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Синтез і характеристика похідних beta, beta-диметилакрилової кислоти: Автореф. дис… канд. хім. наук / Ю.І. Оглашенний, Держ. ун-т ‘Львів. політехнік

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AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO «EUeA?ANUeEA IIE?OAOI?EA»

Iaeaoaiiee TH??e ?aaiiae/

OAeE 547.391.4+542.951.3

NEIOAC ? OA?AEOA?ENOEEA IIO?AeIEO

(,(-AeEIAOEEAE?EEIAI? EENEIOE

02.00.03 – i?aai?/ia o?i?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?i?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

sso/eoei Einei Eineiiae/

AeO «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aiae?oe/ii? o?i??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe., i?ioani? Oaaei?iaa
Aeaaeeeaia Ieaenaiae??aia, AeO «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», i?ioani?
eaoaae?e i?aai?/ii? o?i??;

eaiaeeaeao o?i?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eiaaoc Ie?ineaaa Ieaen??aia,
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?. O?aiea, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e o?ce/ii? o?i??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo o?ceei-i?aai?/ii? o?i?? oa aoaeao?i?? ?i.
E.I.Eeoaeiaiea IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeeeaeueieo
i?ioean?a, i. Aeiiaoeuee.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «19» ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 15 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.052.01 o Aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» ca aae?anith: 290646, i.
Euea?a-13, ie. Na. TH?a, 3/4, aoae 240.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?nueea iie?oaoi?ea» (aoe. I?ioani?nueea).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «16» aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii??aaee,

e.o.i., aeioeaio
A.E. Nei?ioiaea

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??. Iio?aei? ae?eeiaeo eeneio ciaoiaeyoue
oe?iea canoinoaaiiy ye iiiiia?e i?e iaea?aeaii? iie?ia??a ??ciiai
i?ecia/aiiy. Iaeiae aeey oeueiai aeei?enoiaothoue, aieiaiei /eiii,
neeaaei? ao??e ae?eeiai? oa iaoae?eeiai? eeneio. Aaaaeaiiy aee?eueieo
cai?niee?a o (- /e (-iieiaeaiiy aei ea?aieneeueii?
a?oie i?eaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy iie?ia?ecaoe?eii? caeaoiino? iiiiia??a.

?acii c oei, i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy iio?aeieo (- oa (-aee?eae?eeiaeo
eeneio ia iaiaaeo?oueny eeoa ?aaeoe?yie iie?ia?ecaoe??. Aiie ciaeoee
canoinoaaiiy o ??cieo iaeanoyo i?aai?/ii? o?i?? ye aeo?aei? ?a/iaeie i?e
iaea?aeaii? iaeioiene/ieo ?inaeoeoeeae?a, i?ioecaiaeueieo i?aia?ao?a,
ianoeoeeae?a, (-ai?iieeneio, aioethaai?eueieo ai?iii?a, a?iiaoecoth/eo
eiiiiiaio?a o ia?othia???. Iaeiae i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy oeeo niieoe
iaiaaeo?oueny neeaaei?noth ? iaaeineiiae?noth i?ioean?a ?o iaea?aeaiiy.
Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny iio?aeieo (,(-aeeiaoeeae?eeiai? eeneioe
((,(-AeIAE). Naia oiio ?ic?iaeaiiy aeinooiieo iaoiae?a neioaco (,(-AeIAE
oa ?? iio?aeieo ? aaaeeeaei iaoeiaei ? i?aeoe/iei caaaeaiiyi aeey
?icoe?aiiy iaeanoae ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeeth/aiiyi ?? o
i?ia?aio “?a/iaeie oa iaoa??aee o?i?/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa” (oeo? 7.3)
ca?aeii iinoaiiae AeEIO Oe?a?ie ? 12 a?ae 04.05.1992 ? a AeIOI (oeo?
“O?i?y”) ca?aeii iinoaiiae AeEIO Oe?a?ie ? 52 a?ae 22.03.1994, a oaeiae
o eii?aeeiaoe?ei? ieaie I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie c oaoiaiai iai?yieo “Iiiiia?e,
iiaa?oiaai aeoeai? ?a/iaeie, iaiiaithaa/?, iiaeeo?eaoi?e ? ia?niaeoeai?
oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ia ?o
iniia?”.

