OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AeA?AEAAIIAI OI?AAE?IIssI?E I?ACEAeAIOIA? OE?A?IE

Aaeiaaiei Noai?neaa Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 330.341.009 (477.51)

NIOe?AEUeII-AEIIII?*I? OA OI?AAE?INUeE? INIIAE

?AOI?IOAAIIss AOIAI?OA?II? NOA?E ?AA?IIO

A OIIAAO IA?AO?AeII? AEIIII?EE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 25.00.04 – ?aa?iiaeueia oi?aae?iiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy

Ee?a 1999Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e
I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?Ne/ ?aaai
Ieeieaeiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?iain?a, aeiiii?ee ? ia?eaoeiao
*a?i?a?anueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo, caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ?
oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,aeaaeai?e AII
Oe?a?ie E?aiaiue Aaneeue A?eai?iae/, i?aceaeaio AII Oe?a?ie, caneoaeaiee
ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aaeaei? ?aai ?aaiiae/, canooiiee
aee?aeoi?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai o?iainiaiai ?inoeoooo i?e I?i?noa?noa?
o?iain?a Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y ea??aieo eaae??a ina?oe
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy
(i. Ee?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “26”ethoiai1999 ?. 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.810.01 a Oe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai??
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:252057,
Ee?a-57, aoe. Aaeaia Iioue?, 20, e.201.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie

(252057, Ee?a-57, aoe. Aaeaia Iioue?, 20).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “25_” _n?/iy_ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Eiaoiiaa I.I.

3

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Anooi. Cae?eniaiiy aeeaieeo ?aoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, noai?aiiy no/anii?
nenoaie noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? aeaiie?aoe/iiai
oi?aae?iiy niiioea? aei iac??eeo ia?aoai?aiue a aoiai?oa?i?e noa??, yea
iieeeeaia caaacia/eoe ?icaeoie oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo ethaeeie,
noaiiaeaiiy iiaeo ?aeaae?a, caa?aaeaiiy o?aaeeoe?e ia?iaeo. Aecia/aia
caaaeaiiy aeooae?co? ?ic?iaeo eiioeaioe?e ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii?
noa?e, i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, aea/aiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
e?auiai a?o/eciyiiai oa ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo o i?aeoeeo oi?aae?iiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia?ao?ae a?ae
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii? nenoaie, ieaiiaiai aaaeaiiy ainiiaea?noaa oa
iiiiiie?cio aei ?eieiai? aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee noai?ea oiiae ?
?aaeuei? iiaeeeaino? aeeth/eoe a ae?th aeiiii?/i?, ethaenuee? oaeoi?e
aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ?icaeoeo
aoiai?oa?ieo nenoai, a?eueo iiaiiai caaacia/aiiy iio?aa noni?euenoaa.

Ca inoaii? ?iee a?aeaoeenue cia/i? ?eieia? ia?aoai?aiiy a aeiiii?/iiio
i?inoi??, ye? i?eaaee aei noaa?e?caoe?? ? iinooiiaiai ia?iuoaaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa, ooaa?aeaeaiiy ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?. A iiaeaeueoiio
iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaea oaeee oaeoi?, ye aaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
? ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy aoiai?oa?iith noa?ith. Aeooaeuei?noue
ieoaiiy a oiio, ui aoiai?oa?i? nenoaie iiaeii? ?aoi?ioaaoenue oaeei
/eiii, uia i?enei?thaaoe ?eieia? ia?aoai?aiiy, a ia aaeueioaaoe ?o.

Ia aeaiiio aoai? ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa aea?aeaaia oi?aae?iiy ia?
aa?oeeaeueio i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue ? nooiaiaao no?oeoo?o aeeiiaa/i? a?eee
aeaaee c aecia/aiei aeey eiaeiiai ??aiy aieeaii ia aeiiii?eo oa
aoiai?oa?io noa?o.

Iniaeeaa i?noea a nenoai? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy caeia? oi?aae?iiy
?aa?iiii (iaeanoue – ?aeii), ye iniiaiith eaieith oa?eoi??aeueiiai
ono?ith aea?aeaae. A aeena?oaoe?? ?aa?ii ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oe?e?nia
nenoaia, yea neeaaea?oueny c aeaio iniiaieo /anoei: ae?iaie/i? noa?e oa
iaae?iaie/i? – aoiai?oa?ii?, ye? aca?iica’ycai?, aca?iicaeaaei?,
aca?iiaeiiiaiththoue iaeia iaeio. ?aoi?ioaaiiy ia?oi? noai?th?
ia?aaeoiiae aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?oai?; ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii?
noa?e iiceoeaii aieeaa? /a?ac iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an, eaae?o?eaoe?th
eaae??a, ?o aeooiaiee ? o?ce/iee ?icaeoie ia ?aa?iiaeueio aeiiii?eo.
Oaeei /eiii aeinyaa?oueny iaoa ?aoi?ioaaiiy noni?euenoaa – noai?aiiy
nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaii? aeiiii?ee, iie?auaiiy aeeoo?aiai ??aiy
ianaeaiiy, ui i?iaeeaa? ia oa?eoi??? ?aa?iio.

I?aeoeea ? oai??y oi?aae?iiy ?aa?iiii, eiai aoiai?oa?iith noa?ith
ciaoiaeeoueny a noai? oi?ioaaiiy ? iio?aao? oaaae ye iaoeiaoe?a, oae ?
i?aeoee?a oi?aae?ioe?a.

Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? aniaeoe aea?aeaaiiai ? ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy
?icaeyioo? a aaaaoueio i?aoeyo a/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a – A.I. Aeaenthea,
O.A. Ao?/aea, ?.A. Aaneeaiea, A.A. Aa?anueeiai, ?.A. Aainiaa,
A.I. A?oo?, I.A. ?i?oaiiaa, A.?. AEo?aaey, I.C. Cao?ianueeiai,
A.I. Eiyc?aa, A.A. Eicaea, A.?. Eieiiieoeaaa, A.?. E?aa/aiea, A.A.
E?aiaiy, N.A. E?enthea, TH.I. Eaaaaeeinueeiai, A.?. Eoaiaiai,
TH.I. Iaeue/eia, A.E. Iaeai?iaee, I.?. Ieaeiee, A.I. Iaeaia?/oea,
A.O. Iiai??eea, A.I. Iiiiia?aiea, I.I. Iiieaanueeiai, A. ?aeooa,
TH.?. ?eia?aiea, A.O. Naa/aiea, A.?. Nai/aiea, ?.I. Ne/a,
A.A. Neo?ao?anueeiai, A.?. Nii?iae?ia, Aeae.TH. Noeaeeoey, A.E. Oaoea/a,
A.A. Oea?oeiaa, A.I. Oaiiaaea, A.Ae. ss?iai/oea oa ?yaeo ?ioeo.

