3

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO OE?A?IICIAANOAA ?IAI? ?.I.E?EI’ssEAAE*A

CA?OAA A?eoi? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 940.C/477//092/ “1866-1951”

NEIssANUeEEE AIO?I NOAIAIIAE*:

aeeooy, iaoeiaa oa a?iiaaenueea ae?yeuei?noue (1866-1951)

07.00.01. — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI
Oe?a?ie o a?aeae?e? iiai? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie (i.Euea?a).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e IAI
Oe?a?ie ?na?ae/ ss?ineaa Aeieo?iae/, ?inoeooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i.
?.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi? (i. Euea?a).

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? IEENTHE Aaneeue
Ieeeiiae/, Euea?anueeee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
oe?a?iiciaanoaa.

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AAAessE Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/,
Euea?anueea aeaaeai?y ienoaoeoa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao “Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea
aeaaeai?y”, eaoaae?a ?noi??? (i. Ee?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “4” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.222.01 a ?inoeooo? oe?a?iiciaanoaa
?i. ?.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie (290026, i.Euea?a, aoe. Eicaeueieoeueea,
4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?iai? ?.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “2” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee __________________ NOAAE?E O.?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie ?noi?eeai
aeiaiaeeoueny ii-iiaiio aea/aoe ieioea oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, eiai
o?eaaeo ai?ioueao ca aeanio naiino?eio aea?aeaao, — ia iia?e
iaoiaeieia?/i?e iniia?, a?euei?e a?ae aoaeue-yeeo ?aeaieia?/ieo
aeiaiao?a. Aaaeeeaei caaaeaiiyi ? ia?ainieneeoe ?ieue iniae a ?noi???,
aea/eoe iai?aeeia?i? iniaenoino?, iaiiaieoe ?noi?e/iee i?ioean aeeaeie,
ae?th/eie ethaeueie, c?iaeoe eiai aio?iiioeaio?e/iei. Iaiao?aeii ia eeoa
a?ae?iaeeoe caaoo? ?iaia, aea e aecia/eoe iaeaaeia eiaeiiio i?noea a
?noi??? Oe?a?ie, a ai?iouea? ca iacaeaaei?noue ? aea?aeaai?noue. Iaeiei
c aecia/ieo ae?y/?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai, eoeueoo?iiai oa iie?oe/iiai ?ooo,
ai?oe?a ca no/anio Oe?a?io, aoa Aio?i Neiyanueeee, aea/ath/e aaaaoee
aeeoo?aee aeina?ae yeiai, ie aiaeii/an iiiiaith?ii aeaea?aeueiee caian
iaoeo ciaiue i?i iiae?? e?ioey O?O — ia?oi? iieiaeie OO no. a Oe?a?i? ?
aeeaoa aeine?aeaeo?ii oae? i?iaeaie oe?a?inueei? ?noi??? ye
ae?yeuei?noue ?aaiethoe?eieo ao?oe?a oe?a?inueei? iieiae? 80-o ??.,
Ee?anueei? oa Iaeanueei? A?iiaae, ca?iaeaeaiiy iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e,
?noi??y “I?ina?oe”, Oiaa?enoaa oe?a?inueeeo iinooiiaoe?a, ?aaiethoe?ei?
iiae?? 1917-1920 ??., ?icaeoie ina?oe e iaoee ia?oi? iieiaeie OO no.,
ae?yeuei?noue Anaoe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? iaoe, noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei?
aeo?iae?noeee ? ioae?oeenoeee, iaaeaaia?ee, noae?inuee? ?ai?an??,
oe?a?i?caoe?y ? aii?iiy ia oe?a?inueeo eoeueoo?o. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeooy
A.Neiyanueeiai aiineoue aaaaoi iiaiai aei a?ia?ao?e I.A?ooaanueeiai,
A.Aioiiiae/a, Ae.ssai?ieoeueeiai, Ae.Aaaae?y, ?.O?aiea, I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
oa ?ioeo ae?y/?a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Ana oea ?acii ? aecia/a?
aeooaeuei?noue iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe??: ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai iaoeiaiai aiae?co aeyaeaieo
aeaea?ae ia’?eoeaii aena?oeeoe aeeooy ? ae?yeuei?noue A.N.Neiyanueeiai a
eiioaeno? ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaii? ?aea?. I?e oeueiio
aecia/aii oae? caaaeaiiy: ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co ?noi?e/ieo aeaea?ae
aea/eoe aeeooy ? ae?yeuei?noue A.Neiyanueeiai ?, aa?o/e aei oaaae an?
ianoaaeie a yeeo a?i aeea, iaienaoe iaoeiao, ia’?eoeaio a?ia?ao?th
a/aiiai; ?ice?eoe oa?aeoa? ? ci?no eiai a?iiaaenueei? i?aoe?, iaoeiai?
ae?yeueiino?, iaaeaaia?/ii? ?iaioe; i?iaiae?coaaoe ?noi?e/i? iiaeyaee,
ioe?ieo iei iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?noi?e/ieo i?iaeai.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeeooy, iaoeiaa oa
a?iiaaenueea ae?yeuei?noue A.N.Neiyanueeiai, eiai oai?/a niaaeueia oa
i?noea a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ieoaiiy, iia’ycai?
c iaeaaaeeea?oeie iiae?yie a aeeoo? a/aiiai oa iai?yieaie eiai iaoeiai?,
iaaeaaia?/ii? oa noni?eueii? aeyeueiino?. O a?ia?ao?? Neiyanueeiai oea
ia?o ca ana o/anoue o iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiiio ?on? (A?iiaaee, ao?oee
ae?aaiiai?aoe?a, OOI, “I?ina?oa”, oe?a?inuee? o?yaee). A oaeiae
ea??aieoeoai Eiia?oe?eiei o/eeeuai ? A/aiith a?o?aiith eii?n??th o
Eaoa?eiineaa?, i?aoey o aeueo oeieao oa a Aeaaeai?? iaoe. Oaeiae eiai
iniaeno? noinoiee c A.Aioiiiae/ai, I.A?ooaanueeei, Ae.Aaaae??i,
Ae.ssai?ieoeueeei oa ?i. O oea?ei? iaoee — ioe?iea eiai i?aoeue c
?noi???, a?oaieia??, aaia?ao??, iaaeaaia?ee.

O?iiieia?/i? iaae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aneai? ?aieaie aeeooy
A.N.Neiyanueeiai — 1866-1951 ??. — ye? ioiieththoue 85 ?ie?a
noia?a/eeaiai, ia?aeiiiiai ia??iaeo a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ia ceai? aiio —
e?ioey O?O no. — ia?oi? iieiaeie OO no.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? ia?o ca ana i?eioeeie ?noi?ecio
oa ia’?eoeaiino?. Canoiniaai? aoee oaeiae oae? eiie?aoii-?noi?e/i?
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ye ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee, nenoaiiee,
i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee.

Aeaea?aeueiith aacith aeena?oaoe?? ? eiiieaen ?noi?e/ieo aeieoiaio?a,
a?o?aieo ? ia??aoeaieo, c aeiiiiiaith yeeo aeena?oaio aea/aa ?
?anoaa?oaaa aeeoo?aee oeyo a/aiiai. I?ia?aoe cia/io aa?enoe/io ?iaioo,
aaoi? aeyaea aeinoaoiuei ia’?iiee a?o?aiee iaoa??ae, ui aeicaieea
?ice?eoe aecia/aio i?iaeaio. Cacia/eii, ui aeena?oaio iaa ? iaai?
o?oaeiiu? ye c aeyaeaiiyi ?ia?o a/aiiai, oae ? c anoaiiaeaiiyi ie?aieo
oaeo?a eiai a?ia?ao??. Ii-ia?oa, iaaecae/aeii oe?iea iiea ae?yeueiino?
Neiyanueeiai — Ee?a, Iaeana, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, Iieueua, E?ei, Iiaieaey,
I?ai?/iee Eaaeac, Aeaeaeee No?ae, a ii-ae?oaa (aeieeaa? c ia?oiai) —
?icii?ioai?noue iaoa??ae?a a/aiiai ii ??cieo a?o?ainoiaeuao ? ?oiy
neeaaeia aioo??oiy no?oeoo?a.

