OI?AA?NEOAO AIOO??OI?O NI?AA

Eieiii?oeueOaoyia Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 342. 922 (477)

Oo?aoe ca caeiiiaeaanoaii i?iaaei?i?no?aoeai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy

12. 00. 07 – oai??y oi?aae?iiy; aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aai ?
i?ioean;o?iainiaa i?aai

AAOI?AOA?AOaeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiyeaiaeeaeaoa
th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? eiinoeoooe?eiiai oa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa
th?eaee/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaaeue Eaii?ae
Aaneeueiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e eiinoeoooe?eiiai oa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
i?aaa Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

– aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Oea?oia A?eoi? Einoyioeiiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ieoiiai oa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa Aeaaeai?? ieoii?
neoaeae Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee);

– eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eiicthe Aiaoie?e O?ioeiiae/,
ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa ? aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
ae?yeueiino? Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie IAN Oe?a?ie (i.
Oa?e?a).

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueia Aeaaeai?y aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “19” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 1300 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 64.700.01 i?e Oi?aa?neoao?
aioo??oi?o ni?aa (310080, i. Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo 50-oe ??//y N?N?, 27).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa (310080, i. Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo 50-oe ??//y N?N?, 27).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “14” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee _____________ Aioe A.ss.5

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?eeiyooy Eiinoeoooe??, i?iaaaeaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aoi?ie, anooi Oe?a?ie aei ?aaee ?a?iie coiiaeee
iio?aao ?aoi?ioaaiiy anueiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, neeaaeiaith
/anoeiith yeiai ? aaei?i?no?aoeaia caeiiiaeaanoai.

?iaioa a oeueiio iai?yieo aaaeaoueny: 18 — 21 /a?aiy 1998 ?ieo o i.
ss?ai/a, ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano? i?iaaaeaii ia?oo iaoeiai-oai?aoe/io
eiioa?aioe?th “Aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aai: no/aniee noai ? iai?yiee
?aoi?ioaaiiy”, ca i?aenoieaie yei? i?aeaioiaeai? eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe??
uiaei ?ic?iaee Aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie; 14-15 n?/iy 1998
?ieo o ?aieao Ni?eueii? i?ia?aie Eii?n?? ?a?iiaenueeeo ni?aoiaa?enoa ?
?aaee ?a?iie c ieoaiue ?aoi?ioaaiiy i?aaiai? nenoaie a Oe?a?i? i?ioiaeea
nai?ia? ia oaio “Noaeiaee eiio?ieue aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ae?e”, o/anieee
yeiai ?ic?iaeee i?iiiceoe?? uiaei i?eaaaeaiiy i?iaeoo Aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie o a?aeiia?aei?noue c iieiaeaiiyie ?a?iiaenueei?
Eiiaaioe?? c i?aa ethaeeie; i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy “e?oaeiai noieo” ia
oaio “Aeei?enoaiiy ?iicaiiiai oa oe?a?inueeiai aeina?aeo i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? Aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie” ?iicaii? oao?aoe?,
cie?aia th?eaee/ii? oeiee Oi?aa?neoaoo I?ai?/iiai Iaaei oa eiioea?io
“Aa?oiaainoai i?aaa” aeneiaeee nai? i?iiiceoe??, iiae?eeeeny aeina?aeii;
aaea i?aeaioiaeaii i?iaeo Aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai eiaeaeno
Oe?a?ie, i?iaeo Eiaeaeno caeii?a i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?inooiee Oe?a?ie.

?aoi?ioaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie iaiiaeeeaa aac
?aoi?ioaaiiy, cie?aia aaei?i?no?aoeaii-aeae?eoiiai e
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, a yeiio iaaia i?noea
caeiathoue ii?ie, ye? ia?aaeaa/athoue canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
oo?aoo – iaeiioe?ai?oiai aeaeo aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai noyaiaiiy. ?noi?e/iee
aiae?c ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a e iaoa??ae?a i?aeoeee na?ae/eoue, ui
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio oo?aoo caaaeaee iaeaaeaei aeii?ioth/a i?noea a
nenoai? aaei?i?no?aoeaieo noyaiaiue, ui iiynith?oueny eiai cia/iei
i?aaaioeaiei, aeoiaiei oa ?ai?aneaiei iioaioe?aeii. Ie??i oiai,
ine?eueee aaei?i?no?aoeaiee oo?ao – oea noyaiaiiy iaeiiaiai oa?aeoa?o,
eiai ?icaeyaeathoue ?acii c ?ioeie th?eaee/ieie oo?aoieie naieoe?yie ye
aeaea?aei iiiiaiaiiy athaeaeaoo (oi/a oea ia ? aieiaiith iaoith
noyaiaiiy), ui o eiioaeno? iino?eiiai aeao?oeeoo athaeaeaoieo
iaaeoiaeaeaiue iaaea? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio oo?aoo ua a?eueoi?
aeooaeueiino?.

