I?I?NOA?NOAI EOEUeOO?E OA IENOAOeOA OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA IOCE*IA AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

?IAI? I.?.*AEEIANUeEIAI

OAeE 781.7(5)

OAI Ae?IUe OAI

NO?AeII-CAO?AeI? OOAeIAEI? ACA?IEIE

OA A’?OIAINUeEA IOCE*IA EOEUeOO?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 17.00.01 – Oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? ioceee Iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio:

Eyoaiei ?aai Oaaei?iae/

– aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, i?ioani? Iaoe?iiaeueii? ioce/ii? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai, aeaaeai?e Aeaaeai?? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

· THaee?i ?ai? Ieeieaeiae/ – aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo eoeueoo?ieia?? ?inoeoooo ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?enoeee
oa aoiieia?? ?iai? Iaeneia ?eeuenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

· Oaoiaca?iaa Iaee? A?eai??aia – aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, i?ioani?,
i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Aea?aeaaiiai ?inoeoooo
ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? (Iineaa).

· Eaa/oe Ea?ena Oeiio??aia – aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aoeee, anoaoeee oa eoeueoo?ieia?? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y:

· Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia eiina?aaoi??y ?iai? A.A.Iaaeaeaiiai?,
eaoaae?a oai??? ioceee.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 29 “ aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 15 aiae.
30 oa. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.005.01 ii
caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe o
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e ioce/i?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai ca
aae?anith: 252001, Ee?a-1, aoe. A?o?oaeoi?a Ai?iaeaoeueeiai, 1/3,
ae?oaee iiaa?o, aoae. 36.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. I.?.*aeeianueeiai.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 26 “ na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Eaiaeeaeao ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, aeioeaio
?.I.Eioaiee

ANOOI

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ooaeiaeiy
eiiia?aoea?noeea (ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ooaeiaei?o
eoeueoo?) iaeaaeeoue aei /enea iaea?eueo ?ioaineaii ?ic?iaethaaieo
iai?yi?a no/anii? eoeueoo?ieia??. Iaa?iiaaeaeaiee aeina?ae ia?aaeaa/a?
iiaeeea?noue oa iaiao?aei?noue eiai iiaeaeueoiai eoeueoo?ieia?/iiai
ocaaaeueiaiiy, aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiia?aoea?nonueei? i?iaeaiaoeee o
c?noaaeaii? ??cieo ?aa?ii?a oa aiio, canoinoaaiiy iaea?aeaieo
ocaaaeueiaiue aeey ?ic?iaee eiie?aoieo ieoaiue oiai, ye a?aeaoaa?oueny
i?aeeoeueoo?ia aca?iiae?y o ie?aieo /anii?inoi?iaeo a?aaeao
eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy. Oaea ocaaaeueiaia oi?ioethaaiiy ieoaiiy i?i
i?aeeoeueoo?i? aca?ieie iioiaeeoue a?ae ?aeae, oia?oa aeneiaeaieo
E.A.Aaoa noiniaii aeiaae?caoe?? na?oiaiai eoeueoo?ioai?/iai i?ioeano oa
oi?ioaaiiy anana?oiuei? e?oa?aoo?e. Oe? ?aea?, aia?oa aoee aeneiaeai? o
i?eaaoieo ?iciiaao c E.Aea?iaiii, noaee aeoieii a?eueo ye
i?aoi?anoi??/iiai iaaiai?aiiy iiaeeeainoae oa ia?niaeoea
i?aeeoeueoo?iiai neioaco, eiai i?iaeoeoeaiino? aai a?ae’?iieo aoaeo?a.

Neeaaei?noue i?iaeaie iineeth?oueny oei, ui aeneiaeai? ?aea? aoee
o?ainoi?iiaai? a aeieo?eio ?a?iiioeaio?enonueei? i???ioaoe?? ?icaeoeo
na?oiai? eoeueoo?e. A naith /a?ao, ?a?iiioeaio?eci ui?aco a?eueoa
i?eae?aa caaa?aeaiiy aia?eeai?cio, a yeiio ia/aaoi iieeeeai? aoee
?ic/eieoeny eoeueoo?e ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a. Ca a?aeii ??aiii?aaiiai ae?aeiao
eoeueoo? neeaaeathoueny ia?aaeoiiae aeey aeieeiaiiy iaaaciaee
“aio?iiieia?/ii? eaoano?ioe” (N.A.E?einueeee). Iiooe aeueoa?iaoeaieo
oeyo?a eoeueoo?ioai?/iai ?icaeoeo ethaenoaa, ye? aeicaieeee a oieeaoe
oaei? iaaaciaee, aecia/a? aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? i?iaeaiaoeee.

Nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny a?aenooi?noth
iiiia?ao?/ieo i?aoeue ia oaio no?aeii-cao?aeieo aca?iei noiniaii
ioce/ii? eoeueoo?e aeaeaeino?aeiiai ?aa?iio. Aiaeii/an iayai? i?aoe?
noai?ththoue ia?aaeoiiae ie?aeii? ?ic?iaee oaei? i?iaeaiaoeee. Aei ?o
/enea a?aeiinyoueny i?aoe? c i???ioae?noeee oa n?iieia?? (A.A.Iaeya?i,
A.?.Eiacaa, A.E.??oo?i, N.I.Nieieia-?aiecia, N.A.Noa?ino?i oa ?i.), a
yeeo noai?aii oe?e?nio eiioeaioe?th aeaeaeino?aeii? eoeueoo?e, ui
oiiaeeeaeth? ?? iiaeaeueoo i?iaeoe?th ia ie?ai? aeaee ienoaoeoaa oa
?ic?iaeo ieoaiiy aca?iei c ?ioeie ?aa?iiaie. Ua iaeei eiiiiiaio
aeaea?aeiciaa/i? aace aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue i?aoe? c aiae?co
oai?/ino? oeo eiiiiceoi??a OO no., ye? cia/iith i??ith i???iooaaeeny ia
?ic?iaeo no?aeii-cao?aeiiai neioaco (?.A.?eeiianueeee, ?.A.Ianoue?a,
J.Bek, L.Dobszay, R.Mann oa ?i.). Iaoiaeieia?/iee ?ino?oiaioa??e ?iaioe
nie?a?oueny ia i?aoe?, a yeeo ?ic?iaeythoueny ineoiaiae?oe/i? oa
eoeueoo?ieia?/i? aniaeoe i?aeeoeueoo?ieo aca?iei (?.O.Eyoaiei,
E.O.Eaa/oe, E.A.THia, E.Eaiiaa?ae, I.A.Iae?e-Oaoiaca?iaa, ?.I.THaee?i oa
?i.).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie. Oaio ?iaioe aoei aeeth/aii aei ieaio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Iaoe?iiaeueii? ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i.
I.?.*aeeianueeiai oa caoaa?aeaii A/aiith ?aaeith IIAO (I?ioieie ?7 a?ae
27.O?.1997 ?.)

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aneth?oueny i?iaeoe??th i?iaeaiaoeee
i?aeeoeueoo?ieo aca?iei ia no?aeii-cao?aeio a?nue, yea noaiiaeoue
niaoeeo?/io iniaeea?noue eoeueoo?iaaiaco ?a?ac?enueeiai eiioeiaioo oa
oa?aeoa?eco? naia eiioeiaioaeuei? aniaeoe e?inneoeueoo?ii? ?ioa?aeoe??,
aeanoea? eoeueoo?ioai?/ino? ia?iae?a Noa?iai Na?oo. A ?iaio?
i?eeia?oueny aaiiie?oe/ia oi/ea ci?o, ca yeith iniaeeaa i?noea o neeaae?
oaei? a?n? caeia? nai???aeia ?a?ac?enueea ae?aaiiaeue, ui
i?ieeaaea?oueny /a?ac eiioeiaio c i?aaeaiiiai noiaeo aei i?ai?/iiai
caoiaeo oa i?eaeecii ni?aiaaea? c A?iaeaenueeei o?aaoii, Iai??ii,
Eaaeacii. Naia caaa?oaiiy oe??? ae?aaiiae?, ?icoaoiaai?, a?aeiia?aeii, a
?iaeieeoa? oa a ?a?ii?, ooai?ththoue nai???aei? iiethne ?a?ac?enueeeo
oeea?e?caoe?e, a aca?iiae?y i?ae ieie noaiiaeoue i?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O oaeiio aecia/aii? i?aaeiaoo aeena?oaio ne?aeoaaa ?aeayi A. oii
Aoiaieueaeoa oa aoiaieueaeo?ainueeiai iai?yio a eoeueoo?ieia??, yeee
aaa/a? a e?iaa?noe/i?e iaoiiaeaiino? eoeueoo?iaaiaco iaeia c aeaea?ae
nai???aeiino? eoeueoo? na?oo. Cie?aia, i?ioenoaaeaiiy a
aoiaieueaeo?ainoa? ?iaei?a?iiaenueeeo oa n?iioeaaonueeeo iiaieo n?iae
aea? i?aenoaae aaa/aoe a ?iaeieeoa? ciio iniaeeaiai i?aeeoeueoo?iiai
neioaco naia acaeiaae no?aeii-cao?aeii? a?n?, ui aecia/a?
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ic?iaee ia?aiiai i?aaeiaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy naia ia
a’?oiainueeiio iaoa??ae?.

Iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeoue i?aeoeea ienoaoeueeiai i?ioeano a
e?a?iao Noiaeo oa Caoiaeo, i???ioiaaia ia aeinyaiaiiy i?aeeoeueoo?ii?
aca?iiae??. Oea, c iaeiiai aieo, i???ioae?noe/i? iai?yie oai?/ino?
eiiiiceoi??a cao?aeieo e?a?i (cie?aia, Aa?oiea, A?eea-Eiaina, Iann?aia).
C ?ioiai aieo – oea i???ioiaaia ia anei?ethaaiiy cao?aeieo o?aaeeoe?e
oai?/?noue iin??a no?aeii? o?aaeeoe?? (i?ei??ii, o inia? Oa/aoo?yia).
Oeaio?aeueia i?noea na?aae ianoaaeaiiai aaoi?ii aii??e/iiai iaoa??aeo
caeia? a?oa?ia oai?/?noue A’?oiaio. A aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiao?oueny oaca
i?i oa, ui naia a?oa?ia ioceeoaaiiy aeyaey?oueny iniaeeai a?aee?eoei aei
no?aeii-cao?aeii? aca?iiae??, a a?aeoae iinoa? a ?ie? i?ia?aeieea
anei?eyoe?eieo i?ioean?a e?inneoeueoo?ii? ?ioa?aeoe??.

Iaoiaee oa oai?aoe/i? i?eioeeie aeena?oaoe?eii? i?iaeaiaoeee
aecia/athoueny aoiiienoaoeoaiciaa/ei i?aeoiaeii, ?ic?iaeaiei a
aeine?aeaeaiiyo, aeeiiaieo i?ae ea??aieoeoaii aeaaeai?ea ?.O.Eyoaiea,
cie?aia, a eieaeoeaieo i?aoeyo “Ienoaoeoai oa aoiin”, “Oe?a?inueea
ooaeiaeiy eoeueoo?a”, “I?iaeaiu iocueaeueiie eoeueoo?u” (Aui. 1-2).

Na?aae niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?a, aaeeoeo o ?iaio?, iniaeeai aaaiieie a
aniaeo? ia?aii? i?iaeaiaoeee aoee:

· iaoiaee ooaeiaeiuei? eiiia?aoea?noeee, canoiniaai? aei niaoeeo?/iiai
ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/iai aniaeoo ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie “No?ae-Cao?ae”
(A.?ioeaiae, Aeae.?ioe?, E.E??eaoae, A.I.AEe?ioinueeee,
?.I.Aieaieuaa-Eooocia oa ?i.);

· iaoiaee ineoiaiae?oe/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? eoeueoo?ioai?/iai i?ioeano oa
i?aeeoeueoo?ieo aca?iei (E.O.Eaa/oe, E.Eaiiaa?ae, T.Tallian, D.Reynolds,
Kishiro Soda oa ?i.);

· iaoiaee ?iaeieia?? oa n?iieia?? o oa?aeoa?enoeoe? oe?e?niino?
eoeueoo?ioai?/eo ia?aaeeai aeaeaeino?aeiiai ?aa?iio (A.I.Aiae?inia,
A.I.Aiiaa?ae-Eaa?i, A.A.Oea/aiei oa ?i.);

· iaoiaee eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo
(E.?.Aaaeei, A.N.Ia?oeiia, A.A.Iaeya?i oa ?i.);

· iaoiaee aiae?co oieueeei?ii-i?ioan?eieo aca?iei oa i?aenoeeueiai?
aca?iiae?? (A.E.Aieia?inueeee, A.A.Ieoaeeia).

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ?iaio? iinoaaeaii iaoo aecia/aiiy
caeiiii??iinoae e?inneoeueoo?ii? ?ioa?aeoe?? acaeiaae no?aeii-cao?aeii?
a?n? o i?iaeoe?? ia ?aae?? a’?oiainueei? ioce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa, cie?aia,
a?oa?iiai ioceeoaaiiy.

Caaaeaiiy, yeeie oey iaoa eiie?aoeco?oueny, ia?aaeaa/athoue:

· oa?aeoa?enoeeo no?aeii-cao?aeii? a?n? i?aeeoeueoo?ieo aca?iei ye
niaoeeo?/iiai ?noi?e/ii coiiaeaiiai /eiieea caaaeueiiethaenueeiai
eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo;

· aecia/aiiy oi?aa?naeueieo oa niaoeeo?/ieo oaeoi??a oe?e?niino?
ooaeiaeiuei? ea?oeie na?oo a ia?aieo aeey aiae?co eoeueoo?ioai?/eo
?aa?iiao;

· aeyaeaiiy iina?aaeieoeueeeo eaiie i?ae na?oiaeyaeieie oa nooi
ooaeiaei?ie aniaeoaie oe?e?niino? ?aa?iiaeueieo eoeueoo? oa oaeoi??a
aca?iiae?? i?ae ieie;

· ii??aiyeueia c?noaaeaiiy i???ioae?noe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e a ooaeiaei?e
oai?/ino? Caoiaeo oa anei?eyoe?eieo yaeu a e?a?iao Noiaeo;

· i?iaeoe?th aeyaeaieo a aiae?c? e?inneoeueoo?ii? ?ioa?aeoe??
caeiiii??iinoae ia oaiiiai a?oa?iiai ioceeoaaiiy o A’?oiai? ye ia
a?aee?eoo nenoaio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
iaa?oiooaaii?, oi?ioethaaii? oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? a iaoeiaee ia?a iecee
iieiaeaiue, oai?aoe/ieo ocaaaeueiaiue oa aii??e/ieo oaeo?a, ye?
aeyaeythoue naith ?aeaaaioi?noue noiniaii i?iaeaie “No?ae-Cao?ae”. Aei
oeeo ?acoeueoao?a, cie?aia, iaeaaeaoue oae? aeniiaee c ?ica’ycaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eieo caaaeaiue:

· oia?oa cae?eniaii iiiia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie “No?ae-Cao?ae”
a i?iaeoe?? ia aeaeaeino?aeia ioce/ia ienoaoeoai;

· i?iaeaiiino?iaaia aaaii?noue na?oiaeyaeieo ia?aaeoiia oi?ioaaiiy
oe?e?niino? aeaeaeino?aeieo ooaeiaei?o eoeueoo?, cie?aia,
eiioooe?ainueeiai oa ?iaeiaoaeae?enueeiai neioaco;

· aeyaeaii i?eioeeie ia?eoie?ao?? oa aaoiiioeaaoe?eiino? iiaaae?iee ye
ineoieia?/ieo ia?aaeoiia nai???aeiino? aeaeaeino?aeiiai oeyoo
eoeueoo?iaaiaco;

· i?iaeaiiino?iaaii ia?aaeienaeuei?noue oaiiiai?a aeaeaeino?aeiiai
“i?aaiaoecio” oa “oaoae?cio”, ?o iani?aaei??i?noue ?c cao?aeieie
eoeueoo?ioai?/eie ia?aaeeaiaie oa ooaeiaeith i?iaeoeoeai?noue
a?aeiia?aeieo oyaeaiue;

· aeyaeaii aniaeoe iea?e?noe/iiai ?eceeo a cao?aeieo ia?aaeeaiao
eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy oa oeyoe oieeaiiy oaeiai ?eceeo a eiioaeno?
aeaeaeino?aeieo o?aaeeoe?e;

· i?iaeaiiino?iaaii nai???aei?noue aa?aaeueii-?eii?/ieo ia?aaeoiia
oe?e?niino? aeaeaeino?aeieo eoeueoo?, cie?aia, a?aeiia?aei?noue
e?iaa?noe/iiai /eiieea eoeueoo?iiio eaiaeoaooo oa oieeaiiy aaiiao?e/iiai
aano?aaoaaiiy a ia?acioai?/?e o?aaeeoe??;

· iaa?oioiaaii ooaeiaeith i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaeiai oi?eaeueiiai oaiiiaio
aeaeaeino?aeii? eoeueoo?e, ye “no?aoaaaie” iiaaae?iee;

· aeyaeaii oaao?ioeaio?enonuee? ia?aaeoiiae oaei? i?eioeeiiai?
iniaeeaino? aeaeaeino?aeii? ooaeiaeiuei? iiae, ye ae?ioe/i?noue,
iaaeiiiaeai?noue iiia?ae?;

· ioa?aeoa?eciaaii nai???aei?noue aeaeaeino?aeiiai ooaeiaeiueiai
/anii?inoi?o (o?iiioiio), cie?aia, a?aecia/aii oae? eiai iniaeeaino?, ye
?aeay “iiaa?iaiiy” (“aoe”) a /an? oa “aaeeei? ii?iaeia/?” (“aea nthe”) a
i?inoi??;

· i?iaeaiiino?iaaii iniaeeaino? aeaeaeino?aeii? oaiia?aoe?? oa
iaioaoii?/ii? aoaeiae ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo ye iane?aeee oyaeaiue i?i
caoeiaee anana?o (“the/aeio”) oa ?o ?aae?caoe?th a i?aeoeoe?
nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo “ioce/ii? iaeaoe” (“thaoo”);

· canoiniaaii eiioeaioe?th ?.I.THaee?ia uiaei i?ioenoaaeaiiy ?aoeaen??
oa neie?aoecio aei aiae?co no?aeii-cao?aeii? i?iaeaiaoeee, cie?aia, aei
yaeua iaineie?aoecio a cao?aei?e eoeueoo?? ye /eiieea ??
i???ioae?noe/iiai ni?yioaaiiy;

· aeyaeaii i???ioae?noe/ii-iaineie?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae oaiiiaio
“a?coaeueii? ?aaiethoe??”;

· i?iaeaiiino?iaaii cia/aiiy ???iae?o?ee ye oaeoi?o ia?iaiaioiino?
?icaeoeo aeaeaeino?aeieo eoeueoo?ioai?/eo o?aaeeoe?e;

· canoiniaaii ineoiaiae?oe/i? oyaeaiiy i?i a?oaoeie aeey aiae?co
eoeueoo?ioai?/i? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ???iae?o?ee ye oiiaeo a?oaoeiieo
ia?ac?a oa neiaie?a;

· aeyaeaii iciaee i???ioae?cio a oaeiio iai?yi? no/anii? cao?aeii?
eoeueoo?e ye “oic?ci” (“?a/ia?ci”) /a?ac noaiein?noue ???iae?o?/i?e
o?aaeeoe??;

· aeiaaaeaii oa?io?inuee? aeoiee oaei? ?a?iiaenueei? ?aeaeii? oa/??, ye
?a?ac?enoai;

· i?iaeaiiino?iaaii oi/ee c?oeiaiiy o?aaeeoe?eiii? no?aeii? ae?aiaoo?a??
(“ii”) oa cao?aeiiai neioii?cio;

· i?iaeaiiino?iaaii anei?eyoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? a?oa?iiai ioceeoaaiiy o
A’?oiai?.

A aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaaaeaeaii aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao ieceo iiaeo oyaeaiue oa
iiiyoue, aei yeeo cie?aia iaeaaeaoue:

· oaca i?i oaao?ioeaio?eci aeaeaeino?aeii? eoeueoo?e ye ooaeiaei?e
iane?aeie no?aoaaaiiino? o?aaeeoe?eii? iiaaae?iee;

· oaca i?i a?oenoeci aoooy ye aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae aeaeaeino?aeiiai
iaioae?oaoo, iia’ycaieo ?c i?eoeeiaie o?aaeeoe?eii? no?aeii?
ineoioa?ai?? oa /anii?inoi?ieie oyaeaiiyie;

· oaca i?i o?e iaa?no?aeuei? oeyoe cao?aeii? i???ioae?noeee, oiiaii
iicia/ai? a ?iaio? ye “i?n?iia?nueeee”, “aeaeaciaee” oa “?a?ac?enueeee”.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny aeooaeuei?noth ia?aii?
i?iaeaiaoeee oa iaea?aeaieie a oiae? ?? ?ic?iaee ?acoeueoaoaie, ye?
ia?aaeaa/athoue iiaeeea?noue oa iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy no?aeii-cao?aeieo aca?iei ooaeiaei?o eoeueoo?. Oe?
?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e ?iaio?, a
iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe?, a oai?/?e i?aeoeoe? ieooe?a. Cie?aia, i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?noyoueny noiniaii iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo a?oa?iiai
ioceeoaaiiy o A’?oiai?. Iaoa??aee, aeniiaee oa iaoiaee ?iaioe iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ?ic?iaee eiioeaioe?e ?icaeoeo na?oiai?
ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e, ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo ae?yeueiino? ina?oi?o
onoaiia oa ?ic?iaeo ?aia?ooa?ii? iie?oeee ioce/ii-aeeiiaanueeeo
caeeaae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe a?aeaoeany ia oaeeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, nai?ia?ao
oa ia?aaeao:

· Eiioa?aioe?y “No/ania oe?a?inueea ioce/ia eoeueoo?a” ia aac?
Iaoe?iiaeueii? ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. I.?.*aeeianueeiai, Ee?a,
14.02.1997;

· I?aeia?iaeiee nai?ia? “O?ainoi?iaoe?y ienoaoeueei? ina?oe oa
ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?i? ? no/ani?noue” ia aac? ?inoeoooo
i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a eoeueoo?e (Aeaaeai?y aeueo
ea??aieo eaae??a eoeueoo?e) I?i?noa?noaa eoeueoo?e oa ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie,
Ee?a, 28.02-2.03.1998;

· Eiioa?aioe?y “No/ania ioce/ia ienoaoeoai: i?iaeaie iaoeiai? oa
aeeiiaanueei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??” ia aac? Iaoe?iiaeueii? ioce/ii? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie ?i. I.?.*aeeianueeiai, Ee?a, 6-8.04.1999;

· O?aoy Anaoe?a?inueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Oe?a?ia ia ii?ic?
o?aoueiai oeny/ie?ooy: aeooiai?noue ? ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ia eoeueoo?a”
ia aac? Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo “I?iaeaie ethaeeie”,
Iaoe?iiaeueii? ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. I.?.*aeeianueeiai,
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oieaa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa, Ee?a, 29.05.1999.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? a
iaoeiaee ia?a eiioeaioe?? no?aeii-cao?aeieo aca?iei i?ae ooaeiaei?ie
eoeueoo?aie, yea i???ioiaaia ia aeyaeaiiy naiiaooiino? oa caa?aaeaiiy
nai???aeiino? eoeueoo?iaaiaco aeaeaeino?aeiiai ?aa?iio. Aiia
aiioeaiao?oueny aiae?cii na?oiaeyaeieo aeoie?a, e?iaa?noe/ieo oa
?noi?e/ieo ia?aaeoiia oi?ioaaiiy naiiaooi?o eoeueoo?ieo oe?e?niinoae a
e?a?iao aeaiiai ?aa?iio oa ?o a?aee?eoino? aei e?inneoeueoo?ii?
?ioa?aeoe??.

No?oeoo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, anooio, aeniiae?a, oa aeiaeaoe?a – ?ethno?aoeaiiai, iioiiai
oa ???iae?o?/iiai.

?icae?e ia?oee. NO?AeII-CAO?AeIEE OI?AA?NOI A NA?OIA?E OOAeIAEI?E OA
IOCE*I?E EOEUeOO??

1. I?iaeaia “No?ae-Cao?ae” ye i?aaeiao ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iiai aiae?co
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa.

Aeo?aeiee ioieo o aiae?c? ia?aii? a aeena?oaoe?? i?iaeaiaoeee noaiiaeoue
oa?aeoa?enoeea na?oiaeyaeieo ia?aaeoiia niaoeeo?ee eoeueoo?iaaiaca a
no?aeieo oa cao?aeieo ?aa?iiao na?oo, cie?aia, a aeaeaeino?aeiiio
?aa?ii? a ii??aiyii? c a?aeiia?aeieie aniaeoaie cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo
na?oiaeyaeieo o?aaeeoe?e. Aeey ?icaeyaeo na?oiaeyaeieo ieoaiue, cie?aia,
aeei?enoaii iaoa??aee aoiieia?a, ye? aeicaieythoue neeanoe oyaeaiiy i?i
nai???aei?noue oaeeo aeya?a oniaaeeiaaii? a?ae ia?a?niiai noni?euenoaa
na?aeiiino?, ye ??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie iaa?? oa a?aeiia?aeieo a??oaaiue
(oioai?ci, oaoeoeci, ai?i?ci). Aeoiaey/e c iaoa??ae?a, c?a?aieo
A.A.No?aoaiiae/ai, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe aeooaeuei?noue oaei? niaaeueie
aeey a’?oiainueei? ooaeiaeiuei? o?aaeeoe??, yea ?icaeaa?oueny a oiiaao,
eiee noni?euenoai i?oeii caa??aa? no?oeoo?e ?iaeiai? i?aai?caoe??,
cie?aia, o?ao??aeueiee ono??e.

Oaea niaoeeo?ea nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo i?ioean?a o A’?oiai? aeicaiey?
aeoeaiooaaoe oaaao ia yne?aaiio aeyaeaii? ooo oeiiai no?aeieo ?en
iaioaeueiino? oa ia i?ioenoaaeaii? Caoiaeo ye ?aa?iio c ia?aaaaeii
e?eoeeiaiae?oe/iei ni?yioaaiiyi ieneaiiy. Aiaeii/an eiinoaoo?oueny, ui
oaea ni?yioaaiiy iana iino?eiee ?ecee i?a?e?noe/ii? iaeaooiaaiino?
aeoiee. Oa?aeoa?ia aeey cao?aeii? o?aaeeoe?? eoeueoo?iaaiaco
oiiaeyaei?noue ?icaeaaeany c aeaai?o /an?a o oiio iai?yieo, yeee
a?aeiiee aeine?aeiee aioe/iino? A.?.Caeoeaa aecia/ea ye “oeyo e?eoeee oa
noii?a?a”, ui i?ieeaaea?oueny a ianoaiiaoe? iino?eiiai noia?ieoeoaa i?ae
/eaiaie noni?euenoaa. Oiio aaeee? iaaeaaiiy e?eoeei-aiae?oe/ii? aeoiee
Caoiaeo, ?icaeoie ?ioaeaeoo oa ooaa?aeaeaiiy ?aoe?iiae?cio caaaeaee
ii?aeiothoueny c ?eceeii ia?aioe?iee iaaaoea?nonueeiai cia?yaeaey oe???
aeoiee, cie?aia, iiaoaeiae iaoaoai?aoe/ieo aano?aeoe?e oa aiieoae ca
“aeo?iith iane?i/aii?noth” (Aaaaeue), ui oyaia ca niaith niaoeeo?/i?
ineoiaiae?oe/i? oa?aeoa?iiao?? oeio iaaeaioecio ye iane?aeeo
?icnoaeeeaiai aaioeaio?ecio oa aa?aneaiino?, a a oe?eiio ia? iaaacia/i?
iane?aeee aeey noni?euenoaa, ia?aaeon?i, a aeieia?/i?e neooaoe??.

Iaaiaee, aeaeaeino?aeia aeueoa?iaoeaa cao?aeiiio noeeth ieneaiiy iinoa?
ye ?icaeoie aa??noe/iiai, a ia e?eoeei-aiae?oe/iiai ciaiiy, ui caaaeaee
i???ioiaaia ia ?aae?caoe?th oe?e?niiai aeeoo?aiai oeyoo ethaeeie. Oe?
iciaee iniaeeai yne?aai aeyaeythoueny a eoeueoo?? ???iae?o?ee, c
i?eoaiaiieie ?e aeanoeainoyie noaaeaiiy aei iaoaoi?eee oa ??ii??, ye?
caeiaoaathoue aeiaaeueiiai cia/aiiy. Ooo, ca aeneiaii a?aeiiiai n?iieiaa
A.N.Ia?oeiiaa, “ioae??noue ? iaaeaaiiyi oa noaiii o?ea”, ui aecia/eei
nai???aei?noue o?aeooaaiiy caaaeueiia?aeiieo eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo aioeoac,
ia?aaeienaeueio c oi/ee ci?o cao?aeiiai niinoa??aa/a. Cie?aia, aioeoaca
“eoeueoo?a-iaoo?a” ooo oeoia/eoueny ia a ieai? “iiaioaaiiy i?e?iaeith”
/e oi i?ioenoaaeaiiy “i?e?iaeia-aeeaia”, ye ia Caoiae?, a iaaiaee, a
?aeo?n? aeieaiiy ooo/iino?. C oaeiai noaaeaiiy aei a?aeiioaiiy ooo/iiai
e i?e?iaeiiai aeieeaathoue ? oa?aeoa?i? aeey aeaeaeino?aeii? eoeueoo?e
iciaee o?aaeeoe?iiae?cio oa aoi?enoe/iino?, i?aai?/ia ?aei?noue yeeo
?aae?ciaaia, cie?aia, a oaeiio niaoeeo?/iiio aeai?? neiaaniiai
oieueeei?o, iaa?aeiiiai aeey cao?aeii? o?aaeeoe??, ye
aoi?ecie-iaaeiiiaeyiiy, ui ia?aaeaa/athoue a?aeiia naia c o?aaeeoe??
caaa?oaiiy o?ace.

Oe? caaaeuei? aecia/ieee aeaeaeino?aeiiai eoeueoo?iaaiaco nai???aeii
aeoeoia/oaaeeny oa ?aae?coaaeeny a niaoeeo?/ieo oiiaao A’?oiaio.
Ae??oaeueiei /eiieeii ooo aeyaeeeny iniaeeaino? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo
oe??? e?a?ie, yea i?aeoe/ii ai?iaeiaae oeny/ie?ooy iaia?a?aii
a?aenoithaaea naith iacaeaaei?noue ca?ieiei oa ie?iei oeyoii.
Aaia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y A’?oiaio, ui caeia? no?aoaa?/ia eeth/iaa noaiiaeua
ia oe?eiio Aeaeaeiio Noiae?, iinoath/e ye oa?ai aeoeaieo i?ioean?a
eoeueoo?iiai iai?io i?ae no?aeiiac?aonueeei oa i?aaeaiiiac?aonueeei
aiaieuaie eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy, aecia/eea eiai i?noea ye nai???aeio “ciio
neioaco” ?iaeieeoath, aea a?aeaoaa?oueny aca?iiioioiaeiaiiy oa
aca?iicaaaa/aiiy ?iae?enueeeo oa eeoaenueeeo o?aaeeoe?e. Oey ianoaaeia
aea? i?aenoaae cina?aaeeoe oaaao ia oa?aeoa?enoeoe? “no?oiai?a” iaio
oeeo o?aaeeoe?e a ?o c?noaaeaii? noiniaii cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo
na?oiaeyaeieo i???ioe??a.

Aeii?iaioio ?ieue a aeaeaeino?aeiiio ?aa?ii? oa, cie?aia, o A’?oiai?,
a?ae?a?a? eiioooe?ainoai. Naia ia eiai iniia? cae?enithaaany neioac
?ioeo na?oiaeyaeieo oa/?e ia ii?ic? Iiaiai /ano, eiee a?aeaoeany cono??/
no?aeiiac?aonueeeo oa cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo eoeueoo?. Aiaeii/an naia
iinoaoue Eiioooe?y oa i?ia?aei? eaoaai??? eiai a/aiiy aeyaeee oaeo
noaiein?noue ?a?iiaenuee?e, cie?aia o?enoeyinuee?e o?aaeeoe??, ui
i?n?iia?e ciaeoee iiaeeeaei oa aeioe?eueiei c?noaaeyoe eiai c iniaith
a?ae?eiiai Iienay. Aei oeeo eaoaai??e, ?icaeyiooeo a aeena?oaoe??,
cie?aia, iaeaaeaoue:

· “oai” – iiiyooy “ethaia?”, ui ii?aeio? a nia? iciaee aioe/iiai “a?ino”
oa o?enoeyinueeiai “aaaia” oa a?ae?a?a? eeth/iao ?ieue a oe?e?e
aeieo?ei?, ine?eueee, ca Eiioooe??i, “ciaoe uinue – a??oa, i?ae oea
ethaeoe”;

· “/aeai i?iue” – “aei?aaeaiiy ?iai”, oiaoi i?eaaaeaiiy o
a?aeiia?aei?noue iaca ?a/ae c ?oi?i ci?noii, a iacaaae – na?aeiiino? oa
aoooy, ui aeinyaa?oueny a i?aeoeoe? a?aeoai?aiiy ia?yaeiino?;

· “oyiue i?i” – “iaaania neiai”, iiiyooy, a yeiio eiioooe?ainueea a/aiiy
ao?eth? aeueoa?iaoeao o?aaeeoe?eiiio aeaaiueino?aeiiio iiiyooth “aeai” –
aeine?aii “aeeoo?aiai oeyoo”, i?ioa ia a?aei?io a?ae inoaiiueiai
aeoeoia/aia a aniaeo? “ieoeueoo?aii?”, “?eooae?ciaaii?” ethaenueei?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Inoaii? iiiyooy iniaeeai i?iaeoeoeaia aeey eiioooe?ainueei? o?aaeeoe??,
ine?eueee naia ia iniia? eiai ia?aoeoia/aiiy a?aeaoaaeiny neioacoaaiiy
?? c iiiiaioaie – c oae caaiei ii?nonueeei a/aiiyi, ui aenoaaei a oeaio?
oaaae eiioeaioe?th oae caaiiai “aaeeeiai ?aeiaiiy” – “aea ooi”, aea
onoaa?oueny ?icaeai?iiy i?ae aoooyi oa na?aeii?noth ethaeeie /a?ac
?aei?noue i?aeoe/ii? ae??. Oey eiioeaioe?y coiiaeea ia?aaeienaeueio c
oi/ee ci?o cao?aeiiai niinoa??aa/a i?aaiaoe/io ni?yiiaai?noue
aeaeaeino?aeii? aeoiee, a ?? ?aae?caoe??th noaea neaaiica?nia
aecaiaiaoe?eia nenoaia, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy yei? ciaiaioaaei niaith ia?aiiao
i?eioeeio ia?eoie?ao?? a noni?euenoa?, oiaoi ioe?iee ethaeeie ca ??
aaciina?aaei?ie iniaenoeie iaaeaaiiyie. I?aai?/ia ?aei?noue i?aaiaoecio
oa o?aaeeoe?iiae?cio, iacaaaiaiia aeey ?a?iiaeoey, aeiaoaaeany ia oiio,
ui iaa?oue iaei?ino?eoee aeo iaeiaioaaiiy aeyaey?oueny iia’ycaiei ?c
a?aeoai?aiiyi ?eooaeueii-i?oieia?/ieo eiiieaen?a, ui noiyoue ca iiaith,
c a?aeoai?aiiyi a?oaoei?a, caeiaeiaaieo iiaiith o?aaeeoe??th. Oei oi e
iaieiioooe?ainueea oaca i?i oa, ui “ethaenueea na?oea neeaaea? ?aei?noue
c iaaii oa caieath” (Aai ssi I?i), aeyaeeany noaieinith ia i?ia?aeiei a
cao?aeii?a?iiaenuee?e aeoioe? ?aoe?iiae?cio oa aii??ecio, a oiio, ui
?icaeaaeiny a ia?eoa??eieo ciiao ?a?iie – cie?aia, ei?aeioeaio?eciia?
A?eai??y Neiai?iaee.

