2

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OA?III?EUeNUeEA AeA?AEAAIA IAAeE*IA

AEAAeAI?ss ii. ?.AI?AA*AANUeEIAI

NA?AOIITHE Ea?ena Aiaoiei?aia

OAeE 616-071.2:612.766.1:796.4/.41

NIIAOI-AINOeAIIAO?E*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AE?IAAOIE I

AeIA*AOIE, ssEI IA CAEIATHOUeNss NII?OII

14.03.01 — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aiieiai/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o A?iieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
I.I.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie.

IaoeiaI ea??aieeE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaai Ai?en Eineiiae/ A?iieoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? IIEIOTHE Ai?en Ieaenaiae?iae/
?inienueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeaiiy oice/ii? eoeueoo?e;

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee niia?iaioiee Aoian Iai?
Aaea?ieiae/, aee?aeoi? iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai oeaio?o A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aiieiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oono Iaai Aaneeueiae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e caaaeueii? aiieiai? Oa?iiiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaiai/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? aiieiai/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio ?iiaithe Aiaaeai Iao?iae/, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e iaaee/ii? aiieiai? Eoaainueeiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oiiaa?neoao, eaoaae?a ii?iaeueii?
aiaoii?? IIC Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 22 ” n?/iy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 58.601.01 i?e Oa?iii?euenuee?e
aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie.

Aae?ana: 280001, i.Oa?iii?eue, Iaeaeai Aie?, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?ii-i?euenueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss. Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie
(280001, i.Oa?iii?eue, Iaeaeai Aie?, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «18 » a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

A/aii? ?aaee, ae.i.i., i?ioani? E?o I.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A iao /an aaaaoi iaaee/ieo oa
o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/eo i?ia?ai iaoe?eai? ia i?aeo?eiaiiy ia
iaeaaeiiio ??ai? caei?ia’y i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy. Iniaeeai oea
aaaeeeai aeey ae?a/aoie, ine?eueee aa?iii?eiee ?icaeoie ?oiueiai
i?aai?cio a i?a-, iino- ? ioaa?oaoiiio ia??iaeao iioiaaiaco aecia/a?
iiaeaeueoa aeeooy ae?iee ye a iaaee/iiio, oae ? a nioe?aeueiiio aniaeoao
[Aiae ?.A., 1997; Lindner R.J. et al., 1991; Grooms A.M., 1996].
Ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie iia’ycaii c iaeiie/aiiyi ciaiue i?i
caeiiii??iino? eiinoeoooe??, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo i?aaiicio
ae?iee, ?? caeaoiino? aei ia?iaeaeoaaiiy ae?oae. Oa?aeoa?iith
iniaeea?noth no/anii? ae?iaaoeee ? iiaeaeueoa ?ioaineo?eaoe?y
o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano oa cieaeaiiy a?eo ii/aoeo i?aeaioiaee
nii?oniaiie.

A e?oa?aoo?? ??aeei cono??/athoueny aeai? i?i ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aio?iiiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a o aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniaiie ia ??cieo
aoaiao noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy, ii??aiyii c ianii?oniaieaie [Aeaeaoa?ia
I.A., Aaneeue/oe A.E., 1987; Rivera M.A., 1990; Bale P., 1991]. Aeey
i?aaeeueii? ioe?iee noaio caei?ia’y nii?oniaiie ? aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ?o
?ai?iaeoeoeaieo iiaeeeainoae aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?a? aea/aiiy
eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo iane o?ea oa niiaoioeio, ye ?ioaa?aeueieo
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?aai?cio [O?enaioiaa A.I, 1990;
I?e?othe A.I., 1997]. Oe? iaoa??aee ei?eni? i?e c’ynoaaii? aieeao
nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? ia niaoeeo?/i? ooieoe?? ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio.
Aoaeiiii iiaiioe?iiino? aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino?
aenooia? ?ai?iaeoeoeaia ooieoe?y [Tanner S.M., 1994; Skolnick
A.A.,1996]. Aieea i?ioan?eiiai nii?oo ia ii?oiiao??th y?/iee?a ? iaoee
thieo nii?oniaiie, ye? aeinyaee aeniei? iaenoa?iino?, a ??ci? ia??iaee
iioiaaiaco ua ia aea/aii.

Iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeey ae?a/aoie, o ca’yceo c iaeaooiueith iiaeeea?noth
ia?iaeaeaiiy aeeoeie, ia? noai ?icaeoeo oaco [Naooeei I.O., 1983; Oniaaa
I.A., 1991]. Aea i?e oeueiio, ia i?eae?ey?oueny iaeaaeii? oaaae ieoaiiyi
?acaeoeo e?noie oaco a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-eiinoeoooe?eieo
iniaeeainoae i?aai?cio oa aieeao aenieeo ia’?i?a
nii?oeaii-o?aioaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aieao ieaiiai? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai oeaio?o A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa.

Iaoa i caaea/i aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c niiaoioeio, eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo iane o?ea,
ii?oiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a oaco, iaoee oa y?/iee?a o ae?iaaoie aeueo
nii?oeaieo ?ic?yae?a ? ae?a/aoie, ye? ia caeiathoueny nii?oii,
ia?eioaa?oaoiiai a?eo oe?a?inueei? aoi?/ii? a?oie.

Aeey ?aaeicaoei? iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiaoiaeii ae?ioeoe ianooiii iniiaii
caaea/i:

1. Anoaiiaeoe oaiie, ioeiieoe aa?iiiieiinoue oice/iiai oa noaoaaiai
?icaeoeo nii?oniaiie i aeia/aoie, yei ia caeiathoueny nii?oii,
ia?eioaa?oaoiiai aieo.

2. Aecia/eoe iniaeeainoi niiaoioeio oa eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo iane oiea o
?icii ia?iiaee noaoaai? c?ieinoi o ae?iaaoie oa inia eiio?ieueii? a?oie.

3. Aea/eoe ii?oiiao?e/ii oa?aeoa?enoeee oaco ae?iaaoie oa ?o iaeiieioie,
ui ia caeiathoueny nii?oii.

4. Ciianoaaeoe aoia?aoi/ii ?icii?e y?/ieeia i iaoee o ae?iaaoie i
ianii?oniaiie ?iciiai aiieiai/iiai aieo.

5. Aea/eoe aieea oaeoi?ia noaoo?e o?ea (iane oa aeiaaeeie oiea,
niiaoioeio, eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo iane oiea) ia aa?iaaaeue-iinoue
?icii?ia y?/ieeia, iaoee oa oaco nii?oniaiie i aeia/aoie, ui ia
caeiathoueny nii?oii.

6. ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeey aecia/aiiy ?icii?ia y?/ieeia,
iaoee i oaco ae?iaaoie i ianii?oniaiie ia?eioaa?oaoiiai aieo
oe?a?inueei? aoii/ii? a?oie ca cia/aiiyie aio?iiiiao?e/ieo i
niiaoioeii/ieo aeaieo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Io?eiaii i?ei??oaoi? aeai?
eiiieaeniiai niiaoi- oa aio?iiiiao?e/iiai ianoaaeaiiy ae?iaaoie aeniei?
nii?oeaii? iaenoa?iino? oa ianii?oniaiie oe?a?inueei? aoi?/ii? a?oie.
Aeyaeaii oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo oaco oa eiai ?iaeaen?a a
ae?iaaoie a ??ci? ia??iaee iioiaaiaco. Aia?oa aea/aii aca?iica’ycee i?ae
aoia?ao?/ieie ?ici??aie y?/iee?a ? iaoee oa inoaiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie
oaco.

