EAA?IAO I?I?NO??A OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AO*EI Ienaia Ieoaee?aia

OAeE 636.4:
577.15: 591.8: 546.23: 546.72

NENOAIA AIOEIENEAeAIOIIAI CAOENOO A OEAIEIAO

NAEIAE A ?AII?E IINOIAOAEUeIEE IA??IAe

03.00.04 — a?io?i?y

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? caiea?ianoaa ? a?ieia?? oaa?ei OAAI
(i.Euea?a)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai-
ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI, Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie
NI?OEINUeEEE Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/, Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, ?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? CAOA?AIEI
Ieeiea Ieaenaiae?iae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, aeaeai
cii?iaeaia?iiai oaeoeueoaoo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a?a??ie ? aeieia??
oaa?ei;

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AIEOe?OeUeEEE Aieiaeeie?
Ieoaeeiae/, eaoaae?a a?io?i?? Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo a?io?i?? ?i. I.A.Iaeeaae?ia IAI Oe?a?ie,
a?aeae?e a?io?i?? naini?ieo ? ?aaoey- oi?ieo nenoai, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_4___“ /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.004.08 o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i.Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 15,
iaa/aeueiee ei?ion ? 3, aoae. ? 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 252041, i.Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a
Iai?iie, 11, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion ? 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “30” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Oea?e?oianueeee I. ?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. C’ynoaaiiy a?io?i?/ieo iaoai?ci?a iinoiaoaeueii?
aaeaioaoe?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo i?aai?ci?a ? iaei??th c iaea?eueo
aeooaeueieo iaoeiaeo i?iaeai a aaeoc? a?ieia?? oaa?ei [A?oaaneee E.A.,
1982; Eethoa A.E., 1995]. Ae??oaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy iiaeeeaa eeoa ia
iniia? aeeaieiai i?ciaiiy iieaeoey?ieo iaoai?ci?a, ye? aeaoa?i?iothoue
??aaiue noano?aoiiai ? eeniaaiai caaacia/aiiy oeaiei i?aai?cio a oiiaao
ia?aoiaeo a?ae i?a- aei iinoiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco [Sies H. et
al., 1985; Saugstad O.D., 1990; Eueaiaa N.I., Aaaaaa A.I., 1996].
A?aeiii, ui iaea?eueo nooo?a? ci?ie o?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e oa
a?io?i?/ieo i?ioean?a a?aeaoaathoueny a ia??iae aaeaioaoe??
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aei iiaeo oiia ?nioaaiiy. Oeae ia?ao?ae
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/ieie iaoaaie?/ieie c?ooaiiyie, iia’ycaieie ?c
ci?iith iane o?ea, ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono, ieenii-a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a,
?ioaineo?eaoe??th i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE)
[?onaiia N.TH. e ae?., 1985; Kanner J. et al., 1987; Halliwell B. et
al., 1993]. Aaaeeeaa ?ieue, i?e ia?aoiae? i?aai?cio a?ae i?a- aei
iinoiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ci?iith eeniaaiai ?aaeeio
? aeieeiaiiyi noaio a?ia?ien??, iaeaaeeoue nenoai? aioeieneaeaioiiai
caoenoo (AIC), yea coiiaeth? ?iaeoeaaoe?th i?iaeoeo?a ia?ieneaeaoe??,
caiia?aa? ?o iaa?iiaaeaeaiith oa ni?ey? a?aeiiaeaiith, aeieeath/eo o
oeae ia??iae aeeooy, ieeniaieo niieoe [Sies H. et al., 1991; Smith C.V.
et al., 1993; Aeoaeieia A.A. e ae?., 1997]. Iaeiae ia nueiaiaei?
i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? a a iiai?e i??? oa?aeoa?ecoaaee
i?ioeane i?iieneaeaioii? nenoaie oa AIC a oeaieiao iiaiia?iaeaeaieo
ii?inyo, ui ia? e??i oai?aoe/iiai ? aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

A?aeiii, ui iaeiie/aiiy a oeaieiao oaa?ei i?iaeoeo?a IIE ? ia?aaeoiiaith
aeey aeieeiaiiy a?iien??, aiai?? oiui. Ca aeaieie [Prakash M.O. et al.,
1988; Miroguchi Hideaki, 1992], aiai?y ? iaeiei ?c iaea?eueo
?iciianthaeaeaieo caoai?thaaiue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ii?inyo, ui iaiineoue
cia/i? aeiiii?/i? caeoee [Ea?aeei A.E., 1983; Nieoeineee A.A., ssiiae/
A.A., 1984]. Iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei aiai?? ? ianoa/a cae?ca a
i?aai?ci? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ii?inyo. C iaoith noeioeyoe?? a?eo?iiiaco a
e?iaioai?ieo i?aaiao ii?inyoai-nenoiai aaiaeyoue niieoee cae?ca, cie?aia
cae?ciaeaeno?aiia? i?aia?aoe [Eaeaoieeia A.I. e ae?., 1985; Przala F. et
al., 1988]. I/aaeaeii, i?e oeueiio a oeaieiao iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaa?ei
iineeththoueny i?ioeane ooai?aiiy a?eueii?aaeeeaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a, ui
coiiaeththoue iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy a ee?oei? i?iaeoeo?a IIE, ci?io
iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a oa o?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e [Aeaaeeie?ia TH.A.,
A?/aeia A.E., 1972; Aaeion A.A., Eiiiee E.O., 1991]. Aeacaia iaoeiaa
i?iaeaia ia nueiaiaei? i?aeoe/ii ia aeine?aeaeaia, ui ia aea?
iiaeeeaino? a iiai?e i??? ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe a?io?i?/i? iaoai?cie
aaeaioaoe?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ii?inyo aei iiaeo oiia ?nioaaiiy oa
ioe?ieoe iaoaaie?/io a?aeiia?aeue i?aai?cio ia aaaaeaiiy cae?ciai?nieo
i?aia?ao?a. Ii?yae c oeei, iica oaaaith caeeoeeenue ieoaiiy aea/aiiy
i?iieneaeaioii? ae?? aeaeno?ioa?o a oeaieiao iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ii?inyo,
aieea i?aia?aoo naeaio ia IIE oa nenoaio AIC, ye iaeiiai c aoaeoeaieo
aioeieneaeaioieo i?aia?ao?a [Neve I., 1991; Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aioiiye
A.E., 1994; Simoni J. et al., 1995].

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa ?
o?aaiaioii iaoeiai? oaie UA ? 0196EI10486, oeo? 0201 «Iieaeoey?i?
iaoai?cie oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aaoeyoe?? iaoaaie?cio, aaiiiiaco oa
?ioiii? ooieoe?? o naeiae ? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ia ?aii?o aoaiao
iinoiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco», ui aeeiioaaeanue a eaai?aoi??? aiaeie?eiii?
?aaoeyoe?? ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa ? a?ieia?? oaa?ei OAAI.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiaiith iaoith ?iaioe aoei
aeine?aeeoe noai i?ioean?a IIE ? aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie (AIN) a
oeaieiao iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ii?inyo oa c’ynoaaoe aieea niieoe Fe ? Se ia
ie?ai? eaiee AIN.

O ca’yceo c oeei noaaeeinue caaaeaiiy:

– aea/eoe iieacieee AIN a oeaieiao ia/?iee, na?oeaaiai oa neaeaoiiai
i’yc?a, eaaaiue, ie?ie ? naeac?iee ii?inyo ia ii/aoeo iinoiaoaeueiiai
ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco;

– aeine?aeeoe ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a IIE o oeaieiao ia/?iee,
na?oeaaiai oa neaeaoiiai i’yc?a, eaaaiue, ie?ie ? naeac?iee
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ii?inyo;

– c’ynoaaoe aieea aeaeno?ioa?o oa naeai?oo iao??th ia i?ioeane IIE oa
noai AIN a oeaieiao ii?inyo a ?aii?e ia??iae iinoiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco.

Haoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeine?aeaeaii aeeiai?eo
iieaciee?a nenoaie AIC a oeaieiao ii?inyo a ia??iae ?aiiueiai
iinoiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco. Aeyaeaii, ui ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a IIE oa
noai AIN a ??cieo oeaieiao ii?inyo ci?ith?oueny a aeeiai?oe? ia?oeo 10
ae?a i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?ioeanaie IIE oa noaiii AIN a
oeaieiao ii?inyo i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy ci?uaii a noi?iio aeoeaaoe??
i?ioean?a ia?ieneaeaoe??. I?enoinoaaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaa?ei aei
iiaeo oiia ?nioaaiiy ia i?ioyc? ia?oeo 10 ae?a iia’ycaia c aeoeaaoe??th
oa?iaio?a AIN ? cieaeaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? i?ioean?a IIE a oeaieiao.
Aeyaeaii iniiai? a?io?i?/i? iaoai?cie aieeao niieoee cae?ca
(aeaeno?ioa?o) ? naeai?oo iao??th ia i?ioeane IIE oa AIC a oeaieiao
ii?inyo o ia?o? 10 ae?a i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
?ice?eaathoue aeaye? aniaeoe iaoai?ci?a aaeaioaoe?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo
oaa?ei aei iiaeo oiia ?nioaaiiy, iieacothoue aieea cae?ca oa naeaio ia
i?ioeane IIE oa AIC a oeaieiao ii?inyo, ui iiaea aooe oai?aoe/iith
iniiaith canoinoaaiiy ?nioth/eo ? ?ic?iaee iiaeo i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a
oa e?eoaaeueieo cania?a o aaoa?eia?i?e iaaeeoeei?. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e aea/aii? o?c?ieia?? ?
a?io?i?? iioiaaiaco oa a eo?nao a?io?i?? ? o?c?ieia?? oaa?ei.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o aeeiiaii? anueiai ianyao
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a,
i?aeai?? oa ia?iaoe? aeaieo iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e, a oaeiae a o/ano? o
i?aeaioiaoe? ioae?eaoe?e, aiae?c? oa ?ioa?i?eoaoe?? iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, iaienaii? ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia: VII Oe?a?inueeiio a?io?i?/iiio c’?cae? (Ee?a, 1997);
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th eaoaae?e o?c?ieia??
Euea?anueeiai iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo (Euea?a, 1995); XV c’?cae?
Oe?a?inueeiai o?c?ieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (Aeiiaoeuee–Euea?a, 1998); XVII
conf. “Dni fyziologie hospodarskych zvierat” (Kosice, 1997); iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo ?inoeoooo o?c?ieia?? ? a?io?i?? oaa?ei OAAH
(Euea?a, 1997); III i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “A?ieia?/i? iaoai?cie
noa??iiy” (Oa?e?a, 1998); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«No/ani? i?iaeaie a?ieia??, aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia??? oa
oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa» (Euea?a, 1997); i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo: «Haoeia? aeinyaiaiiy a
aaeoc? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie» (Oa?e?a, 1997); II i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ia?ioaeoe?eii? iaoieia?? oaa?ei” (A?ea Oea?eaa,
1998); i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “A?ieia?/i? iniiae aeeaeaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei” (Euea?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue
iioae?eiaaii 20 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, aeeth/ath/e 5 noaoae.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 138 noi??iie
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e,
iaoa??aeo ? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue, aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e,
yeee aeeth/a? 322 aeaea?aea. O aeena?oaoe?? i?noeoueny 11 oaaeeoeue, 5
?enoie?a oa 1 aeiaeaoie.

AEA?? IAI?ssIE?A AeINE?AeAEAIUe, IAOA??AE OA IAOIAeE AEEIIAIIss ?IAIOE

?iaioa aeeiiaia c aeei?enoaiiyi 40 iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ii?inyo a?eii a?ae 1
aei 10 ae?a, na?aaeiueith aeeaith ianith 1–3 ea, iaea?aeaieo a?ae
naeiiiaoie aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee ia ieai?ii?e oa?i? aeine?aeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Ao/aoeueeiai ?aaeainio-oaoi?eoio Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?.
Ii?inyoa oo?eioaaeenue i?ae naeiiiaoeaie, aiae?aey yeeo cae?enithaaeany
ca?aeii caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa? ii?i [Eaeaoieeia A.I. e ae?.,
1985].

I?iaaaeaii aea? na??? a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. O ia?o?e na???
aeine?ae?a aea/aee ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a IIE oa caoenii? ae?? AIN a
oeaieiao ia?aio?iaoicieo i?aai?a ii?inyo i?ioyaii ia?oeo 10-oe ae?a
i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy. O ae?oa?e na??? aenia?eiaio?a aeine?aeaeoaaee aieea
i?aia?aoo Fe – aeaeno?ioa?o oa niieoee Se – naeai?oo iao??th ia i?ioeane
IIE oa AIN a oeaieiao.

I?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei ae?eeee ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a ia o?e a?oie.
Oaa?eiai ia?oi? aeine?aeii? a?oie ia o?aoth aeiao aeeooy
aioo??oiueii’yciai aaiaeeee 2 ie aeaeno?ioa?o 100 (cae?ciaeaeno?aiiaiai
oa?iaeiiaeiiai i?aia?aoo, ae?iaieoeoaa AOI “OA?IAOEI” – Aieaa??y), 1 ie
yeiai i?noeoue 100 ia Fe3+, c ?ic?aooieo 2 ie/ea iane o?ea. Oaa?eiai
ae?oai? aeine?aeii? a?oie ia ae?oao aeiao aeeooy aioo??oiueii’yciai
aaiaeeee ?ic/eiaiee a aeenoeeueiaai?e aiae? naeai?o iao??th (Na2SeO3) c
?ic?aooieo 0,075 ia naeaio/ea iane o?ea ? ia o?aoth aeiao aeeooy
aioo??oiueii’yciai – 2 ie aeaeno?ioa?o. Oaa?eiai eiio?ieueii? a?oie
aaiaeeee 2 ie 0,9%-iiai ?ic/eio NaCL ia 3-th aeiao aeeooy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue aoee oeaieie ia/?iee, na?oeaaiai oa neaeaoiiai
i’yc?a, eaaaiue, ie?ie ? naeac?iee oaa?ei, io?eiai? ia 1–, 3–, 5–, 10–o
aeiae aeeooy. I?aaie aeae?eyee i?ney aeaeai?oaoe?? oa iaace?iaeaiiy
ii?inyo. A iaaeinaaeia?e ??aeei?, iaea?aeai?e i?e oeaio?eooaoaaii?
aiiiaaiao?a oeaiei, aecia/aee eaoae?oe/io aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a AIN,
ai?no iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aeo, a?ae?iia?aeen?a e?i?ae?a oa
a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio.

Aeoeai?noue noia?ieneaeaeeniooace – NIAe (ia?aeen: ia?aeen
ieneaei?aaeoeoaca, EO 1.15.1.1) aecia/aee ca ??aiai aaeueioaaiiy
oa?iaioii i?ioeano a?aeiiaeaiiy i?o?ineiueiai oao?acie?th a i?enooiino?
NADH ? oaiaceiiaoanoeueoaoo ca iaoiaeii Aeoa?i?ii? ?.?. ? ?i. (1983) o
iao?e iiaeeo?eaoe??. Aeoeai?noue aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace – AI (aeooao?ii:
ia?aeen aiaeith ieneaei?aaeoeoaca, EO 1.11.1.9) aecia/aee ca oaeaee?noth
ieeniaiiy aeooao?iio a i?enooiino? a?ae?iia?aeeno o?aoeiiiai aooeeo ca
iaoiaeii Ii?ia A.I. (1986) o iao?e iiaeeo?eaoe??, aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace –
A? (NADPH: ieeneaiee aeooao?ii ieneaei?aaeoeoaca, EO 1.6.4.2) – ca
oaeaee?noth a?aeiiaeaiiy aeooao?iio a i?enooiino? NADPH [Aioiiye A.E.,
1998]. Ai?no a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio (GSH) aecia/aee ca ??aiai
ooai?aiiy o?ii?o?ioai?eueiiai ai?iio a ?acoeueoao? aca?iiae?? SH – a?oi
aeooao?iio c 5,5?-aeeo?ia?n-2-i?o?iaaicieiith eeneioith [Tietze F.,
1969].

Ai?no iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aeo (IAeA) aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii a iniia?
yeiai eaaeeoue ?aaeoe?y i?ae IAeA ? o?iaa?a?oo?iaith eeneioith
[Ei?iaaeieeia Y.I., 1989], a?ae?iia?aeen?a e?i?ae?a – ca aeiiiiiaith
o?ioeeaiaoo aiii?th [Ie?ii/ee A.A., 1984].

Eiioeaio?aoe?th a?eeo a aiiiaaiaoao oeaiei aecia/aee iaoiaeii Lowri O.H.
et al. (1951). Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?a IBM-486 ca
niaoe?aeueii neeaaeaiith i?ia?aiith. Aeey aecia/aiiy a??ia?aeieo
a?aei?iiinoae i?ae na?aaei?ie aaee/eiaie aeei?enoiaoaaee e?eoa??e
Nouethaeaioa (t).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O AIAE?C

Aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie a oeaieiao. Ia?ao?ae
i?aai?cio oaa?ei a?ae aioo??oiuei/a?aaiiai ?icaeoeo aei naiino?eiiai
aeeooy iia’ycaiee c? cia/ieie ci?iaie iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?ioaineo?eaoe??th ieenii-a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a ?
aeoeaiith aaia?aoe??th a?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a, ??aaiue yeeo eiio?ieth?oueny
AIN i?aai?cio [?onaiia N.TH. e ae?., 1985; Saugstad O.D., 1990]. NIAe –
iaeei c eeth/iaeo oa?iaio?a oe??? nenoaie, yea ciaoeiaeaeo? I.2
(noia?ieneaeiee ai?ii) [MrCord J., Fridovich I., 1988; Aeoaeieia A.A.,
1989].

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui aeoeai?noue NIAe o
oeaieiao 1-aeiaiaeo ii?inyo ciaoiaeeoueny ia aeineoue aenieiio ??ai? ?
ci?ith?oueny a ??cieo oeaieiao a iaaeao 5,77–8,8 oi.iae./oa o ia a?eea.
Iaeiae, aaea ia 3-th aeiao aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo a ia/?ioe? cieaeo?oueny
a na?aaeiueiio ia 61%, a na?oeaaiio ? neaeaoiiio i’ycao a?aeiia?aeii –
ia 64 ? 67%, a ie?eao – ia 60%, a eaaaiyo – ia 78% ? a naeac?ioe? – ia
71% a ii??aiyii? c aiaeia?/ieie aeaieie o oaa?ei ia 1-o aeiao aeeooy
(oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1 – Aeoeai?noue noia?ieneaeaeeniooace a oeaieiao (Mm; n=3–4;
oi.iae./oa o ia a?eea)

A?e Oeaieieoaa?ei,

ae?aia/?ieana?oeaie?eeeaaai?neaeaoiee
i’ycnaeac?iea16,411,226,300,117,240,357,340,865,770,698,840,1332,470,55*
2,220,32*2,920,11*1,610,10*1,870,09*2,560,35*51,530,11*1,730,09*2,250,07
*1,580,12*1,350,16*3,070,12*105,700,107,830,12*5,250,09*
5,530,254,610,286,730,12*I?ei?oea. O oe?e ? ianooiieo oaaeeoeyo * –
a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae o cia/aiiyo iieaciee?a ii??aiyii c a?oiith
1-aeiaiaeo oaa?ei (* ?0,05).