A naith /a?ao, ?iae?enueea o?aaeeoe?y a neeaae? aeaeaeino?aeiiai
(cie?aia, ?iaeieeoaenueeiai) na?oiaeyaeo oaeiae iia’ycaia c ia?aaeienaie
a eiioaeno? ona?aeiaieaiiy ?? /a?ac i?ecio cao?aeiiai na?oiaa/aiiy.
Eaeaoueny ia?aaeon?i i?i oae caaiee “no?aeiee oaoae?ci”, yeei ia ??ai?
iianyeaeaiii? na?aeiiino? iicia/aeeny oa?aeoa?i? aeey oe??? o?aaeeoe??
oeoia/aiiy oyaeaiue i?i aeieth oa aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue. Aeey oe???
o?aaeeoe?? eeth/iaa cia/aiiy a?ae?a?aea aca?iiae?y aoaeaeecio oa
?iaeo?cio, ia iniia? yei? neeaeiny oyaeaiiy i?i aaoiiioeaaoe?ei?
iaoai?cie i?aeneno, cana?ae/ai? ua o “A?ae?? ?iaeo?cio” – a
“Aoaaaaaaea?o?” (4, 39):

“Ooi, ae?th/e, ia ?acoeueoao ia ieaea? iaae??,

Oie – a?eueiee, oi/ caeiyoee ae?eii – i?/iai ia ae??”.

A eiioaeno? aoaeae?enueei-?iaeo?nonueeiai neioaco i?ia?aeieie
eaoaai??yie, aaaiieie aeey eoeueoo?ioai?/i? neooaoe??, noaee naia o?, c
yeeie iia’yco?oueny oyaeaiiy i?i “no?aeiee oaoae?ci”, aei ieo, cie?aia,
iaeaaeaoue:

· “ea?ia”, oiaoi, o i?eaeeciiio ia?aeeaae?, “aeiey”, “i?e?a/aiiy”,
“iiaeiia”, oa, ui aecia/a? aeeoo?aee oeyo ethaeeie iiae?aii aei “aeai”
aai “oyiue i?iue” a eeoaenuee?e o?aaeeoe??;

· “aaaoa?a”, oiaoi ia?aao?eaiiy iniae aai ia?nii?o?eaoe?? aano?aeoii?
noo? a?aeiia?aeii aei “ea?ie” – i?ecia/aiiy oe??? iniae aai oiniaeaiiy,
aecia/aiiai oe?e?ni?noth na?oo;

· “aeoa?ia” ye iainyaei? aeaiaioe aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, ui i?eaeecii
a?aeiia?aeathoue no/aniei ineoieia?/iei oyaeaiiyi i?i iicieia?/io
?aei?noue oa ioiieththoue an? oa?aeoa?enoeee iniae, a?ae niiaoioeio
(o?ea) aei a?ae/oooy, ?icoi?iiy, aie? oa na?aeiiino? (oae caai?
“neaiaeoe”);

· “aeoyia” ye ineoioaoi?/iee a?naiae ne?aeoaaiiy caeiiai ea?ie;

· “i??aaia” – iaaoooy – ye aioeiiae “naina?e” (oaioe/iiai aoooy) aai
“iae?” (aoooy ye ?ethc??) oa iaoa aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, ui iinoaaaea a
??ciiiai?oieo oyaeaiiyo, cie?aia, aiaeia?/ieo no/aniei eiioeaioe?yi
a??ooaeueii? ?aaeueiino?.

A?aecia/ai? eaoaai??? neeaee iniiao ?iaeo?nonueei-aoaeae?enueeiai
neioaco a oaio?eci?, cie?aia, a oaeiio a?aeaaeoaeaii? ?iaeo?cio ye
a?oio?ci, aea ?icaeoie anana?oo ia?nii?o?eo?oueny o aeaeyae?
ia?aao?eaiue A?oio, – oiniaeaiiy niaaeei?iiiai ia/aea a ?iaeo?nonuee?e
o??aae? (ii?o/ c A?aoiith oa Oeaith – iin?yie, a?aeiia?aeii, oai?/iai oa
?oei?aie/iai ia/ae). Ae??ciythoueny, cie?aia, o?e inoaii?o c aeanyoe
oaeeo ia?aao?eaiue – E??oio (iieeeeaiiyi yeiai ? nei?i/aiiy /enaeueiino?
ethaenoaa), Aoaeaea oa Eaeea, “aa?oiee ia a?eiio eii?”, yeee oe?eeiaeoi
a?aeiia?aea? ia?acai Aiieae?ineno. Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aeacaieo
oyaeaiue, iia’ycaiee c oae caaiei “aecai-aoaeaeeciii”, aeyaea ua a?eueoa
oi/ie aeioeeo ?c cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeie na?oiaeyaeieie eiioeaioe?yie,
cie?aia, c ea?iaaaeueiith ia?aciith nenoaiith. Aiaeii/an,
a?aecia/a?oueny, ui caeeaeaiiy “aecai-aoaeaeenonueeeo” oyaeaiue ?c
cao?aeiei i?a?e?ciii ? ii noo? aeeaiei iiieeeiaei, ine?eueee ?aii?o?
i?eioeeiiao a?aei?ii?noue ?o noo? ca ciai?oi?ie ca?aaie ie?aieo iiiaio?a
(cie?aia, ?aii?o?oueny oaea yaeua, ianoi?nia c i?a?e?ciii, ye “naoi??” –
noai inyiiy).

Iniiai? i?eioeeie no?aeiiai na?oiaa/aiiy, a?ae ia?eoie?ao?? aei
aaoiiioeaaoe?? oa a?ae i?aaiaoecio aei oaoae?cio, ciaeoee nai???aeia
ia?aao?eaiiy a cao?aeii?a?iiaenuee?e ooaeiaei?e o?aaeeoe??. Ii/eiath/e
a?ae Aaooiaaia oa Iaea?a, aoee caeeaaeai? iniiae ioce/ii?
i???ioae?noeee, ui caciaea oaeiai aeeneo/iai ?icaeoeo a OO noi??//? e
cia/iith i??ith aecia/eea oeyoe ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie “No?ae-Cao?ae”.

2. Iniaeeaino? ooaeiaeiueiai oa ioce/iiai ieneaiiy a aniaeo? oeoia/aiiy
no?aeii-cao?aeiiai oi?aa?noio o A’?oiai?.

A naith /a?ao, aeina?ae i???ioae?noeee i?aeaiaeeoue aei aeniiae?a uiaei
aca?iiiaeiiiaithaaeueiino? no?aeiiai oa cao?aeiiai niinia?a
na?oiaa/aiiy. ?icaeyaeath/e no?aeiee oa cao?aeiee a?aaee
eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy ye iiethne i?ioeeaaeiii i???ioiaaiiai na?oiaa/aiiy, ie
aiaeii/an io?eio?ii i?aenoaao aaa/aoe a oaeeo iiethnao aca?iia oyae?iiy,
coiiaeaia aca?iiith aeiiiaithaaeuei?noth iaio eoeueoo?ioai?/eo aiaieu.
Iaoa??aee niaoe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue (Aeae.?ioe?, A.?ioeaiae,
Aeae.I?aeaai, N.I.Nieieiaa-?ai?ciaa) na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ona?aeiieaiiy
oaei? aca?iiiaeiiiaithaaeueiino?, aei oiai ae ye c cao?aeiiai aieo (a
i???ioae?noeoe?), oae ? c aieo aeaeaeino?aeieo eoeueoo? – oea
iacaia?a/iee ?noi?e/iee oaeo. C iniaeeaith yne?aa?noth oaeee oaeo
aeaiiino?o?oueny o noa?ao aa?aaeueii? oa ?eii?/ii? eoeueoo?. ui
iia’ycaia c aeaiia iniaeeainoyie iiaiiai a?aaeo Aeaeaeiai Noiaeo – c
?ioiiaoe?eiith aoaeiaith iiae oa o?aaeeoe?yie ???iae?o?ee.

Oey ianoaaeia, a naith /a?ao, aeia?a ona?aeiieth?oueny a nai?e
aeaeaeino?aei?e eoeueoo??, aea aeea?aiaaia iaa?oue niaoe?aeueia
iicia/aiiy aeey iiiyooy aa?aaeueii-?eii?/ii? ?aeiino? – “o?ooa ?/ae?”
aai “o?ooa ooi ?” (yiiinueea “o?aa?/?”, “o?aaaei?”), oiaoi ?aei?noue
(aai ?aeeiinooi?noue) aeeaiieno oa e?oa?aoo?e, ia’?eoeaiaaia a
???iae?o?/ieo oaenoao. Aeey oaeiai aeaeaeino?aeiiai
neiaanii-cia?aaeaeueiiai neioaco iieaciaei ?, ia i?ioeaaao cao?aei?e
o?aaeeoe??, a?aenooi?noue noia?ieoeoaa na?onueeiai oa aeooiaiiai ia/ae,
?o aca?iia oiea?aioi?noue, iaeooioai?ai?noue i?e?iaee, ui oieea?
ni??eooae?nonueeiai cia?aaeaiiy oaioanoe/ieo oyaeaiue i?i iioiea?/iee
na?o a cao?aeiiio aeon?. *a?ac oea iaia? a aeaeaeino?aei?e o?aaeeoe?? ?
/iainue iiae?aiiai cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeei iaoth?ii?oai: naia aeoiea i?i
iiaeaiiy “ia?oai? iaoo?e” i?noeea a ooo contradictio in adjecto a
a?aeoae aoea a i?eioeeiiai iai?eeiyoiith.

Nai???aei?noue aa?aaeueii-?eii?/iiai neioaco aeia?a caaeieoiaioiaaia a
oae?e ?noi?e/i?e iai’yooe? aeaeaeino?aeii? aeoiee, ye “Neiai i?i
aeeaiien c naaeo ?ici??ii c a??/e/io ca?ieio”, o?aeoao?, yeee aoei
noai?aii iaia?aaeiaei? anoaiiaeaiiy noaeeo eiioaeo?a ?c cao?aeiei
na?oii. I?iiiaenoeie noaee, cie?aia, o? “oaao”, ye? oi?ioeththoueny a
oeueiio o?aeoao?. Canoaeaeothoueny, ia?aaeon?i, ianeaia eii?thaaiiy,
“oioia?ao?/ia” a?aeoai?aiiy iiaeae?, aei yeiai oae i?aaioee a ?a?ii?
(oae caaiee “ieyaee iaicaeue” – “aaiue”). I?e?iaea caaaeaee iiaeiia aoea
iiaeaaaoeny iaeooioai?aiith, oae uia “ai?e iaee a?oa???”. sseui
?a?iiaenueea o?aaeeoe?y oiai /ano eeoa a?aee?eaaea i?eioeei ?aeiino?
aeaea?aea ina?oeaiiy oa caeiie na?oeio?i?, oi aeey Aeaeaeiai Noiaeo oea
aoei aaea caaaeueieeii o?aaeeoe??, oaeei, ye “iayai?noue aeaea?aea a
??/oe?”. Iieaciai, ui aeiaaaeiny /?oea ?ic??ciaiiy aeeaeiueiai oa
aeaeaeiai ieai?a cia?aaeaiiy, oi/a Aeaeaeee No?ae ia ciaa a/aiiy i?i
ia?niaeoeao. Iacaaaeath/e ia a?aenooi?noue oae caaii? e?i?eii?
ia?niaeoeae c ?? iaoaiaoe/iei aia?aoii, ia Aeaeaeiio Noiae? coi?ee
ciaeoe oeyoe oe?ieiai a?aeoai?aiiy i?aaeiaoii?, ia’?iii? ?aaeueiino? a
ieiuei? iaeueiaie/iai oai?o. Ia aano?aeoi? ia?ooii? oi/ee a aeon?
cao?aeiiai aio?iiioeaio?ecio (iei ieooey-niinoa??aa/a, aeaea?aei
ina?oeaiiy, ioieo noiaeaeaiiy e?i?e ia e?aeia???), a oe?ea ?icia?ooy
oi?i i?aaeiaoiiai na?oo, caeiiii??iino? eiai eiei?eoo oa cao?iaiiy
aecia/aee ooo ii?iaoeae aeeaiieno. *a?ac oea, cie?aia, aeaeaeino?aeia
o?aaeeoe?y ia ciaea caa?iaiiy aei aano?aeoieo aaiiao?e/ieo oi?i,
ao?eaieo a cao?aeiiio na?o? ia?aaeon?i a ia?acao ?aeiaonueeeo i??ai?ae:
iaeueiaie/? oo?eoe ooo – ia aaiiao?e/i? ia?ace, a ne?aee i?aaeiaoiiai
na?aaeiaeua, oae?, ye “nia?aeia? aieee” aai “iio”, “e?aieeie” aai
“cii?oee”.

Aa?aaeueiee aniaeo aeaeaeino?aeii? o?aaeeoe?? iicia/aiee oaeith ae
ci???ioiaai?noth ia i?aaeiaoiee na?o, i?ioa ooo aiia aea?oueny aciaee a
?ioiio aniaeo?. Naia aoaeiaa iiae noaiiaeoue nai???aeiee “ce?iie” c oiai
eoeueoo?iiai eaiaeoaooo, a yeiio aiia oi?io?oueny. Oae, ?icoaooaaiiy
ssiii?? ia oeyoo aeaai?o “ia??ae?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a”, ui niieo/aee
oe??eoiiiey?iee oa o?ii?/iee a?aaee eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy, i?ecaaei aei
ia’?aeiaiiy a ?? eaene/iiio oiiae? ii noo? o?ueio oa??a: ei??iii?
eaeneee (“aa ai”, na?aae yei? ae??ciy?oueny, cie?aia, eaeneea
ieaai?/iiai aai i?aaeaiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy – oae caai? “i?iai? ea?a e?oa
eioiaa”), eeoaenueeeo caiice/aiue (“eai ai”) oa “caii?nueeeo ne?a” (“aae
?ae ai”). Ua a?eueoith i??ith oaea eaiaeoaooia coiiaeai?noue aea?oueny
aciaee o A’?oiai?.

sse a?aeiii, naia iacaa “Aaouee?aueia” a’?oiainueeith iiaith (“Aeao
ieie”) icia/a? ia ui ?ioa, ye “ai?e oa aiaee”. ?oeioai?i?noue oaeiai
eoeueoo?iiai eaiaeoaooo cana?ae/aia oei, ui eeoa ia i?aii/? e?a?ie
aeiaaeeia eaiae?a oaea?/? ia?aaeuo? aeiaaeeio Aaeeeiai Eeoaenueeiai
io?o, noaiiaey/e 4000 ei, a ia i?aaei? o aeaeueo? Iaeiiaa aeiaaeeia
oe??? ia?aae? ua a?eueoa. Oey ianoaaeia iicia/a?oueny ia aaee/aci?e
ae?aeaeoi?e aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? a’?oiainueei? iiae. sseui a?aooaaoe, ui
?ioiiaoe?eiee /eiiee ooo a?ae?a?a? a?eueoo ?ieue, i?ae iaa?oue o
eeoaenuee?e iia? (aaea c O?? no. ?ic??ciy?oueny o?noue ?ioiiaoe?e), oi
neeaaea?oueny a?aaeath/a ea?oeia ?icia?ooy eaene/ii aaaiieo ithain?a.

Oaea ii?aeiaiiy ?ioiiaoe?eieo oa ae?aeaeoieo /eiiee?a aaaea aei oiai, ui
e o ioceoe? a’?oiainueea o?aaeeoe?y iicia/a?oueny iacae/aeiei aeey
?a?iiaeoey ?icia?ooyi oa nieneiaei iaaaioaaeaiiyi iae?ciaoeee. Ciai?
?ioa?aaeueiee neeaae caien?a a’?oiainueeiai oieueeei?o iiaea ni?aaeoe
a?aaeaiiy iaeiiiai?oiino?: aeyaeaii, i?ei??ii, ui 2/3 eiai noaiiaeyoue
eaa?oe, a 1/4 – ea?ioe. I?ioa i?ia?aeia cia/aiiy o a’?oiainueeiio iaein?
iathoue ia oe? o?eniaai? ?ioa?aaee, a iaaeiaei? “eiace?” cai?ioe,
aiaeia?/i? ianoaa?eueiei iiaiei ?ioiiaoe?yi. O aeena?oaoe??
aiae?co?oueny, cie?aia, cia/aiiy i?eeii?a a?a?aoi aeey noai?aiiy oaeiai
iaa?aeoai?thaaeueiiai iaee//y iaeino. Oae naii, ye iaeueiaie/? oo?eoe
ianee ne?aee i?aaeiaoiiai na?aaeiaeua, a’?oiainueeee iaein a?aeoai?th? a
nai?o iiiaeeiieeo, ciai? iaeicia/oueo aeaoaeyo ia?ac oe?e?niiai
eaiaeoaooo eoeueoo?e, ui eiai ii?iaeaeo?.

?icae?e ae?oaee. AAIIIE?OE*I? IA?NIAEOEAE NO?AeII-CAO?AeIEO OOAeIAEI?O
ACA?IEI

1. Ooaeiaeiy ea?oeia na?oo a ienoaoeoa? ia?iae?a Aeaeaeiai Noiaeo ye
aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae ?oiueiai ia?aco ieneaiiy.

Caaaeueiee aiae?c na?oiaeyaeieo ia?aaeoiia niaoeeo?ee aeaeaeino?aeiiai
ienoaoeoaa oiiaeeeaeth? ia?ao?ae aei aena?oeaiiy ooaeiaeiuei?
eiie?aoeee, coiiaeaii? no?aeii-cao?aeiith iiey?ecaoe??th
eoeueoo?ioai?/eo ?aa?ii?a na?oo. Oaea eiie?aoecaoe?y aea? i?aenoaae
aenoiooe oaco i?i oaao?ioeaio?eci aeaeaeino?aeii? eoeueoo?e ye iane?aeie
?? na?oiaeyaeii? nai???aeiino?. A?aoiaioaoe?y oe??? oace nie?a?oueny ia
aiae?c oae caaieo “no?aoaaai” – a?oaoei?a ethaenueei?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, niaoeeo?/ii inieneaieo a aeaeaeino?aei?e aeoioe?.
Aeaiee aiae?c, a naith /a?ao, oiiaeeeaeaiee aeine?aeaeaiiyie O.Oii
Caiaa?a, yeee oia?oa i?eaa?ioa oaaao ?a?iiaenueei? iaoeiai?
a?iiaaenueeino? aei oe??? nea?aieoe? aeaeaeino?aeii? aeoiee.