Iaeiae a aeaieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia a iiai?e i??? a?aeia?aaeai?
no/ani? ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe??,
i?iaeaie oi?aae?iiy ?aa?iiii ye oe?e?niith no?oeoo?ith, iaaeinoaoiuei
aea/ai? aca?iica’ycee ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy c eiiieaenii “aeiiii?ea
– aoiai?oa?ia noa?a – ianaeaiiy”. O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeai? oaaae
iio?aao? ?icaeyae aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e ye noeoiiino?
nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaieo nenoai, aaeineiiaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai
oi?aae?iiy ieie ye aeani?noth i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aeaaee, aea/aiiy
no?oeoo?e, iniaeeainoae oa iai?yie?a iiaeaeueoiai ?o ?icaeoeo a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
iia’ycaia c aeeiiaiiyi iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a Oe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai??
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie ii oai?: “Nioe?aeueiee
?icaeoie ? nioe?aeueia iie?oeea: iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ? i?iaeaie
?icaeoeo“ oa *a?i?a?anueeiio oaoiieia?/iiio ?inoeooo? ii oai?:
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee *a?i?a?anueeiai
?aa?iio a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo ia 1997-2000??.”, ? 9-A.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, iieeaaeaieo a iniiao aeena?oaoe??,
aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? aeieoiaio?a: “Iniiai? iai?yiee uiaei
?aae?caoe?? a iaeano? i?ia?aie ae?yeueiino? Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie
ia 1997-2000??.”, ?icii?yaeaeaiiy aieiae *a?i?a?anueei?
iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? a?ae 20.02.1997?., ? 95; “Iniiai? iai?yiee
nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee ia 1997-2000??.”, ?icii?yaeaeaiiy aieiae
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? a?ae 28.11.1997?., ? 649;
“Eiioeaioe?y ?aoi?ioaaiiy oi?aae?iiy ina?oith” iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??
oa “?aoi?ioaaiiy ioi?iie caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy”, ??oaiiy nan??
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeanii? ?aaee a?ae 31.01.1997?.; “?aoi?ioaaiiy
i?ioan?eii-oaoi?/ii? ina?oe iaeano?”, ?icii?yaeaeaiiy aieiae
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? a?ae 31.03.1997?., ? 173.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea
oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oa i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy ?aoi?ioaaiiyi aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e, yea
caaacia/o? a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae i?aeoe/ia cae?eniaiiy aea?aeaaieo oa
?aa?iiaeueieo nioe?aeueieo i?ia?ai.

O iaaeao iinoaaeaii? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aecia/ai? ianooii?
caaaeaiiy:

· aeine?aeeoe ?ieue ? i?noea ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy a no?oeoo??
aeaaee;

· i?iaanoe eiiieaeniee aiae?c oaiaeaioe?e oa caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio ye aaaeeeai? ia?aaeoiiae ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii?
noa?e;

· ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo i?aeoiae?a ? iaoiae?a a
ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a aeaaee aei oi?aae?iiy
ia’?eoaie ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?;

· aeaoe aecia/aiiy iiiyooy “aoiai?oa?ia noa?a ?aa?iio”, ?? nenoai,
i?aenenoai oa aieiaieo eaiie;

· aeine?aeeoe athaeaeao ye ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee yeino? oi?aae?inueei?
i?aoe?, oe?eue oi?aae?iiy oa iniiaiee can?a caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e;

· oaeineiiaeeoe iieacieee ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? caeeaae?a ina?oe,
ioi?iie caei?ia’y, eoeueoo?e oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy a
ia?ao?aeiee aei nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaii? aeiiii?ee ia??iae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a, niinia?a oa oeyo?a aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy ?aoi?ioaaiiyi aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e a oiiaao
noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, cie?aia:

· aecia/ai? oaiaeaioe?? ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio
(noai?aiiy aoaeoeaiiai aeanieea, iiaeieaiiy iiiiiie?cio,
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy iaeia, noai?aiiy eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua ? o. ?i.);
no?oeoo?i? c?ooaiiy a oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?iciiae?e? i?aoe? oa iai?yiee
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/iiai naeoi?o (noaa?e?caoe?y i??i?eoaoieo
aaeocae, aecia/aiiy iaea?eueo eiieo?aioiicaeaoieo no?oeoo?,
?iaanoeoe?eia i?aeo?eiea i?ia?aneaieo ae?iaieoeoa), ye ia?aaeoiiae
oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e;

· aaaaeaii iiaa iiiyooy “aoiai?oa?ia noa?a ?aa?iio” ye noeoii?noue
iaae?iaie/eo nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaieo nenoai, ye?, aca?iiae?th/e,
aca?iiaeiiiaithth/e iaeia iaeio, caaacia/othoue iaaeaiiy iineoa ina?oe,
ioi?iie caei?ia’y, eoeueoo?e, nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, eiai
aeooiaiee oa o?ce/iee ?icaeoie; aiia ia’?aeio? ??ci? ca i?ecia/aiiyi
nenoaie a oe?e?nio no?oeoo?o ca iciaeith ni?eueiino? aaaaoueio ooieoe?e
(caaacia/aiiy aeinoaoiueiai ina?oiueiai oa i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy,
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo /eai?a noni?euenoaa, oi?ioaaiiy aoiai?noe/ieo
?aeaae?a, aaaeaiiy caei?iaiai niiniao aeeooy, caa?aaeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo
o?aaeeoe?e ? o. ?i.), iaoe oa caaaeaiue, aac eiiieaeniiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy
yei? iaiiaeeeaa noai?aiiy nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaii? aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio;

· ?icoe?aii iiiyooy “?aa?ii” ye neeaaeia, aaaaoieiiiiiaioia, aeeiai?/ia,
aaaaoii??ia, ooieoe?iiaeueia, eiiieaenia nenoaia “iaeanoue – ?aeii” c
??cii??aiaaeie ai?eciioaeueieie ? aa?oeeaeueieie ca’yceaie, ciai?oi?ie
aieeaaie oa aioo??oi?ie i?ioeanaie, yea a?aeia?aaea? ?aei?noue
ae?iaie/i? ? aoiai?oa?ii? noa?, aaei?i?no?aoeaiee ono??e, oa?eoi??aeueio
oe?e?ni?noue, ??ciiiai?oi?noue ia’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?
oa ?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue a no?oeoo?? aeaaee aea?aeaae;

· aeyaeai? oa aeine?aeaeai? aeiiii?/i?, aaei?i?no?aoeai?, nioe?aeuei? ?
i?aaia? iai?yiee aca?iica’yceo, aca?iiae?? oa aca?iicaeaaeiino?
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ?aa?iiii c eiiieaenii “aeiiii?ea – aoiai?oa?ia
noa?a – ianaeaiiy” c iaoith caaacia/aiiy eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei iio?aa ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo;

· aeine?aeaeaii athaeaeao ?aa?iio ye ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee yeino?
i?aoe? ea??aieo eaae??a, oe?eue oi?aae?iiy oa can?a caaacia/aiiy
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e;

· iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy e?eoa???a ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? (ni?anoaaiino? aeo?ao ? ?acoeueoao?a,
naiicaaacia/aiiy, ainiiaea?nueei? oa eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, aeiiii??
eioo?a oa ?ano?n?a) a ?iaio? caeeaae?a ina?oe, ioi?iie caei?ia’y,
eoeueoo?e, nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy aaeaeaaoieo no/aniiio aoaio
?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa;

· ?ic?iaeai? oa cai?iaaaeaeai? iia? i?aeoiaee aei ?aoi?ioaaiiy
oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e (ca iai?yieaie ?icaeoeo
ci?noo, oi?i ? iaoiae?a ae?yeueiino?, aaeineiiaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iiai aeieo, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy canaae aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?, i?aeaioiaee oa ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a o a?aeiia?aeiino?
aei no/anieo iio?aa, iacaeaaeiiai ?iniaeoi?nueeiai eiio?ieth) ia
nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?eioeeiao ? iaoeiaiio ?iciiae?e? i?aoe?.

Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/io
iniiao aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue i?aoe? Ieaoiia, A?enoioaey,
I. A?ooaanueeiai, E. Aaaeeeia, A. Aaeoey, I. Aeie?oiueiai, Aeae. Eaeina,
A. Eaiioue?aa, ?. Eoe?iiaa, A. Iiiiaa, I. O?iaeiaia, A. Oaoooaeia,
I. *oia/aiea oa ?i.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iia? caeiie ? i?aecaeiii?
aeoe iaoi? aea?aeaae, a oaeiae eieaeoeai? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
iiiia?ao??, iaoeia? noaoo?, ia??iaee/i? aeaeaiiy oa noaoenoe/i?
caaaeaiiy.

