Iinoeooo iaaeaaiaiee

Aeaaeaii? iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie

AeA?IAINUeEEE Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 379.32 (477)

NIOeIAEUeII-IAAeAAIAI*II INIIAE

OI?AAEIIIss INAIOITH A ?AAIIII

13.00.01 — oai?iy oa inoi?iy iaaeaaiaiee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? iiiia?aoiy.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iinoeoooi iaaeaaiaiee AII Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee – aeieoi? iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeieniee /eai
AII Oe?a?ie

Ie/eaei Iaeey A?eai?iaia, I?aceaeiy AII Oe?a?ie, aeaaeaiie — nae?aoa?
aiaeaeieaiiy iaaeaaiaiee i ineoieiai? i?ioanieii-oaoii/ii? inaioe.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: – aeieoi? iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ianeia Aaeaioei Iaaiiae/, Iaoeiiiaeueiee iaaeaaiai/iee oiiaa?neoao ii.
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaiaiee;

– eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

ss?iaee Aieiaeeie? ?ee?/, I?ae?aa?iiaeueia Aeaaeai?y oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii, ?aeoi?.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: AEeoiie?nueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaiai/iee ?inoeooo,
eaoaae?a iaaeaaiaiee, Iiiinoa?noai inaioe Oe?a?ie, i.AEeoiie?.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “26” ethoiai 1999 ?. i 14 aiae. ia caniaeaiii
niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.452.01 a Iinoeoooi iaaeaaiaiee AII
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252053, i. Ee?a-53, aoe. A?oaia, 52-A.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeiaie /anoeii Iinoeoooo
iaaeaaiaiee AII Oe?a?ie (252053, i.Ee?a, aoe. A?oaia, 52-A).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee “24” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Eaaeee I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oa aeioeieueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy

O oi?ioaaiii inai/aiiai noniieuenoaa a Oe?a?ii nooo?aa cia/aiiy ia?
oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiiao, ineieueee
aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith inaioiueiai i?inoi?o aea?aeaae ? noia inaioiio
i?inoi?ia ?? ?aaiiiia. Iiciaiiy oa onaiaeiieaiiy
nioeiaeueii-iaaeaaiai/ieo iniia ?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ia
no/aniiio aoaii ?? ?icaeoeo ? iaiaoiaeiith oiiaith oi?ioaaiiy ia’?eoeaii
coiiaeaiiai oa neii?aeeiiaaiiai ciinoo aeiyeueiinoi noa’?eoia
oi?aaeiiiy. Oei i?iaeaie aeooaeicothoueny oaeiae no/aniei i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaa/i? oa ii?iaoeaii? aace inaioe Oe?a?ie. Iio?aaa
iaoeiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue c i?iaeai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiiao
coiiaeth?oueny iaiaoiaeiinoth ?ic?iaee iaoaiiciia ?aaeicaoei? i?eeiyoeo
Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie Caeiiia “I?i inaioo” (1996 ?.) oa “I?i
iinoeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?ii” (1997 ?.). Caaaeaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio, ?aaiiiaeueiiio oa
iinoeaaiio ?iaiyo aecia/aii Aea?aeaaiith iaoeiiiaeueiith i?ia?aiith
“Inaioa” (“Oe?a?ia OO? noieiooy”), caoaa?aeaeaiith iinoaiiaith Eaaiiaoo
Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie aiae 3 eenoiiaaea 1993 ?ieo, ? 896.

Iinoeaai i?aaie aea?aeaaii? aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa i?aaie iinoeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy iieeeeaii caeienithaaoe aea?aeaaio iieioeeo a aaeoci
inaioe a eiie?aoieo ?aaiiiao a iaaeao ?o eiiiaoaioei?. Aiaeiiaiaeii
i?aaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, noai?thaaii ieie, iathoue ni?yiiaoaaoe naith
aeiyeueiinoue ia ?aaeicaoeith iiaeo inaioiuei-aeoiaieo caaaeaiue
aiaeiiaiaeii aei iiaiiaaaeaiue, aecia/aieo caeiiiaeaanoaii. Oea
iio?aao? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo iiaeoiaeia.

O iiaeo nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieo oiiaao iaeanii oi?aaeiiiy, ?aeiiii oa
iinueei aiaeaeiee inaioe caeieniththoue iiooe iioeiaeueieo oi?i i
iaoiaeia ?aaeicaoei? iieeaaeaieo ia ieo caaaeaiue uiaei ?icaeoeo inaioe.
Aea a no/anieo iaoeiaeo ioaeieaoeiyo oa aiaeioe/ieo iaoa?iaeao
Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie cacia/a?oueny, ui a noeei i iaoiaeao ?iaioe
aaaaoueio i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith iathoue iinoea nooo?ai iaaeieiee,
ui aeyaeythoueny ia?o ca ana a iaaeinoaoiueiio aeeiiaiii ieie iniiaieo
ooieoeie oi?aaeiiiy: ieaioaaiiy, i?aaiicaoei?, eii?aeeiaoei? oa
eiio?ieth ca aeiyeueiinoth uiaei ?aaeicaoei? caeiiiaeaa/eo oa
ii?iaoeaieo aeoia c ieoaiue inaioe. Ieaie ?iaioe ie?aieo iaeanieo
oi?aaeiiue, ?aeiiieo oa iinueeeo aiaeaeieia inaioe ?ic?iaeythoueny aac
iiia?aaeiueiai aeeaieiai aiaeico oaeoe/iiai noaio ni?aa, aac aecia/aiiy
iniiaieo iai?yiia aeiyeueiinoi a eiie?aoiiio ?aaiiii aiaeiiaiaeii aei
iieiaeaiue no/aniiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie. sse iieacaei aea/aiiy oeeo
i?iaeai, iaeaieueo oeiiaei iaaeieieii ieiioiueiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a
?aaiiii ? aiaenooiinoue iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii? nenoaie ieaioaaiiy ?iaioe,
yea caaacia/oaaea a ocaiaeaeaiinoue aeiyeueiinoi iaeanieo oi?aaeiiue,
?aeiiieo, iinueeeo aiaeaeieia inaioe oa iiaeaiaeii/eo caeeaaeia. Oea
i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeoaethaaiiy, ia?aeaeicio a ?iaioi, ia?aaaioaaeaiiy
caaaeueiiinaioiio oeie oa aia?aoo oi?aaeiiue i aiaeaeieia aeeiiaiiyi
ae?oai?yaeieo, caeaaieueoiai i?aaiicaoeieieo caaaeaiue.

sse aiaeiii, inio? aaaaoi aeaeia ?iaio i?aaiicaoeieii-iaaeaaiai/iiai
oa?aeoa?o, yei aianeiaeie inoi?e/iiai noaiiaeaiiy, ?icaeoeo oa
aaeineiiaeaiiy eeanii-o?i/ii? nenoaie oa aiaeiiaiaeii aei aeiia
caeiiiaeaa/eo i ii?iaoeaieo aeoia ui?i/ii iiaoi?ththoueny a ?i/ieo
oeeeeao aeiyeueiinoi oeiee oa i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii. Aea
cia/ia ?o /anoeia ia ciaoiaeeoue naiai iinoey o neii?aeeiiaaieo ieaiao
?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith oa ieaiao ?iaioe oeie. Oiio
eiaeai ?ie i?aaiicaoeiy oeeo ?iaio ?icii/eia?oueny caiiai, ia ui
aeo?a/a?oueny aaaaoi /ano, eiooia, oice/ieo coneeue i?aaenoaaieeia
noa’?eoia oi?aaeiiiy i aeeiiaaoeia.

sse iieacaei aea/aiiy, o aaaaoueio i?aoeyo aenaioeaii ?icii aniaeoe
oi?aaeiiiy a nenoaii inaioe. Iaoiaeieiai/ia cia/aiiy aeey ?icoiiiiy i
onaiaeiieaiiy i?iaeai oi?aaeiiiy ina?oith a iiaeo
nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieo oiiaao iathoue iieiaeaiiy, aeeeaaeaii a i?aoeyo
A.I.Aiae?ouaiea, N.O.Aii/a?aiea, I.C.Cao?ianueeiai, I.A.Cycthia,
A.A.E?aiaiy, A.I.Ianeiaa, I.A.Ii?ica, I.A.Nooiieeinueei?, I.ss.Naa/aiei,
I.I. Oeiey, I.Ae.ss?ia/aiea.

Eiie?aoii i?iaeaie aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith ?icaeyiooi a ?iaioao ?.N.Aa?aciyea, E.I.Eae?i?ii?,
N.?.Ea?eeiii?, I.I.Eiiaeaeiaa, I.ss.Ei?iiyee, I.I.Eaaeiai,
?.E.E?ea?/oea, I.I.Ieeiethea, A.I.Iaeiaeiii?, A.I.Iiaeia?aea,
I.I.Niaei?aa, A.I.No?ieea, I.A.Ooaeiiiinueeiai. I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy oeieith ?ice?eoi a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo A.I.Aiiaea?y,
A.?.Ianeiaa, A.I.Aii/a?iai?, I.I.Aeaieeaiei, A.I.Caoo?ainueei?,
A.I.Cioe, TH.A.Eiia?aeaanueeiai, I.I.Ino?iaa?oiai?, ?.I. Iaaethoaieiaa,
A.N.Iieaeueii?, I.I.?a/aiea, Ae.I. ?oi’yioeaai?, A.A.Naaaeiai?, I.N.
Noioeiaa. Oeyoe iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano,
iaoiaee ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no/anieo oaoiieiaie iaa/aiiy iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii
A.I.Aiiaea?ai, A.TH.Aeeiaei, A.O.Iaeaia?/oe. Ciino oi?aaeiiiy aeoiaiith
?iaioith c o/iyie iaa?oiooaaee I.A.Ee?e/oe, A.N.Eiaca?, A.A.Eocue,
I.I.Iieeaae, A.I.Oae?oeiia. I?iaeaie oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/iiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeia oi?aaeiiiy o?oaeiaei oa i?ioanieiei iaa/aiiyi
o/iianueei? iieiaei ciaeoei nai? aiaeia?aaeaiiy a i?aoeyo
A.?.A?aaaithea, A.I.Cae/oea, I.I.Eioaiea, A.I.Iaaeciaiia, I.A.Nieieiaa,
I.I.Oeiaiea, Ae.I.Ooi?aeaanueeiai, ?.O.Oaeo?iaa, A.?.ss?iaiai.
Ineoieiai/ii aniaeoe oi?aaeiiiy inaioith aeeeaaeaii a i?aoeyo
I.E.Eieiiiinueeiai, N.Ae.Iaeneiaiea, A.I.Iieyei.

Ii?yae c oeei cacia/eii, ui i?iaeaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a eiie?aoieo
?aaiiiao c o?aooaaiiyi ?o inoi?e/ieo, nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieo,
aoiiiaoeiiiaeueieo oa iioeo iniaeeainoae ua ia aeineiaeaeaii eiiieaenii
iaaeaaiaaie, ineoieiaaie, nioeiieiaaie, aeiiiiinoaie, th?enoaie.
I?iaeaie iaa?oiooaaiiy nioeiaeueii-iaaeaaiai/ieo iniia ?aaiiiaeueiiai
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, eiie?aoiiai aecia/aiiy ciinoo iai?yiia
eii?aeeiaoei? ?iaioe i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii oa
iiaeaiaeii/eo onoaiia i caeeaaeia inaioe ic a?aooaaiiyi aeiia no/anieo
caeiiiaeaa/eo oa ii?iaoeaieo aeoia c ieoaiue inaioe a Oe?a?ii ua ia
ciaeoee aeinoaoiuei? ?ic?iaee oa aenaioeaiiy.

