oeueiio nioe?aeueiiio na?aaeiaeu? a aaaaoueio
aeiaaeeao aoei aaae/a, i?ae a ?io?e, ?aoe?iiaeuei?o?e ca nai?i ono?i?i
nenoai?.

A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo a?ae aea?aeaaiiai aei aea?aeaaii-noni?eueiiai,
?eieiaiai oi?aae?iiy, ?iciiae?e ooieoe?e i?ae oeaio?aeueieie,
?aa?iiaeueieie oa i?nueeeie i?aaiaie oi?aae?iiy ina?oith, iaaeaaia?/ieie
i?aoe?aieeaie a oe?eiio ? ea??aieie eaae?aie iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a
cie?aia ia? noaoe aieiaiei oaeoi?ii iacai?ioiino? i?ioean?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy
? noai?aiiy ye?nii iiai? iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie ina?oe.

Aiae?c i?aoeue c i?iaeai oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie oa
iaiaaeaeiaioo iieacaa, ui iaaeaaia?/iee iaiaaeaeiaio ? niaoeeo?/iei
aeaeii oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, yeee aaco?oueny ia eiioeaiooaeueieo
? oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiiyo o??? /e ?ioi? oeiee nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy c
o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee oa i?ecia/aiiy eiie?aoii?
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie. Iaaeaaia?/iee iaiaaeaeiaio – oea,
ianaiia?aae, oaoiieia?y i?aai?caoe?eiiai, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai,
i?aaiaiai, aeiiii?/iiai aieeao ia ci?no ? ae?yeuei?noue ?iaeea?ae?a ?
eieaeoeao c iaoith caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy ina?oi?o nenoai.
Ethaeeia, yea aieiae?? i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie oa ai?iiyie, iaiao?aeieie
aeey cae?eniaiiy oe??? ae?yeueiino?, a?aeiia?aeieie ?aaeueieie
ii?iaoeaieie iiaiiaaaeaiiyie, ? iaiaaeaea?ii o noa?? ina?oe.

I?aaii??i?noue aaaaeaiiy oa?i?i?a “iaiaaeaea?” ? “iaaeaaia?/iee
iaiaaeaeiaio” a iaaeaaia?/io iaoeo coiiaeth?oueny oaeeie /eiieeaie:
oa?i?i “iaiaaeaea? ina?oe” oa?aeoa?eco? i?ioan?eii i?aeaioiaeaiiai
oi?aae?ioey, a ia aeiaaeeiaiai aaei?i?no?aoi?a ?c noeo?eieie iaae/eaie
ea??aieoeoaa; oi?aa?naeuei?noue iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a ? oaoiieia?e,
?ic?iaeaieo o iaaeao iaoee iaiaaeaeiaioo, aea? ciiao canoiniaoaaoe ?o o
??cieo noa?ao oi?aae?iiy ? a ??cieo iaoe?iiaeueieo na?aaeiaeuao;
iiiyoo?aa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y aea? ciiao ?ioaa?oaaoe na?oiaee aeina?ae o
oai??th iaiaaeaeiaioo ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? oaeiae ?ice?eaathoueny ie?ai? oaiaeaioe?? oi?aae?iiy
caaaeueiiina?oi?ie caeeaaeaie, na?aae yeeo iniaeeaa i?noea iin?aeathoue
oeiia? noia?a/iino? a iaaeao naii? nenoaie, ye? ? ?oo?eiith neeith
?icaeoeo an??? nenoaie oa ?? ie?aieo eiiiiiaio?a. Noia?a/iinoae ?nio?
aeoaea aaaaoi: aiie iiaeooue aooe ia’?eoeaieie ? noa’?eoeaieie,
aioo??oi?ie ? ciai?oi?ie, iino?eieie ? ia??iaee/ieie. Iaecaaaeuei?oa
oaiaeaioe?y — no?eea noia?a/i?noue i?ae noni?eueieie aeiiaaie aei yeino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo ? ?acoeueoaoaie eiai ae?yeueiino?,
??aiai oi?aae?inueei? eoeueoo?e, ye? iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe ia?niaeoeaai
?icaeoeo aea?aeaae, na?oiaei noaiaea?oai. Aei noia?a/iinoae
aioo??oiueiai oa?aeoa?o, i?eoaiaiieo aaciina?aaeiuei oi?aae?inuee?e
ae?yeueiino?, iiaeia a?aeianoe noia?a/iino? i?ae iaiao?aei?noth aenieiai
nooiaiy ceaaiaeaeaiino?, ?aeiino? ae?e eieaeoeao ? iaaieie
?iaeea?aeoaeueieie ianoi?niinoyie; i?ae ea??aieeaie ? aeeiiaaoeyie oiui.

