Naaanoiiieuenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Eauaiei ??eia A?eoi??aia

OAeE621.372.852.5: 621.317.74

OE?IEINIOAEII IAEIAAAA?EOI? iie?ioaeeueiai

IA?AOAI?THAA*? AeEss AEI??THAAIIss IA?AIAO??A

AIOAIII-oaeeueiaiaeieo O?AEO?A

05.12.07 — Aioaie oa i?eno?i? iie?ioaeeueiai? oaoiiee

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiio nooiai?

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Naaanoiiieue — 1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Naaanoiiieuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? (aeaia?oaiaio ?aae?ioaoi?ee)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aiiaea?aiei ?aai Ee?eeiae/

(Naaanoiiieuenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao)

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

ssoeoe Eea?a I?ieioueaaia

(Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao)

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aieiaiee eiino?oeoi?

??iieia Iaaei Iao?iae/

(Iiaei?e?inoai «Aaaa?»)

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa — Iaoeiiiaeueiee oaoii/iee oiiaa?neoao Oe?a?ie
«Ee?anueeee iieioaoii/iee iinoeooo», i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «_24_» ____06______ 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeeii ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E50.052.03 i?e
Naaanoiiieuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (335053, i.
Naaanoiiieue, No??eaoeueea aoooa, nooaeiinoa/ei, 4-e o/aiaee ei?ion).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Naaanoiiieuenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_20_ “ _____05_______ 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe I?ioeaiei I.A.

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE

Aaeineiiaeaiiy aei??iee?a ia?aiao??a aioaiii-oaeeueiaiaeieo o?aeo?a
?aaeiioaoi?/ieo nenoai aeiaaa? iino?eiiai iie?ioaiiy oaoi?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ui ? iniiaiith
no?oeoo?iith eaieith oaeeo aei??iee?a. Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaey?
?ic?iaea oe?ieinioaei?o iaeiaaaa?eoieo, eiino?oeoeaii i?inoeo ?
iaaei?iaeo iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ye? aeicaieythoue ia o?eueee
i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue aei??thaaiiy, aea ? aeei?enoaoe ?o ye aeao/eee
aaoaeiaaiiai eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a aioaiii-oaeeueiaiaeieo o?aeo?a.

?nioth/? iaoiaee iiaoaeiae iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a
a?ae??ciythoueny aai neeaaei?noth eiino?oeoi?nueei? ?aae?caoe??, ui ia?
i?noea i?e aeei?enoaii? iai?aaeaieo aiaeaaeoaeoaa/ae ? iiaea?eieo
oaeeueiaiaeieo o??eiee?a, aai iaaeinoaoiueith oe?ieinioaeiinoth o ?ac?
canoinoaaiiy aiae?caoi??a ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey a
aeene?aoieo oi/eao acaeiaae oaeeaaiaea.

Iniiaia i?iaeaia i?e iiaoaeia? oe?ieinioaeieo aaaaoiaeaoaeoi?ieo
aiae?caoi?ia iiey iia’ycaia c iaiao?aei?noth io?eiaiiy iaeicaeaaeieo
a?ae /anoioe oaciaee cnoa?a i?ae neaiaeaie, ui a?aeaaeoaeothoueny a
oaeeaaiaee aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie ia?aoai?thaa/a.

O a?aeiieo aaaaoiaeaoaeoi?ieo ia?aoai?thaa/ao io?eiaoe oae? oaciai
cnoae i?ae an?ia neaiaeaie ia i?aaenoaaey?oueny iiaeeeaei, ui
i?eaiaeeoue aei ?noioieo /anoioieo iia??oiinoae.

E??i oiai, a ?nioth/eo aaaaoiaeaoaeoi?ieo ia?aoai?thaa/ao ia a?aoiaaiee
aieea ?ici???a u?eei ca’yceo ia iiaeoe? ? oace eiiieaenieo aiie?ooae
oaeeue, ui a?aeaaeoaeothoueny a aeaoaeoi?i? aieiaee, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei
cia/ieo iia??oiinoae o aecia/aii? oaciaeo cnoa?a i?ae neaiaeaie ?,
c?aooith, aei ciaioaiiy oi/iino? aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao??a aioai ?
aeaiaio?a oaeeueiaiaeieo o?aeo?a. Ae??oeoe caaea/o aecia/aiiy
iioeiaeueiiai ii?aeiaiiy an?o aieeaath/eo /eiiee?a iiaeia o?eueee ca
aeiiiiiaith aaaaoiia?aiao?e/iie iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a ia?aoai?thaa/a.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae oe?ieinioaeieo,
iaeiaaaa?eoieo iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey aei??thaaiiy
eiiieaenieo ia?aiao??a aioai ? oaeeueiaiaeieo i?eno?i?a, ? aeooaeueiith,
ui ia? aaeeea iaoeiaa ? i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy.

IAOA ? INIIAI? CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Iaoith ni?aaaeiuei? ?iaioe c’yaeeany ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae
oe?ieinioaeieo iaeiaaaa?eoieo iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ?
noai?aiiy ia ?o iniia? aenieioi/ieo aaoiiaoeciaaieo aei??iee?a
eiiieaenieo ia?aiao??a aioai ? IA* i?eno?i?a.

Iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeth/aee ianooiia:

1. ?ic?iaeo iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae ia?aeiieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a c
iaeicaeaaeieii a?ae /anoioe oaciaee cnoaaie i?ae neaiaeaie, ui
a?aeaaeoaeaeothoueny a oaeeaaiaee aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie.

Oai?aoe/ia ? aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ?ici???a u?eei
ca’yceo ia iiaeoe? ? oace eiiieaenieo aiie?ooae oaeeue, ui
a?aeaaeoaeaeothoueny a oaeeaaiaee aeaoaeoi??a, a oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiiy
aieeao aa??aoe?? aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a u?eei ca’yceo aeaio
aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie ia /anoioio caeaaei?noue cnoao oac neaiae?a, ui
iinooiathoue ia IA* ae?iaee.

Iioei?caoe?th aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a u?eaaeo aeaiaio?a ca’yceo c iaoith
noaa?e?caoe?? oaciaiai cnoao i?ae neaiaeaie a ae?aiacii? /anoio
oaeeaaiaea ? caaacia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii? /anoioii? iia??oiino?.

Ioe?ieo ? i?i?i?caoe?th iia??oiinoae aei??thaaiiy, coiiaeaieo
ia?aeaioe/i?noth aiie?ooaeii-oaciaeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaoaeoi??a,
ia?aa?aeia?aaeaiiai a?ae aeoiaeo aaia?aoi?a, ianoaa?euei?noth IA*
iiooaeiino? a ae?aiacii? /anoio.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee iie?ioaeeueiaeo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a ? iiaoaeiaaiiai ia ?o iniia? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aei??ieea
eiiieaenieo ia?aiao??a aioai ? oaeeueiaiaeieo i?eno?i?a.

IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Aeey io?eiaiiy iniiaieo oai?aoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a aoee aeei?enoai?:
iaoiae i?iaii? oaee? — aecia/aiiy ii?iiaaii? eiiieaenii? aiie?ooaee
oaee? a oaeeaaiae? aeaoaeoi?a; iaoiaee ?ioaa?oaaiiy o?ainoeaiaeaioieo
ooieoe?e — aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aeiaaeeie u?eeie ia iiaeoeue ? oaco
eiiieaenii? aiie?ooaee oaee?; iaoiae aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ii? iioei?caoe??
Ooea-Aeae?ana — aecia/aiiy ii?iiaaieo aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
oaeeueiaiaeieo u?eaaeo aeaiaio?a ca’yceo; oiiieiai/ii iaoiaee —
aecia/aiiy caeaaeiino? ia?aiao??a aei??iee?a a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee
neeaaeath/eo aeaiaio?a; ??iia??i?noii-noaoenoe/iee iaoiae — ioe?iea
iia??oiinoae aei??iee?a; eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy ? iaoo?iee
aenia?eiaio.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA

I?e aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa io?eiai? ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe:

cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee iiaoaeiae oe?ieinioaeieo iaeiaaaa?eoieo
iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a c iaeicaeaaeieie a?ae /anoioe oaciaeie
cnoaaie i?ae neaiaeaie, ui iinooiathoue ia aeaoaeoi?e;

io?eiaia aiae?oe/ia caeaaei?noue aeey eiiieaenii? aiie?ooaee oaee?,
caoaeaeoth/i? oaeeaaiae aeaoaeoi?a, ? aeey oaciaiai cnoao neaiae?a a
aeaio u?eaaeo oaeeueiaiaeieo aiaeaaeoaeoaa/ae, ui ? ooieoe?yie
aeiaaeeie oaee? ? aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a u?eei: aeiaaeeie, oe?eie,
eoo?a iaoeeo, eii?aeeiao oeaio??a;

aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei? ii?iiaai? cia/aiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a u?eei
ca’yceo, ui caaacia/othoue eaaceiino?ei?noue oaciaiai cnoao a ae?aiacii?
/anoio oaeeaaiaea ? i?i?i?caoe?th /anoioii? iia??oiino? iie?ioaeeueiaeo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a;

cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae ei?aeoe?? iia??oiinoae, coiiaeaieo
ia?aeaioe/i?noth aiieiooaeii-/anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaoaeoi??a,
a?aeaeca?eaeaiiyi a?ae aaia?aoi?a, ia??aiii??i?noth IA* iiooaeiino? a
ae?aiacii? /anoio;

aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeai? iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee iie?ioaeeueiaeo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a ? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aei??ieea ia?aiao??a IA* i?eno?i?a.

