?INOEOOO O?EINIO?? ?iai? A.NEIAI?IAeE

IAOe?IIAEUeII? AEAAeAI?? IAOE OE?A?IE

OAeE 101.1 : 316 : 930.1

?NEIAIEI Aeieo?i Ieeieaeiae/

NAIN ?NOI??? ssE NA?OIAEssAeIEE I???IOE?

INIAE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.03 — nioe?aeueia o?einio?y oa

o?einio?y ?noi???

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? nioe?aeueii? o?einio?? ?inoeoooo o?einio??
?iai? A.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe Eyo A?oae?e Aaneeueiae/, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo
?noi??? ca?oa?aeii? o?einio?? ?inoeoooo o?einio?? ?iai? A.Neiai?iaee IAI
Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaaeieueiee ?aai Oaaeioiae/,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e nioe?aeueii? ? aoiai?oa?ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio Oeoiiaiei Aieiaeeie?
Aeai’yiiae/, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a Oeaio?o aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe i?e
I?aceae?? IAI Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 18 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.161.02 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a (eaiaeeaeaoa) o?einionueeeo iaoe a
?inoeooo? o?einio?? ?iai? A.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie, aae?ana: 252001,
i.Ee?a – 1, aoe.O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
o?einio?? ?iai? A.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie (Ee?a–1,
aoe.O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Neoie/aiei E.A.

caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ia?anea?nonuee? eiioeaioe?? oiaeo
?noi???, ye?, iiaeeeai ? ia ao?aoeee naiai cia/aiiy, i?iaeaiiino?oaaee
iaaio iaa?aeiia?aei?noue ?aaeueiei ?noi?e/iei ia?aoai?aiiyi, ui
ii?iaeeee oe?eo ieceo i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c ieoaiiyie i?i nain
?noi?e/iiai iinooio, cie?aia, i?i nain ?noi??? acaaae?, i?i
o?ainoi?iaoe?th na?oia?ae/oooy a aiioo ?aaeeeaeueieo ia?aoai?aiue, i?i
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy naino ?noi??? oa naino aoooy iniae, i?i i?noea
iniaenoino? a oeo?inieao?ii? oaeoi??a, ui coiiaeththoue aaiethoe?th
noni?euenoaa. Cacia/ai? ieoaiiy ? aeooaeueieie ia eeoa aeey Oe?a?ie.
C?icoi?ei, ui ?o ?ica’ycaiiy iio?aao? caeo/aiiy aei oai?aoe/iiai
aiae?co, ie??i o?aaeeoe?eieo i?ia?anea?nonueeeo i?aeoiae?a (i?iaoeueea
eeaneea, ia?eneci, ?aaiethoe?ei? aeaiie?aoe, cie?aia ?.O?aiei “Ui oaea
iinooi” oiui), ?ioeo oi/ie ci?o, ye? iiee ui, ia aeaeue, /anoeiai aai
iaa?oue iiai?noth ia aeine?aeaeai? oe?a?inueeith o?einionueeith
aeoieith. Iiaa eaea ia eeoa i?i aeine?aeaeaiiy naino ?noi??? oa i?noey a
i?e iniae, cae?eniaieo I.Aa?aey?aei, E.ssnia?nii, I.Oaeaeaaaa?ii,
I.Oiaiaea?ii, A.Oieia? oa ?i. Iiaa iiaeiia eoe i?i ae?iaeaiiy
neioaoe/ii?, aai, ye aaaaeaa Aaaaeue, eiie?aoii? oi/ee ci?o, yea a
ii?aeioaaea i?ioeeaaei? i?aeoiaee, ine?eueee eiaeai c ieo, oi/ ?
iaeiia?/ii, aea ?noeiii a?aeia?aaea? oie /e ?ioee aniaeo naino ?noi???,
?? iinooio oa i?noey iniae a aaiethoe?? noni?euenoaa.