A oeaieiao oaa?ei ia 5-o aeiao aeeooy aeoeai?noue NIAe oaeiae
caeeoa?oueny ieae/ith i?eaeecii a 3,5–4,5 ?ace a ii??aiyii? c
1-aeiaiaeie oaa?eiaie. E??i oiai, ca?a?no?iaaii iiaeaeueoa cieaeaiiy
aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo a ia/?ioe?, na?oe?, neaeaoiiio i’yc?, ie?eao ?
eaaaiyo 5-aeiaiaeo ii?inyo o ii??aiyii? c ?? aeoeai?noth a 3-aeiaiaiio
a?oe?. Ia 10-o aeiao aeeooy aeoeai?noue NIAe a on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo
oeaieiao c?inoa? aei ??aiy oeeo iieaciee?a o 1-aeiaiaeo oaa?ei, ui ?
iaoaaie?/iith a?aeiia?aeaeth ia ci?io ia?oe?aeueiiai oeneo I2 oa
?ioaineaiino? i?ioean?a IIE, i?iyaii «ieneaeaoe?eiiai no?ano» oa
iinoiaoaeueii? aaeaioaoe?? [Curtis S.E., 1974; Eoeueyiiaa E.Ae. e ae?.,
1982; Eaeeoea A.A., Aeii/aiei A.A., 1995].

Oaaeeoey 2 – Aeoeai?noue aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace a oeaieiao (Mm; n=3–4;
iiieue GSH/oa?ia a?eea)

A?e Oeaieieoaa?ei,

ae?aia/?ieana?oeaie?eeeaaai?neaeaoiee
i’ycnaeac?iea10,650,280,770,051,150,480,330,100,450,080,530,0531,420,100
,580,091,950,083,450,07*0,480,071,480,08*50,310,090,790,052,390,102,780,
08*0,390,021,670,09*100,950,101,110,03*1,080,051,350,05*0,590,081,310,12
*

Aiae?c aeaieo, i?aaenoaaeaieo a oaae. 2 na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui iaeaeua
aeoeai?noue AI – eeth/iaiai oa?iaioo AIN a on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo
i?aaiao, ca aeeeth/aiiyi na?oey oa neaeaoieo i’yc?a, niinoa??aa?oueny ia
3–5-o aeiao aeeooy. Oae, aeoeai?noue AI a oaa?ei ia 3-th aeiao aeua a
eaaaiyo a?eueo ye o 10 ?ac?a, naeac?ioe? – a 2,8 ?ace a ii??aiyii? c
iieacieeaie aeoeaiino? o ii?inyo ia 1-o aeiao aeeooy. I?e/iio a ia/?ioe?
iaeaeuo aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo ca?a?no?iaaii ia 3-th, o na?oeaaiio i’yc? –
ia 10-o aeiao. Aeoeai?noue AI o oaa?ei ia 5-o aeiao ca?eueooaaeanue a
ie?eao ? naeac?ioe?, ia ci?ithaaeanue – a ia/?ioe?, na?oe? oa neaeaoieo
i’ycao ? cieaeoaaeanue a eaaaiyo a ii??aiyii? c 3-aeiaiaeie oaa?eiaie.
Aeineoue aenieith caeeoaeanue aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo ? a oeaieiao oaa?ei
ia 10-o aeiao aeeooy (aeea. oaae. 2). Eiia??ii, aeniea aeoeai?noue AI a
aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aaiao iia’ycaia c i?iaeoeoe??th NADPH-eioaeoi?a,
iaiao?aeiiai aeey iiiiaiaiiy ioea GSH – ?aaoeyoi?a aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo
[Flohe L., Gunzler W.A., 1974; ?ne?a ?.ss. ? ?i., 1997].

A? eaoae?co? i?ioean a?aeiiaeaiiy GSSG o GSH ? o eiiieaen? c AI oi?io?
?aaeien-oeeee o?ieiai? AIN [Avitabile M. et al., 1991; Eoeeineee A.E.,
Eieanie/aiei E.N., 1993]. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie iieacaii, ui iaeneiaeueia
aeoeai?noue A? o an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo oeaieiao oaa?ei niinoa??aa?oueny
ia 3-th aeiao i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy (oaae. 3). Aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo a oeae
ia??iae, ii??aithth/e c ii?inyoaie ia 1-o aeiao, aeua: a eaaaiyo – a
na?aaeiueiio a 4,2; a na?oe? – a 4,1; a neaeaoieo i’ycao – a 4,7; a
ie?eao – a 6,0; a naeac?ioe? – a 6,1 ? a ia/?ioe? – a 6,8 ?ac?a.
C?inoaiiy aeoeaiino? A? a oeaieiao oaa?ei, i/aaeaeii, coiiaeaia
eiiiainaoi?iith ?aaeoe??th aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie AIC ia ??cea cieaeaiiy
aeoeaiino? NIAe ? iineeaiiy aaia?aoe?? aeoeaieo I.2 ?aaeeeae?a
[Aeoaeieia A.A., 1989; Ni?oeinueeee A.A. ? ?i., 1998].

Oaaeeoey 3 – Aeoeai?noue aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace a oeaieiao (Mm; n=3–4;
iiieue NADPH/oa?ia a?eea)

A?e Oeaieieoaa?ei,

ae?aia/?ieana?oeaie?eeeaaai?neaeaoiee
i’ycnaeac?iea18,603,6310,490,6419,672,7111,841,417,582,909,850,07358,699
,58*43,042,35*117,310,22*49,384,33*35,548,22*60,225,32*523,081,10*13,572
,9827,011,0526,543,06*12,060,9922,981,99*1014,062,5810,112,4415,762,6517
,351,378,671,9615,060,85* Haeaeua aeoeai?noue A?, i?ioyaii anueiai
ia??iaeo aeine?aeaeaiue niinoa??aaeanue a ie?eao oaa?ei o ii??aiyii? c
?ioeie i?aaiaie, ui iia’ycaii c ??ceei c?inoaiiyi iai?io ?a/iaei ?
oi?iiooai?thth/eo i?ioean?a o oe?e oeaiei? a ?aii?e iinoiaoaeueiee
ia??iae [Iaueoai E.O. e ae?., 1978]. Haeieae/a aeoeai?noue A? aeyaeaia a
neaeaoieo i’ycao, ui iiynith?oueny (o??th ae i?e/eiith, ui ? a aeiaaeeo
c AI) a?aenooi?noth iaiao?aeiino? a i?aeo?eiaii? aeniei?
aioeieneaeaioii? aeoeaiino? a aeai?e oeaiei? a ca’yceo c iineeaiiyi a
i?e ae?eie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a [Eueaiaa N.I., 1996].

A?aeiiaeaiee aeooao?ii ?acii c AI ? A? ooai?ththoue ?aeeio aeooao?iiiao
nenoaio, yea aoaeoeaii caoeua? i?aai?ci a?ae ia?ieneaeiiai no?ano
[Dolphin D. et al., 1989; Eoeeineee A.E., Eieanie/aiei E.N., 1990].
??aaiue GSH o ia/?ioe? oaa?ei ia 3-th aeiao aeeooy (2,15 ieiieue/a
oeaieie) ii??aithth/e c oaa?eiaie ia 1-o aeiao (0,43 ieiieue/a oeaieie)
aeuee iaeaea a 5,0 ?ac?a, ui iia’ycaii c iineeaiiyi neioaco oe???
o?ieiai? niieoee. Iaio nooo?a? ci?ie ca?a?no?iaaii o na?oe?. Cia/ia
i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo GSH a?aei?/aii a ia/?ioe? oa na?oe? oaa?ei
10-aeiaiaiai a?eo, ui iiynith?oueny aeoeaaoe??th aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie
AIC i?aai?cio ii?inyo [?onaiia N.TH. e ae?., 1985].

I?ioeane ia?aeeniiai ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a o oeaieiao. Aeai? i?aaenoaaeai?
a oaae. 4 na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iaeaeuee ??aaiue IAeA niinoa??aa?oueny a
na?oe? oa eaaaiyo 1-aeiaiaeo ii?inyo ? iaeaea oaeai? ieae/ee a ?ioeo
i?aaiao. Ia 3-o aeiao eiai ai?no o na?oe? ? eaaaiyo cieceany, a ie?eao,
naeac?ioe? oa neaeaoieo i’ycao ia ci?ieany, a a ia/?ioe? c??n a
ii??aiyii? c 1-aeiaiaeie oaa?eiaie. A iiaeaeueoiio niinoa??aaee nooo?aa
cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IAeA o an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo oeaieiao a
na?aaeiueiio a 1,5–6,0 ?ace. I?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue oe??? ?a/iaeie a
i?aaiao ii?inyo o ia?o? o?e aeiae aeeooy iiaea aooe iia’ycaiee c
aenieith eiioeaio?aoe??th iie?iaiane/aieo aee?ieo eeneio a iieicea?
naeiiiaoie, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeoeaaoe?? i?ioean?a
a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeniaiiy [Aeai/oe A.A., 1994; Ni?oeinueeee A.A. ?
?i., 1996].

