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AeI?I?IIAO?IANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

EiCaiei ETHAeIEEA AAEAIOEI?aia

OAeE 616.381-002-031.81-07-089-085.37

OEssOE IIOEI?CAOe?? E?EOAAIIss OAI?EO C AINO?ITH O??O?A?*IITH
IAOIEIA??TH I?AAI?A *A?AAII? II?IAEIEIE, ONEEAAeIAII? ?ICEEOEI
IA?EOII?OII

14.01.03 – o??o?a?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??
IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Caneoaeaiee ae?y/
iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie Aiiaea?aiei Ieeiea Iaoa?eiae/,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith o??o?a?/ieo oai?ia.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ss?aoei Aieiaeeie?
A?eai?iae/, Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith o??o?a?? ? 2.

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, Eao?aao aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?
Aeanyoa?ee Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/, Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia
aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith o??o?a??, o?aaiaoieia?? ? i?oiiaae??
OII.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? o??o?a??
AII Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e o??o?a?? ia/?ie? oa ii?oaeueii? a?ia?oaic??, i.
Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “12” aeiaoiy 1999?. i 13 aiaeei?, aoaeeo. ?9 ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae08.601.01 o
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith:
320044, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.Aeca?aeeinueeiai, 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? AeAeIA ca aae?anith:
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.Aeca?aeeinueeiai, 9. .

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “10” aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeioeaioOea/aiei A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. A iei?oi?e /an aeinyaioo? cia/i? oni?oe a
ae?aaiinoeoe? oa eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? aino?i? o??o?a?/ii? iaoieia??
i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie. Iaeiae, oyaee?noue ia?aa?ao aino?i?
o??o?a?/ii? iaoieia??, aeniea eaoaeuei?noue iiyniththoue oa, ui aeaia
i?iaeaia iino?eii ciaoiaeeoueny a oeaio?? oaaae o??o?a?a, ye? iaaeathoue
iaa?aeeeaaeio aeiiiiiao (I.?. Eoc?i, 1996; I.A. A?eueoeaithe, 1996; I.?.
Ai?ae?e/oe, 1996; A.I. Aeai?aeia oa ni?aaao.,1996).

A?aeiii, ui ia?aa?a oa iane?aeie aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue
i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ioiieia?/ii?
?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio. I?e aaeaeaaoiiio noai? ?ioiieo oaeoi??a caoenoo
caoai?thaaiiy iaaoaa? ni?eyoeeaiai ia?aa?ao, a i?e cieaeaii? aai
niioai?aii? ?ioiieo ?aaeoe?e ia?inoa? iaaaciaea aaia?ae?caoe??
caiaeueiiai i?ioeano, aeieeiaiiy naioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue oa nia?o? oai?eo
(I.I. Ni?oeei oa ni?aaao., 1996; A.A. Oi?, A.A. A?euaiei, 1993; A.?.
Eiaaeue/oe ? ni?aaao., 1991).

O?aaeeoe?eiee eiiieaen e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a, yeee aeeth/a?
aioeaaeoa??aeueio oa?ai?th, ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy aioea?ioee?a oe?ieiai
? iaaeoe?ieiai niaeo?o ae??, aeaeaei ia caaaeaee i?eaiaeeoue aei
aaaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oiio oaeineiiaeaiiy e?eoaaeueii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei
c aino?ith o??o?a?/iith iaoieia??th ? iaea?eueo aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith.
I?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaei ? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy
iiaeo, a?eueo aoaeoeaieo cania?a i?noeaai? oa caaaeueii? ae??,
iai?aaeaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioiiiai caoenoo i?aai?cio oa aeoeaaoe?th
?aia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a.

A inoaii? ?iee iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny i?aia?aoai, ye? caeaoi?
aieeaaoe ia ?ioii?aaoeyoe?ei? i?ioeane, cie?aia, oeeoie?iai.

Iaeiae, oe?ieiio ai?iaaaeaeaiith a i?aeoeeo ia?aoeiaeaeo?, ia?o ca ana,
aei?iaiaecia eiia?oe?eieo ?aeiia?iaioieo oeeoie?i?a. E??i oiai,
neioaoe/i? oeeoie?ie iathoue ae?aaeai? iia?/i? ae??.