Ae?oaa ianoaaeia, yea aeooae?co? ia?aio oaio, noino?oueny i?aeoeee
aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi???, nioe?aeueii? o?einio?? oa ?noi??inio??, ?o
aeoiaiiai cia/aiiy uiaei oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeieo i???ioaoe?e
iniaenoino?. ? oa, ui ?noi??y, ?? aea/aiiy oa inieneaiiy ia?
na?oiaeyaeii-aeoiaia cia/aiiy, iaa?yae /e aeeeeea? noii?a. Aaeaea oaea
/e ?ioa ?icoi?iiy naino ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano ia iiaea ia a?aee?eaaoe
iaai? ai?eciioe aa/aiiy ethaeeiith nieneo aeaniiai aoooy. Aoaeoeai?noue
aeoiaaiiy ?noi???th cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny, yeui aeoiaaiaoeue io?eio?
ciiao iiaa/eoe a i?e ia eeoa aca?iiae?th ia’?eoeaieo iaaeiniaeno?nieo
nee, a e naith aeanio aeieth. I?ioa aca?iica’ycie iniaenoi? aeie? oa
?noi??? ana ua caeeoa?oueny neeaaeiith ? aeooaeueiith ?noi??inionueeith
i?iaeaiith.

Nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie. I?iaeaia naino ?noi??? oa eiai
ethaeeiiaei??iino? oe?eaaeea ia eeoa o?einio?a, a e
?noi?ee?a-i?ioan?iiae?a. Oae, I.N.A?ooaanueeee noaaea ieoaiiy i?i nain
?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano ye ooiaeaiaioaeueio iniiao ii?aeiaiiy ?ic??ciaieo
?noi?e/ieo oaeo?a oa aenoiaiiy ?noi?e/ieo a?iioac. I.I.Ea?aic?i caa?oaa
oaaao ia iaiao?aei?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aai o?c?iaiii?/iiai i?aeoiaeo
aei ?noi???, ine?eueee a?i aea? ciiao aeyaeoe ?? iniaeno?niee aei??.

sse i?aaeiao o?einionueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaia naino ?noi??? oa
eiai na?oiaeyaeiiai cia/aiiy caaaeaee aoea i?eaaaeeaith, aeooaeueiith,
aeine?aeaeoaaiith e?aueie oai?aoe/ieie neeaie nai?? aiioe. A?aeiii,
cie?aia, ui ia?oeie ?? aeine?aeieeaie aoee Aan?iae, Aa?iaeio, Ieaoii,
Ooe?ae?ae, A??noioaeue, Ieooa?o, Oaoeeo, Oe?oea?ii, Aaaonoei Aeaaeaiiee.
O na?aaei? a?ee oa ia??iae Iiaiai /ano o?einioaie ?noi??? aoee ?iao?i
Oei?nueeee, A?ei, Oth?ai, Eiiaei?na, Aa?aea?. Iacaaaeath/e ia
iaiaaeai?noue ?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo oa iaoeiaiai ?ino?oiaioa??th,
aeuaiacaai? ieneeoae? aeineoue ?aae?noe/ii ianoithaaee aeoieo i?i oa, ui
iica inyaiaiiyi ?noi???, ?? o?ie?a ? aieiaieo aeniiae?a iiaoaeiaa
aoaeue-yeeo iiaeaeae nueiaiaeaiiy ?, oei ia/a, iaeaooiueiai — i?e?a/aia
ia iaaaea/o. ? oi/ E.Ia?en ? O.Aiaaeuen, ye caiaeii ? ?o iine?aeiaieee,
iaceaaee oeeo ieneeoae?a “?aeaae?noaie o iiaeyaeao ia ?noi??th”, aiie
ana ae i?aeaiooaaee iniiao ?noi?e/iiai i?ciaiiy, caii/aoeoaaee
iaoiaeieia?th aeeth/aiiy iayaieo eiioeaioe?e naino ?noi??? ye a
nioe?aeueio oai??th, oae ? a nioe?aeueio i?aeoeeo.

I?e?iaea, nain, cia/aiiy ?noi??? ?icaeyaeeeanue o eiioaeno? eiioe?eoii?
i?e?iaee noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiai
?iciaaeoaaiiy (I.Oue????, O.A?ci, O.I?iue?); iiooeo ?? caeiiii??iinoae
(O.Oeinna?, A.Aoiaeo, A?aec?a); i?noey oa ?ie? a i?e aeiiii?/ieo oa
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo neeaaeiaeo (A.Iao?a?, N.-A.Aoai); ?ic?iaee
iaoiae?a aiae?co ?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (?.I?ao?, E.?aiea, Ae.A?io);
noai?aiiy oe?e?nieo iiaeaeae anana?oiuei? ?noi??? oa ?o i?iyao a ie?aieo
?aa?iiao oa aea?aeaaao (?.Eaio, A.Aaaaeue, E.Ia?en, I.Aaaa?,
A.Ae?eueoae, ?.Eie?iaaoae, A.Oieia?, I.Oiaiaea? oa ?io?).

