I?EAeIII?IANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAIIss

AOAeIAIEOeOAA OA A?OIOAEOO?E

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

Noaeaeiaa Ienaia Iaaiiaia

OAeE 691.3 : 674.816.2

OAEAeEIOAA?AeITH*EE NOIIIAEE IAOA?IAE IC I?AAII*IEO

OeAETHEICIAIINIEO AIAeOIAeIA I?IIENEIAINOI

05.23.05 — Aoaeiaaeueii iaoa?iaee oa ae?iae

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoei( ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo iaoe

Aeiii?iiao?ianuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoei(th ( ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a I?eaeiii?ianueeie aea?aeaaiie aeaaeaii( aoaeiaieoeoaa
oa a?oioaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee — eaiaeeaeao oaoii/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ieue/aiei Ieeiea
A?eai?iae/, I?eaeiii?ianueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeaiiy aoaeiaieoeoaa oa
a?oioaeoo?e, aeioeaio eaoaae?e aoaeiaaeueieo iaoa?iaeia

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naaii Eaa Na?aieiae/, I?eaeiii?ianueea
aea?aeaaia aeaaeaiiy aoaeiaieoeoaa oa a?oioaeoo?e, caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeieiai(;

Eaiaeeaeao oaoii/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Aiaoi
Ieaenaiae? Iaaiiae/, Aeiii?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oiiaa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e aenieoaoaoei( aiae?iiaeii?aoeaieo nenoai
( oaoiieiai( aoaeiaieoeoaa.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa oa
a?o?oaeoo?e, eaoaae?a ae?iaieoeoaa aoae?aaeueieo ae?ia?a oa
eiino?oeoe?e, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Iaeana.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “4”aa?aciy 1999?. i 13.00 aiaeeii ia caniaeaiii
niaoeiaeiciaaii( a/aii( ?aaee Ae.08.085.01 I?eaeiii?ianueei( aea?aeaaii(
aeaaeaii( aoaeiaieoeoaa oa a?oioaeoo?e ca aae?anith: 320600, i.
Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, aoe. *a?ieoaanueeiai, 24-a, aoae.202 .

C aeena?oaoei(th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei I?eaeiii?ianueei(
aea?aeaaii( aeaaeaii( aoaeiaieoeoaa oa a?oioaeoo?e ca aae?anith: 320600,
i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, aoe. *a?ieoaanueeiai, 24-a.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee “4”ethoiai1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii( a/aii( ?aaee
Aaoaoaaa E.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE. Cia/iei ?aca?aii i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aoae?aieoeoaa ? cieaeaiiy iaoa??aeii?noeino?, aia?ai-, o?oaeiaeo?ao ?
oe?iea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?aeoiae?a i?iieneiaino? i?e ae?iaieoeoa?
aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a.

Iniaeeai aeooaeueiei ? aeei?enoaiiy aeaoaaeo ? aeinooiieo a?aeoiae?a
ae?iaieoeoaa, cie?aia a?aeoiae?a aea?aaeie ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ye? caaacia/othoue, e??i aeieia?/iiai, cia/iee aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo i?e iaeii/aniiio ?icoe?aii? ne?iaeiii? aace.

Aoaeoeaiei aoae?aaeueiei iaoa??aeii ia iniia? aeaieo a?aeoiae?a ?
a?aie?o. A?aeii? ??ci? neeaaee a?aie?oo ia i?ia?aeueieo a’yaeo/eo
?a/iaeiao, i?aai?/ieo oeaetheiciai?nieo caiiaithaa/ao, o?i?/ieo
aeiaaaeao. O an?o a?aeiieo noi?oao ? nooo?a? iaaeie?ee: iia?eueia
iaae?aiiy i?oeiino?, iaaenie? ?? cia/aiiy ? iiaeeea?noue aenieoaoaoe??
a?aie?oo o?eueee a iia?o?yii-nooeo oiiaao. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
?ic?iaea iiaiai no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo ia iniia? a?aie?oo c iie?ioaieie
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ? aeooaeueiei.

CA’ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? a?aeiia?aea? aea?aeaai?e aeine?aei?e ?iaio?, ui
aeeiio?oueny eaoaae?ith aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a I?eaei?i?ianueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e: “?ic?iaea iiaeo
aoaeoeaieo aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a oa ae?ia?a, aeei?enoaiiy a?aeoiae?a
??cieo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ?ioaineo?eaoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a”.

IAOA ? CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Iaoa ?iaioe — iaea?aeaiiy
oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/iai eiino?oeoe?eii-oaiei?cieyoe?eiiai no?iiaiai
iaoa??aeo c iie?ioaieie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ia iniia?
eiiiiceoe?eiiai a?inioeaiaioiiai a’yaeo/iai ? c aeei?enoaiiyi ye
caiiaithaa/a i?aai?/ieo oeaetheiciai?nieo a?aeoiae?a i?iieneiaino?. Aeey
aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe ianooii? caaea/?:

( iieacaoe iiaeeea?noue aeaioiaeaiiy a?aie?oo ia iniia? eiiiiceoe?eiiai
a?inioeaiaioiiai a’yaeo/iai aac o?i?/ieo aeiaaaie;

( aeine?aeeoe aeanoeaino? iiae??aiaii? niiyoieeiai? eocae;

( anoaiiaeoe iioeiaeueiee neeaae caiiaithaa/a oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/iai
no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo;

( cai?iiiioaaoe ?ic?aooieiai-aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoiae i?aeai?o neeaaeo
a?aie?oo;

( aeine?aeeoe ? anoaiiaeoe iioeiaeuei? oiiae aeey iaea?aeaiiy
oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/iai no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo;

( aeine?aeeoe no?oeoo?o ? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? no?iiaiai
iaoa??aeo ia eiiiiceoe?eiiio a?inioeaiaioiiio a(yaeo/iio;

( ?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?/io noaio oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/iai no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo
c i?aai?/ieo oeaetheiciai?nieo a?aeoiae?a i?iieneiaino?;

( aecia/eoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaiiai
no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo.

iaoeiaa iiaecia IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A:

( aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy eiiiiceoe?eiiai a?inioeaiaioiiai
a(yaeo/iai aeey oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/iai a?aie?oo;

( iieacaia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy iiae??aiaii? eocae niiyoieeo ye
caiiaithaa/a aeey a?aie?oo;

( noai?aii no?iiaee iaoa??ae ia iniia? a?aie?oo c iie?ioaieie
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie, a oiio /ene? a?ae?ioia?coth/eie;

( cai?iiiiiaaii ?ic?aooieiai-aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoiae i?aeai?o neeaaeo
a?aie?oo;

( ?ic?iaeaii iioeiaeueiee neeaae ? oiiae ae?iaieoeoaa iiaiai no?iiaiai
iaoa??aeo.

i?aeoe/iA cia/aiiy IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A.

Iaea?aeaii iiaee aoaeoeaiee ? aeaoaaee no?iiaee iaoa??ae c a?aeoiae?a
i?iieneiaino?.

Ooee?caoe?y a?aeoiaeo ie??aeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa ( niiyoieeiai? eocae.

Aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
cae?enithaaeinue ia aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iiai “A?aie?o“. Ca ?ic?iaeaiith
oaoiieia??th aeiouaii 1000 oooe no?iiaeo aeie?a ?ici??ii 200o200o400 ii.
??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no?iiaeo aeie?a noaiiaeoeia
931,5 oen.a?i.

iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa?:

( a canoinoaaii? eiiiiceoe?eiiai a?inioeaiaioiiai a(yaeo/iai aeey
a?aie?oo;

( a ?acoeueoaoao aeine?aeaeaiue o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae
iiae??aiaii? eocae niiyoieeo;

( a ?ic?aooieiai-aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaoiae? i?aeai?o neeaaeo a?aie?oo;

( a nei?i/aii? oa?i?io oaeaeeino? oaa?aeiaiiy a?aie?oo aei ?iciaeoai/ii?
i?oeiino? c 24 aiaeei aei 20 oaeeei;

( a i?aeaeuaii? aiaeino?eeino? a?aie?oo ia 40%, i?oeiino? ( ia 60%;

( a ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?/ieo noai ae?iaieoeoaa no?iiaeo aeie?a ia
eiiiiceoe?eiiio a?inioeaiaioiiio a(yaeo/iio ? iiae??aiaieo i?aai?/ieo
oeaetheiciai?nieo a?aeoiaeao.

ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“?ano?niaeiiiii? iaoa??aee, eiino?oeoe??, aoaeeiee ? nii?oaee“, ??aia,
1996?.; ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an a n?euenueeiio aoae?aieoeoa?”, Oa?e?a,
1996?; ia ia?o?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoea ? ina?oa — 98”,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998?.

ioae?eaoe??. iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? a 7 ?iaioao, a oiio
/ene? iaea?aeaii iaoaio Oe?a?ie ca ? 17818 “A?aie?oiaa noi?o aeey
no?iiaeo iaoa??ae?a“.

no?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, i(yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae c 134 iaca. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 189 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, aeeth/a? 30 iaethie?a ? 37 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE ci?no ?iaioe

aeniea aa?o?noue o?aaeeoe?eieo aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a aeeeeea?
iaiao?aei?noue ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeo i?ia?aneaieo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia?
a?aeoiae?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ye? caaacia/othoue cieaeaiiy aeo?ao i?e
aoae?aieoeoa?, aeiiii?th ne?iaeiieo ? iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a, ui
aeaioiaeythoueny ca ianeeaaeiith aeieia?/ii /enoith oaoiieia??th.

Iaeiei c iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia?
a?aeoiae?a ae?iaieoeoaa ? a?aie?o. A?aeii? ??ci? neeaaee a?aie?oo ia
i?ia?aeueieo a(yaeo/eo ?a/iaeiao, i?aai?/ieo oeaetheiciai?nieo
caiiaithaa/ao, o?i?/ieo aeiaaaeao. O an?o a?aeiieo noi?oao ? nooo?a?
iaaeie?ee: iia?eueia iaae?aiiy i?oeiino?, iaaenie? ?? cia/aiiy ?
iiaeeea?noue aenieoaoaoe?? a?aie?oo o?eueee a iia?o?yii-nooeo oiiaao.
Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea iiaiai no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo ia iniia?
a?aie?oo c iie?ioaieie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ? aeooaeueiei.

A?aie?o aaea iiiaae 60 ?ie?a canoiniao?oueny a aoae?aieoeoa?.
Aoae?aieoeoai c iueiai aaaeaoueny ca?ac a?ae Caiiey?(y aei Aioa?eoeaee.
A ??cieo e?a?iao a?i ae?iaey?oueny ca ??ciith oaoiieia??th ? ia? nai?
o??iia? iacae: “ aeth?ecie “ a Oaaeoea???, “ aoiaeno?ioi “ a
NOA, “ ieeeiiaaoii “ a *aoineiaa//ei?, “ /aioa??-aiaae “ a ssiii??, “
aa?oeae?o “ ? “ aeth?eiaiaeue “ a I?ia//ei?, “aaeien“ a Aano??? ? o.ae.
Aeey eiai aeaioiaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoue ??ci? oeaetheiciai?ni?
caiiaithaa/?, i?ia?aeuei? a(yaeo/? ? o?i?/i? aeiaaaee. Oeueiio
i?enay/ai? i?aoe? aeaeaoieo a/aieo: Aoaeaae/a A.A., Eeeiaiea I.?.,
sseoi?ia I.E., Aooa?e?ia A.?., Nae?eaeiaa N.A., Iaiacaoa?e? ?.O.,
Iaaeaaaeiai? ?.?., Oanaeaia N.I., ?acoiianueeiai A.A., A?e?inueeiai
TH.N., Iiiiia?aiea A.I., A?naioeaaa A.A., E?ooiaa I.?., I?iana A.?.,
Neeeceiaa ?.?., Naa?ia A.?., Oaooiea?a ?.Ae., Eioainniia E.,
?aia/aae?aia A.N., A?oia?a?a N., Eaio?i Ae., Oaeei?a O.O.O. oa ?i.

Aiae?c ?nioth/eo a?aie?oiaeo noi?oae aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui
cai?iiiiiaai? noi?o? ia ? aeineoue aoaeoeaieie ? aeiaaathoue
iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy.

Iniiai? ?o iaaeie?ee: iia?eueia iaae?aiiy i?oeiino? /a?ac aaeni?aoe?eia
“ io?o?iiy “ ca?ai a(yaeo/i? ?a/iaeie oeoe?aie e i?aai?/ieie eeneioaie,
ui ia aeicaiey? oaeaeeo ?iciaeoaeo oi?i; iaaenie? cia/aiiy i?oeiino? i?e
noeneo o a?oe? 28 ae?a (2-4 IIa); iiaeeea?noue aenieoaoaoe?? ae?ia?a
c a?aie?oo o?eueee a iia?o?yii-nooeo oiiaao.

Iaie aoei aenoiooa i?eiouaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy ye
a(yaeo/iai iaoa??aeo eiiiiceoe?? c a?ino ? oeaiaioo. Iiaeeea?noue ?o
ni?eueii? ?iaioe a a?aie?o? iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoenue iayai?noth a
?ic/ei? i?aai?/ieo eeneio, ye? ia aeicaieyoue ooai?thaaoenue
aenieiiniiai?e oi?i? a?ae?inoeueoiaethi?iao?a eaeueoe?th, ui ?oeiothoue
no?oeoo?o caoaa?ae?eiai eaiaith. A?iniaa a(yaeo/a iiaeiia aeicaieeoe
oaeaeea ooaeaaeaiiy ? oaa?aeiaiiy noi?o?, aenieo aaeaac?th aei
aea?aaiiai caiiaithaa/a; oeaiaio — iino?eia iaae?aiiy i?oeiino? ?
iie?ioai? a?ae?aae?/i? aeanoeaino?.

sse caiiaithaa/ cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe niiyoieeiao eocao,
iiia?aaeiuei iiae??aiaio aeey iie?ioaiiy ?? a?aioeiiao?e/iiai ?
o?i?/iiai neeaaeo.

Ana oea aeicaiey? aenoiooe ?iai/o a?iioaco, ui eiiieaenia a?inioeaiaioia
a(yaeo/a a ii?aeiaii? c i?aai?/ieie oeaetheiciai?nieie caiiaithaa/aie
nooo?ai iie?ioeoue o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? a?aie?oo; aeicaieeoue
iaeneiaeueii ni?inoeoe oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean, iie?ioeoe o?ceei-iaoai?/i?
aeanoeaino? a?aie?oo, nei?ioeoe aeo?aoe iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo ?ano?n?a,
caaacia/eoe ni?eyoeea? oiiae i?aoe?.

iiaeaii iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeei?enoaieo iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue.

