IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OA?IAA?E ??EIA IEEIEA?AIA

OAeE 633.11:632 (477.9)

E?AeIEEE ICEII? IOAIEOe? OA OAEOI?E, UI IAIAAEOTHOUe

?O *ENAEUeI?NOUe A OIIAAO IA?AAeA??NUeEIAI E?EIO

03.00.09 — aioiiieia?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Neaaai?iaenueea-Eo?i??aa E?ae?y Ai?oai?aia,

E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, noa?oee
iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee Naeoi Ieeiea Iaaeiae/,
?inoeoooo caoenoo

?ineei OAAI, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo
oieneeieia?? ianoeoeeae?a

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
iaoe, Iia/ai Ieaen?e

Ieeieaeiae/, Aea?aeaaia ?iniaeoe?y c
ea?aioeio ?ineei

Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee ?iniaeoi?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oiainueea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aeaaeai?y,
I?i?noa?noai

Aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno, eaoaae?a
caoenoo ?ineei

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 26 aa?aciy 1999?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.004.02 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: Ee?a-41, aoe.Aa?i?a iai?iie 15, iaa/aeueiee
ei?ion ?3, aoae.65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Ee?a-41, aoe.Aa?i?a iai?iie 11, iaa/aeueiee
ei?ion ?10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 26 ethoiai” 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Iaiaeaeoe
A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Na?aae ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? iaea?eueo oe?iiith ? iceia
ioaieoey. Aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe
noaa?eueia ia?iuoaaiiy ?? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o an?o ciiao ae?iuoaaiiy.
Aieiaiith i?iaeaiith ae?iaieoeoaa iceii? ioaieoe? ? iie?ioaiiy ??
yeino?, eiiaeeoe?ei?noue a?iaeath neeueieo ioaieoeue, ae??oaiith yei?
ia?aoeiaeaea? aaeeea e?euee?noue ??cieo oe?aeiee?a.

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*********’e7i?ie a aa?ioeaiicao.

O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? a oiiaao no/aniiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa iaaoaa? aea/aiiy oe?aeeeaeo ?
ei?enieo /eaienoiiiaeo, ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee
/enaeueiino? oe?aeiee?a ? oaeoi??a, ui iaiaaeothoue ?iciiiaeaiiy ie?aieo
aeae?a. Aa?ioeaiioe/i? iniiae ? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae ?ioaa?iaaii? nenoaie
caoenoo iceii? ioaieoe? a?ae oe?aeiee?a aeathoue iiaeeea?noue
?aae?coaaoe iniiaio iaoo, iia’ycaio c ?aaoethaaiiyi /enaeueiino?
oe?aeeeaeo ? ei?enieo i?aai?ci?a aa?ioeaiico oa caanoe aei i?i?ioio
aeei?enoaiiy o?i?/ieo cania?a caoenoo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a
?aieao aaeocaai? i?ia?aie “?ic?iaea iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii? nenoaie
caiea?ianoaa E?eio” ca oaiith 2 “Oaeineiiaeeoe aa?iiii?/i? aeaiaioe
nenoaie caiea?ianoaa aeey E?eio, ui caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy ??
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? no?eeino?, ca?eueoaiiy ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo, caoeno eiai
a?ae a?ic??, nei?i/aiiy cao?ao ia 10-12%”, ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe??
01830036123.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith ?iaioe aoei:

— aeyaeaiiy aeaeiaiai neeaaeo oe?aeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe? oa aea/aiiy
caeiiii??iinoae aeeiai?ee /enaeueiino? iaea?eueo oe?aeeeaeo aeae?a o
??cieo iieyo n?aici?ie;

— ioe?iea oaeoi??a, ui iaiaaeothoue ?iciiiaeaiiy ie?aieo aeae?a
o?oioaa?a oa aeaiaio?a ?ioaa?iaaiiai caoenoo.

I?e oeueiio aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— aea/eoe aeaeiaee neeaae oe?aeeeaeo /eaienoiiiaeo iceii? ioaieoe? a
??cieo iieyo n?aici?ie;

— aecia/eoe e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? ci?ie o aca?iica’yceao o?oioaa?a oa
ciioaa?a;

— aecia/eoe aieea oaeoi??a, ui cieaeothoue /enaeuei?noue ie?aieo aeae?a
oe?aeiee?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio caoenoo iceii? ioaieoe? a?ae oe?aeiee?a c
a?aooaaiiyi i?e?iaeieo ?aaoethth/eo oaeoi??a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iieacaii oi?ioaaiiy oaoie
o?oioaa?a iceii? ioaieoe? aeey oiia E?eio o ??cieo iieyo n?aici?ie,
aea/ai? caeiiii??iino? aeeiai?ee /enaeueiino? iaea?eueo oe?aeeeaeo
aeae?a /eaienoiiiaeo. Aia?oa ca?a?no?iaai? aeey E?eio — ca?iiaee ee?u —
Penthaleus major Duges, ceaeiaa eenoia?eea — Cnephasia pascuana Hb.

Aecia/aii aeaeiaee neeaae ciioaa?a oe?aeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe?.
Anoaiiaeaia ?o ?ieue i?e ??cieo ??aiyo aieeao aio?ii?/iiai oaeoi?a.
?ic?iaeaia iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia caoenoo iceii? ioaieoe? a?ae
oe?aeiee?a ? aaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy o?oinai?oa?iiai noaio
iie?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?aeiiaiaeiaai?
aa?ioeaiioe/i? iniiae oa i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae ?ioaa?iaaiiai caoenoo
iceii? ioaieoe? a?ae ?yaeo oe?aeiee?a c o?aooaaiiyi /a?aoaaiiy eoeueoo?
o n?aici?i? aeicaieeee caanoe aei i?i?ioio canoinoaaiiy o?i?/ieo
cania?a caoenoo ?ineei, ui ni?eyei ?aaoethth/?e ?ie? ciioaa?a, oa
ciaioaiith caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey.

