16

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

OAeE 316: 654.197+316.3

Ni?iea THe?y Aai?a??aia

NOAIA NI?EEIAIIss NIOe?AEUeIIAI I?INOI?O

A OAENOAO IANIAI? EIIOI?EAOe??

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 22.00.01. – Oai??y oa ?noi??y nioe?ieia??

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eiaaeueiaa ?aeaea?aea Aeieo??aia,

eaoaae?a nioe?ieia??, nioe?ieia?/iee oaeoeueoao,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oaaeyeia Aieiaeeie? ?aaaiiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee ?inoeooo no?aoaa?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,

aieiaiee eiinoeueoaio, i. Ee?a.

aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeiaea Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/,

eaoaae?a i?eeeaaeii? nioe?ieia??, nioe?ieia?/iee oaeoeueoao,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao

?i A.N. Neiai?iaee, eaoaae?a iie?oieia?? oa nioe?ieia??,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,i.Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “12” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.15 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Ie?iiineoeueea,1,
aoae. 2-18.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:

310077, i.Oa?e?a,ie. Naiaiaee, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 10 aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
?. ?. Oa?aiao

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe?
i?iaeai nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ii? noi?iie ooieoe?iioaaiiy cania?a
ianiai? eiioi?eaoe?? (CIE) a no/anieo oiiaao nioe?aeueieo
o?ainoi?iaoe?e. A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaiee i?ea?iaeueiee i?aeo?ae, ui
aaco?oueny ia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
oai??a CIE ye o?aineyoe?? noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o. Oey
oaia iia’ycaia c i?iaeaiaoeeith nioe?aeueii? ?ie? CIE oa oe?iiinieo
aniaeo?a ?o ci?noo, ui ia? aaeeeo ?noi??th a na?oia?e nioe?ieia??.
Iniaeeao aeooaeuei?noue oey oaiaoeea iaaoaa? a no/anieo oiiaao aeeaieeo
nioe?aeueieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, ai ii?ooo?
iaeaaaeeea?o? i?iaeaie eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa inieneaiiy oeeo i?ioean?a
nioe?ieia?/iith iaoeith.

Iniaeea?noth no/anieo oiia noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo, a naia: ia?aoai?aiiyi
i?e?iaeii-?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano a nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/iee — ? ??cea
c?inoaiiy ?ie? noa’?eoeaiiai /eiieea. O ca’yceo c oeei iaaoaathoue
aeooaeueiino? aeine?aeaeaiiy CIE ye ?ino?oiaioa oi?ioaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino? oa eiino?othaaiiy oyaeaiue i?i nioe?aeueio
?aaeuei?noue. Iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy a oeueiio eiioaeno? iaaoaathoue
aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?noo ianiaeo eiioi?eaoe?e, a oiio /ene?, aiae?c
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE, ui ? ?aae?ciaaiei a
aeai?e ?iaio?.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiue nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ii? noi?iie oai??a
CIE o iaoiio noni?euenoa? iia’ycaia ?c cia/ieie ci?iaie ?o
ooieoe?iioaaiiy. C?inoa? e?euee?noue aoae?ia?coaeueieo oa o?aaeeoe?eieo
ian-iaaeea, ?o ye?nia ?icia?ooy. Aiane?aeie ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei
aeaniino? oa aeaaee, eoeueoo?ii-?aeaieia?/ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e oa ci?ie
oa?aeoa?o aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth ca ?ioi?iaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie a
noni?euenoa? ci?ith?oueny nioe?aeueiee ?inoeooo CIE. ?niothoue i?aenoaae
oi?ioaaiiy ?inoeoooo CIE ye ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iina?aaeieea i?ae
??ciiiai?oieie nioe?aeueieie ooai?aiiyie oa noni?euenoaii.

Iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaoaa? o ca’yceo
c i?aeoe/iith iaoith caaacia/aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aaciaee aea?aeaae oa
noni?euenoaa. C?inoa? ona?aeiieaiiy, ui aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy
CIE iiaea iaaaoeaii a?aeaeaaoeny ia aoaeoeaiino? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
?aoi?i ? ni?yiiaaiino? nioe?aeueii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? a oe?eiio.
Noni?euenoai iio?aao? aaeaeaaoieo no/aniei oiiaai aeaiie?aoe/iei
i?eioeeiai oi?i noni?eueiiai eiio?ieth ae?yeueiino? CIE. ?ioi?iaoe?eiith
aacith oeueiai i?ioeano iiaeii? noaoe iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iniia?
iaa?oioiaaii? a ?iaio? iaoiaeieia?? aiae?co nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oaeno?a ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??.

Aeooae?coth/ei /eiieeii oaiaoeee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? oaeiae
iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo CIE a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?. Aiie
aecia/athoueny iaeeaaeaiiyi na?oiaeo oaiaeaioe?e c?inoaiiy neiaie?/ii?
aeaaee aoae?ia?coaeueieo ian-iaaeea oa ci?ie ?o ?ie? a oiiaao
nioe?aeueieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e. Aaeeeee ianya aoaeeoi??? oa aoaeoeai?noue
aieeao aoae?ia?coaeueieo ia?ac?a aeathoue iiaeeea?noue CIE noai?thaaoe
yaeua neeith neiaa, iaa’ycoth/e caaaeyee oeueiio iaaia aa/aiiy na?oo. A
noni?euenoa? c iano?eeeie nioe?aeueieie ca’yceaie oa iecueeei ??aiai
c??eino? nioe?aeueieo a?oi, cao?eiaiiyi ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a
? a?aee?eoei oa?aeoa?ii i?ioean?a nioe?aeueieo ci?i iioaioe?ae oai??a
CIE uiaei eiino?othaaiiy ia?aco nioe?aeueii? ?aaeueiino? ua a?eueo
c?inoa?. Ian-iaaeea noathoue iaeiei c iaea?eueo aeoeaieo e aoaeoeaieo
cania?a oi?ioaaiiy ? eaa?oeiaoe?? nioe?aeueiiai ciaiiy. A oeeo oiiaao
iiea neiaie?/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aea ooieoe?iiothoue ian-iaaeea, noa?
a?aiith ai?ioueae ??ciiiai?oieo nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa?oioaaiue ca iiaeeea?noue aeinooio aei ianiai?
aoaeeoi??? c iaoith ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nai?o oyaeaiue
i?i noni?eueia aeaoooaaiiy.

Iacaaaeath/e ia c?inoath/o aeooaeuei?noue oeeo i?iaeai, iaaaaeaiee a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue oai??a CIE a no/ani?e
a?o/eciyi?e nioe?ieia?? caeeoa?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaiei. Iayai?
?iaioe (Aeaen??a I. I., Aoaianue?a A. A., A?ooei A. A.,Ei?iaaei?eia
A.N., O??nia A. I. oa ?i.) aeoiaeyoue ?c niaoeeo?ee ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?inoeoooo CI? o noaa?eueiiio nioe?ae?noe/iiio noni?euenoa? oa ia ianooue
aa?enoe/ii? oe?iiino? iica nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/iei eiioaenoii ?o
noai?aiiy. ?iaioe c i?iaeai ianiaeo eiioi?eaoe?e ia??iaeo
iinoia?aaoaeiae (Aaneeue?a A. I., Ao?aae/ I. N., Cano?nueeee ss. I.,
Einoaiei I. A, Iaia?a I.O.,Ieueoiai?eia A.A., Oaa?iaa A. A., *aie?inueea
N. A. oa ?i.) ia i?eae?eythoue oaaae eiioeaiooaeuei?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeai
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ii? noi?iie oai??a CIE a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe??
noni?euenoaa. A oie aea /an ona?aeiieth?oueny c?inoath/a cia/aiiy aieeao
ci?noo CIE ia ??ciiiai?oi? aniaeoe iiaaae?iee aoaeeoi???, ui o?eno?oueny
aii??e/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie (iai?eeeaae, ?iaioe Nethna?aanueeiai I. oa
?ioaiaoeueei? ?.).

Iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae a no/ani?e a?o/eciyi?e nioe?ieia?? i?eae?ey?oueny
aeine?aeaeaiiyi oaeiai naaiaioo CIE, ye i?noeaaa iaaea?aeaaia
oaeaaa/aiiy. Eiai aea/aiiy eiioeaio?o?oueny ia i?iaeaiao ?aeoeia?a
eaiae?a ? ia?aaea/, oa?aeoa?enoee aoaeeoi??? a oie /an, ye ci?noiai?
aniaeoe i?aeoe/ii iiai?noth ?aii?othoueny. I?ioa c?inoaiiy ianyao
iiaeaiiy, ??aiy i?ioan?iiae?cio, ioiieaiiy aoaeeoi??? e aieeao
iaaea?aeaaiiai i?noeaaiai oaeaaa/aiiy ia?aoai?ththoue eiai a iaeei c
aeooaeueieo ia’?eo?a nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

?ic?iaea oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycaia c caaaeaiiyie
?icaeoeo nioe?ieia?? nioe?aeueieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e. A oiiaao aeeiai?/ieo
nioe?aeueieo ci?i, eiee ia’?eoeaia no?oeoo?a nioe?aeueii? ?aaeueiino?
ao?a/a? o?eaae?noue, c?inoa? ?ieue nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo aniaeo?a
oai??a CIE a no?oeoo?? iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy iiaaae?iee. Nioe?ieia?/iee
aiae?c oeeo noi??i CIE aeicaiey? oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe nioe?aeueieo aaaio?a,
oyaeaiiy yeeo ao?eththoueny o ci?no? iia?aeiieaiue, a oaeiae
iioaioe?eiee noai nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o a oe?eiio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa iia’ycaia c oaiith iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e caaaeueii?
nioe?ieia?? nioe?ieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo OAeO “Ci?ie no?aoeo?eaoe?eii?
nenoaie oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe??”.
?icaeyaeathoueny oae? aniaeoe oaie, ye o?ainoi?iaoe?y no/aniiai
oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, no?aoaa?? aiae?co nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o,
nioe?aeueii? c??eino? a?oi, iaoai?ci?a ?aaoethaaiiy iiaaae?iee oa ?ie? a
ieo nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy ?iaioe. Iniiaiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
?ic?iaea oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei aiae?co
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oaeno?a oaeaa?c?eieo iiaei a
oiiaao nioe?aeueii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? c oi/ee ci?o noaie ni?eeiaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui ieie o?aineth?oueny.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? ae??oothoueny ianooii?
caaaeaiiy:

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe ?nioth/e iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie aiae?co
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE c oi/ee ci?o
iiaeeeainoae ?o canoinoaaiiy a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa.