Aia?oa aeyaeaii caeaaei?noue i?ae niiaoioeiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie
?iaeea?aeooio i aoia?ao?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iaoee oa ii?oiiao?e/ieie
?ici??aie oaco: iaciii?oe iathoue a??ia?aeii a?eueo? aoia?ao?/i? ?ici??e
iaoee oa ciai?oi? ?ici??e oaco, i?ae aeoiii?oe. ?ici??e oaco a cia/iie
ii?i caeaaeaoue aiae niiaoioeio. Iniaeeainoi nii?oeaii? aeiyeueiinoi
iaeaieueoa aieeaathoue ia ?icii?e oaco aeia/ao-aeoiii?oia. Ii?oieiai/ii
ia?aiao?e y?/ieeia a iaioie ii?i aeaoa?iiiiaaii niiaoioeiieiai/iith
iaeaaeiinoth. Aieueoa aieeaa? ia ieo nii?oeaia aeiyeueiinoue.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii caeaaeiinoue iiae niiaoiiao?e/ieie oa
niiaoioeiieia?/ieie iieacieeaie, c iaeiiai aieo, oa iniaeeainoyie
aoia?aoi/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aaiia iaeiai oaco, c iioiai. Aeyaeaii
a??ia?aeiee aieea aeiaaeeie i iane oiea ia ii?oiiao?ith iaoee, y?/ieeia
i oaco. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aoia?aoi/ii ?icii?e iaoee oa y?/ieeia
aeaoa?iiiiaaii ia?aiao?aie eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo iane oiea, iniaeeai
eieuee?noth i’ycaai? oeaieie. Iaeoiniioi ca’ycee c ?icii?aie oaco
anoaiiaeaii aeey i’ycaai? iane oiea i aaee/eie iaciii?oiiai eiiiiiaioo
niiaoioeio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaie ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/ii
iiaeaei, yei aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe ii?iaoeai? ?icii?e oaco, iaoee oa
y?/ieeia aeey aeia/aoie ia?eioaa?oaoiiai aieo, ianii?oniaiie i ae?iaaoie
aenieiai ?iaiy nii?oeaii? iaenoa?iinoi oe?a?inueei? aoii/ii? a?oie.
Eiinoeoooeieia iaeaaeiinoue aeicaiey? ioeiieoe aiaeiiaiaeiinoue
?aaeueieo ?icii?ia oaco ?oiii ii?iaoeaiei cia/aiiyi, ui oa?aeoa?eco?
aa?iiiieiinoue i i?iii?oeieiinoue noaoo?e o?ea aeia/ao i aeia/aoie.
Anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo iiae iniaeeainoyie noaoo?e o?ea oa ?icii?aie
aioo?ioi?o noaoaaeo i?aaiia o inia aeiii/i? noaoi aeicaiey?
?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eiea?yi-aoineiiinoai aeei?enoaiiy
iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-oeiieiai/iiai iiaeoiaeo aeey aecia/aiiy iaeaaeieo
oeueo?acaoeiaeo ?icii?ia iaoee oa y?/ieeia.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a eaeoe?eieo eo?nao ?
iaoeia?e ?iaio? eaoaae? aiaoii?? ethaeeie, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaei-eia??,
iia?aoeaii? o??o?a?? oa oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? A?iieoeue-eiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Ie?iaiaa, a oaeiae
ai?iaaaeaeai? a ?iaioo i?aee?oeiaeo a?iaeieia?/ieo eaa?iao?a iaean-ii?
oa ?aeiieo e?ea?aiue A?iieoeueei? iaeano?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi? iniaenoi i?iaia aeii?th-aaiiy
?icii?ia oaco, aecia/aiiy noaaeie noaoaai? c?ieinoi, iieacieeia
oice/iiai ?icaeoeo. Aaoi?ii ianoaaeaii oa i?iaiaeiciaaii ca iaoiaeii
niiaoioeioaaiiy ca?aeii Oio-Ea?oa? i aea/aiiy eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo iane
oiea ca iaoiaeii Iaoaeea, Ni?i, Aia?eeainueeiai iinoeoooo oa?/oaaiiy o
i?aaenoaaieeia anio aeai?ie ?c aianaiiyi io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia o aaco
aeaieo (i?ia?aia «Statistica 4.03» aeey Windows 3.11). Naiino?eii
iaienaii an? ?icae?ee aeena?oaoe??. Aaoi?ii naiinoieii iaienaii 2
noaooi a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 4 a cai?ieeao iaoeiaeo ?iaio. A iaoeiaeo
?iaioao, ui iioaeieiaaii a niiaaaoi?noai, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a
neeaaea? ia iaioa i?ae 50 a?aenioeia.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aoei i?aaenoaaeaii ia iiaeia?iaeiiio iaoeiaiio eiia?an? “Oece/aneay
eoeueoo?a, nii?o e caei?iauea iaoeee” (Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1996), ia 2-e
iiaeaocianueeie iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? aeeeaaea/ia oa nooaeaioia c
i?iaeai oice/iiai aeoiaaiiy (Aiiieoey, 1996), ia iiaeia?iaeiiio
iaoeiaiio eiia?an? “Nia?aiaiiue ieeiieeneee nii?o” (Eeaa, 1997), ia 2-io
iiaeia?iaeiiio eiia?ani c iioaa?aoeaii? aio?iiieiai? (Aiiieoey, 1998);
ia iiaeia?iaeiiio iaoeiaiio eiia?an? “*aeiaae a ie?a nii?oa: iiaua
eaeae, oaoiieiaee, ia?niaeoeau” (Iineaa, 1998), ia 2-io iaoe?iiaeueiiio
eiia?an? aiaoii?a, a?noi-eia?a, aia??ieia?a oa oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a
(Eoaainuee, 1998), ia 3-e Iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei?
“O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?ia’y iaoe??” (Aiiieoey, 1998).

Aeena?oaoe?y ai?iaiaaia ia i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiio can?aeaii? 14 o?aaiy 1998
?ieo a iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio oeaio?? A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ioaeieaoei?: Ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii 12 ae?oeiaaieo ?iaio.
Ic ieo: noaooi a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao — 5, oace eiioa?aioeie — 4, a
cai?ieeao iaoeiaeo ?iaio — 3.

Ianya i no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?: Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
naie ?icae?e?a iniaenoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae — anueiai 10 ?icae?e?a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
aeeeaaeaia ia 148 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo. ?ethno?aoe??, oaaeeoe?
caeiathoue 31 noi??ieo (anueiai — 28 oaaeeoeue, 38 a?ao?eia, 15 aoia?ai,
1 noaia). Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 207 ?ia?o,
c ieo: ia ?in?enuee?e ? oe?a?inuee?e iiaao — 133, ia iiaao aeaeueiueiai
ca?oa?aeaey — 74.

Iniiaiee ci?no

Ca?aeii aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e, a i?ioean? o?aioaaiue oa ciaaaiue nii?oniaie
caciathoue iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i?aai?ci a oe?eiio oa ia eiai ie?ai? nenoaie
[Iaa?nii O.C., Ioaiieeiaa I.A.,1988, Icie?i I.I., 1996]. Nii?oeaia
ae?iaaoeea — oea aeae nii?oo c iino?eiei c?in-oaiiyi neeaaeiino?
i?ia?ai, a oea noaaeoue aei ii?oieia?? nii?oniaia iia? aeiiae
[Ia?oe?inia A.A., 1885]. Aea/aiith ii?oieia?/iiai noaoona oa noaoaai?
ooieoe?? nii?oniaiie i?enay/aia iaaia e?eue-e?nue ?ia?o [Siders W., Rue
M., 1992; Kircher E.M. et all., 1996], iia? aeine?aeaeaiiy a oe?e aaeoc?
ia ao?a/athoue nai?? iaiao?aeiino? oa aaaeeeaino?.

A aeinooii?e iai e?oa?aoo?? ie ia cono??ee aeaieo i?i i??oiiao?e/i?
ia?aiao?e oaco, iaoee oa y?/iee?a o ae?iaaoie ??ciiai a?ieia?/iiai a?eo.
Ia aea/ai? aca?iica’ycee oa?aeoa-?enoee aio?iiiiao???, niiaoioeio,
eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo iane o?ea c ?ici??aie i?aai?a iaeiai oaco.

Iaoiaee i iaoa?iaee aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo a ?iaio?
caaea/ aoei ianoaaeaii 122 ae?iaaoee oe?a?inueei? aoii/ii? a?oie. Na?aae
ieo: ia?oee aei?ineee ?ic?yae iaee 24 nii?oniaiee, eaiaeeaeao a iaeno?e
nii?oo — 38, iaenoa? nii?oo — 46, iaenoa? nii?oo iiaeia?iaeiiai ?iaiy —
14 nii?oniaiie. Aoei ianoaaeaii 126 aeia/aoie eiio?ieueii? a?oie, yei ia
caeiathoueny nii?oii.