Oaaeeoey 4 – Ai?no iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aeo a oeaieiao (Mm; n=3–4;
iiieue/a oeaieie)

A?e Oeaieieoaa?ei,

ae?aia/?ieana?oeaie?eeeaaai?neaeaoiee
i’ycnaeac?iea133,034,2474,847,2831,323,0560,531,1928,604,3725,510,73356,
435,42*30,643,35*36,824,2551,103,3625,115,9228,143,77524,632,5411,641,57
*21,712,5511,510,40*10,191,19*14,550,26*1020,124,1912,050,66*8,730,26*11
,051,90*11,643,80*16,411,32*??cea cieaeaiiy ai?noo IAeA aei 10-? aeiae a
on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aaiao iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaa?ei iiaea aeacoaaoe ia
iineeaiiy a oeae ia??iae oa?iaioaoeaieo ? iaoa?iaioaoeaieo iaoai?ci?a
AIN caoenoo i?aai?cio [Aeauaeeia I.O. e ae?., 1989; Ledwozyw A.,
Kadziolka A., 1989].

Oaaeeoey 5 – Ai?no a?ae?iia?aeen?a e?i?ae?a o oeaieiao (Mm; n=3–4; A/a
oeaieie)

A?e Oeaieieoaa?ei, ae?aia/?ieana?oeaie?eeeaaai?neaeaoiee
i’ycnaeac?iea15,920,695,060,673,250,295,050,095,550,254,010,3134,540,283
,750,683,500,533,710,29*4,600,915,060,2555,030,094,400,284,110,214,310,5
35,030,104,800,53106,550,124,020,533,600,124,780,914,300,28*5,410,22*Ai?
no a?ae?iia?aeen?a e?i?ae?a o oeaieiao oaa?ei i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ithaaany
i?ioyaii ia?oeo 10-oe ae?a iinoiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo (oaae. 5). Aeayea
cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? caaaeaieo ?a/iaei niinoa??aa?oueny a
3-aeiaiaiio a?oe? ii?inyo o eaaaiyo a na?aaeiueiio ia 27%. I?i?iaeueiee
??aaiue a?ae?iia?aeen?a e?i?ae?a o ie?eao ii?inyo, noiniaii ?ioeo
oeaiei, a on? aeine?aeaeoaai? ia??iaee na?ae/eoue i?i aenieo aeoeai?noue
oa?iaio?a aeooao?iiiaiai ?yaeo a oeueiio i?aai? [Avissar Nelly et al.,
1994].

Aieea niieoe cae?ca ? naeaio ia iieacieee aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie.
A?aeiii, ui aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy aeieeiaiiy aiai?? iiaiia?iaeaeaiei
ii?inyoai aaiaeyoue cae?ciai?ni? i?aia?aoe [Ea?aeei A.E., 1983;
Eaeaoieeia A.I. e ae?., 1985]. Iaeiae ? aeai?, ui cae?ci, ye aeaiaio,
?i?oe?th? i?ioeane IIE [Aaeion A.I., Eiiiee E.O., 1991;
Shainkin-Kestenbaum R. et al., 1991]. Oiio, aeey cieaeaiiy noeioethth/i?
ae?? Fe3+ ia IIE ii?inyoai 2-i? aeine?aeii? a?oie aaiaeeee aioeieneaeaio
– naeai?o iao??th, yeee caeaoiee aaeueioaaoe ?icaeoie i?ioean?a
ia?ieneaeaoe??, a oaeiae aeoeaoaaoe eaiee AIC i?aai?cio [Stadtmann T.C.,
1990; Wendel A., 1992; Aioiiye A.E., 1997].

Oaaeeoey 6 – Aieea aeaeno?ioa?o oa naeai?oo iao??th ia aeoeai?noue
noia?ieneaeaeeniooace a oeaieiao (Mm; n=3–4; oi.iae./oa o ia a?eea)

A?oieOeaieieoaa?eiia/?ieana?oeaie?eeeaaai?neaeaoiee i’ycnaeac?iea3-aeiae
Eiio?ieue

2,470,55

2,220,32

2,920,11

1,610,10

1,870,09

2,560,351 a?oia2,300,332,860,202,530,102,130,372,370,412,790,292
a?oia2,260,242,610,313,250,332,130,292,420,392,070,325-ae?a Eiio?ieue

1,530,11

1,730,09

2,250,07

1,580,12

1,350,16

3,070,121 a?oia1,020,08*1,610,071,630,10*0,640,05*1,030,122,140,14*2
a?oia1,430,11**2,110,14**1,820,121,070,15**1,170,072,680,14**10-ae?a
Eiio?ieue

5,700,10

7,830,12

5,250,09

5,530,25

4,610,28

6,730,121 a?oia2,360,15*4,350,21*3,750,29*4,270,31*3,150,31*3,890,25*2
a?oia2,180,13*4,041,16*3,240,53*4,520,913,450,685,130,09***I?ei?oee. O
oe?e ? ianooiieo oaaeeoeyo:

* – a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae o cia/aiiyo iieaciee?a i?ae
eiio?ieueiith oa aeine?aeieie a?oiaie oaa?ei (* ?0,05);

** – a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae o cia/aiiyo iieaciee?a i?ae 1-ith oa
2-ith aeine?aeieie a?oiaie oaa?ei (** ?0,05);

*** – a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae o cia/aiiyo iieaciee?a i?ae
eiio?ieueiith oa 1-ith ? 2-ith aeine?aeieie a?oiaie oaa?ei (*** ?0,05).

sse aeaeii c aeaieo, i?aaenoaaeaieo a oaae. 6, o 5- ? 10-aeiaiaeo
ii?inyo aeyaeaii aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? NIAe o 1-e aeine?aei?e
a?oi?, ii??aithth/e c eiio?ieai, a on?o oeaieiao. Oae, ia 5-o aeiao
aeeooy aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo ciaioeeanue a?aeiinii eiio?ieth o eaaaiyo a
na?aaeiueiio – ia 60%, o ia/?ioe? – ia 33%, a ie?eao – ia 28%, o
naeac?ioe? – ia 30%. I?e e?ioe? aeaeaaee aeoeai?noue NIAe o iacaaieo
i?aaiao cieaeoaaeanue a?aeiia?aeii, ia 23%, 59%, 29%, 42%, o na?oe? – ia
45%, a o neaeaoieo i’ycao – ia 32%.

O oaa?ei 2-i? aeine?aeii? a?oie aaaaeaiiy aeaeno?ioa?o c naeai?oii
iao??th ii ??ciiio aieeaa? ia aeoeai?noue NIAe o oeaieiao. Ia 10-o aeiao
aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo cieaeoaaeanue o oaa?ei 2-i? aeine?aeii? a?oie
noiniaii eiio?ieth a ia/?ioe? a na?aaeiueiio ia 62%, na?oe? – ia 48%,
ie?eao – ia 38%, naeac?ioe? – ia 24%.

Oaeee oa?aeoa? aeoeaiino? NIAe iiaea aeacoaaoe ia aeeeeeaia
aeaeno?ioa?ii iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy i?iaeoeo?a IIE (ia?aeen?a aee?ieo eeneio,
ia?aeen?a e?i?ae?a, aeueaeaa?ae?a, eaoii?a ? ?ioeo), ui i?eai?/othoue
aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo [Aeaaeeie?ia TH.A., A?/aeia A.E., 1972], a i?ae
ae??th naeai?oo iao??th niinoa??aa?oueny /anoeiaa ii?iae?caoe?y eiai
aeoeaiino?.

O ii?inyo 1-i? aeine?aeii? a?oie i?ae ae??th aeaeno?ioa?o ia 3-th aeiao
aeoeai?noue AI a ie?eao o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai ieae/a a na?aaeiueiio
ia 33%, o 5-aeiaiaiio a?oe? a eaaaiyo – ia 20% oa neaeaoieo i’ycao – ia
38%, a o 10–aeiaiaiio a?oe? – o na?oe? – ia 33%, eaaaiyo – ia 30% ?
naeac?ioe? – ia 50% (oaae. 7). Oaea aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo i?ney aaaaeaiiy
aeaeno?ioa?o iiaea iiynithaaoenue oei, ui aeaiee i?aia?ao
?ioaineo?eoth/e i?ioeane IIE a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei aaaea aei
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy a?ae?iia?aeen?a e?i?ae?a o oeaieiao, ye? aeeeeeathoue
ae/a?iaiiy ai?noo GSH – eioaeoi?a oa?iaioo [Gutteridge L.M.C., 1986].

