6

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO OE?A?INUeEI? IIAE

OAeE
808.3.873.801.55.01

?ssAAOeUe Ethaeieea A?oae??aia

NEIAICI?IA ?IAIIEEA A AIA??EAO

OeAIO?AEUeIIIIE?NUeEI-NA?AAeIUeIIAAeAeI?I?ssINUeEI?

NOI?AEIINO?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? ae?aeaeoieia?? ?inoeoooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? A?eoeaiei Iaaei THoeiiae/,

?inoeooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo ae?aeaeoieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Iiiianueeee
Aiaoie?e Ieoaeeiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani?
eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae

– eaiaeeaeao
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

AEaeaciye
Ieeiea A?eai?iae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i.
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

aeioeaio
eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – ?inoeooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i.
?.I.E?ei’yeaae/a
IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e iiaiciaanoaa, i. Euea?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “4 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.173.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252001, i.Ee?a-1, aoe.
A?ooaanueeiai, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? oa ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei?
iiae IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, i.Ee?a-1, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 3” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe
A.?.Eena

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

A inoaii? ?iee iii?oii c?inea oaaaa aei ae?aeaeoii? iiae ye ia’?eoa
aeine?aeaeaiue. O no/ani?e ae?aeaeoieia?? ?nio? /eiaei noia?a/eeaeo
iieiaeaiue ? aeoiie, ye? aieeaathoue ia inieneaiiy ie?aieo yaeu ? iiaii?
neooaoe?? a oe?eiio. Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iaeai oe?a?inueei?
ae?aeaeoieia?? caeeoa?oueny aecia/aiiy oa?eoi??aeueiiai /eaioaaiiy,
c’ynoaaiiy iiaaae?iee iaeeieoeue iiae a ciiao i?aeae?aeaeoii?
noi?aeiino? oa a yae?? ae?aeaeo?a. ?ica’ycaiiy oeeo i?iaeai nueiaiaei?
a oe?a?inuee?e ae?aeaeoieia?? cia/iith i??ith nie?a?oueny ia “Aoean
oe?a?inueei? iiae”, yeee oia?oa iiaeaa i?inoi?iao aa??aoeai?noue
oe?a?inueei? iiae ia anueiio iaoe?? ?? iiaoooaaiiy; cia/io ca ianyaii
?ioi?iaoe?th iiaeathoue ?aa?iiaeuei? aoeane, neiaieee oa ca??ieee
ae?aeaeoieo oaeno?a; /eiaei na?ae/aiue caa??aathoue caiene aei
oe?a?inueeeo /anoei oaeeo iie?iiaieo i?aoeue, ye Caaaeueiineia’yinueeee
e?iaa?noe/iee aoean, E?iaa?noe/iee aoean ?a?iie, Caaaeueiiea?iaonueeee
ae?aeaeoieia?/iee aoean. Aeiiaaeaaia oaaao aeine?aeiee?a ye ia’?eo iieno
i?eaa?oaee caeaa?eueoiai ie?ai? aia??ee i?ai?/iiai,
i?aaeaiii-cao?aeiiai oa i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai ia??/, ??aeoa – a?eueo?
ae?aeaeoi? ooai?aiiy /e ciie iiaoooaaiiy aia??ie, iaeaaeieo aei ??cieo
ae?aeaeo?a. Caaaeaiiy oaeeo iien?a iaiaaeoaaeiny ia?aaeon?i aeyaii
oeiiaeo, yne?aaeo ?en ae?aeaeoo /e iienoaaii? ae?aeaeoii? ciie,
ie?aneaiiyi ciai?oi?o iaae iioe?aiiy iaeeieoeue ae?aeaeoiiai /eaioaaiiy.
Iaaea i?ae ae?aeaeoaie, ae?aeaeoia noi?aeaey oe?eaaeei ia?aaeon?i ye
aeaia?eaoe?eia e?i?y, a ia ye iaeei c oa?eoi??aeueieo oei?a iiaoooaaiiy
ae?aeaeoii? iiae. Aia??ee ia?ao?aeieo ae?aeaeoieo cii, ui noi?ioaaeeny
aiane?aeie ii?aeiaiiy ?en noi?aeieo ae?aeaeoieo eiioeiooi?a, aein?
caeeoathoueny iaaeinoaoiuei aena?oeaieie.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui c i?iaeaiith ia?ao?aeieo cii, ia?ao?aeieo aia??ie
aeine?aeieee c?oeioeeny ua a e?ioe? O?O no., eiee noaei aeooaeueiei
anoaiiaeaiiy ?iciaaeoaaeueieo e?i?e i?ae ae?aeaeoaie, ana ae o no/ani?e
ae?aeaeoieia?? aiia ua ia ciaeoea caaeia?eueiiai ?ica’ycaiiy. Oea
coiiaeaii oei, ui aea/aiith aia??ie oeueiai oeio ia i?eae?eyeany
aeinoaoiy oaaaa; o aeine?aeaeaiiyo ss.Cae?aanueei?, O.Iaca?iai?,
A.Nioeeiai?, A.Iaeueoeiai?, O.*eaeaanueeiai, O.Eeei/oea, N.I?ioi?iai?,
A.Ia?oeiiai? oa ?i. aei nueiaiaei? aaea iaa?iiaaeaeaii /eiaei
niinoa?aaeaiue iaae oi?ioaaiiyi ae?aeaeoieo yaeu ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo
??ai?a o ia?ao?aeieo oa i?oaieo ae?aeaeoieo ciiao oa iaae i?inoi?iaith
iiaaae?ieith ae?aeaeoieo iaeeieoeue. Oiio iniaeeai? aaae iaaoaathoue
?aa?iiaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaaeeeeo a?aae?a o ia?ao?aeieo oa i?oaieo
ciiao, ye? iieeeeai? c’ynoaaoe iaoai?cie aca?iiae?? ae?aeaeoieo
nenoai.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?nueei-na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeiai ii?oa?aeaey, yea
?icae?ey? ia o?eueee aeaa aiai?e, aea e aeaa ia??//y oe?a?inueei? iiae,
aein? caeeoa?oueny iaeiei c aeooaeueieo caaaeaiue oe?a?inueei?
ae?aeaeoieia??. Oea noino?oueny ia eeoa /?oeiai ie?aneaiiy no/anii?
?iciaaeoaaeueii? e?i?? i?ae oeeie ae?aeaeoaie (ii?. onoaeaio aeoieo i?i
iinooiiaa a?aeo?niaiiy i?ai?/ieo ae?aeaeo?a i?aaeaiieie, ci?uaiiy iaae?
i?ae oeeie ia??//yie ia i?ai?/, caoaeaiiy ciie iiaoooaaiiy aecia/aeueieo
?en i?ai?/iiai ia??//y aiane?aeie aeniain?? i?aaeaiieo ?en), a e aeyao
iane?aee?a aca?iiaieea?a ae?aeaeoieo nenoai aeaio a?aei?iieo oei?a.
Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii aia??ee i?aaeaiii?
Ee?aueie (Aaneeuee?aueia), ye? ciaoiaeyoueny a cii? ae?aeaeoii?
noi?aeiino?, oi/i?oa – ia iaae? i?ai?/iiai, i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai
oa i?aaeaiii-cao?aeiiai ia??/, ? ye? aein? ia aoee ia’?eoii
aeieeaaeiiai nenoaiiiai aea/aiiy. Oi?iaeiaae on??? ?noi??? caoe?eaaeaiiy
oeeie aia??eaie aecia/aiiy ?o iaeaaeiino? aei iaaiiai ae?aeaeoiiai oeio
ci?ithaaeiny: E.Ieoaeue/oe ca?aoiaoaaa oe? aia??ee aei
na?aaeiueioe?a?inueeiai i?aeia??//y oe?a?inueeiai ia??//y; ca
ae?aeaeoiith eeaneo?eaoe??th “Aoeano oe?a?inueei? iiae” ?o a?aeianaii
aei na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeiai ae?aeaeoo, oi/ o ?o no?oeoo?? i?enooi?
ae?aci? ?ene i?ai?/iiai ia??//y; O.AEeeei aecia/aa i?ai?/io iaaeo i?ae
na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeei ? na?aaeiueiiie?nueeei ae?aeaeoii oiiaiith
e?i??th Oano?a – Aaneeuee?a – Ia?ayneaa-Oiaeueieoeueeee; cao?aeia
iaaea na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeeo aia??ie i?ieyaa? oiiaiith e?i??th
Oano?a – A?ea Oea?eaa – Oaeueia; ye ia?ao?aei? aia??ee Aaneeuee?aueie
aecia/athoue N.Aaacaiei, ?.Iaoa?yn. Caoaaaeeii, ui anoaiiaeaiith
iiae?euenueei-na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeiai ii?oa?aeaey i?eae?eeee
oaaao O.AEeeei, ?.Iaoa?yn, I.Eenaiei, A.Ia?oeiiaa; aecia/aiiy iaae?
i?ae i?ai?/iei ? i?aaeaiii-no?aeiei ia??//yie noaei i?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiue O.AEeeea, A.A?aoiiaa, A.Aauaiea, ?.Iaoa?yna, E.Aiae
(Eiaaeue/oe), A.I?i/oea ia iieiaee i?iaeaie ?iciaaeoaaiiy
na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeiai ? noi?aeieo ae?aeaeo?a ? o? aeine?aeieee,
i?aaeiaoii niinoa?aaeaiue yeeo aoee aai na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeee
ae?aeaeo (A.Iiiianueeee), aai iie?nuee? ae?aeaeoe (O.Iaca?iaa,
A.Caeanueeee, I.Ieeii/oe, I.Oienoie, N.Oienoay, I.AEaeaciye oa ?i.).
Caoaaaeeii, ui iiaeyaee aeine?aeiee?a uiaei iniiaieo ?iciaaeoaaeueieo
e?i?e i?ae aiai?aie ia caaaeaee ca?aaeeny. Iaei??th c i?e/ei ?nioaaiiy
??cieo i?aeoiae?a uiaei a?aeianaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie aei iaaiiai
oeio ? a?aenooi?noue ?oioiaieo ?aa?iiaeueieo e?iaaiaaia?ao?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa nenoaiieo iien?a ie?aieo aia??ie ia ??cieo
no?oeoo?ieo ??aiyo, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo iiaeia aoei a aecia/eoe iai?yie ?
aeeiai?eo aca?iiaieea?a aia??ie cii i?aeae?aeaeoii? aca?iiae??.