Ai?iaeiaae oeny/ie?oue neeaeany iniaeeaa ineoieia?/ia aeaeaeino?aeia
o?aaeeoe?y, ni?yiiaaia ia i?aeoe/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th na?oiaeyaeieo
ianoaiia a iaeoe?oiio niaeo?? eiie?aoieo ae?e – a?ae ??ciiiai?oieo oe?e
aieiaiai ienoaoeoaa a aeon? neaaaoii? oeiee “o oo” aei i?eeii?a aaaeaiiy
eyeueee a oaao?? “eaaoe?”. No?aoaaaie iiaaae?iee ethaeeie, aeania,
iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny ye i?ioioeie nai???aeieo oaao?aeueieo neooaoe?e,
? oiio ?o ia?ae?e ii noo? ia?aoeia?oueny c eaoaeiaaie noeaia???a
?ii?ia?caoe?eii? ae?aie (“oeca oecthe”). O ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi 16
no?aoaaai.

1. “Iaiaiooe ?iia?aoi?a, uia a?i ia?aieea ii?a”. Eaeaoueny i?i
noai?aiiy oaeeo ianoaaei, eiee ia?oia? cionea ae naiino?eii i?eeiyoe
aaaeaia ??oaiiy. ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, na?o iiaea?oueny ye oaao?aeuei?
aeaei?aoe?? aai, ca no/aniith oa?i?iieia??th, – ye a??ooaeueia
?aaeuei?noue.

2. “Oieeaoe iiaiiai oa i?iieeaoe a ii?iaei?”. Ethaenueea iiaaae?iea ooo
ii??aith?oueny c ?ooii no?oiaiy, yeee caiiaith? an? i?iaaeeie, ui
iinoathoue ia eiai oeyoo.

3. “Iice/eoe i?ae, uia aaeoe ethaeeio”. No?aoaa?y iiaaae?iee iiae?aiiai
oeio ia? ia?aeae? o a?aeiiiio ia Caoiae? a?oaoei? “yaeoea iacaiaee”.

4. “O niiei? /aeaoe noiieaiiai”. Noai?th?oueny nai???aeia oaao?aeueia
?ethc?y aeey oiai, uia i?ioeaiee i?eeiya oyaia ca ae?enia oa i?aeaeaany
i?eiaae? ? iio?aiea o ianoeo.

5. “Nei?enoaoeny iiaeaaeath, uia e?anoe”. Ianoaaeie ae?yeueiino?, ui
noai?ththoueny o aeaiiio ?ac?, a?ae?a?athoue ?ieue oaao?aeueieo eoe?n,
yeeie aeyaea/aa? caooeythoue aeaeaeee ieai, niiioeath/e eiai caeiyoeny
ianooo?aeie ni?aaaie.

6. “Ooi?oe ia noiae?, ianooiaoe ia caoiae?”. Oea no?aoaa?y ianeoaaiiy,
cae?eniaiiy a?aeaie?eaeueieo iaiaa??a.

7. “Ciaeoe aoooy a iaaooo?”. Eaeaoueny i?i ?icaeioooaaiiy /ooie, i?i
?inoeaioaaiiy iiae?e, ui iiaeathoueny ye ?aaeuei?noue (i?eeeaaeii o
cao?aei?e o?aaeeoe?? iiaea neoaoaaoe a?aeiiee nthaeao “Ii?o/ee E?aea”).

8. “Aeey aeaeyaeo ?aiiiooaaoe aea?aa’yi? i?noee, naiiio ae aenooiaoe a
*aiue Oeai”. Ooo oae naii, ye a iiia?aaei?e no?aoaaai?, ?i?oo?oueny
?ooeiia iiaaae?iea, aea yeui ?ai?oa aiia iioeao? ?aaeuei?noue
aeaaaeaiiai, oi ooo, iaaiaee, ianeo? ni?aaaei? iai??e.

9. “Niinoa??aaoe iieoi’y c i?ioeeaaeiiai aa?aaa”. Oey no?aoaaaia
?aeiiaiaeo? “iie?oeeo iaao?o/aiiy” a eiioe?eo.

10. “I?eeeaeaoeny naeiath uia caaeoe oea?a”. Ia?oia?o iiaea?oueny
ea?oeia oaao?aeueiiai ae?enoaa, ui caeaa? eiai c iaioaeeeo.

11. “Neeaa caneoa? cai?noue iiia?ai/a”. A aeaiiio ?ac? cae?enith?oueny
iaiao?aeia aea?oaa aeey caeiaoaaiiy aaaii?oeo ?acoeueoao?a.

12. “Eaaeith ?oeith ni?eiaoe iaa/eo”. A aeaiiio ?ac? i?ia?aeia iaoa
ae?yeueiino? iaeia, aea iaeaaaii?oee ?acoeueoao aeieea? c iia?/ieo,
ia?eoa??eieo ae?e, iacaeaaeieo a?ae aeaeea?iaaii? iaoe.

13. “Aeeo?eoe ci?th c ii?e”. Oey no?aoaaaia ?aeiiaiaeo? i?iaaaeaiiy
“?ica?aeee ai?i” aeey oiai, uia no?eaiaeeoe i?ioeaieea oa cioneoe eiai
aeeeanoe nai? iai??e.

14. “Iice/eoe o?oi, uia iiaa?iooe aeooo”. Ia i?iaeiaaeaiiy
iiia?aaeiuei? no?aoaaaie, ooo ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ianiiae?aaia aoaea, yea
ne?aeo? i?ney “?ica?aeee ai?i”.

15. “Cioneoe oea?a caeeoeoe ai?o”. ?aaeueia caa?ica cai?ua?oueny
oyaiith, “a??ooaeueiith”, ui e ciooo? i?ioeaieea ae?yoe a aaaeaiiio
aeon?.

16. “Oi/ao ni?eiaoe – nia?oo a?aeionoe”. Ooo oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oeiiai
oaao?aeueiee i?eeii oaeiai iiaeaiy a/eie?a, yea a i?aeeaooiaoaaeiny aei
cae/ii? iaia?e iiaaae?iee i?ioeaieea.

Aiae?c oeeo no?aoaaai na?ae/eoue, ui aeoi?nuee? i?aaeea a?e i?oeii
oa?eoee aei /enea aeaeaeino?aeieo a?oaoei?a iiaaae?iee. Naia
oaao?ae?caoe?y iiaooo, eiai ia?aoai?aiiy, ei?enooth/eny no/aniei
aeneiaii, ia “a??ooaeueio ?aaeuei?noue”, noa? ae??oaeueiei ineoieia?/iei
oaeoi?ii, ui aecia/a? ia?ao?ae a?ae na?oiaeyaeieo ia?aaeoiia aei
ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino?.

Oaeee /eiiee oaao?ae?caoe?? aeeooy iaa ia?aaeienaeuei? iane?aeee aeey
naiiai oaao?o. Aeine?aeieee aeaeaeino?aeii? oaao?aeueii? o?aaeeoe?? ia
?ac a?aecia/aee ia eeoa a?aenooi?noue aeaei?aoe?e oa a?ii?caeei?
aooaoi???, aea e, ai?iaeiaae o?eaaeiai /ano, a?ae naiiai aeae?eaiiy
oaao?o ye ie?aiiai, niaoeeo?/iiai aeaeo oai?/ino?! Ana oea niiioeaei aei
aeniiae?a i?i nai???aeio aeeooci?noue oaao?aeueii? o?aaeeoe?? ia
Aeaeaeiio Noiae?, aea a cia/aii? oaao?aeueiiai eiio iinoa? naia aeeooy,
i?i ?ic/eiaiiy oe??? o?aaeeoe?? na?aae iiaooiai? iiaaae?iee oa ?ioeo
oi?i oai?/ino?. Na?ae/aiiy oaei? aeeoociino? noaiiaeyoue, cie?aia,
oieueeei?i? oi?ie oaao?ae?ciaaii? oai?/ino?, na?aae yeeo i?eaa?oathoue
oaaao:

· “ao oie” – “iiia?aeue i?ae aa?aaai”, eiee aeeiiothoueny oiiae “o?ueio
oaeaeei” (“iei aa/eoue oaeaeei”, “aieiaa oaeaeei noai?th?”, “?io oaeaeei
aeiiaey?”);

· “ooeae aai” – “nei?iiiaee”, ye? ?icai?oathoueny a noeaiee, iieeeeai?
oiai/ieoe iiaaaeaiiy uanoy.

A oaeeo oieueeei?ieo aeai?ao iiia?aeaiiy eacie ia?aoai?thaaeiny ii noo?
a i?ia?aaaiiy oaao?aeueieo i?i?aoth?, ui aeeth/aei oaeiae ? ioce/iee
eiiiiiaio oaao?aeueiiai ae?enoaa, iaoa??ae yeiai a?aecia/aany
oi?ioeueiei, noa?aioeiiei oa?aeoa?ii, ?ic?aoiaaiei ia oaeaeea
?ici?ciaaaiiy. Caiaeii o?aaeeoe?y eaeii?/iino? aeano?a oa aeaei?aoe?e
ia?aeoea ? aei i?ioan?eiiai oaao?o. O oe?e o?aaeeoe?? aeaaaany aciaee
caaaeueiee i?eioeei iaaeiiiaeaiino?, ae?ioe/iino? ooaeiaeiuei? iiia?ae?
(i?i yeee aaea caaaeoaaeiny aeua o ca’yceo c oieueeei?iei aeai?ii
“iaaeiiiaeyiie”) eiee, i?ei??ii, no?eaoeue iiaea icia/aoe ai?o. a iaaae
a ?ooe? aeoi?a – eiiy, a ianea acaaae? aoea a?aenooiy. Oaao?ae?caoe?y
aoooy aaea aei oiai, oi naia iaaea i?ae noeaiith oa aeeooyi aeyaeyeany
aeineoue ieeiiith: ye a aeeoo?, oae ? a oaao?? ae?yeuei?noue
ia?aaeeaa?oueny ye i?ia?aaaiiy no?aoaaai.

Ua iaeiei iane?aeeii oaeiai oaao?ioeaio?ecio noaea a?aenooi?noue
oeiiaiai aeey Caoiaeo i?ioenoaaeaiiy o?aaaae?? oa eiiaae??. Oa, ui a
cao?aei?e o?aaeeoe?? noaei iaaeaaiiyi o?eaaeiai oeny/ie?oiueiai ?icaeoeo
? c’yaeeiny eeoa iae?ee?ioe? OV??? no., ca eann?iaianueei? aeiae, ia
aeaeaeiio Noiae? i?aeoeeoaaeiny a?ae naiiai ii/aoeo: ii?aeiaiiy
o?aa?/iiai oa eii?/iiai eiiiiiaio?a o ?aeei?e ae?ai? aiioeaiaoaaeiny
oaeiae c?noaaeaiiyi oa noi?uaiiyi i?e?iaeiiai c iaaei?e?iaeiei,
?aaeueiiai c oaioanoe/iei. Ai?aoe?ainueea nil admirandi (“ia ne?ae
aeeaoaaoeny”), oiniaeaia aeey ?a?iiaeoey a ia?ac? iacai?ooeeaiai
oa?aeoa?o aeaeaeino?aeii? ethaeeie, ?aae?co?oueny ooo a oaao?aeuei?e
o?aaeeoe??.

C? naiai aieo, oaea oaao?aeecaoe?y noni?eueiiai aeeooy ii?iaeaeo?
ye?noue, i?eioeeiiai a?aei?iio a?ae iiae?aieo yaeu ia caoiae?, yeo a
aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii iacaaoe “a?oenoeciii aoooy”. C iaea?eueoith
i/aaeaei?noth oaeee a?oenoeci aeyaeany a eoeueoo?? oae caaiiai “a?o?o oa
iioieo”, yea eeoa ciai? ciaoiaeeoue oi/ee aeioeeo aei cao?aeii? aiaaie.
Iniaeeai iieacia? ooo aea? eaoaai???, aeey iicia/aiiy yeeo
aeei?enoiaothoueny caiice/ai? c yiiinueei? iiae iiiyooy:

· “naa?” – a aeine?aiiio cia/ai? oea “iaoeia”, ne?aee aeaaieie ia
iiaa?oi? iaethiea. a a ocaaaeueiaiiio nain? – neiaie iaaeiiaii? ooae ca
ieioeei, aeaai?iaeiiai noio, no?eiaii? e?ane, ui ii?aeio? i?inoioo oa
no?oie?noue;

· “aaa?” – a aeine?aiiio cia/aii? “nai?oi?noue”, “a?aeethaei?noue”,
nain, yeee caiaeii iaaoa oe?ieiai aeoeoia/aiiy – “nei?iieiouino?
ethaenueeiai aoooy”, “aoaia?iino?”, caio?aiino? a ieei /ano.

Iaeaea? oe? eaoaai??? aeyaeythoue niaoeeo?/ia aeey aeaeaeiai Noiaeo
a?aeiioaiiy ienoaoeoaa aei aoooy, aea anoaoeco?oueny naia ia?aaoaaiiy a
/an?, ui e ae?aaea?oueny a ia?ac? “a?o?o oa iioieo”. Iaai? aiaeia??
uiaei oeueiai ia Caoiae? ciaoiaeyoueny a ienoaoeoa? aa?iei, ui aoei
i?iaeaiiino?iaaii, cie?aia, a aeine?aeaeaii? Kawatete Toshio, yeee
i?ia?a ia?aeae? i?ae yiiinueeith ae?aiith “eaaoe?” oa a?aeiia?aeieie
yaeuaie no/aniiai ?e cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa.
Ne?aeoth/e oeei ia?aeaeyi, a aeena?oaoe?? aeaiiino?o?oueny, ui icia/aiee
“a?oenoeci aoooy” noaiiaeoue oie aniaeo aeaeaeino?aeii? eoeueoo?e, yeee
caaacia/o? ?? a?aee?eo?noue aca?ieiai c ?a?iiaenueeeie o?aaeeoe?yie.

Aeanoea? a?oenoecio aoooy ?aeaae?caoe?y onai?oiaiiy oa niae aei
aeooeaii? iaeaioie??, aeyaeai?, a?aeiia?aeii, o ioa?aeoa?eciaaieo
iiiyooyo “aaa?” oa “naa?”, aeaeeny aciaee ia?aaeon?i o niaoeeo?/i?e
o?aeoiaoe? ooaeiaeiueiai /ano oa i?inoi?o, – oiaoi a eiioeaioe??
aeaeaeino?aeiiai ooaeiaeiueiai o?iiioiio. ?aeayi nai?oieoeoaa oa
a?aeethaeieoeoaa, iinoaeuea?? ca ieioeei oa aeaai?iaeii? iaeaioie??
yeiaee?aua a?aeiia?aeaei ona?aeiieaiiy naiioe?iiino? ie?aieo
ieoo?ainoae. I?ioa oae? ieoo?aino? ia aoee oioiaei?ie cao?aeiiio
i?acaioecio, a yeiio no/aniee iiiaio ?ciethaaany a?ae ieioeiai oa
i?eeaeaoiueiai ? ?icaeyaeaany ye naiino?eia oe?ii?noue iica
niaaeei?iieie ca’yceaie. Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaeaeino?aeiiai
ia?aaeeaaiiy /anii?inoi?o iieacia? oae? eaoaai???, iia’ycai? c
o?aaeeoe?eiith i?aeoeeith ineoioa?ai?? a oeueiio ?aa?ii?:

· “aoe” – oiaoi “iiaa?iaiiy” ye ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ethaeeie ?c nai?th
nooi?noth (“nai?noth”, ca ineoiaiae?oe/iith oa?i?iieia??th);

· “nueiaeai” aai onai?oiaiiy oa iia/aiiy, eiee ethaeeia iaa/a?oueny
naiiniinoa?aaeaiith oa naiicina?aaeaeaiith, iaae/eai ?iciaaeiaoaaoe
ae?? oa ia?aaeeaaiiy, a a?aeoae caeiaoaa? noeioee aei ae?yeueiino? a?ae
aeiooaiiai ia?ianoaa;

· “iaeeai” aai oaoi?ea ?io?iniaeoe??, a?aeiia?aeii aei yei?, ca
eiioooe?ainueeith o?aaeeoe??th, aeo?aeiei iiiaioii ineoioa?ai?? noa?
iiaa?iaiiy aei /ano aeeoeinoaa oa aeieeaaeia a?aeoai?aiiy a oya? ia?aco
iaoa??.

Oae? ineoioaoi?/i? iniaeeaino? ia?aaeeaaiiy /ano, ui nie?athoueny ia
oi?aa?naeueiiio a?oaoei? a?/iiai iiaa?iaiiy, a?aeiia?aeathoue ?
oa?aeoa?iei aeaeaeino?aeiei eiioeaioe?yi i?inoi?o. Ooo oaeiae
i?iaiaeeoueny aeaia?eaoe?eia e?i?y i?ae cao?aeiei i?a?e?ciii c eiai
eoeueoii ii?iaeia/?, “aaeooia” oa i?eioeeiiai a?aei?iiei a?ae iueiai
aeoeoia/aiiyi i?inoi?o ia Aeaeaeiio Noiae?. Eeth/iaa cia/aiiy ooo
iaae?a? oyaeaiiy i?i i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaei? “ii?iaeia/?”, yea
?iaioaaeany “aaeeeith”:

· “aea nthe” – “aaeeea ii?iaeia/a”, aai

· “nthe ai” – “ii?iaeiy i?noe?noue”

– iinoa? ye iniiaa aoooy, ye nai???aeia oaao?aeueia noeaia, aea
?ic?a?othoueny aeeoo?a? ae?aie. Oeae i?ino?? oiiae?aith?oueny
iaoa?einueeiio /a?aao anana?oo, ui ai?uo? a nia? ni?aiaae?iiy oa
iani?aiaae?iiy aoooy e iaaoooy, a?i ona?aeiieth?oueny ye “no?eaie /a?ac
i???ao”, ye neea, aeua ca aoooy oa iaaoooy, ui e ?aae?co?oueny a
oaao?ae?caoe?? aoooy, a ?icai?oaii? ae?aie aeeooy. Naia caaaeyee oiio,
ui ca i?e?iaeith noi?oue aaeeeee ii?yaeie “aaeeei? ii?iaeia/?”, aiia
i?eiee ia i?eae?a? ia aeaeaeiio Noiae? aeaeyaeo oaino, ye oi ia? i?noea
a cao?aeieo o?aaeeoe?yo.