?ic?iaeaia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia caoenoo iceii? ioaieoe? a?ae
oe?aeiee?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ioe?iee o?oinai?oa?iiai noaio iie?a
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? oa
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? aoc?a Oe?a?ie.

Aeaeea?aoe?y iniaenoiai aianeo. Aaoi? aaciina?aaeiuei i?iaiaeea
aenia?eiaioe ? niinoa?aaeaiiy, noaoenoe/iee aiae?c aeaieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?ic?iaeaia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia
nenoaia caoenoo iceii? ioaieoe? a?ae oe?aeiee?a ai?iaaaeaeaia a
ainiiaea?noaao E?eio ia ieiu? 1000 aa. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeeeaaeai? a aeiiia?aeyo ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo
o/aieo (Iineaa, IAeO,1987), O Ananithciiio aioiiieia?/iiio c’?cae?
(Eai?ia?aae, 1989), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo E?einueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1989, 1990, 1996, 1997),a oaeiae ia
eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? niaoe?ae?no?a n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa i?aaeaiieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 4 noaoo? ? 2 oace
aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 142
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a oa i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao, aeaio aeiaeaoe?a ia 10 noi??ieao,
ia?ae?eo iineeaiue ia e?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea, ui neeaaea?oueny c 244
iaca, o oiio /ene? 24 ?iicaiieo aaoi??a. E?euee?noue ?enoie?a — 16,
oaaeeoeue c aenia?eiaioaeueiei iaoa??aeii — 29.

CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

1. Noai aea/aiiy ieoaiiy

A?aeia?aaeaii nooi?iue aea/aiiy a?ieia?? oa oeiaei/eiiino? iaea?eueo
iaaacia/ieo oe?aeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe? (ceaeiaeo ioo, oe?aii?
aeoaeaeeoe?, oe?aieo aeoe?a, eeiia-oe?aeeeai? /a?aiaoee, ioaie/iiai
o?eina, noaaeiaeo ieeueuee?a, eiaaeee?a). Aiane?aeie ocaaaeueiaiiy
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo aena?oeai? ieoaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino?
aeayeeo oe?aeeeaeo ? ei?enieo i?aai?ci?a o aeinenoai? ioaie/iiai iiey,
iieacai? oeyoe caa?aaeaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a ciioaa?a,
ye? iaiaaeothoue oeiaei/eii?noue eiiao. A?aecia/aii aieea aio?ii?/iiai
oaeoi?a
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**********2a iaoiaeeea

i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue o 1989-1996 ?ieao ia ae?iaie/eo oa
aeine?aeieo iieyo iceii? ioaieoe? o/aiaiai ainiiaea?noaa “Eiioia?”
E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, a oaeiae a
ainiiaea?noaao “Ieiaeiai?” Aao/ena?aenueeiai ?aeiio oa “Oe?a?ia”
A?eiai?nueeiai ?aeiio. I?iaiaeeeenue ia?o?ooi? ianoaaeaiiy ae?iaie/eo
iin?a?a iceii? ioaieoe? o ainiiaea?noaao ia?aaea??nueei? ciie E?eio.

Iaoai?ieia?/i? oiiae aaaaoaoe?eieo ia??iae?a ca ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue aoee
??cieie.

Iae?ee ? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aeeiai?eith /enaeueiino? oe?aeiee?a ?
aioiiioaa?a cae?enithaaeenue ca caaaeueiiaeciaieie iaoiaeeeaie
(Aeyaea/ei,1964; Aaaeineay e ae?.,1965; Iaaaeia, 1968).

*enaeuei?noue eiaaeee?a anoaiiaethaaee c aeei?enoaiiyi oa?iiiiieo ianoie
(Eniaeeia e ae?.,1981;Ieauaiei e ae?.,1985).

A?ieia?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ia?iaie ?inaeoeoeeaeaie aecia/aeanue ia
i?aenoaa? ci?ie /enaeueiino? eiiao, a aeey aioo??oiueinoaaeiaeo
oe?aeiee?a — ca i?ioeaioii iioeiaeaeaieo ?ineei a aeine?ae? oa a
eiio?ie?.

Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy oa?iiii?a i?ioe eiaaeee?a iaoiaeii
aeaci???ioaoe?? naioe?a ioe?ithaaee ca iaoiaeeeith A.Ae. A?aeiiai oa ?i.
(1978), oa iaoiaeii ae?i?iaoe?? naioe?a ca i?ae?aooieaie ee/eiie
aei/??iueiai iieie?iiy c a?aooaaiiyi a?eiai? oeaee (Aeieei,1964).

I?e anoaiiaeaii? aeaeiaiai neeaaeo oe?aeiee?a ei?enooaaeenue
aecia/ieeaie (Eiiaiueiaa, 1980; Aeyaea/ei, 1964; Aeieei, 1978;
E?eaeaiianeee, 1981; Aae-Aeaiei, 1965,1968,1970,1978 oa ?io.).

?aeaioeo?eaoe?y oeaeeo aeoaeaeeoeue i?iaaaeaia iaoeiaei ni?a?ia?oieeii
?in?enueeiai ?inoeoooo caoenoo ?ineei A.A.Eiaaeai. Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee ca I.O.?aeeoeueeei
(1973) oa A.I.Aeini?oiaei (1985) ia eiii’thoa??.