Oea coiiaeei aeai? oaie aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe, aeeiiaii? o aeaeyaei
iiiia?aoi? “Nioeiaeueii-iaaeaaiai/ii iniiae oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a
?aaiiii”.

Aeena?oaoeieia aeineiaeaeaiiy caeieniaii aiaeiiaiaeii aei oaiaoe/iiai
ieaio aeineiaeaeaiue Iinoeoooo iaaeaaiaiee AII Oe?a?ie i?e ?ic?iaoei
oaie “Oi?aaeiiiy oeieith a oiiaao nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy”
(?E ? 0196E008099).

Ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy: i?ioean oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii.

I?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy: ciino oa iniiaii iai?yie aeiyeueiinoi i?aaiia
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii.

Iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaiii i ?ic?iaoei
eiioeaioei? oa iiaeaei oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii a ?i/iiio
oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei.

Eiioeaiooaeueii ?aea? iaoiai aeineiaeaeaiiy aacothoueny ia iieiaeaii?
i?i oe?e?ni?noue nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii, ??
ni?yiiaai?noue ia aeeiiaiiy eiinoeoooeieieo iieiaeaiue oa iniia
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i inaioo, ii?iaoeaieo aeiia Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe
Oe?a?ie. Aiaeii/an aiia iiaeiia a?aoiaoaaoe inoi?e/ii,
nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ii, aoiiiaoeiiiaeueii oa iioi iniaeeainoi
eiie?aoiiai ?aaiiio.

Aeey oiai, uia nenoaia ?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith i?aoethaaea
aoaeoeaii, iaiaoiaeii, aae eiaeai ?? noa’?eo ia ?icieo oi?aaeiinueeeo
?iaiyo /ioei i naiaeiii aeeiioaaa aecia/aii aeey iueiai a oeie nenoaii
ooieoei?. sseui a ?i/iiio oeeeei oi?aaeiiiy inaioiueith ?iaioith a
?aaiiii eaiee eiai noa’?eoia: ia/aeueiee iaeaniiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioe –
caaiaeoth/ee ?aeiiiei aiaeaeieii inaioe – aee?aeoi? oeiee – aeiyoeiooue
ocaiaeaeaii, yeui oi?aaeiiiy aoaea ia iaae oeieith, a aeey ?icaeoeo
oeiee, oi oea ni?eyoeia oniioiie ?iaioi iniiaii? eaiee a inaioi:
a/eoaeue-o/aiue. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo nai?i ocaiaeaeaiei ieaioaaiiyi oa
ocaiaeaeaiith ?iaioith ?aaiiiaeueii i?aaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith
ni?eyoeiooue ?acoeueoaoeaiiio aeeiiaiith eiaeiei o/eoaeai naiai
iniiaiiai ieaio, cie?aia iaa/aeueii? i?ia?aie c i?aaeiaoa iaa/aiiy.

Naia oeueiio iiaeiia neoaoaaoe iaie ?ic?iaeaia oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
ia?aa??aia iiaeaeue oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii a ?i/iiio
oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei. Aiia aaco?oueny ia iniiai iieiaeaiue oieinioi?
inaioe, oai?i? oi?aaeiiiy iaaeaaiai/ieie nenoaiaie, a oaeiae i?eioeeiia
oeieiniinoi e iioaa?iaaiinoi.

Aieiaia iaeay oa iniiaii eiioeaiooaeueii iieiaeaiiy aiaeia?aaeaii a
caaaeueiie aiiioaci, yea a?oioo?oueny ia i?eiouaiii, ui ?icaeoie
?aaiiiaeueii? nenoaie inaioe, iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean o
caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeiei aoaeooue iaoe iinoieio oaiaeaioeith aei
iieiioaiiy ca oiiae oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy noieei?,
ii?iaoeaii i iaaeaaiai/ii iaa?oioiaaii? nenoaie eii?aeeiaoei? ?iaioe
i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii oa oeiee a ?i/iiio oi?aaeiinueeiio
oeeeei.

Oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii, ni?yiiaaia ia ?aaeicaoeith aea?aeaaii?
iieioeee a aaeoci inaioe, yea ? i?ii?eoaoiith noa?ith
nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/iiai, aeooiaiiai i eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo
noniieuenoaa, aoaea aoaeoeaiei ca oaeeo oiia:

– aio/eiai a?aooaaiiy ?acoeueoaoia no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueiiai aiaeico
ciinoo aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith oa iiaeo
noniieueieo iio?aa i inaioiuei-aeoiaieo caaaeaiue, ui noiyoue ia?aae
oeieith;

– iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ciinoo, eiie?aoecaoei? ooieoeie i iai?yiia
neii?aeeiiaaii? aeiyeueiinoi i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii oa
onoaiia inaioe a ?i/iiio oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei;

– ?ic?iaee i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aaiicaoeieii-iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii, eio?a a?aoiao? eiai/ii-ciinoiaio
aeiyeueiinoue anio eiai iniiaieo noa’?eoia.

Aiaeiiaiaeii aei iaoe, eiioeaioei? aiiioace oa i?aaeiaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy
aoee aecia/aii oaei eiai caaaeaiiy:

1. Aeyaeoe iniaeeainoi ?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a Oe?a?ii ia
?icieo aoaiao inoi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo.

2. Aeineiaeeoe oaiaeaioei? oeaio?aeicaoei? oa aeaoeaio?aeicaoei?
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ia aea?aeaaiiio oa ?aaiiiaeueiiio ?iaiyo o no/aniie
a?o/eciyi?e ? ca?oaiaeiie oai?i? oa i?aeoeoei.

3. Caeienieoe no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueiee aiaeic ciinoo aeiyeueiinoi
oi?aaeiiue inaioe iaeanieo oa aiaeaeieia inaioe ?aeiiieo aea?aeaaieo
aaeiiiino?aoeie i aeeiieiiia iinueeeo ?aae.

4. ?ic?iaeoe eiioeaioeith oa iiaeaeue oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii a
?i/iiio oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei.

5. Aecia/eoe iniiaii ooieoei? i iai?yie eii?aeeiaoei? aeiyeueiinoi
i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii oa oeiee a ?i/iiio
oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei.

6. Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aai?eoe
i?aaiicaoeieii-iaoiaee/io nenoaio oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii.

7. ?ic?iaeoe i?iaeoe iieiaeaiue i?i oi?aaeiiiy inaioe iaeanii?, aiaeaeie
inaioe ?aeiiii? aea?aeaaieo aaeiiiino?aoeie, aeeiieiio iinueei? ?aaee oa
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? aeey iinoeaaeo i?aaiia aea?aeaaii?
aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee, i?aaiia iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy i aiaeiiaiaeieo
onoaiia oi?aaeiiiy ina?oith uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith a ?aaiiii.

Iaoiaeieiai/io iniiao aeineiaeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue oai?iy iaoeiaiai
iiciaiiy, oieinionueei iieiaeaiiy i?i aca?iica’ycie iiae oi?aaeiiiyi
inaioith i i?aaaie ethaeeie, iniiaii iieiaeaiiy caaaeueii? oai?i? nenoai
i nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaeo aei oeieinieo iaaeaaiai/ieo i?ioeania i yaeu,
iaaeaaiai/ii, nioeiieiai/ii, nioeiaeueii-eoeueoo?ii iaea? uiaei
noniieueieo oaiaeaioeie oi?ioaaiiy iiai? nenoaie inaioe a Oe?a?ii.

O oiaei aeineiaeaeaiiy a?aoiaoaaeenue iieiaeaiiy Caeiiia Oe?a?ie, Oeacia
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie, iinoaiia Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue
inaioe, a oaeiae ii?iaoeaieo aeoia Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao aeineiaeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue i?iaiaeii iaea? oa
iieiaeaiiy, aeeeaaeai? a i?aoeyo A.N.Iaea?aiea, A.I.Nooiieeinueeiai,
oai?aoe/ii ocaaaeueiaiiy i aeniiaee, noi?ioeueiaaii aio/eciyieie oa
ca?oaiaeieie a/aieie — oieinioaie, inoi?eeaie, iaaeaaiaaie, ineoieiaaie,
no/ani? eiioeaioei? oi?aaeiiiy ?icaeoeii inaioe.

Aeaea?aea aeineiaeaeaiiy: aeieoiaioe i iaoa?iaee Oeaio?aeueiiai
aea?aeaaiiai a?oiao i?aaiia aea?aeaaii? aeaaee i oi?aaeiiiy Oe?a?ie,
aea?aeaaieo a?oiaia Aiiieoeueei?, Oa?eianueei? iaeanoae,
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueeiai oieiaeo aea?aeaaiiai a?oiao Oiaeueieoeueei?
iaeanoi, iioi/ieo a?oiaia Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie, oi?aaeiiiy inaioe
Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaii? aaeiiiino?aoei?, aiaeaeieo inaioe
aeeiieiio Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueei? iinueei? ?aaee, iaoa?iaee
iaaeaaiai/ieo c’?caeia, eiioa?aioeie, ia?aienia iaoa?iaeueii? aace
inaioe, noaoenoe/ii oa aiaeioe/ii cai?ieee, ioaeieaoei?, a ia?iiaee/ieo
aeaeaiiyo, iiiia?ao?/i? oa ?io? iaoeia? i?aoe?. Anueiai a i?ioeani
aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeiciaaii iiiaae 300 aeaea?ae.

Iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy: inoi?eei-eiai/ia aea/aiiy iaoeiaeo i?aoeue,
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaioia; i?iaeaiii-oeieueiaee aiaeic ?icieo
eiioeaioeie oa oi?aaeiinueeeo iiaeoiaeia a nenoaii inaioe;
niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, oanooaaiiy, iiaeaethaaiiy, iaoiae
aenia?oieo ioeiiie. Ia ?icieo aoaiao iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie
caeienithaaany ?ao?iniaeoeaiee aiaeic aaaaoi?i/ii? iaaeaaiai/ii? oa
oi?aaeiinueei? aeiyeueiinoi aeena?oaioa.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue o 1989-1998 ?ieao oa ioiiethaaei aeaeieueea
aoaiia iaoeiai-iaaeaaiai/iiai iiooeo.

Ia ia?oiio aoaii (1989-1991??.) oai?aoe/ii inienethaaeanue i?iaeaia,
aecia/aeenue ia’?eo, i?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy, eiai iaoa i caaaeaiiy,
?ic?iaeyeenue i?ia?aia i iaoiaeeea, aea/aeenue a?oiaii aeaea?aea,
inoi?e/ia, iaaeaaiai/ia, ineoieiai/ia eioa?aoo?a c ia?aii? oaie.