Aiae?c no/anieo ioae?eaoe?e iieacaa, ui a inoaii?e /an ?ic?iaeythoueny
iia? i?aeoiaee aei oeeoie?iioa?ai?? – aooioeeoie?iioa?ai?y, nooue yei?
iieyaa? a aeoeaaoe?? aioo??oieo ?aaoeyoe?eieo ?aca?a?a i?e?iaeieo
?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei (E.A. Eiaaeue/oe ? ni?aaao., 1996; A.A. Iia?eia
? ni?aaao., 1995; A. ?aoooaon ? ni?aaao., 1996). ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aeaiee
i?aeo?ae aei ?ioiioa?ai?? oai?eo c aino?ith o??o?a?/iith iaoieia??th ie
ia ciaeoee.

Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie aena?oeaii a cai?iiiiiaai?e
?iaio?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o Oe?a?inueeiai IAe? aano?iaioa?ieia?? ? ? o?aaiaioii
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aeeiioaaeenue ai?iaeiaae inoaii?o 5 ?ie?a o
a?aeae?eaii? o??o?a?? i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy ca oaiaoeeith: “?ic?iaea iiai?
iaaee/ii? oaoiieia??, i?io?eaeoeee, ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ? ??cieo
aa??aio?a ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy ii?ooaiue o?aaeaiiy i?ney
iia?aoe?e ia oeoieo ? iicaia/?ieiaeo aeia/ieo i?ioieao”, oeo? oaie
IE.91.81. ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? OA 01001749.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c aino?ith o??o?a?/iith iaoieia??th i?aai?a /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie, oneeaaeiaiith ?iceeoei ia?eoii?oii, oeyoii aeyaeaiiy oa
ei?aeoe?? ee?i?/ii cia/eieo ii?ooaiue ?ioiiiai noaoono.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?:

1. Ioe?ieoe ?ioiiee noaoon o oai?eo c aino?ith o??o?a?/iith iaoieia??th
i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie aei iia?aoe?? ? a ?aiiueiio
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? (1-10 ae?a).

2. Aea/eoe aca?iica’ycie i?ae oa?aeoa?ii ee?i?/iiai i?iyaeaiiy
caoai?thaaiiy oa aa??aioaie ii?ooaiue ?ioiiiai noaoono, iniaeeainoyie
oi?ioaaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio, ? ia ?o iniia?
?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? i?iaiico ia?aa?ao ?aiiueiai i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo.

3. ?ic?iaeoe niin?a ?ioiii?io?eaeoeee oa ?ioiiei?aeoe?? ai?eii-naioe/ieo
oneeaaeiaiue c aieo i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aia?oa o oai?eo c aino?ith o??o?a?/iith iaoieia??th i?aai?a /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie aeyaeai? ii?ooaiiy ?aaoeyoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a ?ioi?oaoo,
cie?aia, ii?ooaiiy iaae?aoi?ii? ooieoe?? ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui ae?aaeai?noue ii?ooaiue ?ioii?aaoeyoe?? ei?aao? c
oyaee?noth iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaoiaaiaoe/io
cia/ei?noue aeyaeaieo a?aeoeeaiue.

Iieacaii, ui cia/ia cieaeaiiy o e?ia? aieiaieo iieaciee?a O-nenoaie
?ioi?oaoo, aeecaaeain ?aaoeyoe?eieo noaiiioeyoe?e O-e?ioioeeo?a, ?o
iaae?aoi?ii? ooieoe??, ? iani?eyoeeaeie ee?i?ei-ae?aaiinoe/ieie ?
i?iaiinoe/ieie iieacieeaie, ye? noai?ththoue iiaeeeaino? aeey ?icaeoeo
ai?eii-naioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue o ?aiiueiio i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae?.

Aia?oa aeyaeai? aa??aioe ci?ie ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ?ioiii? nenoaie,
oa?aeoa?i? aeey aino?i? o??o?a?/ii? iaoieia?? i?aai?a /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie, iieacaia ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae noaio eiiiainaoe?eieo
iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio, ye? iaoiiaeththoue oyaee?noue iaoieia?/iiai
i?ioeano, ui aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueio ioe?ieo ?ioiiiai
noaoono eiaeiiai oai?iai.

