Aeaaeai?y I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie

?i. Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai

AENUeIIIAA IEAIA IEOAEE?AIA

OAeE 378:355

Nenoaia iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee

iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy

nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei a?enueeiaiai

eieaeoeao (aeoiaiee aniaeo)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue
20.02.02

A?enueeiaa iaaeaaia?ea
oa ineoieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Oiaeueieoeueeee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iaeanueeiio ?inoeooo? Nooiiooieo a?enuee. I?i?noa?noai
Iai?iie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee-eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Uiaie?aa Ieueaa sse?aia, I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeee

iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. E.Ae. Ooeinueeiai,

eaoaae?a caaaeueiioaoi?/ieo aeenoeeie?i,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EOCI?OeIAA ?iana Aanee?aia, Iaeanueea

aea?aeaaia ii?nueea aeaaeai?y, aoiai?oa?iee oaeoeueoao,

aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

?UAIEI Aeieo?i Aaneeueiae/, Aeaaeai?y

I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. A.
Oiaeueieoeueeiai,

eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoieia??, ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa-Ee?anueeee a?enueeiaee aoiai?oa?iee ?inoeooo eaoaae?a
a?enueeiai? iaaeaaia?ee ? eoeueoo?e, I?i?noa?noai Iai?iie,

i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “30” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 70.705.02 aeaaeai??
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai ca aae?anith:
i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 46.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aeaaeai??
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie, i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 46.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “23” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao a?enueeiaeo iaoe

i?ioani?
AANO??*AA A. N. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Na?oiaee aeina?ae na?ae/eoue, ui aieiaa aioiai?noue a?enueea
aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee ??aiai eiai iniauaiiy no/anieie oaoi?eith oa
ica?i?iiyi, aea e neeith aeooo ethaeae, eio?ei aeia??ai? oe? oaoi?ea oa
ica?i?iiy. A?aeoae, oni?oia ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue aieiai? oa
iia?e?caoe?eii? aioiaiino? /anoei oa i?ae?icae?e?a Nooiiooieo a?enuee
Oe?a?ie cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe o
a?enueeao.

Iaeiei c i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a o aeoiai?e ?iaio?, ui i?iaiaeeoueny
io?oea?aie o a?enueeiaeo eieaeoeaao, ? oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaiiai
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo.

Cia/aiiy oa aaaii?noue i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
ee?iaoo o eieaeoeaao, a oiio /ene? a?enueeiaeo, i?eaa?oaee oaaao aei ia?
oaeeo a?aeiieo aeine?aeiee?a, ye I.?. Aey/aiei, A.A. Iao?ianueeee, ss.A.
Iiaeieye, A.I. Iiciainueeee, I.O. Oaaeaiei, A.I. Ooeee oa ?ioeo. Aaoi?e
a?aei?/athoue cia/ei?noue i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
ee?iaoo i?e ae??oaii? caaaeaiue, ui noiyoue ia?aae i?ae?icae?eii, ?ieue
? cia/ei?noue ea??aieea, eiiaiaee?a a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo, iaaiaeyoue iaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c
i?aeaioiaee ea??aiee?a aei ?iaioe ii oe?eani?yiiaaiiio oi?ioaaiith
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo oa eiai i?aeo?eiaiith ia iaaiiio
??ai?.

Iaeiae, aiae?c oeueiai ieoaiiy iieacaa, ui iaeiie/ai? a?enueeiaith
iaaeaaia?eith ? ineoieia??th iaoa??aee iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiaothoueny
a i?aeoeoe? aeueo a?enueeiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca aeoiaaiiy iniaiaiai
neeaaeo caeaa?eueoiai iieeaaea?oueny ia io?oea??a, ine?eueee ii?yae c
aeeiiaiiyi aieiaeo caaaeaiue aiii ? iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith ?oi?o
neoaeaiaeo iaia’yce?a.

Aoaeoeai?noue iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? eiiaiaee?a i?ae?icae?eo
aecia/a?oueny eiai oi?iiyi oe?eani?yiiaaii aieeaaoe ia i?ioean
oi?ioaaiiy oa noai nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a i?ae?icae?e?.

Aea/aiiy aeina?aeo iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? eiiaiaee??a
i?ae?icae?e?a na?ae/eoue, ui ??aaiue oi?iiy aeioneiee?a aeueo
a?enueeiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a oi?aaeyoe i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oa
noaiii nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo ia a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai, ye?
aecia/athoueny i?ioeanii ?aoi?ioaaiiy Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie. I?e/ei
oaeiai noaiiaeua aaaaoi, aea aieiaia — a?aenooi?noue oe?eani?yiiaaii?
nenoaiii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a i?ae /an iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano a no?iao a?enueeiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a aei oi?aae?iiy
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao. Aiane?aeie
oeueiai oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a a?enueeiaiio
i?ae?icae?e? /anoi iineoue aeiaaeeiaee, neaaiea?o?iee oa?aeoa?, ui
iaaaoeaii iicia/a?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoao aeoiaii? ?iaioe acaaae?.

Iaiao?aei?noue nenoaiiiai eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei i?ioan?eiiai
iaa/aiiy iaeaooi?o io?oea??a, c iaeiiai aieo, ia?ic?iaeai?noue oaeoi??a
? oiia i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ?oiueiai ai?iiy oi?aaeyoe
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a a?enueeiaiio eieaeoea?, c ?ioiai
aieo, aecia/eee aieiaiee iai?yiie aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy o iiai?e i??? ca?aa?oueny c ie?aieie iai?yieaie
ia?niaeoeaiiai ieaio iaoeiai? ?iaioe Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie ia 1993-1997
??., yeee ?ic?iaeaiee ia i?aenoaa? aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie “Ina?oa.
Oe?a?ia: XXI noie?ooy”.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeinue o ?one? eieaeoeaieo eiiieaenieo oai:
“Iaoeia? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ? eiio?ieth canai?iiy ci?noo a?enueeiai?
ina?oe /oeo? ?iaioe “Eiioeaioe?y-1”/; “?ic?iaea aea?aeaaieo noaiaea?o?a
a?enueeiai- i?ioan?eii? ina?oe” /oeo?- “Noaiaea?o”/, caoaa?aeaeaieo
Aieiaiei oi?aae?iiyi a?enueeiai? ina?oe.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?ioean i?aeaioiaee io?oea??a o AAICao.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ai?iiy iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a oi?aaeyoe nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao ? aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? aoaeoeaiino? ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean a?enueeiaiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo.