Iaoa ?iaioe. Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a iaea?aeaiiy aeo?aeieo ?a/iaei –
(-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoiio ? (,(-AeIAE oa ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a neioaco ??
iio?aeieo (oei?aia?ae?eaeo, ao???a iaeiiaoiiieo nie?o?a oa ae?eie?a);
aea/aiiy e?iaoeee oa iaoai?cio ?aaeoe?e ?o iaea?aeaiiy; anoaiiaeaiiy
no?oeoo?e ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeo neioaciaaieo ?a/iaei oa
iiaeeeainoae ?o i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeine?aeaeaii ?aaeoe?? neioaco
aeo?aeieo ?a/iaei – (-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoiio oa (,(-AeIAE – c aeinooiii?
ne?iaeie – aoeaoiio – c aeoiaeii iiiaae 90% oa aenieith /enoioith.
?aae?ciaaii aeaa aeueoa?iaoeai? oeyoe iaea?aeaiiy
(,(-aeeiaoeeae?eei?eoei?eaeo ((,(-AeIAO) c aeei?enoaiiyi
(-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoiio oa (,(-AeIAE. Aea/aii oa iienaii e?iaoeeo
?aaeoe?? aeeiaie?co (,(-AeIAO.

Aia?oa aeaoaeueii aea/aii aieea aoaeiae ? i?e?iaee nie?oo oa ?ic/eiieea,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aaaaio?a ia oaeaee?noue aeeiaie?co (,(-AeIAO. Iieacaii,
ui e?iaoe/i? caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano aaeaeaaoii iienothoueny ia’?aeiaiei
??aiyiiyi 2

Aaiiaoa-Oaooa ? Eiiiaey-Iaeueia, yea iaeii/anii a?aoiao? ye aeaeo?iii?
oae ? nieueaaoaoe?ei? ia?aiao?e nie?oo.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aecia/aeueiee oa niia?eueithth/ee aieea ia oaeaee?noue
?aaeoe?? ia? iniiai?noue ?ic/eiieea aiane?aeie eiieo?oth/i? aca?iiae?? c
iieaeoeith oei?aia?ae?eaeo iniiaiiai ?ic/eiieea oa nie?oo i?e ooai?aii?
i?ii?aeiiai eiiieaeno. Aia?oa iieacaii, ui e?iaoeea i?ioeano aeeiaie?co
(,(-AeIAO caaeia?eueii iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi I?oaae?na-Iaioai. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoai?ci i?io?eaiiy ?aaeoe?? aeeiaie?co
oei?aia?ae?eaeo /a?ac i?ii?aeio noaae?th ooai?aiiy
aeiii?ii-aeoeaioi?iiai eiiieaeno c ia?aiinii ca?yaeo.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aaeoe?y aoa?eo?eaoe?? ae?eie?a (,(-AeIAE a i?enooiino?
eeneioieo eaoae?caoi??a c acaio?iiiith a?aeaiieith aiaee i?io?ea? ca
iiiiiieaeoey?iei iaoai?ciii. Aia?oa iieacaii, ui ?aaeoe?y aoa?eo?eaoe??
ae?eie?a (,(-AeIAE i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac noaae?th aeeni?iii?oe?iioaaiiy
iiiiao??o.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui aaaaeaiiy aeaio cai?niee?a o (-iieiaeaiiy aei
ea?aieneeueii? a?oie ae?eeiai? eeneioe i?aeoe/ii iiai?noth aaeueio?
i?ioean aiii- oa ni?aiie?ia?ecaoe?? (,(-AeIAE ? ?? iio?aeieo.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui neeaaei? ao??e oe??? eeneioe anooiathoue o ?aaeoe??
aiii- oa ni?aiie?ia?ecaoe?? o?eueee i?e iayaiino?
iie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoiiai iiaea?eiiai ca`yceo a nie?oiaiio caeeoeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe. Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a neioaco iio?aeieo
(,(-AeIAE c aeinooiii? ne?iaeie aeaei iiaeeea?noue neioacoaaoe c
e?euee?nieie aeoiaeaie 18 iiaeo ao???a, ye? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye
?aaeoe?eiicaeaoi? niieoee aeey iaea?aeaiiy oe?iieo i?aai?/ieo
i?aia?ao?a. Iiiiao??e ae?eie?a ? (,(-AeIAE iiaeooue canoiniaoaaoenue ye
ni?aiiiiia?e o ?aaeoe?yo iie?eiiaeainaoe?? c ooai?aiiyi
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe.