Aeiaaaeaii iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo iieaciee?a ?ioi?oaoo ye
ia’?eoeaiiai e?eoa??th oyaeeino? ia?aa?ao aino?i? o??o?a?/ii? iaoieia??
i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie, oneeaaeiaii? ia?eoii?oii, a oaeiae iieacaii
aaaeeeao ?ieue ?o a i?iaiicoaaii? ia?aa?ao ?aiiueiai i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo.

Canoinoaaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co io?eiaieo aeaieo aeaei
iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaoe iiao ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie
aeyaeaieo ii?ooaiue: ia?o ca ana, ?icaaeainiaai?noue i?ae aoaeoi?iei ?
?aaoeyoe?eiei oaeoi?aie ?ioi?oaoo eaaeeoue a iniia? iaoai?cio ia?aoiaeo
eiiiainiaaieo aa??aio?a ii?ooaiue ?ioiiiai noaoono a aeaeiiiainiaai? ?
na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aeio oaeei oai?ei ?ioiiei?aeoe?th.

?ic?iaeaii iiaee iaoiae ?ioiiei?aeoe?? o oai?eo c aino?ith o??o?a?/iith
iaoieia??th i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie, oneeaaeiaiith ia?eoii?oii, –
aooioeeoie?iioa?ai?y. Oaeineiiaeaii niiniae aaaaeaiiy aooioeeoie?i?a
aaciina?aaeiuei a ina?aaeie o?aaeaiiy. Iieacaia aeniea aoaeoeai?noue ?
aacia/i?noue iaoiaeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Iieacaii iaiao?aei?noue eiiieaeniiai ?ioiieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy
oai?eo c aino?ith o??o?a?/iith iaoieia??th aeey aeyaeaiiy ii?ooaiue
?ioi?oaoo.

2. ?ic?iaeaii ? cai?iiiiiaaii aeey aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoeoe? ioi?iie
caei?ia’y niin?a aecia/aiiy oyaeeino? aino?iai ?iceeoiai ia?eoii?oo oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy eiai ia?aa?ao o i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? (iiceoeaia
??oaiiy ia aeaea/o iaoaioo ? 97115655 a?ae 12.10.1998).

3. Cai?iiiiiaaii e?eoa??? i?iaiico a??ia?aeiino? aeieeiaiiy oneeaaeiaiue
ai?eii-naioe/iiai oa?aeoa?o a ?aiiueiio i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae?. Aei
iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaeo iciae a?aeianaii: caa?aaeaiiy ia i?ioyc? 3-o ae?a
i?ney iia?aoe?? aeeaiei? O-e?ioiiai??, cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? O-oaeia?ii?
? O-noi?ani?ii? noaiiioeyoe?e, A-e?ioiiai?th, i?eai?/aiiy iaae?aoi?ii?
aeoeaiino? e?ioioeeo?a.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ioe?iee ?ioiiiai noaoono c
aeae?eaiiyi 5 aa??aio?a aeecaaeaino aoaeoi?iiai oa ?aaoeyoi?iiai
iaoai?ci?a ?ioi?oaoo.

5. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii a ee?i?eo iaoiae aooioeeoie?iioa?ai?? o
oai?eo c aino?ith o??o?a?/iith iaoieia??th (iaoaio ? 17733).

6. Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiae aaaaeaiiy aooioeeoie?i?a (iaoaio ? 21140,
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueea i?iiiceoe?y ?36).

Aeai? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo o??o?a?/ieo
a?aeae?eaiue i. Aei?i?iiao?ianueea ? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano?
(Ee?i?/ia ia’?aeiaiiy oaeaeei? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?? 17, 20, 21, 24 a?ae 1998 ?.), a?aeae?eaiue oa eaai?aoi??e Oe?IAe?
aano?iaioa?ieia?? (aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?? 5, 6, 7 a?ae 1999 ?.).
Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?ia?aiao eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a
? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

