AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AIIOIAEE NA?A?E A?EOI?IAE*

OAeE 621.791.357:658.512.011.56

NENOAIA AAOIIAOE*IIAI EA?OAAIIss

OAOIIEIA?*IEI I?IOeANII IAEEE

NEEAAeAIEO I’?CIEA?AI?*IEO IA?AOAI?THAA*?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.13.07 – “Aaoiiaoecaoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a”

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaanueeiio a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiio ?inoeooo?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,

Iaa?aiae TH??e Aaeoa?aeiae/,

Aeiiaanueeee a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiee ?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
i?iieneiai? aeaeo?ii?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Neea?a A?eoi? ?aaiiae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e “Iaiaaeaeiaio o ae?iaie/?e noa??”, Aeiiaoeueea
aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oi?aae?iiy, i.Aeiiaoeuee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

Coaia Aeieo?i Aiaoie?eiae/,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e “Eiii’thoa?eciaai? nenoaie”, No?aeiioe?a?inueeee
Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, i.Eoaainuee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a nenoaiiiai aiae?co oa ea?oaaiiy, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “__7_” _aeiaoiy___ 1999?. i _14_ a. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E11.052.03 Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:

340000, i.Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. A?oaia, 58, ei?i.1, aoae. 201.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 340000, i.Aeiiaoeuee,
aoe. A?oaia, 58, ei?i.2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_2_” __aa?aniy___ 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iie?ee A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie ? nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiaoeee.

Neeaaeai? i’?ciea?ai?/i? ia?aoai?thaa/? ? iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith
aaaaoueio aeae?a aeaeo?iiii? aia?aoo?e, cie?aia aia?aoo?e ca’yceo,
aei??thaaeueii? oaoi?ee; aeei?enoiaothoueny aiie oaeiae o yeino?
aeao/ee?a oa ??cieo aei??thaaeueieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a. sse?noue oa
oa?aeoa?enoeee neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a (NII) a
cia/i?e i??? aecia/athoue oa?aeoa?enoeee aia?aoo?e, a ye?e aiie
aeei?enoiaothoueny. Oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane, ye? ca?ac canoiniaothoueny
i?e ae?iaieoeoa? NII, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iecueeei aeoiaeii i?eaeaoieo
aei aeei?enoaiiy ae?ia?a oa iacaaeia?eueiith iiaoi?thaai?noth
ia?aiao??a, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aeie? ?o/ii? i?aoe? i?ae /an
aeaioiaeaiiy oa i?aeeaoooaaiiy ia?aiao??a ia?aoai?thaa/?a.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo aeiia aei NII, ui cia/iith i??ith a?aeaeaa?oueny ia
yeino? i?eeaae?a oa aia?aoo?e, ? caaacia/aiiy iino?eii aenieeo cia/aiiue
iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino? (IAe). E??i oiai, iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe aenieo
iiaoi?thaai?noue ia?aiao??a NII.

Caaacia/eoe i?aeaeuaiiy cia/aiiy IAe iiaeeeai oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii aeaioiaeaiiy
NII, cie?aia i?ioeanii iaeee. Icia/aia nenoaia aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy
(NAE) aeicaieeoue i?aeo?eioaaoe ia?aiao?e oaoiieia?/ieo aieea?a ia
caaeaiiio ??ai? oa aaoiiaoe/ii ?o ei?eaoaaoe, a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ci?iaiiy ciai?oi?o aieea?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia ?iaioa
a?oioo?oueny ia iiia?aaeiuei aeeiioaaieo aea?aeathaeaeaoieo ?iaioao ?33
“Iiaea?iecaoeey eiino?oeoeee eaiaeueiiai yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneiai oeeueo?a”,
?43 “Enneaaeiaaiea oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna iee?inaa?ee eieaaaoaeueiuo
nenoai yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneeo oeeueo?ia”, o?ueio ainiaeiaia??ieo ?iaioao,
aeeiiaieo ca ia??iae c 1994 ii 1998 ?iee, oa aeaio ?iaioao oaoi?/iiai
noi?iaiaeaeaiiy.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? i?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a yeino? neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ui aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie canoinoaaiiy iiaiai niiniao
?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??, a oaeiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii iaeee.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa aeiaaa? ae??oaiiy ianooiieo caaaeaiue:

– ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee NII aeey
aecia/aiiy ca’yceo ia?aiao??a oa ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aeaea?aea
aeniei/anoioii? iai?oae c o?ce/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?ioeano iaa??ao;

– ?ic?iaea nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy iaeeith oa iiey?ecaoe??th NII
c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a ?oiuei? yeino?;

– aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iioei?caoe?y NAE iaeeith NII c iaoith aecia/aiiy ??
iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a, ?aaeei?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa oiia i?io?eaiiy
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeee, ui aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe iieacieee
yeino? NII.

Iniiaia ?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?aaoethaaii? iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e i’?ciaeaiaio?a NII i?ae /an ?o iaeee,
oeyoii aaaaeaiiy cai?ioiueiai ca’yceo ca caaanaiiyi oanoiaiai neaiaeo
i?ae i’?ciaeaiaioaie neeaaeaiiai i’?ciea?ai?/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, ui
caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy iieacieea yeino? NII – iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino?.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. A ?iaio? aeei?enoaii iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/iiai
aiae?co, aeaiaioe oai??? aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiiue ca /anoeiieie
iio?aeieie, iaoiaee oai??? eiia??iino? oa aiae?co aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a
a nenoaiao aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy, oai??y ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo i?e
iiooeo iioeiaeueieo oiia.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iiaiai niiniao
?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a ia iniia? cai?ioiueiai ca’yceo ca caaanaiiyi oanoiaiai
neaiaeo i?ae i’?ciaeaiaioaie a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o oaiia?aoo?e; a
?ic?iaoe? iiai? nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??,
yea aeicaiey? aaoiiaoe/ii ?aaoethaaoe ?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e
neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a i?ae /an iaa??ao i?e iaeoe?;
a ?ic?iaoe? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee neeaaeaieo
i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, yea aeicaiey? ca’ycaoe ia?aiao?e oa
?aaeeie ?iaioe aeaea?aea aeniei/anoioiiai iaa??ao c o?ce/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?ioeano iaa??ao: ?iciiae?eaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e ?
iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ii ia?a??co NII oa ?o aeeiai?eith;
a ?ic?iaoe? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeee, ia
iniia? yei? aoei aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e NAE iaeeith, ui a
noeoiiino? aeicaieeei noai?eoe nenoaio aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy
oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii iaeee neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a, yea aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe iieaciee yeino? NII; io?eiai?
?acoeueoaoe a noeoiiino? ae??oothoue eiie?aoia iaoeiaa caaaeaiiy, ui ia?
nooo?aa cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai ea?oaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieie i?ioeanaie a aaeoc? ae?iaieoeoaa i?eno?i?a oa eiiiiiaio?a
aia?aoo?e ca’yceo.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy.