Ia?enenonueeee iiaeyae ia ?noi??th — ?noi?e/iee iaoa??ae?ci, yeee
o?aeooaaa inoaiith ye i?ioean iine?aeiaii? ci?ie noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo
oi?iaoe?e, eeaniai? ai?ioueae oa ?aaiethoe?e aoa aacoiiaii aieeaiaei. A
iniia? ?noi???, aaaaeaee caniiaieee ia?enecio, ciaoiaeeoueny
iaoa??aeueia ae?iaieoeoai, aoaeoeai?noth yeiai aecia/a?oueny i??a
noni?eueiiai i?ioeano, a a?aeiia?aeii ? eoeueoo?e ? ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino?. Oeae i?aeo?ae aei ?noi??? aoa aeii?ioth/ei, oi/i?oa
i?aeoe/ii ?aeeiei, eaiii?/iei ia anueiio iaoeiai-eoeueoo?iiio i?inoi??
eieeoiueiai N?N? oa ?ioeo nioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?i.

Na?aae o/aieo-?noi?ee?a ia?enenonueei? i???ioaoe?? iaea?eueo
aaoi?eoaoieie aaaaeaeeny i?aoe? oaeeo aeine?aeiee?a, ye A.Aioaea?,
AE.A?tha, A.A.A?ooei, ?.I.Aeaiaioue?a, A.A.?oeiia, I.Ae.Eaiia??,
O.A.Eiinoaioeiia, ?.A.Einieinueeee, A.A.Einieaiia, ?.N.Ethiaeoyi,
A.TH.Nieieia, A.?.Othiai?a, I.I.?icaioaeue, TH.I.O?aioeaa. Iaaiee
i?aenoiie ia?ainieneaiiy ?noi??inionueeiai aeieo ia?enenonueeiai
iiaeyaeo ia noni?euenoai i?aeaiaeyoue ?iaioe A.E.Aoaiaia, A.ss.Ao?aae/a,
A.A.Ae?e?aainueeiai, I.I.??aiaiei, A.E.Eaioi?a, I.?.Ea?a?aa, A.I.Eaa?ia,
ss.I.Eoeanaae/a, A.N.Iaeaoiaa, A.I.Iaaeo?aa, N.I.Ieeaii?iaa,
A.N.Iiia?aioey, I.N.Ieioieeiaa, A.?.?aeeoiaa, Ae.?.Oo?iaia,
TH.A.Oe/ae?ia oa ?ioeo.

O cao?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? OO noie?ooy oey i?iaeaia ?icaeyaeaeanue oaeeie
a?aeiinii naiino?eieie aeine?aeieoeueeeie e?i?yie: aiae?c ?noi??? ye
?icoi?iiy ? ia?aaeeaaiiy (A.Ae?eueoae); ?icoi?iiy ?noi??? ye i?iyao
aeooiaiiai (aea ia ye noa’?eoeaiiai, a ye ia’?eoeaiiai) a ?aaeuei?e
aeeoo?a?e i?aeoeoe? (A.E?i/a, ?.Eie?iaaoae); oeoia/aiiy ?noi??? ye
?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? aiaeiai i?iaeae?iiy (AE.Ia??oai, I.Itheea?);
aioe?noi?eoeeci (E.Iiiia?); ?noi??y ye aeya i?oeoaainueei? aie? aei
aeaaee (I.Oi?eoaeia? ? O.Aaei?ii); ?noi??y ye ?icoiiaa ?aeiino?oeoe?y
ieioeiai (?.A?ii); na?oiaa ?noi??y ye ?noi??y aoooy ia?iaeo
(I.Oaeaeaaaa?); nain ? i?ecia/aiiy ?noi??? (E.ssnia?n); iaiaaaaeueyinoai
(?aea? e?aa?ae?cio ? e?ioey ?noi???) (O.Ooeoyia); aecia/aiiy eiioo??a
iinono/aniino? (A.A?aeaeain).

Iaea?eueo a?aeiieie a cao?aeiiio iaoeiaiio na?o? noaee ?iaioe
A.Aeae.Oieia? “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi???”, I.Oiaiaea?a “Caiaiaae ?a?iie”,
E.ssnia?na “Nain ? i?ecia/aiiy ?noi???”, E.Iiiia?a “A?aee?eoa
noni?euenoai ? eiai ai?iae”, A.A?aeaeaina “Iinoiiaea?i”.

