IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AEIIII?EI-I?AAIAEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 331.5 (477)

IAE?OIA Aiae??e Aiaoie?eiae/

NIOe?AEUeII-AEIIII?*I? ANIAEOE

OI?IOAAIIss ?AA?IIAEUeIIAI ?EIEO I?AOe?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.10.01 — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?

?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a I?eacianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie (i. Ia??oiieue).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A??o/aiei Aaiiaae?e ?aaiiae/,

Iae??anueeee aeiiii?ei-aoiai?oa?iee ?inoeooo

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?ieiiaiei Ieeiea Aeieo?iae/,

?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino?

IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Aeiiaoeuee),

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo i?iaeai ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iao?iniaa Ethaeieea Ieeiea?aia,

No?aeiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie (i. Eoaainuee),

aeioeaio eaoaae?e oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie

? aeiiii?/ii? oai???

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie (i.
Ee?a),

a?aeae?e aeiiii?ee
i?aoe? ? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “30” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?-ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae11.170.01 a ?inoeooo?
aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 340048,
Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 77.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 340048,
Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea,77.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 21” na?iiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A?ai?o A. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ea?aeeiaeuei? ia?aoai?aiiy, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a
oe?a?inuee?e aeiiii?oe? a inoaii? ?iee, iia’ycai? c ia?aoiaeii a?ae
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-ieaiiai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaith aei ?eieiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy, i?eaaee aei cia/ieo ci?i a on?o noa?ao
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? noni?euenoaa. A?aenooi?noue i?e
oeueiio a Oe?a?i? ?aeeii? eiioeaioe?? ?aoi?i, ?o iaiine?aeiai?noue ?
iaeiiieaeni?noue, iiiiiaeai? ia ?ia?oi?noue noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?,
aeeeeeaee oae? iaaaoeai? nioe?aeuei? iane?aeee, ye iaae?iiy aeeoo?aiai
??aiy, ??no oe?i, ?ioeyoe?y, aac?ia?ooy oa ?i.

Aeina?ae aaaaoueio e?a?i iieaco?, ui i?e ia?aoiae? aeiiii?ee ia ?eieiao
iiaeaeue ?icaeoeo i?iaeaia noai?aiiy ? caaacia/aiiy iaoai?cio
aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? ? iaei??th c iaeneeaaei?oeo. C
iaeiiai aieo, ?eiie caeaoiee a cia/i?e i??? i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o noni?euenoa?. C ?ioiai aieo, ?eieia?
ia?aoai?aiiy o noa?? o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei iaieio/a i?eaiaeyoue aei iecee
iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a. Aac?ia?ooy, ye iaeia c iaeoai?iaeea?oeo i?iya?a
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, yaeyth/enue ?acoeueoaoii eiieo?aioii? ai?ioueae ia
?eieo i?ae iaeiaieie ?ia?oieeaie, iaeii/anii neoaeeoue iiaooi?i caniaii
oeneo ia caeiyoeo o?oaeiaith ae?yeuei?noth. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaoai?ci?a ni?eyiiy iiai?e oa aoaeoeai?e caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ?
i?i?i?caoe?? nioe?aeueieo iane?aee?a aac?ia?ooy a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee ia? aaeeea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia cia/aiiy.

Caaaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? o eiioaeno? noaiiaeaiiy aeiiii?ee
?eieiaiai oeio ? aeooaeueiei aeey Oe?a?ie ? icia/a? noai?aiiy
i?eioeeiiai iiai? eiioeaioe?? caeiyoino?. Neeaaei?noue iieyaa? a oiio,
ui /a?ac neeo ia’?eoeaii i?enooi?o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo iniaeeainoae
aeiaeia c ?nioth/eo o ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao iiaeaeae ?eieo i?aoe? ia iiaea
aooe canoiniaaia a iaoeo oiiaao o cia/iiio ianyc?. A oie aea /an, i? a
yeiio ?ac? ia iiaeia a?aeeeaeaoe aaee/aciee aeina?ae, iaeiie/aiee oeeie
e?a?iaie o ieoaiiyo ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei. Oiio ae?ae
aeooaeueiith ? i?iaeaia aaeaioaoe?? caaaeueiina?oiaiai aeina?aeo i?e
ae?iaeaii? iie?oeee iaoi? aea?aeaae a iaeano? caeiyoino?.

Aa?oi a?aecia/eoe, ui aei iaaeaaiueiai /ano oe?a?inuee? aeiiii?noe, ye
i?aaeei, i?eae?eyee oaaao caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiei (iae?iaeiiii?/iei)
aniaeoai ?eieo i?aoe?, ia a?aoiaoth/e ?aa?iiaeueio niaoeeo?eo noa?e
caeiyoino?. Iaeia/a, oaeee i?aeo?ae iaa?yae /e iiaeia aaaaeaoe
aoaeoeaiei. Caaaeueiia?aeiii, ui nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua
?aa?ii?a iiina?aaeeiaaii caaaeueiei noaiii aeiiii?ee e?a?ie. A?aooaaiiy
oa?eoi??aeueieo iniaeeainoae i?e ae?iaeaii? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee, cie?aia, a iaeano? caeiyoino?, iiaea iii’yeoeoe iaaaoeai?
iane?aeee ? ciaioeoe nioe?aeueio iai?oao a ianooaaao an??? aea?aeaae.
Oaeei /eiii, ieoaiiy ?ic?iaee oa aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?aaoethaaiiy
i?ioean?a a noa?? caeiyoino? oa aac?ia?ooy ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, yea
a?aoiao? nooi?iue ae?? ??cieo oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia ?eiie i?aoe?,
? ?? ianooiiiai i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy iaiao?aeii a?aeianoe aei /enea
aeooaeueieo. I?e oeueiio, aeaia iaoiaeeea iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia
caaaeueieo i?eioeeiao ? caeiiii??iinoyo, aeanoeaeo oe?a?inuee?e
aeiiii?oe?, a?aoiaoth/e a oie aea /an niaoeeo?eo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei o ?aa?ii?.

Ana aeuaaeeeaaeaia ? coiiaeth? aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeinue o iaaeao ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
I?eacianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. ?iaioa
i?iaiaeeeanue o eiioaeno? iniiaieo aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai, ni?yiiaaieo ia
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaiaoeeith
eaai?aoi??? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co ? i?iaiicoaaiiy IAeOO:
“I?iaiicoaaiiy aeeiai?ee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a i?iieneiaiai
?aa?iio i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie”, oeo? 15(91)N (1991-1993 ??.), “Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeai i?aai?caoe?? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie ia ?eieiao iooue ?icaeoeo c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae
I?eacianueeiai ?aa?iio”, oeo? 24(94)N (1994-1996 ??.) oa
“Nenoaiaoecaoe?y oa iioei?caoe?y iaoiaeeee ? iaoiaeieia?? i?aai?caoe??
i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a c aoiai?oa?iith oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith
ina?oith o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao oaoi?/iiai i?io?eth (ia i?eeeaae?
I?eacianueeiai ?aa?iio)”, oeo? 9(97)N (1997-1999 ??.).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ioe?iea aieeao caaaeueieo ? oa?eoi??aeueii-niaoeeo?/ieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a ia oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?eieo i?aoe?, a oaeiae, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a o
noa?? caeiyoino? ?aa?iio.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe i?ae /an i?ioeano aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

aeyaeoe ?ieue ? cia/aiiy ?eieo i?aoe? o noaiiaeaii? ? ooieoe?iioaaii?
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee;

ooi/ieoe ? eeaneo?eoaaoe ieceo iiiyoue ? aecia/aiue, oa?aeoa?ecoth/eo
noai ?eieo i?aoe?, caeiyoino? ? aac?ia?ooy, noiniaii aei ?aaeueii?
aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe??;

e?eoe/ii inieneeoe ??ci? eiioeaioe?? ?eieo i?aoe?, i?iaiae?coaaoe ?
nenoaiaoecoaaoe a?o/eciyiee ? ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae ?aaoethaaiiy
i?ioean?a o?oaeicaeiyoino? a oiiaao e?eciaiai noaio aeiiii?ee, a oiio
/ene?, ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?;

i?iaiae?coaaoe ? ocaaaeueieoe i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae oi?ioaaiiy ?
?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueiiai (i?e?i??aiaaiai) ?eieo i?aoe? o eiioaeno?
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? (iae?i??aiaai?) aeeiai?ee i?ioean?a
o?oaeicaeiyoino?;

aeyaeoe ? nenoaiaoecoaaoe caaaeueiiaea?aeaai? ?
oa?eoi??aeueii-niaoeeo?/i? oaeoi?e, ye? /eiyoue aaaiiee aieea ia
oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?;

iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue ae?iaeaiiy iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei
?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae a noa?? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy;

?ic?iaeoe iniiai? iieiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii?
noa?e caeiyoino? ia i?eeeaae? eiie?aoiiai ?aa?iio c ia?aaaaeii
i?iieneiaith niaoe?ae?caoe??th, aaeineiiaeeoe i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee
uiaei oeueiai;

ioe?ieoe ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? ? noa?e caeiyoino? (ia
i?eeeaae? I?eacianueeiai ?aa?iio) c o?aooaaiiyi ?aa?iiaeueii?
niaoeeo?ee.

sse ?acoeueoao ae??oaiiy eiiieaeno iinoaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
caaaeaiue ia caoeno aeiinyoueny ianooii? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy:

1. Oaca i?i oa, ui ia ?icaeoie i?ioean?a ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo i?aoe?
e??i caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae, aeanoeaeo aeiiii?/i?e nenoai? aea?aeaae
a oe?eiio, aieeaathoue ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino?, aiane?aeie /iai
iaiiaeeeaa oeaio?ae?ciaaia ?aaoethaaiiy eieaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?
?aeeieie iaoiaeaie.

2. Oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui aaciaei ??aiai aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee
caeiyoino? iiaeiai aooe ?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue ?aaoethaaiiy, ui
aeicaieeoue a?aooaaoe oa?eoi-??aeueio niaoeeo?eo.

3. Iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo
i?aoe? oa ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a o noa?? caeiyoino? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio
??ai? ?aae?co?oueny oeyoii ae?? ia iniiai? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia oe? i?ioeane.

Ca i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy acyoi aeeiai?eo noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ? ??
caeaaei?noue a?ae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?eiie i?aoe? ? noa?a caeiyoino? I?eacianueeiai
?aa?iio Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?.

Oai?aoe/iith oa iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iineoaeeee caeiie Oe?a?ie, oeace I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie ? iinoaiiae
Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, ye? noinothoueny ??cieo aniaeo?a aeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae i?aoe? ca?oa?aeieo ? a?o/eciyieo aeiiii?no?a c
ieoaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo aniaeo?a ?aa?iiaeueii?
iie?oeee noiniaii ?eieo i?aoe?, caeiyoino? oa aac?ia?ooy. sse
?ioi?iaoe?eia aaca aeei?enoiaoaaeenue noaoenoe/i? aeai?
(nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/i?, aeiiii?/i?, ae?iaie/? oa ?io? iieacieee),
i?aeaioiaeai? aea?aeaaieie oa ?aa?iiaeueieie i?aaiaie noaoenoeee ?
neoaeaaie caeiyoino?, a oaeiae iia?aeiieaiiy a ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo.
Aeiaeaoeiaei aeaea?aeii ?ioi?iaoe?? iineoaeeee aeani? nioe?ieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, a oaeiae — ?acoeueoaoe ?ioeo
nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?eieo i?aoe?, caeiyoino? oa aac?ia?ooy.
I?ae /an ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee iaoeiai? aano?aeoe??,
aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai oa a?ao?/iiai aiae?co.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A i?ioean? aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee io?eiai? oae? iia? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

ooi/iaii ci?no iiiyoue “?eiie i?aoe?”, “caeiyo?noue”, “iiaia
caeiyo?noue”, “aac?ia?ooy”, aaeaioiaaii noiniaii aei oiia aeiiii?ee
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo eaoaai??eio eeaneo?eaoe?th neeaaeiaeo ?eieo
i?aoe?;

oeyoii aiae?co aeeiai?ee ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? a Oe?a?i? ye ia
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio (iae?i-), oae ? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio (i?e?i-) ??aiyo
aeyaeaii iniiai? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? /eiieee, ye? aieeaathoue ia
i?ioeane o noa?? caeiyoino?;

iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue i?eae?eaiiy a?eueoi? oaaae ?aa?iiaeueiei
aniaeoai oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? a e?a?i?;

aeiaaaeaii, ui niaoeeo?ea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa?eoi???
iaoiiaeth? ??cio aeeiai?eo i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny ia ?eieo
i?aoe?, aiane?aeie /iai iaiiaeeeaa oi?oa?ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae uiaei
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy;

iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue i?eeiyooy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ??aiy
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ye aaciaiai;

i?iaaaeaii nioe?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?, iieaciee?a
caeiyoino? oa aac?ia?ooy o I?eacianueeiio ?aa?ii?;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a a ?aa?iiaeuei?e noa??
caeiyoino? oa aaeineiiaeaii i?aai?caoe?ei? i?aeoiaee aei ?icaeoeo ?eieo
i?aoe? a ?aa?ii?, ui ia? i?iieneiao niaoe?ae?caoe?th;

aeyaeaii oa nenoaiaoeciaaii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?, aeaiia?ao?/i?,
aoii-iie?oe/i?, oa?eoi??aeueii-aaia?ao?/i? oa ?io? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? (ia i?eeeaae? I?eacia’y);

aeaii ioe?ieo aieeao ?aa?iiaeueii? niaoeeo?ee (cie?aia, niaoe?aeueii?
aeiiii?/ii? ciie oa niaoe?aeueiiai ?aaeeio ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?)
ia ?eiie i?aoe? I?eacia’y.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

1. Aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? i?noyoueny a ?iaio?, ni?eythoue
?icoe?aiith iaoiaeieia?/ii? aace nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co
i?iaeai caeiyoino? ? aac?ia?ooy ? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
oai?aoe/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo i?iaeai noai?aiiy iaoai?cio
aoaeoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?. Nenoaia aeaiaio?a aeiiii?/ii?
eii’thieoo?e iiaea noaoe iniiaith aeey iiaoaeiae ?aa?iiaeueii? iiaeae?
?eieo i?aoe?.

2. ?ic?iaeai? a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaoiaee/i?
iieiaeaiiy oa aaeineiiaeai? i?aai?caoe?ei? i?aeoiaee iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? ?aa?iiaeueieie neoaeaaie caeiyoino? a i?aeoe/i?e
ae?yeueiino?.

3. Nenoaiaoecaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aiae?co oaeoi??a
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe oe?
aeai? aeey aea/aiiy ?ioeo naeoi??a ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee.

4. ?aeaioe/i?noue i?ioean?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
aenieio?aai?ciaaieo oa?eoi??e i?aaeiy ? noiaeo Oe?a?ie aeicaiey?
aaeaiooaaoe canoiniaaio noaio aeine?aeaeaiiy aei aiae?co eieaeueieo
?eie?a i?aoe? ?ioeo i?iieneiaeo ?aa?ii?a e?a?ie.

5. Oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? aeey aeeeaaeaiiy eo?n?a “Aeiiii?/ia oai??y”, “?aa?iiaeueia
aeiiii?ea”, “Aeiiii?ea oa nioe?ieia?y i?aoe?”.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?eeiyo? aei canoinoaaiiy aeeiiaa/ei eii?oaoii
Ia??oiieuenueei? i?nueei? ?aaee ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a, a oaeiae, ieceith
i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e I?eacianueeiai ?aa?iio i?i ui ? a?aeiia?aei?
aeia?aeee.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? ?aea? ? ?ic?iaee, cae?eniai? a
iaaeao aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aaenoaaeai? a aeai?e ?iaio?,
cie?aia, o?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeeiiai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi. ?aea? ni?aaaoi??a
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue aeena?oaioa o ?iaio? aeei?enoai? ia aoee, ine?eueee ia
a?aeiineeenue aaciina?aaeiuei aei i?aaeiaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ?
aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia III
(ea?oaiue 1996 ?.), IV (ea?oaiue 1997 ?.) oa VI (ea?oaiue 1999 ?.)
Ia??oiieuenueeeo ?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo oao?aoe?a “Acianoaeue — 99”
(Ia??oiieue, 1999 ?.), ia ui??/ieo (1995-1998 ??.) iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo, iaoeiaeo
ni?a?ia?oiee?a oa ani??aio?a I?eacianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe cae?enithaaeinue
iiaoaiii, a?aeiia?aeii oiio, ye aeeiioaaeanue ?iaioa.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei iioae?eiaaii
10 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 16,8 ae. a., c ieo iniaenoi
aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 16,5 ae. a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
neeaaea? 194 noi??iee eiii’thoa?iiai iaai?o. Aeena?oaoe?y ai?uo? 28
iaethie?a, 14 oaaeeoeue, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, yeee iae?/o? 226
iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ?
caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aecia/ai? i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoa iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeoaaii? ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae ?eieo i?aoe? ? caeiyoino?”
?ice?eaa?oueny iaoeiaa iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui ?eiie i?aoe?, aenooiath/e o
yeino? i?aai?/iiai eiiiiiaioo caaaeueiiaeiiii?/iiai ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio,
? iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie.

I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaii nooi?iue cia/ouino? ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
o o?oaeia?e noa?? aeey noaiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie a oe?eiio. A
aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui ?eiie i?aoe? iin?aea? oeaio?aeueia
i?noea a aeiiii?oe?. Oeae oaeo coiiaeth?oueny oei, ui noa’?eoaie aeaiiai
?eieo, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo, ? ethaee, ui iaaea? eiio oi?eaeueiino?.
Noa’?eoii iiieoo ia i?aoeth aenooiathoue ?iaioiaeaaoe?, a noa’?eoii
i?iiiceoe?? — ?ia?oieee, ye? ? iin?yie ?iai/i? neee. A aeena?oaoe??
aeaoaeueii ?icaeyaea?oueny ieoaiiy i?i oa, ui ? ia’?eoii ?eieo i?aoe?, ?
?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui oiaa?ii ia aeaiiio ?eieo ? i?aoey, a ia ?iai/a
neea. Nooue yaeu, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny ia ?eieo i?aoe?, ?ice?eaa? nenoaia
a?aeiinei, ye? oi?iothoueny ia aa?o?ni?e iniia? i?ae aeanieeaie cania?a
ae?iaieoeoaa ? iaeiaieie i?aoe?aieeaie c i?eaiaeo caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo ia
i?aoeth i?aei?e?ioe?a ? iio?aae a ?iaio? ii iaeio ye o aeaea?ae?
i?eaooeo ?ia?oiee?a.