A?oie aeieeee ca aiieiai/iei aieii, aeei?enoiaoth/e noaio, iiaeeoieiaaio
A.A.Oaa?oeii i N.A.O?ouiaei [1984], a iniiao yei? caeeaaeaii noaaei?
?icaeoeo iaieiniiiy a iaoiaie iaeanoi (Ax) i ia eiaeo (P), iiei/ieo
caeic (Ma) i aieo ii/aoeo ia?oi? iaino?oaoei? (Me). Ca nooiaiai
aiieiai/ii? c?ieinoi [Aaoaiaeieia A.A., 1990] ae?iaaoee i iniae
eiio?ieueii? a?oie aoee ?icaeieaii ia o?e a?oie: i?aioaa?oaoiiai
(ia?aaeo? iiyai eiaeiaiai iaieiniiiy), ioaa?oaoiiai (noaoaaa aeic?iaaiiy
aei iiyae iaia?oa) i iinoioaa?oaoiiai ia?iiaeo (cae?iieth?oueny i
caaa?oo?oueny noaoaaa aeic?iaaiiy).

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ aeei?enoiaoaaee aio?iiiiao?e/i?,
niiaoioeiieia?/i? caniae, aecia/aee eiiiiiaioiee neeaae iane o?ea;
oeueo?acaoeiaee iaoiae.

Niiaoioei an?o ianoaaeaieo ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii
O?o-Ea?oa? [1990], ca eiai ?ic?aooieiaith iiaeeo?eaoe??th. Aeai?
ianoaaeaiiy ?a?no?oaaee a niaoe?aeueieo aieaoao, ia/eneaiiy i?iaiaeeee
ca i?ia?aiith, iaienaiith ia iia? i?ia?aioaaiiy Borland Pascal 7.0.
Aecia/aee o?e eiiiiiaioa niiaoioeio: aiaeiii?oiee, iaciii?oiee ?
aeoiii?oiee. Eiiiiiaioiee neeaae iane o?ea aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii Iaoaeei
[1924], a oaeiae aecia/aee i’ycaao iano ca iaoiaeeeith, cai?iiiiiaaiith
ni?a?ia?oieeaie Aia?eeainueeiai ?inoeoooo oa?/oaaiiy [1982] ? aee?iao
iano — ca iaoiaeii N??? [1957].

Oeueo?acaoeiaa ianoaaeaiiy aioo?ioiio noaoaaeo i?aaiia aeeiioaaee ia
oeueo?acaoeiaiio neaia?? “TOSHIBA” SSA-220A (eiiaaeniee aeao/ee 3,75
Iaoe). Iaoeo aeine?aeaeoaaee ca ianooiiith i?ia?aiith: aecia/aee 3
e?i?eieo ia?aiao?e (aeiaaeeio, oe?eio ? oiaueio), oa iieiaeaiiy i oi?io
iaoee. I?e aoia?aoi? y?/ieeia (eiaiai oa i?aaiai) aecia/aee ?o aeiaaeeio
oa oe?eio.

Ine?eueee ?iciiae?e iciae iaa ii?iaeueiee oa?aeoa?, canoinoaaee
ia?aiao?e/i? caniae aiae?co: a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiino? i?ae
iacaeaaeieie aaee/eiaie aecia/aee ca e?eoa???i Nouethaeaioa, ioe?ieo
aca?iica’yceo i?iaiaeeee caniaaie ei?aeyoe?eiiai, iaeiioaeoi?iiai ?
aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ?aa?an?eiiai, iaeiioaeoi?iiai ? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy.

Nii?oeaia aeiyeueiinoue ia? iaiaeiaeiaee aieea ia ?icii iieacieee
oice/iiai ?icaeoeo. A iaeieo aeiaaeeao aiaeaoaathoueny nooo?ai ciiie a
ii?oiooieoeiiiaeueieo iieacieeao, ye iiceoeaii, oae i iaaaoeaii, a iioeo
aeiaaeeao aieea nii?oeaii? aeiyeueiinoi iacia/iee. Ca ieiuath iiaa?oii
oiea ae?iaaoee a eiaeiiio ia?iiaei noaoaaiai aeic?iaaiiy iinooiathoueny
nai?i iaeiieioeai. Iiaa?oiy oiea oa?aeoa?eco? iioaineaiinoue iaiiio
?a/iaei. *ei aieueoa iiaa?oiy oiea noiniaii iane oiea, oei iaiii ?a/iaei
iioaineaiioee [Iieiothe A.I., Eiaai A.E., 1992]. Iana o?ea o ae?iaaoie
cia/ii ieae/a, i?ae o ?oi?o iaeiie?oie, ye? ia caeiathoueny nii?oii.
Iiaeiaii ?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? ?yaeii aaoi??a, ui aea/aee o?ce/iee
?icaeoie a?iianoie [Bale P., Goodway J.,1990; Wiggins D.L., Wiggins
M.E., 1997]. Iaie anoaiiaeaii ui, o ae?iaaoie iana o?ea ai?iaiaeii
ieae/a a i?a- oa ioaa?oaoiiio ia??iaeao. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oaeo
caeaaeiino? ii/aoeo iaino?oaoe?? a?ae iane oiea [Bale P., 1994].

Aeiaaeeia o?ea o nii?oniaiie a i?a- oa iinoioaa?oaoiiio ia??iaeao
nooo?ai iinooia?oueny oaeei iieacieeai o ianii?oniaiie. A ioaa?oaoiiio
ia??iae?, eiee a?aeaoaa?oueny aeoeaiee i?ioean noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy,
niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy a?aei?iiinoae o aeiaaeei? o?ea. A e?oa?aoo??
cono??/athoueny iaei aeaieo i?i o?ce/iee ?icaeoie ae?iaaoie, aea o
i?aoeyo, ui noinothoueny a?iianoie, io?eiaii aiaeia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe
[*aiaaei A.I., 1987; Benardot D., Czerwinski C., 1991].

Ca aeneo?n??th a?oaeii? ee?oee oa neeith i’yc?a ae?iaaoee aaaiii
ia?aaaaeathoue ianii?oniaiie o an? ia??iaee noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo. Oaeei
/eiii, ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?ie cacia? ia yeanue iaeia nenoaia, a
i?aai?ci a oe?eiio.

O ae?a/aoie eiio?ieueii? a?oie iiyaa oa ?icaeoie aoi?eiieo noaoaaeo
iciae ianooia? ?ai?oa, i?ae a ae?iaaoie. Iaea?eueo? a?aei?iiino?
aeyaeai? a oaiiao oi?ioaaiiy iiei/ieo caeic: o ae?a/aoie, ye? ia
caeiathoueny nii?oii, niinoa??aa?oueny aeuee nooi?iue ?o ?icaeoeo a on?o
ia??iaeao noaoaai? c??eino?. I?ioean iaiein?iiy eiaea o ae?iaaoie oaeiae
cao?eio?oueny, iniaeeai iii?oii oea i?iyaey?oueny a iinoioaa?oaoiiio
ia??iae?. A e?oa?aoo?? iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i a?eiao iine?aeiai?noue
ioaa?oaoieo ? iinoioaa?oaoieo ci?i o ae?a/aoie [AEoeianueeee I.A., 1989;
Lebrun C.M., 1994; Niaoiee A.I., Ooieeiae/ E.A., 1995], aea aeoaea
??aeei con-o??/athoueny a?aeiiinoi i?i ?icaeoie aoi?eiieo noaoaaeo iciae
o ae?iaaoie i iaa?oue a?iianoie. Ii/aoie iaia?oa — iaeyne?aa?oa iciaea
noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo. A?ae oiai, iane?eueee ??aii aoaea i?io?eaoe
noaiiaeaiiy iaino?oaeueii? ooieoe??, caeaaeeoue a iaeaooiueiio
aaia?aoeaia ooieoe?y. O nii?oniaiie ia?o? iaino?oaoe?? cai?cithaaeenue a
ii??aiyii? c iaeiie?oeaie ia 1,26 ?iee, ui coiiaeaii aaeueioth/ei
aieeaii iniaeeainoae nii?oeaii-o?aioaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ia i?ioean
noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy a oiiaao ?aiiuei? nii?oeaii? niaoe?ae?caoe??.