Cia/io oaaao aeine?aeaeaiith ?noi??? oa ?? ?ie? o oi?ioaaii? eoeueoo?e e
aeooiaiino? ia?iaeo i?eae?eyee oe?a?inuee? o/ai?-?noi?eee, o?einioe,
i?aaieee O?O—OO noie?oue, cie?aia I.A?ean, A.Aioiiiae/, I.A?ooaanueeee,
I.Ae?aaiiaiia, A.Aei?ioaiei, N.?o?aiia, I.?oeiaiei, A.E?noye?anueeee,
Ae.*eaeaanueeee, Ae.ssai?ieoeueeee oa ?io?. Na?aae no/anieo
aeine?aeiee?a ne?ae iacaaoe oaeiae A.I.Aiae?ouaiea, ?.A.Aie/aiea,
I.A.A?ae/aanueeiai, A.?.Ai?ae, E.A.Aoaa?nueeiai, A.A.Eeceio,
A.?.Eooeaiea, E.I.E?i?/, I.I.Iieeyea, I.?.Ieoaeue/aiea,
?.O.Iaaeieueiiai, A.A.Oaaa/eianueeiai, A.Ae.Oeoiiaiea, A.?.Oeiea?oea,
O.?.ssuoe oa ?i.

?icia?ooy iiaeyae?a uiaei naino ?noi??? oa eiai cia/aiiy o oi?ioaaii?
iniaenoino? noaaeoue ieoaiiy i?i ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa iiaeeeaa
ii?aeiaiiy. Aaaaea?ii, ui aeaia ieoaiiy na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue
neeaaeii? ? aeooaeueii? i?iaeaie neioaco iaea?eueo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aei???a naino ?noi???, aeyaeaieo o na?oia?e oa a?o/eciyi?e o?einio??.

Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e c ?icaeyaeoaaii? oaie na?ae/eoue oaeiae i?i oa, ui
nain ?noi??? ye o?einionueea i?iaeaia ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaiee c?
na?oiaeyaeiei ciaiiyi. I?ioa iaoai?ci oe??? aca?iiiia’ycaiino?, ia iaoo
aeoieo, ? ia aeineoue aea/aiei. Aaaaea?ii, ui ? ooo ?nio? cia/ia
oai?aoe/ia i?iaeaia, a iniia? yei? noi?oue ieoaiiy i?i ca’ycie
naini?noi?e/ieo oyaeaiue c aieiaieie oeiaie oa iiaeeo?eaoe?yie
noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo. Aaeaea ?icaeyae na?oiaeyaeieo i???ioe??a iniae
iio?aao? iaaiiai ?aeaaeueiiai ianooaao, yeei ? oai?aoe/iee eiioeaio
“noni?eueiee na?oiaeyae”. Naia ia eiai oii? iiaeeeaa aena?oeaiiy naino
?noi??? ye na?oiaeyaeiiai i???ioe?o iniaenoino?.

Ia?aoo?, i?iaeaii? iiey i?iiiiiaaii? ?iaioe ie?aneththoueny ieoaiiyie
i?i aca?iica’ycie naino ?noi??? oa naino aoooy iniaenoino?, ?noi?e/ii?
iaiao?aeiino? oa iniaenoi? aeie?, naiaiaee aeai?o oa
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?. Ana oea niiioea? aeine?aeeoe iniaeno?ni? aei??e
naino ?noi???, caeo/eaoe aei iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae oaeiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?eioeeie oa iaoiaeieia?th aecenoaioe?aeueii? o?einio??,
aeine?aeeoe iiiyooy aeie? (aiaeia ?noi?e/ii? iaiao?aeiino? a
i?ia?anea?nonueeeo oai??yo), naiaiaee (ia eeoa ye i?ioeeaaeiino?
iaiao?aeiino?, a ye aecia/aeueii? oi?ie aoooy, ia yeo i?e?a/aia
ethaeeia), a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ye neioaco aeie? oa naiaiaee.

IA’?EOII AeINE?AeAEAIIss ? o?einionueei-na?oiaeyaei? aei??e naino
?noi???.

I?AAeIAOII AeINE?AeAEAIIss ? nain ?noi??? ye na?oiaeyaeiee i???ioe?
iniae.

