Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae

?aaneoeia Oaoyia Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 808.3. – 54

Neiii?i?y neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a

10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii o a?aeae?e? ?noi??? oa a?aiaoeee oe?a?inueei? iiae
?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ai?iaeainueea Eaoa?eia A?eai??aia,

?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie,

canooiiee aee?aeoi?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iauae Ia??y Ieoaee?aia,

Oe?a?inueeee iiaii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee oiiae

IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo e?iaa?noeee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee aeeeaaea/

Ia/eii?eiaa ??eia ?ai??aia,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, canooiiee aeaeaia

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – eaoaae?a no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae
Ee?anueeiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 9 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.173.01 a ?inoeooo? oe?a?inueei? iiae
IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252001, i.Ee?a, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “6” ethoiai 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe Eena
A.?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Neiaioai?/? caniae oe?a?inueei? iiae
aea?eaaoieiae aeine?aeaeoaaee caeaa?eueoiai a ieai? aeyaeaiiy ?oi?o
neiaioa??ieo cia/aiue. ?io? aniaeoe ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea/ai? iaioa.
Aei oaeeo iaeaaeeoue i?iaeaia neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae
neiaioai?/eie ao?enaie. Ieoaiiy neiaioa??ii? neiii?i??, yea aia?oa
oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaa ?.?.Eiaaeee, ii?oooaaeiny ia?aaaaeii o ca’yceo c
aea/aiiyi eaene/ii? neiii?i??, ianaiia?aae neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae
ni?eueiiei?aiaaeie eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie c ??cieie neiaioai?/eie
ao?enaie. O no/ani?e e?iaa?noeoe? ni?eueiiei?aiaa? neiaa, ye? iiai?noth
aai /anoeiai ca?aathoueny ca cia/aiiyi, aein? ia iathoue
caaaeueiii?eeiyoiai iaeiaioaaiiy. ?o iaceaathoue ni?eueiiei?aiaaeie
neiii?iaie, neiaioa??ieie neiii?iaie, aa??aioaie, aeoaeaoaie,
eaeneei-neiaioa??ieie aa??aioaie oiui. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui ni?eueiiei?aiaa?
neiii?ie i?ioenoaaeythoueny ia?aaeon?i neiaioa??iei aa??aioai (o i?aoeyo
A.I.A?a/ea, I.A.Eoe’yiiai? oa ?i.), aea, ye cana?ae/othoue iaoeia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, /?oeeo e?eoa???a ?o ?iciaaeoaaiiy aein? iaia?. Aeaye?
iiaiciaaoe?, cie?aia I.N. Aoiaiiaa, I.?. Nie?ieoeueeee, A.Ae. Naie?ye,
ni?eueiiei?aiaa? neiaa c ??cieie ao?enaie, ui ia?aaeathoue oa naia
cia/aiiy, eaae?o?eothoue ye aa??aioe, a neiii?iaie, ia ?o aeoieo,
iiaeooue aooe o?eueee ??ciiei?aiaa? neiaa.

O a?eueoino? iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ii?oooaaeeny o?eueee /anoeia? ieoaiiy
neiaioa??ii? neiii?i??, i?e/iio caeaa?eueoiai o ca’yceo c aea/aiiyi
eaene/ii? neiii?i??, ianaiia?aae neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae
ni?eueiiei?aiaaeie eaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie c ??cieie neiaioai?/eie
ao?enaie. A oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? c?acee oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue
cai?iiiioaaee E.I. ?iaei?ia oa A.O. Ua?aaothe. Aiie cina?aaeeee iniiaio
oaaao ia i?iaeai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neiaioa??ii? ? eaene/ii? neiii?i??, ia
?iciaaeoaaii? eaene/ii? aa??aioiino? e neiii?i??. Oea aeaei ciiao
E.I.?iaei?i?e anoaiiaeoe /ioe?e oeie eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo a?aeiioaiue
i?ae ni?eueiiei?aiaaeie ?iaiieeaie — iacaaie in?a ca i?ioan??th oa
aeaeii ae?yeueiino?: 1) eaene/iee ia?aeae?ci; 2) eaene/ia aa??aioi?noue;
3) eaene/ia neiii?i?y; 4) ??ci? naiaioe/i? noa?e /.

Ca niinoa?aaeaiiyie A.O. Ua?aaothe, ni?eueiiei?aiaa? i?eeiaoieee
iia’ycothoueny oaeeie aeaeaie neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue, ye neiii?i?y
?aeaia?ao?/ia, noee?noe/ia, aeeno?eaooeaia oa aaniethoia /.

_________________________________

/ ?iaeieia E.A. Neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiay neiiieieea eiai nouanoaeoaeueiuo a
nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii ycuea: Aaoi?ao. aeen. … eaiae. oeeie. iaoe.-
Eeaa, 1970. – N. 9-12.

/ Ua?aaothe A.O. Iauaei?iaaua eiaia i?eeaaaoaeueiua a nia?aiaiiii
oe?aeineii eeoa?aoo?iii ycuea: Aaoi?ao. aeen. … eaiae. oeeie. iaoe.-
Eeaa, 1974. – N.3.

A inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy aaaaoi oaaae i?eae?eaii aca?iiae?? ieoiieo
oe?a?inueeeo oa caiice/aieo neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a ? aeyaeaiith
a?aeiioaiue i?ae ieie (i?aoe? I.O.Eeeiaiei, E.A.Ai?iaeainueei?,
I.E.Aaciiynei, A.A.*a?iaoeueei? oa ?i.).

Iica oaaaith aeine?aeiee?a caeeoathoueny ieoaiiy neiaioai?o
??ciiei?aiaaeo ne?a o ?aieao neiii?i??. Ia?oith ni?iaith aeine?aeaeaiiy
neiaioa??ii? noo?enaeueii? ? i?ao?enaeueii? neiii?i?? c ??cieie oa??ieie
iniiaaie ? i?aoey “Ii?oai?ea oe?a?inueei? iiae” I.E. Aaciiynei oa
E.A. Ai?iaeainueei? /. Aeae?eeaoe ia iniia? ni?eueii? naiaioe/ii?
ooieoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/i? iiey, ?? aaoi?e, ii noo?,
iiaoaeoaaee neiii?i?/i? ?yaee neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a, anoaiiaeee ?o
???a?o?th a iaaeao ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy. I?ioa a oe?e
i?aoe? i?iaeaia neiaioa??ii? neiii?i?? ?ica’yco?oueny ia
aaciina?aaeiuei, a a eiioaeno? naiaioe/iiai neioaeneno, ine?eueee
neiaioai?/? ii?oaie ooo iinoathoue ye ae?acieee naiaioe/ieo ooieoe?e
iai?aaeeeaoieo oa i?aaeeeaoieo a?aoiaio?a aeania-naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e
?a/aiiy.

Niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, a yeiio a ie?anethaaeeny iaae? neiii?i??
neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a o neeaae? eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue, a oe?a?inuee?e
aea?eaaoieia?? iaia?, ui e coiiaeei aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie aeena?oaoe?? c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy o?nii iia’ycaia c ieaiaie
iaoeiai-iiooeiai? ?iaioe a?aeae?eo ?noi??? oa a?aiaoeee oe?a?inueei?
iiae ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ia’?eoii ?iaioe ? neiii?i?y noo?en?a ? i?ao?en?a o iaaeao ?iaiieeiaiai,
i?eeiaoieeiaiai oa ae??ne?aiiai neiaioai?o.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a eiiieaeniiio aea/aii?
neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae neiaioai?/eie ao?enaie a no/ani?e
oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oe??? iaoe aecia/aii caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1) c’ynoaaoe nooue iiiyoue “neiaioa??ia neiii?i?y” oa “neiii?i?/i?
ao?ene”;

2) anoaiiaeoe i?e/eie neiii?i?? neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a;

3) aecia/eoe iniiai? oeie neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae neiaioai?/eie
ao?enaie;

4) aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? neiii?i?? neiaioai?/eo noo?en?a oa i?ao?en?a;

5) ie?aneeoe iaae? neiii?i?/ieo ?yae?a, ooai?aieo ?iaiieeiaeie,
i?eeiaoieeiaeie oa ae??ne?aieie neiaioai?/eie noo?enaie, anoaiiaeoe
a?aeiioaiiy i?ae /eaiaie eiaeiiai neiii?i?/iiai ?yaeo;

_________________________________

/ Aaciiynei I.E., Ai?iaeainueea E.A. Ii?oai?ea oe?a?inueei? iiae. – E.:
Iaoe. aeoiea, 1987.

6) aecia/eoe ia?aiao?e neiii?i?/ieo ?yae?a, ooai?aieo ?iaiieeiaeie,
i?eeiaoieeiaeie

oa ae??ne?aieie neiaioai?/eie i?ao?enaie, noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iniaeeaino?
?oiuei? no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe??;

7) i?aaenoaaeoe oe?e?nio ea?oeio neiii?i?? neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a o
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeei?enoaii iieniaee oa c?noaaiee
iaoiaee.