Ca?aeii c iinoaaeaiith iaoith i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy iio??aii aoei
ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

anoaiiaeoe oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy ai?iiy eo?naio?a
a?enueeiaeo ?inoeooo?a oi?aaeyoe nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii
a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao oa aecia/eoe ?o a?aeiiniee i??i?eoao;

?ic?iaeoe iiaeaeue nenoaie iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a aei
oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/ia oa e?eoa??aeueia caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe??
?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie a iaa/aeueii- aeoiaiiio i?ioean? a?enueeiai-
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a;

cae?enieoe aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueio ?iaioo uiaei ia?aa??ee
aoaeoeaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o iaoeiai- aeoiaiee i?ioean a?enueeiaiai
iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo nenoaie iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii- ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii
a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii?
nenoaie iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a a?enueeiaeo ?inoeooo?a aei
oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy ? noaiii nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
ee?iaoo a a?enueeiaiio eieaeoea? i?ecaaaea aei nooo?aiai c?inoaiiy ??aiy
?oiuei? aioiaiino? aei cae?eniaiiy i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ui, a naith
/a?ao, iiceoeaii iicia/eoueny ia ??oaii? caaaeaiue, ye? noiyoue ia?aae
i?ae?icae?eaie ? /anoeiaie Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai??y iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy,
ae?aeaeoe/ia ?icoi?iiy ?aeiino? iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa
caaaeueiiethaenueeiai, na?aeiiino? ? ae?yeueiino?, oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy
iniaenoino?, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo oa ?ie? coneeue ethaeeie
a oeueiio iai?yieo, a oaeiae iniiai? iieiaeaiiy caaaeueii? oai???
oi?aae?iiy oa oai??? oi?aae?iiy iaaeaaia?/ieie i?ioeanaie, iaoiaee
nenoaiiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iiaeaethaaiiy, iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee.

Ia ie?aieo aoaiao aeine?aeaeaiiy ie nie?aeenue ia i?eioeeiia?
iieiaeaiiy, ui aenoioo? iaaeaaiaaie oa ineoieiaaie A.I. Aaniaeueeii,
I.?. Aey/aieii, A.?. Caaayceinueeei, A.N. Iaea?aieii, ia a?aeii?
oai?aoe/i? ?iaioe oa ?iaioe a/aieo iaoiaeeno?a I. Ai?eoaanueeiai, A.
Aanthoeinueeiai, I.A. Aeoaanaithe, E.A. Caeioe, E.A. E?aa/oia, ss.A.
Iiaeieyea, A.N. Iieoi?aea, I.Ae. Nao?ia, I.A. Noaoaiaiea, ?.?. Oiaethe,
I.I. sseoaianueei? oa ?ioeo.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeanue eiiieaenia
iaoiaeeea: i?iaeaiii-oe?eueiaee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e oa ii?iaoeaieo
aeieoiaio?a, iiaeaethaaiiy, eiinoaooth/ee oa oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaioe,
niinoa?aaeaiiy, oanooaaiiy, aenia?oiee aiae?c, iieooaaiiy, noaoenoe/ia
ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo; canoinoaaiiy iaoiaee/ieo eiiieaen?a
aecia/aeinue eiie?aoeeith caaaeaiiy aoaio aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui
aeeiioaaany.

Aenia?eiaioaeueiith aacith aoee caaaeueiia?enueeiaee oa a?oeea??enueeee
oaeoeueoaoe Iaeanueeiai ?inoeoooo Nooiiooieo a?enuee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia i?aenoaa? ?aae?caoe??
iieiaeaiue oai??? iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaia
no?oeoo?ii- eia?/ia iiaeaeue i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei
oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oa noaiii nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
ee?iaoo a a?enueeiaiio eieaeoea?; i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoea
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie nooi?noue iiiyooy “oi?aae?inueea ae?yeuei?noue
io?oea?a”; aia?oa anoaiiaeai? oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia i?ioean
oi?ioaaiiy aioiaiino? eo?naio?a a?enueeiaeo ?inoeooo?a aei oi?aae?iiy
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao oa ?o
a?aeiiniee i??i?eoao o cai?iiiiiaai?e iiaeae? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a.

A??ia?aei?noue aeniiae?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e caaacia/o?oueny oai?aoe/iei
oa iaoiaee/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeo?aeieo aniaeo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aaeaeaaoi?noth iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeenue, eiai
caaea/ai; aeinoaoi?i ianyaii aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo iaoiae?a noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo, iiceoeaieie iane?aeeaie ai?iaaoe?? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?noeoueny a e?eoa??aeueiiio
oa iaoiaee/iiio caaacia/aii? ?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii
a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao a ?aaeueiiio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?.
Eiiieaenia iiaeaeue oaeineiiaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a aoea aeei?enoaia i?ae /an ?ic?iaee iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ii?
aeieoiaioaoe?? o Aieiaiiio oi?aae?ii? a?enueeiai? ina?oe, Iaeanueeiio
?inoeooo? Nooiiooieo a?enuee, Iaeanueeiio ?inoeooo? aioo??oi?o ni?aa
(I?AN). ?ic?iaeai? ? ai?iaiaothoueny iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey
aeeeaaea/?a ? eo?naio?a a?enueeiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a. Iaoa??aee
aeine?aeaeaiiy /anoeiai aeei?enoiaothoueny o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio
i?ioean? I?AN, I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. E.
Ae. Oo?inueeiai. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy /anoeiai aoee a?aeia?aaeai?
o ca?oao i?i IAe? (oeo?e- “Eiioeaioe?y- 1”, “Noaiaea?o”).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O iaoiaee/iiio iin?aieeo “Oi?ie?iaaiea
iaaueia iaoi?iaeueiiai iauaiey aoaeoueo ioeoea?ia” aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii
ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoa??ae?a i?i iaoiaee i?aeaioiaee noa’?eo?a aei
oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy, ui iathoue i?noea o iao/i?e e?oa?aoo??,
oa ?ic?iaeaii ?yae ai?aa, ni?yiiaaieo ia oi?ioaaiiy iaae/ie
i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy. O noaoo? “Iaoiaeieiae/aneea
iniiau iaaeaaiae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey” caeiaoaa/ai ooi/iaii ?yae iiceoe?e,
ye? iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ?icaeyae? eiie?aoiiai i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy, a oiio /ene? iaaeaaia?/iiai, ia a?aei?io a?ae
caaaeueiie?aa?iaoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae oi?aae?iiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iaaiai?thaaeenue, ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
(Iaeana, 1996), ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo (ia aac? I?NA —
1994, 1995, 1996 ?iee), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo (Iaeana,1995;
Euea?a, 1997) ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee IOIO, eaoaae?e
iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. A.
Oiaeueieoeueeiai, ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe
I?NA.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? o iaoiaee/iiio
iin?aieeo, o?ueio noaooyo (iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Ia?aciaaiea a nia?aiaiiii iauanoaa: i?iaeaia, oai?ey,
i?aeoeea”, iaoeiai- iaoiaee/iee ca??iee AOAI ?7, ca??iee “A?niee
Iaeanueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa”), aeaio oacao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. ?oeiien
i?noeoue 144 noi??iee iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. ?ethno?aoeaiee iaoa??ae
iiaeaiee ia 6 oaaeeoeyo, ?enoie?a 8, aeiaeaoe?a 4, a?ae?ia?ao?y i?noeoue
206 iaeiaioaaiue.

CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/a?oueny ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoa, caaaeaiiy, a?iioaca, iaoeiaa
iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, oi?ie ai?iaaoe?? ?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Iniiae oai??? oi?aae?iiy iaaeaaia?/ieie
i?ioeanaie” — ?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?noue ? ci?no aeoiaii? ?iaioe io?oea?a,
eio?a ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iaeia c iniiaieo neeaaeiaeo eiai i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, ui
iaeaaeaoue aei i?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao.

Aoaeoeai?noue aeoiaii? ?iaioe, yeo i?iaiaeyoue a i?ae?icae?eao io?oea?e,
cia/iith i??ith aecia/a?oueny ?o ai?iiyi oi?aaeyoe oi?ioaaiiyi oa noaiii
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao. A ca’yceo c
oeei ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei c?iaeaii aiae?c aeina?aeo
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a nooiiooieo a?enuee aei oeueiai aeaeo
?oiuei? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? a iaaeao a?enueeiaiai iaa/aeueiiai
caeeaaeo. Eiai ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue, ui a?aenooi?noue oe?eani?yiiaaii?
nenoaiii? i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a a oeueiio iai?yieo aaaea aei oiai, ui
oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy oa noaiii nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
ee?iaoo a a?enueeiaiio eieaeoea? nueiaiaei? cae?enith?oueny aeioneieeaie
ia ?ioo?oeaiiio ??ai?. Oaeee noai iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia
?acoeueoaoeai?noue aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue, ye? noiyoue ia?aae
i?ae?icae?eii, a oaeiae ia ae??oaiiy ieoaiue ci?oeiaiiy a?enueeiai?
aeenoeeie?ie oa noaoooiiai ii?yaeeo na?aae a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a.

No/aniee noai oai??? iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy aeicaiey? iai/ii oa
aoaeoeaii ?ice?eoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aca?iiae?? oa ni?eeoaaiiy oeo, ui
iaa/athoueny oa aeeeaaea/?a ? aeicaiey? c?iaeoe a?aoiaioiaaiee aeniiaie
uiaei i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ai?iiy iaeaooi?o io?oea??a oi?aaeyoe
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao, yeee ia?
aooe, a naith /a?ao, oaae ea?iaaiei.

?icaeyae nenoaie oi?aae?iiy iaaeaaia?/iei i?ioeanii ye aeeiai?/ii?,
?iia??i?nii?, iie?oeeee?/ii? nenoaie c cai?ioi?i ca’yceii, ui caaacia/o?
ae??a?noue iniiaieo ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy, aeicaieea ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaio nenoaio iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei
oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e?- “Iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a
aei oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao”- iaaiaeeoueny iiaeaeue nenoaie iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii
a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao, yea ?ic?iaeaia c o?aooaaiiyi iieiaeaiue ?
caeiiii??iinoae oai??? iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy; e?eoa??aeueia
caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio
i?ioean?.

No?oeoo?o nenoaie i?aeaioiaee io?oea??a a iai?yieo, yeee
?icaeyaea?oueny, i?aaenoaaeaii o?ueiia iiaeaeyie: iiaeaeue
oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeue-iino? io?oea?a; iiaeaeue eiiieaeno ciaiue, ai?iue
oa iaae/ie, ye? caaacia/othoue aioiai?noue io?oea?a aei cae?eniaiiy
aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao oa iiaeaeue oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii i?aeaioiaee io?oea??a aei
cae?eniaiiy oe??? ae?yeueiino?.

Anaa?/iee aiae?c aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino? io?oea?a aeicaieea aeae?eeoe a
iiaeae? eiai oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? aiinoe/iee, eiino?oeoeaiee,
i?aai?caoi?nueeee, ae?aaiinoe/iee oa ei?aaoth/ee eiiiiiaioe.

I?ae aiinoe/iith ae?yeuei?noth ia?oueny ia oaac? ae?yeuei?noue ii cai?o
oa aea/aiith ?ioi?iaoe??, yea aeeth/a? i?aai?caoe?th ? aeeiiaiiy
caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiaiai noaio
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo i?ae?icae?eo, anoaiiaeaiiy nooiaiy
a?aeiia?aeiino? oeueiai noaio nioe?aeueiiio caiiaeaiith noni?euenoaa,
ae/eaiaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo oe?eae, ye? noiyoue ia?aae io?oea?ii ye
eiiaiaee?ii i?ae?icae?eo, a oaeiae oe?eae, ye? noiyoue ia?aae iniaiaei
neeaaeii eieaeoeao.

