O?CEEI — O?I?*IEE ?INOEOOO ?i. I.A.AIAAONUeEIAI

IAOe?IIAEUeII? AEAAeAI?? IAOE OE?A?IE

C?I*AIEI A?EOI? OAAeIN?EIAE*

OAeE 546.123.2:548.55

NEIOAC, I?E?IAeA I?IA?AeIINO? ? IIOE*I? AEANOEAINO? NEEAAeIEO
OAEUeEIAAI?Ae?A OA NENOAI AeAssEEO s-, p-, d-, f- IAOAE?A

02.00.01 — iai?aai?/ia o?i?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?i?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o O?ceei-o?i?/iiio ?inoeooo? ?i.I.A.Aiaaonueeiai

IAI Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : Aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ia?ao ?aaai THe?eiae/,

Oaeai?iaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iai?aai?/ii? o?i??

Aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aiae??aiia Aiaoie?e Ieoaeeiae/,

O?ceei-o?i?/iee ?ino?ooo ?i I.A. Aiaaonueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Oiiaoee Aaneeue Ieeieaeiae/,

?inoeooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a

IAI Oe?a?ie ,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea , eaoaae?a iai?aai?/ii? o?i??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «5» aeiaoiy 1999?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.219.01 i?e O?ceei-o?i?/iiio
?inoeooo? ?i.I.A.Aiaaonueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, 270080 i.Iaeana,
Ethnoaei?onueea aei?iaa, 86

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
O?ceei-o?i?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i.I.A. Aiaaonueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie

270080, i.Iaeana, Ethnoaei?onueea aei?iaa, 86

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «19 » na?iiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao o?i?/ieo iaoe
Iaca?aiei I. I

.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Oaeueeiaai?aee iaoae?a o?eaaeee /an
i?eaa?oathoue aei naaa oaaao aeine?aeiee?a, ine?eueee aiie neeaaeathoue
ne?iaeiio aaco eieuei?iai? iaoaeo?a??. Inoaii?i /anii oaeueeiaai?aeaie
iaoae?a caoe?eaaeeeny o ca’yceo ?c ?ic?iaeith o?i?/ieo aeaea?ae aai
ia?aoai?thaa/?a c aenieeie ieoiieie ia?aiao?aie. Ua iaei??th aaeoccth,
?icaeoie yei? ? iaiiaeeeaei aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? aac canoinoaaiiy
oaeueeiaai?ae?a iaoae?a, ? iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaa oaoi?ea, ine?eueee aeaye?
c cacia/aieo niieoe aeyaeee aenieo oioi/ooeea?noue, a oaeiae yaeua
ia?aieeaiiy oa iai’yo?. Oaeueeiaai?aee iaoae?a ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy ye
aacia? iaoa??aee aeey ?io?a/a?aiii? iioeee, iniaeeai o???, ui i?aoeth? o
aeaeaeiio ?* ae?aiacii?.

O oie aea /an aeanoeaino? oaeueeiaai?ae?a iaoae?a, iniaeeai neeaaeieo,
aea/ai? iaaeinoaoiuei aai iaeiia?/ii. Oae, yeui ae?aa?aie noaio aai
oacia? ??aiiaaae o o?ueioeiiiiiaioieo oaeueeiaai?aeieo nenoaiao inoaii?i
/anii aeineoue ?ioaineaii aea/athoueny, oeueiai ia iiaeia neacaoe i?i ?o
oa?iiaeeiai?/i? aeanoeaino?.

Iaiaaeaiiei ? eiei iaoiae?a neioaco ye i?inoeo, oae ? neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a, oi/a inoaii?i /anii aeineoue ?ioaineaii ?icii/aeeny
?iaioe c naii?iciianthaeaeoaaiiai aenieioaiia?aoo?iiai neioaco (NAN
iaoiaeo). I?ae oei no/ania oaoi?ea aeiaaa? iaoa??ae?a c aenieeie
ia?aiao?aie, ui noaaeoue ia ii?yaeie aeaiiee ?ic?iaeo iiaeo oa
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a neioaco.

Oi/a aaaaoi oaeueeiaai?aeieo iaoa??ae?a io?eiothoue e??cue ?icoiieaiee
noai, aeanoeaino? oaeueeiaai?ae?a, iniaeeai neeaaeieo, o cacia/aiiio
noai? iaeaea ia aea/ai?. sse c’ynoaaeiny cian?i iaaeaaii, ?icoiie
oaeueeiaai?ae?a aeyaeythoue iacae/aei? aeaeo?ii?a?aoe?ei? oa
aeaeo?io?i?/i? aeanoeaino?, ye? iaaiei /eiii iia’ycai? c? neeaaeii
oaeueeiaai?aea ? oeiii ae?aa?aie noaio nenoaie. I?ae oei, caaaeueiee
oa?aeoa? oaeiai aca?iica’yceo o oaeueeiaai?aeieo nenoaiao aein?
caeeoaany iac’yniaaiei, oi/a iaai? aeine?aeaeaiiy o oeueiio iai?yieo
i?iaiaeeeeny.

Aeai? c iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae (oe?eia iaeano? i?ici?ino?, iieacieee
caeiieaiiy, eiao?oe??io iiaeeiaiiy) iaa?oue aeey canoiniaoaaieo iioe/ieo
iaoa??ae?a ia aac? i?inoeo oaeueeiaai?ae?a ? eiio?aaa?n?eieie, ia
eaaeo/e i?i neeaaei? oaeueeiaai?aee iaoae?a. Ia?ic?iaeaieie
caeeoathoueny ieoaiiy i?i aca?iica’ycie i?ae iioe/ieie aeanoeainoyie
neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a, c iaeiiai aieo, oa oa?aeoa?ii o?i?/ii?
aca?iiae?? i?ae eiiiiiaioaie — c ?ioiai. ?ic’?aeiaieie caeeoathoueny
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo, iioe/ieo ? oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo aeanoeainoae
oaeueeiaai?ae?a iaoae?a. Oiio aaeueie aeooaeueieie ? ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a
neioaco oa anaa?/ia aea/aiiy aeniei/enoeo oaeueeiaai?ae?a iaoae?a, ye?
iiaee a noaiiaeoe aaco aeey noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoa??ae?a aeey aeaeo?ii?ee
oa ?io?a/a?aiii? iioeee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie oaiaie. Oaia aeeiiaii?
?iaioe ca?aa?oueny c iniiaieie ieie iai?yieaie aeine?aeaeaiue, ui
aeeiiothoueny o O?ceei-o?i?/iiio ?inoeooo? ?i. I.A.Aiaaonueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae aaeocaaeie oaiaie ? i?ia?aiaie:

iaoeiaa i?ia?aia :

“Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?iaee ia?aiino ca?yae?a o ??aeeeo ? oaa?aeeo
iie?ooieoe?aiiaeueieo i?ia?aeieeao ? ei?aeyoe?? ?? c ?ioeie e?iaoe/ieie
oa oa?iiaeeiai?/ieie ia?aiao?aie”

( ?icii?yaeaeaiiy ?aaee I?i?no??a N?N? ? 2473 a?ae 03.13.80 ?.)

A?aeii/a oaiaoeea IAI Oe?a?ie :

“ ?ic?iaea iiaeo iaoa??ae?a aeey aaeooiiiai aeia?iaoaaiiy “ (?.i.
01890042412 a?ae 12.1988 ?. )

“Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeainoae anoaiiaeaiiy caeaaeiinoae neeaae-iioe/i?
ia?aiao?e-aeaeo?io?ce/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeey noai?aiiy aeniei/enoeo
ie?aeiooai?thth/eo iaoa??ae?a” (?.i. 01910036222 a?ae 01.1991 ?.);

“?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo iniia noai?aiiy aeniei/enoeo iai?aai?/ieo iaoa??ae?a
aeey iioiaeaeo?ii?ee, iaoiae?a ?o aiae?co oa aeieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy”;

“?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo i?eioeei?a noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoa??ae?a aeey
oiieiie?aeiaeo iie?eoue neeiiiae?aiiai oeio, iioe/ii? ea?ai?ee ? neea
niaoe?aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy, iaoiae?a aiae?oe/iiai eiio?iey ?
aeieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy (1993-1996 ?.?.)”.

Iiooeiaa oaia o O?ceei-o?i?/iiio ?inoeooo? ?i. I.A.Aiaaonueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie: “Aeine?aeaeaiiy niaeo?aeueieo ? aeaeo?ii?a?aoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee noeueoinaeai?ae?a ? noeueoiooi?eae?a p-, d-, f- iaoae?a c
iaoith iiooeo iiaeo iioe/ieo iaoa??ae?a aeey ?o ae?aiaciio” (1997-1998
??.).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? anoaiiaeaiiy
aca?iica’yceo i?ae oa?i?/iith noaa?euei?noth, i?e?iaeith i?ia?aeiino? oa
iioe/ieie aeanoeainoyie neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a s-, p-, d-, f-
iaoae?a aeey iioei?caoe?? neeaaeo oa noai?aiiy iniia ni?yiiaaiiai
neioaco noai?thaaieo ia ?? iniia? iaoa?eae?a iie?ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
i?ecia/aiiy.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe :

Niiniae neioaco a?ia?ieo oa neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oeio
iie?oaeueeiaai?ae?a iao??th, noeueo?aeo oae?th oa neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th ? p-, d- iaoae?a o ?icoii?, neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a oeio oaeueeioi?iaeae aeayeeo p-, d-, f- iaoae?a o
nieueiaiio ?icoii?.

Eiioeaioe?th oa e?eoa??? aeiii?ii-aeoeaioi?ii? aca?iiae?? i?ae
eiiiiiaioaie neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a p- , d-, f- iaoae?a o ??cieo
noaiao.

Caeiiii??iino? iineeaiiy ?iiii? oa iineaaeaiiy iaoae?/ii? neeaaeiai?
o?i?/iiai ca’yceo ? a?aeiia?aeii ?iiii? oa aeaeo?iiii? neeaaeiaeo
i?ia?aeiino? ?icoii?a neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa eaacea?ia?ieo nenoai
oa iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?o o?ainoi?iaoe?? caaaeyee aca?iiae??.

Iniiai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao ci?ie aaoa?iiiey?iino? na?aaeiaeua o
oaeueeiaai?ae-aaeiaai?aeieo nenoaiao ia i?e?iaeo oa iaoai?ci
i?ia?aeiino? oa aeaeo?io?i?/i? aeanoeaino?.

Iniiai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao aca?iiae?? oa noaa?e?caoe?? aaeaioiiai
noaio iaoae?a ia iaeanoue iioe/ii? i?ici?ino? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a
p-, d-, f- iaoae?a oa oaeueeiaaeiaai?ae?a ??aee?niicaiaeueieo iaoae?a.

Ia?niaeoeai? aaeoc? canoinoaaiiy neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a aeayeeo s-,
p-, d-, f- iaoae?a o ??cieo noaiao, a oaeiae nenoai ia ?o iniia?.

Iniiaith i?aaenoaaeaii? ?iaioe ? neioac oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa
oaeueeiaaeiaai?ae?a iaoae?a ? nenoai ia ?o aac? oa anoaiiaeaiy
caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae oeio aeanoea?noue — neeaae.

Aeey aea/aiiy neioaciaaieo niieoe aeei?enoai? iaoiaee niaeo?ineii??
aeeoociiai a?aeaeooy, OO oa ?* niaeo?ineii??, o?i?/iiai, oa?i?/iiai oa
?aioaaiioaciaiai aiae?c?a, aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? eiiaeoeoiiao???, ?iiiiai
ia?aiino oa aeaeo?io?i?/i? iaoiaee (iaoiae a.?.n., aeaeo?ie?co oa
aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? iiey?ia?ao??).

Canoinoaaiiy iaae?eieo o?ceei-o?i?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o
noeoiiino? c ?aoaeueiei e?eoe/iei aiae?cii io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo
oa ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaieo aeicaieeei c?iaeoe iaa?oioiaai? iaoeia?
aeniiaee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii nenoaiaoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa eaacea?ia?ieo oaeueeiaai?aeieo nenoai o
??cieo aa?aaaoieo oa o?ce/ieo noaiao, yea aeeth/a? ?ic?iaeo iaoiae?a
neioaco, neioac oa aea/aiiy iioe/ieo ? aeaeo?ii?a?aoe?eieo aeanoeainoae
a?ey 80 a?ia?ieo ? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa oaeueeiaaeiaai?ae?a s-,
p-, d-, f- iaoae?a, a oaeiae 11 eaacea?ia?ieo oaeueeiaai?aeieo oa
oaeueeiaai?ae-aaeiaai?aeieo nenoai. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee neioaco
noeueo?aeo oae?th aeniei? noao?iiao??? o ?icoii? c eiiaeoeoiiao?e/iei
eiio?ieai, naeai?aeo oeeieo aeniei? /enoioe oa neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a
o nieueiaiio ?icoii?, a oaeiae i?inoeo oa neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa
noeueoiooi?eae?a eaioai?ae?a oa ?ioeo iaoae?a o aeaiciiieo ?aaeoi?ao.
Anoaiiaeaii iaa?aeiia ?ai?oa yaeua iiaea?eiiai ?iiiiai iai?io i?ae
oaeueeiaai?aeiith oacith oa nieueiaei ?icoiiii. Aia?oa nenoaiaoe/ii
aecia/ai? iaae? iaeanoae iioe/ii? i?ici?ino? iecee neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a, a oaeiae anoaiiaeaiee oaeo cia/ieo a?aeoeeaiue iioe/ieo
ia?aiao??a a?ae aaeeoeaieo cia/aiue o aeiaaeeo aeayeeo neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a /a?ac neeueio o?i?/io aca?iiae?th i?ae eiiiiiaioaie.
Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoe?th i?ae ia?aiao?aie ca’yce?a
iaoae-oaeueeiaai oa iieiaeaiiyi iaae? iaeano? i?ici?ino? neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a.