Ia ae?oaiio, aiaeioeei-iiooeiaiio aoaii (1992-1994 ??.) caeieniaii
aiaeic no/aniiai noaio oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ??cieo ?aaiiiao Oe?a?ie,
aea/aii oaiaeaioei? oeaio?aeicaoei? oa aeaoeaio?aeicaoei? oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith ia aea?aeaaiiio oa ?aaiiiaeueiiio ?iaiyo o a?o/eciyi?e oa
ca?oaiaeiie i?aeoeoei; i?iaaaeaii no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueiee aiaeic
ciinoo aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith;
noi?ioeueiaaii aiiioaco, ooi/iaii iaoo oa eiie?aoeciaaii caaaeaiiy
aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeaii eiai eiioeaioeith.

Ia o?aoueiio, oi?ioth/iio aoaii (1995-1996 ??.) ?ic?iaeaii
eiioeaiooaeueii iiaeoiaee aei noai?aiiy iiaeaei oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a
?aaiiii c o?aooaaiiyi iieiaeaiue iiaeo caeiiiaeaa/eo oa ii?iaoeaieo
aeieoiaioia c i?iaeai inaioe; iaa?oiooaaii ciino iai?yiia eii?aeeiaoei?
?iaioe i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii oa oeiee a ?i/iiio
oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei; caeieniaii aenia?eiaioaeueio ia?aai?eo aiiioace
oa eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Ia ocaaaeueithth/iio aoaii (1997-1998 ??.) caeieniaii ia?iaeo i
nenoaiaoecaoeith iaea?aeaieo aeaieo, ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aai?ee aei?ainoi cai?iiiiiaaii? eiioeaioei? oa
iiaeaei oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii, noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaii
iieiaeaiiy, caaaeueii aeniiaee i ?aeiiaiaeaoei?.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aaca aeineiaeaeaiiy: oi?aaeiiiy inaioe Oiaeueieoeueei?
iaeanii? aea?aeaaii? aaeiiiino?aoei?, aiaeaeie inaioe aeeiieiio
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueei? iinueei? ?aaee, aiaeaeie inaioe
E?aneeianueei? ?aeiiii? aea?aeaaii? aaeiiiino?aoei?, na?aaeiy
caaaeueiiinaioiy oeiea 1-III nooiaiia ? 13 iinoa
Eai’yioey-Iiaeieuenueeiai, Aieeoeueea na?aaeiy caaaeueiiinaioiy oeiea I
— III nooiaiia E?aneeianueeiai ?aeiio Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeanoi.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia:

– aia?oa aeyaeaii iniaeeaino? ciinoo aeiyeueiinoi noa’?eoia oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith a ?aaiiiao Oe?a?ie ia ?icieo aoaiao ?? inoi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo;

– i?iaaaeaii no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueiee aiaeic ciinoo aeiyeueiinoi
ieiioiio ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, ?ic?iaeaii
eiioeaioeith oa iiaeaeue oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii;

– iaa?oiooaaii ciino iniiaieo iai?yiia eii?aeeiaoei? ae?yeueiino?
i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii oa oeiee a ?i/iiio oi?aaeiinueeiio
oeeeei;

– aeinoaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iieiaeaiiy uiaei eiiieaeniiai iiaeoiaeo
aei caeieniaiiy i?aaiaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiiao iniiaieo
ooieoeie oi?aaeiiiy: ieaioaaiiy, i?aaiicaoei?, eii?aeeiaoei? oa
eiio?ieth, a oaeiae uiaei i?aaiicaoei? iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe c iaaeaaiaaie
a ?aeiii (iinoi), iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aoanoaoei? caeeaaeia inaioe
?aaiiio ia iniiai ?ic?iaeaieo aeai?eoiia oeueiai aeaeo oi?aaeiinueei?
aeiyeueiinoi a nenoaii inaioe.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?aeoiaeao aei
iaa?oiooaaiiy eiioeaioe??, iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy ina?oith a ?aa?ii? oa
ci?noo ae?yeueiino? eiai noa’?eo?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia aecia/a?oueny oei, ui:

– cai?iiiiiaaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aai?aii
iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? oi?aaeiiiyi inaioe iaeanieo, aiaeaeieai inaioe
?aeiiieo aea?aeaaieo aaeiiiino?aoeie, a?aeae?eai ina?oe aeeiieiiia
iinueeeo ?aae i caaaeueiiinaioiii oeieai uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii;

– ?ic?iaeaii i?iaeoe iieiaeaiue i?i oi?aaeiiiy inaioe iaeanii? oa
aiaeaeie inaioe ?aeiiii? aea?aeaaieo aaeiiiino?aoeie, aeeiieiio iinueei?
?aaee, ui aiaeiiaiaeathoue aeiiaai no/anieo caeiiiaeaa/eo oa ii?iaoeaieo
aeoia c ieoaiue inaioe (inoaiiie ?ac iieiaeaiiy i?i ?aeiiiee oa iinueeee
aiaeaeiee inaioe caoaa?aeaeoaaeenue oeaio?aeueieie i?aaiaie aea?aeaaii?
aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee a Oe?a?ii o 1972 ?ioei);

– oaeineiiaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei no?oeoo?e ?i/ieo ieaiia ?iaioe
iaeaniiai oi?aaeiiiy, ?aeiiiiai (iinueeiai)aiaeaeieo inaioe oa oeiee;
aia?oa caeieniaii iien ciinoo ii?iaoeaii coiiaeaieo oa neii?aeeiiaaieo
/anoei ?i/ieo ieaiia ?iaioe oeiee oa ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith.

Aea/aiiy aeinaiaeo oa ?acoeueoaoeaiinoi ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?aeoeeo
aecia/aieo 13 iai?yiia eii?aeeiaoei? ?iaioe i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith
a ?aaiiii oa oeiee aeanoue iiaeeeainoue ae?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei
iiiaeaiiy ciinoo ?i/iiai oi?aaeiinueeiai oeeeeo ?iaioe noa’?eoia
inaioyinueeiai ?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy ina?oith.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii o i?aeoeeo ?iaioe
Oiaeueieoeueeiai iaeaniiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioe, 20 ?aeiiieo oa 5 iinueeeo
aiaeaeieia inaioe, aieueo ye 1000 oeie iaeanoi (aeiaiaeee i?i
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oi?aaeiiiy inaioe Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaii?
aaeiiiino?aoei? ?221 aiae 21.10.98 ?., aiaeaeieo inaioe
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueei? iinueei? ?aaee ?121 aiae 22.10.98 ?.,
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueei? na?aaeiuei? caaaeueiiinaioiuei? oeiee I-III
nooiaiia ? 45 aiae 22.10.98, aiaeaeieo inaioe E?aneeianueei? ?aeiiii?
aea?aeaaii? aaeiiiino?aoei? ? 154 aiae 23.10.98, Aieeoeueei?
na?aaeiuei? caaaeueiiinaioiuei? oeiee ?-III nooiaiy E?aneeianueeiai
?aeiio Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeanoi ? 53 aiae 23.10.98 ?.). Iiiia?aoith
“Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae oi?aae?iiy ina?oith a ?aa?ii?” ca
?aeiiaiaeaoei?th Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie iai?aaeaii a oni iaeanii
oi?aaeiiiy inaioe aeey aeei?enoaiiy o i?aeoe/i?e ?iaioi aeeeaaeaieo o
iie iniiaieo iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue oa iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a iaea?aeaiii iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoaoia iieyaa?: o
?ic?iaoei eiioeaioei? oa iiaeaei oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii ia iniiai
i?iaaaeaiiai no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueiiai aiaeico ciinoo aeiyeueiinoi
?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith; iaa?oiooaaiii ciinoo iniiaieo
iai?yiia eii?aeeiaoei? ae?yeueiino? i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a
?aaiiii oa oeiee a ?i/iiio oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei; o ?ic?iaoei ciinoo
ii?iaoeaii coiiaeaieo oa neii?aeeiiaaieo /anoei ?i/ieo ieaiia ?iaioe
i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii oa oeiee; o ?ic?iaoei i?iaeoia
iieiaeaiue i?i oi?aaeiiiy inaioe iaeanii? oa aiaeaeie inaioe ?aeiiii?
aea?aeaaieo aaeiiiino?aoeie, aeeiieiio iinueei? ?aaee ca?aeii c aeiiaaie
no/anieo caeiiiaeaa/eo oa ii?iaoeaieo aeoia c ieoaiue inaioe.

A??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue oa aeniiae?a caaacia/o?oueny
iaoiaeieia?/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth aeo?aeieo ?aeae aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aiae?cii cia/ii? e?eueeino? iaoeiaeo ? iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo aeaea?ae c
oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy; aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeno iaoiae?a, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue i?aaeiaoo ? caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy; ii?aeiaiiyi
e?euee?niiai oa ye?niiai aiae?co; ?acoeueoaoaie
aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee aenoiooi? a?iioace.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy iaaiai?aii i iioaeieiaaii
o iaoa?iaeao 15 iiaeia?iaeieo, anaoe?a?inueeeo oa iiae?aaiiiaeueieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioeie (Noie – 1983, Iineaa,
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueeee – 1984, Naa?aeeianuee,
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueeee, Aeoiaaa – 1985, ??aaai – 1986, Ee?a – 1987,
Oiaeueieoeueeee – 1988, Caii?iaeaey – 1991, Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueeee –
1992, Oiaeueieoeueeee – 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 ??.).

C i?iaeai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith caeiaoaa/ iaiaeii?aciai aeiiiaiaeaa ia
caniaeaiiyo eieaai? Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie, ia?aaeao o Eaaiiaoi
Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie, caniaeaiiyo iinoieii? eiiini? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie
c ieoaiue inaioe i iaoee oa ia ia?eaiaionueeeo neooaiiyo c i?iaeai
inaioe o Aa?oiaiie ?aaei Oe?a?ie (17 ethoiai 1985 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy iioaeieiaaii o 32 iaoeiaeo oa
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo i?aoeyo, o o./. – 28 iaeiiiniaieo caaaeueiei ianyaii
46 ae?oeiaaieo a?eooia, c yeeo 1 iaeiiiniaia iiiia?aoiy, 6
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo iiniaieeia, 10 noaoae o iaoeiaeo cai?ieeao oa
aeo?iaeao.

No?oeoo?a i ianya aeena?oaoei?.

Aeena?oaoei?th ? iiiia?aoiy “Nioeiaeueii-iaaeaaiai/ii iniiae oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith a ?aaiiii”, yea neeaaea?oueny ic anooio, oanoe ?icaeieia oa
iineyiiae.

Ianya iiiia?aoi? – 384 noi?iiee (20, 2 oiiaii-ae?oeiaaieo a?eooia).
Nienie eioa?aoo?e iiaea?oueny aei eiaeiiai ?icaeieo i neeaaea? 323
aeaea?aea.

INIIAIEE CIINO AeENA?OAOeI?