I?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe aoei ooi/iaii oa?i?iieia?th iiiyoue “?eiie
i?aoe?”, “caeiyo?noue”, “iiaia caeiyo?noue”, “aac?ia?ooy” noiniaii aei
oiia ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee, a oaeiae eeaneo?eiaaii eaoaai??ei? neeaaeia?
oeeo iiiyoue.

Ine?eueee ?eiie i?aoe? ? anaioiiethth/ei ? aaaaoia?aiiei iiiyooyi, oi
eiai iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe a aeae?eueeio ?iinoanyo: ye iaoai?ci ?iciiae?eo
? ia?a?iciiae?eo i?aoe?; ye aeayeee i?ino??, ia yeiio o?oae?aieee ?
?iaioiaeaaoe? aca?iiae?thoue i?ae niaith; ye nenoaio aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei o o?oaeia?e noa??. Iaiao?aeii oaeiae a?ae??ciyoe iaeanoue
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ? iaae? ?eieo i?aoe?. ?eiie i?aoe? o “aocueeiio”
?icoi?ii? iiaeia aecia/eoe ye iaoai?ci aca?iiae?? iiieoo ia i?aoeth ?
i?iiiceoe?? i?aoe?, yeee anoaiiaeth? ia?aiao?e oe?ie oa aa?oino? i?aoe?
? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oiiae o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei. “Oe?iea” aeao?i?oe?y
?eieo i?aoe? i?aaenoaaey? niaith i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiao ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io nenoaio ni?eueii? i?aai?caoe?? noa?e i?aoe? ?
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy c o/anoth o?oaeyueo, ?iaioiaeaaoe?a, aea?aeaae ?
i?ioni?eie. A oe?eiio ae ?eiie i?aoe? aa?oi ?icaeyaeaoe ye ?ioaa?oth/a
iiiyooy, yea aeeth/a? a naaa eiiieaen a?aeiinei c i?eaiaeo oi?ioaaiiy oa
aca?iiae?? iiieoo ia i?aoeth ? i?iiiceoe?? i?aoe?, a ye?e ao?eththoueny
ae?iaie/? cae?aiino? ethaeeie, ui ooieoe?iiothoue o ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?
o oi?i? iniaiaiai eai?oaeo ? ?aae?cothoueny /a?ac nenoaio a?aeoai?aiiy,
?iciiae?eo, ia?a?iciiae?eo i?ae ?aa?iiaie, naeoi?aie aeiiii?ee ? noa?aie
aeaniino?.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeaoaeueii ?icaeyioo? iniiai? neeaaeia? ?eieo i?aoe?,
na?aae yeeo aeae?eythoueny: iiieo ia i?aoeth, i?iiiceoe?y i?aoe?,
eii’thieoo?a ? ?io?ano?oeoo?a ?eieo, aa?o?noue ? oe?ia i?aoe?,
eiieo?aioe?y, ?aca?a ?iai/i? neee. Iiieo ia i?aoeth oi?io?oueny i?ae
aieeaii: caaaeueiiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie, oaiaeaioe?e
aeiiii?/ii? aeeiai?ee, no?oeoo?ieo ci?i o oi?iao aeaniino?,
caaacia/aiino? aeiiii?ee ?ano?naie, eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua, neooaoe??
a e?aaeeoii-o?iainia?e oa ?iaanoeoe?ei?e noa?ao, ianya?a
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Ia oa?aeoa? i?iiiceoe?? i?aoe?
aieeaathoue oae? oaeoi?e, ye: aeaiia?ao?/iee neeaae ianaeaiiy,
i?a?aoe?eia aeoeai?noue, ??aaiue aeeooy, ??aaiue ina?oe ? i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee, iioeaaoe?y caeiyoino?.

Iieacieee caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ? iaeieie c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeiiii?ee. Caeiyo?noue ia? nooo?aee aieea ia ?icaeoie
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? no?oeoo?e aea?aeaae. A?aeiineie caeiyoino?
aeeth/athoue o naaa: iiooe ?iaioe ? ?iai/i? neee, ii?yaeie iaeiaiiy ?
ca?eueiaiiy ?ia?oiee?a, oiiae ? ci?no i?aoe?, anoaiiaeaiiy ??aiy ??
iieaoe, iaa/aiiy ? i?aeaioiaeo eaae??a, ?o i?ioan?eio iia?euei?noue.
Noa?a iiea/oaaii? caeiyoino?, cae/aeii a iaaeao iaaiiai ?aa?iio, aaeoc?
aai a?oie i?ioan?e, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiiyooyi “?eiie i?aoe?”.

I?ae caeiyo?noth aa?oi ?icoi?oe noeoii?noue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei c i?eaiaeo ii?aeiaiiy iniaiaiai /eiieea ae?iaieoeoaa c
?a/iaei, a?aeia?aaeath/eo o/anoue ?ia?oieea a o?oaeiaiio i?ioean? c
iaoith noai?aiiy iaoa??aeueieo ? (aai) ?ioeo aeaa ia oiiaao
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iieaoe, yea a caaacia/oaaea eiio (?ia?oieeo)
a?aeiia?aeiee nioe?aeueiee noaoon. Caeiyo?noue, ye ? ?eiie i?aoe?, ?
aaaaoii??iith eaoaai???th, ui aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy o
oai??? ? ia i?aeoeoe? oaeeo aeae?a caeiyoino?, ye iiaia, i?iaeoeoeaia,
nioe?aeueii-ei?enia, ?aoe?iiaeueia, aoaeoeaia. Iiaia caeiyo?noue
ianaeaiiy iiaeiia a?aeia?aaeaoe iiaeeea?noue iaaeaiiy an?i aaaeath/ei
i?aoeacaeaoiei a?iiaaeyiai i?aaa iiea/oaaii? ?iaioe o aea?ai?e noa??
o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? o a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c cae?aiinoyie, iieeeeaiiyi,
ina?oith, i?ioan?eiith i?aeaioiaeith.

I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii i?e/eie ? iane?aeee
aac?ia?ooy, yea ? i?e?iaeiei eiiiiiaioii ?eieo, a oaeiae, ooi/iaii
eeaneo?eaoe?th eiai aeae?a. Aac?ia?ooy ciooo? aea?aeaao ianoe
iai?iaeoeoeai? aeo?aoe ia iaaeaiiy iaoa??aeueii? aeiiiiiae oei, ooi
ao?aoea ?iaioo, iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia aeeoo?aee ??aaiue ianaeaiiy,
aeeeeea? noai ineoieia?/ii? iai?oae ye o naieo aac?ia?oieo, oae ? o
a?iiaaeyi, ye? ?eceeothoue ao?aoeoe ?iaioo. Iiceoeaiee aieea aac?ia?ooy
neeaaea?oueny o oi?ioaaii? ?aca?ao ?iai/i? neee, ui iaaea? iaaii?
aeanoe/iino? ae?iaieoeoao. Ii a?aeiioaiith aei aac?ia?ooy ?nio? aeaa
i?eioeeiiai ??cieo i?aeoiaee: aai i?aeo?eioaaoe iaeneiaeueii iiaio
caeiyo?noue, aai aeiionoeoe ?nioaaiiy iaaiiai ??aiiaaaeiiai ??aiy
aac?ia?ooy, ui iaceaa?oueny i?e?iaeiei ??aiai. A oiiaao ?eieo ae?oaee
oeyo a?eueo aoaeoeaiee.

Na?oiaa aeiiii?/ia aeoiea ia? aaaaoee oai?aoe/iee ? i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae
a inieneaii? i?iaeai caeiyoino? ? i?e/ei aac?ia?ooy. O ?iaio?
i?iaiae?ciaaii aaiethoe?th oai?aoe/ieo i?aeoiae?a ??cieo aeiiii?/ieo
oe?e aei i?ioean?a ia ?eieo i?aoe?. Cia/io oaaao aoei i?eae?eaii oaeei
eiioeaioe?yi, ye eeane/ia, eaein?ainueea, iaieeane/ia,
?inoeoooe?iiaeueia oa ?i. Aea/aiiy ??cieo iiaeaeae ?eieo i?aoe? ?
caeiyoino? iieacaei, ui aeai? oai?aoe/i? eiioeaioe?? ia iiaeooue aooe a
iiaiiio ianyc? aeei?enoai? o i?aeoeoe? ?eieiaiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy
ie?aii? e?a?ie aai ?aa?iio. Aeey Oe?a?ie ? ei?eniei i?aeo?ae, caniiaaiee
ia canoinoaaii? aeayeeo iieiaeaiue ??cieo oai?aoe/ieo iiaoaeia, ye?
iiaeia aaeaiooaaoe aei oiia ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Eiiieaeniee aiae?c ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?”
?ice?eaa?oueny oaca i?i oa, ui ia ?icaeoie i?ioean?a ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio
?eieo i?aoe?, e??i caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae, aeanoeaeo aeiiii?/i?e
nenoai? aea?aeaae a oe?eiio, ?iaeyoue aieea ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino?,
aiane?aeie /iai noa? iaiiaeeeaei oeaio?ae?ciaaia ?aaoethaaiiy eieaeueieo
?eie?a i?aoe? ?aeeieie iaoiaeaie. Ia iniia? oe??? oace noi?ioeueiaaia ?
iaa?oioiaaia iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui aaciaei ??aiai aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee
caeiyoino? iiaeiai aooe ?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue, ui aeicaieeoue
a?aoiaoaaoe oa?eoi??aeueio niaoeeo?eo.

Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy aeuacaaaeaii? oace, ia?o ca ana, i?iaiae?ciaaii
aeeiai?eo ?eieo i?aoe? acaaae? a Oe?a?i? ? aeyaeai? oaiaeaioe?? eiai
noaiiaeaiiy. I?e oeueiio iniaeeao oaaao aoei i?eae?eaii oiio oaeoo, ui
aeiiii?ea iaoi? aea?aeaae ? ia?ao?aeiith ? iana a nia? aeaiaioe ye
?eieiaiai, oae ? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeiiai oei?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy.
?nioth/a a Oe?a?i? niaoeeo?ea o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei ii?aeio? aenieee
??aaiue i?eoiaaiiai aac?ia?ooy c oe?ieeie ianooaaaie ye o?eeoe?eiiai,
oae ? cano?eiiai aac?ia?ooy. Ia oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? a iaai?e i???
aieeaathoue ia ?eieia? oaeoi?e, a niaae ae?iaieoeoaa, aeeeeeaiee
?ic?eaii ?nioth/eo ?ai?oa ainiiaea?nueeeo ca’yce?a. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei
cieaeaiiy oe?ie i?aoe?, ia?inoaiiy iaaeieao ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ?
nioe?aeueieo ieaoaae?a, cieaeaiiy iioeaaoe?? aei i?aoe?. C?inoathoue
i?iaeaie a eaaeeo?eaoe?eiiio aniaeo? a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee. Iaae?iiy
aeeoo?aiai ??aiy ianaeaiiy iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia aeaiia?ao?/io neeaaeiao
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ? ia aeeiai?eo iio?aae ianaeaiiy a ?iai/eo
i?noeyo, ui aaaea aei iia??oaiiy eii’thieoo?e ?eieo i?aoe?. Aieea
oaeoi?o ciai?oiuei? i?a?aoe?? iiee ui ia? ae?oai?yaeia cia/aiiy. A
inoaii?e /an iineeeeinue aea?eueiaiiy ?ia?oiee?a i?ae aieeaii iaaaoeaieo
ci?i o ?eieia?e eii’thieoo??. Aac?ia?ooy ia?aoiaeeoue ?c noaae??
noaaiaoe?? o?eniaaiiai ?eieo i?aoe? ? ia?aaaaeaiiy i?eoiaaii? oi?ie o
noaae?th iaaaeueii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? inoaiiuei? o a?aee?eoo oi?io. Ana oea
aiai?eoue i?i ae?ae iani?eyoeea? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo noa?e caeiyoino? a
Oe?a?i?.

Iaeia/a, a ?aa?iiaeueiiio aniaeo? o noa?? o?oaeicaeiyoino? ? cia/i?
a?aei?iiino?. O aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo
i?iaiae?ciaaii aeeiai?eo oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo eieaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?
o Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeano? ? ?? I?eacianueeiio ?aa?ii?, a oaeiae, aeyaeaii
/eiieee, aieeaath/? ia iueiai. I?ae I?eacianueeei ?aa?iiii Aeiiaoeueei?
iaeano? a aeena?oaoe?? ?icoi??oueny ?? i?aaeaiia /anoeia, oeaio?ii ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith aeii?iaioith yei? ? i?noi Ia??oiieue.
Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c i?ioean?a ia ?eieo i?aoe? ia iae?i- ? i?e?i??aiyo
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ia i?ioyc? anueiai ia??iaeo ?aoi?i
eii’thieoo?a ?eieo i?aoe? Aeiiaano ? I?eacia’y iaea e?au?, i?ae a
na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?i?, oa?aeoa?enoeee. Oaea a ia??iae 1991-1995 ??.
iaaaoeai? iieacieee ia o?eniaaiiio ?eieo i?aoe? Oe?a?ie c?inoaee a
na?aaeiueiio a 1,5 ?aca oaeaeoa, i?ae o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii? (aeea.
?en. 1).

A ianooiiee ia??iae (1996-1998 ??.) noaee iii?oieie oaiaeaioe??
nei?i/aiiy ??cieoe? i?ae iieacieeaie o?eniaaiiai ?eieo i?aoe?
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? ? Oe?a?ie (aei 20-25%) c iaeii/aniei c?inoaiiyi
a?aei?iiinoae o ??aiyo aac?ia?ooy o Aeiia//ei? (a oe?eiio) ? o I?eacia’?
(aei 30-40%), ui a?aeia?aaeaii ia ?en. 2.

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????yyy???? ??????? ????????ue??????????-?
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yyy???????????????????$?.??AE?AEo?.?o?.?????c?i?
ae
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????-????-????yyy???? yyy???? ?????
???u??????????»????-??????????.????????????o?.????
uoy???????en. 1. Aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a o?eniaaiiai aac?ia?ooy a Oe?a?i?,
Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeano? ? Ia??oiie? o 1991-1995 ??. (%).

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yy????y?y?y??yy?yyy????4?????5????’yy??? ???????

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????yyy???? ???????????????ue??????????-?
???u?????????»????-????
yyy???????????????????$?(??O?OO?(?O?(?????“??Z?e
???u?????????»????-??????????(????yyy?????????O
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????-????-????yyy???? yyy?????????
???u??????????»????-??????????(????????????O?(????
uoy???????en. 2. Aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a o?eniaaiiai aac?ia?ooy a Oe?a?i?,
Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeano? ? Ia??oiie? o 1996-1998 ??. (%).

I?e aiae?c? noaio ? aeeiai?ee ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? aeena?oaioii
aoee aeyaeai? ye caaaeuei? oaeoi?e, oa?aeoa?i? aeey noa?e
o?oaeicaeiyoino? an??? aea?aeaae, oae ? niaoeeo?/i? oiiae, aeanoea? eeoa
aeaiiio ?aa?iio.

Na?aae oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia i?iiiceoe?th i?aoe?, a ?iaio?
aeae?eai?: aeaiia?ao?/iee neeaae ianaeaiiy, i?a?aoe?eia aeoeai?noue,
??aaiue aeeooy ??cieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi oa ?i.

Nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee I?eacianueeiai ?aa?iio
(nei?i/aiiy ieoiii? aaae iieiae?, noa??iiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, aeniea
/anoea iain?iia??a na?aae i?nueeeo aeeoae?a, iaaaoeaiee i?e?iaeiee ?
iaoai?/iee i?e??no ianaeaiiy, ia?niaeoeaa “caeiiaiai” iiaa?iaiiy
o?oaeiaeo i?a?aio?a oa ?i.) ?iaeyoue iani?eyoeeaee aieea ia no?oeoo?o ?
ye?noue ?iai/i? neee o ?aa?ii?. Ia e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a oe? oaeoi?e ae?thoue ??ciiiai?aaeaii, i?e/iio ?acoeueooth/a
oeeo ae?e ia aeaiee /an aaaea aei nei?i/aiiy ?o /enaeueiino? a ?aa?ii? ?
ciaioaiiy oeneo ia eieaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe?. I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane o
I?eacia’?, ye? iathoue ia aeaiee /an ciai?oith ni?yiiaai?noue, aeaui
noaa?e?cothoue ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe?.

Aaaeeeaei /eiieeii iioeaaoe?? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ? aeeoo?aee ??aaiue
ianaeaiiy, iaei??th c iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee yeiai ? eoi?aaeueia
ni?iiiaei?noue ca?ia?oii? ieaoe. A aeena?oaoe?? aoea aeine?aeaeaia
aeeiai?ea oeueiai oaeoi?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiai
??aiy ?ioeyoe?? (aeea. oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai?ea ?aaeueiiai ??aiy ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a aaeocyo

ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Ia??oiiey ca ia??iae 1992-1996 ??.

Aaeocue ainiiaea?noaa / ??e19921993199419951996 Anueiai ii
i?noo:1,000,210,380,831,16 Anueiai o noa?? iaoa??aeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa,1,000,210,370,821,17 a oiio /ene?, o
i?iieneiaino?1,000,180,320,761,09Anueiai o iaae?iaie/?e
noa??1,000,210,390,931,15

O ia??iae 1992-1993 ??. ??cea iaae?iiy eoi?aaeueii? ni?iiiaeiino?
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a aea?aeaaiiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee I?eacia’y i?eaaei aei
nei?i/aiiy caeiyoeo o noa?? iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ia?aoiaeo
/anoeie i?aoe?aiee?a o naeoi? iaeiai a?ciano aai o?iueiao caeiyo?noue, a
oaeiae, aei aeoiaeo ?o ?c neeaaeo aeiiii?/ii aeoeaiiai ianaeaiiy. O
1995-1996 ??. eoi?aaeueia ni?iiiaei?noue ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a ie?aieo
aaeocyo ainiiaea?noaa ?aa?iio cia/ii i?aeaeueeanue, ui i?ecaaei aei
noaa?e?caoe?? e?eueeino? caeiyoeo o i?iieneiaino?, ia aeeaey/enue ia
ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o I?eacia’?. Oaeei /eiii,
aeiiii?/ia aeoeai?noue ianaeaiiy o 1995-1996 ??. c?inea, ui iiaeia
aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaoe c ?inoii ?aaeueii? eoi?aaeueii? ni?iiiaeiino?
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe. Ia aeaiee /an ca?ia?oia ieaoa a ?aa?ii? caeeoa?oueny
aeuith, i?ae a oe?eiio ii Oe?a?i?, iaoiiaethth/e aenieo aeiiii?/io
aeoeai?noue ianaeaiiy.