Aeaea?aeueiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee iio?aei? ?iaiieee,
i?eeiaoieee oa ae??neiaa, ae?a?ai? ?c Neiaieea oe?a?inueei? iiae a 11-e
oiiao, a oaeiae ?c ooaeiaei?o ? ioae?oeenoe/ieo oai??a, iaoeiaeo oa
io?oe?eieo aeieoiaio?a. Oe?iei aeei?enoaii iaeiia?o? iaoa??aee Eaene/ii?
ea?oioaee ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa a oe?a?inuee?e
aea?eaaoieia?? eiiieaenii i?iaiae?ciaaii neiii?i?th neiaioai?/eo
ao?en?a, aeyaeaii niaoeeo?eo neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue neiaioai?/eo
noo?en?a oa i?ao?en?a ??cieo oei?a aea?eaao?a, aecia/aii iaae?
neiii?i?/ieo ?yae?a, ooai?aieo ?iaiieeiaeie, i?eeiaoieeiaeie oa
ae??ne?aieie neiaioai?/eie noo?enaie ? i?ao?enaie, iniiai? aeyae
neiii?i?? neiaioai?/eo cania?a, i?aaenoaaeaii oe?e?nio ea?oeio neiii?i??
neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui cai?iiiiiaai? a
aeena?oaoe?? i?eioeeie anoaiiaeaiiy neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae
neiaioai?/eie noo?enaie oa i?ao?enaie a iaaeao ?iaiieeiaiai,
i?eeiaoieeiaiai oa ae??ne?aiiai neiaioai?o caaaa/othoue oai?aoe/io
aea?eaaoieia?th oa eaeneeieia?th. Aeniiaee e ocaaaeueiaiiy i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?eythoue aeeaoiio i?ciaiith neiii?i?? ye aecia/aeueiiai
oeio eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae ??cieie iaeeieoeyie iiae.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeyaey?oueny a oiio, ui
aiie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iaienaiiy iaa/aeueieo i?ae?o/iee?a
oa iin?aiee?a ?c neiaioai?o e eaeneeieia?? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae,
aeey oeeaaeaiiy iiaeo neiaioa??ieo neiaiee?a, a oaeiae aeey i?aeaioiaee
aeia?aeeiai-?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo aeaeaiue c eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai
iiaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia ca?oii-iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a ? nooaeaio?a o?eieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo (A?iieoey, 1995), ia
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie neioaeneno”
(*a?i?aoe?, 1997), ia can?aeaii? a?aeae?eo ?noi??? oa a?aiaoeee
oe?a?inueei? iiae ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1998).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o ae?iaeaii? oai?aoe/ieo canaae
neiaioa??ii? neiii?i?? oa o aecia/aii? iniiaieo aeya?a neiii?i?/ieo
a?aeiioaiue i?ae neiaioai?/eie ao?enaie a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe??
167 noi??iie. O nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e iae?/o?oueny 206
iaeiaioaaiue.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, aecia/aii ??
oai?aoe/i? canaaee, ia’?eo, iaoo, caaaeaiiy oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, ie?aneaii aeaea?aea
oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, aeacaii ia iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Neiii?i?y neiaioai?/eo noo?en?a” i?enay/aiee
aeine?aeaeaiith neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae noo?enaie a iaaeao
?iaiieeiaiai, i?eeiaoieeiaiai oa ae??ne?aiiai neiaioai?o. Neiii?i?y
neiaioai?/eo noo?en?a iaeoe?oa aeyaey?oueny a noo?enaeueiiio
neiaioai?aii? ?iaiiee?a, ui coiiaeaii ianaiia?aae aenieith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth noo?enaeueiiai niiniao o oai?aii? ?iaiiee?a, a oaeiae
caeaoi?noth ??cieo noo?en?a aooe ae?acieeaie oiai naiiai neiaioa??iiai
cia/aiiy. Neiii?i?y neiaioai?/eo ?iaiieeiaeo noo?en?a iniaeeaa oei, ui
aiie ae?aaeathoue caeaa?eueoiai ni?eueia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy a ??ciiio
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiio eiioaeno? oa??ieo iniia. Oae? noo?ene
ooai?ththoue aeiaa? neiii?i?/i? ?yaee. Iaea?eueoa ?iaiieeiaeo noo?en?a
niaoe?ae?co?oueny ia ae?aaeaii? cia/aiiy iniae, yea iiaea aecia/aoeny ca
??cieie aeeoa?aioe?eieie iciaeaie: i?ioeanoaeueiith, i?aaeiaoiith,
eieaoeaiith oa ao?eaooeaiith. Caeaaeii a?ae oeueiai noo?ene ?iaiiee?a ia
iicia/aiiy iniae oi?iothoue oae? iniiai? neiii?i?/i? ?yaee:

1. Neiii?i?/i? noo?ene, ui iaceaathoue iniao ca i?ioeanoaeueiith
iciaeith, oiaoi ca o??th ae??th, i?ioeanii, ye? ? aeey ia? iino?eiei,
oa?aeoa?iei aai i?ioan?eiei caiyooyi. Na?aae ieo ieoii? oe?a?inuee?
noo?ene -a/, -iee/-eueiee, -a?, -aeue, -aoeue, -oaeue, -?e, -aiue, -oi,
-ae, -e/, -ooo oa caiice/ai? -aoi?, -?caoi?/-ecaoi?, -aio, -aio, -a?,
-ao. Ni?eueia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy aiie ae?aaeathoue o ??ciiio
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiio eiioaeno? oa??ieo iniia. Eeoa aeaye? c ieo
caeaoi? aooe aca?iicai?iieie, ii?.: -iee/-eueiee ? -a/ (ia?iaiee –
ia?iaethaa/, ai?iaaaeaeoaaeueiee – ai?iaaaeaeoaa/), -iee/-eueiee ? -a?
(a?aa??oaaeueiee – a?aaa?). Aeania oe?a?inuee? noo?ene i?e?aeiothoueny
aei ieoiieo iniia, caiice/ai? – aei iniia ?ioiiiaiiai iioiaeaeaiiy.
Iii?oio aeoeai?noue aeyaeythoue noo?ene -iee/-eueiee ? -a/.
Niinoa??aathoueny iaai? caeiiii??iino? a ?o aeei?enoaii?. Iacae in?a –
iin??a i?ioeanoaeueii? iciaee c a?aeo?ieii ioe?iiino? aaeeaathoueny
ia?aaaaeii ?c noo?enii -iee, ii?.: a?oaeueiee, oaioaaeueiee. Noo?en -a/
aeei?enoiao?oueny caeaa?eueoiai aeey ooai?aiiy iaca iin??a
i?ioeanoaeueii? iciaee, ii?.: ?icaieiooaa/, ai?iaaaeaeoaa/.

2. Neiii?i?/i? noo?ene, ui aecia/athoue iniao ca i?ioeanoaeueiith
iciaeith, yea ? oa?aeoa?ecaoe?eiith, oeiiaith, iaaaoeaiith iciaeith ??
oa?aeoa?o, iaoo?e, iiaaae?iee: -ae-, -aa-, -oa-, -e-(-i), -o?-, -ao-,
-i-, -oo-, -e-, ii?.: neoaeaea, aeoaeyaa, oaioaa, /oaeeei, caiaco?a,
iaaaeaoa, ?aaa, ?aaioooa, /aaiueei.

3. Ieoii? oe?a?inuee? noo?ene -iee/-?aiee, -aiee, -ee, -a?,
-aoeue/-iaaoeue, -eiaoeue, -aiaoeue/ -?aiaoeue, -ae, -aiei oa
caiice/ai? noo?ene -?no/-eno, -a?/-i?, -e?/-??, -aio, -ee/-?e, -a??e,
-a??on, -o?a, -eia, -eo/-?o oa ?i., ui iaceaathoue iniao ca
aecia/aeueiith aeey ia? i?aaeiaoiith iciaeith, ui ?ic??ciy? ethaeae ca
i?ioan??th, aeaeii caiyoue, ca iaeaaei?noth aei noni?eueiiai,
iie?oe/iiai, ?ae?a?eiiai iai?yieo, oa?oioaaiiy oiui. Eiaeiee
neiaioai?/ee noo?en ia? nai? eiei oa??ieo iniia ? eeoa c??aeea iiaea
aaeeaaoeny cai?noue ?ioiai, ii?.: -a? oa -iee (eiaeooa? – eiaeooiee),
-?no/-eno oa -ee/-?e (oiiaoeno – oiiaoee). Ae?aaeath/e ni?eueia
neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy, neiii?i?/i? noo?ene ?iiae? aeeiiothoue iaeei uiaei
?ioiai cia/aii?ai?ic??cithaaeueio ooieoe?th, iai?.: -?no/-eno – -iee,
ii?.: iiaeae?no – iiaeaeueiee. ?iaiieee c oeeie noo?enaie
?iciaaeiaothoueny ca noa?aie ooieoe?iioaaiiy: aaiaeo?eno iaeaaeeoue aei
niaoe?aeueii? eaeneee, a aaiaeo?iee a?eueo iioe?aiee o
?iciiaii-iiaooiaiio iiaeaii?.

4. Neiii?i?/i? noo?ene, ye? aecia/athoue iniao ca eieaoeaiith iciaeith,
ui eiie?aoeco?oueny ye iacaa ianaeaiiai ioieoo, aea?aeaae, e?ath oiui.
Aiia ? aeeoa?aioe?eiith iciaeith aeey iaceaaiiy in?a ca i?noeai
i?iaeeaaiiy, iioiaeaeaiiyi oa iaoe?iiaeueiith iaeaaei?noth. C oeei
neiaioa??iei cia/aiiyi o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? ooieoe?iiothoue
noo?ene -aoeue/-aiaoeue, -eiaoeue, -aiei/-/aiei, -ae, -ei,
-eo, -e/, -oc, -io/-?io oa ?i. Aea?? oeeo noo?en?a iaea?eueo
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee, ?aaeaiaioo?oueny ianaiia?aae iniaeeainoyie ii?oaiii?
aoaeiae oa??ii? ?iaiieeiai? iniiae, ii?oiiieia?/ieie /eiieeaie ?
iaeiaioa caeaaeeoue a?ae aieeao neiaioa??ii? aiaeia??. ?iiae? noo?ene
-ae, -aoeue, -aiei iiaeooue ii?aeioaaoeny ?c ni?eueieie oa??ieie
iniiaaie, ii?.: aieeiye, aieeiaoeue ? aieeiyiei. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui
aeiiaaeaaia a iacaao aeeoae?a i?no noo?ene -aoeue, -aiei/-/aiei
aaeeaaeeny ia?aeaeueii, ye aca?iicai?ii?, ii?.: iieoaaaoeue ?
iieoaa/aiei, /a?eanaoeue ? /a?eauaiei. Ca?ac o oeeo iacaao aeeoae?a
aenooia? ia?aaaaeii noo?en -aoeue.

5. Neiii?i?/i? noo?ene, ui iaceaathoue iniao ca ao?eaooeaiith iciaeith,
yea ? oa?aeoa?iith, iino?eiith iciaeith ?? ciai?oiino?, iiaaae?iee,
iaoo?e, neeaaeo ?icoio oiui. Caeaaeii a?ae oe??? iciaee iacaa iniae
ae?noa? iiceoeaia aai iaaaoeaia caaa?aeaiiy. Ia ae?aaeaii? oeueiai
neie?aoe/iiai cia/aiiy niaoe?ae?cothoueny noo?ene -ee, -aoeue, -ae,
-?no/ -eno, -iee, -a/, -aiue, -ai, -oi, -ee-, -aa-, -oa-, -oe-, -o-
oa ?i. Noo?ene -ai, -ee-, -oa-, -oe- aecia/athoue iniao ia?aaaaeii ca
iaaaoeaiith iciaeith (e?eoeeai, caei?iaeei, aeaaeithaa, cethea), oiae?
ye ?io? noo?ene ? oi?iaioaie eiioaenoii? aeni?aneaiino?. Iacaaaeath/e
ia naith ??cio i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa aaeeaai?noue aiie aeineoue /anoi
ii?aeiothoueny c oeie naieie oa??ieie iniiaaie, ii?.: -aoeue – -oi
(iaeeiaoeue – iaeeiae), -oi – -ae (oianooi – oianoye), -?no/-eno – -iee
(aaaioth?eno – aaaioth?iee), -a/ – -aiue (neea/ – neeaiue), -ae – -ee- –
-aiue (caei?ia’ye – caei?iaeei – caei?iaaiue).