O anooii aeeeaaeaii iniiaiee iiiyoo?aee aia?ao aeineiaeaeaiiy, cie?aia
nooue iiiyoue: ?aaiii, aaeiiiino?aoeaii-oa?eoi?iaeueia iaeeieoey, i?aaie
iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, iinoeaai aea?aeaaii aaeiiiino?aoei?,
iie?i?aeii iaia’yceiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oeiee, noa’?eoe ?aaiiiaeueiiai
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith; ?ice?eoi iniiaii caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei – “Noa’?eoe i?aaiicaoei? oa oi?aaeiiiy inaioith o
?aaiiiao a inoi?i? ?? ?icaeoeo ia Oe?a?ii” – ?icaeyiooi inoi?ith
noaiiaeaiiy, ciino oa iniiai? iai?yie aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueieo
iinoeoooeie, eio?i i?aaiicoaaee nenoaio inaioe oa ea?oaaee ?? ?icaeoeii
a ?aaiiiao Oe?a?ie. Oaeeie noa’?eoaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith o ?aaiiiao a
inoi?i? ?? ?icaeoeo a Oe?a?ii aoee:

1. Oea?eiaii o?aie. Iiianoe?i.

2. Eiyaei aeai?e. Aaoueiainueei o?yaee.

3. Oeaoiai i?aaiicaoei? iinueeeo ?aiinieeia.

4. Naeyinueei iaueie.

5. A?aonoaa.

6. Oiiaa?neoaoe. Aee?aeoi?e ia?iaeieo o/eeeu aoaa?iie.

7. Aiaeaeiee ia?iaeii? inaioe aoaa?inueeeo cainueeeo oi?aa.

8. Oeieueii aiaeaeieaiiy iinueeeo oi?aa.

9. Iinoeoooei? Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee oa Aee?aeoi?i? ii oi?aaeiiith
inaioith o 1917-1920 ?ieao.

10.  Aiaeaeiee ia?iaeii? inaioe aeeiiaa/eo eiiioaoia aoaa?inueeeo ?aae
?iaioie/eo, naeyinueeeo i /a?aiiia?iienueeeo aeaiooaoia.

11.  Aiaeaeiee ia?iaeii? inaioe iiaioiaeo ?aaiethoeieieo eiiioaoia.

12. Aieinii ?aaiethoeieii eiiioaoe.

13.  Aiaeaeiee ia?iaeii? inaioe iiaioiaeo aeeiiaa/eo eiiioaoia ?aae
?iaioie/eo, naeyinueeeo i /a?aiiia?iienueeeo aeaiooaoia.

14.  Aiaeaeiee ia?iaeii? inaioe aieinieo aeeiiaa/eo eiiioaoia ?aae
?iaioie/eo, naeyinueeeo i /a?aiiia?iienueeeo aeaiooaoia.

15.  Aiaeaeiee ia?iaeii? inaioe aeeiiaa/eo eiiioaoia iinueeeo ?aae
aeaiooaoia o?oaeyueo.

16. Aiaeaeiee ia?iaeii? inaioe aeeiiaa/eo eiiioaoia ?aeiiieo ?aae
aeaiooaoia o?oaeyueo.

17.  Iiniaeoo?e ia?iaeii? inaioe ie?oaeieo aeeiiaa/eo eiiioaoia ?aae
?iaioie/eo, naeyinueeeo i /a?aiiia?iienueeeo aeaiooaoia.

18. Aiaeaeiee ia?iaeii? inaioe aeeiieiiia iaeanieo ?aae aeaiooaoia
o?oaeyueo.

19. Aiaeaeiee inaioe ?aeiiieo aea?aeaaieo aaeiiiino?aoeie.

20. Aiaeaeiee inaioe aeeiieiiia iinueeeo ?aae.

21. Oi?aaeiiiy inaioe iaeanieo aea?aeaaieo aaeiiiino?aoeie.

Ia iniiai aea/aiiy a?oiaieo aeieoiaioia, iaoa?iaeia noaoenoe/ieo
cai?ieeia, ia?aienia noaio iaa/aeueii-iaoa?iaeueii? aace onoaiia inaioe
?icieo ?ieia, iaoa?iaeia iaaeaaiai/ieo c’?caeia, eiioa?aioeie, iinoaiia
i ?ioaiue aea?aeaaiiai oa ?aaiiiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o c ieoaiue inaioe,
inoi?e/ieo, iaaeaaiai/ieo, eoeueoo?ieiai/ieo, aeiiiii/ieo oa ?ioeo
eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c?iaeaii aeniiaee uiaei iniaeeainoae
?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy ?icaeoeii inaioe ia ?icieo inoi?e/ieo aoaiao a
Oe?a?ii. ?ice?eoi oa?aeoa?ii iniaeeainoi ooaoieo no?oeoo?, noeeth,
iaoiaeia oa ?acoeueoaoeaiinoi aeiyeueiinoi noa’?eoia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith
a ?aaiiiao.

Iai?eeiioei ?icaeieo ioa?aeoa?eciaaii noaoon no/anieo ?aaiiiaeueieo
i?aaiia oi?aae?iiy ina?oith a Oe?a?ii oa aeeiaiieo eiai noaiiaeaiiy ca
?iee aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiinoi.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei – “Oaiaeaioei? oeaio?aeicaoei? i aeaoeaio?aeicaoei?
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ia aea?aeaaiiio oa ?aaiiiaeueiiio ?iaiyo o
ca?oaiaeiie i?aeoeoei” – caeieniaii ii?iaiyeueii-iaaeaaiai/iee aiaeic
nenoai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith o O?aioei? oa Niieo/aieo Ooaoao Aia?eee.
Ocaaaeueiaiiy eiai ?acoeueoaoia iieacaei, ui i o O?aioei?, eio?a ia?
no?iai oeaio?aeiciaaio i aaeiiiino?aoeaii iaeiaeiao aeey anio ??
?aaiiiia nenoaio oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, i o NOA, aea nenoaia inaioe oa
oi?aaeiiiy iath ? aeaoeaio?aeiciaaieie, caeienith?oueny iiooe
iioeiaeueieo niiaaiaeiioaiue iiae oeaio?aeicaoei?th i
aeaoeaio?aeicaoei?th, iiae iaoeiiiaeueieie oeieyie i ?aaiiiaeueieie
iioa?anaie. A ?icaeiei aeeeaaeaii iniaeeainoi caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai oa
?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith o Iiia//eii, Aano?i?, Iniaii?,
Eaiaaei, Ii?aaai?, ssiiii?, a oaeiae o ?inienueeie Oaaea?aoei?.

Ia iniiai iieiaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaaieo aiaeiieie oieinioaie, iaaeaaiaaie,
iieioeeaie i?i oa, ui ieaioaaiiy oa oi?aaeiiiy ?icaeoeii inaioe,
aecia/aiiy ?iei oeaio?aeueieo oa ?aaiiiaeueieo aeanoae i i?aaiia
oi?aae?iiy ina?oith ia? cae?enithaaoeny c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeoiee eiaeii?
e?a?ie, iaa?oioiaaii aeniiaie i?i iaaeioeieueiinoue ieii a Oe?a?ii
eiiithaaiiy /oaeiai aeinaiaeo o ni?aai ?ai?aaiicaoei? nenoaie
?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith. Cia/iee inoi?e/iee aeinaiae,
ieiioiie iiooaeiee inaioiuei-iaoeiaee iioaioeiae iaoi? aea?aeaae ii?yae
c iioeie aaaeeeaeie oaeoi?aie aea? ciiao oi?ioaaoe i aaeineiiaethaaoe
aeanio inaioiuei-oi?aaeiinueeo aeieo?eio.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei – “I?iaeaie ?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith o
iaaeaaiai/iie oai?i?” – aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy oeyoia
noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo oai?i? oi?aaeiiiy inaioith. Aenaioeaii aniaeoe,
iia’ycai? c caii/aoeoaaiiyi ?ic?iaie i?iaeai oeieiciaanoaa o i?aoeyo
a/aieo – iaaeaaiaia ss.I.?yiii, A.I.Iaiae?eee, N.O.*aaaea?iaa.
Ioa?aeoa?eciaaii aieea aeiai?iiiai noniieueii-iieioe/iiai na?aaeiaeua a
e?a?ii ia iiaeeeao ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue aeineiaeaeaiue c i?iaeai
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith. Aea/aii oa ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ?iaioo i?ae?icae?e?a
oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeineiaeiiai iinoeoooo iaaeaaiaiee, cie?aia:
naeoi?a oeieiciaanoaa, noai?aiiai o 1961 ?ioei, aiaeaeieo oeieiciaanoaa
c 1976 ii 1981 ?ie, eaai?aoi?i? iaoeiaeo iniia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith c
1982 ?ieo. Aenaioeaii aaaiiee aeeaae I.A.Oiiaiea o ni?aao aeoeaicaoei?
aeineiaeaeaiue iaoeiaeo i?iaeai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith oa cia/aiiy iaoeiai?
i i?aeoe/ii? aeiyeueiinoi ?.N.Aa?aciyea o ?ic?iaoei ieoaiue oi?aaeiiiy a
nenoaii inaioe. I?iaiaeiciaaii aianie o ?icaeoie oai?i? oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith ia ?iaii iaeanoi, iinoa, ?aeiio N.A.Ea?eeiii?, I.I.Eiiaeaeiaa,
I.ss.Ei?iiyee, A.I.Iiaeia?aea, I.I.Ii?oiiaa, A.I.Iiiaiea,
A.I.No?acieiciia, A.I.No?ieea. A?oioiaii i?iaiaeiciaaii ?yae
iioaeieiaaieo i?aoeue uiaei ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo nenoai ?aaiiiaeueiiai
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a Oe?a?i?.

Ia iniiai caeieniaiiai aiaeico ??cieo eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a
iaoeiaoeia oa iaaeaaiaia-i?aeoeeia aei aecia/aiiy no?oeoo?e nenoaie
?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith oa ciinoo ?? aeiyeueiinoi
iaa?oioiao?oueny aeioeieueiinoue ni?yioaaiiy iaoeiaeo coneeue ia
?ic?iaeo i?iaeai i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiiao Oe?a?ie ia
?icieo ?? ?iaiyo, noai?aieo a?aeiia?aeii aei caeiiiaeaanoaa.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei – “No?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueiee aiaeic ciinoo
aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith” – ia iniiai
aea/aiiy ieii caeiiiaeaa/i aecia/aieo i?eioeeiia oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiia
aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa aiaeiiaiaeieo iieiaeaiue Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i
inaioo” ?ic?iaeaii i?aaiicaoeieii-no?oeoo?io noaio oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a
Oe?a?ii (?en.1).

?en. 1. No?oeoo?ia noaia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a Oe?a?ii

Aoaeoeaiinoue oi?aaeiinueei? aeiyeueiinoi, ui aiaeiiaiaea?
caeiiiii?iinoyi nioeiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy oa iaeneiaeueii ni?ey?
?icaeoeiai nenoaie inaioe, cia/iith ii?ith aecia/a?oueny i?aaeeueiinoth
?icoiiiiy ?? ooieoeie oa iia’ycaieo c ieie i?iaeai. O ooieoeiyo
i?iyaeythoueny nooue i ciino, oeiei i caaaeaiiy oi?aaeiiiy. Ia iniia?
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a, iaea?aeaieo ia oeueiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?ic?iaeaii ooieoeiiiaeueio noaio oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii,
aeeeaaeaio a oeueiio ?icaeiei (?en. 2).