Iieacaii i?aeoe/io iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeaio aeueoa?iaoeaieo
oeyo?a iaea?aeaiiy oei?aia?ae?eaeo (,(-AeIAE c (-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoiio
(aeo?ae 92%) aai c (,(-AeIAE (aeo?ae 97%) ? oei?enoiai o?ii?eo.

Iaea?aeai? ni?aiie?ia?e ae?eiaiai ao??o (,(-AeIAE ? noe?ieo
canoiniaothoueny o a?aeae?eaii? o?ceei-o?i?? ? oaoiieia?? ai?th/eo
eiiaeei ?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? o?i?? ?i. E.A.Iena?aeaanueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie
aeey aeaioiaeaiiy iai?ai?iieeieo iaia?ai c aenieith no?ee?noth aei
aaeoa??e oa a?eueoino? i?aai?/ieo ?ic/eiiee?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o i?iaaaeaii? e?iaoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, neioac? iiaeo niieoe, aiae?c? oa iaoaiaoe/i?e ia?iaoe?
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? ia?aa??oe? ?ic?aoiaaieo e?iaoe/ieo ??aiyiue
ia aaeaeaaoi?noue. Aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue ae??oaeueia ?ieue a
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaany ia: XVII Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aai?/ii? o?i?? (i.
Oa?e?a, 1995 ?.); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Euea?anuee? o?i?/i?
/eoaiiy” (i. Euea?a, 1995 ?.); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Euea?anuee? o?i?/i? /eoaiiy” (i. Euea?a, 1997 ?);
Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c aiae?oe/ii? o?i?? (i. Oaeai?iae,
1998 ?.); Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aai?/ii? o?i??
(i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? o 7 noaooyo
oa 5 oacao iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
oanoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoe?a.
Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeeeaaeai? ia 145 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aeeth/athoue 32 ?enoiee, 22 oaaeeoe?. Nienie
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ia?aoiao? 189 aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoee ?ici?uai? ia
18 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue oa aeooaeuei?noue aea/aiiy
i?iaeaie neioaco iio?aeieo (,(-AeIAE, anoaiiaeaii iaoo ?iaioe, ??
iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/io cia/ei?noue. Iaaaaeaii iniiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe oa ioae?eaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii iaeyae oa aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae i?i
iaoiaee neioaco (,(-AeIAE oa ?? iio?aeieo, ia iniia? /iai c?iaeaii
ocaaaeueiaiiy ? aeniiaee i?i no/aniee noai oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue o oe?e iaeano?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeicaieea iaa?oioiaaii aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yiee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aaeineiiaeaii neioac aeo?aeieo ?a/iaei –
(-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoiio oa (,(-AeIAE. Iienaii niiniae i/enoee ?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aaaaio?a, ?ic/eiiee?a oa eaoae?caoi??a, a oaeiae iniiai?
iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aiae?c?a ? e?iaoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aeei?enoai? o ianooiieo ?icae?eao ?iaioe.