O ooieoe?yo oi?aae?iiy niinoa??aathoueny noia?a/iino? ia an?o aoaiao
i?ioeano eiai cae?eniaiiy. O i?ioean? ieaioaaiiy ?iaioe aeieeathoue
?ica?aeiino? i?ae aeiiaith nenoaiiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy ianooiii?
ae?yeueiino? a eiiieaen? ? eiie?aoecaoe??th caaaeaiue ? oaoiieia??
aeeiiaiiy ie?aieo no?oeoo?; i?ae iaiao?aei?noth ?aoe?iiaeueii
?iciiae?eeoe /an o ?iaio? oeiee ? iiaeeea?noth oaeiai ?iciiae?eo a
eiie?aoieo oiiaao oiui. Ia aoai? i?aai?caoe?? iino?eii aeieeathoue
noia?a/iino? i?ae iiaei ci?noii oa noa?eie oi?iaie eiai ?aae?caoe?? ?
iaaiaee; i?ae ??cieie ??aiyie eaae?o?eaoe?? a/eoae?a ? ea??aiee?a; i?ae
no/anieie iiaeaeyie iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa
iaa/aeueii-iaoa??aeueieie iiaeeeainoyie. Ia eiio?ieueii-ioe?iiiio aoai?
niinoa??aa?oueny noia?a/i?noue i?ae ?aaeueiei noaiii ni?aa o ??cieo
no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaioao iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a; ?? ia’?eoeaiei
a?aeia?aaeaiiyi a ?ioi?iaoe??.

Aea/aiiy iaaieo oaiaeaioe?e a oi?aae?ii? oeieith noai?eei iiaeeea?noue
aecia/eoe aeaye? niaoeeo?/i? caeiiii??iino? oeueiai i?ioeano, oiaoi
no?ee? aca?iicaeaaeiino?, ui aieeaathoue ia ?aaoethaaiiy oa ??aaiue
oe?e?niino? an??? nenoaie (iaa/aeueiee caeeaae), a oaeiae ?? ?icaeoie.
Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue: caeiiii??i?noue a?aeiia?aeiino? oaoiieia??
ea??aieoeoaa iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiei iaoai?ciai;
aca?iiaieeao ea??aii? oa ea?iaaii? i?aenenoai (ca ae??oaeueii? ?ie?
ia?oi?); i?iaiiciaaiino? ea??aieoeoaa iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie;
aca?iicaeaaeiino? i?ae eiiiaoaioi?noth ea??aieoeoaa ? ?acoeueoaoaie,
aoaeoeai?noth oi?aae?iiy; caeaaei?noue aoaeoeaiino? ea??aieoeoaa a?ae
?icaeoeo oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo neeaaeo aeeeaaea/?a; ia?niaeoeaii?
ieaiiaino? ? eiie?aoiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? eieaeoea?a;
a?aeiia?aeiino? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ?? iao?; caeaaeiino? yeino?
oi?aae?iiy a?ae yeino? cai?ioiiai ca’yceo, iaae?eiino? nenoaie
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy. Aecia/ai? caeiiii??iino? oi?aae?iiy ia
i?aoaiaeothoue ia caaa?oai?noue ? iiaiioo, aea ?o ciaiiy aea? ciiao
i?ioeae?yoe aeano?oeoeaiei oaeoi?ai ciai?oiueiai ? aioo??oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua.

Iai?eeeaae, caeiiii??i?noue aca?iiaieeao ea??aii? oa ea?iaaii?
i?aenenoai (ca ae??oaeueii? ?ie? ia?oi?) o iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae?
aeyaey?oueny a oiio, ui oi?aae?inueea i?aenenoaia oi?io? oa eiie?aoeco?
oiiae ae?yeueiino? onoaiiae, ?? caaaeaiiy, ?aaoeth?, eiio?ieth?,
caaacia/o? oiiae ?oiuei? ?aae?caoe?? oa ioe?ith? ?acoeueoao. Aiaeii/an
ea?iaaia i?aenenoaia, oiaoi iaaeaaia?/iee eieaeoea, o/i?, oaoi?/iee
ia?niiae, i?ioeane iaa/aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a,
a naith /a?ao, aeoeaii aieeaathoue ia ea??aio i?aenenoaio. ??aaiue
caaeainiaaiino? aca?iiaieeao oa ooieoe?iiaeueii? a?aeiia?aeiino?,
aeeiai?/iino? aca?iiae?? ea??aii? oa ea?iaaii? i?aenenoai i?yii
i?iii?oe?eiee ? aecia/a? aoaeoeai?noue ae?yeueiino? iaa/aeueiiai
caeeaaeo.

Caeiiii??i?noue aca?iica’yceo eiiiaoaioiino? ea??aieoeoaa ? ?acoeueoao?a
oi?aae?iiy a?aeia?aaea? neeaaei?noue, iie?no?oeoo?i?noue ?
niaoeeo?/i?noue oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?. Aaaeeeaei iiiaioii ? iii?a
ia oai??th ? i?aeoeeo iaoeiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo aeey aeinyaiaiiy
aoaeoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue oi?aae?inueei? i?aeaioiaee
ea??aiee?a iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a i?e neeaaei?e aaaaoi??aiaa?e no?oeoo??
ea??aieoeoaa cieaeo? eiai ye?noue. Aiae?c eiiiaoaioiino? ea??aiee?a
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, cae?eniaiee ??cieie aeine?aeieeaie, iieacaa
iecueeee ??aaiue ciaiue ? oi?iue aaniethoii? a?eueoino? iaiaaeaea??a
ina?oe a aaeocyo nioe?aeueiiai ? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy,
ineoieia??, i?aaa, o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, oai??? nenoai, a
oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueii? aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e
ea??aiee?a.