Acaaae?, nioe?aeuei? (iecueeee aeeoo?aee ??aaiue ianaeaiiy) ? aeiiii?/i?
(aenieee ??aaiue ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a ie?aieo ainiiaea?nueeeo aaeocyo
?aa?iio; iayai?noue cia/ii? e?eueeino? iain?iia??a na?aaeiueiai a?eo,
ye? iathoue /eiaeee iioaioe?ae aeey o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?;
?iciianthaeaeaiiy i?eoiaaiiai aac?ia?ooy, yea ciaioo? oene aea?eueiaieo
ia ?eiie i?aoe?) neeaaeia?, ui oi?iothoue i?iiiceoe?th ia ?eieo i?aoe?
I?eacianueeiai ?aa?iio, noai?ththoue ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?inoo aeiiii?/ii?
aeoeaiino? ianaeaiiy. Nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/i? oaeoi?e (ciaioaiiy
i?eieeao ia ?eiie i?aoe?, iaaaoeaia naeueaei i?a?aoe?? oa ?i.), iaaiaee,
nei?i/othoue /enaeuei?noue o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, aiane?aeie /iai
?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe? ciaoiaeeoueny o noai? iano?eei? ??aiiaaae.
Iaeia/a, a iaeaeeae/?e ia?niaeoea? oey ??aiiaaaa iiaea aooe ii?ooaiith
??ceei aea?eueiaiiyi i?aoe?aiee?a, ui ciaoiaeyoueny o noai? i?eoiaaiiai
aac?ia?ooy, ci?iith oaiaeaioe?e cai?ioii? i?a?aoe??, a oaeiae,
caoaeaiiyi noa?e ia?aaeaiaioiaaii? caeiyoino?.

Na?aae /eiiee?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia iiieo ia i?aoeth, e??i
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo, aa?oi aeae?eeoe oa?eoi??aeueio niaoe?ae?caoe?th
aeiiii?ee, yea aeicaiey? aeinyaoe aenieeo iieaciee?a iaa?oue a oiiaao
caaaeueii? noaaiaoe??.

Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaeoi??a, oa?aeoa?ecoth/eo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee noai I?eacia’y, ? ianya i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Ia??oiieue ciaoiaeeoueny na?aae iaaaaaoueio ?aa?ii?a
Oe?a?ie, aea a ia??iae 1995-1997 ??. niinoa??aaany ??no iniiaieo
iieaciee?a ae?iaieoeoaa (aeea. oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Aeeiai?ea oaii?a ci?ie ianya?a i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa o i?noao

Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? a 1989-1996 ??. (a % aei iiia?aaeiueiai ?ieo)

I?noi / ??e19881989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Aeiiaoeueea
iaeanoue100100,196,292,893,585,472,491,693,3
Aeiiaoeuee100101,098,291,497,194,269,797,888,5
Ia??oiieue10099,796,291,886,193,180,6105,2102,0

Ii?aeiaiiy ?nioth/i? niaoe?ae?caoe?? ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ?c
ni?eyoeeaith caaaeueiina?oiaith eii’thieoo?ith ni?eyei ?icoe?aiith
i?iiiceoe?? aeiaeaoeiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue. Oea i?eaiaeeei aei c?inoaiiy
iiieoo ia i?aoeth a i?iieneiaino?, caa?aaeaiith aenieiai ??aiy
caeiyoino? a ie?aieo ainiiaea?nueeeo aaeocyo ?, ia?aoo?, eiiiainoaaei
oene iaaeeeoeiai? ?iai/i? neee ia ?eiie i?aoe?. Noaaiaoe?y ? iaae?iiy
??aiy caeiyoino? o naeoi?? iaeiai ? na?aaeiueiai a?ciano ia a?aeaeeinue
ia noa?? i?aoeacaeiyoino? I?eacia’y a o?e i???, a ye?e oea
niinoa??aaeinue a a?eueoino? ?aa?ii?a Aeiiaano ? Oe?a?ie. Iaaaoeaiei
iane?aeeii oaei? neooaoe?? noaei c?inoaiiy a?ia?o?ioiaaiino? no?oeoo?e
caeiyoino? ?aa?iio, eiee ia /anoeo i?iieneiaino? i?eiaaea? a?eueoa 90%
caeiyoiai ianaeaiiy. Ia aeaiee /an o ca’yceo c iani?eyoeeaeie oiiaaie a
i?iieneiaino? Ia??oiiey niinoa??aa?oueny noaaiaoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa,
iiaeeaeaia ??ceei cieaeaiiyi ?aioaaaeueiino?. Aaea o 1999-2000 ??. oea
iiaea i?ecaanoe aei o?ainoi?iaoe?? cia/ii? /anoeie eaoaioiiai
aac?ia?ooy, oe?iei ?iciianthaeaeaiiai o I?eacia’?, o a?aee?eoo oi?io.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aaoi?ii oaeiae i?aaenoaaeaiee aeaniee
nioe?ieia?/iee aiae?c iecee aniaeo?a ?eieo i?aoe? ? /eiiee?a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia iueiai, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe a??ia?aei?noue
noaoenoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, yea aoea o ?icii?yaeaeaii? aeena?oaioa.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “I?aai?caoe?eia iie?oeea ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo
i?aoe?” iaa?oioiaaii i?iiiceoe?? ii ?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?
? noa?e caeiyoino? /a?ac ?aaoethaaiiy iniiaieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
/eiiee?a, ae?th/eo ia oe? i?ioeane. E??i oiai, ooo aea aeyaeaii oa
nenoaiaoeciaaii niaoeeo?/i? oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?eiie i?aoe?
I?eacia’y, ? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy ii ?aaoethaaiith
i?ioean?a a ?aa?iiaeuei?e noa?? o?oaeicaeiyoino?.

A ?iaio? a?aecia/aia iaiao?aei?noue ae?iaeaiiy iiai? ?aa?iiaeueii?
iie?oeee iaoi? aea?aeaae, a oiio /ene?, ? a noa?? caeiyoino?. Aea?aeaaia
iie?oeea caeiyoino? iiaeiia aooe ni?yiiaaia ia: caaacia/aiiy ??aieo
iiaeeeainoae an?i a?iiaaeyiai o ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa ia i?aoeth, i?aeo?eieo
o?oaeiai? ? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ?i?oe?aoeae, aeio?eiaiiy i?eioeeio
aeia?ia?eueiino? i?aoe?, nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo, caioi/oaaiiy
?iaioiaeaaoe?a, ye? noai?ththoue ?iai/? i?noey oa ?i. Oaea iie?oeea
ia?aaeaa/a? caaeainiaaia ?aaoethaaiiy an?o aeaiaio?a ?eieo i?aoe?.

O aeena?oaoe?? cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny ?aa?iiaeueiei aniaeoai
oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? a Oe?a?i?. A?aeiii, ui noai?thth/e
caaaeueiiaeiiii?/ia na?aaeiaeua, iae?ioaeoi?e aaeaioothoueny aei
?aa?iiaeueieo oiia, ii?iaeaeoth/e cono??/iee i?ioean aenoaaiiy
niaoeeo?/ieo iciae, iia’ycaieo ?c niaoe?ae?caoe??th aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio,
aeaiia?ao?/iei neeaaeii ianaeaiiy, ye?noth o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo oa ?i.
Oiio iaiao?aeii no?oeoo?oaaoe aea?aeaaio iie?oeeo o noa?? caeiyoino?,
c?iaeaoe ?? aaaaoi??aiaaith. Iio??aii aeae?eeoe eiiieaene caaaeaiue,
ae??oaiiy yeeo iiaeeeaa ia aea?aeaaiiio, ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?
ae?iaie/i-aaeocaaiio ??aiyo, oa ?iciaaeoaaoe iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?ae ??aiyie.
?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? ? noa?e caeiyoino? a oe???
???a?o?? ? iaeaaaeeea?oei. Ia oeueiio ??ai? iiaeiia oi?ioaaoeny
oa?eoi??aeueii ?icaaeoaeaia ?io?ano?oeoo?a caeiyoino?. ?aa?iiaeuei?
i?aaie aeaaee iiaeii? iaoe ?aaeuei? i?aaa, ye? noinothoueny aeei?enoaiiy
ae?iaie/eo, o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a i?aea?aeii/i? oa?eoi??? ia
iniia? aeiaia??ieo i?eioeei?a aca?iiae?? ?c noa’?eoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy
an?o oi?i aeaniino?.