I?AEOE*IA Oe?II?NOUe

?ic?iaeai? /ioe?e aa??aioe oe?ieinioaeieo iaeiaaaa?eoieo eiino?oeoeaii
i?inoeo iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ? aaoiiaoeciaaiee aei??iee
ia?aiao??a aioaiii-oaeeueiaiaeiiai o?aeoo ia ?o iniia?.

?ic?iaeaia iiaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
u?eaaeo aeaiaio?a ca’yceo aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie c ia?aeiiei oaeeaaiaeii
ia aoaeue-yeee ia?aoei.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo oaci/anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee
ia?aoai?thaa/?a, i?i?i?coth/? a?aeoeeaiiy oaciaiai cnoao a?ae
iii?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy a ae?aiacii? /anoio oaeeaaiaea. ?ic?iaeaia
iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?ioaeeueiaeo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a ? aei??thaaeueiiai i?eeaaeo.

?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy, ui aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe i?ioeaaeo?o
aei??thaaiiy ? eae?a?oaaiiy, a?aoi/io ? /eneiao ?iaeeeaoe??
?acoeueoao?a, ae?aeiaiaee ?aaeei ? ?io? na?a?ni? iiaeeeaino?.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a Naaanoiiieuenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?, a Naaanoiiieuenueeiio EA
?aae?ica’yceo, a Naaanoiiieuenueeiio a?enueeiai-ii?nueeiio ?inoeooo?.

AEI?IAOAAIIss ?ACOEUeOAO?A ?IAIOE

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aeieeaaeaeeny ?
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia 7 i?aeia?iaeieo ? 2 ?anioae?eainueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo:

5-e I?aeia?iaeiie E?einueeie eiioa?aioe?? »IA* oaoi?ea ? noiooieeiai
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eii oaoiieia??», E?ei?ei-95. — i. Naaanoiiieue, 1995;

I?aeia?iaeiie iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? »Aei??thaaiiy», i.
Eaoian, 1996;

3-e Oe?a?inueeie eiioa?aioe?? »Aaoiiaoeea-96», i. Naaanoiiieue, 1996;

6-e I?aeia?iaeiie E?einueeie eiioa?aioe?? »IA* oaoi?ea ?
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eii oaoiieia??», i. Naaanoiiieue, 1996;

I?aeia?iaeiie eiioa?aioe?? »Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeaeo?iiiiai
i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy (AIAI 96)», i. Iiainea??nuee, 1996;

7-e I?aeia?iaeiie E?einueeie i?e?ioaeeueiaie eiioa?aioe??,i.
Naaanoiiieue, 1997;

I?aeia?iaeiie iaoeiai-oaoi?/iie eiioa?aioe?? » Aeaeo?ii?ee 97»,
i. Eaoian, 1997;

8-e I?aeia?iaeiie E?einueeie i?e?ioaeeueiaie eiioa?aioe??,
i. Naaanoiiieue, 1998;

1-e iaoeiai-oaoi?/iie eiioa?aioe?? AIN Oe?a?ie «I?iaeaii? ieoaiiy
aoae?aieoeoaa AIN, ?icaeoie ica?i?iiy ? a?enueeiai? oaoi?ee», i.
Naaanoiiieue, 1998.

IOAE?EAOe??

Ii iaoa??aeao aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 23 ?iaioe: 5 iaoeiaeo noaoae,
5 iaoaio?a, 1 aeaiiiiaaiee ?oeiien, 9 iaoa??ae?a aeiiia?aeae, 2
?ioi?iaoe?eieo eenoea ? 1 ca?a?no?iaaiee ca?o i?i IAe?.

NO?OEOO?A ? IA’?I AeENA?OAOe??

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c aaaaeaiiy, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a ? aeniiaeo,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss, ui AEIINssOUeNss IA CAOENO

Iaoiaee iiaoaeiae oe?ieinioaeieo iaeiaaaa?eoieo iie?ioaeeueiaeo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a c iaeicaeaaeieie a?ae /anoioe oaciaeie cnoaaie i?ae
an?ia iinooiath/eie ia aeaoaeoi?e neaiaeaie, ui caaacia/othoue
i?i?iaeueii iiaeeeao /anoioio iia??oi?noue.

?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
u?eei ca’yceo ia eiiieaeni? aiie?ooaee oaeeue ? ia oaciaee cnoa i?ae
neaiaeaie, ui a?aeaaeoaeaeothoueny a aeaoaeoi?e.

?acoeueoaoe aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ii? iioei?caoe?? ii?iiaaieo ?ici???a u?eei ?
eii?aeeiao ?o oeaio??a, a oaeiae eoo?a ?o iaoeeo, ui caaacia/othoue
i?i?i?caoe?th a?aeoeeaiiy oaciaiai cnoao a?ae iaiao?aeiiai cia/aiiy a
ae?aiacii? /anoio oaeeaaiaea.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee aei??thaaeueiiai eiiieaeno ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo
iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ? iaoiaee ei?aeoe?? aeii?ioth/eo
iia??oiinoae.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiao??a
iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ? aei??thaaeueiiai eiiieaeno.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O aaaaeaii? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/ai? iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeae?eai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno,
aiioo?oueny ci?no aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? aeeiiaiee aiae?oe/iee iaeyae iaoiae?a
iiaoaeiae ia?aeiieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, aei??iee?a eiiieaenieo ia?aiao??a
iie?ioaeeueiaeo i?eno?i?a c oi/ee ci?o aeei?enoaiiy ?o ye a
noaoe?iia?ieo caaiaenueeeo ? eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao, oae ? a i?eeaaeao
aaoaeiaaiiai eiio?ieth.

E?eoa??yie aeey ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aoee oi/i?noue aei??thaaiiy,
nioaa ?iai/eo /anoio, eiino?oeoeai? iniaeeaino? ? aa?o?noue, aaaa?eoe ?
iiaeeea?noue aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioeano aei??thaaiiy, ooieoe?iiaeuei?
iiaeeeaino? i?eeaaeo. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i
ia?niaeoeai?noue aei??thaaeueieo eiiieaen?a, iiaoaeiaaieo ia aac?
aaaaoiaeaiaioieo (aaaaoiaeaoaeoi?ieo) ia?aeiieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ui
ii?aeiothoue i?inoioo eiino?oeoe?? c iaeeie aaaa?eoaie, iaaenieith
aa?o?noth, iiaeeea?noth aeei?enoaiiy ye i?e aei??thaaii? eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy, oae ? eiao?oe??ioa ia?aaea/?.

?icaeyioo? ??ci? aa??aioe u?eaaeo ca’yce?a aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie c
ia?aeiiei oaeeaaiaeii. Aeey ciaioaiiy /anoioii? iia??oiino? aei??ieea a
ae?aiacii? ?iai/eo /anoio iaiao?aeii, uia aeaeo?e/ia a?aenoaiue i?ae
an?ia aeaoaeoi?aie aoea eaaceiino?eia a ae?aiacii? /anoio. Iaeiae, o
a?aeiieo aaaaoiaeaoaeoi?ieo ia?aoai?thaa/ao oey oiiaa aeeiio?oueny a
iaiiaiiio ia’?i? — i?ae aeayeeie aeaoaeoi?ieie aieiaeaie aeaeo?e/ia
a?aenoaiue caeaaeeoue a?ae /anoioe, oiio iia??oi?noue iaaeiionoeii
c?inoa? i?e ?icoe?aii? ?iai/i? nioae /anoio. Ia oaciaee cnoa i?ae
neaiaeaie ia aoiaeao ae?iae?a IA* ?noioii aieeaathoue ?ici??e u?eei
ca’yceo (aeiaaeeia ? oe?eia). O ?nioth/eo oeiao ia?aoai?thaa/?a oea ia
a?aoiaaia. Aeoiaey/e c aeuaaeeeaaeaiiai, a caeeth/i?e /anoei? ?icae?eo
noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/?, iai?aaeai? ia aeinyaiaiiy iniiaii? iaoe ?iaioe:
ciaeoe iaoiae iiaoaeiae iie?ioaeeueiaiai ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a c
iaeicaeaaeieii a?ae /anoioe oaciaeie cnoaaie i?ae an?ia neaiaeaie;
aeine?aeeoe aieea ia oaciaee cnoa i?ae aeaiia a?aeaaeoaeaieie neaiaeaie
aeiaaeeie ? oe?eie u?eei ? aecia/eoe oiiae, i?e yeeo oaciaee cnoa aoaea
eaaceiino?eiei a ae?aiacii? /anoio oaeeaaiaea ?, ioaea, aeiaeoeny
ciaioaiiy /anoioii? iia??oiino?; ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoi ia?iaee
aei??thaaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ui aeeeth/a? ?io? neeaaeath/? iia??oiino?;
?ic?iaeoe ? aeine?aeeoe aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaia oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy u?eaaeo
aeaiaio?a ca’yceo, aiane?aeie yeiai io?eiai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey
eiiieaenieo aiie?ooae oaeeue, ui ?iciianthaeaeothoueny a oaeeaaiaeao
aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie, anoaiiaeaieo oi?oeai ia oe?ieo no?ieo ia?aeiiiai
oaeeaaiaea, ? aiae?oe/ia caeaaei?noue oaciaiai cnoao i?ae oeeie oaeeyie
a?ae aeiaaeeie oaee? ? an?o aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a u?eei, a oiio /ene?
?o aeiaaeeie ? oe?eie. C?iaeaia aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ia iioei?caoe?y oaciaiai
cnoao, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae aeiaaeeie ? oe?eie u?eei, a?aenoai? i?ae ?o
oeaio?aie, eooaie iaoeeo, ci?uaiiyi oeaio??a u?eei a?aeiinii aocueei?
no?iee, c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy i?i?iaeueieo a?aeoeeaiue oaciaiai cnoao
a?ae iii?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy a ae?aiacii? /anoio oaeeaaiaea.