6. Neiii?i?/i? noo?ene, ye? aeacothoue ia ?iaeeiiee /e n?iaeiee ca’ycie
in?a. Oea noo?ene ia iicia/aiiy iacae ae?oaeeie, ooai?aii? a?ae iacae
/ieia?ea ca eiai i?ioan??th, noni?eueiei noaiiaeuai, na?aae yeeo –
-eo-, -e-, -ei-, -eoe-, -o-, iai?.: eiaaeeoa, eica/ea, iiieiy, oea?eoey,
ioaiaioa. Neiii?i?/ieie ? e noo?ene ia iicia/aiiy iaca ae?oae ca
i?ioan??th, noni?eueiei noaiiaeuai, caaiiyi, oeooeii aaoueea. Aei ieo
iaeaaeaoue noo?ene -e/, -iae//-aae/, -aie-, -oe/ -/oe aeey ooai?aiiy
iaca nei?a, iai?.: eiyaee/, oea?aae/, aaoueiaiaiei, iena?oe, aiiaea?/oe.
Iacae aei/ie ooai?thaaeeny ia?aaaaeii ca aeiiiiiaith noo?ena -?ai-:
iii?aia, eiaae?aia. Neiii?i?/i? noo?ene caeaoi? ii?aeioaaoeny c?
ni?eueieie oa??ieie iniiaaie, ii?.: iiieoa – iiieiy – iiieoey, eica/eoa
– eica/ea; oea?aae/ – oea?aiei – oea?the, eiaaeaiei – eiaaeue/oe,
aaoueiaie/ – aaoueiaiaiei, oea/aiei – oea/oe.

Aaeeea e?euee?noue ?iaiieeiaeo neiaioai?/eo noo?en?a aaeeaa?oueny aeey
ae?aaeaiiy oaeiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy, ye “aano?aeoia i?ioeanoaeueia
iciaea”. Aea?? oeeo noo?en?a caeaaeeoue ianaiia?aae a?ae eaene/iiai
cia/aiiy oa??ieo ae??ne?aieo iniia, a oaeiae a?ae ?oiuei? ii?oaiii?
aoaeiae. sse ae?acieee oeueiai ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy aiie
anoaiiaeee neiii?i?/i? ca’ycee, noi?ioaaaoe aeiaaee aaiaoe/ii
??cii??aeiee neiii?i?/iee ?yae: -i/j/-/-ai/j/-, -?i/j/-, -i-, -o/j/-,
-?o, -e-/-?ae-, -noa-/-oeoa-, -iei-, -a-/-ia-, -oa-, -ie-, -a/e-,
-ai-, -io-, -i-, -iu-, -ia/-, -ci, -ao, -uei-, -aae-, -aoe?/j/-,
-?caoe?/j/-/-ecaoe?/j/- -o?eaoe?/j/-, -aae. ?ioiiiaiee noo?en -aoe?/j/-
aeyaey? aenieee nooi?iue neiaioa??ii? niieo/oaaiino? c ae??ne?aieie
iniiaaie, ui caeeaeo? eiai c ieoiiei oe?a?inueeei noo?enii -i/j/-, ii?.:
eiinoaoaoe?y – eiinoaooaaiiy, eiiieaeoaoe?y – eiiieaeooaaiiy,
nenoaiaoecaoe?y – nenoaiaoecoaaiiy. Noo?en -?caoe?/j/-/-ecaoe?/j/-
naiaioe/ii oaeiae aea?aaeaioiee oe?a?inueeiio -i/j/-, aea a iio?aeieo
?iaiieeao ?c noo?enii -i/j/- a?ae/ooi?oee a?aeo?iie o?eaaeino? ae??.
E??i oiai, ?iaiieee ia -iiy iicaaaeai? cia/aiiy, nooue yeiai iieyaa? a
iaae?eaii? aeanoea?noth, iacaaiith oa??iith iniiaith /. Iacaaaeath/e ia
naith ??cio i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa aaeeaai?noue neiii?i?/i? noo?ene ?c
cia/aiiyi aano?aeoii? i?ioeanoaeueii? iciaee aeineoue /anoi
ii?aeiothoueny c oeie naieie oa??ieie ae??ne?aieie iniiaaie, ii?.:
ooo?oaieia – ooo?oai, aoeyieia – aoeyiiy – aoeueiy, a?theaieia –
a?the?o; ooeaieia – ooeaiiy; oiae?iiy – o?ae – oiaeueaa; nooeaiiy – nooe
– nooe?o – nooeaieia; no??eyiiy – no??eueaa – no??eyieia. Ia a?aei?io
a?ae noo?ena -iei-, oi?iaioe -ai, -ie iaaeathoue a?aeae??ne?aiei
?iaiieeai iaeiiaeoii?, iaeii?aciai? ae??, ii?.: ooo?oiiooe – ooo?oai,
eeiooe –

_______________________________________

/ *a?iaoeeay A.A. Ooieoeee eiiycu/iuo aea?eaaoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia a
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiie nenoaia oe?aeineiai ycuea: Aaoi?ao. aeen. … eaiae.
oeeie. iaoe.- Eeaa, 1983.- N. 10.

eeaeie. Iniiae ae??ne?a, aei yeeo i?e?aeio?oueny noo?en -ai,
iicia/athoue ae?th, yea ni?yiiaaia ia eiainue, ii?.: ooiaoaoe, noonaoe.
Noo?en -ie i?e?aeio?oueny aei ae??ne?aieo iniia ia iicia/aiiy ae??, yeo
aeeiio? iniaa, ii?.: eiaoaoe, no?eaaoe.

?iaiieeia? noo?ene -?noue, -io-, -eci-, -iu-, -ei-, -?iue, -uei , -noa-,
-/j/-, -aa-, -i-, -?ci/-eci aeyaeythoue neiii?i?/i? ca’ycee ia ??ai?
neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy “iacaa aano?aaiaaii? yeino?, aeanoeaino?”.
Aeoeaia neiaioai?aiiy c oi?iaioii -?noue coiiaeaia eiai
caaaeueiinoeeueiaei i?ecia/aiiyi, a?aenooi?noth noee?noe/ii?
ia?eiaaiino?, yeo caaacia/othoue noo?ene -io-, -eci-, -?iue, -iu-,
-uei- oa ?i. ye iin?? aeania aeni?aneaiino?, ii?.: i?ee?noue – i?eeioa,
aeaoaa?noue – aeaoaaecia, oaie?noue – oaie?iue, ioae??noue – ioae?iu?,
aaiaeuei?noue – aaiaeueueia.

Noaoon neiaioa??ieo neiii?i?a iathoue noo?ene, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo
ooai?ththoueny ?iaiieee, ui ? ca??ieie iacaaie ?noio – ethaeae aai
oaa?ei. Iniiaiei ae?acieeii oeueiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy ?
iaeoaeeaai?oee, iaei?iaeoeoeai?oee ? noee?noe/ii iaeo?aeueiee noo?en
-noa-. sse ca??ia iiiyooy a?i i?aaenoaaey? caeaa?eueoiai ethaenueeee
eieaeoea (ii?.: nooaeaionoai, naeyinoai) ? c??aeea – noeoii?noue oaa?ei
(ioanoai). ?aooa noo?en?a ?c cia/aiiyi ca??iino? ni?aa?aeiineoueny ?c
noo?enii -noa- ye noee?noe/i? neiii?ie, oiio ui ca??iei iacaai ethaeae ?
oaa?ei aiie iaaeathoue caeaa?eueoiai iaaaoeaiiai aiioe?eiiai
caaa?aeaiiy. Oaeeie ? noo?ene -a- (ae?iaa, ieoaa), -i- (nieaeaoiy,
eiia?iy), -io- ( ia?oaioa,ca??ioa), -?/j/- (a?ao?y, ?iaeaia??y) oa ?i.

Cia/ia e?euee?noue noo?en?a niaoe?ae?co?oueny ia ae?aaeaii?
neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy noeoiiino? iaeii??aeieo i?aaeiao?a, na?aae ieo
ieoii? oe?a?inuee? -/j/-, -iee/-iye, -ei-, -ei/j/- oa ?ioiiiai? oi?iaioe
-?ai-, -aae-/-?aae-, -aae, -oae-, -?e/-ee, -o?-, -?oao, -a??e. I?ioa
aiie ia aeoaeththoue iaeei iaeiiai a oe?e ooieoe??, ai iathoue na?e,
/?oei aecia/aiee eaeneei-naiaioe/iee iioaioe?ae oa??ieo ?iaiieeiaeo
iniia.

Neiii?i?/ieie a?aeiioaiiyie iia’ycai? ?iaiieeia? noo?ene
ciaioaiino?-aeni?aneaiino?, ye? aeacothoue ia ia’?eoeaio ciaioai?noue
?noio, i?aaeiao?a oiui ? ae?aaeathoue aiaeii/an ?oith noa’?eoeaio,
ia?aaaaeii iiceoeaio ioe?ieo. Noo?ene ciaioaiino?-aeni?aneaiino?
iaaeathoue oa??iei ?iaiieeiaei iniiaai on?o o?ueio ?iae?a ianoeeaiai
caaa?aeaiiy. Na?aae noo?en?a, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo ooai?ththoueny
?iaiieee /ieia?/iai ?iaeo, iaea?eueoo aeoeai?noue aeyaey? noo?en -ie,
i?ioa a?i ? iaeiaio aiioe?eii caaa?aeaiei. I?iaeoeoeaieie ? oaeiae
neiaioa??i? oeie ?c noo?enaie -aoeue, -/ee, -iiuee-/-aiuee-,
-i/ie/-a/ie. Noo?ene -ie, -ee iiaeooue ii?aeioaaoeny c ?iaiieeiaeie
oa??ieie iniiaaie, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeyoue noo?ene ?c cia/aiiyi
ciaioaiino?-aeni?aneaiino?, ui ni?e/eiy?oueny aei iiyae ?yae?a
ni?eueiiei?aiaaeo aeai?iooea?a c ??ciei nooiaiai aiioe?eii-aeni?aneaiiai
caaa?aeaiiy, ii?.: aiein – aieinie – aieini/ie, oe?a – oe?aaoeue –
oe?a/ee – oe?a/e/ie.

?iaiieee ae?ii/iai ?iaeo ?c ciaioaii-aiioe?eiei cia/aiiyi iaeaeoeai?oa
ooai?ththoueny ca aeiiiiiaith noo?ena -e-. Aiie oi?iothoue ?yaee
ni?eueiiei?aiaaeo aeai?iooea?a, ye? i?aaenoaaeythoue aiaeii/an
a?aaeaoe?ei? ?yaee ianoeeaiai cia/aiiy, ii?.: aaeaeiea – aaeae?eea –
aaeae?ei/ea; aa?aa – aa?aeoey – aa?ae/ea; oaoa – oaoeia – oaoeiea –
oaoeii/ea. Noo?en -ei-, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo oi?iaio?a, ae?aaea?
iaeii/anii cia/aiiy cae??ai?eino? e iaeeie/iino?. Iniaeeai ianoeeaei
a?aeo?ieii caaa?aeai? noo?ene -eoe-, -i/e-/-a/e-, -e/e-,
-iiuee-/-aiuee-, ii?.: o?aaeoey, aeieeii/ea, noaaea/ea, aa?ae/ea,
aaniiiueea, aeieaiueea.