?en.2. Ooieoeiiiaeueia noaia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii

Nie?ath/enue ia iieiaeaiiy uiaei ooieoeie i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ye
iaaieo aeaeia ?iaio c oi?aaeiiiy, ui ae?iciythoueny aiaeie?aieaiinoth,
iaeii?iaeiinoth i iiaoi?thaaiinoth oa caaacia/othoue aeeiiaiiy
aiaeiiaiaeieo inaioiio caaaeaiue, aecia/aii i’youe iniiaieo aeaeia
ooieoeie i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii, ui aeieeaathoue c
iieiaeaiue caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie i?i inaioo.

1. I?yii ooieoei? i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii aecia/aii
Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i inaioo”, i?eeiyoei Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie oa
iiaeienaiei I?aceaeaioii Oe?a?ie 23 aa?aciy 1996 ?ieo.

2. Iioiaeii ooieoei? i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii, ui
coiiaeththoueny caaaeaiiyie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, aecia/aieie Oeiiaei
iieiaeaiiyi i?i oi?aaeiiiy inaioe iaeanii? aea?aeaaii? aaeiiiino?aoei?,
caoaa?aeaeaiei iinoaiiaith Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie aiae 18 aa?aciy
1996 ?ieo, ? 327.

3. Aeaeaaiaaii ooieoei? ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ye
no?oeoo?ieo iiae?icaeieia iinoeaaeo i?aaiia aea?aeaaii? aeeiiaa/i?
aeaaee oa iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ui aecia/athoueny aiaeiiaiaeii aei
iiaiiaaaeaiue oeeo i?aaiia o aaeoci inaioe, aecia/aieo Caeiiii Oe?a?ie
“I?i inaioo”.

4. Aeaeaaiaaii ooieoei? ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ye
i?aaenoaaieeia Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe a ?aaiiii, ui aecia/athoueny caiaeii
c eiai iiaiiaaaeaiiyie, aecia/aieie Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i inaioo”.

5. Aeaeaaiaaii ooieoei? i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii ye
no?oeoo?ieo iiae?icaeieia aeeiiaa/eo eiiioaoia i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo
i?aaiia iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ui aecia/athoueny ia iniiai ?oiio
iiaiiaaaeaiue a aaeoci inaioe caiaeii ic Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i iinoeaaa
naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?ii”, i?eeiyoei Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie oa
iiaeienaiei I?aceaeaioii Oe?a?ie 21 o?aaiy 1997 ?ieo.

Caeieniaiee aiaeic ciinoo caeiiiaeaa/eo aeoia aeaa ciiao aeyaeoe 116
ooieoeie i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii c onio i’yoe aeaeia. Iaie
iaa?oioiaaii aeioeieueiinoue no?oeoo?oaaiiy iacaaieo aeua ooieoeie ca 13
iai?yiaie ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe cai?iiiiiaaiiai no?oeoo?ii-eieue-einiiai
aiaeico ooieoeie i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii aeeeaaeaii a
oaaeeoei 1 (noi??iea 15).

O ca’yceo c oei, ui a ?icieo caeiiiaeaa/eo oa ii?iaoeaieo aeaea?aeao
aeayei c oeeo 116 ooieoeie iaaiei /eiii aeoaeththoueny, iaie
iaa?oioiaaii aeioeieuei?noue ?o aeiaaaeaiiy aei 63.

Ia iniiai oeeo ocaaaeueiaieo ooieoeie a iiiia?aoi? aeeeaaeaii iniiai?
eiioeaiooaeueii iiaeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee i?i?ioiaiiai iieiaeaiiy i?i
oi?aaeiiiy inaioe iaeanii?, aiaeaeie inaioe ?aeiiii? aea?aeaaieo
aaeiiiino?aoeie oa aiaeaeie inaioe aeeiiaa/iai eiiioaoo iinueei? ?aaee,
a yeeo ooieoei? oeeo i?aaiia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii ca aeuacaaaeaieie 13
iai?yiaie ?iaioe.

Oea aeaei ciiao ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? iinoeaaei i?aaiai
aea?aeaaii? aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa i?aaiai iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy
uiaei ?ic?iaee oa caoaa?aeaeaiiy caiaeii c aeiiaaie Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i
iinoeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?ii” i Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i iinoeaai
aea?aeaaii aaeiiiino?aoei?” iieiaeaiue i?i ?oii no?oeoo?ii iiae?icaeiee
– i?aaie ?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy ina?oith.

Oaaeeoey 1. ?acoeueoaoe no?oeoo?ii-eieueeiniiai aiaeico ooieoeie

i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii

?? ia- Ci?no iai?yi?a ?iaioe i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy E?euee?noue ooieoe?e
i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy ina?oith a ?aa?ii?, aeeiiaiiy yeeo a?aeiia?aea?
ci?noia? iai?yi?a ?iaioe

i?yieo ina?oith a ?aa?ii? I?yi? – aecia/ai? Caeiiii “I?i ina?oo”
Iio?aei? – aecia/ai? ?c caaaeaiue Oeiiaiai iieiaeaiiy i?i iaeania
oi?aae?iiy ina?oe Aeaeaaiaai? – aecia/ai? iiaiiaa-aeaiue I?iina?oe
ca?aeii ?c Caeiiii “I?i ina?oo” Aeaeaaiaai? – aecia/ai? ?c
iiaiiaa-aeaiue i?noea-ai? aeaaee Caeiiii “I?i ina?oo” Aeaeaaiaai? –
aecia/ai? Caeiiii i?i i?noeaaa naiia?y-aeoaaiiy Ocaaaeueiai? ooieoe??

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

? Ni?eyiiy i?aai?caoe?? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a oa onoaiia ina?oe,
aca?iiae?y c i?aaiaie a?iiaaenueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy a ina?o? 2 2 4 1 2
6

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

?? Eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano 3 5 2 1 1 7

??? Iaoiaee/ia ?iaioa c iaaeaaia?/ieie i?aoe?aieeaie 3 6 2 — 1 5

IV Caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy aeiia caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i iaia’yceia?noue
iiaii? caaaeueii? na?aaeiuei? ina?oe 4 5 — 9 5 13

V I?aai?caoe?eia caaacia-/aiiy i?aeaioiaee ?ia?oie-/eo eaae??a aeey
?aa?iio — 2 — 2 1 5

VI Noai?aiiy oiia aeey ?icaeoeo cae?aiinoae, oa-eaio?a, aeyaeaiiy
iaaea?i-aaieo ae?oae 2 2 — 2 1 4

VII Ioi?iia caei?ia’y ae?oae oa iaaeaaia?/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a 1 2 — 3 2 4

VIII Caaacia/aiiy o?iainoaaiiy ina?oe 1 2 1 2 1 3

IX Caaacia/aiiy i?ae?o/ieea-ie, iaa/aeueieie i?ia?a-iaie, iaoiaee/iith
e?oa?a-oo?ith oa aeieoiaioaoe??th 3 3 2 — 1 4

X Caaacia/aiiy caa?aaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iaa/aeueii-iaoa??aeueii? aace
onoaiia ina?oe — 2 — — — 2

XI ?iniaeooaaiiy oa aoanoaoe?y caeeaae?a ina?oe 4 4 4 — — 4

XII ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ia oa noaoenoe/ia ?iaioa

4 — — — 3

OO I?iiaaoaaiiy ina?oe a ?aa?ii?, ca?oi?noue ia?aae oa?eoi??aeueieie
a?iiaaeaie 1 1 — — 1 3

I?aenoiie ca a?aoaie 24 40 15 21 16 63

?acii 116

O i’yoiio ?icaeiei — “Iaa?oiooaaiiy ciinoo iai?yiia eii?aeeiaoei? ?iaioe
i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii oa oeiee a ?i/iiio oi?aaeiinueeiio
oeeeei”, – aa?o/e ca iniiao ciino ?ic?iaeaiiai i???ioiaiiai iieiaeaiiy
i?i ?aaiiiaeueii i?aaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, aiaeic 24 caeiiiaeaa/eo oa
ii?iaoeaieo aeoia c ieoaiue inaioe, caoaa?aeaeaieo i?aaiaie aea?aeaaii?
caeiiiaeaa/i? i aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee a Oe?a?ii oa Iiiinaioe Oe?a?ie ca ?iee
iacaeaaeiinoi, nie?ath/enue ia ocaaaeueiaiee aeinaiae, aecia/aii iai?yie
ae?yeueiino?, eio?? a ?i/iiio oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei aeiaaathoue
eii?aeeiaoei? iiae i?aaiaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii oa oeieith.
Aecia/aii oaeiae eieueeinoue iiceoeie c eiaeiiai iai?yio. ?acoeueoaoe
oeueiai aea/aiiy ocaaaeueiaii a oaaeeoei 2 (noi??iea 17).

Ia iiaenoaai aiaeico /eiieo caeiiiaeaa/eo oa ii?iaoeaieo aeoia c ieoaiue
inaioe, ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoaoia aea/aiiy aeinaiaeo oi?aaeiinueei?
aeiyeueiinoi ia ?iaii oeiee, iinueeiai (?aeiiiiai) aiaeaeieo, iaeaniiai
oi?aaeiiiy inaioe, iaaeaaiai/ieo iaeae A.N.Iaea?aiea oa
A.I.Nooiieeinueeiai, a oaeiae aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae caeieniaii
iaa?oiooaaiiy ciinoo 13 iai?yiia eii?aeeiaoei? ?i/ii? aeiyeueiinoi
noa’?eoia ?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy ina?oith (iaeaniiai oi?aaeiiiy,
?aeiiiiai (iinueeiai) aiaeaeieo inaioe, oeiee) oa eiaeii? ic 146
iiceoeie ic eii?aeeiiaaieo a ?i/iiio oeeeei aeaeia ?iaio. Ii eiaeiie
iiceoei? aeey eiaeiiai noa’?eoa oi?aaeiiiy aecia/aii oa?iii aeeiiaiiy
?iaio oa iiaenoaao iaia’yceiainoi aianaiiy ?o a ?i/iee ieai ?iaioe, ui
aeieeaa? ic iieiaeaiue oiai /e iioiai caeiiiaeaa/iai /e ii?iaoeaiiai
aeoo c ieoaiue inaioe. Oea ? iniiaith cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeaei oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith a ?aaiiii oa ?ic?iaee iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie uiaei ??
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo.

