.

Сильні електричні поля в конденсаторних конструкціях та удосконалення високовольтних силових конденсаторів: Автореф. дис… д-ра техн. наук / В.В. Руд

Язык: украинский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 4446
Скачать документ

Oa?e?anueeee Aea?aeaaiee Iie?oaoi?/iee Oi?aa?neoao

?oaeaeia Aaea??e Aaneeueiae/

OAeE 621.319.4

neeuei? aeaeo?e/i? iiey a eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?yo

oa oaeineiiaeaiiy aenieiaieueoieo neeiaeo

eiiaeainaoi??a

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.09.13 – Oaoi?ea neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo
iie?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiyaeieoi?a
oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio oa
i?iaoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeiio

?inoeooo? “Iiei?y” ? ia eaoaae?? ?iaeaia?ii? aeaeo?io?ceee Oa?e?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio -aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ieoaeeia Aaea??e Ieoaeeiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?iaeaia?ii? aeaeo?io?ceee Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe 1.
Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aaoea?i TH??e A?eoi?iae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeui? iaoaiaoeee.

2. Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?aeaceoeueeee Aieiaeeie? Ieaenaiae?iae/

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie

“Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”, caa?aeoaa/eaoaae?e oaoi?ee oa
aeaeo?io?ceee aenieeo iai?oa.

3.Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeaeiye Ieeiea Aioiiiae/,

?inoeooo ieaciiai? aeaeo?ii?ee oa iiaeo iaoiae?a

i?enei?aiiy IIOe “Oa?uee?anueeee o?ceei-oaoi?/iee

?inoeooo”, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a.I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa -?inoeooo
Aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 07” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14- 30 aiaeei?
ia

can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.050.08 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio

iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310002, Oa?e?a-2, aoe. O?oica,
21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “18” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aietho A.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. No/aniee aoai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny noaiiaeaiiyi aoaeoeaieo ? iaeiaeo?aoieo oaoiieia?e, ui
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue noai?thaaoe eiieo?aioiicaeaoio i?iaeoeoe?th.
Na?aae ieo oaoiieia??, ui aeei?enoiaothoue aia?a?th ?iioeuenieo
aeaeo?e/ieo ?ic?yae?a, aia?aaoe/io iniiao yeeo neeaaeathoue
aenieiaieueoi? neeia? aeaeo?e/i? eiiaeainaoi?e. Aei oaeeo oaoiieia?e
iaeaaeaoue: ooee?caoe?y a?aeoiae?a cae?ciaaoiio iiooaeieie
aenieiaieueoieie ?ic?yaeaie; ia?iaea oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a aeey
ca?eueoaiiy oa?i?io i?eaeaoiino? ?c caa?aaeaiiyi ? a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao c
iie?ioaiiyi ?o niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae; noai?aiiy nenoai aeey i?eioniai?
coieiee aaoiiia?e?a – ii?ooiee?a; aoaeoeaia a?aeooeoaaiiy i?noeue
iioeiaeaeaiiy neeiaeo eaaae?a ca aeiiiiiaith ?iioeueniiai i?iiaethaaiiy
i?noey i?iaith; iaai?oii-?iioeuenia ia?iaea iaoa??ae?a; oaoiieia?? ia
iniia? aeaeo?ia?ae?aae?/iiai aoaeoo uiaei i/euaiiy a?aeeeaie,
a?aeiiaeaiiy iaooiaeo naa?aeeiaei, aaca?aeo?aeii? ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii
oa ?i. Iaa?iiaaeaeoaa/? c aenieiaieueoieo neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a ?
iaeaaaeeea?oeie aeieaie no/anieo aeaea?ae ?iioeuen?a iai?oae ? no?oio,
ui canoiniaothoueny aeey o?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ieacie, io/e?a
ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie, a oaeiae aaia?aoi??a neeueieo ?iioeuenieo
aeaeo?e/ieo ? iaai?oieo iie?a. A oiiaao aino?iai aeao?oeeoo aia?aaoe/ieo
caian?a /eiaeiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? oaeiae i?iaeaia ciaioaiiy aeo?ao
aeaeo?iaia?a?? i?e ?? ia?aaea/? ? iie?ioaiiy yeino? iai?oae. Iaeiei ?c
oeyo?a ?ica’ycaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie ? canoinoaaiiy a iaa?no?aeueieo
aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aaeao, a oaeiae o niiaeeaa/?a aeaeo?iaia?a?? –
eiiaeainaoi?ieo aaoa?ae aeey eiiiainaoe?? ?aaeoeaii? iiooaeiino?.
A?aeii? e ?io? o?aaeeoe?ei? ? iao?aaeeoe?ei? oi?ie canoinoaaiiy
aenieiaieueoieo neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a. Ia aeaeue, aei oeueiai /ano a
Oe?a?i? ia ?icaeiooi a aeinoaoi?e i??? ae?iaieoeoai aenieiaieueoieo
neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a. Oea ?iaeoue i?iaeaio aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaee e
i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa eiiaeainaoi??a iaaeoi aeooaeueiith.

Eiino?oeoe?? neeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo eiiaeainaoi??a oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iayai?noth cii ?c ae?aaeaiith iaonoaiith iaiaeii??aei?noth aeaeo?e/iiai
iiey (e?aeiaee aoaeo) ? aeei?enoaiiyi ae?aeaeo?e/ieo iaoa??ae?a ?c
??cieie aeaeo?io?ce/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Ia i?aenoaa? a?aeiieo
oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue o?eaaei? aeaeo?e/ii?
i?oeiino? neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a onoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaiei /eiieeii, yeee
aecia/a? oa?i?i ?o neoaeae, ? iai?oaeai?noue aeaeo?e/iiai iiey. Iaioith
i??ith oa?i?i neoaeae caeaaeeoue a?ae /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia
?iciiae?e aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, oaeeo ye oiaueia iaeeaaeee ? ae?aeaeo?eea,
oi?ia ae?th/i? iai?oae, oi?ia e?ath iaeeaaeee, no?oeoo?a ae?aeaeo?eea. O
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? iathoue noiaeee oa?aeoa? ?c
ca?aeieie ae?aiaciiaie cia/aiue eiao?oe??io?a, i?ioa ?oi?o
ocaaaeueithth/eo oai?aoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae iiee iaia?. A iaee?auiio ?ac?
iien a?oioo?oueny ia iaei?ino?oeo ?ic?aooieao (iai?eeeaae, i?e
aeiaaaeaii? iaa?iaii? caeaaeiino? iai?oaeaiino? ii/aoeiaeo /anoeiaeo
?ic?yae?a (*?) a?ae oiaueie ?cieyoe?? a noaiai? 1/2). O ?yae?
aeiaaee?a aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? iathoue noia?a/eeaee oa?aeoa?.

Noiae?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo caeaaeiinoae oa?i?io neoaeae a?ae
iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ? caeaa?eueoiai a?ae /eiiee?a, ui
aieeaathoue ia ?iciiae?e iiey aeey ??cieo oei?a eiiaeainaoi??a,
na?ae/eoue i?i ni?euei?noue i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a ?cieyoe??
eiiaeainaoi??a.

Noai?aiiy iniia oai???, ui iieno? aieea oa?aeoa?o ?iciiae?eo iiey ia
oa?i?i neoaeae eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e, aeyaeaiiy iniiaieo
caeiiii??iinoae oeueiai aieeao, aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?eaaei? aeaeo?e/ii? i?oeiino? neeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo eiiaeainaoi??a, ye?
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue oe? caeiiii??iino?, ? ?icaeoie ia iniia? caeiaooeo
?acoeueoao?a a?o/eciyiiai eiiaeainaoi?iaoaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i? ?
aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith oaoi?ee neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo ? iaai?oieo iie?a.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? ?ic?iaea
oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ui aeathoue ciiao
aecia/eoe e?euee?ni? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ?iciiae?eii neeueiiai
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, /eiieeaie, ye? aieeaathoue ia oeae ?iciiae?e, ?
oa?i?iii neoaeae ?cieyoe?? eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e, aaeineiiaeaiiy
ia ?o iniia? neeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo eiiaeainaoi??a oa ?ioeo aeaiaio?a
aeaeo?io?ce/ieo onoaiiaie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ?ica’ycaoe oae? caaaeaiiy.

1. Aeine?aeeoe oi?io e?ath iaeeaaeie neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a, aeae?eeoe
oa?aeoa?i? iiaeae? e?ath iaeeaaeie ?c iaea?eueoith iaiaeii??aei?noth
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.

2. Aeeiiaoe aiae?c ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey oeiiaeo iiaeaeae e?ath
iaeeaaeee ? aecia/eoe /eiieee ? nooi?iue ?o aieeao ia oa?aeoa?
?iciiae?eo iiey.

3. I?iaanoe aiae?c, ocaaaeueieoe ? aeine?aeeoe caeaaeiino? oa?i?io
neoaeae eiiaeainaoi?ii? oa eaaaeueii? ?cieyoe?? a?ae /eiiee?a, ui
aieeaathoue ia ?iciiae?e iiey, ? ae?iaeoe eiioeaioe?th oa e?eoa???, ui
aecia/athoue ye?ni? ? e?euee?ni? ca`ycee.

4. Iaa?oiooaaoe ? aeine?aeeoe iaoai?ci ?oeioaaiiy eiiaeainaoi?ii?
?cieyoe?? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ci?ie ?iai/eo iai?oaeaiinoae iiey.

5. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy oa?i?io neoaeae aenieiaieueoieo
eiiaeainaoi??a, ui a?oioothoueny ia ae?iaeai?e eiioeaioe??, c
o?aooaaiiyi eiino?oeoeaieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo /eiiee?a, e?eueeino? oa??a
ae?aeaeo?eea, oeneo i?e cai?aniaoaaii? naeoe?e, niiniao iaiiooaaiiy,
aeaeo i?ini/oaaeueii? ??aeeie.

6. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e c
ae?aioth/eie iaeeaaeeaie.

7. Aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? aaiiao?e/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiaeainaoi?ieo
eiino?oeoe?e, ?aaeeie ?iaioe ?iioeuenieo eiiaeainaoi??a. ?ic?iaeoe
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ? niiniae oaeineiiaeaiiy oa iioei?caoe??
eiino?oeoe?e neeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo eiiaeainaoi??a ? oi?ioaaeueieo e?i?e.

8. ?ic?iaeoe eiino?oeoe?? eiiaeainaoi??a ?c iie?ioaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
aeey aeaeo?io?ce/ieo onoaiiaie ??ciiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Iinoaiiaea aeuacacia/aieo oe?eae ? caaaeaiue aeeeeeaea iaiao?aei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy na?oiaiai aeina?aeo neeiaiai eiiaeainaoi?iaoaeoaaiiy ?
aeinyaiaiue o aeai?e noa?? ?acoeueoao?a ?ia?o i?ia?aeieo a/aieo ?
oao?aoe?a: I.I.Aeaenaiae?iai?, A.I.A?e?iueeiai, A.Ae.Aaniaeiaa,
Ae.N.Aa?oaanueeiai, E.I.Aaeaoiai?, ?.N.Ei-ea/eoeueeiai, A.A.Eiiioiia,
A.N.Eo/einueeiai, E.A.Iieiaeiai?, A.A.Iaaiee, I.?.Iaca?iaa,
TH.N.I?ioaey, A.O.?aiia, A.?.?oaey, E.O.Noaiai/oea, I.I.Oeoiaa,
A.ss.Ooaeiaa, A.N.Oaaei?iai?, I.A.Oee?ia, A.A.Oia??niia oa ?i.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy caaaeaiue aeena?oaoe??
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iieiaeaiiy oai??? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, iaoiaee
oai??? aeaeo?e/ieo e?e, iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao ?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue,
eiioi?iieo ia?aoai?aiue, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy a ii?aeiaii? c
/enaeueieie ?ic?aooieaie ia AII. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeeny ia ?aaeueieo c?aceao naeoe?e eiiaeainaoi??a ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi aeine?aeieo aenieiaieueoieo noaiae?a, cania?a
aei??thaaiue, iaoiae?a ieaioaaiiy ? noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oaoi?/i? ? oaoiieia?/i?
??oaiiy o noa?? oaoi?ee neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo iie?a, ui
caaacia/othoue ?ica`ycaiiy cia/ii? i?eeeaaeii? i?iaeaie noai?aiiy e
oaeineiiaeaiiy aenieiaieueoieo neeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo eiiaeainaoi??a ?c
??ciei oa?i?iii neoaeae.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Oaiiiaiieia?/ia oai??y ?oeioaaiiy ?cieyoe?? neeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo
eiiaeainaoi??a o neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo iieyo, a iniia? yei? eaaeeoue
iaa?iaia caeaaei?noue oa?i?io neoaeae eiiaeainaoi?ii? ?cieyoe?? a?ae ??
“iai?oaeaiiai ia`?io”.

2. Iiaeaeue iaoai?cio ?oeioaaiiy eiiaeainaoi?ii? ?cieyoe?? i?e ??cieo
??aiyo ?iai/i? iai?oae.

3. Iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy “iai?oaeaiiai ia`?io” aeey oeiiaeo
eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e, ?ic?aooieo caeaaeiinoae oa?i?io neoaeae
a?ae /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia ?iciiae?e iiey, ye? a?oioothoueny ia
ii??aiyeueiiio aiae?c? “iai?oaeaieo ia`?i?a”, iioei?caoe??
eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e ca i?i?iaeueiith aaee/eiith “iai?oaeaiiai
ia`?io”.

4. Iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy oa?i?io neoaeae neeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo
eiiaeainaoi??a, ui a?oioothoueny ia e?euee?ni?e ioe?ioe? ca oai?aoe/ii
caeiaooeie ? aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaieie caeaaeiinoyie c
o?aooaaiiyi eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo
/eiiee?a (e?eueeino? oa??a ae?aeaeo?eea, oeneo i?e cai?aniaoaaii?
naeoe?e, aeaeo i?ini/oaaeueii? ??aeeie, niiniao iaiioee, /anoioe
i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?iioeuen?a).

5. I?aeoe/i? caniae noai?aiiy e oaeineiiaeaiiy neeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo
eiiaeainaoi??a oa ?ioeo aeaiaio?a aeaeo?e/ieo onoaiiaie c iioeiaeueieie
?ici??aie, aaaiiiaaaa?eoieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, i?i?iaeueiith aeaniith
?iaeoeoeai?noth oa i?aeaeuaiei oa?i?iii neoaeae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Oia?oa caeiaooi oae? ?acoeueoaoe.

1. ?ic?iaeaii ? ?icaeiooi eiioeaioe?th iaa?iaii? caeaaeiino? oa?i?io
neoaeae eiiaeainaoi?ii? ?cieyoe?? a?ae ?? “iai?oaeaiiai ia’?io”.

2. Oai?aoe/ii ocaaaeueiaii ? eiiieaenii aeine?aeaeaii caeaaeiino?
oa?i?io neoaeae a?ae iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, oi?ie e?ath
iaeeaaeee, oiaueie iaeeaaeee ? ae?aeaeo?eea.

3. ?ic?iaeaii ? iaa?oioiaaii iiaeaeue iaoai?cio ?oeioaaiiy ?cieyoe??
neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a a oiiaao ae?? ii/aoeiaeo ? e?eoe/ieo *?.

4. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii: aoaeoe
ciai-oaiiy oa?i?io neoaeae i?e ca?eueoaii? oiaueie iaeeaaeee ? ciaioai?
/anoioe i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?iioeuen?a; no?eaeiiiae?aii? ci?ie iieacieea
noaiaiy o oi?ioe? “aeeooy” eiiaeainaoi??a i?e ci?i? ?iai/eo a?aae??io?a;
iineaaeaiiy aieeao oiaueie ae?aeaeo?eea ia oa?i?i neoaeae i?e
i?aeaeuaieo ?iai/eo iai?oaeaiinoyo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.

5. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy oa?i?i?a neoaeae eiiaeainaoi??a ia
iniia? eiioeaioe?? “iai?oaeaiiai ia`?io” c o?aooaaiiyi eiino?oeoeaieo oa
oaoiiia?/ieo iniaeeainoae aeaioiaeaiiy naeoe?e.

6. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo oa iioei?caoe?? eiiaeainaoi?ieo
eiino?oeoe?e c ae?aiaie, ui a?oioothoueny ia aiae?c? ?iciiae?eo
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a?ey e?a?a iaeeaaeie.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue.

1. Aeyaeaii iaenooo?a?o? /eiieee, ui aecia/athoue oa?i?i neoaeae
eiiaeainaoi??a, ? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee eiiieaenii? ioe?iee oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy oa?i?io neoaeae eiiaeainaoi??a, ye? aeathoue ciiao
iaa?oioiaaii cae?enithaaoe aea?? eiino?oeoe?e ca i?i?iaeueii? e?eueeino?
aenia?eiaio?a.

2. Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? aaiiao?e/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ici???a oiaueie
iaeeaaeee ? ae?aeaeo?eea naeoe?e neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a, ?aae?on?a
aenieiaieueoiiai eiaen?aeueiiai eaaaeth, eio?? caaacia/othoue iaea?eueo?
aia?ai?ii?noue ? oa?i?i neoaeae. Iaa?oioiaaii aea?? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aeiaaeeie i?ii?aee?a ea?iaaiiai eiiooaoi?a.

3. Cai?iiiiiaaii eiino?oeoe?? eiiaeainaoi??a oa ?ioeo aeaiaio?a
aeaeo?io?ce/iiai onoaoeoaaiiy c iie?ioaiei ?iciiae?eii iiey caaaeyee
iioei?caoe?? e?eueeino? ? ?icoaooaaiiy ae?aioth/eo iaeeaaeie, ui
caaacia/othoue iaea?eueoo aeaeo?e/io i?oei?noue.

4. Aecia/aii a?aie/i? ieoii? oa?aeoa?enoeee naeoe?e ?iioeuenieo
eiiaeainaoi??a ?c iaia?iaith oa iaia?iai-eaanaiiaith ?cieyoe??th,
i?ini/aieo eanoi?iaei ianeii, o caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?i?io neoaeae ?
iaa?oioiaaii ?iai/? a?aae??ioe iaia?iai-iie?i?ii?eaiiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a
ci?iii? iai?oae, i?ini/aieo i?ia?aeueiei ianeii.

5. Aeine?aeaeaii e ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei aeei?enoaiiy o aenieiaieueoieo
neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi?ao ieceo noi?oae ? i?ini/oaaeueieo ?a/iaei ?
niinia?a ?oiueiai caeeaaiiy.

6. Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo ? ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo
iai?oaeaiino? iiey e aeaii i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?ie
ca?yaeii? iai?oae ?iioeuenieo eiiaeainaoi??a, ye? i?aoeththoue a
onoaeaiiio ia??iaee/iiio ?aaeei? i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?iioeuen?a.

7. Aecia/aii iioeiaeueiee oene cai?aniaoaaiiy naeoe?e ?c
iaia?iai-eanoi?iaith ?cieyoe??th. Anoaiiaeaii, ui niin?a iaiiooaaiiy
naeoe?e (ieineiiioai? aai ieineiieanoei/ano?) ia aieeaa? ia oa?i?i
neoaeae.

8. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee oa aeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o iaeeia?ieo
aenieiaieueoieo e?i?e ia iniia? aenieiaieueoieo eiiaeainaoi??a, ye?
oi?iothoue ?iioeuene iai?oae i?yiieooii? oi?ie ?c eaac?iino?eiith
aa?oeiith.

9. Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii e aeaioiaeaii
iiiaae 50 oei?a neeiaeo ?iioeuenieo aenieiaieueoieo aeaeo?e/ieo
eiiaeainaoi??a ?c iie?ioaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ? a?aie/ieie ia?aiao?aie,
a oaeiae eiiaeainaoi??a ci?iii? iai?oae aeey ??cieo aeaeo?io?ce/ieo,
aeaeo?ioaoiieia?/ieo oa aeaeo?ii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie.

?aae?caoe?y ?iaioe. Oaoi?/ia ?ic?iaea, aeaioiaeaiiy oa aei?iaoaaiiy
neeiaeo aenieiaieueoieo eiiaeainaoi??a aoee cae?eniai? o IAeIE?
“Iiei?y”, yeee ca?aeii c iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a ?257 a?ae
01.04.1999 iaeaaeeoue aei ia`?eo?a, ui noaiiaeyoue iaoe?iiaeueia
iaaeaaiiy Oe?a?ie. ?ic?iaee aaoi?a cai?iaaaeaeaii a oaeeo i?aai?caoe?yo:
OAeO, OA?, OOO?, iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? ?aae?io?ceee (Iineaa),
EA “Ai?eciio”, OeEA OI (Iineaa), i?aei?e?inoaao aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aae
??aiaiaeaia?ai, Oiaeueieoeueeiaeaia?ai, Euea?aiaeaia?ai, E?eiaia?ai,
“Ee?anuee? eaaaeuei? ia?aae?”, ??IO IAI Oe?a?ie (Ieeiea?a), IAO
“Aia?aina?a?n” (Aeiiaoeuee) oa ?i. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoaii i?e
noai?ai? oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia aac? IAeIE? “Iiei?y” OAeIO aeey
ae?iaieoeoaa eiiaeainaoi??a c iaoith caaacia/aiiy iio?aa Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? OAeIO
aeey niaoe?aeueiino? “Oaoi?ea ? aeaeo?io?ceea aenieeo iai?oa” o
aeenoeeie?iao “?ic?aooiie ? eiino?othaaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? ?cieyoe??”,
“?ic?aooiie ? i?iaeooaaiiy ?ii?nieo iaa?iiaaeaeoaa/?a aia?a??”.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a – iaoeiaa ea??aieoeoai ? aaciina?aaeiy o/anoue o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ?ic?iaoe?, eiio?ie? oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy,
i?iaaaeaii? aei?iaoaaiue on?o oei?a aenieiaieueoieo eiiaeainaoi??a,
aeiouaieo o IAeIE? “Iiei?y” c 1980 ii 1999 ??e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia:

– Ananithcieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ia?aaeao “Iiauoaiea ea/anoaa e oeo/oaiea
oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo iieacaoaeae neeiauo eiiaeainaoi?ia e eiiieaeoiuo
eiiaeainaoi?iuo onoaiiaie”, Na?iooia, 1979, 1983, 1986, 1991;

– Ananithcieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo c aeaeo?ia?ae?aae?/iiai
aoaeoo, Ieeiea?a, 1980, 1984;

– Ananithci?e ia?aae? naeoe?? IV Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?aaee AI N?N?
“Aieinoiua iaeiieoaee yia?aee a yeaeo?ioece/aneeo onoaiiaeao
i?aaeaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia”, Oa?e?a, 1981;

– Ananithciiio iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? “*eneaiiua iaoiaeu ?an/aoa
yeaeo?inoaoe/aneeo iieae e aunieiaieueoiuo eiino?oeoeee”, Iiainea??nuee,
1982;

– Ananithciiio iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio nai?ia?? “Aii?inu noa?aiey ecieyoeee
aunieiaieueoiiai iai?oaeiaaiey”, Oa?e?n?, eenoiiaae 1983;

– Ananithciiio iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? “Iaoiaeu ?an/aoa yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo
ia?aoiaeiuo i?ioeannia e yeaeo?e/aneeo iieae a naoyo aunieiai
iai?yaeaiey”, Eaoian, o?aaaiue 1985;

– Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ia?aae? “Ninoiyiea e ia?niaeoeau
?acaeoey yeaeo?e/aneie ecieyoeee” Naa?aeeianuee, 1987;

– 3-e Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiioeueniua enoi/ieee yia?aee”,
Eai?ia?aae, /a?aaiue 1989;

– Ananithci?e ia?aae? “Aii?inu iaania/aiey noieeinoe ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo
n?aaenoa e aicaeaenoaeth YIE”, Oa?e?a, 1991;

– Iaoeia?e oeie? “Oeceea eiioeueniuo aicaeaenoaee ia eiiaeaine?iaaiiua
n?aaeu”, Ieeiea?a, 1993-1997;

– Intern. Symposium on High Voltage Engineering. 1995. GRAZ. Austria;
1997, Quebec, Montreal, Canada;

– VI eiioa?aioe?? AN?IEII, Ee?a, /a?aaiue 1996;

– I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c o?ceee oaa?aeeo
ae?aeaeo?ee?a “Aeeyeaeo?eee – 97”, Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1997;

– II I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy a aeaeo?ioaoi?oe? oa aia?aaoeoe?”, Euea?a, 1997.

Ioae?eaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o 60 i?aoeyo. Na?aae ieo 18
noaoae, 16 aeiaoiae?a, 2 iaoaioe Oe?a?ie, 24 iaoa??ae?a ? oac
aeiiia?aeae ia i?aeia?iaeieo oa ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, caeeth/aiiy, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ?c 209 iaeiaioaaiue,
aeiaeaoea. Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii ia 305 noi??ieao, c? 128
?ethno?aoe?yie ? 37 oaaeeoeyie.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie noai?aiiy ? oaeineiiaeaiiy
neeiaeo aenieiaieueoieo aeaeo?e/ieo eiiaeainaoi??a ?c ??ciei oa?i?iii
neoaeae, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, aeeeaaeaii iia? iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe ? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno,
a?aecia/a?oueny i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. Oeaco?oueny ?aae?caoe?y oa
ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iaeyae ? aiae?c iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo iiey
eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e, i?eeiyoeo iiaeaeae ?ic?aooieo,
aenia?eiaioaeueieo caeaaeiinoae oa?i?i?a neoaeae ?cieyoe?? neeiaeo
eiiaeainaoi??a a?ae ??cieo /eiiee?a. Aeeeaaeathoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
oaiiiaiieia?/ii? oai??? ?oeioaaiiy ae?aeaeo?eea eiiaeainaoi?ieo
eiino?oeoe?e, ?ic?iaeaii? aaoi?ii. Iaaaaeaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo
“iai?oaeaieo ia`?i?a”, caeiaooi oai?aoe/i? caeaaeiino? oa?i?io neoaeae
a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ? iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ca
aeiiiiiaith ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co “iai?oaeaieo ia`?i?a” oa?aeoa?ieo
iiaeaeae eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e. C?iaeaii aiae?c a?aeiii?
caeaaeiino? oa?i?io neoaeae a?ae iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey
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, (1)

aea A – iino?eia,

n – iieaciee noaiaiy, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaeo ae?aeaeo?eea ? ??aiy
?iai/i? iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.