Iniiaiee a?o?a a/aiiai, a oi/i?oa oa, ui a?ae iueiai ae?eoei aei iaoeo
aei?a, caa??aa?oueny o Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio ?noi?e/iiio ioca? ?i.
Ae.?.ssai?ieoeueeiai o a?aeae?e? oiiae?a (oiiae 23, ni?. 38, ii. 1-2,
139 ? 42 iae.ca.). A iniiaiiio, oea io?oe?ei? aeieoiaioe, iia’ycai? c
o?oaeiaith ae?yeuei?noth a/aiiai a ?aaeyinuee? /ane. A?ae ?oeiien?a,
eenooaaiiy, eiea iaeaea i?/iai ia caeeoeeiny. Caa?aaeai? aeieoiaioe
iathoue naith niaoeeo?eo. Aea/eaoe ?o, aeena?oaio ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui a
oiiaao noae?inueeiai ?aaeeio, uia caiia?aoe ?ai?an?e, a/aiee ciooaiee
aoa na?aeiii i?eoiaoaaoe nai? iioiaeaeaiiy, aaaaoa iiae?yie ieioea. Oiio
iayai? aeieoiaioe i?noyoue aaaaoi iaoi/iinoae, noia?a/iinoae, na?aeiiiai
caiia/oaaiiy /e iaaienieo aeaaaeie. *a?ac oea iayai? o oeueiio oiiae?
aeieoiaioe ie ?iciiae?eeee ca nooiaiai a??ia?aeiino? ia aea? a?oie:
1. Oe?eeii a??ia?aei? iaoa??aee — oioia?ao??, aeeieiie, eenoe,
iina?ae/aiiy, iaeace, nea?oaaiiy, i?ioieiee, oa?aeoa?enoeee, a?o?ai?
aeienee, caa??ai? iioa??onii eii?? aeieoiaio?a, eiiniaeoe eaeoe?e, oace
aeiiia?aeae, a?ae?yaeaeaiiy, o?oaeiaa eieaeea ca 40-? ?iee. 2.
Aeieoiaioe, ye? iio?aaothoue ia?aa??ee ?ioei, iaeo?aeueiei aeaea?aeii —
o?oaeiaa eieaeea ca 1895-1934 ??. (c?iaeaia cai?noue cieuaiiai
iineoaeiiai nieneo), a?ia?ao?/ii-iaioa?i? ia?ene, aaoia?ia?ao??, nienee
iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, o?oaeia? nienee neeaaeai? a 30-? ?iee. A oeueiio ae
a?o?ainoiaeu? ciaeaeaii ? aeei?enoaii a aeena?oaoe?? eenoe
A.N.Neiyanueeiai aei Ae.?.ssai?ieoeueeiai (oiiae 10, 24 iae.ca.) ca
1902-1927 ??., a oaeiae aeaa eenoe aaoueea ? a?aoa ae?oaeeie
Neiyanueeiai I?ie A?eai??aie A.O. oa E.A.Aa?eooaanueeeo (oiiae 10).

Cia/iee eiiieaen aeieoiaio?a A.N.Neiyanueeiai aeyaeaii a ?inoeooo?
?oeiien?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie ?i. A.Aa?iaaenueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie. Oea ia?o ca ana eenoe a/aiiai aei Ae.?.Aaaae?y (o. 4),
E.Aiaeiai (o. OOOV???), I.Noaaieoeueeiai (o. ???), oa eenoe aaoueea,
Noaiaia ?aaiiae/a Neiyanueeiai (o. ???, 216). Iaaecae/aeii aaaaoee ia
?oeiiene a/aiiai oiiae AOAI (o. O), aea ? iaoa??aee Ee?anueei? o?e??
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? anioe?aoe?? noiaeiciaanoaa, yeo i/iethaaa
Neiyanueeee, Eii?n?? Ae?i?iaoaeo, yeo oaae oaeoe/ii i/iethaaa a/aiee,
eiai ca?oe, oace, noaoo?, aeiiia?ae?, ?oeiiene aioiaeo ?ia?o,
eenooaaiiy, i?ioieiee, aeiiia?aei? caienee oiui.

O Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio ?noi?e/iiio a?o?a? Oe?a?ie o i. Ee?a?
aeena?oaioii aeyaeaii eenooaaiiy A.N.Neiyanueeiai c I.A?ooaanueeei o
1895 ?ioe? (o. 1235), ui eiie?aoeco? eiai a?ia?ao?th iaeanueeiai
ia??iaeo, a oaeiae iao?e/io eieao (o. 127), yea aea? i?aenoaae iacaaoe
oi/io aeaoo ? i?noea ia?iaeaeaiiy a/aiiai.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii a?o?aio ni?aao i?ioani?a A.Neiyanueeiai ca
1945-1947 ??. c a?o?ao *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(? 842). *anoeia aeei?enoaieo iaoa??ae?a caa??aa?oueny a iniaenoiio
a?o?a? aaoi?a — eenoe I.I.Iaeiaeeia aei I.A.Neiyanueei?, eenoe aei
aaoi?a I.A. oa I.E.Neiyanueeeo, a oaeiae niiaaaee i?i ?iaeeio
Neiyanueeeo.

Aeey ooi/iaiiy ie?aieo oaeo?a a?ia?ao?? a/aiiai aeena?oaio caeo/aa
iaoa??aee Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao a i. Eueaia?
(o. 309, 311, 361), Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao Euea?anueei? iaeano? (o. 350),
Aea?aea?o?a?a Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? oa Iaeanueei? iaeanoae, a?aeae?eo
?oeiien?a Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee, i?i ui ?
a?aeiia?aei? iineeaiiy a oaeno? aeena?oaoe??.

Aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii aeey a?aeoai?aiiy aeeoo?ai? neeueaaoee a/aiiai,
iniaeeai eiee eaeaoueny i?i eiai iniaeno?, ethaenuee? yeino?, noinoiee c
ethaeueie, /iai ia ia?aaeanoue io?oe?eiee aeieoiaio, ? niiaaaee
no/aniee?a. Aiie oaeiae aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ooi/ieoe noia?a/eea?
i?noey a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a, iaiiaieoe ?o ?aaeueiei ci?noii. Aeey
aea/aiiy thiaoeueeeo ?ie?a a/aiiai, eiai o/ano? o ?aaiethoe?eiiio
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiiio ?on? aeena?oaio aeei?enoaa iaoa??aee
niiaaae?a E.Eina/ (Ean? Oe?a?iee), A.Aa?ceeiaa, A.Ia?oeinueeiai,
I.Eioioeueeiai, A.E?eaeai?anueei?, I.Aa?aiooai, I.Oo/ainueeiai,
A.Nai?eeaiea, ?iaioo a Iaeanuee?e A?iiaae? iana?oeththoue niiaaaee
?.*eeaeaiea, o/anoue o ?aaiethoe?eiiio ?on? ii/aoeo OO no. a?aeaeoa a
niiaaaeao Ae.Aei?ioaiea oa ?.Iacaie. Aa?aiooai-E?noye?anueea
I.Oe?a?inuee? ao?oee a Ee?a? ae?oai? iieiaeie 80-o oa ii/. 90-o ??.// Ca
noi e?o. — 1928. — Ei 3. — N.206-225. Aa?cee?a A.Ii? niiaaaee i?i
/a?i?a?anueeeo a?oaieia?a//Oe?. ?noi?ee. — 1991. — O. 28.- N. 161-162.
Aei?ioaiei Ae.Ii? niiieie i?i aeaai?-ieioea. — A?ii?iaa, 1949. —
N.118-142. E?uaeaiianeay-Oo/aineay A. Ec iieo ainiiieiaiee//Eaoi?aa e
nnueea.. — 1930. Ei.6 — N. 19-21. Eioioeueeee I.Noi??iee ieioeiai. —
Aa?oaaa, 1932. — *.1. — N.169, 211. Iacaia ?. Oe?a?ia a aiai? ? ao??
?aaiethoe??. -I?iiaoae, 1950. — Ei. ?. — N. 21. Ia?oeinueeee A.Ii?caeea
a Aaee/eio a 1889 ?.// Eaeaiaea?-aeueiaiao “Aei?i?i”. — Euea?a, 1924. —
N.82-101. Oe?a?iea E. Niiaaaee i?i Ieeieo Eiaaeaanueeiai//C?a?aiiy
oai??a o 12 oo. — E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1977. — O.8. — N.223-228.
*eeaeaiei ?. Niiaaaee. — I-Ei?e: OAAI, 1955. — N.205-426. sse
iaoeiaoey, i?aai?caoi?a iaoee, ni?a?ia?oieea AOAI, iaaeaaiaa, /oeiiai
n?i’yieia oa?aeoa?ecothoue A.N.Neiyanueeiai o niiaaaeao
I.Iieiinueea-Aaneeaiei, ?.Eina/-Ai?eniaa, I.Aei?ioaiei, I.Nie?e,
A.Cae?aeeianueeee, I.Iaeiaeei, I?ia oa Ieaenaiae? Neiyanuee?. Iaeiaeei
I.Iai’yo? A.N.Neiyanueeiai//Oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?ia aacaoa. — Ithioai. —
1957, ? 4 (22). — Ea?oaiue. — N.5. Iieiinueea-Aaneeaiei I. Iiy iaoeiaa
i?aoey//Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. — 1983. — ? 2-4. — N. 44-45.
I.Iieiinueea-Aaneeaiei, ?.Eina/-Ai?eniaa, I.Aei?ioaiei, A.
Cae?aeeianueeee, I.Nie?e, I.Neiyanueea, I.Neiyanueeee / Niiaaaee i?i
A.N.Neiyanueeiai // Neiyanueeee A.N. Aea?ai? i?aoe?. — E.: Iaoeiaa
aeoiea, 1993. — N.n. 345-371.