2. Iaa?oiooaaoe oai?aoe/i? i?eioeeie i?aeoiaeo aei aiae?co
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE a no/anieo oiiaao c
oi/ee ci?o o?aineyoe?? ieie noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o.

3. ?ice?eoe nioe?aeueia cia/aiiy oaiiiaio oaeaa?c?eieo iiaei.

4. Iaa?oiooaaoe oai?aoe/i? oyaeaiiy i?i ia’?eoeaaoe?th a oaenoao
oaeaiiaei noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o oa no?aoaa?th ??
aiae?co.

5. I?iaanoe ai?iaaoe?th no?aoaa?? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ianea? oaeno?a
oaeaiiaei AOI (i. Oa?e?a) oa aeyaeoe iniiai? ?ene oa?aeoa?ii? aeey ieo
noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o.

Oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/ieie aeaea?aeaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee eiioeaioe?? nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o
e nioe?ieia?? ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueii? ?aaeueiino? I. Ao?aeue?, aeaye?
aniaeoe nioe?ieia?? ciaiiy I. Aa?aa?a oa O. Eoeiaia, aia?eeainueei?
eiioi?eaoea?noeee, a oaeiae eiioeaioe?? eiioi?eaoe?? A. Iiey, ?. Aa?oa,
I. Eoiaia oa a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??.
I?aeaaeocaaee oa?aeoa? aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaea caa?iaiiy aei
ineoieia?/ieo oa e?iaa?noe/ieo oai??e, a naia eiioeaioe?? iiaii?
ae?yeueiino? e iiaii? na?aeiiino? A. I. Eaiioue?aa, oai???
aeeneo?neaiiai aiae?co O. A. aai Aeaeea.

Aii??e/ia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aii??e/io aaco aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
neeaee ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeno?a oaeaiiaei i?noeaaiai
iaaea?aeaaiiai oaeaaa/aiiy (AOI, i. Oa?e?a), yea aeeiioaaeiny aaoi?ii ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeieia?? oa no?aoaa?? aiae?co.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaiee oa
iaa?oioiaaiee i?ea?iaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa; a?i aaco?oueny ia aea/aii? noaie ni?eeiaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui o?aineth?oueny CIE. Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe
neeaaea?oueny c ianooiieo iieiaeaiue oa ?acoeueoao?a:

1. Aaaaeaia iiiyooy “noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o” oa
?ice?eoee eiai ci?no a eiioaeno? o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?eoean?a o
noni?euenoa? oa na?aeiiino? nioe?aeueiiai aaaioa; aecia/aii, ui aiia ?
caniaii neiaie?/iiai ao?eaiiy ?ioa?an?a oa oe?iiinoae nioe?aeueieo
aaaio?a, oi?iith naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?? nioe?aeueii? iiceoe?? oeyoii
oyaeaiiy i?i nioe?aeueio ?aaeuei?noue a oe?eiio.

2. Aeiaaaeaii cia/aiiy eaoaai??? “noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o” uiaei aiae?co ni?yiiaaiino? oai??a CIE a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe??
noni?euenoaa, a naia: noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui ?
ao?eaiith a oaenoe ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??, ia? aecia/aoeny
oa?aeoa?enoeeith nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ii? noi?iie oai??a CIE.

3. Aia?oa oaiiiai oaeaiiaei ?ice?eaa?oueny o ni?anoaaeaii? c
?aaeuei?noth iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy oa aeiaiaeeoueny, ui nioe?aeueiee
nain oeueiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai aeai?o iieyaa? a ?i?oaoe?? iianyeaeaiii?
?aaeueiino? ? o?aineyoe?? oyaeaiue i?i aeooaeueiee noai nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o.

4. Aecia/aii, ui noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o ao?eth?oueny a
oaenoao ianiai? eiioi?eaoe?? a iniaeeao nenoaio iii?iaoe?e nioe?aeueieo
iiceoe?e; iaa?oioiaaia no?aoaa?y ?? aii??e/iiai aecia/aiiy, eiiieaen
iieaciee?a aiae?co.

5. A ?acoeueoao? ai?iaaoe?? aeiaaaeaii? no?aoaa?? aia?oa i?iaiae?ciaaie
oaenoe oaeaiiaei i?noeaaiai iaaea?aeaaiiai oaeaaa/aiiy (AOI, i. Oa?e?a)
oa aecia/aie oa?aeoa?enoeee noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui
ieie o?aineth?oueny.

I?aeoe/ia ? oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
eiioeaio?o? oaaao ia ieoaiiyo, ui iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeai? o a?o/eciyieo
nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo. Cai?iiiiiaaiee a ?iaio? i?aeo?ae aei
aecia/aiiy oa aiae?co nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE
ni?ey? iiaeieaiith e?ece oai??? oa iaoiaeieia?? oe??? aaeoc?, ui
iia’ycaia c aeanoeaeie o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa ?aeaieia?/iith oa
oe?iiiniith iaaecia/ai?noth. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeine?aeieoeueeeie i?aai?caoe?yie ye aeaea?aei
iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue ie?aieo CIE oa nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/iiai
niaeo?o ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o a oe?eiio. Cai?iiiiiaaia no?aoaa?y
iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny aeaaeieie i?ae?icae?eaie aeey ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue
?ioi?iaoe?eii? aaciaee aea?aeaae ? noni?euenoaa, a ?ic?iaoe? i?eioeei?a
?ioi?iaoe?eii? iie?oeee, eiioeaioe?? noni?eueiiai eiio?ieth iaae
ae?yeuei?noth CIE. Nioe?aeuei? aaaioe, ui aeeth/athoue CIE o aeani?
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? no?aoaa??, iaea?aeaoue c ?iaioe i?aeo?ae aei
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeai?o CIE ca e?eoa???i ni?yiiaaiino? a?aeia?aaeaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o oa eiie?aoieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi. ?aaeaeoe?? CIE
oa aeo?iae?noe iiaeooue canoinoaaoe no?aoaa?th aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey
aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee ?aaeueiiai ioiieaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o
?ioi?iaoe?eieie iia?aeiieaiiyie. Inieneaiiy a ?iaio? i?iaeai ia noeeo
iaoeiaeo aeenoeeie?i coiiaeth? caoe?eaaeai?noue a ?? ?acoeueoaoao
e?iaa?no?a, ineoieia?a. Niaoe?ae?noe c iaoiaeeee oa oaoi?ee
nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ciaeaeooue a ?iaio? aena?oeaiiy iiaeo
i?ciaaaeueieo aniaeo?a eiioaio-aiae?co, eiai caaaa/aiiy ia iniia?
?ioaa?aoe?? i?eioeei?a aeeneo?neaiiai aiae?co. Aeine?aeieee nioe?aeueii?
no?oeoo?e iaea?aeaoue iaoiaeieia?th aeine?aeaeaiiy neiaie?/ii? noi?iie
i?ioean?a o?ainoi?iaoe?? oa aec??aaiiy nioe?aeueieo a?oi, aeeiai?ee
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o iaa/aeuei?e ?iaio? c
nioe?ieia?? CIE, caaaeueii? nioe?ieia?? oa no/anieo i?iaeai
iaoiaeieia??, nioe?ieia?? nioe?aeueieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e oa ?? neiaie?/ieo
aniaeo?a, nioe?ieia?? eoeueoo?e, ?noi??? nioe?ieia??, nioe?ieia??
ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai na?oo I. Ao?aeue?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoiaeieia?/ieo nai?ia?ao ? can?aeaiiyo
eaoaae?e nioe?ieia?? nioe?ieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo OAO, aeiiia?aeaeeny ia
can?aeaiiyo E?oiuei? oeiee iieiaeeo nioe?ieia?a 1997 ?ieo, ia
can?aeaiiyo e?oaeiai noieo Oa?e?anueeeo nioe?ieia?/ieo /eoaiue 1998
?ieo. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe canoiniaai? a i?ia?ai? niaoeeo?no “Nioe?ieia?y
CIE”, yeee i?i/eoaiee aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? ia nioe?ieia?/iiio
oaeoeueoao? OAeO.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?aea? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaae?oeiaai? a i’yoe
ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? anooi, 3 ?icae?ee, ui
iiae?eythoueny ia i?ae?icae?ee, aeniiaee oa nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae. O?ao?e ?icae?e aeeth/a? 9 oaaeeoeue ? 4 iaethiee. Iiaiee ianya
?iaioe – 178 noi??iie, c yeeo 169 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 8 noi??iie
– nienie aeaea?ae, ui aeeth/athoue 85 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeai?o oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?icaeyaea?oueny nooi?iue ?? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino?, oi?ioeththoueny iaoa
? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, ?ice?eaa?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia, iaa?oioiao?oueny
oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ?icae?e? 1 »Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aenoaae aeine?aeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee CIE a noni?euenoa?, ui
o?ainoi?io?oueny” ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaiia neooaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy;
iaa?oioiao?oueny i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy –noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o, ui o?aineth?oueny CIE, oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – oaenoe
aeione?a oaeaiiaei.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.1. “Aieea oaeaaa/aiiy ia no/ania noni?euenoai: na?oia?
oaiaeaioe?? oa iino?aaeyinueea ?aaeuei?noue” aecia/a?oueny i?aaeiaoia
noi?iia i?iaeaiii? neooaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee CIE. Ia?aaeoiiaith ?icaeyaeo oeeo i?iaeai noaee ?noioi?
ci?ie ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?inoeoooo CIE a na?o? oa a oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa?. Neiaie?/ia aeaaea CIE a oi?ioaaii? oyaeaiue i?i
nioe?aeueiee na?o(iniaeeai o ni?anoaaeaii? c ?inoeoooaie n?i’? oa ina?oe
(I?ai?aa E.I.)) cia/ii c?inoa?. Iniiaith oaeeo ci?i noaa oaoiieia?/iee
i?ia?an aoae?ia?coaeueieo CIE. Aiae?c ?iicaiieo aeaea?ae iieacaa, ui
no/ania oaeaaa/aiiy noa? /eiieeii eoeueoo?ii-ineoieia?/ieo
o?ainoi?iaoe?e; iicia/a? ?oa?ae ia?aoiaeo aei aeaianeo?oee?iaaiiai
noni?euenoaa; iaaoaa? iaaa/aieo iiaeeeainoae aieeao ia na?aeii?noue
aoaeeoi???; i?iaieo? aa?aneaio oa ?i?oaoeaio iiaaae?ieo, ni?ey?
a?ae/oaeaeaiith ethaeeie a?ae aeanii? na?aeiiino?.