Ca aeiiiiiaith noo?en?a -i/e-/-a/e-, -a/e-, -aiuee-/-iiuee-
ooai?ththoueny ?iaiieee na?aaeiueiai ?iaeo c aeoaea yne?aai ae?aaeaiei
a?aeo?ieii ianoeeaino?, ii?.: ae?a/aoi/ei, e?oa/ei, eenoy/ei, ee/aiueei,
na?oeiiueei. Noo?ene -e- oa -iiuee- iathoue caeaoi?noue ia?iuoaaoeny ia
iio?aeio iniiao, ui aaea ia? ciaioaii-aiioe?eiee noo?en, ooai?thth/e
a?aaeaoe?ei? ?yaee c ia?inoaiiyi iiceoeaii? noa’?eoeaii? ioe?iee, ii?.:
ioaoa – ioaoaoei – ioaoaoiiueei.

Neiii?i?/iee ?yae noo?en?a ?c cia/aiiyi ca?eueoaiino?-aeni?aneaiino?, a
naia: -eu-, -enuee-, -ae-, -oa-, -oe-, -aa-, -oaai, -a?-,
-o?-, -ei-, -iiao-, ia? naith aioo??oith i?aai?caoe?th, yea
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oei, ui noo?ene a iueiio ?icoaoiaothoueny a?aeiia?aeii
aei ia?inoaiiy, iineeaiiy i?aaenoaaeaii? ieie aeni?aneaiino?, ii?.:
niaa/eua – niaa/enueei – niaaoethaa – ciaaoeth?a; eioeua – eioenueei –
eioy?a; a?o?eua – a?o?enueei – a?o?thaa – a?o?thaai ? o.ae.

Neiii?i?y i?eeiaoieeiaeo neiaioai?/eo noo?en?a niinoa??aa?oueny
ianaiia?aae o noo?enaeueiiio neiaioai?aii? ye?nieo i?eeiaoiee?a, ui
coiiaeaii ?oi?i e?euee?nii-ioe?iiei neiaioa??iei cia/aiiyi.
Noo?enaeueiee neiaioa?? ye?nieo i?eeiaoiee?a ia? nai? iniaeeaino?. Aiie
aeyaeythoueny a iaeiioeiiino? ?oiueiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy, ia
ae?aaeaii? yeiai niaoe?ae?co?oueny aaeeea e?euee?noue neiaioai?/eo
noo?en?a. Aei oeueiai ni?e/eieeiny cia/aiiy ye?nieo i?eeiaoiee?a, a naia
caeaoi?noue ae?aaeaii? ieie iciaee a?aaeothaaoeny. O no?oeoo??
a?ae?iaiieeiaeo ye?nieo i?eeiaoiee?a aiie aeacothoue ia aenieee,
?ioaineaiee nooi?iue ?? aeyao. Aei noo?en?a-?ioaineo?eaoi??a iaeaaeaoue
-ao-, -ano-, -aa-, -ea-/-eea-, -eo-/-iaeo-, -eno-, -oaao-. Neiii?i?y
oeeo noo?en?a iniaeeaa oei, ui aiie aeeiiothoue ni?eueio neiaioa??io
ooieoe?th, aea a ??ciiio naiaioe/iiio eiioaeno? oa??ieo iniia. Aeaye?
neiaioai?/? noo?ene iiaeooue ia?aeaeueii aaeeaaoeny c o??th naiith
oa??iith ?iaiieeiaith iniiaith, ui aea? i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe ?o
aaniethoieie neiii?iaie. Aei oaeeo iaeaaeaoue noo?ene -ao- ? -ano-
(ii?.: coaaoee ? coaanoee), -eo-/-iaeo- ? -eno- (ii?.: aiii?iaeoee ?
aiii?enoee), -aa- ? -eno- (i?iyaee ? i?ienoee).

Ae?acieeaie e?euee?nii-ioe?iiiai cia/aiiy ye?nieo a?aeaae’?eoeaieo
i?eeiaoiee?a ? noo?ene -aiuee-, -anaiuee-/-?n?iuee-, on?iuee-, -aii-,
-aci-/-aeaci-, -o/-, -ou-, -a/-. Oeae neiii?i?/iee ?yae ?iciaaea?oueny
ua ia aea? i?aea?oie. Ia?oo oi?iothoue noo?ene, ui aeacothoue ia aenieee
nooi?iue aeyao iciaee ? iaaeathoue ?e ianoeeaiai caaa?aeaiiy. Oaeeie ?
noo?ene -aiuee-, -anaiuee-/-?n?iuee-. Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui oe? ao?ene
iiaeooue ii?aeioaaoeny c o??th naiith oa??iith i?eeiaoieeiaith iniiaith,
eaae?o?eoaaoe ?o ye aaniethoi? neiaioa??i? neiii?ie iaia? i?aenoaae, ai
aiie iiaeeo?eothoue ianoeeaa cia/aiiy o ieai? ia?inoaiiy, ii?.:
aa?iaiueeee ? aa?ianaiueeee, aa?ithn?iueeee. Ae?oao neiii?i?/io
i?aea?oio oi?iothoue noo?ene -aii-, -aci-/-aeaci-, -o/-, -ou-, -a/-, a
yeeo cia/aiiy ?ioaineaiino? iciaee iaa?aeae?eueia caeaa?eueoiai a?ae
cia/aiiy noa’?eoeaii? iaaaoeaii? ioe?iee. I?ioa iacia/iee a?aeo?iie
aeni?aneaiiai caaa?aeaiiy, iayaiee o i?eeiaoieeao c oi?iaoii -aii-, ?
oiiaith ?iciaaeoaaiiy neiii?i?/ieo noo?en?a, ine?eueee i?eeiaoieee ia
-aci-/-aeaci- iathoue /?oe?oa, ae?aci?oa aiioe?eii-ioe?iia caaa?aeaiiy,
ii?.: aaaeaiiee ? aaaeaciee, aaaeaeaciee.

Neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy iaiiaiioe iciaee ? ni?eueiei aeey noo?en?a -oaao-,
-aa-, -ano-, -eno-, aea ??aiii?aaieie, aca?iicai?iieie aiie aoaathoue
eeoa o no?oeoo?? aeayeeo ye?nieo i?eeiaoiee?a ia iicia/aiiy eieuei?o,
ii?.: a?eoaaoee, a?eyaee, a?eynoee. Ia a?aei?io a?ae noo?ena -oaao-
oi?iaio -aa- ia?aaea? cia/aiiy iineaaeaiiai aeyao iciaee, ii?.: neiyaee
– c nei?i a?aeo?ieii, neieciith; neithaaoee – o?ioe nei?e, ia cian?i
nei?e. Noo?ene -aa-, -ano-, c??aeea -eno- ii?aeiothoueny c ye?nieie
i?eeiaoieeaie ia iicia/aiiy eeoa eieuei??a, ii?.: /i?iyaee, aeiaoanoee,
oaiienoee.

Ia aeoeaiee, iineeaiee aeya ae??, ia ia?aaoaaiiy o a?aeiia?aeiiio noai?
aeacothoue noo?ene a?aeae??ne?aieo ye?nieo i?eeiaoiee?a. Oea neiaioa??ia
cia/aiiy iia’yco? neiii?i?/ieie ca’yceaie oe?eo ieceo noo?en?a, cie?aia
oae?, ye -e-, -/ano-, -eya-, -eno-, -/ea-/-eea-, -o/-, -a/-, -ou-,
-au-. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui a ieo ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee naiaioe/iee eiioaeno
oa??ieo iniia, oiio noo?ene iaeaea i?eiee ia ia?aoeiathoueny, oi/
c??aeea iiaeeea? ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/i? ia?aeae?cie i?eeiaoiee?a ?c
noo?enaie -e-, -/ea-/-eea-, -ou-, -o/-, -a/-, ii?.: oyieee – oyiouee –
oyio/ee, eeieee – eeio/ee, ne?eieeaee – ne?eio/ee – ne?eiey/ee.

O nenoai? noo?enaeueiiai neiaioai?aiiy a?aeiinieo i?eeiaoiee?a neiii?i?y
neiaioai?/eo noo?en?a niinoa??aa?oueny ??aeoa. C-iii?ae ??cieo
neiaioa??ieo cia/aiue eeoa a iaaeao e?eueeio i?ae noo?enaie
anoaiiaeththoueny neiii?i?/i? ca’ycee. Ii?aeioth/enue c iniiaaie
?iaiiee?a ia iicia/aiiy ?a/iaeie, iaoa??aeo, noo?ene -i-, -ia-/-aa-,
-ai- aenooiathoue ae?acieeaie ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy
“iaeaaeiee oiio /e aeaioiaeaiee c oiai, ia ui aeaco? oa??ia ?iaiieeiaa
iniiaa”. O ?iciaaeoaaii? ni?eueiiei?aiaaeo i?eeiaoiee?a c oeeie
noo?enaie cae??ieth?oueny oaiaeaioe?y: noo?en -i- aaeeaa?oueny
caeaa?eueoiai ye ye?niee, oiae? ye noo?en -ia-/-aa- onoaeth?oueny a iia?
aeey ae?aaeaiiy a?aeiinii? iciaee ia?aaaaeii a oa?i?iieia?/ieo
neiainiieo/aiiyo, ii?.: Ni?yany [Oeiei], …aaeeoath/e eeiiiiee aeoo
i?nyoey (A.Othothiiee); Eeiiiiaee oea?o – aeeaeia /i?ia (A.Niee). O
i?eeiaoieeiaiio neiaioai?? c?inoa? i?iaeoeoeai?noue noo?ena -ia-/-aa-,
ooai?aiiy c yeei i?eoiaeyoue ia ci?io i?eeiaoieeai ?c noo?enii -i-, ye?
iaaoaathoue ye?niiai cia/aiiy ? ao?a/athoue caeaoi?noue ae?aaeaoe
a?aeiini? cia/aiiy.

Neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy “iaeaaeiee aeea?e ?noio?, iacaai?e oa??iith
?iaiieeiaith iniiaith” iia’yco? neiii?i?/ieie a?aeiioaiiyie oae? noo?ene
a?aeiinieo i?eeiaoiee?a, ye -ia-/-aa-, -ei-/ -?i-, -a/-, -nuee-, -?a,
-ee/-?e (aiaeii/an ? cae?i/aiiy). Aecia/aeueiith oiiaith ?o
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? neiaioa??iee ca’ycie c iniiaaie a?aeiia?aeieo
?iaiiee?a ia iicia/aiiy aeeaeo ?noio, ii?.: oea?iaee, ianoeaaee,
aaeaeieeiee, ci??iee, ae?a/a/ee, aaouee?anueeee, Iao??a, a?ao?a,
aia/ee, i?e?e. Iiaeeea? ia?aeaeuei? ooai?aiiy naiaioe/ii ?aeaioe/ieo
i?eeiaoiee?a c ??cieie noo?enaie, cie?aia c oaeeie, ye: -a/- – -ei-
(ioaoa/ee – ioaoeiee), -a/- – -?a (aiey/ee – aie?a), -a/- – -ee
(ni?i/a/ee – ni?i/ee), -a/- – -ia-/-aa- (oea?y/ee – oea?iaee). I?ioa
oae? ni?eueiiei?aiaa? i?eeiaoieee iathoue ??cio noa?o aeei?enoaiiy oa
/anoioo aaeeaaiiy. I?eeiaoieee ?c noo?enii -a/- ooieoe?iiaeueii
aeoeai? a iia? ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e, oiae? ye eaenaie c oi?iaioaie
-ia-/ -aa-, -ei-/-?i- aeei?enoiaothoueny ia?aaaaeii a iia? iaoee oa
ioae?oeenoeee.