Aeaea?aeueiith aacith aeena?oaoe?? noaee ? i?aoe? naiiai
A.N.Neiyanueeiai, aeei?enoai? ye aeey aea/aiiy a?ia?ao??, oae ? aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai oai?/iai aei?iaeo. A?eueo?noue ?c oeeo ?ia?o
iioae?eiaaia, aea /anoeia caeeoeeany a ?oeiienao. Aeey aena?oeaiiy ?
ooi/iaiiy aeao aeeoo?ieno a/aiiai ie aeei?enoaee eiai niiaaaee ? noaoo?
iaioa?iiai oa?aeoa?o i?i A.Aioiiiae/a, E.I.Aeia?iaieuenueeiai,
Ae.Neaa?aae/a, A.E?noye?anueeiai, E.Niieainueeiai, I.Eiaaeaiea,
E.Iaeueiee-Aioiiiae/. Neiyanueeee A.N.Aea?ai? i?aoe?. — E.: Iaoeiaa
aeoiea, 1993. — 383 n.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e aea/aii? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie,
cie?aia oaeeo i?iaeai ye aeaea?aeiciaanoai, ?noi??ia?ao?y,
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiee ?oo, ?icaeoie iaoee oa ina?oe, i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?
aeeeaaeaii? niaoeeo?n?a o aocao, ia nai?ia?nueeeo caiyooyo, a
aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?noi?ee?a, aaia?ao?a, iaaeaaia?a, e?a?ciaaoe?a, a
iaienaii? noaoae ? iiiia?ao?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaioii, i?ioyaii ?ie?a i?aeaioiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aoei iioae?eiaaii /ioe?e noaoo? a aacaoao, ia’?iiee
?icae?e a iaoeiaiio ca??ieeo noaoae i?i aecia/ieo ethaeae iaoee Oe?a?ie
— “Iinoao?”, ie?aia iiiia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy “C a??ith a oe?a?inueeo
ni?aao: Aio?i Noaiaiiae/ Neiyanueeee” oa a?ioo?o “Neiyanueeee A.N.
(Ia?en aeeooy ? oai?/ino?)” (aeea. nienie a e?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo).
Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?thaaeany ia can?aeaii? a?aeae?e?a iiai? ? iia?oiuei?
?noi??? Oe?a?ie ?inoeoooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie
? ae?noaea iiceoeaio ioe?ieo. Iniiai? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaeeny
ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo o Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo, Iaean?, Ee?a?, Eueaia?,
a yeeo a?aa o/anoue aaoi?. ?? iieiaeaiiy oaeiae oaea aoee aeei?enoai?
e?a?ciaaoeyie a i?iaaaeaii? e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue Aieoa ?.
A.N.Neiyanueeee //Ai?enoai. — 1996. — ? 8. Aiia ae. 130 ?ie?a a?ae aeiy
ia?iaeaeaiiy A.Neiyanueeiai //Ii? I?eaei?i?ia’y: O?ii?ea iai’yoieo aeao.
— Aei?i?iiao?ianuee. — 1995., a/aieie i?e iaienaii? noaoae Iia?aaaiiee
O. A.Neiyanueeee oa eiai ca’ycee c Aaee/eiith //Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. —
1993. — ? 1-4. – N. 103-115. ? iiiia?ao?e ?oaeaiei A.I. I?ioani?
Aio?i Neiyanueeee iiaeaeaeiee oe?a?inueei? aaia?ao??. — E.: Aeaaeai?y,.
1996., noaee a?aoiaioii i?e oa?/iaii? iai’yo? Neiyanueeiai a
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo oa *a?i?aoeyo, iiceoeaii ioe?iai? e?eoeeith I?uoe ?.
C a??ith a oe?a?inueeo ni?aao… //E?oa?aoo?ia Oe?a?ia. — 1993. — ? 50.
— N. 4..

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? ia?o ca ana a iaoia?aaeaeaiino?,
ia’?eoeaiino?, a?eueiiio a?ae oaiaeaioe?eiino? aeine?aeaeaii? aeeooy ?
oai?/ino? A.N.Neiyanueeiai. A aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa a ?noi?e/i?e iaooe?
c?iaeaii ni?iao i?iaiae?coaaoe e?oa?aoo?o i?i a/aiiai, aea/eoe aeaea?aea
aei eiai a?ia?ao??. Aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao caeo/aii aaeeeee eiiieaen iiaeo
aeaea?ae, cie?aia a?o?a A.Neiyanueeiai. Ia i?aenoaa? aeyaeaieo a?o?aieo
? ae?oeiaaieo iaoa??ae?a, aeena?oaio anoaiiaea aaaaoi iiaeo oaeo?a,
iieacaa aecia/io ?ieue Aioiia Noaiaiiae/a a iaoeiaiio ? noni?eueiiio
aeeoo?, ui eiai ioi/oaaei, c?iaea ni?iao neioaoe/iiai aiae?co eiai
oai?/iai aei?iaeo, neeaa iaeiiai?oo ia nueiaiaei? a?ae?ia?ao?th a/aiiai
? o?iiieia?th aeeooy oa ae?yeueiino?. Aia?oa aea/aii iaa?aeii? ?ai?oa
aniaeoe a?iiaaenueei? ae?yeueiino? A.Neiyanueeiai, yea iaea yne?aai
ae?aaeaiee iaoe?iiaeueiee oa?aeoa?, aeieoiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii eiai
ca’ycee ? ni?ai?aoeth c aecia/ieie ae?y/aie Oe?a?ie — O?aieii,
Ae?aaiiaiiaei, Aioiiiae/ai, A?ooaanueeei, ssai?ieoeueeei, Aaaae??i,
Iaeiaeeiei, Iieiinueeith-Aaneeaiei oa ?ioeie.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aia
i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iei i?aeoiaeii aei oaie. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia
175 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a (o ae?oaiio ? o?aoueiio ?icae?eao ii /ioe?e i?ae?icae?ee a
eiaeiiio), aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Aei aeena?oaoe??
(n.n. 176-194) aeiaeaii “O?iiieia?th aeeooy ? ae?yeueiino?
A.N.Neiyanueeiai” oa “A?ae?ia?ao?th i?aoeue A.Neiyanueeiai”.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, ?? iaoeiao iiaecio,
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeei?enoai? aeaea?aea. Aecia/aii oaeiae ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aaeiao aeaea?aeueiiai iiooeo, ie?aneaii caaaeaiiy
?iaioe ? iiaeeeaino? ?? iiaeaeueoiai canoinoaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e — “Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie aeeooy, iaoeiai? oa
a?iiaaenueei? ae?yeueiino? A.N.Neiyanueeiai” — i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeia?
?noi??ia?ao??, yea c iaeyaeo ia cia/ei?noue iinoao? A.Neiyanueeiai aeey
?noi??? Oe?a?ie, ia ? caaeia?eueiith, oi/a inoaii?i /anii iii?oi? ?
iaai? oni?oe.

Aeena?oaio eiinoaoo?, ui ca aeeooy a/aiiai i?i iueiai ye aecia/iiai
iaoeiaoey ienaee a aeia?aeieeao i?i ?aaeyinueeeo a/aieo Iaoea e iao/iua
?aaioieee NNN?. *anoue V?. Aac Iineau e Eaieia?aaea. — E., 1928. — N.
380., a “Neiaieeo aeaeaoieo ae?y/?a Oe?a?ie” I.Aee?aoey Iaoe?iiaeueia
a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie. ?inoeooo ?oeiien?a. — O.O. — ? 4866. — A. 1135., a
“Oe?a?inuee?e caaaeuei?e aioeeeeiiaae??” (Euea?a, 1934, o. ???, no. 86).
Aea a?ae nia?o? Neiyanueeiai ? aei 1976 ?ieo eiai aeeooy ? oai?/?noue ia
?icaeyaeaeeny iaa?oue ia ??ai? aioeeeeiiaaee/ieo noaoae. Aaoi?ii
iaeiiai-?aeeiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?i eiai ae?yeuei?noue aoa Ieaenaiae?
Iaeiaeei, yeee a “Oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?i?e aacao?” iioae?eoaaa o 1957
?. (? 4) iaioa?io noaooth “Iai’yo? A.N.Neiyanueeiai”. Iiaoaeiaaia ia
aeanieo niiaaaeao ? ia aeinooiieo a oiiaao ai?a?aoe?? aeaea?aeao, noaooy
ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy o iiioey?ecaoe?? ?iai? a/aiiai ? ye oe?iia
aeaea?aei aei eiai aea/aiiy, iniaeeai a nai?e iaioa?i?e /anoei?. Aea
aeaeaia ca ei?aeiiii, aei oe?a?inueeiai /eoa/a aiia ia ae?eoea. Oa e ca
a?aeii aeaea?ae, aaoi? aeiionoeany aeayeeo iaoi/iinoae. Cie?aia, uiaei
aeaoe ia?iaeaeaiiy, i?noeue iaa/aiiy, iaca iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. 1976 ?ieo
I.Iaeiaeei, i?ia?aoe aeiaeaoeiao aa?enoe/io ?iaioo, iioae?eoaaa i?i
a/aiiai noaooth a “Aioeeeeiiaae?? oe?a?iiciaanoaa” (o. 8, no. 2819), yea
iineoue ocaaaeueithth/ee oa?aeoa?.

Eeoa a 1990 ?ioe?, eiee noaa aeinooiiee a?o?a a/aiiai, aaoi?
aeena?oaoe??, aea/eaoe eiai iaoa??aee, ii/aa i?iiaaoaaoe ?i’y ? ni?aae
a/aiiai, ioae?eoth/e noaoo? o i?nuee?e, iaeani?e oa ?anioae?eainuee?e
i?an?, a caiaeii, o 1993 ?ioe?, aeaeaaoe iiiia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy “C
a??ith a oe?a?inueeo ni?aao: Aio?i Noaiaiiae/ Neiyanueeee” (E.:
Eea?aeue, 1993. — 138 n.). A oe?e eiec? aoei aia?oa a eiiieaen? aea/aii
aeeoo?aee oeyo a/aiiai, ooi/iaii oa anoaiiaeaii aaaaoi oaeo?a eiai
a?ia?ao??. Aea, cae/aeii, an?o i?iaeai aiia ia ae/a?iaea, iaoeiaee iiooe
aaoi?a i?iaeiaaeoaaany, aeeeaoenue a aeaio aeena?oaoe?th.