Ia iniia? iaaaaeaiiai a iiia?aaeiueiio ?icae?e? aiae?co caeaaeiino?
iieaciee?a ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? a?ae ??cieo /eiiee?a ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo ? aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yiee oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei a noa?? caeiyoino? ?aa?iio. Oey iaoiaeeea ia?aaeaa/a?
aaeeaaiiy ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? iecee eiie?aoieo caoiae?a ??cii?
ni?yiiaaiino?. Na?aae ieo: ?ai?aai?caoe?y ?iaioe ?aa?iiaeueieo oeaio??a
caeiyoino?; iie?ioaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ia ?eieo i?aoe?;
i?aeaeuaiiy o?iainiai? caaacia/aiino? caoiae?a o noa?? caeiyoino?;
noaa?e?caoe?y noa?e i?eeeaaeaiiy i?aoe? ca ?aooiie noai?aiiy iiaeo ?
?aai?iaoe?? ?nioth/eo ?iai/eo i?noeue; ?ic?iaea aaeocaaeo i?ia?ai
caeiyoino?, iniaeeai o i?aaaethth/eo o ?aa?ii? aaeocyo; noaneaeoaaiiy
caeiyoino? ia i?aei?e?inoaao, cie?aia, aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy ??ceiai
ia?aoiaeo aac?ia?ooy ?c i?eoiaaii? o a?aee?eoo oi?io; noeioethaaiiy
aeia?ia?eueii? iacaeiyoino?, ?icaeoie aio/eeo oi?i caeiyoino?,
oe?eani?yiiaaia nioe?aeueia iie?oeea ii a?aeiioaiith aei ?ia?oiee?a
ia?aaeiain?eiiai ? iain?eiiai a?eo; i?aai?caoe?y i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy,
i?aeaioiaee ? ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a c o?aooaaiiyi i?iaiiciaaii? ci?ie
no?oeoo?e iiieoo ia o?oae; noai?aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeey i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy
iieiae?; i?iaaaeaiiy iniaeeai? iie?oeee a iaeano? ae?ii/i? caeiyoino?;
?icaeoie nenoaie iaeiai a?ciano; iiaea?i?caoe?y ? aeoea?caoe?y i?ia?aie
noni?eueieo ?ia?o; eaiooaaiiy ?iai/eo i?noeue aeey iaeiieo?aioicaeaoieo
ia ?eieo i?aoe? aa?noa ianaeaiiy; ?icaeoie aoi?eiii? (iicaae?iaie/i?)
caeiyoino?; ae?iaeaiiy noeioethth/i? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee; ?icaeoie
iaaea?aeaaieo i?aai?caoe?e ii i?aoeaaeaoooaaiith oa ?i.

Cai?iiiiiaai? a iaoiaeeoe? caoiaee iiaeooue aooe ca?oiiaai? ca iniiaieie
iai?yieaie, na?aae yeeo aeae?eythoueny: iie?oeea ? i?ia?aie o
a?aeiioaii? aei i?iiiceoe?? ia ?eieo i?aoe?, iie?oeea ? i?ia?aie o
a?aeiioaii? aei iiieoo ia i?aoeth, i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo ?io?ano?oeoo?e
?eieo i?aoe? ? iie?ioaiiy oiia eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy, i?ia?aie
ia?a?iciiae?eo aeioiae?a.

Ia ?icaeoie ?eieo i?aoe? ?aa?iio aieeaa? oe?eee eiiieaen ??cieo
oaeoi??a, ye? iiaeia eeaneo?eoaaoe ia aeiiii?/i?, nioe?aeuei?, aeaii- ?
aoiia?ao?/i?, i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?ei?, oa?eoi??aeueii-aaia?ao?/i?,
ineoieia?/i?, ?inoeoooe?iiaeuei?, aaiiie?oe/i? oa ?i. Oe? /eiieee
i?iyaeythoueny ye o caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo, oae ?
?aa?iiaeueii-niaoeeo?/ieo aniaeoao. I?eoaiaii? oae? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo
? I?eacianueeiio ?aa?iio.

O oa?eoi??aeueii-aaia?ao?/iiio ieai? oea: ni?eueiee ei?aeii c
?in?enueeith Oaaea?aoe??th; i?noea?icoaooaaiiy ?aa?iio ia ocaa?aaeae?
ii?y, yea ia? ye o?ainii?oia, oae ? i?iieneiaa cia/aiiy; iioaioe?eii
aenie? eo?i?oii-?ae?aaoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? I?eacianueeiai iiaa?aaeaey.

O aeaiia?ao?/iiio oa aoiia?ao?/iiio ieai? oea: aenieee iaa?oue o
ianooaaao Oe?a?ie ??aaiue nia?oiino?, a oiio /ene?, in?a i?aoeacaeaoiiai
a?eo; iai?anoeaei?noue ?aa?iio aeey i?iaeeaaiiy ianaeaiiy, aeeeeeaia
aaaeeith aeieia?/iith neooaoe??th, ui oi?io? iaaaoeaia naeueaei
i?a?aoe??; cia/ia /anoea i?aoethth/eo iain?iia??a, coiiaeaia
niaoeeo?eith ?aiiueiai aeoiaeo ia iain?th ?ia?oiee?a c i?aaaethth/eie o
?aa?ii? i?ioan?yie; iayai?noue cia/ii? a?aoeueei? ae?anii?e, ui ni?ey?
?icoe?aiith ?iaanoeoe?e c oe??? e?a?ie a aeiiii?eo ?aa?iio.

A aeiiii?/iiio ieai? oea: ae?iaieoeoai aenieie?ea?aeii? i?iaeoeoe??
aaaeo/eie i?aei?e?inoaaie i?noa; aenie? aenii?oi? iiaeeeaino? iecee
?aa?iiaeueieo aaeocae (iaoaeo?a?y, iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa ?i.); cia/iee
?iaanoeoe?eiee iioaioe?ae ?aa?iio, aaaaoi i?aei?e?inoa yeiai iathoue
naith i?oo a caaaeueiina?oiaiio ?iciiae?e? i?aoe?; aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy
I?eacia’y ye cia/iiai o?ainii?oiiai aocea; iauiaeaaia noai?aiiy o
?aa?ii? niaoe?aeueii? aeiiii?/ii? ciie “Acia” oa aaaaeaiiy a ae?th
niaoe?aeueiiai ?aaeeio ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ui cia/ii iie?ioo?
?iaanoeoe?eiee oa iiaeaoeiaee “ee?iao” o ?aa?ii? ? ni?ey? noai?aiith
iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue; a?aenooi?noue oa?aeoa?ieo aeey a?eueoi? /anoeie
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? ? Aeiiaano acaaae? i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??th aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?.

O i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eiiio ieai? oea: aeniea /anoea o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a ?aa?iio, caeiyoeo o aaaee?e i?iieneiaino?; aenieee ??aaiue
eaae?o?eaoe?? ?iai/i? neee; aeenaaeain i?ae ?aaeueiith iio?aaith ?
no?oeoo?ith i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a c aeuith ? na?aaeiueith niaoe?aeueiith
ina?oith, yea ia caaacia/o? ?icaeoeo iaae?iaie/i? noa?e o ?aa?ii?.

O aeena?oaoe?? iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii ia?niaeoea? ae?yeueiino? a
?aa?ii? niaoe?aeueii? aeiiii?/ii? ciie oa niaoe?aeueiiai ?aaeeio
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ui i?e aeeiiaii? iecee oiia o
na?aaeiueioa?i?iia?e ia?niaeoea? noaia iaeiei ?c aecia/aeueieo oaeoi??a
eii’thieoo?e ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaaaeai? i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai?
aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??, iaaaaeai? i?aeoe/i? aeai? i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

AENIIAEE

Ca i?aenoieaie i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia noi?ioethaaoe oae?
iniiai? aeniiaee:

1. ?eiie i?aoe?, aenooiath/e ye i?aai?/iee eiiiiiaio
caaaeueiiaeiiii?/iiai ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio, ? iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo
/eiiee?a oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie. ?nioth/e c ?ioeie ?eieaie, a?i
iin?aea? oeaio?aeueia i?noea a aeiiii?oe?. Oey ianoaaeia coiiaeaia oei,
ui oiaa?ii ia aeaiiio ?eieo ? i?aoey, a eiai noa’?eoaie, ia a?aei?io
a?ae ?ioeo aeaiaio?a ?eieiai? nenoaie, aenooiathoue ethaee (noa’?eoii
iiieoo ia i?aoeth — ?iaioiaeaaoe?, noa’?eoii i?iiiceoe?? i?aoe? —
?ia?oieee, ye? ? iin?yie ?iai/i? neee), ui ?iaeoue ?eiie i?aoe?
oi?eaeueiei iaoai?ciii.

2. Caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy ia? cia/iee aieea ia ?icaeoie
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? no?oeoo?e aea?aeaae, a ?? iieacieee ? iaeieie c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeiiii?ee. Caeiyo?noue ioiieth? noeoii?noue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei c i?eaiaeo ii?aeiaiiy iniaiaiai
/eiieea ae?iaieoeoaa c ?a/iaei, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue o/anoue ?ia?oieea o
o?oaeiaiio i?ioean? c iaoith noai?aiiy iaoa??aeueieo oa (aai) ?ioeo aeaa
ia oiiaao ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iieaoe, yea a caaacia/oaaea eiio (?ia?oieeo)
iaaiee noni?eueiee noaoon.

3. ?nioth/? iiaeae? ?eie?a i?aoe?, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny o ?ioeo
e?a?iao, ia i?aeoiaeyoue o iiaiiio ianyc? aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a oiiaao
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee, ine?eueee ia a?aoiaothoue ?? niaoeeo?eo ? ia
aaeaioiaai? aei neooaoe?? ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo. O ae?iaeaii?
a?o/eciyii? iiaeae? caeiyoino? iaiao?aeiee i?aeo?ae, iia’ycaiee c
canoinoaaiiyi aeayeeo iiiaio?a ??cieo oai?aoe/ieo eiioeaioe?e.

4. A aea?aeaaao c ia?ao?aeiei oa?aeoa?ii aeiiii?ee iaiao?aeii ae?iaeyoe
iiao eiioeaioe?th aea?aeaaii? ?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee, yea a
?iciianthaeaeoaaeany ia an? aniaeoe nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
noni?euenoaa, a oiio /ene?, ? ia noa?o i?aoe? ? caeiyoino?.

