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Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

?icaii Aaeaioeia Aieiaeeie??aia

OAeE 808.3-56

NEIOAENE*I? OOIEOe?? O?ACAIEIA?*IEO IAeEIEOeUe O NO?OEOO?? ?A*AIIss

10.02.01- oe?a?inueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? OAeIAE*AIEI
A?eai??e Ieoaeeiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, i?ioani?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AI?IAeAINUeEA
Eaoa?eia A?eai??aia, ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a.

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio AIEEI A?eoi??y Ieeiea?aia,
I?aeeinueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Ieeiee Aiaiey,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? Ieoaeea Eioethaeinueeiai, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.A?iieoey.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “28 n?/iy 2000 ?. i 14-30 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.053.04 o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (01030, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Ie?iaiaa, 9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e /anoei? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (01030, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Ie?iaiaa, 9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “22” a?oaeiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aaeueiia I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

O?acaieia?cie noaiiaeyoue aaaeeeao neeaaeiao /anoeio a nenoai?
iii?iaoeaieo cania?a no/anii? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae. ??ci? ca
oa?aeoa?ii ii?aeiaiiy eiiiiiaio?a o?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? ?aae?cothoue
aeanoeaee ?i iii?iaoeaii-ae?aaeaeueiee iioaioe?ae o?eueee ca oiia
eiioi?eaoe??, aaciaith ooieoe??th yei?, ye a?aeiii, aenooia? ?a/aiiy, ui
aeooae?co?oueny ye aeneiaeaiiy caeaaeii a?ae eiie?aoieo oiia ia?aaea/?
a?aeiia?aeiiai iia?aeiieaiiy i?i oaeoe ? yaeua iicaiiaii? ae?eniino? aai
ae i?i aioo??oi?e na?o ethaeeie. O i?aoeyo aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a
(E.A.Aaenaioue?aa, I.O.Aeao??aiea, A.?.Aeueio?ii?,
A.E.A?oaiaaeuenueeiai, A.I.Aaae?ia, E.A.Aoeaoianueeiai,
A.A.Aeiia?aaeiaa, ?.N.Aiaothe, I.O.Aeainueeiai, A.I.AEoeiaa,
A.I.Iie??iea, E.A.Ne?eiiee, A.I.Oae??, A.I.Oaeiae/aiea, A.Ae.Oae/aiea)
?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy o?acaieia?/iiai cia/aiiy,
naiaioe/ia ia?aaeeaiaoeea o?acai, aa??aoeai?noue, neiii?i?y, aioii?i?y,
aaaaoicia/i?noue o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue, cae?enith?oueny
no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/iee iien oi?iaeueieo ? cia/aii?aeo ?ic?yae?a
o?acaieia?ci?a.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia iio?aaith c’ynoaaoe neioaene/i?
iiceoe?? ? ooieoe?? o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue o oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/i?e
no?oeoo?? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy, aecia/eoe ?o naiaioeeo e eiioi?eaoeaio
?ieue.

A iniia? ?a/aiiy eaaeeoue noeoii?noue caeiiii??iinoae aeei?enoaiiy
eaene/ieo, o?acaieia?/ieo ? ii?oieia?/ieo aeaiaio?a oa
?ioiiaoe?eii-iiceoe?eieo cania?a aeey iiaoaeiae ca’ycieo a?ae??ce?a
iiaeaiiy c iaoith ae?aaeaiiy e iia?aeiieaiiy aeoiee. O?acaieia?/i?
iaeeieoe? ye niaoeeo?/i? aoi?eii? ooai?aiiy, iiae?aii aei eaenai,
iiaeooue caeiaoe aoaeue-yeo iiceoe?th o no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy, i?ioa, ia
a?aei?io a?ae eaenai, aiie ? neeaaei?oeie ooai?aiiyie ye ca aoaeiaith,
oae ? ca naiaioeeith. Ooieoe?iioth/e o ?a/aii?, o?acaia anooia? o
nieneia? oa a?aiaoe/i? ca’ycee c ?ioeie eiiiiiaioaie ?a/aiiy ? ye
oe?e?nia c? cia/aii?aiai iiaeyaeo iaeeieoey aeeiio? ooieoe?th /eaia
?a/aiiy.

Ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?acai o no?oeoo?? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy, ?o eiino?oeoeaia
?ieue oa oa?aeoa? ca’yce?a c ?ioeie eiiiiiaioaie a?aeiia?aeieo
neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e aiae?coaaeeny ia iaoa??ae? oe?a?inueei? iiae
o?eueee i?eiaa?aeii, o ca’yceo c /ei aeieea? iio?aaa aeaoaeueiiai
?icaeyaeo o/ano? a?aeiia?aeieo iiaieo iaeeieoeue o ooieoe?iiaeuei?e ?
cia/aii?a?e i?aai?caoe?? ?a/aiiy.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?? o?nii iia’ycaia c oaiith eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
“E?iaa?noe/iee iien ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae”, yea ia?aaeaa/a?
ae?ao?iiia e neio?iiia aea/aiiy a?aiaoe/ii? aoaeiae oe?a?inueei? iiae,
cie?aia o/ano? o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue o ooieoe?iiaeuei?e oa
cia/aii?a?e iiaoaeia? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: c’ynoaaoe ?ieue o?acaieia?ci?a ye iiaieo iaeeieoeue
aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe?? o oi?ioaaii? no?oeoo?e aeaineeaaeieo ?a/aiue,
i?iaiae?coaaoe aeanoea? ?i naiaioeei-neioaene/i? ooieoe?? ye eiiiiiaio?a
i?aaeeeaoeaiiai a?aeiioaiiy ? ae?oai?yaeieo /eai?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ?aae?ciaaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. I?iaiae?ciaaii ooieoe?iiaeuei? aca?iica’ycee i?ae o?acaieia?ciaie e
iaeeieoeyie ?ioi? oeiieia?/ii? i?e?iaee — eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie, ui
iaeaaeaoue aei a?aeiia?aeieo eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ieo eean?a ne?a.

2. I?iaiae?ciaaii o?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? c iiaeyaeo i???ioaoe??
aeanoeaeo ?i cia/aiue (iii?iaoeaiiai ieaio) ia iiaeeeaa aeei?enoaiiy a
naiaioeei-neioaene/i?e no?oeoo?? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy.

3. Aecia/aii oi?iaeueio ? cia/aii?ao niaoeeo?eo o?acaieia?ci?a,
caeaoieo ooai?thaaoe a?aiaoe/iee oeaio? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy ? ae?aaeaoe
i?aaeeeaoeaia a?aeiioaiiy.

4. Aeine?aeaeaii ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?acaieia?ci?a ye eiiiiiaio?a ?a/aiiy
c ia’?eoiei cia/aiiyi.

5. Aeine?aeaeaii ?ieue o?acaieia?ci?a o ae?aaeaii? ao?eaooeaieo
a?aeiioaiue o neeaae? ?a/aiiy.

6. Aeine?aeaeaii ianoaaeii? ooieoe?? o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue o
no?oeoo?? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy.

7. Ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ?ieue o?acaieia?ci?a ye cania?a eiioi?eaoeaiiai
oneeaaeiaiiy i?inoiai ?a/aiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee ??ci? no?oeoo?i? oa naiaioe/i? iiaeae?
o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue, aeeo/ai? oeyoii nooe?eueii? aea??ee c
O?acaieia?/iiai neiaieea oe?a?inueei? iiae o 2-o oiiao (1993),
O?acaieia?/iiai neiaieea A.I.Oaeiae/aiea o 2-o oiiao (1984) oa
?noi?e/ieo ?iiai?a I.Caa?aaaeueiiai oa N.Neey?aiea. C iaoith aea/aiiy
ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?acai o ooaeiaeiueiio iiaeaii? neeaaeaia ea?oioaea, yea
ia?aoiao? o?e oeny/? o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ?iaio? aeei?enoaii iieniaee ? c?noaaiee
iaoiaee aiae?co aeine?aeaeoaaieo neioaene/ieo yaeu.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui a
iueiio aia?oa cae?eniaii ae/a?iiee aiae?c naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo
ooieoe?e o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue ye eiiiiiaio?a i?inoiai ?a/aiiy,
aecia/aii ?oith ?ieue o ooieoe?iioaaii? neioaene/ii? nenoaie
oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Aiae?c ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?acaieia?ci?a o
no?oeoo?? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy ni?ey? aeeaoiio i?ciaiith niaoeeo?ee
oi?ioaaiiy neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e a?aeiia?aeiiai oeio, aea? i?aenoaae
aeey c’ynoaaiiy ? eiie?aoecaoe?? i?eioeei?a nenoaiiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
o?acaieia?ci?a ia neioaene/iiio ??ai? oe?a?inueei? iiae, o /iio
aeyaey?oueny, cie?aia, ?ciii?o?ci i?ae eaenaiaie ? o?acaiaie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui iaea?aeai? a i?e
?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o i?ae?o/ieeao ? iin?aieeao c
neioaeneno oe?a?inueei? iiae aeey aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, a oaeiae
a eaeneeia?ao?/iiio ii?aoethaaii? o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue c iiaeyaeo
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?o o neeaae? ?a/aiue ye eiioi?eaoeaieo iaeeieoeue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoei aeeeaaeaii o iaoeiaeo aeiiia?aeyo oa iia?aeiieaiiyo ia
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “Aea/aiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiaiai iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo” (Oa?nii, 1998),
“Oai?/?noue Ieeiee Aaaeaia a eiioaeno? no/aniiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeiai i?ioeano” (Oiaiue, 1999), Anaoe?a?inuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Oe?a?inueea iiaa a ina?o?” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1999).
Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii a i’yoe noaooyo.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe??
— 173 noi??iee.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O “Anooi?” ia?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, aecia/aii
ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, ??
oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, c’yniaaii iaoiaee oa aeaea?aea
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? ye aeaiaioe iiaii?
no?oeoo?e” — aeine?aeaeo?oueny niaoeeo?ea ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?acaieia?ci?a
ye naiino?eieo iiaieo iaeeieoeue aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe??, caeaoieo anooiaoe
on?i eiiiiiaioiei neeaaeii o cia/aii?a? e a?aiaoe/i? ca’ycee c aeania
eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie iiae, ooieoe?iiaeueii ni?aa?aeiineoenue c
a?aeiia?aeieie eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ieie eeanaie ? a?aoe o/anoue o oi?ioaaii?
no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy.

Ca iciaeaie naiaioe/ii? oe?e?niino? e ?aaoey?ii? a?aeoai?thaaiino?
o?acaieia?cie ?ciii?oi? c aaoiiiiieie eaenaiaie, iaeiae ia
ioioiaeiththoueny c ieie ye neeaaei?o? iaeeieoe? iiae ? ca ieaiii
ae?aaeaiiy, ? ca ieaiii ci?noo.

Ooai?thth/e naiaioe/io ia?aaeeaio, neiaa ? o?acaie anooiathoue o
neiii?i?/i? a?aeiioaiiy, ui i?aee?aneth? o?eueee ?oith
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/io aeecuee?noue, a ia aea?aaeaioi?noue. Ia
a?aei?io a?ae eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue, o neeaae? o?acaieia?? oe?a?inueei?
iiae ia?aaaaeathoue cai?ioe c aeni?aneaii-ioe?iiei cia/aiiyi, aiane?aeie
/iai aiie aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey noai?aiiy aeni?aneaiiai oiio
aeneiaeaiue ye a oniiio, oae ? a ienaiiiio iiaeaii?. Oa?aeoa?ecoth/enue
aeni?aneaii-ioe?iieie eiiioaoe?yie, o?acaieia?cie noai?ththoue
nai???aeiee iiaeaeueiee ieai ?a/aiue (aeneiaeaiue), a naia: ae?aaeathoue
noaaeaiiy iiaoe?a aei ae?eniino?, ia?aaeathoue aaaaoiaa?aio aaio aiioe?e
(ciaaaae, ni?a/oooy, caoiieaiiy) oiui. O iaaeao neiii?i?/iiai ?yaeo
iiaeooue ii?aeioaaoeny o?acaie, ui iathoue no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/i?
a?aei?iiino?, aea a ?a/aii? aeeiiothoue ?ieue iaeiiai ? oiai ae /eaia,
iai?eeeaae, neiii?i?/iee ?yae c naiaioeeith a?aeaa?oi, ue?i ia’?aeio?:
?iaii? o?acaie c a?aee?eoith aeooath, c a?aee?eoei na?oeai; ae??ne?ai?
o?acaie oeio iieeaaoe ?oeo ia na?oea; eiiia?aoeai? o?acaie ye ia
niia?ae?, ye ia aeooo oiui.

Eaeneei-a?aiaoe/io ni?aa?aeianai?noue o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue
i?iaiae?ciaaii o i?aoeyo I.O.Aeao??aiea, A.I.A?eoaiiai?,
I.O.Aeainueeiai, A.I.AEoeiaa, A.I.Oaeiae/aiea, I.I.Oainueeiai oa ?i.
Aecia/aeueiei ? i?eioeei, ca?aeii c yeei noanoaioeai? o?acaie
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c ?iaiieeaie, ae??ne?ai? — c ae??neiaaie, aae’?eoeai?
— c i?eeiaoieeaie, aaeaa?a?aeuei? — c i?ene?aieeaie ? o.?i. I?e
aeae?eaii? naiaioeei-a?aiaoe/ieo eean?a o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue
aa?aoueny aei oaaae ia?aaeon?i naiaioeea cai?io?a, a oaeiae a?aiaoe/i?
iciaee no?eaeiaaiai eiiiiiaioa. C? no?oeoo?iiai iiaeyaeo, o?acaieia?cie
oi?iaeueii iiaeooue aooe i?aai?ciaai? ca iiaeaeeth neiainiieo/aiiy
(caeaia aoeeoey, ioi caie?) oa ?a/aiiy (caiey ai??ea i?ae iiaaie,
aieinny ia aieia? i?aeiyeiny), i?ioa ca naiaioeeith aiie caeaa?eueoiai
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c? neiaii ? oiiae?aiththoueny eiio ca neioaene/ieie
ooieoe?yie.

Aeey aeayeeo o?acai, ui ooieoe?iiothoue o ?ie? iaaieo /eai?a ?a/aiiy,
aea?eaaoe?eiith aacith iineoaeeee i?ene?a’y oa i?eeacee. Iae/ano?oa
o?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? oai?youeny ia iniia? ia?oi? /anoeie, yea
noaiiaeoue yae?i ae?aco: ?aiiy ioaoea, noa?ee aiae < ?aiiy ioaoea ioaieoeth eeth?, a i?ciy i/? aea?a; noa?ee aiae ia e?ca aei yie >,
??aeoa ia aac? ae?oai? /anoeie: /oae o??uaoue, aeaoe ae?aea < iaie a’thoueny, a a ioaeee?a /oae o??uaoue; ? aei ieoaa, ? aei ?aea, ? aei oeiioe?a aeaea ae?aea >.

O o?acaieia?/iiio neeaae? oe?a?inueei? iiae ?niothoue eiino?oeoe??, ui
noaiiaeyoue niaith (oi?iaeueii) ii?aeiaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo /anoie oa
caeiaiiee?a, a ca naiaioeeith ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c i?eeiaoieeaie: oi/
eoaee — “aa?iee, i?ae?aniee”; caeiaiieeaie: ooi oi/ — “eiaeai,
aoaeue-ooi, ia?oa-e?ioa ethaeeia”; i?ene?aieeaie: ooi eoaee — “iaanaa?/,
o ??ci? aiee” oiui e o no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy aeeiiothoue oa?aeoa?io aeey
a?aeiia?aeiiai eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iiai eeano ooieoe?th. Ie?aia i?noea
iaeaaeeoue aeaoeiaei o?acaiai, o yeeo a?aenooi?e aeaiioaoeaiee aniaeo
(aeyea aiaia?, eoaee oai, ua e ye). Iniaeeai aaaeeeaeie aeey ieo ?
i?aaiaoe/iee ? nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iee ia?aiao?e, ui ?aae?cothoueny a
?iciaaeoaaii? nioe?aeueii-?ieueiaeo aca?iinoinoie?a eiioi?eaio?a,
ioe?ieao neooaoe?e aai ?o o?aaiaio?a. Naiaioe/ia ? neioaene/ia
ia?iceeaaei?noue aeaoeiaeo o?acai i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?o
caeaa?eueoiai a ?ie? ia/eaiiaaieo ?a/aiue.

Na?aae ??ciiiai?oieo no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/ieo oei?a o?acai a
oe?a?inuee?e iia? iaia? ni?aa?aeiinieo c? neoaeaiaeie /anoeiaie iiae,
ine?eueee aeey ieo ia oa?aeoa?ia iii?iaoeaii-aeni?aneaia ooieoe?y.