2. O?aaeeoe?y oa i?aeeoeueoo?i? ae?aeiae a ooaeiaei?e eoeueoo??
A’?oiaio.

Caaaeueia oaao?ae?caoe?y aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa a?oenoeci aoooy aeaeeny
aciaee ? a oiio niaoeeo?/iiio noaoon?, yeee caeiyei a aeaeaeino?aei?e
eoeueoo?? ioce/ia ienoaoeoai. Ooo o?eaae?oeie oa no?ee?oeie, i?ae
aoaeue-aea, aeyaeeeny i?oieia?/i? o?aaeeoe?? einiieia?/iiai o?aeooaaiiy
ioceee, iiae?ai? aei na?aaeiueia?/ieo ?a?iiaenueeeo eiioeaioe?e musica
mundana, aea aiaeii/an i?eioeeiiai a?aei?ii? a?ae ieo. O ?iaio?
aeaiiino?o?oueny caeaaei?noue oaeiai einiieia?cio a oyaeaiiyo i?i ioceeo
a?ae aeuaie?aneaieo eiioeaioe?e ooaeiaeiueiai /anii?inoi?o, cie?aia,
a?ae ?aeae “iiaa?iaiiy” (“aoe”) oa “aaeeei? ii?iaeia/?” (“aea nthe”).

A aeena?oaoe?? aeaiiino?o?oueny, cie?aia, ye ?icaeiooee ia iniia? oaeeo
oyaeaiue ia?ac einiino i?ea?a? niaoeeo?/ii “ioce/i?” iciaee. C oe??th
iaoith aiae?cothoueny oae? iiiyooy:

· “the /aeio” – oiaoi einiin, anana?o, ui oyaey?oueny ye aacoieiii
iino?eii a?a?oth/a, o?aioy/a caoeiaa o?ei;

· “aaiue ?i” – aeine?aii “?aciiain” aai “noaiein?noue”, oiaoi oa
no?oeoo?a, caaaeyee ye?e oaeee einiin iinoa? ye i?aai?/ia oe?e?ni?noue,
ia iniia? yei? caaacia/othoueny ca’ycee i?ae ie?aieie ia’?eoaie, yeeo
oeae caoeiaee anana?o aeania ? ii?iaeaeo?.

Oae no?aei? aiaeiae cao?aeieo oyaeaiue i?i “ioceeo noa?” caeiaoaathoue
aiioeaiaai?noue ia iniia? niaoeeo?/ii? ooaeiaeiuei? ea?oeie na?oo,
noi?iiaaii? a oeueiio ?aa?ii?. A naith /a?ao, aeacai? einiieia?/i?
oyaeaiiy caeiaoee oaeiae nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th. A
aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi i?aeoeeo oi?eaeueiiai, aaci?aoeaaeaioiiai a
na?oia?e ?noi??? nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo, yeee aoa iieeeeaiee
?aae?coaaoe oaeo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th:

· “tha oo” – “ioce/ia iaeaoa” a aeaaiueiio Eeoa? iiaeiia aoea
eiio?iethaaoe oa ?aaeaiaiooaaoe oaeoe/ii i?aeoeeo ?ioiioaaiiy a e?a?i?,
a /a?ac ia? – oe?eo noa?o ?eooae?noeee oa iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy, /a?ac
yeo ethaeeia noiaeeoue aei oe?e?nii? na?oiaoaeiae.

Ie?aiee aniaeo einiieia?caoe?? ioceee noaiiaeoue o?aeooaaiiy
?ino?oiaioa??y a?aeiia?aeii aei i?oieia?/ieo oyaeaiue. Naia oaea
i?oieia?caoe?y noaea aaaiiei /eiieeii oi?ioaaiiy ia Aeaeaeiio Noiae?
aeoaea nai???aeii? nenoaie oaiia?aoe??, yea aeieeea ca aea? oeny/? ?ie?a
aei aiaeia?/iiai aeiaoiaeo A.Aa?eiaenoa?a. Ca iaaaaeaieie o aeena?oaoe??
iaoa??aeaie aia?eeainueeiai aeine?aeieea A.Iae Eeaeia, aaea oiae?
oai?aoe/ii aeinyaaee ia?aooie?a iiae?eo ieoaae ia ia 12, a ia 360
?ioa?aae?a, ui aeicaieyei o oaeeo ia?aooieao c iaeneiaeueiith
aeieeaaei?noth iaaeeaeaoeny aei ?aaeueiiai ?ioiioaaiiy. I?eaa?oa? oaaao
oie oaeo, ui a i?ioean? oaeiai oaiia?oaaiiy aeieeaee ia?aaeon?i
oe?eioiiia?, a ia i?aoiiia? ?yaee. Oea aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe, cie?aia,
i?iieeeea?noue oai?/i? ?ioo?oe?? Aeaathnn?, yeee, ia ciath/e i?i
oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeaeaeino?aeii? oaiia?aoe??, coi?a ii/ooe a oeo
c?aceao aeaeaeino?aeii? ioceee, c yeeie a?i aoa ia?ciaiee, naia
oe?eioiiia? ?ioiiaoe??, oa a?aeoai?eoe ?o o nai?o “i???ioae?noe/ieo
oai?ao”.

Aeoiaey/e c oeeo caaaeueieo ia?aaeoiia, o aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeth?oueny
nai???aei?noue iaioaoiiiiai ono?ith, i?ia?aeiiai aeey a’?oiainueei?
ioce/ii? o?aaeeoe??. Aaoi? caeo/a? iaoa??aee oai?nueeiai aeine?aeieea
ss.Ea?iao?, yeee i?iaiae?coaaa yaeua aiaai?oiiii? iaioaoii?ee (yiiinuee?
“?uei” oa “??ooeo”) oa aeyaea ?oi? iiaeoeyoe?ei? iioaioe??.
Ia?aaeienaeueiee aeniiaie i?i a?aeiia?aei?noue oaei? nenoaie naia
?a?iiaenueeiio iaaei?i-i?ii?o, a ia iiaeaeuei?e i?aai?caoe??,
ca?aa?oueny c iaaaaeaieie iaoa??aeaie uiaei ?icaeoeo oaiia?aoe?? a
aeaeaeino?aeiiio ?aa?ii?. Oeei aea ae aiioeaiao?oueny c?noaaeaiiy
a’?oiainueeeo nenoai (“bac” oa “nam”) c iaaei?i-i?ii?iith
i?aai?caoe??th.

Ioaea, aeaeaeino?aeia ea?oeia na?oo aeicaiey? i?inoaaeeoe iane??cio
i?aai?caoe?th, ui i?ieia? ooaeiaeith oai?/?noue a?ae na?oiaeyaeieo iniia
aei aeaoaeae oi?ioaaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai iaoa??aeo. Oaao?ioeaio?eci oa
a?oenoeci aoooy, ui ciaoiaeyoue aiaeiae a aa?ieiaiio
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiio ia?ac? “na?oiaiai oaao?o”, iiaycai? c
a?aeiia?aeieie ooaeiaei?ie /anii?inoi?iaeie oyaeaiiyie, c o?iiioiiii,
yeee aecia/a? nai???aei?noue noaoono ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa a
aeaeaeino?aei?e eoeueoo?? oa iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy eiai ooaeiaeiueiai
iaoa??aeo. Caoeiaee einiin aeaeaeino?aeieo a?oaoeiieo oyaeaiue
nie?a?oueny ia ?aea? “aaeeei? ii?iaeia/?” oa “iiaa?iaiiy”, aecia/ath/e ?
nai???aei?noue o?aeooaaiiy iaioaoiiiiai iaoa??aeo.

?icae?e o?ao?e. NO?AeII-CAO?AeI? ACA?IEIE A ANIAEO? NI?AA?AeIIOAIIss
?AOEAEN?? OA NEIE?AOECIO

1. I???ioae?noeea ye /eiiee oi?ioaaiiy iaineie?aoecio a
cao?aeii?a?iiaenuee?e ooaeiaei?e eoeueoo??.

Oe? a?oaoeii? oyaeaiiy, a naith /a?ao, a?aee?eo? aeey aca?iiae?? c
cao?aeieie o?aaeeoe?yie oa ?o anei?ethaaiiy, ui aaco?oueny ia aioo??oi?o
i???ioaoe?yo naieo oeeo o?aaeeoe?e oa oaiaeaioe?yo ?o ?icaeoeo.
Nie?ath/enue ia ?aea? ?.I.THaee?ia uiaei i?ioenoaaeaiiy ooaeiaeiuei?
?aoeaen?? oa neie?aoecio ye i?ioeeaaeii ni?yiiaaieo oai?/eo i???ioe??a,
i?i iaineie?aoeci ye caeiiii??iee ?acoeueoao ?icaeoeo cao?aeii?
i???ioae?noeee, o aeena?oaoe?? aeaiiino?o?oueny aeyaeaiiy oaiaeaioe??
iaineie?aoecio a ioceoe? (cie?aia, o oaeeo oai?ao i?iaoeueeeo
eiiiiceoi??a ye “I?eano?ia? i’?ne ca iioeaaie Ioiea” A.Oi?aeoa, “Ioceea
aei Aaoaaoca” A.TH.Aaioeaey, nth?oa “Iaio?a” E.Ooieaaocaia). Aiae?c
oaeeo oaiaeaioe?e iaa?oioiao? aeniiaie i?i oa, ui a iaaeao cao?aeii?
o?aaeeoe?? neeaaea?oueny nai???aeia ioce/ia ???iae?o?ea oa aeieeathoue
ia?aaeoiiae ioce/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeuaie?aneaieo no?aeieo a?oaoeiieo
oyaeaiue.

C? naiai aieo, iiae?ai? ?acoeueoaoe noaiiaeyoue ia eeoa iaaeaaiiy
?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e OO no., a e nai? aeyaeythoue aeeaeiio aei?noi?e/io
?aei?noue eoeueoo? Caoiaeo oa Noiaeo oa, cie?aia, ?a?iie oa Ac??. sseui
caa?iaiiy aei neie?aoe/ieo o?aaeeoe?e ia?iae?a Ac?? iia’ycaia c
aeieaiiyi ?aoeaeneaii?, aiae?oe/ii? iaiaaeaiino? ienoaoeoaa ?a?iie, oi
aiaeii/an oaea caa?iaiiy a?aeoai?th? i?aaeaai? oyaeaiiy i?i oe?e?ni?noue
eoeueoo?e ?a?ac?enueeiai eiioeiaioo.

Oe? ?aea? a?aoiaioothoueny a aeena?oaoe?? aiae?cii oaeiai aaiiie?oe/iiai
oaiiiaio, ye yaeua ?a?ac?enoaa. Aeiaiaeeoueny, cie?aia, ui eiai
aeieeiaiiy iia’ycaia, anoia?a/ iioe?aiei oyaeaiiyi, ia c ?in?enueeeie,
a c oai?nueeeie (oa?io?inueeeie) ?aeaeieie oa/?yie. Nai???aeiith
ioce/iith iaoa??ae?caoe??th ?a?ac?enoaa noaei iioe?aiiy iaioaoiiieo
eoeueoo?, iin?? yeeo ooai?ththoue iaia?a?aiee nooe?eueiee ianea a?ae
Aoeaioe/iiai aei Oeoiai ieaai?a. Aei /enea aeya?a ?a?ac?enueei? ?aeiino?
a?aeiinyoueny iae??ciiiai?oi?o? a?oaoaeoe, a?ae “ca??y/iai noeeth”
aeaai?o ne?o?a aei o?aaeeoe?eieo oe?a?inueeeo oieueeei?ieo oyaeaiue i?i
“e??e” aai “ae??e” oa “e?ae ?aoiai?a”, eoaee a?aee?oathoue aceieo ioaoe.

Aeooae?caoe?y ?aeae ?a?ac?enoaa naia o OO no. iia’ycaia c a?aecia/aieie
oaiaeaioe?yie iaineie?aoecio. Aei “ne?onoaa” ye neiaie?/iiai ia?aco
?a?ac?enueei? ?aeiino? caa?oathoueny a oai?/eo eieao neia’yinueeeo
e?a?i, cie?aia, *ao?? oa ?in??. A aa?iainueeeo e?a?iao i?ney
aaaia??ainoaa aiaeia?/i? i?ioeane a?aeaoaathoueny noiniaii “?oi?/ii?”
eoeueoo?e, aea, ye na?ae/aoue e?iaa?noe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeyaeythoueny
ne?aee i?aaeaaiuei? oae caaii? “oe??eoiiiey?ii?” ni?eueiino?
i?ai?/ii?a?ac?enueeeo ia?iae?a, cie?aia, iin??a oth?enueeeo oa
aa?iainueeeo iia. I?ioa a ?noi?e/i?e ia?niaeoea? iiae?ai? oai?/? ooeaiiy
noaiiaeyoue eeoa iaeei c ai?ciae?a oeny/ie?oiuei? ?noi??? ia?aco Ac?? a
?a?iiaenuee?e eoeueoo??.

Oaea ?noi??y a?ae?aooiie naiai e?oi/eneaiiy aeaoo? a?ae aioe/ieo i?o?a
i?i ?iae?enuee? iaiae??aee Aa?aeea oa Ae?ii?na. Ie?aiee ai?ciae,
niiaiaiee ?noi?e/ieo oaeueneo?eaoe?e, noaiiaeoue ?noi??y a?ei
Ieaenaiae?a Iaeaaeiinueeiai, c ia?aco yeiai ?icii/eia?oueny e?eaaaa
i?oieia?y “oeneo ia no?ae”, ui caeeoeea oaeee ceia?niee ne?ae a ?noi???
OO no. I?oieia?/ia “ieaenaiae??y” a o?enoeyinueeo aeiao iinooia?oueny
i?noeai eaaaiaeai i?i oea?noai i?ana?oa?a ?iaiia oa i?i i?n?th aiinoiea
Oiie. sseui “ieaenaiae??enuee?” eaaaiaee caiaeii eiioai?ioaaeeny c
iiia?aeaiiyie i?i o?anoiiini? caaithaaiiy oa noaee aeoieii,
iaia?aaeiaei? iiaiai *ano, oaeiai eaoieeoeueiiai iai?oanoo, ye
“Aecaieaiee ??onaeei” Oanni, oi a no?aeii?a?iiaenueeiio a?aae? a?eueoiai
iioe?aiiy caciaee ia?ace “?iae?enueeeo aeea”, ia?aeiyo? c aiie?eo?/iiai
?aaiaae?y Oiie. Eiinoaoo?oueny, ui ne?aee oeeo ia?ac?a cono??/athoueny
a Oe?a?i?, cie?aia, a “Aiaiaeanieeo”. A ieo aeyaeythoueny ?aea?
o?enoeyinueei-aoaeae?enueeiai neie?aoecio, ui noaee iaeiei c aeoie?a
a?aeiia?aeii? i?n?eii? ae?yeueiino?. Ua iaeia aeaea?aei ?a?ac?enueei?
?aea?, iia’ycaia c iiia?aeaiiyie Ia?ea Iiei, ia?aaoeo?oueny oaeiae c
?aaeueieie oaeoaie noiniaii ?nioaaiiy a Oeaio?aeuei?e Ac??
o?enoeyinueei? aea?aeaae (ianoi??ainueeiai iai?yieo), cao?eniaaii?
?noi?e/iith iai’yoth ye “aea?aeaaa i?ana?oa?a ?iaiia”. Ae?yeuei?noue
eaoieeoeueeeo i?n?e a Iiaee /an ni?eyea oiio, ui caaaeyee
cina?aaeaeaiei o Aaoeeainuee?e “Eiia?aaaoe?? i?iiaaaiaee a??e”
iaoa??aeai, ia?aae ?a?iiaeoeyie iinoaea ea?oeia aaciaaeiiai ?icia?ooy
iia oa ia?iae?a, aea?aeaaieo ono?i?a oa na?oiaeyaeieo nenoai.

“I?n?eiee” aoai a ?icaeoeo i???ioae?noeee iia’ycaiee c i?iaaaeaiiyi
oaeiae aoiinioe?aeueieo aenia?eiaio?a oeio noai?aiiy aea?aeaae Ia?aaaae,
aea a na?aaeei? OV??? no. i?aoethaaee /ioe?e ae?oea?i?, ye? ioae?eoaaee
eieae iiaith ?iae?aioe?a aoa?ai?. Aiaeii/an neeaaea?oueny niaoeeo?/iee
i???ioae?noe/iee aeeaeoeci, eiee, i?ei??ii, o a?o?oaeoo?? aioe/ia
no??eue/anoa a?ea iaaeo? c aeaeaeino?aeiith iaaiaeith. Oae caaiee
“eeoaenueeee noeeue” aiioe ?ieiei, aiaeii/an, noaa iaeiei c ?iioeuen?a
aeey cia/ii aeeaoiai, anainyaeiiai ciaeiinoaa c aeaeaeino?aeiith
eoeueoo?ith ia iaae? O?O oa OO no., i?ney a?aeiieo anana?oi?o aenoaaie.