Iieacaii, ui iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiei c oi/ee ci?o i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy
? iaoiae neioaco (,(-AeIAE c i?iieneiai aeinooiii? ne?iaeie – aoeaoiio –
/a?ac noaae?th iaea?aeaiiy (-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoiio ca?aeii noaie:

O

ti

CH3(C(CH3 (( CH2=C=O + CH4

O
CH3

[(C2H5I)2.BF3] |

4

NI3(N(NI3 + NI2=N=I ((((((( NI3 (N(NI2(N=I

( (

(O(

CH3 CH3 O

| HCl |

NI3 (N(NI2(N=I (( NI3(C=CH(C(OH

( (

(O(

A ?acoeueoao? ?ic?iaee ?iai/eo oiia neioac?a aaeaeiny i?e eiioeaio?aoe??
eaoae?caoi?a – 2,0%ian., oaiia?aoo?? 263-268 E oa iieueiiio
ni?aa?aeiioaii? eaoai:aoeaoii = 3:4 i?aeaeueoe aeo?ae eaeoiio o
ii??aiyii? c e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie c 75% aei 92%; a i?e oaiia?aoo??
353E, iiey?iiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? eaeoii:HCl = 1:1,5 oa aeei?enoaii?
15%-iiai ?ic/eio nieyii? eeneioe aeo?ae (,(-AeIAE c?inoa? c 72% aei 94%.

Aoaeiaa (-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoiio ? (,(-AeIAE i?aeoaa?aeaeaia
niaeo?ineii?/ii, a ?o o?ceei-o?i?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ni?aiaaeathoue c
e?oa?aoo?ieie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii niiniae iaea?aeaiiy oei?aia?ae?eaeo
(,(-AeIAE c aeei?enoaiiyi aeoeaiiai oei?oth/iai aaaioo – oei?enoiai
o?ii?eo ye c eeneioe, oae ? aaciina?aaeiuei c (-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoiio.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy caaeia?eueii? oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?? neioac
oei?aia?ae?eaeo c (,(-AeIAE ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe i?e 313-323E c iino?eiei
aeaeaeaiiyi c ?aaeoe?eii? iane HCl i SO2 i?e iioeiaeueiiio iieueiiio
ni?aa?aeiioaii? eeneioa:SOCl2=1:1,1. A oaeeo oiiaao neioaco iia?/ia
?aaeoe?y a?ae?ioei?oaaiiy i?aeoe/ii ia i?io?ea?. (,(-AeIAO iaea?aeaii c
aeoiaeii 97% (i?ioe 65% ca?aeii e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo), a eiai
o?ceei-o?i?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?aeiia?aeathoue e?oa?aoo?iei.

I?e neioac? (,(-AeIAO aaciina?aaeiuei c (-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoiio i?io?ea?
iia?/ia ?aaeoe?y ooai?aiiy oei?aia?ae?eaeo 3-oei?-3-iaoeeaooaiiai?
eeneioe. C iaoith i?i?i?caoe?? oeueiai i?ioeano aeioe?eueii i?e neioac?
oei?aia?ae?eaeo aeiaeaaaoe eaeoii aei oei?enoiai o?ii?eo, a ia iaaiaee,
i?e iioeiaeueiiio iiey?iiio ni?aa?aeiioaii?
(-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoii:SOCl2=1:1,5 a oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae? 318-323E.
A oeeo oiiaao aeo?ae (,(-AeIAO c?inoa? c 61% (ca?aeii e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaieo) aei 92%, aea ?icae?eeoe oe? aeaa oei?aia?ae?eaee aiane?aeie
aeecueeeo oaiia?aoo? eei?iiy iaoiaeii ?aeoeo?eaoe?? i?aeoe/ii
iaiiaeeeai. Oeae oaeo iaiaaeo? i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy aaciina?aaeiueiai
neioaco (,(-AeIAO c (-iaoee-(-aooe?ieaeoiio ? oei?enoiai o?ii?eo,
iieiath/e noaae?th iaea?aeaiiy (,(-AeIAE.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith iaoai?cio ?aaeoe??
aeeiaie?co (,(-AeIAO iaeiiaoiiieie nie?oaie oa ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a
neioaco neeaaeieo

ao???a (,(-AeIAE. Aea/aeanue caeaaei?noue oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?? a?ae
aoaeiae oa i?e?iaee nie?oo, ?ic/eiieea ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aaaaio?a.