Oaaeeoey 7 – Aieea aeaeno?ioa?o oa naeai?oo iao??th ia aeoeai?noue
aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace a oeaieiao (Mm; n=3–4; iiieue GSH/oaia a?eea)

A?oieOeaieieoaa?eiia/?ieana?oeaie?eeeaaai?neaeaoiee i’ycnaeac?iea3-aeiae
Eiio?ieue

1,420,10

0,580,09

1,950,08

3,450,07

0,480,07

1,480,081 a?oia1,440,090,540,051,320,09*3,400,100,440,101,310,142
a?oia1,500,040,970,03***2,920,08***3,510,190,620,091,790,10**5-ae?a
Eiio?ieue

0,310,09

0,790,05

2,390,10

2,780,08

0,390,02

1,670,091 a?oia0,350,100,780,122,150,032,220,05*0,240,05*1,880,152
a?oia1,860,22***1,830,3***2,240,072,460,080,970,02***1,980,3210-ae?a
Eiio?ieue

0,950,10

1,110,03

1,080,05

1,350,05

0,590,08

1,310,121 a?oia0,870,220,750,05*0,830,100,940,02*0,440,090,660,10*2
a?oia1,240,151,110,09**1,170,450,810,240,630,060,950,05O ii?inyo 2-i?
aeine?aeii? a?oie aaaaeaiiy naeai?oo iao??th ni?eyei aaea a 3-aeiaiaiio
a?oe? c?inoaiith aeoeaiino? AI a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai, o na?oe? a
na?aaeiueiio ia 40%, ie?eao – ia 33%; o 5-aeiaiaiio a?oe? – a ia/?ioe? o
6,0 ?ac?a, o na?oe? – a 2,3 ?ace oa neaeaoieo i’ycao – a 2,5 ?ace (aeea.
oaae. 7). O 10-aeiaiaiio a?oe? o oaa?ei 2-i? aeine?aeii? a?oie iaeaeua
aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo niinoa??aaeanue o ia/?ioe?, ii a?aeiioaii? aei
?ioeo i?aai?a, iaeieae/a – o neaeaoiiio i’yc?, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c
e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie i?i ?iciiae?e aeoeaiino? AI i?ae oeaieiaie
i?aai?cio a caeaaeiino? a?ae ai?noo a ieo naeaio [Stadtmann T.C., 1990;
Simoni J. et al., 1995]. C?inoaiiy aeoeaiino? AI, i?ney aaaaeaiiy
naeai?oo iao??th, iia’ycaii, eiia??ii c ?ioaineo?eaoe??th neioaco
oa?iaioo, ine?eueee naeai aoiaeeoue aei aeoeaiiai oeaio?a eiai iieaeoee
[Ku P.K. et al., 1972; Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aioiiye A.E., 1994].

Aaaaeaiiy aeaeno?ioa?o oaa?eiai aeeeeeaei /anoeiaa i?aeaeuaiiy
aeoeaiino? A? ia 3-th aeiao a?aeiinii eiio?ieth o na?oe? a 1,7 ?ace, a
eaaaiyo 1,6 ?ace, ui iiaeia iiynieoe ii/aoeiaith aeoeaaoe??th AIN i?e
aaaaeaii? cae?ca, iiyaa yeiai aeeeeea? ??cea iineeaiiy i?ioean?a IIE a
ie?aieo i?aaiao [Truper L. et al., 1989]. Oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy
aeoeaiino? A? a oeaieiao oaa?ei 10-aeiaiaiai a?eo a 1-?e aeine?aei?e
a?oi? o a?aeiioaii? aei eiio?ieth i?eaeecii a 1,5–2,0 ?ace iiaeeeai
iiynith?oueny aeaeiiiainaoe?eiith oacith ?icaeoeo ieneaeaoe?eiiai
no?ano, aiane?aeie aioo??oiueii’yciaiai aaaaeaiiy cae?ciaeaeno?aiiaiai
i?aia?aoo (oaae. 8) [Sies H. et al., 1991].

Oaaeeoey 8 – Aieea aeaeno?ioa?o oa naeai?oo iao??th ia aeoeai?noue
aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace a oeaieiao (Mm; n=3–4; iiieue NADPH/oa o ia a?eea)

A?oieOeaieieoaa?eiia/?ieana?oeaie?eeeaaai?neaeaoiee i’ycnaeac?iea3-aeiae
Eiio?ieue

58,699,58

43,042,35

117,310,22

49,384,33

35,548,22

60,225,321
a?oia56,792,2174,073,09*113,79,5577,775,90*39,135,1169,925,202
a?oia104,9410,98***56,7815,0498,762,8654,435,11**28,392,9355,557,315-ae?
a Eiio?ieue

23,081,10

13,572,98

27,011,05

26,543,06

12,060,99

22,981,991 a?oia26,962,0921,473,7530,701,7923,261,0814,542,2118,561,032
a?oia22,061,5510,603,0926,062,1121,664,8811,482,2918,053,1010-ae?a
Eiio?ieue

14,062,58

10,112,44

15,762,65

17,351,37

8,671,96

15,060,851 a?oia14,520,948,581,2010,960,958,471,05*6,030,5810,833,112
a?oia10,862,0711,882,8411,034,429,560,15*6,120,0510,392,06O oaa?ei 2-i?
aeine?aeii? a?oie o 3–5-aeiaiaiio a?oe? a on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo oeaieiao
(e??i ia/?iee) aeoeai?noue A? ia ci?ithaaeanue a?aeiinii eiio?ieth. O
ia/?ioe? 3-aeiaiaeo ii?inyo oeae iieaciee iaeaea aaea?/? ia?aaeuoaaa
iieacieee eiio?ieth, oa aiaeia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe o oaa?ei 1-? a?oie. Ia
10-o aeiao aeeooy aeoeai?noue A? a on?o i?aaiao aoea aeecueea aei
eiio?ieueii? oa eiai cia/aiiy o ii?inyo 1-i? aeine?aeii? a?oie, ca
aeiyoeii eaaaiue, aea aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo cieaeoaaeanue.

I?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? A? eeoa o ?aiiueiio iinoiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? a
ie?aieo i?aaiao ii?inyo i?ae aieeaii iaeiiai /e iaio aeine?aeaeoaaieo
i?aia?ao?a iiaea aooe eiiiainaoi?iith ?aaeoe??th ia cieaeaiiy ioeo GSH
i?ae ae??th AI a oiiaao ieneaeaoe?eiiai no?ano, iineeaiiai niieoeith
cae?ca [Eoeeineee A.E., Eieanie/aiei E.N., 1990; Bray Tammy M., Tayla
Carla Q., 1993].

Aiae?c aeaieo, i?aaenoaaeaieo a oaae. 9 na?ae/eoue i?i cieaeaiiy ai?noo
GSH a aeine?aeaeoaaieo oeaieiao oaa?ei 1-i? aeine?aeii? a?oie
a?aeiia?aeii aei eiio?ieth i?ney aaaaeaiiy cae?ciaeaeno?aiiaiai
i?aia?aoo, iniaeeai a ia/?ioe? 10-aeaiieo ii?inyo a 1,4 ?ace. Oea
iiaeia iiynieoe oei, ui i?iaeoeoe IIE, ye? i?e oeueiio ooai?ththoueny,
aeeeeeathoue c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? ieeneaii? ? a?aeiia?aeii ciaioaiiy
??aiy a?aeiiaeaii? oi?ie oe??? ?a/iaeie [Weinberg E.D., 1990; Bray Tammy
M., Tayla Carla Q., 1993]. Iacia/ia ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo a?aeiiaeaiiai
aeooao?iio a iaio aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aaiao i?ney aaaaeaiiy naeai?oo
iao??th, noiniaii oaa?ei 1-i? a?oie, iiynith?oueny oei, ui aeaiee
i?e?iaeaiaio noeioeth? a?ineioac GSH, ui ? iniaeeai oa?aeoa?iei aeey
ia/?iee [Sieney W. et al., 1983; Loeb G.A. et al., 1989; Di Simplicio
Paolo, Leonzio Claudio, 1989].

Oaaeeoey 9 – Aieea aeaeno?ioa?o oa naeai?oo iao??th ia ai?no
a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio a oeaieiao ia/?iee ? na?oey (Mm; n=3–4;
ieiieue/a oeaieie)

A?oieA?e oaa?ei, ae?a oaa?ei13510ia/?iea Eiio?ieue
0,430,092,150,29*0,240,102,810,15*1 a?oia1,500,080,180,052,050,09**2
a?oia1,800,190,160,092,750,15***na?oea
Eiio?ieue0,540,080,580,090,140,09*1,580,04*1
a?oia0,520,050,100,031,600,102 a?oia0,570,050,090,021,700,10I?ei?oee:

* – a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae o cia/aiiyo iieaciee?a ii??aiyii c
a?oiith 1-aeiaiaeo oaa?ei (* ?0,05);

** – a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae o cia/aiiyo iieaciee?a i?ae
eiio?ieueiith oa aeine?ae-ieie a?oiaie oaa?ei (** ?0,05);

*** – a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae o cia/aiiyo iieaciee?a i?ae 1-ith oa
2-ith aeine?aeieie a?oiaie oaa?ei (*** ?0,05).