O caaa?oaeueiiio ia?aa?ao? ia?oiai ?icae?eo aeena?oaoe??
?icaeyaeathoueny i?eioeeie iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, o?nii iia’ycai?
c caeiiii??iinoyie. I?ae i?eioeeiii ie ?icoi??ii ooiaeaiaioaeueia
aeo?aeia iieiaeaiiy, ui aeieeaa? ?c noaeeeo oaiaeaioe?e, caeiiii??iinoae
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo eiie?aoii? nenoaie. Aiae?c nenoaie
ea??aieoeoaa ??cieie oeiaie iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie, oai??? ?
i?aeoeee nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy, ii?iaoeaieo aeaea?ae I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe, ?aae?? iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a no/anieo oiiaao aeaee ciiao
aecia/eoe oa iaa?oiooaaoe oae? i?eioeeie iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo:
nioe?aeueii? aeaoa?i?iaoe??; aoiai?caoe?? ? ineoieia?caoe??; iaoeiaino?
? eiiiaoaioiino?; ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aeinoaoiino?; aiae?oe/iiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy; iia?aoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy; cai?ioiiai ca’yceo;
iine?aeiaiino? e ia?niaeoeaiino?; ?aeiino? oeaio?ae?cio e aeaiie?ao??;
noeioethaaiiy e oaaae aei eaae??a; i?aaiai? i??i?eoaoiino? ? caeiiiino?;
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? ?aoe?iiaeueiino? oa ae?eiai? ?i?oe?aoeaiino?.
I?eioeeie iaiaaeaeiaioo, aeeiioth/e iaoiaeieia?/i? ooieoe??, ?
oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy a na?aaeiueiio
caaaeueiiina?oiueiio caeeaae?. Iai?eeeaae, i?eioeei ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
aeinoaoiino? o iaiaaeaeiaio? aecia/a?oueny eiai ae??oaeueiith ?ieeth ia
an?o aoaiao oi?aae?inueeiai oeeeeo: i?iaiicoaaii?, i?aai?caoe??
aeeiiaiiy, ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a ? ei?aeoe??. I?ioan?eia ?iaioa
iaiaaeaea?a ii/eia?oueny c aiae?co nenoaiaoeciaaii? ca ??cieie
ia?aiao?aie ?ioi?iaoe??. A?ae oi?iiy i?aai?coaaoe ?? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy,
ia?iaeo, aiae?c ? aeei?enoaiiy caeaaeaoue ye?noue oa iia?aoeai?noue
?iaioe aaei?i?no?aoe??.

Oeae i?eioeei aeiaaa? a?ae ea??aieea eeaneo?eaoe?? aeae?a ?ioi?iaoe?? ca
aeaea?aeaie, /anii ?? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy, ci?noii, ??aiai aaaeeeaino?,
iaiao?aeiino? aeey ?aaaoaaiiy ? aecia/aiiy eaiae?a i?yiiai ? cai?ioiiai
ca’yceo, a oaeiae in?a, a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca ?iaioo c ?ioi?iaoe??th,
ca?aeii c ?oi?ie iinaaeiaeie iaia’yceaie oa i?noeai a ???a?o??
oi?aae?inueei? no?oeoo?e.

Ioaea, any ae?yeuei?noue iaiaaeaea?a-iaaeaaiaa — oea iino?eia ?aaeoe?y
ia iiao ?ioi?iaoe?th, ?? aiae?c, i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeieo ??oaiue oa ?o
?aae?caoe?y.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? iniiaio oaaao i?eae?eaii ?icaeyaeo
iniaeeainoae iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo ye oe?e?nii? nenoaie ? ia’?eoa
oi?aae?iiy, aiae?cothoueny ooieoe?? oi?aae?iiy ? ??ci? oeie
caaaeueiiina?oi?o caeeaae?a, eiioeaioe?? oi?aae?iiy oeieaie, iiaeaii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy
caaaeueiiina?oi?ie caeeaaeaie.

Iaeia c aieiaieo aeanoeainoae iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo ye nenoaie ?
oe?eani?yiiaai?noue, ca yei? iaoa aenooia? i?ia?aeiei eiiiiiaioii,
ine?eueee aiia i???ioo? ? aecia/a? i?ecia/aiiy ooieoe?e nenoaie, aeiaaa?
?ic?iaee ? oi?ioaaiiy caaaeaiue, a?ae ?aae?caoe?? yeeo ? caeaaeeoue ??
aeinyaiaiiy. Oe?eueiaee eiiiiiaio aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaa? ia oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e an??? nenoaie, aecia/a? ooieoe?? ?ioeo ?? eiiiiiaio?a,
aeiiiiiaa? ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa???, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue nooi?iue iaaeeaeaiiy
caeiaooeo ?acoeueoao?a aei caieaiiaaieo.

I?aenenoaia oi?aae?iiy ? iaia’yceiaith neeaaeiaith (eiiiiiaioii)
aoaeue-yei? no?oeoo?e. O na?aaeiueiio caaaeueiiina?oiueiio caeeaae? aiia
?nio? o aeaeyae? ??cieo oi?iae?ciaaieo (ii?iaoeaieo) ? iaoi?iaeueieo
a?iiaaenueeeo no?oeoo?. Aei oeeo no?oeoo? iaeaaeaoue aaei?i?no?aoe?y,
iaaeaaia?/iee eieaeoea, eiai ie?ai? i?aaenoaaieee, o/i? oa ?oi? e?aea?e,
a oaeiae i?aaenoaaieee aaouee?a ? a?iiaaenueeino?.

Aiae?coth/e nenoaio oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiei caeeaaeii c iaoith
aecia/aiiy iaeoa?aeoa?i?oeo ? niaoeeo?/ieo ?? ooieoe?e, ne?ae, ia iaoo
aeoieo, aeoiaeeoe c aecia/aiiy aieiaieo caaaeaiue, ui noiyoue ia?aae
iniiaiith nenoaiith, aei yei? iaeaaeeoue oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueiei
caeeaaeii.