Aia?oa ia i?eeeaae? oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th anoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycie
i?ae oa?iiaeeiai?/iith aeoeai?noth iaoaea o ?icoiieaiiio oaeueeiaai?ae?
oa eiai aeaeo?iiiith i?ia?aei?noth.

C’yniaaii caeiiii??iino? aieeao eao?iiii? oa ai?iiii? cai?ie ia aaae/ee
aiaeia o neeaaeiiio oaeueeiaai?ae? ia ?iiio oa aeaeo?iiio i?ia?aeiino?
?icoii?a. Oia?oa o nenoaiao Tl2S — Sb2S3 , Tl2S — Ag2S oa Ag2S — Sb2S3
anoaiiaeaiee oaeo ??ceiai c?inoaiiy (ii??aiyii c eiiiiiaioaie) ?iiii?
/anoee i?ia?aeiino? o neeaaeiioaeueeiaai?aeiiio ?icoii? /a?ac neeueio
o?i?/io aca?iiae?th i?ae eiiiiiaioaie. Aeey oaeueeiaai?ae-aaeiaai?aeieo
?icoii?a anoaiiaeaii ??aaiue aaoa?iiiey?iino? na?aaeiaeua, i?e yeiio
a?aeaoaa?oueny eieae?caoe?y aeaeo?iiieo iin??a oa ci?ia iaoai?cio ?o
o?ainii?oo.

Aia?oa aeyaeaii iacae/io iaii?/io iiaaae?ieo neeaaeii oaeueeiaai?aeieo
?icoii?a o neaaeiio aeaeo?e/iiio iie? oa c’yniaaii e?iaoe/i?
caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaiee oa iiyniaiee aaoio?iiiee cnoa ei?ioeioaeeueiai?
iaae? i?ici?ino? i?inoeo oa neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a i?e ia?aoiae? aei
oiieiie?aeiaiai oa neeiiiae?aiiai noai?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. ?ic?iaeaii iia? iaoiaee neioaco ??ciiiai?oieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a (a?ia?ieo oa neeaaeieo), a oaeiae nenoai ia ?o aac?, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieei aeoiaeii, /enoioith oa noao?iiao?e/i?noth
i?iaeoeo?a, a oaeiae a?aeiiniith i?inoioith oa oaoiieia?/i?noth.
?ic?iaeaii caaaeuei? iaoeia? i?eioeeie noai?aiiy oaeueeiaai?aeieo
iaoa??ae?a c iaiao?aeiei eiiieaenii o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae aeey
aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? aia?aaoeee, aeaeo?ii?ee oa ?io?a/a?aiii? iioeee.
Aeaye? c neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oeio oaeueeioi?iaeae (MM(2X4) i?ieoee
oni?oia aei?iaoaaiiy ye ie?aeiooai?thth/? iaoa??aee (III) aeey iioeee
aeaeaeiai ?* ae?aiaciio (aei 40 iei), ui ca nai?ie iioe/ieie ?
aenieoaoaoe?eieie ? oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie ia?aaeuothoue
o?aaeeoe?eii canoiniaoaai? iaoa??aee. Iaoiae aeeaieiai i/euaiiy
iioe/iiai iaoa??aeo — naeai?aeo oeeieo o nieueiaeo ?icoiiao aeyaeany
aoaeoeaiei ? aeiiii?/iei oa aeciaiee ye ia?niaeoeaiee i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?*
oaoiieia?/ieo CO2 eaca??a. Iaoiae neioaco oaeueeiaai?ae?a iao??th
oe?iei canoiniao?oueny o ?ic?iaeao iia?oi?o o?i?/ieo aeaea?ae
aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a??.

Iaii?/i? nenoaie ia iniia? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th iiaeooue
aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey ?ic?iaee aa?enoip?a (ci?iieo iii??a) o
aeaeo?iiieo i?eno?iyo iaaeneaaeiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. Aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue iaoeia? ?aea?, iinoaiiaea
caaea/? oa aea?? ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?eueo?noue neioaoe/ii?
?iaioe, ?ic?iaea iieiaeaiue, aeianaieo ia caoeno, ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, cia/ia /anoeia ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaeaea ony ?ic?aooieiaa /anoeia,
?ic?iaea iaoiaeee oa eiie?aoecaoe?y oiia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue
i?iaaaeai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo o
ni?aaaoi?noa?, iaea?aeai? ca oe?eeiaeoith o/anoth aaoi?a ?iaioe. *anoeie
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue (?icae?ee 2, 3, 4, 9) aoei aeeiiaii
i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? ?eue/aiei ?.I.,
iaoeiaei ea??aieeii yei? ? aaoi?. Neioac /anoeie i?inoeo ? neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a i?iaaaeaii ni?eueii c e.o.i. *aonii ?.N. ? e.o.i
Eiiiai?/aiei I.I. (?CIO IAI Oe?a?ie), aeai? c iioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeayeeo niieoe o iie?e?enoae?/iiio oa oiieiie?aeiaiio noaiao io?eiai?
ni?eueii c e.o.i. Ai?iaeiaei TH.A. (OO? IAI Oe?a?ie), aeine?aeaeaiiy
?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino? oa iiey?ecaoe?? o
oaeueeiaai?ae-aaeiaai?aeieo nenoaiao oa nenoaiao iao??e-oaeueeiaai —
ni?eueii c e.o.i. Een?iei A.? , Aeooaeeii A.A (EAAe?), aecia/aiiy
i?ia?aeiino? aeayeeo oaeueeiaai?aeieo nenoai oa i?ioean?a aeaeo?ie?co —
ni?eueii c e.o.i. Ionoyoeath I.I. oa e.o.i. Iaeueiee I.?. (EAAe?).
Aianie aaoi?a o ?iaioe, ui aeeiiai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, ? aecia/aeueiei.
Aaoi? aeneiaeth? ue?o iiaeyeo caa?aeoth/ei iaoeiaeie a?aeae?eaie OO?
?i.I.A.Aiaaonueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie e.o.i. n.i.n. Oaoa??io A.I., ae.o.i.
i?io.?o?thoei?e I.I., ae.o.i. i?io. Aioiiiae/o A.I. ca iino?eio oaaao
aei ?iaioe, e?eoe/i? caoaaaeaiiy oa ei?eni? ii?aaee. Aaoi? caa??aa?
aaey/io iai’youe i?i naiai iaoeiaiai a/eoaey, iei? iie?eiiai i?io.
Aaeeeaiiaa A.ss., i?e iino?ei?e oo?aio? c aieo yeiai aoei ?icii/aoi
aeaio ?iaioo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny oa
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia:

Caaaeueiinithcieo eiioa?aioe?yo oa ia?aaeao c o?ceee, o?i?? oa
oaoiieia?? oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa oaeueeiaai?a (Ea?aaaiaea — 1986, 1990,
1992 ?.?.; Oa?e?n? — 1983?., Oaeai?iae — 1988?.), Caaaeueiinithcieo
iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao ?c o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa aeaeo?io?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae oa
canoinoaaiiy ?iiii-aeaeo?iieo (iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo) i?ia?aeiee?a (Ee?a
— 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991 ?.?.), ae?ci?e nan??
iaoeiai? ?aaee AI N?N? c iai?aai?/ii? o?i?? (Oaee?ii — 1987, 1989 ?.
?.), Caaaeueiinithci?e eiioa?aioe?? c o?ce/ii? o?i?? oa aeaeo?io?i??
?iiieo ?icoii?a oa oaa?aeeo aeaeo?ie?o?a (Eai?ia?aae — 1983 ?.),
Oe?a?inueeeo ?anioae?eainueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo c iai?aai?/ii? o?i??
(Neioa?iiieue — 1989 ?., Oaeai?iae — 1992 ?., Ee?a — 1996 ?.),
Caaaeueiinithci?e eiioa?aioe?? c oaoiieia?? ??aee?nieo oa eieuei?iaeo
iaoae?a oa ?o nieae (O?oica — 1986?.), ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c
eiiieaenii? ia?a?iaee ne?iaeie (Aeia-Aoa — 1987 ?.), I Oe?a?inuee?e
?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aacioacia io?eiaiiy iiaeo
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaoa??ae?a ? ie?aie” (Oaeai?iae — 1989 ?.),
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?i?y oaa?aeiai o?ea” (Iaeana — 1990 ?.),
VIII, IX iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “O?i?y, o?ceea ? oaoiieia?y
oaeueeiaai?ae?a ? oaeueeiaaeiaai?ae?a” (Oaeai?iae — 1994 ?., 1998?.).

Ioae?eaoe??: Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee o 40 noaooyo, ui
iioae?eiaai? o a?o/eciyieo («Oe?a?inueeee o?i?/iee aeo?iae») oa
?aaeyinueeeo, a i?ci?oa — ?in?enueeeo («AEo?iae iai?aaie/aneie oeiee»,
«Iai?aaie/aneea iaoa?eaeu», «?anieaau», «Yeaeo?ioeiey»,
«Eca.AOCia.Oeaaoiay iaoaeeo?aey», «AEo?iae i?eeeaaeiie oeiee»,
«Oaoiieiaey e eiino?oe?iaaiea a yeaeo?iiiie aiia?aoo?a») aeo?iaeao,
oacao aeiiia?aeae, 2 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaao oa 2 iaoaioao ia
aeiaoiaee.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 9
?icae?e?a, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 323
iaeiaioaaiue a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
273 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 46 ?enoie?a oa 56 oaaeeoe?.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA OAEUeEIAAI?Ae?A IAOAE?A

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaiee e?eoe/iee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo c
i?e?iaee o?i?/iiai ca’yceo, no?oeoo?e, aeanoeainoae oa aeayeeo iai?yie?a
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy oaeueeiaai?ae?a iaoae?a. Iaaaaeaii iayaio
eeaneo?eaoe?th a?ia?ieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a ? ?icaeyiooi ci?io oeio
o?i?/iiai ca’yceo i?e eao?iii?e oa ai?iii?e cai?i?, a oaeiae ?o
o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino?. Anoaiiaeaii i?noea oaeueeiaai?ae?a ca ?o
i?e?iaeith i?ia?aeiino? oa ciiiith aoaeiaith na?aae ?ioeo ?a/iaei.
Iieacaii ia??iaee/io ci?io ia?aiao??a ?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino?
a?ia?ieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a s-, p-, d- iaoae?a. C ’yniaaii oa?aeoa?
oaciaeo ??aiiaaa ? oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo aeanoeainoae eaacea?ia?ieo
oaeueeiaai?aeieo nenoai oa o?ceei-o?i?/ieo ia?aiao??a aeayeeo neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a.

AENIA?EIAIOAEUeI? IAOIAeE

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a neioaco a?ia?ieo ?
neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a, oaeueeiaaeiaai?ae?a, a oaeiae nenoai ia ?o
iniia?. ?ic?iaeaii i?ea?iaeueio iaoiaeeeo neioaco o ?icoii?
noao?iiao?e/iiai noeueo?aeo oae?th neeaaeo Tl2S, ui noaiiaeoue iniiao
aeey aaaaoueio c aeine?aeaeaieo neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa nenoai, ?c
canoinoaaiiyi eiiaeoeoiiao?e/iiai eiio?ieth. A?i aaco?oueny ia cia/i?e
caeaaeiino? aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino? ?icoiieaiiiai Tl2S a?ae ai?noo iaoaeo o
niieooe?. Aeey neioaco c?ace?a nenoai iao??e-oaeueeiaai (noeueoo?,
oaeo?) ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae neioaco o ?icoii? oa niaoe?aeueiee i?eno??e
aeey eiai i?iaaaeaiiy, ui ? nai???aeiei a?a?eaeii iaoiaeo neioaco o
?icoii? oa NAN-iaoiaeo.