5. Cae?enithth/e ?aa?iiaeueio iie?oeeo ia i?aeoeoe?, iio??aii iaoe ia
oaac?, ui a ??cieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie /a?ac ieceo i?e/ei aeiiii?/i?
i?ioeane i?io?eathoue iaiaeiaeiai. Cie?aia, a Aeiiaan? ? I?eacia’? ia
i?ioyc? anueiai ia??iaeo ?aoi?i iaaaoeai? i?ioeane o noa?? caeiyoino?
i?iyaeyeenue o iaio?e i???, i?ae a oe?eiio ii e?a?i?. Oea aiai?eoue i?i
iaaeioe?euei?noue oi?oa?iiai i?aeoiaeo aei eieaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? ?
iaiao?aei?noue ?aa?iiae?caoe?? aeaiiai i?ioeano. I?e oeueiio
?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue ?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? iiaeiai aooe aaciaei,
ine?eueee a?i aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe oa?eoi??aeuei? iniaeeaino? noa?e
i?aoeacaeiyoino?.

6. Ia ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe? ae?? iecea /eiiee?a. A oe?eiio oe?
oaeoi?e i?ae?icae?eythoueny ia aeiiii?/i?, nioe?aeuei?, aeaii- ?
aoiia?ao?/i?, i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?ei?, ineoieia?/i?,
oa?eoi??aeueii-aaia?ao?/i?, ?inoeoooe?iiaeuei?, aaiiie?oe/i? oa ?i.
Iaeaaaeeea?oeie c ieo oyaeythoueny aeiiii?/i? ? nioe?aeuei?. Oea
coiiaeaii, cie?aia, oei, ui a eiaei?e c aeuaia?a?aoiaaieo a?oi /eiiee?a
? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe. O ?iaio? i?aaenoaaeaii aeaoaeueiee
aiae?c oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia oa?aeoa? ci?i ye iiieoo ia i?aoeth,
oae ? i?iiiceoe?? i?aoe?, ? aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yie ? i?aai?caoe?ei?
i?aeoiaee aei ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? ? noa?e caeiyoino? o ?aa?ii? oeyoii
ae?yiiy ia /eiieee aieeao.

7. Iaoiaeeea ?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? noa?e caeiyoino?, yea ?ic?iaeaia
a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe, aaeaioiaaia aei oiia ?aa?iio c i?iieneiaith
niaoe?ae?caoe??th. Aiia aeeth/a? o naaa ieceo i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a
??cii? ni?yiiaaiino?, ye? ca?oiiaai? ca ?yaeii iniiaieo iai?yie?a.

8. ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a i?aoeacaeiyoino? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?
ia?aaeaa/a? aea/aiiy iniaeeaeo oiia ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
i?ioean?a o ?aa?ii? ? aeyaeaiiy niaoeeo?/ieo oaiaeaioe?e oi?ioaaiiy
eieaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?. O ?iaio? aeae?eaii ? eeaneo?eiaaii oae?
/eiieee noiniaii aei ?eieo i?aoe? I?eacianueeiai ?aa?iio.

9. E??i ?nioth/eo ia aeaiee /an oaeoi??a aieeao ia ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie
i?aoe? I?eacia’y, o ia?niaeoea? iaei??th c aecia/aeueieo oiia eiai
eii’thieoo?e aoaea aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy a ?aa?ii? niaoe?aeueii?
aeiiii?/ii? ciie oa niaoe?aeueiiai ?aaeeio ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.
Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui cia/i? ?iaanoeoe?? a ciiaeueio aeiiii?eo
ni?eythoue noai?aiith ?iai/eo i?noeue.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iaeeoia A. A. ?aaeiiaeueiue ?uiie o?oaea: nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea
aniaeou / Iiae ?aae. A. E. A?eo/aiei e A. A. Oianoeea. — I?eacianeee
ain. oaoi. oiea-o, Iaeaaaneee yeii.-aoiai. ein-o. — Iaeaaaea: A?aoeoe,
1998. — 264 n.

2. Iaeeoia A. A. Aiaeec aeeiaieee ?uiea o?oaea I?eaciauey a eiioaenoa
?acaeoey ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee a Oe?aeia // Aanoiee I?eacianeiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa: Na. iao/. o?oaeia. —
Ia?eoiieue: Ecae. IAOO, 1996. — ? 2. — N.241-244.

3. Iaeeoia A. A. I iaeioi?uo aniaeoao oi?ie?iaaiey ?uiea o?oaea
I?eaciauey a oneiaeyo aeayoaeueiinoe naiaiaeiie yeiiiie/aneie ciiu //
Aanoiee I?eacianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa: Na.
iao/. o?oaeia. — Ia?eoiieue: Ecae. IAOO, 1997.- ? 4.- N. 245-247.

4. Aeieo?eaa A. I., Iaeeoia A. A. ?ai?aaiecaoeey
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie iieeoeee ainoaea?noaa eae ninoaaeythuay
?uii/iuo ?aoi?i a Oe?aeia // Aanoiee I?eacianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa: Na. iao/. o?oaeia. — Ia?eoiieue: Ecae. IAOO,
1995. — ? 1. — N.256-259. (Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aecia/aia
iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee eiioeaioe?? ?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i? a
oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee, a oiio /ene?, ? o noa?? caeiyoino?).

5. Iaeeoia A. A. ?aaoee?iaaiea caiyoinoe ianaeaiey a i?iiuoeaiiii
?aaeiia a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee.- Na??y “Aeiiii?ea”.-1997.- ? 34 (45).- N. 44-48.

6. Iaeeoia A. A. Ia?niaeoeau ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea o?oaea I?eaciauey a
oneiaeyo aeayoaeueiinoe naiaiaeiie yeiiiie/aneie ciiu (NYC) //
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. — Na??y “Aeiiii?ea”. — 1997. — ? 38
(49). — N. 22-26.

7. A?eo/aiei A. E., Iaeeoia A. A. Aeaeu e oi?iu caiyoinoe a oneiaeyo
?uii/iie yeiiiieee // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee.- Na??y
“Aeiiii?ea”.-1998.- ? 117 (184). — N. 94-98. (Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a:
i?iaiae?ciaaii aeaee ? oi?ie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, aeaii aeanio
o?aeoiaeo iiiyooy iiaii? caeiyoino? a oiiaao ?eieiaio aeiiii?ee).

8. Iaeeoia A. A. Oaiaeaioeee e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey caiyoinoe a
I?eacianeii ?aaeiia // Aecian e ia?eaoeiaiaue iaiaaeaeiaio
(iaaeaeoia?iaeiua e ?aaeiiaeueiua aniaeou) / Iiae ?aae. O.
Aao?caieaeena, A. E. A?eo/aiei. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAAO, 1997. — N. 249-262.

9. Iaeeoia A. A. Nioeeieiae/aneea ii?inu ianaeaiey eae eino?oiaio
aiaeeca oaiaeaioeee caiyoinoe a I?eacianeii ?aaeiia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia
4-e ?aaeiiaeueiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee, Ia?eoiieue, ai?aeue
1997 a. — Ia?eoiieue, 1997. — N. 13.

10. Iaeeoia A. A. I?aaiecaoeeiiiay iieeoeea ia ?aaeiiaeueiii ?uiea
o?oaea // Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo
niaoeeaeenoia “Acianoaeue-99”, Ia?eoiieue, 1999 a. — Ia?eoiieue, 1999. —
N. 71.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iae?oia A. A. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?eieo i?aoe?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.10.01 — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea. — ?inoeooo aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie, Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo iniia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?
?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe?; ae?iaeaiith oa aaeineiiaeaiith iaoiaeeee
?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? noa?e caeiyoino?, caniiaaii? ia aiae?cia?
aeeiai?ee i?ioean?a ia ?eieo i?aoe? ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio oa
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo ? aeyaeaii? ni?eueieo oa
oa?eoi??aeueii-niaoeeo?/ieo /eiiee?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
?aa?ii?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, aeiiii?/io aeoeai?noue
ianaeaiiy ? i?iiiceoe?th ?iai/eo i?noeue; a oaeiae, oi?ioaaiith iiaeo
i?aeoiae?a aei aea?aeaaii? ?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee o noa?? caeiyoino?,
yea a aecia/aea iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? a ?aa?iiao c
i?iieneiaith niaoe?ae?caoe??th a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?eiie i?aoe?, caeiyo?noue, aac?ia?ooy, aeiiii?/ia
aeoeai?noue ianaeaiiy, o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, ?aa?ii, ?aa?iiaeueia iie?oeea,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie.

SUMMARY

Melikhov A. A. Social and Economic Aspects of Regional Labor Market
Formation. — Manuscript.

The Dissertation is submitted for the degree of Candidate of Science in
Economics on speciality 08.10.01 — Distribution of Productive Forces and
Regional Economics. — The Institute of Economics and Law Researches,
Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Donetsk, 1999.

The Dissertation deals with: development of theoretical foundations of
labor market operation and evolution; development of methodology for
regulating regional employment sector, based on the analysis of dynamic
processes at labor market on national and regional levels and
identification of general and territory-oriented specific factors of
social and economic development of the regions, which exert influence on
labor resources, business activity of population and job vacancies;
formation of new approaches to national regional policy in the sphere of
employment; definition of main trends in labor market development in the
industrial regions in the conditions of transient economy.