Iniaeeai ?icaeyiooee aniaeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy CIE ye iiey neiaie?/iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa o aca?iia?aeiineiao c iieyie iie?oeee oa aeiiii?ee. Ia
iniia? iaeyaeo aeine?aeaeaiue I. Oaiiaiy iieacaii, ui c?inoaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae aieeao CIE ia na?aeii?noue aoaeeoi??? ?iaeoue
?o ia’?eoii eiio?ieth iie?oe/iiai iiey; o?iainiaa iacaeaaei?noue a?ae
aea?aeaae ia?aoai?th? CIE a aeiiii?/ieo noa’?eo?a, i?eioooth/e
i?eeoaaoeny ia o?eueee i?ioan?iiae?ciii, aea e ?aioaaaeuei?noth;
i?enei?aiiy ?eoio aeo?iae?nonueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa aaaea aei noaiaoecaoe??
a aiae?c? ?ioi?iaoe??. Iieaciaei oaeoii ci?i a ?aae?caoe?? nioe?aeueii?
?ie? CIE ? oaoiieia?? ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? eiioi?eaoeaii? ae?yeueiino?, ui
aeicaieythoue ??ciiiai?oiei nioe?aeueiei aaaioai (iie?oe/iei ?
o?iainiaei oa?oioaaiiyi, nioe?aeueiei a?oiai, ?inoeoooai) ?aae?ciaoaaoe
aeani? ?ioa?ane oeyoii aeo?iae?nonueeiai eiino?othaaiiy iiae?e oa iiaei.

Iaaaaeaiee aiae?c ooieoe?iioaaiiy CIE a no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa? aecia/ea eiai niaoeeo?eo ye iaeeaaeaiiy oaiaeaioe?e
c?inoaiiy neiaie?/ii? aeaaee ian-iaaeea oa i?enei?aiiy aeeiai?ee
nioe?aeueieo ci?i. Ci?ie a?aeiioaiue aeaniino?, oi?ioaaiiy iniia
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, o?ainoi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane a nioe?aeuei?e no?oeoo?? ?
ia?aoai?aiiy eoeueoo?ii-?aeaieia?/ii? noa?e i?ecaaee aei ?noioieo ci?i a
ae?yeueiino? CIE. Aeani?noue oa naiaiaea neiaa, i?iaieioai? i?ae /an
ia?aaoaeiae, ni?eyee i?aeeiio aaoi?eoaoo ian-iaaeea, eiia?oe?ae?caoe?y ?
cieeiaiiy io?oe?eiiai ?aeaieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ?ioi?iaoe?eii? noa?e
i?ecaaee aei aeieeiaiiy iiaeo CIE ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i aeaniino?,
c?inoaiiy i?ioan?iiae?cio aeo?iae?nonueei? ae?yeueiino? aeicaieeei ?i
aeeoe ia ??aaiue eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? c aea?aeaaieie e ?in?enueeeie
CIE. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iniiaiith i?iaeaiith cae?eniaiiy noni?eueii?
ooieoe?? CIE a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? ? iaaaoeai? iane?aeee
(iioaioe?ei? oa ?aaeuei?) aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? eiio?ieth ca ae?yeuei?noth
CIE. Ian-iaaeea i?aeiaaeathoue i?ae eiio?ieue ie?aieo nioe?aeueieo
aaaio?a, ui ? iaaacia/iei c oi/ee ci?o nioe?aeueii? nenoaie a oe?eiio:
caniae aieeao ia aoaeeoi??th caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiiai ianooaao iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a ?ioa?anao ie?aieo nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo
oa?oioaaiue. Caaaeueiith iio?aaith ? oi?ioaaiiy aaeaeaaoieo no/aniei
oiiaai oi?i noni?eueiiai eiio?ieth ca ae?yeuei?noth CIE. A ?iaio?
iaa?oioiao?oueny, ui iaiao?aeiei aeaiaioii a iiaoaeia? nenoaie oaeiai
eiio?ieth ? a??ia?aeia iaoeiaa ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oai??a ie?aieo CIE ? anueiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o
noni?euenoaa, ui aeicaieeoue ioe?ithaaoe nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ia
ni?yioaaiiy ?o aieeao ia aoaeeoi??th.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.2. “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie aeine?aeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE”, a?aoiaoth/e oiiae
ieth?ae?cio iaoiaeieia?? (Oeiaea A.A.) ?icaeyaea?oueny i?ciaaaeueia
noi?iia i?iaeaiii? neooaoe??. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e aeaiiino?o?, ui
aeine?aeaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE ?
oi?iith aiae?co “iia?aeiieaiiy” (aeaiaio noaie eiioi?eaoe?? A. Eannoaea)
? ?aae?cothoueny o ca’yceo c i?iaeaiaie aieeao CIE ia noni?euenoai.
Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee ??ciiiai?oi? eiioeaioe??
ia’?eoea?nonueeiai iai?yieo nioe?aeueii? oai??? oa noi?iiaai? ieie
oyaeaiiy i?i oe?iiini? aniaeoe eiioi?eaoe??. A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co
aeayeeo c oeeo eiioeaioe?e (iiceoea?nonueei? A. Iiey, Ia?enenonueei?
a?o/eciyii? nioe?ieia?? eiioi?eaoe??, no?oeoo?ae?nonueei? ?. Aa?oa ?
nenoaiii? I.Eoiaia) aeyaeaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy niaoeeo?ee oe?iiinieo
aniaeo?a eiioi?eaoe??. Na?aae ieo: oe?iiino? nioe?i-eoeueoo?iiai
na?aaeiaeua ?iie?oeeoi? eiioi?eaoe??; iia?aeiieaiiy CIE o?aineth?
aeaiaioe eoeueoo?e, oe?iiinieo i??i?eoao?a, ?aeaieia?? eiioi?eaoi?a,
ona?aeiieai? oa ?io.; aoaeoeai?noue oe?iiiniiai aieeao iia?aeiieaiiy
iia’ycaia c? nooiaiai ona?aeiieaiino? iaoe oa ?ioa?an?a eiioi?eaoi?a;
nioe?aeuei? e eoeueoo?i? iciaee aeaea?aea iia?aeiieaiiy CIE
coiiaeththoue eiai nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Ia iniia? c?noaaeaiiy oeeo i?eioeei?a c aeaieie nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano o?ainoi?iaoe?? a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? (a
aeena?oaoe?? aiae?cothoueny aeai? iauaeoea?nonueeiai ?
eoeueoo?ii-aiae?oe/iiai iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeaiue) aeyaeaia iecea
iaiaaeaiue ?o canoinoaaiiy a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe??. ?ooeea?noue
ei?aeii?a nioe?aeueieo ni?eueiinoae, neaaea ?aae?caoe?y ii?iaoeaii?
ooieoe?? nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a, a?aenooi?noue eaa?oeiieo oyaeaiue
uiaei ni?yioaaiiy i?ioeano o?ainoi?iaoe?e i?ecaiaeyoue aei iecueeiai
??aiy nioe?aeueii? c??eino? ie?aieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi ? nioe?aeueii?
na?aeiiino? a oe?eiio. Nioe?aeuei? ni?eueiino? iano?ee?, ?o iaoa oa
?ioa?ane ciaoiaeyoueny a noai? oi?ioaaiiy, a oe?iiini? i??i?eoaoe ia
aecia/ai?. ?oeioaaiiy iiii-?aeaieia?/ii? ?aaeyinueei? eoeueoo?e ? ??ce?
?inoeoooe?iiaeuei? ci?ie ni?eythoue aea?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ?oeioaaiith
nenoaie aeeoo?aeo ieai?a ? i???ioe??a ?iaeea?ae?a. Oaeei /eiii, cacia?
aaeueioaaiiy i?ioean neiaie?/ii? ?ai?acaioaoe?? oa eaa?oeiaoe??
?ioa?an?a ? oe?iiinoae noni?euenoaa, eiai aeaiaio?a, oi?ioaaiiy
a?aeiinii oe?e?nieo ?aeaieia?/ieo nenoai. A oeeo oiiaao a?aeiia?aei?noue
i?ae ci?noii iia?aeiieaiue CIE ye oi?iith ia’?eoeaaoe?? oe?iiinoae ?
naieie oe?iiinoyie ie?aieo nioe?aeueieo ooai?aiue ao?a/a? aecia/ai?noue,
ioaea ia’?eoea?nonuee? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie aeyaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE aecia/athoueny
iai?eaeaoieie.