Ioaea, o?acaie ye iii?iaoeaii-aeni?aneai? iaeeieoe? oe?e?nii
a?aeia?aaeathoue aeaiaioe aeaiioaoeaii? neooaoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith
aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe??. *anoeiiiiaia ni?aa?aeianai?noue iaaieo o?acai
coiiaeth? ?o a?aeiia?aeio neioaene/io ?ieue o ?a/aii?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “O?acaieia?cie a ?ie? aieiaieo /eai?a i?inoiai
?a/aiiy” — aeine?aeaeaii ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue o
?ie? a?aiaoe/ii? iniiae aeaineeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy. C’yniaaii, ui ae??ne?ai?
o?acaieia?cie (“ae??neiai + ?iaiiee c i?eeiaiieeii aai aac iueiai” —
iaaea?oe aei ieoee, iaaanoe iiaeyaeii oa ?i.) a ?ie? i?inoiai
ae??ne?aiiai i?enoaeea noaiiaeyoue iaei?iaeoeoeai?oo a?oio.
O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? oaei? no?oeoo?e iiaeia o?eueee oi?iaeueii
ioioiaeithaaoe c i?inoei ae??ne?aiei i?enoaeeii. Ia a?aei?io a?ae
eaenai, ye? aiie canooiathoue o ?a/aii?, o?acaie yaeythoue niaith
neeaaei?o? ooai?aiiy, ui ia o?eueee iaceaathoue i?aaeeeaoeaio iciaeo
noa’?eoa, a e oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiai c iaaiei aeni?aneaii-ia?aciei
a?aeo?ieii. E??i oiai, ae??ne?ai? eiiiiiaioe o?acai caeaa?eueoiai
iathoue iaai? iaiaaeaiiy uiaei aeaeici?i. Oae, ae??ne?ai? eiiiiiaioe o
neeaae? o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue ia eeaaee iaeueoey a ?io, ooeae a?o?a
a iie?, ia e?cue iiia?aae aaoueea a iaeei oiui aenooiathoue eeoa o oi?i?
iaeaciaiai niiniao, yeee aeyaey?oueny oaeoe/ii ?aeeii iiaeeeaith
ii?oieia?/iith oi?iith ae?aaeaiiy oeeo eiino?oeoe?e, a o?acaie oeio ia
caa?eo eao?, ca aooa ia a?aeoyaiao caeaoi? ?aae?coaaoe a aoaeue-yeiio
eiioaeno? eeoa cia/aiiy iaeaooiueiai /ano oiui.

Ae??ne?aia o?acaia iiaea canooiaoe caeaaeiee ?io?i?oea, oiae?,
niieo/ath/enue c aeiiii?aeiei ae??neiaii, aiia aeeiio? neioaene/io
ooieoe?th neeaaeaiiai ae??ne?aiiai i?enoaeea. O oaeiio aeiaaeeo
o?acaieia?/ia iaeeieoey ia?aaea? ci?no i?enoaeea, a aeiiii?aeia
ae??neiai — a?aeiioaiiy aei ae?eniino? (i?aaeeeaoe?th) oa
iiaeaeuei?noue. Iai?eeeaae: “Ae c nai?ie oai?aie aenooiaee i?ioe ieo, ?
aiie oio?ee aan caoiioaoe a a?ycue” (N.Neey?aiei). Neeaaeaiee
ae??ne?aiee i?enoaeie iiaea oi?ioaaoeny ia iniia? oaceniiai aai
iiaeaeueiiai aeiiii?aeiiai ae??neiaa. Oae, o ?a/aii? “Aea y ii/eiath
iaaeaaoe nia? oe?io, a oea aaea cian?i cea…” (I.Caa?aaaeueiee)
ae??ne?aiee neeaaeaiee i?enoaeie (ii/eiath iaaeaaoe nia? oe?io)
noaiiaeoue ii?aeiaiiy aeiiii?aeiiai oaceniiai ae??neiaa, ui aeaco? ia
ii/aoie ae??, ? o?acaie iaaeaaoe nia? oe?io. Uiaei neeaaeaieo
ae??ne?aieo i?enoaee?a c oacenieie aeiiii?aeieie ae??neiaaie, oi
i?iaeoeoeai?oeie ? eiino?oeoe??, ui noaiiaeyoue niaith ii?aeiaiiy
oaceniiai ae??neiaa, yea aeaco? ia ii/aoie ae??, i?ioeano (ii/aoe,
ii/eiaoe, noaoe, i?eeiaoeny), oa ae??ne?aii? o?acaie.

Ioaea, oaceni? ae??neiaa, ii?aeioth/e o?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe?, a yeeo
ae??ne?aiee eiiiiiaio ia? oi?io ?io?i?oeaa, ooai?ththoue i?aaeeeaoeaio
eiino?oeoe?th, a ye?e iniaia? oi?ie ae??ne?a, e??i aeaeiaeo cia/aiue,
ae?aaeathoue ? a?aiaoe/i? a?aeiioaiiy, a o?acaia ae?aaea? iniiaiee ci?no
on??? eiino?oeoe??.

Neeaae aeiiii?aeieo iiaeaeueieo ae??ne?a, ye? o ii?aeiaii? c o?acaiith
ooai?ththoue i?aaeeeaoeaio eiino?oeoe?th, iaaecae/aeii oe?ieee.
Iai?eeeaae, ae??neiaa c iiaeaeueii-aieueiaith naiaioeeith, cie?aia
iiaeeeaino? /e iaiiaeeeaino?, caeaoiino? iniae /e i?aaeiaoa ?aae?coaaoe
ae?th: “Aea caiai’yoae — ?ioei oaae oea iiaea nianoe ia aeoieo”
(N.Neey?aiei); “Cae/aeii ae, iaea?eueoa oeueiai uanoy ia?aiaaeaei
Aeooiiae/o, i?ioa … a?i ia i?a o?eiaoe na?e ycee ia i?eiii?” (O?.ne.,
O.?); ae??neiaa c? cia/aiiyi noa’?eoeaii-aiioe?eii? ioe?iee: “Aaa?eei
Eeoiae … ia ethaea eeaeaoe a?ioae ia a?oa?” (N.Neey?aiei); “ss aithnue
ae?noaoe iaeeciy, y oai?iaeeai aithnue…” (O?.ne., O.?) oiui. O ?ie?
iiaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a ae??ne?aiiai neeaaeaiiai i?enoaeea iiaeooue
aenooiaoe i?aaeeeaoeai? i?eeiaoieee (iiaeiai, ciooaiee oiui), ye?
ae?aaeathoue iiaeaeueio iiaeeo?eaoe?th ae??ne?aiiai neeaaeaiiai
i?enoaeea eaene/ii. Iaeiae aiie iicaaaeai? oi?iaeueieo cania?a aeyao
oeeo eaoaai??e, ui eiiiaino?oueny iniaiaeie oi?iaie ae??neiaa — ca’ycee
aooe, iai?eeeaae: “Eiaeiiio, ooi ni?a eiai ia?aaeaoe, aiia eaaeia aoea
ia?a?aaoe ai?eyieo” (O?.ne., O.??). A?aenooi?noue ae??ne?aii? ca’ycee
aooe na?ae/eoue i?i a?aeianaiiy iia?aeiieaiiy aei ieaio oaia??oiueiai
aeoeaiiai aai oaia??oiueiai ocoaeueiiai /ano: “Iaeeiaaeoeyoee aeaiue
/a?aiy e?oa 6486-ai, oae, o oeae aeaiue eiycue Aieiaeeie? iiaeiai n?noe
ia noie? nai?o iooe?a…” (N.Neey?aiei). O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe?,
niieo/ath/enue c ?io?i?oeaii, yeee ia?aaea? iniiaiee ci?no i?enoaeea, ca
naiaioeeith ni?aa?aeiini? c iiaeaeueieie ae??neiaaie, iai?eeeaae: “ss e
aeoiee ia iath o?eaoe iae oaaa…” (O?.ne., O.?); “Iiaeeeai, ?iaeaia?
Neiya?i ia? ia oaac? nei?enoaoeny aeayeeie caiuaaeaeaiiyie…” (O?.ne.,
O.?).