Ci?no iinoaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe?? ieoaiue ?ice?eaa?oueny o na?oe? iiaiai
iie?oeei-aeiiii?/iiai oa i?aaiaiai ieneaiiy c i???ioaoe??th ia
aoiai?caoe?th ? i??i?eoao caaaeueiiethaenueeeo ? iniaeno?nieo
oe?iiinoae. O aeine?aeaeaii? canoiniaothoueny iaoiaee ye
caaaeueiiiaoeiaiai, oae ? i?eeeaaeiiai i?ciaiiy, eiiieaeniee, nenoaiiee
i?aeo?ae, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee, eia?/iee, ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c,
ye? ?ice?eaathoue nooi?noue ?aoi?ioaaiiy – noai?aiiy
nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaiiai noni?euenoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iathoue cia/aiiy
aeey iiaeaeueoiai iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy ?ie? ooieoe?e aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e
?aa?iio a i?ioean? ?aae?caoe?? caaaeaiue ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo;
iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a
nioe?ieia??, oai??? oa ?noi??? aeiiii?/ieo a/aiue oa aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy, iie?oieia??, a ?ic’yniaii? ianaeaiith aeooaeueieo ieoaiue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie. Cai?iiiiiaai? aeniiaee ?
i?iiiceoe?? ni?eyoeiooue iie?ioaiith aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ?icaeoeii
aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e, oaeineiiaeaiith ae?th/iai caeiiiaeaanoaa ? ?ic?iaoe?
iiaeo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ye? ?aaoeththoue noni?euei? a?aeiineie
a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue
noai?eoe iiaeaeue iiiaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano i?e neeaaeaii?
aoc?anueeeo i?ia?ai ? iaa/aeueieo ieai?a, a oaeiae o i?aeaeuaii?
eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a oa i?aoe?aiee?a noa?e i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a ?iaio? *a?i?a?anueei?
iaeanii? aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? o aeaeyae? “Eiioeaioe??
?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e”, a ae?yeueiino? i?noeaaeo i?aai?a
aeaaee o aeaeyae? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e “I?noeaa? iiaeaoee ? nioe?aeueiee
caoeno ianaeaiiy”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaee a
iaaeao aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, cie?aia o?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
eiai iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaea?aeai?
aeena?oaioii iniaenoi. Oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe oa ?aea? aeine?aeaeai?
aaoi?ii naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae? nioe?aeueii? oa aoiai?oa?ii?
iie?oeee oa oi?aae?iiy i?noii a Oe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeyaeaeeny oaeiae ia eaoaae?? o?iain?a, aeiiii?ee ?
ia?eaoeiao *a?i?a?anueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo i?e i?iaaaeaii?
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a noa?? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, oai??? oa ?noi???
aeiiii?/ieo a/aiue, a oaeiae a i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy i?iaeai nioe?aeueii?
iie?oeee neooa/ai aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e a ?inoeooo? i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? eaae??a ?aa?iio.

Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ?
io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia ia?eaiaionueeeo neooaiiyo “Naiaiaea neiaa
a Oe?a?i?” o Aa?oiai?e ?aae? Oe?a?ie (1997 ?.); ia?aaeao a
aaei?i?no?aoe?? I?aceaeaioa c ieoaiue aoiai?oa?ii? iie?oeee oa
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy (1996–1998 ??.); Eaa?iao? I?i?no??a
Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noa? ina?oe Oe?a?ie (1998 ?.); *a?i?a?anuee?e iaeani?e
aea?aeaai?e aaei?i?no?aoe?? (1996 – 1998 ??.); caeiaoo? aeniiaee oa
iieiaeaiiy aeiineeeny oaeiae ia ?icaeyae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e.

Ioae?eaoe?? c oaie. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeeaaeai? a 6 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo aaoi?a caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,6
ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a, iioae?eiaaieo o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo. An? iioae?eiaai?
noaoo? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iaeaaeaoue aaoi?o.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/eee eia?eo ? no?oeoo?o ?iaioe, yea neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a oa aeiaeaoeo. Ianya ?iaioe noaiiaeoue
171 noi??ieo iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aea iaaaaeaii 15 ?enoie?a, 29
oaaeeoeue ? 1 aeiaeaoie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 114
iaeiaioaaiue. Aeiaeaoie ia 6 noi??ieao ia? 5 ?enoie?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O “Anooi?” iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue, aecia/ai? iaoa ? caaaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ioa?aeoa?eciaai? iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aecia/ai? iaoiaeieia?/ia oa
aeaea?aeueia aaca, ie?aneai? a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th oa no?oeoo?o
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e – “Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae ?icaeoeo
aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e”. A aeaiiio ?icae?e? aaoi?ii c?iaeaii aiae?c
no/aniiai noaio aeine?aeaeaiue ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e. Oe?e
i?iaeai? i?enay/aia cia/ia e?euee?noue iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. ?ic?iaeai?
eoeueoo?ii-?ioi?iaoe?eia oai??y ina?oe oa i?eioeeie iaoe?iiaeueii?
ina?oiuei? iie?oeee, aeinoaoiuei aea/ai? iaoiaee nenoaiiiai aiae?co ?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niiai i?aeoiaeo a ioi?ii? caei?ia’y, ?icaeyioo?
iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iioaioe?aeo eoeueoo?e. A iiiia?ao??
Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie “Aeiiii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy” ?ice?eo? ieoaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee oa ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a a
iaae?iaie/?e noa??. Oe?eaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? Na?oiaei aaieii a
?iaio? “Oe?a?ia. Nioe?aeueia noa?a a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae”, aea ia iniia?
aiae?co c?iaeaia ioe?iea nioe?aeueieo i?ia?ai, oa aeeeaaeai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a?aeiinii aae?aniino? nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy.

A oie aea /an a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo ?icaeyaeathoueny ie?aii nenoaie ina?oe,
ioi?iie caei?iay, eoeueoo?e, nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy aac
aeinoaoiueiai aea/aiiy ?o ye /anoeie ?aeeiiai aa?iii?eiiai oe?eiai –
aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e, o ?o aca?iica’yceo oa aca?iicaeaaeiino?. Ia a iiai?e
i??? aeine?aeaeaiee ?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii?
noa?e ia nenoaii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?eioeeiao oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inuee? a?aeiineie ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a aeaaee c
aoiai?oa?ieie nenoaiaie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, iieacaee, ui ia ia?oiio aoai?
?aoi?ioaaiiy oi?aae?inuee? coneeey a iniiaiiio cina?aaeaeoaaeenue ia
aeiiii?/iiio naeoi?? ?aa?iio. ?icaeoie ?eieiaeo i?ioean?a, a?aeiiaa a?ae
noa?eo no?oeoo? ? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy iiaeaaaeee ae?iaieoeoai, noai?eee
ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e. A ?iaio? ?aa?ii
?icaeyaea?oueny ye nenoaia, ui neeaaea?oueny c aeaio iniiaieo /anoei –
ae?iaie/i? ? aoiai?oa?ii? (iaae?iaie/i?), c iine?aeoth/ei aiae?cii ?o
neeaaeiaeo nenoai ? i?aenenoai, aieiaieo ? ae?oai?yaeieo eaiie,
aca?iiae?? a oiiaao o?iainiai? iaaeinoaoiino?, aca?iiith caeaaei?noth,
aieeaii iaeia ia iaeio a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy ?eieo i?e ?aaoethth/eo ae?yo
aea?aeaae.

Ia iniia? aiae?co noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo oa ocaaaeueiaiiy i?aeoe/iiai
aeina?aeo c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui aoiai?oa?ia noa?a ia a iiai?e i???
aeeiio? naith ooieoe?th uiaei caaacia/aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano,
i?aeaioiaee ? ia?aeaae?o?eaoe?? eaae??a o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeiiaaie
?eieo, iaaeinoaoiuei aieeaa? ia iie?auaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe??,
noaio caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy, eiai aeooiaiee ? o?ce/iee ?icaeoie oa
nioe?aeueiee caoeno. A?aenoaaaiiy a?ae oiaeo ?aoi?i a aeiiii?oe? ?
iio?aa noni?euenoaa ni?aaeei iaaaoeaiee aieea ? ia noai naieo
aoiai?oa?ieo nenoai. Niiaeeaath/e a?ey 90 a?aenioe?a ?aa?iiaeueiiai
athaeaeaoo, aiie caeeoathoueny cao?aoieie, a?ii?caeeeie, ia aeineoue
aoaeoeaieie, iathoue aioo??oi? i?iaeaie, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia
iieaoo i?aoe?, eaae?iaa oa iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy. I?ioeano
i?enoinoaaiiy aei ?aae?e, iai?aoethaaiith aeina?aeo aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? a
?eieiaeo oiiaao caaaaea? eiina?aaoeai?noue oi?aae?inueeeo eaae??a.
Oneeaaeith? neooaoe?th e oa, ui ?ai?oa a ina?o? – noai?thaaeenue
iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee aac a?aooaaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe??, iniaeeai a
n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?, a ioi?ii? caei?ia’y – i???ioaoe?y ?iaeeanue ia
noaoe?iia?ia e?eoaaiiy, a eoeueoo?? – ia i?ioan?ei? eieaeoeae, a a
nioe?aeueiiio caoeno? ianaeaiiy – ia i?eueae.