A Oe?a?i? iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an aeey ae?iaieoeoaa a?aie?oo yaey?
oeaetheiciai?niee a?aeo?ae ie?eieoeueeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaea?eueo aaaaoioiiiaaeiei a?aeoiaeii ianeiaee?iai? i?iieneiaino? ?
eocaa niiyoieeo, yea aei inoaiiueiai /ano ia ciaeoea i?aeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy i?eiaeii? a oiio ianyc?, yeee ui??/ii iaa?iiaaeaeo?oueny
ia ianeiia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoaao. O?eueee ia Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio
ianeiaeno?aeoe?eiiio caaiae? uiaeiae ooai?th?oueny 90 o niiyoieeiai?
eocae, yea aeaiceoueny ia caaeeua.

Aoei cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe niiyoieeiao eocao ye caiiaithaa/ aeey
aeaioiaeaiiy no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo, aea a iiae??aiaiiio aeaeyae?.

Niiyoieeiao eocao iiae??aithaaee ia aeaceioaa?aoi?? i?e ??cieo
o?eaaeinoyo ? iaea?aeoaaee 5 ??cieo neeaae?a.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e iaoai?/iiio iiae??aiaii?
eocae a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia ?? o?i?/iiai neeaaeo. Iaea?eueoee aieea ia
aeanoeaino? a?aie?oo iathoue aiaei?ic/eii? ?aaeoeoth/? ?a/iaeie.

A i??o ca?eueoaiiy aeenia?niino? /anoie niiyoieeiai? eocae ai?no
eaaeia?ae?ie?ciaaieo iie?naoa?eae?a c?inoa?, aeinyaath/e iaeneioio i?e
?ici??? /anoeiie 0,16 ii. ?iciae niiyoieeiai? eocae aei ?ici??o /anoeiie
a?eueoa 0,63 ii i?aeoe/ii iaei ci?ith? o?i?/iee neeaae ?? ? ia aaaea
aei ?inoo ai?noo a iiae??aiai?e eoca? eaaeia?ae?ie?ciaaieo
iie?naoa?eae?a. ?iciae niiyoieeiai? eocae aei ?ici??o /anoeiie iaioa
0,16 ii oaeiae aaaea aei ciaioaiiy ai?noo eaaeia?ae?ie?ciaaieo
iie?naoa?eae?a o eocc?.

Aeai? oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacothoue aeioe?euei?noue iiae??aiaiiy
eocae, aea aei iaaieo ?ici???a (0,63 ii), i?ney yeeo aaeeea e?euee?noue
eaaeia?ae?ie?ciaaieo iie?naoa?eae?a, ui aeae?eythoueny i?e cai?ooaaii?
aiaeith, ??cei ca?eueoo? aaeni?aoe?eia io?o?iiy ca?ai a(yaeo/iai, ui
cieaeo? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? a?aie?oo. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiiy ia i?oei?noue i?e noeneo c?ace?a a?aie?oo,
aeaioiaeaieo ?c eocae ??cieo o?aeoe?e.

O an?o o?aeoe?yo iiae??aiaii? eocae oaeiae aecia/aeenue iaioicaie, ye?
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue noaeeoe i?i neeaae eaaeia?ae?ie?ciaaieo
iie?naoa?eae?a. Ne?ae c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui a ?ioa?aae? ?ici??o /anoeiie
a?ae 0,63 aei 2,5ii ? a iaiiae??aiai?e eocc? ai?no iaioicai i?aeoe/ii ia
ci?ith?oueny. I?ioa o o?aeoe?yo eocae c ?ici??ii /anoeiie iaioa 0,63 ii
?aea ??cea ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo iaioicai.

Oaeiae aeine?aeaeoaaany aieea iaoai?/ii? aeano?oeoe?? ia noai e?ai?io a
iiae??aiai?e niiyoieeia?e eocc?.

Iaoai?/ia aeano?oeoe?y niiyoieeiai? eocae, e??i ci?ie aoaeaoeaai? ??
/anoeie, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie ? e?ai?io, ui i?noeoueny a eocc?. I?e
oeueiio /anoeia e?ai?io ia?aoiaeeoue a iecueeiiieaeoey?iee noai ? aeia?a
aeaeaey?oueny cae/aeieie ?ic/eiieeaie aac aeiaeaaaiiy eeneiai
eaoae?caoi?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeine?ae?a ne?ae c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
nooiaiy ?iciaeo eocae aeano?oeoe?y e?ai?io c?inoa?, ui ? iaaaaeaiei
oaeoi?ii aeey a?aie?oo, ai oaa?ae?noue ? aaaeei?ic/eii?noue e?ai?io
ca?eueoo? i?oei?noue, oaa?ae?noue ? aeiaaia?/i?noue a?aie?oo.

sse oaea aeacoaaeinue aeua, a ?iai/?e a?iioac? ye a(yaeo/o ?a/iaeio aeey
aeaioiaeaiiy no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo c i?aai?/ieo oeaetheiciai?nieo
a?aeoiae?a cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe eiiiiceoe?eia a?inioeaiaioia
a(yaeo/a.

Caeaaaeinue caiaieeaei aeei?enoaoe eiiiiceoe?eia a?inioeaiaioia
a(yaeo/a, a?aoiaoth/e oaeaeea iaae?aiiy i?oeiino? a?ino ? eiai aenieo
aaeaac?th aei iiaa?oi? i?aai?/iiai oeaetheiciai?niiai caiiaithaa/a,
iino?eia iaae?aiiy i?oeiino? ? a?ae?aae?/i? aeanoeaino? oeaiaioiiai
a(yaeo/iai.

Oa ye a?aeiii, noi?o? a?iniaeo a(yaeo/eo ?a/iaei c ii?oeaiaeoeaiaioii
i?e oaa?aeiaii? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iano?ee?noth. I?e cai?ooaaii? aiaeith
aiie nii/aoeo ?ioaineaii oaa?ae?thoue, aea /a?ac 1-3 i?nyoe?, a ?iiae? ?
i?ci?oa aeieeathoue aeaoi?iaoe??, ye? iaoiiaeththoue cae/aeii ia o?eueee
niaae i?oeiino?, a e iaa?oue ?oeioaaiiy nenoaie a ?acoeueoao? ooai?aiiy
ao?eia?oo.