Ae??ne?ai? noo?ene, e??i o?ainiiceoe?eii? ooieoe??, nooue yei? iieyaa? a
ia?aaaaeaii? iniia ?iaiieo /anoei iiae aei eeano ae??ne?a, ia?aaeathoue
??ci? neiaioa??i? cia/aiiy. Ae?acieeaie aeayeeo neiaioa??ieo cia/aiue
iiaeooue aenooiaoe e?eueea ae??ne?aieo noo?en?a, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?oi?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ia caeeaeaiiy, ia iniia? yeiai i?ae ieie
anoaiiaeththoueny neiii?i?/i? ca’ycee. Noo?ene -oaa-, -noaoaa-, -e-,
ii?aeioth/enue c aaaioeaieie ?iaiieeaie-iacaaie in?a ca i?ioan??th,
aeaeii caiyoue, nioe?aeueiei noaiiaeuai oiui, ae?aaeathoue ni?eueia
neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy “aooe eeinue, oiiae?aithaaoeny aei eiainue,
iiaiaeeoe naaa, ye ooinue”, ii?.: a/eoaethaaoe, eicaeoaaoe,
iaoeaiaonoaoaaoe, a?a/a?eoe oa ?i. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui a iniiaao aeayeeo
ae??ne?a noo?en -oaa- iiaea aca?iiae?yoe ?c noo?enii -noaoaa-:
iaeea?oaaoe ? iaeea?noaoaaoe. I?ioa ii?iai no/anii? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae a?aeiia?aeathoue ae??neiaa ?c noo?enii -oaa-, ai
ae??neiaa ?c noo?enii -noaoaa- ? iane?aeeii ni?iaieiaaiiai
neiaioai?aiiy: aiie noaee aaeeaaoeny ia?aaeon?i o iia? ioae?oeenoeee oa
cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?ae aieeaii ?in?enueei? iiae. O aeayeeo
ae??neiaao noo?ene -e- oa -oaa- iiaeooue aooe aca?iicai?iieie (ii?.:
eooa?thaaoe ? eooa?eoe, eicaeoaaoe ? eica/eoe), oi/ caaaeii naiaioe/iee
eiioaeno oa??ieo iniia o ieo a?aei?iiee. Noo?en -oaa- ii?aeio?oueny
ia?aaaaeii c aaaioeaieie ?iaiieeaie ? iaeaaeeoue o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e
iia? aei aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo, oiae? ye noo?en -e- – eeoa c iaaaaaoueia
?iaiieeaie ? ? iaeii?iaeoeoeaiei.

O a?aei?eeiaoieeiaiio neiaioai?? ae??ne?a aeae?ey?oueny neiii?i?/iee
?yae, ooai?aiee noo?enaie -?-, -io-, -a-, ui ae?aaeathoue neiaioa??ia
cia/aiiy “aooe, noaaaoe oaeei, ye aecia/aii oa??iith i?eeiaoieeiaith
iniiaith”. ?ieue aeii?iaioe a oeueiio ?yaeo aeeiio? noo?en -?-, oiio ui
a?i ii?aeio?oueny iaeaea c on?ia iniiaaie ye?nieo i?eeiaoiee?a Noo?en
-io- ia? iaiaaeaiee neiaioa??iee iioaioe?ae i?eeiaoieeiaeo iniia. Eiai
ooai?ththoue ye?ni? i?eeiaoieee, ui ia ii?aeiothoueny ?c noo?enii -?-,
ii?.: aeooiooe, nioiooe. Eeoa a?ae iniia aeayeeo ye?nieo i?eeiaoiee?a
iiaeooue ia?aeaeueii ooai?thaaoeny ae??neiaa ?c noo?enaie -io- oa -?-,
ii?.: ae?aeiooe ? ae?aei?oe. ?ioee oei oa??ieo i?eeiaoieeiaeo iniia ia?
noo?en -a-. A?i ioi?iey? ae??neiaa, ooai?ai? a?ae iniia ye?nieo
i?eeiaoiee?a aeuiai nooiaiy. C??aeea noo?en -a- neiaioa??ii
ia?aoeia?oueny ?c noo?enaie -?- oa -io-, ii?.: ooaeaoe – ooae?oe –
ooaeiooe.

Ia ??ai? neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy “iie?eaaoe, i?ini/oaaoe oei, ia ui
aeaco? oa??ia ?iaiieeiaa iniiaa” ni?aa?aeiinyoueny neiii?i?/i?
ae??ne?ai? noo?ene -oaa- oa -e-, i?ioa c ?o o/anoth ooai?ai? ae??neiaa
eeoa a?ae aeayeeo ?iaiiee?a, ii?.: aineoaaoe ? aiueoe, aaiioaaoe ?
aaiieoe.

Noo?ene -oaa-, -e-, -a-, -??oaa- niaoe?ae?cothoueny ia ae?aaeaii?
ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy “ae?yoe ca aeiiiiiaith oiai, ui
aecia/aii oa??iith iniiaith”. A?ae iniia aeayeeo ?iaiiee?a iiaeooue
ia?aeaeueii ooai?thaaoeny ae??neiaa ?c noo?enaie -e- oa -oaa-, ii?.:
naa?aeeeoe ? naa?aeeoaaoe.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Neiii?i?y neiaioai?/eo i?ao?en?a” i?iaiae?ciaaii
??ci? aeyae neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue ae??ne?aieo, i?eeiaoieeiaeo oa
?iaiieeiaeo neiaioai?/eo i?ao?en?a. Neiii?i?y neiaioai?/eo i?ao?en?a
iaeoe?oa i?aaenoaaeaia o i?ao?enaeueiiio neiaioai?? ae??ne?a. Oea
coiiaeaii oei, ui i?ao?enaoe?y ? iniiaiei niiniaii ?o oai?aiiy.
Ae??ne?ai? neiaioai?/? i?ao?ene naiaioe/ii caeeceeeny a iaaeao
eieaoeaiiai, e?euee?niiai oa oaiii?aeueiiai cia/aiiy. I?ao?enaeueiee
neiaioa?? ae??neiaa ia o?eueee oe?oee ca ianyaii ioiiethaaieo eaenai,
i?ae ?iaiiee, aea e neeaaei?oee ca a?aeiioaiiyie: ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene
aenooiathoue iaeii/anii ? naiaioe/ieie, ? a?aiaoe/ieie iieacieeaie. O
iaaeao eieaoeaiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy “iai?yi ?ooo” ia’?aeiothoueny
ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene a-(o-), ae-, a?ae-, aei-, c-, ca-, ia-, iaae-,
i-/ia-, ia?aae-, i?ae-, i?e-, ii-. Acaaae? an? cia/aiiy i?ao?enaeueieo
ae??ne?a o iie? i?inoi?o a?oiothoueny iaaeiei aeaio oeaio??a –
a?aeaeaeaiiy ia’?eoa a?ae /iai-iaaoaeue ? eiai iaaeeaeaiiy aei ia?ooiii?
oi/ee aiane?aeie ?ooo. On?i ae??ne?aiei iniiaai ?c eieaoeaiei cia/aiiyi
caaaeaee aeanoeaa ?aeay ia?ai?uaiiy, yea ia?aaeaa/a? ??ci? ia?aiao?e
?ooo: ?oo aei oi/ee – ?oo a?ae oi/ee (a?aeiinii ia?ooiii?), ?oo ii
aa?oeeae? – ?oo ii ai?eciioae?, ?oo a?aeiinii iiaa?oi? i?aaeiaoa, ?oo
a?ey ia’?eoa, ?oo /a?ac iueiai, ?oo iaaeiei i?inoi?iaiai i???ioe?a oa
?i.

Ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene a-(o-, oa?-), ca-, i?i- eiie?aoecothoue neiaioa??ia
cia/aiiy “iai?yi ?ooo” ye ?oo aei e?ioeaaiai ioieoo, ui eieae?co?oueny
ana?aaeei? /iai-iaaoaeue, o iaaeao iaaiiai i?inoi?o, ii?.: aaanoe,
caaanoe aai i?iaanoe aei e?iiaoe. Oe?eeii ??aiii?aaieie, aaniethoii
neiii?i?/ieie oe? i?ao?ene aaaaeaoe ia iiaeia, oiio ui eieaoeaia
cia/aiiy i?ao?ena ca- ia?aie?oa?oueny c oaiii?aeueiei, ui
eiie?aoeco?oueny ye “iaiaaeiaai, ia ei?ioeee /an”.

Aeacoth/e ia oeyo ?ooo, i?ao?ene ae-, c-/n-, i?ae- ii-??ciiio
aecia/athoue eiai iai?yi. I?ao?ene ae-, c-/n- aeacothoue ia ?oo ii
iiaa?oi? aa?oeeaeueiiai i?inoi?iaiai ia’?eoa, ii?.: aea?aoe – ?ooaoeny
ii aa?oeeae? cieco aeiaa?oo, ca?aoe – ?ooaoeny ii aa?oeeae? caa?oo aiec.
I?ao?en i?ae-, ae?aaeath/e cia/aiiy ?ooo cieco aai?o, /anoeiai
iaeo?ae?co? cia/aiiy oeyoo, a iaoii?noue oae?acith? cia/aiiy e?eueeino?,
ii?.: i?aeeeiooe – eeiooe aai?o ia iaaio a?aenoaiue.

Ia ae?aaeaii? aeenoaioii? eieae?caoe?? e?ioeaai? oi/ee ?ooo uiaei
i?inoi?iaiai i???ioe?a niaoe?ae?cothoueny ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene aei-,
i?e-, iaae-, i?ae-. I?ioa a oea ni?eueia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy eiaeai
i?ao?en aiineoue na?e naiaioe/iee a?aeo?iie. Oae, i?ao?ene aei- oa i?e-
aeoeaioothoue naia ia i?eaooo? aei iio??aiiai e?ioeaaiai ioieoo, yeei ?
caeaa?eueoiai iaaiee i?inoi?iaee ia’?eo. Iai?.: Inue a?i [Ieeeiei]
aeia?a oaea aei e?no (Iaian Ie?iee); Ia?aoo? i?ea?a [ai?oeue] ia oiiaia
i?noea (A.Othothiiee).Oaiii?aeueiiai a?aeo?ieo eieaoeaiiio cia/aiith
iaaea? i?ao?en iaae-, eiie?aoecoth/e eiai ye /aniao ianooii?noue. Iai?.:
?onaeea iaaea?aa? aei aieioa .. (Eany Oe?a?iea). I?ao?en i?ae- aeaco? ia
eieae?caoe?th e?ioeaai? oi/ee ?ooo a?ey iio??aiiai i?inoi?iaiai ia’?eoa.
Iai?.: Oeii/ee i?aea?a aei ae?aea ? anoioa naith iaaaee/eo ?oeo a
oi?noeo ae?aeiao (Iaian Ie?iee);

I?ao?ene i- oa ia- aenooiathoue ye aeoaeaoe, ae?aaeath/e ni?eueia
neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy “?oo iaaeiei noaoe/iiai i?inoi?iaiai i???ioe?a c
iaoith a?aeiaaeoaaiiy eiai a?ae ?ioeo ia’?eo?a”, ii?.: iai?iaeeoe –
iaai?iaeeoe.

Neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy “aeia?aaeaeaiiy iaeiiai ia’?eoa ?ioei” ae??neiaai
?ooo iaaeathoue i?ao?ene-aeoaeaoe ia-/ia?- oa ia?a- , ii?.: iaa?aoe –
ia?aa?aoe.

Ia ae?aaeaii? neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy “?oo cna?aaeeie /iai-iaaooue
iaciai?” niaoe?ae?cothoueny ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene ae- oa ii-, ui
aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny ca ?aaoey?i?noth aaeeaaiiy. sseui aeey i?ao?ena ae-
cia/aiiy “?oo ca iaae? iaaiiai i?inoi?o” ? iaeoeiia?oei, oi a oeueiio
cia/aii? i?ao?en ii- aenooia? cia/ii ??aeoa.

Neiii?i?/i? ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene ia?a- oa i?i- aaeeaathoueny ia icia/aiiy
??cieo ia?aiao??a oeyoo ?ooo. I?ao?en ia?a- aeaco? ia oeyo ?ooo, yeee
i?ieyaa? /a?ac i?ino??, iaaiee i?inoi?iaee i???ioe?. Iai?.: Ieeiea
ia?aeoia /a?ac oenoeee i?noie (?.Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeee). ?iiae? a oeueiio
cia/aii? i?ao?ene ia?a- oa i?i- iiaeooue aooe aca?iicai?iieie, ii?.:
Aaneeeia … ia?aeoea /a?ac caeo .. ? ??ai?y .. i?ieoia /a?ac na?oeeoeth
.. (?.Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeee). I?ao?en i?i- /ano?oa aecia/a? oeyo ?ooo, ui
i?ieyaa? /a?ac aioo??oith /anoeio /iai-iaaoaeue. Ae??neiaa c oeei
i?ao?enii ia?aaeathoue cia/aiiy “ni?yiiaoaaoe ae?th e??cue uinue,
i?iieeiooe a uinue, i?iionoeoe iaeei ia’?eo e??cue ?ioee”: i?iao?aaeoe,
i?ia?ecoe.

O neiii?i?/ieo ca’yceao ia?aaoaa? aaaaoi ae??ne?aieo i?ao?en?a, ui
niaoe?ae?cothoueny ia ae?aaeaii? e?euee?niiai cia/aiiy. O neiii?i?/iee
?yae ia’?aeiothoueny i?ao?ene aei-, i?e-, i?ae-, ui ae?aaeathoue
neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy “aeiaeaoe aei /iai-iaaoaeue iaaio e?euee?noue
/iainue”. Eiaeai c ieo ii-nai?io eiie?aoeco? aeiaeaoeiao e?euee?noue
/iai-iaaoaeue. I?ao?en aei- aeaco? ia icia/aio aeiaeaoeiao e?euee?noue
/iai-iaaoaeue aaca?aeiinii aei o???, ui aaea iayaia: aeieoieoe o?ioe
(aaeoa?) caie?. I?ao?ene i?e-, i?ae- aecia/athoue aeiaeaoeiao
e?euee?noue /iai-iaaoaeue ye “iaaaaaoi, o?ioe, o iaaaeee?e e?eueeino?”:
i?eeoieoe, i?aeeeoe.

??ci? a?aeo?iee e?euee?nii-aeeno?eaooeaiiai cia/aiiy ae?aaeathoue
neiii?i?/i? ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene ae-, ia-, ia?a-, ii-. I?ao?en ae-
aeoeaioo? oaaao ia iiaiiio aeya? ae?? ia aaaaoueio ia’?eoao: aeaeoe –
a’th/e, cieueoe ana. I?ao?en ia- aenooia? ianaiia?aae ae?acieeii
/enaeueiino? ia’?eo?a ae??: iaaeoe. I?ao?en ia?a- aeeno?eaooeaia
cia/aiiy eiie?aoeco? ye iioe?aiiy ae?? ia eiaeiee ia’?eo cie?aia:
ia?aeiaeoe – eiaey/e, ai?eiaoe iaeei ca iaeiei on?o. I?ao?en ii- aeaco?
ia iioe?aiiy ae?? ia an? ia’?eoe oa ia iiaiee aeya ae??: iioiioaoe –
oii/o/e, cieueoe ana.

Neiii?iaie aenooiathoue ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene i?e-, ii-, i?ae- o iaaeao
e?euee?niiai cia/aiiy “iaiiaiee aeya ae??”. Oea cia/aiiy aiie
?aae?cothoue o ??ciiio naiaioe/iiio eiioaeno? oa??ieo iniia. I?ao?en
i?e- cae??ieaiee ca ae??neiaaie, ui ae?aaeathoue noaiiaeaiiy ye?nii?
iciaee (i?eae?aeiooe, i?eaeiaeiooe), oiae? ye i?ao?en ii-, e??i oeeo
ae??ne?a (iiae?aeiooe, iiaeiaeiooe), ii?aeio?oueny c oeie, ui
ia?aaeathoue i?ioeanoaeueia cia/aiiy (iineae?oe, iia?aaoe), iaaeath/e ?i
ua e oaiii?aeueiiai cia/aiiy – “iaaeiaai”. I?ao?en i?ae- caeeaeo?oueny c
i?ao?enii ii- o?eueee o no?oeoo?? aeayeeo ae??ne?a c i?ioeanoaeueiei
cia/aiiyi (i?aee?eoaaoe ? iie?eoaaoe – e?eoaaoe o?ioe.

Neiii?i?/i? ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene ae-, ia-, i?i- ae?aaeathoue ?ioaineaiee
aeya ae?? ye “aeoaea ?aoaeueii, a?oioiaii”. I?ao?en ae- aeaco? ia
iioe?aiiy ae?? ii iaai?e iiaa?oi?, ui oneeaaeith?oueny cia/aiiyi
?ioaineaiino? cae?enithaaiiai i?ioeano (aea?eeoe, aeiaethaaoe). I?ao?en
ia- eiie?aoeco? e?euee?nii-ioe?iia cia/aiiy ye “aeoaea aeia?a,
aacaeiaaiii” ae?yoe a?aeiinii ia’?eoa (iaaaenoaaoe – aeoaea aeia?a
aaenoaaoe ui-iaaoaeue). I?ao?en i?i- aecia/a? ye?nii-ioe?iia cia/aiiy ye
“iane??cue i?ieiyoe /eiinue, aei e?ioey, caa?oo aeiieco” (i?ia??oe)
I?ao?ene ia?a- oa ia- ae?aaeathoue cia/aiiy iaaei??iiai aeyao ae??
(ia?aa??oe, iaaiaeoaaoe).

Ieoii? ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene ia?a-, a?ae- oa ?ioiiiaiee ?a- aenooiathoue
ae?acieeaie e?euee?niiai aeyao ae??, aeacothoue ia ?? e?aoi?noue.
I?ao?en a?ae- a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae i?ao?ena ia?a- oa ?a- ?acoeueoaoeaiei
cia/aiiyi. Ae??neiaa c oeei i?ao?enii ae?aaeathoue ae?th, ui ia? ia iao?
a?aeiiaeoe ?ai?oa noai?aiee, aea c?oeiiaaiee ia’?eo: a?aeaoaeoaaoe –
aoaeoaaoe caiiai, a?aeiiaethaaoe uinue ? ia?aaoaeoaaoe – aoaeoaaoe
caiiai, ii-?ioiio, e?aua, iie?ioeaoe eiai, ?ai?aai?coaaoe –
i?aai?ciaoaaoe ui-iaaoaeue ii-?ioiio, e?aua.

Ae??ne?ai? i?ao?ene aei-, ca-, iae-/a?ae-, a?ae?-, ia?a-, ii-, i?i-
aaeeaathoueny ia icia/aiiy /aniaeo iaae ? ia??iaeo o?eaaiiy ae?? o
i?ioean? ?icai?oaiiy aeeiai?/ii? iciaee. Neiii?i?/io ia?o ooai?ththoue
i?ao?ene ca- ? ii-, aecia/ath/e iaiaaeaiee o /an? ?oo, ui o?eaa?
iaaeiaai, yeonue ieoue: caoeoaoeny – oeoaoeny o?ioe, iaaeiaai,
iioeoaoeny – oeoaoeny yeonue ieoue.

Ni?eueia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy “e?i/eoe ae?th” ?aae?cothoue ae??ne?ai?
i?ao?ene a?ae-, aei-, ia?a-. I?ao?en a?ae- oeaco? ia i?eieiaiiy
aeiaaio?eaaei? aai ?ioaineaii? ae??: a?aeni?aaoe, a?aeoea?noe. I?ao?en
aei- niaoe?ae?co?oueny ia ae?aaeaii? cia/aiiy “cae?i/eoe ae?th c iaaiei
?acoeueoaoii”: aeiiaethaaoe, aeioeoe. I?ao?en ia?a- aeaco? ia i?eieiaiiy
iaaii? ae?? aai noaio. ?iiae? i?ao?ene ia?a- oa a?ae- aenooiathoue ye
aeoaeaoe (ia?aooi?oe ? a?aeooi?oe).

Neiii?i?/i? i?ao?ene ae-, ia?a-, ii-, i?i- ii-??ciiio eiie?aoecothoue
a?ae??cie /ano, i?ioyaii yeiai a?aeaoaa?oueny ae?y. I?ao?en ae- aecia/a?
/an ae??, ui o?eaa? aeiaai ? ni?yiiaaiee ia aeinyaiaiiy iaaiiai
?acoeueoaoo: aea?aaoe, aenoiyoe. I?ao?ene i?i- oa ia?a- aeacothoue ia
ae?th, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny iaaiee /an: i?i/aeaoe, ia?anoiyoe. A i?ao?en
ii- aecia/a? /an ae??, ui o?eaa? iaaeiaai: iinoiyoe.

Neiaioai?/? ?iaii? i?ao?ene anooiathoue o neiii?i?/i? a?aeiioaiiy cia/ii
??aeoa, i?ae neiaioai?/? noo?ene. Oea coiiaeaii, ii-ia?oa, iacia/iith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?ao?enaeueiiai niiniao oai?aiiy i?eeiaoiee?a oa
?iaiiee?a, a ii-ae?oaa, niaoe?ae?caoe??th i?ao?en?a ia ae?aaeaii? ??cieo
neiaioa??ieo cia/aiue. Ia i?ioeaaao noo?enai, ye? caeaoi? ia?aaiaeeoe
oa??io iniiao a ?ioee eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iee eean, i?ao?enaeuei? aea?eaaoe
? ?o oa??i? iniiae caaaeaee ca?aathoueny ca /anoeiiiiaiith iaeaaei?noth.
Oae, ieoii? oe?a?inuee? i?ao?ene ca-, i?a- o?e-/o?a-, iaae-, ana- oa
?ioiiiai? oi?iaioe a?ia?-, a?o?-, noia?-, oeueo?a-, aeno?a- ae?aaeathoue
??ci? a?aeo?iee ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy ?ioaineaiino?, a naia
aecia/athoue iacia/io, aenieo oa aeoaea aenieo ?ioaineai?noue iciaee.

O neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiiyo ia?aaoaathoue ieoii? oe?a?inuee?
i?eeiaoieeia? i?ao?ene i?ioe-, ia-, aac- oa caiice/ai? oi?iaioe
aioe-, a-, aea-/aeac-, aeec-/aeen-, ??-, ui ae?aaeathoue ni?eueia
neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy i?ioeeaaeiino?. I?ao?en i?ioe- iniaeeai caeeceany c
?ioiiiaiei oi?iaioii aioe-. I?e?aeioth/enue aei ni?eueieo i?eeiaoiee?a,
oe? i?ao?ene ia?aaoaathoue o a?aeiioaiiyo iiaii? neiii?i??, ii?.:
i?ioei?e?iaiee ? aioei?e?iaiee, i?ioea?eiiciee ? aioea?eiiciee. sse
aaniethoi? neiaioai?/? neiii?ie ooieoe?iiothoue ieoiiee oe?a?inueeee
i?ao?en ia- oa caiice/aiee a- o iaaeao neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy
“a?aenooi?noue oa?aeoa?ieo ?en, aecia/aieo oa??iei i?eeiaoieeii”, ii?.:
iaii?aeueiee – aii?aeueiee, ia?eoi?/iee – a?eoi?/iee.

O iaaeao ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy iani?aaaeiino?, iic??iino?
a?oiothoueny aaiaoe/ii iaiaeii??aei? i?ao?eni?aee eaea-, eaac?-,
inaaaei-, ii?.: eaeaiaoeiaee – inaaaeiiaoeiaee – eaac?iaoeiaee. Oi/
neiii?i?/i? i?ao?eni?aee iathoue noaoon naiaioe/ii aaeaeaaoieo
oi?iaio?a, i?ioa aiie ?ic??ciythoueny ca nai?ie
ooieoe?iiaeueii-noeeueiaeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. I?ao?eni?ae eaea-,
ii?aeioth/enue ye ?c aeania oe?a?inueeeie, oae ? c ?ioiiiaieie iniiaaie,
ooai?th? i?eeiaoieee, ui aeoeaii aaeeaathoueny a on?o noeeyo no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? iiae. I?ao?eni?aee inaaaei- oa eaac?- iaiaaeaii
niieo/athoueny c i?eeiaoieeaie neia’yinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Ooai?ai? c
?o o/anoth eaenaie iathoue ae?acii eieaeiee oa?aeoa?, ii?.:
inaaaeiaeooaeueiee, eaac?iioe/iee.

O iaaeao ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai oaiii?aeueiiai cia/aiiy anooiathoue o
neiii?i?/i? ca’ycee ieoii? oe?a?inuee? i?ao?ene i?a-, ia?aae-/i?aae- oa
aei-. Ia?aaeath/e noai yaeu, ?aae?e ca /aniaith iciaeith, i?ao?ene
caeaoi? aooe aca?iicai?iieie, ii?.: i?aa?/iee – i?aaea?/iee;
ia?aaeai?iiee – aeiai?iiee; i?a?noi?e/iee – aei?noi?e/iee.

?ioiiiai? oi?iaioe iiii-, i?e?i-, i?i?-, a?-, iae?i- oa iie?-
ae?aaeathoue ??ci? a?aeo?iee ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy
e?eueeino?, a naia aecia/athoue iaeeie/iee, iiaea?eiee oa iiiaeeiiee
aeya iciaee.

Cia/aiiy eieaeueiino? ieoii? oe?a?inuee? i?ao?ene i?e-, iaae-, ia?aae-,
ca-, i?ae-, i?ae- ?icaeioee c iniiaii? i?inoi?iai? ooieoe?? i?eeiaiiee?a
i?e, iaae, ia?aae, ca, i?ae, i?ae, nooue yei? iieyaa? o aecia/aii?
iaaieo ia?aiao??a ?icoaooaaiiy. Ieoii? oe?a?inuee? i?ao?ene ia icia/aiiy
i?inoi?iaeo a?aeiioaiue aeoeaii i?e?aeiothoueny aei ni?eueieo oa??ieo
iniia, iaaeath/e ?i ??cieo a?aeo?ie?a eieaoeaiiai cia/aiiy, ii?.:
ia?aaei?nueeee – i?ei?nueeee – cai?nueeee, ia?aaeea?iaonueeee –
i?eea?iaonueeee – caea?iaonueeee – i?aeea?iaonueeee. I?ao?ene i?ae- oa
?ioa?- naiaioe/ii caeeaeothoueny a iniiaao ?c cia/aiiyi aeac?aee ia
?icoaooaaiiy /iainue i?ae iaaieie yaeuaie, i?aaeiaoaie, ii?.:
i?aeiaoe?iiaeueiee – ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiee.

O neiaioai?aii? ?iaiiee?a oioiaei? ?iaii? i?ao?ene aaaeooue naaa aeaui
ii-?ioiio, a naia: aeyaeythoue a?eueoo /e iaioo aeoeai?noue,
?ic??ciythoueny noee?noe/iei ooieoe?iioaaiiyi. Ia a?aei?io a?ae
i?eeiaoieeiaiai, a ?iaiieeiaiio neiaioai?aii? i?aaenoaaeai? i?ao?ene ia
aecia/aiiy iaiiaiioe aeyao iciaee i?ae-, a?oea-, i?i-, noa-, ia-, no-
Ni?eueia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy aiie ?aae?cothoue c ??cieie ?iaiieeaie ?
i?eiee ia iiaeooue aooe aca?iicai?iieie, ii?.: i?aeiieeiaiee,
a?oea-i?aceaeaio, i?ieiinoe, noai?aeeiaoi?, iaai?a, noa??. ?aeeiee
aeiyoie noaiiaeyoue i?ao?ene ia- ? no-, ii?aeioth/enue c ?iaiieeii ai?a,
ii?.: iaai?a ? noai?a.

Ni?eueia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy “noa?oee, aieiaiee” i?ao?ene iaa?-, a?o?-,
i?ioi-, noia?- ?aae?cothoue o eaene/ii aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiio eiioaeno?
?iaiiee?a, ii?.: iaa?i?ieo?i?, a?o??ieneii, i?ioi???ae, noia?a?a?o?.

O iaaeao ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy oaiii?aeueiino? neiii?i?/i?
i?ao?ene i?a-, ia?aae- ia?aaoaathoue a aioii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiiyo c
i?ao?eni?aeaie i?ney-, iino-, ii?.: ia?aaeiiaa ? i?neyiiaa;
ia?aaeiiceoe?y ? iinoiiceoe?y; i?a?noi??y, ia?aae?noi??y ? i?ney?noi??y,
iino?noi??y.

Neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy ni?eueiino? ia?aaeathoue i?ao?ene i?i- ? ni?a-,
ii-??ciiio eiie?aoecoth/e eiai. I?ao?en i?i- o ii?aeiaii? c oa??iith
?iaiieeiaith iniiaith iaceaa? i?eoeeueieea, iaeiiaeoioey, ii?.:
i?iiiaea?i?no, i?iiaoe?iiae?no. I?ao?en ni?a- aecia/a? ni?euei?noue
ethaeae ca ?o iaeiaeiaei a?aeiioaiiyi aei /iai-iaaoaeue, ii?.:
ni?aaaoi?, ni?a?iciiaiee.

Ae?aaeath/e ni?eueia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy i?ioeae??, caia?a/aiiy,
i?ioeeaaeiino?, i?ao?ene i?ioe-, ia-, aac-, aioe-, aea-/aeac-,
aeec-/aeen-, ?a- ?ic??ciythoueny /anoioi?noth, ?aaoey?i?noth aaeeaaiiy,
a oaeiae aeiaeaoeiaeie naiaioe/ieie ithainaie.

Ieoii? oe?a?inuee? oa caiice/ai? c ?ioeo iia i?ao?ene i?a-, iaae-,
a?o?-, a?ia?-, noia?-, oeueo?a-, aeno?a- aeacothoue ia ??ci? nooiai?
?ioaineaiiai aeyao iciaee, oiio ia aeoaeththoue iaeei iaeiiai, a
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny ye aeecueeicia/i?, ye oae?, ui ae?aaeathoue ??ci?
a?aeo?iee ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy ?ioaineaiino?.

O iaaeao ni?eueiiai neiii?i?/iiai cia/aiiy ia?noeiiino?, iani?aaaeiino?
a?oiothoueny oe?a?inueeee i?ao?eni?ae eaea- oa ?ioiiiai? eaac?-,
inaaaei-. Iiaeeea? ia?aeaeuei? ni?eueiiei?aiaa? ooai?aiiy, ii?.:
eaeaiaoea – eaac?iaoea – inaaaeiiaoea; eaeaaoiai?ci – eaac?aoiai?ci –
inaaaeiaoiai?ci.

Ae?aaeath/e ni?eueia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy e?eueeino?, ?ioiiiai?
i?ao?eni?aee i?e?i-, i?i?-, iiii-, iae?i-, iie?- oa a?-
aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny ca nai?ie cia/aii?aeie a?aeo?ieaie. sseui aiie ?
iathoue caeaoi?noue ii?aeioaaoeny c oeie naieie ?iaiieeaie, oi
iaaeathoue ?i ye aaniethoii-neiii?i?/iiai cia/aiiy (i?e?inenoaia –
i?i?nenoaia), oae ? aioii?i?/iiai (iie?a?a?eae – iiiia?a?eae).

Aaiaoe/ii ??cii??aei? neiii?i?/i? i?ao?ene i?e-, iaae-, ia?aae-, i?ae-,
?ioa?-, noa- caeeceeeny a iaaeao ni?eueiiai neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy
eieaeueiino?. I?ioa aiie ?ic??ciythoueny ca ??cieie ia?aiao?aie oeueiai
cia/aiiy, a oaeiae ca nai?ie ooieoe?iiaeueii-noeeueiaeie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. A iiiaeeiieeo aeiaaeeao iiaeeeaa ii?aeiaiiy c o??th
naiith oa??iith iniiaith, ii?.: i?eaoaeiaa – iaaeaoaeiaa, i?eai?a –
ia?aaeai?a.