I?aaenoaaeai? a ?iaio? iaoa??aee ? iniaenoei aeeaaeii aaoi?a a i?iaeaio.
I?ae ea??aieoeoaii iaoeiaiai ea??aieea – caa?aeoth/iai eaoaae?ith
o??o?a?/ieo oai?ia Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??,
aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?a I.I. Aiiaea?aiea aecia/ai? iai?yiee
aeine?aeaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe.
Iaoaioii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaa?? oa ia?iaea
oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, ee?i?/i? ianoaaeaiiy, ?iciiae?e oai?eo ia a?oie,
aeeiiaiiy iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue, oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a ? i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy io?eiaieo iieiaeaiue,
oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a ? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea
iaoa??aeo aeeiiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. ?ioiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiiai? ia aac? eaai?aoi??? i?e?ia?ieia?? oa ?ioiieia?? Oe?a?inueeiai
IAe? aano?iaioa?ieia?? (caa?aeoth/a eaai?aoi???th – aieiaiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Oaioiieiaa O.I.). ?acoeueoaoe
ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeeeaaeaii a 9 ae?oeiaaieo ioae?eaoe?yo,
i?aaenoaaeaii a aeiiia?aeyo ia eiia?anao oa eiioa?aioe?yo. A ni?eueieo
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue iiiaae 85% ?aeae oa ?ic?iaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee iia?aeiieai?, iaaiai?ai? oa noaaeai? ia
Ia?oiio Oe?a?inueeiio eiia?an? aano?iaioa?ieia?a (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1995); Ae?oaiio eiia?an? o??o?a?a Oe?a?ie (Aeiiaoeuee, 1998),
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee 1991, 1995, 1996;
E??aee ??a 1990, 1998; Oa?e?a 1995, 1998; Iaeana 1996; A?iieoey 1998);
can?aeaii? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai iaeaniiai oiaa?enoaa o??o?a?a
(1998-1999), can?aeaiiyo a/aii? ?aaee Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (1998).

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii iioae?eiaaii 14 iaoeiaeo noaoae. C
ieo 1 naiino?eia o oaoiaiio aeaeaii?, 3 o ni?aaaoi?noa? o oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo, 10 a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a iaoa??aeao ? oacao
eiioa?aioe?e. Io?eiaii Iaoaio ? 17733A (Oe?a?ia) ia aeiao?ae “Niin?a
i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy i?neyiia?aoe?eieo ai?eii-caiaethaaeueieo
oneeaaeiaiue”; Iaoaio ? 21140A (Oe?a?ia) ia aeiao?ae “Niin?a e?eoaaiiy
aino?iai ?iceeoiai ia?eoii?oo”; ??oaiiy ia aeaea/o iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae ?
97115655 (Oe?a?ia) “Niin?a aecia/aiiy oyaeeino? aino?iai ?iceeoiai
ia?eoii?oo oa i?iaiicoaaiiy eiai ia?aa?ao o i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio
ia??iae?”.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe

?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 136 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny
c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 4 ?icae?e?a ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee i?noeoue 257
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae (208 a?o/eciyieo oa 49 caei?aeiiieo). Aeena?oaoeey
?ethno?iaaia 3 ?enoieaie, 27 oaaeeoeyie, ye? caeiathoue noi??iie.

INIIAIA *ANOEIA ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee. Niinoa?aaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ca 105 oai?eie,
aini?oae?ciaaieie a ee?i?/ia ia?aeiaiiy oaeaeei? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianueea ca ia??iae c 1992 ii 1998 ?iee. Na?aae ianoaaeaieo
oai?eo ia?oi?aoeaia ae?acea oeoiea niinoa??aaeanue o 31 oai?iai,
ia?oi?aoeaia ae?acea aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee – o 13, ia?oi?aoe?y
aeia/iiai i?oo?a – o 5, aeano?oeoeaiee aiaiaeeoeeo – o 13, i?i?aaiee
aanoean /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie – o 5, aino?a eeoeiaa iai?io?aei?noue – o
11, o?aaia i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie – o 13. E??i oiai, 14 iaoe??io?a
aoee i?ney iiaoi?iiai iia?aoe?eiiai ao?o/aiiy c i?eaiaeo ?aiiuei?
niaeeiai? eeoeiai? iai?io?aeiino? oa i?ia?anoth/iai ia?eoii?oo.
Aeeoociee ia?eoii?o noi?iaiaeaeoaaa aino?o o??o?a?/io iaoieia?th o 33
iaoe??io?a (31%). Ia?aaaaeii oea aoee oai?? c aeano?oeoeaiei
aiaiaeeoeeoii, ia?oi?aoeaiith ae?aceith oeoiea oa aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei?
eeoee. O ?aooe oai?eo aeyaeaii ?iceeoee ia?eoii?o. C ieo 35 iaoe??io?a
(33%) iaae?eoee aei ee?i?ee a ?aaeoeai?e noaae?? ?iceeoiai ia?eoii?oo, a
37 (35%) – a oiene/i?e. Aiae?c eiioeiaaioo oai?eo ca a?eii na?ae/eoue,
ui 95% – iniae i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo. *ieia?ee neeaaeaee 84% oai?eo,
ae?iee – 16%.