Aieea niieoe cae?ca ? naeaio ia i?ioeane ia?aeeniiai ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a.
Aeai? iaaaaeai? a oaae. 10 na?ae/aoue i?i c?inoaiiy noiniaii eiio?ieth
ai?noo IAeA a on?o (e??i ie?ie) oeaieiao 3–5-aeiaiaeo oaa?ei i?ae
aieeaii aeaeno?ioa?o. Iniaeeai ??cea i?aeaeuaiiy e?eueeino? aeaiiai
iaoaaie?oo (i?eaeecii a 3,0–3,8 ?ace) a 1-?e aeine?aei?e a?oi?
niinoa??aa?oueny a ia/?ioe? a on? a?eia? ia??iaee, ui iiaea aooe
iia’ycaii c ooai?aiiyi ia?iene?aaeeeae?a aee?ieo eeneio ca ?aooiie
aaia?oaaiiy a?ae?ieneeueieo ?aaeeeae?a o ?aaeoe?? cae?ca c H2I2
[Aeaaeeie?ia TH.A., A?/aeia A.E., 1972]. Hecueeee ai?no IAeA a ie?eao ia
3–5-o aeiae aeeooy i?ney aaaaeaiiy aeaeno?ioa?o, a ii??aiyii? c
eiio?ieai, iiaea iiynithaaoenue neioacii ? aeineoue aenieith aeoeai?noth
AI a oe?e oeaiei? a aeaiee ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiue [Ledwozyw A.,
Kadziolka A., 1989; Avissar Nelly et al., 1994].

Ii?aeiaia aaaaeaiiy naeai?oo iao??th c aeaeno?ioa?ii oaa?eiai 2-i?
aeine?aeii? a?oie ii??aiyii c 1-ith aeeeeeaei ia 10-o aeiao cieaeaiiy
ai?noo IAeA o ia/?ioe? a na?aaeiueiio a 3,5 ?ace, a a na?oe? – a 1,4
?ace.

Oaaeeoey 10 – Aieea aeaeno?ioa?o oa naeai?oo iao??th ia ai?no iaeiiiaiai
aeeaeueaeaa?aeo a oeaieiao (Mm; n=3–4; iiieue/a oeaieie)

A?oieOeaieieoaa?eiia/?ieana?oeaie?eeeaaai?neaeaoiee i’ycnaeac?iea3-aeiae
Eiio?ieue

56,435,42

30,643,35

36,824,25

51,103,36

25,115,92

28,143,771 a?oia68,754,2133,642,1719,331,18*58,124,2130,724,1526,753,122
a?oia70,473,5632,563,3232,572,78**56,162,2324,363,4134,699,555-ae?a
Eiio?ieue

24,632,54

11,641,57

21,172,55

11,510,40

10,191,19

14,550,261
a?oia72,8512,05*13,765,2119,061,2514,033,0112,701,0521,972,57*2
a?oia60,404,14*14,680,1325,491,16**12,882,499,580,9118,850,95*10-ae?a
Eiio?ieue

20,124,19

12,050,66

8,730,26

11,051,90

11,643,80

16,411,321 a?oia76,839,32*11,510,4112,892,2311,054,0211,642,5616,931,592
a?oia21,841,19**8,060,66***10,715,9612,702,6511,250,6621,181,33Aaaaeaiee
ii?inyoai 1-i? a?oie aeaeno?ioa? aeeeeeaa c?inoaiiy ai?noo
a?ae?iia?aeen?a e?i?ae?a a on?o oeaieiao ii?inyo 3–10-aeiaiaiai a?eo
(e??i eaaaiue ia 10-o aeiao) a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai (oaae. 11).

Oaaeeoey 11 – Aieea aeaeno?ioa?o oa naeai?oo iao??th ia ai?no
a?ae?iia?aeen?a e?i?ae?a o oeaieiao (Mm; n=3–4; A/a oeaieie)

A?oieOeaieieoaa?eiia/?ieana?oeaie?eeeaaai?neaeaoiee i’ycnaeac?iea3-aeiae
Eiio?ieue

4,540,28

3,750,68

3,500,53

3,710,29

4,600,91

5,060,251 a?oia6,250,584,500,216,250,12*3,700,275,180,094,070,912
a?oia4,250,31**3,120,29**3,250,25**3,950,341,850,12***2,750,15*5-ae?a
Eiio?ieue

5,030,09

4,400,28

4,110,21

4,310,53

5,030,10

4,800,531 a?oia9,850,07*8,500,14*7,520,12*8,250,14*5,500,258,320,14*2
a?oia8,500,14***6,780,12***7,030,14***8,060,09*5,750,697,890,12*10-aeiai
a? Eiio?ieue

6,550,12

4,020,53

3,600,12

4,780,91

4,300,28

5,410,221 a?oia7,650,25*4,051,166,100,14*2,580,324,950,2811,024,422
a?oia4,580,10***4,350,213,850,25**2,750,143,450,6810,752,07Oea iiaeia
iiynieoe oei, ui ?iie cae?ca caeaoi? aaciina?aaeiuei aca?iiae?yoe c
a?ae?iia?aeenaie e?i?ae?a, ui aaaea aei iiyae ?aaeeeae?a, ye?
?i?oe?ththoue iia? eaioethae ieeniaiiy, oiaoi oa?i?iie ia?aoai?ththoueny
a aeineoue neeueiee eaoae?caoi? IIE, ui aaaea aei iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy
ia?aeenieo i?iaeoeo?a [Aaeion A.I., Eiiiee E.O., 1991]. Iniaeeai ??cea
i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? oeeo ?a/iaei (i?eaeecii o 2,0 ?ace uiaei
eiio?ieth), aeyaeaii ia 5-o aeiao o oeaieiao on?o (e??i neaeaoieo
i’yc?a) i?aai?a, ui iiynith?oueny iaaeinoaoiueith ?ioaineai?noth nenoaie
AIC o oaa?ei naia oeueiai a?eo. Haeaeuee ??aaiue a?ae?iia?aeen?a
e?i?ae?a aeyaeaii ia 10-o aeiao o naeac?ioe? oaa?ei 1-i? aeine?aeii?
a?oie, ine?eueee ooo i?noeoueny aeaii cae?ca i?aai?cio [Miltenbury
G.A.J. et al., 1991; Simoni J. et al., 1995].

Aaaaeaiiy naeai?oo iao??th coiiaeei a on? a?eia? ia??iaee cieaeaiiy
ai?noo a?ae?iia?aeen?a e?i?ae?a iaeaea a on?o oeaieiao ii?inyo 2-i?
a?oie a ii??aiyii? aei oaeeo 1-i? a?oie, a ia 3-th aeiao aeeooy –
noiniaii eiio?ieth a neaeaoieo i’ycao – a na?aaeiueiio a 2,5 ?
naeac?ioe? – a 1,8 ?ace. Ioaea, naeai?o iao??th ni?ey? ciaioaiith ??aiy
aeaieo ?a/iaei, i/aaeaeii, /a?ac aeoeaaoe?th naeaiii ceioaco AI a
oeaieiao ii?inyo ?aiiueiai iinoiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo [Oaaieei A.E. e
ae?., 1983; Ciappellano S. et al., 1989].

AENIIAEE

1. Anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? iaoaaie?cio o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaa?ei
aiinyoue cia/iee aeeaae o iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie a?io?i?? iioiaaiaco ?
iiaeooue aooe oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeey ?ica’ycaiiy ?yaeo aeooaeueieo
i?iaeai oaa?eiieoeoaa oa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie i?e ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo
niinia?a i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ?acenoaioiino? oa i?io?eaeoeee
caoai?thaaiue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ii?inyo.

2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeaeua aeoeai?noue noia?ieneaeaeeniooace
niinoa??aa?oueny a ia/?ioe?, na?oe?, ie?eao, eaaaiyo, naeac?ioe? ?
neaeaoiiio i’yc? 1-aeiaiaeo ii?inyo. Ia 3-th aeiao aeeooy aeoeai?noue
oa?iaioo a oeaieiao ciaioo?oueny a na?aaeiueiio a 2,5–4,5 ?ace,
caeeoath/enue ia oeueiio ae ??ai? ia 5-o aeiao aeeooy oa i?aeaeuoth/enue
a 2,3–4,6 ?ace ia 10-o aeiao i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy (?0,05).

3. Aeyaeaii oeaieiiniaoeeo?/i?noue aeoeaiino? aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace:

a) iaeaeuo aeoeai?noue a ie?eao 1-aeiaiaeo ii?inyo o a?aeiioaii? aei
?ioeo oeaiei (a na?aaeiueiio a 1,5–3,5 ?ace (?0,05));

a) i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? noiniaii oaa?ei 1-aeiaiaiai a?eo a eaaaiyo
i?eaeecii a 10 ?ac?a ia 3-th aeiao aeeooy, a naeac?ioe? – a 3,2 ?ace ia
5-o aeiao aeeooy ? na?oe? – a 1,4 ?ace ia 10-o aeiao aeeooy (?0,05);

a) iaeieae/o aeoeai?noue oa?iaioo a neaeaoieo i’ycao ai?iaeiaae ia?oeo
10-oe ae?a aeeooy oaa?ei noiniaii ?ioeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo oeaiei.

4. Iieacaii, ui o oeaieiao iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ii?inyo iathoue i?noea:

a) c?inoaiiy aeoeaiino? aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace, o a?aeiioaii? aei oaa?ei
1-aeiaiaiai a?eo, ia 3-th aeiao aeeooy a na?aaeiueiio a 4,2–6,8 ?ace ?c
cieaeaiiyi aei 10-aeiaiaiai a?eo a 3,0–7,3 ?ace a ia/?ioe?, na?oe?,
ie?eao, eaaaiyo, neaeaoieo i’ycao ? naeac?ioe? (?0,05);

a) iaeneiaeueia aeoeai?noue aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace ai?iaeiaae ia?oeo 10-oe
ae?a aeeooy a ie?eao ? i?i?iaeueia – a neaeaoieo i’ycao noiniaii ?ioeo
i?aai?a;

a) i?aeaeuaiiy, o a?aeiioaii? aei oaa?ei 1-aeiaiaiai a?eo,
eiioeaio?aoe?? a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio a ia/?ioe? ia 3-th aeiao aeeooy
i?eaeecii a 5,0 ?ac?a ? ia 10-o aeiao aeeooy a na?oe? ? ia/?ioe?
a?aeiia?aeii a 2,9 ? 6,5 ?ace (?0,05).