Iiyaa ?icaaeoaeaii? nenoaie ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ye?
oeaio?ae?ciaaii ai?iaaaeaeothoueny oa i?noyoue aaei?i?no?aoeai? caai?iie
c? oo?aoiith naieoe??th, oa?i?iieia?/ia ieooaieia a /eiiiio
caeiiiaeaanoa?, eiee ca aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy ia?aaeaa/a?oueny
canoinoaaiiy naieoe?e o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? aeanoeaino?, iia?oi?
i?iiiceoe?? ii ?aoi?ioaaiith nenoaie aaei?i?no?aoeaieo noyaiaiue
(iai?eeeaae, uiaei neanoaaiiy aei?aaieo ?ia?o ye oi?ie aeei?enoaiiy
i?eioniai? i?aoe?, iinooiiai? cai?ie ?o aaei?i?no?aoeaiei oo?aoii),
iio?aaa ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaae?eiiai iaoai?cio aa?aio?e caoenoo
i?aa a?iiaaeyi (o 1998 ?ioe? a Oe?a?i? o?eueee i?aaie i?e?oe?? i?eoyaee
aei aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? 17 iei. /ieia?e, c ieo 12 iei.
– i?aaie AeA?), aeiaaathoue eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoaiue
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a c iaoith
iioei?caoe?? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-aeae?eoiiai oa
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. A aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaia?e
e?oa?aoo?? ieoaiiyi aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, ? cie?aia
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo noyaiaiue, i?enay/aii /eiaei i?aoeue (A.A.Aaa?’yiiaa,
I.A.Aeueio?ia, I.I.Aaiaeo?ee, Ae.I.Aao?aoa, I.E.Aacnia?oiiai,
TH.I.Aeoyea, ?.I.Aieini?/aiea, N.O.Aii/a?oea, ?.A.Aeiae?ia,
I.?.??iie?ia, A.A.Coe, Ae.I.Eaeayiiaa, ?.A.Eaethaeiiai, N.A.Eeaaeiaa,
A.I.Eethoie/aiea, E.A.Eiaaey, TH.I.Eiceiaa, A.E.Eieiaeiaa, A.O.Eiicthea,
I.I.Ei?ai?aa, A.I.Eocueie/iai?, A.I.Eaca?aaa, I.?.Eaenoa,
?.A.Ia?oueyiiaa, I.ss.Ianeaiieeiaa, A.O.Ii?eoea, I.?.Inoaiaiea,
?.N.Iaaeianueeiai, ?.I.Iaoiiiaa, A.I.I?oeiaa, A.O.Iiai??eea,
A.I.Nae?aaiiaa, I.I.Nieaa?ueiaa, A.I.Noieaiaiai, I.I.Oeuaiea,
I.I.*oaieea, A.I.Ooiaiiaa, TH.N.Oaioo/aiea, I.I.Oa?a?ia, A.E.Oea?oie,
I.I.sseoae oa ?i.), ye? ? ooiaeaiaioaeueiith aacith aeey iiaeaeueoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoaiue, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny. Aaciina?aaeiuei i?iaeaiai
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a i?enay/aii i?aoe? A.I.Aiiaea?aiea,
?.?.Aa?ai??iei, I.ss.Naaa?ia, I.A.Naiieeaiei, A.?.O?oiaa, i?ioa
a?eueo?noue c ieo iaienai? ua aei ooai?aiiy iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?ie ia aac?
nithciiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, ?aooa i?enay/aia ie?aiei ieoaiiyi /e
i?ioeaaeo?ai canoinoaaiiy oeueiai noyaiaiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia a?aenooi?noth
iiaeo eiiieaenieo ?ic?iaie o oeueiio iai?yieo e i?aeoe/iith cia/ei?noth
ieoaiue, iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy yeeo coiiaeaia iio?aaith
oaeineiiaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoiiai ?, acaaae? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie. Ana aeuacacia/aia ? coiiaeei aea?? oaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii a
?aieao ieai?a aeine?aeaeaiue Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie (i.4. 10. 5 Aieiaieo iai?yie?a
aeine?aeaeaiue Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa ia 1996-2000 ??.). E??i
oiai, oeae iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeiia?aea? Eiiieaeni?e oe?eueia?e
i?ia?ai? ai?ioueae ?c cei/eii?noth ia 1996-2000 ??., caoaa?aeaeai?e
Oeacii I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie a?ae 17 aa?aniy 1996 ?ieo.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – noni?euei? a?aeiineie, iia’ycai? c
anoaiiaeaiiyi, canoinoaaiiyi oa noyaiaiiyi aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – iaoa??aeuei? e i?ioeanoaeueii-i?aaia?
aeanoeaino?, i?aaia? iniiae cai?iaaaeaeaiiy, canoinoaaiiy oa noyaiaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy
nooiino?, iaoa??aeueiiai e i?ioeanoaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oo?aoo, a oaeiae ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy oo?aoiii?iioai?/i?, oo?aoicanoinia/i? ae?yeueiino? e
ci?oeiaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i?.

Ca?aeii c iinoaaeaiith iaoith, caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?:

– aecia/aiiy i?e?iaee, nooiino?, aeanoeainoae aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oo?aoo;

– aiae?c oo?aoiii?iioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? (?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo oa
no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e);

– aecia/aiiy ? oa?aeoa?enoeea nenoaie i?aai?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii?
th?enaeeeoe??, i?aaiaiai noaoono eiaeiiai c i?aai?a;

– eiiieaeniee aiae?c i?iaaaeaeaiiy o ni?aaao i?i canoinoaaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a;

– aeine?aeaeaiiy aa?aio?e caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoi?e ae?yeueiino? Oe?a?ie;

– ae?iaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
aaei?i?no?aoeai? oo?aoe e i?aeoeee eiai canoinoaaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy — nenoaia caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo
(ae?aeaeoe/iee, ?noi?e/iee, nenoaiiee aiae?c oiui) ? niaoe?aeueieo
iaoiae?a (noaoenoe/iee, ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee, aeieoiaioaeueiiai
aiae?co, aenia?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue).

O i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaii /eiia
oa ?ai?oa ae?th/a caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie, iaoeia? i?aoe? c oai???
aea?aeaae oa i?aaa (?.N.Naiiuaiea, I.I.?aaeiiae/a), eiinoeoooe?eiiai
(A.O.Iiai??eea), aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai, e?ei?iaeueiiai (N.N.ssoeaiea,
I.I.Aiae?ooei), e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai (I.I.Ieoa?iea,
TH.I.A?ioaaiai), oeea?eueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai (I.E.Ooaoaia), o?iainiaiai
(E.E.Ai?iiiai?), aeieia?/iiai (A.?.Aiae?aeoeaaa) i?aaa, ioae?eaoe??
ioae?oeenoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o; aenooie ea??aiee?a oa i?ia?aeieo oao?aoe?a
Aa?oiaiiai Noaeo Oe?a?ie (A.N.Noaoaithea, I.N.Iaiaa?ia), Aea?aeaaii?
iiaeaoeiai? aaei?i?no?aoe?? Oe?a?ie oiui.

Aii??e/io aaco neeaee noaoenoe/i? aeai? i?i canoinoaaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a Oi?aae?iiy ocaaaeueiaiiy noaeiai? i?aeoeee oa
aiae?co noaeiai? noaoenoeee Aa?oiaiiai Noaeo Oe?a?ie oa Caii??cueeiai
iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee, a oaeiae a?o?ai? aeieoiaioe c 8 oiiaeo
OeAeAAIO Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aecia/a?oueny oei, ui o
eiioaeno? iioe?aiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii? oo?aoicanoinia/i? i?aeoeee,
i?iaeaie i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy cai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa canoinoaaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a eiiieaenii ia aeine?aeaeoaaeenue. ?nioth/?
?iaioe i?enay/ai? ie?aiei ieoaiiyi, a?oioothoueny ia nithciiio aai
ca?oa?aeiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? e ia o iiai?e i??? a?aeiia?aeathoue iio?aaai
no/aniiai ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae e caaaeaiiyi iaoee. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeiei ?c ia?oeo a Oe?a?i? iiiia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
c ieoaiue aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a, aeayeei cai?iiiiiaaiei i?iiiceoe?yi
aeanoeaa iciaea iiaecie. *anoeio ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?aeaii
aia?oa, ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy (ieoaiiy i?iaaaeaeaiiy, aa?aio?? caeiiiino?
oiui) io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie.

Iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

– oa?aeoa?enoeea nooiino? oa iniaeeainoae aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, iaoa??aeueieo oa i?ioeanoaeueii-i?aaiaeo
aeanoeainoae aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oo?aoo o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie
th?eaee/ieie oo?aoieie naieoe?yie;

– aecia/aiiy ii?ooaiiy caaaeueiiiaia’yceiaeo i?aaee c? oo?aoiith
naieoe??th i?aenoaaith aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?;

– aiae?c ?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo oo?aoiii?iioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i?
(ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio oa i?noeaaiio ??aiyo e i?iiiceoe?? uiaei eiai
a?aooaaiiy);

– aia?oa aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea oaiaeaioe?e no/anii?
oo?aoiii?iioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i? c aecia/aiiyi eiie?aoieo
i?iiiceoe?e uiaei ?? oaeineiiaeaiiy;

– eiiieaeniee aiae?c nenoaie i?aai?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii?
th?enaeeeoe??, i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?? caoaeaiiy oa iineeaiiy ia/ae
niaoe?ae?caoe??;

– aecia/aiiy nooiino? oa oa?aeoa?enoeea i?iaaaeaeaiiy a ni?aaao i?i
canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a, aiae?c aa?aio?e caaacia/aiiy
caeiiiino? a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoi?e ae?yeueiino? Oe?a?ie;

– eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-aeae?eoiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, oo?aoiii?iioai?/i? oa
oo?aoicanoinia/i? ae?yeueiino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeaeth? ?nioth/? oyaeaiiy i?i
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoio a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, nooi?noue, i?ecia/aiiy,
aeanoeaino? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oo?aoo, ?noi?e/iee aeina?ae oa
oaiaeaioe?? no/anii? oo?aoiii?iioai?/i? iie?oeee, a oaeiae nenoaio
i?aai?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? th?enaeeeoe?? oa iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
i?iaaaeaeaiiy a ni?aaao i?i canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a.

?aeiiaiaeaoe??, noi?ioeueiaai? aeena?oaioii, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy oo?aoiii?iioai?/i? oa oo?aoicanoinia/i? ae?yeueiino?
??cieo i?aai?a aea?aeaae, a oaeiae i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaoiaee/ieo
?ic?iaie, i?ae?o/iee?a, iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a aeey nooaeaio?a oa
neooa/?a th?eaee/ieo caeeaae?a ina?oe.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? o
Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? c aeenoeeie?i “Aaei?i?no?aoeaia
i?aai” oa “Aaei?i?no?aoeaia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue”, a?aoiaai? i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie, noaoae oa iaoeiaeo
iia?aeiieaiue.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iaea?aeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a,
aeeeaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii
caeiaoaa/ai naiino?eii, an? noi?ioeueiaai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee
iaa?oioiaai? ia i?aenoaa? iniaenoeo aeine?aeaeaiue. O ni?aaaoi?noa?
iaienaii iaeio iaoeiao noaooth “Caeiiiaeaanoai i?i a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue
ca aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy : ieoaiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy” (aaoi?nueea
o/anoue – 85%).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
ii?eethaeiaii ia 3-o iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo oa iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?yo: ??
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e iai’yo? i?io. E.A.Oaaei?iaa
(Caii??aeaey, o?aaaiue 1997 ?ieo); ?? i?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa
Oe?a?ie” (Caii??aeaey, eenoiiaae 1997 ?ieo); ??? i?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa
Oe?a?ie”(Caii??aeaey, eenoiiaae 1998 ?ieo); V ui??/i?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? IaOEIA “Oe?a?ia: ethaeeia, noni?euenoai, i?e?iaea” (Ee?a,
ethoee 1999 ?ieo).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii o 8 noaooyo: o
A?nieeo Caii??cueeiai th?eaee/iiai ?inoeoooo IAN Oe?a?ie, Iaoeiaiio
a?nieeo Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, I?aa?
Oe?a?ie, ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo noaoae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e
Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo iia?aeiieaiue
IaOEIA.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, ye? ia’?aeiothoue aeaa’youe i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 202 noi??iee, c ieo
nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae — 23 noi??iee. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
neeaaea?oueny ?c 256 iaeiaioaaiue. Iacae ? ?icoaooaaiiy ?icae?e?a oa
i?ae?icae?e?a coiiaeai? eia?eith aeeeaaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O “ANOOI?” oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoiaeieia?/i? ? iaoiaee/i? iniiae, iaoeiaa iiaecia
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ?o i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a a iaea?aeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a
aeena?oaoe??.

Ia?oee ?icae?e – “NOOI?NOUe AAeI?I?NO?AOEAIIAI OO?AOO ssE AEAeO
AAeI?I?NO?AOEAII? A?AeIIA?AeAEUeIINO?” – neeaaea?oueny ?c o?ueio
i?ae?icae?e?a. O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Nooi?noue ? iniaeeaino?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?” aiae?cothoueny ?nioth/?
eiioeaioe?? nooiino? th?eaee/ii?, cie?aia aaei?i?no?aoeaii?, oa ??
i?aeaeaeo aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, ocaaaeueiaiiy
iieiaeaiue yeeo aeicaieeei aeae?eeoe aea? aeii?ioth/? eiino?oeoe??:
“a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue – oea iaia’ycie” oa “a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue – oea
naieoe?y”, ye? ia iiaeooue aooe i?ioenoaaeai? iaeia iaei?e, ine?eueee
aaei?i?no?aoeaia (aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoia) a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue o
oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? – oea iaia’ycie, a o aocueeiio – naieoe?y.

Neeaaeiee oa?aeoa? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? coiiaea
?icaeyae o aeena?oaoe?? ?? ?aeaaeueiiai (aioo??oiueiai) oa
iaoa??aeueiiai (ciai?oiueiai), noa’?eoeaiiai oa ia’?eoeaiiai,
?ao?iniaeoeaiiai oa iiceoeaiiai aniaeo?a. Aaaaoianiaeoi?noue oa
a?aenooi?noue /?oeiai aecia/aiiy iiiyooy aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? coiiaeee iiyao oeoia/aiue ?? ye canoinoaaiiy
aoaeue-yeiai c /ioe?ueio aeae?a aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?eiono e ?icaeyae o
?iaio? ?o ?iciaaeoaaiiy oa aeae?eaiiy e?eoa???a.

Aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue – i?aeaeae aaeocaai?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, yeiio ii?yae ?c caaaeueieie iciaeaie i?aaiai?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? i?eoaiaii? iaai? aaeocaa? iniaeeaino?, aeae?eeoe ye?
a aeena?oaoe?? aeicaieea ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c oeueiai aeaeo
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? c e?ei?iaeueiith, oeea?eueii-i?aaiaith oa
aeenoeeie?ia?iith a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth.

Ana oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoio
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ye niaoeeo?/io oi?io iaaaoeaiiai ?aaaoaaiiy c aieo
aea?aeaae a inia? ?? eiiiaoaioieo i?aai?a (i?aai?a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? th?enaeeeoe??) ia a?aeiia?aeio eaoaai??th
i?ioei?aaieo i?iya?a, ca?aeii c yeith aeii? iniae iiaeii? aeaoe
a?aeiia?aeue ? caciaoe aaei?i?no?aoeaieo noyaiaiue o aeaeyae? oo?ao?a o
anoaiiaeaieo caeiiii oi?iao ? ii?yaeeo.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e – “Iaoa??aeuei? e i?ioeanoaeueii-i?aaia? aeanoeaino?
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oo?aoo o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie th?eaee/ieie oo?aoieie
naieoe?yie” i?enay/aii oa?aeoa?enoeoe? cacia/aieo aeanoeainoae o
ii??aiyii? c e?ei?iaeueieie, oeea?eueieie oa o?iainiaeie oo?aoaie.