Oai?? i?aeeyaaee eiiieaeniiio ianoaaeaiith, yea aeeth/aei ii?yae c
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie ? niaoe?aeuei?, ni?yiiaai? ia aea/aiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo: ?aioaaiia?ao?th,
o?a?iaano?iaeoiaeaiineii?th, eaia?ineii?th. ?ioiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeth/aee e?euee?nio ioe?ieo O-e?ioioeeo?a (aeA-?OE, A-?OE),
A-e?ioioeeo?a (AAN-?OE), oaeia?io (NAe4+) ? noi?ani?io (A45-?OE)
noaiiioeyoe?e O-e?ioioeeo?a, ??aaiue IgA, IgM oa IgG, Oe?E, INO-oano
(?.A. Iao?ia ? ni?aaao., 1992). Iaae?aoi?io ooieoe?th e?ioioeeo?a
aea/aii ca ?o cae?ai?noth ?aoeaiooaaoe ?ioa?eaee?i-1 (?E-1) oa
?ioa?eaee?i-2 (?E-2) a eoeueoo?? ee?oei ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? (E.A.
Eiaaeue/oe ? ni?aaao., 1986).

Aeey aecia/aiiy ?ie? ?ioiii? nenoaie a ia??iae ?aaa?e?oaoe?? a ?aiiueiio
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? ?ioiiee noaoon aea/aii a aeeiai?oe?: ia
ia?oo aeiao i?ney iia?aoe?? – o 33 oai?eo, /a?ac 2-3 aeiae – o 42, /a?ac
5-7 ae?a – o 36 oai?eo. Anueiai i?iaaaeaii 113 aeine?aeaeaiue.

C iaoith iioei?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaiue ? aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioean?a ia?iaee
? aeieoiaiooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? an? aeo?aei? aeai? ca eiaeiei oai?ei
aaiaeeeenue a nenoaio oi?aae?iiy aacaie aeaieo, caoaeiaaio ca
aeiiiiiaith ?ioaa?iaaiiai iaeaoa i?ia?ai Microsoft Works 4.0 ia
iniaenoiio eiiiuethoa?? IBM Pentium-133 i?ae ea?oaaiiyi iia?aoe?eii?
nenoaie MS-DOS 7.0 a na?aaeiaeu? Windows 95 OSR-2. Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ? iiaoaeiaa iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioean?a
aeeiiaia iaoiaeaie aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee, ?aae?ciaaieie noaiaea?oieie
iaeaoaie i?ia?ai noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co STADIA 4.0 e STATISTICA FOR
WINDOWS 5.0.

?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?iaaaeai? aei iia?aoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui o ianoaaeaieo iaie
oai?eo aino?a o??o?a?/ia iaoieia?y i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie i?io?eaea
ia oii? aeeaieeo a?aeoeeaiue ?ioiiiai noaoono. Iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ieie ?c
aeyaeaieo a?aeoeeaiue aoea e?ioiiai?y, iniaeeai O-e?ioiiai?y.
Ia?aeaeueii iaea i?noea aeoeaaoe?y aioeaaeoa??aeueiiai caoenoo, ui
i?iyaeyeinue eaeeioeeoicii ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo a e?ia?
iie?ii?oiiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a, iaei/eiyaea?ieo oi?i ?o, aeoeaaoe??th
?aoeaioi?ii? ooieoe?? e?ioioeeo?a o a?aeiioaii? ?E-1 oa ?E-2, ui iiaea
na?ae/eoe i?i iai?oao ?aaoeyoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a ?ioi?oaoo. Ci?ia ?ioiiiai
aiiainoaco a iaio?e i??? caeaaeaea a?ae i?e/eiiiai oaeoi?o aino?i?
o??o?a?/ii? iaoieia??, a a a?eueo?e – a?ae nooiaiy ae?aaeaiino? oieiaiai
noaio, ?ioieneeaoe??, oyaeeino? oa iioe?aiiy noiooiueiai ia?eoii?oo o
ianoaaeaieo oai?eo. Iaea?eueo aeeaie? a?aeoeeaiiy aeyaeyeenue o oai?eo,
ye? iaae?eoee a oiene/i?e noaae?? ia?eoii?oo. O ieo niinoa??aaeenue
iciaee oyaeeiai aoi?eiiiai ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo: cia/ia cieaeaiiy O- ?
A-iiioeyoe?e e?ioioeeo?a, O-oaeia?ii? oa O-noi?ani?ii? noaiiioeyoe?e.
E?euee?niee aeao?oeeo ?aaoeyoe?eieo noaiiioeyoe?e O-e?ioioeeo?a
ii?aeioaaany c ineaaeaiiyi iaae?aoi?ii? ooieoe?? ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo
ee?oei, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ineaaeaiiy ?aoeaioi?ii? aeoeaiino? e?ioioeeo?a
o a?aeiioaii? ?E-1 ? ?E-2. Oiene/ia noaae?y ?iceeoiai ia?eoii?oo
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue iai?oaeai?noth ianiaoeeo?/ieo iaoai?ci?a
?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio (oaaioeeoa?ii? nenoaie), ia?inoaiiyi ??aiy Oe?E
a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?, ui iiaeeeai ?icoe?ieoe ye c?ea eiiiainaoe?eieo
iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio.