1. I?aeaeuaiiy iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino? NII aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie
?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? oeyoii aaaaeaiiy cai?ioiueiai ca’yceo
ca caaanaiiyi oanoiaiai neaiaeo i?ae i’?ciaeaiaioaie NII a caeaaeiino?
a?ae oaiia?aoo?e i?ae /an iaeee.

2. Aeey oieeiaiiy oaieiaiai i?iaith i’?ciea?ai?ee aeei?enoiao?oueny
?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? cai?ioiueii?iii?oe?eii ?? oaiia?aoo??.

Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe.

1. Iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee NII io?eiaii ia
iniia? noi?niiai ae??oaiiy ??aiyiue oaieii?ia?aeiino? oa iai?oaeaiino?
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, iiaeaeue aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe ca’ycie i?ae
?aaeeiaie ?iaioe i?eno?ith aeniei/anoioiiai iaa??ao oa o?ce/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?ioeano iaa??ao: ?iciiae?eaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e oa
iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ii ia?a??co NII oa ?o aeeiai?eith.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy
oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii iaeee NII.

3. I?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th ia?aiao??a ?ic?iaeaii? NAE, ui ?aae?co?
cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? i’?ciea?ai?ee,
yea aeicaiey? aeinyaoe iioeiaeueiiai caeiio ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae
iiey?ecaoe?? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, ui i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee niin?a caaacia/aiiy cai?ioiueiai ca’yceo ca
oaiia?aoo?ith NII aeey ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??; ia iniia?
cai?iiiiiaaii? oa ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii
oa ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai iiaee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean iaeee NII;
cai?iiiiiaaii, ?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii iiaee aa??aio oaoiieia?/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey iaeee NII, a ?acoeueoao? aeei?enoaiiy yeiai cia/aiiy
iieacieea yeino? NII – iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino? c?inei ia 16%; a
?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaii? iioei?caoe?? aecia/aii ia?aiao?e NAE iaeeith
NII, ui ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a iaeee oa
iiey?ecaoe??; ia iniia? noi?niiai ae??oaiiy ??aiyiue oaieii?ia?aeiino?
oa iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey io?eiaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
i?ioeano ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee NII, yea aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ?iciiae?eaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e oa eiai aeeiai?eo ii ia?a??co NII.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe?
niiniao oa NAE ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? neeaaeaieo
i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ia iniia? cai?ioiueiai ca’yceo ca
caaanaiiyi oanoiaiai neaiaeo i?ae i’?ciaeaiaioaie a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o
oaiia?aoo?e; a ?ic?iaoe? no?oeoo?e oa aeai?eoio ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?eno?ith aeey iaeee neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, yeee
neeaaea?oueny ?c aeaea?aea ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao oa i?eno?ith
?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??; a ?ic?iaoe? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao NII; a ?ic?iaoe? aeai?eoio ea?oaaiiy
oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii iaeee neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a; o aecia/aii? iaoiaeeee iioei?caoe?? ?aaeei?a
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano oa ia?aiao??a i?eno?ith aeey ?aaoethaaiiy
iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??, a oaeiae ?? ?aae?caoe??; a i?iaaaeaii? /eneaiieo
iiaeaeueieo oa iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaio?a.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue oa a??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, aeeeaaeai? a ?iaio?, io?eiai? ia
i?aenoaa? aiae?co aaeeei? e?eueeino? iaoeiaeo ?ia?o oa aeanieo
oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aaoi?a. Na?ae/aiiyi
iaa?oioiaaiino? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?: ei?aeoia aeei?enoaiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo oa no/anieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue; ?ica?aei?noue
?acoeueoao?a iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaio?a oa ?ic?aooie?a ca iaoaiaoe/iith
iiaeaeeth ia ia?aaeuo? 10%, i?e ??ai? cia/ouino? ?=0,95; i?aeoe/iee
aeina?ae aenieoaoaoe?? ?ic?iaeaiiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, yeee aeia?a eiai
aoaeoeai?noue.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Cai?iiiiiaaiee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean oa
?ic?iaeaio aeey iueiai aia?aoo?o aoei ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?ioean
ae?iaieoeoaa aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo o?eueo??a ia AOCO “Eaeoaai?eai?naycue”
(i.Eaeoaa), IAO “Yia?ainaycue” (i.Iaeana), a oaeiae ia
iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e o??i? “N?aia” (i.Ae/aanuee). Aeaioiaeai? ia oeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao (c aeei?enoaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe)
aeine?aei? ia?o?? aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo o?eueo??a, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
i?aeaeuaieie iieacieeaie yeino?. Cai?iiiiiaai? oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean,
iaeaaeiaiiy, a oaeiae iaoiaeeea iioei?caoe?? ?aaeei?a oa ?aaoethaaiiy
iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? iiaeooue aooe iioe?ai? ia aoaeue-ye? oaoiieia?/i?
i?ioeane, aea ? iaiao?aei?noue iaeee i’?ciea?aieee aei iaoaeo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoee iia?aeiieai? ia o?ueio iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo :
“?YN-96”, i.Aeoooa,1996?., “Aaoiiaoeea-97”, i.*a?eane, 1997?.,
“Aaoiiaoeea-98”, i.Ee?a, 1998?., a oaeiae ia nai?ia?ao oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Aeiiaanueeiai a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai
?inoeoooo.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe??, iioae?eiaai? a
o?noueio ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao, a oiio /ene?: aea? – a iaoeiai oaoi?/iiio
aeo?iae? “Oaoiieia?y oa eiino?othaaiiy a aeaeo?iii?e aia?aoo??”
(i.Iaeana), io?eiaii aea?aeaaiee iaoaio Oe?a?ie, iioae?eiaaii noaooth a
ca??ieeo I?aeia?iaeii? aeaaeai?? aeieia?/ii? aaciaee (?in?y), a oaeiae
iioae?eiaaii aea? aeiiia?ae? a ca??ieeao i?aoeue iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 87 iaeiaioaaiue.
?iaioa i?noeoue 156 noi??iie iaoeiiiai oaenoo, 48 ?enoie?a oa 11
oaaeeoeue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeeeaaeaii iniiai? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe, ye? io?eiai? a ?iaio?, a oaeiae iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? c?iaeaii iaeyae aeei?enoaiiy i’?ciea?ai?/ieo
i?eno?i?a i?ae /an ae?iaieoeoaa aeaeo?iiii? aia?aoo?e oa i?eaaaeaii
caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ia’?eoa oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano. I?iaaaeaii
aiae?c iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo ia?aiao??a neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy iiaeaethaaiiy NII, ye ia’?eoa
aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy.