Caaaeii a oe?a?inuee?e ae?aeaeoieia?? aia??eai Na?aaeiuei?
Iaaeaei?i?yiueie aoei i?eae?eaii /eiaei oaaae, ine?eueee naia
na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeee ae?aeaeo cia/iith i??ith aecia/ea
no?oeoo?io ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue onueiai i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai ia??//y.
Aea/aiiy iiaieo iniaeeainoae ie?aieo aia??ie /e ?o a?oi o iaaeao
oeueiai ae?aeaeoo caaaeaee iaei aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey ?ica’ycaiiy
ieoaiue ?noi??? oi?ioaaiiy e ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iiae ye iaaiiai
?ae?iia. Aeey oeueiai caaaeaee aoa iio??aiee cia/iee ca ianyaii
oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae c oiiaoeee, a?aiaoeee, eaeneee oeeo ae?aeaeo?a.
Ca??ieee i?aoeue (“Iieoaanueei-ee?anueeee ae?aeaeo – iniiaa oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? iiae”, 1954; “Na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinuee? aiai?e”, 1960;
“No/ani? aiai?e Iaaeaei?i?yiueie”, 1969) iiaeathoue ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
?noi??th canaeaiiy oeueiai ?aa?iio, oi?ioaaiiy
na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeeo aia??ie, i?noyoue iiene ie?aieo oiiaoe/ieo
oa ii?oieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae aia??ie; cia/ia oaaaa aeine?aeiee?a aoea
cina?aaeaeaia ia aea/aii? eaeneee oeeo ae?aeaeo?a, a i?iaeaie a?aiaoeee,
cie?aia neiaici?ie, o oeeo i?aoeyo iin?aeathoue iacia/ia i?noea.

O i?aoeyo E.Ieoaeue/oea, I.Eiaainaia, I.Aei?ioeaae/a, I.Aocoea
a?eueoa oaaae i?eae?eaii aia??eai *a?eaueie oa Iieoaaueie. Ee?anueea
Iie?nny, ye ? caaaeii Ee?aueia, ye iaeei c iaea?oa?/i?oeo ?aa?ii?a
neia’yinueeiai eiioeiooio, eeoa a inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy noaee ia’?eoii
aeieeaaeiiai aea/aiiy (aeea.: i?ea?iaeueiee ca caaeoiii ? aeeiiaiiyi
“E?iaa?noe/iee aoean ieaeiuei? I?ei’yo?” O.Iaca?iai?, 1985; “Ee?anueea
Iie?nny”, 1989; “Aia??ee *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie. Oaenoe”, 1996); i?e
oeueiio aia??ee i?aaeaiii? /anoeie Ee?aueie, ca aeiyoeii iaaaaaoueio
i?aoeue (A.A?aoiia, A.?aeaeaae/, I.Eenaiei, A.Eica/oe), caeeoeeeny iica
iaeaaeiith oaaaith aeine?aeiee?a. Naia iaaeinoaoi?noth aiae?oe/ieo
i?aoeue i?i ??ci? no?oeoo?i? ??ai? oeeo aia??ie coiiaeaiee aea?? ?aa?iio
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?aeaeoi?e iia? a?ae/ooiith ? i?inoi?iaa aa??aoeai?noue o
noanoaioeai?e neiaici?i? – iaa?? neiaici?iieo ao?en?a, iaeaaei?noue
?iaiiee?a aei iaaiiai neiaici?iiiai oeio a ??cieo aia??eao iiaeooue iaoe
a?aei?iiino? ??cii? aeeaeie. Oiio a oe?a?inuee?e ae?aeaeoieia??
aeooaeueiei caeeoa?oueny nenoaiiee iien neiaici?ie ?iaiiee?a, c?iaeaiee
ca ?aeeiith iiaeaeeth, ui iiaea caaacia/eoe c?noaai?noue iaea?aeaieo
i?ae /an o?enaoe?? e aiae?co iaoa??aeo na?ae/aiue c ??cieo aia??ie.
I?ioenoaaeaiiy ia neiaici?iiiio ??ai? iiaea aooe coiiae?ia ii?aeiaiiyi
aeania-ii?oieia?/ieo oa neioaene/ieo ?en, oiiaoe/ieo ? aeoeaiooaoe?eieo
iniaeeainoae aia??ie. Oiio ia?aaeoiiaith aeinyaiaiiy c?noaaiino? iien?a
? noai?aiiy ?iaa??aioii? iaaeae?aeaeoii? iiaeae? nenoaie neiaici?ie
?iaiiee?a, yea caaacia/eea a iaeneiaeueii iiaia ioiieaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo
aeya?a neiaici?iieo iniaeeainoae o aia??eao, aeicaieeea a c’ynoaaoe
i?iaeoeoeai?noue neiaici?iieo oei?a. I?e nenoaiiiio aiae?c? ?iaiiee?a
aaaeeeaei ? aecia/aiiy ?ie? neiaici?iieo cania?a, ye? aa?ooue o/anoue o
aeoai?aii? neiaioi?i ? neiaici?iieo ia?aaeeai, – oeaen?e, ii?oieia?/ieo
aeueoa?iaoe?e, iaaieino.

Aein? iien neiaici?ie ?iaiieea iae/ano?oa iaiaaeoaaany
niinoa?aaeaiiyie iaae 2 – 3 eaenaiaie, ye? ia aeoieo aeine?aeiee?a,
ae/a?iii ?ai?acaiooaaee neiaici?io. I?e oeueiio niinoa?aaeaiiy
iaiaaeoaaee eiinoaoaoe??th iayaiino? a aia??oe? iaaii? oeaen??
?iaiieea, ui caeaa?eueoiai ia iiynithaaei inoaiiuei? ye aeaiaioa
nenoaie. Niinoa?aaeaiiy iieacaee, ui oaeee “?ai?acaioaoeaiee”
i?aeo?ae aei neiaici?ie ?iaiieea aea? iaoi/ia oyaeaiiy i?i neiaici?io ye
oe?e?nia yaeua, ine?eueee /eiaei aeya?a o ae?eyioe? neiaici?ie
caeeoa?oueny iaioiieaieie, a i?i ieoaiiy ?iciiae?eo ?iaiiee?a ca
neiaici?iieie oeiaie iaa?oue ia eaeaoueny. ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i neiaici?io
?iaiiee?a ?icoe?th? ii?aoethaaiiy aaeeeeo ca ianyaaie oaeno?a – caien?a
niiioaiiiai ae?aeaeoiiai iiaeaiiy, o yeeo aeyaey?oueny ooieoe?iiaeueia
iaaaioaaeaiiy iaaieo a?aei?ieiaeo oi?i, oa?aeoa? iiaaae?iee neiaici?iieo
ao?en?a.

Aeey ianoaaeaiiy ia?aii /ioe?e aacia? na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinuee?
aia??ee, ui aaei?i?no?aoeaii iaeaaeaoue aei Aaneeuee?anueeiai ?-io
Ee?anueei? iae.: Aaeeea Aoaa?aea, Aaeeea Nieoai?aea, Enaaa??aea, Iieiae
(aeiaeia c oeeo aia??ie aein? ia aoea ia’?eoii niaoe?aeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy); aeey c?noaaeaiiy – na?aaeiueiiie?nueea aia??ea n.
Oianoee E?n *i?iiaeeuenueeiai ?-io Ee?anueei? iae.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie coiiaeaia
iaiao?aei?noth ?icoe?aiiy oa nenoaiaoecaoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ae?aeaeoio
neiaici?io ?iaiieea a ie?aieo aia??eao, ine?eueee aac iiaieo iien?a
neiaici?ie ?iaiieea naia ie?aieo aia??ie ye ?aaeueieo eiioi?eaoeaieo
nenoai ia iiaeia aecia/eoe oeiieia?/ieo ?en oeeo ae?aeaeoieo nenoai.
I?e?iaeii, ui na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinuee? aia??ee i?eaa?oathoue oaaao
aeine?aeiee?a, ine?eueee aia??ee naia oeueiai ?aa?iio o?aaeeoe?eii
aaaaeathoue iniiaith oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae; o ca’yceo c
inoaii?i iaaoea iioe?aiiy aeoiea i?i oa, ui oe? aia??ee ia iathoue
niaoeeo?/ieo ae?aeaeoieo iniaeeainoae. Aiae?c a?aeiieo aein? i?aoeue
i?i na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeee aia?? aeicaiey? eiinoaooaaoe, ui oeae
ae?aeaeo ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiee ye a neio?ii??, oae ? a ae?ao?ii??;
iaeiae ? iayai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue iaaia oyaeaiiy i?i oeae ie?aiee
ae?aeaeoiee oei ?, cie?aia, ni?inoiaothoue oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i eiai
?iaeea?aeoaeueio ciaae?aciai?noue. I?iiiiiaaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ia?oith
ni?iaith iieno nenoaie noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie aia??ie ia?ao?aeii?
i?ae na?aaeiueiiie?nueeei oa na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeei aiai?aie ciie.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? nenoaiiee iien neiaici?ie ?iaiieea aia??ie
iie?nueei-na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeiai noi?aeaey. Aeey ?aae?caoe??
iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ?ica’ycaoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

– noai?eoe i?ia?aio aeey ianoaaeaiiy noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie a
aia??eao;

– cae?enieoe aeniaaeeoe?eia ianoaaeaiiy aaciaeo aia??ie;

– anoaiiaeoe ?iaii? neiaici?ii? oeie o aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??eao;

– ie?aneeoe noae? e aa??aoeai? eaiee a nenoai? neiaici?ie ?iaiieea
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie;

– c’ynoaaoe iai?yie i?aeia?aaeeaiaoe/ii? aca?iiae?? o neiaici?i?
?iaiieea.