?acii c oei a?aecia/a?oueny, ui aeeaie? nioe?aeuei? ci?ie ia
neaniaothoue i?eioeeio oe?iiinii? ?ioaioe?? eiioi?eaoe??. Iaaiaee,
i?aeo?eiea iiceoe?e ie?aieo iie?oe/ieo ? iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ieo
oa?oiiaaiue noa? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith ?nioaaiiy no/anieo CIE. Aaeaeaaoia
no/aniei oiiaai iaoiaeieia?y aiae?co nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE iiaeiia aoaeoaaoeny ia aac? aeeiai?/ii?
eiioeaioe?? noni?euenoaa, ui aeicaieeoue iienaoe eiai o?ainoi?iaoe?? a
ae?aeaeoeoe? noa’?eoeaiiai ? ia’?eoeaiiai. Iniiaith oaei? iaoiaeieia??
ia?aia eiioeaioe?y eiino?oeoeaiiai no?oeoo?ae?cio I. Ao?aeue?, yea
i?noeoue oyaeaiiy i?i iiaea?eio i?e?iaeo nioe?aeueii? ?aaeueiino?;
caniiaaia ia ?icoi?ii? noni?euenoaa ye aeeiai?/iiai nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o, ui iino?eii cacia? iiiaeaiiy; aieiae?? eaoaai??aeueiei
aia?aoii aaeaioaoe?? ?iaeea?aea aei oiia nioe?aeueieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e ?
ae?aeaeoeee noa’?eoeaiiai oa ia’?eoeaiiai a aaiac? nioe?aeueieo a?oi,
iaiao?aeiiai aeey iieno i?ioean?a ao?eaiiy a oai?ao CIE ?ioa?an?a ?
oe?iiinoae, ui ia?aaoaathoue o noai? oi?ioaaiiy.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.3. “Noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui
o?aineth?oueny CIE ye nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?o oai??a”
iaa?oioiao?oueny i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa
eaoaai??aeueiee aia?ao cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo. ?ice?eoee ci?no
iiiyooy “noaia ni?eeiaiiy” o aca?iica’yceo c eaoaai??yie “nioe?aeueiee
aaaio”, “nioe?aeueia iiceoe?y”, “aaa?oon”, “nioe?aeueiee i?ino??”.
I?iaeaiiino?iaaii, ui noaia ni?eeiaiiy yaey? niaith i?eioeei, ui
i?aai?co? a?aea?? cia/oueo aeaiaio?a ?aaeueiino?; a?i oi?io?oueny i?ae
aieeaii ia’?eoeaieo oiia ?nioaaiiy aaaioa ? caaacia/o? aaeaeaaoi?noue ?
niiioaii?noue eiai ?aaeoe?? ia aieea nioe?aeueiiai na?aaeiaeua. Ca oiia
a?aeiinii? noaa?eueiino? nioe?aeueiiai na?aaeiaeua noaia ni?eeiaiiy
oi?io? o?eaeo “ea?oeio na?oo”, ui ie?aneth? aeey aaaioa ei?aeiie
?aaeueiiai. Aaaioe, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeecueeeie oiiaaie
nioe?ae?caoe?? oa ?nioaaiiy, iiae?aieie no?oeoo?aie eai?oae?a iathoue
aeecuee? noaie ni?eeiaiiy. Iaoa??ae?ciaaia a ciaee, eaa?oeiiaaia e
?inoeoooe?iiae?ciaaia eieaeoeaia noaia ni?eeiaiiy ? ?aeaieia??th.
Aeiaaaeaii, ui oeaio?aeueiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith iaioaeueieo i?ioean?a
noni?euenoaa, ui o?ainoi?io?oueny, noa? ci?ia noai ni?eeiaiiy.
Iaa?oioiao?oueny iaeaaei?noue iiiyooy noaie ni?eeiaiiy eaoaai??aeueii?
nenoaie nioe?ieia?/ii? iaoee; ?iciaaeoaaiiy eiai naino c eaoaai??yie, ui
aaeeaathoueny ineoieia?/ieie aeenoeeie?iaie: “ni?eeiaiiy”, “nioe?aeueia
ni?eeiaiiy”, “i?aea?oiiaa ni?eeiaiiy”. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iiiyooy
noaie ni?eeiaiiy cacia/a? niaoeeo?/iee o?eueo? ciai?oiuei? nioe?aeueii?
?ioi?iaoe?? oa aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey iieno a?aei?iiinoae a ia?acao
(oyaeaiiyo) nioe?aeueii? ?aaeueiino? ? i?eioeeiao ?o oi?ioaaiiy, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??ci? nioe?aeuei? iiceoe??.

A ?iaio? aaaaeaia iiiyooy “noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o”, ui
icia/a? noaio ni?eeiaiiy, ni?yiiaaio ia nioe?aeueiee oi?aa?noi a
oe?eiio. Aeey oeueiai aecia/aiiy aeei?enoiao?oueny eiioeaioe?y
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o ye ia?aae ca’yce?a, ui neeaaeathoueny o iiey
niaoeeo?/ieo i?aeoee (I. Ao?aeue?). Iaa?oioiaaii, ui noaia ni?eeiaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o yaey? niaith aeaiaio ?aoeaen?? nioe?aeueii?
?aaeuei?no? ye iaiao?aeii? oiiae neiaie?/ii? ai?ioueae i?ae iieyie, a
oaeiae i?ae nioe?aeueieie iiceoe?yie; oa?aeoa?eco? niaoeeo?eo aa/aiiy
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o iaaii? nioe?aeueii? iiceoe??; ? oi?iith
naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?? nioe?aeueii? iiceoe?? oeyoii oyaeaiiy i?i
nioe?aeueiee oi?aa?noi a oe?eiio; neiaie?/ii ?aae?co? nioe?aeuei?
i?e?i?eoaoe iaaii? nioe?aeueii? iiceoe??, a naia ?? ?ioa?ane, oe?iiino?,
?aeaieia?th. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui a oiiaao nioe?aeueieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e
noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o ? iaiao?aeiith aacith oi?ioaaiiy
nioe?aeueii? a?oie ? iiaeeeai ?aeeiith oi?iith ae?aaeaiiy ??
niaoeeo?/ii? oe?iiinii-?aeaieia?/ii? nenoaie.

A ?iaio? aeiaaaeaii, ui oai?e CIE a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? iiaeii?
?icaeyaeaoeny ye oi?ia ia’?eoeaaoe?? niaoeeo?/ii? iiceoe?eii? noaie
ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui aaiaoe/ii iia’ycaia c ?aeaieia??th
nioe?aeueii? a?oie. Aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue a eiioaeno? i?iaeai
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ii? noi?iie ianiai? eiioi?eaoe?? cai?ie a oac? i?i
oe?iiinio ?ioaioe?th eiioi?eaoe?? eaoaai??? “oe?iiino?” iiiyooyi “noaia
ni?eeiaiiy”. I?aaii??i?noue oe??? iiceoe?? aaco?oueny a oyaeaii? i?i
oe?iiino? ye ca’ycie i?ae iiaaae?ieith iniaenoino?, nioe?aeueii?
ni?eueiino? ? noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio (Aae??ia A.N., Cae?aaiieneia
I.A.,Oiaeueei A.A.), a ?? cia/aiiy iieyaa? a niaaeei?iiino? i?ae
cai?iiiiiaaiei a ?iaio? oa iiia?aaei?ie i?aeoiaeaie aei aea/aiiy
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ii? noi?iie ooieoe?iioaaiiy CIE. Oaca i?i ?ieue
noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o a oai?ao CIE i?aeoaa?aeaeaia a
?iaio? i?e aiae?c? no/anieo oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ian-iaaeea, na?aae yeeo
caeaaei?noue iaae?aiiey a?ae iiey iie?oeee; iaiao?aei?noue caaacia/aiiy
iio?aae aoaeeoi??? a ?inoaioe??, ui ?ioi?io?; eiie?aoiee oei
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa aoaeeoi???, ui iia’ycaiee c ??
nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/ieie, ina?oi?ie oa ?ioeie iciaeaie.