A?eueo?noue neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a neioaciaaii iaoiaeaie i?yiiai
neioaco c iaoae?a ? oaeueeiaai?a o aeaiciiiiio ?aaeoi?? aai c a?ia?ieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a. I?e oeueiio oa?i?/iee ?aaeei neioaco i?aeae?aany
?iaeea?aeoaeueii aeey eiaeiiai ?c neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a. ?aaeeie
neioaco eaaeioiieeo neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th ? s-, p-, d-
iaoae?a ? aaaeeioiieeo neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oeio oaeueeioi?iaeae
nooo?ai ?ic??ciyeeny. Oae iaeneiaeueia oaiia?aoo?a neioaco Tl2Ge2S3 ia
ia?aaeuoaaea 700 E, a o aeiaaeeo EuGa2Se4 nyaaea 1000 E. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiae neioaco noeueo?ae?a ?CA oeyoii aca?iiae?? iaoae?a c As2S3,
aeaoaeueii aea/ai? eiai oiiae. Neeaae i?iaeoeo?a caeaaeeoue a?ae
i?e?iaee eaioai?aeo, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Ln : As2S3, oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio
neioaco. I?iaaaeaii neioac noeueoiooi?eae?a ?CA ?c caaaeueiith oi?ioeith
LnSF oeyoii oaa?aeioacii? ?aaeoe?? i?ae naneaenoeueo?aeaie oa
ooi?eaeaie iaoae?a. Oaiia?aoo?a neioaco noaiiaeoue 800(1200 E ?
caeaaeeoue a?ae i?e?iaee iaoaeo, nyaath/e iaeieae/eo cia/aiue aeey
aeaiaio?a na?aaeeie eaioai?aeiiai ?yaeo (Nd(Dy). Iieacaii i?eioeeiiao
iiaeeea?noue io?eiaiiy neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a, a oaeiae c?ace?a
neeaaeiioaeueeiaai?aeieo nenoai ia iniia? GeS2 oa GeSe2 o neeiiiae?aiiio
? oiieiie?aeiio noaiao. Oaeueeiaai?aei? neeiiiae?ai? iaoa??aee iathoue
aeineoue iecuee? oaiia?aoo?e ?ici’yeoaiiy (ieae/? ca 600 E) ? aenieo
caeaoi?noue aei e?enoae?caoe??. Oiieiie?aeia? iie?eooy i?inoeo ?
neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a iaiineee ia i?aeeeaaeee c ??cieo iaoa??ae?a
(eaa?oe, iioe/ia neei, aa?iai?e) iaoiaeii ?acenoeaiiai aeia?iaoaaiiy o
aenieiio (iaio ye 10-3 Ia) aaeooi? ia onoaiiaeao “AO 1A” oa “AA710
Balzers”. Iioei?ciaaii oiiae iaianaiiy oiieiie?aeiaeo iie?eoue neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a.

. Iieacaii caaeia?eueiee ca?a aeaieo c (i, io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueiei
oa ?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeaie.

I?iaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeo ?iiiiai ia?aiino a
eai?ey?-?aca?aoa?iiio aa??aio? ia aac? iiaeae? RC-noaie. Io?eiaii
ianooiia e?iaoe/ia ??aiyiiy caeeoeiaiai iioaioe?aea :

, (1)

aea K — i?ia?aei?noue,

N- ?ii?noue noaie,

? — neea no?oio,

(? -?iiia /anoea i?ia?aeiino?,

( — /an.

Iieacai? ??ci? a?aie/i? aa??aioe canoinoaaiiy cacia/aiiai ??aiyiiy aeey
aecia/aiiy ?iiii? /anoee i?ia?aeiino?. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii, ui
iaeanoue eieae?caoe?? caeeoeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ioiieth? ia?aaaaeii
i?eaeaeo?iaeio ae?eyieo, c /anii iioe?thth/enue ca iaae? eai?ey?o.
Aeaaaeaii ??aiyiiy, ui iia’yco? aoaeoeai?noue aeaeo?ie?co c ?iiiith
/anoeith i?ia?aeiino? ?icoiio oaeueeiaai?aeo :

,
(2)

yea i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueii. C’yniaaii caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?
caeaaeiino? aeaeo?i?oo?eii? neee aaeueaai?/iiai aeaiaioa ca o/anoth
oaeueeiaai?aeo oa aaeiaai?aeo a?ae aeoeaiinoae eiiiiiaio?a oa ?iiii?
/anoee i?ia?aeiino? iaoaeo. Anoaiiaeaii iaae? canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo
a.?.n. aeey aecia/aiiy aeoeaiinoae iaoae?a o ?icoiieaieo
oaeueeiaai?aeao, a naia (I ( 10 %.

Iieacaii iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo niaeo?ineii?? aeeoociiai
a?aeaeooy aeey aecia/aiiy ei?ioeioaeeueiai? iaae? iaeano? iioe/ii?
i?ici?ino? iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa neeiiiae?aieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ye caeaaeiinoae Rd = (((), oae ? ooieoe?? Eoaaeee-Ioiea:

F(Rd) = (1 — Rd)2 / 2Rd
(3)

aea Rd — a?aeiinia aeeoocia a?aeaeooy.

Ca ei?ioeioaeeueiao iaaeo ((1) iaeano? iioe/ii? i?ici?ino? acyoi oi/ee
ia?aaeio ia a?aeiia?aeieo caeaaeiinoyo. Canoiniaaii ??ci? aa??aioe
iaoiaeo ?* niaeo?ineii?? i?iioneaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy aeiaaioaeeueiai?
iaae? ((2) iaeano? iioe/ii? i?ici?ino? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a.
Iieacai? iiaeeeaino? oa iaiaaeaiiy iaoiaeo ?oa?aoe?e aeey aecia/aiiy
iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a — iieaciee?a caeiieaiiy (n) oa iiaeeiaiiy (k)
oiieiie?aeiaeo iie?eoo?a oaeueeiaai?ae?a iaoae?a ia i?eioeeiiai ??cieo
i?aeeeaaeeao.

AIEEA ACA?IIAe?? IA ?IIII-AEAEO?IIIO I?IA?AeI?NOUe NEEAAeIEO
OAEUeEIAAI?Ae?A OA EAACEA?IA?IEO NENOAI

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aca?iiae?? ia ?iiii-aeaeo?iiio i?ia?aei?noue
neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a.

Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaea a.?.n. aaeueaai?/ieo aeaiaio?a oeio

(-)Tl(aeaeo?ie?o (Tl+)(Tl2X(+) (X — Se,Te)
(4)

oa

(-)Tl2Te(aeaeo?ie?o (Te2-)(Te(+)
(5)

?c canoinoaaiiyi ?icoiieaieo aaoaeoee LiCl — KCl ye iniiae aeaeo?ie?oo
oa aeiaaaie TlCl aai Li2Te aecia/ai? aeoeaiino? oae?th oa
oaeueeiaaio (oaeo?) o ?icoiieaieo oaeueeiaai?aeao. Aaee/eie xTl
noaiiaeyoue (3,7 ( 10,1)10-4 oa (7,4 ( 16,1)10-3 aeey ?icoii?a Tl2Se oa
Tl2Te a?aeiia?aeii, o oie /an ye xTe noaiiaeoue eeoa a?ey (10-9. Oea ?
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi aeainooiaiaai? noaie oa?i?/ii? aeenioe?aoe?? niieoe :

Tl2X ( Tl + TlX ( 2 Tl + X.
(6)

Aeaaaeaii ??aiyiiy caeaaeiino? aeaeo?iiii? neeaaeiai? i?ia?aeiino? a?ae
ai?noo iaoaeaaiai oae?th o ?icoii? oaeueeiaai?aeo ? ni?inoiaaii oaco i?i
aeii?oeiaee oa?aeoa? i?ia?aeiino? ianoao?iiao?e/ieo niieoeo o ?icoii?.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ia?aiao?e ?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino? ?icoii?a iie?oaeueeiaai?ae?a
iao??th

(nenoaie Na2O — X)

, lg e0ae

e e? eae

eAeae/iieue

Na2S2 778 1.86 1.67 0.19 89.6 5.7 -0.3

Na2S4 583 0.30 0.28 0.02 93.3 53.8 3.1

Na2Te2 873 3.60 1.16 2.42 32.3 29.9 2.1

Na2Te4 873 20.3 0.88 19.4 3.9 43.2 3.7

Iaoiaeaie aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? eiiaeoeoiiao??? oa ?iiiiai ia?aiino
aecia/aii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ?iiiith e? oa aeaeo?iiiith eae
neeaaeiaeie i?ia?aeiino? e ?icoii?a nenoai Na2O — X (X — S, Te)
(oaae.1).

oa lg e0ae aeaco? ia ia?ao?aeiee a?ae ia?aaaaeii ciiiiai (aeey Na2X4)
aei iiey?iiiiai (Na2X2) iaoai?ci aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino?.

Ui noino?oueny neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oeio oaeueeiaa?iaiao?a oa
oaeueeinoaiao?a (oaae.2), oi ia?aaaaeath/ei aeey a?eueoino? c ieo ?
ciiiee iaoai?ci aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino?. I?e oeueiio ?iiia /anoea
i?ia?aeiino? ? cia/iith , a aeey aeayeeo c ieo aeinyaa? 90% ? a?eueoa
iiaeeco oaiia?aoo? oiieaiiy . Cia/aiiy (i aeey neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a
oae?th ? cia/ii aeueie, a eae — iii?oii ieae/eie, i?ae aeey i?inoeo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th. Oeae oaeo iiynith?oueny aieeaii o?i?/ii?
aca?iiae?? i?ae eiiiiiaioaie neeaaeiiai oaeueeiaai?aea ia ??aiiaaao
oa?i?/ii? aeenioe?aoe??.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ia?aiao?e ?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino? ?icoii?a oaeueeiaa?iaiao?a oa
oaeueeinoaiao?a oae?th i?e 873 E

, lg e0ae

Niieoea e eI eae

eAeae/iieue

Tl4GeS4 0.762 0.649 0.113 85 46.5 1.8

Tl2GeS3 0.455 0.387 0.068 85 72.6 3.2

Tl2Ge2S5 0.194 0.140 0.054 72 52.5 2.9

Tl4GeSe4 0.989 0.535 0.454 54 68.7 3.5

Tl2GeSe3 0.794 0.320 0.474 40 85.5 5.2

Tl2Ge2Se5 0.352 0.064 0.288 18 74.6 4.2

Tl4SnS4 0.978 0.659 0.319 67 40.1 1.9

Tl2SnS3 0.794 0.424 0.151 77 53.5 2.4

Tl4SnSe3 1.53 0.45 1.08 30 85.9 5.2

Tl2SnSe3 1.74 0.33 1.41 19 75.0 4.6

Ai?iiia (S ia Se) oa eao?iiia (Ge ia Sn) cai?ia ia aaae/ee aiaeia
i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy eae oa ciaioaiiy (i, oi/a ?? aieea ia ei ia ?
iaeiicia/iei. Aiaeia?/iee oa?aeoa? aieeao eao?iiii? oa ai?iiii? cai?ie
ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?iiii? oa aeaeo?iiii? neeaaeiaeo i?ia?aeiino? ia?
i?noea o aeiaaeeo neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oeio oaeueeioi?iaeae.
Oa?aeoa?iei ? cia/iee aieea ia eae oa (i ia o?eueee c aieo
aioo??oiueinoa?iiai eao?iio (Ga, In) aai ai?iio (S, Se), aea e
ciai?oiueinoa?iiai eao?iio. Niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia c?inoaiiy eae oa
a?aeiia?aeia ciaioaiiy (i i?e cai?i? iaoaeo o ?yae? Zn — Eu — Mn aeey
?iae??aeo noeueoioi?iaeae, ui iia’ycaia c iniaeeainoyie aeaeo?iiii?
aoaeiae a?aeiia?aeieo ?ii?a iaoae?a.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi aieea aca?iiae?? ia ia?aiao?e
?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino? eaacea?ia?ieo nenoai noeueo?ae?a aeayeeo
p-, d-, f- iaoae?a (a naia Tl2S — SnS, Tl2S — Sb2S3, Tl2S — Cu2S, Tl2S
— Ag2S, Sb2S3 — Cu2S, Sb2S3 — Ag2S). O caaaeaieo nenoaiao
niinoa??aa?oueny iaaia ei?aeyoe?y i?ae ci?iith ia?aiao??a
?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino? ?c neeaaeii oa oa?aeoa?ii ae?aa?aie noaio
a?aeiia?aeii? nenoaie. Oae, ia ?cioa?iao aeanoea?noue-neeaae nenoaie
Tl2S — Sb2S3 aeyaeaii /?oe? aeno?aioie : i?i?ioi ia ?cioa?i? eae oa
iaeneioi ia ?cioa?i? (i, ui ca neeaaeii a?aeiia?aeathoue aeineoue
i?oei?e niieooe? TlSbS2 ia ae?aa?ai? noaio cacia/aii? nenoaie Tl2S —
Sb2S3 (?en.1).