Key words: labor market, employment, unemployment, business activity of
population, labor resources, region, regional policy, social and
economic development.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaeeoia A. A. Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea aniaeou oi?ie?iaaiey
?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea o?oaea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.10.01 — ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee e
?aaeiiaeueiay yeiiiieea. — Einoeooo yeiiiieei-i?aaiauo enneaaeiaaiee IAI
Oe?aeiu, Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea oai?aoe/aneeo iniia ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
e ?acaeoey ?uiea o?oaea; ?ac?aaioea e niaa?oainoaiaaieth iaoiaeeee
?aaoee?iaaiey ?aaeiiaeueiie noa?u caiyoinoe, iniiaaiiie ia aiaeeca
aeeiaieee i?ioeannia ia ?uiea o?oaea ia iauaainoaea?noaaiiii e
?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaiyo e auyaeaiee iaueo e oa??eoi?eaeueii-niaoeeoe/aneeo
oaeoi?ia nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey ?aaeiiia, eioi?ua aeeytho
ia o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu, yeiiiie/aneoth aeoeaiinoue ianaeaiey e
i?aaeeiaeaiea ?aai/eo iano; a oaeaea, oi?ie?iaaieth iiauo iiaeoiaeia e
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeiiaeueiie iieeoeea a noa?a caiyoinoe,
ii?aaeaeythuae iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey ?uiea o?oaea a ?aaeiiao n
i?iiuoeaiiie niaoeeaeecaoeeae a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee.

Oeaeueth enneaaeiaaiey yaeeinue oai?aoe/aneia iainiiaaiea e ioeaiea
aeeyiey iaueo e oa??eoi?eaeueii-niaoeeoe/aneeo nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo
oaeoi?ia ia oi?ie?iaaiea e ?acaeoea ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea o?oaea, a
oaeaea, ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeeee ?aaoee?iaaiey i?ioeannia a noa?a caiyoinoe
?aaeiia.

A ea/anoaa i?aaeiaoa enneaaeiaaiey ?anniao?eaaeanue aeeiaieea
noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea o?oaea a oneiaeyo
ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee e a? caaeneiinoue io nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo
oaeoi?ia. Iauaeoii enneaaeiaaiey aue aua?ai ?uiie o?oaea e noa?a
caiyoinoe I?eacianeiai ?aaeiia Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea “Oai?aoe/aneea iniiau ?uiea o?oaea e caiyoinoe”
i?aaeoniao?eaaeinue ?aoaiea neaaeothueo caaea/: auyaeaiea ?iee e
cia/aiey ?uiea o?oaea a noaiiaeaiee e ooieoeeiie?iaaiee ?uii/iie
yeiiiieee; ooi/iaiea e eeanneoeeaoeey ?yaea iiiyoee, oa?aeoa?ecothueo
ninoiyiea ?uiea o?oaea, caiyoinoe e aac?aaioeoeu i?eiaieoaeueii e
?aaeueiie yeiiiie/aneie neooaoeee; e?eoe/aneia iniuneaiea ?acee/iuo
eiioeaioeee ?uiea o?oaea, aiaeec e nenoaiaoecaoeey iiuoa ?aaoee?iaaiey
i?ioeannia o?oaeicaiyoinoe a oneiaeyo e?eceniiai ninoiyiey yeiiiieee, a
oii /enea, e ia ?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaia.

A ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiey iiaeoaa?aeaeai oacen i oii, /oi ?uiie o?oaea
yaeyaony eeth/aaui oaeoi?ii a oi?ie?iaaiee yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu
ainoaea?noaa. Yoi iaoneiaeaii oai, /oi oiaa?ii ia aeaiiii ?uiea yaeyaony
o?oae, a aai noauaeoaie aunooiatho ethaee. Auei ooi/iaii iiiyoea
caiyoinoe ianaeaiey eae iaeiie ec ?acoeueoaoeaiuo e oaeoi?iuo
oa?aeoa?enoee yeiiiieee. Oaeaea, auei auyniaii, /oi nouanoaothuea
eiioeaioeee ?uieia o?oaea ia iiaoo auoue a iieiii iau?ia i?eiaiaiu a
oneiaeyo oe?aeineie yeiiiieee, iineieueeo ia o/eouaatho a? niaoeeoeeo.
Naeaeai auaiae, /oi i?e au?aaioea ioa/anoaaiiie iiaeaee caiyoinoe
iaiaoiaeei iiaeoiae, iniiaaiiue ia i?eiaiaiee ioaeaeueiuo iieiaeaiee
?acee/iuo oai?aoe/aneeo eiioeaioeee, eioi?ua iiaeii aaeaioe?iaaoue e
oneiaeyi ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea “Eiiieaeniue aiaeec ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea o?oaea”
noaaeeenue caaea/e: aiaeeca e iaiauaiey i?aeoe/aneiai iiuoa oi?ie?iaaiey
e ?acaeoey ?aaeiiaeueiiai (iee?io?iaiaaiai) ?uiea o?oaea a eiioaenoa
iauaainoaea?noaaiiie (iae?io?iaiaaie) aeeiaieee i?ioeannia
o?oaeicaiyoinoe; auyaeaiey e nenoaiaoecaoeee iauaainoaea?noaaiiuo e
oa??eoi?eaeueii-niaoeeoe/aneeo oaeoi?ia, ieacuaathueo aaniiia aeeyiea ia
oi?ie?iaaiea ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea o?oaea.

A ?acoeueoaoa aiaeeca aeeiaieee i?ioeannia ia ?uiea o?oaea a Oe?aeia eae
ia iauaainoaea?noaaiiii, oae e ia ?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaiyo (Aeiiaoeeay
iaeanoue, I?eacianeee ?aaeii) auyaeai ?yae nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo
oaeoi?ia (aeaiia?aoe/aneay neooaoeey, o?iaaiue aeecie ianaeaiey,
iieoiaoaeueiay niiniaiinoue ca?aaioiie ieaou, niaoeeaeecaoeey
?aaeiiaeueiie yeiiiieee e ae?.), aeeythueo ia yoe i?ioeannu. A
aeenna?oaoeee iiae/??eiooi, /oi yeiiiie/aneea e nioeeaeueiua oaeoi?u
aeeyiey i?aaenoaaeythony iaeaieaa aaaeiuie, iineieueeo a eaaeaeie ec
i?i/eo a?oii oaeoi?ia eiathony nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea aniaeou. Aiaeec
iieacae, /oi ia ?acaeoea i?ioeannia ia ?aaeiiaeueiii ?uiea o?oaea iiieii
iauaainoaea?noaaiiuo caeiiiia?iinoae ieacuaatho aeeyiea ?aaeiiaeueiua
iniaaiiinoe, aneaaenoaea /aai iaaiciiaeii oeaio?aeeciaaiiia
?aaoee?iaaiea eieaeueiuo ?uieia o?oaea aaeeiuie iaoiaeaie.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea “I?aaiecaoeeiiiay iieeoeea ia oa??eoi?eaeueiii ?uiea
o?oaea” i?aaeoniao?eaaeinue iainiiaaoue iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?ac?aaioee iiauo
iiaeoiaeia e ?aaeiiaeueiie iieeoeea ainoaea?noaa a noa?a caiyoinoe
ianaeaiey, ?ac?aaioaoue iniiaiua iieiaeaiey iaoiaeeee ?aaoee?iaaiey
?aaeiiaeueiie noa?u caiyoinoe ia i?eia?a ?aaeiia n i?iiuoeaiiie
niaoeeaeecaoeeae (I?eacianeiai ?aaeiia Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe),
oniaa?oainoaiaaoue iaiaoiaeeiua aeey yoiai i?aaiecaoeeiiiua ia?u, a
oaeaea, ioeaieoue ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey ?uiea o?oaea e noa?u caiyoinoe a
I?eaciauea n o/?oii ?aaeiiaeueiie niaoeeoeee.

Ia iniiaaiee noi?ioee?iaaiiiai a i?aaeuaeouai ?acaeaea oacena i
iaaiciiaeiinoe oieoa?iiai oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey eieaeueiuo
?uieia o?oaea iainiiaaii iieiaeaiea i oii, /oi aaciaui o?iaiai
ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee caiyoinoe aeieaeai auoue ?aaeiiaeueiue. A
?acaeoea yoiai iieiaeaiey a aeenna?oaoeee i?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea
i?aaiecaoeee ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea o?oaea e ?aaoee?iaaiey i?ioeannia
caiyoinoe e aac?aaioeoeu a i?iiuoeaiiii ?aaeiia iin?aaenoaii
aicaeaenoaey ia iniiaiua nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia
yoe i?ioeannu. E?iia oiai, auyaeaiu niaoeeoe/aneea
(nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea, aeaiia?aoe/aneea,
oa??eoi?eaeueii-aaia?aoe/aneea, yoii-iieeoe/aneea e i?.) oaeoi?u,
oi?ie?othuea ?uiie o?oaea I?eaciauey. Ioia/aii, /oi iiieii nouanoaothueo
a ianoiyuee iiiaio oaeoi?ia aeeyiey ia ?aaeiiaeueiue ?uiie o?oaea
I?eaciauey a ia?niaeoeaa iaeiei ec ii?aaeaeythueo oneiaee aai
eiiuthieoo?u aoaeao yooaeoeaiinoue ooieoeeiie?iaaiey a ?aaeiia
niaoeeaeueiie yeiiiie/aneie ciiu e niaoeeaeueiiai ?aaeeia
eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?uiie o?oaea, caiyoinoue, aac?aaioeoea, yeiiiie/aneay
aeoeaiinoue ianaeaiey, o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu, ?aaeii, ?aaeiiaeueiay
iieeoeea, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 4.08.99.

Oi?iao 60o84/16. Iai?? ionaoiee

Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1.0 Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Caiiaeaiiy ?

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Iaae?oeiaaii a ae?oea?i? iie?a?ao?/iiai oeaio?o IAeOO

341000, i. Ia??oiieue, i?ia. ?anioae?ee, 7.

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