.

Система добору маток при формуванні високопродуктивного товарного молочного стада: Автореф. дис… канд. с.-г. наук / В.В. Тарчинський, УААН. Ін-т роз

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OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO ?ICAAAeAIIss ? AAIAOEEE OAA?EI

OA?*EINUeEEE A?eoi? Aaoeeaaiae/

OAeE 636.22/28.082

NENOAIA AeIAI?O IAOIE I?E OI?IOAAII?

AENIEII?IAeOEOEAIIAI OIAA?IIAI

IIEI*IIAI NOAAeA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 06.02.01- ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

n.*oaeinueea Ee?anueei? iaeano?

1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,

aeaaeai?e OAAI
Coaaoeue Ieoaeei Aaneeueiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
iaoe, i?ioani?,

Iaaeaaa
Aieiaeeie? THoeiiae/,i?ioani?

eaoaae?e
?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee n.-a. oaa?ei

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

eaiaeeaeao
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

Aioiiaiei
Aaaeei ?aaiiae/,

caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo ?ioi?iaoeee ?

eii’thoa?iiai
i?ia?aioaaiiy

?inoeoooo
?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iie?nny OAAI
i.AEeoiie?/

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 01 “ /a?aiy
1999 ?. i 10 aiae. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ae 27.355.01.o ?inoeooo? ?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI, 256319,
Ee?anueea iaeanoue , Ai?eni?euenueeee ?-i., n. *oaeinueea, aoe.
Iia?aaiyea, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ?icaaaeaiiy
? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 28 “ ea?oiy
1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ,

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe
TH.A. I?eue/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy a iiei/iiio neioa?noa? ii
no?auoaaiith c e?aueie ii?iaeaie na?oo, ?ic?iaeaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo
naeaeoe?eii- aaiaoe/ieo i?ia?ai iie?ioaiiy noaae ia?aaaaeii
i?iaiaeeeenue a e?aueo ieai?iieo ? aaciaeo ainiiaea?noaao i?e aeineoue
ni?eyoeeaeo oiiaao aca?iiae?? “aaiioei o na?aaeiaeua” ( Coaaoeue I.A.,
Ao?eao A.I. 1996,A?iie/oe Ae.O., Iaaao A.I., 1996; ?o?iaiei I.ss.,1996).

A?eueo?noue oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noa caeeoaeanue iica oaaaith eiie?aoiiai
aea/aiiy ?nioth/eo i?iaeai ? ?ic?iaeaiiy nenoaie ieai?iii? ?iaioe a
oaeeo noaaeao.

Ioaea, ?ic?iaea iioeiaeueii? nenoaie ieai?iii? ?iaioe a oiaa?ieo
noaaeao c ?o neeaaeiith aaiioeiiaith no?oeoo?ith a no/anieo oiiaao
aaaeaiiy iiei/iiai neioa?noaa ? aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith, yea iio?aao?
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai ae??oaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ? oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o ?inoeoooo ?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI:”Aeaanoe oe?a?inueeee
oei /i?ii-?yai? ooaeiae c iaaei?i aei?ineeo ei??a 5,5-6 oen. ea iieiea,
ai?noii aee?o 3,6-3,7%, a?eea 3,1-3,3%, aeeaith ianith 550-560 ea oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy aaiioiiaeo aieooeinueei? ii?iaee” (1991-1995 ??., ?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? AU01001479?) oa oaie: ”Eiinie?aeaoe?y iiainoai?aieo oa
aeaaaeaiiy iiaeo aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ii??ae ? oei?a aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae iiei/iiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino? c a?eueo aenieei ??
iioaioe?aeii ia iniia? no/anieo aeinyaiaiue aaiaoeee oa a?ioaoiieia??”
1996-2000??., ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U016323 ).

Iaoa ? caaea/a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa ?iaioe-?ic?iaeaiiy eiiieaenii?
nenoaie oi?ioaaiiy ?aioaaaeueiiai oiaa?iiai noaaea a iiei/iiio
neioa?noa?.

Aeey oeueiai ae??ooaaeenue oae? caaaeaiiy: aea/eoe aoaeoeai?noue aeiai?o
?aiiioieo oaeeoeue c a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ?o ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
?inoo ? ?icaeoeo, iioiaeaeaiiy ? a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino?; aeine?aeeoe
ae?th i?e?iaeiiai ? ooo/iiai aeiai?o a i?ioean? ae?iuoaaiiy iieiaeiyea ?
aeei?enoaiiy ei??a oa anoaiiaeoe aoaeoeai?noue aeiai?o ?aiiioiiai
iieiaeiyea a?ae ei??a ??ciiai a?eo; ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue no?auoaaiiy
/i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee c aoaayie-ie?aeieeaie ??cii? e?iaiino? ca
aieooeinueeith ii?iaeith ; aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? naeaeoe?? oaa?ei o
eiie?aoieo oiiaao i?iieneiai? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea a oiaa?iiio
noaae?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. A oiiaao oiaa?iiai
iiei/iiai noaaea aea/aii aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ei??a ??cieo
aaiioei?a, iaea?aeaieo a?ae ??cieo aa??aio?a no?auoaaiiy
neiaioaeuenueei?, /i?ii-?yai? ? aieooeinueei? ii??ae.