Aeeiaie?c (,(-AeIAO nie?oaie ??cii? aoaeiae i?iaaaeaii a na?aaeiaeu?
ai?ioiiiiai ?ic/eiieea i?e iiey?iiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? (,(-AeIAO:ROH:C6H6
= 1:1:20 a oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae? 293-323E (oaae.1).

Iayai?noue o aeine?aeaeoaai?e na??? ?cie?iaoe/iino? aeicaieeea
canoinoaaoe aeey e?euee?nii? ioe?iee aieeao aoaeiae nie?oo ia
oaeaee?noue aeeiaie?co (,(-AeIAO i?eioeei e?i?eiino? a?eueieo aia?a?e
oeyoii ia?aa??ee aaeaeaaoiino? c aenia?eiaioii iaeii- oa
aeaiia?aiao?iaiai ??aiyiue Aaiiaoa-Oaooa. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
iaeiiia?aiao?ia? caeaaeiino? i?ae lgk303 oa ?iaeoeoe?eiith ((*) ?
noa?e/iith (Es) eiinoaioaie ia aeathoue caaeia?eueii? ei?aeyoe??. Ni?iaa
ocaaaeueieoe aieea aeaeo?iiieo ? noa?e/ieo aoaeo?a cai?nieea ia
oaeaee?noue ?aaeoe?? aeeiaie?co (,(-AeIAO ca aeiiiiiaith
aeaiia?aiao?iaiai ??aiyiiy Aaiiaoa-Oaooa oaeiae ia aeaea caaeia?eueiiai
?acoeueoaoo:

lgk303 = (-1.84 + 0.07) – (0.58 + 0.49) (* + (0.53 + 0.12)Es
(1)

R=0.825, s=+0.179, N=14.

A?aenooi?noue aeey an?o 14-oe nie?o?a aaeaeaaoii? ei?aeyoe?eii?
caeaaeiino? i?ae lgk303, (*, oa As na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ia e?iaoeeo
?aaeoe?? aieeaathoue ua e aeaye? ?io? oaeoi?e.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo oa aeoeaaoe?ei? ia?aiao?e
?aaeoe?? aeeiaie?co (,(-AeIAO a aaicie?.