I?ae eiino?oeoeaiith ae?yeuei?noth ?icoi??ii i?ioean ieaioaaiiy
io?oea?ii aeanii? ae?yeueiino? c iaoith ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue c oi?aae?iiy
oi?ioaaiiyi ? noaiii nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao oa i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeeeaeo iane?aee?a oe??? ae?yeueiino?, ui
noiyoue ia?aae iei. Eiino?oeoeaia ae?yeuei?noue ia?aaeaa/a? oi?ioaaiiy
iia?aoeaieo oe?eae ii oi?aae?iith nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a
i?ae?icae?e?, i?iaeooaaiiy oi?i, iaoiae?a ? cania?a, ye? iiceoeaii
aieeaathoue ia aeinyaiaiiy oeeo oe?eae, ?ic?iaeo nenoaie aeanieo ae?e,
ni?yiiaaieo ia noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaiai nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
ee?iaoo, i?iaiicoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao.

I?aai?caoi?nueea ae?yeuei?noue ni?yiiaaia ia i?aai?caoe?th aeanii?
ae?yeueiino? eiiaiaee?a, a oaeiae i?aai?caoe?th ae?yeueiino? ?
iiaaae?iee iniaiaiai neeaaeo i?ae?icae?eo. I?ae /an oeueiai aoaio
?aae?cothoueny iniiai? iaaeaaia?/i? aieeae, ui ni?yiiaai? ia oi?ioaaiiy
eieaeoeaiiai iano?ith, noni?eueii? aeoiee, ia oi?ioaaiiy
iaianeeueieoeueeeo aca?iei na?aae ai?i?a i?ae?icae?eo, ia oi?ioaaiiy ?
i?aeo?eieo o?aaeeoe?e eieaeoeao.

I?ae ae?aaiinoe/iith ? ei?aaoth/ith ae?yeuei?noth ?icoi??ii
ae?yeuei?noue c ae?aaiinoeee noaio nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo
a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao, a oaeiae aeeiiaiiy caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
ei?aaoaaiiy i?ioeano. Ia aeaiiio aoai? cae?enith?oueny eiio?ieue ?
ae?aaiinoeea aoaeoeaiino? anueiai eiiieaeno iaaeaaia?/ieo aieea?a,
ni?yiiaaieo ia oi?ioaaiiy ? i?aeo?eieo ni?eyoeeaiai
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a i?ae?icae?e?. Aiae?c iaeiie/aii?
?ioi?iaoe??, yea iaiao?aeia aeey ei?aaoaaiiy iai?aaeaiino? ?
?ioaineaiino? oi?aaeyth/eo aieea?a, aeicaiey? aeyaeoe iaocaiaeaeaiiy a
nenoai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? oa aecia/eoe i?e/eio oe???
iaocaiaeaeaiino?.

Ae?oaa iiaeaeue aeicaiey? eiie?aoecoaaoe oa nenoaiaoecoaaoe eiiieaen
ciaiue, ai?iue oa iaae/ie, iiaioaaiiy yeeie caaacia/eoue aioiai?noue
io?oea?a aei cae?eniaiiy aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy ?
noaiii nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao.
?iceeaaeaiiy ia neeaaeia? iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? io?oea?a ia iniia?
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aeicaiey? ?ice?eoe ci?no oe??? ae?yeueiino? oa
anoaiiaeoe i?yi? oa cai?ioi? ca’ycee i?ae ?? neeaaeiaeie. Iaaeaaia?/ia
ae?yeuei?noue io?oea?a aeeth/a? oai?aoe/i? oa i?eeeaaei? ciaiiy, ye?,
aoaeo/e o?nii iia’ycaieie oa aca?iiiaoiiaeaieie, noai?ththoue eiiieaen,
ui aeeth/a? ineoieia?/i?, iaaeaaia?/i?, nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/i?,
oi?aae?inuee? oa niaoe?aeuei? ciaiiy, a oaeiae ciaiiy iaoiaeieia??.

Iniiaiei iiiaioii ?icae?eo, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, ? iiaeaeue oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanii i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao, yea
caaacia/o? eo?naio?a eiiieaenii ciaiue, ai?iue oa iaae/ie, iiaeaieo o
ae?oa?e iiaeae?, ? aaco?oueny ia oyaeaii? oiai, ui i?ioean i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei iai?yieo i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, yeee
?icaeyaea?oueny, iiaeiai iaoe ea?iaaiee oa?aeoa?.

A oeeee?/iiio oa?aeoa?? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii i?ae?icae?eo aeae?eai? /ioe?e iniiai?
oace, ye? iaeii/anii ae?thoue a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?:
ieaioaaiiy, cae?eniaiiy, eiio?ieue ? ei?aeoe?y.

I?ae ieaioaaiiyi ia?oueny ia oaac? aecia/aiiy eiiieaeno ciaiue, ai?iue
oa iaaieo yeinoae iniaenoino? io?oea?a, ye? iaiao?aei? eiio aeey
aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao oa ae?iaeaiiy iieaciee?a noi?iiaaiino? oeeo eiiieaen?a;
?ic?iaea nenoaie aeeaeaeoe/ieo oa iaoiaee/ieo cania?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
aeinyaiaiiy aeinoaoiuei aenieeo iieaciee?a noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy, ui
?icaeyaea?oueny; caaacia/aiiy caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ic?iaeaieo cania?a aei iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano; ?ic?iaea nenoaie
aeoea?caoe?? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny; ?ic?iaea
nenoaie eiio?ieueieo caoiae?a, ye? caaacia/othoue ia’?eoeaio ioe?ieo
?acoeueoaoeaiino? caieaiiaaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo aieea?a oa ae?iaeo
ei?aaoth/eo ci?i a ieaioaaii? i?aeaioiaee io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao.

I?ae cae?eniaiiyi ia?oueny ia oaac? caaacia/aiiy nenoaiaoe/iiai
i?iaaaeaiiy i?ae /an iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano oe?eani?yiiaaieo
aeeaeaeoe/ieo oa iaoiaee/ieo caoiae?a, ui ae?iaeai? ia aoai? ieaioaaiiy.

Ci?no eiio?ieth ?icaeyaea?oueny ye cae?eniaiiy eiiieaeno caieaiiaaieo
eiio?ieueieo caoiae?a, ye? aeicaieythoue aeaoe ia’?eoeaio ioe?ieo
aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ie?aieo cania?a i?aeaioiaee io?oea??a aei
oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao,
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oa na?aaei?o iieaciee?a noi?iiaaiino? aeaiiai ai?iiy.