O?acaieia?/ia iaeeieoey iiaea aenooiaoe eiiiiiaioii oae caaiiai
iiaea?eiiai i?enoaeea, yeee neeaaea?oueny c aeaio naiino?eieo
eiiiiiaio?a, ui anooiathoue o a?ia?iee ca’ycie c i?aeiaoii: “Oieciiin
iinoioa oaea iica noi?iaeath, a oeiioe? ia?aae?aee iiaaie i? aeea? i?
ia?oa?…” (I.Caa?aaaeueiee); “I? aeea? i? ia?oa? neooaee oae? ?a/? iaoe
e nano?a Ee?eeiaa…” (O?.ne., O.?). Oae? no?oeoo?e caaaeaee iiaeia
iiae?eeoe ia naiino?ei? i?iiiceoe??.

sse na?ae/eoue oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, iioe?aiei ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue o ?ie? ?iaiii? /anoeie neeaaeaiiai ?iaiiiai
i?enoaeea. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ae??ne?aieo, neeaaeai? ?iaii? i?enoaeee
ae?aaeathoue ianeai? iciaee, oa?aeoa?i? aeey a?aeiia?aeieo noa’?eo?a.
Iaeaieiai?oeie a?aiaoe/ieie caniaaie ae?aaeaiiy ?iaiii? /anoeie
neeaaeaiiai ?iaiiiai i?enoaeea ? iaceaiee, ciao?aeiee oa i?oaeiee
a?aei?iee.

Aeac?aea ia no?eeo iciaeo i?aaeiaoa /e iniae, eiai iino?eio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo caaacia/o?oueny oi?iith iaceaiiai a?aei?iea ?iaiii?
/anoeie, caeaa?eueoiai aac ae??ne?aii? ca’ycee: “Oea ae yeanue ia?aiiy.
ss…y ioi caie?!” (O?.ne., O.??); “Aia/ee Oa?no — i?aaa ?oea eiycy
Aieiaeeie?a…” (N.Neey?aiei). No?eaeiaaee eiiiiiaio o?acaieia?ci?a, ye?
aeeiiothoue ?ieue i?aaeeeaoeaiiai /eaia a ?a/aiiyo c ioeueiaith
ca’yceith, iiaea aooe ae?aaeaiee aoaeue-yeith ?iaiiith /anoeiith iiae,
cie?aia: ?iaiieeii: “A?i iai? iaa?oue oa? ni? aaeaea?oueny: /e oiio, ui
noa??noue, /e, iiaea, oea aaea iiy eaaaaeeia i?niy?” (O?.ne., O.?);
i?eeiaoieeii: “Ee?eei iaoeee ia aeo?aee” (O?.ne., O.?); caeiaiieeii: “?
eiaeai c ian /a?ac oea ia? iaaaeeeo neeo, eiaeai nai ii nia?”
(N.Neey?aiei); /ene?aieeii: “? a Eiiaoiaa? aeo?eiathoue, oai iao? ethaee
iaeei a iaeei” (N.Neey?aiei) oiui. O?acaieia?/ia iaeeieoey ye
i?aaeeeaoeaiee /eai o oi?i? iaceaiiai a?aei?iea ia? ??ci? iiaeeo?eaoe??
? oa?aeoa?eco? ia o?eueee iniao, a e i?aaeiao, iiae?th oiui.
I?aaeeeaoeaiee /eai aaeeaa?oueny o oi?i? iaceaiiai a?aei?iea oaeiae a
oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee i?e?aeio?oueny aei i?aeiaoa niieo/ieeaie
(oi?iaeueii) ye, iia, ia/a, iaiia: “Ioiae ? ua oeae A?oei — iia a?eueii
ia ioe?…” (O?.ne., O.?); “- Aai ia caea?oueny, ia?caaeany non?aeea,-
ui oaia? ii?a ye nei?e ioao uanoy” (O?.ne., O.??); “- Oe ia/a a/i?a
i?eaacaia…” (O?.ne., O.??). O iiae?aieo eiino?oeoe?yo iiiyooy —
i?aaeiao (iniaa) ia i?yii ioioiaeith?oueny c oei, ui ae?aaeaii
i?aaeeeaoeaiei /eaiii (o?acaiith), a oiiae?aith?oueny eiio /a?ac
ii??aiyiiy. I?e o?acai? a ?ie? i?aaeeeaoeaiiai /eaia o oi?i? iaceaiiai
a?aei?iea ooieoe?th i?aeiaoa iiaeooue aeeiioaaoe caeiaiieee oea, oi. O
oaeeo aeiaaeeao i?aeneeth?oueny naiaioeea i?aaeeeaoeaiiai /eaia, cie?aia
eiai aeac?aea ia iino?eio iciaeo iniae /e i?aaeiaoa, iai?eeeaae: “-
Aeanue i’yonio — o?nonio i?ei??iee?a ae?oeo?ii ui?aco. Aea oea —
e?aieeia a ii??” (O?.ne., O.?); “Oi ia iaoe, oi ia aeeaa ethaeeia, oi —
aeoiaeaoeue c oiai na?oo” (O?.ne., O.?). Aeac?ai? /anoee oea, oi
iiaeooue i?e?aeioaaoe iaceaiee i?aaeeeaoeaiee /eai (o?acaieia?ci),
i?aeneethth/e /eaioaaiiy ?a/aiiy ia a?oio i?aeiaoa ? a?oio i?enoaeea oa
oae?acithth/e i?enoaeeiao ooieoe?th o?acaieia?/ii? iaeeieoe?: “(ssnue)
Oeyooe/ — oi aaeeea ??/!” (O?.ne., O.?); “Ae?? cao?aeieo aea?aeaa — oea
a?a c aiaiai” (O?.ne., O.?). Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui o ?a/aiiyo c /anoeaie
oi, oea ae?aaea?oueny eaoaai?e/i?noue oaa?aeaeaiiy, a nai???aei?noue
a?aiaoe/ii? no?oeoo?e oa cia/aiiy iino?eii? oa?aeoa?enoeee o
i?aaeeeaoeaiiio /eai? aeiaaa? ooieoe?iioaaiiy eiai eeoa o oi?i?
iaceaiiai a?aei?iea. Iioe?ai? aeiaaeee aaeeaaiiy o?acaieia?cio ye
i?aaeeeaoeaiiai /eaia c ae??neiaii-ca’yceith aooe o oi?i? ieioeiai /ano:
“Enaiei aaoueei aoa aao?a c eei//y…” (O?.ne., O.?). Anoaiiaeaii, ui
aeey ae?aaeaiiy iaiino?eii?, ianoaei? iciaee i?aeiaoa ?iaiiee-eiiiiiaio
o?acaieia?/ii? iaeeieoe?, ui aenooia? ?iaiiith /anoeiith, aaeeaa?oueny o
oi?i? i?oaeiiai a?aei?iea caeaa?eueoiai c ae??neiaii-ca’yceith aooe o
oi?iao ieioeiai oa iaeaooiueiai /ano, a oaeiae ae??ne?aieie ca’yceaie
noaaaoe ? caeeoaoeny: “A?i aoaea i?aaith ?oeith Aeoaneaao”
(N.Neey?aiei); “A ii?i iai?ea?oi?i aeeoo? oe aoea i?ia?aeiith ci?ath”
(O?.ne., O.?); “?eoea oaia? noaea aeey iueiai i’yoei eieanii aei aica”
(O?.ne., O.?); “…Aeoaea eia?/i? Ia/?iaeia? aeoiee caeeoeeenue aeanii
aii?thuiai a ionoae?” (O?.ne., O.?) oiui.

O iiceoe?? ?iaiii? /anoeie iiaeooue aenooiaoe o?acaie iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o
oaeoe/iiai oi?iaeueiiai neeaaeo, i?ae /ei iaiao?aeii ?icoi?oe
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?iaiieeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue o
oi?i? iai?yieo a?aei?ie?a.

O?acaieia?cie a ?ie? ?iaiii? /anoeie neeaaeaiiai i?enoaeea iiaeooue iaoe
oi?io ciao?aeiiai a?aei?iea ye c i?eeiaiieeii, oae ? aac iueiai.
I?aaeeeaoeaiee /eai (o?acaieia?ci) iiaea aaeeaaoeny c ae??ne?aiith
ca’yceith. Oi?ia ciao?aeiiai i?aaeeeaoeaiiai aeei?enoiao?oueny oiae?,
eiee iio??aii i?aee?aneeoe iaoa?aeoa?io iciaeo i?aeiaoa (caeaa?eueoiai
o?acaie oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?aeiao-iniao) ? naiaioe/iee a?aeo?iie
cai?uaiiy a eiai cia/aii?: “…? ?ai?oa eiycue aoa c iiaai?iaeoeyie a
iaeio aeooo…” (N.Neey?aiei) oiui.