I’?ciaeaeo?e/i? ia?aoai?thaa/? oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny a aeaeo?ii?oe?
oa i?eai?iaoaeoaaii?. Ianya oa noa?a canoinoaaiiy oeeo i?eno?i?a
?icoe?th?oueny c ?ieo a ??e. I?e/iio, ianya ?o ae?iaieoeoaa ia na?oiaiio
?eieo iiaeaith?oueny eiaei? 5 ?ie?a. Oni?oe a noai?aii? oa
oaeineiiaeaii? oeeo i?eno?i?a aaeeeith i??ith aecia/athoueny
iie?ioaiiyi ia?aiao??a i’?ciea?ai?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, ye? a aeayeeo
aeiaaeeao iaaeeceeenue aei iane/aiiy. I?e oaeiio noai? ni?aa iniaeeaiai
cia/aiiy iaaoaa? oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?ee aeaioiaeaiiy i’?ciaeaiaio?a oa
i?eno?i?a, a yeeo aiie canoiniaothoueny, a ia?oo /a?ao c oi/ee ci?o
iiaoi?thaaiino? oa noaa?eueiinoe ?o oa?aeoa?enoee.

Iaei??th ?c iniiaieo aaeocae canoinoaaiiy ae?ia?a i’?cioaoi?ee ?
ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo o?eueo??a. Ia?aoai?thaa/? ?c
i’?ciea?ai?ee ?ic?iaeai? aeey aaeeei? e?eueeino? oei?a aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo
o?eueo??a.

Iiaiee oeeee aeaioiaeaiiy NII iiaeia oiiaii ?icae?eeoe ia o?e noaae??:
i?aeaioiaea eiiieaeooth/eo, ca??ea ia?aoai?thaa/a oa iano?ieea.
Iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiith ? neooaoe?y, eiee iaiao?aei?noue a o?ao?e noaae??
a?aenooiy. Caanoe aei i?i?ioio ieoiio aaao o?aouei? noaae?? iiaeia
aaeineiiaethth/e oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean aeaioiaeaiiy NII oeyoii
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiiieaenii? aaoiiaoecaoe??.

Ia?aiao?aie yeino?, ii yeei i?iaiaeeoueny a?aea?? NII ? ianooii?:
a?aeiinia oe?eia ?aciiainiiai i?ii?aeeo D?, ?aciiainia oa aioe?aciiainia
/anoioe f? oa fa, iaoai?/ia aeia?ioi?noue Qm, oaiia?aoo?iee eiao?oe??io
/anoioe OE*.

A?aeiinia oe?eia ?aciiainiiai i?ii?aeeo aecia/a?oueny ianooiiei /eiii:

wmetafile8? ??B???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 @???&??yyyy?????Ay®y?N ???&?
?MathType??????u????????????-?????=—???=i???u?th??????
Iaoai?/ia aeia?ioi?noue NII iiaea aooe aecia/aia ii oi?ioe?:

wmetafile8? ??,???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??ss?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????A????AIa?a?aoiaai? aeua ia?aiao?e ?
iniiaieie ? aeyaeythoue cia/iee aieea ia oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo o?eueo??a. Ca?aeii 1/20 ii?i IEEOO aeey eaiaeueieo
aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo o?eueo??a ia 128eAoe oaiia?aoo?iee eiao?oe??io /anoioe
i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ia iiaeiai ia?aaeuoaaoe 510-6 1/N, a
iaoaie/ia aeia?ioi?noue – 3500. Aeey na??eii ae?iaey?ieo
aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo o?eueo??a ieanoei/aoiai oeio aeiiae aei
ia?aoai?thaa/?a iaio aei?noe? (aeia?ioi?noue 700 ? oaiia?aoo?iee
eiao?oe??io /anoioe 510-6 1/N), ui iia’ycaii c iii’yeoaieie aeiiaaie aei
aiie?ooaei-/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee o?eueo??a. Iaaaaeai? iieacieee
iiaeooue aooe aeinyaioo? eeoa caaaeyee aenie?e oi/iino? i?aeo?eioaaiiy
cia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo aieea?a, ui aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy
aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaeee.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui NII, ye ia’?eo aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy, iiaea aooe
ciiaeaeueiaaii aac?ia?oe?eiith i?iii?oe?eiith eaieith c a?aooaaiiyi
aieeao oaiia?aoo?e.

Aeniiaeaie ia?oi? aeaae ? oa, ui caaea/a c’?aeiaiiy i’?ciea?ai?ee c
iaoaeii ? aeooaeueiith ? aeieea? i?e aeaioiaeaii? aaaaoueio ae?ia?a
aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee. Ia?aiao?e NII cae?eniththoue nooo?aee aieea ia oae?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo o?eueo??a ye i?eaianaia caaanaiiy,
oaiia?aoo?ia oa /aniaa noaa?euei?noue. Caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeieo
oa?aeoa?enoee NII iiaeeeai o?eueee i?e aeei?enoaii? aaoiiaoe/iiai
ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieie aieeaaie, ui aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue
?o caaaeaiiy oa i?aeo?eiee a i?ioean? iaeee.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iaeyae oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
aeaioiaeaiiy NII ye ia’?eoa aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy, a oaeiae aeaee oa
niiniae iiey?ecaoe?? i’?ciea?ai?ee. I?iaiae?ciaaii aieea iai?oae
iiey?ecaoe?? ia oa?aeoa?enoeee NII, a oaeiae iniaeeaino? oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano iaeee NII. Cai?iiiiiaaii ??oaiiy ii i?aeaeuaiiith aoaeoeaiino?
iaeee. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?aca?ae ii i?aeaeuaiith yeino? NII ne?ae ooeaoe a
aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e iaeee oa iiey?ecaoe??.

Iieacaii, ui aeey aoaeoeaii? iiey?ecaoe?? aei i’?ciaeaiaio?a ne?ae
i?eeeaaeoaaoe aeaeo?e/i? iiey cia/ii? iai?oaeaiino?, ui iiaea i?ecaanoe
aei aeaeo?e/iiai i?iaith i’?ciaeaiaio?a i?ae /an iaa??ao i?e iaeoe?.
Oaeei /eiii, i?ae /an iaeee ne?ae ?aaoethaaoe iai?oao iiey?ecaoe?? o
cai?ioi?e i?iii?oe?? c oaiia?aoo?ith i’?ciaeaiaio?a.