3. Oaoia oe?aeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe? a oiiaao

Ia?aaea??nueeiai E?eio

Iiaeai? aeaeiaee neeaae oa aeeiai?ea /enaeueiino? ii ?ieao
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeyaeaii 55 aeae?a oe?aeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe?, a oiio
/ene? 53 c oeio /eaienoiiia? — Arthropoda: ?yae ??aiie?ee? -Homoptera —
4 aeaee, iai?aoaa?aeie?ee? — Hemiptera — 6, o?eine — Thysanoptera — 1,
i?yiie?ee? — Orthoptera — 5, oaa?aeie?ee? — Coleoptera — 22,
ia?aoei/anoie?ee? — Hymenoptera — 2, aeaie?ee? — D?ptera — 7, eoneie?ee?
— Lepidoptera — 6. Eean iaaoeiiiae?ai? i?aaenoaaeaiee ceiiaei ca?iiaei
ee?uai — Penthaleus major Duges. Aeyaeaii aeaa aeaee oe?aeiee?a c oeio
iiethnee — Mollusca — Deroceras agrestis L., D.reticulatus Mll.

Aeii?ioth/eie o ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue aoee oae? oe?aeieee: aaeeea ceaeiaa
iiiaeeoey — Sitobion avenae F., eeii-oe?aeeeaa /a?aiaoea — Eurygaster
integriceps Put., ioaie/iee o?ein — Haplothrips tritici Kurd.,
?oae?enueeee i?on — Calliptamus italicus L., oe?aia aeoaeaeeoey — Zabrus
tenebrioides Gz., i’yaeoey /a?aiiia?oaea — Lema melanopus L.,
aeoe-eocueea — Anisoplia austriaca Hrbst., /i?iee oe?aiee ieeueuee —
Trachelus tabidus F., oaaaenueea iooa — Oscinella pusilla Mg., ioaie/ia
iooa — Phorbia securis Tiens., ceaeiaa eenoia?eea — Cnephasia pascuana
Hbn.

4.?ioaa?iaaia nenoaia oa ?ieue ?? aeaiaio?a a iaiaaeaii?

/enaeueiino? oe?aeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe?

4.1.?ano?ne ei?enieo i?aai?ci?a ia iin?aao iceii? ioaieoe?

Ia iieyo iceii? ioaieoe? a oiiaao Ia?aaea??nueeiai E?eio aoei aeyaeaii
44 aeaee aioiiioaa?a, ui a?aeiinyoueny aei 6 ?yae?a Insecta. Na?aae ieo
27 aeae?a iie?oaa?a, 11 — ao?aeioaa?a, ?aooa — aioiiioaae ueoiee?a,
ueoiee?a-/a?aiaoie, ioaie/iiai o?eina oa noaaeiaeo ieeueuee?a.

Na?aae iie?oaa?a iaea?eueo oe?iei i?aaenoaaeaia ?iaeeia Carabidae — 22
aeaee. Aeii?ioth/? aeaee — Poecilus cupreus L., P.sericeus F.-W.,
Pterostichus crenuliger Chd., Carabus campestris F.-W., aeoaeaeeoe?
?iaeo Amara (A.interstitialis Dej., A.littorea Thoms., A.similata
Gyll.). A oie aea /an oae? aeaee ye Ampalpus interstitialis Rtt.,
Bembidion properans Steph., Brachinus psophia Serv., Broscus cephalotes
L., Calathus ambiguus Pk., C.erratus C. Sahlb., C.fuscipes Gz., C.mollis
Hrbh., Harpalus distinguendus Duft., Laemostenus tauricus Dej.,
Pseudoophonus griseus Pz., Pterostichus melanarius Ill., Trechus
quadristriatus Schrnk. cono??/aeenue iiiaeeiieeie aecaiiey?aie.

Aeeiai?ea /enaeueiino? aioiiioaa?a aea/aeanue neio?iiii c /enaeuei?noth
oe?aeiee?a ia iin?aao n?aici?i c ??cieie iiia?aaeieeaie. I?e ii??aiyii?
o?ueio aa??aio?a c iiia?aaeieeaie iceiee y/i?iue, caeiyoee ia? (aeea c
ioaieoeath) oa eoeo?oaeca ia neein ia ni?o? Aacinoa 1, iaeneiaeueia
e?euee?noue aioiiioaa?a c ?yaeo Diptera (?iaeeie Syrphidae,
Chamaemyiidae), a oaeiae oeaeeo Carabidae niinoa??aaeanue i?ney
caeiyoiai ia?o, aea ia iaeio ianoeo ca nacii a na?aaeiueiio a?aeeiaeaii
23,2 aec., a i?ney iceiiai y/iaith -15,5, eoeo?oaece — 8,1 aec.
Niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aeeiai?eith /enaeueiino? eiaaeee?a oa oeaeeo
aeoaeaeeoeue iieacaee, ui i?e c?inoaii? /enaeueiino? aeoaeaeeoeue
ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue eiaaeee?a, a?aeeiaeaieo oa?iiiiieie ianoeaie
(?en. 1).

A?eueoa aeaeiaa ?icia?ooy oeaeeo Carabidae niinoa??aaeinue ia icei?e
ioaieoe?, iin?yi?e i?ney eoeo?oaece (?en.2)

I?e aea/aii? eiiieaeno ao?aeioaa?a aeyaeai? oae?: Noccinella
septempunctata L., Coccineea quatuordecimpustulata L., Adalia bipunctata
L., Adonia variegata Gz., Chrysopa carnea Steph., Ch. formosa Br.,
Syrphus ribessii L., Metasyphus corollae F., Aphidius ervi Hal., A.
picipes Nees.

Iaeneiaeueia e?euee?noue aioiiioaa?a c ?iaeei Coccinellidae oa
Aphidiidae aeyaeaia ia icei?e ioaieoe?, iin?yi?e i?ney y/iaith.

9

8

7

6

5
1

4

3

2

1

2

II ae IV III ae IV II ae V III ae V I ae VI I ae
VI II ae VI III ae VI I?nyoe? aeaeaaee

1. Eiaaeee iin?aiee ; 2. Oeae? aeoaeaeeoe?.

?en.1. Aeeiai?ea /enaeueiino? oeaeeo aeoaeaeeoeue oa eiaaeeea iin?aiiai
ia

icei?e ioaieoe? i?ney caeiyoiai ia?o (O/aini “Eiioia?”,

1989-1991 ??.).