Aei oaeeo ooieoe?e-caaaeaiue iaeaaeaoue: oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy,
iaaeaaia?/ia ea??aieoeoai aeoiaaiiyi, aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aai?caoe?eia
ooieoe?y. An? o?e a?oie oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e-caaaeaiue o?nii iia’ycai? ?
ia iiaeooue aooe oni?oii ?aae?ciaai? ie?aii. A inoaii? ?iee c’yaeeeny
iia? ooieoe?? ? caaaeaiiy, coiiaeai? ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei:
iaaeaaia?/iiai ia?eaoeiao, ?icaeoeo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei,
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? oiui.

Oe?eueia? ooieoe?? a?aeiinii noaa?euei? e ?aae?cothoueny ca oaoiieia??th
aeeiai?/ieo, iia?aoeaii-i?ioeanoaeueieo ooieoe?e, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
aoaiai oae caaiiai oi?aa?naeueiiai oeeeeo oi?aae?iiy: ieaioaaiiy
(?ic?iaea oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue), i?aai?caoe?y aeeiiaiiy, eiio?ieue
?acoeueoao?a oa ei?aeoe?y.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei aaciina?aaeith caeaaei?noue i?ae oeiii
caaaeueiiina?oiuei? onoaiiae oa i?aai?caoe??th no?oeoo?e ??
ae?yeueiino?, oi?aae?inueeeie ooieoe?yie acaaae? ? ooieoe?yie
ea??aieoeoaa cie?aia, ui ?iaeoue i?aaii??iei ? iaiao?aeiei ?ic?iaeo
eiioeaioe?e ooieoe?iioaaiiy eiie?aoieo oe?e oa oi?aae?iiy ieie.

Ca’ycie oe?eueiaeo (ooieoe?e-caaaeaiue) ? aeeiai?/ieo (i?ioeanoaeueieo)
ooieoe?e ia? a?aeia?aaeaoe ?aei?noue i?ae ci?noiaei iaiiaiaiiyi ?
i?aai?caoe?eieie oi?iaie oi?aae?iiy oeieith a?aeiia?aeiiai oeio.

Oa?aeoa? i?ioeanoaeueieo ooieoe?e, ?oiy iiaiioa, niaoeeo?/i?noue,
eiie?aoia iaoiaeeea ?aae?caoe?? aecia/athoueny oe?eueiaeie ooieoe?yie.
Caeaaeii a?ae ooieoe?e-caaaeaiue, ?oiueiai ci?noo oa ianyao iathoue aooe
caae?yieie ye eiaeia ooieoe?y oi?aae?iiy, oae ? iiaiee oi?aae?inueeee
oeeee.

Ci?no oa i?aai?caoe?eii-i?ioeanoaeuei? oi?ie oi?aae?iiy ia?aaoaathoue ye
o ?aeiino?, oae ? a iaai?e noia?a/iino?, ui ae?noa? nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy
a ??cieo aniaeoao oi?aae?iiy — ineoieia?/iiio, i?aaiaiio, aeiiii?/iiio
oiui.

Aea/aiiy oa aiae?c eiioeaioe?e ?icaoaeiae nenoai oi?aae?iiy oeieaie,
e?oeayie, a?iiac?yie oiui aeaei ciiao ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueeiai
i?ioeano oa eiai iioei?caoe??.

Aieiaieie oeyoaie iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy a caaaeueiiina?oi?o caeeaaeao
? ?ic?iaea no?aoaa?/ii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo,
oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e caeeaaeo oa oi?aae?iiy
iei, ?aoe?iiaeueiee ?iciiae?e ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaia’yce?a, noai?aiiy
nenoaie ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy, cae?eniaiiy ooieoe?e
i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy a?aeiia?aeii aei eiai aoai?a, ?aoe?iiaeueia
ii?aeiaiiy cania?a ? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy, caaacia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
iaa/aeueii-iaoa??aeueii? aace oa ?? ?icaeoie, ?aoe?iiaeueia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, noai?aiiy ? i?aeo?eiea iiceoeaiiai ineoieia?/iiai
noaio a eieaeoea? iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo. Oae ?ic?iaea no?aoaa?/ieo
i?ia?ai, ni?yiiaaieo ia aeinyaiaiiy eiioeaiooaeueii? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii?
iaoe, ye aieiaiiai e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino?, aea? ciiao
noai?eoe iiaeaeue, yea i???ioo? ? ni?yiiao? ?iaioo an?o no?oeoo?ieo
i?ae?icae?e?a ia iaaiee ia??iae. A?ae iaa?oioiaaiino?, caaeainiaaiino?
an?o eiiiiiaio?a i?ia?aie, o?aooaaiiy oaeoi??a, ui caaacia/othoue ??
aeeiiaiiy, caeaaeeoue ?aaeuei?noue ? ye?noue ?? ?aae?caoe??, ye
ae??oaeueiiai /eiieea iioei?caoe??. Ia?aaeueia, ia caaeainiaaia i?ia?aia
ia iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaiith, ? an? ?nioth/? caniae ia iiaeooue
caaacia/eoe ?? aeeiiaiiy ia a?aeiia?aeiiio ??ai? yeino?.