5. Anoaiiaeaii aenieo ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeniaiiy
e?i?ae?a, ia ui aeaco? iineeaia ooai?aiiy iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aeo a
ia?o? 3 aeiae aeeooy ii?inyo ?c ciaioaiiyi eiai eiioeaio?aoe?? a
na?aaeiueiio a 1,5–6,0 ?ace a 5–10-aeiaiaiio a?oe? o ii??aiyii? c
1-aeiaiaei (?0,05).

6. Aaaaeaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaiei ii?inyoai i?aia?aoo cae?ca (aeaeno?ioa?o)
ia o?aoth aeiao aeeooy a aeic? 2 ie/ea iane o?ea ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai
aeeeeea?:

a) cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? noia?ieneaeaeeniooace a on?o i?aaiao a
na?aaeiueiio a 1,3–2,5 ?ace, aeoeaiino? aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace a eaaaiyo,
ie?eao, na?oe? a 1,4 ?ace ? naeac?ioe? a 2,0 ?ace, i?aeaeuaiiy
aeoeaiino? aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace a na?oe? ? eaaaiyo a 1,7 ?ace i?e
ia?aeaeueiiio cieaeaii? ai?noo a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio a ia/?ioe? a 1,4
?ace (?0,05);

a) ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aeo, iniaeeai a ia/?ioe?
i?eaeecii a 3,0 ?ace oa c?inoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a?ae?iia?aeen?a
e?i?ae?a a on?o i?aaiao a 2,0 ?ace (?0,05).

7. Aaaaeaiiy ii?inyoai naeai?oo iao??th a 2-aeiaiaiio a?oe? (a aeic?
0,075 ia naeaio/ea iane o?ea) ?acii c aeaeno?ioa?ii oaa?eiai ae?oai?
aeine?aeii? a?oie a ii??aiyii? c oaa?eiaie, yeei aaiaeeee aeaeno?ioa?,
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny:

a) i?eai?/aiiyi ia?aeeniiai ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a, i?i ui na?ae/eoue
cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aeo oa a?ae?iia?aeen?a
e?i?ae?a a na?aaeiueiio a 1,2–2,8 ?ace o oeaieiao oaa?ei (?0,05);

a) aeoeaaoe??th nenoaie aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo i?aai?cio, ia ui
aeaco? i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace i?eaeecii a 1,8–5,0
?ace a on?o i?aaiao ? c?inoaiiy ai?noo a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio,
iniaeeai a ia/?ioe? a 1,3 ?ace (?0,05);

a) ca?eueoaiiyi na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a ia 6,8% i?e caa?aaeaiino?
ii?inyo 94,4%.

8. Iiaiia?iaeaeaiei ii?inyoai c iaoith i?io?eaeoeee aiai?? oa
ieneaeaoe?eiiai no?ano ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aioo??oiueii’yciaa aaaaeaiiy a
2-aeiaiaiio a?oe? naeai?oo iao??th (a aeic? 0,075 ia naeaio/ea iane
o?ea) oa ia o?aoth aeiao aeeooy – aeaeno?ioa?o (c ?ic?aooieo 200 ia
Fe3+/ea iane o?ea).

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aeai/oe A.A., Ao/ei I.I. Aeoeai?noue
aioeieneaeaioieo oa?iaio?a oa ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a
a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy o oeaieiao naeiae o ia??iae
iinoiaoaeueii? aaeaioaoe?? // Oe?. a?io?i. aeo?i. – 1998. – O. 70, ? 2.
– N. 105–110.

(Caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeeoue i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea oa iienaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a).

2. Aeai/oe A.A., Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aeai/oe I.I., E?aeooi A.A. Noai
ia?aeeniiai ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a oa nenoaie aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo o
oeaieiao naeiae a ia-??iae iinoiaoaeueii? aaeaioaoe?? // Aeni. oa ee?i.
o?c?ie. ? a?io?i. – 1997. – O. 2. – N. 159–165.

(Caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeeoue i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea oa iienaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a).

3. Aioiiye A.E., Aa?oaaenueeee A.?., Aeai/oe I.I., Ni?oeinueeee A.A.
Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a aioeieneaeaioii?
nenoaie a?eo?ioeeo?a naeiae ? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae // Iaoe.-oaoi.
athe. ?ino. o?c?ie. ? a?io?i. o-i. – 1994. – aei. 16 (1). – N. 16–19.

(Caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeeoue i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
oa noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a).

4. ?ne?a ?.ss., Aeai/oe I.I., Aioiiye A.E., Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Eoooa
?.A. Ci?ie aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a aia?aaoe/iiai iai?io oa aioeieneaeaioii?
nenoaie a eaeeioeeoao ? ee?oeiao e?noeiaiai iiceo naeiae a ?aiiueiio
iinoiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? // Iaoe.-oaoi. athe. ?ino. o?c?ie. ? a?io?i.
o-i. 1997. – aei. 19 (1). – N. 8–11.

(Caeiaoaa/ i?ia?a /anoeio aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ia?iaeo
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a).

5. Ao/ei I.I., Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aeai/oe A.A., Aioiiye A.E.
Canoinoaaiiy niieoe naeaio aeey i?io?eaeoeee ieneaeaoe?eiiai no?ano o
ii?inyo ?aiiueiai a?eo // Haoe. a?niee Haoe?ii. aa?. oi-oo. – 1998. – ?
10. – N. 156–163.

(Caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeeoue i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
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i?aoe?).

6. Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aeai/oe A.A., Aeai/oe I.I. Ai?iiiaeueiee noaoon
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Ee?a. – 1997. – N. 39–40.

7. Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aioiiye A.E., ?ne?a ?.ss., Ao/ei I.I., E?aeooi
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9. Aioiiye A.E., Ao/ei I.I. Aecia/aiiy aeoeaiino? aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace
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11. Aioiiye A.E., Ni?oeinueeee A.A., ?ne?a ?.ss., Ao/ei I.I.,
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a?ieia??, aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia??? oa oaoiieia?e
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13. Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aeai/oe A.A., Aeai/oe I.I. Aieea oe?ieneio ia
noai ia?aeeniiai ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a oa aeoeai?noue aioeieneaeaioieo
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14. Aioiiye A.E., Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aeai/oe A. A., Aaae/ H.I., ?ne?a
?.ss., Aaeueeianueeee A.A., E?aeooi A.A., Ao/ei I.I. Aieea aeciaaiieo
ai?iii?a ia ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue aiaeie?eiieo caeic ii?inyo o
iaiiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco // A?niee A?eioea?e. aea?ae. aa?.
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15. Aioiiye A.E., Aa?oaaenueeee A.?., Aeai/oe I.I., ?ne?a ?.ss.,
Ni?oeinueeee A.A. Ai?iiiaeueia ?aaoeyoe?y iaoaaie?/ii? aeoeaiino? a
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16. Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aioiiye A.E., Aeai/oe A.A., Aa?oaaenueeee A.?.,
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naeiae i?ioyaii iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo // Iaoe. nan?y, i?ena.
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17. Aeai/oe A.A., ?ne?a ?.ss., Aeai/oe I.I. Iaoaaie?ci a a?eo?ioeeoao
naeiae a ?aii?e ia??iae i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy // Oace aeii. i?aeia?. neii.
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18. Nieoeineee A.A., Aioiiye A.E., Ene?a ?.ss., Aeai/oe I.I.
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einoiiai iicaa naeiae // Oac. aeiee., e?aoeeo e noaiae. niiau. II
iaaeae. eiio. «Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu aeieiaee a aeeaioiiaiaenoaa». –
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19. Aeai/oe A.A., Aeai/oe I.I., Ni?oeinueeee A.A. I?iieneaeaioiee aieea
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Oace aeii. i?aeia?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. iieiaeeo a/aieo «Haoeia?
aeinyaiaiiy a aaeoc? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie». – Oa?e?a, 1–2 ea?oiy 1997
?. – N. 82–83.

20. Ni?oeinueeee A.A., Aioiiye A.E., E?aeooi A.A., ?ne?a ?.ss., Ao/ei
I.I., Aaeueeianueeee A.A. Aeaye? aniaeoe i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy oaa?ei
o iaiiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? // Oace aeii. i?aeia?. eiio. “A?ieia?/i?
iniiae aeeaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei”. – Euea?a. – 1998. –
N. 21.