Ie?aio oaaao a ?iaio? i?eae?eaii oaeiio noia?a/eeaiio aaiiie?oe/iiio
yaeuo, ye aa?iaii-yiiinueeee eoeueoo?ioai?/ee aeueyin. Iaaiaeyoueny
i?eeeaaee oaeeo aeya?a oai?/i? ?acoeueoaoeaiino? a oeueiio aeueyin?, ye
iinoao? ienueiaiieea Iaena Aeaooaiaeay c aieo I?ia//eie oa ?noi?eea ?
eoeueoo?ieiaa E?o??i Niaea c aieo ssiii??. Iniaeeai iieaciaith aeyaeeany
ooo i?iaeaiiino?iaaia yiiinueeei a/aiei noaiein?noue ?aeae yiiinueeiai
o?aaeeoe?iiae?cio oa ?icaeiooeo o?ooaainoaii oyaeaiue i?i iaoe?iiaeueiee
i?aai?ci ye eoeueoo?ioai?/o oe?e?ni?noue, anoia?a/ iaioth/ei ia oie /an
e?aa?ae?nonueei-?iaeea?aeoae?nonueeei ?aeayi.

A oaeiio ae eeth/? ?icaeaaeany aeoiea iaeiiai c e?aea??a na?oiai?
ooaeiaeiuei? i???ioae?noeee Aa?iaia Aanna. ?aeay aacei?eneeaiai
neoae?iiy noni?euenoao ye oe?e?niiio ?iaeiaiio i?aai?cio ?noioii
a?ae??ciy? anoaoeeo Aanna a?ae o?ea??ainueei? eiioeaioe?? ienoaoeoaa ye
iacaoe?eaaeaii? ciai?oi?ie, noi?iii?ie iane?aeeaie naiiaeinoaoiuei? a?e.
?aei?noue ?aeae i???ioae?noeee oa neie?aoecio a oai?/ino? Aanna
cana?ae/aia oaeiae eiai i?e?aeiaiiyi aei iaineie?aoe/iiai
“iieiae?aeiiai” ?ooo oa caniiaaii? A.A?ii?onii i?aai?caoe?? “Aaoaaoc”,
iieeeeaii? a?ae?iaeaeoaaoe aei?iaeono??aeuei?, ?ai?nie/? oi?ie
oai?/ino?.

?icaeyiooa a aeena?oaoe?? i?ia?aia “oioaeueii? a?o?oaeoo?e” oe???
i?aai?caoe??, caeeaaeath/e i?aeaaeeie iaeaooiuei? oaoi?/ii? anoaoeee,
aeoiaeeea aeaeaei ca iaae? oe??? aaeoc? ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e,
noaiiaey/e ii noo? i?ia?aio ooaeiaeiueiai aeoiaaiiy ia iniia?
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-?ai?ne/iai aeina?aeo oa caa?iaiiy aei
aeina?aeo ac?aonueeeo oeea?e?caoe?e. O oe?e i?ia?ai? aeyaey?oueny
ia?aeaeue c ie?aneaiith aeua aaoiiioeaaoe?ei?noth oa i?aaiaoe/i?noth
iiaaae?iee, aeanoeaeie aeaeaeino?aei?e o?aaeeoe??. Naiioe?euei?noue
ae?yeueiino?, ia?aaeeoi? ye a?a aeicaiey? a?ae naiiai aeeoeinoaa
ni?yiiaoaaoe iioeaaoe?th iaa/aiiy, a caa?iaiiy aei iianyeaeaiii?
na?aeiiino? noaei iaeiith c iniia o iaeaooiueiio ?aoi?ioaaii? caeeaae?a
ina?oe a?aeiia?aeii aei anoaoecaoe?? iaa/aiiy. I?eeiaoii, ui iaei??th c
ia?oeo e?a?i oaea ?aoi?ioaaiiy caii/aoeoaaea o naaa ciiao-oaee naia
ssiii?y, ai?iaaaeeaoe aei na?aaei?o oe?e iaia’yceiao i?ia?aio
anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

A aiaeia?/iiio eeth/? cae?enithaaeeny oaeiae i?ia?aie aa?eoi?? aai
?eoi?/ii? a?iianoeee, ui i?aeoeeoaaeeny a ina?oieo caeeaaeao
Aeaeuee?ica (a Aaeea?ao) oa Aiaa?aea (a Ioi?oeaaei?). Iaineie?aoeci a
aeaiiio ?ac? iinoaaaa ia ye naiino?eia iaoa, a ye oaeoi? ?ic?iaee
cania?a ?icaeaath/iai aeoiaaiiy, ni?yiiaaiiai ia aeyaeaiiy oai?/iai
iioaioe?aeo iniae oa noeioethaaiiy ?? aeoeaiino?. Oe?e iao? iieeeeai?
aoee neoaeeoe, cie?aia, aenia?eiaioe c ioce/ii-ieanoe/iei neioacii, aea
aeei?enoiaoaaany aeina?ae i?aaeaiiiac?aonueeiai oa no?aeiiac?aonueeiai
oaioe?a.

Aaaiiei aecia/ieeii iacaaieo i?ioean?a noaea “a?coaeueia ?aaiethoe?y”,
eiee, caaaeyee iiya? e?iaiaoia?aoo, noaea iiaeeeaith “iiae?ineii?y”
(oa?i?i A.E.Neo?ao?anueeiai). ?aae?coth/e oeiiai cao?aei? oaiaeaioe??
iiaeai?iiy ?aaeueiino?, ?? yeiiiaa oi/i?oiai aeoaethaaiiy, oeae aeiao?ae
i?ea?a aei ia?aaeienaeueieo iane?aee?a noai?aiiy “a??ooaeueii?
ae?eniino?”, oiaoi na?oo ?ethc?e, aea a?ae?iaeaeothoueny i?aaeaai?,
“caaoo?” cao?aeiith eoeueoo?ith neie?aoe/i? oi?ie oai?/ino?, a aiaeii/an
a?aee?eaathoueny oeyoe ?icoi?iiy no?aeii? eoeueoo?ioai?/i? o?aaeeoe??.

Iane?aeee oaeiai ca?ao oaiaeaioe?e “a?coaeueii? ?aaiethoe??” oa
i???ioae?noeee aeaiiino?othoueny a aeena?oaoe?? ia i?eeeaae? oaei? oa/??
no/aniiai cao?aeiiai ienoaoeoaa, ye oic?ci (?a/?ci), aea a?ia?o?ioiaaiee
aeieoiaioae?ci a aeon? “a?coaeueii? ?aaiethoe??” neoaeeoue caaaeaiiyi
caouaiiy i?aaeiaoiiai na?aaeiaeua, noi?uaiiy ??cii??aeieo noee?noe/ieo
oa/?e o ?? iiaeaii? oa e?iaoeue e?ioeai – aeinyaiaiiy neie?aoe/iiai
aoaeoo. A?aeaoaa?oueny nai???aeia aaeainoaaiiy ia iaae? e?oa?aoo?e, eiee
neiai noa? i?aaeiaoii a?e.

A aeena?oaoe?? eiinoaoo?oueny, ui a iaae?ao cao?aeii? oeea?e?caoe??
caeeaaeaii oaiaeaioe??, ?icai?oaiiy yeeo c iaiao?aei?noth i?eocaiaeeoue
aei ia?a?iaeaeaiiy ii/aoeiaiai, aeo?aeiiai ?aoeaeneaiiai ni?yioaaiiy
eoeueoo?ioai?/ino?, eiai ia?aoai?aiiy a ni?yioaaiiy neie?aoe/ia,
noaieina o?aaeeoe?yi Noiaeo, aaaiiei oaeoi?ii oaeiai ia?a?iaeaeaiiy
noaea “a?coaeueia ?aaiethoe?y”, oiiaeeeaeaoe noai?aiiy “a??ooaeueii?
ae?eniino?”. Oeae oaiiiai a?coae?caoe?? oa aeieoiaioae?caoe??
ooaeiaeiuei? ea?oeie na?oo ciaoiaeeoue nai???aeio noaiein?noue o
???iae?o?/i?e eoeueoo?? Noiaeo.

2. I?aiaiaioi?noue neie?aoe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? a aeaeaeino?aei?e ooaeiaei?e
eoeueoo??

sseui cao?aeiee oeyo ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e i?ieyaaa /a?ac ?aoeaen?th aei
nai???aeiiai iiaa?iaiiy oa ooeaiiy oeyo?a ia no?ae, oi no?aei?
o?aaeeoe?? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ia?iaiaioi?noth ?icaeoeo. O aeena?oaoe??
i?eeia?oueny oaca Oaey? aea Oa?aeaia i?i oa, ui aeaeaeino?aeiee na?o
iaee?auei /eiii oniaaeeoaaa oa caa??a iaaeaaiiy iaie?oe/ii? ?aaiethoe??.
Cie?aia, neie?aoeci iaie?oe/ii? aiioe aeyaeany a nai???aeiiio
o?aeooaaii? eieae ye oai?o ienoaoeoaa, a e?oa?aoo?ii-ia?acioai?/iio
neioac?.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeaiiino?o?oueny neie?aoe/iee ca’ycie ooee?oa?ieo
ooieoe?e i?aaeiaoo oa e?oa?aoo?iiai ia?aco, iniaeeai oe?iei
i?aeoeeiaaiee i?ney aeiaoiaeo iaia?o a Eeoa?. Oea a?aee?eooy ni?eyei
aaoiiii?caoe?? e?oa?aoo?e, aea aiaeii/an iiaeeaethaaei ?? ca’ycee c
ia?acioai?/ith ae?yeuei?noth. Eoeueoo?a eneeia?ao?a, aea ?aae?coaaeeny
oae? ca’ycee, cia/iith i??ith coiiaeaia naiith i?e?iaeith ???iae?o?ee.

Ia i?eeeaae? aeaaiueieeoaenueei? aaaeaeueii? “Eieae ia?ai?i”, ioce/io
aa?n?th yei? noai?aii Aeae.Eaeaeaeai, aeyaey?oueny ca’ycie oaei?
o?aaeeoe?? o?aeooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e c aeuaioa?aeoa?eciaaieie
oaao?ioeaio?enonueeeie oaiaeaioe?yie eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy oa
no?aoaaaii?noth iiaaae?iee. Eiee oaanue na?oiaee i?ioean iiaea?oueny ye
/a?aoaaiiy neooaoe?e, ui iioiaeyoue a?ae aca?iiae?? nee na?oea oa
oai?yae, “?iue” oa “ssi”, oi e naiee na?o o?aeoo?oueny ye oaao?aeueiee
eii, aea ?ic?a?othoueny einiiaii?/i? ae?aie.

?ioee i?eeeaae ae??aino? neie?aoecio oa ia?iaiaioiino? eiai ?icaeoeo
noaiiaeoue o?aaeeoe?y ?eii?/ii-aa?aaeueiiai neioaco, i?inoaaeaia a
aeena?oaoe?? ca iaoa??aeaie N.I.Nieieiaa-?ai?ciaa. A oeueiio ca’yceo a
?iaio? i?eaa?oa?oueny oaaaa aei oaeeo iiiyoue:

· “oaeaae” – “i?eoiaaiee aeano”, oiaoi aoaeo iaia?a?aiino? e?i?? oa
a?aeiia?aeiiai aeanoo iaiceai, yeee neeaaea?oueny ye ?ethc?y, anoia?a/
?aaeueiei a?ae?eaai iaicey a?ae iaia?o;

· “e?iaoai” – “aeooiaia ina?oeaiiy”, caaaeyee yeiio aeania ? aeieea?
oaeee aoaeo, eiee ia?aaeaa/a?oueny, ui aeyaea/ noaaeoueny aei ea?oeie ye
aei iacaaa?oaii? o?ace o aeuacaaaeaiiio niaoeeo?/ii aeaeaeino?aeiiio
aeai?? “iaaeiiiaeyiue”, aeiiiaithth/e a?aenooi? nai?th aeaniith oyaith;

· “oo?iue” – “caeeee – a?aeaoe”, oiaoi ?aae?caoe?y iiae?aieo
iaaeiiiaeyiue a ???iae?o?/iiio oaeno?.

?icaeoie oaeeo eiioeaioe?e coiiaeth? i?eioeeiiao a?aee?eo?noue
???iae?o?/iiai oaenoo a eiioaeno? aa?aaeueii-?eii?/iiai neioaco,
?ic?aoiaaiiai ia iino?eia aeiiiaiaiiy oyaith /eoa/a oa aeyaea/a. A naith
/a?ao, oey a?aee?eo?noue noaiiaeoue caeiiii??iee ?acoeueoao oiai
iaie?oe/iiai aaiiao?ecio, yeee cao?enoaaany oa ae?eoia aei nueiaiaeaiiy
o ???iae?o?oe?.

Aeaiiino?oth/e i?eioeeiiao a?aei?ii?oue ???iae?o?ee a?ae i?eoia?ao?ee,
aeena?oaio iaaiaeeoue oai??th A.A.Na?e?ii?, ca yeith o?enaoe?y
aaiiao?ecio iia’ycaia c ?iceeaaeii ?iaeiaiai iaie?oe/iiai noni?euenoaa
? noaiiaeoue nai???aeiee ne?ae ?noi?e/ii? o?aaie. Ca?a ia?aoai?aiiy
i?eoia?ao?ee a ???iae?o?eo c cacia/aiith o?aaiith cana?ae/o? aaaii?noue
caa?aaeaiiy ?iaeiaeo oa oioaiieo neiaie?a ia oie iiiaio, eiee ??ae
ia?aoai?thaaany ia eanoo. Ca iiaeo oiia caa?aaeaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy a
???iae?o?oe? iaie?oe/ieo a?oaoei?a noaei aeyaeaiiyi i?ioeae?? ?iaeiaiai
noni?euenoaa oeei o?aaiaoiaaiiei ia?ai?iai, ui ianoaaeeny ia iueiai.
Aeeaie? a?oaoeii? oyaeaiiy ?iaeiaiai noni?euenoaa oa iaa?oue iao??a?oaoo
noathoue iaeaaaeeea?oeie eiinoeoooeaieie /eiieeaie ???iae?o?ee.

Aeey aeaiiino?aoe?? ?icaeoeo ???iae?o?ee ia iniia? ia?aoai?aiiy
i?eoia?ao?/ii? i?iaiaioeee aaoi?ii caeo/athoueny iaoa??aee nainaoe?eieo
a?oaieia?/ieo ciao?aeie – oae caaieo yioainueeeo ?icien?a. O?enaoe?y
a?oaoeiieo oyaeaiue ooo nyaa?, cie?aia, ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i i?ny/iee
eaeaiaea?, i?i oioaii? ?noioe (cie?aia, oae caai? “i?oieia?/i? eae?ee”),
i?i “aio?iiiii?oi? ianee”, ye neiaie?/i? iicia/aiiy ethaenueei? aeoo?.
?noioii, ui ooo i?inoaaeothoueny ?a?ac?enuee? ?eiiia?ao?/i? oi?aa?nae??,
ye? aeaee iiooiao aei ???iae?o?/iiai ia?ainieneaiiy i?eoia?ai a aeon?
iaie?oe/iiai “aaiiao?ecio”.

C ia?aoiaeii a?ae i?eoia?ao?ee aei ???iae?o?ee noa? iiaeeeaei
?iceeaaeaoe ciae ia aeaa eiiiiiaioe – aeaoa?i?iaio oa oiiaoee.
I?ioeaaeo?a oaeiai ?ic/eaioaaiiy ???iae?oo iieno?oueny, ca
N.A.Noa?ino?iei, oaeeie iiiyooyie:

· “thiue” – “?eia” oiaoi ni?acao/i?noue o?iae?a ???iae?o?a, anoaiiaeaiiy
yeeo ? ia?oei e?ieii aei aeyaeaiiy oiiaoee?a;

· “thiueoec?i” – “oiiaoe/ia oaaeeoey”, aea ???iae?oe iiaeathoueny ca
ni?acao/i?noth ye o?iae?a, oae e ?i?oe?ae?a;

· “oaiueoea” – aeine?aii “?ic??caiiy”, oiaoi c?noaaeaiiy c ???iae?oii
ia?e ?ioeo, ui ca?aathoueny c iei, a?aeiia?aeii, ca /eoaiiyi ?i?oe?aeo
oa o?iaeo.

Caaaeyee oaeei i?ioeaaeo?ai anoaiiaeththoueny nai???aei? a?ao?/i? ?eie
i?ae ???iae?oaie, yeeie aeania oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oiiaoe/i? oa
aeaoa?i?iaoeai? eiiiiiaioe ???iae?o?a. O ?o oa?aeoa?enoeoe? aeena?oaio
ne?aeo? ?aeayi Eaiia A?aa?a oa A.O.?acaiaiei, ye? i???iooaaee oaaao ia
aeyaeaiiy a oaeeo eiiiiiaioao a?oaoeiieo oyaeaiue ?iaeiaiai
noni?euenoaa.

Aiae?c a?oaoeiiiai neeaaeo ???iae?o?ee na?ae/eoue i?i aenieo ieoiio aaao
aio?iiiii?oieo oa ciiii?oieo oyaeaiue, cana?ae/aieo neiaie?eith /anoei
o?ea. Oae, cie?aia, i?oieia?caoe?? i?aeaeathoueny oae? oyaeaiiy, ye
“aieinny”, “i/?”, “aieiaa”, “coae”, “e?eea”, “?io”, “oiaea”. sse
i?eeeaae a?oaoeiii? ?a?ac?enueei? oi?aa?nae?? a aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi
oyaeaiiy i?i “?iae”, ui a?ae?a?athoue eeth/iao ?ieue a iiaoaeia?
???iae?o?ee. A?oaoei “na?oea” a ???iae?o?oe? ?ice?eaa? iiea naiaioe/ieo
cia/aiue, yea aea? i?aenoaae aeey ooeaiiy ia?aeaeae c ?a?iiaenueeei
(cie?aia, oe?a?inueeei) ei?aeioeaio?eciii.