I?ae 1991 oa 1996 ??. noaea aea/aoeny ae?yeuei?noue a/aiiai ?
e?a?ciaaoeyie. Oea cana?ae/eee ei?ioe? aeiiene a i?noeaa?e i?an?
Ethaeieee ?aaiiai? (i. Ee?a, “Iaoea ? noni?euenoai”, 1991, ? 3), Ethaia?
Ei?/einueei? (i. *a?i?aoe?, “Oi?aa?neoaonueeee a?niee”, 1993, ? 9),
??eie Aieoa (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, “Niai?”, 1997, 21 ethoiai). ?oi?
iaoa??aee iinyoue iiioey?ecaoi?nueeee, a ia aeine?aeieoeueeee oa?aeoa?.
A?aoo?, 1993 ?ieo aeeoea iaeiiai?oa ca??ea “Aea?aieo i?aoeue” a/aiiai a
Ee?a? o aeaeaaieoeoa? “Iaoeiaa aeoiea”.

Na?aae na?eicieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? i?enay/ai? eeoa ye?enue iaei?e
i?iaeai? c aeeooy A.Neiyanueeiai, aeena?oaio iaceaa? noaoo?
I.Eiaaeuenueeiai oa N.Aa?ineiiai?, ye? oi?eioeeny ae?yeueiino?
A.Neiyanueeiai ye aieiae Eaoa?eiineaanueei? a/aii? a?o?aii? eii?n??
(“A?oaia?aoe/aneee aaeaaiaeiee” ca 1988 a. — I.: Iaoea, 1989., n. 52).
O.Iia?aaaiiee ?icaeyioa aeiiene A.N.Neiyanueeiai o euea?anueeeo
aeo?iaeao “Ia?iae” ? “Ci?y” (a 90-o ??. O?O no.) oa “Iia? oeyoe” (a 30-?
??. OO no.) a noaoo? “Aio?i Neiyanueeee oa eiai ca’ycee c Aaee/eiith”
(Oe?. ?noi?ee, 1993, ? 1-4). Ia oi?eath/enue a?ia?ao?? a/aiiai, aaoi?
iiiiaith? iao? ciaiiy i?i eiai iiaeyaee.

A?eueo ia’?iiei, ? ?aeeiei ia nueiaiaei? aeine?aeaeaiiyi iaeiiai c
aniaeo?a oai?/ino? A.N.Neiyanueeiai ? iiiia?ao?y A.I.?oaeaiea “I?ioani?
Aio?i Neiyanueeee iiaeaeaeiee oe?a?inueei? aaia?ao??” (E.: Aeaaeai?y,
1996). Aaoi? eieae ?aoaeueii c?a?aa, aea/ea ? aeine?aeea an? iayai?
?iaioe a/aiiai c aaia?ao??, aeaa ?i aeeaieee ? anaa?/iee aiae?c,
aeiiiaiea aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ae?ia?ao?/ieie iieaae/eeaie, ioae?eaoe?yie
iaeia?aeiieo ? iaae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o a/aiiai ? i?i iueiai. Ia aeaeue,
ia?oee, a?ia?ao?/iee ?icae?e eieae aeaui i?ia?a? ii??aiyii c ?ioeie,
/a?ac aocuee?noue aeaea?aeueii? aace ? i?noeyie iae?eoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy
aeaea?ae, ui i?eaaei aei iaaieo i?ee?eo oaeoe/ieo iaoi/iinoae.

A ia?aaeiia? aei “Aea?aieo i?aoeue A.Neiyanueeiai” ? a?ia?ao?/ia
?ica?aeea N.A?eieiiy “Aio?i Neiyanueeee oa eiai aeiaa”, yea aea?aeii
ae??ciyoueny ia oe? ?ioeo noaoae aeeaeiith ci?noo ? oe?ieith
aeaea?aeueiith aacith, aiae?cii oai?/iai aei?iaeo a/aiiai. A neeo
niaoeeo?ee oe??? aeaea?aeueii? aace ? eiio ia aaeaeiny oieeiooe aeayeeo
oaeoe/ieo iaoi/iinoae (aeaoe anooio aei a?iiac??, ae?caeo c Ee?aa,
i?e?caeo a Ee?a i?ae /an ieoiaoe?? eiai i?ioeyie, oiui), ye? i?ioa ia
cieaeothoue iaoeiaee ??aaiue ioae?eaoe??.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui o aea/aii? aeeooy, iaoeiai? ?
a?iiaaenueei? i?aoe? i?ioani?a A.Neiyanueeiai i?ioyaii 90-o ??. iii?oi?
iaai? aeinyaiaiiy. Aea aiie iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?
iiaeeaeaiiy, ai caeeoathoueny i?iaeaie aeaea?aeueiiai, a?ia?ao?/iiai ?
oaeoia?ao?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, “caoaiiaii” e?eueea ?ie?a a aeeoo? a/aiiai. A
a o?aa?/i?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, ye iieacaa a aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?,
A.Neiyanueeee ? iaei??th ?c aecia/ieo iinoaoae, aeeooy yeiai ia ia?
ii?eiooe a iaaoooy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Aio?i Neiyanueeee a ia?oee ia??iae aeeooy
(1866-1920)” aeae?eaii /ioe?e i?ae?icae?ee, a yeeo aeine?aeaeo?oueny
aeeooy, iaa/aiiy ? i?aoey A.Neiyanueeiai 1) a Ee?a? (1866-1889), 2) a
Iaean? ? Oea?noa? Iieuenueeiio (1890-1900) ? 3) a Eaoa?eiineaa?
(1901-1919). *aoaa?oee i?ae?icae?e i?enay/aii ?icaeyaeia?, eeaneo?eaoe??
? aiae?cia? ?ia?o a/aiiai a ia?oee ia??iae aeeooy.

Aeena?oaioii anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?iaeeany A.N.Neiyanueeee 12 eeiiy
(no.no.) 1866 ?ieo a ?iaeei? nayuaieea, a caiaeii iaa?no?a oaieia??,
i.Noaoai?y, a n. Aai?ee Aaneeuee?anueeiai iia?oo Ee?anueei? aoaa?i??
(iiaeeco Oanoiaa) Oeaio?aeueiee aea?aeaaiee ?noi?e/iee a?o?a Oe?a?ie o
i. Ee?a?. — O. 127. — Ii. 1012. — Ni?. 3657. — A. 12, ca.. Aeeoeinoai
i?ieoei a n. Ne?aaae?aoe? Aai?eoeueei? aieino?. Caaaeyee ciaeiinoaai
aaoueea a?i aoa i?eeiyoee aei iaei?anoeaei?oi? oeiee Ee?aa — Ia?oi?
/ieia?/i? eeane/ii? a?iiac?? o 1877 ?ioe?, yeo cae?i/ea 1885 ?ieo. A
a?iiace/i? ?iee iiciaeiieany ? aeecueei cai?eyoaethaaa c iaeaooi?ie
?noi?eeii E.Aeia?iaieuenueeei ? ienueiaiieeii oa a?iiaaenueeei ae?y/ai
I.Noaaieoeueeei, iaa/aany o a?aeiieo a Ee?a? a/eoae?a E.Oo?/ae?anueeiai
(?noi?ee), Ae.Neieoeueeiai (neiaaniee), I.*a?eoiiaa (aaia?ao), a?aa
o/anoue o a?iiace/ieo e?oa?aoo?ieo oa a?iiaaenueeeo ao?oeao ??ciiai
?aeaeiiai ni?yioaaiiy.

A inoaii?e ??e iaa/aiiy a a?iiac?? Neiyanueeee iiciaeiieany c ?aaiii
O?aieii, aoa i?enooi?e ia eiai naaoaii?, a iio?i ? aan?ee? c Ieueaith
Oi?oaeeinueeith. A 1885-1889 ??. iaa/a?oueny ia ?noi?eei-o?eieia?/iiio
oaeoeueoao? Eeanueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. na.Aieiaeeie?a, aea noaa o/iai
A.Aioiiiae/a ? i?aeaiooaaa i?ae eiai ea??aieoeoaii aeeieiiio ?iaioo
“Ae?aaeyinueea caiey. ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/iee ia?en” Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee
?noi?e/iee iocae. A?aeae?e oiiae?a. Oiiae 23. — Ni?. 38 (a?o?a
A.Neiyanueeiai). Ii. 2. — Iae. ca. 29. — A.a. 174-178..