A i?ioean? ?iciiae?eo aeaniino? caeeaaee ina?oe, ioi?iie caei?ia’y,
eoeueoo?e oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo aoee ia?aaeai? o aeani?noue ?aae ?
oi?aae?iiy ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee, iiaeeeaino? yeeo
iaiaaeai? oa iaiaeiaeia?; oea i?eaaei a ?yae? ?aa?ii?a aei iaoai?/iiai
nei?i/aiiy, cae?eooy, e?ea?aeaoe?? caeeaae?a, ?oeioaaiiy oe?e?nieo
nenoai oa iaaooiai iioaioe?aeo.

?aeay ?aoi?ioaaiiy ia i?aeoeoe? iaaei?aaaeaii ni?iuo?oueny aei oace –
i?eaaaeaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e o a?aeiia?aei?noue c iiaeeeainoyie
o?iainoaaiiy. ??aaiue i?iaeai aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e, ?o aino?ioa a
*a?i?a?anueeiio ?aa?ii? iniaeeaa a ca’yceo c oei, ui iaeanoue aa?a?ia,
iaeiianaeaia, c iaeneeaaei?oith a aea?aeaa? aeaiia?ao?/iith neooaoe??th.
C iaoith ?o ae??oaiiy a aeena?oaoe?? aeaia aecia/aiiy iiiyooy
“aoiai?oa?ia noa?a ?aa?iio”, i?ae yeei ?icoi??oueny noeoii?noue
iaae?iaie/eo, nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaieo nenoai, ye? aca?iiae?th/e,
aca?iiaeiiiaithth/e iaeia iaeio, caaacia/othoue iaaeaiiy iineoa ina?oe,
ioi?iie caei?ia’y, eoeueoo?e, nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, eiai
aeooiaiee oa o?ce/iee ?icaeoie. Aeaia iiiyooy oe?oa, i?ae ?ai?oa
aaeeaaia “nioe?aeueia noa?a”, aiii a?eueo iiaii oa?aeoa?eco? iaoo
?aoi?ioaaiiy, eiai i???ioaoe?th ia caaaeueiiethaenuee? oe?iiino? ?
eiie?aoio iniaeno?noue. Aoiai?oa?ia noa?a ia’?aeio? ??ci? ca
i?ecia/aiiyi nenoaie a oe?e?nio no?oeoo?o ca iciaeith ni?eueiino?
aaaaoueio ooieoe?e, iaoe oa caaaeaiue. Nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaia
noni?euenoai iaiiaeeeai noai?eoe aac caaacia/aiiy ?icaeoeo aoiai?oa?ii?
noa?e, ia yeo iieeaaeaii i?aeoe/ia cae?eniaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy.
Aoiai?oa?ia noa?a neeaaea?oueny c /ioe?ueio iniiaieo nenoai – ina?oe,
ioi?iie caei?ia’y, eoeueoo?e oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy. I?ae
nenoaiaie aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e ?icoi?thoueny oe?e?ni? no?oeoo?e, ui
oi?iothoueny c i?aenenoai, eiaeia c yeeo caaacia/o? aeinyaiaiiy
eiie?aoii? iaoe – iaa/aiiy, aeoiaaiiy, e?eoaaiiy, nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy.

Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui i?aenenoaie oaae iathoue naith no?oeoo?o ?
niaoeeo?eo, a oa?aeoa?i? ooieoe?? aeiiiaiththoueny ooieoe?yie, ye?
iathoue ni?eueiee caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?. sse?ac nenoaii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee
i?aeo?ae ? iiaeiai aooe i?aenoaaith aeey ?aoi?ioaaiiy oa aeaeici?i
nenoai c iaoith caaacia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oa iaiao?aeiiai
??aiy ?o ae?yeueiino?.

Iniaeea?noth aoiai?oa?ieo nenoai oaeiae ? oa, ui eiaeia c ieo ia?
aieiaio eaieo (i?aenenoaio), ao?aoa yei? iiaea i?eaanoe aei
aeaoi?iaoe??, a oi e aei e?ea?aeaoe?? an??? nenoaie. Aaoi?ii aeiaaaeaii,
ui a ina?o? – oea na?aaeiy oeiea, a ioi?ii? caei?ia’y – oeaio?aeueia
?aeiiia e?ea?iy, a nioe?aeueiiio caoeno? – oeaio?e nioe?aeueii?
aeiiiiiae, a a eoeueoo?? – ?aeiii? aoaeeiee eoeueoo?e (?en.1).

A aeena?oaoe?? aeaii aecia/aiiy iiiyooy oi?aae?iiy aoiai?oa?iith noa?ith
a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae, ye aieeao ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a aeaaee ia ia’?eoe
aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e c iaoith caa?aaeaiiy oe?e?niino? nenoai,
oii?yaeeoaaiiy caeeaae?a, caaacia/aiiy ye?nieo ia?aiao??a oa
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iio?aaaie ?eieo. I??i?eoaoia
caaaeaiiy – caa?aaeaiiy oe?e?niino? nenoai ? ?o iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo,
iiaea aooe aeinyaiooa ia nenoaii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?eioeeiao
?aoi?ioaaiiy oeyoii aea/aiiy ooieoe?e nenoai ye oe?e?niiai i?aai?cio oa
an?o i?aenenoai, aecia/aiiy oeo c ieo, ye? iiaeii? ci?ithaaoenue,
/anoeiai /e iiai?noth nei?i/oaaoenue, ia?aaeaaaoenue ?ioei i?aenenoaiai,
aai iaa?oue ?ioei nenoaiai aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaiee iaoai?ci ia?aaea/? ooieoe?e aeioe?eueiiai
aeoiaaiiy eiiieaenai oeiea-naae, oeiea-?iaeeia, n?iaeiei aeeoy/ei
aoaeeieai ? o.ae. Ooieoe?y iaaeaiiy na?aaeiuei? ina?oe a
i?ioan?eii-oaoi?/ieo o/eeeuao ia?aaea?oueny na?aaei?i oeieai; oea ia?
aeiiii?/io ? nioe?aeueio ni?yiiaai?noue. Ia’?aeiothoueny oaeiae ooieoe??
i?ioan?eii-oaoi?/ii? ina?oe, e?oea?a, eieaaeae?a, aeueo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a c iaoith iaaeaiiy nooiaiaai? iaia?a?aii? ina?oe iaaea?iaaiei
eaoaai??yi o/i?a. Oae? ae i?aeoe/i? iane?aeee ia? ?aoi?ioaaiiy ? ?ioeo
nenoai aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e. Oaeei /eiii ia ao?a/a?oueny oe?e?ni?noue
nenoai, caa??aa?oueny iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia, iaoeiaa aaca,
i?aeaeuo?oueny aoaeoeai?noue ae?yeueiino?.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa iathoue aeaea?aea o?iainoaaiiy
?aoi?i a aoiai?oa?i?e noa??, ye o?aaeeoe?ei? – athaeaeaoi?, oae ? iia? –
a?aeiia?aei? ?eieiaei oiiaai. Aoiai?oa?i? aaeoc?, ia aoaeo/e a iiaiiio
?icoi?ii? ae?iaie/eie, iathoue i?aenenoaie, ye? caeaoi? aei iaaiiai
naiicaaacia/aiiy, aeiiii?? oa ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeo?a/aiiy eioo?a.
Aeiiii?/ia ae?yeuei?noue noa? iaeiei c i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a a
oi?aae?ii? aoiai?oa?iith noa?ith. Aeoiaey/e c aeine?aeaeaiue, c?iaeaii
aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?icaeoeo
aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e ?aa?iio.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?i ? iaoiae?a aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy ?aoi?ioaaiiyi aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e ?aa?iio” – iieacaii, ui a
oiiaao nei?i/aiiy athaeaeaoieo aneaioaaiue, c?inoaiiy oe?i ia