Caa?iooi oaaao ia oa, ui inoaii?i /anii o aaeoc? aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
ii?iioai?/ino? niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y iiyae ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo
aeo?a, ye? ia?aaeaa/athoue canoinoaaiiy ca a/eiaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
i?aaiii?ooaiue oae caaieo “o?iainiaeo oa aeiiii?/ieo naieoe?e o aeaeyae?
oo?aoo”. O ?iaio? iaaiaeyoueny eiie?aoi? i?eeeaaee. Caeiiiaeaaaoeue,
iaceaath/e ?o o?iainiaeie /e aeiiii?/ieie, i?iiiio? e niaoeeo?/iee
iaoai?ci canoinoaaiiy, yeee ia ia? i?/iai ni?eueiiai c i?ioeaaeo?ith
canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a.

Ii?iioai?/a ieooaieia e coiiaeea aeioe?euei?noue ?ice?eooy a
aeena?oaoe?? nooiino? iaeiiai c iaeiioe?ai?oeo aeae?a oo?aoii? naieoe??
— aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oo?aoo o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie aeaeaie th?eaee/ieo
oo?aoieo naieoe?e.

Neiai “oo?ao” ia? aeaai? iioiaeaeaiiy ? a ia?aeeaae? c i?iaoeueei?
“Strafe” icia/a? iaith, ea?o, a?ioiaa noyaiaiiy ca aeio. I?ioa,
aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui nooi?noue aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oo?aoo cia/ii oe?oa
e ia iieyaa? o?eueee a ouaieaii? iaeiiaeo ?ioa?an?a aeiii? iniae. Aeey
oeueiai o ?iaio? aiae?cothoueny caaaeuei? ?ene oo?aoii? (ea?aeueii?)
naieoe??, i?eoaiaii? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio oo?aoo, e, caaaeyee
ii??aiyeueiiio aiae?co c ?ioeie th?eaee/ieie oo?aoieie naieoe?yie,
aeae?eythoueny eiai niaoeeo?/i? iciaee: iiiaeeii?noue i?aai?a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? th?enaeeeoe??, ?icia?ooy noa’?eo?a, aei yeeo
canoiniaothoueny aaei?i?no?aoeai? oo?aoe, cia/iee aeoiaiee, i?aaaioeaiee
oa ?ai?aneaiee iioaioe?ae, iia?aoeai?noue i?ioeaaeo?e noyaiaiiy. Ana oea
o eiiieaen? aeicaieeei aeena?oaioia? noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i naiino?eiee
oa?aeoa? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oo?aoo ye aeaeo oo?aoii? naieoe?? oa i?i
aeioe?euei?noue iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy eiai iioaioe?aeo a ?ioa?anao
ci?oeiaiiy aeenoeeie?ie oa canaae caeiiiino? o aea?aeaa?.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Ii?ooaiiy (iaaeeiiaiiy)
caaaeueiiiaia’yceiaeo i?aaee c aaei?i?no?aoeaiith naieoe??th – i?aenoaaa
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?” aeaoaeueii aiae?cothoueny
i?aenoaae i?eoyaiaiiy aeiii? iniae aei a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? oa
canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai noyaiaiiy o aeaeyae? oo?aoo. Oaeoe/iith
(ia’?eoeaiith) i?aenoaaith aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?
? aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aaiii?ooaiiy (i?inooiie), io?oe?eia aecia/aiiy
yeiai aea?oueny a /.1 no.9 EiAI Oe?a?ie. Caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia oa, ui a
caeiiiaeaanoa? iaeii/anii aaeeaathoueny ? ioioiaeiththoueny aeaa oa?i?ie
? oei naiei aeaa iiiyooy: “aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aaiii?ooaiiy” ?
“aaei?i?no?aoeaiee i?inooiie”. Aeena?oaio i?aeo?eio? oi/eo ci?o, ca?aeii
c yeith aaei?i?no?aoeaiei i?aaiii?ooaiiyi ne?ae aaaaeaoe aoaeue-yea
ii?ooaiiy ii?i aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa, oiae? ye aaei?i?no?aoeaiei
i?inooieii – i?ioei?aaia a/eiaiiy ae?yiue, ca ye? caeiiiaeaanoaii
ia?aaeaa/aii canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo noyaiaiue. Aeena?oaio
i?aeo?eio? iieiaeaiiy Eiioeaioe?? ?aoi?ie aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa
Oe?a?ie uiaei aeei?enoaiiy a iaeaooiueiio oa?i?io “aaei?i?no?aoeaiee
i?inooiie” e ia?a?iaioaaiiy Eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai?
i?aaiii?ooaiiy a Eiaeaen caeii?a Oe?a?ie i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?inooiee.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeaoaeueii oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeaiaioe neeaae?a oa iciaee
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?aaiii?ooaiue (i?inooie?a), ca a/eiaiiy yeeo
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo noyaiaiue o aeaeyae?
oo?ao?a. Ii?yae c aiae?cii caaaeueiiaeciaieo iieiaeaiue, aeena?oaio
aeoeaioo? oaaao ia i?iiiceoe?yo a/aieo-aaei?i?no?aoea?no?a uiaei
iiaeeo?eaoe?? aeaiaio?a neeaae?a aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?aaiii?ooaiue
(i?inooie?a) ? aeneiaeth? naith oi/eo ci?o aei oeueiai ieoaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e – “ANOAIIAEAIIss AAeI?I?NO?AOEAIEO OO?AO?A — OOIEOe?ss
CAEIIIAeAA*I? AEAAeE” – neeaaea?oueny ?c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a. O ia?oiio
– “I?noeaa? i?aaie aeaaee – noa’?eoe ii?iioai?/ino? o noa??
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa (?noi?e/iee aeina?ae)”
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oo?aoiii?iioai?/? iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?noeaaeo i?aai?a
aeaaee a ??ci? ?noi?e/i? ia??iaee. Aiae?c ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a
(cie?aia, Aeae?aoo AOOeAE oa ?IE “I?i ii?yaeie aeaeaiiy iaia’yceiaeo
iinoaiia oa i?i iaeeaaeaiiy ca ?o ii?ooaiiy noyaiaiue o
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio ii?yaeeo”, Aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai eiaeaeno, Iniia
caeiiiaeaanoaa Nithco ?N? oa nithcieo ?anioae?e i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai?
i?aaiii?ooaiiy, Eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy
oiui) oa iaoa??ae?a i?aeoeee ?o canoinoaaiiy aeicaieeee aeena?oaioia?
a?aecia/eoe oe?ieee (/anii iaaei??ii, iai?eeeaae o 20-30-o ?ieao) ianya
oeeo iiaiiaaaeaiue c ieoaiue oi?a?ae? ia i?noeaaeo ?eieao, aeaaiono?ith
oa?eoi??e ianaeaieo ioieo?a, ii?ooaiiy oeo? a a?iiaaenueeeo i?noeyo,
ai?ioueae ?c noeo?eiei eeoii, iayai?noue noia?a/eeaeo oi?ioethaaiue a
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeoao, ?o iaocaiaeaeai?noue, a oaeiae cia/i?, /anii
iaaei??ii iaoyaeeea?, ?ici??e oo?ao?a, ye? noyaoaaeeny aeey iiiiaiaiiy
i?noeaaeo athaeaeao?a, aeiaaeee cai?ie a?ioiai? noie oo?ao?a
iaoo?aeueiith, ?nioaaiiy ?inoeoooo “i?ai?thaaiiy” oiui.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeae?eythoueny ?noi?e/i? aoaie oa aea?oueny ioe?iea
iaaiei oaiaeaioe?yi oo?aoiii?iioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? i?noeaaeo i?aai?a
aeaaee.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e – “Caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiee ??aaiue
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? ii?iioai?/ino? a Oe?a?i?: iniiai? ?noi?e/i?
aoaie oa ?o oa?aeoa?enoeea” – i?enay/aii aiae?co cacia/aiiai ??aiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? ii?iioai?/ino? o aea?aeaa? aei 1991 ?ieo. A
oe?eiio aeena?oaio a?aecia/a? eiai i???ioaoe?th ia nithciee ??aaiue
ii?iioai?/ino? (/anii niinoa??aa?oueny iaoai?/ia a?aeoai?aiiy iieiaeaiue
nithcieo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a o ?anioae?eainueeeo), ??ciee, i?ioa
iaaeinoaoi?e nooi?iue i?aaiai? ?a?eaiaioaoe?? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoieo
ieoaiue (?ici???a oo?ao?a, iaoiaeeee ?o aecia/aiiy, i?aenoaa
canoinoaaiiy oiui), ?icia?ooy oa iino?eia ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ui ia?aaeaa/aee canoinoaaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo noyaiaiue o aeaeyae? oo?ao?a, ?o iaocaiaeaeai?noue.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Iniaeeaino? oo?aoionoaiia/i? ae?yeueiino? a
Oe?a?i? a no/aniee ia??iae” – a?aecia/a?oueny, ui iaaia niaoeeo?ea
i?eoaiaiia oo?aoiii?iioai?/?e ae?yeueiino? eiaeiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo
aea?aeaae. Aeei?enoaiiy caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo oa niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei aeena?oaioia? aeae?eeoe e i?iaiae?coaaoe ?yae
oaiaeaioe?e no/aniiai ia??iaeo : a) c?inoaiiy ia’?eo?a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? i?aaiioi?iie; a) ?icoe?aiiy eiea noa’?eo?a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?; a) c?inoaiiy ?ici???a
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a oa noi?ioethaaoe aeaye? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy oo?aoiii?iioai?/i? ae?yeueiino?.