Aeaea?aeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee iieueia? caiene ca niaoe?aeueiith
i?ia?aiith oa iaai?oioiii? caiene niiioaiiiai ae?aeaeoiiai iiaeaiiy,
cae?eniai? a 1994-1997 ??., iaoa??aee “Aoeano oe?a?inueei? iiae”,
“Caaaeueiineia’yinueeiai e?iaa?noe/iiai aoeano”, ae?aeaeoieia?/ii?
ea?oioaee oa oiiioiiaeo a?aeae?eo ae?aeaeoieia?? ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei?
iiae IAI Oe?a?ie. I?ia?aia, ca yeith aeiae?aany iaoa??ae aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ci???ioiaaia ia noanoaioeae, ui a ieioeiio iaeaaeaee
aei ??cieo ?iaiieo iniia. Caeo/aiiy aeaai?o ?iaiiee?a, ye? naiai /ano
iaeaaeaee aei ??cieo iniia ia aieiniee aai i?eaieiniee, oa ?iiiaaoe?eieo
?iaiiee?a aea? ciiao i?inoaaeeoe iniaeeaino? noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie ye
a neio?ii??, oae ? a ae?ao?ii??. I?ia?aia ioiieth? 140 aaciaeo eaenai,
neiaici?io yeeo i?inoaaeaii a aia??eao; ?iaeaen iaoa??aeo i?noeoue 540
eaenai; oiiicaiene ca’ycieo oaeno?a noaiiaeyoue aeecueei 16 aiaeei
cao/aiiy.

Iniiaiei iaoiaeii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iieniaee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa?: o noai?aii? ?iaa??aioii? iaaeae?aeaeoii?
iiaeae? iieno ae?aeaeoii? neiaici?ie; o nenoaiiiio iien? noanoaioeaii?
neiaici?ie aia??ie ia?ao?aeii? ciie; o aecia/aii? neiaici?iieo oei?a
?iaiiee?a o aia??eao ia i?aenoaa? ?yaeo oi?iaeueieo iciae; o c’ynoaaii?
?aeaaaioieo iciae neiaici?ie ?iaiiee?a i?e c?noaaiiio (o iaeaooiueiio –
e a?aaeia?/iiio) aea/aii? aia??ie.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e cai?iiiiiaaii
iiaeaeue iieno noanoaioeaii? ae?aeaeoii? neiaici?ie aia??ie, ia?oioiaaii
ia?aaaae nenoaiiiai iieno neiaici?ie ?iaiieea, iiaeaii ia?ae?e
?aeaaaioieo iciae, ye? iiaeooue aooe iieeaaeai? a iniiao c?noaaiiai oa
a?aaeia?/iiai aea/aiiy neiaici?ie ?iaiieea.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui a iaoeiaee ia?a
aaiaeeoueny iiaee ae?aeaeoiee iaoa??ae; na?ae/aiiy i?i ?iaiieeiao
neiaici?io aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie ?icoe?ththoue aii??e/io aaco
oe?a?inueei? ae?aeaeoii? ii?oieia??; ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? a neioaoe/ieo i?aoeyo c oe?a?inueei? ae?aeaeoieia??,
a?aiaoeee oe?a?inueei? iiae, o e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeoe? aeui? oeiee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?th iaaiai?aii ia can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo
ae?aeaeoieia?? ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie; ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeaii a aeiiia?aeyo ia Iaoeiaeo /eoaiiyo iai’yo?
O.Iaca?iai? (i.Ee?a, 1993 ?.), ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iie?nny: iiaa, eoeueoo?a, ?noi??y” (i. Ee?a, 1996 ?.),
ia OV?? ae?aeaeoieia?/i?e ia?aae? (i.Ee?a, 1997 ?.).

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, ui iae?/o? 201
iaeiaioaaiiy, oa aeiaeaoeo, o yeiio iiaeaii ?iaeaen aiae?ciaaieo o
oaeno? aeena?oaoe?? ?iaiieeiaeo eaenai. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy 176 noi??iie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? ia?oioiaaii aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?? aeooaeuei?noue,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, aecia/aii oeyoe, iaoiaee oa
ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie?aneaii eiai iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/io
oe?ii?noue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?iaiieeiaa neiaici?ia ye ia’?eo oe?a?inueei?
ae?aeaeoieia??” iiaeaii ?noi??ia?ao?th aea/aiiy neiaici?ie ?iaiieea,
ie?aneaii iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiiy noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie ae?aeaeo?a oa
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae. I?aee?aneaii, ui a inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy iiaiciaaoe?
caa?oathoueny aei nenoaiiiai iieno neiaici?ie ?iaiieea (?iaioe I.Eaoee,
A.Ai?iie/, I.Coa?eoeueei?, E.Eiia?iai?). Aeiiaaeaaia a oe?a?inuee?e
ae?aeaeoieia?? iaioaaa iaoiae o?enaoe?? eeoa niaoeeo?/ieo ?en iaaii?
aia??ee, ui ia aeaaaei iiaiiai oyaeaiiy i?i noanoaioeaio neiaici?io ye
iaaiei /eiii i?aai?ciaaio nenoaio. Caeo/aiiy aei aiae?co an?o
?iaiiee?a, aenoea?iiaaieo c iiaeaii?aiai iioieo – c aaeeeeo ca ianyaaie
oaeno?a, noai?th? iaae?eio aaco aeey nenoaiiiai aea/aiiy ae?aeaeoii?
neiaici?ie ?iaiieea. Oaeee aiae?c aea? ciiao c’ynoaaoe ?aaeueiee
?iciiae?e ?iaiiee?a eiaeii? aia??ee ca oeiaie a?aei?ithaaiiy,
ciiaeaethaaoe ae?aeaeoio neiaici?io ye oe?e?noue.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Nenoaia a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e ?iaiieea a ae?aeaeoiiio
iiaeaii?” i?enay/aiee aiae?co aaciaeo eaoaai??e ?iaiieea, aeya yeeo o
noeoiiino? aecia/a? eiai ii?oieia?/io nooi?noue. sse a?aeiii,
aeine?aeaeaiiy eaoaai??aeueiiai aia?aoo e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae iin?aea?
iniaeeaa i?noea a ?icaeoeo oai??? iiae, ine?eueee naia a?aiaoe/i?
eaoaai??? aeathoue ciiao neioacoaaoe ? nenoaiaoecoaaoe iiai? oaeoe;
oea niiaia noino?oueny ? ae?aeaeo?a.

Ia ??ai? a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e a oe?a?inuee?e ae?aeaeoi?e iia? oae
naii, ye ? a e?oa?aoo?i?e, ?iaiieeo i?eoaiaii? eaoaai??? ?iaeo, /enea oa
a?aei?iea, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaaiith naiino?ei?noth. Iniiaia
i?ioenoaaeaiiy o neiaici?i? ?iaiieea i?inoaaeo?oueny ia ??ai? eaoaai???
?iaeo ye aieiaii? aeeoa?aioe?eii? iciaee. A?aiaoe/iee ??ae iia’ycaiee c
/eneii; o?eueee a iaeiei? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ca ?iaeaie cae?enith?oueny
iine?aeiaii. Aeey /ieia?/iai ?iaeo aaaeeeaei ? ?iciaaeoaaiiy
naiaioe/ieo iciae ?noioa / ia?noioa, iniaa / iainiaa. ?iaiieee o. ca.
ni?eueiiai ?iaeo eeaneo?eothoueny ca no?oeoo?ith ?o neiaici?iii? iiaeae?
? ca?aoiaothoueny aei iaeiiai c o?ueio ?iae?a a?aeiia?aeii aei oa?aeoa?o
?o eiie?aoii? ?iaeiai? aecia/aiino? a iiaeaii?aiio iioioe?.

O aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??eao, ye ? a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?i?e iia? oa
?ioeo ae?aeaeoao, eaoaai??y /enea ia? oi?ie iaeieie, iiiaeeie, c??aeea
– aeai?ie. Ca aeyaii iiiceoe?? iaeieia / iiiaeeia a?eueo?noue
noanoaioea?a ooai?ththoue ia?e, iai?.: oonoea – oonoee, aeai’ –
aei’?, aieoa – aieoae, nae ei – naea. Oeiiaith aeey aeine?aeaeoaaieo
aia??ie ? iayai?noue ?iaiiee?a c iaiiaiith /eneiaith ia?aaeeaiith. Oea –
?iaiieee singularia tantum (oieiea, in’?i’, cae’??, iiiaee) oa pluralia
tantum (aeina?oee, a?iaiee, ai?ioa). O ii?aeiaii? c /ene?aieeaie aeaa,
o?e, /ioe?e a aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??eao cao?eniaaii oi?ie aeai?ie a
iac. oa ciao. a?aei?ieao ?iaiiee?a ae?ii/iai, ??aeoa – na?aaeiueiai
?iaeo, iai?.: aea’? naeno?’?, aea’? a’?ae?’?, o?e oao’?, aea’? neia’?,
/ioe?’? nae e’?.

O aeine?aeaeaii? ca iniiao acyoi o?aaeeoe?eio aeey iien?a oe?a?inueei?
neiaici?ie ?iaiieea iaeneiaeueio iao?eoeth ?c 7 a?aei?ie?a. Ia?aaeeaia
?aae?co?oueny a nenoai? i?ioenoaaeaiiy 14 neiaioi?i (ca aeiyoeii
?iaiiee?a, ui iathoue iaiiaio /eneiao ia?aaeeaio, aei yeeo iaeaaeaoue
?iaiieee singularia tantum oa pluralia tantum).

Oei neiaici?ie, aei yeiai iaeaaeeoue iaaiee ?iaiiee, oa?aeoa?eco?
a?aiaoe/iee eean ?iaiiee?a, ia’?aeiaieo ni?eueieie i?aaeeaie ooai?aiiy
neiaioi?i. E??i iaai?o oeaen?e o ia?aaeeai? e?eoa??yie, ui coiiaeththoue
aeae?eaiiy oei?a a?aei?ithaaiiy, iineoaeeee: a) ??ae ?iaiieea; a)
cae?i/aiiy iaceaiiai a?aei?iea iaeieie ye aeo?aeii? oi?ie; a) oa?aeoa?
e?ioeaaiai i?eaieiniiai iniiae; a) ?ic??ciaiiy ca naiaioe/ieie iciaeaie
?iaiiee?a /ie. ?iaeo (?noioa / ia?noioa, iniaa / iainiaa). O iaaeao
?iaiieeiaiai neiaici?iiiai oeio iiaeooue aeae?eyoeny i?aeoeie.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “?iaiieeiaa neiaici?ia aia??ie
oeaio?aeueiiiie?nueei-na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueei? noi?aeiino?”
ia’?aeio? i?ae?icae?ee: “Nenoaia neiaici?ie ?iaiieea aia??ee n.
Enaaa??aea”, “ssaeua noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie a aia??eao n.
Aaeeea Aoaa?aea, n. Aaeeea Nieoai?aea, n. Iieiae”, “Neiaici?ia ?iaiieea
a na?aaeiueiiie?nueeeo aia??eao”.

O i?ae?icae?eao iaaaaeaii iiiia?ao?/i? iiene ?iaiieeiai? neiaici?ie
aaciaeo aia??ie oa, aeey c?noaaeaiiy, iien neiaici?ie
na?aaeiueiiie?nueei? aia??ee. O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? iiaeaii aiae?c
oei?a a?aei?ithaaiiy ?iaiiee?a o aia??oe? ye ie?ai?e eiioi?eaoeai?e
nenoai? ca noaiith: iacaa oeio, o?eniaaia cae?i/aiiy o aeo?aei?e oi?i?,
oa?aeoa? e?ioeaaiai i?eaieiniiai iniiae. Aeae? iaaaaeaii ia?aaeeaio
a?aei?ithaaiiy, oaaeeoeth a?aei?ieiaeo cae?i/aiue; ia?ae?e eaenai, ui
iaeaaeaoue aei aiae?ciaaiiai oeio; ei?ioeee eiiaioa? uiaei iniaeeainoae
a?aei?ithaaiiy.

O aia??oe? n. Enaaa??aea aeae?ey?oueny 25 oei?a a?aei?ithaaiiy ? 3
a?aiaoeeae?ciaai? neiaici?ii? ia?aaeeaie. Na?aae ?iaiiee?a /ieia?/iai
?iaeo aeae?eaii 4 oeie a?aei?ithaaiiy ?iaiiee?a iaca ?noio-in?a, 2 oeie
– ?noio-iain?a, 3 oeie – ia?noio. ?iaiieee ae?ii/iai ?iaeo ia’?aeiai? a
3 oeie a?aei?ithaaiiy; na?aaeiueiai ?iaeo – o 4 oeie; ?iaiieee sg.t.
ooai?ththoue 5 oei?a, a ?iaiieee pl.t. – 4 oeie.

Iiene oei?a neiaici?ie ?iaiieea a aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??eao iathoue
oaeee aeaeyae:

1. Oei ?oea.

I?aeoei ?oea. Cae?i/aiiy /-a/. Eaenaie c oaa?aeeie e?ioeaaeie
i?eaieinieie iniiae.

I?aeoei oea?eaa. Cae?i/aiiy /-a/. Eaenaie c oaa?aeeie e?ioeaaeie
i?eaieinieie iniiae.

Iaeieia
IiiaeeiaI.?oe-aoea?ea-a?oe-eoeae?ea-e?.?oe-eoea?ea-e?oe-oeae?e-i,

oeae?ea’-?Ae.?ooe’-?oea?ea’-??oe-aioeae?ea-aiC.?oe-ooea?ea-o?oe-eoeae?ea
-eI.?oe-ieooea?ea-ieo?oe-aieoeae?ea-aieI.?ooe’?oea?ea’-??oe-aooeae?ea-ao
Aei oeueiai oeio a?aei?ithaaiiy iaeaaeaoue ?iaiieee:

i?aeoei ?oea: ?oea, aaeaeiea (aa??aio i/iea), ae’?iea, naeno?a, ne’ica,
aeioa, iiaa, aei?iaa, ai?a, a?iaa, o?aaa, ea?oiieeia, naeoa, iaeaaeeia,
oeeaoeeia, aeaaa, eoia, aei/ea, oaee’?a?aia, oe?’?aa/ea, ni?i/ea, aiaea,
e?oia, no?aaa, aaenia, caaaea, ceia, noaioa, no?’?oa, a?eaaaea, ai?iia,
a’?e’:aea, no’?ia, eiioaaoa, aea?aeoea, naeoea, aoei/ea, ienea,
a?oaeoea, ianea, eiaeea, iaaiei/ea, iae/’?iea, aaiea, na’?oeeea, aaea,
ea’?oea, oeeaaiea, aeeaeiea, aaenoa?ea, oaoa, ei?ceia;

i?aeoei oea?eaa: oea?eaa, naaee?ooa, ei?iaaa, aa?aa, naae’aa,
i?ec’aa, i’?aeioaa, eiioea?aa.

Iniaeeaino? a?aei?ithaaiiy.

1. ?iaiieee ae?oaiai i?aeoeio ae??ciythoueny aa??aoeai?noth oeaen?e o
?iae. a?aei. ii.: naaee?oo-, naaee?oo-?, i’?aeio-i, i’?aeioa’- ?.

2. Aeaye? ?iaiieee iiaeooue oaeeaaoeny o oi?i? aeai?ie: (aea’?)
?ooe’-?,(aea’?) iic’-?, (o?e) oao’?, (o?e) ei?cei’?, (/ioe?’?) no?i’?;
ca aiaeia??th aei oi?ie oeio (ieao’) oeae?ei aaeeaa?oueny neiaioi?ia
(a’?n’?i) nano?’?.

Ca iaaaaeaiith noaiith iieno iiaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i an? neiaici?ii?
oeie, cie?aia: 1) oei a?ao, i?aeoei a?ao, i?aeoei ?iaeei’a?; 2) oei
oeiiaeoe’, i?aeoei oeiiaeoe’, i?aeoei c’ao’; 3) oei noa?inoa, i?aeoei
noa?inoa, i?aeoei noae’:a; 4) oei aao’ei; 5) oei c.a’??, i?aeoei c.a’??,
i?aeoei e’?i’; 6) oei aie; 7) oei i’?ae, i?aeoei i’?ae, i?aeoei aeio/;
8) oei ae’?i; 9) oei aea’??, i?aeoei aea’??, i?aeoei i’?n; 10) oei
?oea, i?aeoei ?oea, i?aeoei oea?eaa; 11) oei caeie’a, i?aeoei caeie’a,
i?aeoei ieoa; 12) oei i’?/; 13) oei a’?ae?i, i?aeoei a’?ae?i, i?aeoei
ooi; 14) oei na?oea, i?aeoei na?oea, i?aeoei ii?a; 15) oei a?aiea,
i?aeoei a?aiea, i?aeoei ieao’:a; 16) oei oaee’a; 17) oei aaeoii, i?aeoei
aaeoii, oei ai’?ae; 18) oei ii?eaa, i?aeoei ii?eaa, i?aeoei niaa/i’a;
19) oei e?i; 20) oei o/ano’a; 21) oei n’?ii; 22) oei ae?iaa; 23) oei
ooaie, i?aeoei ooaie, i?aeoei i/ee, i?aeoei oaoiaoe; 24) oei aeaa?’?,
i?aeoei aeaa?’?, i?aeoei n’?ie; 25) oei eiiiie’? oa 3 eaenaie c
?iaeea?aeoaeueiith nenoaiith neiaici?ie (eaeeaea, iaoe, aa?ai’:a).