A oi?aa?neoaonuee? ?iee ca ?aeiiaiaeaoe??th A.Aioiiiae/a oa
O.Eaaaaeeioeaaa aoa i?eeiyoee aei Noa?i? A?iiaaee (nooaeaionueei?),
iiciaeiieany c I.Oo/ainueeei, A.Nai?eeaieii, E.A?aaaaeeiei,
A.E?noye?anueeei, A.Ia?oeinueeei, A.Aa?ceeiaei, Eanath Oe?a?ieith,
I.Eaiii-Aeaieeaanueeei. A ainaie 1886 ?. — c I.A?ooaanueeei, ia yeiai
A.Neiyanueeee iaa o nooaeaionuee? ?iee cia/iee aieea ? yeiai
A?ooaanueeee aeoaea /anoi (aeecueei 30 ?ac?a) caaaeo? o nai?io
“Uiaeaiieeo”. A.Neiyanueeee aoa aeoeaiei o/anieeii iieiae?aeiiai
ia?iaeieoeueeiai (oe?a?iio?euenueeiai) ao?oea “O?anoiiao?y”, caiaeii
ae?aaiiai?anueeiai ao?oea I.Eiaaeaanueeiai “Iiei/iee iooue”. O ethoiio
1889 ?ieo a?i aa?eoia aei ?aaeeeaeueiiai ae?aaiiai?anueeiai ao?oea, yeee
ae?ya ca i?ia?aiith “A?eueia ni?eea”. Ca o/anoue a iueiio 13 na?iiy 1889
?. A.Neiyanueeiai caa?aoooaaee ? aaei?i?no?aoeaii aeneaee ia I?ai?/ aei
i. Oaieo?nueea ia aeaa i?nyoe?, c caai?iiith iaaeae? aeeoe a Ee?a?.

Aeena?oaio ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui ao?oie “A?eueia ni?eea” iaeiei c ia?oeo
iaiaaaany ii?aaoe c aiie?oe/iei eoeueoo?ieoeoaii oa aoiia?ao?/iei
oe?a?iio?euenoaii ? caii/aoeoaaoe iie?oe/io ae?yeuei?noue ca
a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? a neeaae? oaaea?aoe?? a?eueieo
ia?iae?a. A oaeiae, ui A.Neiyanueeee o nai?o iie?oe/ieo neiiao?yo
iacaaaeaee caeeoeoueny oaaea?ae?noii, ui a?ae?a’?oueny ? ia eiai
iiaeaeueo?e ea?’???, ? ia eiai aeie?.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co aeaea?ae eiinoaoo?oueny, ui a n?/i? 1890 ?.
A.Neiyanueeee ia?a?oaa aei Iaeane aea caeaa aeieoiaioe ia th?eaee/iee
oaeoeueoao Iiai?in?enueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo, yeee cae?i/ea o o?aai? 1898 ?.
?acii c oei, neeaaoe aecaiaie ca i?e?iaeie/a a?aeae?eaiiy
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/iiai oaeoeueoaoo oeueiai ae oi?aa?neoaoo, iaea?aeaa
na?aeioeoai a/eoaey a?iiac?? oa i?ia?iiac??. A Iaean? ae ?icii/aa
o?oaeiao ae?yeuei?noue, noaaoe aeeeaaea/ai THiea?nueeiai o/eeeua. Ooo
A.Neiyanueeee noa? /eaiii Iaeanueei? A?iiaaee, ni?ai?aoeth? c
I.Eiia?iaei, E.Niieainueeei, I.I?ueinueeei, A.AEaeaoith, ?.*eeaeaieii,
I.Ia?eaae/ai. A.Neiyanueeee aa?a o/anoue o neeaaeaii? neiaieea “Oiaioey
? Ni?eee”, aenooia? ia cai?ao A?iiaaee c ?aoa?aoaie i?i iia? oe?a?inuee?
aeaeaiiy, /eoa? oe?a?iiciaa/? eaeoe?? a a?iiaae?anuee?e “Ia?iaei?e
aoaeeoi???”. Caiaeii a?i noa? ?aaeaeoi?ii a?aeae?eo a a?iiaae?anueeiio
aeo?iae? “Ii ii?th e ii nooa”. ?acii c Ae.Neaa?aae/ai, ?eeath
Niieainueeei, Ia?aa?eoith Eiia?iaith A.Neiyanueeee noai?th? iieiaeo
a?iiaaeeo, o 1892 ?ioe? ?aea a Nio?th aea iniaenoi cono??/a?oueny ?
i?ioyaii i?nyoey ni?eeo?oueny c I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaei. O 1890-1895 ??.
i?iaeiaaeo? eenooaaoeny c I.A?ooaanueeei, o?nii ni?ai?aoeth? c
aaeeoeueeeie ?aaeeeaeaie ?.O?aieii oa I.Iaaeeeii, ae?oeo? noaoo? o
euea?anueeeo aeo?iaeao “Ia?iae” oa “Ci?y” i?ae inaaaeii?iii A.Eao?ai oa
O.Ne?aaethe. A “Ci??” (1891, ? 11-12) a ?aoeaic?? ia eieao
I.Aa?a?inueeiai “?ethno?iaaia ?noi??y ?one” A.Neiyanueeee aeeeaa
aeanio, i?ea?iaeueio noaio ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Aeaui i?ci?oa iiae?aio
eiioeaioe?th iiaeaa I.A?ooaanueeee a “?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?one” ?
iaa?oiooaaa ?? a noaoo? “Cae/aeia noaia ?onueei? ?noi???”. Caiaeii aiia
noaea iniiaith no/anii? eiioeaioe?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

I?i A.N.Neiyanueeiai caaaeothoue a eenoao A.E?einueeee, Eany Oe?a?iea,
I.Eina/, I.Eiia?iaa. Ca aeoeaio a?iiaaenueeo ?iaioo eiai aae?oaa
caa?aooiaothoue 29 o?aaiy 1896 ?. ? aaei?i?no?aoeaii aeneeathoue ia
i?nyoeue a Oiinuee. Ca?aeo?ey a?i ?aea aei Oea?noaa Iieuenueeiai, aea
noa? aeeeaaea/ai aaia?ao??, ?noi??? ? noaoenoeee a Eiia?oe?eiiio o/eeeu?
i. Eiaec?, a c aa?aniy 1898?. — aee?aeoi?ii Eiia?oe?eiiai o/eeeua a i.
A?einoioe? Ca?oaa A.I. C a??ith a oe?a?inueeo ni?aao: Aio?i Noaiaiiae/
Neiyanueeee. — E.: Eea?aeue, 1993. — N. 103-104, 108-109..

C 1901 ?ieo, eiee 5 ea?oiy a?i aoa ia?aiee aee?aeoi?ii
Eaoa?eiineaanueeiai eiia?oe?eiiai o/eeeua, ? aei a?oaeiy 1917 ?ieo
iino?eii aeeaa ? i?aoeth? a Eaoa?eiineaa?. Aeena?oaio noaa?aeaeo?, ui
oeae ia??iae aoa eoeuei?iaoe??th iaoeiai?, a?iiaaenueei? ? aeeoo?ai?
ea?’??e A.Neiyanueeiai. sse aee?aeoi? Eiia?oe?eiiai o/eeeua a?i
ia?aoai?ea eiai a c?aceiaee iaa/aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee caeeaae, caniiaaiee
ia ia?aaeiaeo aeinyaiaiiyo iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee, nai ieoa iaoeia? noaoo?
c iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoieia??. Ooo a?i ae?noa? /ei ae?eniiai noaonueeiai
?aaeieea, i?aeaie Aieiaeeie?a, Noai?neaaa oa Aiie, i?aoeth? aeaiooaoii
i?nueei? aeoie.

A Eaoa?eiineaa? A.Neiyanueeee noaa iaeiei ?c caniiaiee?a iocath
?i.I.Iiey oa i?aai?caoi??a O??? A?oaieia?/iiai c’?caeo, aoa aieiaith
Iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa (1903-1904??.), i/iethaaa ?iaioo Eaoa?eiineaanueei?
a/aii? a?o?aii? eii?n?? (1903-1916??.), aoa aieiaiei ?aaeaeoi?ii
“Eaoiiene Eiiennee” (1904-1915??.), aeionoeaoe 10 oii?a. A?i i/iethaaa
i?ae /an ?aaiethoe?? a 1905-1906 ??. Eaoa?eiineaanueeo naeyinueeo
ni?eeo, ca ui aoa i?eoyaiooee aei noaeo. Noaa oaeiae aeoeaiei /eaiii
oiaa?enoaa “I?ina?oa” oa Oiaa?enoaa oe?a?inueeeo iinooiiaoe?a (OOI).
Iaoeiai, ?aeaeii ? i?aai?caoe?eii Neiyanueeee o?nii ni?ai?aoeth? c
Ae.ssai?ieoeueeei, A.A?aeiiaei, Ae.Aei?ioaieii, ?.Ae?iaei, ?.Ia??ieii,
?.?oaee/aaei, ?.O?oaith, Ae.Neaa?aae/ai.

I?ae /an Oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii-aeaiie?aoe/ii? ?aaiethoe?? 1917-1920
??. A.N. Neiyanueeee aoa oiiaiiaaaeaiei aoaa?inueeiai eii?oaoo
Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee ii i?aai?caoe?? ai?iii-?aaiethoe?eiiai ath?i ii
Eaoa?eiineaauei? (aania-in?iue 1917 ??.), ni?a?ia?oieeii I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe OI? (n?/aiue-ea?oaiue 1918 ?.), aee?aeoi?ii Aeaia?oaiaioo
na?aaei?o oe?e ca Aaoueiaiaoo (ea?oaiue-a?oaeaiue 1918 ?.), oa
Aee?aeoi??? (1919 ?.), caa?aooiaoaaany aeai?e?ioeyie (aa?anaiue 1919
?.), aeeeaaeaa o Ee?anueeiio oa Eaiyiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeiio oe?a?inueeeo
oi?aa?neoaoao. I?ioyaii 1917-1918 ??. aa?a o/anoue a ae?yeueiino?
oe?a?inueeeo ia?o?e ?aaeeeaeueieo aeaiie?ao?a oa
nioe?ae?no?a-oaaea?ae?no?a.