Niaoe?ae?ciaai? aioiiioaae ioaie/iiai o?eina Aeolothrips albicinctus
Hal., A. intermedius Bagn. cono??/aeenue o iacia/i?e e?eueeino? ? ia
no?eioaaee ?iciiiaeaiiy oe?aeieea.

Oaeaiiione (Trissolcus grandis Thoms., Telenomus chloropus Thoms.)
ca?aaeaee yeoey Eurygaster integriceps Put. ia 40 %.

4.2 Aa?ioaoi?/i? i?eeiie

4.2.1. Aieea ao?’yi?a ia canaeai?noue iin?a?a oe?aeieeaie

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneiaeueia /enaeuei?noue ae?ioyiee?a a?aei?/aeanue ia
iieyo, cani?/aieo aaaaoi??/ieie ao?’yiaie: ie???i iiaco/ei, naeii?e?i,
inioii ?iaeaaei oa iieueiaei, aa??ceith iieueiaith ? iii?oii iaioa aiia
aoea ia iieyo, cani?/aieo iaeii??/ieie oa aeai??/ieie ao?’yiaie.
Iaeneiaeueia e?euee?noue i?aea?ecath/eo niaie aoea aeyaeaia ia iin?aao,
cani?/aieo a??/eoeath iieueiaith (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1- Aieea ??ciiai caao?’yiaiiy iie?a ia oe?aeiee?a, ui aeeaooue
o

a?oio?, o/aini “Eiioia?” (1993-1994??)

U?euei?noue, aec/i2Oe?aeieeeue-

?e-oeyie-o?eei-aiaea a?eainio ?i-aea-aeeie-??e iia-co-/eene-iye

cae-/ae-ieeaa-??c-ea ii-euei-aainio ii-euei-aeea??-/e-oey ii-euei-aaIaea
caao-?’y-ia-i?noueEiaaeeee781014244131277I?aea?eca-th/? niaee52634245152

Ioaea, ai?ioueaa c ao?’yiaie — aaaeeeaee i?eeii aa?ioaoi?ee, yeee
aeicaiey? iii?oii ciaioeoe /enaeuei?noue oe?aeiee?a, iniaeeai oeo, ui
aeeaooue a a?oio?.

4.2.2.Aieea aeia?ea ia oe?aeiee?a, ui aeeaooue a a?oio?

Anoaiiaeaia oiene/ia ae?y aiii?eieo aeia?ea ia ee/eiie
eiaaeee?a. I?e oeueiio a?eueoee aoaeo niinoa??aa?oueny i?e aianaii? ?o
iaaani?. Iaea?eueo iii?oia ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino? ae?ioyiee?a
niinoa??aa?oueny i?e aianaii? oei?enoiai aiii?th ye iaaani?, oae ?
ainaie (oaae.2, 3 ).

Oaaeeoey 2- Aieea aaniyiiai aianaiiy aiii?eieo aeia?ea ia ee/eiie

eiaaeeea iin?aiiai (o/aini “Eiioia?”, na?aaei?
aaaaoi??/i? aeai?)

Aa??aioE?euee?noue, aec.?aciia oiio
/ene?Caaeaaeue,aeeaeocaaeaeeo%Eiio?ieue — aac aianaiiy
aeia?ea565600Noeueoao aiii?th52322038,46Ai?a/ia
nae?o?a39291025.64Oei?enoee aiii?e58273153.45I??05 —
— -2.1

Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ai?a/ii? aiaee i?ioe ee/eiie eiaaeee?a
noaiiaeea 30.8%.

Oaaeeoey 3- Aieea in?iiueiai aianaiiy aiii?eieo aeia?ea ia ee/eiie

eiaaeee?a (o/aini “Eiioia?”, na?aaei? aaaaoi??/i?
aeai?)

Aa??aioE?euee?noue, aec.?aciia oiio
/ene?Caaeaaeue,aeeaeocaaeaeeo%Eiio?ieue — aac aianaiiy
aeia?ea595900Noeueoao aiii?th50411918.0Ai?a/ia nae?o?a4740714.9Oei?enoee
aiii?e56371933.9I??05 — —
-2.6

4.2.3. Ia?ia?oie a?oioo

Aeaia ioe?iea aieeao i?aiee oa i?eeiai ia?ia?oeo ia canaeai?noue
oe?aeieeaie iin?a?a iceii? ioaieoe?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e i?eeiio
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo cia/ii ciaioo?oueny /enaeuei?noue oe?aieo ieeueuee?a,
ceaeiai? iiiaeeoe? oa o?ein?a, aea c?inoa? /enaeuei?noue oe?aii?
aeoaeaeeoe?, ae?ioyiee?a oa oaaaenueei? iooe (?en.3).

110

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 Oe?aeieee

Oiiai? iicia/aiiy: -i?eeee ia?ia?oie;

-i?aiea

?en.3. Aieea ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia canaeai?noue oe?aeieeaie iceii?

ioaieoe? (o/aini “Eiioia?”,1994-1996 ??.):

1- oe?aia aeoaeaeeoey; 2 — cae/aeiee oe?aiee ieeueuee; 3 — /i?iee
oe?aiee

ieeueuee; 4 — oaaaenueea iooa; 5 — ceaeiaa iiiaeeoey; 6 —
ioaie/iee o?ein;

7 — i’yaeoey /a?aiiia?oaea; 8 — ae?ioyieee.

4.2.4 ?ieue iiia?aaeiee?a o ?aaoethaaii? /enaeueiino?

oe?aeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe?