I?iaiae?ciaaii iniaeeaino? i?ioeano ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee oa iaeaaeiaiiy ,
yea i?e oeueiio canoiniao?oueny. Iieacaii, ui o aeiaaeeo iaeee NII
iaaeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?nioth/a na??eia iaeaaeiaiiy aeey
?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee, ine?eueee aiii ia? iacaaeia?euei? ianiaaaa?eoi? oa
aia?aaoe/i? iieacieee. E??i oiai, oea iaeaaeiaiiy ia caaacia/o?
iiaeeeaino? i?aoethaaoe a iaiao?aeiiio /anoioiiio ae?aiacii?. I?iaaaeaii
ioe?ieo iaiao?aeii? aeey iaeee iiooaeiino? oa iioeiaeueiiai ae?aiaciio
/anoio. Aeiaaaeaii iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee
aeey ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee, a ye?e a yeino? neeiaeo eeth/iaeo aeaiaio?a
aeei?enoaii o?aicenoi?e c? noaoe/iith ?iaeoeoe??th. I?iaiae?ciaaii
niiniae eiio?ieth oaiia?aoo?e NII. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy ne?aeeoth/i? nenoaie, yea eiio?ieth? oaiia?aoo?o NII ii
iaeiiio c eiai oaiia?aoo?icaeaaeieo ia?aiao??a.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo aeniiae?a noi?ioeueiaaii ianooii? caaea/?
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe: ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano
?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey
aecia/aiiy ca’yceo ia?aiao??a oa ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aeaea?aea
aeniei/anoioii? iai?oae c o?ce/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?ioeano iaa??ao;
?ic?iaea nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy iaeeith oa iiey?ecaoe??th NII c
iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a ?o yeino?; aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iioei?caoe?y
nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy iaeeith NII aeey aecia/aiiy ??
iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a, ?aaeei?a ? oiia i?io?eaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano iaeee.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii ?ic?iaeo iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano
?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a.

Noi?ioeueiaaii ia?aaeoiiae oa iaoo ?ic?iaee iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
i?eno?ith aeey iaeee NII oa i?ioeano ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao. Iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue ?ic?iaey?oueny c iaoith ca’ycaoe ?aaeeie ?iaioe onoaiiaee
?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao c i?ioeanaie, ye? i?io?eathoue a nenoai?
?iaeoeoi?-caa?ocea. Ie??i iiaeaethaaiiy oaiia?aoo?ieo iie?a a caa?ocoe?,
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aoaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue i?ae /an iioei?caoe??
?aaeei?a ?iaioe i?eno?ith aeey iaeee.

Iieacaii, ui aeey a?eueo aaeaeaaoiiai iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a a
i?eno?i? ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeaeo?ioaieiao
iiaeaeue, iniiaaio ia /enaeueiiio ae??oaii? ??aiyiiue aeaeo?iiaaiaoecio
oa oaieii?ia?aeiino?. A caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? oaea iiaeaeue yaey? niaith
nenoaio aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiiue, yea aaiaeeoue aca?iicaeaaei?noue
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai oa oaieiaiai iie?a.

Aeae? o ?icae?e? i?iaiaeeoueny iinoaiiaea caaea/? iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ? aecia/athoueny aeiiae aei iiaeae? oa ii/aoeia?
i?eiouaiiy. I?ioean iaa??ao NII a i?eno?i? ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao (I?I)
iieno?oueny nenoaiith iae?i?eieo aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiiue
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey oa oaieii?ia?aeiino? (3). Nenoaia yaey? niaith
aeaii??io aeaeo?ioaieiao iiaeaeue ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao o?ea c
iiia?a/iei i?yiieooiei ia?a??cii. Iaaeae?, caaaeyee i?eeiyoei
i?eiouaiiyi, ye? ni?iuothoue caaea/o, nooo?ai ia aieeaath/e ia ??
nooi?noue, cae?eniaii ia?ao?ae a?ae aeaoi??ii? caaea/e aei iaeiii??ii?
ii i?inoi?ia?e ci?ii?e. Iieacaii, ui oaeee ia?ao?ae caeeoa? iaci?iiith
o?ce/io nooi?noue i?ioeano.

wmetafile8? ??7???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
AA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyy???~?? ???&? ?MathType??A
???u?????????»????-?????_/???_y???_‚???_P
???aOe???a????al???aO???aY???au???i
???i 1???i A ???i ae???u?th??????aea r – ieoiiee ii??; w —
e?oaiaa /anoioa; m — a?aeiinia iaai?oia i?iieei?noue; m0 — iaai?oia
i?iieei?noue aaeooio; wmetafile8? ??®????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ay1/2y 1/2 ???&? ?MathType??
????u@th??????Aeae? cae?enith?oueny aeene?aoecaoe?y iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeae?. Iieacaii, ui aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaii? caaea/e aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoaoe iaoiae Aaeuei?e?ia aeey aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiiue o
/anoeiieo iio?aeieo. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeene?aoecaoe?? aeeiiaii cai?io
ooieoe?? iaa?aeiiiai aeaeyaeo eiia?iaoe??th e?ioeaaiai /enea ooieoe?e
a?aeiiiai aeaeyaeo c iaa?aeiieie eiao?oe??ioaie. O oae?e iinoaiiaoe?
caaea/a ae??oaiiy nenoaie (3) caiaeeoueny aei aecia/aiiy iaa?aeiieo
eiao?oe??io?a ai?ieneiaoe??. Aeey ai?ieneiaoe?? aeei?enoaii
eoni/ii-iie?iii?aeuei? aaceni? ooieoe??.

I?ney i?aenoaiiaee ai?ieneioth/eo ooieoe?e ??aiyiiy aeey oaieiaiai iiey
ia? ianooiiee aeaeyae:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy ??§?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-??????A???? ????U?????
???uAy??????Aeey c?o/iino? iiaeaeueoeo ?ic?aooie?a cae?eniaii ia?ao?ae
aei i?noeaai? eii?aeeiaoe, i?e oeueiio iaaaaeaia aeua ??aiyiiy,
i?eeiath/e aei oaaae aaaaeaiiy aacenieo ooieoe?e q, ia? ianooiiee
aeaeyae:

wmetafile8? ??F???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a`&???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/2yyy &????aiyiiy (5) aecia/a?
ai?ieneiiaaiee aeeaae aeaiaioa ?; a ?acoeueoao? ia?aoiaeo aei iao?e/ii?
oi?ie caieno, ??aiyiiy (5) io?eio? ianooiiee aeaeyae:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
``???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy ???? ???&?
?MathType???????u?ueU????aaea wmetafile8? ??§???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy???7?? ???&?
?MathType???????uqyoe????? wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy???5?? ???&?
?MathType???????u_yoe????? wmetafile8? ??‡???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy???5?? ???&?
?MathType???????uqyoe????? wmetafile8? ??¦???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`??8?? ???&?
?MathType???????uqyoe?????Noioth/e aeeaaee aeaiaio?a oa ainaiaethth/e
iao?eoe? eiao?oe??io?a io?eio?ii ianooiiee aeaeyae ??aiyiiy:

wmetafile8? ??TH???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy@???? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u
yU????aai, caaaeath/e ia aeia?euei?noue oa iacaeaaei?noue eiiiiiaio?a
[dT]T:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?a
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy  ??®?? ???&?
?MathType?? ????u?th??????1/4???I?Times New Roman
Cyr?I·???-?????2cue???c????u`th??????1/4???I?Times New Roman
Cyr?I·???-??????????2Au???BT???2Ak???T????2A@????A????u
`th????????aiyiiy (8) yaey? niaith nenoaio cae/aeieo e?i?eieo
aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiiue c? noaeeie eiao?oe??ioaie ? iiaea aooe
ae??oaia aoaeue-yeei c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a. ?ica’ycaiiy ?ioeo ??aiyiiue
nenoaie (3) i?iaiaeeoueny aiaeia?/iei iaoiaeii.