oaeey oeia I10, caoaeaeaia a oaeeaaiaei A, yeee anoaiiaeaiee oi?oeai
ia oe?ieie no?ioei iniiaiiai oaeeaaiaea A (iae. 1), ae?aaea?oueny /a?ac
?iciiae?e iaai?oieo noi?iii?o no?oi?a

, (1)

aea jino — u?euei?noue noi?iiiueiai iaai?oiiai no?oio;

(Jinol) — iiiaio noi?iiiueiai iaai?oiiai no?oio aei?ii?ithaa/a;

Vi — iaai?oia iiey?eco?iinoue ioai?o;

?i — iaeeie/ia iiooaei?noue ii?iiaaii? oaee?, ui ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny a
oaeeaaiae? A;

IA — ona?aaeiaia cia/aiiy iai?oaeaiiino? iaai?oiiai iiey u?eeie aeey
oaeeaaiaea A

, (2)

IA — ona?aaeiaia cia/aiiy iai?oaeaiiino? iaai?oiiai iiey u?eeie aeey
oaeeaaiaea A

e-inr dr , (3)

K1 = (Vi1 sin2a+Vi2cos2a)2a1/laA; K2 = sin a cos a (Vi2 —
Vi1);

m = ( p sin a)/a1; n = (2p/laA)cosa.;

laA — aeiaaeeia oaee? a oaeeaaiae? A;

Vi1 ? Vi2 — iiaeiaaeiy ? iiia?a/ia iaai?oi? iiey?eco?iinoi u?eei.

. Aiaeia?/ii aecia/a?oueny aiie?ooaea oaee?, ui caoaeaeo?oueny ae?oaith
u?eeiith, ?icoaoiaaiith aeca?eaeueii ia?oie ? aeaeaeaeaiie acaeiaae
oaeeaaiaea ia a?aenoaiue Z0.

Oaciaee cnoa i?ae neaiaeaie, ui a?aeaaeoaeothoueny aeaiia iioeeeie
u?eeiaie, aecia/a?oueny ianooiiith aiae?oe/iith caeaaei?noth

, (4)

— ii?iiaaia aeiaaeeia oaeei;

a — ?ici?? oe?iei? no?iee ia?aeiiiai oaeeaaiaea A;

eiao?oe??io, ui a?aoiao? a?aeiioaiiy oe?eie u?eeie aei ?? aeiaaeeie

; (5)

I — eiao?oe??io, ui a?aoiao? aeiaaeeio u?eeie

(6)

;

LI=L/2a — ii?iiaaia aeiaaeeia u?eeie.

I?e i?aenoaiiaoe? (6) ? (5) a (4) aeaeii, ui oaciaee cnoa aeaio neaiae?a
? ooieoe??th oanoe ci?iieo

O = f((aI, b, ZoH, oiI, LH, S/L).
(7)

– ii?iiaaii cia/aiiy ci?uaiiy oeaio?ia u?eei ? iiia?a/ia eii?aeeiaoa
oeaio?ia u?eei, a?aeiia?aeii.

Iaoith i?iaaaeaii? aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ii? iioei?caoe?? ooieoe?? O aoei
aecia/aiiy oaeeo cia/aiue aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a u?eei (b, ZoH, oiI,
LH, S/L), i?e yeeo a?aeoeeaiiy oaciaiai cnoao a?ae iii?iaeueiiai
cia/aiiy (iai?eeeaae, Oiii=90I, aai Oiii =45I ) aoei a i?i?iaeueiei
i?e ci?i? aeiaaeeie oaee? la a ae?aiacii? /anoio oaeeaaiaea.

Ooieoe?y, ui oa?aeoa?eco? a?aeoeeaiiy caeaaeiino? oaciaiai cnoao a?ae
aeiaaeeie oaee? a?ae i?yii?, caieoaoueny ae?aaeaiiyi:

laaeeI

F = ( {p/2-[pZ0I/laI + 2(arctg( laI(Y(I )]}2dlaI.

laeI

Ooo laeI, laaeeI — caaeai? ei?aeiie ae?aiaciio iioei?caoe??
oa?aeoa?enoeee, laI — iioi/ia eii?aeeiaoa, ZoH e b, oiI, LH, S/L —
ia?aiao?e, ui iioei?cothoueny. Iaeneiaeueia /enei ia?aiao??a, ui
aecia/athoueny — i’youe, aea aiii iiaea aooe ciaioaia o ?ac? caaeaiiy
iaaiiai cia/aiiy aeayeeo ia?aiao??a c eiino?oeoeaieo aai ?ioeo
i??eoaaiue, aeey ia?aiao??a, ui caeeoeeeny, eiino?oeoe??th
aecia/athoueny iaae? ci?ie. A?aeiia?aeii, ?ic?iaeai? aeae?eueea
aa??aio?a i?ioeaaeo?e iioei?caoe??.

I?ia?aia iioei?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaia ia iniia? iaoiaeo Ooea-Aeae?ana. Iiooe
i?i?ioio ooieoe?? neeaaea?oueny c iine?aeiaiino? e?ie?a
aeine?aeaeoth/iai iiooeo iaaeiei aacenii? oi/ee, ca yeith, o ?ac?
oni?oo, ne?aeo? iiooe ca c?aceii. I?e iiooeo ca c?aceii
aeei?enoiao?oueny ?ioi?iaoe?y, io?eiaia a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ui
aecia/a? iioeiaeueiee iai?yi i?i?i?caoe?? ooieoe??.

Aiane?aeie iioei?caoe?? ooieoe?? a 37%-iie nioc? /anoio i?e Oiii=90I
io?eiai? ianooii? cia/aiiy ii?iiaaieo aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a:

(opt=28.8393I, ZHopt=0.2189, oI=0.25, LH=0.2, SH=0.02.

Caeaaei?noue O=fopt((aI) ciia?aaeaia ia iae. 2. Iaeneiaeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy
oaciaee cnoao ((max a?ae Oiii=90I ia ia?aaeuothoue (1.6I, aiaeia?/i?
?ic?aooiee aeey Oiii=45I aeicaieythoue aeinyaiooe cia/aiiy ((max, ui ia
ia?aaeuo? (0.8I. Oaea noaa?e?caoe?y oaciaiai cnoao a nioc? /anoio ni?ey?
ciaioaiith /anoioii? iia??oiino? aei??ieea.

Iaethiie 2 — Caeaaei?noue O=fopt((aI)

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ia?aeiiiai
iie?ioaeeueiaiai ia?aoai?thaa/a c iaeicaeaaeieie a?ae /anoioe oaciaeie
cnoaaie i?ae an?ia neaiaeaie ? aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen
aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iie?ioaeeueiaeo i?eno?i?a; i?iaiae?ciaaia
iia??oi?noue aei??thaaiiy ? cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae ei?aeoe??
aeii?ioth/eo neeaaeiaeo oe??? iia??oiino?.

Aiae?c ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey acaeiaae e?i?? ? aecia/aiiy
eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy (EEA) cae?enith?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith o?ioneaiaeueiiai ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, aeey yeiai
iine?aeiai? oaciai cnoae i?ae neaiaeaie ??ai? 45I. O oeueiio
aeiaaeeo aeey IA* eaioethaa, ui neeaaea?oueny c ia?aeiiiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a, IA* aaia?aoi?a ? iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny,
neaiaee, io?eiai? c aeaoaeoi??a, iathoue aeaeyae

1 + Ao2 — 2Ao cosfo

U1 = k1U2 (((((((((((((( ;
(8)

1 + Aa2 Ao2 — 2Aa Aocos( fo + fa
)

1 + Ao2 + 2 Ao sin fo

U2 = k2U2 (((((((((((((( ;
(9)

1 + Aa2 Ao2 — 2Aa Aocos( fo +
fa )

1 + Ao2 + 2 Ao cosfo

U3 = k3U2 (((((((((((((( ,
(10)

1 + Aa2 Ao2 — 2Aa Aocos( fo +
fa )

aea U — aiie?ooaea iaaeath/i? oaee? ia aeoiae? aaia?aoi?a IA*;

Ao, fo — a?aeiia?aeii iiaeoeue ? oaca eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy i?eno?ith, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny;

Aa, fa — iiaeoeue ? oaca eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy
aeoiaeo aaia?aoi?a;

k1, k2, k3 — eiao?oe??ioe ia?aaea/? a?aeiia?aeieo aeaiaio?a
ia?aoai?thaa/a, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae ia?ao?aeieo iineaaeaiue u?eei,
aiieiooaeii-/anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee (A*O) oaeeaaiae?a aeaoaeoi?ieo
aieiaie ? eiao?oe??io?a ia?aoai?aiiy IA* ae?iae?a.