O ?icaeiei aeeeaaeaii cai?iiiiiaaii iaie ?iiiaaoeieii iiaeoiaee aei
i?aaiicaoei? ?iaioe c ?iciianiaeoieo aeaeia eii?aeeiiaaii?
oi?aaeiinueei? aeiyeueiinoi a nenoaii inaioe ?aaiiio:

–  i?aaiicaoeiy iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe c iaaeaaiai/ieie eaae?aie a ?aeiii
(iinoi) ia iniiai cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ui?i/iiai oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ieaioaaiiy
caeiyoinoi iiniaeoi?nueei-iaoiaee/iiai aia?aoo;

–  caaacia/aiiy a ?aa?ii? aaciai? iiaeaioiaee ae?oae aeioeieueiiai a?eo
aei iaa/aiiy a oeiei, aeeiiaiiy aeiia caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i iaia’yceiainoue
aeioeieueii? inaioe oa aeoiaaiiy aeioae a Oe?a?ii ia iniiai aeei?enoaiiy
iieiaeaiue noaooi 22 Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i inaioo” –
“Nioeiaeueii-iaaeaaiai/iee iao?iiaae o nenoaii inaioe”;

–  i?aaiicaoeiy iiaoaiii? ?iaioe oeie ?aaiiio uiaei i?ioanieii?
i?i?ioaoei?, i?ioanieii? eiinoeueoaoei?, o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy oa
aeoiaaiiy o/iia, ?o i?iaeoeoeaii? i?aoei;

– iiaeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee aace aeaieo i?i noai i ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
iaa/aeueii-iaoa?iaeueii? aace onoaiia inaioe ic a?aooaaiiyi iio?aa a ieo
eiaeiiai ianaeaiiai ioieoo ?aeiio;

–  aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiicaoei? i?iaaaeaiiy aoanoaoei? caaaeueiiina?oi?o
oeie oa caeeaaeia i?ioanieii-oaoii/ii? inaioe ?aaiiio ia iniiai
?ic?iaeaieo aeai?eoiia oeueiai aeaeo oi?aaeiinueei? aeiyeueiinoi oa
iaoiaeeee ?o canoinoaaiiy;

–  aaeineiiaeaiiy iioi?iaoeieii-aiaeioe/iiai caaacia/aiiy oi?aaeiiiy
nenoaiith inaioe ?aaiiio.

Oaaeeoey 2. Ci?no iai?yi?a oa e?euee?noue iiceoe?e c eii?aeeiiaaieo
aeae?a ?ia?o noa’?eo?a ina?oyinueeiai ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy a eiai
??/iiio oeeee?

?? ia- Ci?no iai?yi?a eii?aeeiaoe?? ?iaioe ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a
oi?aae?iiy E?euee?noue iiceoe?e c eii?aeeiiaaieo aeae?a ?ia?o aeey
noa’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy a eiai ??/iiio oeeee?

i?y-i?a ina?oith oa oeiee Iaeania oi?aae?iiy ina?oe ?aeiiiee

a?aeae?e ina?oe Oeiea

? Aca?iiae?y c i?aaiaie a?iiaaenueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy a ina?o? oa
n?i’?th 4 3 4

?? I?aai?caoe?eia ?iaioa c eaae?aie 8 8 8

III Iaoiaee/ia ?iaioa c iaaeaaii/ieie i?aoe?aieeaie 15 20 18

IV Caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy aeiia caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i iaia’yceia?noue
iiaii? caaaeueii? na?aaeiuei? ina?oe 15 20 19

V I?aai?caoe?eia caaacia/aiiy i?aeaioiaee ?ia?oie/eo eaae??a aeey
?aa?iio 6 6 4

VI Noai?aiiy oiia aeey ?icaeoeo cae?aiinoae ? oaeaio?a, aeyaeaiiy
iaaea?iaaieo ae?oae 16 14 11

VII Ioi?iia caei?ia’y ae?oae 9 10 9

VIII Caaacia/aiiy o?iainoaaiy ina?oe 11 10 9

IX Caaacia/aiiy i?ae?o/ieeaie, iaa/aeueieie i?ia?aiaie, iaoiaee/iith
e?oa?aoo?ith oa aeieoiaioaoe??th 8 8 8

O Caaacia/aiiy caa?aaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iaa/aeueii-iaoa??aeueii? aace
onoaiia ina?oe 11 10 9

XI Aoanoaoe?y caeeaae?a ina?oe 2 +13+14 2 +13 2

XII ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ia oa noaoenoe/ia ?iaioa 5 6 5

O??? I?iiaaoaaiiy ina?oe a ?aa?ii?, ca?oi?noue ia?aae oa?eoi??aeueieie
a?iiaaeaie 8 8 8

Anueiai 146 138 114

O oinoiio ?icaeiei – “Ciino ii?iaoeaii iaoiiaeaieo oa neii?aeeiiaaieo
/anoei ?i/ieo ieaiia ?iaioe ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith oa
oeiee” — cacia/a?oueny, ui eiaeia oeiea ia? nai? naiia?yaeii i?aaa, ia?
nai? iaai? iniaeeainoi, nai?, oa?aeoa?ii aeey aeaiiai ia?iiaeo ??
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeiei, naie noaoon oa ?iaaiue inaioiueiai i aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano. Oiio ieai ?iaioe iaeii?? oeiee caaaeaee aoaea aiae?iciyoenue
aiae ieaio ?iaioe iioi?. Aea a ieaii ?iaioe eiaeii? oeiee iiaeiia aooe
ocaiaeaeaia c i?aaiaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii ii?iaoeaii
iaoiiaeaia, iaia’yceiaa aeey ?? aeeiiaiiy /anoeia.

I?iaaaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aai?ea cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy
ina?oith iieacaea, ui iayaiinoue a ?i/ieo ieaiao ?iaioe oeiee, ?aeiiiiai
(iinueeiai) aiaeaeieo inaioe, iaeaniiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioe oaeeo
nei?aeeiiaaieo /anoei cia/ii iieaaoo? aeiyeueiinoue naii? oeiee,
ine?eueee oea ? oaeoe/ii caeeaaeaiei aeai?eoiii ?? ?iaioe a
inaioyinueeiio i?inoi?i ?aaiiio.

Naia ciino oaeeo ieaiia ?iaioe iaeaniiai oi?aaeiiiy, ?aeiiiiai
(iinueeiai) aiaeaeieo inaioe oa oeiee aeeeaaeaii iiiiny/ii a aeaiiio
?icaeiei iiiia?aoi?. Cai?iiiiiaaii no?oeoo?o ?i/ieo ieaiia,
?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei ?o ioi?ieaiiy, aecia/aiiy no?ieia aeeiiaiiy oa ii.

O iineyiiai, nie?ath/enue ia oieinionueei iaea? “nii?iaeiaiinoi i?aoei”
A.N.Neiai?iaee, iieiaeaiiy Eiinoeoooe?? oa Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i ina?oo”,
aenaioeaii no/anii aeiiae aei i?ioanieieo oa ineoieiai-ii?aeueieo
yeinoae i?aoeiaieeia no?oeoo? oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii.

AENIIAEE

1. Aiaeic inoi?i? ?icaeoeo inaioe a Oe?a?ii iieaco?, ui a ?icii /ane ooo
aeiyee ??ci? noa’?eoe ?? i?aaiicaoei? oa ?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy. Aac
ieo ?icaeoie inaioe a ?aaiiiao iaiiaeeeai aoei caaacia/eoe. A i?ioeani
?icaeoeo inaioe oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ?? ye nenoaie aieueo neeaaeieie
iinoaaaee caaaeaiiy uiaei i?aaiicaoei? ?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith ia anio eiai ?iaiyo. Aeineoue aoaeoeaiee, a /anii i
aecia/aeueiee aieea ia ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueieo
inaioyinueeeo oi?aaeiinueeeo no?oeoo? iaea oiai/ania (aeey eiaeiiai
inoi?e/iiai ia?iiaeo) nioeiaeueii-iieioe/ia oa oiiainiai-aeiiiii/ia
neooaoeiy a Oe?a?ii.

2. A no/anieo oiiaao iiaeaeuo?oueny nioeiaeueia cia/ouinoue i?iaeai
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, aiae ae?ioaiiy yeeo cia/iith ii?ith caeaaeeoue
aeiey oei?? aaaeeeai? noa?e aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? iaoiai noni?euenoaa.
Noai, oaiaeaioei?, ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo inaioe, i?iaeaie oeaio?aeicaoei?
oa aeaoeaio?aeicaoei? oi?aaeiiiy inaioiiie i?ioeanaie ia aea?aeaaiiio i
?aaiiiaeueiiio ?iaiyo ? ia’?eoaie oaaae ia oieueee i?ioanieieo
iaaeaaiaia, a e iinoeoooeie caeiiiaeaanoaa oa aea?aeaaiiai oi?aaeiiiy a
onio e?a?iao naioo. Oe?a?ia ia ? aeiyoeii o oeueiio i?ioeani. O iiooeo
iioeiaeueieo aa?iaioia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiiao aeioeieueii
a?aoiaoaaoe ye aeinaiae iaoeo iiia?aaei?o iieieiiue, oae i no/aniee
ca?oaiaeiee aeinaiae. Aea iaoaii/ia ia?aianaiiy ca?oaiaeieo oi?i
?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy inaioith o iaoo i?aeoeeo ia aeanoue aaaeaieo
?acoeueoaoia. Oe?a?ia ia? a?aeiia?aeiee iioaioe?ae ? iaiao?aei? oiiae
aeey ?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nai?? aeanii? aeieo?eie ?aaiiiaeueiiai
oi?aaeiiiy ina?oith.

3. Oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiiao a iiaeo nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieo oiiaao
?icaeoeo a Oe?a?ii ia? aeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaio caeiiiaeaa/o aaco. Iayaii
caeiiiaeaa/i oa ii?iaoeaii aeoe c ieoaiue inaioe aeathoue ciiao
caeienithaaoe aeeaieee no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueiee aiaeic ciinoo
aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith oa ?ic?iaeyoe
iaa?oioiaaii iieiaeaiiy i?i oi?aaeiiiy inaioe iaeanii?, aiaeaeiee inaioe
?aeiiii? aea?aeaaieo aaeiiiino?aoeie, aeeiieiio iinueei? ?aaee.

4. Cinoaaeaiiy ciinoo aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith (ia iniiai ?ic?iaeaieo i cai?iiiiiaaieo iieiaeaiue i?i ieo) oa
ciinoo aeiyeueiinoi onoaiia inaioe (ia iniiai nueiaiaeii aeith/eo
ii?iaoeaii caoaa?aeaeaieo Oeiiaeo iieiaeaiue i?i oei onoaiiae),
ocaaaeueiaiiy iayaiiai aeinaiaeo oa oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie i?iaeai
?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy ina?oith aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui a
?i/iiio oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei ? aeecueei 150 aeaeia ?iaio c oi?aaeiiiy,
eio?i ae?iciythoueny aiaeie?aieaiinoth, iaeii?iaeiinoth,
iiaoi?thaaiinoth i iiaeiii aooe neii?aeeiiaaieie a ?i/iiio ciinoi ?iaioe
ye i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii, oae i onoaiia inaioe oeueiai
?aaiiio. Caeieniaia a aeineiaeaeaiii iaa?oiooaaiiy ciinoo iai?yiia
eii?aeeiaoei? ?iaioe ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith oa oeiee
? iaiaoiaeiei oa ei?eniei iaoa?iaeii aeey eiai aeei?enoaiiy noa’?eoaie
oi?aaeiiiy ?icaeoeii inaioe a ?aaiiii.

5. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo cai?iiiiiaaieo iiaeoiaeia aei oi?ioaaiiy
?i/ieo ieaiia ?iaioe iaeanieo oi?aaeiiue, ?aeiiieo (iinueeeo) aiaeaeieia
inaioe i oeiee, aeei?enoaiiy iienaieo ii?iaoeaii coiiaeaieo oa
neii?aeeiiaaieo /anoei ?i/ieo ieaiia ?oiuei? aeiyeueiinoi nei?ioeoue
caeai aeo?aoe /ano, oice/ieo coneeue, eiooia, ni?eyoeia iiaeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiinoi ?iaioe i?aoeiaieeia iiniaeoi?nueei-iaoiaee/ieo neoaea oa
ea?iaieeia oeie. Canoinoaaiiy ia i?aeoeoei cai?iiiiiaaii? a iiiia?aoi?
nenoaie neii?aeeiiaaii? oi?aaeiinueei? aeiyeueiinoi ii?yae c iioeie
oaeoi?aie oa ?ic?iaeaieie iaoiaeeeaie noai?eoue oiiae aeey aieueo
aoaeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy caaaeueiiinaioiueith oeieith iaa/aeueiiai ieaio,
ni?eyoeia iieiioaiith oe?e?niino? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a
caeeaaeao ina?oe.