I?e niinoa?aaeaii? ca aeeiai?eith /enaeueiino? oe?aeiee?a ia ae?iaie/eo
iieyo o/aiai ainiiaea?noaa EAeAO c iiia?aaeieeaie: caeiyoee ia? (aeea c
ioaieoeath), eoeo?oaeca ia neein, iceiee y/i?iue iaeneiaeueio
e?euee?noue ceaeiaeo ioo, noaaeiaeo oe?aieo ae?oie, oe?aii? aeoaeaeeoe?
oa iiiaeeoe? aeyaeaia i?ney iiia?aaeieea iceiiai y/iaith, oeeeaae —
i?ney eoeo?oaece, ioaie/iiai o?eina — caeiyoiai ia?o (?en.4). Aeey
noaaeiaeo oe?aieo ieeueuee?a, i’yaeoe?, i?yiie?eeeo, oe?aieo aeoe?a ?
ceaeiai? eenoia?eee ??cieoe? ia aeacaieo iiia?aaeieeao ia aeyaeaii.

I?e aea/aii? aeeiai?ee /enaeueiino? oe?aeiee?a ia iieyo iceii? ioaieoe?
?aaeainio “Ieiaeiai?”, Aao/ena?aenueeiai ?aeiio i?ney iiia?aaeiee?a:
iceia ioaieoey, eoeo?oaeca ia caeaiee ei?i, ania?oeao oa ethoea?ia ia
n?ii — iaeneiaeueia e?euee?noue ye noaaeiaeo, oae ? oe?aeiee?a, ui
aeeaooue o a?oio?, niinoa??aaeanue i?ney noa?iueiaiai iiia?aaeieea,
i?i?iaeueia — i?ney ania?oeaoo oa ethoea?ie (?en.5, 6).

3100

2900

2700

2500

2300

2100

1900

1700

1500

1300

1100

900

700

500

300

100

Oe?aeieee

o?eine ceaeia?
noaaeia? oeeeaaeee iiiaeeoey

iooe
oe?ai?

aeioee

Iiia?aaeieee: — iceiee y/i?iue

— eoeo?oaeca

— caeiyoee ia? (aeea c ioaieoeath)

?en.4. Aieea iiia?aaeiee?a ia caaaeueio /enaeuei?noue oe?aeiee?a iceii?

ioaieoe? (o/aini “Eiioia?”, 1989-1991 ?iee).

5000 1

4000

2

3000

3

2000
4

1000

?en.5. Aieea iiia?aaeiee?a ia noia?io u?euei?noue oe?aeiee?a, ui

iioeiaeaeothoue noaaea iceii? ioaieoe? (?aaeaini “Ieiaeiai?”,

1992-1994 ?iee).

1 — iceia ioaieoey; 2 — eoeo?oaeca ia caeaiee ei?i;

3 — ania?oeao; 4 — ethoea?ia.

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

1 2
3 4 Iiia?aaeieee

?en. 6. Aieea iiia?aaeiee?a ia noia?io u?euei?noue oe?aeiee?a iceii?

ioaieoe?, ui aeeaooue o a?oio? (?aaeaini “Ieiaeiai?”):

1- iceia ioaieoey; 2 — eoeo?oaeca ia caeaiee ei?i;

3 — ania?oeao; 4 — ethoea?ia ia n?ii

1992 ??e 1993 ??e
1994 ??e

4.3. O?i?/iee iaoiae — ?aaoeyoi? /enaeueiino? ie?aieo aeae?a

oe?aeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe?

Aea/aia a?ieia?/ia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ?inaeoeoeeae?a i?ioe
ceaeiaeo ioo, oe?aii? aeoaeaeeoe?, na?aiiaeo. Oae, i?ioe ceaeiaeo ioo o
1992-1993 ?ieao aiia noaiiaeea a?aeiia?aeii aeey oicaeiio 35%-iiai e.a.
— 83.3 ? 85.5%; A?-58 40%-iiai, e.a. — 88.3% ? 87,2%; aieaoiio 50%-iiai
e.a. — 90; 91% (I??05 — 3,5%).

Aenie? iieacieee a?ieia?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iaea?aeai? i?e canoinoaaii?
oinoi?i?aai?/ieo i?aia?ao?a ? i?ioe ee/eiie oe?aii? aeoaeaeeoe? a
in?ii?e ia??iae (oaae.4).

I?e canoinoaaii? oinoi?i?aai?/ieo ?inaeoeoeeae?a i?ioe na?aiiaeo, aiie
caaacia/oaaee aeuo a?ieia?/io aoaeoeai?noue o ii??aiyii? c neioaoe/ieie
i??ao?i?aeaie. Oae o 1994 ?. a?ieia?/ia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy
a???ai, 25% e.a. noaiiaeea — 78.3%; ea?aoa, 5%e.a. — 75.9%,
aeaoeeno, 2.5% e.a., — 50.8%, oeeiaooo, 25% e.a., — 83.8% (I??05 — 3.1).
A oie aea /an oinoi?i?aai?/i? ?inaeoeoeeaee i?ioe na?aiiaeo o 1994-1995
?ieao caaacia/eee caaeaaeue: A?-58, 40% e.a., — 93.5%, oicaeii, 35%
e.a., — 93.9%, aacoaeei, 60% e.a., — 99.1% (I??05 — 1.8).

Oaaeeoey 4 — A?ieia?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oinoi?i?aai?/ieo ?inaeoeoeeae?a
i?ioe

ee/eiie oe?aii? aeoaeaeeoe?, (o/aini “Eiioia?”)

Aa??aioe

Caaeaaeue ee/eiie, %

A?ieia?/ia aoaeoea-i?noue,1992 ?.1993 ?.1994 ?.1995 ?.na?aaei?%Eiio?ieue
— aac ia?iaie9.502.32.63.6A?-58,40% e.a.

— 1,5 e/aa91.594.990.989.791.888.2Oicaeii,35% e.a.

— 2 e/aa90.291.989.888.290.086.4Aacoaeei, 60% e.a.