Aeey oe?ieiai eeano aeaeo?e/ieo eiiaeainaoi??a i?e ?iai/eo
iai?oaeaiinoyo iiey A?, aeecueeeo aei iai?oaeaiino? A* ii/aoeiaeo *?,
iieaciee noaiaiy n iaae?a? cia/aiiy 46. Aeey A?, ui ci?iththoueny a?ae
A* aei iai?oaeaiino? A** e?eoe/ieo *?, cia/aiiy n ci?ith?oueny a?ae 4
aei 10. I?e A?>E** iieaciee noaiaiy n=1036. I?e iecueeeo ?iai/eo
a?aae??ioao A?A* i?iai? ?cieyoe?? a?aeaoaathoueny a?ey e?ath iaeeaaeie.
I?e A?A** i?iai? ?cieyoe?? ?iciiae?eythoueny ii ieiu? iaeeaaeie (o oiio
/ene? ? a?ey e?a?a iaeeaaeie).

Nooo?aa caeaaei?noue oa?i?io neoaeae a?ae iaaaeeeeo ci?i ?iai/eo
a?aae??io?a aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ca?aeii ?c oi?ioeith (1) i?ioyaii
aeanyoe??/ i?eaa?oa? aeine?aeiee?a aei aiae?co aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a o
eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?yo. I?eeiyo? a e?oa?aoo?? iiaeae? ?ic?aooieo
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey c iane?i/aiii oiieith i?aieiueiith ? i?aieiueiith
e?ioeaai? oiaueie c i?yiieooiei c??cii e?ath aeathoue iiaeeea?noue
c?iaeoe caaaeuei? ioe?iee aieeao aaiiao?e/ieo /eiiee?a ia ?iciiae?e
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao. ?ic?aooiee iaiaaeoaaeeny
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie uiaei iie?ioaiiy ?iciiae?eo iiey, ?ieiee ia cian?i
a??ieie (iai?eeeaae, uiaei aeai?o oiaueie iaeeaaeee). Ie??i oiai,
iacaaaeath/e ia iaai? aeinyaiaiiy a aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a
eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?yo, ia ae?iaeaii o?ce/iiai e?eoa??th, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeiai ? iiaeeeaei aecia/aiiy caeaaeiinoae oa?i?io neoaeae ca
?ic?aooieiaeie cia/aiiyie iai?oaeaiino? iiey. Ia i?aenoaa? a?aeiieo
?acoeueoao?a ? aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?ii , cai?iiiiiaaii aaanoe
“iai?oaeaiee ia`?i”, ye o?ce/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo aioo??oiuei? ?cieyoe??
eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e, ui aecia/a? ?? oa?i?i neoaeae.

“Iai?oaeaiee ia`?i” – iaeanoue ?cieyoe?? c i?aeaeuaiei a?aae??ioii
aeaeo?e/-iiai iiey, ana?aaeei? yeiai iai?oaeai?noue iiey ia?aaeuo?
aeayeo e?eoe/io aaee/eio Ae? ? a yeiio i?e aaeeeiio oa?i?i? neoaeae
?cieyoe?? a?aeaoaathoueny iaiai?ioi? i?ioeane, ui ni?e/eiythoue
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo ci?i ? ?oeioaaiiy aeaii? iaeano?, ye? a
e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo aecia/athoue oa?i?i neoaeae ?cieyoe??.

Iaa?oioiaaii e ?icaeiooi iieiaeaiiy i?i iaa?iaio caeaaei?noue oa?i?io
neoaeae a?ae aaee/eie “iai?oaeaiiai ia’?io”, oiaoi

I1/V. (2)

Aeey ?icaeyaeoaaieo aeaiaei??ieo ?ic?aooieiaeo iiaeaeae eiiaeainaoi?ieo
eiino?oeoe?e “iai?oaeaiee ia’?i” aecia/a?oueny ia iaeeieoeth aeiaaeeie
eiioo?o iaeeaaeie ? aei??aith? ieiu? eiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co.

Iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy “iai?oaeaieo ia`?i?a” ?icaeyiooi ia i?eeeaaeao
aiae?co ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey oeiiaeo iiaeaeae e?ath iaeeaaeie
neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a. Oeiiao iiaeaeue e?ath iaeeaaeee o aeaeyae?
neiao?e/iiai o?eeooiiai aenooio ? iaeano? ?cieyoe?? c i?aeaeuaiith
iai?oaeai?noth aeaeo?e/iiai iiey iaaaaeaii ia ?en.1. Iaeanoue k-oiai
“iai?oaeaiiai ia`?io” ia iaeeieoeth aeiaaeeie oyaey?ii o aeaeyae?
e?oaiaiai naeoi?a ?aae?ono rk ?c oeaio?ii o aa?oei? Ae ?icaeyaeoaaii?
iiaeae? ? iaiaaeaiiai eiioo?ii iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co iaeeaaeee.
Iai?eeeaae, “iai?oaeaiee ia`?i” a?ey aa?oeie A3 (?en.1,a) noaiiaeoue
V=r32(1+/2), aea eoo – ae?aaea?oueny o /anoeao . Aeey ?ic?aooieo
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a iaaaaeai?e ia ?en.1 iiaeae? canoiniaaii iaoiae
eiioi?iieo ia?aoai?aiue.

?en.1 Oeiiaa iiaeaeue e?ath iaeeaaeee

Oi?ioea E?enoioaey-Oaa?oea aeey a?aeoai?aiiy aa?oiuei? i?aieiueie t
((?en.1,a) ia iaeanoue oanoeeooieea o ieiuei? Z (?en.1) ia? aeaeyae
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, (3)

aea iino?ei? a3 ? a5 aecia/athoueny c ??aiyiue

a3a5=1, a3+a5=2-4(1+0,5)2/ ,

=h/d.

Ae?ace aeey aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaiino? iiey iiaeeco oa?aeoa?ieo eooiaeo
oi/ie ciaeaeaii c oi/i?noth ia?oiai ii?yaeeo iaeecie a?aeiinii oiaueie
ae?aeaeo?eea ? iaeeaaeee o i?eiouai? rk0 ? iathoue aeaeyae

iiaeeco oi/ee A3 ia a?aenoai? r3 a?ae ia? –
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 ; (4)

iiaeeco oi/ee A4 ia a?aenoai? r4 a?ae ia? –
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 , (5)

aea r3 ? r4 ? ?aae?onaie “iai?oaeaieo ia’?i?a”, yeui A3 ? A4
aei??aiththoue Ae?; A0=U0/d. Ae?ace aeey “iai?oaeaiiai ia’?io” V iathoue
aeaeyae a?aeiia?aeii

aeey oi/ee A3
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,
(6)

aeey oi/ee A4
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. (7)

??ai?noue “iai?oaeaieo ia’?i?a” c oeaio?ii o oi/eao A3 ? A4 i?e r/d0
aeinyaa?oueny i?e =0=2/3. I?e r/d0,05 aaee/eie “iai?oaeaieo ia`?i?a”
iiaeeco A3 ? A4 caeaaeaoue a?ae , . I?e oeueiio a?aie/ia cia/aiiy eooa
0, i?e yeiio aeinyaa?oueny ??ai?noue ”iai?oaeaieo ia’?i?a”, noaiiaeoue
0,680,8, aea a?eueoa cia/aiiy 0 a?aeiia?aea? a?eueoei cia/aiiyi r/d.

C o?aooaaiiyi oi?ioe (6), (7) oa eiioeaioe?? cai?ioii? caeaaeiino?
oa?i?io neoaeae a?ae “iai?oaeaiiai ia`?io”, ?ic?aooieiaa cia/aiiy
iieacieea noaiaiy o oi?ioe? “aeeooy” (1) noaiiaeoue
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 (8)

oa ci?ith?oueny a?ae 4 aei 8 i?e ci?iai? a?ae 0 aei 2/3. I?e 0 i?ioeane
?oeioaaiiy ?cieyoe?? iaea?eueo ?ioaineai? a ieie? o.A3, aea “iai?oaeaiee
ia`?i” a?eueoee, a i?e A** iiyaa e?eoe/ieo *? a?ey aino?eo e?iiie
aeaeo?iae?a ni?e/eiy? ia?aianaiiy ca?yaeo c iaeeaaeee ia iiaa?oith
?icae?eo oaa?aeiai ae?aeaeo?eea ? ianeyiiai i?ioa?eo, ui i?eeyaa? aei
e?ath iaeeaaeee. A?aeaoaa?oueny ae??aithaaiiy aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a?ey
e?ath aino?i? e?iiee, ? a ia?oiio iaaeeaeaii? ?ic?aooieiao iiaeaeue
e?ath iaeeaaeee iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe o aeaeyae?, cia?aaeaiiio ia ?en.3,
aea iioaioe?ae ?icae?eo a?aieoe? ae?aeaeo?ee?a DO a?ey aino?i? e?iiee
i?eeiyoi ??aiei iioaioe?aeia? iaeeaaeee AND.

Iai?oaeai?noue aeaeo?e/iiai iiey iiaeeco aa?oeie C (?en.3) aecia/a?oueny
oi?ioeith
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, (13)

a “iai?oaeaiee ia’?i”
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. (14)

Aeey oa?aeoa?ieo ?aaeueieo cia/aiue eooa =(1/26/7) cia/aiiy iieacieea
noaiaiy i?e A0/Ae? o oi?ioe? (14) ci?ith?oueny a?ae 6 aei 16 (i?e >6/7
iieaciee noaiaiy oaeaeei c?inoa?). Iaoai?ci ?oeioaaiiy ?cieyoe?? oaeee.
I?e A0A* aecia/aeueieie ? i?ioeane ?oeioaaiiy ?cieyoe?? a?ey aino?iai
eooa e?ath iaeeaaeee ? canoiniai? oi?ioee (9) ? (10). I?e A0A** i?ioeane
?oeioaaiiy ?cieyoe?? *? a?ey aino?iai eooa e?ath iaeeaaeee ia
anoeaathoue aiane?aeie ei?ioeiai oa?i?io neoaeae iiai?noth ?icaeiooeny,
a aecia/aeueieie aoaeooue i?ioeane ?oeioaaiiy ?cieyoe?? a?ey ooiiai eooa
e?ath iaeeaaeee ca iiaeaeeth (?en.3).

O oeueiio aeiaaeeo canoiniai? oi?ioee (13) ? (14). Aeey iaeano? ?iai/eo
a?aae??io?a A*>d i?ia?e a?ey e?ath ae?aia ? ae?aiiaaii? iaeeaaeee
?icaeaa?oueny iaeii/anii, yeui aeeiio?oueny oiiaa =0,5.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea ei?ioei/anii? aeaeo?e/ii? i?oeiino? c?ace?a
iaia?i-eanoi?iaeo naeoe?e c oiaueiaie ae?aeaeo?eea d(1-)=100 iei ?
d=10100 iei i?e oiauei? iaeiiai a?eooa iaia?o EII-2, ui aei??aith?
10 iei, iieacaea, ui oiiaa ??aiicia/iino? ia?aa?ao i?iaeaieo i?ioean?a
(/enei i?noeue i?iai?a a?ey e?ath ae?aia ? ae?aiiaaii? iaeeaaeee
iaeiaeiaa) ianoa? i?e =0,41. I?e oeueiio aeaeo?e/ia i?oei?noue naeoe?e c
ae?aiaie ia 28% a?eueoa, i?ae naeoe?e aac ae?aia.

Oe?e oiia? a?aeiia?aea? ?acoeueoao ca eiioeaioe??th “iai?oaeaiiai
ia`?io”, yeui a?aooaaoe oiaueio ae?aiiaaii? iaeeaaeee ? neioaio oi?io
e?ath iaeeaaeee. Aeey i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a (aac a?aooaaiiy oiaueie
iaeeaaeee) iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe oi?iaeueiee e?eoa??e ??aiicia/iino?
i?iaith, ui iieyaa? a aeinyaiaii? iaeiaeiaeo cia/aiue iai?oaeaiinoae
iiey ia i?iii?oe?eieo a?ae??ceao ? canoinoaaiiy yeiai aei aeaiiai
aeiaaeeo aea? cia/aiiy =0,38.