Ei?aeoe?y i?ioeano — aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a eiio?ieueieo caoiae?a oa
ae?iaeaiiy ia eiai iniia? ci?i, ye? aiinyoueny a ?io? oace i?ioeano
i?aeaioiaee io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii
a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao. C iaoith aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaii?
nenoaie oa caaacia/aiiy ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia aoai? eiinoaooth/iai
aenia?eiaioo aeae?eai? iieacieee oi?iiy oi?aaeyoe
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao, a oaeiae
oaeoi?e, ui aecia/athoue eiai oi?ioaaiiy. Aeey e?euee?nii? ioe?iee
??aiae noi?iiaaiino? eiiieaeniiai oi?iiy, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, oa ie?aieo
eiai iieaciee?a ae?iaeaii e?eoa??? ioe?iie oa caniae ?o aecia/aiiy.

O?AO?E ?ICAe?E — “I?aai?caoe?y ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe c i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a
aei oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao” — i?enay/aiee aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? aoaeoeaiino?
?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy iaeaooi?o io?oea??a oi?aaeyoe
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao, i?iiiio?
oeyoe oa caniae ?aae?caoe?? aeacaii? nenoaie.

A ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe??
cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? a ?aaeueiiio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?.

Aeey oiai, uia i?aeaeueoe aae?aei?noue aenia?eiaioo, i?iaaaeaii
i?aeaioia/o ?iaioo c aeae?eaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa eiio?ieueieo a?oi
eo?naio?a, cia/iith i??ith aiaeia?/ieo ca nai?i neeaaeii, ??aiai
i?aeaioiaee, noeeueiino? aei iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Oaeei /eiii, ia
ii/aoeia?e noaae?? aenia?eiaioo aoee aeae?eai? ia?e a?oi iaeaea c
iaeiaeiaeie noa?oiaeie iiaeeeainoyie, ? ?acoeueoaoe ia caeeth/iiio aoai?
aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i aoaeoeai?noue ae?? nenoaie, yea
ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny.

Eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio aeicaieea ae??oeoe ua iaeia c ieoaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy: anoaiiaeoe ca’ycee i?ae neeaaeiaeie oi?iiy iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a oi?aaeyoe nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao ? oaeoi?aie, ui aecia/athoue oi?ioaaiiy aeaiiai ai?iiy. Aeey
aecia/aiiy u?eueiino? oeueiai ca’yceo aoee ia/eneai? ia?i?, /anoeii? oa
iiiaeeii? eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe??, ye? aeicaieeee aecia/eoe nooi?iue
caeaaeiino? ??cieo neeaaeiaeo eiiieaeniiai ai?iiy, ui oi?io?oueny, a?ae
eiaeiiai c oaeoi??a ie?aii oa a?ae on?o ?acii.

Aeey ia/eneaiiy aeacaieo eiao?oe??io?a aoa canoiniaaiee iaoiae
ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co. Oi?iiy io?oea?a oi?aaeyoe
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao ie ?icaeyaeaee
ye eiiieaenio aaee/eio Y, ui i?noeoue o?e neeaaeia?:

o1- oi?iiy aecia/aoe iniaeno?ni? yeino? ai?ia, noai nioe?aeueii-

ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao;

o2- oi?iiy aiae?coaaoe ?acoeueoaoe ae?aaiinoeee iniaeno?nieo yeinoae
ai?ia, noaio nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao,
aecia/aoe i?e/eie ?oiuei? iaa?aeiia?aeiino? aeiiaai, ui iaoiiaeai?
nioe?aeueiei caiiaeaiiyi noni?euenoaa;

o3- oi?iiy ae?iaeyoe iioeiaeueio oaeoeeo ? no?aoaa?th iaaeaaia?/ieo
aieea?a, ui ni?yiiaai? ia oi?ioaaiiy iniaeno?nieo yeinoae ai?ia, noaio
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao, ui iaoiiaeai?
aeiiaaie nioe?aeueiiai caiiaeaiiy.

Eiiieaen oaeoi??a, ui aoa aeae?eaiee oa ui aecia/a? oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy
io?oea?a oi?aaeyoe nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao, ie ?icaeyioee ye a?aoiaio, a?ae yeiai caeaaeeoue eiiieaenia
aaee/eia Y. Neeaaeia? eiiieaeno oaeoi??a aoee iicia/ai? ianooiiei /eiii:

o1- ona?aeiieaiiy ?ie? oa cia/aiiy iniaeno?nieo yeinoae ai?ia, noaio
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao a ae??oaii?
caaaeaiue, ui noiyoue ia?aae i?ae?icae?eii;

o2 — cia/aiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iniia oi?ioaaiiy
iniaeno?nieo yeinoae ai?ia, noai nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo oa
oi?aae?iiy oeei ee?iaoii;

o3 — ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iniaeno?nieo yeinoae oa aeanoeainoae, ui
iaiao?aei? aeey cae?eniaiiy oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?.

?acoeueoaoe ia/eneaiue iieacaee, ui iniaeeai o?niee ca’ycie
niinoa??aa?oueny i?ae oi?iiyi aecia/aoe iniaeno? ni? yeino? ai?ia, noai
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao oa
ona?aeiieaiiyi ?ie? oa cia/aiiy oeeo iiceoe?e a ae??oaii? caaaeaiue, ui
noiyoue ia?aae i?ae?icae?eii (o1o1 0,93). I?aeoaa?aeeeinue oaeiae
i?eiouaiiy i?i oa, ui ciaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo
iniia oi?ioaaiiy iniaeno?nieo yeinoae ai?ia, noaio
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo oa iniia oai??? oi?aae?iiy oeei
ee?iaoii o?nii iia’ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi oi?iiy aiae?coaaoe ?acoeueoaoe
ae?aaiinoeee iniaeno?nieo yeinoae ai?ia, noaio
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo oa aecia/aoe i?e/eie ?oiuei?
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? aeiiaai, ui iaoiiaeai? nioe?aeueiei caiiaeaiiyi
noni?euenoaa (o2o2 0,94).