I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui oa?? CIE ? aeneiaeaiith oeyoii ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
?aaeueieo iiae?e ? ao?eaiith a iia’ycaiee c oeiii aoaeeoi??? ia?aoeaiee
noeeue noaiith ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o. Aiia a?aeaeaa?
nioe?aeueia cia/aiiy oai?o CIE ye aeaiaioo e oiiae cae?eniaiiy
neiaie?/ii? ai?ioueae ca eaa?oeiaoe?th oyaeaiue i?i nioe?aeueio
?aaeuei?noue. Noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui o?aineth?oueny
a iia?aeiieaiiyo ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??, ye aeiaaaeaii, ? i?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e aiae?c? nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oai??a CIE a oiiaao nioe?aeueii? o?ainoi?iaoe??.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.4. “Oaeaa?c?ei? iiaeie ye o?aineyoi? noaie ni?eeiaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o” iaa?oioiao?oueny ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy.
I?iaeaiiino?iaaii, ui oaeaiiaeie ? iniaeeaei aeai?ii CIE, yeiio a
no/ani?e a?o/eciyi?e nioe?ieia?? ia i?eae?ey?oueny aeinoaoiue? oaaae.
E?euee?ni? ? ye?ni? ci?ie a oeueiio aeai?? noaee iane?aeeii ? i?iyaii
o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a; a oaeaiiaeiao iaea?eueo yaii ?aae?co?oueny
nioe?aeueiee oa?aeoa? eiioi?eaoe?? a CIE; ooo iaea?eueo o?nii
noeeathoueny iiey iie?oeee, aeiiii?ee ? ian-iaaeea; a oiiaao
nioe?aeueieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e oaeaiiaeie a?ae?a?athoue iaeio c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?ieae a oi?ioaaii? o aoaeeoi??? aaeaeaaoii? ea?oeie
?aaeueiino?, a oiio /ene? oyaeaiue i?i nioe?aeueiee i?ino??.

I?iaiae?ciaai? a ?iaio? eiioeaioe?? i?aaenoaaiee?a aia?eeainueei?
eiioi?eaoea?noeee i?i oaiiiai iiaei ? oaeaiiaei a iaaiiio nooiai?
caiiaiththoue a?aenooi?noue a?o/eciyieo aeaea?ae a oe?e aaeoc?.
Aeyaeythoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oe??? eiioeaioe??, ca??aeii c yeith
oaeaiiaeie ? iniiaiith eaieith no/anii? oaeanenoaie, ai a?aeaeaathoue ??
ci?no, ooieoe??, oa?aeoa? ?icaeoeo, no?oeoo?io niaoeeo?eo ? iniaeeaino?
oaeaa?c?eii? ia?a?aeaieia??; oeaio?aeueiith i?iaeaiith a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
iiaei noa? ia’?eoeai?noue, ui aeaeea?o?oueny naieie iiaeiaie ?
iaiaaeo?oueny nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieie, aeiiii?/ieie, eoeueoo?ieie oa
?ioeie oiiaaie ?o ae?iaieoeoaa; iaieio/? i?e ia?iaoe? aaeeeeo ianya?a
?ioi?iaoe?? ia oaeaaa/aii? noaiaoecaoe?y a ?iaio? c ?ioi?iaoe??th,
aeieeiaiiy niaoeeo?/ieo oei?a oi?iao?a iia?aeiieaiue aeey ??ciiiai?oieo
oai ni?eythoue oei??iaiith noa?aioei?a ni?eeiaiiy ?aaeueiino?;
nioe?aeuei? ?aae??, ui caaaeothoueny a oaeaa?c?ei?e i?iiia?,
i?aeeyaathoue no?oeoo?oaaiith c aieo ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aeeneo?neaiino?, a
?acoeueoao? /iai a?aeaoaa?oueny ?o aeaeici?iaiiy.

A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaii, ui oaeaiiaeie ? oi?iith neiaie?/ii? ia’?eoeaaoe??
?aaeueiino? iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy (I. Aa?aa?, O. Eoeiai), /ei coiiaeaia
iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue oaeno?a oaeaiiaei aeey aiae?co noai
ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui o?aineththoueny CIE. Iieacaii, ui
aeei?enoiaoth/e iiao e ia?ace iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy, ca?a
oaiii?aeueiinoae, caniae aieeao aoae?ia?coaeueieo CIE (ni?iiiaei?noue
oi?ioaaoe na?aeii?noue iica ?? o/ano?), oaeaiiaeie ciooothoue
canoiniaoaaoe aei nai?o oai??a i?eioeeie ni?eeiaiiy iianyeaeaiii?
?aaeueiino?. Iaeiae niaoeeo?ea ? nain oaeaiiaei ye
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/iiai oaiiiaio i/aaeaei? a oeo aniaeoao, aea
“?aaeuei?noue” ? ?? aeaeo?iiia eii?y ia ni?aiaaeathoue. Oaeaiiaeie
ci?iththoue ni?eeiaiiy ?iaeea?aeii a?aeaeaeaieo naaiaio?a nioe?aeueii?
no?oeoo?e; ?oeiothoue aiii?ii?noue onoiaieo a?ae ethaeeie noa’?eo?a
nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e (i?aceaeaio, aeaiooaoe ia?eaiaioo ? oaea ?i.);
noathoue aieiaiei aeaea?aeii ciaiue i?i oe? iaeano? ? aieeaathoue ia
noni?eueio aeoieo, ui aeyaey?oueny, iai?eeeaae, a ??ceeo ci?iao
?aeoeia?a iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a. Oaeei /eiii, a aeena?oaoe?? aeiaaaeaii, ui
oaeaiiaeie a?aeiia?aeathoue iniiaiei e?eoa??yi ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy a
?iaio?, a naia a?aeaeaathoue a nia? iniiai? i?eioeeie oaeaa?c?eii?
?iaioe c ?ioi?iaoe??th ? ni?eeoaaiiy c aoaeeoi???th; aoaeoeaii
?iciianthaeaeothoue ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i nioe?aeueiee i?ino??, a naia i?i
iaaeinyaei? aeey aaciina?aaeiueiai ni?eeiaiiy ?iaeea?aea eiai naaiaioe.

O ?icae?e? 2 “No?aoaa?y aeine?aeaeaiiy noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o a oaenoao ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??” ?ic?iaeythoueny oai?aoe/i?
oyaeaiiy i?i ao?eaiiy noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o a oaenoao
ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??, iaa?oioiaothoueny no?aoaa?/i? i?eioeeie ??
aiae?co.

A i?ae?icae?e? 2.1. “Noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o ye
eiai?oeaiee oaiiiai” iaa?oioiaaii, ui noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o i?aai?ciaaia a iai’yo? o/aniee?a eiioi?eaoe?? o oi?i? o?aeia
ciaiue (O. A. aai Aeaee) — iaai?o oeiiaeo ciaiue i?i nioe?aeueiee na?o
(oyaeaiue i?i nioe?aeuei? a?oie oa ?inoeoooe, iaeano? nioe?aeueieo
i?aeoee, ?o ???a?o?th) oa cania?a ?o i?aai?caoe??. Oea aeicaiey?
?iaeea?aeai aeneiaethaaoeny ? aaeaeaaoii ?ioa?i?aooaaoe aeneiaethaaiiy
i?i noni?euenoai, nioe?aeueia na?aaeiaeua e i?ioeane a ieo; iino?eii
iiiaethaaoe ciaiiy i?i nioe?aeueiee i?ino??, ui io?eiai? c aeina?aeii
iaaii? nioe?aeueii? iiceoe??; caa?oaoeny aei ie?aieo no?oeoo?ieo
aeaiaio?a oeueiai ciaiiy ? eiie?aoecoaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th ia ??cieo ??aiyo.
Iia?aeiieaiiy CIE, ui o?enothoue iino?ei? ioeuenaoe?? nioe?aeueii?
?aaeueiino?, ? iniiaiei caniaii iiiiaeaiiy eiioeaiooaeueiiai ciaiiy
aoaeeoi??? i?i nioe?aeueiee i?ino??, ai ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o a oe?eiio iaiiaeeeai aeey ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ni?eeiaiiy,
noieoniaaiiai ia “iiceoe?ei?e” ?aaeueiino?. Oaeei /eiii, oyaeaiiy e
ciaiiy, ui ?iciianthaeaeothoueny CIE, caaaeyee ianiaino? ?o aoaeeoi??? e
aeei?enoaiith “oaoiieia?e ia?aeiieeaino?” aieiae?thoue ?aaeueiei
iioaioe?aeii noaoe nioe?aeueieie oyaeaiiyie.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.2. “Oai?aoe/i? oyaeaiiy i?i ia’?eoeaaoe?th noaie
ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o a oaenoao oaeaiiaei” iaa?oioiao?oueny
aaoi?nueea ?icoi?iiy i?ioeano ao?eaiiy noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o a oaenoe oaeaiiaei.Aeiaaaeaii, ui oaeno oaeaiiaei yaey? niaith
?ioa?noa’?eoeaio oi?io ia?ac?a na?aeiiino? aeo?iae?no?a, aei neeaaeo
yei? aoiaeyoue oyaeaiiy i?i iiae??, ui iienothoueny, oa ?o o/aniee?a
(nioe?aeueieo aaaio?a, oiaoi nioe?aeueieo a?oi ? nioe?aeueieo
?inoeooo?a). Oi?iith ciaeiaiai ao?eaiiy ciaiue i?i nioe?aeueieo aaaio?a
? iii?iaoe?? nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oaenoo oaeaiiaei oa
?aaeueieo iiae?e iia’ycaia c aaeeaaiiyi iii?iaoe?e c ?aoa?aioe??th
“nioe?aeueiee aaaio”. Oaeno ii?iaeaeo?oueny aeo?iae?noii ye
ia’?eoeaaoe?y oyaii? iiaeae? neooaoe??, ui oi?io?oueny ia iniia?
aaciina?aaeiueiai ni?eeiaiiy iiae?e ae?eniino?, ciaiue i?i o/aniee?a
neooaoe?? oa ?o a?aeiioaiiy, iaoiiaeaieo iiceoe?yie a nioe?aeueiiio
i?inoi??.

O aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oiooaai? oaenoia? caniae ae?aaeaiiy noaie ni?eeiaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o i?ae /an ?ice?eooy oaeaiiaeiaie iiae?e ae?eniino?
(ca aeiiiiiaith eiioeaioe?? aeeneo?neaiino? oaeaiiaei O. A. aai Aeaeea).
Ia ??cieo ??aiyo no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? aeeneo?no oaeaiiaei
ni?yiiaai?noue aeo?iae?noa ?aae?co?oueny a i?ioean? eiino?othaaiiy oaie
iia?aeiieaiiy, i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?? ca i?eioeeiii ?aeaaaioiino?,
aeei?enoaiiy iii?iaoe?e nioe?aeueieo aaaio?a o a?aiaoe/ieo oi?iao
naiaioe/ieo ?ieae (aaain, ianue?in). Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny
a?aiaoe/iiio ??aith no?oeoo?e aeeneo?no, aea oaiaeaioe?? aaeeaaiiy
iii?iaoe?e eiie?aoieo nioe?aeueieo aaaio?a o oi?iao aeoeaii? aai
caeaaeii? naiaioe/ii? ?ie? a?aeaeaathoue oyaeaiiy i?i oeth nioe?aeueio
iiceoe?th ye iioaioe?aeueii aeii?ioth/o /e iaaiaee. Aia?oa oaaaeaiee
e?euee?niee iieaciee oe??? oaiaeaioe?? – eiao?oe??io aaaioiino?,
a?aeiia?aeiee /anooe? aaeeaaiiy iii?iaoe?? a aeoeai?e naiaioe/i?e ?ie? a
caaaeueiiio ianyc? aaeeaaiiy iii?iaoe??.

A ?iaio? aecia/ai? iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o, ui aeyaeythoueny i?ae /an aiae?co ?? ia’?eoeaaoe?? a oaenoao
oaeaiiaei: ia?ae?e iii?iaoe?e nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e, ui ?? neeaaeathoue;
ia?ae?e iie?a nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui iath ioiieththoueny; ???a?o?y
iie?a a nioe?aeueiiio i?inoi??; ???a?o?y nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e
a?aeiia?aeiiai iiey. Eiaei?e c oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeiia?aeathoue ia?aiao?e
oaeno?a oaeaiiaei: noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o ao?eth?oueny
a eiiieaen iii?iaoe?e nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e; ia?ae?e nioe?aeueieo iie?a,
ui i?aai?cothoue nioe?aeuei? iiceoe??, ia?aaea?oueny eeaneo?eiaaieie ca
iciaeith ni?eueiino? ?aoa?aioa iii?iaoe?yie nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e;
???a?o?y iie?a nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o ia?aaea?oueny iieacieeaie /anoioe
aaeeaaiiy iii?iaoe?e nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e (“???a?o?? aeooaeueiino?”);
?iciiae?e a?aeiioaiue aeii?ioaaiiy i?ae nioe?aeueieie iiceoe?yie a
nioe?aeueiiio iie? ia?aaea?oueny eiao?oe??ioii aaaioiino? iii?iaoe?e
nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e (“???a?o?y aeoeaiino?”). Oaeei /eiii, no?aoaa??th
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeae?eythoueny aeaa aei??e noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o, ui o?aineth?oueny CIE: iii?iaeueiee (ai?eciioaeueiee), oiaoi
ia?ae?e iii?iaoe?e nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e, ui cono??/athoueny a oaenoao
oaeaiiaei; oa aa?oeeaeueiee, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ???a?o?th nioe?aeueieo
iiceoe?e ? iie?a a nioe?aeueiiio i?inoi??.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.3. “I?ia?aia aii??e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy” i?iiiio?oueny
ao?eaiiy i?eioeei?a ?ic?iaeaii? no?aoaa?? aeine?aeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE a aeine?aeaeaii?
oaeno?a oaeaiiaei i?noeaaiai iaaea?aeaaiiai oaeaaa/aiiy ye iniaeeaiai
aniaeoo eoeueoo?e ?aa?iio, aecia/ai? i?iaeaiia neooaoe?y, iaoa, ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?iioace, aeei?enoai? caniae aiae?co, ieai
iiooeiaeo oa aiae?oe/ieo i?ioeaaeo?.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.4. “Cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue noaie ni?eeiaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o,ui o?aineth?oueny CIE, uiaei oyaeaiue
nioe?ieia?/ii? iaoee i?i o?ainoi?iaoe?th noni?euenoaa” iaa?oioiao?oueny,
ui cai?iiiiiaaiee a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?aeo?ae ia? ?icaeyaeaoeny ye
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeooaeueiiai noaio nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o /a?ac eiai
neiaie?/iee a?aeaeoie o oai?ao CIE. ?aeaaaioi?noue aeey nioe?ieia??
iieno nenoaie iiceoe?e nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o oeyoii aiae?co eiai
ia?aco, neiino?oeiaaiiai CIE, iaa?oioiaaia ca aeiiiiiaith nioe?ieia??
ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai na?oo I. Ao?aeue?. A oiiaao nioe?aeueii?
o?ainoi?iaoe??, eiee ia’?eoeai? no?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa ao?a/athoue
o?eaae?noue, iioaioe?ae oai??a CIE ye oi?ie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueii?
?aaeueiino? aei ?ioa?ei?ecaoe?? ? ao?eaiiy aoaeeoi???th a i?aeoeeo noai
ni?eeiaiiy cia/ii c?inoa?. Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny ia?aaaaai
caniao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o oeyoii eiai
neiaie?/iiai a?aeaeaaiiy, na?aae yeeo: ia?aaaae iaoiaeieia?/ii? aace;
aeiiii?y ?ano?n?a ia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy o ii??aiyii? c
aeei?enoaiiyi cania?a iieooaaiiy; iiaeeea?noue aeinyaiaiiy iaiao?aeii?
iia?eueiino? cai???a; iiina?aaeeiaaiee oa?aeoa? aiae?co, ui aeicaiey?
oieeaoe iaaaaeaieo /eiiee?a i?ioeano iieooaaiiy.

O ?icae?e? 3 “Aii??e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o, ui o?aineth?oueny i?ia?aiaie iiaei i?noeaaiai iaaea?aeaaiiai
oaeaaa/aiiy” iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aii??e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oaeaiiaei AOI, i. Oa?e?a.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.1. “Iii?iaeueiee ??aaiue noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o” iaaaaeai? aii??e/i? neiaieee iii?iaoe?e nioe?aeueieo
?inoeooo?a oa nioe?aeueieo a?oi, oiaoi eeaneo?eaoe?th iii?iaoe?e
nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e ca iciaeith ni?eueiino? ?aoa?aioa. Eeaneo?eiaaiee
neiaiee iii?iaoe?e nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a neeaaea?oueny c 19 a?oi oa 92
iii?iaoe?e. A?i aeeth/a? on? iniiai? nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe, a ca
iciaeith ianyao a?oie iii?iaoe?e ? e?eueeino? iii?iaoe?e ni?eueiiai
?aoa?aioa niinoa??aathoueny cnoiaiiy o a?e ?inoeooo?a aeaaee. Aeyaeai?
cnoiaiiy noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, iia’ycai? c naciiieie
aaaaiiyie aeooaeueiino?, aeeneo?nii “aeaaee”, a oaeiae iniaeeainoyie
i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy iiaeo ?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo oi?i.