A?inioeaiaioi? nenoaie aeine?aeaeoaaeenue i?ae ea??aieoeoaii A.A.
Aieaeainueeiai. Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui eiee aei noi?o? a?iniaeo a(yaeo/eo
?a/iaei c ii?oeaiaeoeaiaioii aaiaeeoe iaeaaeio e?euee?noue eeneeo
aeoeaieo i?ia?aeueieo (iooeieaiiaeo) aeiaaaie, oi aeinyaa?oueny iiaia ?o
noaa?euei?noue ? ??no i?oeiino? i?e o?eaaeiio oaa?aeiaii? a iia?o?yiiio
/e aiaeiiio na?aaeiaeu? aac ?oei?aieo aeaoi?iaoe?e.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui cai?oaia aiaeith
aea?aaia oe?na aea? eenea na?aaeiaeua c ?I ( 5-6. sseui a?aie?o
aeaioiaeyoe iine?aeiaii, ci?ooth/e aea?aaio oe?no, a?in, oeaiaio, iio?i
aeiaeaoe aiaee ? ciiao ia?ai?oaoe, oi eenea na?aaeiaeua, yea aea?
aea?aaia oe?na, a?ae?a?a? ?ieue eenei? a?ae?aae?/ii? aeiaaaee. Oiio
ia?aaeaa/aeinue, ui i?e oaa?aeiaii? a?aie?oo ia eiiiiceoe?eiiio
a?inioeaiaioiiio a(yaeo/iio ooai?th?oueny iiiinoeueoaoia oi?ia
a?ae?inoeueoiaethi?iaoo eaeueoe?th, i?e ye?e ia aeieeathoue iaaacia/i?
iai?oae.

Aeey ia?aa??ee aeiaaaeee oi?ioaaee c?acee-aaei/ee 40o40o160 ii c
a?aie?oiai? noi?o? eaaeioeeaaeaeuei?noth 130(5 ii ia no?oooth/iio
noieeeo i?e ??ciiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? a?ino aei oeaiaioo (e?euee?noue
a?ino aa??thaaee a?ae 200 aei 500 ea/i3, oeaiaioo ( a?ae 100 aei 500
ea/i3). C?acee aei?iaiaoaaee ia i?oei?noue i?e noeneo a a?oe? 1 ? 28
ae?a, a aeaye? o a?oe? 2-o ?ie?a.

C ?acoeueoao?a aei?iaoaaiue aeaeii, ui eiiiiceoe?eia a(yaeo/a
caaacia/eei iiaeeea?noue oaeaeei? ?iciaeoaee c?ace?a /a?ac 10-20 oa
i?ney oi?ioaaiiy, a i?e a?eueoeo (500 ea/i3) aeo?aoao a?ino iaa?oue
/a?ac 4-9 oa. I?oei?noue i?e noeneo c?inoaea aei i?ny/iiai a?eo a
1,5-2,5 ?ace a ii??aiyii? ?c c?aceaie ia a?iniaiio a(yaeo/iio. Aea oie
oaeo, ui ia niinoa??aaee niaaeo i?oeiino? o 2-??/iiio a?oe?, na?ae/eoue
i?i iayai?noue o oaa?ae?th/?e a?inioeaiaioi?e eiiiiceoe??
iecueeiiniiaii? oi?ie a?ae?inoeueoiaethi?iao?a eaeueoe?th.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaiee i?aea?? neeaaeo a?aie?oo
?ic?aooieiai-aenia?eiaioaeueiei iaoiaeii.

?ic?aooiie neeaaeo a?aie?oo iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae
neeaaeiaeie (a?inii, oeaiaioii, i?aai?/iei oeaetheiciai?niei
caiiaithaa/ai ? aiaeith), yea caaacia/o? iaea?aeaiiy a?aie?oo ?c
caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie ye o na?aeii?eaioiaeaiiio noai?, oae ? i?ney
caoaa?ae?iiy noi?o? a caaeaieo oiiaao.

Neeaae a?aie?oo i?iiiio?oueny ?ic?aoiaoaaoe a oaeiio ii?yaeeo.

Aecia/a?oueny aeo?aoa eiiiiceoe?eiiai a(yaeo/iai ia 1i3 aea?aaiiai
caiiaithaa/a.

Aeo?aoa oeaiaioo ? a?ino i?aeae?aeany c o?aooaaiiyi iaea?aeaiiy
eiino?oeoe?eiiai a?aie?oo eean?a A2,0; A2,5; A3,5; (I25, I35, I50)
ca?aeii c AINO 19222-94.

2. Aecia/a?oueny i???ioiaia aeo?aoa aiaee ia 1i3 aea?aaiiai
caiiaithaa/a.

Aeo?aoa aiaee iiaeiia aecia/aoeny, aeoiaey/e c e?eueeino? aiaee,
iaiao?aeii? aeey a?ae?aoaoe?? a(yaeo/eo iaoa??ae?a, cii/oaaiiy ca?ai
a(yaeo/iai ? caiiaithaa/a, a oaeiae caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeii? aeey
oi?ioaaiiy a?aie?oiai? noi?o? eaaeioeeaaeaeueiino?.

Aeo?aoo aiaee i?iiiio?oueny aecia/aoe ca aii??e/iith oi?ioeith:

A = A ( ( Oe + A + C ),

aea A ( aeo?aoa aiaee a e ia 1i3 caiiaithaa/a;

Oe, A ? C ( a?aeiia?aeii aeo?aoa oeaiaioo, a?ino ? aea?aaiiai

caiiaithaa/a a ea/i3;

A ( eiao?oe??io, ui a?aoiao? oa?aeoa?enoeeo caiiaithaa/a ?

eaaeioeeaaeaeuei?noue a?aie?oiai? noi?o?.

I?eaiooaaiiy eaai?aoi?iiai cai?no.

Eaai?aoi?iee cai?n i?ecia/a?oueny aeey cae?eniaiiy 3 caaaeaiue:

( ia?aa??ee ? ei?aaoaaiiy eaaeioeeaaeaeueiino? a?aie?oiai? noi?o?;

( aecia/aiiy oaeoe/ii? u?eueiino? a?aie?oiai? noi?o?;

( aeaioiaeaiiy aeine?aeieo c?ace?a.

Ia(?i eaai?aoi?iiai cai?no ( 12 e. O?eaae?noue ia?ai?ooaaiiy ( 4
oaeeeie.

Eaaeioeeaaeaeuei?noue aaoiiii? noi?o? ia?aa??y?oueny ca?aeii c AINO
19222-94.

Eaaeioeeaaeaeuei?noue a?aie?oiai? noi?o? a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
eaaeioeeaaeaeueiino? aaoiiii? noi?o? ?ioei eiao?oe??ioii oa?oy i?ae
/anoeieaie noi?o?, ?ioeie caeaaeiinoyie i?ae iai?oaith cnoao ?
aeioe/iith iai?oaith.

Aeey a?aie?oiai? noi?o? ia ae??aiiio aea?aaiiio caiiaithaa/? iaea?eueo
aeinoia??iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith i??e eaaeioeeaaeaeueiino? ? ?icieeaaiiy
eiiona ia no?oooth/iio noieeeo.

I?e eaaeioeeaaeaeueiino? noi?o? iaioi?, i?ae ?ic?aooieiaa, aeiaaaeythoue
a(yaeo/a ? aiaeo /anoeaie ii 5% aei iaea?aeaiiy ?ic?aooieiai?
eaaeioeeaaeaeueiino?. I?e iaea?aeaii? eaaeioeeaaeaeueiino? a?eueoi?,
i?ae ?ic?aooieiaa, aeiaaaeythoue caiiaithaa/ oaeiae ii 5%.