?en.6. Cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a A ? A a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aeiinii?
aeiaaeeie aenooio ae?aia

Iinoaaeaii ? ?ica`ycaii caaea/o iioei?caoe?? eiiaeainaoi?ieo
eiino?oeoe?e c e?eueeiia ae?aiaie c a?aooaaiiyi cnoao i?ae e?ayie
ae?ai?a. I?e aei?iaoaaii? naeoe?e c ??ciith e?euee?noth ae?ai?a
aeaeo?e/ia i?oei?noue naeoe?e ?c aoaeue-yeei /eneii ae?ai?a ia?aaeuo?
aeaeo?e/io i?oei?noue aac ae?aia a e?auiio ?ac? ia 50%, a i?noey
?icoaooaaiiy i?iai?a naeoe?e c ae?aiaie eiioeaio?othoueny a iniiaiiio ii
ieiu? ae?aiiaaii? iaeeaaeee. Oaeei /eiii, aenia?eiaio iieacaa, ui
iaaeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a?eueoa, i?ae 2 ae?aie, a ?ic?aooiie
nenoaie c 2 ae?aiaie iiaeia caanoe aei iine?aeiaiiai ?ic?aooieo aeaio
nenoai c iaeiei ae?aiii. Iaaiaeeoueny iien eiino?oeoe?? ?iioeuenieo
eiiaeainaoi??a E?I46 ? E?I46A, ia iii?iaeueio iai?oao 100 eA, naeoe??
yeeo aeeiiaii c? ca?eueoaiith ?ii?noth ca ?aooiie aaaaeaiiy a na?aaei?e
/anoei? naeoe?e aeiaeaoeiaeo iaeeaaeie, aeaeo?e/ii c`?aeiaieo c iaei??th
c iniiaieo. I?e oeueiio oa?i?i neoaeae, ui aecia/a?oueny i?ioeanaie
?oeioaaiiy ia e?ayo iniiaieo iaeeaaeie, ia ci?ith?oueny, a ?ii?noue
ca?eueoo?oueny ia 20% o ii??aiyii? c oeiiaeie naeoe?yie, A oi?eaeueiiio
iaaeaenieiaieueoiiio ?iioeueniiio eiiaeainaoi?? E?I32 ia 2,5 IA,
aeeiiaiiio ca oeiii eiiaeainaoi?iiai aaiaeo, aaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo
iaeeaaeie o oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? i?ae c??aiyeueieie a ia?oeo ? inoaii?o
aeoeao iaiioee oa c`?aeiaieo ?c c??aiyeueieie aeicaieeei io?eiaoe
iie?ioaiee ?iciiae?e aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia e?ayo c??aiyeueieo iaeeaaeie,
ui caaacia/eei i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino?. Ciaioaiith aeiaaeeie aeaiaeo ?
?iaeoeoeaiino? eiiaeainaoi?a E?I32 ni?eyee i?ea?iaeueia eiino?oeoe?y
aa?`??ii? ?cieyoe?? iiaeeco e?a?a iaeeaaeie o aeaeyae? i?iaeiaaeaiiy
?iai/i? ?cieyoe??, caaiooi? ia eoo, aeecueeee aei 90, ? iie?ioaiiy
?iciiae?eo iiey ocaeiaae ciai?oiuei? iiaa?oi? ?cieyoi?a aeaiaeo ca
aeiiiiiaith ciai?oi?o ae?ai?a. Eiiaeainaoi? E?I32 aeei?enoiao?oueny ye
caaino?thaaeueia ?ii?noue aaia?aoi?a ?iioeuenieo iai?oa (A?I),
noai?aiiai a IAeIE? “Iiei?y” aeey iaea?aeaiiy ?iioeuen?a iai?oae c
e?ooei o?iioii.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? iioeiaeueiiai iieiaeaiiy
?i?oe?thth/iai aeaeo?iaea o aenieiaieueoiiio ?ii?niiio ?ic?yaeieeo, ui
i?aoeth? ca i?eioeeiii aee?eaeaiiy iiey o neeaae? caaino?thaaeueiiai
i?eno?ith A?I, a yeiio ?i?oe?thth/ee aeaeo?iae ?c aino?eie e?iieaie
?icoaoiaaiee ia?aeaeueii ieiuei? iniiaieo aeaeo?iae?a. Caaea/a uiaei
aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaiino? iiey ?ica`ycaia o i?eiouaii?, ui iioaioe?ae
?i?oe?thth/iai aeaeo?iaea a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iioaioe?aeo
aea?iioaioe?aeueii? iiaa?oi?, o ieiuei? yei? a?i ?icoaoiaaiee. Aeey
?icaeyaeoaaii? nenoaie aeaeo?iae?a ?c aeaiia ?ic?yaeieie i?ii?aeeaie
aieea oa?aeoa?o ?iciiae?eo iiey a?aoiaaiee ca aeiiiiiaith oiiae ??aiino?
ei?ioei/anii? aeaeo?e/ii? i?oeiino? i?ii?aee?a ?c aeei?enoaiiyi
aenia?eiaioaeueieo caeaaeiinoae aeaeo?e/ii? i?oeiino? o ??cei
iaiaeii??aeieo i?ii?aeeao a?ae eiao?oe??ioa iineeaiiy aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.
Eiao?oe??io iineeaiiy iiey aecia/a?oueny ye a?aeiioaiiy iai?oaeaiino?
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a?ey aino?i? e?iiee ?i?oe?thth/iai aeaeo?iaea o
??aiia?aeaeaeaieo oi/eao aei na?aaeiuei? iai?oaeaiino? iiey a eiaeiiio c
i?ii?aee?a.

Ia ?en.7 iieacaii caeaaei?noue iioeiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeiaaeei
i?ii?aee?a a?ae eiao?oe??ioa ia?aiiethnoaaiiy p=(UnU0)(1+)/U0, aea Ui –
iioaioe?ae ?i?oe?thth/iai aeaeo?iaea, U0 –

??cieoey iioaioe?ae?a i?ae iniiaieie aeaeo?iaeaie, – a?aeiioaiiy
i?ii?aee?a.

I?e ?=1 (iiaia ia?aiiethnoaaiiy ea?oth/iai aeaeo?iaea) caeiaooi =5,15.
Ca iaiiaiiai ia?aiiethnoaaiiy (?0,005 ia? iaeneioi,
ui caeaaeeoue a?ae r/d ? . Cia/aiiy iai?oaeaiino? iiey a?ey aino?iai
eooa o 2,03,5 ?ace a?eueoa, i?ae a?ey ooiiai e?ath iaeeaaeee ia
iaeiaeiaeo a?aenoaiyo a?ae e?ath iaeeaaeee. Oea icia/a?, ui i?ioeane
?oeioaaiiy ?cieyoe?? iiaeeco ooiiai eooa iaeeaaeee ?icii/iooueny ia
?ai?oa, i?ae i?e ca?eueoaii? ?iai/i? iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey o 2
? a?eueoa ?ac?a i?ney ii/aoeo i?ioean?a ?oe-ioaaiiy ?cieyoe?? a?ey
aino?eo e?iiie iaeeaaeie. Aeey oa?aeoa?ieo a?aenoaiae r/d=0,010,05
iaeneioi Ar a?aeiia?aea? eooai ca?ao a?aiae e?ath iaeeaaeee, ye?
aei??aiththoue =0,7-0,85, aea a a ia?oo /a?ao ?icii/iooueny i?ioeane
?oeioaaiiy i?e i?aeaeuai?e ?iai/?e iai?oc?. Oea icia/a?, ui iieaciee
noaiaiy n i?e ci?i? iaoai?cio ?oeioaaiiy ci?ith?oueny no?eaeiiiae?aii
a?ae 46 aei 1116. I?e oeueiio c o?aooaaiiyi ooiooaaiiy iaeiiai oa?o
iaia?o a iaeii??aeiiio iie? no?eaeiiiae?aieie aieeaiiyie cia/aiiy
iai?oaeaiino? iiey i?ae iaeeaaeeaie ? a?ey e?ath iaeeaaeee noathoue
aeecueeeie ca aaee/eiith, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae i?ioean?a ?oeioaaiiy
?cieyoe?? i?ae iaeeaaeeaie, ye? ?icaeaathoueny ia?aeaeueii, ui e
niinoa??aa?oueny ia i?aeoeoe?.

Iaeiei ?c neaaeeo eiiiiiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e neeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo
eiiaeainaoi??a ? i?ini/oaaeuei? ?a/iaeie. I?ini/oaaeuei? ??aeeie
ciaoiaeyoueny o i?yiiio eiioaeo? c e?iieith e?ath aeaeo?iae?a, a ?o
aeaeo?e/ia i?oei?noue, ye i?aaeei, iaioa ca aeaeo?e/io i?oei?noue
oaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a. Ca?aeii c ?icaeyiooei o iiia?aaei?o ?icae?eao c
oi/ee ci?o ?iciiae?eo iiey e?auei aa??aioii ? aeei?enoaiiy iiey?ieo
??aeei ?c aenieei cia/aiiyi ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino?. I?ioa aiie
iathoue i?aeaeuaiee oaiaain eooa ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ao?ao (aai
i?ia?aei?noue), ? canoinoaaiiy ?o o eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo
iaiao?aeii iia`ycoaaoe c oi?iith ?iai/i? iai?oae.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii aieea noi?oae a?aeiieo ??aeei ia ?ano?n
?iioeuenieo eiiaeainaoi??a c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy e?aueo aeanoeainoae
eiaeii? c ieo. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea noi?o? eanoi?iaiai ?
o?ainoi?iaoi?iiai ianae o o?ueio aa??aioao: caeeaaiiy cacaeaeaa?aeue
aeaioiaeaii? noi?o? o ni?aa?aeiioaii? 1:1, caeeaaiiy iaeaoa eanoi?iaei ?
ciai? o?ainoi?iaoi?iei ianeaie, caeeaaiiy iaeaoa o?ainoi?iaoi?iei ianeii
? ciai? eanoi?iaei. Canoinoaaiiy noi?o? ianae o ni?aa?aeiioaii? 1:1 aea?
e?au? iieacieee c ?ano?no. I?ioa naeoe??, i?ini/oaaii? oe??th noi?ooth
iathoue iaioo caianaio aia?a?th, i?ae o eiiaeainaoi??a ?c i?ini/aiiyi
eanoi?iaei ianeii. Iaio? cia/aiiy oa?i?io neoaeae caeiaooi i?e
i?ini/aii? naeoe?e eeoa o?ainoi?iaoi?iei ianeii aai aeiaeaoeiai ciai?
eanoi?iaei ianeii. Iiceoeaiiai aoaeoo aeinyaiooi i?e caeeaaii? iaeaoa
naeoe?e eanoi?iaei ianeii, a ciai? o?ainoi?iaoi?iei. Canoinoaaiiy oaeiai
niiniao i?ini/oaaiiy aea? aea?ao c ?ano?no a 1,3 ?aco. No?oeoo?a
aei?iaoaaieo naeoe?e : 6 eeno?a eiiaeainaoi?iiai iaia?o EII2-15, oiaueia
iaeeaaeee 40 iei. Aei?iaoaaeueia iai?oaeai?noue aeaeo?e/iiai iiey
neeaaea? 125 eA/ii, /anoioa i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?iioeuen?a 2,7 Aoe, aeae?aiaio
eieeaaiue 1,38, /anoioa ?ic?yaeiiai no?oio 100 eAoe.

Aeine?aeaeaii ?yae iiey?ieo ?a/iaei ia iniia? ae?ieoeeooaeaoo
(aeaioiaeaiiy yeiai

iaeaaiaeaeaii a Oe?a?i? ia a?aei?io a?ae eanoi?iaiai ianea) ? caeiaooi
iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?o canoinoaaiiy a ?iioeuenieo eiiaeainaoi?ao.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ? i?enei?ai? ?ano?ni? aei?iaoaaiiy
naeoe?e eiiaeainaoi??a ci?iii? iai?oae c iaia?i-iie?i?ii?eaiiaith
?cieyoe??th, i?ini/aiith i?ia?aeueiei (o?ainoi?iaoi?iei) ianeii. C
o?aooaaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a oai??? “iai?oaeaiiai ia’?io” iaa?oioiaaii
?iai/ee a?aae??io (2225) eA/ii aeey noai?aiiy eiiaeainaoi??a, ui
eiiiainothoue ao?aoe a aeaeo?iia?aaeao i?ii/anoioe.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii caeaaei?noue iai?oaeaiinoae ii/aoeiaeo ?
e?eoe/ieo *? a?ae oiaueie ae?aeaeo?eea. Aenia?eiaioaeueia caeaaei?noue
A*d-0,5 iaoiiaeaia oa?aeoa?ii ?iciiae?eo iiey a?ey aino?iai e?ath
iaeeaaeee c eooii ca?ao a?aiae 30-60. Aenia?eiaioaeueio caeaaei?noue
A**d-0,58 iaoiiaeaii oa?aeoa?ii ?iciiae?eo iiey a?ey e?ath iaeeaaeee c
o?aooaaiiyi iiyae a?ey aino?i? e?iiee ae?eyiee iiaa?oi? a?aieoe?
?icae?eo ae?aeaeo?ee?a oiane?aeie iiooaeieo *? ?c oei naiei
iioaioe?aeii, ui e iaeeaaeea.

O i’yoiio ?icaeiei ?icaeyaeathoueny i?aeoe/ii ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeineiaeaeaiue i aeei?enoaiiy eiino?oeoeaieo ?ioaiue, ui ni?eythoue
ciaioaiith aieeao neeueiiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.

?ic?iaeaii i aeaioiaeaii aeineiaeieie ia?oiyie iiioeuenii aenieiaieueoi?
eiiaeainaoi?e, a yeeo canoiniaaii caeiaoo? ?acoeueoaoe. O a?eueoino?
eiino?oeoe?e eiiaeainaoi??a aeo?eiaii iioeiaeueia a?aeiioaiiy oiaueie
oieueae aei oiaueie ae?aeaeo?eea, a aeayeeo eiino?oeoe?yo caieueoaia
/enei oa?ia aeiaeaeo?eea i?e iaaaeeeie caaaeueiie oiaueii (EII-77,
EII-89), iineeaia cai?aniaoaaiiy oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie naeoeie (E?I-22,
EII-70, E?I-102-104), eiiaiiiaaiee iaia?i-ieiaeiaee aeiaeaeo?ee c
(45-55)% ai?noii iie?aoaeaioa?aooaeaoii? ie?aee, (E?I-58, E?I-60,
E?I-100, E?I-101), na?iy eiiaeainaoi?ia aeey eiiiainaoei? ?aaeoeaii?
iiooaeiinoi c iaia?i-iie?i?ii?eaiiaith ?cieyoe??th, i?ini/aiith
o?ainoi?iaoi?iei ianeii (EI?5, EI??1, EI??2, EI?1-10,5). Eiiaeainaoi?e
EI?? ? ?ii?nieie iiae?eueieeaie iai?oae ? caaacia/othoue aenieo
noaa?euei?noue aei??thaaiue o oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?.