O?ao?e ?icae?e – “CANOINOAAIIss AAeI?I?NO?AOEAIEO OO?AO?A:
I?IOeANOAEUeIEE ?AAEEI” – neeaaea?oueny ?c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a. A
ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? –“Noa’?eoe i?aaa canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
oo?ao?a” – caa?oa?oueny oaaao ia ?icia?ooy, iaiaeii??aei?noue i?aai?a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? th?enaeeeoe??, ci?io ?ie? eiaeiiai c ieo
a?aeiia?aeii aei aeeiai?ee iie?oe/ieo, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a noni?euenoa?.

O aeena?oaoe?? cae?enith?oueny ?o eeaneo?eaoe?y oa ii??aiyiiy c i?aaiaie
oeea?eueiiai oa e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa. Aeena?oaio aeine?aeaeo?
nenoaio i?aai?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? th?enaeeeoe?? ? a oie aea /an
aiae?co? th?enaeeeoe?ei? iiaiiaaaeaiiy eiaeiiai c ieo.

Aiae?c ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a e iaoa??ae?a i?aeoeee aeicaieea ciaeoe
/eiaei iaaeie?e?a a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-th?enaeeeoe?ei?e ?iaio?
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo eii?n?e oa aeeiiaa/eo eii?oao?a i?noeaaeo ?aae ? aeaa
ciiao c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iio?aao ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?aai?a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? th?enaeeeoe?? Oe?a?ie. C iaoith caaacia/aiiy
iaae?eiiai caoenoo i?aa a?iiaaeyi e oaeineiiaeaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? th?enaeeeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? aeena?oaio
aaaaea? iio??aiei cia/ii caoceoe nenoaio oeeo i?aai?a ? iineeeoe ia/aea
niaoe?ae?caoe??, ui oe?eeii ocaiaeaeo?oueny c iieiaeaiiyie Eiioeaioe??
noaeiai-i?aaiai? ?aoi?ie Oe?a?ie oa Eiioeaioe?? ?aoi?ie
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa Oe?a?ie. Oea aeicaieeoue ca?eueieoe aeeiiaa/?
eii?oaoe a?ae iaia’yce?a, ye? ia iia’ycai? c iniiaiith ae?yeuei?noth,
aea?eueieoe aeiaeaoeia? ?ano?ne, ye? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe c a?eueoith
aoaeoeai?noth ia ?ioeo ae?eyieao aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino?;
iineeeoe eiio?ieue ca ae?yeuei?noth i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa,
aea?aeaaieo ?iniaeoe?e, noai?eaoe ia?aoeiaee uiaei ??ciiai ?iaeo
ceiaaeeaaiue; iineeeoe ae?eiao eiiiaoaioi?noue, canaaee iacaeaaeiino?,
aoaeoeai?noue, iia?aoeai?noue, aacnoi?iii?noue o i?iaaaeaeaii? a ni?aaao
i?i canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e – “I?iaaaeaeaiiy a ni?aaao i?i canoinoaaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a” – i?enay/aii oa?aeoa?enoeoe? iniiaieo
i?ioeanoaeueieo iieiaeaiue. Caa?oa?oueny oaaao ia niaoeeo?eo oo?aoo ye
aeaeo aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai noyaiaiiy ?, cie?aia, ia iiaeeea?noue
canoinoaaiiy eiai ye ca caaaeueieie i?aaeeaie, oae ? ia i?noe? a/eiaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?inooieo, ui coiiaeei aeae?eaiiy a iaooe? aeayeeie
aaei?i?no?aoea?noaie e?eueeio oi?i aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoiiai
i?iaaaeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaio aiae?co? ??ci? oi/ee ci?o e aeneiaeth? nai?
noaaeaiiy. O ?iaio? aeaoaeueii oa?aeoa?ecothoueny an? noaae??
i?iaaaeaeaiiy, oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny aiae?cii
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a e noaoenoe/ieie aeaieie, o oiio /ene? ii
Caii??cuee?e iaeano?.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oeei /eiaei i?iaaeei, noia?a/iinoae a
caeiiiaeaa/iio ?aaoethaaii? i?iaaaeaeaiiy a ni?aaao i?i canoinoaaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a, o oo?aoicanoinia/?e ae?yeueiino? e aeicaieeei
aeena?oaioia? noi?ioethaaoe oa ia??oiooaaoe aeaye? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?o
onoiaiiy, cai?iiiioaaaoe aianoe iaai? ci?ie aei noaoae EiAI Oe?a?ie.