?en. 1. ?cioa?ie neeaae — aeanoeaino? ?icoii?a nenoaie Tl2S — Sb2S3 i?e
823 E: 1 — ?iiia /anoea i?ia?aeiino?, 2 — ?iiia neeaaeiaa
i?ia?aeiino?; 3 — aeaeo?iiia neeaaeiaa i?ia?aeiino?.

Oaeei /eiii, aeeaiea o?i?/ia aca?iiae?y i?ae eiiiiiaioaie cacia/aii?
nenoaie iicia/a?oueny ia ia?aiao?ao ?? ?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino?.
Oa ae naia noino?oueny nenoaie Tl2S — Ag2S, a ye?e ooai?th?oueny oe?ea
iecea niieoe. Oi/a Tl2S oa Ag2S o ?icoiieaiiio noai? ? ia?aaaaeii
aeaeo?iiieie i?ia?aeieeaie, ?icoiie eaacea?ia?ii? nenoaie ?c cacia/aieie
noeueo?aeaie aeyaeythoueny i?ia?aeieeaie ?c cia/iith ?iiiith neeaaeiaith
i?ia?aeiino?. ?iiia /anoea i?ia?aeiino? aeinyaa? a iecueeioaiia?aoo?i?e
iaeano? cia/aiue iiiaae 90%, iii?oii ciaiooth/enue ca S-iiae?aiith
caeaaei?noth i?e i?aeaeuaii? oaiia?aoo?e.

O ?icoiiao nenoaie Tl2S — Cu2S a?aeaoaa?oueny, noaey/e c ia?aiao??a
aeaeo?iiii? neeaaeiai? i?ia?aeiino? (oaae.3), iinooiiaa ci?ia iaoai?cio
inoaiiuei? a?ae eaaceciiiiai aei no?eaeiaiai. Inoaii?e, i/aaeaeii
iaoiiaeaiee aeieeiaiiyi ??ciiaaeaioieo noai?a oae?th ? i?ae? ca noaiith
:

Tl2S + TlCuS ( 2Tl + TlCuS2
(7) aai

Tl2S + TlCuS ( 2 Tl + CuS
(8)

Oaaeeoey 3

Ia?aiao?e aeaeo?iiii? neeaaeiai? i?ia?aeiino? ?icoii?a nenoaie Tl2S —
Cu2S (773 E)

, eAeae/iieue 62.7 59.1 51.5 36.5 30.2 20.9 17.6 14.6 8.8

lg e 0ae 4.84 4.52 3.85 2.85 2.56 2.30 1.40 2.23 1.73

Ei?aeyoe?y i?ae oa?aeoa?ii ?cioa?i ia?aiao??a ?iiii-aeaeo?iiii?
i?ia?aeiino? oa ae?aa?ai noaio eaacea?ia?ieo nenoai Tl2S — SnS, Tl2S —
Cu2S oa Tl2S — Ag2S (?en.2) ? aeineoue iaiaeiicia/iith. Oae,
aeno?aiaeuei? oi/ee ia ae?aa?aiao noaio (aaoaeoeea ? niieoea) /anoi, aea
ia caaaeaee, aeyaeythoueny ia ?cioa?iao aeanoeainoae (oa e oi ia ia
an?o) ; ?, iaaiaee, ia aeayeeo c ?cioa?i c’yaeythoueny aeno?aioie, yeei
ia a?aeiia?aeathoue aoaeue-ye? iniaeea? oi/ee ia ae?aa?aiao noaio. Oea ?
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi neeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o aca?iiae?? o ?icoiiao cacia/aieo
eaacea?ia?ieo nenoai oa ?? aieeao ia ?iiii-aeaeo?iiio i?ia?aei?noue.

?en.2. ?cioa?ie neeaae — aeanoeaino? ?icoii?a nenoaie Tl2S — Ag2S i?e
723 E:

1 — aeaeo?ii?ia?aei?noue, 2 — ?iiia /anoea, 3 — ?iiia neeaaeiaa, 4 —
aeaeo?iiia neeaaeiaa i?ia?aeiino?.

Aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c ?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino?
eaacea?ia?ieo nenoai ia iniia? Sb2S3 oa noeueo?ae?a d-, f — iaoae?a
(eoi?oi, a?aaiooi, ?a?ii?e) na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue neeueii? o?i?/ii?
aca?iiae?? i?ae eiiiiiaioaie, ui aeyaey?oueny ? a ?icoiieaiiio noai?.
Oi/a ia niinoa??aa?oueny oe?eeiaeoi? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae ?cioa?iaie
aeanoeainoae oa ae?aa?aiaie noaio a?aeiia?aeieo nenoai, iayai?noue
aeno?aioi?a ia ?cioa?iao ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi neacaiiai aeua.
Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth on?o nenoai ? caa?aaeaiiy ciiiiai iaoai?cio
aeaeo?iiii? neeaaeiai?, i?eoaiaiiai noeueo?aeo noea?th, aeey on?o nenoai
ia eiai iniia?.

sseui ii??aithaaoe a?aeiiniee aieea ia ia?aiao?e i?ia?aeiino? ?icoii?a
nenoai ia iniia? Sb2S3 c aieo noeueo?aeo ?ioiai iaoaeo, oi iiaeia
a?aecia/eoe eiai cieaeaiiy o ?yae? Tl2S — Ag2S — EuS — Cu2S, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i iineaaeaiiy aca?iiae?? i?ae eiiiiiaioaie a?aeiia?aeieo
eaacea?ia?ieo nenoai.

Oinoee ?icae?e noino?oueny aea/aiiy aieeao aca?iiae?? ia
?iiii-aeaeo?iiio i?ia?aei?noue oa aeaeo?io?i?/i? aeanoeaino? ?icoii?a
oaeueeiaai?ae-aaeiaai?aeieo nenoai. Iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i ci?io
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aeaeo?iiiith oa ?iiiith neeaaeiaeie ?c c?inoaiiyi
ai?noo aaoa?iiiey?ii? aeiaaaee aeey nenoai Tl2S(Tl2Se) — TlCl(TlI) oa
Ag2S — AgCl. Oa?aeoa?iei aeey on?o cacia/aieo nenoai ? c?inoaiiy ?iiii?
/anoee i?ia?aeiino? (? aiaeii/an iaae?iiy caaaeueii? i?ia?aeiino?) ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi ai?noo aaeiaai?aeo iaoaeo ca S-iiae?aieie caeaaeiinoyie.

I?e iaaiiio ai?no? aaeiaai?aeo iaoaeo ia cacia/aieo caeaaeiinoyo
aeyaeythoueny aeno?aiaeuei? oi/ee, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue
aca?iiae?? i?ae oaeueeiaai?aeii oa aaeiaai?aeii iaoaeo c ooai?aiiyi
oaeueeiaai?ae?a. Cie?aia, /?oe? iaeneioie ia ?cioa?iao ?iiii? /anoee
i?ia?aeiino? nenoai Tl2X — TlI(O-S, Se) i?e 80 iie.% TlI
a?aeiia?aeathoue ooai?aiith niieoee neeaaeo Tl6XI4.

Iniaeeai ea?aeeiaeuei? ci?ie o oa?aeoa?? i?ia?aeiino? — a?ae
iaoaeiiiae?aiiai aei ?iiiiai — a?aeaoaathoueny o nenoai? Ag2S — AgCl.
Aeaeo?ii?ia?aei?noue o oe?e nenoai? cieaeo?oueny a?ae nioaiue aei
iaeeieoeue Ni/ni, o oie /an ye ?? ?iiia /anoea c?inoa? a?ae iaeeieoeue
aei aeanyoe?a a?aenioe?a. I?e oeueiio a?aeaoaa?oueny ye?nia ci?ia
oa?aeoa?o ?o oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae (?en.3).

C’yniaaii iaoai?ci i?ioeano ?ic/eiaiiy i?inoeo ? neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a o ?icoiiao aaeiaai?ae?a eoaeieo iaoae?a (LiCl, KCl,
LiCl — KCl, LiF — LiCl — LiBr). Anoaiiaeaii, ui o nenoai? Li2S — (LiCl —
KCl) a?aeaoaa?oueny ?aaeoe?y ?iiiiai iai?io ca noaiith :

2KCl + Li2S ( K2S + 2LiCl
(9)

(?icoii) (e?eno.) (e?eno.) (?icoii)

Oeae aeniiaie i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ye iai?yieie aeaieie
(aeaeo?ii?ia?aei?noue, oaiia?aoo?a oiieaiiy), oae ? i?yiei aecia/aiiyi
ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo noeueo?aeii? ? nieueiai? oac nenoaie. Aiaeia?/i?
?aaeoe?? iathoue i?noea ? i?e ?ic/eiaii? a?ia?ieo noeueo?ae?a p-, d-
iaoae?a (Al, Cu, Fe, Ti) o ?icoii? aaoaeoeee LiF — LiCl — LiBr. Neeueia
aca?iiae?y a?aeaoaa?oueny oaeiae i?ae a?ia?ieie oa neeaaeieie
oaeueeiaai?aeaie, c iaeiiai aieo, oa ?icoiiii KCl — c ae?oaiai.

Aiane?aeie aca?iiae?? nieueiaee ?icoii caaaa/o?oueny, a aeo?aeiee
oaeueeiaai?ae ca?aeith?oueny ia ciai?oiueinoa?i? eao?iie (Zn2+, Cd2+,
Eu2+), a c ?ioiai aieo, inaae caaaa/o?oueny ia aioo??oiueinoa?i? eao?iie
(Ga3+, In3+), a oaeiae oaeueeiaai. Oeae i?ioean, ye ? o iiia?aaei?o
aeiaaeeao, i/aaeaeii, iia’ycaiee ?c ?aaeoe?yie ?iiiiai ii?io i?ae
oaeueeiaai?aeii oa nieueiaei ?icoiiii. Oae, aeey oeeie-?iae??ai?
noeueoioi?iae? iiaeeeaith noaiith aca?iiae?? iiaea aooe ianooiia :

(10)

Eaoiaei? ? aiiaei? iiey?ia?aie oaeueeiaai?ae-aaeiaai?aeieo ?icoii?a
iathoue oa?aeoa?iee aeey ?iiii-aeaeo?iiieo i?ia?aeiee?a S-iiae?aiee
aeaeyae. Caeeoeia? no?oie aeaeo?iiii? i?e?iaee ciaioothoueny ?c
c?inoaiiyi ai?noo aaoa?iiiey?ii? aeiaaaee (aaeiaai?aeo iaoaeo) oa
cieaeaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e. Oa ae noino?oueny iioaioe?aeo eaoiaeo,
aaniethoia cia/aiiy yeiai oaae c?inoa?. Oea ocaiaeaeo?oueny ?c
??aiyiiyi, aeaaaeaiei o aeai?e ?iaio? aeey iioaioe?aeo eaoiaeo aeey
nenoaie Tl2Se — TlI:

, (11)

— ?ic/eii?noue oae?th,

— aeoeai?noue oae?th o ?icoii? nenoaie.

Iecuee? cia/aiiy a?aie/ieo no?oi?a aeeooc?eii? i?e?iaee ia aiiaeieo
iiey?ia?aiao nenoaie TlCl — Tl2Te na?ae/aoue i?i iayai?noue o ?icoii?
iaei?ooeeaeo iieaeoe neeaaeo Tl6TeCl4 aai i?iaeoeo?a ?o aeaeo?ie?oe/ii?
aeenioe?aoe??.

ACA?IIAe?ss OA IIOE*I? AEANOEAINO? NEEAAeIEO OAEUeEIAAI?Ae?A

?icae?e nueiiee i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao aca?iiae?? ia iioe/i?
aeanoeaino? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa noeueoiooi?eae?a o
iie?e?enoae?/iiio, neeiiiae?aiiio oa oiieiie?aeiaiio noaiao.