Ia iaio aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oeieith ? ?ic?iaea ?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy, iiaoaeiaaii? ca oaeeie i?eioeeiaie:
iioeiaeueii? eaieiaino?, oiaoi i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino? ??ai?a
oi?aae?iiy; ?aaeueiiai ianyao oi?aae?iiy (a?aeiia?aeii aei
i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo ia’?eo?a); ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ?aeiino?
i?aa, iaia’yce?a ? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ?o aeeiiaiiy.

Ii?iaoeaii aecia/ai?, ?iaa??aioii iiaoaeiaai? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy
oeieith ia caaaeaee a?aeiia?aeathoue eiioeaioe?yi oi?aae?iiy
iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie iiaiai oeio ? /anoi aaeueiothoue ?o ?icaeoie.
Iaeoeiia?oith ?iaa??aioiith no?oeoo?ith ? /ioe?e??aiaaa aa?oeeaeue
oi?aae?iiy (aee?aeoi?; canooiieee; eeani? ea??aieee, aeoiaaoae? a?oi
i?iaeiaaeaiiai aeiy, a/eoae?; o/i?), yea iaeaea ia a?aoiao?
aea?aeaaii-a?iiaaenueeiai oa?aeoa?o no/aniiai oi?aae?iiy a oeieao. Iiooe
? ao?eaiiy no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy, aaeaeaaoieo eiioeaioe?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo, caeo/aiiy aei o/ano? o ea?oaaii? a?aeiia?aeieie
eaieaie caniiaiee?a, a?iiaaenueeino?, niiini??a, aaouee?a oa o/i?a
noa?oeo eean?a ? iaiaei?iiith oiiaith iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy o no/anieo
oiiaao.

No?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy ia iiaeiia aooe eaiii?/iith. Aiia ci?ith?oueny
a?aeiia?aeii aei ci?ie ? ?icaeoeo an??? nenoaie, ?? ie?aieo eaiie, ia?
a?aoiaoaaoe i?ioeane noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo, noeeue ? iaoiaee
aea?aeaaiiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy ? ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie.

A?aeiia?aeii aei no?oeoo?ieo ??ai?a oi?aae?iiy ?iciiae?eythoueny
ooieoe?iiaeuei? iaia’ycee ea??aii? eaiee, a?ae ?aoe?iiaeueiino? oa
aaeaeaaoiino? yeeo caeaaeeoue aoaeoeai?noue iaaeaaia?/iiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo. Iniiaieie neeaaeiaeie ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo
iaaeaaia?/ieo oa aaei?i?no?aoeaieo eaae??a ? ?oiy i?ioan?eia,
ineoieia?/ia ? caaaeueiieoeueoo?ia a?aeiia?aei?noue iinaaeai, ye? aiie
ia?eiathoue, aioiai?noue aei i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?,
aeeiai?ci, eiioi?eaaaeuei?noue o a?aeiineiao c ethaeueie, a?aeaeai?noue
oe?euei?e ni?aa?. I?ae /an ?iciiae?eo ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaia’yce?a o?aaa
caaaeaee aeoiaeeoe c iayaiino? ii?iaoeaii? aace, yea ia? /?oei aecia/aoe
i?aaa oa iaia’ycee i?aoe?aiee?a ? i?ae?icae?e?a, a a ?ac? a?aenooiino?
oaei? aace — iaiaaaoeny noai?eoe naith ii?iaoeaio iniiao, ui aeieeaa?
?c noaoooo iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo ? caoaa?aeaeo?oueny iaeacii.

I?e ?iciiae?e? ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaia’yce?a aeioe?eueii aeoiaeeoe c
iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui ca eiaeiith no?oeoo?iith eaieith ? iaaiei
i?ae?icae?eii o oeie? iiaeiia noiyoe eiie?aoia iniaa, yea a?aeiia?aea?
ca ye?noue ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Aeey aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aaaeeeai
oieeaoe aeoaethaaiiy oa ia?aeae?cio a ae?yeueiino? in?a, cae??ieaieo ca
iaaieie iinaaeaie, ui cian?i ia aeeeth/a? ye aca?iiae??, oae ?, a ?ac?
iio?aae, aca?iicai?ie.

Iioei?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueiei caeeaaeii acaaae? iaiiaeeeaa, yeui
ia i?eae?eyoe oaaae i?aeaeuaiith yeino? naiiai i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy,
oiaoi eiai aeeiai?/iei ooieoe?yi, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue eia?eo oa
iine?aeiai?noue aoai?a oae caaiiai oi?aa?naeueiiai oi?aae?inueeiai
oeeeeo: iiaeaethaaiiy (oi?aae?inueea ??oaiiy, i?iaiicoaaiiy, ieaioaaiiy
oiui), i?aai?caoe?y oa ?aaoethaaiiy, ioe?iea ?acoeueoaoa?a (eiio?ieue) ?
ei?eaoaaiiy.