Aiae?c neiaici?ie ?iaiieea, cae?eniaiee c o?aooaaiiyi neiaici?iieo
iniaeeainoae eean?a ?iaiiee?a oa ie?aieo eaenai, iieacaa, ui
noanoaioeaia neiaici?iia nenoaia aia??ee n. Enaaa??aea caa??aa? ?yae
a?oa?/ieo ?en (cie?aia, cae?i/aiiy -ao, ); aiia noaiiaeoue a?aee?eoo
aa??aoeaio nenoaio. A?aei?ithaaiiy ?iaiiee?a o aeine?aeaeoaai?e aia??oe?
cana?ae/o? /anoa ia?aeaeueia aaeeaaiiy a?aei?ieiaeo cae?i/aiue,
cae??ieaiiy ca ie?aieie a?oiaie /e iiiaeeiieeie ?iaiieeaie iaai?o
oeaen?e, ye? oi?iothoue neiaici?iiee oei. Oeoaiiy o a?aei?ieiaeo
cae?i/aiiyo ? iciaeith ianoaa?eueiino? oei?a ia?aaeeai, ?o aca?iiaieea?a
? aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe i?aeoeie a iaaeao ?yaeo neiaici?iieo oei?a. Ia
aea?? oeio a?aei?ithaaiiy aieeaathoue oae? oaeoi?e, ye e?ioeaaee
i?eaieiniee iniiae, iaeaaei?noue aei iaaiiai a?aiaoe/iiai ?iaeo, iaa??
oeaen?e.

Ioaea, iniaeeainoyie neiaici?ie ?iaiieea aia??ee naea Enaaa??aea ?:

1) iioe?aiiy oi?i a?aei?ithaaiiy ?iaiiee?a iaeiiai oeio ia ?ioee, ui ?
i?e/eiith ooieoe?iiaaiiy a aia??oe? aeoaeaoieo cae?i/aiue, iai?.:

?iae. a?aei. iaei. -a, -? (a?aiea, a?aiaei’-?);

aeaa. a?aei. iaei. — o, -ia’? (a?ao-o, a?ao-ia’?);

— o, -aa’?, -ia’?, (oeiioe’-o, oeiioe-aa’?,
oeiioe’-ia’? );

i?oaei. a?aei. iaei. -aeo, -ieo (eao-aeo, eao-ieo);

eee/i. a?aei. iaei. -, -a (a?ao-, a?ao-a);

2) iayai?noue oi?i aeai?ie; oae? oi?ie iae/ano?oa caa??aathoue ?iaiieee
ae?ii/iai oa na?aaeiueiai ?iae?a o iac. ? ciao. a?aei?ieao iiiaeeie i?e
/ene?aieeao aea?, o?e, /ioe?e: aea’? ?ooe’?, aea’? iic’?, /ioe?’?
no’?i’?, aea’? neia’?; oae? oi?ie iae/ano?oa aeyaeythoueny a iiaeaii?
ethaeae noa?oiai a?eo. Oa?aeoa?ia oaeiae caa?aaeaiiy ?iaiieeaie
/ieia?/iai ?iaeo ?? a?aei?ie a niieo/aii? c /ene?aieeaie aeaa, o?e,
/ioe?e oi?i iac. a?aei. iiiaeeie ia -e, -?: aeaa ia?oaiee, aeaa i’?i’?,
/ioe?’? i’?n’aoe’?; /anoi oe? oi?ie canooiathoueny aeaai?ie oi?iaie iac.
a?aei. ia -a (-ea): aeaa a?aoa, o?e n’?aina. Iioe?aiei ? aa??aioia
cae?i/aiiy -a a iac. a?aei. ii. ?iaiiee?a /ieia?/iai ?iaeo: ni’?a-e,
ni’?a-a;

3) oi?ie ?iae. – ciao. a?aei. aai iac. – ciao. a?aei. iathoue
caeaa?eueoiai iaeiaeiao oiiaoe/io ?aae?caoe?th; ?ieiee ?iaiieee ia
iicia/aiiy iaaeeaeo i?aaeiao?a o ciao. a?aei. iaeieie ? iiiaeeie
aenooiathoue ye iacae aeeaeo ?noio: i’?ae-, iiae-a; iiae’-?, iiae’-?;

4) ia?aianaiiy iaaieino a aeayeeo ?iaiieeao c iniiae o oi?iao iaeieie
ia oeaen?th o iiiaeei?: ?iae. a?aei. iaei. – iena?-a, ?iae. a?aei. ii.
– iena?’-?;

5) oi?ia eee/iiai a?aei?iea iaeii?iaeoeoeaia ? iae/ano?oa aeyaey?oueny a
?iaiieeao /ieia?/iai ?iaeo (iaca ?noio-in?a, c??aeea – iaca
?noio-iain?a), iai?.: eoi-a, naao-a, nei-o, o?aeo/aiee-o, ieaieoe-a,
oeai-a, oeooeee-o; oi?ie eee/i. a?aei. ii. ca?aathoueny c oi?iaie iac.
a?aei. ii., iai?.: naao-e, eoi-e;

6) iniaeeai aa??aoeaieie ? ?iaiieee a?oie pl. t., ui cia/ii oneeaaeith?
anoaiiaeaiiy ?o neiaici?iieo oei?a, iai?.: ?iae. a?aei. – i?iaiae-? ?
i?ia’?ae-, eai’?eoe-? ? eai’?eoe-, i?oaei. a?aei. – aeaa?i-e ?
aeaa?’-aie; oi/ /anoeia ?iaiiee?a ia aeyaey? aa??aoeaiino? oeaen?e:
a’??aa/ie-, i/e-aie.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e “ssaeua noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie o aia??eao n.
Aaeeea Aoaa?aea, n. Aaeeea Nieoai?aea, n. Iieiae” i?enay/aiee aiae?cia?
? nenoaiaoecaoe?? iaoa??aeo oeeo aia??ie. A?i iieacaa, ui neiaici?ia
?iaiieea oeeo aia??ie iaei a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae nenoaie noanoaioeaii?
neiaici?ie n.Enaaa??aea: o ieo oae naii aeae?ey?oueny ii 25 oei?a
a?aei?ithaaiiy ? ii 3 a?aiaoeeae?ciaaieo ia?aaeeaie.

O oeueiio i?ae?icae?e? cae?eniaii iien ca anoaiiaeaieie
neiaici?iieie oeiaie ?iaiiee?a /ieia?/iai, ae?ii/iai, na?aaeiueiai
?iae?a, ?iaiiee?a sg.t. oa pl.t.

Cao?eniaai? ii?oieia?/i? ?ene aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaie aia??ie
i?aeoaa?aeeee a?aeii? ?ai?oa aeai? i?i cao?aei? oa i?ai?/i? iaae?
neiaici?iieo ?en ?iaiieea na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeiai aiai?o. Oae,
O.AEeeei cacia/aa, ui cae?i/aiiy -aa’?, -ia’? o aeaa. a?aei. iaei.
?iaiiee?a /ie. ?iaeo iaca ?noio ia?aaaaea? a aia??eao ia i?aaeaiue a?ae
A?ei? Oea?eae, ?aeeuaaa, a i?ai?/i?oa a?eueoo aeoeai?noue aeyaey?
oeaen?y -o; o aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??eao cao?eniaaii ??aiii?aaia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aa??aio?a c oeaen?yie -o oa -ia’?: a?ao-o, a?ao-ia’?,
oeeaai-o, oeeaai-ia’?. Aeey a?oie ?iaiiee?a iaca iaaeeaeo ?noio
cae?i/aiiy -o a aeaa. a?aei. iaei. aecia/aeiny ye aeoeaia a aia??eao
ia i?ai?/ a?ae Aaneeueeiaa, a i?aaeaii?oa – ia?aeaeueia aaeeaaiiy
cae?i/aiue -o oa -ia’?, ui oaeiae aaeaeiny cao?enoaaoe a
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??eao: nooa?-o, nooa?-ia’?, oieiae-o, oieiae-ia’?.
Caoaaaeeii, ui cae?i/aiiy -o /ano?oa aaeeaa?oueny a aia??eao n.
Aaeeea Aoaa?aea oa n.Aaeeea Nieoai?aea, ye? aaia?ao?/ii ?icoaoiaai?
i?ai?/i?oa; aeey aia??ie n.Enaaa??aea oa n. Iieiae oa?aeoa?ia ia?aaaaa
cae?i/aiiy -ia’? iaae cae?i/aiiyi -o.

O aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??eao o oi?iao i?oaei. a?aei. iaei.
i?inoaaeo?oueny iine?aeiaia aaeeaaiiy oeaen?e -ieo, -aeo (aeoo-ieo,
caeie’-ieo, ciaeoe’-ieo, eao-ieo; aeoo-aeo, caeie-aeo, ciaeoe-aeo,
eao-aeo); o aia??eao n.Aaeeea Aoaa?aea oa n. Aaeeea Nieoai?aea ?iaiieee
ae?ii/iai ?iaeo a i?oaei. a?aei. iaei. c??aeea iathoue cae?i/aiiy -ie
(aeoo-ie, eao-ie).