O /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? ia?oiai ?icae?eo aeena?oaio iieacaa, ui ia?o
A.N.Neiyanueeiai a ia?oee ia??iae eiai aeeooy iaeaaeeoue a?eueoa 50
aeanieo iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, a oaeiae ?aaeaaoaaiiy noaoae a aeo?iae? “Ii
ii?th e ii nooa” oa “Eaoiiene AOAE”. I?iaiae?coaaaoe iaoeiaee aei?iaie
a/aiiai oeueiai ia??iaeo, aaoi? aeena?oaoe?? ?iciiae?ey? eiai ia 8
iai?yie?a:

1. ?noi??y Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio (?aoeaic?? ia neioaoe/i? eo?ne
I.Aa?a?inueeiai oa I. A?ooaanueeiai). 2. A?oaieia?y (noaoo? i?i
a?oaieia?/i? ?iceiiee oa ciao?aeee a?ey n?e Aoee, A/i?aeoa, Oiiae?aea,
Ie?iaa, Iaiae?ee?aea ? a Iioueiie?inueeiio naaeo a Eaoa?eiineaa?). 3.
?noi?eei-a?ia?ao?/i? oa ?noi?e/i? ia?ene (I. Einoiia?ia, A.Aioiiiae/,
I.Iieue, I.Ia?eaae/, I.Eiaaeaiei, ?.Iaiaeo?a, I.Aiaieue, ss.Iiaeoeueeee,
A.Iaooeia, ?ieneiie Oaiaein?e oa Neiaii). 4. ?noi??y onoaiia
(Eaoa?eiineaanueea eiia?oe?eia o/eeeua oa Eaoa?eiineaanueea a/aia
a?o?aia eii?n?y). 5. Ienoaoeoaiciaanoai (a?o?oaeoo?a “eicaoeueeiai
aa?ieei”, ii?o?ao ?.Aiioe, ?eiia “Iie?iaa”, oaao? E?iieaieoeueeiai). 6.
?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/i? noaoo? c ?aaai?ee (i?i iia? oeyoe o aeoiaaii? oa
icaei?iaeaii? iieiae?). 7. Ioae?oeenoeea (noaoo? a/aiiai a aaeeoeueeeo
aeaeaiiyo “Ia?iae” ? “Ci?y”). 8. Aaia?ao?y (?aoeaic?y ia eieao
?.Io??iiae/a oa noaooy i?i e?niaee aaeain Oe?a?ie).

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “AEeooy oa oai?/?noue a/aiiai a oiiaao
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee (1921-1951)” oaae aeae?eaii /ioe?e i?ae?icae?ee: 1.
I?ioani? ee?anueeeo aeueo oe?e. 2. Iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee AOAI. 3. ?iee
iaiae??a. Inoaii? aei?. 4. Iaoeiaee aei?iaie ae?oaiai ia??iaeo.

Aeine?aeeaoe a?o?ai? aeieoiaioe, aeena?oaio iieaco?, ui a oiiaao
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a/aiee aoa iaiaaeaiee o nai?o iiaeeeainoyo aieeaaoe
ia ae?eni?noue, aea i?iaeiaaeoaaa i?aoethaaoe ia ei?enoue Oe?a?ie, iaoae
? ?aaeyinueei?, aea iii?iaeueii ie?aii? aea?aeaae, yea noaea nai???aeiei
eiii?ii?nii i?ae OI? oa ?iia???th. 20-? ?iee ee?anueeiai ia??iaeo —
cai?o eiai ae?yeueiino? ye a/aiiai. A oe? ?iee a?i i?aoeth? aeeeaaea/ai
? i?ioani?ii Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (?II), Eiiia?aoeaiiai ?inoeoooo,
Ee?anueeiai ?inoeoooo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ?inoeoooo ciai?oi?o
ciinei, Oi?aiai-i?iieneiaiai oaoi?eoio. A aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaathoueny
aaeee? caneoae A.N. Neiyanueeiai ia?aae Oe?a?iith ye a/aiiai ?
i?aai?caoi?a iaoee. A?i aoa iaoeiaei ni?a?ia?oieeii Anaoe?a?inueei?
Aeaaeai?? iaoe, ??? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai a?aeae?eo. A nenoai? AOAI
aoiaeea aei ?noi?e/ii? naeoe?? I.A?ooaanueeiai, Eii?n?? ?aeiiiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy I?aaeaiii? Oe?a?ie, ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/ii? eii?n??
I.A?ooaanueeiai, aoa /eaiii i?aceae?? Oiaa?enoaa aeiiii?no?a,
canooiieeii aieiae Eii?n?? Aei?i?aeuenoaio, /eaiii Oiaa?enoaa ?noi?ee?a
?i. Ianoi?a-E?oiienoey, aieiaith Ee?anueei? o?e?? AOIAN ? /eaiii
i?aceae?? oe??? i?aai?caoe?? o Oa?eia?. A.Neiyanueeee aoiaeea aei
ea??aieoeoaa aeaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo eaoaae? — aeiiii?ee Noiaeo oa
aeiiii?ee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

A oe? ?iee Aio?i Noaiaiiae/ o?nii ni?ai?aoeth? c aeaaeai?eaie AOAI
I.Oooe?anueeei, I.Ioooith, N.?oaeieoeueeei, I.A?ooaanueeei, E.Aiaeei,
E.ssniiiieuenueeei, Ae.Aaaae??i IAO ??. — o.1. — ? 45231-46233. — O.O. —
? 31479. — O.28. — ? 621.. Iei iaienaia cia/ia e?euee?noue iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iaeyae?a, ?aoeaic?e oa iaioa??a. Iaoeiaee
aei?iaie ae?oaiai ia??iaeo aeeooy a/aiiai aeena?oaio ?iciiae?eea ia aeaa
oeeeee — ?noi?e/iee oa aaia?ao?/iee. O ?noi?e/i?i oeeee? a naith /a?ao
aeae?eaii i’youe iai?yie?a: 1. ?aaiethoe?eiee iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiee
?oo 80-o ??. O?O no. (niiaaaee i?i A.E?noye?anueeiai ?
E.Aeia?iaieuenueeiai). 2. ?noi??y Iaeanueei? A?iiaaee 90-o ??. O?O no.
(niiaaaee i?i Ae.Neaa?aae/a, E.Niieainueeiai, A.Aioiiiae/a). 3.
?aaiethoe?y 1905 ?ieo (niiaaaee i?i Eaoa?eiineaanueeo naeyinueeo
ni?eeo). 4. Iae?ieiae c aeaiaioaie niiaaae?a (i?i I.Oooe?anueeiai,
E.Aeia?iaieuenueeiai, E.Iaeueiee). 5. Aaoia?ia?ao?/i? ia?ene (an? a
?oeiienao).

I?aoe? aaia?ao?/iiai oeeeeo aeena?oaio ?iciiae?ey? ia i’youe a?oi:
1. Aeiiii?/ia aaia?ao?y (iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue i?aoeue). 2.
Noiaeiciaanoai (aeiiii?ea Oo?a//eie, E?eio, Ne???, ?aeioo, e?a?i
Aeecueeiai Noiaeo). 3. Aaiiie?oeea. 4. Aei?i?aeuenoai?anuee? noaoo?. 5.
Aeine?aeieoeueei-ia?niiaeuei? (I. Oooe?anueeee, N.?oaeieoeueeee,
A.Aioiiiae/). A oe?eiio ae aeena?oaioii aeyaeaii a?eueoa 50 i?aoeue
a/aiiai ae?oaiai ia??iaeo eiai aeeooy. An? aiie i?iaiae?ciaai? ?
ioe?iai? a aeena?oaoe??. Ia aeaeue, a oiiaao 30-40 ?ie?a, eiee eoee
iania? ?ai?an?? ? a?eia, a/aiee iaeaea ia ae?oeoaaany (ca ae?ieii aeaio
aeyaeaieo aacaoieo noaoae), ? iaa?oue ciooaiee aoa ia?a?caeeoe c i?noey
ia i?noea, aanoe ceeaeaiia aeeooy, uia oieeiooe a??oi? aeie?
?ai?aniaaiiai.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e ??? ?icae?eo ? i?enay/aii inoaii?i ?ieai a/aiiai —
?ieai iaiae??a. Aeena?oaio aeine?aeea ? ?ice?ea i?e/eie, /iio a/aiee
ci?ith? i?noey ia?aaoaaiiy — Oaaa?ianuee, Aeaaeeainoie, Aeaaia?uainuee
(i?ioyaii 1931-1934 ??.), Noae?ia?aae (1934-36), Neioa?iiieue (1936-39),
Iaeue/ee (1939-42), ?inoia (1944-45), *a?i?aoe? (1945-47), E??iaia?aae
(1947-49), E?aniiaea? (1949-50). I?aoethth/e i?ioani?ii oa caa?aeoaa/ai
eaoaae? aaia?ao?? iaae?inoeooo?a oa oi?aa?neoao?a iacaaieo i?no, a?i,
i?aaio/e oieeiooe ?ai?an?e c aieo noae?inueeiai ?aaeeio, ?acii c oei
iae?a? i?noey eiiiaeoiiai i?iaeeaaiiy oe?a?ioe?a, iaiaaa?oueny
i?euaiethaaoe iieiae? ethaia aei Oe?a?ie.