Aiae?coth/e ?iciiae?e aa??aio?a niiaoioeio o nii?oniaiie i in?a
eiio?ieueii? a?oie a ??ci? ia??iaee iioiaaiaco, ie anoaiiaeee, ui
nii?oniaiee aei ii/aoeo iaia?oa yaeyee niaith, ca ?iciiae?eaiiyi
niiaoioei?a, iaeii??aeio a?oio, c ia?aaaaeaiiyi aeoiii?oiiai oeio
o?eiaoaeiae. O in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie niinoa??aa?oueny iinooiiaa
?icoe?aiiy niaeo?o niiaoioei?a, aea oaiaeaioe?y ia?aaaaeaiiy
aeoiii?oiiai oeio oa?aeoa?ia ? aeey ieo.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue, anoaiiaeaii, ui a on?
ia??iaee noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy ae?aaeai?noue aiaeiii?oiiai eiiiiiaioo
niiaoioeio a ae?iaaoie ieae/a, i?ae o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. ?icaeoie
iaciii?oiiai eiiiiiaioo ia?aaaaea? o nii?oniaiie a i?a- oa
iinoioaa?oaoiiio ia??iaeao. Ae?aaeai?noue aeoiii?oiiai eiiiiiaioo
a??ia?aeii aeua eeoa o nii?oniaiie ioaa?oaoiiai a?eo. Iiaeia c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui iniaeeaino? ae?iaaoe/ii? nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? iaea?eueoa
aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie aee?iaiai oa i’ycaaiai eiiiiiaio?a niiaoioeio.
Aeaieo, iia’ycaieo c niiaoioeioaaiiyi ae?iaaoie ca O?o-Ea?oa?ii, ie ia
cono??ee, aea cono??/athoueny oe?eaa? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?iianoie. N.N.Aea?nueea [1988], Liu N.Y. et al. [1989] cacia/athoue, ui
a neeaae? iane o?ea a?iianoie ia?aaaaea? i’ycaaee eiiiiiaio, ai?no
aee?iaiai eiiiiiaioo iecueeee, e?noeiaiai — na?aaei?e.

Aeeiai?ea iane o?ea a oe?eiio ia iiaea aeaoe a??ia?aeio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
noai nii?oniaia, oiio ui iaa?aeiii ca ?aooiie yeeo neeaaeiaeo
eiiiiiaio?a a?aeaoeeny ci?ie. Eiiiiiaioe iane o?ea aeicaieythoue noaeeoe
i?i iai?aaeai?noue iai?iieo i?ioean?a i?aai?cio. I?e?iaeiuei, aaaeeeai
ciaoe, c yeeo eiiiiiaio?a neeaaea?oueny iioeiaeueia iana o?ea
nii?oniai?a, iniaeeai iaeneeuei?oeo. Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui a ian? o?ea
ae?iaaoie ia /anoeo i‘ycaai? oeaieie i?eiaaea? a?ae 46,75% aei 48,24%,
ia /anoeo aee?iai? oeaieie — a?ae 10,21% aei 16,61%, ia /anoeo e?noeiai?
oeaieie — a?ae 15,36% aei 19,35%. Ca a?aeiiniith ae?aaeai?noth aee?iaiai
eiiiiiaioo nii?oniaiee a i?aioaa?oaoi oa ioaa?oaoi iaeaea aaea?/?
iinooiathoueny ianii?oniaieai. A iinoioaa?oaoiee ia??iae a?aei?iiino?
iacia/i?. Iecueeee ai?no aee?iaiai eiiiiiaioo iane o?ea a ae?iaaoie
iiynith? i?ci? oa?i?ie noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy, aeey ii/aoeo yeiai, ye
a?aeiii, iio??aii iiia?aaei? aeinyaiaiiy “e?eoe/ieo” cia/aiue iane o?ea.

I’ycaaee eiiiiiaio, ?ic?aoiaaiee ca iaoiaeii Iaoaeei, ye a nii?oeai?e
oae ? ianii?oeai?e a?oiao aeinya aeniei? ae?aaeaiino?. Aeey ae?a/aoie
eiio?ieueii? a?oie oa?aeoa?ia ca?eueoaiiy i’ycaai? oeaieie o a?eiaiio
aniaeo?, o nii?oniaiie ?? aaee/eia aoea ia aenieiio ??ai? iacaeaaeii
a?ae a?eo. Ii a?aeiini?e ae?aaeaiino? e?noeiaiai eiiiiiaioo i?aea?oiiaa
??cieoey iaciaia.

Aiae?coth/e aeani? aeai?, ie anoaiiaeee, ui iniaeeaino? nii?oeaii?
ae?yeueiino? a?ae?a?athoue oi?ioth/o ?ieue a ?icaeoeo ae?ii/iai oaco,
ciaiooth/e eiai ciai?oi? ?ici??e. A i?aioaa?oaoiiio ia??iae? o
nii?oniaiie an? ?ici??e e?noeiaiai oaco a??ia?aeii iaio? a?ae
aiaeia?/ieo a eiio?ie?. A ioaa?oaoiiio ia??iae? a??ia?aeii ieae/a o
nii?oniaiie caeeoaeenue i?aeaa?oaeueiee ? i?aea?aaiaaee ?ici??e. A
iinoioaa?oaoiiio ia??iae? o nii?oniaiie i?inoaaeo?oueny cia/eia
a?aenoaaaiiy ciai?oi?o ia?aiao??a oaco (e??i i?aeinoiiai).

A eioa?aoo?? cono??/athoueny aeai? i?i oa, ui ia i?iii?oe?eiinoue
?icaeoeo e?noeiaiai oaco aieeaa? niiaoioeiieia?/ia iaeaaei?noue
[Iieiothe A.A. n niaao., 1990; Oniaaa I.A., 1991; De Souza M.J., 1997].
?acoeueoaoe iaoi? ?aaioe oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue caeaaei?noue ?ici???a
oaco a?ae niiaoioeiieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee. I?e oioaeueiiio aiae?c?
ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a oaco a a?oi? nii?oniaiie aeyaeee ianooii?
caeiiii??iino?: iniae, ui iaeaaeaoue aei iaciii?oiiai oeio o?eiaoaeiae
(iaciii?o-aiaeiii?oiee ? iaciii?o-aeoiii?o-iee) iathoue noaoenoe/ii
a?eueo? ?ici??e oaco, i?ae o?, ui iaeaaeaoue aei aeoiii?oiiai niiaoioeio
(aeoiii?o-aiaeiii?oiiai ? aeoiii?o-iaciii?oiiai). O iaciii?o?a na?aaei?e
i?aeinoiee ?ici?? oaco aoa 21,210,41 ni, o aeoiii?o?a — 19,170,23 ni.
Aaee/eia i?aea?aa-iaaiai ?ici??o oaco o iaciii?o?a 24,59 ni, o
aeoiii?o?a — 22,690,27 ni. Aaee/eia i?aeaa?oaeueiiai ?ici??o a
ae?iaaoie-iaciii?o?a — 27,680,51 ni; o ae?iaaoie-aeoiii?o?a — 24,860,36
ni. Ciai?oiy eii’thaaoa o iaciii?o?a — 16,260,33 ni, o aeoiii?o?a —
15,080,2 ni. A a?oi? ae?a/ao, ye? ia caeiathoueny nii?oii, aeyaeaia oaea
ae caeiiii??i?noue: ?ici??e oaco o ae?a/aoie-iaciii?o?a a?eueo?, i?ae o
ae?a/aoie-aeoiii?o?a.

I?e ni?anoaaeaii? ?ici???a oaco nii?oniaiie ? ianii?oniaiie, ui
iaeaaeaoue aei aeoiii?oiiai niiaoioeio, iaie anoaiiaeaia a??ia?aeia
??cieoey aeey aaee/eie i?aeinoiiai, i?aea?aaiaaiai ? i?aeaa?oaeueiiai
?ici???a oaco. Aaee/eia ciai?oiuei? eii’thaaoe o nii?oniaiie-aeoiii?o?a
oaae iaioa, i?ae o ae?a/ao-aeoiii?o?a, eiio?ieueii? a?oie, aea oey
??cieoey i?inoaaeo?oueny eeoa o aeaeyae? oaiaeaioe??. Ia ?ici??e oaco
ae?a/aoie-iaciii?o?a aieea iniaeeainoae nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? ia
cia/iee. ?o ??cieoey o nii?oniaiie ? a eiio?ie? ia a??ia?aeia.