Aeania i?enoaeeiao ?iaiio oi?io noaiiaeoue, e??i oiai, ?iaeiaee iciaee,
o?ainoi?iiaaiee c ao?eaooeaii? ooieoe?? a i?aaeeeaoeaio: “Ia caa?oae
oaaae ia aaanuee? i?eioe. An? aiie (aaae) iaeii? iano?…” (O?.ne.,
O.?); “Ia?oaie aoa ia c iieioeeaeo” (O?.ne., O.??).

??ciiiai?oi?noue ii?oieia?/ieo oi?i ?iaiii? /anoeie neeaaeaiiai ?iaiiiai
i?enoaeea coiiaeaia nooiaiai ao?aoe ae??neiaii-ca’yceith eaene/iiai
cia/aiiy ? oeiia?noth ca’yceiai? ooieoe?? ae??neiaa. O?acaieia?/ia
iaeeieoey o ?ie? ?iaiii? /anoeie neeaaeaiiai ?iaiiiai i?enoaeea ia?acii
? aeo/ii ia?aaea? iniiaia cia/aiiy iciaee, oa?aeoa?ii? aeey i?aeiaoa, a
ae??ne?aia ca’ycea neoaeeoue aeey ae?aaeaiiy a?aiaoe/ieo cia/aiue
i?enoaeea ? iia’yco? ?iaiio /anoeio i?enoaeea c i?aeiaoii.

Aenooiath/e o ooieoe?? i?aeiaoa, o?acaia a?aeiia?aeii? aioo??oiuei?
no?oeoo?e caiiaith? iiceoe?th ?iaiieea o oi?i? iaceaiiai a?aei?iea ye
oeiieia?/ii aecia/aeueiiai caniao ae?aaeaiiy i?aeiaoa a oe?a?inuee?e
iia?. I?aeiao, ae?aaeaiee o?acaieia?/iith iaeeieoeath, iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye iaeei c oa?aeoa?ieo aeiaaee?a ooieoe?iiaeueii?
(neioaene/ii?) o?ainiiceoe?? a?aeiia?aeieo iiaieo iaeeieoeue.
O?acaieia?/iee i?aeiao ye iin?e i?aaeeeaoeaii? iciaee iiaea ioiiethaaoe
eiiiiiaioe c ??ciith naiaioeeith. Ooieoe?th i?aeiaoa aeeiiothoue
o?acaie, ye? c oa?aeoa?iith aeey ieo aoi?eiiith iii?iaoe??th
iicia/athoue: ae?y/a: “A o? iou? ia caoiaeeea i?eiee i? iaeia aeeaa
aeooa” (O?.ne., O.?); iin?y noaio: “- Ioeyia oaia? ianeoa iaeueea…”
(O?.ne., O.??); ae?th-i?ioean: “I?eeeioa (Aa?/oe), ui iaoe a aoaa?i??
oaeo ?oeo — aaeeea ae?ei…” (O?.ne., O.?); aano?aeoia iiiyooy:
“…?iiae? iiaeia aoei iiaa/eoe iaa?oue a?e? ao?ee o oeo, ooi iaa
ooo?yi? eii??e ia oeiaeyo, aea ia aieiaao oai?eany ni?o ? a??o”
(I.Caa?aaaeueiee).

Iaeiioe?ai?oeie a ?ie? i?aeiaoa ? o?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? c naiaioeeith
iniae, yaeua. Ca ieaiii ae?aaeaiiy aiie noaiiaeyoue niaith (oi?iaeueii)
caeaa?eueoiai eiino?oeoe?? “i?eeiaoiee + ?iaiiee”, ca ieaiii ci?noo
-ni?aa?aeiini? c ?iaiieeaie ? iathoue ni?eueia eaoaai??aeueia cia/aiiy
?iaiieeiaino?.

O?acaieia?/i? i?aeiaoe c naiaioeeith iniae iiae?eythoueny ia e?eueea
a?oi: 1) o?acaie, ye? aeacothoue ia ?ioaeaeooaeuei?,
ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iniae: “Aei iaia oeooeai, uia eeoa
iei ia aa/eei, i?eoiaeue” (O?.ne., O.??); 2) o?acaie, ui aeacothoue ia
nioe?aeueiee noai iniae oa ?? noinoiee c ?ioeie ethaeueie: “Oai na?aae
iine?a nueiaiaei? yeeenue ioao aenieiai iieueioo caa?oaa aei ian…”
(O?.ne., O.??); 3) o?acaie, ui aeacothoue ia ?iaeeiiee noai oa ?iaeeii?
noinoiee iniae: “*oaea /oaeeia ia iiaeae??” (O?.ne., O.??).

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? a neioaene/ii caeaaei?e
oa neioaene/ii aaoiiiii?e iiceoe?yo” — aeine?aeaeaii ooieoe?iioaaiiy
o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue o ?ie? ae?oai?yaeieo /eai?a ?a/aiiy,
caa?oaiue, anoaaieo oa anoaaeaieo eiino?oeoe?e.

O?acaie ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo iiaeeo?eaoe?e, aeeiioth/e ianoaaeiio
ooieoe?th, iathoue a?aeiia?aeii aei ni?aa?aeiinieo c ieie
eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ieo a?oi ne?a iaai? aeeoa?aioe?ei?, naiaioe/i? oa
oi?iaeuei? iciaee. O?acaieia?cie, ni?aa?aeiini? c i?ene?aieeaie,
iiaeooue aooe ioa?aeoa?eciaai? ye aaeaa?a?aeuei?, cie?aia niiniao ae??:
“- C aieeie ?oeaie ie i?eiee ia oiaeeii, iaia Eeoiae” (N.Neey?aiei);
/ano: “- Oa i?ia/o ae, i?ia/o, o?oonth, oae ui aei iiaeo a?iee?a aoaea
iai’yoaoe” (I.Caa?aaaeueiee); iaoe: “I?i ethaenueea iei a?i i?oia
i?iaanoe e iioiaaoe ua iaeiiai eeaiia/aieia” (N.Neey?aiei) oiui.

Ianoaaeiio ooieoe?th iiaeooue aeeiioaaoe oaeiae o?acaieia?cie, ye?
iathoue oi?io ae??i?ene?aieeiaiai cai?ioo aai ae noaiiaeyoue niaith
eiino?oeoe?? c eiiiiiaioaie oi/, ye, iia: “? ?aioii Cieoai ?aiao?
aeaniith ia?niiith c’yaeany ia iiaea??’? Iioie?, iinoiya, iie?ooeaoe
iinii, ia?aae a?eiii…” (N.Neey?aiei); “- AEaieo?a o oaaa, oaaeeoue
aiaa, ye oea?oo a ai?iae?, oi/ a?aaeth aaoe” (O?.ne., O.?); “Oea aoee
ae?ae ia?aceea? neiaa — ai?aiaee e ioae? ?onuee? ni?yeenue, aanee?ee
neae?ee, iia a ?io aiaee iaa?aee” (N.Neey?aiei). O?acaieia?/i?
iaeeieoe?, ui aeeiiothoue ooieoe?th ianoaaei, iathoue, ye i?aaeei,
onoaeaiee ii?yaeie eiiiiiaio?a, a ca naiaioeeith oa neioaene/iith ?ieeth
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c i?ene?aieeaie. O o?acaieia?ciao oeio c aeiy ia
aeaiue, a?ae ci?? aei ci??, ooai?aieo c a?aeiinii ??aiii?aaieo eaenai,
ia iiaeia aecia/eoe no?eaeiaa? eiiiiiaioe. Iai?eeeaae: “Ci aeiy ia
aeaiue ?inoooue oai? aoaeiae, Ethaenueei? i?aoe? e ?icoio aeeaa”
(O?.ne., O.?); “Ne??cue eethoueny ne?ciiueee ae?ii/? a?ae ci?? aei ci??”
(O?.ne., O.?). O?acaie oeio aac ne?a — “iia/ee”; aac iai’yo? —
“iai?eoiiiee”; ia c iaaeii — “ne?ooii” noaiiaeyoue nai???aeiee ?ic?yae
ae?ac?a, ye? iathoue oe?e?nia cia/aiiy, a ca no?oeoo?ith ? ii?aeiaiiyi
iaeiiai iiaiicia/iiai neiaa c iaeiei /e e?eueeiia neoaeaiaeie neiaaie:
“? oea, iaaooue, aac ne?a a?ae/oa *aeo?…” (N.Neey?aiei); “Oe?eee
oeaeaeaiue eaaeaa aac iai’yo?…” (N.Neey?aiei); “Ne??cue, aeoiaeeoue,
a?aeiio? ia c iaaeii aeeaaoueny?” (O?.ne.,O.?). Ianoaaeiiei o?acaiai
aeanoeaa oe?iea naiaioe/ia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y, i?e/iio eiaeia cia/aii?aa
a?oia ianoaaeiieo o?acai ia? nai? oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino?.