Eaenaia iaoe, ye ? a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?i?e iia?, ia?
?iaeea?aeoaeueio neiaici?iio ia?aaeeaio, oniaaeeiaaio ua c
aeaaiueioe?a?inueei? ?iaiii? nenoaie a?aei?ithaaiiy, eiee aiia
iaeaaeaea aei a?oie ?iaiiee?a -r-iniiae; o ?iae., aeaa., i?noe.
a?aei?ieao iaeieie oa o oi?iao an?o a?aei?ie?a iiiaeeie ?iaiiee iaoe
caa??aa? aeaai?e oi?iaio -a?-, a a ciao. oa i?oaei. a?aei. iaei.
aiane?aeie aoi?eiii? ci?ie a ? – -??-: iaoa?-?, iao’??-, iaoae?’-ai,
iaoae?’-aie, (ia) iaoae?’-ao.

?iaiiee eaeeaea, aeie?aieaiee ye oaeee, ui ooai?th? ie?aio ia?aaeeaio,
o aia??eao n.Aaeeea Aoaa?aea oa n. Iieiae aaeeaa?oueny o oi?i? /ie. oa
ae?i. ?iae?a, oiae? ye o aia??eao n. Aaeeea Nieoai?aea oa n. Enaaa??aea
oeae ?iaiiee aenooia? o?eueee o oi?i? /ie. ?iaeo, ii?.: eaeeaea i?eeao’?
? eaeeaea ai’?caei caeea. Caneoaiao? ia oaaao oaeiae eaenaia aa?ai’a,
yea a aia??eao i?aaeaiii? Ee?aueie aeyaey? ?iaeiao a?aeianai?noue ? aei
ae?ii/iai, ? aei na?aaeiueiai ?iaeo: ii?. aeia?o aa?ai’o caa?eea ? oaea
aa?ai’a aeia?a aeeoei. E??i oiai, cao?eniaaia aaeeaaiiy oeueiai ?iaiieea
o oi?i? iiiaeeie, iai?.: caaioiaeea ia c’?io aa?aei’? aaaaoi.

Aeaye? iaa?aei?ithaai? a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?i?e iia? neiaa
?ioiiiaiiai iioiaeaeaiiy aaeaioothoueny aei aia??eiaeo a?aiaoe/ieo
nenoai ? a?aei?iththoueny ca c?aceii ?iaiiee?a na?aaeiueiai ?iaeo,
iai?.: ?icaeein’y oeo e’?i’?, aeie?oaea iaeo?ii, iae e?ea oeo e’?a’?
i’?eiee.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e “Neiaici?ia ?iaiieea a na?aaeiueiiie?nueeeo aia??eao”
i?enay/aiee iienia? iniaeeainoae noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie aia??ee n.
Oianoee E?n o ?o c?noaaeaii? c aia??eaie i?aaeaiii? Ee?aueie.

O na?aaeiueiiie?nuee?e aia??oe? oi?ie iac. a?aei. iaei. iathoue
cae?i/aiiy, ye? ae??ciythoue ?o c-iii?ae ?ioeo ae?aeaeoieo nenoai,
iai?., ?iaiieee ae?i. ?iaeo c iniiaith ia oeiey/ee i?eaieiniee o
aeo?aei?e oi?i? iathoue cae?i/aiiy -e oa -? (a?oo-e, a?oo-?, ia/-e,
ia/’-?), oiae? ye o aia??eao i?aaeaiii? Ee?aueie cao?eniaaii aaeeaaiiy
oeaen?? -? (ii/’-?, oo/’-?, e?o/’-?).

O na?aaeiueiiie?nueeeo aia??eao o aeaa. oa i?noe. a?aei. iaei. ?iaiieee
/ie. ?iaeo iathoue cae?i/aiiy -o (aao’e-o, e’?oe-o, aino’-o),
oiae? ye o aia??eao i?aaeaiii? Ee?aueie ye oaea cacia/aeiny
cao?eniaaii ia?aeaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?i c -o oa -aa’?, -ia’?
(a?ao-ia’?, eii- aa’?), i?e aeii?ioaaii? aaeeaaiiy oeaen?? -ia’? a
aia??eao n. Enaaa??aea oa n.Iieiae.

O i?noe. a?aei. iaei. ?iaiieee ae?ii/iai ?iaeo iathoue cae?i/aiiy -a,
a na?aaeiueiai – -a oa -o, iai?.: (ia) oao’-a, (ia) e?anio?-a, (ia)
e’?oe-o, (ia) niioe-a, o aia??eao i?aaeaiii? Ee?aueie, ye ? caaaeii o
na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeeo aia??eao, a?aecia/aia oeaen?y -?: (ia)
niioe’-?, (ia) eeoe’-?, (ia) aieia’-?.

?iaiieeiaa a?aei?ieiaa ia?aaeeaia iaeieie a na?aaeiueiiie?nueeeo
aia??eao ca i?noeai iaaieino a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
iiiaeeiii?. ?ai?acaioaoeaiith uiaei ?ooiiino? iaaieino ?, iai?.,
ia?aaeeaia eaenaie eina: o iac., ?iae., aeaa., i?oaei., i?noe.
a?aei?ieao iaeieie iaaiein ia oeaen?eiiio neeaae? (ein-a, ein-e, ein’-?,
ein-ieo, (ia) ein’-?); o iac., ciao. a?aei?ieao iiiaeeie – ia
ei?aiaaiio (ein-e); o ciao. a?aei. iaei. oa aeaa., i?oaei. i?noe.
a?aei?ieao iiiaeeie aaeeaathoueny ia?aeaeuei? oi?ie: ein-o ? ein-o,
ein-aie ? ein-aie. Iniaeea?noth na?aaeiueiiie?nueeeo aia??ie ? /anoa
aaeeaaiiy (iniaeeai a iiaeaii? ethaeae noa?oiai a?eo) oi?i eee/i.
a?aei., iai?.: aeii’o, aeii’ei, aieoaiei, neio, iaii/ei, Aiaea.
Aeineoue aeoeaii aaeeaathoueny ? oi?ie eieeoiuei? aeai?ie o iac. – ciao.
a?aei?ieao ?iaiiee?a, ui aenooiathoue o niieooe? c /ene?aieeaie aeaa,
o?e, /ioe?e: aea’a ?oe’?, o?e naaeo’?e?, /ioe?’? oao’?.

Aiae?c neiaici?ie ?iaiieea aia??ie
oeaio?aeueiiiie?nueei-na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueei? noi?aeiino?,
i?iaaaeaiee ?c o?aooaaiiyi neiaici?iieo iniaeeainoae ia eeoa eean?a,
a?oi ?iaiiee?a, a e ie?aii acyoeo eaenai, aeicaiey? c?iaeoe oae?
aeniiaee.

1. No/ania oe?a?inueea ae?aeaeoia neiaici?ia ? i?iaeoeoii o?eaaeiai
?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo. ?icaaeoaeaia nenoaia aeaaiueioe?a?inueeeo
neiaici?iieo oei?a (eean?a ?iaiiee?a), aecia/aieo ca e?ioeaaei
i?eaieiniei iniiae, caciaea a?ae/ooii? oi?o?eaoe??. ?iaeiaa iciaea ye
aecia/aeueiee oaeoi? anoaiiaeaiiy no/anieo neiaici?iieo oei?a coiiaeea
ni?iuaiiy a?aiaoe/ii? no?oeoo?e, oi/ a?eueo?noue ii?oieia?/ieo yaeu,
a?aeiieo no/aniei aiai?ai, oniaaeeiaaia a?ae ??cieo aoai?a aaiethoe??
oei?a a?aei?ithaaiiy ?iaiieea. Oiio nenoaia neiaici?iieo noanoaioeaieo
oei?a o ae?aeaeoao a?aecia/a?oueny a?eueoith ?icaaeoaeai?noth e
aeeiai?eith ii??aiyii ?c neiaici?iith ?iaiieea no/anii? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae.

2. Neiaici?i? aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie i?eoaiaii? /?oei i?aai?ciaai?
ia?aaeeaie, yeei aeanoea? aioo??oiueiia?aaeeaiaoe/i? oa
i?aeia?aaeeaiaoe/i? aca?iiaieeae, aa??aioi?noue neiaici?iieo ao?en?a.
Noanoaioeai? neiaici?ii? nenoaie aia??ie n. Aaeeea Aoaa?aea, n. Aaeeea
Nieoai?aea, n. Enaaa??aea, n. Iieiae caa??aathoue ?yae a?oa?/ieo ?en;
aiaeii/an aiie noaiiaeyoue a?aee?eo? nenoaie, ye? aeoeaii ia?aeiathoue
iiao ?iaiieeiao eaeneeo, a?aiaoe/ii aaeaiooth/e ?? aei iaaieo
neiaici?iieo oei?a ia?aeiath/eo aia??ie.

3. A on?o /ioe?ueio aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??eao aeae?eythoueny ii 25
neiaici?iieo oei?a ? ii 3 eaenaie c ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie ia?aaeeaiaie
a?aei?ithaaiiy. O ??cieo aia??eao aei oeo naieo oei?a a?aei?ithaaiiy
iaeaaeaoue o? ae nai? eaenaie, oiio ?iciiae?e ?iaiiee?a ca oeiaie
a?aei?ithaaiiy aeey aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie ia ? ?aeaaaioiith ?enith.