I?e a?aei?iiino? oaciaeo cnoa?a i?ae neaiaeaie a?ae 45I i?e ci?i?
/anoioe ae?aaeaiiy aeaui oneeaaeiththoueny. Ia?iaea iai?oaeaiue c
aeaoaeoi??a (8-10) aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i eiiieaeniee
eiao?oe??io a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy (EEA) i?eno?ith, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny.
Iia??oi?noue aei??thaaiiy iiaeoey ? oace eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy
iiaeia cieceoe, yeui aeiaeoeny ?aeaioe/iino? eiao?oe??io?a ia?aaea/? ki
(k1(k2(k3), ciaioeoe eiao?oe??io a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy a?ae aeoiaeo
aaia?aoi?a Aa, noaa?e?coaaoe oaciaee cnoa i?ae neaiaeaie a ae?aiacii?
/anoio.

sse aeaeii c ae?aaeaiue (8) ? (10), oaciaee cnoa i?ae neaiaeaie c
ia?oiai ? o?aoueiai aeaiaio?a ia?aoai?thaa/a noaiiaeoue 90I. O ae?oaiio
?icae?e? iieacaii, ui a ae?aiacii? /anoio a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae oeueiai
iii?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy ia ia?aaeuo? (1.6I. Ca’ycie ae?oai? aeaoaeoi?ii?
aieiaee c ia?aeiiei oaeeaaiaeii cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith aeaio
u?eei, aeeiiaieo ?aeaioe/ieie u?eeiai ca’yceo ia?oi? ? o?aouei? aieiaie.
Oeaio?e oeeo u?eei eaaeaoue a oeo aea iiia?a/ieo ieiueiao, ui ? oeaio?e
u?eei ia?oi? ? o?aouei? aieiaie (iae. 3). Neaiae, ui a?aeaaeoaeo?oueny a
oaeeaaiae aeaoaeoi?ii? aieiaee Ae2, aoaea a?aenoaaaoe ii oac? ia 45I
a?ae neaiaeo c Ae1 ? aeia?aaeaeaoe ia 45I neaiae c aieiaee Ae3. Oaeei
/eiii, aaeaeiny io?eiaoe iaeicaeaaeii a?ae /anoioe oaciai cnoae i?ae
an?ia neaiaeaie, ui ci?iathoueny c ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a.
A?aeoeeaiiy a?ae oaciaiai cnoao, ??aiiai 45I, ia ia?aaeuo? 0.8I a
37%-iee nioc? /anoio, ui aeicaieeei a?eueo i?ae a aeaa ?ace ciaioeoe
/anoioio iia??oi?noue a ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie aei??ieeaie.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iieacaa, ui /anoioi? iia??oiino? aei??thaaiiy
iiaeoey ? oace eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy aecia/athoueny ianooiieie
ae?aaeaiiyie:

, (11)

2sin(fo-Df)-sinDf(1+
Ao2)/Ao

Dfof = arctg ((((((((((((( — fo ,
(12)

2
cosfo-2sin(fo-Df)sinDf

Iia??oi?noue, iia’ycaia c ia?aa?aeaeca?eaeaiiyi a?ae aaia?aoi?a, ??aia:

dAoaai= 1/ [1+Aa2Ao2-2AaAo cos(fo+fa)] — 1.
(13)

Ia oi/i?noue aei??thaaiiy oaeiae aieeaa? ia?aeaioe/i?noue eiao?oe??io?a
k1, k2, k3 a ae?aiacii? /anoio. ? oi/ u?eeie ca’yceo an?o o?ueio
aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie iaeiaeia? ? ?o A*O ia a?ae??ciy?oueny iaeei a?ae
iaeiiai, ia??ai?noue eiao?oe??io?a iia’ycaia, a iniiaiiio, c
iaiaeiaeiaeie eiao?oe??ioaie ia?aoai?aiiy IA* ae?iae?a. A?aeiinia
iia??oi?noue aei??thaaiiy iiaeoey aecia/a?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi:

;

a aaniethoia iia??oi?noue aei??thaaiiy a?aoiaioo

,

;

.

Aeacai? aeaea?aea iia??oiino? aiinyoue ?noioiee aianie a ?acoeueooth/o
iia??oi?noue, ? aeey i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? aei??thaaiiy ?o iio??aii
aeeeth/eoe. C iaoith ei?aeoe?? oeeo iia??oiinoae cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi
ia?iaee aei??thaaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe??, aeey ?aae?caoe?? yeiai
?ic?iaeaiee aei??thaaeueii-

ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen. Eiai no?oeoo?ia noaia aeeth/a? ianooii?
iniiai? aeiee: AII, i?eno??e niieo/aiiy, aaia?aoi? IA* c aeaeo?iiiith
aeene?aoiith ia?aaoaeiaith /anoioe, ia?aeiiee IA* ia?aoai?thaa/,
aeine?aeaeo?iee iie?ioaeeueiaee i?eno??e.

Ia?aae aei??thaaiiyi iiaeoey ? oace EEA i?eeaae eae?a?o?oueny ia eiaei?e
c /anoio ae?aiaciio ii ocaiaeaeaiiio iaaaioaaeaiith (Ao=Ai=0).
Eae?a?iaaii cia/aiiy iai?oaeaiue, ui ci?iathoueny c aeaoaeoi??a Ae1,
Ae2, Ae3 aoaeooue a?aeiia?aeii ??ai?:

U1e=k1U2, U2e=k2U2, U3e=k3U2.
(14)

Aei??thaaeuei? (8-10) ? eae?a?oaaie (14) neaiaee ia?iaeythoueny ii
ianooiiiio aeai?eoio:

; (15)

(16)

Iieo/aia nenoaia aeaio ??aiyiue (16) aeicaiey? ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aei??thaaiue neaiae?a c aieiaie aecia/eoe iiaeoeue ? oaco EEA

,
(17)

.

(18)

I?eaaaeaia aeua ia?iaea neaiae?a c aeaoaeoi??a aeicaieeea aeeeth/eoe
iia??oiino?, iia’ycai? c ia?aeaioe/i?noth A*O aeaoaeoi??a, ci?iith ??aiy
iiooaeiino? aaia?aoi?a a ae?aiacii? /anoio, ia?aa?aeaeca?eaeaiiyi a?ae
aaia?aoi?a. ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeicaiey? iia?aoi?o
iiai?noth ea?oaaoe anei i?ioeanii aei??thaaiue ? niinoa??aaoe ia ae?ai?
iii?oi?a ia?aiao?e, ui aei??ththoueny a a?ao?/i?e ? /eneiaie oi?iao.

Iiooee oeyo?a iiaeaeueoiai ciaioaiiy /anoioii? iia??oiino? i?eaaee aei
?ic?iaee o?ioneaiaeueiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, ?icoaooaaiiy u?eei ca’yceo ?
aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie yeiai i?eaaaeai? ia iae. 4. Aeaoaeoi?ia aieiaea
Ae1 caoaeaeo?oueny iiia?a/iith u?eeiith, aieiaea Ae3 — iiaeiaaeiuei?, a
aeaoaeoi?ia aieiaea Ae2 — iioeeith u?eeiith ca’yceo. Oeaio?e
u?eei aieiaie Ae1 ? Ae3 ?icoaoiaai? a iaei?e iiia?a/i?e ieiuei?.
Oaciaee cnoa i?ae neaiaeaie, ui a?aeaaeoaeothoueny u?eeiaie ia?oi? ?
o?aouei? aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie, ye a?aeiii, noaiiaeoue 90I. Iii?iaeueiee
oaciaee cnoa i?ae neaiaeaie c aieiaie Ae1 ? Ae2 noaiiaeoue 45I ?
a?aeoeeaiiy (( a ae?aiacii? /anoio ia ia?aaeuo? (0.8I.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae iiaoaeiae IA* ia?aoai?thaa/a ? iaoiaeeea ia?iaee
neaiae?a c aeaoaeoi??a aeicaieeee, ye iieacaa i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c, cia/ii
ciaioeoe cia/aiiy /anoioii? iia??oiino? (iae. 5). Iaeneiaeueia /anoioia
iia??oi?noue aei??thaaiiy iiaeoey EEA noaiiaeoue (2,9%, a oace
(1,6I. No?oeoo?ia noaia aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiiai eiiieaeno
caeeoa?oueny iaci?iiith.