O?acaie, aaeeaai? a ia’?eoi?e ooieoe??, c oa?aeoa?iith aeey ieo
aeni?aneai?noth iicia/athoue ia’?eo, ia yeee ni?yiiaaia ae?y, i?ioean
oiui. Neioaene/io ?ieue aeiaeaoea iae/ano?oa aeeiiothoue o?acaieia?/i?
iaeeieoe?, ni?aa?aeiini? c ?iaiieie /anoeiaie iiae, ??aeoa — o?, a yeeo
ae??ne?aiee eiiiiiaio ia? oi?io ?io?i?oeaa. O?acaieia?cie aeeiiothoue
?ieue ye i?yiiai, oae ? iai?yiiai aeiaeaoea. O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? a
?ie? i?yiiai aeiaeaoea iiaeia eaae?o?eoaaoe ye i?iaeoeoeaia neioaene/ia
yaeua: “Ea?aeioa ia?aaiaeea eeoa iei c eiiy ia Eo/oea e iacaae”
(I.Caa?aaaeueiee); “Aea?eia aeia?a ciaea cae?ci? Eiia?aieia? i?aaeea…”
(O?.ne., O.??); “Ie, Ieeaii?a, ia ni?eny iaae ethaenueeei ai?ai, ai e
naiai caao?aoiueiai aeiy ia aaaaea?o” (O?.ne., O.?). O?acaieia?/i?
aeiaeaoee o oi?i? ciao?aeiiai a?aei?iea, ye ? a?aeiia?aei? eaenaie, ia
aa?ooue o/ano? o oi?ioaaii? i?aaeeeaoeaiiai a?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?aeiaoii ?
i?enoaeeii, i?ioa aiie a?ae?a?athoue i?ia?aeio ?ieue o ?iciaaeoaaii?
aeoeaieo ? ianeaieo no?oeoo?. O?acaie ye i?yi? aeiaeaoee o oi?i?
?iaeiaiai a?aei?iea aenooiathoue o caia?a/ieo eiino?oeoe?yo aai ae o
aeiaaeeao ia?oeoaoeaiiai ia’?eoiiai cia/aiiy. O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? o
ooieoe?? iai?yieo aeiaeaoe?a aoaathoue aeaio ??ciiaeae?a:
aaci?eeiaiieeia? ? i?eeiaiieeia?. Oe?iea eiei ia’?eoieo a?aeiioaiue
ae?aaea?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith i?eeiaiiee?a, ye? caeaa?eueoiai ia
aoiaeyoue aei eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo o?acai: “Iiaea a i?i ni?o e??cue
neueice Caaaeaoe y i?e n?i…” (O?.ne., O.??); “A y ia aeaiony ca eaaeei
oe?aii, i?aeo ia 1-e (acaiae)…” (O?.ne., O.??). Ooieoe?iiothoue
aeiaeaoee ? o oi?i? ea?iaaiiai ae??ne?aiiai eiiiiiaioa o?acaie —
?io?i?oeai? aeiaeaoee. O?acaieia?cie a ?ie? ?io?i?oeaieo aeiaeaoe?a
icia/athoue ae?th ye ia’?eo c oa?aeoa?iith aeey ieo aoi?eiiith
iii?iaoe??th, ia yeee ni?yiiaaia ?ioa ae?y: “Ia o?aaa a/eoe ae?oae
oiaeeoe eeoei ?iaii” (O?.ne., O.??) oiui. Ioaea, o?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe?
a neioaene/i?e ooieoe?? aeiaeaoe?a ? aeineoue iioe?aiei yaeuai o
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?. A?eueo oaeeaaieie ? o?acaie, eiiiiiaioe yeeo
iathoue oi?io ciao?aeiiai a?aei?iea aac i?eeiaiieea. Aiie
eiie?aoecothoue naiaioeeo a?aeiia?aeiiai ae??neiaa, aenooiathoue o
ooieoe?? i?yiiai aeiaeaoea.

O?acaie o ?ie? icia/aiue noaiiaeyoue niaith ??ciino?oeoo?i? iaeeieoe?,
ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ocaaaeueiaiei eaoaai??aeueiei cia/aiiyi yeino?.
O?acaieia?/i? icia/aiiy — oea neioaene/ii caeaaeiee a?ae noanoaioeaiiai
ae?aco eiiiiiaio oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ii? no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy, yeee ae?aaea?
iai?aaeeeaoeaio iciaeo i?aaeiaoa (iniae). O?acaieia?/i? icia/aiiy ?
ae?acieeaie ye?nii? aai a?aeiinii? iciaee iniae (i?aaeiaoa, neooaoe??),
?? i?eiaeaaeiino? aai e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Caaaeueiinaiaioe/i?
??ciiaeaee o?acaieia?/ieo icia/aiue coiiaeththoueny caeaa?eueoiai
naiaioeeith o?acai, i?ioa oi?iaeueii ni?e/eiththoueny ?
eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iei cia/aiiyi no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a. C iaoith
eiioi?eaoeaii? aeooae?caoe?? aiie iiaeooue aeae?eyoeny iiceoe?eii oa
?ioiiaoe?eii, oiaoi o?ainoi?ioaaoeny o a?aeie?aieai? icia/aiiy: “Aino?a
ia iei, noa?a i?aeaeaae?ea…” (O?.ne., O.?). O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe?
iiaeooue aeeiioaaoe ?ieue icia/aiiy ye ocaiaeaeaiiai, oae ?
iaocaiaeaeaiiai. O ooieoe?? ocaiaeaeaiiai icia/aiiy aenooiathoue eeoa
o?acaie c eiiiiiaioaie i?eeiaoieeiai? ia?aaeeaie, ye? aecia/athoue ?o
oi?iaeuei? iiaeeo?eaoe?? c iiaeyaeo neiaici?ie ? ocaiaeaeaiiy c iiaeyaeo
neioaene/iiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Aeey o?acaieia?ci?a, ye? ooieoe?iiothoue
o ?ie? ocaiaeaeaiiai icia/aiiy, oa?aeoa?i? eaoaai??? ?iaeo, /enea oa
a?aei?iea, i?ioa i?eeiaoieeiaei eiiiiiaioai ia aeanoea? oi?ie nooiai?a
ii??aiyiiy. Oae? o?acaie caeaa?eueoiai anooiathoue o
naiaioeei-neioaene/i? a?aeiioaiiy c ?iaiieeaie-iacaaie iniae,
oa?aeoa?ecoth/e ??ci? ?? aeanoeaino?, ??aeoa aiie ae?aaeathoue iaai?
iciaee i?aaeiaoa, iainiae, iai?eeeaae: “Aa?y/ee na?oeai, na?oeee
aieiaith, i?inoee eeoeai, c oni?oeith yniith, a?i (Aie/aiei) ? oaia?
noi?oue ia?aae? iiith…” (O?.ne., O.?); “I? aeeaa i? ia?oaa Ia??y
aaaeei ia?aaiaeeea iiaeeo…” (O?.ne., O.?).

Ooieoe?th iaocaiaeaeaiiai icia/aiiy aeeiiothoue o?acaieia?cie,
ni?aa?aeiini? ca naiaioeeith c i?eeiaoieeaie. C? no?oeoo?iiai iiaeyaeo
aiie yaeythoue niaith: i?eeiaiieeiai-?iaiieeia? niieoee: “ss ia iiaeo
ooo aooe ?iaeaia?ii c? noi?iie…” (O?.ne., O.??); ae??ne?ai?
eiino?oeoe??: “…ss caaoaeo naith ia?oeyieo aea?aeaoe naaa a ?oeao ?
cian?i neenio” (O?.ne., O.?); ?iaiieeia? eiino?oeoe??: “Oai aoee cian?i
?io? ethaee — aacno?aoi?, ei?oeea?, ia an? ?oee iaeno?e” (O?.ne., O.?)
oa ?i.