Aoiai?oa?ia noa?a

12

aia?aiiin??, iaeeai, iaoa??aeuei? ?ano?ne aoiai?oa?ia noa?a ?aa?ii?a
ciaoiaeeoueny a aaaeeiio noai?. A ca’yceo c oeei aaaaoie?aoii c?inoa?
?ieue oaeiai noa’?eoeaiiai oaeoi?o, ye aea?aeaaia oa ?aa?iiaeueia
oi?aae?iiy, iineeaiiy eiai aieeao ia ?aoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane a ina?o?,
ioi?ii? caei?ia’y, eoeueoo?? oa nioe?aeueiiio caoeno? ianaeaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeai? ca’ycee aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy c ?aa?iiaeueiei eiiieaenii
“aeiiii?ea – aoiai?oa?ia noa?a – ianaeaiiy”. Aeiaaaeaii, ui aieiaiith
eaieith a oa?eoi??aeueiiio ono?i? aea?aeaae ? ?aa?ii (“iaeanoue –
?aeii”) – neeaaeia, aaaaoieiiiiiaioia, aeeiai?/ia, aaaaoii??ia,
ooieoe?iiaeueia no?oeoo?a c ??ciiiai?oieie ? ??cii??aiaaeie,
aa?oeeaeueieie ? ai?eciioaeueieie ca’yceaie, ciai?oi?ie aieeaaie,
aioo??oi?ie i?ioeanaie, ye? iiaeooue caa??aaoe aai ii?oooaaoe ??
??aiiaaao ye nenoaie i?e iaaieo ianoaaeiao, a oiio /ene? noa’?eoeaieo
ae?yo i?aai?a aeaaee. Aeyaeaia oaeiae aieiaia eaiea a nenoai?
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy – ?aeiiia aea?aeaaia aaei?i?no?aoe?y (?AeA).

Ia iniia? aiae?co aeiaaaeaii, ui iaeiei ?c /eiiee?a, yeee i?eca?a aei
iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a a ae?yeueiino? aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e ?aa?ii?a aoei
a?aenoaaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a?ae ?eieiaeo i?ioean?a,
i???ioaoe?y i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aeaaee ia aaei?i?no?aoeai? iaoiaee
oi?aae?iiy. Iaeaaaeeea?oa ooieoe?y ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a aeaaee a oiiaao
iaaeineiiaeino? caeiiiaeaanoaa – c’?aeiaoe oeaio?aeueiee no?aoaa?/iee
??aaiue aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy aoiai?oa?iith noa?ith c ae?yeuei?noth
i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, caaacia/eoe ?o ocaiaeaeai?noue,
aca?iiae?th ? aca?iica’ycie, ia’?aeiaoe ni?eueiith iaoith – iie?auaiiyi
aeeoo?aiai ??aiy ianaeaiiy eiie?aoiiai ?aa?iio.

A aeena?oaoe?? aecia/ai? i?eioeeie aca?iiae?? aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aeaaee
?aa?iio ia “aoiae?” c oeie ia’?eoaie oi?aae?iiy, eio?? ae?iaeythoue
i?iaeoeoe?th, caaacia/othoue athaeaeao ? ia “aeoiae?” c oeie, ooi
niiaeeaa? athaeaeao, oiaoi c aoiai?oa?iith noa?ith. Iaa?oioiaaia
iaiao?aei?noue a oiiaao ci?i a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiineiao
ia?aaeyaeo canoinoaaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo oi?aae?inueeeo eaoaai??e. Iieacaii,
ui ia aeaiiio aoai? ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa aaei?i?no?aoeai? iaoiaee
oi?aae?iiy ?aa?iiii oaea ia a?aeiia?aeathoue iio?aaai ia’?eo?a
oi?aae?iiy, anooiathoue c ieie a i?ioe??//y.

Ia?aianaiiy oi?aae?inueeeo aeoeaio?a ia ??aaiue “?aa?iio” aeiaaa? ye?nii
iiaeo ciaiue, oi?iue oa iaae/ie eaae??a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy.
?aoi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo aoiai?oa?ieo nenoai aeiaaa? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiaeo i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo?. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a
iaa?oioiaaiei ? ia?ao?ae a?ae oi?aae?iiy i?aenenoaiaie aoiai?oa?ii?
noa?e aei nenoaii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?eioeei?a. No?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy
nenoaiith ina?oe, yea ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny, aaeaeaaoia no/aniiio aoaio
?icaeoeo ?aa?iio, caeaoia ?aaaoaaoe ia i?ieeao neooaoe?th a
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio i?inoi??. Aecia/ai? oaeiae i?ia?aie ? oa?i?ie
iiaoaiiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy ?ioeo nenoai aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e.

Ia iniia? aiae?co noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo i?i noai aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e
?ic?iaeai? iieacieee ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? ?? caeeaae?a, ye? a?aoiaothoue
ye o?aaeeoe?ei? aeiiae, oae ? iia? noaiaea?oe, ii?iaoeae oa caaaeaiiy. A
?eieiaeo oiiaao ia ia?oee ieai aeoiaeyoue iieacieee aoaeoeaiino?
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Oiio ae?yeuei?noue aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e a oiiaao ?eieo
ia?aaeaa/a? anoaiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ae io?eiaieie ?acoeueoaoaie ?
iiianaieie aeo?aoaie (i?eioeei aeiiii?/iino?). Ia i?eeeaae? ae?yeueiino?
caeeaae?a ina?oe i?iiiio?oueny ocaaaeueithth/ee iieaciee aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? aeey aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e (nenoai ? i?aenenoai) ca oi?ioeith:
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, (1)

aea Ae – caaaeuei? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ia oo?eiaiiy (athaeaeaoi? ?
iicaathaeaeaoi?);

C – caaaeuei? aeo?aoe anoaiiaeththoueny ca noaooyie.

Ae = Aea + Aea + Aei + Aen + Ae?io?, (2)

aea Aea – ieaiia? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?ae athaeaeaoo;

Aea – aeioiaee a?ae ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?;

Aei – aeioiaee a?ae ieaoieo iineoa;

Aen – niiini?nueea aeiiiiiaa;

Ae?io? – aeioiaee a?ae ?ioeo aeae?a eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Uiaei oiia caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? caeeaae?a aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e a
ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae, oi ae??oaeueiei ? ?ano?niee iioaioe?ae, eaae?iaee
neeaae, ni?anoaai?noue oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? ? caaaeaiue aoiai?oa?ii?
iie?oeee, a?aeiia?aei?noue e?eoa???a ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? no/aniiio
aoaio ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa, niaoeeo?ea ?aa?ii?a ? o.ae.

A ca’yceo c oei, ui aoiai?oa?i? nenoaie iathoue ni?euei? ooieoe??,
ae??oothoue ?yae caaaeueieo caaaeaiue, aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie i?i
c?inoaiiy eii?aeeioth/i? ?ie? aoiai?oa?ieo a?aeae?e?a iaeanieo oa
?aeiiieo aea?aeaaieo aaei?i?no?aoe?e, iniaeeai a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae.