Ei?ioeioaeeueiao iaaeo iaeano? iioe/ii? i?ici?ino? aecia/aee ?c niaeo??a
aeeoociiai a?aeaeooy neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe
iii?oiee aieea ai?iiii? ? (a iaio?e i???) eao?iiii? cai?ie ia aaae/ee
aiaeia ia iieiaeaiiy (1, a naia, ?? cnoa o aeiaaioaeeueiaee ae?aiacii.
Aeiyoie noaiiaeyoue eeoa neeaaei? oaeueeiaai?aee ?a?ii?th (??), eoi?oio
? a?aaiooio (oaae.4). Aeey a?eueoino? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a aaee/eia
(1 ? aaeeoeaiith ii a?aeiioaiith aei a?aeiia?aeiiai ia?aiao?a a?ia?ieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a. O aeiaaeeo oaeueeioi?iaeae ?a?ii?th(??)
niinoa??aathoueny cia/i? a?ae’?ii?, a aeey oaeueeiaai?ae?a CuSbS2,
EuSb2S4 oa MnIn2S4 — aeiaeaoi? a?aeoeeaiiy (1 a?ae aaeeoeaiino?, ui
iiynith?oueny noaa?e?caoe??th aai aeanoaa?e?caoe??th aaeaioieo noai?a
iaoae?a o neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?aeao.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iioe/iee e?eoa??e i??e noaa?e?caoe?? aaeaioiiai noaio, a
naia, aaee/eia ((1 / (1 , aea ((1 — aaee/eia a?inio?iiiiai cnoao. Oeae
e?eoa??e aoei aeei?enoaii ? aeey ioe?iee nooiaiy aca?iiae?? i?ae
eiiiiiaioaie o noeueoiooi?eaeao ?CA. Eiai cia/aiiy noaiiaeyoue 7-36% a
caeaaeiino? a?ae i?e?iaee iaoaeo; iaea?eueoeo cia/aiue oeae ia?aiao?
nyaa? aeey noeueoiooi?eae?a aeaiaio?a na?aaeeie eaioai?aeiiai ?yaeo
(Nd(Dy), ui iaoiiaeaia iniaeeainoyie aoaeiae f- i?ae??aiy aeaiaioa.

Oaaeeoey 4

Ei?ioeioaeeueiaa iaaea iaeanoae i?ici?ino? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a
oeio oi?iae? ca aeaieie niaeo?ineii?? aeeoociiai a?aeaeooy

Oi?ioea (1, Iioe/ia oe?eia caai?iiaii? ciie, aA

oaeueeiaai?aeo iei MI(2O4 IO I(2O3

ZnIn2S4 0.48 2.58 3.58 2.18

ZnIn2Se4 0.73 1.70 2.53 1.35

CdGa2Se4 0.64 1.94 1.71 1.97

CdIn2S4 0.55 2.24 2.31 2.18

CdIn2Se4 0.80 1.55 1.71 1.35

MnIn2S4 0.72 1.72 3.5 2.18

MnIn2Se4 0.80 1.55 2.5 1.35

EuGa2S4 0.50 2.48 1.72 2.5

EuGa2Se4 0.50 2.48 1.91 1.97

EuIn2S4 0.52 2.38 1.72 2.18

EuIn2Se4 0.54 2.30 1.91 1.35

EuSb2S4 0.87 1.43 1.72 1.61

Iieiaeaiiy aeiaaioaeeueiai? iaae? ((2) iaeano? i?ici?ino? aecia/a?oueny
aaeaioieie eieeaaiiyie iaea?eueo aei?noeiai ca’yceo Me — O, ooai?aiiai
iaeeaaoeie /anoeieaie. Oa?aeoa?enoeee ?*-niaeo??a i?iioneaiiy neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th i p-, d — iaoae?a, a oaeiae oaeueeioi?iaeae
iaaaaeai? o oaae.5.

(a ioaea ? (2) cai?iiiiiaaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy :

,
(12)

— aeiaaeeia ca’yceo,

(i-o — iaaaaeaia iana ca’yceo iaoae-oaeueeiaai,

B — aeayea noaea, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae oeio oaeueeiaai?aeo.

Oaaeeoey 5

Oa?aeoa?enoeee ?* — niaeo??a i?iioneaiiy neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oeio
oaeueeioi?iaeae

,iei (iaen.,ni-1 (2,iei

Zn2GeS4 456 21.9 475 21.1

Zn2GeSe4 340 29.4 355 28.2

ZnIn2S4 350 28.6 405 24.7

ZnIn2Se4 220 45.5 305 37.7

CdIn2S4 325 30.8 410 24.4

CdIn2Se4 220 45.5 305 38.5

CdGa2Se4 267 37.5 295 33.9

MnIn2S4 360 27.8 400 25.0

MnIn2Se4 230 43.5 295 35.1

EuGa2S4 390 25.6 430 23.3

EuGa2Se4 265 37.7 300 39.2

EuIn2S4 345 29.0 400 25.0

EuIn2Se4 225 44.4 300 33.2

YbIn2S4 320 31.3 390 25.6

YbIn2Se4 230 43.5 295 37.7

ZnIn2S2Se2 355 28.2 400 25.0

EuIn2S2Se2 335 29.9 375 26.7

Oa?aeoa?i? ei?aeyoe?ei? caeaaeiino?, i?aaenoaaeai? ia ?en.4, na?ae/aoue
i?i a??i?noue aeaaaeaiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy.Aeyaeaii cia/iee aieea noaio,
o yeiio ia?aaoaa? oaeueeiaai?ae, ia eiai iioe/i? aeanoeaino?. Oae i?e
ia?aoiae? o neeiiiae?aiee noai niinoa??aa?oueny ?icieooy ?* niaeo??a
i?iioneaiiy, ye? iaaoaathoue aeaeyae e?eaeo c oe?ieeie nioaaie
iiaeeiaiiy cai?noue /?oeeo i?e?a. Ua a?ae/ooi?o? ci?ie iioe/ieo
aeanoeainoae i?e oeueiio a?aeaoaathoueny o ei?ioeioaeeueiaiio ae?aiacii?
a iaeano? ooaeaiaioaeueiiai iiaeeiaiiy. Aeey neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a
oa c?ace?a nenoai, ui neeothoueny, niinoa??aa?oueny iii?oiee
aaoio?iiiee cnoa (1 ii??aiyii c e?enoae?/ieie iaoa??aeaie, ui noaiiaeoue
20-60%. I?e oeueiio a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia eieuei?o ?a/iaeie (c aeiaoiai
ia /a?aiiee oiui). Iaecia/i?oee aaoio?iiiee cnoa aeyaeythoue nenoaie c
iaeaeuith caeaoi?noth aei neeiooai?aiiy, iai?eeeaae GeS2 — Sb2S3 (30
iie.%). Oaeei /eiii, aaee/eio ((1 / (1, iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey
ye?nii? ioe?iee neeoth/i? caeaoiino? neeaaeiiai oaeueeiaai?aeo aai
iaa?oue ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? neeiiiae?aiiai noaio.

Anoaiiaeaii oa?aeoa? aieeao aeii?oie ia iioe/i? aeanoeaino? aaaeeeaiai
aeey ?* iioeee iaoa??aeo — naeai?aeo oeeieo. Iieacaii ei?aeyoe?th i?ae
ai?noii aeii?oie, aenieioaiia?aoo?iith aeaeo?ii?ia?aei?noth c?ace?a oa
iioe/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iaoa??aeo o iie?e?enoae?/iiio ?
oiieiie?aeiaiio noaiao. Iieaciee iiaeeiaiiy ie?aie ZnSe ia i?aeeeaaeoe?
c aa?iai?th nyaa? (1,3-1,7) 10 -2, c?inoath/e ?c ca?eueoaiiyi noia?iiai
ai?noo aeii?oie o aeo?aeiiio iaoa??ae?.

?en.4. Ei?aeyoe?ei? caeaaeiino? aeiaaioaeeueiai? iaae? iaeanoae

i?ici?ino? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a

ACA?IICA’ssCIE OA?I?*IEO, AEAEO?II?A?AOe?EIEO OA IIOE*IEO AEANOEAINOAE

, aea ??ae — aaeeoeaia aaee/eia ?ae ?aeaaeueiiai ?ic/eio eiiiiiaio?a.

Oaaeeoey 6

Oa?iiaeeiai?/i? aeanoeaino? oa ia?aiao?e ?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino?
?icoii?a neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a

Ni/ni Ni/ni

CuSbS2 -9 -1.5 -0.3 873 1.06 4.74 18

AgSbS2 24.6 4.1 8.2 873 1.51 0.15 91

TlCuS 1.0 0.5 1.0 673 0.59 5.3 10

TlAgS 14.0 7.0 14.0 673 0.86 0.09 91

Tl2GeS3 18.0 3.0 9.0 793 0.30 0.03 92

Tl2SnS3 96.0 16.0 48.0 773 0.29 0.08 82

TlSbS2 29.0 7.3 29.0 823 0.54 0.03 95

Tl2GeSe3 52.8 8.8 26.4 693 0.18 0.05 78

) a?ae??ciythoueny iecueeeie cia/aiiyie ?ae oa aenieeie (i (TlSbS2,
Tl4GeS4, ZnIn2S4, EuGa2S4), ? iaaiaee (Tl2SnSe3, MnIn2Se4, CdIn2Se4).

Anoaiiaeaii caaaeueiee oa?aeoa? caeaaeiinoae ?ae oa (? a?ae neeaaeo
oaeueeiaai?ae — aaeiaai?aeieo nenoai, iaa?oioiaaii S-iiae?aiee oa?aeoa?
caeaaeiinoae ? aecia/aii eii?aeeiaoe oi/ie ia?aaeio. Ia i?eeeaae?
iiaeaeueii? nenoaie neaaeiaca?iiae?th/eo noeueo?ae?a Tl2S — Na2S aoei
iieacaii i?eaeaoi?noue cacia/aieo i?aeoiae?a aeey ioe?iee (? c ?cioa?i
aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino?. Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea aeaaaeaieo
caeaaeiinoae, cie?aia aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino? o oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae?
neeaae?a nenoai Tl(Ag)2X — Tl(Ag)A(X — S, A — Cl, I) aeyaeea iaai?
a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae iiaeaeueieo oyaeaiue. Oae, e?i?eiee oa?aeoa?
caeaaeiinoae ln?ae = ((g), aea g- iiey?ia /anoea aea?aaeaioo
aaoa?iiiey?ii? aeiaaaee, caa??aa?oueny oi/ ? o aeineoue oe?ieiio, aea ia
a onueiio ?ioa?aae? neeaae?a nenoai (?en.5).

?en.5. Iai?aeiaa?eoi?/i? caeaaeiino? aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino? a?ae

neeaaeo nenoai M2X — MA: 1 — Ag2S — AgCl, 2 — Tl2Se — TlI, 3 — Tl2S —
TlI,

4 — Tl2S — TlCl

I?e iaaiiio ai?no? aaoa?iiiey?ii? aeiaaaee niinoa??aathoueny aeineoue
cia/i? aeiaeaoi? a?aeoeeaiiy cacia/aieo caeaaeiinoae (? iaa?oue
iaeneioie aai ieaoi — “eiaeee”). Ai?no aaeiaai?aea, i?e yeiio
ii/eiathoueny cacia/ai? a?aeoeeaiiy, ci?ith?oueny a ?ae 50 iie.% TlCl
(nenoaia Tl2S — TlCl) aei 80 iie.% AgCl (nenoaia Ag2S — AgCl), oiaoi
caeaaeeoue a?ae i?e?iaee nenoaie. Oea yaeua iiyniaii ia aac? oyaeaiue
i?i ci?io iaoai?cio aeaeo?iiiiai ia?aiino c ciiiiai ia iiey?iiiee i?e
c?inoaii? aaoa?iiiey?iino? na?aaeiaeua. Anoaiiaeaii “e?eoe/i?” cia/aiiy
aaoa?iiiey?iino? (-(H = 80-90 eAeae/aea), i?e aeinyaiaii? yeeo
ii/eia?oueny caaaeaia ci?ia iaoai?cio. Aeyaeaii aieea ci?ie
aaoa?iiiey?iino? ?icoiio ia o?ainoi?iaoe?th ia o?eueee aeaeo?iiii?, a e
?iiii? neeaaeiai? i?ia?aeiino?, yeee ae?aaea?oueny o iii?oiiio cieaeaii?
?ooeeaino? ?ii?a.

IAI?ssIEE I?AEOE*IIAI CANOINOAAIIss

Aeaa’yoee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aena?oeaiith aeayeeo iiaeeeaeo iai?yie?a
i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a, oaeueeiaai?aeieo ?
oaeueeiaai?ae-aaeiaai?aeieo nenoai.

Aeyaeaii caeaoi?noue a?ia?ieo ? neeaaeieo noeueo?ae?a oae?th ? p-, d-
iaoae?a aei ci?ie iii?o o neaaeiio aeaeo?e/iiio iie?. Aoei
anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aeiinia oaeaee?noue iaae?iiy iii?o (oiaoi
ae?aaeai?noue iae?i?eiiai aoaeoo) aecia/a?oueny ?iiiith /anoeith oa
?ic/eii?noth iaoaeo o oaeueeiaai?ae? :

,
(13)

, s — aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e.