I?ae /an /enaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo ia io?eiai?e iiaeae? iaea?aeaii
ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe: ?iciiae?eaiiy oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey oa iai?oaeaiino?
iaai?oiiai iiey ii ia?a??co NII a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeei?a aaia?aoi?a
aeniei/anoioii? iai?oae; ia ?en.1. i?eaaaeaii caeaaei?noue oaiia?aoo?e
ii ia?a??co NII ia ??cieo /aniaeo oa?ao.

Aeae? aoei aeeiiaii ia?aa??eo iiaeae? aeaiia oeyoaie: aeine?aeaeaiiy
ca?aeiino? /enaeueiiai ??oaiiy i?e ca?eueoai? nooiaith aeene?aoecaoe??,
oa ii??aiyiiy ?c oi/iei (aiae?oe/iei) ?ica’ycaiiyi ni?iuaieo iiae?aieo
caaea/. Aoei aeiaaaeaii, ui ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue aaeaeaaoii a?aeaeaa?
iiaaae?ieo o?ce/ii? nenoaie a caaeaiiio ae?aiacii? aa??aoe??
i?inoi?iai-/aniai? aeene?aoecaoe?? oa iacaeaaeieo ci?iieo.

?en.1. ?iciiae?eaiiy oaiia?aoo?e ii ia?a??co NII ia ??cieo /aniaeo
oa?ao.

A ianooiiiio /enaeueiiio aenia?eiaio? aoei aecia/aii iaeanoue
iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a oa ?aaeei?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?eno?ith aeey
?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee. A?ao?/ii io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iieacaii ia ?en. 2.

?en. 2. ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e?

O ia?o?e /anoei? /aoaa?oiai ?icae?eo cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee niin?a
?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? c iaoith ciaioaiiy oa?i?/ii?
aeaiiey?ecaoe?? i’?ciaeaiaio?a i?ae /an iaeee. Noaia ia ?en. 3 iiynith?
oeae niin?a. ?iaioa noaie aaco?oueny ia oaiia?aoo?i?e caeaaeiino?
aiie?ooaee i?eeiyoiai neaiaeo. Cai?iiiiiaaii no?oeoo?io noaio nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaeee NII, yea canoiniao? iienaiee
aeua niin?a eiio?ieth oaiia?aoo?e.

?en.3. Noaia, yea iiynith? niin?a eiio?ieth oaiia?aoo?e.

Ocaaaeueiaia no?oeoo?ia noaia oeueiai i?eno?ith iieacaia ia ?en. 4.

?en.4. Ocaaaeueiaia no?oeoo?ia noaia NAE oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii iaeee
NII.

Aaaaeaii ianooii? nei?i/aiiy: NEAAI-nenoaia ea?oaaiiy aaia?aoi?a
aeniei/anoiii? iai?oae; AAI- aaia?aoi? aeniei/anoiii? iai?oae;
?-?iaeoeoi?; NE?II-nenoaia ea?oaaiiy ?iioeueniei ia?aoai?thaa/ai
iai?oae; ?II- ?iioeueniee ia?aoai?thaa/ iai?oae; ?c-no?oi ?iaeoeoi?a
caaeaiee; Q-oaieiaa aia?a?y; Uaei- iai?oaa ia aoiae? aeaoaeoi?a
ia?aoai?thaa/a; Uiie-iai?oaa iiey?ecaoe??.

Ia ?en. 5 iaaaaeaii no?oeoo?io noaio ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
ea?oaaiiy iaeeith NII. Iieacaii, ui e?iaa?eciaaia ia?aaeaaaeueia
ooieoe?y oaei? nenoaie ii eaiaeo ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? ia?
aeaeyae:

wmetafile8? ??I???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a’???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy ‘??»?? ???&?
?MathType?????uthY?????I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai c?aceo NAE iaeeith NII. Io?eiaii caeiie ci?ie
iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e. Iieacaii, ui ci?ithth/e ia?aiao?e
i?eno?ith ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? iiaeia aieeaaoe ia ??
caeaaei?noue a?ae oaiia?aoo?e. I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae ?ic?iaeaii? NAE, ia i?aenoaa? /iai c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui
nenoaia ? no?eeith,

?en. 5. No?oeoo?ia noaia nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy iaeeith NII.

a aeeiai?ea ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a i?e nooi?i/anoiio ao?aeiiio neaiae? ia
aieeaa? iaaaoeaii ia ii?iaeueio ?iaioo nenoaie. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
aeei?enoaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue NAE, io?eiaio ca aeiiiiiaith
i?eeeaaeiiai iaeaoa iiaeaethaaiiy nenoai IANN. A?ao?ee ia?ao?aeieo
i?ioean?a aeey i?eno?ith iiey?ecaoe?? oa ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao
iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 6,7.

?en.6. Ia?ao?aeiee i?ioean ia aeoiae? i?eno?ith ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae
iiey?ecaoe??.

?en.7. Ia?ao?aeiee i?ioean ia aeoiae? i?eno?ith ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao.

Iayai?noue ia?a?aaoethaaiiy a ia?ao?aeiiio i?ioean? ia ?en.7, yea
aei??aith? 1,5% a?ae noaeiai cia/aiiy, iaoiiaeaii oaoi?/ieie
iniaeeainoyie i?eno?ith ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao, a naia eiino?oeoe??th
?iioeueniiai o?ainoi?iaoi?a ?iaa?oi?a iai?oae. Aeacaia ia?a?aaoethaaiiy
ia a?aeaeaa?oueny iaaaoeaii ia ?iaio? nenoaie. Iaaeae? aoei i?iaaaeaii
ia?aa??eo aaeaeaaoiino? ciiaeaeueiaaii? nenoaie. Ii??aithaaeenue
iaaaaeai? aeua aeai? ii ia?ao?aeiei i?ioeanai, oa aeai?, io?eiai? i?ae
/an iaoo?iiai aenia?eiaioo. Ii??aiyiiy ca e?eoa???i O?oa?a-Niaaeaei?a
aeiaaei, ui ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a /enaeueiiai oa iaoo?iiai
a?ae??ciythoueny ia 7% i?e ??ai? cia/ouino? ? = 0,95, a iiaeaeue ?
aaeaeaaoiith.