Neiaiee iii?iaoe?e nioe?aeueieo a?oi neeaaea?oueny c 21 a?oie oa 99
iii?iaoe?e. Aecai/athoueny oa?aeoa?i? aeey AOI 12 e?eoa???a
eiino?othaaiiy nioe?aeueieo a?oi /a?ac iiaio iii?iaoe?th. Cnoiaiiy noaie
ni?eeiaiiy a aniaeo? i?acaioaoe?? nioe?aeueieo a?oi aecia/ai?
a?aenooi?noth caaaeoaaiiy iiethn?a nioe?aeueii? ???a?o??, iiioey?i?noth
e?ei?iaeueii? oaiaoeee, aeoeaiei aeei?enoaiiyi iii?iaoe?e “a?oi
eaa?oeiaoe??”.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.2. “Aa?oeeaeueiee aei?? noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o” iaaeai? ???a?o?y aeoeaiino? oa ???a?o?y aeooaeueiino?
iii?iaoe?e nioe?aeueieo a?oi ? nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a. Ooo oaeiae
anoaiiaeai? cnoiaiiy noaie ni?eeiaiiy o a?e ?inoeooo?a aeaaee.
Cai?iiiiiaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y a?oi iii?iaoe?e o i?inoi?? iciae
aeooaeueiino? oa aeoeaiino? aeaiiino?o? oyaeaiiy aaoi??a oaeaiiaei i?i
?iciiae?e neiaie?/iiai eai?oaeo i?ae nioe?aeueieie iiceoe?yie.
Iaea?eueoei eiai ianyaii aieiae?thoue nioe?aeuei? aaaioe, ui
?aae?cothoueny a iie? aeaaee, ui aieiae?thoue o?eaeei aeiiii?/iei
noaiiaeuai. Na?aae nioe?aeueieo a?oi a?eueo aeniea iieiaeaiiy a
eeaneo?eaoe?? iia’ycaia c iayai?noth neiaie?/ieo oi?i ?ai?acaioaoe??
a?oie.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o oaeaiiaei AOI aecia/ai? ianooii? aniaeoe eiioaenoo ?o
ae?iaieoeoaa: i???ioaoe?y aaoi??a a eiioaeno? aeeeaie “?eiie —
aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy” oa ?ioeo oe?iiinoae e?aa?ae?cio; caaaeuei?
i?eioeeie a?aeiioaiiy aei ?aaeueiino?, aeii?ioaaiiy iieno (o?enaoe??)
iiae?e iaae aiae?cii ? i?iaiicaie.

AENIIAEE

A ?iaio? aeiaaaeaii aeooaeuei?noue ? ia?niaeoeai?noue aeine?aeaeaiue
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai??a CIE a no/aniiio
oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?, ui iia’ycai? c? c?inoath/ith aieeaia?noth
CIE ye caniao eiino?othaaiiy oyaeaiue aoaeeoi??? i?i nioe?aeueio
?aaeuei?noue, a oaeiae iaaaoeaiei aieeaii aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy
CIE ia i?inoaaiiy ?aoi?i oa ni?yiiaai?noue i?ioeano o?ainoi?iaoe??.
Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?ea?iaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy oeeo i?iaeai c oi/ee
ci?o aiae?co noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui o?aineth?oueny
oai?aie CIE. ?ic?iaea iaaaaeaiiai i?aeoiaeo ni?yiiaaia ia iiaeieaiiy
oai?aoe/ii? e?ece o oe?e i?aaeiaoi?e aaeoc?, ui iia’ycaia c iaiaaeaiiyie
canoinoaaiiy a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa ?nioth/eo
iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a ia’?eoea?nonueei? ni?yiiaaiino?. A ?iaio?
?ice?eoi oae? neaaei aeine?aeaeai? a?o/eciyiith nioe?ieia??th ieoaiiy,
ye iaoiaeieia?y eiino?oeoeaiiai no?oeoo?ae?cio o aea/aii?
nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ieo aniaeo?a ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??, iiiyooy “noaia
ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o”, nioe?aeueiee nain aeai?o oaeaiiaei,
ci?noiai? aniaeoe oaeno?a iiaei i?noeaaiai iaaea?aeaaiiai oaeaaa/aiiy.
Cai?iiiiiaaia no?aoaa?y aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy
i?ea?iaeueieo ? iiaeo aeey a?o/eciyii? aeine?aeieoeueei? i?aeoeee
iaoiae?a (aeeneo?neaiee aiae?c, iii?iaeueiee ? aa?oeeaeueiee aei?? noaie
ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o). Iaaaaeai? io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao?
aii??e/iiai aiae?co oaeno?a oaeaiiaei i?noeaaiai iaaea?aeaaiiai
oaeaaa/aiiy oi?eaeuei? aeai? i?i iniaeeaino? oyaeaiue nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o, eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo iciae neiaie?/ii? ia’?eoeaaoe?? ieie
nioe?aeueieo aaaio?a, oa?aeoa?enoeeao noaie ni?eeiaiiy, ui ieie
?aae?co?oueny, no?aoaa?? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. Iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iathoue cia/iee iioaioe?ae aeei?enoaiiy a
nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo CIE, a naia: o aea/aii? aeeiai?ee noaie
ni?eeiaiiy eiie?aoiiai CIE, o ii??aiyeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oaeno?a
??cieo CIE, a aiae?c? ?o ?aa?iiaeueii? oa aeai?iai? nai???aeiino?; o
noai?aii? oeiieia?? noai ni?eeiaiiy, ui o?aineththoueny CIE a
?ioi?iaoe?eiiio i?inoi?? e?a?ie; o iii?oi?eiao aeooaeueiiai noaio
nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o a eiai neiaie?/i?e ia’?eoeaaoe??; o aea/aii?
neiaie?/ieo aniaeo?a o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa, cie?aia nioe?aeueiiai
aec??aaiiy a?oi. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeieia?y oa no?aoaa?y aeine?aeaeaiiy
iathoue i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey ae?yeueiino? ??ciiiai?oieo nioe?aeueieo
aaaio?a, a oaeiae aeaaeieo ?inoeooo?a, ui iia’ycothoue c CIE aeani?
nioe?aeuei? oa iie?oe/i? no?aoaa??.

NIENIE Ae?OEIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ni?iea TH.A. ?aaioa n iiiyoeeiui aiia?aoii iaoee // Iao?aaeeoeeiiiua
iaoiaeu i?aiiaeaaaiey nioeeieiaee. O/aaii-iaoiaee/aneia iiniaea aeey
i?aiiaeaaaoaeae nioeeieiae/aneeo aeenoeeieei / A.I. Ai?aa/, E.Ae.
Eiaaeaaa, I.A. ?aaeueei, TH.A.Ni?iea / Iiae ?aae. E.Ae. Eiaaeaaie. —
Oa?ueeia. — ?II?. — 1997. – 247 n.- N.27-50.

2. Ni?iea TH.A. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea iiaeoiaeu e aiaeeco oaeaaeceiiiie
eiiioieeaoeee eae oeia aeeneo?na // Oa?ueeianeea nioeeieiae/aneea /oaiey
— 97: Iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneia iaania/aiea i?aiiaeaaaiey nioeeieiae/aneeo
aeenoeeieei. — Oa?ueeia: Iniiaa, 1997.- /anoue 2.- N. 280-284.

3. Ni?iea TH.A. Nioeeaeueiue niune oaiaoe/aneie i?aaiecaoeee auioneia
oaeaiiainoae // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Nioe?ieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy no/aniiai noni?euenoaa: iaoiaeieia?y, oai??y,
iaoiaee.-1997.? 393.- N.235-240.

4. Ni?iea TH.A. Nioeeieiae/aneee aiaeec oaeaiiainoae: ?aaeueiinoue
iianaaeiaaiie aeecie a aeai?a oaeaaeceiiiie ia?a?aaeueiinoe //
Oa?ueeianeea nioeeieiae/aneea /oaiey – 98: Nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio. —
Oa?ueeia: OeYII “?aaea?”, 1998.- N.80-85.

5. Ni?iea TH.A. Aeeneo?n “aeanoe” a i?aaenoaaeaiee ianoiiai oaeaaeaeaiey
// A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.”Nioe?ieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy no/aniiai noni?euenoaa: iaoiaeieia?y, oai??y,
iaoiaee”-1999. ? 433.-185n.- N. 95-97.

AIIOAOe??

Ni?iea TH.A. Noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o a oaenoao ianiai?
eiioi?eaoe??. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 22.00.01. – oai??y oa ?noi??y nioe?ieia??. –
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeaiai aea/aiiy nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? oaeno?a CIE a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? nonioeuenoaa.
Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee oa canoinoaaiiy i?ea?iaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo
aei aiae?co i?iaeoeoe?? CIE c oi/ee ci?o noaie ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o, ui iath o?aineth?oueny. Iniiao cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeieia??
neeaaeathoue eiioeaioe?? no/anii? nioe?aeueii? oai???
eiino?oeoea?nonueei? ni?yiiaaiino?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa nioe?aeueii-?aeaieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oai??a CIE iathoue cacia/aoeny ye noaia ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai
i?inoi?o, ui ieie o?aineth?oueny. Oa?? CIE ? aeneiaeaiith oeyoii
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?aaeueieo iiae?e ? ao?eaiith a iaaiee ia?aoeaiee noeeue
noaiith ni?eeiaiiy nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o. Iaa?oioiaai? iieiaeaiiy uiaei
nioe?aeueiiai naino oaeaiiaei o ni?anoaaeaii? ?o c ?aaeuei?noth
iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy. ?ic?iaeaia no?aoaa?y aii??e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy noaie ni?eeiaiiy oa oa?aeoa?enoee oaenoo oaeaiiaei,
nenoaia iieaciee?a, I?ia?aia aii??e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui ?
?aae?ciaaiith ia ianea? oaeno?a iiaei i?noeaaiai iaaea?aeaaiiai
oaeaaa/aiiy. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iia’ycaia c
aeei?enoaiiyi oai??a CIE o nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo no?aoaa?yo
nioe?aeueieo aaaio?a oa aeaaeieo ?inoeooo?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noaia ni?eeiaiiy, nioe?aeueiee i?ino??, i?iaeoeoe?y CIE,
oaeaiiaeie, nioe?aeueia o?ainoi?iaoe?y.