Ia?oa ca eia?eith ooieoe?y oi?aae?iiy ia? ??ci? iacae, ye? iiaeia
?ioa?i?aooaaoe ye ooieoe?? ?ic?iaee oi?aae?inueeiai ??oaiiy. I?i ui a ia
eoeiny: i?ia?aio, ieai, ?iceeaae caiyoue oiui, — ana oea ??ci? oi?ie
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue, i?iaiinoe/i? iiaeae? ??ciiai ??aiy
iaia’yceiaino? uiaei aeeiiaiiy, iiaiioe, eiie?aoiino? oi?ie
a?aeia?aaeaiiy. sse?noue iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy caeaaeeoue a?ae iiaiioe
eiai iiaeae?, ?? ia’?eoeaiino? ? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?e iae?noioi?oeo ?en
ea?iaaii? nenoaie, ia?aaeaa/aiiy cania?a oa iaoai?cio aeinyaiaiiy
e?ioeaai? iaoe. Aoaeoeai?noue iiaeaethaaiiy caeaaeeouea?ae ?yaeo oiia:
a?ae aeio?eiaiiy i?eioeei?a ? aeiia aei ieaioaaiiy; yeino? aiae?co
?iaioe oeiee ca iiia?aaei?e /an; iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
oe?eaiieeaaeaiiy; ocaiaeaeaiino? ci?noo, iaoiae?a oa ianyao
ae?yeueiino?; caeo/aiiy aei iiaeaethth/i? ae?yeueiino? a?aeiia?aeieo
noa’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy; canoinoaaiiy ??cieo aeae?a ? oi?i ieaioaaiiy, ye?
iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoii a?aeiia?aeathoue noo? ia’?eoa oi?aae?iiy.

Ia aoai? aaciina?aaeiuei? ?aae?caoe?? ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy a eiai
i?aai?caoe?eii-?aaoeyoeaieo oi?iao aei aieiaieo /eiiee?a, a?ae yeeo
caeaaeeoue iioei?caoe?y ae?yeueiino? an??? nenoaie — iaa/aeueiee caeeaae
— ne?ae a?aeianoe: caaacia/aiiy iaa/aeueii-iaoa??aeueii? aace,
a?aeiia?aei?noue iaoe eiioeaioe?? ae?yeueiino? eiie?aoii? oeiee;
eiie?aoecaoe?y ci?noo ?iaioe eiaeiiai no?oeoo?iiai i?ae?icae?eo;
?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y ?iaioe c eaae?aie, ?o nenoaiaoe/ia ?ino?oeooaaiiy,
noai?aiiy oiia aeey oai?/iai c?inoaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eii?
iaenoa?iino?; cae?aiiy, aiae?c ? ia?iaea iia?aoeaii? ?ioi?iaoe??; iiooe
iiaeo oi?i ?aaoeyoeaii? ae?yeueiino? ? iine?aeiaia aeeiiaiiy an?o
i?ia?ai oa ieai?a; iia?aoeaia onoiaiiy ?ica?aeiinoae i?ae iiaeaeeth
ae?yeueiino? ? ?aae?yie iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee; onoiaiiy iaia?aaeaa/aieo
ia?aoeiae.

Aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy ia? eiai
ioe?iii-ei?eaoth/ee aoai, aoaeoeai?noue yeiai caeaaeeoue a?ae
i?aai?caoe?? cae?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, ?? nai?/anii? ia?iaee, i?eeiyooy
??oaiiy ? ao?eaiiy eiai a aeeooy. Oe?eani?yiiaai?noue, nenoaii?noue,
eiiiaoaioi?noue, ia’?eoeai?noue, iine?aeiai?noue, iia?aoeai?noue ?
eiino?oeoeai?noue cae?eniaiiy eiio?ieth — ae??oaeuei? oaeoi?e
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ioe?iii? ae?yeueiino?. Aea aiia ia aoaea
caaa?oaiith a caaaeuei?e nenoai? iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy, yeui ia iniia?
i?iaiae?ciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ia aoaea c?iaeaii a?aeiia?aeio ei?aeoe?th
ci?noo, oi?i ? iaoiae?a ae?yeueiino?, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe ie?aieo i?ae?icae?e?a aai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo a
oe?eiio.

Ia an?o aoaiao i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy ae??oaeueiee aieea ia eiai ye?noue
ia? ooieoe?y iaaeaaia?/iiai aiae?co, yeith ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aea/aiiy oa
ioe?iea oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, anueiai iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano oa eiai ?acoeueoao?a c iiaeyaeo e?eoa???a iioeiaeueiino?, oiaoi
?aae?caoe?? ieai?a ca oiia aeio?eiaiiy ii?i ?iai/iai /ano ea??aieea.

Iaaeaaia?/iee aiae?c iaiiaeeeaee aac iaeaaiaeaeaii? nenoaie
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueiei caeeaaeii.
Nenoaiaoecaoe?y ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a iio?aao? ianaiia?aae ?? /?oeiai
oii?yaeeoaaiiy ca ciai?oiueith ? aioo??oiueith nooi?noth ?o ci?noo,
??aiai i?ecia/aiiy ? iaia’yceiaino?, aeaea?ae iaaeoiaeaeaiiy, ca
oa?i?iii ia?iaee ? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue oiui. Aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey cae?aiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? iathoue oi?ie oa iaoiaee ?? io?eiaiiy, ui iaoiiaeththoueny
iaoith, c yeith ?? iaea?aeothoue. Iaea?eueoee aoaeo aea? ?ioi?iaoe?y, ui
aaco?oueny ia iaoiaeeeao ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia iaio
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy iathoue oi?ie caa?aaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? oa c?o/i?noue ?? aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei iio?aa.

I?aeaeuaiiy yeino? e aoaeoeaiino? eiaeii? ?c cacia/aieo aeua ooieoe?e
oi?aae?iiy iaiao?aeia, aea oea ua ia caaacia/o? oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueiei
caeeaaeii o oe?eiio, ui aeinyaa?oueny ianaiia?aae onoaiiaeaiiyi
aca?iica’yceo ? aca?iiae?? i?ae on?ia oi?aae?inueeeie caaaeaiiyie,
eaieaie, eiiiiiaioaie ? ooieoe?yie.