Niinia eiiaiiiaaiiai i?ini/oaaiiy ?iaeei canoiniaaii ia i?aeoeoei aeey
?aiiioo aeine?aeii? ia?o?? eiiaeainaoi?ia 19781980 ??. aeioneo c
iiey?iei i?ini/oaaiiyi oei?aeeoaiieaie aeaa iiceoeaiee ?acoeueoao,
i?e/iio aeinyaiooi iiaeaieiiai aoaeoo – ciaioaiiy aeieiai/ii? iaaaciaee
? ca?eueoaiiy oa?iiio neoaeae ca nooo?ai? aeiiiii? eiooia ia eoiiaeth
iiaeo eiiaeainaoi?ia. Eiino?oeoeai? i?ea?iaeuei? ??oaiiy, iia’ycai? c
iie?ioaiiyi ?iciiae?eo iiey a aieiai?e ?cieyoe??, ciaioaiiy
?iaeoeoeaiino? ye naiiai eiiaeainaoi?a, oae ? o neeaae? i?eno?ith
?aae?ciaai? a eiino?oeoe?yo eiiaeainaoi??a E?I-22, E?I-32, E?I-34,
E?I-35, E?I-46, E?I-53. Iienaii eiino?oeoe?th ? ?ic?aooiie ?iai/iai
a?aae??ioa aeey ?iioeuenieo eiiaeainaoi??a E?IN2 ? E?IN3 c aaeeeei
oa?i?iii neoaeae (1011 ?iioeuen?a) c /anoioith i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?iioeuen?a
iaiinaeoiaeii? o?eaaeino? aei 400 Aoe.

Oaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeayeeo oei?a ?ic?iaeaieo eiiaeainaoi??a
iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoe?.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c uiaei ieoiii? caianaii? aia?a?? e?aueo eiino?oeoe?e
ca?oa?aeieo oa a?o/eciyieo aiaeia?a eiiaeainaoi??a o iaoaeaaeo ei?ionao.
I?e ieoiii? iiooaeiino? a?aeiia?aea? iai?oaai (1015) eA ? i?e ciaioaii?
/e ca?eueoaii? iii?iaeueii? iai?oae ieoiia aia?a?y ciaioo?oueny.
Aeyaeaia caeiiii??i?noue iaoiiaeaia oa?aeoa?ii ?iciiae?eo iiey a ciiao
iaea?eueoi? iaiaeii??aeiino? iiey ? iae?i?eiei ?inoii ia`?io aieiaii?
?cieyoe?? i?e ca?eueoai? iii?iaeueii? iai?oae. I?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th
?ii?niiai aeieo ooo/ii? oi?ioaaeueii? e?i?? c o?aooaaiiyi aeyaeaii?
caeiiii??iino? ? aeiaaaeaii, ui e?au? ieoii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oi?ioth/eo
e?i?e ia iai?oao (15100) eA aeinyaathoueny i?e ?iaio? ia iaocaiaeaeaia
iaaaioaaeaiiy.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iioei?caoe?? aaaiiiaaaa?eoieo oa?aeoa?enoee e?i??,
ui oi?io? i?yiieooiee ?iioeuen iai?oae c iaeith ia??aiii??i?noth aa?oeie
oeyoii ci?ie cia/aiue aaee/ei ?iaeoeoeaiinoae o eaieao e?i?? ca e?i?eiei
caeiiii, yea a?oioo?oueny ia /enaeueieo iaoiaeao ?oiaa-Eoooa aecia/aiiy
oi?ie ?iioeueno ia iaaaioaaeaii?, i?e aeeiiaii? oiia caaeaieo
ia??aiii??iino? aa?oeie ? o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno.

Oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iioeuenieo eiiaeainaoi??a

?Oei eiiaeaina-oi?aU, eAN, ieoL, iA?ano?n Ieoiia aia?a?y

Aeae/aei3Iana, eaAaaa?eoe,

ii o ii o ii12345791011Eiiaeainaoi?e ?c ?ano?nii 107-1011
?iioeuen?a1E?I-27550,15021082,4120290o530o410(550)2E?I-36500,14051073,17
80250o450o3503E?IN1800,00947010110,7835170o390o590Eiiaeainaoi?e ?c
i?aeaeuaiith iii?iaeueiith
iai?oaith1E?I-3225000,000970081044,8900415o43002E?I-351250,64570810461,7
120300o300o900(1315)3E?I-46A1000,051010520,31470o400o4404E?I-531000,1403
10415,03685o400o9805E?I-1001000,0250104952,930o270o130(190)Eiiaeainaoi?e
?c ?ano?nii 104-105 ?iioeuen?a
1E?I-70102760105135,223120o260o320(400)2E?I-77512030510410533138o405o255
(315)3E?I-1021010060510412581260o480o320(390)4E?I-1041510608104112,72326
0o120o320(420)

?ic?iaeai? ? aeaioiaeai? a ia??iae 1980-1998 ??. ?iioeueni?
aenieiaieueoi? eiiaeainaoi?e canoiniaothoueny a IAeIE? “Iiei?y” a
aaia?aoi?ao ?iioeuen?a aaeeeeo iai?oa oa no?oi?a, aeine?aeieo
oaoiieia?/ieo onoaiiaeao aeey aeaeo?iiaai?oii? ia?iaee oa?/iaeo
i?iaeoeo?a, ooee?caoe?? a?aeoiae?a cae?ciaaoiio; aeey aei?iaoaaiiy ?
aecia/aiiy i?noey iioeiaeaeaiiy aenieiaieueoieo neeiaeo eaaae?a o
neeaae? aei?iaoaaeueieo ia?anoaieo eaai?aoi??e i?aei?e?inoa I?iaia?ai
(“Oa?e?aaia?aiiaeaaeea”, Oiaeueieoeueeaia?ai, IAO “Aia?aina?a?n”-
Aeiiaoeuee, E?eiaia?ai); aeey aeaeo?ia?ae?aae?/iiai i?ano (OA?, Oa?e?a,
IAeO?-IAe?, i.Eacaieee, Aieaa??y); o neeaae? aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy aeey
ae?iaeaiiy eaiai?a aioo??oi?o i?aai?a ethaeeie, o noaiao ?iioeueniiai
aeeaeaiiy aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaeo aeaeo?io?eueo??a, i?ecia/aieo aeey
i/euaiiy a?aeoiae?a aac?a i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ? aeaeo?inoaioe?e
a?ae ieneae?a n??ee, acioo ? aaciiiae?aieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe (EA
“Ai?eciio”, Iineaa); ?iioeuenieo onoaiiaeao aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?
i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeaea?ae aeeaeaiiy: NI2-eaca??a (OeEA IOI,
i.Iineaa), ee?no?iio (OOO?), iiaeoeyoi??a aenieiaieueoieo ?iioeuen?a
(IAe??O, Iineaa), aaia?aoi??a ?iioeuenieo iai?oa (OAeO, Oa?e?a, IAe?
“A?aae??io”, ?inoia-ia-Aeiio, IAe? caiiiai iaaiaoecio, E?aniiy?nuee).

?ic?iaeai? neeia? eiiaeainaoi?e ci?iii? iai?oae aenieoaoothoueny ia
i?aei?e?inoaao E?eiaia?ai, Euea?aaia?ai, Ee?anuee? eaaaeuei? ia?aae?,
??aiaaia?ai o neeaae? aenieiaieueoiiai neeiaiai aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE

Aeeeaaeaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oaoi?/i? ? oaoiieia?/i? ??oaiiy a aaeoc?
oaoi?ee neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo ? iaai?oieo iie?a, ye? caaacia/othoue
?ica`ycaiiy cia/ii? i?eeeaaeii? i?iaeaie aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee noai?aiiy ?
oaeineiiaeaiiy neeiaeo aeaeo?e/ieo eiiaeainaoi??a ?c ??ciei oa?i?iii
neoaeae oa ?ioeo aeaiaio?a aeaeo?io?ce/ieo onoaiiaie, ui iieyaathoue o
oaeiio:

1. Cai?iiiiiaaii e iaa?oioiaaii oaiiiaiieia?/io oai??th ?oeioaaiiy
?cieyoe?? eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e, caniiaaio ia eiioeaioe??
cai?ioii? caeaaeiino? oa?i?io neoaeae a?ae aaee/eie “iai?oaeaiiai
ia’?io”, yea aeeth/a? aeyaeaiiy oeiiaeo iiaeaeae aeaeo?iae?a, aecia/aiiy
aiae?oe/ieo caeaaeiinoae “iai?oaeaieo ia`?i?a” a?ae ??cieo /eiiee?a ca
?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ? i?iaiicoaaiiyi oa?i?io
neoaeae c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeae? iaoai?ci?a ?oeioaaiiy ?cieyoe?? i?e ??cieo
??aiyo ?iai/i? iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.

2. Caeiaooi ?ic?aooieiaei niiniaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
ocaaaeueithth/? caeaaeiino? oa?i?io neoaeae neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a a?ae
iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ? /eiiee?a, ui aecia/athoue eiai
?iciiae?e o ciiao iaiaeii??aeiino? (oiaueie iaeeaaeie ? ae?aeaeo?eea,
oi?ie e?ath iaeeaaeee, cia/aiue ae?aeaeo?e/ieo i?iieeiinoae, aeaeo?e/ii?
i?oeiino? canoiniaoaaieo ae?aeaeo?ee?a), ui aea? iiaeeea?noue
i?iaiicoaaoe o?eaaeo aeaeo?e/io i?oei?noue eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e
o noeoiiino? ae?? cacia/aieo /eiiee?a.

3. Cai?iiiiiaaii ? iaa?oioiaaii iiaeaeue iaoai?cio ?oeioaaiiy
eiiaeainaoi?ii? ?cieyoe??, ca yeith i?e ?iai/eo iai?oaeaiinoyo
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, iaioeo ca iai?oaeai?noue A** e?eoe/ieo *? oa?i?i
neoaeae aecia/a?oueny i?ioeanaie ?oeioaaiiy ?cieyoe?? ia?aaaaeii a?ey
aino?eo e?iiie aeaeo?iae?a, a i?e iai?oaeaiinoyo iiey, a?eueoeo ca A**,
aeii?ioth/ee aieea ia i?ioeane ?oeioaaiiy ni?aaeythoue e?iiee iaeeaaeie
c aaeeeeie eooaie ca?ao a?aiae. Aaee/eia iieacieea noaiaiy n
aecia/a?oueny aiae?oe/ii ? ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 412 i?e ?iai/eo
iai?oaeaiinoyo iiey, iaioeo ca A**, ? aei??aith? 616 ? a?eueoa i?e
?iai/eo iai?oaeaiinoyo iiey, a?eueoeo ca A**. ?ic?aooieiaa caeaaei?noue
oa?i?io neoaeae a?ae oiaueie ae?aeaeo?eea ? iaeeaaeie ia? aeaeyae
Id-mh-, aea m ? o ia?oiio aeiaaeeo aei??aiththoue a?aeiia?aeii (23) ?
(-0,2-0,8), o ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo – a?aeiia?aeii (0,41,5) ? (0,41,6).
Oai?aoe/ii aeiaaaeaii ciaioaiiy oa?i?io neoaeae a?ae oiaueie iaeeaaeee ?
iineaaeaiiy aieeao oiaueie ae?aeaeo?eea i?e i?aeaeuaieo ?iai/eo
iai?oaeaiinoyo iiey. Aeyaeaii no?eaeiiiae?aio ci?io iieacieea noaiaiy n
o oi?ioe? “aeeooy” i?e ci?i? ?iai/eo a?aae??io?a.

4. Iieacaii ?ieue “iai?oaeaiiai ia`?io” ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii
oa?i?i neoaeae eaaaeueii? ?cieyoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?iai/i?
iai?oaeaiino? iiey a noaiai? (-4,5-13), i?e/iio, ia a?aei?io a?ae
eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?e, a?eueo? ca aaniethoiith aaee/eiith
iieacieee noaiaiy a?aeiia?aeathoue iaioei ?iai/ei a?aae??ioai.
Onoaiiaeaii oa?aeoa?i? aaee/eie iai?oaeaiinoae aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, ui
aecia/athoue ?ici??e “iai?oaeaiiai ia`?io”.

5. Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey aeey
?iioeuenieo eiiaeainaoi??a c i?aeaeuaiith /anoioith i?ioiaeaeaiiy
?iioeuen?a (0,1 Aoe ? a?eueoa), ui a?oioo?oueny ia aecia/aii?
iai?oaeaiino? aeey iiey a?ey e?ath iaeeaaeee oeyoii ?ic?aooieo
aea?aaeaioii? noaie cai?uaiiy ae?aeaeo?eea iaoiaeii /anoioieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeey na??? onoaeaieo a?aeiinii iia?eueieo ca?yaeieo
?iioeuen?a iai?oae ? ooi/iaiiyi ?iciiae?eo iiey a iiiaio ii??aiyii
oaeaeeeo ?ic?yaeieo ?iioeuen?a iai?oae /enaeueieie iaoiaeaie ?ic?aooieo
iiey. Aeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?ie ca?yaeii? iai?oae ? iieacaii
aeioe?euei?noue ca?yaeaeaiiy eiiaeainaoi?a iai?oaith einieooii? oi?ie ?
aeey aeayeeo aeiaaee?a i?aeaeuaiiy /anoioe i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?iioeuen?a.