— 1,5 e/aa97.796.9—97.392.5I??05—-1.8-

4.4.Noaoaa? oa?iiiie — ?aaoeyoi?e /enaeueiino? eiaaeee?a

Iaaiaeyoueny aeai? i?i ?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino? eiaaeeea iin?aiiai
iaoiaeii ae?i?iaoe?? naioe?a oa eiaaeeea noaiiaiai iaoiaeii
aeaci???ioaoe?? naioe?a c aeei?enoaiiyi neioaoe/ieo noaoaaeo oa?iiii?a.
I?e ?ici?uaii? 20 ianoie ia aaeoa? c aeei?enoaiiyi i?aia?aoeaii? oi?ie
neioaoe/iiai noaoaaiai oa?iiiio IAE-6A c aeicith 40 ia ia 1 aa
aa?ai?eaooe?aoa aoei aeinyaiooi ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino? aei/??iueiai
iieie?iiy oe?aeieea ia 88% aei eiio?ieth.

Aoaeoeai?noue oa?iiiiii? e?eooe IAE-7E c aeicith oa?iiiio 25 oa 50a ia
1aa (ca ae?th/ith ?a/iaeiith) caaacia/eei i?ioyaii o?e??/iiai
canoinoaaiiy aoaeo aeaci???ioaoe?? 93.6 oa 94.6%,ui ciaioeei
/enaeuei?noue eiaaeeea noaiiaiai aei ainiiaea?nueee iaa?ae/ooiiai ??aiy
(oaae.5).

Oaaeeoey 5 — Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy oa?iiiiii? e?eooe aeey
ai?ioueae

c eiaaeeeii noaiiaei, (o/aini “Eiioia?”, 1985-1987
?iee)

Aeice oa?iiiio ca ae.?., a/aaI?eaaaeaii naioe?a, aec.Aoaeo
aeaci???ioaoe??,aeine?aeeiio?ieue%2516.2258.493.65013.6258.494.6

5.Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue caoenoo iceii? ioaieoe? a?ae oe?aeiee?a

Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia caoenoo iceii? ioaieoe? a?oioo?oueny ia
iaeneiaeueiiio aeei?enoaiith aa?ioaoi?/ieo i?eeii?a oa canoinoaaiith
o?i?/iiai iaoiaeo c a?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/iiai ii?iao oe?aeeeaino?
oe?aeiee?a.

Aoaeoeai?noue ?ioaa?iaaiiai caoenoo ioaieoe? i?iyaey?oueny a ciaioaii?
/enaeueiino? iniiaieo niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aeae?a oe?aeiee?a (?en.7,8).

11

10

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

1 2 3
4 Oe?aeieee

— ?ioaa?iaaiee caoeno;

— o?aaeeoe?eia nenoaia caoenoo

?en.7.Canaeai?noue iceii? ioaieoe? oe?aeieeaie i?e ??cieo nenoaiao
caoenoo

(aec.ia i2; iniaei ia ?ineeio). Ia?aaea??nueeee E?ei,
1992-1994 ?iee

1 — oe?aia aeoaeaeeoey; 2 — i’yaeoey
/a?aiiia?oaea;

3 — oe?aeeeaa /a?aiaoea; 4 — ae?ioyieee.

120

1110

1100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

1 2 3
4 5 Oe?aeieee

— ?ioaa?iaaiee caoeno;

— o?aaeeoe?eia nenoaia caoenoo

?en.8. Canaeai?noue iceii? ioaieoe? oe?aeieeaie i?e ??cieo nenoaiao

caoenoo ( Ia?aaea??nueeee E?ei, 1992-1994 ?iee):

1 — /i?iee ieeueuee; 2 — cae/aeiee oe?aiee ieeueuee;

3 -ceaeiaa oey; 4- oaaaenueea iooa; 5- ioaie/iee o?ein

Oaaeeoey 6 — Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ?ioaa?iaaiiai caoenoo iceii?

ioaieoe?, (o/aini “Eiioia?”, 1996?.).

Nenoaie caoenooO?iaeaei?noue,

oe/aaAe?ia-ie/? aeo?a-oe, a?i.?aae?caoe?eia oe?ia,

a?i./oeNia?aa?o?noue, a?i/oeI?eaooie,a?i?aioa-aaeue-i?noue,

%ia 1oeia 1aaO?aaeeoe?eia,/aoaeii/24247.622.810.312.5299.6

121?ioaa?iaaiee caoeno26.9260.925.99.716.2435.8167sse aeaeii c aeaieo
oaaeeoe? 6, cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia caoenoo iceii? ioaieoe? o ii??aiyii? c
o?aaeeoe?eiith caaacia/o? a oiiaao Ia?aaea??nueeiai E?eio aeineoue
aenieee ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? oa i?eaooeiaino?.

AENIIAEE

1. Oaoia oe?aeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe? a oiiaao Ia?aaea??nueeiai E?eio
i?aaenoaaeaia 55 aeaeaie c aeaio oei?a. Eean eiiao i?aaenoaaeaiee 52
aeaeaie, ui a?aeiinyoueny aei 8 ?yae?a. Aeii?ioth/eie a ?iee
aeine?aeaeaiue aoee: oe?aia aeoaeaeeoey, ioaie/ia iooa, oaaaenueea
y/i?iia iooa, eeii-oe?aeeeaa /a?aiaoea, ioaie/iee o?ein, aaeeea ceaeiaa
iiiaeeoey, ?oae?enueeee i?on, ceaeiaa eenoia?eea, i’yaeoey
/a?aiiia?oaea.