Na?aae aaaeeeaeo oaeoi??a iioei?caoe?? oe?eueiiai oi?aae?iiy
aeii?ioth/eie ? ineoieia?/i? aniaeoe a ae?yeueiino? anueiai eieaeoeao oa
aaei?i?no?aoe??, /iio i?enay/ai? niaoe?aeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?o/eciyieo
? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo.

Nenoaiaoe/ia i???ioaoe?y eieaeoeao ia aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ? aeeiiaiiy
caaaeaiue, caeeaaeaieo o iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy oeieith, aeoea?caoe?y oa
i?aai?caoe?y i?aoe?, ioe?ithaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a, caiia?aaiiy eiioe?eoai
oa ?o iiaeieaiiy, noai?aiiy ? i?aeo?eiea ineoieia?/iiai eiioi?oo a
eieaeoea? i?aoe?aiee?a ? o/i?a oeiee, ia’?eoeaia noeioethaaiiy i?aoe? a
??ciiiai?oieo oi?iao — iino?ei? /eiieee, aac yeeo iaiiaeeeaa
iioei?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy a caaaeueiiina?oiueiio caeeaae?. Cae/aeii aiie
ia ae/a?iothoue an??? iiaiioe ? ??ciiiai?oiino? oaeoi??a, a?ae yeeo
caeaaeaoue iioei?caoe?ei? i?ioeane, aea, aaaea?ii, ui nenoaiaoe/ia oaaaa
aei iai?yie?a oa neeaaeiaeo oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, iacaaieo aeua,
iiooe iiaeeeainoae i?aeaeuaiiy ?o yeino? ? aaceniith iniiaith
iioei?caoe?? iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo iacaeaaeii a?ae oeio
caaaeueiiina?oiueiai caeeaaeo.

O caeeth/i?e /anoei? aeena?oaoe?? ocaaaeueiththoueny ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eaathoueny aieiai? oai?aoe/i? iaaeaaiiy,
iiaeeeaino? ?o i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy, ie?aneththoueny oeyoe ? /eiieee
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy na?aaei?ie caaaeueiiina?oi?ie
caeeaaeaie.

Cae?eniaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeniiaee:

Nioe?aeueia oi?aae?iiy, ea??aieoeoai iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie,
iaaeaaia?/iee iaiaaeaeiaio iathoue ?aeei? oai?aoe/i? aeoiee ? aaaaoi
ni?eueiiai a i?eioeeiao ?o cae?eniaiiy, aea aiaeii/an ? iaai?
iniaeeaino? o iaoiaeao ?aae?caoe?? caaaeaiue caeaaeii a?ae niaoeeo?ee
ia’?eoa oi?aae?inueeiai aieeao ? noa’?eo?a ae?yeueiino?.

Oi?aae?iith iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie i?eoaiaii? niaoeeo?/i? oaiaeaioe??
oa caeiiii??iino?.

Caeiiii??iino? oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie i?iyaeythoueny o
a?aeiia?aeieo i?eioeeiao oi?aae?iiy ye ooiaeaiaioaeueieo, oai?aoe/ii
iaa?oioiaaieo ? i?aeoe/ii ia?aa??aieo iieiaeaiiyo, ?aii?oaaiiy yeeo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? e iaa?oue aei ?oeioaaiiy nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy.

Noai?aiiy oi?aa?naeueieo no/anieo iiaeaeae oi?aae?iiy oeieith ia?
cae?enithaaoeny c o?aooaaiiyi iaoiaeieia?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo.

Aieiaiith aeanoea?noth iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo ye nenoaie ?
oe?eani?yiiaai?noue, ui i?iyaey?oueny a oe?eaiieeaaeaii? ye i?ia?aeiiio
eiiiiiaio?, yeee aecia/a? ooieoe??, no?oeoo?o, ci?no oi?aae?iiy ?
i/?eoaai? ?acoeueoaoe.

Oi?aae?iiy a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaaeao i?aaii??ii aeie?aieththoue o
naiino?eia niaoeeo?/ia a?aeaaeoaeaiiy – iaaeaaia?/iee iaiaaeaeiaio.

?nio? i?yia caeaaei?noue i?ae oeiii ? niaoeeo?eith oi?aae?inueeeo
ooieoe?e a eiaeiiio ie?aiiio caeeaae? oa ?o caaaeueiith iniiaith –
oai???th ? oaoiieia??th nioe?aeueiiai oi?ae?iiy.

Oa?aeoa? i?ioeanoaeueieo ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy, ?o iiaiioa,
niaoeeo?/i?noue, eiie?aoia iaoiaeeea ?aae?caoe?? aecia/athoueny
oe?eueiaeie ooieoe?yie.

Iacaaaeath/e ia ??ci? eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei iiaoaeiae nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy a iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao aoaeue-yeiai oeio a Oe?a?i? oa ?ioeo
e?a?iao, aieiaiei nenoaiioa??iei /eiieeii a oi?aae?ii? aenooiathoue
i?ia?aei? ?aea? o??? /e ?ioi? oeiee iaiaaeaeiaioo aai ?o iaaia
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

Na?aaei?e caaaeueiiina?oi?e caeeaae ye ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy // Ina?oa ?
oi?aae?iiy. — 1998. — O. 2, ? 1. — N. 43-48.