I?iaaaeaia aeineiaeaeaiiy aeicaiey? noi?ioethaaoe ?yae ?aeiiaiaeaoeie
uiaei canoinoaaiiy eiai ?acoeueoaoia.

A. A aaeoci aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ia aea?aeaaiiio ?iaii:

–  a?aoiaoth/e cia/iee inoi?e/iee aeinaiae, ieiioiie iiooaeiee
inaioiuei-iaoeiaee iioaioeiae iaoi? aea?aeaae, aeioeieueii iineeeoe
ni?yioaaiiy iaoeiaeo coneeue ia oi?ioaaiiy i aaeineiiaeaiiy aeanii?
inaioiuei?-oi?aaeiinueei? aeieo?eie, ia ?ic?iaeo i?iaeai ieii
caeiiiaeaa/i ooaa?aeaeaieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ia anio eiai
?iaiyo;

–  aeei?enoaaoe iaa?oioiaaiee iaie ciino i???ioiaieo iieiaeaiue i?i
i?aaie ?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy ina?oith oa iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei?
uiaei ?o canoinoaaiiy, aeioeieueii iiaeaoe ia caoaa?aeaeaiiy Eaaiiaoo
Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie i?iaeoe Oeiiaiai iieiaeaiiy i?i oi?aaeiiiy inaioe
iaeanii? aea?aeaaii? aaeiiiino?aoei?, Oeiiaiai iieiaeaiiy i?i aiaeaeie
inaioe ?aeiiii? aea?aeaaii? aaeiiiino?aoei?, Oeiiaiai iieiaeaiiy i?i
aiaeaeie inaioe aeeiiaa/iai eiiioaoo iinueei? ?aaee ye ii?iaoeaii
aeieoiaioe, eio?i iiaeiii a?aoiaoaaoe o nai?e aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueii
i?aaie aea?aeaaii? aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ui
aeanoue ciiao aieueo oeieani?yiiaaii caeienithaaoe aea?aeaaio iieioeeo a
aaeoci inaioe;

–  iaaiai?eoe ic ea?iaieeaie iaeanieo oi?aaeiiue inaioe cai?iiiiiaaii
?ic?iaee uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iioi?iaoeieiiai caaacia/aiiy a nenoaii
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, ocaiaeeoe oa cai?iaaaeeoe a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe ui?i/io
iiaeaioiaeo iioi?iaoeieii-aiaeioe/ieo cai?ieeia ic iaeiioeiiith aacith
aeaieo, ui aeanoue ciiao caeienithaaoe ii?iaiyeueiee aiaeic ?icaeoeo
i?ioeania o nenoaii inaioe Oe?a?ie a oeieiio oa o ?? ?aaiiiao.

A. Ia ?aaiiiaeueiiio ?iaii:

–  aea/eaoe iaoa?iaee aeineiaeaeaiiy uiaei iaa?oiooaaiiy ciinoo iai?yiia
eii?aeeiaoei? ?iaioe i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii oa onoaiia
inaioe a ?i/iiio oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei, cai?iaaaeeoe i?aeoeeo ui?i/ii?
?ic?iaee ocaiaeaeaieo oa neii?aeeiiaaieo /anoei ieaiia ?iaioe ia ?iaii
iaeanoi, ?aeiio, iinoa, oeiee, aeioeieueieo oa iicaoeieueieo caeeaaeia
inaioe, ui aeiiiiiaea i oi?aaeiinueeei no?oeoo?ai, i caeeaaeai inaioe
aeiyoe aieueo aieueii oa aiaaiaii a inaioiueiio i?inoi?i ?aaiiio,
aeanoue cia/io aeiiiiith /ano i coneeue, ui aeo?a/athoueny ia aeeiiaiiy
ii?iaoeaii aecia/aieo oa aeeoo?ai iaiaoiaeieo aeaeia ?iaio;

–  cai?iaaaeeoe a ?aeiii (iinoi) i?aaiicaoeith iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe c
iaaeaaiai/ieie eaae?aie ia iniiai ui?i/iiai oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ieaioaaiiy
caeiyoinoi iiniaeoi?nueei-iaoiaee/iiai aia?aoo;

–  ii?yae ic o?aaeeoeieii aeith/eie oi?iaie caeieniaiiy aeioeieueiiai
aeoiaaiiy aeei?enoaoe cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeeeainoi
nioeiaeueii-iaaeaaiai/iiai iao?iiaaeo a nenoaii inaioe aeey caaacia/aiiy
aaciai? iiaeaioiaee aeioeieueieeia ?aaiiio aei iaa/aiiy a oeiei,
aeeiiaiiy aeiia caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i iaia’yceiainoue aeioeieueii? inaioe a
Oe?a?ii;

–  aeei?enoaoe iienaii a aeineiaeaeaiii iiaeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee oa
oi?ioaaiiy aaieo aeaieo i?i noai i ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
iaa/aeueii-iaoa?iaeueii? aace onoaiia inaioe ic a?aooaaiiyi iio?aa a ieo
eiaeiiai ianaeaiiai ioieoo ?aaiiio, ui o ia?niaeoeai aeanoue ciiao
noi?ioaaoe aaie aiaeiiaiaeii? iioi?iaoei? o ianooaaao aea?aeaae a
oeieiio;

–  cai?iaaaeeoe a i?aeoeeo cai?iiiiiaaio iaoiaeeeo i?aaiicaoei?
i?iaaaeaiiy aoanoaoei? ia iniiai ?ic?iaeaieo aeai?eoiia oeueiai aeaeo
oi?aaeiinueei? aeiyeueiinoi.

A. Ia ?iaii oeiee:

–  ui?i/ii a ?i/ii ieaie ?iaioe aaiaeeoe iienaii a aeineiaeaeaiii
ocaiaeaeaii oa neii?aeeiiaaii c i?aaiaie oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii
ii?iaoeaii iaoiiaeaii aeaee ?iaio, ui aeanoue iiaeeeainoue iaeaaiaeeoe
aei?ao niiai?aoeth iaaeaaiai/iiai eieaeoeao oeiee ic i?aaenoaaieeaie
?aaiiiaeueieo no?oeoo? oi?aaeiiiy inaioith;

–  cai?iaaaeeoe a oeiei cai?iiiiiaaio iaoiaeeeo iiaoaiii? i?aai?caoe??
?iaioe c i?ioanieii? i?i?ioaoei?, i?ioanieii? eiinoeueoaoei?, o?oaeiaiai
iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy o/iia, ?o i?iaeoeoeaii? i?aoei, ui noaia iniiaith
iaeaooiueiai oaoiieiai/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa a Oe?a?ii.

Aei iiaeaeueoeo iai?yiia aeineiaeaeaiiy oei?? i?iaeaie ie aiaeiineii:

1. Iaa?oiooaaiiy ciinoo eii?aeeiaoei? eiie?aoieo aeaeia ?iaioe a ?i/iiio
oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei o ianooiieo eaieao oi?aaeiiiy ina?oith a ?aa?ii?.

Iaeania oi?aae?iiy ina?oe

Caeeaaee i?ioan?eii-oaoi?/ii? ina?oe

2. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeee iioi?iaoeieii-aiaeioe/iiai caaacia/aiiy iiaeaioiaee
oi?aaeiinueeeo ?ioaiue a nenoaii oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ia iniiai
aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueii? oaoiiee.

3. Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy ciinoo, oi?i i iaoiaeia neii?aeeiiaaii?
aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, aeueo
iaaeaaiai/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia ?icieo ?iaiia ae?aaeeoaoei? uiaei
?aaeueiiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie nooiaiaai? iiaeaioiaee oa iiaeaeueoi?
aacia?a?aii? inaioe iaaeaaiai/ieo eaae?ia.

INIIAII ?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss AENA?OEAII

A OAEEO IOAE?EAOe?ssO

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?aaiiii: Iiiia?aoiy. – Oiaeueieoeueeee: Iiaeieey, 1997. – 384 n.

Aea?iainueeee I.I. I?aaiicaoeiy i?iaeoeoeaii? i?aoei o/iia //
?aaeyinueea oeiea. – 1984. – ? 12. – N.3-7.

Aea?iainueeee I.I., Eocue A.A. Oo?aioa i?i nueiaiaeiioi? oa iaeaooi? //
Ii/aoeiaa oeiea. – 1985. – ? 5. – N.42-44.

Aea?iainueeee I.I. Iioeiee ooiaeaiaio – iioeia nenoaia //Aeioeieueia
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Aea?iainueeee I.I. Oeaoiai i?aaiicaoei? iinueeeo ?aiinieeia //
I?ioanieia inaioa. – 1998. –? 1-2. – N.55-56.

Aea?iainueeee I.I. Oiaeueie//eia aaaaoa iaaea?iaaieie iaaeaaiaaie
//Iaaeaaiai/iee ainiee. – 1996.– ?1. – N.3.

Aea?iainueeee I.I. I?i aeayei aniaeoe eii?aeeiaoei?
eiio?ieueii-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe a eaieao oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ?aaiiio //
Iaaeaaiai/iee ainiee. – 1997. – ?2. – N.12-13.

Aea?iainueeee I.I. Oi?aaeiiiy inaioith. sseei eiio aooe ? //
Iaaeaaiai/iee ainiee. – 1997. – ? 1. – N.31-36.

Aea?iainueeee I.I. Oi?ie i iaoiaee niieueii? aeiyeueiinoi i?aaiia
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiii, iinoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy a/eoaeia oa
iaaeaaiai/ieo aocia ii ?aaeicaoei? caaaeaiue iaia?a?aii? iaaeaaiai/ii?
inaioe iaaeaaiai/ieo eaae?ia. – Oiaeueieoeueeee: OeIOAI, 1991. – 35 n.

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caeeaaeia inaioe. –Oiaeueieoeueeee: Iaeaoooy, 1996. – 48 n.

Aea?iainueeee I.I., No?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueiee aiaeic ciinoo
aeiyeueiinoi ?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith. –
Oiaeueieoeueeee: Iaeaoooy, 1997. – 52 n.

Aea?iainueeee I.I., Aieoaiei A.I. I?i caaaeaiiy oa ooieoei? i?aaiia
oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a ?aaiiiao uiaei iinoaoaeiiai aeeiiaiiy iieiaeaiue
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(aianie aeena?oaioa –3 aao.a?e.).

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OIO, 1998. – 116 n. (aianie aeena?oaioa – 2,4 aao.a?e.).

Aea?iainueeee I.I. Aca?iiaeiy iaaeaaiai/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia o
caaacia/aiii ?aaiiio eaae?aie a/eoaeia ii/aoeiai? oeiee. –
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Aea?iaineee I.I. Aeaaiue o/eoaeue: Nai?iee /Ninoaaeoaee A.E.A?eai?aiei,
A.E.Nainiiiaa. – E.: Iieiaeue, 1984. – N.72-80.