6. Ia iniia? eiioeaioe?? “iai?oaeaiiai ia`?io” ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee
iioei?caoe?? ??cieo i?eno?i?a oaoi?ee neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo
iie?a ? aeaii i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o iioeiaeueieo
ni?aa?aeiioaiue oiaueie iaeeaaeee aei oiaueie ae?aeaeo?eea aeey
eiiaeainaoi?a, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aae?on?a eiaen?aeueiiai eaaaeth.
Iaa?oioiaaii aea?? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeiaaeei i?ii?aee?a o
aenieiaieueoiiio o?ueioaeaeo?iaeiiio eiiooaoi??.

7. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo e iioei?caoe?? eiiaeainaoi?ieo
eiino?oeoe?e c ae?aioth/eie iaeeaaeeaie, ui iieyaathoue o aeai?? ?o
/enea ? ?icoaooaaiiy oeyoii aiae?co ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a
oa?aeoa?ieo ciiao iaiaeii??aeiino? ? canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th ioe?iie ca
eiioeaioe??th “iai?oaeaiiai ia`?io”. Cai?iiiiiaaii eiino?oeoe??
eiiaeainaoi??a oa ?ioeo aeaiaio?a aeaeo?io?ce/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy c
iie?ioaiiyi ?iciiae?eo iiey ia e?ayo iaeeaaeie ca ?aooiie ae?ai?a.

8. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ? iioei?caoe?? aenieiaieueoieo
iaeeia?ieo oi?ioaaeueieo e?i?e, ui aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe
i?i?iaeueio aaao ?ii?niiai aeieo i?e ?iaio? ia iaocaiaeaeaia
iaaaioaaeaiiy ? ia?aiao?e eaiie, ye? caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy
i?yiieooii? oi?ie ?iioeueno c iaeith ia??aiii??i?noth aa?oeie.

9. Aeeiiaii na??? aeine?ae?a ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aii a?aie/i?
?iai/? a?aae??ioe iaia?i-ie?aeiai? ? iaia?iai? ?cieyoe?? ?iioeuenieo
eiiaeainaoi??a, i?ini/aieo eanoi?iaei ianeii, o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii?
oiaueie ae?aeaeo?eea (32104) iei ? iieacaii, ui i?e oa?i?i? neoaeae
iaioiio ca 104 ?iioeuen?a ca?yae-?ic?yae, aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe
iaia?i-eaanaiiaee ae?aeaeo?ee, a i?e oa?i?i? neoaeae iiiaae 2104
?iioeuen?a ca?yae-?ic?yae – iaia?iaee. Caeiaooi iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
aecia/aiiy oa?i?io neoaeae naeoe?e ?iioeuenieo eiiaeainaoi??a o
caeaaeiino? a?ae aeae?aiaioa eieeaaiue, iai?oaeaiino? iiey,
a?aenioeiaiai ai?noo ie?aee aeey oiaueie ae?aeaeo?eea (100 iei).

10. Aeine?aeaeaii oa?i?i neoaeae iaia?i-eanoi?iaeo ?iioeuenieo
eiiaeainaoi??a o caeaaeiino? a?ae oeneo cai?aniaoaaiiy naeoe?e ?
aecia/aii, ui a?i iiaea ci?ithaaoeny ia aeaa ii?yaeee i?e ca?eueoaii?
oeneo cai?aniaoaaiiy a?ae 1 aei 200 aoi. I?e ca?eueoaii? noaeino?
ieoiii? aia?a?? iaea?eueoee oa?i?i neoaeae iaoeiooue eiiaeainaoi?e,
aeaioiaeai? i?e oeneo cai?aniaoaaiiy 510 aoi. I?e oeueiio oa?i?i neoaeae
i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue a?ae niiniao aeaioiaeaiiy naeoe?e (ieineiiioai?
aai ieinei-ieanoei/ano?). Oa?i?i neoaeae iaia?i-ianeyieo ?iioeuenieo
eiiaeainaoi??a, iaaiaee, aeaui i?aeaeuo?oueny ?c ca?eueoaiiyi oeneo
cai?aniaoaaiiy.

11. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aii, ui e?euee?noue oa??a ae?aeaeo?eea ?
nooo?aei /eiieeii, yeee aieeaa? ia oa?i?i neoaeae. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
e?eueeino? oa??a a?ae 4 aei 12 i?e iino?ei?e caaaeuei?e oiauei?
ae?aeaeo?eea oa?i?i neoaea? ca?eueoo?oueny o 5-6 ?ac?a. Aei /eiiee?a, ui
ni?eythoue ca?eueoaiith oa?i?io neoaeae ?iioeuenieo eiiaeainaoi??a,
ne?ae a?aeianoe ca?eueoaiiy oeoieino? iaia?o, a oiio /ene? oaeiae
?icoaooaaiiy iaia?o c a?eueoith oeoie?noth a?ey iaeeaaeee, yea
ca?yaeaea?oueny i?e ca?yaeaeaii? a?ae`?iii.

12. Aeine?aeaeaii e ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei aeei?enoaiiy noi?o? ?
i?ini/oaaeuei? ?a/iaeie ia iniia? eanoi?iaiai ianea oa ae?ieoeeooaeao?a.
Cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a cai?ie a`ycei? i?ini/oaaeueii? ??aeeie o a?eueiiio
ia`?i? eiiaeainaoi?a ia iaiiey?io iaeia`yceo ae?aeaeo?e/io ??aeeio
(iai?eeeaae, o?ainoi?iaoi?ia ianei), ui aea? ciiao iiaeiaaeeoe oa?i?i
aenieoaoaoe?? eiiaeainaoi??a, ye? ia?aaoaathoue a aenieoaoaoe??.

13. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaa?oioiaaii aea??
eiino?oeoeaieo ? cai?iiiiiaaii ieceo i?ea?iaeueieo ??oaiue oi?eaeueieo
aenieiaieueoieo ?iioeuenieo eiiaeainaoi??a, ?ic?iaeaieo ? aeaioiaeaieo o
IAeIE? “Iiei?y” OAeIO. Ae?aiacii ?iai/eo iai?oa ?ic?iaeaieo ?iioeuenieo
eiiaeainaoi??a neeaaea? a?ae 5 aei 2500 eA, ?ii?noue a?ae 10 iO aei
159 ieO, i?i?iaeueia aeania ?iaeoeoeai?noue eiiaeainaoi??a aeinyaa?
10 iAi. Iaeneiaeueia ieoiia caianaia aia?a?y noaiiaeoue 130 Aeae/aei3
i?e oa?i?i? neoaeae 105 ?iioeuen?a ca?yae-?ic?yae. Iaa?oioiaaii aea??
?iai/eo a?aae??io?a ? ?ic?iaeaii aenieiaieueoi? eiiaeainaoi?e ci?iii?
iai?oae c iaia?i-ie?aeiaei ae?aeaeo?eeii, i?ini/aiei o?ainoi?iaoi?iei
ianeii.

?ic?iaeai? eiiaeainaoi?e aeei?enoiaothoueny: o aei?iaoaaeueieo
eaai?aoi??yo i?aei?e?inoa I?iaia?ai aeey aei?iaoaaiue ?cieyoe??
aenieiaieueoiiai onoaoeoaaiiy; aeey iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oe?eae ye
aeaea?aea aeeaeaiiy NI2-eaca??a, ee?no?iio; iiaeaethaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo ?iioeuen?a i?e?iaeiiai ? ooo/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy; o
neeaae? aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ia?iaee ??aeeeo
oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a; e?oio?eioa?o aeey ae?iaeaiiy eaiai?a o ie?eao,
aeaeo?ia?ae?aae?/iiai i?ana; aeey ci?uoaaiiy iioaioe?aeo iaeo?ae? i?e
iaeiioacieo caieeaiiyo o ia?aae? e?i?e aeaeo?iia?aaea/; o eiino?oeoe?yo
aenieiaieueoieo ia?aciioth/eo o?ainoi?iaoi??a iai?oae i?ii/anoioe; a
onoaiiaeao aeey eiiiainaoe?? ?aaeoeaii? iiooaeiino?.

14. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
OAeIO aeey niaoe?aeueiino? “Oaoi?ea ? aeaeo?io?ceea aenieeo iai?oa” o
aeenoeeie?iao “?ic?aooiie ? eiino?othaaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? ?cieyoe??”,
“?ic?aooiie ? i?iaeooaaiiy ?ii?nieo iaa?iiaaeaeoaa/?a aia?a??”.