Nie?o (* Es k.103,

e/iieue.n A#,

eAeae

iieue (H#,

eAeae

iieue -(S#,

Aeae

iieue.E (G#,

eAeae

iieue

293E 303E 313E 323E

Iaoeeiaee 0 0 17.1 29.2 61.9 __ 51.8 49.2 111 83.2

Aoeeiaee -0.100 -0.27 7.0 10.6 19.6 28.5 38.2 35.7 165 85.7

i-I?ii?eiaee -0.115 -0.56 6.6 10.0 18.1 __ 38.6 36.0 173 88.4

?ci-I?ii?eiaee -0.190 -0.85 __ 4.3 7.4 12.6 43.4 40.8 156 88.0

i-Aooeeiaee -0.130 -0.59 6.0 10.0 15.0 20.8 32.6 30.1 184 85.9

?ci-Aooeeiaee -0.125 -1.13 4.9 7.9 11.8 15.4 30.6 28.1 193 86.5

o?ao-Aooeeiaee -0.300 -2.14 0.4 1.2 2.3 5.7 68.0 65.4 85 91.2

i-Ai?eiaee -0.135 -0.55 6.02 8.9 13.2 22.9 34.6 32.1 178 86.2

?ci-Ai?eiaee -1.620 -0.55 4.1 8.1 11.5 16.3 35.7 33.2 176 86.4

i-Aaeneeiaee -0.135 -0.6 6.9 8.9 13.2 22.9 31.4 28.9 189 86.2

i-Ieoeeiaee -0.125 -0.53 6.9 7.9 13.5 24.0 33.4 30.9 183 86.5

i-Aeaoeeeiaee -0.135 -0.53 6.3 7.8 14.0 21.3 33.0 30.5 184 86.5

Ae?eiaee 0.180 -0.56 5.8 7.2 9.0 11.8 18.4 15.8 234 86.7

Aaiceeiaee 0.215 0.22 5.7 6.8 8.2 12.1 17.4 14.9 238 86.9

O ca`yceo c oeei aeey aaeaeaaoiiai iieno i?ioeano canoiniaoaaeinue
ia`?aeiaia naieia?aiao?iaa ??aiyiiy, yea aeeth/a? a naaa
i`yoeia?aiao?iaa “nieueaaoaoe?eia” ??aiyiiy Eiiiaey-Iaeueia, ui a?aoiao?
caeaoi?noue nie?oo aei niaoeeo?/ii? oa ianiaoeeo?/ii? nieueaaoaoe??,
aonoeio aia?a?? eiaac??, oa aeaiia?aiao?iaa “e?iaoe/ia” ??aiyiiy
Aaiiaoa-Oaooa, yea a?aoiao? aieea aeaeo?iiieo oa noa?e/ieo oaeoi??a
cai?niee?a o iieaeoe? nie?oo. Oea ??aiyiiy aaeaeaaoii iieno? i?ioean:

n2-1
e-1

lgk303 = -18.82+(13.0+3.7) ________ – (5.9+1.8) ______ –
(0.02+0.40).10-3d2 +

n2+ 2
2e+1

+(1.8+4.1) .10-3B + (0.31+0.05)ET + (2.6+0.6)s* – (0.44+0.16)Es
(2)

R=0.984, s=+0.05, N=14.

Aeeeth/aiiy iaeicia/eieo ia?aiao??a iieaco?, ui caaeia?eueii iieno?
aieea no?oeoo?e oa i?e?iaee nie?oo ia e?iaoeeo aeeiaie?co (,(-AeIAO
/ioe?eia?aiao?iaa ??aiyiiy, yea aeeth/a? oaeoi?e ianiaoeeo?/ii?
(iiey?i?noue oa iiey?eciaai?noue) oa niaoeeo?/ii? (aeaeo?io?euei?noue)
nieueaaoaoe??, a oaeiae aieea ?iaeoeoe?eiiai aoaeoo cai?nieea:

lgk303=-9.83+(4.5+1.71)f(n2)-(4.7+1.8)f(e)+(0.17+0.01)ET-(1.5+0.3)s*
(3)

R=0.973; s=+ 0.07, N=14.

I?ioean aeeiaie?co oei?aia?ae?eae?a i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac i?ii?aeio noaae?th
ooai?aiiy ?aaaaioaie aeiii?ii-aeoeaioi?iiai eiiieaeno c ia?aiinii
ca?yaeo (EIC) (noi?. 9), yeee /a?ac aeoeaiaaiee eiiieaen
ia?aoai?th?oueny o i?iaeoeoe ?aaeoe??, ? oiio ooai?aiith EIC (a cia/eoue
? ca?eueoaiith oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?? aeeiaie?co) ni?ey? c?inoaiiy
aeaeo?iiii? aonoeie ia aoii? eenith a?ae?ieneeo o iieaeoe? nie?oo, yea
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?iaeoeoe?eiith eiinoaioith (*(oaae.1).

Uiaei aieeao oaeoi??a ianiaoeeo?/ii? nieueaaoaoe??, oi c ?inoii
iiey?iino? na?aaeiaeua aoaea c?inoaoe noaa?euei?noue eiiieaeno, ui
oo?oaeithaaoeia eiai ianooiia ia?aa?oioaaiiy o i?iaeoeoe. Iaeaaaii?oei ?
aieea ia oaeaee?noue aeeiaie?co (,(-AeIAO caeaoiino? nie?o?a aei
aeaeo?io?eueii? nieueaaoaoe?? AO (eeneioi?noue), yea oa?aeoa?eco? ?o
caeaoi?noue aei ooai?aiiy eiiieaen?a c aiaeiaaei ca`yceii ? na?ae/eoue
i?i ooai?aiiy ia ia?aeii?e noaae?? ?aaeoe?? ca`yceo I…I i?ae i?ioiiii
aiaeith nie?oo ? ea?aii?eueiei eeniai oei?aia?ae?eaeo.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ia ?aaeoe?th aeeiaie?co
(,(-AeIAO aieeaathoue ia o?eueee aeaeo?iii?, a e nieueaaoaoe?ei?
ia?aiao?e nie?oo iaa?oue i?e aea?iiey?iiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? ?aaaaio?a,
aiane?aeie /iai aieea eiai aoaeiae ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae ia
oaeaee?noue aeine?aeaeoaaii? ?aaeoe?? ? noia?iei ?acoeueoaoii an?o
i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a nenoai?.