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe aeicaieeea aecia/eoe “/enoo”
caeaaei?noue ai?iue, ui oi?iothoueny, a?ae eiaeiiai c oaeoi??a, ui
aecia/athoue aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano ?o oi?ioaaiiy. Caaaeueia oaiaeaioe?y
ci?ie /anoeiieo eiao?oe??io?a ei?aeyoe?? iieaco?, ui ia?ai? oaeoi?e ia
i?aaeththoue, a iineeththoue ae?th iaeei iaeiiai a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy
oi?iiy. Oeae aeniiaie i?aeoaa?aeeany cia/aiiyie iiiaeeiieo eiao?oe??io?a
ei?aeyoe??, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue caeaaei?noue eiaeii? neeaaeiai? oi?iiy,
ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, a?ae on?o o?ueio oaeoi??a, acyoeo a eiiieaen? ( o1
0,95; o2 0,98; o3 0,9).

Oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio iieyaaa a ?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie
iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy oa noaiii nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao a ?aaeueiiio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? ?inoeoooo
nooiiooieo a?enuee. I?e i?iaaaeaii? oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo ie
nie?aeenue ia ?ic?iaeaio iiaeaeue oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii
a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao. Iaeiei c iniiaieo aeaiaio?a a ?ic?iaeai?e
nenoai? ? niaoeeo?n “Oai??y ? i?aeoeea i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a
aei oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao”. Aaaeeeaei iiiaioii noaei aeeth/aiiy ?yaeo oai oa ?icae?e?a,
ui caaacia/othoue oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeiiai eiiieaeno ciaiue, a ?iai/?
i?ia?aie aeenoeeie?i, ia?aaeaa/aieo iaa/aeueiei ieaiii, ye? iaeiae /e ia
aea/aeenue eo?naioaie, /e aeiaaaee a?eueo aeeaieiai aea/aiiy.

Iaei??th c aoaeoeaieo oi?i cae??ieaiiy ciaiue eo?naio?a ? ae?iaeaiiy
ai?iue oa iaae/ie noaei aeei?enoaiiy a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?
aeoeaieo iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy: iaaeaaia?/iee o?ai?ia, iaoiae ?ic?a?oaaiiy
?ieae, ae??oaiiy i?iaeaiieo, neooaoe?eieo caaea/. Iaaeaaia?/iee o?ai?ia
i?iaiaeeany c iaoith aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei
i?iaaaeaiiy ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee iniaenoino? oa
eieaeoeao. Aoa ?ic?iaeaiee ? aeei?enoiaoaaany i?e i?iaaaeaii?
iaaeaaia?/iiai o?ai?iao eiiieaen oano?a, yeee aeicaiey? cae?enieoe
ae?aaiinoeeo iniaeno?nieo yeinoae ai?ia, noaio
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo aeey ?? iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy a
aeoiai?e ?iaio?. Iaoiaee ?ic?a?oaaiiy ?ieae, ?ica’ycoaaiiy i?iaeaiieo,
neooaoe?eieo caaea/ canoiniaoaaeenue ia i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo c
a?enueeiai? iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoieia??. I?e oeueiio eo?naioe
aeei?enoiaoaaee ai?aae ??ciiai ??aiy, iai?aaeai? ia iaaoooy
iaaeaaia?/ieo ai?iue, iaae/ie, ?icaeoie iaaeaaia?/ieo cae?aiinoae.

A i?aai?caoe?? aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe ae??aei caniaii
oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy oi?aaeyoe nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii
a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a noaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo ?iaioe eiiaiaee??a,
io?oea??a-aeoiaaoae?a. Ae?iaeaiiy o aeioneiee?a oi?iue aeyaeyoe,
iioeaoth/e aaaiieie aeieacaie, iaaeaaia?/iee aeina?ae, aea/aoe,
aiae?coaaoe ? ocaaaeueithaaoe eiai ia iniia? aeaaaeaiiy a?aeiinei
/anoeie-oe?eiai, i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo, ona?aeiieaiiy aioo??oi?o
iaoai?ci?a oa caeiiii??iinoae iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy, aeine?aeaeoaaoe
eiie?aoi? iaoiaee, oi?ie ? i?eeiie ae?yeueiino? eiiaiaee??a,
aeeeaaea/?a, io?oea??a-aeoiaaoae?a cae?enithaaeinue i?ae /an
a?enueeiaiai noaaeoaaiiy.

A i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?eyeanue
?icaeoeo iaaeaaia?/ii? oaoi?ee eo?naio?a. ?icaeoie oa aaeineiiaeaiiy
oi?iue oa iaae/ie o aeacai?e aaeoc? cae?enithaaeenue i?ae /an i?aeoe/ieo
oa nai?ia?nueeeo caiyoue, caiyoue iaaeaaia?/iei o?ai?iaii oa ?i. Aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? a oeueiio iai?yieo aoei i?aeaioiaeaii
iaoiaee/iee iin?aiee, yeee ia? oai?aoe/iee iaoa??ae oa i?aeoe/i? ai?aae,
ni?yiiaai? ia oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue oa iaae/ie iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy (a
oiio /ene? iaoi?iaeueiiai), aeaiaio?a aeoi?nueei? oa ?aaeena?nueei?
iaenoa?iino?, naii?aaoeyoe?? iiaaae?iee.

Eo?naioe i?eeiaee o/anoue a iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e ?iaio? eaoaae?e: ?iaioa
ao?oe?a, ?aoa?oaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e, a?aei?aoethaaiiy oa ai?iaaoe?y ie?aieo
aeae?a canoinoaaiiy aeoeaieo iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy, ni?aaaoi?noai a
i?aeaioiaoe? iaoeiaeo noaoae.

Cai?ioi? ca’ycee a i?ioean? oi?aae?iiy oi?ioaaiiyi oi?iiy, ui
?icaeyaea?oueny, cae?enithaaeenue ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a eiio?ieth, yeee
i?iaiaeeany ye o aeaeyae? o?aaeeoe?eieo oi?i, oae ? iao?aaeeoe?eieo —
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? a?oiiaeo aan?ae, oanooaaiiy, eieaeoeaiiai
iaaiai?aiiy, naiieiio?ieth, naiiioe?iee. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
eiio?ieueieo caoiae?a aeicaieya cae?enithaaoe ei?aeoe?th i?ioeano
i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a o iai?yieo, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, yea iieyaa? a
iioei?caoe?? ?ioaineaiino? oa iai?aaeaiino? iaaeaaia?/ieo aieea?a.