I?ae /an a?eie a/aiee iiaa?ioany aei Ee?aa, ainaie 1943 ?ieo ia?a?oaa
aei Ia?aieoey, cono??/aany o Eueaia? c A.Oaioeoeueeei, ?caeea aei
E?aeiaa, eenooaaany c ?iaeeiith Aei?ioaie?a, ye? iaoeaee a I?ac?,
iaiaaaany ai?a?oaaoe a Oaaeoea??th, aea a?aoo? caeeoeany a Oe?a?i?,
iiaa?ioaoenue a na?ii? 1944 aei Neioa?iiiey. Na?e neeaaeiee aeeoo?aee
oeyo Aio?i Noaiaiiae/ Neiyanueeee cae?i/ea 2 ethoiai 1951 ?ieo a i.
Neioa?iiie?. I?ney ia?aiioiaaiiy o 1987 ?ioe? eiai inoaiee nii/eaathoue
o ??aeiiio Ee?a? ia E?niaiio eeaaeiaeu?.

O aeniiaeao aei eiaeiiai i?ae?icae?eo noi?ioeueiaaii a noene?e oi?i?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy c iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie,
iiaea?oueny ia?ae?e iniiaieo caeiaooe?a a/aiiai a?aeiia?aeiiai
ia??iaeo, eiai caneoa ia?aae oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii. Aee?enoae?ciao?oueny
aeoiea i?i eiai cia/ei?noue ye aeaeaoii? iinoao? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

O i?aenoieiaeo aeniiaeao aeeeaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy,
a naia, ui Aio?i Noaiaiiae/ Neiyanueeee (1866-1951 ??.) i?iaeea aeiaaa,
ianiie?eia, iane/aia yne?aaeie iiae?yie ? iaaoiiiith ie?aeiith i?aoeath
ae?aiaoe/ia aeeooy. Aiii ?iciiae?ey?oueny ia aeaa ia??iaee. O ia?oiio,
yeee o?eaaa c 1866 aei 1920 ?ieo, a/aiee i?ieoia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ye
ethaeeie, iaoeiaoey ? a?iiaaeyieia. A?i iaiaaaany aeoeaii aieeaaoe ia
iaaeieeoith ae?eni?noue, ci?ieoe ?? nai?ie ae?yie, i?aoethaaa ia
iaoe?iiaeueio ?aeath, ?icaeaaa iaoeo, ina?oo, eoeueoo?o, iie?oe/io
aeoieo ??aeii? caie?.

A ae?oaiio ia??iae? (1921 — 1951 ??.) Aio?i Noaiaiiae/ aoa iicaaaeaiee
iiaeeeaino? ?noioii aieeaaoe ia eeoa ia noni?euei? ?aae??, a e ia aeania
aeeooy (iniaeeai a 30-? ?iee), aea i?iaeiaaeoaaa o ?aieao oiae?oi?o
iiaeeeainoae i?aoethaaoe ? a??eoe a oi?aeanoai oe?a?inueei? ni?aae, ye?e
i?enayoea aeeooy.

Caaaeuei? ae aeniiaee aeena?oaioa oae?: 1. I?aee?aneth?oueny cia/iee
aianie A.N.Neiyanueeiai a iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiee ?oo, eiinoaoo?oueny,
ui a?i aoa o/anieeii, aeoeaiei ae?y/ai oa i?aai?caoi?ii a oaeeo eiai
i?iyaao ye eoeueoo?ieoeuee? oa ae?aaiiai?anuee? ao?oee, A?iiaaee,
oiaa?enoai “I?ina?oa”, Oiaa?enoai oe?a?inueeeo iinooiiaoe?a, a?aa
o/anoue o ?iaio? ia?o?e ?aaeeeaeueieo aeaiie?ao?a oa
nioe?ae?no?a-oaaea?ae?no?a oa o ae?yeueiino? Eaoa?eiineaanueei?
Naeyinueei? ni?eee.

2. Aeine?aeeaoe eiai o/anoue a Oe?a?inuee?e ?aaiethoe?? 1917-1920 ??.
aeena?oaio noaa?aeaeo?, ui A.N.Neiyanueeee acya aeoeaio o/anoue o
aea?aeaaioai?aii? ye oiiaiiaaaeaiee aoaa?inueeiai eii?oaoo Oeaio?aeueii?
?aaee, aee?aeoi? aeaia?oaiaioo ca Aaoueiaiaoo ? o?yaeiaaoeue ca OI? oa
Aee?aeoi???.

3. Ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo a/aiiai, aeiaaaeaii,
ui A.N.Neiyanueeee aoa aeaeaoiei a/aiei-aeine?aeieeii, yeee c?iaea
?noioiee aianie o ?icaeoie a?oaieia??, a?oaia?ao??, aaia?ao??,
iaaeaaia?ee. Ni?aaaei?i iiaaoi?ii a?i noaa a aaeoc? ?noi???, noai?eaoe
aeanio eiioeaioe?th ieioeiai oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. ?ic?iaeya a?i ?
i?iaeaie iiaeo a oie /an iaoe — aaiiie?oeee oa ?aaai?ee. Iaienai? iei
iaioa?e i?i A.Aioiiiae/a, A.E?noye?anueeiai, I.Oooe?anueeiai,
E.Aeia?i-aieuenueeiai, E.Niieainueeiai, Ae.Neaa?aae/a ? e nueiaiaei?
oe?iiei aeaea?aeii c ?noi??? oa eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie, yea oe?iei
aeei?enoiao?oueny aeine?aeieeaie.

4. Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e A.Neiyanueeiai ye i?aai?caoi?a iaoee a?aecia/aii, ui
a?i ni?e/eieany aei canioaaiiy oa i/ieea ae?yeuei?noue
Eaoa?eiineaanueei? a/aii? a?o?aii? eii?n??, a ye?e ?acii c iei
i?aoethaaee oae? aeaeaoi? a/ai? ye Ae.ssai?ieoeueeee, Ae.Aei?ioaiei,
A.A?aeiia, ?.Ia??iei, ss.Iiaeoeueeee. A.Neiyanueeee noaa aieiaith
Ee?anueei? o?e?? AOIAN, canooiieeii aieiae Eii?n?? Aei?i?aeuenoaio,
/eaiii i?aceae?? Oiaa?enoaa aeiiii?no?a, a?aa aeoeaio o/anoue a ?iaio?
?noi?e/ii? naeoe?? AOAI, Oiaa?enoaa ?noi?ee?a ?iai? Ianoi?a-E?oiienoey,
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo eaoaae? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa oa aeiiii?ee
Noiaeo, o aaaee? 30-?, 40-? ?iee i?aai?ciaoaaa ? iaeaaiaeaeoaaa ?iaioo
eaoaae? aaia?ao?? aeueo oe?e, a yeeo aeiaaeiny i?aoethaaoe. Ea?oaaa
oe?a?i?caoe??th eoeueoina?oi?o onoaiia ia Aeaeaeiio Noiae?.

5. sse ina?oyinueeee ae?y/ A.Neiyanueeee noaa i?aai?caoi?ii ?
aee?aeoi?ii Eaoa?eiineaanueeiai eiia?oe?eiiai o/eeeua, aeaoaeiaoaaa iiao
nenoaio na?aaeiuei? ina?oe ca aaoueiaia oa Aee?aeoi???, a?aa o/anoue a
i?aai?caoe?? Aeaaeai?? iaoe, noai?ea eaoaae?e aaia?ao?? a
Aeaaia?uainueeiio, Noae?ia?aaenueeiio, E?einueeiio iaae?inoeoooao,
*a?i?aaoeueeiio oi?aa?neoao?.

6. Caneoae Aioiia Neiyanueeiai, ye iaaeaaiaa e i?ina?oeoaey,
aecia/athoueny oei, ui a?i noai?ea iaienai? c iiaaoi?nueeeo iiceoe?e
i?aoe? c ieoaiue iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia??, i?aeoe/ii ?icaeaaa
iaaeaaia?/io iaoeo ye a/eoaeue, aee?aeoi?, eaeoi?, i?ioani?. sse
i?ina?oeoaeue a?i ana aeeooy i?n ciaiiy oe?ieei ia?iaeiei ianai /eoath/e
eaeoe??, i?i ui oaae neacaii a aeena?oaoe??.

7. Caneoaith A.N.Neiyanueeiai ? ? oa, ui a oiiaao oea?nueeiai, a caiaeii
eiioi?noe/iiai ?aaeei?a a?i ci?a c?iaeoe na?e, oaae ?noioiee, aianie o
?icaeoie iaoe?iiaeueii? oe?a?inueei? aeo?iae?noeee: aoa ?aaeaeoi?ii a
aeo?iae? “Ii ii?th e ii nooa”, aieiaiei ?aaeaeoi?ii “Eaoiiene AOAE”,
/eaiii ?aaeeieaa?e aeueiaiaoo “AOIAN”, aeo?iaeo “No?aeiee Na?o”,
ae?oeoaaany a oaeeo aeaeaiiyo ye “Ia?iae”, “Ci?y”, “Iia? oeyoe”,
“Ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie” oiui.