C iaoith a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai anoaiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaeoe?? aea/aii
oaeaee?noue ?aaeoe?? iaoaiie?co (,(-AeIAO a na?aaeiaeu? ?yaeo
?ic/eiiee?a c??ciith caeaoi?noth aei nieueaaoaoe?? i?e 293-323E,
iiey?iieo ni?aa?aeiioaii? (,(-AeIAO:iaoaiie:?ic/eiiee = 1:1:20 (oaae.
2).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeiaeai c ia?aiao??a ?ic/eiiee?a nai ii nia?
caaeia?eueii ia oa?aeoa?eco? aieea na?aaeiaeua ia oaeaee?noue ?aaeoe??,
oi/a inoaiiy neiaaoii ciaioo?oueny c ?inoii iniiaiino? (A) oa iiey?iino?
((-1/2(+1) na?aaeiaeua.

E?euee?nia ioe?iea aieeao i?e?iaee ?ic/eiieea ia oaeaee?noue iaoaiie?co
(,(-AeIAO aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe /ioe?eia?aiao?iaa ??aiyiiy, yea
caaeia?eueii iieno? aeine?aeaeoaaiee i?ioean ? a?aoiao? oaeoi?e
ianiaoeeo?/ii? nieueaaoaoe??, iniiai?noue ?ic/eiieea oa aonoeio aia?a??
eiaac??:

lgk30=-2.57+(4.7+1.5)f(n2)-(4.6+0.8)f(()+(3.3+0.6).10-3(2-(3.2+0.5).10-3
B (4)

R=0.952, s=+0.189, N=20.

Oaaeeoey 2.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? cia/aiiy eiinoaio oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?? iaoaiie?co
(,(-AeIAO a ??cieo ?ic/eiieeao i?e 303E oa ?o oa?aeoa?enoeee.