NIENIE INIIAIEO IOAE?EAOe?E

1?oaeaeia A.A. Auai? ?aai/ae iai?yaeaiiinoe yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey ianeyiuo
aoiaaeii-iieei?iieeaiiauo eiiaeainaoi?ia.//Aanoiee OAIO. Na?.
Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea e i?aia?aciaaoaeueiay
oaoieea.-1999.-Aui.37.-N.76-80.2?oaeaeia A.A. Yooaeo nea/eiia?aciiai
eciaiaiey iieacaoaey noaiaie a oi?ioea “aeecie” yeaeo?e/aneeo
eiiaeainaoi?ia. // Aanoiee OAIO. -1998. -aui.25. -N.17-21.3?oaeaeia A.A.
?ani?aaeaeaiea yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey o e?ay iaeeaaeee n eiiaeie?iaaiiui
aeeyeaeo?eeii. // Aanoiee OAIO. -1998. -aui.25. -N.12-16.4?oaeaeia A.A.
Ii?aaeaeaiea iieiaeaiey eieoeee?othuaai yeaeo?iaea aunieiaieueoiiai
eiiiooaoi?a. // Aanoiee OAIO. -1998. -aui.14. -n.106-111.5?oaeaeia A.A.,
Aiiaeeia I.I., Aeueaiaa E.I., Eiceia TH.A. Noaoenoe/aneay ia?aaioea
?acoeueoaoia ?ano?niuo eniuoaiee yeaeo?e/aneie ecieyoeee eiiaeainaoi?ia.
// Oaoie/aneay yeaeo?iaeeiaieea. -1998. -Niaoeauione. -N.106-112. Aaoi?
?ic?iaea iaoiaeeeo noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a ?ano?nieo ?nieo?a
oa aeai?eoi ?? ?aae?caoe?? ia AII, iinoaaea oa a?aa o/anoue o i?iaaaeai?
aenia?eiaio?a, i?ia?a aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a.6?oaeaeia A.A. Iaoaieci
?ac?ooaiey eiiaeainaoi?iie ecieyoeee. // Oaoie/aneay yeaeo?iaeeiaieea. –
1998. -?6.-N.10-15.7?oaeaeia A.A. N?ie neoaeau eaaaeueiie ecieyoeee eae
ooieoeey “iai?yaeaiiiai iauaia”. // Oaoie/aneay yeaeo?iaeeiaieea.
-1998. -?5.-N.8-10.8?oaeaeia A.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea oi?iu a?aieoeu ?acaeaea
aeeyeaeo?eeia o e?ay iaeeaaeee eiiaeainaoi?a. // Aanoiee OAIO. Na?.
Yeieiaey. Iaoaiaoeea. Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea. -1997. -aui.8.
-N.144-148.9?oaeaeia A.A. Iioeiecaoeey eiino?oeoeee eiiaeainaoi?a. //
Oaoie/aneay yeaeo?iaeeiaieea. -1996. -?5.-N.6-9.10?oaeaeia A.A. N?ie
neoaeau eiiaeainaoi?iie ecieyoeee. // Oaoie/aneay yeaeo?iaeeiaieea.
-1994. -?4. -N.3-6.11?oaeaeia A.A., Aineiaieiee A.A. Iioeiecaoeey
eiino?oeoeee iiiaicaci?iiai eiiiooaoi?a. // Aanoiee OIE. Na?.
Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea e aaoiiaoecaoeey yia?aionoaiiaie. -1992. -?286,
aui.17. -N.54-56. Aaoi? iinoaaea caaea/o, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeeo ae??oaiiy,
i?ia?a aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a.12?oaeaeia A.A., Ei?iaa N.TH., Oaeiaeeia E.E.
?an/ao e iioeiecaoeey eiino?oeoeee eiiaeainaoi?iiai oeia n
ye?aie?othueie iaeeaaeeaie. // Eca. AOCia. Na?. Yeaeo?iiaoaieea. -1991.
-?8. -N.89-91. Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa ?aeath oa iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo c
o?aooaaiiyi e?eoa??th iioei?caoe??.13?oaeaeia A.A., E?oaeia I.N.
Anneiioioeea ?ani?aaeaeaiey yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey o e?ay eiiaeainaoi?iie
iaeeaaeee ni neioaiiui oi?oeii. // Oai?aoe/aneay yeaeo?ioaoieea.
-Eueaia: Na?o. -1991. -aui.50.-N.38-42. Aaoi? iinoaaea caaea/o, ?ic?iaea
iaoiaeeeo ??oaiiy, i?ia?a aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a.14?oaeaeia A.A., Eociaoeia
N.A. Iniaaiiinoe ?an/aoa yeaeo?inoaoe/aneeo iieae iiiaii?iaiaeiuo eeiee
o a?aieoeu ?acaeaea aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo n?aae//Oai?aoe/aneay
yeaeo?ioaoieea. -Eueaia: Na?o.-1990.-aui.49.-N.126-131. Aaoi? ?ic?iaea
iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo iiey oa ioe?iee iioeaee i?e ia/eneaiiyo.15?oaeaeia
A.A., Aaniaeia A.Ae., Oaeiaeeia E.E. Enneaaeiaaiea aoiaaeii-ieaii/iiai
aeeyeaeo?eea naeoeee aunieiaieueoiuo eiioeueniuo eiiaeainaoi?ia. // Eca.
AOCia. Na?. Yia?aaoeea. -1990. -?11. -N.58-61. Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa ?aeath
aenia?eiaioo, iaoiaeeeo ieaioaaiiy oa ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a, ?ic?aooaaa
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue16?oaeaeia A.A. I auai?a aieinoiiai aeiea
aunieiaieueoiie iaeeia?iie oi?ie?othuae eeiee. // Eca. AOCia Na?.
Yia?aaoeea. -1988. -?10. -N.53-56.17?oaeaeia A.A., Aiiaeeia I.I., Aeoiae
A.A, ?an/ao aunieiaieueoiuo iaeeia?iuo eeiee, oi?ie?othueo eiioeuenu
iai?yaeaiey n eaaceiinoiyiiie aa?oeiie. // Aanoiee OIE. Na?.
Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea e aaoiiaoecaoeey yeaeo?ionoaiiaie. -1988. -?251,
aui.15. -N.43-45. Aaoi? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oa iioei?caoe??,
i?ia?a aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a.18?oaeaeia A.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue ye?aie?iaaiey
eiiaeainaoi?iie iaeeaaeee. // Yeaeo?e/anoai. -1985. -?1.
-N.71-73.19?oaeaeia A.A., Ei?iaa N.TH. Yeaeo?e/aneia iiea iieineiaie
eeiee, ?aniieiaeaiiie aaeece aeeyeaeo?e/aneie noaiee// Aanoiee OIE. Na?.
Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea e aaoiiaoecaoeey yeaeo?ionoaiiaie.-1987.-?243,
aui.14.-N.63-65. Aaoi? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oa i?ia?a aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a.20Iaoaio ?15310A Oe?aeia. Aunieiaieueoiue eiioeueniue
eiiaeainaoi?. / A.A. ?oaeaeia, E.I. Aeueaiaa (Oe?aeia). -4n. n ee.
Iioae. 30.06.97. Athe. ?3. Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa niin?a oaiia?aoo?ii?
eiiiainaoe?? ca ?aooiie /anoeiaiai ci?iaiiy eiio?ao?aoe??
ei?iono.21Iaoaio ?20010 A Oe?aeia. Aunieiaieueoiue eiiaeainaoi?. / A.A.
?oaeaeia, A.I. E?aa/aiei (Oe?aeia). -4n. n ee. Iioae. 25.12.97. Athe.
?6. Aaoi? aeeacaa oa iaa?oiooaaa ?aeath i?anoaaiiy oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie
naeoe?e.22A.n. ?873391 NNN?, IEE I 03 E 3/53. Aaia?aoi? eiioeuenia
aunieiai iai?yaeaiey. / A.A. ?oaeaeia, A.A. Eiiioii, A.E. Cieiouo(NNN?).
-?2843203/18-21. Cayaeaii 13.11.79. Iioae. 15.10.81. Athe. ?38.-3n.Aaoi?
aeeacaa oa iaa?oiooaaa ??oaiiy ii iaee?auiio ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai
iiey a ?cieyoe??.23A.n. ?1061181 NNN?, IEE I 01 G 4/22. Niinia
ecaioiaeaiey aoiaaeiuo eiiaeainaoi?ia. / A.A. ?oaeaeia, E.I. Aeueaiaa,
A.Ae. Aaniaeia (NNN?). -?3401957/18-21. Cayaeaii 24.02.82. Iioae:
15.12.83. Athe. ?46.-3n. Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa ?icae?eeoe i?ini/oaaiiy
??aeeiaie o iaai?e iine?aeiaiino?, a?aa o/anoue o i?iaaaeai?
aenia?eiaioo, i?ia?a ia?iaeo oa aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a.24A.n. ?1069013
NNN?, IEE I 01 G 1/14. Aunieiaieueoiue aaiae eiiaeainaoi?iiai oeia. /
A.A. ?oaeaeia, A.Ae. Aoeoieia (NNN?). -?3366779/18-21. Cayaeaii
11.12.81. Iioae. 23.01.84. Athe. ?3.-3n. Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa aaaaeaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo iaeeaaeie oa iaoiaeeeo ?o ?ic?aooieo.25A.n. ?1322383 NNN?,
IEE I 01 G 1/02. Aunieiaieueoiue iaeieiaeoeoeaiue eiiaeainaoi?. / A.A.
?oaeaeia, E.I. Niaieaaa (NNN?). -?3957942/24-21. Cayaeaii 01.10.85.
Iioae. 07.07.87. Athe. ?25.-3n. Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa niin?a aeeiiaiiy
eiiaeainaoi?a c iaiaaeaiei ?iciiae?eii aenieiai iioaioe?aeo .26A.n.
?1325580 NNN?, IEE I 01 A 17/28. Aunieiaieueoiue eiiaeainaoi?iue aaiae.
/ A.A. ?oaeaeia, A.A. Aeoiae, A.A. Eiiioii, E.I. Niaieaaa (NNN?).
-?3778116/31-07. Cayaeaii 31.07.84. Iioae. 23.07.87. Athe.?27.-3n. Aaoi?
iaa?oiooaaa a?aee?eoe e?ay iaeeaaeie oeyoii noai?aiiy aa?’??ii?
?cieyoe??.27A.n. ?1821832 NNN?, IEE I 01 G 1/14. Aunieiaieueoiue
iaeieiaeoeoeaiue eiiaeainaoi?. / A.A. ?oaeaeia, E.I. Niaieaaa (NNN?).
-?4888563/21. Cayaeaii 06.12.90. Iioae 15.06.93. Athe. ?22.-5n. Aaoi?
cai?iiiioaaa aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/i? ?cieyoe?? o yeino? iaaenaeoe?eii? oa
niin?a c’?aeiaiiy aeaiae?a.28?oaeaeia A.A., Aeueaiaa E.I., Aaniaeia
A.Ae., Aeoiae A.A., Eiiioii A.A., E?aa/aiei A.I., Ieioa? ?.I., Niaieaaa
E.I. Eiioeueniua eiiaeainaoi?u aeey onoaiiaie i?aaeaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia.
// Oacenu aeieeaaeia 4-ai Iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai Niaaoa AI NNN? “Aieinoiua
iaeiieoaee yia?aee a yeaeo?ioece/aneeo onoaiiaeao i?aaeaeueiuo
ia?aiao?ia”. –Oa?ueeia:OIE.-1981. -N.26-28. Aaoi? iaaiaeeoue oaoi?/i?
aeai? oa iniaeeaino? ?ic?iaeaieo c eiai o/anoth
eiiaeainaoi??a.29?oaeaeia A.A., Aieei I.E., Eiiioii A.A., Ee?eaiei A.E.
Aeeyiea eiioeao?aoeee yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey a ecieyoeee eiioeueniuo
eiiaeainaoi?ia ia n?ie neoaeau e aeiionoeiua ?aai/ea iai?yaeaiiinoe. //
Oacenu aeieeaaeia Ananithciiai iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai naieia?a “Aii?inu
noa?aiey ecieyoeee aunieiaieueoiiai iai?oaeiaaiey”. –Oaeeene, E.: AIEEA.
– 1983.- N.56-57. Aaoi? iaa?oiooaaa i?iaeaio oa oeyo ??
ae??oaiiy30?oaeaeia A.A., Aeueaiaa E.I. ?ano?n naeoeee eiiaeainaoi?ia n
aoiaaie ?acee/iie ieioiinoe. // Oacenu aeieeaaeia 5-ai Ananithciiai
niaauaiey “Iiauoaiea ea/anoaa e oeo/oaiea oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo
iieacaoaeae neeiauo eiiaeainaoi?ia e eiiieaeoiuo eiiaeainaoi?iuo
onoaiiaie”. -Na?iooia, I.:Eioi?iyeaeo?i.-1983.-N.24-25. Aaoi?
cai?iiiioaaa ?aeath aenia?eiaioo, iaa?oiooaaa iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?
aeeiiaa aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a.31?oaeaeia A.A., Eiiioii A.A. ?ani?aaeaeaiea
yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey o e?ay iaeeaaeee eiiaeainaoi?a, ?aaioathuaai a
?aaeeia YA onoaiiaee. / Iiaia a oai?ee e i?aeoeea
yeaeo?iaeae?aaee/aneiai yooaeoa. E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea. -1983. -N.68-72.
Aaoi? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, i?ia?a aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a32?oaeaeia A.A., Aiiaeeia I.I., Oaeiaeeia E.E. ?an/ao iiey o
e?ay iaeeaaeee aunieiaieueoiiai eiiaeainaoi?a n o?aoneieiui
aeeyeaeo?eeii. // Oacenu aeieeaaeia Ananithciiai iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai
naieia?a “Iaoiaeu ?an/aoa yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo ia?aoiaeiuo i?ioeannia e
yeaeo?e/aneeo iieae a naoyo aunieiai iai?yaeaiey”. –Oii 2.-Eaoian:EIE.
–1985.-N.58-59. Aaoi? iinoaaea caaea/o, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooie?a
oa aeeiiaa aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a.33?oaeaeia A.A., Aeueaiaa E.I., Eiiioii
A.A., Ieioa? ?.I., Niaieaaa E.I., Oaeiaeeia E.E. Aunieiaieueoiua
eiioeueniua eiiaeainaoi?u ?ac?aaioee OIE. // Oacenu aeieeaaeia
Ananithciiai iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai niaauaiey “Ninoiyiea e ia?niaeoeau
?acaeoey yeaeo?e/aneie ecieyoeee”. –Naa?aeeiane, E.: AIEEA. -1987.
-N.30-31. Aaoi? iaaiaeeoue oaoi?/i? aeai? oa iniaeeaino? ?ic?iaeaieo
c eiai o/anoth eiiaeainaoi??a.34?oaeaeia A.A., Aeueaiaa E.I., Ia/eiieeia
A.A., Aaeeia A.I., Aaothe A.I. Iiaay aeeyeaeo?e/aneay aeeaeeinoue aeey
aunieiaieueoiuo eiiaeainaoi?ia AeIO-A. // Oacenu aeieeaaeia 6-ai
Ananithciiai iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai niaauaiey “Iiauoaiea ea/anoaa e
oeo/oaiea oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo iieacaoaeae neeiauo eiiaeainaoi?ia e
eiiieaeoiuo eiiaeainaoi?iuo onoaiiaie”. –Na?iooia.-1991. -N.20-21. Aaoi?
cai?iiiioaaa aeiiae oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeea aeaeo?io?ce/i?
ia?aiao?e.35?oaeaeia A.A., Aeueaiaa E.I., Ei?iaa N.TH., E?aa/aiei A.I.,
E?oaeia I.N., Ieioa? ?.I., Niaieaaa E.I., Oaeiaeeia E.E. Aunieiaieueoiua
eiioeueniua eiiaeainaoi?u aeey iaeieiaeoeoeaiuo aaia?aoi?ia eiioeuenia
iai?yaeaiey. // Iaoa?eaeu anan. iao/.-oaoi. eiio. “Aii?inu iaania/aiey
noieeinoe ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo n?aaenoa e aicaeaenoaeth yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo
eceo/aiee anoanoaaiiiai e eneonnoaaiiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey”. –*anoue
2.-Oa?ueeia, I.:IOC “Eioi?ioaoieea”,1991. –N.105-106. Aaoi? iaaiaeeoue
oaoi?/i? aeai? oa iniaeeaino? ?ic?iaeaieo c eiai o/anoth
eiiaeainaoi??a.36Rudakov V.V., Albova I.M., Gorelov V.S. The term of
service life of high voltage pulsed capacitors depending on the
embedding degree. // Proc. 9-th Intern. Symp. H.V.E. -GRAZ (Austria).
-1995. -sub.1. -p.1904 (14). Aaoi? aeeacaa ?aeath aenia?eiaioo oa
iaoiaeeeo iioei?caoe??, i?ia?a aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a37?oaeaeia A.A., Aieei
I.E. I?iaeaia /enouo iiiauaiee a neeiaii eiiaeai-naoi?ino?iaiee. //
Aeieeaaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee ANEIEII. -Eeaa,
I.:Iieea?aoo/anoie AI “AIEEOOO?E”. -1996. -N.74-79. Aaoi? iaa?oiooaaa
iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie, iaa?oiooaaa aieea no?oiii?ia?aeieo
aeeth/aiue.38Rudakov V.V. Service live of pulsed capacitors operated
under increased gradients of electrical field. // Proc. 10-th Intern.
Symp. H.V.E. -Montreal, Quebec (Canada). -1997. -v.2.- Rep.
?3497.39?oaeaeia A.A., Naeaeei A.A. ?an/ao ?ani?aaeaeaiey iioaioeeaea o
e?ay iaeeaaeee eiiaeainaoi?a a onoaiiaeaoainy eiioeueniii ?aaeeia. //
Oacenu aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee ii
oeceea oaa?aeuo aeeyeaeo?eeia “Aeeyeaeo?eee-97”. -Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a:
NIaAOO. -1997. –N.175-176. Aaoi? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo
?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey oa iaa?oiooaaa ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooie?aAiioaoe??:

A.A.?oaeaeia “Neeuei? aeaeo?e/i? iiey a eiiaeainaoi?ieo eiino?oeoe?yo oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy aenieiaieueoieo neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a”. –?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.09.13 – oaoi?ea neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo
iie?a. – Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeaiai oaeineiiaeaiiy aenieiaieueoieo
neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a, iia`ycaieo c ?iciiae?eii neeueiiai aeaeo?e/iiai
iiey. ?ic?iaeaia oaiiiaiieia?/ia oai??y ?oeioaaiiy eiiaeainaoi?ii?
?cieyoe??, yea canoiniaaia ia eiioeaioe?? cai?ioii? caeaaeiino? oa?i?io
neoaeae eiiaeainaoi?a a?ae “iai?oaeaiiai ia’?io” ? yea ocaaaeueith?
iiia?aaei?e aeina?ae oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy oa?i?io neoaeae eiiaeainaoi??a o
oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ci?ie ?iai/eo a?aae??io?a c o?aooaaiiyi
eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae oa no?oeoo?e ae?aeaeo?eea. Iniiai?
oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee ae?noaee i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie c aecia/aiiy oa?i?io neoaeae. I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
aei iioei?caoe??, oaoi?/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue ai?iaaaeaeaii a
eiino?oeoe?? 60 aenieiaieueoieo neeiaeo eiiaeainaoi??a ??ciiai
i?ecia/aiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiiaeainaoi?, “iai?oaeaiee ia`?i”, aeaeo?e/ia iiea,
oa?i?i neoaeae.