I?aai?caoe?y noni?eueiiai aeioe?eueiiai aeoiaaiiy o NOA // Aeioe.
aeoiaaiiy. — 1998. — ? 7. — N. 16-19.

Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy caaaeueiiina?oieie caeeaaeaie
// Ca. Iaoa??ae?a Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, Ee?a,
28-29, aeiaoaiue 1998 ?. — E.:I?aaaea ss?ineaaoe?a. 1998. — N. 109-112.

Oai?aoe/i? iniiae iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo (a ni?aaao.): Iaa/.
iin?a. — E., 1996.— 86 n. (Ni?aaaoi?e: Ianeia A.?.).

I?eioeeie iaiaaeaeiaioo a onoaiiaao ina?oe (a ni?aaao. c Ianeiaei A.?.)
// Ina?oa ? oi?aae?iiy. — 1997. — O. 1, ? 1. — N. 77-85.

Iaaeaaiae/aneee iaiaaeaeiaio (i?ia?aiia eco/aiey aeenoeeieeiu) (a
ni?aaao. c A?aa?oii A.I.). — E.: IAOI, 1997. — N. 12.

Aeoeaiua iaoiaeu a iao/aiee (i?ia?aiia eco/aiey aeenoeeieeiu) (a
ni?aaao. c A?aa?oii A.I.). — E.: IAOI, 1997. — 12 n.

Oai?aoe/i? iniiae iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo (a ni?aaao.): Iaa/.
iin?a. — E., 1996.— N.86.

Oa?eoiiaa A.A. Nioe?aeueia oi?aae?iiy oa eiioeaioe?? iaaeaaia?/iiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo a caaaeueiiina?oi?o caeeaaeao. — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. ?inoeooo
iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? aiae?co?oueny ?icaeoie oi?aae?inueei? iaoee, iniiaieo
oe?e iaiaaeaeiaioo, ?o ca’ycie ?c caaaeueiith oai???th nioe?aeueiiai
oi?aae?iiy oa i?aeoeeith iaaeaaia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

A ?iaio? aecia/ai? oaiaeaioe??, caeiiii??iino? oa i?eioeeie oi?aae?iiy a
caaaeueiiina?oi?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao.

Cae?eniaii nenoaiiee aiae?c ae?yeueiino? caaaeueiiina?oiueiai
iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo ye ia’?eoa oi?aae?iiy, iaa?oioiaaii oe?eueia? ?
i?ioeanoaeuei? ooieoe?? oi?aae?iiy. Ia iniia? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co
eiioeaioe?e oi?aae?iiy ??cieo oei?a iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ?ic?iaeaii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueei?
ae?yeueiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nioe?aeueia oi?aae?iiy, iaaeaaia?/iee iaiaaeaeiaio,
oaiaeaioe??, caeiiii??iino?, i?eioeeie, ooieoe?? oi?aae?iiy, iaa/aeueiee
caeeaae, nenoaia, eiioeaioe?? oi?aae?iiy ??cieie oeiaie
caaaeueiiina?oi?o caeeaae?a, aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy.

Oa?eoiiaa A.A. Nieaeueiia oi?aaeaiea e eiioeaioeee iaaeaaiae/aneiai
iaiaaeaeiaioa a iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo caaaaeaieyo. — ?oeiienue.
Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13,00,01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee.
Einoeooo iaaeaaiaeee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee aiaeece?oaony ?acaeoea oi?aaeai/aneie iaoee, iniiaiuo
oeie iaiaaeaeiaioa, eo naycue n iauae oai?eae nioeeaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey e
i?aeoeeie iaaeaaiae/aneiai iaiaaeaeiaioa.

A ?aaioa ii?aaeaeaiu oaiaeaioeee, caeiiiia?iinoe e i?eioeeiu oi?aaeaiey
a iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo o/aaiuo caaaaeaieyo.

Inouanoaeai nenoaiiue aiaeec aeayoaeueiinoe iauaia?aciaaoaeueiie oeieu,
iainiiaaiu oeaeaaua e i?ioeannoaeueiua ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey ia iniiaa
n?aaieoaeueiiai aiaeeca eiioeaioeee oi?aaeaiey ?acee/iuo oeiia o/aaiuo
caaaaeaiee, ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe
oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nioeeaeueiia oi?aaeaiea, iaaeaaiae/aneee iaiaaeaeiaio,
oaiaeaioeee, caeiiiia?iinoe, i?eioeeiu, ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey, o/aaiia
caaaaeaiea, nenoaia, eiioeaioeee oi?aaeaiey ?acee/iuie oeiaie
iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo caaaaeaiee, yooaeoeaiinoue oi?aaeaiey.

Sharkunova V.V. Social administration and conceptions of pedagogical
management at secondary comprehension establishment — manuscript.

Dissertation for Candidate’s (Masters) Degree in Pedagogics by
speciality 13.00.01 — Theory and History of Pedagogics. Pedagogical
Institute of APS of Ukraine, Kiev, 1998.

In the dissertation is analysed development of administrative science,
main schools of management, their connection with the common theory of
social administration and practice of pedagogical management.

In this work are defined the tendencies, some regularities and
principles of administration at secondary comprehension establishment.

The systematic analysis of secondary establishment as an object of
administration is also provided, explained main processing functions of
administration. On the basis of comparative administration of different
types of educational establishment there are developed recommendations
of improval of effectiveness activities.

Key words: social administration, pedagogical management, tendencies,
principles, function of administration, secondary educational
establishments, systems, conception of administration of educational
establishment of different types, effectiveness of management.

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