8. Aeiey Aioiia Noaiaiiae/a o?nii ia?aieaeany c aeieath aecia/ieo
ae?y/?a iie?oe/iiai ? eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy oiai/anii? Oe?a?ie.
Iaoe?iiaeueii-iie?oe/i? ?aea? ?aeiaee eiai c ?.O?aieii, I.Iaaeeeii,
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaei, I.Eiaaeaanueeei, I.Noaaieoeueeei, E.A?aaaaeeiei, Eanath
Oe?a?ieith, Ae.Aei?ioaieii, Ae.Neaa?aae/ai, ?.*eeaeaieii. Iaoeia?
caoe?eaaeaiiy caaee a/aiiai c A.Aioiiiae/ai, A.?eiiieeiaei,
I.A?ooaanueeei, A.E?einueeei, I.Aaneeaieii, E.Aiaeei, Ae.ssai?ieoeueeei,
I.Iieiinueeith-Aaneeaiei, I.Iaeiaeeiei, A.A?aeiiaei, Ae.Aaaae??i,
E.ssniiiieuenueeei, I.Oooe?anueeei. Eoeueoo?i? ?ioa?ane i?eaaee eiai o
eiei ciaeiieo AEeoaoeueeeo, Noa?eoeueeeo, Eina/?a, Eenaie?a oa aaaaoueio
?ioeo.

9. Ia?aoo? noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui A.Neiyanueeee aoa iai?aeeia?iith
ethaeeiith, eoeueoo?iith, aenieiina?/aiith, ethaey/ei neiii, a??iei
/ieia?eii, o aaaeeeo oiiaao caeeoaany naiei niaith, caa??aaa ethaenueeo
a?aei?noue.

On?i neacaiei aeua i?aeaaaeaii aei iniiaiiai ?acthia aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy: Aioiia Neiyanueeiai iaiao?aeii aaaaeaoe iaei??th c
aecia/ieo iinoaoae ?noi??? Oe?a?ie — iiaaaeiei a/aiei, yne?aaith
iniaeno?noth, aecia/iei a?iiaaeyieiii, iacae/aeiith
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noth, a?aeiei neiii Oe?a?ie.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. C a??ith a oe?a?inueeo ni?aao: Aio?i Noaiaiiae/ Neiyanueeee. -E.:
Eea?aeue, 1993. — 138 n.

2. I?ioani? Aio?i Noaiaiiae/ Neiyanueeee // Ca?oaa A.I. Iinoao? (Nooae??
c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Eieaa ae?oaa.). — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Oe?a?ia, 1993. —
260 n. — N. n. 178-225.

3. Neiyanueeee A.N. (Ia?en aeeooy ? oai?/ino?). — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee:
Ae?oea?, 1998. — 20 n.

Ca?oaa A.I. Neiyanueeee Aio?i Noaiaiiae/: AEeooy, iaoeiaa oa
a?iiaaenueea ae?yeuei?noue (1866-1951). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01. — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. — IAI Oe?a?ie. ?inoeooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?.E?eiyeaae/a. — Euea?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia anaa?/iiio iaoeiaiio aea/aiith oa aena?oeaiith
aeeoo?aiai oeyoo, iaoeiai? oa a?iiaaenueei? ae?yeueiino? aeaeaoiiai
a/aiiai oa noni?eueiiai ae?y/a A.N.Neiyanueeiai (1866 — 1951). Ia
i?aenoaa? oe?ieiai eiea a?o?aieo oa ae?oeiaaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e,
aia?oa a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe? anoaiiaeththoueny oa
aiae?cothoueny iaeia?aeii? oa ?ai?o caiia/oaai? iiae?? ? iieaco?oueny
?ieue a ieo A.Neiyanueeiai. Cia/io oaaao i?eae?eaii aiae?cia? i?aoeue
a/aiiai c ?noi???, a?oaieia??, iaaeaaia?ee, aaia?ao??. Aecia/a?oueny
?ieue ? i?noea a/aiiai a ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiiai ?ooo ?
oe?a?inueei? iaoee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eoeueoo?ia aeeooy Oe?a?ie, oe?a?inueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee
?oo, A?iiaaee, ?noi?e/ia iaoea, eiioeaioe?y ?noi??? Oe?a?ie,
iaaeaaia?/ia iaoea, aaia?ao?y, ?aaeyinueeee ?aaeei, ?ai?an??.

Ca?oaa A.I. Neiyaneee Aioii Noaiaiiae/: AEeciue, iao/iay e iauanoaaiiay
aeayoaeueiinoue (1866 — 1951). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01. — Enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. — IAI Oe?aeiu. Einoeooo
oe?aeiiaaaeaiey ei. E.E?eiyeaae/a. — Eueaia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ananoi?iiiaio iao/iiio eco/aieth e inaauaieth
aeeciaiiiai iooe, iao/iie e iauanoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe aeaeiiai o/aiiai
e iauanoaaiiiai aeayoaey A.N.Neiyaneiai (1866 — 1951). Ia iniiaaiee
oe?ieiai e?oaa a?oeaiuo e ia/aoiuo enoi/ieeia e eeoa?aoo?u aia?aua a
oe?aeineie enoi?e/aneie iaoea onoaiaaeeaathony e aiaeece?othony
iaeiecaanoiua e caiae/eaaaiua ?aiaa niauoey e iieacuaaaony ?ieue a ieo
A.N.Neiyaneiai. Cia/eoaeueiia aieiaiea oaeaeaii aiaeeco ?aaio o/aiiai
ii enoi?ee, a?oaieiaee, iaaeaaiaeea, aaia?aoee. Ii?aaeaeyaony ?ieue e
ianoi o/aiiai a ?acaeoee iaoeeiiaeueii-inaiaiaeeoaeueiiai aeaeaeaiey e
oe?aeineie iaoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eoeueoo?iay aeeciue Oe?aeiu, oe?aeineia iaoeeiiaeueiia
aeaeaeaiea, A?iiaaeu, enoi?e/aneay iaoea, eiioeaioeey enoi?ee Oe?aeiu,
iaaeaaiae/aneay iaoea, aaia?aoey, niaaoneee ?aaeei, ?ai?annee.

Zaruba, Viktor Mykolaiovych. Antin Stepanovych Syniavskyi: His Life,
Scholarly and Public Activities (1866-1951). -Manuscript.

Thesis submitted for the degree of Candidate of Sciences in History.
Speciality 07.00.01: History of Ukraine. ?. Krypiakevych Institute of
Ukrainian Studies. — Lviv, 1998.

Antin S. Syniavskyi was a distinguished historian, pedagogue and
geographer. He played an important role in Ukrainian cultural life in
the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In Soviet Ukraine
his name was intentionally excluded from historical studies and
textbooks. Many documents related to him were destroyed, and those which
survived were dispersed among various archives, libraries, and private
collections. The goal of this thesis was to find out biographical facts
about Antin Syniavskyi and to examine his scholarly works, both
published and unpublished.

Antin Siniavskyi was born in the Kyiv area in the family of an orthodox
priest, Stepan Syniavskyi. He studied at the St. Volodymyr University of
Kyiv, where he obtained a master’s degree for a thesis devoted to the
medieval history and historical geography of the Land of Derevlanians.
This work was prepared under the supervision of the eminent Ukrainian
historian, Professor Volodymyr Antonovych.

As a student, Antin Syniavskyi belonged to cultural and political
associations of Ukrainian youth which adhered to the political program
of Mykhailo Drahomanov. Later he was a member of Ukrainian liberal
organizations known as hromadas in Kyiv and Odessa. For his
participation in the Ukrainian national movement he was arrested and
exiled to Shenkursk and later, after the second arrest, to Tomsk. At the
early twentieth century he was an organizer and leader of the Peasants
Union of Katerynoslav and was tried for that at a Russian court of
justice. Since 1908, he was a member of the Society of Ukrainian
Progressists (TUP), and in 1917-1918 he belonged to the Party of
Socialists — Federalists. In the independent Ukrainian state he was
director of the Department of Secondary Schools. He was also the deputy
chairman of the Katerynoslav Academic Archival Comission and the
chairman of the Kyiv Branch of the Ukrainian Association of Oriental
Studies. At various times he was director of commercial schools in
Bialystok and Katerynoslav, and later he taught at univeristies in Kyiv,
Chernivtsi, and Rostov as well as in institutes in Simferopol, Nalchik,
Kirovohrad, and Krasnodar. He acted as the representative of the
Ukrainian Academy of Sciencies in the Russian Far East region and
contributed to establishing there Ukrainian cultural and educational
institutions. For his public activities he was persecuted by Russian
tsarist authorities and later by the Soviet regime. To escape
repressions, he often changed places of work and residence.

Antin S. Syniavskyi cooperated with many Ukrainian scholars and public
figures. His scholarly studies were devoted to various problems of the
medieval and modern history of Ukraine as well as archaeology, geography
and pedagogical science. As early as 1891 he proposed an original
concept of Ukrainian history, the ideas of which were later developed by
Mykhailo Hrushevskyi.

In spite of extremely unfavorble conditions in his life, Antin
Syniavskyi’s contribution to Ukrainian national movement and scholarship
was outstanding.

Key words: Ukrainian cultural life, Ukrainian national movement,
hromadas, historical studies, conception of Ukrainian history,
pedagogical science, geography, Soviet regime, repressions.

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