Ao/ei I.I. Nenoaia aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo a oeaieiao naeiae a ?aii?e
iinoiaoaeueiee ia??iae. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.04 – a?io?i?y. – Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith a?eiaeo iniaeeainoae nenoaie
aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo naeiae a ?aii?e ia??iae iinoiaoaeueiiai
iioiaaiaco. Aeyaeaii, ui ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeniaiiy
e?i?ae?a oa noai aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie a ??cieo oeaieiao ii?inyo
ci?ith?oueny a aeeiai?oe? ia?oeo 10 ae?a i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy. Iieacaii
i?iieneaeaioiee aieea niieoee cae?ca (aeaeno?ioa?o) ? aioeieneaeaioio
ae?th naeai?oo iao??th ia iinoiaoaeueio aaeaioaoe?th a oeaieiao ii?inyo
o ia?o? aeiae i?ney ?o ia?iaeaeaiiy. Ii?aeiaia aioo??oiueii’yciaa
aaaaeaiiy ii?inyoai o ?aiiueiio iinoiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? aeaeno?ioa?o oa
naeai?oo iao??th i?iiiio?oueny ye i?io?eaeoe/iee can?a i?ioe aeieeiaiiy
aiai?e oa ieneaeaoe?eieo no?an?a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aoe? ciaeoee
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a naeia?noa? c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy caa?aaeaiiy,
aeeoo?caeaoiino? oa ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo ii?inyo i?ioyaii ?aiiueiai
ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aioeieneaeaioia nenoaia, ia?aeenia ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a,
iinoiaoaeueia aaeaioaoe?y, ii?inyoa, aiai?y, ieneaeaoe?eiee no?an,
aeaeno?ioa?, naeai?o iao??th.

Ao/ei I.I. Nenoaia aioeieneaeaioiie caueou a oeaiyo naeiae a ?aiiee
iinoiaoaeueiue ia?eiae. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.04. – aeioeiey. – Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue
oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aic?anoiuo iniaaiiinoae
aioeieneaeaioiie nenoaiu caueou naeiae a ?aiiee ia?eiae iinoiaoaeueiiai
iioiaaiaca. Iaia?oaeaia ii?aaeaeaiiay aneio?iiiinoue iaaeaeo
ioaeaeueiuie yeaiaioaie nenoaiu aioeieneaeaioiie caueou i?aaiecia
iiai?iaeaeaiiuo ii?inyo (iaeneiaeueiay aeoeaiinoue noia?ieneaeaeeniooacu
a 1-nooi/iii, a aeooaoeiiiaiai caaia a 3–5 nooi/iii aic?anoa a oeaiyo
enneaaeoaiuo i?aaiia), /oi aiai?eo i iai?yaeaiiinoe aa ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
a oneiaeyo iinoiaoaeueiie aeia?ienee. Ia i?ioyaeaiee ia?auo 10-e nooie
aeecie a i?aaiecia iiai?iaeaeaiiuo ii?inyo eioaineaii i?ioiaeyo
i?ioeannu ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia: iaaethaeaaony iaeneiaeueiia
niaea?aeaiea iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaaeaea a 1–3-o nooi/iii aic?anoa, /oi
i/aaeaeii naycaii n ?aceei ia?anoaieai ooieoeeiiaeueiie aeoeaiinoe
i?aaiia e aunieie eiioeaio?aoeeae iieeiaianuuaiiuo aee?iuo eeneio a
iieiceaa naeiiiaoie. Nieaeaiea o?iaiy iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaaeaea e 10-e
nooi/iiio aic?anoo aeeaioiuo naycaii n eiaeoeoeeae, ia/eiay n ia?auo
3–5-e nooie iinoiaoaeueiiai ia?eiaea, ia?anoaiey aeoeaiinoe
aeooaoeiiia?ieneaeacu, aeooaoeii?aaeoeoacu e niaea?aeaiey
ooieoeeiiaeueii naycaiiiai n ieie ainnoaiiaeaiiiai aeooaoeiia ia oiia
nieaeaiiie a yoi a?aiy aeoeaiinoe noia?ieneaeaeeniooacu.

Onoaiiaeaiu iniaaiiinoe aioeieneaeaioiie nenoaiu a ioaeaeueiuo oeaiyo
i?aaiecia iiai?iaeaeaiiuo ii?inyo. Oae a neaeaoiuo iuooeao iaaethaeaaony
naiay ieceay aeoeaiinoue oa?iaioia aioeieneaeaioiie caueou, /oi naycaii
n oneeaieai a yoie oeaie aeeeieeoe/aneeo i?ioeannia. O iiai?iaeaeaiiuo
aeeaioiuo eioaineaiia i?ioiaeaeaiea i?ioeannia ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey
eeieaeia ioia/aii a ia/aie. Aunieay aeoeaiinoue aeooaoeiiia?ieneaeacu e
aeooaoeii?aaeoeoacu onoaiiaeaia a ii/eao, /oi naycaii n i?ioeannii
noaiiaeaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiie aeoeaiinoe i?aaia.

Naeaeai auaiae i oii, /oi eioaineaiinoue i?ioeannia ia?aeeniiai
ieeneaiey eeieaeia e noai aioeieneaeaioiie caueou a ?acee/iuo oeaiyo
ii?inyo eciaiyaony ia i?ioyaeaiee ia?auo 10-oe nooie, iiyoiio yoio
iinoiaoaeueiue ia?eiae iiaeia n/eoaoue iaoaaiee/anee eaaeeueiui, a
cia/eo o?aaothuei iniaiai aieiaiey.

Iieacaii, /oi aioo?eiuoa/iia aaaaeaiea 3-nooi/iui aeeaioiui i?aia?aoa
aeaeaca (aeaeno?ioa?a) aucuaaei iiauoaiea eiioeaio?aoeee i?iaeoeoia
ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia (aeae?iia?aeenae eeieaeia e iaeiiiaiai
aeeaeueaeaaeaea) ai anao enneaaeoaiuo i?aaiao, iniaaiii a oeaiyo n
iiauoaiiui niaea?aeaieai aeaeaca (ia/aiue e naeacaiea). Iaeneiaeueiia
iiauoaiea o?iaiy i?iaeoeoia ia?ieneaeaoeee (iniaaiii aeae?iia?aeenae
eeieaeia) ioia/aii o aeeaioiuo ia 5-a nooee aeecie, /oi iiaeia
iaueynieoue iaaeinoaoi/iie eioaineaiinoueth nenoaiu aioeieneaeaioiie
caueou eiaiii a yoio ia?eiae.

I?ioeeaeoe/aneia aaaaeaiea 2-o nooi/iui ii?inyoai naeaieoa iao?ey
cia/eoaeueii aeoeaece?iaaei i?ioeannu aioeieneaeaioiie nenoaiu caueou e
oaiaoaei eioaineaiinoue ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia a i?aaiao
aeeaioiuo. Iniaaiii ioia/aii au?aceoaeueiia iiauoaiea aeoeaiinoe
aeooaoeiiia?ieneaeacu, /oi iaueyniyaony aeeth/aieai naeaia a aeoeaiue
oeaio? oa?iaioa, e ia?anoaiea neioaca ainnoaiiaeaiiiai aeooaoeiia
(iniaaiii a ia/aie), /oi a naith i/a?aaeue aaaeao e iiieaeaieth a oeaiyo
o?iaiy aeae?iia?aeenae eeieaeia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e niaianoiii n
aeaeno?ioa?ii aaaaeaiee, naeaieo iao?ey niinianoaoao oneeaieth
ia?ieneaeii-eaoaaiee/aneeo e ainnoaiiaeoaeueii-aiaaiee/aneeo i?ioeannia.

Ii?inyoai a ?aiiai iinoiaoaeueiii ia?eiaea n oeaeueth i?ioeeaeoeee
aiaiee e ieneaeaoeeiiiiai no?anna ?aeiiaiaeoaony niaianoiia
aioo?eiuoa/iia aaaaeaiea a 2-nooi/iii aic?anoa naeaieoa iao?ey (a aeica
0,075 ia naeaia/ea iannu oaea) e ia o?aouee nooee aeecie – aeaeno?ioa?a
(a ?an/aoa 200 ia Fe3+/ea iannu oaea). Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee
i?eiaiaiea a i?aeoeea aeey iiauoaiey nio?aiiinoe, aeecianiiniaiinoe e
eioaineaiinoe ?inoa ii?inyo ia i?ioyaeaiee ?aiiaai ia?eiaea iioiaaiaca.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aioeieneaeaioiay nenoaia, ia?aeeniia ieeneaiea
eeieaeia, iinoiaoaeueiay aaeaioaoeey, ii?inyoa, aiaiey, ieneaeaoeeiiiue
no?ann, aeaeno?ioa?, naeaieo iao?ey.

Buchko O. M. Antioxidant system of defence in swine tissues in the early
postnatal period. – Manuscript.

Dissertation presented for the scientific degree of candidate of
biological science on speciality 03.00.04 – biochemistry. – National
Agrarian University, Kyiv, 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to the research of age peculiarities of
antioxidant defence swine system in the early period of postnatal
ontogenese. It was found that during the first 10-days in parenchymatous
organs of new-born piglings intensivelly pass the process of peroxide
lipid oxidation and also coming the specifical tissues formation of
antioxidant system. It was shown prooxidant influence on the ferrous
combinations (dextrofer) and antioxidant action of sodium selenite to
the postnatal adaptation in piglings tissues in the first days after
birth. The combination of interior muscles introducing in the early
postnatal period dextrofer and sodium selenite proposed such as
prophylaxy method against arising in them anaemia, and oxidant stresses.
The main conclusions of the work have found the using in swine industry
with the object of rising preservation of vitality and intensivity of
piglings growth during the early ontogenesis period.

Key words: antioxidant system, peroxide lipid oxidation, postnatal
adaptations, piglings, anaemia, oxidant stress, dextrofer, sodium
selenite.

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