2. Ia iieyo iceii? ioaieoe? a Ia?aaea??nueeiio E?eio aeyaeaii 53 aeaee
aioiiioaa?a, na?aae yeeo oeae? aeoaeaeeoe? noaiiaeee 22 aeaee.
*enaeuei?noue aioiiioaa?a ia iieyo n?aici?ie ??cia. Iaea?eueoa
e?euee?noue aioiiioaa?a c ?yaeo Diptera oa oeaeeo aeoaeaeeoeue
niinoa??aaeanue ia iieyo, aea iiia?aaeieeii aoa caeiyoee ia? (aeea c
ioaieoeath). C aioiiioaa?a eeii?a /a?aiaoie iaea?eueo iii?oio ?ieue
a?ae?a?aaaee oaeaiiione (Trissolcus grandis Thoms, Telenomus chloropus
Thoms.), ye? ca?aaeaee aei 40% y?oeue oe?aeieea. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oeaeeo
o?ein?a oa ioaie/iiai o?eina o ??ci? ia??iaee aaaaoaoe?? iceii? ioaieoe?
ci?ithaaeinue. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a ia??iae iaeneiaeueiiai c?inoaiiy
/enaeueiino? oe?aeieea oeae? o?eine cono??/athoueny a iacia/i?e
e?eueeino? ? iani?iiiaei? no?eioaaoe eiai ?iciiiaeaiiy aei
ainiiaea?nueee iaa?ae/ooiiai ??aiy.

3. Nooo?ao ?ieue a iaiaaeaii? /enaeueiino? oe?aeiee?a a?ae?a?athoue
aa?ioaoi?/i? i?eeiie.

Ai?ioueaa c ao?’yiaie, iniaeeai ei?aiaaeuieie oa ei?aiaia?inoeiaeie
iii?oii ciaioo? /enaeuei?noue oe?aeiee?a, ui aeeaooue o a?oio?, cie?aia
ae?ioyiee?a.

Cia/io ?ieue o ciaioaii? /enaeueiino? eiaaeee?a a?ae?a?athoue aiii?ei?
aeia?eaa, iniaeeai i?e canoinoaaii? iaaani?. Iaea?eueoee i?ioeaio
caaeaae? ae?ioyiee?a niinoa??aaee i?e aianaii? oei?enoiai aiii?th —
53.3%.

Iiaa?oiaaee ia?ia?oie a?oioo iii?oii ciaioo? /enaeuei?noue oe?aieo
ieeueuee?a, o?ein?a, ceaeiai? iiiaeeoe?, aea i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy
e?eueeino? oe?aii? aeoaeaeeoe?, oaaaenueei? iooe oa eiaaeee?a.

Uiaei aieeao iiia?aaeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe? ia aeeiai?eo /enaeueiino?
oe?aeiee?a, oi i?i?iaeueia /enaeuei?noue ?o a?aecia/aia ia iin?aao i?ney
ania?oeaoo oa ethoea?ie, aeaui aeua — i?ney eoeo?oaece ? iaea?eueoa ia
iin?aao ii noa?iueiaeo iiia?aaeieeao — icei?e ioaieoe? oa y/iaith.

4.Iaea?eueo ae??aei ?aaoeyoi?ii /enaeueiino? ie?aieo aeae?a o no/anieo
nenoaiao caoenoo iceii? ioaieoe? ? o?i?/iee iaoiae. I?ioe ceaeiaeo ioo
aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe aieaoii, 50% e.a. — 2 e/aa; A?-58, 40% e.a. —
1,5 e/aa, aai oicaeii, 35% e.a. — 2 e/aa,. ye? caaacia/othoue a?ieia?/io
aoaeoeai?noue a?aeiia?aeii — 91; 87 oa 85.5% (i?e I??05 — 3,5).

Aeey ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino? oe?aii? aeoaeaeeoe? aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe
iai?eneoaaiiy aacoaeeiii, 60% e.a. — 1,5 e/aa, yeee caaacia/o? caaeaaeue
ee/eiie oe?aeieea — 97.7%.

Aeey ciaioaiiy oe?aeeeai? ae?yeueiino? na?aie (?oae?enueeiai i?ona) aeuo
aoaeoeai?noue o ii??aiyii? c i??ao?i?aeaie iieacaee oinoi?i?aai?/i?
?inaeoeoeeaee. I??ao?i?aee caaacia/othoue caaeaaeue oe?aeieea: a???ai,
25% e.a. — 0,2 e/aa; ea?aoa, 5% e.a. — 0,15 e/aa; aeaoeen, 2,5% e.a. —
0,3 e/aa; oeeiaoo, 25% e.a. — 0,2 e/aa a?aeiia?aeii 78,3; 75,9; 50,8 oa
83,8% (i?e I??05 — 3,1). Oinoi?i?aai?/i? ?inaeoeoeeaee caaacia/othoue
caaeaaeue na?aie: aacoaeei, 60% e.a. (1,5 e/aa) ia 99,1%; oicaeii, 35%
e.a. (2 e/aa) — 93,9% oa A?-58, 40% e.a. (1,5 e/aa) — 93,5% (i?e I??05 —
1,8).

5.Aeey ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino? eiaaeee?a caneoaiao? ia oaaao canoinoaaiiy
noaoaaeo oa?iiii?a. Canoinoaaiiy 40 ia ia 1 aa aa?ai?eaooe?aoo /IAE-6A/
iaoiaeii ae?i?iaoe?? naioe?a ciaioo? /enaeuei?noue aei/??iueiai
iieie?iiy eiaaeeea iin?aiiai ia 88%. Canoinoaaiiy i?ioe eiaaeeea
noaiiaiai oa?iiiiii? e?eooe /IAE-7E/ i?e ii?i? 25a ia 1 aa
aa?ai?eaooe?aoa ca ae?th/ith ?a/iaeiith caaacia/o? aoaeo aeaci???ioaoe??
naioe?a 93.6%, a i?e 50 a/aa — 94.6%.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oa?iaaee (Coa?ee) E.I. ?ieue ciioaaia a ia?aie/aiee /eneaiiinoe
ninoueo a?aaeeoaeae iceiuo ca?iiauo eoeueoo? a oneiaeyo i?aaeai?iiai
E?uia //I?iaeaiu ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiey e io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu a
iieaaiaenoaa E?uia: Na.iao/iuo o?oaeia ENOE. Neioa?iiieue,
-1996.-N.156-160.