Iaoa??ae cana?ae/ea, ui aeine?aeaeoaai? aia??ee noaiiaeyoue ?aeeio
nenoaio ia ??ai? noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie. Ine?eueee aiie iathoue
a?eueo?noue ?en, ui oa?aeoa?i? aeey na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeiai aiai?o
i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai ia??//y, aea aiaeii/an iathoue ? ?ene, ye? ?
oeiiaeie aeey i?ai?/iiai oa i?aaeaiii-cao?aeiiai ia??/, oi ?o iiaeia
a?aeianoe aei oeio ia?ao?aeieo aia??ie.

4. Aeey aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie oa?aeoa?ia ooieoe?iiaeueia
?aeaioe/i?noue neiaici?iieo ao?en?a, ia?aeae?ci oeaen?e aeey ae?aaeaiiy
oiai naiiai cia/aiiy, iai?., cia/aiiy aeaaaeueiiai a?aei?iea iaeieie
?iaiiee?a /ieia?/iai ?iaeo ioi?iey?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith oeaen?e -o,
-aa’?, -ia’? (iena?-o, iena?-aa’?, iena?-ia’?); aeoaeaoi? oeaen?? ia
aeo?niythoue iaeia iaeio, a ni?aooieoe?iiothoue ia i?aaao a?eueii?
aa??aoeaii? aca?iicai?ie a iiaeaii?, neooaoeaii caoaeoth/e noa?o
aaeeaaiiy aeueoa?iaoeaieo oi?i.

5. Ia?aeae?ci oeaen?e, ia iniia? yeiai a?aeaoaaany i?ioean cai?ie noa?eo
oi?i iiaeie, ? iciaeith aeeiai?cio neiaici?iieo oei?a ?iaiiee?a. Oeie
neiaici?ie ?iaiieea oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?aeiia?aeiith nenoaiith
a?aei?ieiaeo i?ioenoaaeaiue ? iaai?ii a?aei?ieiaeo oeaen?e. I?ioeane
oi?o?eaoe?? a iaaeao neiaici?iieo oei?a iiaeooue aeaaaoe oi?o?eaoe?th
cae?i/aiue ?, iaaiaee, ua a?eueoo ?icae??aiai?noue ?o o aeiaaeeo
aca?iiae?? oei?a a?aei?ithaaiiy.

6. Ia oi?ioaaiiy oeio a?aei?ithaaiiy aieeaathoue oae? oaeoi?e, ye
e?ioeaaee i?eaieiniee iniiae ?iaiieea, iaeaaei?noue eiai aei iaaiiai
a?aiaoe/iiai ?iaeo, iaa?? a?aei?ieiaeo oeaen?e. Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii
aeae?eaiiy oeio noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie ? ii?oieia?caoe?y oiiaoe/ieo
yaeu. Aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? ae?y a?aiaoe/ii? aiaeia?? (ii?. oi?o?eaoe?th
?iaiiee?a ca iiaeaeeth oaa?aei? a?oie na?aae ?iaiiee?a /ieia?/iai ?iaeo
? /?oea ?ic??ciaiiy oaa?aei? oa i’yei? a?oi na?aae noanoaioea?a
ae?ii/iai ?iaeo). Ae??aithaaiiy noanoaioeaieo oeaen?e o neiaoey?i?e
ia?aaeeai? aaaea aei noe?aiiy a?aei?iiinoae i?ae oaa?aeei oa ?noi?e/ii
i’yeei ??ciiaeaeaie a?aei?ithaaiiy (caeie’-ieo, aeoo-ieo, oiaa?eo-ii).

7. O iiiaeeiieo ia?aaeeaiao a?aiaoe/ia aiaeia?y ni?e/eieea ao?aoo
oi?iaeueieo a?aei?iiinoae, coiiaeaieo ?iaeiaith a?aeianai?noth
?iaiiee?a. Iiiaeeii? ia?aaeeaie a?aecia/athoueny iaaiith noaoe/i?noth
uiaei aeei?enoaiiy oeaen?eieo aa??aio?a, ui ia aeeeth/a? aeae?eaiiy
i?aeoei?a o iaaeao iaeiiai neiaici?iiiai oeio.

8. Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy oei?a a?aei?ithaaiiy ?iaiiee?a ??ci? oeaen??
iathoue ??ciee nooi?iue ?aeaaaioiino?. Aeey ?iaiiee?a /ie. ?iaeo
aaaeeeaeie ? oeaen?? ?iaeiaiai, aeaaaeueiiai oa i?noeaaiai a?aei?ie?a
iaeieie; aeey ae?ii/iai – ?iaeiaiai oa i?oaeiiai a?aei?ie?a iaeieie,
aeey na?aaeiueiai – ?iaeiaiai, ciao?aeiiai oa i?oaeiiai a?aei?ie?a
iaeieie.

9. C?noaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie aeaei ciiao aecia/eoe oae?
iniaeeaino? noanoaioeaii? neiaici?ie oeeo ae?aeaeoieo nenoai:

a) iayai?noue aeoaeaoieo cae?i/aiue;

a) iacia/ia iioe?aiiy oi?i eee/iiai a?aei?iea, iayai?noue ?o eeoa a
ie?aieo oeiao a?aei?ithaaiiy: aao’eo, aei/ae/ei, noa?inoi;

a) ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?i aeai?ie a ?iaiieeao ae?ii/iai oa na?aaeiueiai
?iae?a o iac. oa ciao. a?aei?ieao iiiaeeie o niieoeao c /ene?aieeaie
aeaa, o?e, /ioe?e: (aea’?) iic’?, (aea’?) neia’?, (aea’?) ooooe’?,
(aeaiea) ?’aaeaei, (o?e) ?’aaei’?, (o?e) naee’?, (o?e) a’?ae?’?,
(/ioe?’?) naeno?’?, (/ioe?’?) no’?i’? ;

a) iioe?aia aa??aioia cae?i/aiiy -a a iac. a?aei. ii. ?iaiiee?a /ie.
?iaeo: ni’?a-a, aiae-a, ai?iae-a;

) ?iaiieee – iacae iaaeeaeo i?aaeiao?a – o ciao. a?aei. iiaeooue iaoe
oeaen??, ye? i?eoaiaii? ianaiia?aae iacaai aeeaeo ?noio (i’?ae, iiaea),
?, iaaiaee, ?iaiieee, ui iaceaathoue ?noio, iathoue aeoaeaoi? oi?ie
(oaee’aoa, oaee’ao);

ae) ie?ai? ?iaiieee aeyaeythoue oeoaiiy uiaei ?iaeiai? a?aeianaiino?,
iai?., eaenaie oa?o, ?’aia, ioo’ ooieoe?iiothoue ye o oi?i? /ie., oae ?
ae?i. ?iaeo; aeaye? noanoaioeae ooai?ththoue ?iaeia? ia?e: naao? ?
naao?a, e’?o? ? e’?o?a, a?eaai’ ? a?eai’a; cao?eniaaii oaeiae
aaeeaaiiy eaenaie eiioaaoa o oi?i? /ie. ?iaeo – eiioaao;

a) aeaye? ?iaiieee ?ioiiiaiiai iioiaeaeaiiy a?aei?iththoueny ca c?aceii
?iaiiee?a na?aaeiueiai ?iaeo (iaeiaea e’?ia, eioaei caieea) aai
ae?ii/iai ?iaeo (?oea nioieo);

?) ?iaiieee c eiie?aoiei ?a/iaeiiei cia/aiiyi (/aniee, iae, aaeoii) oa
c aano?aeoiei cia/aiiyi (noa?ino’, ?aaeino’, e’oai) iathoue eeoa
neiaoey?i? ia?aaeeaie;

ae) iniaeeaith aa??aoeai?noth a?aecia/a?oueny a?aei?ithaaiiy ?iaiiee?a
pl. t.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie neiaici?ie ?iaiieea eiaeii? c ia?aieo aeey
aiae?co aia??ie aeaei ciiao c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui a aia??eao
oeaio?aeueiiiie?nueei-na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueei? noi?aeiino?
caa??aa?oueny cia/ia e?euee?noue oei?a a?aei?ithaaiiy. Aaaaoi ?en o
a?aiaoe/i?e no?oeoo?? aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie ni?euei? c iniaeeainoyie
i?ai?/ieo aai i?aaeaiii-cao?aeieo ae?aeaeo?a, c yeeie aiie iaaeothoue,
ui aea? i?aenoaae ca?aoiaoaaoe ?o aei a?oie ia?ao?aeieo aia??ie i?ae
na?aaeiueiiie?nueeei oa na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeei ae?aeaeoaie.

O aeiaeaoeao ai?uaii nienie eaenai, ia?aaeeaie yeeo aoee ia’?eoii
niinoa?aaeaiue o aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aei ieoaiiy iieno neiaici?ie ?iaiieea a aia??oe? //
Oe?a?inueeee ae?aeaeoieia?/iee ca??iee. Eieaa 3. Iai’yo? Oaoyie
Iaca?iai?. – E.: Aeia??a, 1997. –- N. 64-74.

2. ?c niinoa?aaeaiue iaae neiaici?iith ?iaiieea o na?aaeiueiiie?nueeeo
aia??eao // Aieeiue – AEeoiie?ueia. – AEeoiie?, 1998. – Aei. 3. – N.
32-37.

3. Neiaici?ia ?iaiieea aia??ee n. Oianoee E?n // Aia??ee
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie. Nenoaiiee iien. – E.: Aeia??a, 1999. – N. 27-34.