Ni?iea TH.A. Noaia aini?eyoey nioeeaeueiiai i?ino?ainoaa a oaenoao
ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa nioeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 22.00.01 – oai?ey e enoi?ey nioeeieiaee. –
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai eco/aiey nioeeaeueii-eaeaieiae/aneie
iai?aaeaiiinoe oaenoia NIE a oneiaeyo nioeeaeueiie o?ainoi?iaoeee. Oaia
?aaiou naycaia n aeooaeueiuie i?iaeaiaie ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e
nioeeaeueiie ?iee NIE a nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii iauanoaa,
oa?aeoa?ecoaiuie iaeiaeaieai oaiaeaioeee ?inoa neiaiee/aneie aeanoe
aoaeeiaecoaeueiuo NIE e i?ioeannaie nioeeaeueiuo o?ainoi?iaoeee. A
aeenna?oaoeee i?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou ?ac?aaioee e i?eiaiaiey
i?eaeiaeueiiai iiaeoiaea e aiaeeco i?iaeoeoeee NIE n oi/ee c?aiey
o?ainee?oaiie a iae noaiu aini?eyoey nioeeaeueiiai i?ino?ainoaa.

I?aaenoaaeaiiue iiaeoiae o/eouaaao oai?aoe/aneea aeinoeaeaiey
iauaeoeaenoneie iaoiaeieiaee enneaaeiaaiee yoie iaeanoe, i?aaeaea anaai
iieiaeaiey i oeaiiinoiie eioaioeee eiiioieeaoeee. A oi aea a?aiy, a
?aaioa a?aoiaioe?iaaiu ia?aie/aiey, iaeaaaaiua ia eniieueciaaiea
iauaeoeaenoneeo i?eioeeiia aiaeeca iai?aaeaiiinoe i?iecaaaeaiee NIE
nia?aiaiiuie oneiaeyie aeoaieeo e aeeiaie/iuo nioeeaeueiuo eciaiaiee.
Aaoi?ii onoaiiaeaii, /oi a oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee iauanoaa
nioeeaeueii-eaeaieiae/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee i?iecaaaeaiee NIE aeieaeiu
ii?aaeaeyoueny eae o?ainee?oaiay a ieo noaia aini?eyoey nioeeaeueiiai
i?ino?ainoaa. Yoi iiiyoea ?ac?aaioaii ia aaca nioeeieiaee aini?eyoey
nioeeaeueiiai i?ino?ainoaa, aaaaeaii a iao/iue iai?io eae niaoeeoe/anee
nioeeieiae/aneia iiiyoea e aia?aua i?eiaiaii e enneaaeiaaieth i?iaeai
ianniauo eiiioieeaoeee. A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?ai oaiiiai oaeaiiainoae
e iainiiaai nioeeaeueiue niune yoiai eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeai?a a
niiinoaaeaiee n ?aaeueiinoueth iianaaeiaaiie aeecie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
oaeaiiainoe yaeythony oi?iie neiaiee/aneie iauaeoeaaoeee ?aaeueiinoe
iianaaeiaaiie aeecie, /ai iaoneiaeaii iniaia cia/aiea enneaaeiaaiee
oaenoia oaeaiiainoae aeey aiaeeca niaea?aeaoaeueiuo aniaeoia
i?iecaaaeaiee NIE.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaia no?aoaaey yiie?e/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey
o?ainee?oaiuo NIE noai aini?eyoey nioeeaeueiiai i?ino?ainoaa. Aeieacaii,
/oi i?iecaaaeaiea NIE yaeyaony au?aaeaiiie /a?ac eioa?i?aoaoeeth
?aaeueiuo niauoee e aiieiuaiiie a niaoeeoe/aneee ia??aoeaiue noeeue
noaiie aini?eyoey nioeeaeueiiai i?ino?ainoaa. Eioa?noauaeoeaiie oi?iie
ciaiee i nioeeaeueiuo aaaioao yaeythony iiieiaoeee nioeeaeueiuo
iiceoeee; oaeno ii?iaeaeaaony aeo?iaeenoii eae iauaeoeaaoeey iuneaiiie
iiaeaee neooaoeee, oi?ie?othuaeny ia iniiaa iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai
aini?eyoey niauoee aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, ciaiee ia o/anoieeao neooaoeee
(nioeeaeueiuo aaaioao) e eo ioiioaieyo, auoaeathueo ec caieiaaiuo eie
iiceoeee a nioeeaeueiii i?ino?ainoaa. I?e aiaeeca oaeaiiainoae eae
niaoeeoe/aneiai oeia aeeneo?na onoaiiaeaii, /oi oaiaeaioeee oiio?aaeaiey
iiieiaoeee eiie?aoiuo nioeeaeueiuo aaaioia a oi?iao aeoeaiie eee
caaeneiie naiaioe/aneie ?iee io?aaeaao i?aaenoaaeaiea ia yoie
nioeeaeueiie iiceoeee eae i aeiieie?othuae eee aeiieie?oaiie. Aaoi?ii
onoaiiaeaii, /oi noaia aini?eyoey nioeeaeueiiai i?ino?ainoaa aiieiuaaony
a oaenoao oaeaiiainoae a nenoaio iiieiaoeee nioeeaeueiuo iiceoeee,
ai?eciioaeueiia ecia?aiea eioi?ie io?aaeaao i?aaenoaaeaiey ia yeaiaioao
nioeeaeueiiai i?ino?ainoaa (oeene?oaiuo nioeeaeueiuo iiceoeeyo), a
aa?oeeaeueiia — i no?oeoo?a aeiieie?iaaiey iaaeaeo iieyie nioeeaeueiiai
i?ino?ainoaa e ioaeaeueiuie iiceoeeyie a eaaeaeii iiea. I?aaeeiaeaii
niioiioaiea noaiu aini?eyoey e oa?aeoa?enoee oaenoa oaeaiiainoae,
nenoaia iieacaoaeae, I?ia?aiia yiie?e/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey.
?ac?aaioaiiay no?aoaaey aiaeeca nioeeaeueii-eaeaieiae/aneeo
oa?aeoa?enoee i?iecaaaeaiee NIE ai?iae?iaaia ia ianneaa oaenoia iiainoae
ianoiiai iaainoaea?noaaiiiai oaeaaeaeaiey, niaea?aeaoaeueiua aniaeou
eioi?iai oaeaea neaai enneaaeothony a nia?aiaiiie ioa/anoaaiiie
nioeeieiaee. A ?acoeueoaoa yiie?e/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey iieo/aiu aeaiiua
i oa?aeoa?enoeeao noaiu aini?eyoey nioeeaeueiiai i?ino?ainoaa,
o?ainee?oaiie a auioneao oaeaiiainoae AOI (a. Oa?ueeia) a ia?eiae
yiaa?ue-ieoya?ue 1997 a., oa?aeoa?ecoaiua a /anoiinoe niauaieyie a
noi?iio aeanoiuo einoeoooia e eo eieeaeoeaiuo aaaioia.

I?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea ?acoeueoaoia ?aaiou naycaii n aiaae?aieai aa
oai?aoe/aneeo e yiie?e/aneeo aniaeoia a i?aeoeeo enneaaeiaaiee
niaea?aeaoaeueiuo aniaeoia oaenoia ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee, a
aeayoaeueiinoue nioeeaeueiuo aaaioia, ?aaeecothueo n iiiiuueth NIE
nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneea no?aoaaee, a aeayoaeueiinoue aeanoiuo
einoeoooia ii ?ac?aaioea eioi?iaoeeiiiie iieeoeee e aiaeeca
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai i?ino?ainoaa, a oaeaea a o/aaiii i?ioeanna, a eo?nao ii
nioeeieiaee NIE, nioeeieiaee o?ainoi?iaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia, nioeeieiaee
eoeueoo?u.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noaia aini?eyoey, nioeeaeueiia i?ino?ainoai,
i?iecaaaeaiey NIE, oaeaiiainoe, nioeeaeueiay o?ainoi?iaoeey.

Soroka J. G. Perception Scheme of social space in texts of mass
communications.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree in Sociology, speciality 22.00.01. –
theory and history of sociology.

Thesis is denoted problems of studying social and ideological
directivity of mass-media texts in society transformation conditions.
Subject of work is connected with actual problems of mass-media
operation and theirs social role in the modern Ukrainian society. In
thesis’s brought an original approach to the analysis of product mass
media from standpoints perception schemes of social space. Presented
approach takes into account theoretical achievements of preceding
studies of this area, first of all positions on values in mass
communication. Base of offered methodology are concepts of modern social
theory by P. Bourdieu, P.L. Berger and T. Luckmann. Installed that in
conditions of transformations of society social and ideological feature
of mass-media product must be defined as carried by them perception
scheme of social space. Product mass media is denominated through
interpreting the real events and incarnate in specific narrative style
perception scheme of social space. Motivated scientific presentations
about the social sense of television news in the collation them with
reality everyday life. Designed empirical study strategy, correlation
scheme of perception scheme and features of text of television news,
factor system, Program of empirical study, approved on the array of
texts of news local private televisions. Practical value of results of
functioning is connected with using the product mass media in social
agents and powerful institute strategies, as well as in the scholastic
process.

Key words: perception’s scheme, social space, mass-media works, and
social transformation.

Похожие записи