Aea/aia aoaeoeai?noue i?aeai?o aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ??cieo ii??ae aei
iaoi/iiai iiaie?a’y oiaa?iiai noaaea c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy ye?niiai
?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea. Aeine?aeaeaii caeaaei?noue i?iaeoeoeaiino?
iii?nieo ei??a-ia?a?noie ??cieo aaiioei?a a?ae aieeao ia?aoeiiaeo
oaeoi??a. Aea/aii ae?th i?e?iaeiiai ? ooo/iiai aeiai?o a i?ioean?
ae?iuoaaiiy iieiaeiyea ? naeaeoe?? oaa?ei a oiiaao oiaa?iiai
ainiiaea?noaa na?aaeiueiai ??aiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeei?enoai? aeey ?ic?iaee eiiieaenii? nenoaie aeiai?o iaoi/iiai
iiaie?a’y i?e oi?ioaaii? ?aioaaaeueiiai oiaa?iiai noaaea a NNA
?i.Iao?ianueeiai Iiaiooeoeueeiai ?aeiio Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeano?. Aeai?
ioe?iee aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ca ye?noth iioiinoaa i?aeoe/ii
aeei?enoiaothoueny a naeaeoe?ei?e ?iaio? c iaoi/iei iiaie?a’yi
oiaa?iiai noaaea i?e iaea?aeaii? a?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiiai iioiinoaa
ianooiieo iieie?iue.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeiai aeine?aeo a oiiaao iiei/iiai
oiaa?iiai noaaea i?i ??aaiue ?aae?caoe?? aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo
iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a ??cieo ii??ae ? ?o iii?nae, a oaeiae
aeai? a?eiaeo caeiiii??iinoae ?inoo iieiaeiyea a ca’yceo c ?o ianooiiith
iiei/iith i?iaeoeoeai?noth ? i?aeoe/iith iniiaith ?aoe?iiaeueiai
oi?ioaaiiy iaoi/iiai iiaie?a’y aeey oiaa?ieo noaae iiei/iiai iai?yieo
i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? a i?aai?caoe?? ? i?iaaaeaii?
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?aeai?? ie?aeiee?a ??cieo ii??ae aei iaoi/iiai
iiaie?a’y noaaea, cai??, ocaaaeueiaii? ? a?iiao?e/i?e ia?iaoe? ia?aeiieo
aeaieo i?i ??no, ?icaeoie ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue iii?nieo ia?a?noie ??cieo
ii?iaeieo ii?aeiaiue.Aaciina?aaeiuei aeena?oaioii a oiiaao eiie?aoiiai
ainiiaea?noaa ?ic?iaeaia ? ai?iaiaaia nenoaia oi?ioaaiiy ?aioaaaeueiiai
iiei/iiai noaaea. Iiiaae 90% iaoa??aeo, aeeeaaeaiiai a aeena?oaoe??,
c?a?aii ? i?iaiae?ciaaii aaciina?aaeiuei aaoi?ii, aai i?ae eiai
ea??aieoeoaii. Aeena?oaioo iaeaaeaoue iinoaiiaa i?iaeaie, ?ic?iaea
iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue aei ?? ae??oaiiy, aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o o ae?iaieoeoai.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo
eii?aeeiaoe?eii-iaoiaee/ii? ?aaee iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ”?icaaaeaiiy
oaa?ei”, ia a/ai?e ?aae? ?inoeoooo ?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI oa
a?aeae?eo ?icaaaeaiiy iiei/ii? ooaeiae ?inoeoooo ( n.*oaeinueea,
Ee?anueei? iaeano?, 1996-1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o?e ?iaioe aac
ni?aaaoi??a.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iyoe ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a,
a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai nieneo. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? 185 noi??iie, a oiio /ene?
?enoie?a 2, oaaeeoeue 28, aeiaeaoe?a19. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 242
aeaea?aea, a oiio /ene? 36 ia ?iicaii?e iia?.

CAAAEUeIA IAOIAeEEA ? INIIAI? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeiai
aenia?eiaioo a oiiaao oiaa?iiai noaaea NNA ?i. Iao?ianueeiai
Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeano? ca?aeii caaaeueii? noaie ( ?en.1).

A iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeiio aeine?ae? aoei aeei?enoaii 648 ?aiiioieo
oaeeoeue ??cieo aaiioei?a (neiaioaeuenueeeo- 95 aie, /i?ii-?yaeo –183
aie, iii?nieo–370 aie., c ieo 3/16 e?iaieo ca aieooeinueeith
ii?iaeith–200 aie., 1/4 e?iaieo-57aie ? 1/2 e?iaieo- 110 aie.) a?ae 10
aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a neiaioa-euenueei?, /i?ii-?yai? ? aieooeinueei? ii??ae.

Oaa?eie ciaoiaeeeenue o noiaeeo oiiaao oo?eiaiiy ? aiae?ae?, ye?
caaacia/oaaee ?icaeoie oaeeoeue ia ??ai? 2 eeano a?ae noaiaea?oo ii?iaee
A?ae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 6 i?nyoe?a oaee/ee oo?eioaaeenue a a?oiiaeo
noaieao ii 6-8 aie?a ? ae?iuoaaeenue ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith noaiith
aeiithaaiiy iacae?iiai ? cae?iiai iieiea, a oaeiae ?ioeo aeae?a ei?i?a.

Oaa?eie ia i?ioyc? anueiai aeine?aeiiai ia??iaeo ciaoiaeeeenue ia
ainiiaea?nueeeo ?aoe?iiao, ye? caaacia/oaaee aei 6- i?ny/iiai a?eo
na?aaeiuei-aeiaiaee i?e??no o iaaeao 561-579 a, a?ae 6 aei 12
i?nyoe?a–440-460a, a?ae 12 aei 18 i?nyoe?a- 367-415 a.

Iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? a?aeoai?io caeaoi?noue oaa?ei (a?e ia?oiai
in?iai?iiy, ?iaeaen in?iai?iiy, a?e ie?aeiiai in?iai?iiy ? ioaeaiiy
ia?a?noie,% caie?aeiaiiy, na?a?n-ia??iae, i?aeioaeueiee ia??iae ? ?io?
iieacieee) aecia/aee ca aeaieie ciioaoi?/iiai ? aaoa?eia?iiai iae?eo.

Iai?oae i?e?iaeiiai, ooo/iiai, ieai?iiiai, caaiaenueeiai aeiai??a
aecia/aee ca iiaeeo?eiaaieie oi?ioeaie iieacieea “iai?oae aeiai?o”
cai?iiiiiaaiiai A.N. Ee?i?/i?eiaei (1966) aeey i?e?iaeieo iiioeyoe?e.

Oi?ioaaiiy noaaeaoa ?aae?caoe?y ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieo? naeaeoe?eieo
iciae o oaa?eia oiiaao oiaa?iiai ainiiaea?noaa

Aeia??Aeia??Aeia??ca iieacieeaie

?inoo ? ?icaeoeo (aenoa?’??) ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea ei??a-
ia?a?noieei??a-ia?a?noie ca iioiaeaeaiiyi, aaaea-iei aaiioeiii ca ??aiai
?o iiei/ii? i?iaeooeaiino??aiiioieo oaeeoeue, ei??a-ia?a?noie ca
iieacieeaie ?o a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino?

Aiae?cAiae?cAiae?c?inoo iieiaeiyea i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, 6, 12, 18, i?n.
a?oe? ? ei??a-ia?a?noie ca aeeaith ianith, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie ?
a?aeiinieie i?e?inoaieiioiaeaeaiiy ?aiiioieo oaeeoeue ? ei??a-ia?a?noie
c a?aooaaiiyi: ii?iaee, IOe aaouee?a, iiei/ii? iiaeoeoeaiino?
iaoa??aae?? ??cieo oaeoi??a i?e?iaeiiai ? ooo/iiai aeiai?o a i?ioean?
ae?iuoaaiiy oaeeoeue ? ia?a?noie, a oaeiae iieaciee?a ?o a?aeoai?ii?
caeaoiino?

Ii?iaeiee oa aaiioeiiaee neeaae i?aeaeine?aeieo oaeeoeue (648
aie?a)neiaioaee –95 aie. c ieo – 3/16A 13/16 *? -200 aie./i?ii-?ya? –
183 aie. 1/4A 3/4 A* – 51 aie.iii?ni? – 370 aie.
1/2A 1/2*? – 119 aie.

?en.1 Caaaeueia noaia aeine?aeaeaiue

?iaeaen i?enoinoaaiiy ie?aieo a?oi oaa?ei o noaae? aecia/aee ca
A.?.Aeaniaei.? A.I. Eai/aiei (1984).

Aenoa?’?? oaa?ei ioe?ithaaee ieii??ii ? ca i?ii??aie ei??a i?ney ia?oiai
ioaeaiiy.

Aaiaaeia?th aoaa?a-ie?aeiee?a ? iaoi/iiai iiaie?a’y noaaea aiae?coaaee
ca iaoiaeeeith I.A. E?aa/aiea (1973 ).