Ua iaeia eiei naiaioe/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue noino?oueny iaoo?o?einionueeeo
oa aeoae?noe/ieo oyaeaiue, oe?iei cao?eniaaieo ???iae?oeith, ui aoei
noaieinei caaaeuei?e aeaeaeino?aei?e oaiaeaioe?? aeai?noeo?eaoe??
i?oieiaai. A aeena?oaoe?? i?inoaaeothoueny ni?euei? oa a?aei?ii? iciaee
i?ae aeae?eaiiyi /ioe?ueio noeo?e a ?a?iiaenuee?e o?aaeeoe?? oa
i’yoe/eaiiei neeaaeii a?aeiia?aeieo noeo?e a aeaeaeino?aeiiio a?aae?.
Nai???aei?noue aeaeaeino?aeii? iaoo?o?einio?? aeyaey?oueny ooo a oiio,
ui i’youe noeo?e (aea?aai, iaoae, aiaea, caiey, aiaiiue)
iaaeaoaeiaothoueny iaae caoeiaei einiinii, iaae a?a?aoe?eiith
noanoaioe??th, i?i yeo eoeiny aeua oa yea iioe?th?oueny “iiaaiith” –
aeaiaioii “oe?”. Iieaciai, ui naia a eeane aeaoa?i?iaio?a, ye?
icia/athoue noeo??, ai?uo?oueny iiiaae i’yoa /anoeia oe?eiai neeaaeo
???iae?o?/ieo ciae?a. A ?iaio? iai/ii ?ethno?o?oueny i?iaeoeoeai?noue
iaoo?o?einionueeeo oyaeaiue aeey iiaoaeiae ???iae?o?/iiai neiaieeiaiai
oiiaeo.

?noioio iniaeea?noue ???iae?o?ee, cana?ae/oth/e caa?aaeaiiy ?ae?eo?a
neie?aoe/iiai ieneaiiy, noaiiaeoue a?aeoai?aiiy o i?e a?oa?/iiai
aeoae?cio – aioeoaoe/iiai c?noaaeaiiy iiiyoue. Iayai?noue iiiaae ni?iea
ia? oaeeo aioeoac eeoa noiniaii ioia?ieia?/ii? iaa??, i?iaeaiiino?iaaia
?.A.Eiacaaei, cana?ae/o? aaaii?noue oyaeaiue iaie?oe/ii? aiioe. Naia
a?oaoeie i?oieia?/iiai ieneaiiy aecia/athoue eiiiiiaioiee neeaae
???iae?o?ee, ae?aaeath/e oae? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? eoeueoo?ioai?/? iiiyooy,
ye “aeiey”, “iaee//y” (oa, a?aeiia?aeii, “iniaa”), “o?ei” (o eiai
a?aeiioaii? aei “aeoo?”). Ia?aoo?, ye ? aeua, i?aee?aneth?oueny
?ciii?oi?noue no?oeoo?e ???iae?o?ee aoaeia? eoeueoo?iiai eaiaeoaooo
aeaeaeino?aeieo oeea?e?caoe?e, cie?aia, eiai aaiii?oieia?/iei aniaeoai.
Oey ?ciii?oi?noue ona?aeiieaia naieie iin?yie aeaeaeino?aeieo
o?aaeeoe?e, i?i ui na?ae/aoue iiiyooy:

· “oecaiooa” – “cae?ai?noue i?e?iaee aei naii?ooo”

· “oe?thiue oaiaeoi” – “oai?/ee a?aeaoe naii? i?e?iaee”.

3. Ooaeiaeiy ?aoeaen?y oa neie?aoeci ye aeyae cao?aeieo oa no?aeieo
oai?/eo i???ioaoe?e.

Caa?aaeaiiy aeaeaeino?aeiith o?aaeeoe??th neie?aoe/ii? niaaeueie
aeaiiino?o? oi/ee noiaeaeaiiy eoeueoo?iaaiaco Noiaeo oa Caoiaeo a OO no.
naia ia i?iaeai? iaineie?aoe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e. Aca?iia oyae?iiy oa
aca?iiae?y neie?aoe/ii? eoeueoo?e Noiaeo oa eoeueoo?e Caoiaeo,
aaaaoi?aciai iiina?aaeeiaaii? ?aoeaeneaieie i?ioeanaie, noaiiaeoue iaeio
c i?eeiaoieo iniaeeainoae na?oiaiai eoeueoo?ioai?/iai i?ioeano OO no.,
ui aeaany aciaee a iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo noa?ao. Nai???aeieie i?e?iaeieie
eaai?aoi??yie i?ioeano noaee ooo oae? anaa?/ii aeine?aeaeai? oaiiiaie,
ye “oic?ci” oa “iaa?/iee ?aae?ci” a e?oa?aoo??, ye oai?/?noue Aaee
Aa?oiea, Iaioaey aea Oaeue?, Ii??na ?aaaey a ioceoe?. Aeina?ae oeeo
oa/?e neeaaeaany ia iniia? ?a?iiaenueeiai i???ioae?cio. A eiioaeno? OO
no. a?aeiioaiiy “No?ae-Cao?ae” ?icai?oathoueny ia ca i?eioeeiii
i?inoi?iai-/aniai? aeenoaioe??, a a i?ioeanao aeooaeueieo iiae?e
eieii?aeueii? aeniain?? oa aeaeieii?caoe??. Oeae ia?ao?ae a?ae
i?oioai?/ino? aei ae?aiaoecaoe?? a i???ioae?noeoe? cao?enoaaany ? a
oiio, ui eia?ea ???iae?o?/iiai ieneaiiy noa? oaia? ia i?aaeiaoii a?e, a
i?aai?/iei ao?eaooii ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o. Oey ianoaaeia iniaeeai
aea?oueny aciaee a oae caaiiio iiaiio ?iiai?, aea eeth/ia? iioeae (oae
caai? “aaia?aoi?e”) a eiioaeno? ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o ae?thoue iiae?aii
???iae?o?/iei aeaoa?i?iaioai. Cao?ae i?eoiaeeoue aei inieneaiiy Noiaeo
ia ye i?oieia?/ii-a?oa?/iiai i?inoi?o, a ye aei aeoieo aeanii?
aecenoaioe?aeueii? ae?aiaoo?a??, ui aeieeaa? c ?iaiaioiiai ?icaeoeo
aeanieo o?aaeeoe?e. C? naiai aieo, aiae?c aeaeaeino?aeieo
eoeueoo?ioai?/eo i?ioean?a na?ae/eoue, ui anei?ethaaiiy a oeueiio
?aa?ii? iaaeaaiue cao?aeii? eoeueoo?e aaco?oueny ia “oi?ciaaaii?” a ieo
oeo iciae, ye? noaiiaeyoue aeeaeii?, a?oaoeii? aeanoeaino? aeanii?,
a?o/eciyii? o?aaeeoe??. sse na?ae/eoue aeina?ae e?oa?aoo?e oeueiai
?aa?iio (oai?/?noue Eo?inaaa, THe?i, Oai?aecae? a ssiii??, E? Oec? oa
Aai Iaia o Eeoa?, Oai Aie Oyo oa Ia Aai Oaiaa o A’?oiai?), aeani?
o?aaeeoe?? i?aeaeaaaeeny oi?aa?nae?caoe??, oae ui, i?ei??ii, no?oeoo?a
oaao?a “Ii” noaaaea i?eaeaoiith aeey ioioiaeiaiiy c neioii?/iith
ae?aiaoo?a??th, a a i?aeoeoe? o?aaeeoe?eiiai “iiii-ii aaa?a”
(“ca/a?oaaiiy ?a/aie”) aeyaeyeeny aiaeia?? no/aniiio cao?aeiiio
“oic?cio”.

Aiae?c oai?/i? i?aeoeee aea? i?aenoaae aeae?eeoe o?e oeyoe
no?aeii-cao?aeii? aca?iiae?? a noa?? ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa, ye? a
aeena?oaoe?? ie?aneaii i?ae iacaaie “i?n?iia?nueeee”, “aeaeaciaee” oa
“?a?ac?enueeee”. Iaeiieacia?oeie yaeuaie ia?oiai c ieo ? oai?/?noue
I.Iann?aia, ae?oaiai – ?noi??y aeieeiaiiy aeaeaco, o?aoueiai –
oai?/?noue A.Aa?oiea.

A aeena?oaoe?? iaaiaeyoueny na?ae/aiiy oiai, ui o oai?/ino? Iann?aia oa
i?aaenoaaiee?a eiai oeiee (Ooieaaocaia, Enaiae?na) a?aeaoaa?oueny
ia?ainieneaiiy o?aaeeoe?e ?a?iiaenueeiai oieueeei?ecio a iai?yi?,
i???ioiaaiiio ia anei?ethaaiiy o?aaeeoe?e Noiaeo. Oae, o eiai neioii??
“Oo?aiaae?ea” oae caai? “oeeee?/i? oaie” aeeeaaeathoueny oa
?ic?iaeythoueny a?aeiia?aeii aei ii?iaoea?a “iaeai – i?eioeeio” (oa?i?i
TH.Aeuenia?a). “?eoi?/i? ia?niiaae?” o oai?ao Iann?aia, iia’ycaieo c
?iae?enueeith oaiaoeeith, ?aae?cothoue oyaeaiiy i?i oaio ye i?i
oiniaeaiiy ?noioe, a ?eoi?/ia ao?eaiiy noa? iina?aaeieeii aeey
oi?ciaaaiiy cao?aeieo oa no?aeieo o?aaeeoe?e. Aioe/i? ?eoi?/i?
no?oeoo?e (cie?aia, iie?iao?e/i? eiaaaaee) iiaeathoueny ye nai???aeiee
iaae?aoi? aeey ae?aeiao “No?ae-Cao?ae”. I?eeiaoii, ui naia i?ae oaeith
iacaith (“No?ae-Cao?ae”) aoa iaienaiee oa?? iann?ai?anueeiai o/iy
Enaiae?na aeey aenoaaee 1958 ?ieo a A?thnnae?.

Aeey aeaeaciaiai oeyoo ?icaeoeo no?aeii-cao?aeieo aca?iei iieaciaei ?
caa?iaiiy aei i?eioeei?a nai???aeii? ioce/ii? iieai?ee. Oae,
ia?ao?acoaaiiy oa ia?iae?thaaiiy eaaeaei a iniia? naiiai aeieeiaiiy
aeaeaco. Eiai iioe?aiiy a ?a?ii? o 20-o ?ieao iia’ycaia c oai?/?noth
O?iaeai?oa, yeee o nai?e “i???ioaeuei?e” iia?? “Ioo-Ioo?” naia e
i???iooaaany ia ia?iae?th (cie?aia, iiaeaaaeeny nai???aei? ioce/i?
ea?eeaoo?e ia iioea?o?anueeo oa aaaia??anueeo oai?/o niaaeueio).
A.Ooeueaio, yeee i???iooaaany ia aeaeaciao noee?noeeo Aa?oa?ia, aaa/aa o
aeaeac? aaeaeaaoio oi?io ?aae?caoe?? iaineie?aoe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e aiioe,
cie?aia, ioce/ii-ieanoe/iiai neie?aoecio, yeee aoa ae a?aee?eoei aeey
iica?a?iiaenueeeo, no?aeieo o?aaeeoe?e.

Iaeia?niaeoeai?oith e?i??th no?aeii-cao?aeieo aca?iei o ?iaio?
?icaeyaea?oueny ?a?ac?enoai. Nai???aeiei ioce/iei eiai iai?oanoii noaa
“*a??aiee iaiaea?ei” Aa?oiea, yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny a ?iaio? a ?ie?
no?aeii-cao?aeii? aa?n?? aaaia??anueeiai “O?enoaio”. I?iaiaeeoueny
aiae?c no?aeii-cao?aeii? i?iaeaiaoeee a ?yae? oai??a Aa?oiea, cie?aia,
aeaiiino?o?oueny ia?aoai?aiiy o?aaeeoe?e iann?ii?a a “*a??aiiio
iaiaea?ei?” oa o “Na?onuee?e eaioao?” oaeei /eiii, ui aeyaey?oueny
i?oi?eooaeueia nooue ia?aieo o oai?ao i?noeue cae?eniaiiy i?noa???
(i?noi o aaeao? oa e?n o eaioao?). Ia?aeaeue “e?n-i?noi” (oeiiaa aeey
nth??aae?cio) cana?ae/o? ia?aeiieea?noue iaineie?aoe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e
aa?oie?aie. Iieaciaei a aeaiiio aniaeo? ? oaeiae caa?iaiiy aei i?eeii?a
ioceeoaaiiy, iia’ycaieo ?c neie?aoe/iith i?aeoeeith. Ua iaeei aniaeo
aa?oie?anueeiai ?a?ac?enoaa iia’yciee c neiao???th, cie?aia, c
eiioeaio?e/ieie eiiiiceoe?yie oa c ?iaa?nieie ia?aoai?aiiyie.
Eoeueoeaoaaiiy neiao??? (ye na?ae/eoue, cie?aia, aiae?c
“Ae?aa?oeniaioo”) a?aee?eaa? ia?niaeoeae ioioiaeiaiiy ?a?iiaenueei?
iie?oii?/ii? o?aaeeoe?? oa aeaeaeino?aeieo i?oi?eooaeueieo oyaeaiue.
Iieaciaa aeey no?aeii-cao?aeiiai neioaco oaeiae niaoeeo?/ia aeey Aa?oiea
iaia?a o?aeooaaiiy oaia??a (cie?aia, o “Ioceoe? aeey no?oiieo, oaea?ieo
oa /aeanoe”). Oae? iniaeeaino? o?aeooaaiiy ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo a
Aa?oie?ai?, ye “eiino?oeoeaia ?ioa?aae?ea” oa “iie?iiaeaeueia o?iiaoeea”
aeathoue i?aenoaae aaa/aoe o ieo aeyaeaiiy “aoaeoo ooaeiaeiuei?
iiii?i??” (?.I.THaee?i). Ooeaiiy a aaeoc? aa?iii?/ii? ae?aaeaeueiino?,
?i?oe?eiaai? Aeaathnn?, oaeei /eiii, i?eaiaeyoue “ia No?ae”,
oiiaeeeaethth/e ioioiaeiaiiy iiaeo eaaeiaa?iii?/ieo cania?a c
o?aaeeoe?eieie no?aeieie aeaiaioaie ooaeiaeiuei? iiae.

?icae?e /aoaa?oee. I?IAEAIA “NO?Ae-CAO?Ae” O ?AAE?ssO A’?OIAINUeEI?
IOCE*II? EOEUeOO?E

1. No?aei? oeyoe aei iiaioaaiiiy cao?aeiei ooaeiaei?i aeina?aeii.

Anei?eyoe?y cao?aeiiai aeina?aeo a e?a?iao Noiaeo nie?a?oueny ia
i?eioeei oi?ciaaaiiy, “ooaeiaeiuei? iiii?i??”, yeee aeicaiey?
anoaiiaethaaoe iina?aaeieoeuee? ni?euei? eaiee i?ae o?aaeeoe?yie oa
?icai?oaoe ae?aeia ia oae?e “ni?euei?e oa?eoi???”. sse iieaciaee
i?eeeaae iiae?aiiai o?aeooaaiiy “ooaeiaeiuei? iiii?i??” a aeena?oaoe??
?icaeyiooi i?ia?aiio neioii?th “I??aaia” yiiinueeiai eiiiiceoi?a Oio??i
Iathaecoi?. Eiiiiceoi? ea?oaaany ianoaiiaaie o?aioeocueei? a?th?oenueei?
oeiee (cie?aia, o?aaeeoe??th A.Aa?aca) noiniaii oiai, ui caoe nai ii
nia? iaae?eaiee ieanoe/ieie aeanoeainoyie, cia?aaeaeueieie yeinoyie.
Iaoa??aeii aeey cae?eniaiiy aenia?eiaio?a a oeueiio iai?yi? aoei ia?aii
cao/aiiy yiiinueeeo aiia?a oa aeaeeaioaaiiy aoaeae?enueeeo noo?. Oeiiai
no?aeia o?aeooaaiiy ioceee ye iina?aaeieoeueei? eaiee i?ae aoooyi oa
iaaoooyi ciaeoei aeyaeaiiy a i?ia?aiiiio caaeoi? oai?o. Ciai?
a?aeoai?thth/e /ioe?e/anoeiiee neioii?/iee oeeee, eiiiiceoi? aeeaaea? a
iueiai i?eioeeiiai iiaee nain. O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeaiiino?o?oueny oa
“caoeiaa ?a/iaeia”, c yei? “e?ieyoueny” ia?ace neioii??, ae?oaa /anoeia,
ui ia/a iiaea? ae? “naina?e”, oiaoi ia?iioiee na?o caiiiai aoooy,
iiaoaeiaaia ye ae?aeia i?ae niei aeaeeaiaoi?a oa ?aie?eaie aiia?a, o?aoy
/anoeia i?eaeecii a?aeiia?aea? aeaa?eiiio ?icae?eo neioii?/iiai oeeeeo,
a o?iae aeaiiino?o? i??aaio ye aeueoa?iaoeao naina??: aeaeeaiaoe?y noo?
ia oe? aecaiio aiia?a oa inoeiaoiiio i?iaaaeaii? o?eoi?aeo ia/a ?ic/eiy?
eiioo?e aoooy.