4. Aia??ee *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie. Oaenoe / A?aei. ?aae.
A?eoeaiei I.TH. – E.: Aeia??a, 1996. – 360 n. (o ni?aaaoi?noa?;
aaoi?ia? iaeaaeeoue 56 n.).

?yaaoeue E.A. Neiaici?ia ?iaiieea a aia??eao
oeaio?aeueiiiie?nueei-na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueei? noi?aeiino?. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ?c niaoe?aeueiino? 10. 02. 01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa. – ?inoeooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia nenoaiiiio iienia? neiaici?ie ?iaiieea aia??ie
ia?ao?aeii? i?ae i?ai?/iei oa i?aaeaiii-no?aeiei ia??//yie ae?aeaeoii?
ciie. O aeena?oaoe?? noai?aii iiaeaeue iieno ae?aeaeoii? noanoaioeaii?
neiaici?ie c o?aooaaiiyi ii?oiiieia?/ieo oei?a iniiae; aeine?aeaeaii
oaiaeaioe?? ?iciiae?eo ?iaiiee?a ca neiaici?iieie oeiaie, c’yniaaii
oa?aeoa? neiaici?ie ia?ao?aeii? na?aaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueei-iie?nueei?
ciie.

Nenoaiaoecaoe?y e aiae?c c?a?aiiai iaoa??aeo aeicaieeee ciiaeaethaaoe
aeey aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie ?iaa??aio neiaici?ie ?iaiiee?a, yeee
ioiieth? 25 oei?a oa 3 a?aiaoeeaoeeae?ciaai? ia?aaeeaie. ?iciiae?e
?iaiiee?a ca neiaici?iieie oeiaie a ??cieo aia??eao iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaiee ye ?aeaaaioia iciaea oeiieia?? aia??ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?a?inueea ae?aeaeoieia?y; ?iaiieeiaa (noanoaioeaia)
neiaici?ia; ia?ao?aeia ciia; ii?oiiieia?y; iniiaa neiaa; oeaen?y;
ae?aeaeoia neiaici?iia iiaeaeue.

?yaaoe E.A. Neeiiaiea eiaie nouanoaeoaeueiiai a aiai?ao
oeaio?aeueiiiieannei-n?aaeiaiiaeiai?ianeie niaaeiinoe. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 — oe?aeineee ycue. – Einoeooo
oe?aeineiai ycuea IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai nenoaiiiai iienaiey neeiiaiey eiaie
nouanoaeoaeueiiai a aeeaeaeoao ia?aoiaeiie ciiu iaaeaeo naaa?iui e
thai-ainoi/iui ia?a/eai oe?aeineiai ycuea. A aeenna?oaoeee nicaeaii
iiaeaeue iienaiey aeeaeaeoiiai neeiiaiey noanoaioeaia n o/aoii
ii?oiiieiae/aneeo oeiia iniiau; enneaaeiaaiu oaiaeaioeee ?ani?aaeaeaiey
eiai nouanoaeoaeueiuo ii neiaieciaieoaeueiui oeiai, ii?aaeaeai oa?aeoa?
neeiiaiey eiai nouanoaeoaeueiuo ia?aoiaeiie
n?aaeiaiiaeiai?ianei-iieanneie ciiu.

Aeooaeueiinoue enneaaeiaaiey iaoneiaeaia iaiaoiaeeiinoueth
nenoaiaoecaoeee aeaiio i aeeaeaeoiii neiaieciaiaiee eiaie
nouanoaeoaeueiiai /anoiie aeeaeaeoiie nenoai. Aiai?
n?aaeiaiiaeiai?ianeiai aeeaeaeoa ia ?ac aee iaaeoii enneaaeiaaiey
eeiaaenoia, iineieueeo eiaiii oio aeeaeaeo o?aaeeoeeiiii n/eoatho
iniiaie oe?aeineiai eeoa?aoo?iiai ycea. Iaci? ?aaio, iinayu?iio
n?aaeiaiiaeiai?ianeiio aeeaeaeoo, iieacae, /oi i?iaeaiai a?aiiaoeee e
nianoaaiii ii?oieiaeee, aeeaeaeoiiai neeiiaiey ei?i nouanoaeoaeueio ia
aei oaeaeaii aeinoaoi/iiai aieiaiey. A enneaaeiaaieyo oeo aeeaeaeoio
nenoai niaea?aeeony eioi?iaoeey ia enoi?ee canaeaiey ?aaeiia, i
oi?ie?iaaiee iieoaanei-eeaaneiai aeeaeaeoa, i aai eaene/aneeo
iniaaiiinoyo. ?anniio?ai eniieueciaaiia i?aaeaea iaoiae iienaiey
a?aiiaoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae aeeaeaeoia e eceiaeai i?aeiouanoaa iiaiai –
nenoaiiiai – iiaeoiaea e iienaieth aeeaeaeoiiai eiaiiiai
neiaieciaiaiey.

A ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeaii iiiia?aoe/aneia iienaiea noanoaioeaiiai
neiaieciaiiaiey aaciao aeeaeaeoio nenoai (aiai? n. Enaaa?iaea, n.
Iieiae, n. Aieueoay Aoaa?aea, n. Aieueoay Nieoaiiaea). Aiaeec e
nenoaiaoecaoeey nia?aiiiai iaoa?eaea iicaieee aaeaeeoue aeey enneaaeoaio
aeeaeaeoia 25 neiaieciaieoaeueio oeiia e 3 eaenai n eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie
ia?aaeeaiaie neeiiaiey.

Aiaeec oeiia eiaiiiai neeiiaiey a ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeai ii noaia: iacaaiea
oeia; ieii/aiea a oi?ia eiaieo. iaaeaaea aae. /enea; oa?aeoa? eiia/iiai
niaeaniiai iniia; aeaeaa – ia?aaeeaia neeiiaiey; nienie neia,
i?eiaaeeaaeaueo e iienaaaiiio oeio; iniaaiiinoe neeiiaiey oeia eee
ioaeaeueio eaenai.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea nia?aiaiiiai ninoiyiey eiaiiie neiaieciaieoaeueiie nenoai
aiai?ia n?aaeiaiiaeiai?ianeiai aeeaeaeoa i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaea a?
aeeiaie/iinoue e ?acaaoae?iiinoue. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi neeiiaieth
nouanoaeoaeueio a enneaaeoaio aeeaeaeoao i?enoue /?oei i?aaieciaaiia
ia?aaeeai, a eioi?o nio?aieeenue iaeioi?a a?oae/aneea yaeaiey (iai?.,
oi?i aeaienoaaiiiai /enea). Eiaiia neiaieciaieoaeueia oei
oa?aeoa?ecothony niioaaonoaaiiie nenoaiie iaaeaaeio i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiee e
iaai?ii iaaeaaeio ieii/aiee. Aeey ia?aaeeai iiiaeanoaaiiiai /enea iaiaa
oa?aeoa?i aa?eaioia ieii/aiey.

Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey oeiia neeiiaiey eiai nouanoaeoaeueio ?acee/ia oeaenee
eiatho ?acee/ie o?iaaiue ?aeaaaioiinoe, iai?.: aeey nouanoaeoaeueio
ioaeneiai ?iaea anieay noaiaiue ?acee/aiey iaaethaeaaony n?aaee
ieii/aiee ?iae,, aeao. e i?aaee. iaaeaaeae aae. /enea, aeey
nouanoaeoaeueio n?aaeiaai ?iaea – ?iae., aeieo. e oai?eo. iaaeaaeae.

Enneaaeiaaiea nenoai eiaiiiai neeiiaiey ioaeaeueii eaaeaeiai aiai?a
iieacaei, /oi a aiai?ao oeaio?aeueiiiieannei-n?aaeiaiiaeiai?ianeie cii
ioia/aaony nouanoaiaaiea cia/eoaeueiiai eiee/anoaa oeiia neeiiaiey.
Aieueoeinoai iniaaiiinoae a?aiiaoe/aneie no?oeoo? enneaaeoaio aiai?ia
eiatho iiiai iauaai n iniaaiiinoyie i?aaeaea anaai naaa?iiai, a oaeaea
e thai-caiaaeiiai ia?a/ee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oe?aeineay aeeaeaeoieiaey; neeiiaiea eiai
nouanoaeoaeueiuo (noanoaioeaia); ciia ia?aoiaeiuo aeeaeaeoia;
ii?oiiieiaey; iniiaa neiaa; oeaeney; aeeaeaeoiay neiaieciaieoaeueiay
iiaeaeue.

Ryabets L.V. Word-changing in local dialects of contiguous areas of
Central Polissya and Middle Dnieper. – Manuscript.

The dissertation for the Candidate Degree in Philology, Speciality
10.02.01 — the Ukrainian language. – Ukrainian Language Institute of
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation presents systematical description of substantive
word-changing in local dialects of transitional zone between the Nothern
and the South-Eastern groups of dialects. A model of description of
substantive word-changing is created in the dissertation with due regard
for morphonological types of stem; tendencies of development of
distribution of nouns by types of word-changing are investigated; the
nature of word-changing in transitional dialectal zone is determined.
Systematization and analysis of the collected material allowed to model
an invariant of substantive word-changing for the given local dialects.
This invariant includes 25 types and 3 grammaticalized paradigms.
Distribution of nouns by types of word-changing is relevant sign for
typology of local dialects.

Key words: Ukrainian dialectology, substantive word-changing,
transitional dialectal zone, morphonology, stem, inflection, dialectal
word-changing model.

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