2. Neaaai?iaeneay-Eo?ieaaa E.A., Oaieaaiei I.A., Coa?ee E.I. Ai?ueaa n
a?aaeeoaeyie e aieaciyie naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo?// Iao/ii
iainiiaaiiay nenoaia caieaaeaeey ?anioaeeee E?ui.- Neioa?iiieue:
Oaa?eaea, 1994.- N.135-153. (?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ai?ioueae c
oe?aeieeaie iceii? ioaieoe?, iniaenoee aianie 50%).

3. Coa?ee E.I.,Eaeue/aiei A.A., Ao?ye I.E. Aeeyiea ieia?aeueiuo
oaeia?aiee e ianoeoeeaeia ia ee/eiie uaeeoia iinaaiiai a oneiaeyo
i?aaeai?iie ciiu E?uia //I?iaeaiu nia?aiaiiie aeieiaee: O?. iao/iie
eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo, aeioae IAO. Iineaa, 20-24 ai?aey
1987.-I.,-1987.-N.64-68 (i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo ? eiai iaa?oiooaaiiy,
iniaenoee aianie 80%).

4. Neaaai?iaeneay-Eo?ieaaa E.A., Oaieaaiei I.O., Coa?ee E.I.
Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey ii ai?ueaa n a?aaeeoaeyie, aieaciyie e ni?iyeaie
i?e eioaa?e?iaaiiie caueoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo? io
a?aaeeoaeae, aieaciae e ni?iyeia. Neioa?iiieue, 1988.-11n
(?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ai?ioueae c oe?aeieeaie ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?,
iniaenoee aianie 60%).

5. Coa?ee E.I. AEoee-uaeeoiu a aa?ioeaiicao o/oica “Eiiioia?” e
eco/aiea iaoiaeia ?aaoee?iaaiey eo /eneaiiinoe n iiiiuueth iieiauo
oa?iiiiia //Naeueneioicyenoaaiiia i?iecaiaenoai e yeieiaey E?uia:
Oac.aeiee.iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee. Neioa?iiieue,-1989.-N.50-51.

6. Coa?ee E.I. Ninoiyiea e ia?niaeoeau caueou iceiie ioaieoeu a E?uio
//Iao/ii iainiiaaiiay nenoaia aaaeaiey naeueneiai oicyenoaa a E?uio.
Oac.aeiee.iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee. *.I.: Neioa?iiieue, — 1990,
— N.48.

Oa?iaa?e (Coa?ee) ?.I. Oe?aeieee iceii? ioaieoe? oa oaeoi?e, ui
iaiaaeothoue ?o /enaeuei?noue a oiiaao Ia?aaea??nueeiai E?eio.- ?oeiien.
Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.09 —
aioiiieia?y.-Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao.-Ee?a,1998.

Aia?oa aea/aia aeeiai?ea /enaeueiino? oe?aeiee?a iceii? ioaieoe? oa ?o
aioiiioaa?a ia ??cieo iieyo n?aici?ie a oiiaao Ia?aaea??nueeiai E?eio.
Aecia/aia ?ieue aieeao aio?ii?/iiai oaeoi?a ia ?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino?
o?oioaa?a iceii? ioaieoe? oa ?o aioiiioaa?a. Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia
caoenoo iceii? ioaieoe? a?ae oe?aeiee?a c a?aooaaiiyi i?e?iaeieo
?aaoethth/eo oaeoi??a aa?ioeaiico.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? ia ieiu? 1000aa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iceia ioaieoey, oe?aeieee, aioiiioaae, i?ia?aeuei?
aeia?eaa, n?aici?ie, ia?ia?oie a?oioo, ?inaeoeoeeaee, oa?iiiie,
?ioaa?iaaiee caoeno.

Oa?iaaee (Coa?ee) E.I. A?aaeeoaee iceiie ioaieoeu e oaeoi?u,
ia?aie/eaathuea eo /eneaiiinoue a oneiaeyo I?aaeai?iiai E?uia.-
?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.09 — yioiiieiaey.-
Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1998.

Aia?aua eco/aia aeeiaieea /eneaiiinoe a?aaeeoaeae iceiie ioaieoeu e eo
yioiiioaaia ia ?acee/iuo iieyo naaiiai?ioa a oneiaeyo i?aaeai?iiai
E?uia. Ii?aaeaeaia ?ieue aicaeaenoaee aio?iie/aneiai oaeoi?a ia
?aaoee?iaaiea /eneaiiinoe oeoioaaia iceiie ioaieoeu e eo yioiiioaaia.
I?aaeeiaeaia nenoaia caueou iceiie ioaieoeu io a?aaeeoaeae n o/aoii
i?e?iaeiuo ?aaoee?othueo oaeoi?ia aa?ioeaiica.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee aiaae?aiu ia ieiuaaee 1000aa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iceiay ioaieoea, a?aaeeoaee, yioiiioaae, ieia?aeueiua
oaeia?aiey, naaiiai?iou, ia?aaioea ii/au, einaeoeoeeaeu, oa?iiiiu,
eioaa?e?iaaiiay caueoa.

Sharmagyi (Zubrik) I.N. Winter wheat pests 2 restrictive factors, that
limit their numbers under Premoun tainious Crimea conditions.

Manuscript. Thesis of science degree appliant of Agricultural sciences
in speciality 03.00.09 — entomology. National Agrarian University. Kiev.
1998.

The dynamics of winter wheat pests and entomophages in different fields
of crop rotation under premoun tainious Crimea is studied for The First
time.

Influence of anthropo-factor on regulation of phytophage numbers is
defined.

The system of winter wheat protection from pests under natural factors
which regulate agro-cenosis is suggested.

The results of research work were put into practice on the territory of
1000 Ha.

Key words: winter wheat, pests, entomologes, fertilizers, crop,
ratation, soil processing, insecticides, pheromones, integrated
protection.

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