O caeeth/iiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Caniae caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoi?e ae?yeueiino?” – aecia/athoueny e
aiae?cothoueny a?aeiia?aei? caniae. Iniaeeao oaaao aeena?oaio i?eae?ey?
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? iaoai?cio i?aaa ia inea?aeaiiy iinoaiia (??oaiue) oa
ae?e c ieoaiue aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, eiio?ieth
oa iaaeyaeo a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoi?e ae?yeueiino? c aieo
oiiaiiaaaeaieo i?aai?a ? oi?ioeth? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?o oaeineiiaeaiiy.

AENIIAEE

Aaei?i?no?aoeaiee oo?ao – oi?aa?naeueiee aeae aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
noyaiaiiy, iaeei ?c iaeiioe?ai?oeo aeae?a th?eaee/ieo oo?aoieo naieoe?e,
yeiio i?eoaiaii? caaaeuei? ?ene oo?aoii? (ea?aeueii?) naieoe?? e iaai?
niaoeeo?/i? iciaee: iiiaeeii?noue i?aai?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii?
th?enaeeeoe??, ?icia?ooy noa’?eo?a, aei yeeo canoiniao?oueny oo?ao,
ii??aiyii iaaaeee? ?ici??e, aeineoue ni?iuaiee ii?yaeie canoinoaaiiy,
cia/iee aeoiaiee, i?aaaioeaiee (ii?aeiaiiy caaaeueiii?aaaioeaiiai oa
eiie?aoiii?aaaioeaiiai oaeoi??a), ?ai?aneaiee iioaioe?ae, iia?aoeai?noue
i?ioeaaeo?e noyaiaiiy. O noeoiiino? iaoa??aeuei? e i?ioeanoaeuei?
aeanoeaino? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oo?aoo na?ae/aoue i?i eiai naiino?eiee
oa?aeoa? o nenoai? th?eaee/iee naieoe?e.

Anoaiiaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a – oea ooieoe?y caeiiiaeaa/i?
aeaaee. Oo?aoiii?iioai?/a ae?yeuei?noue aaeueie niaoeeo?/ia aeey
eiaeiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae, coiiaeaia iaaieie
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie, iie?oe/ieie oa ?ioeie oiiaaie.
Iiaoi?thaai?noue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue iia’ycaia c
aiaeia?/ieie i?ioeanaie o oo?aoi?e ii?iioai?/ino?, ui aeicaiey?
a?aooaaoe ?noi?e/iee aeina?ae oo?aoianoaiiaeaiiy oa oo?aoicanoinoaaiiy c
iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy no/aniiai oo?aoiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie.

Aiae?c aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoieo ii?i aea? iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe
aeineoue aaeeeo nenoaio i?aai?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii — oo?aoii?
th?enaeeeoe??, yea iino?eii ci?ith?oueny caaaeyee ia?a?iciiae?eo
th?enaeeeoe?eieo iiaiiaaaeaiue i?ae ?nioth/eie i?aaiaie oa oeyoii
noai?aiiy iiaeo. ?aoi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa coiiaeth? e iio?aao
?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?aai?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? th?enaeeeoe??, a
naia ?? ciaioaiiy e iineeaiiy ia/ae niaoe?ae?caoe??.

I?ioeaaeo?a ?icaeyaeo ni?aa i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy ?
aeineoue ianeeaaeiith, ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a ia i?noe? a/eiaiiy i?aaiii?ooaiiy. I?ioa
aeaoaeueiee ?? aiae?c aena?oeth? /eiaei i?iaaeei o i?aaiaiio
?aaoethaaii? i?iaaaeaeaiiy, ui e coiiaeei i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ??
oaeineiiaeaiiy, a o eiiieaen? c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie uiaei iineeaiiy
aa?aio?e caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? e an??? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii?
ae?yeueiino? Oe?a?ie.

A naia:

1) i?iaanoe ?iaaioa?ecaoe?th ia’?eo?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii — oo?aoii?
ioi?iie ia i?aenoaa? iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaiiai iiiyooy
“caaaeueiiiaia’yceia? i?aaeea”;

2) inoaoi/ii ae??oeoe ieoaiiy noa’?eo?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?;

3) ia?aaeyiooe ?ici??e aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a; iaeneiaeuei? ?ici??e
oo?ao?a aeey a?iiaaeyi ia?aaeaa/eoe o iaaeao na?aaeiuei? ca?ia?oii?
ieaoe o aea?aeaa?, ca aeiyoeii oo?ao?a ca aaei?i?no?aoeai?
i?aaiii?ooaiiy c i?aeaeuaiei ??aiai noni?eueii? oe?aeeeaino?, ye?
iiaeii? canoiniaoaaoeny aeeeth/ii o noaeiaiio ii?yaeeo ? o ?ici??ao,
/?oei aecia/aieo caeiiiaeaaoeai;

4) onoiooe ?icii?ioai?noue oo?aoieo ii?i (naieoe?e) a aaaaoueio
caeiiiaeaa/eo aeoao ? cina?aaeaeoaaoe ?o aeeeth/ii a EiAI Oe?a?ie;

5) aianoe ci?ie aei Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy a
Oe?a?i?”, iaaeaaoe e aeeiiaa/ei eii?oaoai i?noeaaeo ?aae iiaeeea?noue
anoaiiaethaaoe a iia?aoeaiiio ii?yaeeo i?aaeea, ca ii?ooaiiy
(iaaeeiiaiiy) yeeo ia?aaeaa/aia aaei?i?no?aoeaia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, ?
oei naiei “ciyoe” noia?a/iino? i?ae EiAI Oe?a?ie oa Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i
i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?”;

6) caoceoe oa iinooiiai iicaaaeoe aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoieo
th?enaeeeoe?eieo iiaiiaaaeaiue aaei?i?no?aoeai? eii?n?? i?e aea?aeaaieo
aaei?i?no?aoe?yo (aeeiiaa/eo eii?oaoao), aeeiiaa/? eii?oaoe naeeuieo oa
n?euenueeeo ?aae, ?icoe?eoe noaeiao oa niaoe?aeueio (i?aaie aioo??oi?o
ni?aa, aea?aeaai? ?iniaeoe??) noa?o canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
oo?ao?a. ?icaeyae ni?aa i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy c
i?aeaeuaiei ??aiai noni?eueii? oe?aeeeaino?, ni?aa i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai?
i?aaiii?ooaiiy iaiiaiie?oi?o oa ia?aaeyae ni?aa ii nea?aao cina?aaeeoe a
noaeao, an?o ?ioeo ni?aa – a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo i?aaiao (i?aaiao
aioo??oi?o ni?aa, aea?aeaaieo ?iniaeoe?yo);