Oaeoe/ia u?euei?noue a?aie?oiai? noi?o? aecia/a?oueny a i??iiio
oeee?iae?? ia(?iii 3 e. Ii oaeoe/i?e u?eueiino? ?ic?aoiao?ii oaeoe/io
aeo?aoo iaoa??ae?a ca oi?ioeaie:

, ea/i3,

( oaeoe/ia aeo?aoa oeaiaioo, ea/i3;

Oe? ( ?ic?aooieiaa aeo?aoa oeaiaioo, ea/i3;

( oaeoe/ia u?euei?noue noi?o?, ea/i3;

( noia iaoa??ae?a ia cai?n, ea/i3;

?, a?aeiia?aeii, aeey aecia/aiiy oaeoe/ii? aeo?aoe a?ino, aea?aaiiai
caiiaithaa/a ? aiaee:

.

I?iaiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia aeey iaea?aeaiiy
oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/iai no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo: iioei?caoe?y iiiaioo
oi?ioaaiiy; iioei?caoe?y i?ioeano ia?ai?ooaaiiy a?aie?oiai? noi?o?;
iioei?caoe?y ?aaeeio oaa?aeiaiiy.

I?e cai?ooaaii? aiaeith a?inioeaiaioiiai a(yaeo/iai a ?ic/ei? iaeii/anii
ciaoiaeyoueny o aenieeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo ? eoae, ? i?aa?ae?ao a?ino. Oiio
ia?aeaeueii a?aeaoaa?oueny aaaaoi iaeii/anii i?io?eath/eo i?ioean?a:

( ooai?aiiy aeaiaiaeiiai a?ino;

( iaea?aeaiiy a?ae?inoeueoiaethi?iao?a ? a?ae?inoeueoioa?eo?a
eaeueoe?th;

( ooai?aiiy nee?eao?a eaeueoe?th.

Oi?aaeyth/e oeeie i?ioeanaie, iiaeia iaea?aeaoe iaea?eueoo i?oei?noue
a?aie?oo. I/aaeaeii, ui iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei aoei a iaea?aeaoe
nii/aoeo a?ae?inoeueoiaethi?iaoe aenieiiniiaii? oi?ie, ye? noeioethaaee
a oaeaeea c?inoaiiy i?oeiino?, a iio?i caaacia/eoe oiiae, i?e yeeo
iecueeiiniiai? oi?ie a?ae?inoeueoiaethi?iao?a ia ia?aoiaeeee o
aenieiiniiai? ? ia ?oeioaaee no?oeoo?o. Ca(ycoaaiiy /anoeie aaiia a
a?ae?inoeueoiaethi?iaoe iiaeiia i?enei?eoe ?ic/eii?noue aeo?aeieo
ee?iea?ieo i?ia?ae?a ? ca?eueoeoe oaeaee?noue a?ae?aoaoe??. Aeinoaoiy
e?euee?noue a?ino iiaeiia caaacia/eoe oiiae, i?e yeeo ia ooai?th?oueny
iaoanoaa?eueia oi?ia a?ae?iaethi?iao?a.

Canoinoaaaoe oai??th I/aaeeiaa-Iao?inyia i?i ocaiaeaeai?noue
aeieeaaeaiiy ae?e aei i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue o oaa?ae?th/?e noi?o? c
i?ioeanaie no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy eiiiiceoe?eiiai a?inioeaiaioiiai
a(yaeo/iai, ne?ae /aeaoe ci?ie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae no?iiaiai
iaoa??aeo a caeaaeiino? a?ae iiiaioo ii/aoeo oi?ioaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui i?ney cai?ooaaiiy
aiaeith eiiiiceoe?eiiai a?inioeaiaioiiai a(yaeo/iai a ii/aoeiaee ia??iae
ooai?th?oueny eiaaoeyoe?eia no?oeoo?a. Oi?ioaaiiy a oeae ia??iae
i?eaiaeeoue aei iaaenieeo cia/aiue i?oeiino? caoaa?ae?eiai eaiaith,
ine?eueee i?ney oi?ioaaiiy a?aeaoaathoueny ua i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ci?iith ia(?io, ye? aeeeeeathoue
aioo??oi? iai?oae, ui cieaeothoue i?oei?noue.

Oi?ioaaiiy a ia??iae aeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy e?enoae?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e
oaeiae ia caaacia/o? aenieeo cia/aiue i?oeiino?, ai i?e oeueiio
?oeiothoueny aaea ooai?ai? eiioaeoe. Oa yeui oi?ioaaiiy i?iaiaeeoe a
ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae i?ae eiaaoeyoe?eiith ? e?enoae?caoe?eiith
no?oeoo?ith, oi caoaa?ae?eee eai?iue ia? iaea?eueo i?oei? iieacieee. A
oeae ia??iae, c iaeiiai aieo, ? aaaaoi ieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a, ye?
ni?eythoue e?auiio ou?eueiaiith ? oi?ioaaiith a?eueo niie?eii? no?oeoo?e
eaiaith ca ?aooiie ?aeaenaoe?? aeieeath/eo iai?oa. ?ioaineaii
ooai?ththoueny a?ae?inoeueoiaethi?iaoe aenieiiniiaii? oi?ie, “ a?ioth/?
“ oaa?aeio/ee eai?iue. C ?ioiai aieo, oi?ioaaiiy aeoea?co? ?ioaineaiee
??no e?enoae?a ca ?aooiie cnoao ?aaeoe?? oaa?aeiaiiy N3S ai?aai ? ca
?aooiie aeoeaaoe?? a ia??iae ii/aoeo ?o ao?oeeaiai ?inoo (ui na?ae/eoue
iaea?eueoa i?oei?noue o 28-aeiaiaiio a?oe?). Iioei?caoe?y iiiaioo
ii/aoeo oi?ioaaiiy aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe iaea?eueo u?eueio no?oeoo?o ?
iaea?eueoo i?oei?noue oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/iai no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo.

sse a?aeiii c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, ia aeanoeaino? a?aie?oiai? noi?o? ?
caoaa?ae?eiai a?aie?oo ia? aieea ii?yaeie ci?ooaaiiy eiiiiiaio?a noi?o?.
Oei a?eueoa, ui eiaeiee c eiiiiiaio?a aeoeaii aieeaa? ia ?io?. ? yeui o
cae/aei?e aaoiii?e noi?o? caiiaithaa/ ?ia?oiee ii a?aeiioaiith aei
a(yaeo/iai, oi a a?aie?oia?e noi?o? aea?aaiee caiiaithaa/ i?e
cai?ooaaii? aiaeith a?ae?aco ae aeae?ey? a na?aaeiaeua i?aai?/i? eeneioe
? oeoe?e, ye? aeoaea nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia i?ioeane ooaeaaeaiiy ?
oaa?aeiaiiy a(yaeo/eo iaoa??ae?a. A ia?oo /a?ao ci?ith?oueny
?ic/eii?noue aeo?aeieo iaoa??ae?a ? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy iiaiooai?aiue.
Na?aae ieo nooo?aa cia/aiiy ia? iiaeeea?noue ooai?aiiy aenieiiniiaii?
oi?ie a?ae?inoeueoiaethi?iao?a eaeueoe?th a ii/aoeiaee ia??iae
ooaeaaeaiiy ? caaacia/aiiy oiia aeey iaiiaeeeaino? ia?aoiaeo
iecueeiiniiaii? oi?ie a?ae?inoeueoiaethi?iao?a eaeueoe?th o
aenieiiniiaio i?e iiaeaeueoiio oaa?aeiaii?.