Caiyooy nii?oii nooo?ai aieeaa? ia ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai y?/ieeia
? iaoee. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?yae aeine?aeaeaiue [Ae?o A.A., 1981;
Broocks A.et al., 1990; Prior J.C., 1991]. Ia iniia? io?eiaieo iaie
aeaieo, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iani?eyoeeaee aieea ae?iaaoe/ii?
nii?oeaii-o?aioaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ia ?icaeoie iaoee oa y?/iee?a. O
nii?oniaiie aeiaaeeia iaoee ai?iaiaeii iaioa a iino- ? ioaa?oaoiiio
ia??iaeao. A i?aioaa?oaoiiio ia??iae? oey caeiiii??i?noue
niinoa??aa?oueny o aeaeyae? oaiaeaioe??. ?icaeoie iaoee a oe?eio o
nii?oniaiie oaeiae a?aenoa? a?aeiinii eiio?ieueii? a?oie. I?e aiaeici
oiaueie iaoee cia/eieo aiaeiiiiinoae iiae a?oiaie, ui
aeineiaeaeoaaeenue, ia aeyaeaii. A i?a- ? ioaa?oaoiiio ia??iaeao
??cieoey i?ae ii?oiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie y?/iee?a nii?oniaiie ? a?oie
eiio?ieth noaoenoe/ii ia cia/ei?. A iinoioaa?oaoiiio ia??iae? o
ae?iaaoie aeiaaeeia iaio y?/iee?a ? oe?eia e?aiai cia/eii iaioi, iiae o
eiio?iei.Iaie io?eiai? aeai? i?i ca’ycie iniaeeainoae noaoo?e o?ea c
?ici??aie aioo??oi?o ae?ii/eo noaoaaeo i?aai?a. Ie aeyaeee oaeo
caeiiii??i?noue: ae?a/aoea ? ae?a/aoa, iaciii?oiiai oeio o?eiaoaeiae
(ia?aaaaeiee ?icaeoie i’ycaaiai eiiiiiaioo) iathoue noaoenoe/ii a?eueo?
aoia?ao?/i? ?ici??e iaoee, i?ae ae?a/aoea c aeoiii?oiei niiaoioeiii
(ia?aaaaeiee ?icaeoie e?noeiaiai eiiiiiaioo). I?ae /an aiae?co
aoia?ao?/ieo iieaciee?a y?/iee?a o in?a, ui iathoue ??ci? niiaoioeie, ie
ia aeyaeee a??ia?aeii? ??cieoe?. Oaeei /eiii, ii?oieia?/i? ia?aiao?e
y?/iee?a a iaio?e i??? aeaoa?i?iiaai? niiaoioeiieia?/iith iaeaaei?noth.
Iniaeeaino? nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? iathoue ia ieo aieueo aaaiiee
aieea, oea aeieeaa? c ii??aiyiiy aoia?ao?/ieo ?ici???a y?/iee?a a a?oiao
nii?oniaiie-iaciii?o?a i ae?a/aoie-iaciii?o?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie.
Aeiaaeeia i?aaiai ? e?aiai y?/iee?a, a oaeiae oe?eia e?aiai y?/ieea o
nii?oniaiie noaoenoe/ii cia/eii iaio?. Ciaioaiiy oe?eie e?aiai y?/ieea
i?inoaaeo?oueny o aeaeyae? oaiaeaioe??. Ii?iaithth/e a?oie nii?oniaiie ?
ianii?oniaiie, ye? iaeaaeaoue aeoiii?oiiio oeio noaoo?e o?ea, a?cia/eee
?ai?oa anoaiiaeaio caeiiii??i?noue: an? oeueo?acaoeia? ?ici??e
aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a o nii?oniaiie iaio?, i?ae o ae?a/aoie, ui ia
caeiathoueny nii?oii, aea ??cieoey ia a??ia?aeia. Aeeeth/aiiyi aoea eeoa
oe?eia iaoee.