7) i?iaanoe ?iaaioa?ecaoe?th i?aai?a, oiiaiiaaaeaieo neeaaeaoe i?ioieie
i?i aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aaiii?ooaiiy; ?ic?iaeoe oa caoaa?aeeoe ?aeeio
oi?io i?ioieieo aeey an?o i?aai?a, oiiaiiaaaeaieo eiai neeaaeaoe oa
cae?enithaaoe iiia?aaeith i?aeaioiaeo ii ni?aaao, ia?aaeaa/eoe ?aeeiee
o?eaeaiiee no?ie iai?aaeaiiy i?ioieieo aei i?aaio aaei?i?no?aoeaii —
oo?aoii? th?enaeeeoe??;

8) oaeineiiaeeoe aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?ioeanoaeueiee noaoon in?a, ui
aa?ooue o/anoue a i?iaaaeaeaii? o ni?aaao i?i canoinoaaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a:

— cae??ieoe iniiai? aeaee eeiiioaiue iniae, yea i?eoyao?oueny aei
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?;

— aecia/eoe ia?ae?e ianoaaei, i?e iayaiino? yeeo o/anoue na?aeea o
ni?aa? ? iaia’yceiaith;

— cae??ieoe ia caeiiiaeaa/iio ??ai? ia?ae?e in?a, ye? ia iiaeooue aooe
na?aeeaie o ni?aaao i?i canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a;

— ?icoe?eoe aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?ioeanoaeueiee noaoon caeiiieo
i?aaenoaaiee?a, aaeaieaoa e aianoe a?aeiia?aei? ci?ie oa aeiiiaiaiiy aei
no. no. 269 oa 270 EiAI Oe?a?ie;

— aianoe aei aeaae 21 EiAI Oe?a?ie aeiiiaiaiiy o aeaeyae? noaoo? 274-1
“Iiiyo? o i?iaaaeaeaii?”;

— ia?aaeaa/eoe aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoio a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue na?aee?a,
aenia?o?a, ia?aeeaaea/?a, iioa?i?eiai a i?iaaaeaeaii? e aianoe
a?aeiia?aei? ci?ie aei noaoae 185-3, 272, 273, 274 EiAI Oe?a?ie;

— /. 2 no. 275 EiAI Oe?a?ie aeiiiaieoe neiaaie “ca ?aooiie Aea?aeaaiiai
athaeaeaoo”;

9) ia?aaeaa/eoe iiaeeea?noue iaieioaiiy ?aciethoeaii? /anoeie iinoaiiae
a aeaiue aeianaiiy c aei ioi?ieaiiyi ?? i?ioyaii ianooiiiai aeiy;

— nei?ioeoe no?iee: aeeiiaiiy iinoaiia (caaaeueiee no?ie 1,5 i?nyoey c
iiaeeeaeie aeiyoeaie); aeia?ia?eueii? nieaoe oo?aoo – 7 aei?a.

O ?ac? ianieaoe iniaith noie oo?aoo o anoaiiaeaiee no?ie, ia?aaeaa/eoe
?? a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue. Aeey oeueiai i?iaanoe ?iciaaeoaaiiy ianieaoe
aac iiaaaeieo i?e/ei oa ianieaoe c iiaaaeieo i?e/ei. O ia?oiio aeiaaeeo
ia?aaeaa/eoe i?eioniaa noyaiaiiy noie oo?aoo. O ae?oaiio — iiaeeea?noue
cai?ie oo?aoo ?ioei aeaeii aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai noyaiaiiy ;

— noi?ioethaaoe ia?ae?e ieoaiue, ye? iiaeii? ?icaeyaeaoeny i?e caa?iaii?
iinoaiiae aei aeeiiaiiy;

10) aeiaeaoeiai ne?ae oaeineiiaeeoe iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? aa?aio?e
caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? a aaei?i?no?aoeaii — oo?aoi?e ae?yeueiino?, a
naia: i?aaa ia inea?aeaiiy, noaeiaiai eiio?ieth, i?ieo?i?nueeiai
iaaeyaeo, i?iaanoe eiaeeo?eaoe?th aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeineoue iiaii aeeeaaeai? a
iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeyo, 4 c yeeo – o iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo:

1. Aaei?i?no?aoeaiee oo?ao oa ?io? th?eaee/i? oo?aoi? naieoe?? //
Iaoeiaee a?niee Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie. –
1998. — ?3. — N. 16 – 22.

2. I?aaie aaei?i?no?aoeaii – oo?aoii? th?enaeeeoe?? a Oe?a?i?: aeaye?
aniaeoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy // A?niee Caii??cueeiai th?eaee/iiai ?inoeoooo. –
1998. — ? 2 (4). – N. 55 – 64.

3. Oo?aoionoaiia/a ae?yeuei?noue: aeaye? iniaeeaino? no/aniiai ia??iaeo
// A?niee Caii??cueeiai th?eaee/iiai ?inoeoooo. – 1998. — ? 3 (5). – N.
83 – 93.

4. Aaei?i?no?aoeaiee oo?ao: iaoa??aeuei? ? i?ioeanoaeueii-i?aaia?
oa?aeoa?enoeee (o ii??aiyii? c e?ei?iaeueieie oa oeea?eueii-i?aaiaeie
oo?aoaie) // I?aai Oe?a?ie. – 1999. – ? 8. – N. 90-92.

5. I?noeaa? ?aaee ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a, ?o aeeiiaa/? i?aaie oa
aaei?i?no?aoeai? oo?aoe: aeaye? ?noi?eei–i?aaia? aniaeoe // ??
i?ae?aa?iiaeueia iaoeiai — i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Eiioeaioe?y
oi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie”: Iaoe. no. – Caii??aeaey, 1997. – N.
7 – 13.

6. I?aaie naiia?yaeoaaiiy – noa’?eoe ii?iioai?/ino? o noa??
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa (?noi?e/iee aeina?ae) //
Oe?a?ia OO noie?ooy: ?noi??y oa i?aai: Ca. iaoe. i?. — 1998. — Aeione 1.
– N. 145 — 153.

7. Aeaye? iniaeeaino? oo?aoionoaiia/i? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i? ia
no/aniiio aoai? oa i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?? oaeineiiaeaiiy // ???
i?ae?aa?iiaeueia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie”: Iaoe. no. – Caii??aeaey, 1999. — N. 89 – 100.

8. Caeiiiaeaanoai i?i a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca aaei?i?no?aoeai?
i?aaiii?ooaiiy: ieoaiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy // ?? iaoeiai – i?aeoe/ia
eiioa?aioe?y, i?enay/aia iai’yo? i?io. Oaaei?iaa E.A.(12 – 13 o?aaiy
1997 ?ieo): Iaoe. no. – Caii??aeaey, 1997. – N.137 – 145 (o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c *iooii N.A.).