Iaea?eueo ?aaeueieie aeey i?aeoeee ? o?e iiaeeeaeo aa??aioe
ia?ai?ooaaiiy iaoa??ae?a:

Ia?oee aa??aio. Nii/aoeo ci?oothoueny oaa?ae? eiiiiiaioe noi?o?
(oeaiaio + a?in + aea?aaiee caiiaithaa/), iio?i aei noi?o?
aeiaaaey?oueny aiaea cai?ooaaiiy.

Ae?oaee aa??aio. A?inioeaiaioia a(yaeo/a ci?oo?oueny c aiaeith, a iio?i
a?inioeaiaioia o?noi ia?ai?oo?oueny c aea?aaiei caiiaithaa/ai.

O?ao?e aa??aio. Nii/aoeo oeaiaio ci?oo?oueny c aiaeith, i?ney oeueiai
aeiaea?oueny a?in, iio?i caiiaithaa/.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iaea?eueoa i?oeiinoue
iaea?aeaia o a?aie?oa, i?eaioiaaiiai ca o?aoue?i aa??aioii.

Ia o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? a?aie?oo aieeaa? o?eaae?noue
ia?ai?ooaaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui iaea?eueoi?
i?oeiino? c?acee aeinyaee i?ney iiia?aaeiueiai o?eaaeiai ci?ooaaiiy
oeaiaioo c aiaeith. Aea iaea?eueo oaoiieia?/ii aeioe?eueii ia?ai?ooaaoe
1 oaeeeio oeaiaio c a?inii, iio?i 2 oaeeeie ?acii c aiaeith ?, aaiaey/e
aea?aaiee caiiaithaa/, ua ia?ai?oaoe 1 oaeeeio.

A eiiiiceoe?eiiio a?inioeaiaioiiio a(yaeo/iio ii?aeiothoueny aeaa aeaee
a(yaeo/eo ?a/iaei: iia?o?yia a(yaeo/a ?a/iaeia ( a?in aoae?aaeueiee ?
a?ae?aae?/ia ( ii?oeaiaeoeaiaio. Aeey ae?ia?a c aoae?aaeueiiai a?ino
iaea?eueo ni?eyoeea? oiiae oaa?aeiaiiy ( noo?iiy aeeiiaeie aacaie aai
iaa??oei iia?o?yi i?e oaiia?aoo?? 60iN. Aeey ae?ia?a c ii?oeaiaeoeaiaioo
aaaeaii oaa?aeiaiiy i?e a?aeiini?e aieiaino? na?aaeiaeua aeecueei 100% ?
oaiia?aoo?? 20-50iN (aai o aiaeiiio na?aaeiaeu?), ye? caaacia/othoue
aeinoaoi? oiiae aeey a?eueo aeeaiei? a?ae?aoaoe?? ca?ai oeaiaioo.
Oaa?aeiaiiy aoae?aaeueiiai a?ino o aieiaeo oiiaao i?ecaiaeeoue aei eiai
?ici(yeoaiiy ? cieaeaiiy i?oeiino?. Oaa?aeiaiiy ii?oeaiaeoeaiaioo i?e
oaiia?aoo?? 110-130iN i?ecaiaeeoue aei caacaiaeithaaiiy ae?ia?a ?
i?eieiaiiy a?ae?aoaoe?? oeaiaioo. A?aoiaoth/e noia?a/i?noue aeiia aei
oaa?aeiaiiy oeeo a(yaeo/eo, aoei aeiiouaii, ui aeey eiiiiceoe?eiiai
a?inioeaiaioiiai a(yaeo/iai iiaeiai i?ae?eoe ?aaeei oaa?aeiaiiy, yeee
a?oioo?oueny ia eiii?ii?niiio ae??oaii? aeey aeaio aeae?a a(yaeo/i?
?a/iaeie.

Aeey ia?aa??ee i?eiouaiiy a?aeoi?iiaai? c?acee caa??aaee ia a?aee?eoiio
iia?o?? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 20(5iN; a nooeeuei?e oao? i?e oaiia?aoo??
50(5iN,110(5iN; o aieiaeo oiiaao (i?e a?aeiini?e aieiaino? 100%) i?e
oaiia?aoo?? 20(5iN; o aiae? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 20iN; i?aeaeaaaee
oaieiaieia?ni?e ia?iaoe? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 80iN ii ?aaeeio 2 + 4 + 3
aiaeeie i?ney 4-aiaeeiiiai aeaea?aeoaaiiy.

Iaea?eueo? i?oeiino? iaea?aeaii i?e oaa?aeiaii? c?ace?a ia iia?o??.
Ne?ae aaaeaoe, ui iia?o?yia oaa?aeiaiiy noai?eei iaiao?aei? oiiae aeey
iaae?aiiy i?oeiino? aoae?aaeueiiai a?ino ?, ?acii c oei, iia?eueia
caacaiaeithaaiiy c?ace?a caaacia/eei aeinoaoith e?euee?noue aieiae aeey
a?ae?aoaoe?? ca?ai ii?oeaiaeoeaiaioo a ii/aoeiaee ia??iae eiai
oaa?aeiaiiy. A?oiooth/enue ia oeeo aeaieo, iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe
iia?o?yia oaa?aeiaiiy no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo ia eiiiiceoe?eiiio
a?inioeaiaioiiio a(yaeo/iio.

Aoee aeine?aeaeai? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/iai
no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo, cie?aia i?oei?noue, na?aaeiy u?euei?noue,
oaieii?ia?aei?noue, aiaeino?ee?noue, ii?icino?ee?noue. I?iiiiiaaiee
iaoa??ae ia? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe?.

Oaaeeoey

O?ceei-iaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?aie?oa

Oa?aeoa?enoeea Iieacieee oa?aeoa?enoee

ia oe?n? ia eoca?

?ici?? ae?ia?a, ii 400(200(200 400(200(200

Na?aaeiy u?euei?noue, ea/i3 780 620

I?oei?noue i?e noeneo, IIa, a a?oe? 28 ae?a 5,9 8,1

Oaieii?ia?aei?noue, (, Ao/iE 0,307 0,207

Aiaeino?ee?noue, eiao?oe??io ?ici`yeoaiiy, E?ici,%

0,58

0.65

Ii?icino?ee?noue, e?euee?noue oeeee?a 25 25

I?aaenoaaeai? oaoiieia?/i? noaie iaea?aeaiiy oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/iai
no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo c aea?aaii? oe?ne ? iiae??aiaii? niiyoieeiai? eocae.
Iaaaaeai? noaie oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ae?iaieoeoaa a?aie?oiaeo ae?ia?a
a?aeia?aaeathoue eeoa iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? iia?aoe??. C ieo aeaeii,
iane?eueee ni?inoeany oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean ae?iaieoeoaa a?aie?oo: iaia?
iaiao?aeiino? a i?aeaioiaoe? i?aai?/iiai oeaetheiciai?niiai
caiiaithaa/a, oiaoi ia?iaee caiiaithaa/a o?i?/ieie aeiaaaeaie; iaia?
iaiao?aeiino? a oa?iiia?iaoe? a?aeoi?iiaaieo ae?ia?a.