Ia iniia? ?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co, aea a?aoiaoaaany aieea ciai?oi?o
?ici???a oaco e ?iaeaen?a oaco ia ii?oiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e iaoee, a
oaeiae ca aeaieie aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co aeyaeeinue, ui a a?oi?
nii?oniaiie i?ieea?noue aeiaaeeie iaoee caeaaeeoue ia 48,42% (p<0,001) a?ae aaee/eie i?aeaa?oaeueiiai, i?aea?aaiaaiai ? i?aeinoiiai ae?aiao??a oaco. O a?oi? ae?a/ao, ye? ia caeiathoueny nii?oii, e??i aeua ia?a?aoiaaieo iieaciee?a, ua e ?iaeaen a?aeiinii? oe?eie oaco iaoiiaeth? aa??aaaeuei?noue aeiaaeeie iaoee ia 55,81%. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?nio? i?yiee, noaoenoe/ii cia/eiee aca?iica’ycie i?ae oe?eiith iaoee ae?iaaoie oa i?aeinoiei, i?aeaa?oaeueiei ? iaaea?aaiaaei ?ici??aie oaco. Aiia ia 52,84% (p<0,001) caeaaeeoue a?ae aa??aaaeueiino? oeeo iieaciee?a. I?ieea?noue oe?eie iaoee a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia 57,69% (p<0,001) caeaaeeoue a?ae aa??aaaeueiino? ?iaeaeno a?aeiinii? oe?eie, i?aeaa?oaeueiiai ? i?aea?aaiaaiai ae?aiao??a oaco. I?ieea?noue oiaueie iaoee o nii?oniaiie ia 65,27% (p<0,001) aecia/a?oueny aa??aaaeuei?noth ?iaeaeno a?aeiinii? oe?eie, i?aeinoiiai, i?aea?aaiaaiai ae?aiao??a oaco; o ianii?oniaiie, e??i aeua ia?a?aoiaaieo iieaciee?a, ua e i?aeaa?oaeueiee ?ici?? oaco ia 70,37% aecia/a? oiaueio iaoee. Neeaaeaii ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??: y=26,67+0,96x(a)+3,35x(b)-5,37x(c)-1,41x(d), aea y - oiaueia iaoee (ni); a - i?aeaa?oaeueiee ?ici?? (ni); b - i?aea?aaiaaee ?ici?? (ni); c - ?iaeaen a?aeiinii? oe?eie oaco; d - i?aeinoiee ?ici?? oaco (ni). Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui c iniiaieo ?ici???a oa ?iaeaen?a oaco iaea?eueoa aieeaaa ia ?ici??e iaoee o ae?iaaoie i?aea?aaiaaee ae?aiao?, o ae?a/aoie, ye? ia caeiathoueny nii?oii - ?iaeaen a?aeiinii? oe?eie oa i?aea?aaiaaee ae?aiao? oaco. A a?oi? nii?oniaiie na?aae an?o ia?aiao??a oaco ia aoia?ao?/i? ?ici??e y?/iee?a iaea?eueoee, i?yiee ? noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiee aieea iaa i?aea?aaiaaee ae?aiao? oaco, oi/a, a oe?eiio, ?ici??e y?/iee?a a iacia/iiio nooiai? aeaoa?i?iiaai? ii?oieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oaco. Na?aae ianii?oniaiie ?ici??e ? ?iaeaene oaco a?eueo nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia aa??aaaeuei?noue oeueo?acaoeiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee y?/ie-e?a. Oae, aeiaaeeia i?aaiai y?/ieea ia 38,76% aecia/a?oueny i?iee-a?noth i?aea?aaiaaiai ae?aiao?o oa ?iaeaenii a?aeiinii? oe?eie oa oi?ie oaco. Aeiaaeeia e?aiai ia 45,67% caeaaeeoue a?ae i?aeaa?-oaeueiiai, i?aea?aaiaaiai ae?aiao??a, ?iaeaeno a?aeiinii? oe?eie oa ciai?oiuei? eii’thaaoe. Ia aa??aaaeuei?noue oe?eie i?aaiai y?/ieea aieeaa? ia 40,2% i?aeaa?oaeueiee ae?aiao? oaco; ia oe?eio e?aiai y?/ieea - ia 30,67% i?aeaa?oaeueiee ae?aiao? oa ?iaeaen a?aeiinii? oi?ie oaco. Ia aoia?ao?/i? ?ici??e iaoee oa?aeoa?enoeee niiaoioeio iaee iaaaaiiee aieea: ia aeiaaeeio oa oe?eio iaoee (nii?oniaiee) niiaoioei ? eiai eiiiiiaioe ia aieeaaee; ia i?ieea?noue oe?eie iaoee a a?oi? eiio?ieth aieeaaa eeoa iaciii?oiee eiiiiiaio; aa??aaaeuei?noue oiaueie iaoee ciaoiaeeeany a a?eueo?e caeaaeiino? a?ae eiiiiiaio?a niiaoioeio(iaciii?oiiai oa aeoiii?oiiai). Eiiiiiaioiee neeaae iane o?ea (iniaeeai i’ycaaee) a?eueo cia/eii aieeaa? ia aa??aaaeuei?noue ?ici???a iaoee. O ae?a/ao eiio?ieueii? a?oie aa??aaaeuei?noue oiaueie iaoee ia 64,83% caeaaeeoue a?ae iane i’ycaai?, aecia/aii? ca iaoiaeii Aia?eeainueeiai ?inoeoooo oa?/oaaiiy (A?O), ? e?noeiai? oeaieie oa iaeaaeiino? aei iaaiiai niiaoioeio. Oiaueia iaoee o ae?iaaoie ia 70,91% caeaaeeoue a?ae iaciii?oiiai e aiaeiii?oiiai eiiiiiaio?a niiaoioeio, e?eueeino? i‘ycaai? oeaieie (A?O) ? e?noeiai? oeaieie (ca Iaoaeei). Aa??aaaeuei?noue y?/iee?a a iacia/i?e i??? (a?ae 11,13% aei 41,14%) aeaoa?i?iiaaia oa?aeoa?enoeeaie niiaoioeio oa eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo iane o?ea. Iaie aia?oa anoaiiaeaii i?yiee, noaoenoe/ii cia/eiee ca’ycie i?ae oeueo?acaoeiaeie ?ici??aie iaoee oa aeiaaeeiith ? ianith o?ea. O ae?iaaoie ia ?ici??e iaoee ia?aaaaeiee aieea iaea iana o?ea. Oae, i?ieea?noue aeiaaeeie iaoee ia 43,89%, ?? oe?eie ia 46,80% aecia/a?oueny aa??aaaeuei?noth iane o?ea. Oiaueia iaoee ia 65,57% caeaaeeoue a?ae iane ? aeiaaeeie o?ea (p<0,01). O ae?a/ao, ye? ia caeiathoueny nii?oii, aeiaaeeia iaoee ia 53%, ?? oe?eia ia 54,23% ? oiaueia iaoee ia 64,05% iaoiiaeai? i?ieea?noth iane ? aeiaaeeie o?ea. Aeyaeaii i?yiee ? noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiee aieea aeiaaeeie oa iane o?ea ia aoia?ao?/i? ?ici??e y?/iee?a. A a?oi? nii?oniaiie ia?aaaaeiee, aea iaaenieee, aieea (9-19%) ia aa??aaaeuei?noue oeeo ?ici???a iaea aeiaaeeia o?ea, a a a?oi? eiio?ieth — iana o?ea. A?ae i?ieeaino? inoaiiueiai iieacieea caeaaeeoue oaei ?icii?e y?/ieeia: ia 42,01% aeiaaeeia i?aaiai, ia 37,95% - oe?eia i?aaiai, ia 35,31% - aeiaaeeia e?aiai ? ia 29,62% oe?eia e?aiai. Aeiaaeeia oa iana o?ea iaee iaea?eueoee aieea ia aa??aaaeuei?noue ?ici???a oaco. O nii?oniaiie an? ?ici??e oaco a?eueoa aeaoa?i?iiaai? ianith o?ea, eiai aeiaaeeia aieeaa? eeoa ia aaee/eio i?aea?aaiaaiai ae?aiao?o oaco. Oae, i?aeinoiee ae?aiao? ia 58,15%, ciai?oiy eii’thaaoa ia 57,57%, i?aeaa?oaeueiee ?ici?? oaco ia 80,11% caeaaeaoue a?ae aa??aaaeueiino? iane o?ea. A?aeia?aaeath/e i?aeaa?oaeueiee ae?aiao? /a?ac iano o?ea, io?eiaee oaea ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??: y=14,66+0,26x(a), aea y-i?aeaa?oaeueiee ?ici?? (ni), a - iana o?ea (ea). I?ieea?noue i?aea?aaiaaiai ae?aiao?a ia 81,15% aecia/a?oueny aeiaaeeiith oa ianith o?ea. ??aiyiiy e?i?eii? ?aa?an?? ia? oaeee aeaeyae: y=9,86+0,04x(a)+0,15x(b), aea y - i?aea?aaiaaee ae?aiao? (ni); a - aeiaaeeia o?ea (ni); b - iana o?ea (ea). A a?oi? ae?a/ao, ye? ia caeiathoueny nii?oii, a?ae aeiaaeeie oa iane o?ea caeaaeeoue aa??aaaeuei?noue: i?aeinoiiai ae?aiao?o oaco ia 62,18%; ciai?oiuei? eii’thaaoe ia 49,28%; i?aea?aaiaaiai ae?aiao?o oaco ia 83,82%. Aeey aaee/eie i?aea?aaiaaiai ?ici??o io?eiaee ianooiia ??aiyiiy e?i?eii? ?aa?an??: y=4,48+0,12x(a)+0,09x(b), aea y - i?aea?aaiaaee ae?aiao? (ni); a - aeiaaeeia o?ea (ni); b - iana o?ea (ea). Aa??aaaeuei?noue i?aeaa?oaeueiiai ae?aiao?o oaco ia 83,28% caeaaeeoue a?ae i?ieeaino? iane o?ea (p<0,001). Io?eiaee oaea ??aiyiiy e?i?eii? ?aa?an??: y=16,01+0,25x(a), aea y - i?aeaa?oaeueiee ?ici?? (ni), a - iana o?ea (ea). Io?eiai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue ?ic?iaeoe iiiia?aie iaeaaeieo ?ici???a iaoee, y?/iee?a, oaco o ae?a/aoie ia?eioaa?oaoiiai a?eo. Iaaaoeaiee aieea ?ioaineaii? nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino?, yeee aeyaeaiee iaie, ia oi?ioaaiiy oaco, aoia?ao?/i? ?ici??e iaoee oa y?/iee?a, aeiaaa? ye ci?i o nii?oeaii-o?aioaaeueiiio i?ioean?, oae ? ?aoaeueiiai aeeniaina?iiai iaaeyaeo ca aeaiith eaoaai???th in?a. AENIIAEE 1. Ae?iaaoee aenieiai ??aiy iaenoa?iino? ca aaee/eiith aeiaaeeie, iane ? ieiu? iiaa?oi? o?ea a eiaeiiio ia??iae? noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy iinooiathoueny nai?i iaeiie?oeai-ianii?oniaiai, a ca aeneo?n??th a?oaeii? ee?oee ? neeith i’yc?a aiie cia/ii ia?aaaaeathoue ae?a/ao eiio?ieueii? a?oie. O ae?iaaoie o aea/aieo ia??iaeao iioiaaiaco cia/aiiy i?aea?aaiaaiai oa i?aeaa?oa-eueiiai ae?aiao??a oaco iaio?, i?ae o ianii?oniaiie. 