Aiioaoe?y

Eieiii?oeue O.I. Oo?aoe ca caeiiiaeaanoaii i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai?
i?aaiii?ooaiiy. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12. 00. 07 – oai??y oi?aae?iiy; aaei?i?no?aoeaia
i?aai ? i?ioean; o?iainiaa i?aai. – Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN
Oe?a?ie, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii oa?aeoa?enoeoe? oo?ao?a ye aeaeo
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo noyaiaiue. I?iaiae?ciaaii nooi?noue, iniaeeaino? oa
i?aenoaae aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, iaoa??aeuei? ?
i?ioeanoaeueii-i?aaia? aeanoeaino? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oo?aoo o
ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie th?eaee/ieie oo?aoieie naieoe?yie. Iiaeaia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ii?iioai?/ino? o noa?? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa a Oe?a?i? a ?noi?e/iiio aniaeo? oa aeae?eai? iniaeeaino?
no/aniiai ia??iaeo. I?iaiae?ciaaii i?iaaaeaeaiiy a ni?aaao i?i
canoinoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oo?ao?a oa caniae caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino?
a aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoi?e ae?yeueiino?. Noi?ioeueiaaii i?iiiceoe??
uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oo?aoiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaei?i?no?aoeaia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, aaei?i?no?aoeaia
noyaiaiiy, oo?ao, i?aaiii?ooaiiy, ii?iioai?/?noue, i?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Aiiioaoeey

Eieiiiaoe O.A. Oo?aou ii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao ia aaeieieno?aoeaiuo
i?aaiia?ooaieyo. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12. 00. 07 – oai?ey oi?aaeaiey; aaeieieno?aoeaiia
i?aai e i?ioeann; oeiainiaia i?aai. – Oieaa?neoao aioo?aiieo aeae IAAe
Oe?aeiu, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth oo?aoia eae aeaea aaeieieno?aoeaiuo
acuneaiee. A ?aaioa ?anniao?eaathony nouanoaothuea eiioeaioeee nouiinoe
th?eaee/aneie, a /anoiinoe aaeieieno?aoeaiie e aa iiaeaeaea
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oo?aoiie, ioaaonoaaiiinoe; inouanoaeyaony n?aaiaiea
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oo?aoiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe n oaieiaiie,
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaie e aeenoeeieeia?iie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth,
auaeaeythony e oa?aeoa?ecothony aa iniaaiiinoe. Aeaoaeueii
aiaeece?othony iaoa?eaeueiua e i?ioeannoaeueii-i?aaiaua naienoaa
aaeieieno?aoeaiiai oo?aoa a n?aaiaiee n ae?oaeie th?eaee/aneeie
oo?aoiuie naieoeeyie (oaieiaiuie, a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauie e oeiainiauie
oo?aoaie), auaeaeyaony aai naiinoiyoaeueiue oa?aeoa? e cia/eoaeueiue
i?aaaioeaiue, ainieoaoaeueiue e ?ai?anneaiue iioaioeeae. Oaeaeyaony
aieiaiea eco/aieth yeaiaioia ninoaaia e i?eciaeia aaeieieno?aoeaiuo
i?aaiia?ooaiee (i?inooieia) eae iniiaaiey aaeieieno?aoeaii-oo?aoiie
ioaaonoaaiiinoe. Ia?yaeo n aiaeecii iauaecaanoiuo iieiaeaiee,
inaauathony i?aaeeiaeaiey o/aiuo-aaeieieno?aoeaenoia ioiineoaeueii
iiaeeoeeaoeee yeaiaioia ninoaaia e iainiiauaaaony iiceoeey aeenna?oaioa.

A ?aaioa eco/aaony onoaiiaeaiea aaeieieno?aoeaiuo oo?aoia eae ooieoeey
caeiiiaeaoaeueiie aeanoe, auaeaeythony aa noauaeou, enoi?e/aneea yoaiu,
oaiaeaioeee e ?acoeueoaou. Oai?aoe/aneea iieiaeaiey aeiiieiythony
aiaeecii ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiauo aeoia e iaoa?eaeaie i?aeoeee. Iniaia
aieiaiea oaeaeyaony eco/aieth iniaaiiinoae oo?aoionoaiiaeoaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe a Oe?aeia a nia?aiaiiue ia?eiae (oaaee/aieth eiee/anoaa
iauaeoia aaeieieno?aoeaii-oo?aoiie i?aaiio?aiu, ?anoe?aieth e?oaa
noauaeoia aaeieieno?aoeaii-oo?aoiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe, aic?anoaieth
?acia?ia aaeieieno?aoeaiuo oo?aoia e o.ae.) e ?ac?aaioea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
ii aa oniaa?oainoaiaaieth. Inouanoaeyaony nenoaiaoecaoeey
aaeieieno?aoeaii-aeaeeeoiuo ii?i n oo?aoiuie naieoeeyie e auaeaeyaony
caaeneiinoue ?acia?ia aaeieieno?aoeaiuo oo?aoia io noaiaie iauanoaaiiie
a?aaeiinoe aaeieieno?aoeaiuo i?aaiia?ooaiee (i?inooieia).

Eco/aaony nenoaia i?aaiia aaeieieno?aoeaii-oo?aoiie th?enaeeeoeee
Oe?aeiu e iiae?iaii aiaeece?oaony ?ieue e noaoon eaaeaeiai i?aaia.
Oi?ioee?othony e iainiiauaathony i?aaeeiaeaiey ii ?aoi?ie?iaaieth
(oiaiueoaieth) nenoaiu i?aaiia, ?anoe?aieth noaeaaiie e niaoeeaeueiie
noa? i?eiaiaiey aaeieieno?aoeaiuo oo?aoia.

Auaeaeythony e oa?aeoa?ecothony iniaaiiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa ii aeaeai i
i?eiaiaiee aaeieieno?aoeaiuo oo?aoia, iiae?iaii aiaeece?othony iniiaiua
i?ioeannoaeueiua iieiaeaiey, a oaeaea niiniau iaania/aiey caeiiiinoe a
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oo?aoiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Noi?ioee?iaaiu i?aaeeiaeaiey ii oniaa?oainoaiaaieth
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oo?aoiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa e oo?aoii?eiaieoaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe a Oe?aeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaeieieno?aoeaiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue, aaeieieno?aoeaiia
acuneaiea, oo?ao, i?aaiia?ooaiea, ii?iioai?/anoai, i?iecaiaenoai.

Summary

Kolomoets T.O. The fines of the law about administrative delinquency. —
Manuscript.

The dissertation for the degree of the candidate of Science in Law by
specialty 12.00.07 – theory of administration; administrative law and
procedure; financial law. — University of internal affairs MIA of
Ukraine, Kharkov,1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the characteristics of fines as a sort
of administrative penalties. There were analyzed the substance and
peculiarities and basis of administrative responsibility, material and
legal procedural peculiarities of administrative fine in comparison
with other juridical penalties sanctions. The characteristics of law –
making in the sphere of administrative and penalty legislation of the
State is given in the historical aspect and detachment of peculiarity
of up-to-date period. There were analyzed the procedure in affaires of
the usage of administrative fines and means of providing the lawns in
the administrative and penalty activity. The suggestions concerning
perfecting of administrative and penalty legislation were formulated.

Key words: administrative account, penalty under administrative law,
fine, delinquency , law – making, procedure.

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