Nia?aa?o?noue 1i3 a?aie?oo cieaeaia ia 70(.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE:

Iaea?aeaii eiino?oeoe?eii-oaiei?cieyoe?eiee no?iiaee iaoa??ae ia
eiiiiceoe?eiiio a?inioeaiaioiiio a(yaeo/iio ? i?aai?/ieo
oeaetheiciai?nieo a?aeoiaeao i?iieneiaino?.

Eiiiiceoe?eia a(yaeo/a aeicaieeei caaacia/eoe aenieo oaeaee?noue
oaa?aeiaiiy noi?o?, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ?iciaeoaethaaoe ae?iae /a?ac
15-20 oaeeei ? caaacia/o? aeinoaoi? a?ae?aae?/i? aeanoeaino?
aoae?aaeueiiai iaoa??aeo, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iaoaioii Oe?a?ie.

Cai?iiiiiaaii ? aeine?aeaeaii iiaee aeae caiiaithaa/a ( iiae??aiaia
niiyoieeiaa eocaa, yea iie?ioo? aeanoeaino? a?aie?oo, ui aeicaiey?
ooee?coaaoe aaaaoioiiiaaei? a?aeoiaee ianeiaee?iai? i?iieneiaino?,
iie?ioo? aeieia?th.

Cai?iiiiiaaii ?ic?aooieiai-aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoiae i?aeai?o neeaaeo
a?aie?oo.

Iioei?ciaaii neeaae a?aie?oo, i?e yeiio iiaeia iaea?aeaoe caaeaio
i?oei?noue iaoa??aeo i?e iaeiaioeo aeo?aoao eiiiiiaio?a noi?o?.

Aeine?aeaeaii ? anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeuei? oiiae aeey iaea?aeaiiy
oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/iai no?iiaiai iaoa??aeo.

Aea/aii o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? iiaiai iaoa??aeo, ye? iathoue
iieacieee a 1,5-2 ?ace aeu? o?aaeeoe?eiiai a?aie?oo.

?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?/i? noaie ae?iaieoeoaa no?iiaeo aeie?a a?aie?oo ia
eiiiiceoe?eiiio a(yaeo/iio ? i?aai?/ieo oeaetheiciai?nieo a?aeoiaeao
i?iieneiaino?, ia?aaaaa yeeo ? ni?iuaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
ae?iaieoeoaa a?aie?oo a ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eiei.

I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea ? iieacaia oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa no?iiaeo aeie?a c a?aie?oo aeine?aeaeoaaieo neeaae?a.

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue ia Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio IIAI “ A?aie?o “.

11. ?ic?iaeaii oaoi?/i? oiiae ia aeaioiaeaiiy a?aie?oiaeo aeie?a c
eiiiiceoe?eiiai a’yaeo/iai iaoa??aeo ? i?aai?/ieo oeaetheiciai?nieo
a?aeoiaeao i?iieneiaino?.

Iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue iioaeieiaaii a ianooiieo ?iaioao:

1. Eeue/aiei I.A., Noaeaeiaa I.E. Ia yooaeoeaiii eniieueciaaiee
iooiaeia naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa aeey i?eaioiaeaiey
noaiiauo iaoa?eaeia // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. — 1996. — ?7
. — N. 40 (Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia iaoeiaa eiioeaioeiy aeei?enoaiiy
eiiiiceoeieiiai aiinioeaiaioiiai a(yaeo/iai aeey aeaioiaeaiiy a?aieioo).

2. Noaeaeiaa I.I. Oaeaeeioaa?aeith/ee a?aieio // I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee. — 1996. — ?7. — N. 41

3. Noaeaeiaa I.E. Aeeyiea aeaea ayaeouaai ia n?iee oaa?aeaiey e
i?i/iinoue a?aieeoa // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. — 1997. —
?11. — N. 45-47

4. Eeue/aiei I.A., Noaeaeiaa I.E. A?aieeo ia iooiaeao
naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee. — 1997.- ?11. — N. 47-48 (Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieiaiy
aeaioiaeaiiy a?aieioo ic i?aaii/ieo oeaetheiciaiinieo aiaeoiaeia
i?iieneiainoi).

5. Noaeaeiaa I.E. Iiaue caiieieoaeue aeey a?aieeoa — eciaeue/aiiay eocaa
iiaenieia/ieea // A(niee IAeAAA. — 1998. — ? 1 . — N.42-44.

6. Noaeaeiaa I.E. Yeieiae/anee /enoue noaiiaie iaoa?eae ii aaciooiaeiie
oaoiieiaee // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. — 1998. — ?55(120). —
N.49-51

7. Iaoaio 17818. Oe?a?ia, N 04 A 144/00. A?aie?oiaa noi?o aeey
no?iieo iaoa??ae?a /

I.A. ?eue/aiei, I.?. Noaeaeiaa (Oe?a?ia). — ?95125180; Caya. 07.12.95;
Iioae. 31.10.97, Athe. ?5. — 2 n. (Aaoi?ii onoaiiaeaii iioeiaeueia
niiaaiaeiioaiiy iiae eiiiiiaioaie a?aieioiai( noiioi).

Noaeaeiaa I.I. Oaeaeeioaa?aeith/ee noiiiaee iaoa?iae ic i?aaii/ieo
oeaetheiciaiinieo aiaeoiaeia i?iieneiainoi. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo iaoe
ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 05.23.05 — aoaeiaaeueii iaoa?iaee oa ae?iae. —
I?eaeiii?ianueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeaiiy aoaeiaieoeoaa oa a?oioaeoo?e,
Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1998.

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia ieoaiith iaea?aeaiiy aoaeoeaiiai
oaeaeeioaa?aeith/iai eiino?oeoeieii-oaieiicieyoeieiiai noiiiaiai
iaoa?iaeo ia iniiai a?aieioo c iieiioaieie oiceei-iaoaii/ieie
aeanoeainoyie. Iiaee iaoa?iae ae?iaey(oueny ia iniiai eiiiiceoeieiiai
aiinioeaiaioiiai a(yaeo/iai ( i?aaii/ieo oeaetheiciaiinieo aiaeoiaeia
i?iieneiainoi. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iiaee iaoiae iiaeai?o neeaaeo a?aieioo.
?ic?iaeaii iioeiaeueii neeaaee ( oiiae aeaioiaeaiiy oaeaeeioaa?aeith/iai
noiiiaiai iaoa?iaeo (oaeaeeinoue oaa?aeiiiy aei ?iciaeoaii( iioeiinoi
nei?i/aia c 24 aiaeei aei 20 oaeeei, caieueoaia aiaeinoieeinoue ia 40%,
caieueoaia iioeiinoue ia 60%). Niaiaa?oinoue i?iaeoeoei( cieaeaia ia
70%.

Eeth/iai neiaa: oaeaeeioaa?aeith/ee noiiiaee iaoa?iae, a?aieio,
eiiiiceoeieia aiinioeaiaioia a(yaeo/a, i?aaii/ii oeaetheiciaiinii
aiaeoiaee i?iieneiainoi.