A?aenooi?noue ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo oi?i oa o?eniaai?noue iiceoe?e, ye?
oa?aeoa?i? aeey a?eueoino? o?acaieia?/ieo iaocaiaeaeaieo icia/aiue,
iaeeaaeathoue iaai? iaiaaeaiiy ia ?oi? ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe?, ui iathoue ioe?iia cia/aiiy, iiaeooue
ooieoe?iioaaoe o no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy a ?ie? a?aeie?aieaii? i?eeeaaeee. O
a?aeiia?aei?e neioaene/i?e eiino?oeoe?? i?e iniiai?e iaca? i?aaeiaoa
(iniae), ae?aaeai?e iiynithaaiei ?iaiieeii, o?acaieia?/ia i?eeeaaeea
(iiae?aii aei eaenaie-i?eeeaaeee) ? eiai ?ioith iacaith ca yeithnue
oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith: “- A iaia… iiaea, aeanue aeaea?aoueny yeanue
??aeiy — aeanyoa aiaea ia eenae?,- neacaa A?eoeae” (O?.ne., O.?).
O?acaia o ooieoe?? i?eeeaaeee noaiiaeoue a?eueo naiino?eiee uiaei
icia/oaaiiai /eaia eiiiiiaio ?a/aiiy c ?ioiiaoe?eiei a?aeie?aieaiiyi.

O ?iaio? aeine?aeaeo?oueny ? neioaene/ii aaoiiiiia iiceoe?y
o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue. Na?aae o?acaieia?ci?a, ui caeiathoue
neioaene/ii aaoiiiiio iiceoe?th, iiaeia aeae?eeoe aeae?eueea ?o
??ciiaeae?a: caa?oaiiy, anoaai? oa anoaaeai? eiino?oeoe??. O?acaieia?/i?
iaeeieoe? a ?ie? caa?oaiue aenooiathoue ye iacae aae?anaoa iiaeaiiy.
“Aeo?aiue iaaeoee! Ia i?a ia’yaeoeny… ” (O?.ne., O.?); “Oi /iai ae oe,
Oiii iaa??iee, ia iaieoao…” (O?.ne., O.??). O iaaaaeaieo ?a/aiiyo
caa?iaiiy aei iniae ? iia’ycai? c ieie aiioe?? ae?aaeathoueny
??ciiooieoe?iiaeueieie o?acaieia?/ieie caa?oaiiyie i?aee?aneaii?
aeni?an??.

O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? ye anoaai? eiino?oeoe?? ae?aaeathoue noaaeaiiy
aei iia?aeiiethaaiiai c iiaeyaeo aeinoia??iino?, noii?ao, i?eiouaiiy,
niiniao ioi?ieaiiy aeoiie oiui, iai?eeeaae: “Iaeiei neiaii, iaia Eeoiae,
ie ooaaeeee iaaaeii neeeeaoe naei…” (N.Neey?aiei). O?acaie a ?ie?
anoaaieo eiino?oeoe?e oneeaaeiththoue eiioi?eaoeaiee ieai ?a/aiue.
O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe?, ye? caeaa?eueoiai oi?iaeueii ni?aa?aeiinyoueny
ca no?oeoo?ith c ??cieie oeiaie ?a/aiue ye c? cia/aiiyi eiinoaooth/i?
iiaeaeueiino?, oae ? cia/aiiyi ia?aiia?aeii? iiaeaeueiino?, oe?iei
i?aaenoaaeai? o no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy. I?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy anoaaieo
o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue ?ioiiaoe?ei?e no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy caaacia/o?
?oi? aoiaeaeaiiy aei eiioi?eaoeaiiai ieaio a?aeiia?aeieo neioaene/ieo
eiino?oeoe?e. O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? ooieoe?iiothoue ? a ?ie?
anoaaeaieo eiiiiiaio?a, ye? ae?aaeathoue aeiaeaoeia? iia?aeiieaiiy /e
iia?aei? i?eiaa?aei? eiiaioa??: “ss ye ca/oa ioa ciaaaiiy, oi o iaia aae
ii?ic iica nieiith iineiaa, ? — aeae aiaea iiae! — ia?u?e oeeueee oa
oeeueee” (O?.ne., O.?). Iioe?aiith ooieoe??th o?acaieia?/ieo anoaaeaieo
eiino?oeoe?e ? ooi/iaiiy, ?ic’yniaiiy aai aeiiiaiaiiy i?aaeiaoiiai
ci?noo iniiaiiai ?a/aiiy.

AENIIAEE

· O?acaieia?cie, aeeiioth/e, iiae?aii aei eaenai, ciaeiao ooieoe?th,
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c a?aeiia?aeieie eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ieie eeanaie ne?a.
*anoeiiiiaia ni?aa?aeianai?noue o?acai ?oioo?oueny ia eeoa ia
iniaeeainoyo iii?iaoeaiiai cia/aiiy, a e ia ooieoe?iioaaii? ?o ye
eiioi?eaoeaii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaeeieoeue.

· ??ciiiai?oi? ca ieaiii ae?aaeaiiy (oi?iaeueii i?aaenoaaeai? ye
neiainiieo/aiiy aai ?a/aiiy), o?acaieia?cie aa?ooue aaciina?aaeith
o/anoue o oi?ioaaii? oi?iaeueii? ? cia/aii?ai? no?oeoo?e ?a/aiue ye
eiioi?eaoeaieo iaeeieoeue.

· O?acaieia?cie caeaoi? caiiaithaaoe neioaene/i? iiceoe?? ??cieo oei?a
i?enoaee?a ?, ioaea, aooe caniaaie ae?aaeaiiy i?aaeeeaoeaieo iciae,
iin?yie yeeo aenooiathoue ??ci? oeie i?aeiao?a (noa’?eo?a) ?a/aiiy.

· Aenooiath/e a ?ie? i?inoiai ae??ne?aiiai i?enoaeea, o?acaieia?cie
ae?aaeathoue c oa?aeoa?iith aeey ieo aoi?eiiith iii?iaoe??th
ciai?oiueineioaene/i? cia/aiiy ?a/aiiy, cie?aia oae?, ye /aniaa
a?aeianai?noue ae?? aai noaio, iiaeaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iia?aeiieaiiy,
oiaoi a?aeiioaiiy aei ae?eniino? c iiaeyaeo ?aaeueiino? ia?aaeueiino?
i?aaeeeaoeaii? iciaee.

· O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? o no?oeoo?? neeaaeaiiai ?iaiiiai i?enoaeea
aeeiiothoue ?ieue i?aaeeeaoeaiiai /eaia, yeee ia?acii ? aeo/ii ia?aaea?
iniiaia cia/aiiy iciaee, oa?aeoa?ii? aeey i?aeiaoa. I?aaeeeaoeaiee /eai
ae?aaea?oueny ?iaiieie o?acaiaie, ye? ooieoe?iiothoue caeaa?eueoiai c
ae??ne?aiith ca’yceith aooe (a on?o /aniaeo oi?iao) aai aac ia? (c
ioeueiaith ca’yceith).

· O?acaieia?cie, aaeeaai? o ooieoe?? i?aeiaoa, ni?aa?aeiini? c
?iaiieeaie ye eaoaai??aeueieie ae?acieeaie oe??? neioaenaie ?
caeaa?eueoiai aaeeaathoueny aeey iii?iaoe?? in?a.

· O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? aeeiiothoue aaaeeea? naiaioeei-neioaene/i?
ooieoe?? ye ae?oai?yaei? /eaie, caiiaithth/e neioaene/i? iiceoe??
??ciioeiieo aeiaeaoe?a oa icia/aiue, ye? aa?ooue aaciina?aaeith o/anoue
o oi?ioaaii? no?oeoo?iiai e eiioi?eaoeaiiai ieai?a ?a/aiiy, a oaeiae
oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?aaeeeaoeaio iciaeo c iiaeyaeo ??cieo ianoaaei ??
?aae?caoe??.

· O?acaieia?cie aeei?enoiaothoueny ye caniae eiioi?eaoeaiiai
oneeaaeiaiiy ?a/aiiy, aenooiath/e ae?acieeaie caa?oaiue, anoaaieo ?
anoaaeaieo eiino?oeoe?e.

· C iiaeyaeo neioaene/iiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?acaieia?cie aeyaeythoue
ae?aci? iciaee ?ciii?o?cio c aeania eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie, ui
cana?ae/o? ye ia?aaeeaiaoe/io, oae ? neioaaiaoe/io ?aei?noue i?ae
a?aeiia?aeieie oeiaie iiaieo iaeeieoeue.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. ?icaii A.A. O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? ye i?aaeeeaoe naiaioe/ii?
no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy (aeneiaeaiiy) // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee.-
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998.- ?38.- N.35-41.