Aea?iaineee I.I. Niaaeeiaiea iao/aiey n i?iecaiaeeoaeueiui o?oaeii –
iniiaiia iai?aaeaiea a ?aaioa oeieu ii ainieoaieth iiae?anoathuaai
iieieaiey // Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?aaiecaoeee o?oaeiaiai
iao/aiey, ainieoaiey e i?ioi?eaioaoeee o/aueony. – Aeiiaoee. – 1985. –
N.27-28.

Aea?iainueeee I.I. Aecia/aiiy oi?aaeiinueeeo ooieoeie – aaaeeeaee e?ie
aei ?icoiiiiy nioeiaeueii-iaaeaaiai/ieo iniia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a
?aaiiii // Iaoeiai caienee Oiaeueieoeueeiai iinoeoooo ?aaiiiaeueiiai
oi?aaeiiiy oa i?aaa. – Oiaeueieoeueeee: OI?OI. – 1997. – N. 130-137.

E?ii oiai, iieiaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy ciaeoee aenaioeaiiy o oacao 15
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioeie.

Aea?iainueeee I.I. Nioeiaeueii-iaaeaaiai/ii iniiae oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a
?aaiiii. – Iiiia?aoiy.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiai/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 13.00.01 – oai?iy oa inoi?iy iaaeaaiaiee. –
Iinoeooo iaaeaaiaiee Aeaaeaii? iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeineiaeaeaiii ?ice?eoi ciino aeiyeueiinoi noa’?eoia oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith a ?aaiiiao a ?? inoi?e/iiio ?icaeoeiai a Oe?a?ii. Aenaioeaii
oaiaeaioei? oeaio?aeicaoei? oa aeaoeaio?aeicaoei? oi?aaeiiiy inaioith ia
aea?aeaaiiio i ?aaiiiaeueiiio ?iaiyo o a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oaiaeiie
i?aeoeoei. ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th ? iiaeaeue oi?aae?iiy ina?oith a
?aa?ii?.

Ia iniiai aeith/eo caeiiiaeaa/eo aeoia c ieoaiue inaioe a Oe?a?ii
caeieniaii no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueiee aiaeic ciinoo aeiyeueiinoi
?aaiiiaeueieo i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, ?ic?iaeaii iaa?oioiaaia
i???ioiaia iieiaeaiiy i?i oei i?aaie. Iaa?oioiaaii ciino iai?yiia
eii?aeeiaoei? ?iaioe iaeaniiai oi?aaeiiiy, ?aeiiiiai aiaeaeieo inaioe oa
oeiee a ?i/iiio oi?aaeiinueeiio oeeeei.

Eeth/iai neiaa: oi?aaeiiiy inaioith, ?aaiii, ooieoei? i?aaiia oi?aaeiiiy
inaioith, eii?aeeiaoeiy aeiyeueiinoi noa’?eoia oi?aaeiiiy inaioith a
?aaiiii.

Darmansky M.M. Socio-pedagogical basis of administration of education in
the region. — Monograph.

The dissertation on getting the scientific degree of the candidate of
pedagogical sciences on speciality 13.00.01 – theory and history of
pedagogics. – The Institute of Pedagogics of the Academy of pedagogical
sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The contents of the activity of the subjects of administration of
education in the regions in its historical development in Ukraine are
exposed in this research. The tendences of the centralization and
decentralization of administration of education on the state and
regional levels in native foreign practice are reflected here. The model
and conception of regional direction of education is made.

On the basis of the present legislative and standard acts on the
questions of education in Ukraine structure-functional analysis of the
contents of activity of the regional bodies of administration of
education is realized, approximate statement on these bodies is made.
The contents of the directions of coorditations of the work of the
regional administration, district department of education and school in
annual administrative cycle are grounded.

Key words: administration of education, region, functions of bodies of
administration of education, coordination of the activity of the
subjects on administration of education in the region.

Aea?iaineee I.I. Nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneea iniiau oi?aaeaiey
ia?aciaaieai a ?aaeiia. – Iiiia?aoey.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 – oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. –
Einoeooo iaaeaaiaeee Aeaaeaiee iaaeaaiae/aneeo iaoe Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A enneaaeiaaiee ?anniio?aiu enoi?ey noaiiaeaiey, niaea?aeaiea e iniiaiua
iai?aaeaiey aeayoaeueiinoe ?aaeiiaeueiuo einoeoooeee, eioi?ua
i?aaieciauaaee nenoaio ia?aciaaiey e ?oeiaiaeeee a? ?acaeoeai a ?aaeiiao
Oe?aeiu. ?ane?uoi oa?aeoa?iua iniaaiiinoe noeey, iaoiaeia e
?acoeueoaoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe noauaeoia oi?aaeaiey ia?aciaaieai a
?aaeiiao a aai enoi?e/aneii ?acaeoee. Ioa?aeoa?eciaaii noaoon
nia?aiaiiuo ?aaeiiaeueiuo i?aaiia oi?aaeaiey ia?aciaaieai a Oe?aeia e
aeeiaieeo aai noaiiaeaiey ca aiaeu ainoaea?noaaiiie iacaaeneiinoe.

Inouanoaeaii n?aaieoaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneee aiaeec nenoai oi?aaeaiey
ia?aciaaieai, inaauaii oaiaeaioeee aai oeaio?aeecaoeee e
aeaoeaio?aeecaoeee ia ainoaea?noaaiiii e ?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaiyo a
ca?oaaaeiie i?aeoeea.

Eceiaeaii ?acoeueoaou eco/aiey iooae noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey iao/iie
oai?ee oi?aaeaiey ia?aciaaieai a Oe?aeia. Ia iniiaa inouanoaeaiiiai
aiaeeca eiathueony naaiaeiy iiceoeee iao/iuo ?aaioieeia e
iaaeaaiaia-i?aeoeeia iainiiaaii oeaeaniia?aciinoue iai?aaeaiey iao/iuo
oneeee ia ?ac?aaioeo i?iaeai iuia caeiiiaeaoaeueii ooaa?aeaeaiiuo
i?aaiia oi?aaeaiey ia?aciaaieai a ?aaeiiao ia ?aciuo aai o?iaiyo.

Ia iniiaa aeaenoaothueo caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo e ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia ii
aii?inai ia?aciaaiey a Oe?aeia inouanoaeaii no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeeiiaeueiue
aiaeec niaea?aeaiey aeayoaeueiinoe ?aaeiiaeueiuo i?aaiia oi?aaeaiey
ia?aciaaieai, eceiaeaii aeaaiua eiioeaiooaeueiua iiaeoiaeu e ?ac?aaioea
i?eia?iiai iieiaeaiey ia oi?aaeaiee ia?aciaaieai iaeanoiie, ioaeaea
ia?aciaaiey ?aeiiiie ainoaea?noaaiiie aaeieieno?aoeee e ioaeaea
ia?aciaaiey eniieieoaeueiiai eiieoaoa ai?iaeneiai niaaoa.

Ia iniiaa niaea?aeaiey ?ac?aaioaiiiai i?eia?iiai iieiaeaiey i
?aaeiiaeueiuo i?aaiao oi?aaeaiey ia?aciaaieai, iaiauaiey iiuoa,
ii?aaeaeaiu iai?aaeaiey ?aaio, eioi?ua a aiaeiaii oi?aaeai/aneii oeeeea
o?aaotho eii?aeeiaoeee iaaeaeo i?aaiaie oi?aaeaiey ia?aciaaieai a
?aaeiia e oeieie. Ii?aaeaeaii oaeaea eiee/anoai iiceoeee ii eaaeaeiio
iai?aaeaieth. Ii eaaeaeie iiceoeee, aeey eaaeaeiai noauaeoa oi?aaeaiey
ii?aaeaeaii n?iee eniieiaiey ?aaio e iainiiaaii oeaeaniia?aciinoue
aianaiey eo a aiaeiaie ieai ?aaiou, oae eae yoi i?aaeoniio?aii a
iieiaeaieyo oiai eee eiiai caeiiiaeaoaeueiiai eee ii?iaoeaiiai aeoa ii
aii?inai ia?aciaaiey. Yoi anoue iniiaaiea i?aaeeiaeaiiie eiioeaioeee e
iiaeaee oi?aaeaiey ia?aciaaieai a ?aaeiia e iaoiaee/aneeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
ii eo aiaae?aieth a i?aeoeeo.

I?aaeeiaeaii eiiiaaoeeiiiua iiaeoiaeu e i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou ii
?aciianiaeoiui aeaeai eii?aeeie?iaaiiie oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe a
nenoaia ia?aciaaiey ?aaeiia:

— i?aaiecaoeey iaoiaee/aneie ?aaiou n iaaeaaiae/aneeie eaae?aie a ?aeiia
(ai?iaea) ia iniiaa aiaae?aiey aaeaaiaeiiai
niaeaniaaii-ei??aeoe?iai/iiai ieaie?iaaiey caiyoinoe
einiaeoi?nei-iaoiaee/aneiai aiia?aoa;

— iaania/aiea aaciaie iiaeaioiaee aeioeieueieeia ?aaeiia e iao/aieth a
oeiea, iaania/aiea o?aaiaaiee caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ia iaycaoaeueiinoe
aeioeieueiiai ia?aciaaiey e ainieoaiey aeaoae a Oe?aeia ia iniiaa
eniieueciaaiey iieiaeaiee noaouee 22 Caeiia Oe?aeiu “Ia ia?aciaaiee” –
“Nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneee iao?iiaae a nenoaia ia?aciaaiey”;

— iiaeoiaeu e ?ac?aaioea aacu aeaiiuo i ninoiyiee e ia?niaeoeaao
?acaeoey o/aaii-iaoa?eaeueiie aacu o/?aaeaeaiee ia?aciaaiey n o/aoii
iio?aaiinoe a ieo eaaeaeiai ianaeaiiiai ioieoa ?aeiia;

— oniaa?oainoaiaaiea i?aaiecaoeee i?iaaaeaiey aooanoaoeee oeie e
o/?aaeaeaiee i?ioanneiiaeueii-oaoie/aneiai ia?aciaaiey ?aaeiia ia iniiaa
?ac?aaioaiiuo aeai?eoiia yoiai aeaea oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe e
iaoiaeeee eo i?eiaiaiey;

— oniaa?oainoaiaaiea eioi?iaoeeiiii-aiaeeoe/aneiai iaania/aiey
oi?aaeaiey nenoaiie ia?aciaaiey ?aaeiia.

Iainiiaaii iiiany/iia niaea?aeaiea neii?aeeie?iaaiiuo /anoae aiaeiauo
ieaiia ?aaiou iaeanoiiai oi?aaeaiey, ?aeiiiiai (ai?iaeneiai) ioaeaea
ia?aciaaiey e oeieu, i?aaeeiaeaii no?oeoo?o yoeo ieaiia e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
ii eo ioi?ieaieth.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oi?aaeaiea ia?aciaaieai, ?aaeii, ooieoeee i?aaiia
oi?aaeaiey ia?aciaaieai, eii?aeeiaoeey aeayoaeueiinoe noauaeoia
oi?aaeaiey ia?aciaaieai a ?aaeiia.

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