O?ao?e ?icae?e – “I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci aca?iiae??
?aa?iiaeueiiai athaeaeaoo c aoiai?oa?iith noa?ith” – i?noeoue
aeine?aeaeaiiy athaeaeaoo ye aieiaiiai ?ino?oiaioo aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy ii eiiieaeniiio ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio, ?ioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea
yeino? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe?, oe?e? oi?aae?iiy, caniao caaacia/aiiy
aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e, ae?eiaiai oaeoi?o cai?ioiiai aieeao ia ae?iaieoeoai.
Nenoaiaoe/iee aiae?c athaeaeaoo, aeaea?ae iaaeoiaeaeaiue ? iai?yie?a
aeo?ao ? ?iaeeeaoi?ii noaio ni?aa a ?aa?ii?, aea? iiaeeea?noue ?iaeoe
nai?/ani? aeniiaee, ci?ithaaoe aaeoi? oi?aae?inueeeo coneeue, aiineoe
iaa?oioiaai? ei?aeoeae a no?aoaa?th ? oaeoeeo ?aoi?ioaaiiy, ni?ey?
iinooiiaiio a?aeoiaeo a?ae aaei?i?no?aoeaieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy.

A aeena?oaoe?? aea/ai? i?aeoe/i? aniaeoe aca?iiae?? athaeaeaoo ?
aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e ia i?eioeei? aaeaino iaaeoiaeaeaiue ? aeo?ao,
iiaeeeainoae ? iio?aa. Athaeaeao ca’yco? ?aa?ii a ?aeeiee i?aai?ci,
oe?e?nio nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io nenoaio. ?ic?iaea, i?eeiyooy oa
cae?eniaiiy athaeaeaoo iciaea naiino?eiino? ?aa?ii?a o ae??oaii?
ia?niaeoeaieo ? iioi/ieo caaaeaiue, i?aeaeuo? a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue
i?aaio aeaaee ca noai ni?aa. sse?ac aeinoaoi?noue iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei
athaeaeaoo o??aiiaaaeo? ?aa?ii ye ooieoe?iiaeueio, aaaaoieiiieaenio
nenoaio (?en. 2), aea niinoa??aa?oueny iiaea?eia, cai?ioia
aca?iicaeaaei?noue ia’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?ee ? aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e.
I?ae aieeaii ?aaoethth/eo oaeoi??a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeee eiiieaen caaacia/o? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei
athaeaeaoo; i?aai aeaaee, yeee ea?o? athaeaeaoii, o?iaino? aoiai?oa?io
noa?o ? a cai?ioiiio iai?yieo ?iaanooth/e ae?iaieoeoai oa aieeaath/e ia
iueiai /a?ac aoiai?oa?io noa?o – iaoeo, ina?oo, ioi?iio caei?ia’y oa
eoeueoo?o; noeioeth? ??no ae?iaieoeoaa, ui ciiao aea? i?e??no
iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei athaeaeaoo. Cia/ia /anoeia eioo?a /a?ac athaeaeao
aeei?enoiao?oueny oaeiae ia nioe?aeueiee caoeno iai?aoethth/iai
ianaeaiiy.

A ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae caciathoue ci?ie ooieoe?? athaeaeaoo ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?. A ?iaio? cae?eniaii aiae?c ooieoe?e athaeaeaoo
?aa?iio, ye o?aaeeoe?eieo – o?iainoaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e,
i?iaiicoaaiiy, oiiaiiaaaeaiiy, eiio?ieth, oae ? i?eoaiaiieo ?eieiaiio
i?inoi?o – eiieo?aioe??, iaiaaeaiiy, i?ei??oecaoe??, a?iithaaiiy ?
no?aooaaiiy, niieo/aiiy, ?ioi?iaoe??, eii?aeeiaoe??, ia’?aeiaiiy ? o.
?i. Ia iniia? ni?anoaaeaiiy aeo?ao athaeaeaoo oa aecia/aiiy ?o
cia/eiino? aeey nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio c?iaeaii
aeniiaie, ui aieiaiith ooieoe??th athaeaeaoo ? o?iainoaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii?
noa?e, a a oe?e /anoei? caaacia/aiiy i?aeaioiaee eaae??a aeey
athaeaeaoii? oa ?ioeo aaeocae o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei iio?aa.

A ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aoiai?oa?ia noa?a iaaeinoaoiuei c?aaaoaaea ia
ia?ai???ioaoe?th noni?euenoaa a?ae aeao?oeeoo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a aei
c?inoaiiy aac?ia?ooy. A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii ia?aaeuaiiy
i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee iaae iiieoii, aeyaeai? iaa?aeiia?aeiino?,
iniaeeai a ?aa?iiao c e?eoe/iith neooaoe??th, cai?iiiiiaai? i?aeoiaee
aei oyaeaiiy neooaoe??, aecia/ai? aieiai? oa ae?oai?yaei? /eiieee, ye oi
?icaeoie aeiiii?ee oa ?io?ano?oeoo?e, ?iaanoeoe??, i?aeaioiaea eaae??a,
aeaiia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y ? o. ?i., ye? caaacia/othoue ??aiiaaao ia ?eieo
i?aoe?. Ia iniia? aiae?co c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui an? ooieoe?? athaeaeaoo
a o?e /e ?io?e i??? aieeaathoue ia ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e.

A iiaeo oiiaao ci?iththoueny ia o?eueee ooieoe?? athaeaeaoo, a e iaoiaee
eiai oi?ioaaiiy. A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaiee aeey i?noeaaeo athaeaeao?a, ye
iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiee i?e aeao?oeeo? iaaeoiaeaeaiue, “ioeueiaee iaoiae”,
eiee athaeaeao oi?io?oueny ia a?aeiia?aeiee ??e c ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??th
ai?a?a ieioeeo ia??iae?a.

?en. 2. Ooieoe?iiaeueia i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ia iiaeaeue ?aa?iio
“Ao?ae-Aeo?ae”

18

AENIIAEE

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy aoiai?oa?ia noa?a ?aa?iio ia a iiai?e
i??? aeeiioaaea aieiaio ooieoe?th – caaacia/aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai
i?ia?ano, i?aeaioiaee ? ia?aeaae?o?eaoe?? eaae??a, iie?auaiiy
aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe??, noaio caei?ia’y, aeooiaiiai oa o?ce/iiai
?icaeoeo ianaeaiiy, eiai nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo. A?aenoaaaiiy a?ae oiaeo
?aoi?i a aeiiii?oe? oa iio?aa noni?euenoaa ni?aaeei iaaaoeaiee aieea ?
ia noai naieo nenoai aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e. Ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ?yae caaaeueieo aeniiae?a.

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co noaio oa oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio ia i?eeeaae?
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aeaaee *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano? aecia/ai? i??i?eoaoe
oa iai?yiee iiaeaeueoiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee ye ia?aaeoiiae
aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e. Iaa?oioiaaia
iaiao?aei?noue aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo iaoiae?a ? nooiai?a aieeao aea?aeaaieo
i?aai?a aeaaee ia ??ci? ca aeani?noth ia’?eoe ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa
canoinoaaiiy iiaeaethaaiiy oi?aae?inueeeo a?aeiinei, ooai?aiiy
oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? a?aeiia?aeieo aeeiai?/i?e neooaoe?? ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo.

2. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiiio ono?i? aea?aeaae aaciaei ??aiai ?
?aeii, a a no?oeoo?? aeaaee a?aeiia?aeii – ?aeiiia aea?aeaaia
aaei?i?no?aoe?y. Aieiaia caaaeaiiy iieyaa? o aaeineiiaeaii? ??
aca?iiae?? c ?ioeie a?eeaie oa ??aiyie aeaaee, iineeaii? eii?aeeiaoe??,
onoiaiiy i?ioe??/ caeiiiaeaa/iai oa?aeoa?o oeyoii aeaeaaoaaiiy
iiaiiaaaeaiue oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeiaia??ieo iaoai?ci?a.