2. Anoaiiaeaia cao?eiea ?icaeoeo aoi?eiieo noaoaaeo iciae (iaiein?iiy eiaea, oaiiia oi?ioaaiiy iiei/ieo caeic, ianoaiiy iaia?oa) o nii?oniaiie, yea iaea?eueo yne?aai i?iyaeyeanue a i?a- ? iinoioaa?oaoiiio ia??iaeao iioiaaiaco. 3. Ae?aaeai?noue aiaeiii?oiiai eiiiiiaioo niiaoioeio o an? ia??iaee noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy o ae?iaaoie ieae/a, i?ae o in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. ?icaeoie iaciii?oiiai eiiiiiaioo ia?aaaaea? o nii?oniaiie a i?a- ? iinoioaa?oaiiio ia??iaeao. Ae?aaeai?noue aeoiii?oiiai eiiiiiaioo a??ia?aeii aeua eeoa o nii?oniaiie ioaa?oaoiiai a?eo. 4. Ca e?euee?noth aee?iaiai eiiiiiaioo iane o?ea ae?iaaoee (10,2%) iinooiathoueny eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? (19,69-22,77%) a i?a- ? ioaa?oaoiiio ia??iaeao, aea ia?aaaaeathoue ?o ca aaee/eiith i’ycaai-ai eiiiiiaioa o an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia??iaeao. Ca a?aeiiniith ae?aaeai?noth e?noeiaiai eiiiiiaioa i?aea?oiiaa ??cieoey iacia/ia. 5. I?ae ae?iaaoeaie ? ianii?oniaieaie anoaiiaeai? noaoenoe/ii cia/ei? a?aei?iiino? aeiaaeeie ? oe?eie iaoee ? y?/iee?a a a?eueoino? ia??iae?a noaoaai? c??eino?. O nii?oniaiie aeiaaeeia iaoee a??ia?aeii iaioa a iino- ? ioaa?oaoiiio ia??iaeao. A i?aioaa?oaoiiio ia??iae? aeaia caeiiii??i?noue i?inoaaeo?oueny o aeaeyae? oaiaeaioe??. Oe?eia iaoee o ae?iaaoie ieae/a, i?ae a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a i?a- ? iinoioaa?oaoiiio ia??iaeao. A i?a- ? ioaa?oaoiiio ia??iaeao ??cieoey i?ae ii?oiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie y?/iee?a nii?oniaiie ? a?oie eiio?ieth noaoenoe/ii ia cia/eia. A iinoioaa?oaoiiio ia??iae? o nii?oniaiie aeiaaeeia iaio y?/iee?a ? oe?eia e?aiai a??ia?aeii ieae/a, i?ae a eiio?ie?. 6. Aeiaaeeia ? iana o?ea a??ia?aeii aieeaathoue ia ?ici??e oaco, iaoee oa y?/iee?a. Aoia?ao?/i? ?ici??e iaoee oa y?/iee?a caeaaeaoue a?ae eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo iane o?ea, iniaeeai a?ae e?eueeino? i’ycaai? oeaieie. I?e iaciii?oi?e noaoo?? o?ea ?ici??e oaco oa aoia?ao?/i? ?ici??e iaoee a??ia?aeii a?eueo?, i?ae i?e yeoiii?oi?e. ?ici??e y?/iee?a a iaio?e i??? caeaaeaoue a?ae niiaoioeio, aea nii?oeaii-o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy iathoue ia ieo cia/iee aieea. Iniaeeaino? nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? iaea?eueoa aieeaathoue ia ?ici??e oaco ae?a/aoie aeoiii?oii? noaoo?e o?ea. 7. Iaea?eueoee aieea ia aoia?ao?/i? ?ici??e iaoee iaee i?aea?aaiaaee ?ici?? oa ?iaeaen a?aeiinii? oe?eie oaco. Aoia?ao?/i? ?ici??e y?/iee?a iacia/ii aeaoa?i?iiaai? ii?oieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie oaco: aaee/eiith i?aea?aaiaaiai ae?aiao?o aeey an?o ?ici???a y?/iee?a o nii?oniaiie oa ?iaeaenii a?aeiinii? oe?eie oaco aeey aeiaaeeie y?/iee?a, a oaeiae i?aeaa?oaeueiei ae?aiao?ii oaco aeey ?oiuei? oe?eie o inia eiio?ieueii? a?oie. 8. Ca aeaieie ?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ye? aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe iaeaaeii ?ici??e iaoee, y?/iee?a ? oaco o ae?iaaoie ? in?a, ui ia caeiathoueny nii?oii, a?aoiaoth/e cia/aiiy aio?iiiiao?e/ieo ? niiaoioeiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a. NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aeaeoyoeeee A.A., Na?aoeithe E.A. Niioiioaiea ?acoeueoaoia, iieo/aiiuo iaoiaeaie niiaoioeie?iaaiey e ii?aaeaeaiey eiiiiiaioiiai ninoaaa iannu oaea //A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, 1997.- O.1.- ?1.- N. 7-8. 2. Na?aoeithe E.A., Aaoeineay A.E. Ii?oiiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u oaca thiuo ae?iaaoie //A?niee ii?oieia??, 1998.- O.4.- ?1.- N.132-133. 3. Na?ao?ithe E.A., A?aeoaoeueeee I.A. Noaoaaee ?icaeoie ae?a/aoie ??ciiai a?ieia?/iiai a?eo i?ae aieeaii o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue //A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, 1998.- O.2.- ?1.- N. 224-225. 4. Na?aoeithe E.A. Aeeyiea eioaineaiuo oece/aneeo iaa?ocie ia eiiiiiaioiue ninoaa iannu oaea e niiaoioei nii?oniaiie aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee oe?aeineie yoie/aneie a?oiiu //?inneeneea ii?oieiae/aneea aaaeiiinoe, 1997.- O.6.- ?1.- N.135-140. 5. Na?aoeithe E.A. Aeeyiea eioaineaiuo oece/aneeo iaa?ocie ia ?acia?u ye/ieeia e iaoee o nii?oniaiie aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee ia?eioaa?oaoiiai ia?eiaea aeecie //?inneeneea ii?oieiae/aneea aaaeiiinoe, 1997.- ?2-3.- N.125-127. 6. Eiaai A.A., Na?aoeithe E.A. Aio?iiiiao?e/aneee e yoia?aoe/aneee aiaeec ?acia?ia oaca e ?ai?iaeoeoeaiuo i?aaiia o aeiianoie //O?oaeu iaaeaeoia?. eiia?. ”Oece/aneay eoeueoo?a, nii?o e caei?iauea iaoeee“.- Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1996.- N.34. 7. Na?ao?ithe E.A., ?aoeeai?einueea I.A. Aieea o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia iii?ii-?ooiaee aia?ao a?iianoie //I?aoe? 2-? iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. ”O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?ia’y iaoe??“.- A?iieoey, 1996.- N.139-141. 8. Na?aoiithe E.A. Aieea iioaineaieo oice/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoeith aiiianoie //I?aoe? 2-? iiaeaoc. eiio. c i?iae. oic. aeoia.- A?iieoey, 1996.- C.72-75. 9. Kogan B., Viduetsky A., Sarafinyuk L. Parameters of physical Development and Ultrasound Morphometry of Internal Sexual Organs of young Women Athletes //Proc. International Congr. “The Modern Olympic Sport“.- Kyiv.- 1997.- P.140-141. 10. Na?aoiithe E.A. Aieea iioaineaieo oice/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia oice/iee ?icaeoie oa ii?oiiao?ith ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aaiia aeia/aoie-iiaeeioeia: Ui?i/i. ca. iaoe.i?. ”Iaoeiai caienee c ieoaiue iaae., aiie., oii., aa?a?i? oa no/anieo oaoiie. iaa/aiiy”.- Ee?a: E.-ae. aeae. Oa?iiiieue, 1997.- N.434-435. 11. Na?aoeithe E.A. Niiaoioeie/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?iaaoie aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee oe?aeineie yoie/aneie a?oiiu //O?oaeu iaaeae. eiia?.: *aeiaae a ie?a nii?oa.- I: Oeceoeueoo?a. ia?aciaaiea e iaoea, 1998.- N.431-432. 12. Na?aoiithe E.A. O?ce/iee ?icaeoie ae?a/aoie oa ae?a/ao ??ciiai a?ieia?/iiai a?eo i?ae aieeaii o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue //I?aoe? 3-? I?aeia?iaeii? iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. “O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?ia’y iaoe??“.-Ee?a-A?iieoey, 1998.- N.55-58. Aiioaoe?ss Na?aoiithe E.A. Niiaoi-ainoeaiiao?e/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?iaaoie i aeia/aoie, yei ia caeiathoueny nii?oii.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aiieiai/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.01 - ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y.- Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. aeaae. ?.ss. Ai?aa/aanueeiai, Oa?iii?eue, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi niiaoi-ainoeaiiao?e/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ae?iaaoie aeniei? nii?oeaii? iaenoa?iinoi i aeia/aoie, yei ia caeiathoueny nii?oii oe?a?inueei? aoii/ii? a?oie ia?eioaa?oaoiiai aieo. A aeena?oaoe?? anoaiiaeaii oaiie, aa?iiiieiinoue oice/iiai oa noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo, aecia/aii iniaeeainoi niiaoioeio oa eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo iane oiea, ?icii?ia oaco, aoia?aoi/ii? ii?oiiao?i? y?/ieeia i iaoee o ?icii ia?iiaee noaoaai? c?ieinoi nii?oniaiie i aeia/aoie, yei ia caeiathoueny nii?oii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaeoi?e noaoo?e o?ea (iana oa aeiaaeeia oiea, niiaoioei, eiiiiiaioiee neeaae iane oiea) iathoue cia/iee aieea ia aa?iaaaeueiinoue ?icii?ia y?/ieeia, iaoee oa oaco nii?oniaiie i aeia/aoie, ui ia caeiathoueny nii?oii. Anoaiiaeaii iaoaiaoe/ii ca’ycee iiae ?icii?aie oaco oa aoia?aoi/ieie ?icii?aie y?/ieeia i iaoee. Ai?iaaaeaeai? iiiia?aie aeey aecia/aiiy iaeaaeieo ?icii?ia y?/ieeia, iaoee i oaco ca cia/aiiyie aio?iiiiao?e/ieo i niiaoioeii/ieo aeaieo. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?iaaoeea, ii?oiiao?iy oaco, aoia?aoiy iaoee oa y?/ieeia, niiaoioeioaaiiy, aio?iiiiao?iy, oice/iee oa noaoaaee ?icaeoie. Aiiioaoeess Na?aoeithe E.A. Niiaoi-aenoeaiiao?e/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?iaaoie e aeaai/ae, ia caieiathueony nii?oii.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01 - ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey.- Oa?iiiieueneay ainoaea?noaaiiay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey ei. aeaae. E.ss. Ai?aa/aaneiai, Oa?iiiieue, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai niiaoi-aenoeaiiao?e/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeee ae?iaaoie aunieiai nii?oeaiiai ianoa?noaa e aeaai/ae, ia caieiathueony nii?oii, oe?aeineie yoie/aneie a?oiiu ia?eioaa?oaoiiai aic?anoa. A aeenna?oaoeee onoaiiaeaiu oaiiu e aa?iiie/iinoue oece/aneiai e iieiaiai ?acaeoey, ioia/aii, /oi ae?iaaoee ii aaee/eia aeeeiu, iannu e ieiuaaee iiaa?oiinoe oaea onooiatho ianii?oniaieai, a ii yeneo?nee a?oaeiie eeaoee e neea iuooe cia/eoaeueii i?aainoiaeyo aeaai/ae eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. O nii?oniaiie onoaiiaeaia caaea?aeea ?acaeoey aoi?e/iuo iieiauo i?eciaeia (iaieinaiea eiaea, oaiiu oi?ie?iaaiey iiei/iuo aeaeac, a?aiy ianooieaiey iaia?oa), eioi?ay iaeaieaa y?ei i?iyaeyaony a i?a- e iinoioaa?oaoiii ia?eiaeao iioiaaiaca. Ii?aaeaeaiu iniaaiiinoe eiiiiiaioiiai ninoaaa iannu oaea e niiaoioeia (o ae?iaaoie ?acaeoea aiaeiii?oiiai eiiiiiaioa ieaea ai ana ia?eiaeu, a iaciii?oiiai auoa a i?a- e iinioaa?oaoiue ia?eiae iieiaie c?aeinoe i?e n?aaiaiee n ianii?oniaieaie) e ?acia?ia oaca. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi o nii?oniaiie ?acia?u einoiiai oaca iaiueoa, iniaaiii cia/eoaeueiua ?acee/ey ai anao ?anniio?aiiuo ia?eiaeao ioia/aiu aeey cia/aiee iaaea?aaiaaiai e iaaeaa?oaeueiiai aeeaiao?ia oaca. Iaaeaeo ae?iaaoeaie e ianii?oniaieaie nouanoaotho cia/eiua ioee/ey ii aeeeia e oe?eia iaoee e ye/ieeia. Aeeeia iaoee o nii?oniaiie aeinoiaa?ii iaiueoa a iino- e ioaa?oaoiii ia?eiaeao, oe?eia iaoee iaiueoa o ieo a i?a- e iinoioaa?oaoiii aic?anoa, ii n?aaiaieth n a?oiiie eiio?iey. A i?a- e ioaa?oaoiii ia?eiaeao iaaeaeo ?acia?aie ye/ieeia aeaai/ae nii?oeaiie e ianii?oeaiie a?oii ia iaia?oaeaii noaoenoe/anee cia/eiie ?acieoeu, ii a iinoioaa?oaoiii ia?eiaea o nii?oniaiie aeeeia iaieo ye/ieeia e oe?eia eaaiai ec ieo aeinoiaa?ii iaiueoa, /ai o aeaai/ae, ia caieiathueony nii?oii. Auyaeaii, /oi oaeoi?u oaeineiaeaiey (ianna e aeeeia oaea, niiaoioei, eiiiiiaioiue ninoaa iannu oaea) eiatho cia/eiia aeeyiea ia aa?eaaaeueiinoue ?acia?ia ye/ieeia, iaoee e oaca nii?oniaiie e aeaai/ae, ia caieiathueony nii?oii. O ae?iaaoie aeeeia iaoee ia 43,9% a oe?eia iaoee ia 46,8% iaoneiaeaiu eciai/eainoueth iannu oaea; oieueia iaoee ia 65,6% caaeneo io aeeeiu e iannu oaea. A eiio?ieueiie a?oiia ana ?acia?u iaoee caaenyo io eciai/eainoe iannu e aeeeiu oaea (53%-64%). ?acia?u ye/ieeia a iaiueoae ia?a (io 9% aei 40%) iaoneiaeaiu yoeie oioaeueiuie ?acia?aie oaea. Ii?oiiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u oaca, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, caaenyo io iannu oaea: oae o ae?iaaoie iaaeinoiue aeeaiao? e ia?oaeiay eiiuethaaoa, a n?aaeiai, ia 58%, a iaaeaa?oaeueiue aeeaiao? oaca ia 80% aeaoa?ieie?iaaiu iannie oaea. Iaaea?aaiaaue ?acia? oaca caaeneo ia 81% io aeeeiu e iannu oaea. Ii/oe aiaeiae/iua ?acoeueoaou iieo/eee e aeey a?oiiu eiio?iey. Onoaiiaeaiu iaoaiaoe/aneea nayce iaaeaeo ?acia?aie oaca e yoia?aoe/aneeie ia?aiao?aie ye/ieeia e iaoee. Iaeaieueoaa aeeyiea ia ?acia?u iaoee ieacuaatho iaaea?aaiaaue aeeaiao? e eiaeaen ioiineoaeueiie oe?eiu oaca. Caaeneiinoue ?acia?ia ye/ieeia io ia?aiao?ia oaca au?aaeaia a iaiueoae noaiaie. Yoia?aoe/aneea ?acia?u iaoee e ye/ieeia caaenyo io eiiiiiaioiiai ninoaaa iannu oaea, iniaaiii io eiee/anoaa iuoa/iie oeaie. Iieo/aiu aeaiiua i nayce ?acia?ia iaoee e oaca n iniaaiiinoyie oaeineiaeaiey. I?e iaciii?oiii oaeineiaeaiee (i?aeiouan-oaaiiia ?acaeoea iuoa/iie oeaie) ?acia?u oaca e yoia?aoe/aneea ?acia?u iaoee aeinoiaa?ii auoa, /ai i?e yeoiii?oiii (i?aeiouan-oaaiiia ?acaeoea einoiie oeaie). ?acia?u ye/ieeia a iaiueoae ia?a caaenyo io niiaoioeia, ii a aieueoae ia?a eniuouaatho ia naaa aeaenoaea oece/aneeo iaa?ocie. Ii aeaiiui ?aa?anneiiiiai aiaeeca ?ac?aaioaoiu iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee aeey ii?aaeaeaiey aeieaeainoaothueo ?acia?ia ye/ieeia, iaoee e oaca ii cia/aieyi aio?iiiiao?e/aneeo e niiaoioeiieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeae. Eeth/aaua neiaa:. ae?iaaoeea, ii?oiiao?ey oaca, yoia?aoey iaoee e ye/ieeia, niiaoioeie?iaaiea, aio?iiiiao?ey, oece/aneia e iieiaia ?acaeoea. SUMMARY Sarafinyuk L.A. Somato-visceometric characteristic of girls-acrobats and nonsport-girls. - Manuscript. Thesis for a candidat’s degree on speciality 14.03.01 - normal anatomy.- The Ternopol medical state academy named after acad. I.Ya. Gorbachevsky, Ternopil’, 1999. Dissertation is devoted to question of somato-viscerometric characteristic of high sport quality girls-acrobats and nonsport-girls of Ukrainian ethnic group, peripubertal age. In dissertation the rates and harmony of physical and sexual development were established. The peculiarities of the somatotype and body composition with the morphometrical parameters of ovaries and uterus were determined in sport-girls and nonsport-girls in different periods of sexual maturity. The mathematic relations between pelvis sizes and echographic ones of uterus and ovaries were found out. There was inculcated the nomograms for ovaries, uterus and pelvis sizes determination on the basis of anthropometric and somatotypic data. Key words: acrobatic, pelvis morphometry, ovaries and uterus echography, somatotyping, anthropometrics, physical and sexual development.

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