Aiaeia?/i? i?ioeane aeaiiino?othoueny ia i?eeeaae? oai?/ino?
a??iainueeeo eiiiiceoi??a. Oae, o neioii?? ?2 A.Oa?oa?yia, iiae?aii ye o
oai?? Iathaecoi?, aeyaey?oueny iiaea?eia aeniiceoe?y i?eano?iaeo oa
oi?iaeo ia?o?e, a nai???aeiee “ioce/iee ooi” oi?iaiai aeaeeaioaaiiy
neoaeeoue ae?aiaoo?a?eiiio iaa?iiaaeaeaiith. Nai???aeiith
ia?nii?o?eaoe??th iiae?aieo oaiaeaioe?e o noa?? no?aeii-cao?aeieo
aca?iei noaea iinoaoue A?aia Oa/aoo?yia, oai?/?noue yeiai aeieeaaeii
?icaeyaea?oueny i?ae ia?aiei a aeena?oaoe?? eooii ci?o. Oae,
caa?oa?oueny oaaaa aei cania?a iioeaaoe?? iane??ciiai ?icai?oaiiy
neioii?/iiai oeeeeo, yea cae?enith?oueny o eiiiiceoi?a ia iniia?
caa?iaiiy aei o?aaeeoe?e oieueeei?ii? ?ii?ia?caoe?eiino?. Iieaciaa aeey
eiiiiceoi?a oaeiae caa?iaiiy aei aeaaiuei? i?a?a?ac?enueei? noa?e
ae?aaeaeueiino? naiicao/ieo ?ino?oiaio?a – aecaii?a. Oe?iei aaea?oueny
eiiiiceoi? aei iiii?i??, cie?aia, aei aca?iioi?ciaaaiiy aioe/ii? ?eoi?ee
oa ?eoi?ee a??iainueeiai oieueeei?o. Ne?aeoth/e iaoa??aeai E.Ooaeaaaoyi,
a aeena?oaoe?? aeaiiino?o?oueny o?aaeeoe?eia ei??iiy oaeiai o?aeooaaiiy
i?iaeaie “No?ae-Cao?ae”, yea ciaeoei nai? aeyaeaiiy aaea o oai?/ino?
I.O?a?aiyia: aeoiaey/e c a?o/eciyieo o?aaeeoe?e, eiiiiceoi? i?eoiaeeoue
aei caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeo i?eioeei?a oi?iiooai?aiiy, cie?aia, aei
i?eeii?a aa??thaaiiy, aeanoeaeo oi?aia?ao?/iei o?aaeeoe?yi ye Caoiaeo,
oae ? Noiaeo.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii oaeiae iaoa??aee noiniaii eiiiiceoi??a –
i?aaenoaaiee?a oth?eiiiaieo eoeueoo? (O.Aaaeaeeaaeia), aea ?icaeaa?oueny
“?aeay aacniiaoiiai neioii?cio”, eiiiiceoi??a eaoeinueei? Aia?eee. Ana
oea na?ae/eoue, ui ia?ainieneaiiy anei?eueiaaieo ?a?iiaenueeeo
i?eioeei?a oi?iiooai?aiiy ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy a?o/eciyiiai
aeina?aeo noaiiaeoue aeineoue no?eeo oa iioe?aio caeiiii??i?noue, yeith
?noioii aecia/a?oueny ni?yioaaiiy oai?/eo ooeaiue o noa?? iiiaeaiiy
a?o/eciyieo o?aaeeoe?e.

2. A’?oiainueea a?oa?ia ienoaoeoai ye aeyaeaiiy neioaco “No?ae-Cao?ae” a
no/ani?e ioce/i?e eoeueoo??.

Iniaeeai iieaciaith a ?ie? i?ia?aeieea oa iina?aaeieea no?aeii-cao?aeieo
aca?iei ? oaea noa?a ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa ye a?oa?ia ienoaoeoai oa
aeeiiaanoai c iaeyaeo ia eiai oi?eaeueio oi?aa?naeuei?noue oa iioe?aiiy
ii oe?eiio na?o?. Naia a?oa?a iino?eii i?enooiy a iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo
iaeanoyo ioce/ii? eoeueoo?e, ui iathoue noinoiie aei no?aeii-cao?aeieo
aca?iei. Oey ianoaaeia coiiaeaia ye iania?noth a?oa?e, yea i?eaaaeth?
oe?ie? aa?noae i?ioan?iiae?a oa aiaoi??a, oae ? ?? iniaeeaeie
aeanoeainoyie. A aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii iaoa??aee, iioae?eiaai?
(ni?eueii c I.I.Ieoaeeaiei) o ?iaio? “Aeia?aeiee a?oa?enoa”.

Cia/iee anei?eyoe?eiee iioaioe?ae a?oa?e, ii??aiyia eaae?noue ia?aiino
oa o?ainoi?iaoe?? ??cii??aeieo o?aaeeoe?e o ?? noa?? aeicaieythoue
cina?aaeeoe ooo iiea aca?iiae?? ??ciiaoi?/iieo o?aaeeoe?e. Iacaaaeath/e
ia no?aeia iioiaeaeaiiy, a?oa?a oaia? aaaaea?oueny ?a?iiaenueeei
?ino?oiaioii ? iiaooo? a o?ueio i?ia?aeieo ??ciiaeaeao – eeane/iiio,
aeaeo?iiiiio oa ia?iaeiiio. ?noi??y iiaoooaaiiy a?oa?e o A’?oiai?
noaiiaeoue yne?aao ?ethno?aoe?th i?iaeoeoeaiino? no?aeii-cao?aeieo
aca?iei.

sse i?eeeaaee, iieacia? aeey ia?aoai?aiiy oieueeei?ieo o?aaeeoe?e, o
?iaio? ?icaeyioo? a?oa?i? oai?e no/anieo a’?oiainueeeo eiiiiceoi??a –
“Eie Ei” Oae Ooiay oa “Eeo Ooo” Oa Oaia. Iniaeeai iieaciaee i?ae
iaeyaeii no?aeii-cao?aeieo aca?iei oeyo o?aeooaaiiy iaioaoiiiiai
iaoa??aeo. A?aecia/aii niaoeeo?/ia cia/aiiy oaia?iaiai oaeoi?o a oiiaao
a?aenooiino? niaoeeo?/ieo aeey ?a?iiaenueei? o?aaeeoe?? eaaeiaeo
oyae?iue, ?eoi?/io ieanoeeo.

3. ?icaeoie a?oa?iiai aeeiiaanoaa oa a’?oiainueea a?oa?a Eae Eeiia ye
/eiiee no?aeii-cao?aeieo aca?iei o a’?oiainueeiio ioceeoaaii?

Iniaeeao noa?o a?oa?iiai ioceeoaaiiy noaiiaeoue iai?yiie Eae Eeiia, yeee
o?eaaeee /an eoeueoeaoaaany a i?no? Oi Oe I?i (eieeoi?e Naeaii), ui aoei
ina?aaeeii no?aeii-cao?aeieo aca?iei. Naia iacaa icia/a? ioceeo
i?oaiiai, a’?oiainueei-?a?iiaenueeiai noeeth. A aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaii
oa?aeoa?enoeeo iniiaieo ??ciiaeae?a oeueiai noeeueiaiai iai?yio:

· “Oae Oo?” – iaeia c oanoe aanaeeo iaeiae?e;

· “Naia Na” – iaeia c naie aeaai?o ?ae?a?eieo iaeiae?e;

· “*ueiia Oeiia Oe” – e??eei-?iiaioe/ia ioceea;

· “Iai Noai” – ?iiaioe/ia ioceea ia?aae i?e?iaeiith e?anith, aiaeia
?a?iiaenueei? aeaa??;

· “Iai Ae” – noiia iiia?aeia ioceea;

· “Iai Aeai” – ?aae?nia aanaea ioceea c iino?eiith iaioaoii?/iith
iiaeoeyoe??th;

· “Aai Ooue?i Oeiia” – ioceea c oa?aeoa?ii iinoaeuea?? aei ieioeiai, c
iaeaoie?eiei iaa?aeaiiyi a aeon? aeuacaaaeaiiai yiiinueeiai eoeueoo
“naa?”;

· “Aiia Ei” – ioceea e??eei-?iiaioe/iiai oa?aeoa?o.

?icaeoie ioceeoaaiiy a oeueiio iai?yieo cana?ae/o? aaeeea
o??ciiiai?oiaiiy i?eeii?a oa cania?a oi?iiooai?aiiy oa aeeiiaanoaa, ui
oiiaeeeaeth? oe?ieee niaeo? no?aeii-cao?aeieo aca?iei.

AENIIAEE

I?ioeane ooeaiiy oeyo?a aei neioaco noaiiaeyoue caaaeueio
caeiiii??i?noue no?aeiiai oa cao?aeiiai ?aa?ii?a ethaenueei? eoeueoo?e.
sseui cao?aeia i???ioae?noeea i?ieeaaeaea oeyo ia no?ae, ea?oth/enue
oi?aa?nae?nonueeeie, aeniain?ii?nonueeeie ooeaiiyie caaaeueiiai o
na?oiaiio eoeueoo?ioai?/iio i?ioeano, oi aiaeii/an No?ae ia na?e eooaeo
anei?ethaaa oa ia?a?iaeya cao?aeiee aeina?ae noiniaii aei nai?o iio?aa.
sseui aaea i?n?iia?e OV?? no. ooeaee iciaee ni?eueiino? i?ae a/aiiyie
Iienay oa Eiioooe?y, a eeoaenueea iiaea a ianooiiiio noie?oo? noaaaea
aeaea?aeii aeeaeoeee, oi oe?eee aeina?ae ooaeiaeiuei? eiiia?aoea?noeee
na?ae/eoue i?i iino?eia i???ioae?noe/ia ni?yioaaiiy aeoiee cao?aeiiai
na?oo, i?i iaaieii? iiooee oeyo?a inyaiaiiy no?aeii? o?aaeeoe??.

?acii c oei, naia i???ioae?noe/i? ooeaiiy aeyaeee aaee/acio neeaaei?noue
i?iaeaiii? neooaoe??. Aiie i?eaaee aei ona?aeiieaiiy o??? ianoaaeie, ui
ni?euei?noue eoeueoo?ioai?/eo i?eioeei?a ia eeoa ia aeeeth/a?, aea e
ia?aaeaa/a? aaee/aciee ae?aiacii nai???aeiino? oeyo?a eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy.
Aaaii?noue oaeiai ona?aeiieaiiy a neooaoe?? ?eceeo no/anii? aiioe
iniaeeai c?inoa?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. I?iaeaia “Ainoie-Caiaae” e aeaeueiaainoi/iay ooaeiaeanoaaiiay
eoeueoo?a. – E.: Iiiia?aoey.: Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai, 1998. /17.9 a?e./.

2. I?iaeaia “Ainoie-Caiaae”: ?aoeaeney e neie?aoeci. – E.: Iiiia?aoey.:
Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai, 1998.
/6.51 a?e./

3. Ni?aai/iee aeoa?enoa. (Niaaoi?noai n Ieoaeeaiei I.I.). – E.: FAN’S
COMPANY, 1998. /14.5 a?e./.

4. I?ia?aiia iao/aiey ea?a ia aeoa?a /aueao. ycue/. – Oaiie:
Ieienoa?noai eoeueoo?u e eioi?iaoeee Aueaoiaia, Oaiieneay eiina?aaoi?ey,
1982. /0.8 a?e./.

5. Oaao? a?oa?e. – E.: Ioceea, ?4/98. /0.1 a?e./.

6. I?iaeaia “Ainoie-Caiaae” a nia?aiaiiie iocueaeueiie eoeueoo?a //
Eoeueoo?ieia?/ia o?ainoi?iaoe?y ienoaoeueei? ina?oe oa aeooaeuei?
ieoaiiy oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? ioceeaioa a no/ani?e Oe?a?i?. – E.:
Aea?aeaeaaeai?y ea??aieo eaae??a eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie, 1998.
/0.4 a?e./.

7. Iniaaiiinoe ia?aca iuoeaiey a ooaeiaeanoaaiiie ea?oeia ia?iaeia
Aeaeueiaai Ainoiea // O?ainoi?iaoeey iocueaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey:
Eoeueoo?a e nia?aiaiiinoue. – Iaeana: Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia eiina?aaoi??y
?iai? A.A.Iaaeaeaiiai?, 1999. /1 a?e./.

8. I???ioae?noeea ye oaeoi? oi?ioaaiiey iaineie?aoecio a
cao?aeiiaa?iiaenuee?e ooaeiaei?e eoeueoo??. – E.: Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee
?inoeooo “I?iaeaie ethaeeie”, 1999. /0.7 a?e./.

9. Iaoeeiiaeueiua /a?ou aeoa?iiai eneonnoaa Aueaoiaia // Iaoeiaee
a?niee: Ioce/ia aeeiiaanoai. Aei. 1. – E.: Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia
aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai, 1999. /0.5 a?e./.

10. Aeoa?iia eneonnoai Aueaoiaia eae neioac acaeiinayce «Ainoie-Caiaae»
// Iaoeiaee a?niee: Ioce/ia aeeiiaanoai. Aei. 2. – E.: Iaoe?iiaeueia
ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai, 1999. /0.9 a?e./

11. «Ainoie-Caiaae» ia ii?iaa XXI aaea. – E.: Einoeooo
Ainoieiaaaeaiey, 1999 a. /0.5 a?e./

12. “Ainoie-caiaae” – noiaeaeaiey eoeueoo?iaaiaca a OO aaea //
Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?noi???, oai??? oa i?aeoeee ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e.
– aei.2., /anoue.1. E.: Aea?aeaeaaeai?y ea??aieo eaae??a eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa Oe?aeie, 1999. /0.5 a?e./

13. Ainoi/iua iooe e inaiaieth caiaaeiiai ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai iiuoa /
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue: I?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea oao?aoe?a aeui? oeiee a
oiiaao iiiaeaii? ia?aaeeaie ina?oe. – Oa?ueeia, 1999. /0.4 a?e./.

14. Aeoa?a a nia?aiaiiie iocueaeueiie aeecie // Iaoeiaee a?niee: Ioce/ia
aeeiiaanoai. Aei. 3. – E.: Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai?
I.?.*aeeianueeiai, 1999. /0.5 a?e./.

OAI Ae?IUe OAI. No?aeii-cao?aei? ooaeiaei? aca?ieie oa a’?oiainueea
ioce/a eoeueoo?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 17.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e. –
Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/iia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.?.*aeeianueeiai. Ee?a,
1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi eoeueoo?eo aca?iei i?ae
no?aeieie oa cao?aeieie ?aa?iiaie na?oo. A aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeaii
iaoiiaeai?noue i?aeeoeueoo?ii? aca?iiae?? na?oiaeyaeieie oa ooaeiaei?ie
o?aaeeoe?yie oeeo ?aa?ii?a, i?inoaaeaii ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy
niaoeeo?/ieo ooaeiaei?o ea?oei na?oo. Ioa?aeoa?eciaaii oae? aecia/ieee
aeaeaeino?aeiiai eoeueoo?iaaiaco, ye i?eioeeie ia?eoie?ao?? oa
aaoiiioeaaoe??, i?iaeaiiino?iaaii niaoeeo?/i? oaao?ioeaio?eci oa
a?oenoeci eoeueoo?iaaiaco oeueiai ?aa?iio, aeyaeaii no?aoaaaie oa
a?oaoeie aeaeaeino?aeii? eoeueoo?e. Noi?ioeueiaaii oaco i?i o?e oeyoe
no?aeii-cao?aeieo aca?iei – “i?n?iia?nueeee”, “aeaeaciaee” oa
“?a?ac?enueeee”. ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? anei?eyoe?? cao?aeieo o?aaeeoe?e
a oiiaao Aeaeaeiai Noiaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ooaeiaeiy ea?oeia na?oo, eiiia?aoea?noeea, a?oaoei,
?aoeaen?y, neie?aoeci, i?a?e?ci, i???ioae?noeea, i?oieia?y,
iaoo?o?einio?y, aeoae?ci, ia??oie?ao?y, aaoiiioeaaoe?y, a?oenoeci,
oaao?ioeao?eci.

OAI AeEIUe OAI. Ainoi/ii-caiaaeiua ooaeiaeanoaaiiua acaeiinayce e
aueaoiaineay iocueaeueiay eoeueoo?a. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a eneonnoaiaaaeaiey ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 17.00.01 – oai?ey e enoi?ey eoeueoo?u. – Iaoeeiiaeueiay
iocueaeueiay aeaaeaiey Oe?eiu ei. I.E.*aeeianeiai. Eeaa, 1999.
Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iaaeeoeueoo?iuo acaeiiaeaenoaee iaaeaeo
ainoi/iuie e caiaaeiuie ?aaeiiaie ie?a. A aeenna?oaoeee inaauaia
iaoneiaeaiiinoue iaaeeoeueoo?iuo acaeiiaeaenoaee ie?iaicc?ai/aneeie e
ooaeiaeanoaaiiuie o?aaeeoeeyie aeaiiuo ?aaeiiia, i?ineaaeaiu
ineoieiae/aneea oaeoi?u oi?ie?iaaiey niaoeeoe/aneeo ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo
ea?oei ie?a. Ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu oaeea ii?aaeaeythuea oaeoi?u
aeaeueiaainoi/iiai eoeueoo?iaaiaca, eae i?eioeeiu ia?eoie?aoee e
aaoiiioeaaoeee, i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaiu niaoeeoe/aneea a?oenoeci e
oaao?ioeaio?eci aeaeueiaainoi/iiai eoeueoo?iaaiaca, auyaeaiu a?oaoeiu e
no?aoaaaiu aeaeueiaainoi/iie eoeueoo?u. Noi?ioee?iaai oacen i o?ao iooyo
ainoi/ii-caiaaeiuo acaeiiaeaenoaee – “ienneiia?neii”, “aeaeaciaii” e
“aa?aceeneii”. ?anniio?aiiu iniaaiiinoe anneieeyoeee caiaaeiuo
o?aaeeoeee a oneiaeyo Ainoiea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ooaeiaeanoaaiiay ea?oeia ie?a, eiiia?aoeaenoeea,
a?oaoei, ?aoeaeney, neie?aoeci, ieaeeeci, i?eaioaeenoeea, ieoieiaey,
iaoo?oeeinioey, aeoaeeci, ia?eoie?aoey, aaoiiioeaaoeey, a?oenoeci,
oaao?ioeaio?eci.

FAN DINH TAN. Oriental-occidental artistic interactions and the
Vietnamese Music Culture. – A manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor’s degree by speciality 17.00.01 – theory and history
of culture. The P.Chaikovski National Music Academ of Ukraine. Kyiv,
1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the questions of cultural interactions
between the Oriental and Occidental global regions. It is shown that the
particulars of the cross-cultural interactions are determined with the
world outlook and artistic traditions of these regions, the
psychological conditions of the formation of specific artistic world
outlooks are traced. There are depicted such factors of the Far Eastern
cultural genesis as the principles of meritocracy and automotivation,
specific theatre centrical orientation and artistism of daily life at
this region are demonstrated, stratagems and archetypes of the Far
Eastern culture are revealed. The proposition as to the three ways of
development of the occidental orientalism is substantiated – those of
“missianary”, “jazz” and “eurasian”. The particulars of the assimilation
of occidental traditions under the conditions of the Far Eastern culture
have been analyzed.

Key words: artistic world outlook, comparative, archetype, reflection,
synkretism, nihilism, orientalistics, mythology, natural philosophy,
dualism, meritocracy, automotivation, artistism, theatrecentrical
orientation.

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