?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? ia caeeth/i?e noaae?? oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo,
iieacaee, ui a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao, aea i?iaiaeeeinue
oe?eani?yiiaaia oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, c caeo/aiiyi
onueiai eiiieaeno cania?a, ia?aaeaa/aieo iiaeaeeth oeueiai i?ioeano,
iiceoeai? ci?ie aeyaeeenue cia/ii a?eueo yne?aai, ?, ui iniaeeai
aaaeeeai, iinyoue ye?niee oa?aeoa?, i?eioeeiiai a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
ci?i o eiio?ieueieo a?oiao. Aeeiai?eo oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy eo?naio?a
oi?aaeyoe nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao
iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoe?.

Oaaeeoey 1

II??AIssEUeI? ?ACOEUeOAOE AECIA*AIIss NOI?IIAAIINO?

OI?IIss EO?NAIO?A OI?AAEssOE NIOe?AEUeII-INEOIEIA?*IEI

EE?IAOII A?ENUeEIAIAI EIEAEOEAO

E?EUeE?NOUe EO?NAIO?A (%)IIEACIEEEEo?nAenia?eiaioaeuei? a?oieEiio?ieuei?
a?oie??ai???ai?aenieeeaeinoaoi?ena?aaei?eiecueeeeaenieeeaeinoaoi?ena?aae
i?eiecueeee

1. I?aaeeueii, ia’?eoeaii aecia/a? iniaeno?ni? yeino?

2

2,0

7,4

20,6

70,0

2,2

7,0

21,4

69,4

ai?ia, noai nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao

4

74,2

17,2

7,4

1,2

16,6

19,0

23,5

40,9

2. Aiae?co? ?acoeueoaoe ae?aaiinoeee ? aecia/a? i?e/eie ?o

2

1,0

3,2

6,8

89,0

1,2

3,4

6,8

88,6

iaa?aeiia?aeiino? aeiiaai, ui iaoiiaeai? nioe?aeueiei caiiaeaiiyi

4

51,1

29,5

15,7

3,7

5,1

10,5

11,8

72,6

3. Ae?iaey? iioeiaeueio oaeoeeo ?

2

0,4

1,2

3,0

95,4

0,2

1,2

3,4

95,2 no?aoaa?th iaaeaaia?/ieo aieea?a

4

30,6

35,2

22,4

11,8

1,9

3,8

9,0

85,3

sse?niee oa?aeoa? ci?i iieyaa? a oiio, ui eo?naioe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
a?oi a?eueo oai?/i i?aeoiaeyoue aei canoinoaaiiy eiiieaen?a ciaiue,
oi?iue oa iaae/ie, ye? iathoue, caeiathoue aeoeaio iiceoe?th i?e
i?iaaaeaii? ??ciiiai?oieo caoiae?a, a?ae/oaathoue nioe?aeueio
iaiao?aei?noue ? a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue o aeinyaiaii? iaaii? iaoe nai??
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? — oi?ioaaiiy ? i?aeo?eiaiiy o i?ae?icae?eao
ni?eyoeeaiai nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo.

Caaaeuei? aeniiaee:

1. Aiae?c iaaeaaia?/ii?, o?einionueei?, a?enueeiai? e?oa?aoo?e c
i?iaeaie, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, i?iaaaeaiee iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio,
aeaniee iaaeaaia?/iee aeina?ae aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui
oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaiiai nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo o a?enueeiaiio
eieaeoea? ? iaeiei c aeooaeueieo caaaeaiue a?enueeiaiai aeoiaaiiy,
ae??oaiiy yeiai iaiiaeeeaa aoaeoeaia ??oaiiy ieoaiiy aeoiaaiiy ai?i?a a
a?i??.

2. Aiae?c noaio i?iaeaie iieacaa, ui iacaaaeath/e ia aaeeeo oaaao,
i?eae?eaio aeine?aeieeaie ieoaiiyi oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo ? eiai i?aeo?eiaiiy a eieaeoeaao, a
oiio /ene? a a?enueeiaeo, iaeiie/aiee a?enueeiaith iaaeaaia?eith ?
ineoieia??th aaaaoee iaoa??ae iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiao?oueny a
i?aeoeoe? i?aeaioiaee io?oea??a a aeueo a?enueeiaeo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao.

3. I?ia?aeieie oaeoi?aie oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy iaeaooi?o io?oea??a oi?aaeyoe
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao ?:
ona?aeiieaiiy ?ie? ? cia/aiiy iniaeno?nieo yeinoae ai?ia, noaio
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao a ae??oaii?
caaaeaiue, ui noiyoue ia?aae i?ae?icae?eii Nooiiooieo a?enuee (cia/aiiy
eiao?oe??io?a ei?aeyoe??: ro1o1 0,93; ro2o1 0,65; r o3o1 0,8); ciaiiy
iaoiaeieia?/ieo, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iniia i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
iniaeno?nieo yeinoae ai?ia, noaio nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo ?
iniia oai??? oi?aae?iiy oeei i?ioeanii (ro1o2 0,83; ro2o2 0,94; ro3o2
0, 79); ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iniaeno?nieo aeanoeainoae ? yeinoae
iaeaooiueiai io?oea?a, ui caaacia/othoue aioiai?noue aei oi?aae?inueei?
ae?yeueiino? (ro1o3 0, 68; ro2o3 0,86; ro3o3 0,85).

4. ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue nenoaie iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a aei oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy ? noaiii
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao a?aeiia?aea?
?aaeuei?e i?aeoeoe? a?enueeiaeo ?inoeooo?a.

5. A?aei?aoeueiaaiee eiiieaen iieaciee?a aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ??aaiue
noi?iiaaiino? oi?iiy eo?naio?a oi?aaeyoe nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei
ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao.

6. ?aae?caoe?y ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a a aeinoaoi?e
i??? caaacia/o? i?aeaioiaeo a?eueoino? aeioneiee?a aei oi?aae?iiy
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao.

7. ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen cania?a, oi?i oa iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy aeacaiiai
ai?iiy eo?naio?a ii?yae c caaacia/aiiyi iinoaaeaii? caaea/? ni?ey?
i?aeaeuaiith iieaciee?a yeino? ??cieo iai?yie?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano a?enueeiaiai ?inoeoooo Nooiiooieo a?enuee.

8. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey eo?naio?a, aeeeaaea/?a a?enueeiaeo
?inoeooo?a, ui ni?yiiaai? ia oi?ioaaiiy aeacaiiai oi?iiy, caaacia/othoue
?aae?caoe?th iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a oi?iiy oi?aaeyoe
i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy ? noaiii nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo
a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao.

9. ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy eo?naio?a
oi?aaeyoe nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao
ni?ey? naiiaecia/aiith eo?naio?a, noaiiaeaiith aeoeaii? oai?/i? ?
a?aeiia?aeaeueii? nioe?aeueii? iiceoe?? iaeaooiueiai io?oea?a ?
i?aeaeuo? aioiai?noue aeioneiee?a aei cae?eniaiiy aeoiaii? ooieoe?? a ?o
i?ioan?ei?e ae?yeueiino?.

10. ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia oe?eani?yiiaaii? i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a aei
oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao
ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ineoieia?/ii? noaeino? eo?naio?a ? nei?i/o? ia??iae
?oiuei? aaeaioaoe?? a oiiaao ?aaeueiiai i?ioiaeaeaiiy neoaeae.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a ianooiieo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aenaiiaa A.I., Iieoi?ae A.N. Oi?ie?iaaiea iaaueia iaoi?iaeueiiai
iauaiey aoaeoueo ioeoea?ia: Iaoiaee/aneia iiniaea. — Iaeanna: Ecae-ai
IENA, 1997. -30n.

2. Iieoi?ae A.N., Aenaiiaa A.I. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea iniiau
iaaeaaiae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey // 3a. iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?ia?o ?7.-E.:
Aeaeaaieoeoai II Oe?a?ie AOAI, 1995.-N.25-35.

3. Aenaiiaa A.I. Ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneay iiaeaioiaea aoaeoueo io
oea?ia a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo // Na. noaoae ii iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee.-Iaeanna,1996.-N.7-10.

4. Aenueiiiaa I.I. I?i oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a aei nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? // A?niee
Iaeanueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa ?4.- Iaeana: Aeae-ai I?AN, 1997.
-N. 125-128.

5. Aenaiiaa A.I., Uaaieaaa I.ss. Iaeioi?ua eaoaai?eaeueiua aniaeou
iiiyoey “iaaeaaiae/aneia oi?aaeaiea”. // Oacenu anaoe?aeineie
eiioa?aioeee.- Iaeanna, 1995.-N.15-16.

6. I.Aenueiiiaa. I?iaeaie nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a // Oace iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.-Euea?a,
1997.-N.76-77.

AIIOAOe??

Aenueiiiaa I.I. Nenoaia iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a
aei oi?aae?iiy a?enueeiaei eieaeoeaii (aeoiaiee aniaeo). — ?oeiien.
Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 20.02.02 — A?enueeiaa iaaeaaia?ea oa
ineoieia?y. — Aeaaeai?y I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. A.
Oiaeueieoeueeiai, Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1998.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?. Ia iniia?
?aae?caoe?? iieiaeaiue oai??? iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ?ic?iaeaia
nenoaia iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a aei oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy oa noaiii nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a?enueeiaiai
eieaeoeao. I?iiiio?oueny e?eoa??aeueia oa iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy
?aae?caoe?? aeacaii? nenoaie a ?aaeueiiio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?
a?enueeiaiai ?inoeoooo nooiiooieo a?enuee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?enueeiaee eieaeoea, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iee ee?iao,
iaaeaaia?/ia oi?aae?iiy, nenoaia iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee.

Aenaiiaa A.I. Nenoaia iaaeaaiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee aoaeoueo ioeoea?ia e
oi?aaeaieth aieineei eieeaeoeaii (ainieoaoaeueiue aniaeo). — ?oeiienue.
Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 20.02.02 — Aiaiiay iaaeaaiaeea e ineoieiaey. —
Aeaaeaiey Iia?aie/iuo aiene Oe?aeiu ei. A. Oiaeueieoeeiai,
Oiaeueieoeeee, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu niaa?oainoaiaaiey iiaeaioiaee
aoaeoueo ioeoea?ia e i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ia iniiaa ?aaeecaoeee iieiaeaiey oai?ee iaaeaaiae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey
?ac?aaioaia nenoaia iaaeaaiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee eo?naioia e oi?aaeaieth
i?ioeannii oi?ie?iaaiey e ninoiyieai nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneiai
eeeiaoa aieineiai eieeaeoeaa. I?aaeeaaaaony e?eoa?eaeueiia e
iaoiaee/aneia iaania/aiea ?aaeecaoeee oeacaiiie nenoaiu a ?aaeueiii
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiii i?ioeanna aiaiiiai einoeoooa nooiiooiuo aiene.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aieineee eieeaeoea, nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneee eeeiao,
iaaeaaiae/aneia oi?aaeaiea, nenoaia iaaeaaiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee.

Aksyonova E.M. The System of pedagogical training future officers for
the management of military subunits (educational aspect). — Manuscript.
Thesis for a Bachelor’s Degree on speciality 20.02.02 — Military
psychology and pedagogics. The academy of the Border Guard Truoops of
Ukraine, Khmelnitsky, 1998.

The dissertation is dedicated to the subjects connected with the
improvement of preparing of future officers for their professional
activities. The system of training military cadets to manage the process
of forming and control the state of social-psychological climate in
military collectives is elaborated on the base of realisation the
theses of theory of the pedagogical management. The criterion and
systematic recommendations of realisation the mentioned system in real
educational process in Army institutions are proposed.

Key words: military collective, social-psychological climate,
pedagogical management, system of pedagogical training.

I?ae. aei ae?oeo 28.07.98 Oi?iao 60o84/16. Oiia. ae?. a?. 1,0

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiae. ? 1234

Ae?oea?iy aacaoe “N?*”

i. Iaeana, ?oae?enueeee aoe., 1.

Похожие записи