Ioaea, an? oaeoi?e, ui aeeeeeathoue c?inoaiiy ?iiii? /anoee oa ciaioaiiy
?ic/eiiino? iaoaeo o ?icoii?, ni?eyoeiooue iae?i?eiiio aoaeoia?. Oeth
oaco i?aeoaa?aeaeaii o ?icoiiao neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a aai
eaacea?ia?ieo nenoai. C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui ?icoiie nenoai Tl2S — SnS
oa Tl2S — Cu2S iaaiiai neeaaeo ? ia?niaeoeaieie ?acenoeaieie iaoa??aeaie
neaaeiai iiey, ine?eueee iathoue cia/ii (o aeae?eueea ?ac?a) aeu?
ia?aiao?e iae?i?eiino? ii??aiyii c ?icoiiaie Tl2S. Ua a?eueo iacae/io
iiaaae?ieo aeyaeythoue ?icoiie nenoaie Tl2S — Ag2S, ye? caeaoi? aei
oaeaeeiai iai?ioiiai ia?aieeaiiy c aenieiiiiiai o iecueeiiiiee noai i?ae
ae??th iaaeneaaeiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey. Oae? nenoaie iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? ia?aieea/?a aai ?iaeeeaoi??a iaaeneaaeiai
iiey.

Aeaye? ?c neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th oa p-iaoae?a (TlSbS2,
oaeueeiaa?iaiaoe oae?th), a oaeiae a?eueo?noue oaeueeioi?iaeae aeyaeee
caeaoi?noue aei eiia?oaioiiai aeia?iaoaaiiiy oa ooai?aiiy oiieiie?aeiaeo
iie?eoue ?c caaeia?eueiith aaeaac??th oa aeinoaoiuei? oiaueie a?ey 1
iei. ?ic?aoiaai? cia/aiiy iieacieea caeiieaiiy ie?aie noaiiaeyoue
2,5(2,9 a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?e?iaee oaeueeiaai?aea o iie?eoo?. O
ii?aeiaii? ?c aenieith i?ici??noth o aeaeaeiio ?* ae?aiacii? oeae oaeo
?iaeoue neeaaei? oaeueeiaai?aee ia?niaeoeaieie ie?aeiooai?thth/eie
iaoa??aeaie aeey ?* iioeee. *anoeia c cacia/aieo iaoa??ae?a i?ieoea
oni?oia aei?iaoaaiiy ia ee?iaoe/io oa oa?i?/io no?ee?noue oiieiie?aeiaeo
iie?eoue. Aeine?aei? c?acee ie?aieie ia?o?yie iinoa/aeeny i?ia?aeiei
oeaio?ai c iioe/iiai i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy Oe?a?ie oa ?in?enueei?
Oaaea?aoe??.

Oaeueeiaai?ae-aaeiaai?aei? nenoaie ia aac? KCl aeyaeeeny aoaeoeaieie i?e
neioac? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a, ui iathoue aenie? oaiia?aoo?e
oiieaiiy. Oae, o nieueiaiio ?icoii?-?ic/ei? oni?oii neioaciaai? oaa?aeee
?ic/ei ZnS — ZnSe eoa?/ii? no?oeoo?e, oaeueeioi?iae? CdIn2S4, ZnIn2Se4,
ZnGa2Se4 a oaeiae CdIn2S2Se2.. O?eaae?noue neioaco ca oeei niiniaii
cieaeo?oueny o aeae?eueea ?ac?a ii??aiyii c iaoiaeii i?yiiai neioaco c
i?inoeo ?a/iaei. Iieacaii aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeo ia?iaee o nieueiaeo
?icoiiao (NaCl — KCl, NaCl — KCl + NaOH, BiF3) aeey aeeaieiai i/euaiiy
aaaeeeaiai iioe/iiai iaoa??aeo — naeai?aeo oeeieo — a?ae ?*-o?iiioi?ieo
aeii?oie, cie?aia SiO2. Ai?no aeii?oie SiO2 i?ney ia?iaee o nieueiaeo
?icoiiao ciaioo?oueny o 2(10 ?ac?a, ui ni?ey? cia/iiio iie?ioaiith
iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo.

AENIIAEE

?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeiiai iia?, a oaeiae aaeineiiaeai? iaoiaee neioaco
a?ia?ieo ? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a s-, p-, d-, f- iaoae?a, a oaeiae
nenoai ia ?o aac? : neioac c eiiaeoeoiiao?e/iei eiio?ieai (Tl — S),
neioac c aeicaoi?ii ?icoiio (Na — S), ceioac ?c canoinoaaiiyi
aeaiciiiiai ?aaeoi?o oa noeueo?aeo a?naio ye noeueo?aeoth/iai aaaioo
(Ln2S3), neioac o nieueiaeo ?icoiiao ye ?aeoe?eiiio na?aaeiaeu?
(oaeueeioi?iae? oeio MM(2X4) .

?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen iiaeo aeaeo?io?ce/ieo oa aeaeo?io?i?/ieo iaoiae?a
(aenieioaiia?aoo?i? eiiaeoeoiiao??y, ?iiiee ia?aiin, aeaeo?ie?c,
aeaeo?i?oo?eieo nee aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo eaioetha?a,iiey?ia?ao?y) aeey
aea/aiiy oaeueeiaai?aeieo nenoai oa iaa?oioiaaii oiiae ?o canoinoaaiiy
aeey oaeueeiaai?ae-aaeiaai?aeieo nenoai, aeaaaeaii caaaeuei?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey eiaeiiai c iaoiae?a oa ?o aca?iica’yceo.

Iieacaii i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue eiiieaeniiai canoinoaaiiy iioe/ieo
iaoiae?a (aeaeo?iiia niaeo?ineii?y i?iioneaiiy oa aeeoociiai a?aeaeooy,
eieeaaeueia niaeo?ineii?y) aeey aea/aiiy aeanoeainoae iaoa??ae?a ia aac?
neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a o iie?e?enoae?/iiio oa neeiiiae?aiiio noaiao.

Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo a.?.n. aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo aeaeo?io?i?/ieo
eaioetha?a oia?oa anoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae aeaeo?io?ce/ieie oa
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieie ia?aiao?aie ?icoii?a Tl2Se oa Tl2Te, a oaeiae
nooiaiaaee oa?aeoa? ?o oa?i?/ii? aeenioe?aoe??.

Iaoiaeaie aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? eiiaeoeoiiao??? oa ?iiiai ia?aiino
anoaiiaeaii ia?aiao?e ?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino? ?icoii?a nenoai
iao??e-oaeueeiaai (n??ea, oaeo?), neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th ? p-
iaoae?a (aa?iai?e, noaioi), a oaeiae oaeueeioi?iaeae oeeieo, eaaei?th,
iaiaaio, ?a?ii?th, ?oa?a?th. Aeyaeaii aieea eao?iiii? oa ai?iiii? cai?ie
iaoaeo oa oaeueeiaaio ia aaae/ee aiaeia ia cacia/ai? ia?aiao?e oa
anoaiiaeaii caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? oaeiai aieeao.

Iaoiaeaie aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? eiiaeoeoiiao??? oa ?iiiiai ia?aiino
aea/aii oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? o eaacea?ia?ieo nenoaiao noeueo?ae
oae?th-noeueo?aee p-, d- iaoae?a (noaioi, noea?e, eoi?oi, a?aaiooi),
noeueo?ae noea?th-noeueo?aee d-, f- iaoae?a (eoi?oi, a?aaiooi, ?a?ii?e
? oa?a?e) o oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? oa neeaae?a. Anoaiiaeaii
iayai?noue iaaieo ei?aeyoe?e i?ae ae?aa?aiaie noaio oa oa?aeoa?ii
?cioa?i ia?aiao??a ?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino? ?icoii?a, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i caa?aaeaiiy iaaii? /anoee neeaaeieo noeueo?ae?a e o
?icoiieaiiio noai?.

Anoaiiaeaii caaaeueiee aieea aaoa?iiiey?ii? aeiaaaee ia i?e?iaeo
i?ia?aeiino? oa aeaeo?io?i?/i? i?ioeane o nenoaiao noeueo?ae
oae?th-oei?eae oae?th, oaeo?eae oae?th- oei?eae oae?th, noeueo?ae
a?aaiooio — oei?eae a?aaiooio, naeai?ae oae?th — ?iaeeae oae?th, a
oaeiae ?ieue aca?iiae?? o cacia/aieo nenoaiao o ci?i? aeanoeainoae
?icoii?a c? neeaaeii. Aeyaeaii iaaio ei?aeyoe?th i?ae oa?aeoa?ii ?cioa?i
oa ae?aa?ai noaio a?aeiia?aeieo nenoai.

Aeyaeaii yaeua iiaea?eiiai ?iiiiai iai?io i?ae i?inoeie oa neeaaeieie
oaeueeiaai?aeaie, c iaeiiai aieo, oa nieueiaeie ?icoiiaie (LiCl ,KCl,
LiCl — KCl, LiF — LiCl — LiBr) – c ?ioiai, ui aeeeeea? ci?io neeaaeo ye
oaeueeiaai?aeii? oace, oae ? nieueiai? nenoaie. Anoaiiaeai? caaaeuei?
caeiiii??iino? aieeao i?e?iaeo iaoae?a o iaio oacao ia oa?aeoa?
??aiiaaae cacia/aiiai i?ioeano.

Aecia/ai? iaae? iaeanoae iioe/ii? i?ici?ino? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a
p-, d-, f- iaoae?a oeio oaeueeiaa?iaiao?a, oaeueeinoaiao?a oae?th,
noeueoinoea?ao?a oae?th, oaeueeioi?iaeae oeeieo, eaaei?th, iaiaaio.
?a?ii?th, ?oa?a?th), a oaeiae noeueoiooi?eae?a eaioai?ae?a. Aeyaeaii
oaeo aaoio?iiiiai cnoao iaae? iaeanoae i?ici?ino? i?e cai?i? iaoaeo oa
oaeueeiaaio ia aaae/ee aiaeia, a oaeiae a?aeoeeaiiy (iaaaoeai? oa
iiceoeai?) ei?ioeioaeeueiai? iaae? a?ae aaeeoeaieo cia/aiue caaaeyee
o?i?/i?e aca?iiae?? i?ae eiiiiiaioaie. C’yniaaii aieea oaeoi?o
noaa?e?caoe?? oa aeanoaa?e?caoe?? aaeaioiiai noaio iaoae?a o neeaaeieo
niieoeao ia ciae oa aaee/eio oeeo a?aeoeeaiue.

Anoaiiaeaii oaeo cia/iiai aaoio?iiiiai cnoao ei?ioeioaeeueiai? iaae?
iioe/ii? i?ici?ino? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a ia iniia? GeS2 oa GeSe2 o
neeiiiae?aiiio noai?, ui ? na?ae/aiiyi aeecueeino? ?o no?oeoo? o
e?enoae?/iiio oa ?icoiieaiiio noaiao.

Cai?iiiiiaaii e?eoa??? nooiaith aeiii?ii-aeoeaioi?ii? aca?iiae?? oa
oa?i?/ii? noaa?eueiino? neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a iaoae?a. Anoaiiaeaii
iayai?noue ei?aeyoe?? i?ae oa?i?/iith noaa?euei?noth, ia?aiao?aie
?iiii-aeaeo?iiii? i?ia?aeiino? oa oe?eiith iaeano? iioe/ii? i?ici?ino?
neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a, ui iiaea neoaoaaoe iioei?caoe?? i?iaiicoaaiiy
oa iiooe?a iiaeo iaoa??ae?a ia ?o aac?.

Iieacaii i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a
ye ia?niaeoeaieo ie?aeiooai?thth/eo iaoa??ae?a aeaeaeiai ?* — ae?aiaciio
c aenieeie iioe/ieie oa aenieoaoaoe?eieie ia?aiao?aie. Oia?oa aeyaeaii
yaeua iaii?/ii? iiaaae?iee ?icoii?a neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th o
neaaeiio aeaeo?e/iiio iie?, anoaiiaeaii eiai caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? oa
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoa??aee aeey noai?aiiy iae?i?eieo ?acenoi??a iiaiai
oeio.

IA?AE?E Ae?OEIAAIEO I?AOeUe AAOI?A , A ssEEO AEEEAAeAII NOOUe
AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Ii?aaeaeaiea ia?aiao?ia ia?aiina ca?yaeia a aeeaeeeo oaeueeiaaieaeao
oaeeey ec yeaeo?ioeie/aneeo aeaiiuo / Cei/aiei A.O., ?iaaa E.A.,
Aaeeeaiia A.A., Iaeueiee I.E., Nieiaoa N.I. — Oe?.oei.aeo?iae.-
1980.-O.46, ?12.-N.1277-1281.

Eciaiaiea i?e?iaeu i?iaiaeeiinoe a nenoaiao aeeaeeee
iieeooieoeeiiaeueiue i?iaiaeiee — aaoa?iiiey?iay aeiaaaea /
A.A.Aaeeeaiia, A.O. Cei/aiei, I.E. Iaeueiee, A.E. Eunei /
Oe?.oei.aeo?iae.- 1982.O.48, ?7.- N.742-745.