?ic/eiiee k.103,

e/iieue.n n2+1

n2+2 (-1

2(+1 (2,

eAeae/iieue A,

ni-1 AO

Aaicie 29.2 0.2931 0.2306 349.7 48 34.3

Oei?ioi?i 8.9 0.2653 0.3584 353.1 14 39.1

Aoeaoii 1.1 0.2200 0.4655 397.2 193 42.2

Oao?aoei?iaoai 63.6 0.2770 0.2263 311.2 0 32.4

Aeeiaoeeoi?iai?ae 1.8 0.2586 0.4803 613.6 294 43.8

Aaenai 37.8 0.2288 0.1862 222.0 0 31.0

Aeeiaoeenoeueoieneae 4.8 0.2826 0.4848 634.9 362 45.1

Aoeaoii?o?ee 5.3 0.2120 0.4803 590.5 178 45.6

Oeeeeiaaenaiii 1.9 0.2692 0.4601 431.2 242 39.8

1,2-Aeeoei?aoai 15.9 0.2660 0.4328 396.4 40 41.9

Oei?aaicie 21.4 0.3064 0.3788 381.0 38 37.5

Ai?cie 18.1 0.3030 0.3473 380.0 155 37.1

Aeeaooeeiaee yo?? 1.8 0.2420 0.2907 250.4 285 33.0

Iaoeeaoeeeaoii 0.7 0.2308 0.4605 361.7 209 41.3

Aoeaoioaiii 8.0 0.3124 0.4581 464.3 202 40.6

Aeeiaoeeaoeaoai?ae 0.9 0.2621 0.481 479.1 343 43.7

I?o?iaaicie 8.4 0.3198 0.4793 479.4 67 41.2

Oao?aa?ae?ioo?ai 0.6 0.2465 0.4072 363.8 305 37.4

i-Ai?eaoeaoao 1.1 0.2440 0.3582 298.1 190 38.0

Aaicii?o?ee 6.7 0.3080 0.4708 515.0 155 42.0

Ca?eueoaiiy iniiaiino? ?ic/eiieea a?ae/ooii iiieaeo? oaeaee?noue
?aaeoe??, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue eiieo?aioe?? i?e ooai?aii? EIC
i?ae iieaeoeith iniiaiiai ?ic/eiieea oa nie?oo ca iieaeoeo
oei?aia?ae?eaeo. Aiaeia?/iee aoaeo noai?th? ca?eueoaiiy iiey?iino?
?ic/eiieea, yea ni?ey? ia?aiino aeaeo?ii?a a ooai?thaaiiio EIC i?ae
oei?aia?ae?eaeii oa i?aai?/iith iniiaith.

?acii c oei, c?inoaiiy aia?a?? eiaac?? na?aaeiaeua i?eoaeaeoo? i?ioean,
ine?eueee ?ic/eiieee c aenieith aia?a??th eiaac?? ni?eythoue ooai?aiith
i?ii?aeiiai EIC, noai?thth/e iaaeiei iueiai nai???aeio iaieiieo, yea
iieaaoo? ia?aoai?aiiy EIC a aeoeaiaaiee eiiieaen oa i?iaeoeoe ?aaeoe??.

Aeey ?aaeoe?e, ye? i?io?eathoue /a?ac ia?aeiio noaae?th ooai?aiiy
i?ii?aeiiai eiiieaeno:

K??ai k?ici

[A:B] (( i?iaeoeoe

aoaeoeaia eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo i?e ci?i?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aaaaio?a ia ? iino?eiith, a e?iaoeea i?ioeano
iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi I?oaae?na-Iaioai:

(5)

aea kao – aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aia aeey aeaiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo e/iieue.n; K??ai – eiinoaioa
??aiiaaae ooai?aiiy EIC aeo?aeieie ?a/iaeiaie, e/iieue; k?ici –
eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? iiiiiieaeoey?iiai ?iciaaeo ooai?aiiai EIC a
i?iaeoeoe ?aaeoe??, n-1, NA- iiey?ia eiioeaio?aoe?y ?aaaoth/i? ?a/iaeie,
acyoi? o iaaeeeoeo, iieue/e.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ci?ia aoaeoeaieo eiinoaio oaeaeeino? iaoaiie?co
(,(-AeIAO a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaaeeeoeo oei?aia?ae?eaeo caaeia?eueii
iieno?oueny ?aiyiiyi I?oaae?na-Iaioai (?en. 1). C oaiaaina eooa iaoeeo
iaea?aeaieo i?yieo iaea?aeaii cia/aiiy k?ici, a aaee/eie a?ae??ce?a ia
in? i?aeeiao, ye? a?aeoeiathoueny oeeie i?yieie, aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe
aaee/eie E??ai (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3.

Cia/aiiy eiinoaio ??aiiaaae (E??ai) ? oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a
ooai?aiiy EIC, eiinoaio oaeaeeino? (k?ici) oa aeoeaaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a
ia?aoai?aiiy EIC a i?iaeoeoe ?aaeoe?? i?e 303E.

Eiinoaioe 283E 293E 303E 313E A#?ici,

eAeae

iieue (I#?ici

((I),

eAeae

iieue (S#?ici

((S),

Aeae

iieue E (G#?ici

((G),

eAeae

iieue

Kp?ai.102, e/iieue 18,90 20,65 25,13 28,01 ( – 10.09 – 21 – 3.73

k?ici.102, .n-1 4.94 7.47 10.08 19.60 32.73 30.21 -164 -79,90

A?ae’?ii? cia/aiiy (H??ai oa (S??ai aeacothoue ia aia?aaoe/io
aea?aei?noue ooai?aiiy EIC ? na?ae/aoue i?i ooai?aiiy iiaeo ca’yce?a, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?nioaaiiy EIC. Cia/aiiy (G??ai

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