O ae?oa?e /anoei? /aoaa?oiai ?icae?eo aeeiiaii aeine?aeaeaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaii? NAE oa ?ic?iaeo ??oaiue ii iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano iaeee
NII, a oaeiae iioei?caoe?th ia?aiao??a oa ?aaeei?a ?iaioe i?eno?ith
?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??.

C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeeee Aiena-O?eniia ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo i?e
iiooeo iioeiaeueieo oiia io?eiaii ??aiyiiy ?aa?an?? aeey ia?aiao?a
iioei?caoe?? – iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino?. I?iaaaeaii a?aae??ioiee nione, a
?acoeueoao? /iai ciaeaeaii oi/eo iioeioio a oaeoi?iiio i?inoi??
iacaeaaeieo ci?iieo. Aoei aeaioiaeaii eiio?ieuei? ia?o?? NII, ia
?aaeeiao, ciaeaeaieo i?ae /an aenia?eiaioaeueii? iioei?caoe??.
Aei??thaaiiy ?o oa?aeoa?enoee iieacaei c?inoaiiy iieacieeo yeino?
ii??aiyii c ?nioth/ei oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii. Iniiai? iieacieee
caaaeaii a oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1 – Iieacieee yeino? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano.

Iieaciee?nioth/ee

i?ioeanIioei?ciaaiee i?ioeanIaoai?/ia
aeia?ioi?noue280324Na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy18,611,2

?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue, ui cia/aiiy iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino? c?inei,
oaeiae ca?eueoeeanue iiaoi?thaai?noue ia?aiao??a NII.

O ae?oa?e /anoei? /aoaa?oiai ?icae?eo i?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/io
iioei?caoe?th ia?aiao??a oa ?aaeei?a ?iaioe i?eno?ith ?aaoethaaiiy
iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??. Io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe, ca?aeii yeei iaee?au? oiiae
aeey iiey?ecaoe?? neeaaeathoueny, eiee ca?aathoueny ooieoe?iiaeuei?
caeaaeiino? i?iaeaii? iai?oae oa iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e.
E?eoa???i ? iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino? NII.

Aeae? aoei i?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th ia?aiao??a I?II, iaoith yei? aoei
a?aeooeaiiy oaeeo ia?aiao??a I?II, i?e yeeo oi?ia caeaaeiino? iai?oae
iiey?ecaoe?? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e iaea?eueo iiaii ni?aiaaea? c
oaiia?aoo?iith caeaaei?noth i?iaeaii? iai?oae i’?ciea?ai?ee. Aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy iioei?caoe?? aoei aeaaaeaii i?i?i?coth/ee ooieoe?iiae, aei
yeiai aoiaeyoue ia?aiao?e no?oeoo?ii? noaie NAE:

wmetafile8? ??oe???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyya??7?? ???&?
?MathType??a????uthY?????aea Wi?ii(K,ka) – ia?aaeaaaeueia ooieoe?y
i?eno?ith ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??; E-eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy
ia?aoai?thaa/a iai?oae; ka – aea?aaeaioiee eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy
ao?aeiiai i?aeneethaa/a; wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyyA???? ???&?
?MathType??`????uthY?????Aeey iioei?caoe?? aoei aeei?enoaii iaoiae
ia?nei??oiai nioneo. A ?acoeueoao? aoei io?eiaii ia?aiao?e, ye?
i?i?i?cothoue a?aeoeeaiiy iiey?ecoth/i? iai?oae a?ae c?aceiai?
caeaaeiino?. A yeino? c?aceiai? aeei?enoiaoaaeanue caeaaei?noue
i?iaeaii? iai?oae a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, i?eaaaeaia aei iaiao?aeiiai
ae?aiaciio ci?ie iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??. Io?eiai? caeaaeiino? iieacaii ia
?en.8 Aeae? cacia/aii, ui ?ic?iaeaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey iaeee oa
iiey?ecaoe?? NII ia/ooeeaa aei ?iceeaeo ia?aiao??a eiiieaeooth/eo ?
iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia aeey iaeee NII ?ioeo oei?a. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
iiaeaethaaiiy ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia i?ae /an
iiae?aieo ?ic?aooie?a aeey iaeeo o?e iaiaeii??aeii? no?oeoo?e.

?en.8. Oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??.

Uc?ac-c?aceiaa oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??;
Uo-oaeoe/ia oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??.

Cai?iiiiiaai? niin?a oa NAE iiey?ecaoe?? i’?ciaeaiaio?a NII, a oaeiae
iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a, iiaeooue,
i?ney a?aeiia?aeii? aei?iaee, aeei?enoiaoaaoenue a aoaeue-yeeo
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao iaeee i’?ciea?ai?ee aei iaoaeo.

AENIIAEE

Aeeiiaia aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? ocaaaeueiaiiyi oa ae??oaiiyi eiiieaeno
ieoaiue, ye? iathoue iaoeiaa, i?aeoe/ia oa i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy.

1. I?aeoe/ii aeiaaaeaii iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao
i?e iaeoe? NII. I?e oeueiio aeey aeaii? caa?ocee aecia/aii iioeiaeueio
/anoioo no?oio ?iaeoeoi?o ii e?eoa??th iaeneioia EEAe. Aeaioiaeaia,
aeine?aeaeaia oa ai?iaaaeaeaia o ae?iaieoeoai aenia?eiaioaeueia
onoaiiaea aeey ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee NII.

2. Oeyoii noi?niiai ae??oaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiiue
oaieii?ia?aeiino? oa iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey io?eiaii
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao NII, yea aeicaiey?
ca’ycaoe ?aaeeie ?iaioe i?eno?ith iaa??ao c o?ce/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
i?ioeano iaeee.

3. ?ic?iaeaii NAE iaeeith NII, yea neeaaea?oueny c i?eno?ith
?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaa??ao oa i?eno?ith aaoiiaoe/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae
iiey?ecaoe??, yea aeicaiey? i?aeo?eioaaoe oa aaoiiaoe/ii ?aaoethaaoe
iai?oao iiey?ecaoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e i’?ciaeaiaio?a.

4. I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy
iaeeith NII oa ioe?iea aaeaeaaoiino? NAE, a ?acoeueoao? /iai ae?iaeaii
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ?? aeei?enoaiith.

5. C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeeee ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo io?eiaii iiaeaeue,
yea iieno? caeaaei?noue iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino? NII a?ae ?aaeei?a
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeee. Ia iniia? iaea?aeaii? caeaaeiino?
i?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueio iioei?caoe?th ?aaeei?a oa aecia/ai? ?o
iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy, ye? caaacia/othoue iaeneioi iaoai?/ii?
aeia?ioiino? NII.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee niin?a ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii iaeee
NII, ia iniia? eio?iai ?ic?iaeaii, aeine?aeaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii
i?eno??e ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? NII, yeee caaacia/o?
aaoiiaoe/ia ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oaiia?aoo?e i’?ciaeaiaio?a.