Iaethiie 5 — *anoioi? iia??oiino? o?aou?eaaee o?aoneaiaeueiiai
aei??ieea

Iiaea?i?ciaaiee aa??aio ?icaeyiooiai o?iou?eaaiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ia?
/ioe?e aeaoaeoi?i? aieiaee. *aoaa?oa aieiaea caoaeaeo?oueny iioeeith
u?eeiith, ui ? aeca?eaeueiei a?aeia?aaeaiiyi u?eeie aieiaee Ae2
a?aeiinii iiia?a/ii? u?eeie. Iii?iaeueiee oaciaee cnoa i?ae neaiaeaie,
ui iinooiathoue ia ae?oaee ? /aoaa?oee aeaoaeoi?e, noaiiaeoue 90I, oaeei
/eiii, i?ae neaiaeaie an?o non?aei?o aieiaie oaciai cnoae aoaeooue ??ai?
45I. Aeai?eoi ia?iaee aei??thaaeueieo ? eae?a?oaaieo neaiae?a aeey
io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i cia/aiiy iiaeoey ? oace EEA c
/ioe?ioaeaoaeoi?iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a cia/ii i?ino?oee. sse iieacaa
aiae?c, /anoioi? iia??oiino? aei??thaaiiy iiaeoey ? oace, i?eaeecii,
oae? ae ye ? o aei??ieeia? c o?iou?eeiiei ia?aoai?thaa/ai.
Cai?iiiiiaaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee o?ioneaiaeueiee /ioe?eu?eaaee
iaeiiaeaoaeoi?iee iie?ioaeeueiaee ia?aoai?thaa/, yeee ?aae?ciao?
iine?aeiaiee aiae?c aiieeooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo neaiae?a o
oaeeueiaiaeiii o?aeo?. Aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen,
iiaoaeiaaiee ia aac? oeueiai ia?aoai?thaa/a (iae. 6), i?ecia/aiee aeey
aei??thaaiiy an?o S-ia?aiao??a /ioe?ioiiethnieea.

O eiiieaen aoiaeyoue iie?ioaeeueiaee ia?aoai?thaa/ (1), i?eno??e
niieo/aiiy (2), aaia?aoi? c aeene?aoiith ia?aaoaeiaith /anoioe (3), IAII
(4), i?eno??e, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny (5). Iie?ioaeeueiaee ia?aoai?thaa/
neeaaea?oueny c aeaio a?ae??ce?a i?yiieooiiai oaeeaaiaea, iia’ycaieo
i?ae niaith a?ae??ceii iicaiaaeiiai oaeeaaiaea c neiao?e/ii ?icoaoiaaiei
a iueiio IA* ae?iaeii, yeee caoaeaeo?ony aeaiia ?aeaioe/ieie ia?aie
u?eei ca’yceo 1-2 ? 3-4. Oaciaee cnoa i?ae neaiaeaie, ui
a?aeaaeoaeaeothoueny iioeeeie u?eeiaie ca’yceo 1-2, (3-4), ye ? a
?icaeyiooiio aeua o?ioaeaoaeoi?iii /ioe?iou?eeiiiio ia?aoai?thaa/?,
noaiiaeoue, i?eaeecii, 90I a ae?aiacii? /anoio oaeeaaiaea. O u?eeiao
anoaiiaeai? p-i-n ae?iaee, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo iiaea cae?enithaaoeny
eiiooaoe?y u?eei. Aa?oi?e eaiae iaaaioaaeaiee ocaiaeaeaiei
iaaaioaaeaiiyi (7). *ioe?eiiethniee, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny
i?aeeeth/a?oueny i?ae eaiaeaie ia?aoai?thaa/a ca aeiiiiiaith U-ia?aciiai
180-a?aaeoniee aeaeio (6). Oeaio?e u?eei 1 ? 3 ciaoiaeyoueny a iaei?e
iiia?a/i?e ieiuei?, a oeaio?e u?eei 2 ? 4 a ?io?e. I?eeaae iiaea
i?aoethaaoe ye a ?aaeei? aei??thaaiiy eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy
(EEA), oae ? a ?aaeei? aei??thaaiiy eiao?oe??ioa ia?aaea/? (EEI).

O ?aaeei? aei??thaaiiy EEA u?eeie 3 ? 4 iino?eii cae?eo?. I?e a?aee?eo?e
u?eei? 1 ? cae?eo?e u?eei? 2 c aeoiaeo IA* ae?iaea ia i?eno??e
niieo/aiiy iinooia? neaiae, ui iieno?oueny ae?aaeaiiyi (8), i?e
a?aee?eo?e u?eei? 2 ? cae?eo?e 1 — ae?aaeaiiyi (10), a eiee
a?aee?eo? iaeaea? u?eeie c aeoiaeo ae?iaea ci?ia?oueny neaiae, ui
iieno?oueny ae?aaeaiiyi (9). Ia?iaea oeeo neaiae?a aeicaiey? io?eiaoe
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iiaeoeue ? oaco EEA.

Iaethiie 6 — Ooieoe?iiaeueia noaia iaeiiaeaoaeoi?iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a

O ?aaeei? aei??thaaiiy eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa ia?aaea/? (EEI)
caae?yi? an? /ioe?e u?eeie. Nii/aoeo ia i?eno??e niieo/aiiy iinooia?
iai?oaa c IA* ae?iaea i?e a?aee?eoeo u?eeiao 1 ? 3 (u?eeie 2 ? 4
cae?eo?), iio?i i?e a?aee?eoeo u?eeiao 2 ? 4 (cae?eo? u?eeie 1 ? 3) ?,
ia?aoo?, i?e an?o a?aee?eoeo u?eeiao 1, 2, 3, 4. O eiaeiiio aeiaaeeo ia
ae?iae iinooiathoue neaiaee iaaeath/i?, a?aeaeca?eaeaii? ? oaeei, yea
i?ieoea /a?ac aeineiaeaeoaaiiee i?eno?ie. Neaiaee, i?iii?oe?ei?
aiie?ooaeai iaaeath/i? ? a?aeia?aaeaii? oaeeue iinooiathoue /a?ac
u?eeie 1 ? 2 ieaei?o eaiaee ia?aoai?thaa/a, a neaiaee, i?iii?oe?ei?
aiie?ooae? oaee?, yea i?ieoea /a?ac aeineiaeaeoaaiiee /ioe?ioiiethniee,
/a?ac u?eeie 3 ? 4 aa?oiueiai eaiaeo. Ia?iaea oeeo neaiae?a ?
i?ii?aeieo ?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiiy EEA aea? ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iiaeoeue
? oaco EEI.

Iia??oi?noue aei??thaaiiy iiaeoe?a ? oac EEA ? EEI c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaeiiaeaoaeoi?iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, i?eaeecii oaea ae, ye ? i?e
aeei?enoaii? o?aoaeaoaeoi?iiai /ioe?aou?eeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, yeui
ia?aiao?e p-i-n ae?iae?a a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai, ui i?aae’yaeythoueny.

Eiaeiee c aa?eioia iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ia? iaai? ia?aaaae. O
ia?oiio aa??aio? an? u?eeie iathoue ?aeaioe/i? aiieiooaeii-/anoioi?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, oaeee ia?aoai?thaa/ iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o
aei??ieeia? ia?aiao??a c inoeeeia?aoi/iith ?iaeeeaoe??th. Aeaoaeoi?i?
aieiaee ae?oaiai ? o?aoueiai aa??aio?a ia?aoai?thaa/?a iathoue
iaeiaeia? eiino?oeoe??, e??i oiai oe? ia?aoai?thaa/? iathoue iaioo
/anoioio iia??oi?noue. O /ioe?aoaeaoaeoi?iii ia?aoai?thaa/? ia?iaea
neaiae?a aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue aei??thaaiiy aeecueeeo aei
iaeeieoe? cia/aiue iiaeoe?a eiao?oe??io?a a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiue, ui aei??ththoueny. Iaeiiaeaoaeoi?iee ia?aoai?thaa/ iiaea
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye aeey aei??thaaiiy eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy,
oae ? eiao?oe??io?a ia?aaea/?.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy ?ic?iaee ? i?aeoe/ii?
?aae?caoe?? aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiiai eiiieaeno aeey aecia/aiiy
ia?aiao??a iie?ioaeeueiaeo i?eno?i?a ? ?acoeueoaoe eiai
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

??ci? aa??aioe iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a iiaoaeiaai? ia aac?
ia?aeiiiai oaeeaaiaea ia?aoeiii 35(15 ii; aeey aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie
aeei?enoiaoaaany oaeeaaiae ia?aoeiii 23(10 ii. Iniiaieie aeiiaaie aei
aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie aoee ?o oe?ieinioaeiinoue ? caaeia?eueia
/ooeea?noue o anueiio ae?aiacii? /anoio.

Aeei?enoaiee noaiaea?oiee aaia?aoi? ae?aiaciio 5,35…8,5 AAoe c eiiieaeoo
iaii?aiiiai aei??ieea ?2-59 c aioo??oiueith iiaeoeyoe??th ia p-i-n
ae?iaeao ? iiaeeea?noth ciai?oiueiai oi?aae?iiy /anoioith aaia?aoe??.
?ic?iaeaiee aeie oi?aae?iiy aaia?aoi?ii, ui cae?enith? /eneiao
ia?aaoaeiao /anoioe. ?ic?iaeaiee aeie niieo/aiiy caaacia/o? iineeaiiy,
o?eueo?aoe?th, aeaoaeooaaiiy ? aiaeiaiai-/eneiaa ia?aoai?aiiy neaiae?a c
ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a. Aei??thaaeueia ?ioi?iaoe?y ia?iaey?oueny a
AII, ia?aiao?e aeaiaioa, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny aecia/athoueny a /eneia?e
? a?ao?/i?e oi?i? a ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano. ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aiia
caaacia/aiiy aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiiai eiiieaeno. I?iaaaeaia
aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aieo aeie?a ? ?ic?iaeaiiai
aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiiai eiiieaeno caaaeii ?c canoinoaaiiyi
c?aceiaeo caoiae?a, ui iathoue iia??oiino?: (1% ii iiaeoeth ? (1I ii
oac?. ?acoeueoaoe aeii?thaaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue i?iaaaeai?
oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaeneiaeueia iia??oi?noue aei??thaaiiy
iiaeoey EEA ia ia?aaeuoaaea (3.5%, oace (3I i?e ENO = 2.

Aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen ia?niaeoeaiee aeey canoinoaaiiy
a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao eiio?ieth i?e na??eiiio ae?iaieoeoa? aeaiaio?a
aioaiii-oaeeueiaiaeieo o?aeo?a, aeey aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe.
?ic?iaeai? iie?ioaeeueiaiaeii ia?aoai?thaa/? ca ?aooiie iaeeo
aaaa?eo?a iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? ye aeao/eee aaoaeiaaiiai eiio?ieth
? ae?aaiinoeee noaio ia?aiao??a IA* o?aeoia ?aaeiioaoie/ieo nenoai.

Aeiaeaoie A — ?iai/? i?ia?aie aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiiai
eiiieaeno.

Aeiaeaoie A — i?ia?aie iioei?caoe?? aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a u?eei c
??cieie aa??aioaie iino?eieo ii/aoeiaeo oiia.

Aeiaeaoie A — a?ao?e caeaaeiino? noia?ii? iia??oiino? ia?aoai?thaa/a
a?ae ii?iiaaii? aeiaaeeie oaee? ? cia/aiiy iiaeoey iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui
aeine?aeaeo?oueny.

Aeiaeaoie A — aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE

1. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ia?aeiieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a aei??iee?a ia?aiao??a
iie?ioaeeueiaeo i?eno?i?a iieacaa ia?niaeoeai?noue aaaaoiyeaiaioieo
ia?aeiieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ui ii?aeiothoue i?inoioo eiino?oeoe?? ?
iecueeo aa?o?noue, iae? aaaa?eoe ? iano. Ia ?o iniia? iiaeeeaa
noai?aiiy no/aniiai aei??ieea c i?ia?aiiei oi?aae?iiyi i?ioeanii
aei??thaaiue, ei?aeoe??th iia??oiinoae ? c?o/iei i?aaenoaaeaiiyi
?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiue.

2. Io?eiaia oi?ioea aeey ?ic?aooieo oaciaiai cnoao i?ae neaiaeaie, ui
i?aeaiaeyoueny aei IA* ae?iae?a aeaio aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie, ui
caoaeaeothoueny iioeeeie u?eeiaie ca’yceo, ui a?aoiao? an? aaiiao?e/i?
ia?aiao?e u?eei: aeiaaeeio ? oe?eio, eoo iaoeeo, eii?aeeiaoe oeaio??a
u?eei. I?iaaaeaia aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ia iioei?caoe?y c iaoith io?eiaiiy
eaaceiinoieiiai oaciaiai cnoao a ae?aiacii? /anoio oaeeaaiaea. O 37%-iee
nioc? /anoio a?aeoeeaiiy oaciaiai cnoao a?ae 90I ia ia?aaeuo? (1,6I.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee o?ioneaiaeueiue /ioe?iou?eaaee
iie?ioaeeueiaee ia?aoai?thaa/ c iaeicaeaaeieie a?ae /anoioe oaciaeie
cnoaaie i?ae an?ia neaiaeaie ? ?aeaioe/ieie aiieiooaeii-/anoioieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie u?eeiieo aeaiaio?a ca’yceo an?o o?io aeaoaeoi?ieo
aieiaie. A?aeoeeaiiy a?ae iii?iaeueieo oaciaeo cnoa?a, ??ai? 90I ? 45I,
ia ia?aaeuo? (1,6I ? (0.8I, a?aeiia?aeii.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee o?ioneaiaeueiee o?iouieeiiee
ia?aoai?thaa/ c iaci?iiei 90I oaciaei cnoaii a ae?aiacii? /anoio i?ae
aeaiia neaiaeaie ? cnoaii oac o?aoueiai neaiaeo, ??aiei
(45I(0,8I) ii a?aeiioaiith aei ia?oeo aeaio. Oea aeicaieeei a?eueo i?ae
a aeaa ?ace ciaioeoe /anoioio iia??oi?noue.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee /ioe?ioaeaoaeoi?iee /ioe?iouieeiiee
iie?ioaeeueiaee ia?aoai?thaa/, a yeiio iii?iaeuei? oaciai cnoae i?ae
neaiaeaie an?o non?aei?o aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie noaiiaeyoue 45I ? a
37%-iee nioc? /anoio ci?iththoueny ia a?eueo i?ae ia (0,8I. Eiai
/anoioi? iia??oiino? oae? ae ye ? a o?iouieeiiiio ia?aoai?thaa/?, a
aeai?eoi ia?iaee aei??thaaeueieo ? eae?a?iai/ieo neaiae?a ?noioii
ni?iuo?oueny.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee o?ioneaiaeueiee /ioe?iouieeiiee
iaeiiaeaoaeoi?iee iie?ioaeeueiaee ia?aoai?thaa/, a yeiio
?aae?ciao?oueny iine?aeiaiee aiae?c aiieiooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo
neaiae?a acaeiaae oaeeaaiaea, oeyoii ia?aieeaiiy u?eei ca’yceo ca
aeiiiiiaith p-i-n ae?iae?a.

?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aei??ieea ia?aiao??a IA* i?eno?i?a ia
iniia? iie?ioaeeueiaiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, yea aeicaiey? oeyoii
aeai?eoi?/ii? ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiiy c a?aooaaiiyi
eaeia?iai/ieo ??aiyiue aeeeth/eoe iia??oiino?, iia’ycai? c
ia?aaiaeaeca?eaeaiiyi a?ae aaia?aoi?a, ia?aeaioe/i?noth A*O aeaoaeoi?ieo
aieiaie, ci?iith ??aiy iiooaeiino? aaia?aoi?a a ae?aiacii? /anoio ?
i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue aei??thaaiiy.

?ic?iaeaiee ? ?aae?ciaaiee aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen aeey
aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iie?ioaeeueiaeo i?eno?i?a, ui aeeth/a? ??ci?
aa??aioe iie?ioaeeueiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, AII, aaia?aoi? c aeene?aoiith
i?ia?aiiith ia?aaoaeiaith /anoioe, i?eno??e niieo/aiiy, ui caaacia/o?
iineeaiiy, o?eueo?aoe?th, aeaoaeooaaiiy, aiaeiaiai-oeeo?iaa ia?aoai?aiiy
neaiae?a c ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ? ?o aaaaeaiiy a AII.

?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy, ui aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe i?ioeaaeo?o
aei??thaaiiy ? eae?a?oaaiiy, iaii?aiio ? /eneiao ?iaeeeaoe?th
?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiiy, ae?aeiaiaee ?aaeei ? ?io? na?a?ni?
iiaeeeaino?.

I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aieo aeie?a ?
aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiiai eiiieaeno caaaeii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a
37%-iee nioc? /anoio oaeeaaiaea iia??oi?noue aei??thaaiiy iiaeoey
EEA ia ia?aaeuoaaea (3.5%, a iia??oi?noue aei??thaaiiy oace
(3I i?e ENO = 2. Oaei ?acoeueoaoe iiaiinoth aiaeiiaiaeathoue
i/ieoaaiei oai?aoe/iei ioeiieai.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ianooiieo ?iaioao:

Aoiiei E.E., Aiiaea?aiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A., Naeaiaoei A.A.
Iaeiiaeaoaeoi?iue ecia?eoaeue eiiieaeniuo eiyooeoeeaioia io?aaeaiey e
ia?aaea/e iee?iaieiiauo ono?ienoa // Ecia?aiey. – Eaoian. — 1996. —
?1-2(3).-N.29-30.

Aoiiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A. Ecia?eoaeueii-au/eneeoaeueiue eiiieaen ia
iniiaa oaci/oanoaeoaeueiiai ?aoeaeoiiao?a aeey enneaaeiaaiey NA* oceia
// Aanoiee NaaAOO. Aui.5: Eioi?iaoeea, yeaeo?iieea, naycue: Na. iao/.
o?.- Naaanoiiieueneee ain.oieaa?neoao – Naaanoiiieue, 1997. – N.58-61.

Eauaiei E.A., Naeaiaoei A.A. Ecia?eoaeue S-ia?aiao?ia aieiiaiaeiuo
ono?ienoa // Aanoiee NaaAOO. Aui.5: Eioi?iaoeea, yeaeo?iieea, naycue:
Na. iao/. o?. — Naaanoiiieueneee ain. oieaa?neoao – Naaanoiiieue, 1997.
– N. 61-64.

Aoiiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A. Iaii?aiiue ecia?eoaeue eiiieaeniiai
eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey // Aanoiee NaaAOO. Aui.10: Eioi?iaoeea,
yeaeo?iieea, naycue: Na. iao/. o?. — Naaanoiiieueneee ain. oieaa?neoao –
Naaanoiiieue, 1998. – N. 50-54.