Cae?eniaia aeine?aeaeaiiy neiii?i?? neiaioai?/eo noo?en?a oa i?ao?en?a
aea? i?aenoaae c?iaeoe oae? oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy e aeniiaee.
Neiii?i?y neiaioai?/eo cania?a coiiaeaia oei, ui ia ae?aaeaii?
a?eueoino? neiaioa??ieo cia/aiue niaoe?ae?co?oueny e?eueea aai oe?eee
?yae noo?en?a /e i?ao?en?a. Neiii?i?/i? ao?ene ?ic??ciythoueny i?ae
niaith neiaioa??ieie ca’yceaie, eieii oa??ieo iniia, c yeeie aiie
ii?aeiothoueny. Neiii?i?y – aecia/aeueiee oei eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo
a?aeiioaiue i?ae neiaioai?/eie ao?enaie. Neiii?i?/ieie ? o? noo?ene /e
i?ao?ene, ye?, ii?aeioth/enue c oa??ieie iniiaaie o??? naii?
/anoeiiiiaii? iaeaaeiino?, ae?aaeathoue ni?eueia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy.
Neiii?i?/i? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae neiaioai?/eie ao?enaie iathoue oae? iniiai?
aeyae:

1. Neiaioai?/? ao?ene ae?aaeathoue oa naia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy, aea a
??ciiio no?oeoo?ii — naiaioe/iiio eiioaeno? oa??ieo iniia o??? naii?
/anoeiiiiaii? iaeaaeiino?. Oeae oei neiaioa??ii? noo?enaeueii? neiii?i??
? iniiaiei.

2. Ae?aaeath/e ni?eueia neiaioa??ia cia/aiiy, eiaeai ao?en (noo?en aai
i?ao?en) iaaea? eiio yeiainue aeiaeaoeiaiai naiaioe/iiai a?aeo?ieo,
iaaiei /eiii aeaeici?ithth/e eiai.

3. ??ci? neiaioai?/? ao?ene, ii?aeioth/enue c o??th naiith oa??iith
iniiaith, ooieoe?iiothoue ye ??aiii?aai?, aca?iicai?ii?, aeoaeaoi?
oi?iaioe.

4. ??ci? neiaioai?/? ao?ene o?e nai?e iniia? iaaeathoue ni?eueiiai
neiaioa??iiai cia/aiiy, aea iathoue ??ci? noa?e aeei?enoaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1.Ia?aiao?e neiaioa??ii? neiii?i?? // Iiaa oa ?noi??y: Ia??iae. ca.
iaoe. i?. — E., 1997. — Aei. 29. — N. 3 — 6.

2. Ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ia eaoaai??y ?ioaineaiino? iciaee //
I?iaeaii? ieoaiiy neioaeneno. — *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1997. — N. 92 — 100.

3. sse i?aaeeueii: eeiiiiaee /e eeiiiiee // Oe?a?inueea iiaa oa
e?oa?aoo?a. — 1997. — *enei 24 (40). — N. 8.

4. Iniaeeaino? neiii?i?? neiaioai?/eo ?iaiieeiaeo i?ao?en?a // Iiaa oa
?noi??y: Ia??iae. ca. iaoe. i?. — E., 1998. — Aei. 36. — N. 3 — 7.

5. Naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino? aeayeeo ?iaiieeiaeo noo?en?a // Oace
aeiiia?aeae ca?oii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a ? nooaeaio?a
o?eieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo. — A?iieoey. — 1995. — N. 42. — 43.

AIIOAOe?ss

?aaneoeia O.A. Neiii?i?y neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa. – ?inoeooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith neiii?i?? neiaioai?/eo noo?en?a
oa i?ao?en?a o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? a iaaeao ?iaiieeiaiai,
i?eeiaoieeiaiai oa ae??ne?aiiai neiaioai?o. O ?iaio? aecia/aii
oai?aoe/i? canaaee neiaioa??ii? neiii?i??, i?eioeeie anoaiiaeaiiy
neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae neiaioai?/eie ao?enaie, ie?aneaii iaae?
neiii?i?/ieo ?yae?a, ooai?aieo neiaioai?/eie noo?enaie oa i?ao?enaie,
anoaiiaeaii iniaeeaino? aeyao neiii?i?? ni?eueii- oa ??ciiei?aiaaeo
aea?eaao?a, iniiai? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy neiii?i?/ieo ca’ce?a i?ae
iio?aeieie iaeeieoeyie ??cii? /anoeiiiiaii? iaeaaeiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neiii?i?y, neiaioa??ia neiii?i?y, neiii?i?/i?
a?aeiioaiiy, neiii?i?/i? noo?ene, neiii?i?/i? i?ao?ene, neiii?i?/iee
?yae, neiaioai?/? ao?ene, neiaioa??iee oei.

SUMMARY

Ivasyshyna T. A. Synonymy of word-building affixes. — Manuscript.

The dissertation on competition of a scientifik degree of the candidate
of philological sciences on a speciality 10.02.01. – Ukrainian language.
– Institute of the Ukrainian Language NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to studying of synonymy of word-building
suffixes and prefixes in

modern Ukrainian language in the frame of noun, adjective and verb
word-building.

In this work the theoretical fundamentals of word-building synonymy, the
principles of attribute

of synonymy relationships between word-building affixes is defined, the
bounds of synonymy rows, created with word-building suffixes and
prefixes, is described, the peculiarities of manifestation of synonymy
of jointly- and differently roots derivatives, the basic regularities of
formation of synonymy relations between derivative unites of different
parts of speech is discovered.

Key words: synonymy, word-building synonymy, synonymy relationships,
synonymy suffixes, synonymy prefixes, synonymy row, word-building
affixes, word-building type.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eaaneoeia O.A. Neiiieiey neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo aooeenia. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 – oe?aeineee ycue. – Einoeooo
oe?aeineiai ycuea IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eiiieaeniiio enneaaeiaaieth neiiieiee
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo noooeenia e i?aoeenia a nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii
ycuea a iaeanoe neiaiia?aciaaiey eiaie nouanoaeoaeueiiai, eiaie
i?eeaaaoaeueiiai e aeaaiea. A ?aaioa ii?aaeaeaiu oai?aoe/aneea iniiaaiey
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiie neiiieiee, i?eioeeiu onoaiiaeaiey neiiieie/aneeo
ioiioaiee iaaeaeo neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuie aooeenaie, auyaeaiu a?aieoeu
neiiieie/aneeo ?yaeia, ia?aciaaiiuo neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuie noooeenaie e
i?aoeenaie, onoaiiaeaiu iniaaiiinoe auyaeaiey neiiieiee iaua- e
?aciiei?iaauo aea?eaaoia, iniiaiua caeiiiia?iinoe oi?ie?iaaiey
neiiieie/aneeo naycae iaaeaeo i?iecaiaeiuie aaeeieoeaie ?aciuo /anoae
?a/e.

Ia?aue ?acaeae iinayuai enneaaeiaaieth neiiieiee neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo
noooeenia. Aiaeeco iiaeaa?aeaiu noooeenu eiai nouanoaeoaeueiuo, eiai
i?eeaaaoaeueiuo e aeaaieia. Noi?ie?iaaiu neiiieie/aneea ?yaeu
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo noooeenia eiai nouanoaeoaeueiuo ni cia/aieai
eeoea, ii?aaeaeythueo aai ii i?ioeannoaeueiiio, i?aaeiaoiiio,
eieaoeaiiio, ao?eaooeaiiio e ae?oaeo i?eciaeao, a oaeaea neiiieie/aneea
?yaeu, ia?aciaaiiua noooeenaie ni cia/aieyie niae?aoaeueiinoe,
niaieoiiinoe, aaeeie/iinoe, ec oiaiueoeoaeueii-eaneaoaeueiui e
oaaee/eoaeueii-oie/eaeeoaeueiui cia/aieai.

I?iaiaeece?iaaiu ioiioaiey iaaeaeo /eaiaie eaaeaeiai neiiieie/aneiai
?yaea, ii?aaeaeaiu eo naiaioe/aneea e naiaioeei-noeeenoe/aneea ioee/ey.

Ia iniiaaiee iauaai neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiiai cia/aiey noooeenu eiai
i?eeaaaoaeueiuo iauaaeeiaiu a aeaayoue neiiieie/aneeo ?yaeia,
i?aeiouanoaaiiia aieueoeinoai ec eioi?uo oeacuaatho ia noaiaiue
i?iyaeaiey i?eciaea. Aiioeae?iaaii auaeaeaiea neiiieie/aneeo ?yaeia
noooeenia, au?aaeathueo iinanneaiua, eieaoeaiua, oaiii?aeueiua e
iaoa?eaeueii-aauanoaaiiua cia/aiey. Aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea eiee/anoaaiiiio
e ea/anoaaiiiio ninoaao yoeo neiiieie/aneeo ?yaeia, i?iecaiaeyuei
iniiaai ?aciie /anoa?a/iie i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe. Iiiai aieiaiey oaeaeaii
?aca?aie/aieth iaeiiei?iaauo neiiieie/aneeo i?eeaaaoaeueiuo.

Ia aaca neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo aeaaieueiuo noooeenia auaeaeaii iyoue
iniiaiuo neiiieie/aneeo ?yaeia, ii?aaeaeaiu eo ioee/eoaeueiua /a?ou, a
/anoiinoe iaeieiiiiiaioiinoue ninoaaa e aieaa aeoeaiay
acaeiicaiaiyaiinoue neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo noooeenia.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaiu neiiieie/aneea nayce
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo i?aoeenia. Aiioeae?iaai aeiieie?othuee oa?aeoa?
neiiieiee aeaaieueiuo i?aoeenia. Ii?aaeaeaiu neiiieie/aneea ?yaeu,
ia?aciaaiiua aeaaieueiuie i?aoeenaie, au?aaeathueie i?ino?ainoaaiiua,
eiee/anoaaiiua e oaiii?aeueiua cia/aiey.

Onoaiiaeaiu ia?aiao?u neiiieiee neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo i?aoeenia eiai
i?eeaaaoaeueiuo. Ia?auaii aieiaiea ia iniaaiiinoe au?aaeaiey iauaai
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiiai cia/aiey i?aoeenaie neiiieie/aneeo ?yaeia,
oeacuaathueo ia eioaineaiia i?iyaeaiea i?eciaea e ia i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue
i?eciaeia. I?ineaaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe ni/aoaaiinoe neiiieie/aneeo
eneiiiuo neaayineeo e caeinoaiaaiiuo i?aoeenia e i?aoeenieaeia,
au?aaeathueo eiee/anoaaiiia e ae?oaea cia/aiey, ec aaiaoe/anee
iaiaeii?iaeiuie i?iecaiaeyueie iniiaaie eiai i?eeaaaoaeueiuo.

Ii?aaeaeaiu i?e/eiu ia?aie/aiiuo neiiieie/aneeo naycae
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo i?aoeenia eiai nouanoaeoaeueiuo, iniaaiiinoe
acaeiiaeaenoaey eneiiiuo neaayineeo e caeinoaiaaiiuo i?aoeenia e
i?aoeenieaeia a i?aaeaeao neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo cia/aiee, oeacuaathueo
ia noaiaiue i?iyaeaiey, i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue e iaenoeiiinoue i?eciaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: neiiieiey, neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiay neiiieiey,
neiiieie/aneea ioiioaiey, neiiieie/aneea noooeenu, neiiieie/aneea
i?aoeenu, neiiieie/aneee ?yae, neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiua aooeenu,
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiue oei.

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