7. I?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th ia?aiao??a ?ic?iaeaiiai i?eno?ith
?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? c iaoith aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai
caeiio ea?oaaiiy iai?oaith iiey?ecaoe??. Cacia/aii, ui iioeiaeueiei ?
aeiaaeie, eiee ca?aathoueny ooieoe?iiaeuei? caeaaeiino? i?iaeaii?
iai?oae oa iai?oae iiey?ecaoe?? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e.

8. A ?acoeueoao? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo i?enoi?a oa canoinoaaiiy
ciaeaeaieo i?ae /an iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a, cia/aiiy
iieacieea yeino? NII – iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino?, c?inei ia 16%.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

IIOAE?EIAAII A OAEEO ?IAIOAO

1. Aiioiaie N.A. Ono?ienoai aeey iiey?ecaoeee iueaciyeaiaioia ai a?aiy
iaeee ninoaaiuo iueaciea?aie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae// Oaoiieiaey e
eiino?oe?iaaiea a yeaeo?iiiie aiia?aoo?a.– 1998.–?1.– N.20-22.

2. Aiioiaie N.A. Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeanna eiaeoeoeeiiiiai
iaa?aaa ninoaaiuo iueaciea?aie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae.// Oaoiieiaey e
eiino?oe?iaaiea a yeaeo?iiiie aiia?aoo?a.– 1998.–?3-4.– N.38-41.

3. Iay?aiae TH.Y., Aiioiaie N.A. Iioeiecaoeey i?ioeanna iaeee ninoaaiuo
iueaciea?aie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae.//Aanoiee IAIYA
(IAELPS),N.-Iaoa?ao?a, auione ?4 (12).-1998a.-N.92-93.

4. Iay?aiae TH.Y., Aiioiaie N.A. Aaoiiaoe/aneia oi?aaeaiea i?ioeannii
iaeee ninoaaiuo iueaciea?aie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae.//O?oaeu 4-e
Oe?aeineaie eiioa?aioeee ii aaoiiaoe/aneiio oi?aaeaieth
“Aaoiiaoeea–97”,oii 4.-*a?eannu.-1997.- N.40.

5. Iao. 23380A Oe?aeia IEE A23E3/00. I?eno??e aeey iayiiy neeaaeaieo
i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a/Iaa?aiae TH.A., Aiioiaee N.A.(Oe?a?ia) —
?95030971 ; Cayae. 01.03.1995; Iioae. 31.08.1998, Athe.?4

6. Aiioiaie N.A., Iay?aiae TH.Y. Ono?ienoai aeey iaeee ninoaaiuo
iueaciea?aie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae.// O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Neeiaay yeaeo?iieea a ?aoaiee i?iaeai
?ano?ni- e yia?ainaa?aaeaiey”.- Aeoooa.- 1996.–N.21.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a ?iaioao, ui iioae?eiaai? a ni?aaaoi?noa?,
iieyaa? o ianooiiiio: cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee niin?a iiey?ecaoe??
i’?ciaeaiaio?a NII [6], ?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?io noaio oa i?eioeei ae??
i?eno?ith iiey?ecaoe?? [4,5], i?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th ?aaeei?a
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeee NII [3].

AIIOAOe??

Aiioiaee N.A. Nenoaia aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii
iaeee neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?tha?/?a.–?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.13.07–Aaoiiaoecaoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a.
Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao. Aeiiaoeuee,1999.

O ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaii oa i?iaiae?ciaaii oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean iaeee
neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a c oi/ee ci?o i?aeaeuaiiy
iieaciee?a ?oiuei? yeino?, oa caaacia/aiiy iiaoi?thaaiino? ia?aiao??a.
?icaeyiooi iniiai? aoaie oi?ioaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee neeaaeaieo
i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, oa aeae?eaii oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue
ia cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o ?oiuei? yeino? – iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino?.
Cai?iiiiiaaii, ?ic?iaeaii oa aeine?aeaeaii nenoaio aaoiiaoe/iiai
ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee neeaaeaieo
i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee niin?a ?aaoethaaiiy
iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?eno?ith oa
i?ioeano ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a.
I?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th ia?aiao??a oa ?aaeei?a ?iaioe ?ic?iaeaiiai
i?eno?ith aeey ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee c iaoith iie?ioaiiy iieacieea yeino?
neeaaeaieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a. Ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai
?ic?iaeaiee i?eno??e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neeaaeaiee i’?ciea?ai?/iee ia?aoai?thaa/, ?iaeoeoe?eia
iaeea, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ?iaeoeoe?eii? iaeee, nenoaia aaoiiaoe/iiai
ea?oaaiiy, i?eno??e ?aaoethaaiiy iai?oae iiey?ecaoe??, iioei?caoe?y
ia?aiao??a.

Aiioiaie N.A. Nenoaia aaoiiaoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey oaoiieiae/aneei
i?ioeannii iaeee ninoaaiuo iueaciea?aie/aneeo
i?aia?aciaaoaeae.–?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.13.07–Aaoiiaoecaoeey oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia.
Aeiiaoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao. Aeiiaoee,1999a.