Aiae?c ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a o ?aiiueiio (1-10 ae?a)
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? iieacaa, ui ia i?ioyc? ia?oeo o?ueio ae?a
i?ney iia?aoe?? caa??aaany ae?aaeaiee e?euee?niee aeao?oeeo e?ioioeeo?a,
a iniiaiiio O-oaeia?ii? noaiiioeyoe?? i?e aeoeaaoe?? ?o iaae?aoi?ii?
ooieoe?? oa ianiaoeeo?/ieo oaeoi??a caoenoo. Aei iyoi? aeiae i?ney
iia?aoe?? a?aei?/aii oaiaeaioe?th aei ii?iae?caoe?? aea/aieo iieaciee?a:
cieaeaiiy a e?ia? ??aiy oee?eoethth/eo iie?ii?oiiyaea?ieo eaeeioeeo?a,
?o iaei/eiyaea?ieo oi?i; c?inoaiiy ia?io oee?eoethth/eo e?ioioeeo?a O-
oa A-iiioeyoe?e; ii?iae?caoe?y ?aoeaioi?ii? ooieoe?? e?ioioeeo?a ii
a?aeiioaiith aei ?E-1. ?aoeaioi?ia aeoeai?noue e?ioioeeo?a ii
a?aeiioaiith aei ?E-2 caeeoaeanue i?aeaeuaiith, ui aeaco? ia aenieo
aeoeai?noue ?aaoeyoi?ieo noaiiioeyoe?e (O-oaeia??a).

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ieo a?aeoeeaiue, ye? ia?aaeothoue
?icaeoeo ai?eii-naioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue, iaie i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeeiai?ee
iaea?eueo cia/eieo ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ia i?ioyc? ia?oeo 3-o ae?a
i?ney iia?aoe??. ? a?oio neeaee 24 oai?eo, ye? iaae?eoee aei noaoe?iia?o
a ?aaeoeaio noaae?th ia?eoii?oo, ?c ieo o 16 oai?eo ia?aa?a
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo aoa aeaaiiieo/iei, o 8 – oneeaaeiaiei. ??
a?oio neeaee 23 oai?eo , ye? iaae?eoee a oiene/i?e noaae?? ia?eoii?oo (o
7 ia?aa?a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo aoa aeaaiiieo/iei, o 16 –
oneeaaeiaiei). Anoaiiaeaii, ui ye i?iaiinoe/ii iani?eyoeea? ne?ae
o?aoiaoaaoe a?aeiinio oa aaniethoio O- ? A-e?ioiiai?th. Oae, /a?ac 3
aeiae i?ney iia?aoe?? o oai?eo ?? a?oie c oneeaaeiaiei ia?aa?aii
caoai?thaaiiy aaniethoia /enei (o109 ee/e) e?ioioeeo?a neeaaeaei 0,980,2
i?ioe 1,560,21 o oaeeo aea oai?eo c iaoneeaaeiaiei ia?aa?aii
caoai?thaaiiy, i?e ii?i? 1,80,09, ?

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