Rudakov V.V.. Strong electric fields arising in the capacitor structures
and improve-ment of the high-voltage high-power capacitors. –
Manuscript.

The thesis for the doctor’s degree of technical sciences , specialty
05.09.13- strong electrical and magnetic fields engineering -Kharkov
State Polytechnical University, Kharkov, 1999.

The dissertation set forth the problems of improvement of high voltage
high- power capacitors, related to the distribution of powerful electric
fields. The phenomenal theory of destruction of the capacitor
insulation based on the concept of inverse dependence of the service
life of a capacitor on the “stressed volume” has been developed. This
theory generalizes experience gained during theoretical and experimental
investigations. The methods of prediction of the service life of

capacitors in a wide range of variation of the working gradients taking
into consideration the structural peculiarities and structure of a
dielectric have been set forth. The main theoretical inferences were
supported by the experimental investigation related to the determination
of the service life. The practical recommendations on optimization,
technical and technological solutions have been realized in 60
high-voltage high-power capacitors for different purposes.

Key words: capacitor, “stressed volume”, electrical field, service life.

?oaeaeia A.A. “Neeueiua yeaeo?e/aneea iiey a eiiaeainaoi?iuo
eiino?oeoeeyo e oniaa?oainoaiaaiea aunieiaieueoiuo neeiauo
eiiaeainaoi?ia”.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.09.13 –oaoieea neeueiuo yeaeo?e/aneeo e iaaieoiuo
iieae. -Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee
oieaa?neoao,Oa?ueeia,1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia nicaeaiey e niaa?oainoaiaaiey
aunieiaieueoiuo neeiauo yeaeo?e/aneeo eiiaeainaoi?ia ia iniiaa
?ac?aaioaiiuo oai?aoe/aneeo iieiaeaiee e i?aeoe/aneeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee,
iicaieythueo onoaiiaeoue eiee/anoaaiiua niioiioaiey iaaeaeo
?ani?aaeaeaieai yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey e n?ieii neoaeau eiiaeainaoi?iuo
eiino?oeoeee. ?ac?aaioaia oaiiiaiieiae/aneay oai?ey ?ac?ooaiey
eiiaeainaoi?iie ecieyoeee, iniiaaiiay ia eiioeaioeee ia?aoiie
caaeneiinoe n?iea neoaeau io aaee/eiu “iai?yaeaiiiai iauaia”.
“Iai?yaeaiiue iauai” – iaeanoue ecieyoeee n iiauoaiiie iai?yaeaiiinoueth
yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey, aioo?e eioi?ie iai?yaeaiiinoue yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey
i?aauoaao iaeioi?oth e?eoe/aneoth aaee/eio. Auyaeaiu oeiiaua iiaeaee
e?ay iaeeaaeie eiiaeainaoi?iuo eiino?oeoeee, ii?aaeaeaiu aiaeeoe/aneea
caaeneiinoe “iai?yaeaiiuo iauaiia” io ?acee/iuo oaeoi?ia e i?iaaaeai eo
n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec. Iieo/aiu ?an/aoiui iooai e yenia?eiaioaeueii
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu iaiauathuea caaeneiinoe n?iea neoaeau neeiauo
eiiaeainaoi?ia io iai?yaeaiiinoe yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey e oaeoi?ia,
ii?aaeaeythueo aai ?ani?aaeaeaiea a ciiao iaiaeii?iaeiinoe (oieueiu
iaeeaaeie e aeeyeaeo?eea, oi?iu e?ay iaeeaaeee, cia/aiee
aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo i?iieoeaaiinoae, yeaeo?e/aneie i?i/iinoe i?eiaiyaiuo
aeeyeaeo?eeia), /oi iicaieyao i?iaiice?iaaoue aeeeoaeueioth
yeaeo?e/aneoth i?i/iinoue eiiaeainaoi?iuo eiino?oeoeee a niaieoiiinoe
aeaenoaey oeacaiiuo oaeoi?ia.

I?aaeeiaeaia e iainiiaaia iiaeaeue iaoaiecia ?ac?ooaiey eiiaeainaoi?iie
ecieyoeee, ii eioi?ie i?e ?aai/eo iai?yaeaiiinoyo yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey
iaiueoeo iai?yaeaiiinoe e?eoe/aneeo /anoe/iuo ?ac?yaeia (*?) n?ie
neoaeau ii?aaeaeyaony i?ioeannaie ?ac?ooaiey ecieyoeee i?aeiouanoaaiii o
ino?uo e?iiie yeaeo?iaeia, a i?e aieueoeo iai?yaeaiiinoyo iiey
aeiieie?othuaa aeeyiea ia i?ioeannu ?ac?ooaiey ieacuaatho e?iiee
iaeeaaeie n aieueoeie oaeaie noiaeaeaiey a?aiae. Iieacaoaeue noaiaie a
oi?ioea “aeecie” ii?aaeaeyaony aiaeeoe/anee e iaoiaeeony a i?aaeaeao
412 i?e ?aai/eo iai?yaeaiiinoyo iiey, iaiueoeo iai?yaeaiiinoe
e?eoe/aneeo *?, e ?aaai 616 e aieueoa i?e aieueoeo ?aai/eo
iai?yaeaiiinoyo. ?an/aoiay caaeneiinoue n?iea neoaeau io oieueiu
aeeyeaeo?eea e iaeeaaeie a 1-i neo/aa eiaao aeae
Id-(2-3)h(0,20,8), ai 2-i – Id-(0,41,5)h-(0,41,6) aeey ?aaeueiuo oieuei
aeeyeaeo?eea d e iaeeaaeie h. Oai?aoe/anee aeieacaii oiaiueoaiea n?iea
neoaeau i?e oaaee/aiee oieueiu iaeeaaeee e ineaaeaiea aeeyiey oieueiu
aeeyeaeo?eea i?e iiauoaiiuo ?aai/eo iai?yaeaiiinoyo iiey. N iiiiuueth
?anniio?aiiie iiaeaee iaoaiecia ?ac?ooaiey ecieyoeee iainiiaaii
nea/eiia?aciia eciaiaiea iieacaoaey noaiaie a oi?ioea “aeecie” i?e
eciaiaiee ?aai/eo a?aaeeaioia. Aeey neeiauo eiiaeainaoi?ia n aieueoei
n?ieii neoaeau e eaaaeueiuo eiino?oeoeee ii?aaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua
aaiiao?e/aneea ?acia?u, aeey eioi?uo n?ie neoaeau aoaeao iaeneiaeueiui
(ioiioaiea oieueiu iaeeaaeee e oieueia aeeyeaeo?eea aeieaeii ninoaaeyoue
0,120,16, a ?aaeeonia eiaeneaeueiiai eaaaey 2,7R0/r04,5).

?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeeee ?an/aoa e iioeiecaoeee eiiaeainaoi?iuo
eiino?oeoeee n ye?aie?othueie iaeeaaeeaie, caeeth/athueany a auai?a eo
/enea e ?aniieiaeaiey iooai aiaeeca ?ani?aaeaeaiey yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey a
oa?aeoa?iuo ciiao iaiaeii?iaeiinoe e i?eiaiaiey e?eoa?ey ioeaiie ii
eiioeaioeee “iai?yaeaiiiai iauaia”. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa
eiyooeoeeaioa oneeaiey iiey aeey iiaeaee e?ay iaeeaaeee n iiiaineieiui
aeeyeaeo?eeii. I?e ?an/aoao n?iea neoaeau eiioeueniiai eiiaeainaoi?a ii
eiioeaioeee “iai?yaeaiiiai iauaia” o/eouaathony eiyooeoeeaio oneeaiey
iiey e yeaeo?e/aneay i?i/iinoue neiy aeeyeaeo?eea, i?eeaaathuaai e
iaeeaaeea. Oniaa?oainoaiaaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa ?ani?aaeaeaiey
yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey aeey eiioeueniuo eiiaeainaoi?ia n aieueoie /anoioie
neaaeiaaiey eiioeuenia Iieacaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue ca?yaea eiiaeainaoi?a
iai?yaeaieai einioaieueiie oi?iu e aeey iaeioi?uo neo/aaa iiauoaiey
/anoiou neaaeiaaiey eiioeuenia. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeeee iioeiecaoeee
aunieiaieueoiuo oi?ie?othueo eeiee .

Auiieiaiu na?ee iiuoia e yenia?eiaioaeueii ii?aaeaeaiu i?aaeaeueiua
?aai/ea a?aaeeaiou aoiaaeii-ieaii/iie e aoiaaeiie ecieyoeee eiioeueniuo
eiiaeainaoi?ia i?iieoaiiuo eanoi?iaui ianeii. Iieacaii, /oi i?e n?iea
neoaeau iaiaa 104 eiioeuenia ca?yae-?ac?yae oeaeaniia?acii i?eiaiyoue
aoiaaeii-eaanaiiaue aeeyeaeo?ee, a i?e n?iea neoaeau aieaa 2104
eiioeuenia ca?yae-?ac?yae – aoiaaeiue. Yenia?eiaioaeueii ii?aaeaeaia
caaeneiinoue n?iea neoaeau io /enea neiaa aeeyeaeo?eea. Enneaaeiaai n?ie
neoaeau aoiaaeii-eanoi?iauo eiioeueniuo eiiaeainaoi?ia a caaeneiinoe io
aeaaeaiey cai?anniaee naeoeee e ii?aaeaeaii, /oi ii iiaeao oiaiueoaoueny
ia aeaa ii?yaeea i?e oaaee/aiee aeaaeaiey cai?anniaee io 1 aei 200 aoi.
Enneaaeiaaiu e ?aeiiaiaeiaaiu e i?eiaiaieth niane e i?iieouaathuea
ninoaau ia iniiaa eanoi?iaiai ianea e aeeieoeeooaeaoia. I?aaeeiaeai
niinia caiaiu ayceie i?iieouaathuae aeeaeeinoe a naiaiaeiii iauaia
eiiaeainaoi?a ia iaiiey?ioth iaeiayceoth aeeyeaeo?e/aneoth aeeaeeinoue
(iai?eia?, o?ainoi?iaoi?iia ianei), /oi iicaieyao i?iaeeeoue n?ie
neoaeau eiiaeainaoi?a, iaoiaeyueony a yenieoaoaoeee.

Ia iniiaaiee i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee iainiiaai auai? eiino?oeoeaiuo e
i?aaeeiaeai ?yae i?eaeiaeueiuo ?aoaiee oieeaeueiuo aunieiaieueoiuo
eiioeueniuo eiiaeainaoi?ia, ?ac?aaioaiiuo e ecaioiaeaiiuo a IEIEE
“Iieiey” OAIO. Aeeaiacii ?aai/eo iai?yaeaiee ?ac?aaioaiiuo eiioeueniuo
eiiaeainaoi?ia ninoaaeyao io 5 aei 2500 eA, aieinoe io 10 iO aei
150 ieO, ieieiaeueiay nianoaaiiay eiaeoeoeaiinoue eiiaeainaoi?ia
aeinoeaaao 10 iAi. Iaeneiaeueiay oaeaeueiay caianaaiay yia?aey
ninoaaeyao 130 Aeae/aei3 i?e n?iea neoaeau 105 eiioeuenia
ca?yae-?ac?yae. Iainiiaai auai? ?aai/eo a?aaeeaioia e ?ac?aaioaiu
aunieiaieueoiua eiiaeainaoi?u ia?aiaiiiai iai?yaeaiey n
aoiaaeii-ieaii/iui aeeyeaeo?eeii, i?iieoaiiui o?ainoi?iaoi?iui ianeii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiiaeainaoi?, “iai?yaeaiiue iauai”, yeaeo?e/aneia iiea,
n?ie neoaeau.

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019