Aaeeeaiia A.A., Cei/aiei A.O., Eunei A.E. Eciaiaiea iioaioeeaea
auaeaeaiey a ?anieaaao nenoai IOI-AAe / Oe?.oei.aeo?iae.- 1982-
?10.-N.1059-1060.

Eunei A.E., Cei/aiei A.O., Aaeeeaiia A.A. I?aia?aciaaiea i?iaiaeeiinoe e
yeaeo?ioeie/aneeo naienoa ?anieaaia a nenoaia Tl2Se — TlI / /
Oe?.oei.aeo?iae.- 1982.- O.48, ?11, N. 1191-1194.

Cei/aiei A.O., Aaeeeaiia A.A. Niioiioaiea iaaeaeo yia?aaoe/aneeie
ia?aiao?aie ia?aiina a aeeaeeeo iieeooieoeeiiaeueiuo i?iaiaeieeao //
Oe?.oei.aeo?iae.- 1983.- O.49, ?2.- N.153-156.

Ii?aaeaeaiea niioiioaiey aeeaaeia a i?iaiaeeiinoue ?anieaaeaiiuo
oaeueeiaaieaeia ii oaiia?aoo?iiio eiyooeoeeaioo yeaeo?ii?iaiaeiinoe /
A.O. Cei/aiei, A.A. Aaeeeaiia, I.E. Iaeueiee, E.A. Eeue/aiei / Oe?.
oei.aeo?iae.- 1983.- O.49, ?3.- N.267-268.

Cei/aiei A.O. , Eunei A.E., Aaeeeaiia A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea
yeaeo?ioeie/aneiai iiaaaeaiey Tl2Te a ?anieaaeaiiii oei?eaea oaeeey
iaoiaeii aiiaeiie iiey?ia?aoee // Yeaeo?ioeiey.- 1983.- O.19, ?6.-
N.814-815.

Aaeeeaiia A.A., Cei/aiei A.O., Ionoyoea I.I. Iauea caeiiiia?iinoe
yeaeo?ieeca ?anieaaeaiiuo noeueoeaeia oeaaoiuo iaoaeeia // Eca. AOCia.
Oeaaoi. iaoaeeo?aey.- 1983.- ?4.- N.29-31.

Eciaiaiea i?e?iaeu i?iaiaeeiinoe e yeaeo?ioeie/aneeo naienoa a ?anieaaao
nenoaiu noeueoeae-oei?eae na?aa?a. / A.O. Cei/aiei, A.E. Eunei, A.A.
Aaeeeaiia, A.N. Iaenei/oe. / Oe?.oei.aeo?iae.- 1984.- O.49, ?1.-
N.37-38.

Ei??icey e naii?ac?yae eaoiaeiuo noeueoeaeiuo iaoa?eaeia a
?anieaaeaiiii iaeiieaoeiiiii yeaeo?ieeoa. / Cei/aiei A.O., Aeooaeei
A.A.,Iaeueiee I.E., Aaeeeaiia A.A. / Oe?.oei.aeo?iae.- 1984.- O.20, ?8.
— N.862-865.

Eiiii-yeaeo?iiiay i?iaiaeeiinoue ?anieaaeaiiuo iieenoeueoeaeia iao?ey /
Aeooaeei A.A., Cei/aiei A.O., Ionoyoea I.I., Aaeeeaiia A.A., Ia?ieeia
A.A. — Oe?.oei.aeo?iae.- 1985. — O.51, ?6.- N.614-616.

Cei/aiei A.O., Iaeueiee I.E., Aaeeeaiia A.A. Iauee oa?aeoa? iieeoa?i
aeeaaeia a i?iaiaeeiinoue iieeooieoeeiiaeueiuo i?iaiaeieeia e iaoiae eo
a?aoe/aneiai aiaeeca// Oe?.oei.aeo?iae.- 1985.- O.51, ?8.- N.838-841.

Cei/aiei A.O. , Aaeeeaiia A.A., Iaeueiee I.E. Eeiaoe/aneea
caeiiiia?iinoe eiiiiai ia?aiina a aeeaeeeo iieeooieoeeiiaeueiuo
i?iaiaeieeao.// Oe?. oei. aeo?iae.- 1985.- O.51, ?9. — N.962-964.

Cei/aiei A.O., Eeue/aiei E.A. Eiiii-yeaeo?iiiay i?iaiaeeiinoue a
?anieaaao nenoaiu Tl2S — Cu2S // Eca. AI NNN?. Iai?aai. iaoa?eaeu. —
1986. — O.19, ?1. — N. 149-152.

Cei/aiei A.O., Eeue/aiei E.A. I?e?iaea i?iaiaeeiinoe ?anieaaia nenoaiu
Tl2S — Ag2S // Oe?.oei.aeo?iae. — 1986.- O.52, ?11.- N.1133-1135.

Eiiii-yeaeo?iiiay i?iaiaeeiinoue a ?anieaaao nenoaiu Na2Te — Te / A.O.
Cei/aiei, A.A. Aeooaeei, I.I. Ionoyoea, E.I. Eaeeie/aiei / Eiiiua
?anieaau e oaa?aeua yeaeo?ieeou. — E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea. — 1986. — Aui.2.
— N. 81-85.

Cei/aiei A.O., Oaoa?ei A.A.., Ieiaaa E.I. ?an/ao ia?aiao?ia
eiiii-yeaeo?iiiie i?iaiaeeiinoe ieneaeiuo iaoa?eaeia //
Oe?.oei.aeo?iae. — 1987. — O.53, ?6. — N.607-611.

Eciaiaiea i?e?iaeu i?iaiaeeiinoe a ?anieaaao nenoaiu Sb2S3 — Tl2S /
Ionoyoea I.I., Cei/aiei A.O., Iaeueiee I.E., Oaoa?ei A.A.,
Eeue/aiei E.A. — Oe?.oei.aeo?iae. — 1987. — O.53, ?8. — N.793-795.

Aeooaeei A.A., Cei/aiei A.O., Ionoyoea I.I. Iaiaiiua ?aaeoeee
?anieaaeaiiiai aeia?iiai yeaeo?ieeoa LiCl — KCl n noeueoeaeii eeoey //
?anieaau. — 1988. — ?1. — N.120-121.

Enneaaeiaaiea acaeiiaeaenoaey eaioaieaeia n noeueoeaeii iuoueyea / *aon
E.N., Eiiiaie/aiei I.I., Aiae?ae/aiei A.A., Cei/aiei A.O., Oaoa?ei A.A.
— AEo?i. iai?aai.oeiee. — 1989.- O.33, ?1. — N.188-191.

Cei/aiei A.O., Iaeueiee I.E., Ionoyoea I.I. Eiiii-yeaeo?iiiay
i?iaiaeeiinoue ?anieaaia nenoaiu Sb2S3 — Ag2S // ?anieaau. — 1990. — ?1.
— N.105-107.

Iioe/aneea e yeaeo?iiea?aoeeiiiua naienoaa oaeueeiaa?iaiaoia (-
noaiiaoia) oaeeey / Cei/aiei A.O., Oaiiaaeia A.A., Oaoa?ei A.A.,
Ai?iaue?a TH.A., *aon E.N. — Eca. AI NNN?. Iai?aai. iaoa?eaeu. — 1990.
— O.26, ?10. — N.2047-2049.

Cei/aiei A.O., Eunei A.E. I?aia?aciaaiea iaoaiecia yeaeo?iiiie
i?iaiaeeiinoe n oaaee/aieai aaoa?iiiey?iinoe ?anieaaia // Oe?.
oei.aeo?iae. — 1990. — ?10. — N.1031-1034.

Oeceei-oeie/aneea naienoaa neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeia oeia MM(2X4 a
e?enoaeee/aneii e ?anieaaeaiiii ninoiyieyo / Cei/aiei A.O., Oaiiaaeia
A.A., Oaoa?ei A.A., *aon E.N., Ai?iaueaa TH.A., Eiiiaie/aiei I.I. —
?anieaau. — 1990. — ?6. — N.96-98.

Oeceei-oeie/aneea naienoaa oaeueeieiaeaoia ia?aaioea (II) a
e?enoaeee/aneii e ?anieaaeaiiii ninoiyieyo / Cei/aiei A.O., Oaoa?ei
A.A., *aon E.N., Oaiiaaeia A.A. Eiiiaie/aiei I.I., Nu/aaa O.I. —
Oe?.oei.aeo?iae. — 1990. — O.56, ?12. — N.1332-1334.

Cei/aiei A.O., Eunei A.E., Eeue/aiei E.A. I?e?iaea yeaeo?iaeaeaeoueo
nee yeaeo?ioeie/aneeo nenoai n aeeaeeei iieeooieoeeiiaeueiui
i?iaiaeieeii // Oe?.oei.aeo?iae. — 1991. -O.57, ?4. — N.389-392.

Eiiii-yeaeo?iiiay i?iaiaeeiinoue ?anieaaia neiaeiuo naeaieaeia oeia
MM(2Se4 / A.O. Cei/aiei, A.A. Oaoa?ei, A.A. Oaiiaaeia, O.I Nu/aaa /
?anieaau. -1991. — ?1. — N.96-98.

Oeceei-oeie/aneea naienoaa oaeueeinoaiiaoia oaeeey a e?enoaeee/aneii e
?anieaaeaiiii ninoiyieyo / Cei/aiei A.O., Oaoa?ei A.A., Nu/aaa O.I.
*aon E.N., Oaiiaaeia A.A., Eiiiaie/aiei I.I. — Oe?.oei.aeo?iae.- 1991.-
O.57, ?6. — N.593-596.

Oeceei-oeie/aneea naienoaa oaeueeioieiaeae aa?iiey a iieee?enoaeee/aneii
e ?anieaaeaiiii ninoiyieyo / Cei/aiei A.O., Oaoa?ei A.A., *aon E.N.,
Nu/aaa O.I., Oaiiaaeia A.A., Eiiiaie/aiei I.I. — ?anieaau. — 1991. —
?4. — N.121-124.

Eiiii-yeaeo?iiiay i?iaiaeeiinoue ?anieaaia oaeueeiaa?iaiaoia oaeeey /
Cei/aiei A.O.,Oaiiaaeia A.A., Oaoa?ei A.A., *aon E.N., Nu/aaa O.I.,
A?aocia A.TH. — ?anieaau. — 1992. — ?1. — N.69-72.

Aaaaieu I.A., Cei/aiei A.O., Eeue/aiei E.A. Oa?ie/aneay noaaeeueiinoue
aeaieiuo oaeueeiaaieaeia oaeeey e p-, d- iaoaeeia // Oe?.oei.aeo?iae. —
1992.- O.58, ?8. — N. 644-646.

Iioeiecaoeey oneiaee ia?aaioee naeaieaea oeeiea n oeaeueth i/enoee io
i?eianae / Cei/aiei A.O., Oaoa?ei A.A., Niaiei A.A., Oaa/aiei E.Ae.,
Aiae?thoeaae/ A.A., Nu/aaa O.I. — AEo?i. i?eee. oeiee. — 1992. — O.65,
aui. 4. — N.920-923.

Enneaaeiaaiea ?anoai?eiinoe e acaeiiaeaenoaey oaeueeiaaieaeia a
?anieaaeaiiii oei?eaea eaeey / Cei/aiei A.O., A?aiei I.A., Oaoa?ei
A.A., Oaeeoeia A.E., Aioiiiae/ A.I., Eiaaeaaneay E.I. — ?anieaau. —
1995. — ?5. — N.44-47.

Aeeyiea i?eianae ia iaeioi?ua iioe/aneea e yeaeo?ioece/aneea naienoaa
naeaieaea oeeiea a e?enoaeee/aneii e oiieiieaii/iii ninoiyieyo /
Cei/aiei A.O., Oaoa?ei A.A., Ai?iaueaa TH.A., Niaiei A.A., Nu/aaa O.I.
— Oaoiieiaey e eiino?oe?iaaiea a yeaeo?iiiie aiia?aoo?a. — 1995. — ?2.
— N.59-62.

Eeue/aiei E.A., Cei/aiei A.O. Iaiie/aneea yaeaiey a ?anieaaao nenoai
Tl2S — MxSy // Oe?.oei.aeo?iae. — 1995. — O.61, ?5. — N.45-47.

Cei/aiei A.O., Oaoa?ei A.A. Oa?ie/aneay noaaeeueiinoue e
eiiii-yeaeo?iiiay i?iaiaeeiinoue neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeia oaeeey e
iaeioi?uo p-, d- iaoaeeia // Oe?.oei.aeo?iae. — 1996. — O.62, ?2. —
N.83-86.

Cei/aiei A.O.,Oaiiaaeia A.A.,Naaeeianeay E.A. Eiiii-yeaeo?iiiay
i?iaiaeeiinoue neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeia aa?iiey ( II ) // ?anieaau. —
1997. — ?2. N.78-80.