Eauaiei E.A. O/ao i?ioyaeaiiinoae uaeae i?e neioaca e aiaeeca
aieiiaiaeiuo yeaiaioia nayce. // Eca. AOCia, ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea. – 1999.
— ?1. — N.33-38.

Ecia?eoaeue eiiieaeniiai eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey // Aoiiei E.E.,
Eauaiei E.A.; Naaanoiiieueneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao.
– Naaanoiiieue, 1996. — 8n.- Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 14.05.96, ? 1169 —
OE96

Aiiaea?aiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A., Naeaiaoei A.A. Iaeiieaiaeueiue
ecia?eoaeue iiaeoey e oacu eiyooeoeeaioia io?aaeaiey e ia?aaea/e NA*
ono?ienoa. // O?oaeu 5-e E?uineie eiioa?aioeee NA* oaoieea e
niooieeiaua oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee.- Naaanoiiieue, 1995. – N.

351-354.

Aoiiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A. Ano?iaiiue ecia?eoaeue ia?aiao?ia
aioaiii-oeaea?iiai o?aeoa. // O?oaeu 6-e E?uineie eiioa?aioeee NA*
oaoieea e niooieeiaua oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee. — Naaanoiiieue,
1996. — N.21.

Aoiiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie
nenoaiu eiio?iey ia?aiao?ia iee?iaieiiauo o?aeoia. // O?oaeu 3-e
Oe?aeineie eiioa?aioeee «Aaoiiaoeea-96». — Naaanoiiieue, NaaAOO, 1996. –
N. 104-105.

Aoiiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A. Ano?iaiiue ecia?eoaeue ia?aiao?ia
aioaiii-aieiiaiaeiiai o?aeoa. // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoi. Iao/ii-oaoi. eiio.
«Yeaeo?iieea-97». – Eaoian, 1997. — N.14-17.

Aoiiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A. Neioac e aiaeec yeaiaioia nayce. // O?oaeu 7-e
E?uineie eiioa?aioeee «NA* oaoieea e niooieeiaua oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiua
oaoiieiaee». — Naaanoiiieue, 1997. – N. 179-180.

Aoiiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A. Aaoiiaoe/aneee ecia?eoaeue ia?aiao?ia
aieiiaiaeiuo o?aeoia // O?oaeu 3-e Iaaeaeoi. Iao/ii-oaoi. eiio
«Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu yeaeo?iiiiai i?eai?ino?iaiey (AIYI-96)». –
Iiaineae?ne, 1996. – N. 102-103.

Aoiiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A. Oe?ieiiieiniue ecia?eoaeue iiaeoey e oacu
eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey. // O?oaeu 8-e E?uineie eiioa?aioeee «NA*
oaoieea e niooieeiaua oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee». —
Naaanoiiieue, 1998. -N.695-697.

Aanoeaiaaa I.I., Eocueiaiei A,ss., Eauaiei E.A., Oaoia I,I.
Ecia?eoaeueiay eiiiuethoa?ece?iaaiiay nenoaia aeey ii?aaeaeaiey
ia?aiao?ia iee?iaieiiauo ono?ienoa. // O?oaeu 8-e E?uineie eiioa?aioeee
«NA* oaoieea e niooieeiaua oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee». —
Naaanoiiieue,1998.-N.698–700

Au/eia A.A., Eauaiei E.A. Eiiiuethoa?ece?iaaiiue ecia?eoaeue ia?aiao?ia
aioaiii-aieiiaiaeiuo o?aeoia ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo n?aaenoa.// O?oaeu 1-e
iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eiioa?aioeey AIN Oe?aeiu «I?iaeaiiua aii?inu
no?ieoaeuenoaa AIN, ?acaeoea aii?oaeaiey e aiaiiie oaoieee». Aui.3 —
Naaanoiiieue, 1998 — N.362-367.

Aoiiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay nenoaia eiio?iey
ia?aiao?ia iee?iaieiiauo o?aeoia. // Eioi?i. eenoie. Neioa?iiieue,
E?OeIOYE — ? 7-97, 1997.

Aoiiei E.E., Eauaiei E.A. Eioi?iaoeeiiii-au/eneeoaeueiay nenoaia
ecia?aiey S-ia?aiao?ia iee?iaieiiauo ono?ienoa. // Eioi?i. eenoie.
Neioa?iiieue, E?OeIOYE — ? 19-98, 1998.

Iaoaio Oe?aeiu ?17342A G01R 27/06, G01R 27/28. Ecia?eoaeue S-ia?aiao?ia
aieiiaiaeiiai /aou?aoiiethnieea / E.A.Eauaiei,

A.A.Naeaiaoei (Oe?aeia) . — ? 95062783; Cayae. 14.06.95; Iioae.
01.04.97.

Iaoaio Oe?aeiu ?15167A G01R 27/26. Ecia?eoaeue aeia?ioiinoe ?aciiaoi?ia
/ E.E. Aiiaea?aiei, E.A.Eauaiei, A.Ae. Ieioeei .- ? 95031361; Cayae.
28.03.95.; Iioae. 30.06.97. — Athe. ? 3.

Iaoaio Oe?aeiu ii cayaea ? 96072746 io 09.06.96. Ecia?eoaeue
eiiieaeniiai eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey. / E.E.Aoiiei, E.A.Eauaiei

Iaoaio Oe?aeiu ii cayaea ? 96072730 io 09.07.96. Oaci/oanoaeoaeueiue
?aoeaeoiiao?e/aneee ecia?eoaeue eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey. / E.E.Aoiiei,
E.A.Eauaiei

Iaoaio Oe?aeiu ii cayaea ? 96052447 io 27.05.97. Nianeoaeue NA*. /
A.A.Iaeueieeia, E.A. Eauaiei, A.A.Naeaiaoei

Eauaiei I.A. Oe?ieinioaeii iaeiaaaa?eoi? iie?ioaeeueiai ia?aoai?thaa/?
aeey aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao??a aioaiii-oaeeueiaiaeieo o?aeo?a.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aii? nooiai? eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii
niaoe?aeueiino? 05.12.07 — Aioaie oa i?eno?i? iie?ioaeeueiai? oaoiiee

.- Naaanoiiieuenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Naaanoiiieue,
1999.

Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae
oe?ieinioaeieo iaeiaaaa?eoieo, eiino?oeoeaii i?inoeo iie?ioaeeueiaeo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a c iaeicaeaaeieie a?ae /anoioe oaciaeie cnoaaie
i?ae an?ia neaiaeaie,

i?ecia/aieo aeey aenieioi/iiai aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao??a
aioaiii-oaeeueiaiaeieo o?aeo?a. Ia iniia? aeacaieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aei??ieea, ui
aeicaiey? oeyoii aeai?eoi?/ii? ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiiy
aeeeth/eoe aeii?ioth/? iia??oiino?. Io?eiaia oi?ioea aeey ?ic?aooieo
oaciaiai cnoao i?ae neaiaeaie, ui i?aeaiaeyoueny aei IA* ae?iae?a aeaio
aeaoaeoi?ieo aieiaie, ui caoaeaeothoueny iioeeeie u?eeiaie ca’yceo,
a?aoiao? an? aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e u?eei: aeiaaeeio ? oe?eio, eoo
iaoeeo, eii?aeeiaoe oeaio??a u?eei. I?iaaaeaia aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ia
iioei?caoe?y c iaoith io?eiaiiy eaaceiino?eiiai oaciaiai cnoao a
ae?aiacii? /anoio oaeeaaiaea ? i?i?i?caoe?? /anoioii? iia??oiino?
aei??thaaiiy. I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee
io?eiai? oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iie?ioaeeueiaee ia?aoai?thaa/, u?eaaee aeaiaio ca’yceo,
aeaoaeoi?ia aieiaea, oe?ieinioaeiinoue, oaciaee cnoa, eiao?oe??io
a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy, aeniea oi/i?noue, aei??iee eiiieaenieo ia?aiao??a,
aioaiii-oaeeueiaiaeiee o?aeo.

Eauaiei E.A. Oe?ieiiieiniua iaeiaaaa?eoiua iee?iaieiiaua i?aia?aciaaoaee
aeey ecia?aiey ia?aiao?ia aioaiii-aieiiaiaeiuo o?aeoia.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.12.07 — Aioaiiu e ono?ienoaa iee?iaieiiaie
oaoieee.- Naaanoiiieueneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao,
Naaanoiiieue, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea
iaoiaeia iino?iaiey oe?ieiiieiniuo iaeiaaaa?eoiuo, eiino?oeoeaii
i?inouo iie?iaieiiauo i?aia?aciaaoaeae n iaeicaaeneiuie io /anoiou
oaciauie naeaeaaie iaaeaeo anaie neaiaeaie, i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey
aunieioi/iiai ecia?aiey ia?aiao?ia aioaiii-aieiiaiaeiuo o?aeoia.