3. Aecia/aiiy niaoeeo?ee ?aa?iio, aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo
iniaeeainoae, aieiaieo eaiie, i??i?eoaoieo “oi/ie ?inoo” aeaei
iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe i?yiee aca?iica’ycie ? aca?iicaeaaei?noue ii e?i??
“aeiiii?ea – aoiai?oa?ia noa?a – ianaeaiiy” oa aecia/eoe oeyoe
iiaeaeueoiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy, aianoe ei?aeoeae oa iaa?oiooaaoe
iaiao?aei?noue iineeaiiy ?aaoethth/eo oaeoi??a c aieo aea?aeaaieo ?
?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a aeaaee ia o?ae ?aoi?i.

4. Aaaaeaiiy iiiyooy “aoiai?oa?ia noa?a ?aa?iio” oa aecia/aiiy ?? nenoai
? i?aenenoai, caaaeueiino? ? niaoeeo?ee ooieoe?e a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae
aeaei iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i a?aenoaaaiiy ?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy
a?ae i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a noni?euenoa?, aecia/eoe iai?yiee oa
ei?aeoe?th ooieoe?e, a oaeiae cae?enieoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy ?yaeo oi?aae?iue
ia nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiio i?eioeei?.

5. Aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ioeaaiai i?iaeoeoo ae?yeueiino? aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e,
ye oaeiai, ui a iaoa??aeueiiio ae?ac? i?iyaey?oueny /a?ac iaai?
ia??iaee, aeicaieeei aecia/eoe iieacieee yeino? ?? ?iaioe, a oaeiae
e?eoa??? ioe?iee ae?yeueiino?, aeiiiaieoe ?o iieacieeaie o/ano? a
?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiiyo, ?aaaoaaiiy ia ci?ie a iaoa??aeueiiio na?aaeiaeu?
ia iniia? iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe??, naiicaaacia/aiiy oa aeiiii?? eioo?a ?
?ano?n?a.

6. Aeiaaaeaia iaiaa?oioiaai?noue i?aeoiaeo ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a aeaaee
aei ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e ia i?eioeei? i?eaaaeaiiy ?? o
a?aeiia?aei?noue aei iiaeeeainoae o?iainoaaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii
?aoi?ioaaiiy ia nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiio i?eioeei?, caa?aaeaiiy ?
?icaeoie aieiaieo eaiie, oa nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao ca ?aooiie ia?a?iciiae?eo
ooieoe?e, ia?aaeyaeo ooaoieo ?iceeaae?a, ia’?aeiaiiy caeeaae?a oa
noai?aiiy iiaeo, a?eueo aoaeoeaieo nenoai. Aecia/aia iaoa ?aoi?ioaaiiy –
aii?yaeeoaaiiy, caa?aaeaiiy iiceoeaieo iaaeaaiue, iie?auaiiy ye?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ? caaacia/aiiy iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo ia aac? a?o/eciyiiai
oa ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo.

7. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ie? ? i?noey athaeaeaoo ye ?ioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea
yeino? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe?, aieiaiiai ?ino?oiaioa aeaaee, oe?e?
oi?aae?iiy ? caniao ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e aeaei
iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui caaacia/aiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe,
ioi?iie caei?ia’y, eoeueoo?e, nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo, ? aieiaiith
ooieoe??th athaeaeaoo ? eiai iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe ia iniia? aaeaino
iio?aa ? iiaeeeainoae, iaaeoiaeaeaiue ? aeo?ao. Aea/aiiy athaeaeaoo ia
iniia? noaie “ao?ae-aeo?ae” iieaco?, ui a?i ca’yco? ?aa?iie a ?aeeiee
i?aai?ci, oe?e?nio ooieoe?iiaeueio nenoaio. A ?iaio? c?iaeaii aeniiaie
i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?noeaaeo iiaeaoe?a, ca?eueoaiiy
?o ieoiii? aaae a caaaeueieo iaaeoiaeaeaiiyo.

8. A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaii ?yae i?ioe??/ ? iaa?aeiia?aeiinoae ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? – i?ae ??cieie a?eeaie oa ??aiyie aeaaee, iio?aaaie
ianaeaiiy ? iiaeeeainoyie ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, caaaeaiiyie, ye?
iieeaaeai? ia aoiai?oa?io noa?o, ?? o?iainoaaiiyi oa
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iei caaacia/aiiyi, i?ae ??ciei aeiiii?/iei noaiii
?aa?ii?a ? iaiao?aei?noth aeeiiaiiy caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a, iio?aaaie
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ? eaae?o?eaoe??th eaae??a; aeacai? oeyoe ? iai?yiee
?o iineaaeaiiy ? onoiaiiy.

9. ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aieiaai ?aeiiieo aea?aeaaieo
aaei?i?no?aoe?e uiaei iie?ioaiiy oi?aae?iiy ?aa?iiaie a ia?ao?aeiee
ia??iae, ye? iieyaathoue a aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? i?aeoiae?a aei ia’?eo?a
??cieo oi?i aeaniino?, i???ioaoe?? ia aeiiii?/i? iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy,
iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaioe c eaae?aie oa ?aca?aii
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a ? ?o iaa/aiiyi c iaoith i?enei?aiiy aaeaioaoe??
aei iiaeo oiia.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Aaeiaaiei N.I. I?i aeaye? aniaeoe aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
?aoi?ioaaiiyi aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e ia *a?i?a?auei? // I?noeaaa
naiia?yaeoaaiiy. – 1997. – ? 5-7. – N. 100-114.

2. Aaeiaaiei N.I. Aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ?aa?iiii // A?niee OAAeO. –
1998. – ? 1. – C. 114-126.

3. Aaeiaaiei N.I. Oi?aae?iiy ina?oith a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae. Noai,
oaiaeaioe??. Iai?yiee ?aoi?ioaaiiy oa e?eoa??? ioe?iee // A?niee OAAeO.
– 1998. – ?3. – N. 176-181.

4. Aaeiaaiei N.I. Athaeaeao ? oi?aae?iiy aoiai?oa?iith noa?ith ?aa?iio
// A?niee *a?i?a?anueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. “Aeiiii?ea”. – 1998.
– ?5. – N. 26-34.

5. Aaeiaaiei N.I. Aaeineiiaeaiiy oiia caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
aoiai?oa?ieo nenoai ia iniia? iaoeiai? i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?inueei?
i?aoe? // A?niee *a?i?a?anueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. “Aeiiii?ea”.
– 1998. – ? 7. – N. 157-162.

6. Aaeiaaiei N.I. ?aa?iiaeuei? aniaeoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy // A?niee *a?i?a?anueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.
“Aeiiii?ea”. – 1998. – ? 7. – N. 162-168.

Aiioaoe?y

Aaeiaaiei N.I. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa oi?aae?inuee? iniiae
?aoi?ioaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e ?aa?iio a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.
– ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 25.00.04 – ?aa?iiaeueia
oi?aae?iiy. – Oe?a?inueea Aeaaeai?y aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e
I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

A ?iaio? cae?eniaii eiiieaeniee aiae?c iaoai?ci?a ?aa?iiaeueiiai
oi?aae?iiy ?aoi?ioaaiiyi aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e. ?icaeyioo? ia?aaeoiiae,
oaiaeaioe?? ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee
iaoai?ci ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe, ioi?iie caei?ia’y, eoeueoo?e oa
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo. Aecia/aii ciai?oi? oa aioo??oi? /eiieee, ye?
caaacia/othoue ??aiiaaao aoiai?oa?ieo nenoai. Aeine?aeaeaii
aca?iica’ycie ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy c eiiieaenii “aeiiii?ea –
aoiai?oa?ia noa?a – ianaeaiiy”. Aeiiiaiai? iieacieee ioe?iee
ae?yeueiino? caeeaae?a aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e, ye? a?aoiaothoue ?? o/anoue a
?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiiyo. Cai?iiiiiaai? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy, aaeaeaaoi?
iio?aaai ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo. I?iaiae?ciaaii athaeaeao, ye
?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee yeino? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe? oa eiai ooieoe??.