Oiiaiee aaiioei eiaeii? oaa?eie ca ii?iaeiei ii?aeiaiiyi ? iaeaaei?noue
aei e?i?e aecia/aee ca ?iaeiaiaeaie. Ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiee aiae?c
aca?iica’yceo naeaeoe?eieo iciae cae?enithaaee ca iaoiaee/ieie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie TH.I. Iieoiaia (1988).

Aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea aecia/aee ia iniia? iae?eo
an?o cao?ao. A?iiao?e/io ia?iaeo aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee ca
I.A. Ieio?inueeei (1970), E.E.Ia?eo?’?aith ( 1970 ).

AeEIAI?EA ?INOO ?AIIIOIEO OAEEOeUe ? ?IOAINEAI?NOUe

?O AeIAI?O

AEeaa iana ?aiiioieo oaeeoeue a?aeiia?aeaea aeiiaai ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo
i?ae ia?oei ? ae?oaei eeanaie a?ae noaiaea?o?a ii??ae aac nooo?aeo
ii?iaeieo a?aei?iiinoae (oaae.1).

Aeaui a?eueoith aeeaith ianith a 6-12- i?ny/iiio a?oe? /a?aeiia?aeii,
128,8; 211,6 ea/ a?aecia/aeenue iii?ni? oaeeoe?, aea oey ia?aaaaa iaae
?iaanieoeyie ?ioeo ii??ae aoea iacia/iith ? noaoenoe/ii iaa??ia?aeiith
/? 0,05/.

AEeaa iana oaeeoeue, ye? aoee caeeoai? ia ?aiiio noaaea, ia?aaeuoaaea a
6- i?ny/iiio a?oe? aeaoaoeo oaeeoeue – na?aae neiaioae?a ia 7,8
ea/6,2%/, /i?ii-

1.Aeeiai?ea ?inoo ?aiiioieo oaeeoeue ca aeeaith ianith, ea

I±i?iaea

? ii?iaei?noueA?e,i?n

nI?e
ia?iaeaeaii?61218Neiaioaeuenueea9522,1±0,14126,0±1,15206,2±2,3300±6,91*i
?ii-?yaa18321,9±0,9124,0±0,88207,8±1,4296±2,71Iii?n? /i?ii-?yaa *
aieooeinueea

370

23,5±0,06

128,8±0,57

211,6±1,23

287±0,1Anueiai ii a?oi?64822,8±0,08127,0±0,74209,7±1,43291,4±1,84

?yaeo –8,6 ea / 7,2 %/ ? iii?nieo oaa?ei-9,9 ea / 8%/.Na?aae oaeeoeue
??/iiai a?eo oey a?aei?ii?noue ca aeeaith ianith cia/ii ca?eueoeeanue ?
noaiiaeea, a?aeiia?aeii, na?aae neiaioae?a –27 ea / 13,4 %/, /i?ii-?yaeo
–25,9ea /13,2%/ ? iii?nieo oaa?ei –19,3 ea / 9,6 %/.

AEeaa iana iaoa??a, a?ae yeeo caeeoaii oaeeoeue ia ?aiiio noaaea,
ii??aiyii c aeaoaoeie, nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciy?oueny.Iaaaeeeo ia?aaaao a
iaaeao 3,9-7,3 ea /0,9-1,5%/ aeyaeaii ia ei?enoue ?aiiioiiai iiaie?a’y.
Oey a?aei?ii?noue ca aeeaith ianith cia/ii ca?eueoeeanue ? noaiiaeea,
a?aeiia?aeii, na?aae neiaioae?a –27 ea / 13,4 %/ , /i?ii-?yaeo –25,9ea
/13,2%/ ? iii?nieo oaa?ei –19,3 ea / 9,6 %/.

AEeaa iana oaeyo i?e ia?iaeaeaii? aei aeayei? i??e aecia/a? e?ioeaao
aeeao iano iii?nieo / 433,0±4,3/ ? /enoiii?iaeieo / 403,5±8,1 ea/
ia?a?noie.

?ioaineai?noue ?inoo oaeeoeue o ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee aieeaa? ia
??aaiue ?o ianooiii? iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? / oaae.2./. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui iaea?eueo ?aeue?oii oeae aieea aeyeyoueny o iii?nieo oaa?ei o 18-
i?ny/iiio a?oe? ? i?e ia?oiio ioaeaii?. Oae, oaeeoe?, ye? a 18 i?nyoe?a
iaee aeeao iano ia iaioa 300 ea aeaee ca ia?oo eaeoaoe?th 3023 ea iieiea
i?ioe 2492 ea o oeo, ye? ?inee iaio ?ioaineaii / + 531 + 118 ea, ?

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