A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai aiaeeca iieacaia ia?niaeoeaiinoue
iiiaiyeaiaioiuo ia?ae/iuo i?aia?aciaaoaeae, iniiaaiiuo ia aiaeeca
yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai iiey a aeene?aoiuo oi/eao aaeieue aieiiaiaea,
ni/aoathueo i?inoioo eiino?oeoeee e ieceoth noieiinoue, iaeua aaaa?eou e
ianno. Oaeea i?aia?aciaaoaee iicaieytho ia oieueei iiauneoue oi/iinoue
ecia?aiey, ii e eniieueciaaoue eo a ea/anoaa aeao/eeia ano?iaiiiai
eiio?iey ia?aiao?ia aieiiaiaeiuo o?aeoia. Iniiaiuie i?iaeaiaie i?e
iino?iaiee oe?ieiiieiniuo iie?iaieiiauo i?aia?aciaaoaeae yaeyeenue:
iaiaoiaeeiinoue iaania/aiey iaeicaaeneiuo io /anoiou oaciauo naeaeaia
iaaeaeo anaie neaiaeaie, ioaaoaeyaiuie a aieiiaiaeu aeaoaeoi?iuo aieiaie
i?aia?aciaaoaey e o/ao aeeyiey ?acia?ia uaeae nayce. Aeey ?aoaiey
iinoaaeaiiuo caaea/ i?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/aneia enneaaeiaaiea uaeaauo
yeaiaioia nayce, a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?iai iieo/aiu
niioiioaiey aeey eiiieaeniuo aiieeooae aiei, ?ani?ino?aiythueony a
aieiiaiaeao aeaoaeoi?iuo aieiaie, onoaiiaeaiiuo oi?oeii ia oe?ieoth
noaieo ia?ae/iiai aieiiaiaea, e aiaeeoe/aneay caaeneiinoue oaciaiai
naeaeaa iaaeaeo yoeie aieiaie io aeeeiu aieiu e anao aaiiao?e/aneeo
ia?aiao?ia uaeae, a oii /enea eo aeeeiu e oe?eiu. I?iecaaaeaia
iiiaiia?aiao?e/aneay iioeiecaoeey oaciaiai naeaeaa, caaenyuaai io aeeeiu
e oe?eiu uaeae, ?annoiyiey iaaeaeo eo oeaio?aie, oaeaie iaeeiia,
niauaieai oeaio?ia uaeae ioiineoaeueii oceie noaiee, n oeaeueth
aeinoeaeaiey ieieiaeueiuo ioeeiiaiee oaciaiai naeaeaa io iiieiaeueiiai
cia/aiey a aeeaiaciia /anoio aieiiaiaea, /oi i?eaiaeeo e ieieiecaoeee
/anoioiie iia?aoiinoe ecia?aiey. ?ac?aaioaiu /aou?a aa?eaioa
iee?iaieiiauo i?aia?aciaaoaeae n iaeicaaeneiuie io /anoiou oaciauie
naeaeaaie iaaeaeo anaie neaiaeaie, iinooiathueie ia aeaoaeoi?iua
aieiaee. A o?aoaeaoaeoi?iii /aou?aouaeaaii i?aia?aciaaoaea naycue
aeaoaeoi?iuo aieiaie n ia?ae/iui aieiiaiaeiui o?aeoii inouanoaeyaony n
iiiiuueth aeaoo eaeaioe/iuo ia? iaeeiiiuo uaeae, ?aniieiaeaiiuo ia
oe?ieeo noaieao aieiiaiaea. ?acia?u e ?aniieiaeaiea uaeae eaaeaeie ia?u
iaania/eaatho iaeicaaeneiia io /anoiou yeaeo?e/aneia ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo
ieie, iiieiaeueiia cia/aiea eioi?iai ?aaii ((2. Aeaa aieiaee
aicaoaeaeathony iaeeia?iuie uaeyie, a o?aouey — ia?ie uaeae. Neaiae,
iinooiathuee ia o?aoee aeaoaeoi?, naeaeioo ii ioiioaieth e ia?aui ia
((4. A o?aoaeaoaeoi?iii o?aouaeaaii i?aia?aciaaoaea iaeia ec
aeaoaeoi?iuo aieiaie aicaoaeaeaaony iiia?a/iie uaeueth, ae?oaay —
i?iaeieueiie, a o?aouey — iaeeiiiie uaeueth. Yeaeo?e/aneia ?annoiyiea
iaaeaeo ia?auie aeaoiy ?aaii ((2, a iaaeaeo ia?aie e o?aoueae —
iacia/eoaeueii ioee/aaony a aeeaiaciia /anoio io ((4. A
/aou?aoaeaoaeoi?iii /aou?aouaeaaii i?aia?aciaaoaea aeiaaaeaia
aeiiieieoaeueiay aeaoaeoi?iay aieiaea, aicaoaeaeaaiay oaeaea iaeeiiiie
uaeueth. A aeaooeaiaeueiii iaeiiaeaoaeoi?iii /aou?aouaeaaii
i?aia?aciaaoaea ?aaeecoaony iineaaeiaaoaeueiue aiaeec
aiieeooaeii-oaciaiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey neaiaeia aaeieue aieiiaiaea iooai
ia?aeeth/aiey uaeae nayce. Yoio i?aia?aciaaoaeue ninoieo ec
aeaoo io?aceia i?yiioaieueiiai aieiiaiaea, naycaiiuo iaaeaeo niaie
io?aceii cai?aaeaeueiiai aieiiaiaea n neiiao?e/ii ?aniieiaeaiiui a iai
NA* aeeiaeii, aicaoaeaeaaiui aeaoiy eaeaioe/iuie ia?aie uaeae.
Ia?aeeth/aiea uaeae inouanoaeyaony n iiiiuueth p-i-n-aeeiaeiiai
eiiiooaoi?a. Eaaeaeue ec aa?eioia iee?iaieiiauo i?aia?aciaaoaeae eiaao
ii?aaeaeaiiua i?aeiouanoaa. A ia?aii aa?eaioa ana uaee eiatho
eaeaioe/iua aiieeooaeii-/anoioiua oa?aeoa?enoeee, oaeie i?aia?aciaaoaeue
iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny a ecia?eoaea ia?aiao?ia n inoeeeeia?aoe/aneie
eiaeeeaoeeae. Aeaoaeoi?iua aieiaee aoi?iai e o?aoueaai aa?eaioia
i?aia?aciaaoaeae eiatho iaeeiaeiaua eiino?oeoeee i?e iaiueoae /anoioiie
iia?aoiinoe. A /aou?aoaeaoaeoi?iii i?aia?aciaaoaea ia?aaioea neaiaeia
iicaieyao iiauneoue oi/iinoue ecia?aiey aeeceeo e aaeeieoea
cia/aiee iiaeoeae eiyooeoeeaioia io?aaeaiey ecia?yaiuo iaa?ocie.
Iaeiiaeaoaeoi?iue i?aia?aciaaoaeue iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny aeey
ecia?aiey eae eiyooeoeeaioia io?aaeaiey, oae e eiyooeoeeaioia ia?aaea/e.
?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ecia?eoaey ia?aiao?ia NA* ono?ienoa,
ia iniiaa iee?iaieiiauo i?aia?aciaaoaeae, iicaieythuay iooai
aeai?eoie/aneie ia?aaioee ?acoeueoaoia ecia?aiey eneeth/eoue
iia?aoiinoe, naycaiiua n ia?aio?aaeaieai io aaia?aoi?a,
iaeaeaioe/iinoueth A*O aeaoaeoi?iuo aieiaie, eciaiaieai o?iaiy iiuiinoe
aaia?aoi?a a aeeaiaciia /anoio e iiauneoue oi/iinoue ecia?aiey. Nicaeai
aunieioi/iue ecia?eoaeueii-au/eneeoaeueiue eiiieaen, aeeth/athuee YAI,
aaia?aoi? n aeene?aoiie ia?ano?ieeie /anoiou e /aou?a aa?eaioa
?ac?aaioaiiuo iee?iaieiiauo i?aia?aciaaoaeae. I?iaaaeaiiua
yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey iiaeoaaaeeee iieo/aiiua oai?aoe/aneea
?acoeueoaou.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iee?iaieiiaue i?aia?aciaaoaeue, uaeaaua yeaiaiou nayce,
aeaoaeoi?iay aieiaea, oe?ieiiieiniinoue, oaciaue naeaea, eiyooeoeeaio
io?aaeaiey, aunieay oi/iinoue, ecia?eoaeue eiiieaeniuo ia?aiao?ia,
aioaiii-aieiiaiaeiue o?aeo.

Lashchenko I.V. Wide-band Compact Microwave Transducers For Measuring Of
Antenna-Waveguide Lines Parameters

Graduate thesis on Ph.D of technical sciences on specialty 05.12.07
«Antennas and devices of microwave engineering».- Sevastopol state
technical university, Sevastopol, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to construction methods elaboration of wide-band
small constructively simple microwave transfers with weakly depending on
frequency phase displacements between all of signals destined for
high-precision measuring of waveguide lines parameters. On the base of
stated transdusers the measuring device mathematical model is created,
the dominant errors are eliminated by algorithmic processing of
measuring results. The formulas for computation of phase displacement
between signals, brought to SHF diodes of two detector heads, excited by
sloping coupling slots is obtained taking into account all of slots
geometrical parameters: length and width, inclination angle, slots
centres co-ordinate. To obtain of weakly dependent on frequency phase
displacement in waveguide frequencies range and minimization of
frequency measuring error multiple-parameter optimization is attained.
Experimental researches are confirmed theoretical results.

Key words: microwave transducer, slot coupling elements, detector head,
wide-band, phase displacement, reflection coefficient, measuring device
of complex parameters, high exactness.

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