2. ?icaii A.A. Ieai ae?aaeaiiy o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue, neioaene/ii
a?eueieo neiainiieo/aiue oa ?ioeo oei?a ooai?aiue // I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee.- Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998.- ?91.- N.1-11.

3. ?icaii A.A. O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? a neioaene/i?e ooieoe??
aeiaeaoe?a o no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy // Iaoeia? caienee: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
noaoae Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.- E.: IIO, 1998.- Aei.2.-N.223-229.

4. ?icaii A.A. ?ieue o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue o no?oeoo?? i?inoiai
?a/aiiy // Iaoea ? no/ani?noue: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.- E.: Eiain, 1999.-
*.?.- N.236-247.

5. ?icaii A.A. O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? a ?ie? ?iaiii? /anoeie
neeaaeaiiai ?iaiiiai i?enoaeea // Iaoea ? no/ani?noue: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
noaoae Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.- E.: Eiain, 1999.- Aei.2.- *.?.- N.252-264.

?icaii A.A. Neioaene/i? ooieoe?? o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue o no?oeoo??
?a/aiiy.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa.- Iaoe?iiaeueiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a, 1999.

O ?iaio? c’yniaaii ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue ye cania?a
aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe?? oe?a?inueei? iiae o i?inoiio aeaineeaaeiiio
?a/aii?. Aeine?aeaeaii caeaoi?noue ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae oa iaaieo
eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ieo a?oi o?acaieia?ci?a anooiaoe o naiaioe/i?
a?aeiioaiiy c ?ioeie eiiiiiaioaie neioaene/ii? eiino?oeoe?? ? an?i
eiiiiiaioiei neeaaeii aeeiioaaoe ?ieue a?aeiia?aeiiai /eaia ?a/aiiy.
Ooi/iaii ooieoe?iiaeueio ni?aa?aeianai?noue o?acai ? eaenai. C’yniaaii,
ui o?acaieia?cie, ni?aa?aeiini? c iaaiei eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iei eeanii,
iiaeooue ?aae?coaaoe, i?ioa aeaui iaiaaeaii, oa?aeoa?i? aeey iueiai
a?aiaoe/i? eaoaai???. C’yniaaii caeiiii??iino?, ui aecia/athoue
niaoeeo?eo o?acai ye aieiaieo oa ae?oai?yaeieo /eai?a aeaineeaaeiiai
?a/aiiy. Aeine?aeaeaii neioaene/ii aaoiiiiio iiceoe?th o?acai:
caa?oaiue, anoaaieo ? anoaaeaieo eiino?oeoe?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?acaia, eaenaia, neioaene/ia ooieoe?y,
eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ia ni?aa?aeianai?noue.

?icaii A.A. Neioaene/aneea ooieoeee o?acaieiae/aneeo aaeeieoe a
no?oeoo?a i?aaeeiaeaiey.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 — oe?aeineee ycue.- Iaoeeiiaeueiue
iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee ?anniao?eaathony a ooieoeeiiaeueiii
aniaeoa niaoeeoe/aneea aaeeieoeu iai?yiie iiieiaoeee oe?aeineiai ycuea —
o?acaieiaeciu. ?ane?uaathony iniaaiiinoe eo naiaioeee,
eaeneei-a?aiiaoe/aneay niioian?iiinoue, ?aciiia?acea no?oeoo?iuo
iiaeeoeeaoeee, niiniaiinoue aunooiaoue a ea/anoaa eiiiiiaioia
i?aaeeiaeaiey e n ii?aaeaeaiiie eiiioieeaoeaiie oeaeueth o/anoaiaaoue a
iino?iaiee auneacuaaiey, auiieiyy ooieoeeth aeaaiuo e aoi?inoaiaiiuo
/eaiia i?inoiai aeaoninoaaiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey.

Enneaaeiaaiu o?acaieiae/aneea aaeeieoeu a neioaene/anee aaoiiiiiie
iiceoeee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a oaeii neo/aa o?acaieiaeciu, oneiaeiyy
i?aaeeiaeaiea, ia auiieiytho ooieoeee ie aeaaiuo, ie aoi?inoaiaiiuo aai
/eaiia.

Ooi/iaia ooieoeeiiaeueiay aeecinoue, ii ia yeaeaaeaioiinoue eaenai e
o?acaieiae/aneeo aaeeieoe. Iiaeiaii eaenaiai, o?acaieiaeciu iiaoo
niioiineoueny n ii?aaeaeaiiui eaeneei-a?aiiaoe/aneei eeannii neia e
iaeaaeaoue niioaaonoaothueie a?aiiaoe/aneeie eaoaai?eyie. O?acaieiaeciu,
a ioee/ea io eaenai, eiatho cia/eoaeueiua ia?aie/aiey a ieaia
oi?iaeueiuo iiaeeoeeaoeee.

O?acaieiae/aneea aaeeieoeu, naiaioe/anee niioiinyueany n eiaiiuie
/anoyie ?a/e, a i?aaeeiaeaiee niioaaonoaaiii iiaoo auiieiyoue
neioaene/aneoth ooieoeeth ethaiai /eaia i?aaeeiaeaiey. Iaeaieaa
?ani?ino?aiaiiuie yaeythony eiino?oeoeee, a eioi?uo o?acaieiaeciu
aunooiatho eiaiiie /anoueth ninoaaiiai eiaiiiai neacoaiiai a oi?ia
eiaieoaeueiiai iaaeaaea aac aniiiiaaoaeueiiai aeaaiea. ?aaea eiiiiiaiou
o?acai eiatho oi?io aeieoaeueiiai eee oai?eoaeueiiai iaaeaaea ni
aniiiiaaoaeueiui aeaaieii. ?aciiia?acea oi?i i?aaeeeaoeaiiai /eaia
(o?acaieiaecia) niinianoaoao ia?aciie e oi/iie ia?aaea/a i?eciaea,
oa?aeoa?iiai aeey iiaeeaaeauaai.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iiaeiaii eaenaiai, o?acaieiae/aneea aaeeieoeu,
niioiinyueany n eiaiiuie /anoyie ?a/e, iiaoo ooieoeeiie?iaaoue a
i?aaeeiaeaiee eae iainiaeaiiua niaeaniaaiiua e ianiaeaniaaiiua
ii?aaeaeaiey, i?yiua e einaaiiua aeiiieiaiey.

O?acaieiae/aneea aaeeieoeu, iaeaaeathuea aeaaieueiie naiaioeeie, /aua
anaai auiieiytho ?ieue i?inoiai aeaaieueiiai neacoaiiai eee aea
ooieoeeiie?otho eae eiiiiiaiou ninoaaiiai aeaaieueiiai neacoaiiai. A
ioee/ea io neia, o?acaieiae/aneea aaeeieoeu eae aieaa neiaeiua
eiino?oeoeee ia oieueei iacuaatho i?aaeeeaoeaiue i?eciae noauaeoa, ii e
oa?aeoa?ecotho aai n ii?aaeaeaiiui yeni?anneaiui iooaieii. A ?aaioa
iienaiu iniaaiiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey o?acaieiaeciia eae
aniiiaaaoaeueiuo aeaaieia ninoaaiiai aeaaieueiiai neacoaiiai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?acaia, eaenaia, neioaene/aneay ooieoeey,
eaeneei-a?aiiaoe/aneay niioianaiiinoue.

Rozgon V.V. Syntactic functions of phraseological units in the sentence
structure.

Dissertation submitted to the degree of Candidate of Sciences
(Philology), speciality 10.02.01 — Ukrainian language, M.Dragomanov
National Pedagogical University, Kyiv, 1999.

The phrasiological units functioning as a means of a second nomination
in the simple two-component sentence are investigated in this
dissertation.

The capability set expressions of different structure for having
semantic relations with other sentence components and for playing the
role of a certain part of the sentence is determined.

The functional correlation of phraseological units and lexemes is
defined. Phraseologisms correlating with certain lexico-grammatical
lexeme classes can express (but to some extent) grammatical categories
typical for them.

Tendencies defining the functions of phrasems as principal and
subordinate parts of two-component sectence, adresses, parenthetic
clauses and parenthetic constructions are determined.

Key words: phrazeme, lexeme, syntactic function, lexico-grammatical
correlation.

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