Sudakova O.I. Fast-curing wall material made from industrial organic
cellulosecontaining wastes. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate degree on speciality 05.23.05 “Building
Materials and Articles”. Prydniprovs(k State Academy of Civil
Engineering and Architecture, Dnipropetrovs(k, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the problem of obtaining of effective
fast-curing constructive-heatisolation wall material on a base of
arbolite with improved physical and mechanical properties. This new
material is made on a base of composite gypsum-cement binder and organic
cellulosecontaining wastes of industry. The new method of composition
of arbolite selection is proposed. The optimal composition and
production instructions for fast-curing wall material are worked out:
the speed of cure until the required strength is reduced from 24 hours
to 20 minutes, the water-resistance is increased by 40%, the strength is
increased by 60%. The production cost is reduced by 70%.

Eey words: fast-curing wall material, arbolite, gypsum-cement binder
composition, industrial organic cellulosecontaining wastes.

Noaeaeiaa I.E. Auno?ioaa?aeathuee noaiiaie iaoa?eae ec i?aaie/aneeo
oeaeetheiciniaea?aeaueo iooiaeia i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.05 — no?ieoaeueiua iaoa?eaeu e ecaeaeey. —
I?eaeiai?ianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u,
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?ino iieo/aiey yooaeoeaiiai
auno?ioaa?aeathuaai eiino?oeoeeiiii-oaieiecieyoeeiiiiai noaiiaiai
iaoa?eaea ia iniiaa a?aieeoa n oeo/oaiiuie oeceei-iaoaie/aneeie
naienoaaie. Iiaue iaoa?eae ecaioaaeeaaaony ia iniiaa eiiiiceoeeiiiiai
aeinioeaiaioiiai ayaeouaai e i?aaie/aneeo oeaeetheiciniaea?aeaueo
iooiaeia i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Eiiiiceoeeiiiia aeinioeaiaioiia ayaeouaa,
acyoia a niioiioaiee 4:1 e i?e ii?aaeaeaiiii ii?yaeea niaoaiiia n
i?aaie/aneei oeaeetheiciniaea?aeauei caiieieoaeai e aiaeie, aeaao
aiciiaeiinoue auno?ie ?aniaeoaee ecaeaeee (/a?ac 15-20 ieioo) e
aeinoaoi/ii aunieiai iaai?a i?i/iinoe iaoa?eaea. I?aaeeiaeai e
enneaaeiaai iiaue aeae caiieieoaey — eciaeue/aiiay iiaenieia/iay eocaa.
Caiieieoaeue ec i?aaie/aneeo oeaeetheiciniaea?aeaueo iooiaeia
i?aaeii/oeoaeueii eniieueciaaoue ii?aaeaeaiiuo o?aeoeee: ae?aaaniua
iieeee — 10(o(0,16 ii, eciaeue/aiioth iiaenieia/ioth eocao — 5(o(0,16
ii, ?acaeaeaiiuo ia e?oiioth e iaeeoth o?aeoeee a iioeiaeueiuo
niioiioaieyo.

I?aaeeiaeai ?an/aoii-yenia?eiaioaeueiue iaoiae iiaeai?a ninoaaa
a?aieeoa, o/eouaathuee iniaaiiinoe eiiiiceoeeiiiiai ayaeouaai e naienoaa
ae?aaaniiai caiieieoaey. Ia?eo a?aieeoa i?eieiatho ii i?iaeoo,
oaeiaioeeaaeuaaaiinoue a?aieeoiaie niane — oaeaea ii i?iaeoo eee
iacia/atho n o/aoii oneiaee oi?iiaaiey e oa?aeoa?a oi?ioaiiai ecaeaeey.
I?aaeeaaaaony ninoaa a?aieeoa ?ann/eouaaoue a neaaeothuai ii?yaeea.
Aia/aea ii?aaeaeyaony ?anoiae eiiiiceoeeiiiiai ayaeouaai ia 1 i3
ae?aaaniiai caiieieoaey. Caoai ii?aaeaeyaony i?eaioe?iai/iue ?anoiae
aiaeu. Iinea i?eaioiaeaiey eaai?aoi?iiai caiana, i?aaeiacia/aiiiai aeey
inouanoaeaiey 3 caaea/: i?iaa?ee e ei??aeoe?iaee oaeiaioeeaaeuaaaiinoe
a?aieeoiaie niane, ii?aaeaeaiey oaeoe/aneie ieioiinoe a?aieeoiaie
niane, ecaioiaeaiey iiuoiuo ia?acoeia, ooi/iyaony oaeoe/aneee ?anoiae
iaoa?eaeia ia 1 i3 a?aieeoiaie niane.

Enneaaeiaaiu e onoaiiaeaiu iioeiaeueiua oneiaey aeey iieo/aiey
auno?ioaa?aeathuaai noaiiaiai iaoa?eaea. Oi?iiaaiea oeaeaniia?acii
i?iaiaeeoue a ia?aoiaeiie ia?eiae iaaeaeo oi?ie?iaaieai eiaaoeyoeeiiiie
e e?enoaeeecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?ie aeinioeaiaioiiai eaiiy. Iioeiece?iaai
i?ioeann ia?aiaoeaaiey a?aieeoiaie niane. Iaeaieaa oaoiieiae/anee
oeaeaniia?acii ia?aiaoeaaoue 1 ieiooo oeaiaio n aeinii, caoai 2 ieioou
niaianoii n aiaeie e, aaiaey ae?aaaniue caiieieoaeue, aua
ia?aiaoeaaoue 1 ieiooo. Iaeaieueoea iieacaoaee i?i/iinoe iaoa?eaea
iieo/athony i?e oaa?aeaiee ia?acoeia a?aieeoa a aicaeooii-nooeo
oneiaeyo.

Eco/aiu oeceei-iaoaie/aneea naienoaa iiaiai iaoa?eaea, eioi?ua eiatho
iieacaoaee a 1,5-2 ?aca auoa o?aaeeoeeiiiiai a?aieeoa. I?i/iinoue a
28-ie nooi/iii aic?anoa — 5,6-7,1 IIa. N?aaeiyy ieioiinoue
auno?ioaa?aeathuaai noaiiaiai iaoa?eaea: ec eciaeue/aiiie iiaenieia/iie
eocae — 620-760 ea/i3, ec ae?aaaniuo iieeie — 710-890 ea/i3.
Eiyooeoeeaio oaieii?iaiaeiinoe — 0,209-0,307 Ao/(iE). I?eiaiaiea a
ea/anoaa caiieieoaey eciaeue/aiiie iiaenieia/iie eocae oaaee/eei
aiaeinoieeinoue a?aieeoa (E?aci= 0,65), a aeiaaaeaiea aiaeiyioeueneiiiie
ae?eeiaie e?anee (0,002( io iannu ayaeouaai) a a?aieeo ia ae?aaaniuo
iieeeao oaaee/eei aai aiaeinoieeinoue ia 40( (E?aci = 0,58).
Ii?icinoieeinoue — 25 oeeeeia.

?ac?aaioaiu oaoiieiae/aneea noaiu i?iecaiaenoaa noaiiauo aeieia
a?aieeoa, i?aeiouanoai eioi?uo caeeth/aaony a oi?iuaiee oaoiieiae/aneiai
i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa a?aieeoa ii n?aaiaieth n o?aaeeoeeiiiui.
Naaanoieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee nieaeaia ia 70%.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: auno?ioaa?aeathuee noaiiaie iaoa?eae, a?aieeo,
eiiiiceoeeiiiia aeinioeaiaioiia ayaeouaa, i?aaie/aneea
oeaeetheiciniaea?aeauea iooiaeu i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

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