Aeiii?ii-aeoeaioi?iua e iioe/aneea naienoaa ieneaeia iaoaeeia e
iaiaoaeeia/ Ao?thoeia I.I., Cei/aiei A.O., Iai/oe A.I. Ai?iaueaa TH.A.,
Naaeeianeay E.A. — Oe?.oei.aeo?iae. — 1997. — O.63, ?10. — N.117-121.

C?i/aiei A.O. Iioe/i? oa aeaeo?ii?a?aoe?ei? aeanoeaino? oaeueeioi?iaeae
?a?ii?th ( ?oa?a?th) (II). Oe?. o?i.aeo?iae, — 1998. — O.64, ?4. —
N.89-93.

C?i/aiei A.O. Iioe/i? aeanoeaino? oa ?iiii-aeaeo?iiia i?ia?aei?noue
oaeueeioi?iaeae // Oe?.o?i.aeo?iae. — 1998. — O.64, ?8. — N.91-94.

1129186 NNN? IEE N 01 A 17/22. Niinia iieo/aiey iieenoeueoeaeia iao?ey.
Cei/aiei A.O. , I.I. Ionoyoea, A.A. Aeooaeei, A.A.Aaeeeaiia, A.E.
?iaeeiiia, E.E. A?oaeyiia (NNN?). — ?3608188; cayaeaii 17.06.83; iioae.
15.08.84. — 4 n.

1153724 NNN? IEE N01 A 17/22 Iaoa?eae aeey iaeeiaeiuo ?acenoi?ia. / A.O.
Cei/aiei, E.A.Eeue/aiei (NNN?). — ? 3663026; cayaeaii 18.11.83 iioae.
03.01.85.

Iao. 22723 A Oe?a?ia, IE? N 02 A 5/28. Iaoa??ae aeey iioe/ieo
iie?eoo?a/ C?i/aiei A.O. (Oe?a?ia); OO? ?i.I.A.Aiaaonueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie. — ?97041780; Cayae. 15.04.97; Iioae. 07.04.98, athe.?3 ca
1998?.

Iao. 22724 A Oe?a?ia, IE? N03 N 3/32. Niin?a iaea?aeaiiy neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a / C?i/aiei A.O. (Oe?a?ia); OO? ?i. I.A.Aiaaonueeiai
IAI Oe?a?ie. — ? 97041781; Cayae. 15.04.97; iioae. 07.04.98, athe.?3 ca
1998?.

Ionoyoea I.I., Cei/aiei A.O., Aeooaeei A.A. Oaoiieiaey iieo/aiey
iieenoeueoeaeia iao?ey. — E: 1985 — 4n. (Eioi?i. eenoie ?85-104,
Eeaaneia ioaeaeaiea Oe? IEEIOE).

C?i/aiei A.O. Iioe/i? aeanoeaino? neeaaeieo noeueo?ae?a ? naeai?ae?a o
iie?e?enoae?/iiio ? oiieiie?aeiaiio noaiao // Oac. aeii. ?O
iaoeiai-oaoi.eiio. «O?i?y, o?ceea ? oaoiieia?y oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa
oaeueeiaaiaaeiaai?ae?a.» — Oaeai?iae. — 1998. — N.170.

Neioac ? iioe/i? aeanoeaino? noeueoiooi?eae?a ?CA / C?i/aiei A.O.,
?o?thoeia I.I., ??ueii?i I.A., Noai?einoi I.A., Eiaaeaanueea ?.I. —
Oai.aea. — N.70.

Aiioaoe??

C?i/aiei A.O. Neioac, i?e?iaea i?ia?aeiino? ? iioe/i? aeanoeaino?
neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa nenoai aeayeeo s-, p-, d-, f — iaoae?a.
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaooo? iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?i?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 02.00.01 — iai?aai?/ia o?i?y. — O?ceei-o?i?/iee
?inoeooo ?i.I.A.Aiaaonueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 1999.

?ic?iaeai? iia? iaoiaee neioaco neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa nenoai.
Aeyaeaii aca?iiae?th i?ae oaeueeiaai?aeaie oa nieueiaeie ?icoiiaie.
Anoaiiaeaii i?e?iaeo i?ia?aeiino? ?icoii?a neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa
ei?aeyoe?th ?? ia?aiao??a ?c ae?aa?aiaie noaio nenoai. C’yniaaii ?ieue
aaoa?iiiey?iino? na?aaeiaeua oa aca?iiae?? o o?ainoi?iaoe?? i?e?iaee
i?ia?aeiino? oa aeaeo?io?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae oaeueeiaai?ae-aaeiaai?aeieo
nenoai. Aecia/aii ia?aiao?e iaeanoae iioe/ii? i?ici?ino? neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a oa c’yniaaii aieea ia ieo eao?iiii? oa ai?iiii? cai?ie ?
aca?iiae?? i?ae eiiiiiaioaie. Noi?ioeueiaaii e?iaoe/i? caeiiii??iino?
iiaaae?iee neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th o aeaeo?e/ieo iieyo.
Iieacai? ia?niaeoeai? iaeano? i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?ae?a oae?th oa oaeueeioi?iaeae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa : iaoiaee neioaco, i?e?iaea i?ia?aeiino?, neeaaei?
oaeueeiaai?aee, iaeanoue i?ici?ino?, aca?iiae?y o nenoaiao .

Cei/aiei A.O. Neioac, i?e?iaea i?iaiaeeiinoe e iioe/aneea naienoaa
neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeia e nenoai iaeioi?uo s-, p-, d-, f -iaoaeeia.
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 02.00.01 — iai?aaie/aneay oeiey. — Oeceei-oeie/aneee
einoeooo ei.A.A.Aiaaoneiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 1999.

?ac?aaioaiu iiaua iaoiaeu neioaca neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeia e nenoai
iaeioi?uo s-, p-, d-, f -iaoaeeia. Aeey neioaca nenoai Na2S-S,Na2Te-Te
eniieueciaai iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiue aa?eaio aeaoociiiiai ?aaeoi?a.
I?aaeeiaeai i?eioeeieaeueii iiaue iaoiae neioaca neiaeiuo
oaeueeiaaieaeia oeia oieiaeae a nieaauo ?anieaaao, iniiaaiiue ia
?aaeoeeyo aeaieiiai eiiiiai iaiaia. Onoaiiaeaia eiiii-yeaeo?iiiay
i?e?iaea i?iaiaeeiinoe ?anieaaeaiiuo neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeia oeia
mTl2X(nMX2 (M — Ge, Sn, X — S, Se) e MM(2X4 (M — Zn, Cd, Mn, Eu(II), M(
— Ga, In, Sb), a oaeaea ?anieaaia eaaceaeia?iuo nenoai oaeueeiaaieaeia.
Iieacai neiaeiue oa?aeoa? ei??aeyoeee iaaeaeo ecioa?iaie i?iaiaeeiinoe e
aeeaa?aiiaie ninoiyiey nenoai. A neo/aa eaaceaeia?iuo
oaeueeiaaieae-aaeiaaieaeiuo nenoai oaeeey e na?aa?a onoaiiaeaii
ea/anoaaiiia i?aia?aciaaiea i?e?iaeu i?iaiaeeiinoe n iiaeaaeaieai aa
yeaeo?iiiie ninoaaeythuae, auyaeaia ?ieue aaoa?iiiey?iinoe n?aaeu a
o?ainoi?iaoeee aa iaoaiecia. Ia?aoiae eiiii-yeaeo?iiiue
i?iaiaeiee-yeaeo?ieeoe/aneee i?iaiaeiee nii?iaiaeaeaaony ?aceei
ia?anoaieai yeaeo?ioeie/aneeo naienoa. I?aaeeiaeaiu eaeaaeece?iaaiiua
caaeneiinoe ia?aiao?ia eiiii-yeaeo?iiiie i?iaiaeeiinoe io oaiia?aoo?u e
ninoaaa eaaceaeia?iuo oaeueeiaaieaeiuo e oaeueeiaaieae-aaeiaaieaeiuo
nenoai. Ia eo iniiaa iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue ioeaiee noaiaie
acaeiiaeaenoaey iaaeaeo eiiiiiaioaie nenoai. Auaaaeaiu au?aaeaiey,
iienuaathuea ?aaiiaaney ia a?aieoeao ?acaeaea iaoaee-oaeueeiaaieae
iaoaeea e oaeueeiaaieae-aaeiaaieae iaoaeea. Iaia?oaeaii yaeaiea
au?aaeaiiiai iaiie/aneiai iiaaaeaiey neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeia a neaaii
yeaeo?e/aneii iiea. Ia yoie iniiaa ?ac?aaioaiu ?acenoeaiua iaoa?eaeu
iiaiai oeia. Ii?aaeaeaiu ia?aiao?u iaeanoae iioe/aneie i?ic?a/iinoe
neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeia p-, d-, f -iaoaeeia e noeueoiooi?eaeia ?CY,
onoaiiaeaia ?ieue eaoeiiiie e aieiiiie caiaiu ia iieiaeaiea a?aieoe
iaeanoae. I?aaeeiaeaii iiaeoiae, iicaieythuee ioeaieaaoue noaiaiue
noaaeeecaoeee (aeanoaaeeecaoeee) aaeaioiiai ninoiyiey iaoaeea a neiaeiuo
oaeueeiaaieaeao e noeueoiooi?eaeao ii aaee/eia aaoio?iiiiai
(aeinio?iiiiai) naeaeaa ei?ioeiaieiiaie a?aieoeu. Oeacaiiue e?eoa?ee aue
oaeaea i?eiaiai aeey ioeaiee noaeeiia?acothuae e ieaieiia?acothuae
niiniaiinoe neiaeiioaeueeiaaieaeiuo nenoai. I?aaeeiaeai e?eoa?ee ioeaiee
niiniaiinoe e oeie/aneiio acaeiiaeaenoaeth iaaeaeo aeia?iuie
oaeueeiaaieaeaie ia iniiaa oa?iiaeeiaie/aneeo aeaiiuo, a oaeaea ?an/aoa
au?aaiaiiuo yeaeo?iio?eoeaoaeueiinoae. Onoaiiaeaia ei??aeyoeey iaaeaeo
noaiaiueth acaeiiaeaenoaey, ia?aiao?aie eiiii-yeaeo?iiiie i?iaiaeeiinoe
e iieiaeaieai iaeanoe iioe/aneie i?ic?a/iinoe neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeia,
/oi iicaieyao i?iaiaeeoue i?iaiice?iaaiea eo naienoa. Iieacaiu
aiciiaeiinoe e ia?niaeoeaiua iaeanoe i?aeoe/aneiai i?eiaiaiey neiaeiuo
oaeueeiaaieaeia e oaeueeiaaieae-aaeiaaieaeiuo nenoai, a /anoiinoe eae
?acenoeaiuo e ieaieiia?acothueo iaoa?eaeia, n?aae aeey neioaca e i/enoee
aauanoa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa : iaoiaeu neioaca, i?e?iaea i?iaiaeeiinoe, neiaeiua
oaeueeiaaieaeu, iaeanoue i?ic?a/iinoe, acaeiiaeaenoaea a nenoaiao .

Zinchenko V.F. Synthesis, nature of conductivity and optical properties
of the complex chalcogenides and systems some of s-, p-, d-, f —
metals. Manuscript.

Thesis for a Doctor’s degree by speciality 02.00.01 — Inorganic
Chemistry. — A.V.Bogatsky Physico-Chemical Institute of the National
Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Odessa, 1999.

A new methods of synthesis of the binary and complex chalcogenides and
systems have been developed. An interaction between chalcogenides and
salt melts has been found. The nature of conduction of the complex
chalcogenide melts and the correlation of its parameter with the
diagrams of state of the systems have been established. The role of the
medium heteropolarity and of the interaction in the transformation of
the nature of conductivity and electrochemical properties of the
chalcogenide-halogenide systems has been clarified. The parameters of
optical transparence ranges of the complex chalcogenides have been
determined and the effect of the cationic and anionic substitution and
the interaction between components has been clarified. The kinetic rules
of the behaviour of the complex chalcogenides in the electric fields
have been formulated. The perspective spheres for the application of
the complex Thalium chalcogenides and chalcospinels have been shown.

Key words: methods of synthesis, nature of conductivity, complex
chalcogenides, transparence range, interaction in the systems.

PAGE 25

?en.3. Oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino? (a) oa ?? ?iiii?
/anoee (a) ?icoii?a nenoaie Ag2S — AgCl: 1 — 10; 2 — 20; 3 — 30; 4 — 40;
5 — 50; 6 — 60; 7 — 70; 8 — 80; 9 — 100iie.% AgCl.

Tl4SnS4

Tl4GeS4

ZnS

Tl3SbS3

Tl4GeSe4

EuS

ZnSe

EuGa2S4

TlSbS2

EuIn2S4

Tl2GeSe3

EuGa2Se4

ZnIn2Se4

Tl2SnSe3

Tl2SnS3

Tl2GeS3

Похожие записи