C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i oa, ui caaeainiaaiee athaeaeao ca’yco? ?aa?ii a
?aeeiee eiiieaen, oe?e?nio nenoaio, caaacia/o? eiai ??aiiaaao, aeeiio?
aieiaio ooieoe?th – o?iainoaaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? noa?e. Aeiaaaeaii
c?inoaiiy ?ie? i?noeaaeo iiaeaoe?a ? cai??a o ae??oaii? ieoaiue
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aoiai?oa?ia noa?a, ?aa?ii, ?aa?iiaeueia oi?aae?iiy,
?eieia? ia?aoai?aiiy, nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee i?aeo?ae, ia?ao?aeiee
ia??iae, ?icaeoie, aca?iicaeaaei?noue, oaiaeaioe??, iieacieee, iai?yiee,
ooieoe??, iiaeae?, iaoiaee.

Aiiioaoeey

Aaeiaaiei N.I. Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea e oi?aaeai/aneea iniiau
?aoi?ie?iaaiey aoiaieoa?iie noa?u ?aaeiia a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaeiie
yeiiiieee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 25.00.04 – ?aaeiiaeueiia
oi?aaeaiea. – Oe?aeineay Aeaaeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey i?e
I?aceaeaioa Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

A ?aaioa inouanoaeai eiiieaeniue aiaeec iaoaiecia ?aaeiiaeueiiai
oi?aaeaiey ?aoi?ie?iaaieai aoiaieoa?iie noa?u. Eco/aii ninoiyiea e
iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey iniiaiuo nenoai aoiaieoa?iie noa?u – ia?aciaaiey,
io?aiu caei?iauey, eoeueoo?u e nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey. Aeieacaii,
/oi nenoaiu eiatho oeaeue ?yae iaueo ooieoeee, caaea/ e i?iaeai; eo
iauaaeeiyao iauay oeaeue – nicaeaiea nioeeaeueii-i?eaioe?iaaiiiai
iauanoaa. I?aaeiinueeaie aeey ?aoi?ie?iaaiey aoiaieoa?iie noa?u
yaeythony ?uii/iua eciaiaiey a yeiiiieea ?aaeiia. Iaaethaeathony
neaaeothuea oaiaeaioeee: onei?aiea ?uii/iie o?ainoi?iaoeee
i?iecaiaenoaa, ooaa?aeaeaiea ?acee/iuo oi?i nianoaaiiinoe, noaaeeecaoeey
yeiiiie/aneeo iieacaoaeae. Ia aeaiiii yoaia aeooaeueiinoue
?aoi?ie?iaaiey aoiaieoa?iuo nenoai iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony eo aeeyieai ia
yeiiiieeo /a?ac iao/ii-oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann, iiaeaioiaeo eaae?ia,
oece/aneia e aeooiaiia ?acaeoea ?aaioieeia.

Ia i?aeoeea eaeay ?aoi?ie?iaaiey ?aaeiiaeueiuie i?aaiaie aeanoe
oi?iuaaony aei oacena i?eaaaeaiey aoiaieoa?iie noa?u a niioaaonoaea n
aiciiaeiinoyie oeiaine?iaaiey, /oi i?ioeai?a/eo aeaaiie oeaee
?aoi?ie?iaaiey – nicaeaieth nioeeaeueii-i?eaioe?iaaiiiai iauanoaa.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaeeiaeai nenoaii-ooieoeeiiaeueiue iiaeoiae e
?aoi?ie?iaaieth aoiaieoa?iie noa?u, i?aaeiieaaathuee ?acaeoea aeaaiuo
caaiueaa, ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea e ia?aaea/o ooieoeee eae aioo?e nenoai, oae
e iaaeaeo nenoaiaie.

Aaaeiay ?ieue a ?aoi?ie?iaaiee i?eiaaeeaaeeo oaeiio oaeoi?o, eae
?aaeiiaeueiia oi?aaeaiea. A ?aaioa ?anoe?aii iiiyoea “?aaeii”, eae
nenoaiu “iaeanoue – ?aeii”, ninoiyuae ec aeaoo iniiaiuo /anoae –
yeiiiie/aneie e aoiaieoa?iie noa?, io?aaeathuae aaeieieno?aoeaiia
ono?ienoai, oa??eoi?eaeueioth oeaeinoiinoue e ?aaeiiaeueiue o?iaaiue
aeanoe. Enneaaeiaaia acaeiinaycue ?aaeiiaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey n eiiieaenii
“yeiiiieea – aoiaieoa?iay noa?a – ianaeaiea”. Aeieacaii, /oi i?e iaee/ee
?acee/iuo oi?i nianoaaiiinoe i?ei?eoaoiuie noaiiayony yeiiiie/aneea
iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey. ?ac?aaioaia iiaeaeue oi?aaeaiey ?aaeiiii, iniiaiia
ianoi ioaiaeeony niaa?oainoaiaaieth oi?aaeaiey aoiaieoa?iie noa?ie.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua no?oeoo?u oi?aaeaiey, aaeaeaaoiua
iio?aaiinoyi ia?aoiaeiiai ia?eiaea, ?aaioathuea ia
nenoaii-ooieoeeiiaeueiii i?eioeeia e iao/iie i?aaiecaoeee o?oaea.

I?iaiaeece?iaai athaeaeao eae eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue ea/anoaa
oi?aaeai/aneiai o?oaea, oeaeue oi?aaeaiey, iniiaiie oaeoi? iaania/aiey
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aoiaieoa?iie noa?u. Eco/aiu ana aniaeou
acaeiiaeaenoaey athaeaeaoa n aoiaieoa?iie noa?ie ia iniiaa aaeaina
iinooieaiee e ?anoiaeia, a oaeaea aiciiaeiinoae e iio?aaiinoae.
Aeinoaoi/iinoue iinooieaiee a athaeaeao o?aaiiaaoeaaao ?aaeii, eae
ooieoeeiiaeueioth, iiiaieiiiiiaioioth nenoaio. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca
athaeaeaoiuo ioiioaiee ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ?aaeiiaeueiui i?aaiai
aeanoe ioiineoaeueii iiauoaiey ?iee ianoiuo iaeiaia a iaania/aiee
aoiaieoa?iie noa?u e nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey.

A ?aaioa aeiiieiaiu iieacaoaee ioeaiee aeayoaeueiinoe aoiaieoa?iuo
nenoai, iniiaiuie ec eioi?uo a ia?aoiaeiie ia?eiae yaeythony iieacaoaee
yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aoiaieoa?iay noa?a, ?aaeii, ?aaeiiaeueiia oi?aaeaiea,
?uii/iua i?aia?aciaaiey, nenoaiii-ooieoeeiiaeueiue iiaeoiae, ia?aoiaeiie
ia?eiae, ?acaeoea, acaeiicaaeneiinoue, oaiaeaioeee, iieacaoaee,
iai?aaeaiey, ooieoeee, iiaeaee, iaoiaeu.

Summary

S.M.Vdovenko. Social-economic and management principles in the
humanitarian sphere of a region through transformation in the new
economic conditions. — The manuscript.

Dissertation for a Candidate’s degree in State Management on speciality
25.00.04 — the Regional Management. — The Ukrainian Academy of State
Management at the cabinet of President of Ukraine, Kyeve, 1998.

In this thesis has been carried out the comprehensive analysis in
mechanism of the regional management of transformation in humanitarian
sphere. A functional-system mechanism of changes has been worked out in
education, health protection, culture and in social security. Some
external and internal factors have been determined providing the balance
of humanitarian systems. A great deal of research work has been done in
examining the association of regional management with “economy —
humanitarian sphere — population” complex. The added figures of the
results in the activities of the humanitarian educational establishments
have been admitted in the new changes of economy. Proposed managing
structures meet transforming period needs. Budget as a performance index
of management quality and its functions have been analysed. One can come
to conclusion that the balanced budget provides its constant level and
carries out the main function — financing the humanitarian sphere. The
grouth of the local taxes and duties is considered in solving problems
concerning the questions of social protection of population.

Key words: humanitarian sphere; region; regional management; market
transformation; system-functional approach; transition period;
development; interdependency; tendencies; indexes; directions;
functions; models; methods.

Похожие записи