A ?aaioa enneaaeiaai e i?iaiaeece?iaai oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann iaeee
ninoaaiuo iueaciea?aie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae n oi/ee c?aiey iiauoaiey
iieacaoaeae eo ea/anoaa e oeo/oaiey iiaoi?yaiinoe ia?aiao?ia.
?anniio?aiu iniiaiua yoaiu oi?ie?iaaiey oa?aeoa?enoee NII e auaeaeaiu
oaeoi?u, eioi?ua aeeytho ia cia/aiey iieacaoaey eo ea/anoaa–iaoaie/aneie
aeia?ioiinoe. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ?aca?au ii iiauoaieth iieacaoaey ea/anoaa
ninoaaiuo iueaciea?aie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae neaaeoao eneaoue a
aaoiiaoecaoeee oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna. N yoie oeaeueth auei
i?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea, a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?iai onoaiiaeaiu oaeoi?u,
ieacuaathuea aeeyiea ia cia/aiea iaoaie/aneie aeia?ioiinoe. ?ac?aaioaia
iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ono?ienoaa e i?ioeanna eiaeoeoeeiiiie iaeee
ninoaaiuo iueaciea?aie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae. Iiaeaeue iicaieyao
naycaoue ia?aiao?u e ?aaeeiu ?aaiou ono?ienoaa eiaeoeoeeiiiiai iaa?aaa n
oece/aneeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?ioeanna iaa?aaa – ?ani?aaeaeaieai
oaiia?aoo?u ii na/aieth NII e aeeiaieeie iaa?aaa. A ?acoeueoaoa
/eneaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ia ?ac?aaioaiiie iiaeaee iieo/aii cia/aiea
iioeiaeueiie iaeanoe ?aai/eo /anoio ono?ienoaa eiaeoeoeeiiiiai iaa?aaa.
A ea/anoaa e?eoa?eaa eniieueciaaeenue neaaeothuea iieacaoaee: EIAe
ono?ienoaa, a?aiy iaeee e yia?aey, cao?a/eaaaiay ia iaeeo. Aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey iioeiaeueiuo ?aaeeiia i?ioaeaiey oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna
iaeee i?iaaaeaia yenia?eiaioaeueiay iioeiecaoeey n eniieueciaaieai
iaoiaeeee ieaie?iaaiey yenia?eiaioa Aiena–Oeeniia. A ea/anoaa
iacaaeneiuo ia?aiaiiuo auee aua?aiu a?aiy iaeee, iai?yaeaiea
iiey?ecaoeee e iaeei ec ia?aiao?ia ono?ienoaa ?aaoee?iaaiey iai?yaeaiey
iiey?ecaoeee, aeeythuee ia ?aaeei iiey?ecaoeee. Ii ?acoeueoaoai
yenia?eiaioa ii?aaeaeaia iaeanoue iioeiaeueiuo ?aaeeiia a oaeoi?iii
i?ino?ainoaa iacaaeneiuo ia?aiaiiuo. I?e iaeaeaiiuo ?aaeeiao auee
ecaioiaeaiu eiio?ieueiua ia?oee ninoaaiuo iueaciea?aie/aneeo
i?aia?aciaaoaeae. Ecia?aiea eo ia?aiao?ia iieacaei oaaee/aiea cia/aiey
iaoaie/aneie aeia?ioiinoe ia 16% ii n?aaiaieth n nouanoaothuei
oaoiieiae/aneei i?ioeannii. I?aaeeiaeai iiaue niinia ?aaoee?iaaiey
iai?yaeaiey iiey?ecaoeee. Niaeanii yoiio niiniao iaaeaeo
iueaciyeaiaioaie, onoaiiaeaiiuie ia iaoaeee/aneia iniiaaiea, ia?aaeaaony
oanoiaue neaiae. Aiieeooaea neaiaea ia i?eaiiii iueaciyeaiaioa
ia?aoiii?iii?oeeiiaeueia oaiia?aoo?a iueaciea?aieee. Ii aeeiaieea
caoooaiey oanoiaiai neaiaea iiaeii noaeeoue ia eciaiaiee oaiia?aoo?u
ninoaaiiai iueaciea?aie/aneiai i?aia?aciaaoaey. I?aaeeiaeaia,
?ac?aaioaia e enneaaeiaaia nenoaia aaoiiaoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey
iai?yaeaieai iiey?ecaoeee, a eioi?ie eniieueciaai i?aaeeiaeaiiue niinia
eiio?iey oaiia?aoo?u iueaciea?aieee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaeaieaa
aeaaii?eyoiui ?aaeeiii iiey?ecaoeee yaeyaony ?aaeei, eiaaea niaiaaeatho
aeaeu oaiia?aoo?iuo caaeneiinoae iai?yaeaiey iiey?ecaoeee e i?iaeaiiai
iai?yaeaiey iueaciea?aieee. N oeaeueth ii?aaeaeaiey iioeiaeueiiai aeaea
caaeneiinoe iai?yaeaiey iiey?ecaoeee io oaiia?aoo?u i?iaaaeaia
iioeiecaoeey ia?aiao?ia ono?ienoaa ?aaoee?iaaiey iai?yaeaiey
iiey?ecaoeee. Aeey yoiai aue iieo/ai ieieiece?othuee ooieoeeiiae, a
eioi?ue a ea/anoaa iacaaeneiuo ia?aiaiiuo auee aeeth/aiu ia?aiao?u
ono?ienoaa, aeeythuea ia aeae iioeiece?oaiie caaeneiinoe. Iioeiecaoeey
auea auiieiaia n eniieueciaaieai iaoiaea a?aaeeaioiiai nionea.
Ieieiecaoeee iiaeaa?aaeinue ioeeiiaiea iai?yaeaiey iiey?ecaoeee io
ia?acoeiaie caaeneiinoe. A ea/anoaa ia?acoeiaie auea i?eiyoa
oaiia?aoo?iay caaeneiinoue i?iaeaiiai iai?yaeaiey, i?eaaaeaiiay e
?ann/eoaiiiio aeeaiaciio eciaiaiey iai?yaeaiey iiey?ecaoeee. A
?acoeueoaoa iioeiecaoeee iieo/aiu ia?aiao?u ono?ienoaa ?aaoee?iaaiey
iai?yaeaiey iiey?ecaoeee, ieieiece?othuea oeacaiiia ioeeiiaiea. Aeaiu
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?eiaiaieth ?ac?aaioaiiie nenoaiu aaoiiaoe/aneiai
oi?aaeaiey oaoiieiae/aneei i?ioeannii e iai?oaeiaaiey. I?aaeeiaeaiiue
niinia ?aaoee?iaaiey iai?yaeaiey iiey?ecaoeee,NAO e oaoiieiae/aneia
iai?oaeiaaiea, ?ac?aaioaiiia ia aai iniiaa, iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny a
ethauo oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeeyo, aaea aicieeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue iaeee
iueaciea?aieee e iaoaeeo. ?ac?aaioaiiia ono?ienoai aiaae?aii a
i?iecaiaenoai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ninoaaiie iueaciea?aie/aneee i?aia?aciaaoaeue,
eiaeoeoeeiiiay iaeea, iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue eiaeoeoeeiiiie iaeee,
nenoaia aaoiiaoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey, ono?ienoai ?aaoee?iaaiey iai?yaeaiey
iiey?ecaoeee, iioeiecaoeey ia?aiao?ia.

Gontovoi S.V. System of autocontrolling by technological process of
soldering the component piezoceramic converters.-Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree of technical sciences on speciality
05.13.07– Automation of technological processes. Donetsk State technical
university. Donetsk,1999a.

In work explored and analysed technological process of soldering with-
component piezoceramic converters from standpoints of raising show-their
quality and perfecting repeatability of parameters. Considered main
steps of tecnological procesis shaping the features of component
piezoceramic converters and chosen factors, which influence their
quality factor — mechanical good quality upon values of. Offered,
designed and explored autocontrol system for induction soldering the
component piezoceramic converters. Betrayed-reaped new way of regulation
of voltage. Designed mathematical device model and process induction
soldering the component piezoceramic converters. Conducted optimization
of parameters and states of working developping device for induction
soldering for the reason raising a quality factor component piezoceramic
converters. Dvelopping device is introduced in the production.

Keywords: component piezoceramic converter, induction soldering,
mathematical model of induction soldering, voltages polarizations
controling device, autocontrol system, parameters optimization.

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