IAOA ? CAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Aieiaiith iaoith ?iaioe ? aiae?c
aieiaieo oei?a ?icoi?iiy naino ?noi???, ?o aieeao ia noni?eueiee
na?oiaeyae oa ia na?oiaeyaeio i???ioaoe?th iniaenoino?. Cae?eniaiiy
oe??? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy ianooiieo caaaeaiue:

n aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?eei-o?einionueeeo aei???a i?iaeaie naino
?noi???;

n aecia/aiiy i?noey oa ?ie? naini?noi?e/ieo oyaeaiue a ??ciiiai?oieo
oi?iao noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo;

n aiae?c aieeao noni?eueii-na?oiaeyaeieo oyaeaiue i?i nain ?noi??? ia
aecia/aiiy iniaith naino aeaniiai aoooy, ia aea?? na?oiaeyaeieo
i???ioe??a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia ? oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. O nai?e oai?aoe/i?e
iniia? aeena?oaoe?y iiaoaeiaaia ia iaoeiaeo caeiaooeao a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo o?einio?a, ?noi?ee?a, nioe?ieia?a, iie?oieia?a, iaaeaaia?a.
Aaoi? iaiaaaany a?aooaaoe aanue niaeo? i?aeoiae?a aei ?icoi?iiy
?noi???, ye? neeaeenue a no/ani?e iaooe?. Na?aae ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a,
?ica?aeee yeeo oae /e ?iaeoa inienethaaeenue ? ia?ainienethaaeenue
aaoi?ii, ne?ae iacaaoe ianaiia?aae ?iaioe A.Ae?eueoay, A.E?i/a,
?.Eie?iaaoaea, E.Iiiia?a, I.Oaeaeaaaa?a, A.Aeae.Oieia?, E.ssnia?na.
Na?aae a?o/eciyieo — I.N.A?ooaanueeiai, Ae.?.*eaeaanueeiai,
A.I.Aiae?ouaiea, ?.A.Aie/aiea, A.?.Ai?ae, E.A.Aoaa?nueeiai,
I.?.Ieoaeue/aiea, I.I.Iieeyea, A.N.Iacaiea, A.?.Oeiea?oea, O.?.ssuoe oa
?i.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue i?eioeeie
ii??aiyeueiino?, iaoeiaino?, nenoaiiino?, ?noi?ecio, nioe?aeueiino? oa
aoiai?cio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ice?eoo? aieiaieo oei?a
?icoi?iiy naino ?noi???, ?o aieeao ia ooai?aiiy aeii?ioth/eo oi?i
noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo oa iaoai?ci?a o?ainoi?iaoe?? inoaii?o o
naini?noi?e/i? i???ioe?e aoooy iniaenoino?.

Aei iniiaieo aeaiaio?a iiaecie, cie?aia, iaeaaeaoue:

n aeyaeaiiy oa aiae?c aieiaieo oei?a ?icoi?iiy naino ?noi??? a ?noi???
o?einio??: iiaa?iaiiy aei aeoie?a; ?oo aei o?iaeueii? iaoe; caa?aaeaiiy
eiinoaioiino? ii?aeueieo ?iia?aoea?a; cae?eniaiiy iae?aneaiue
aaniethoii? ?aea? aai i?iaeae?iiy; iaaeeaeaiiy aei “oea?noaa naiaiaee”
oa iiaeieaiiy a?ae/oaeaiiy; oai?/?noue eiie?aoieo iniaenoinoae, ui
aaeaeaaoii a?aeiia?aeathoue ia aeeeeee “a?aie/ieo neooaoe?e” oiui.

n aeiaaaeaii, ui iniiai? oeie ?icoi?iiy naino ?noi??? ? aano?aeoe?yie,
eio?? aeaiiino?othoue oaiaeaioe?th aei caeeaeaiiy, yea, ia aeoieo
aeena?oaioa, na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?o neioaco o oe?e?nio,
eiie?aoio oai?aoe/io eiioeaioe?th. Iieacaii, ui aeaiee neioac iiaeeeaee
? ?aaeueii cae?enith?oueny ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-i?aeoe/iiio ??ai? aeeooy
eiie?aoii? iniaenoino?, yea ianiiae?aaieie iiai?ioaie aeie?
niiioea?oueny aei aeai?o oa noi?uaiiy oai?aoe/ii iaaeioe/ieo o?aaiaio?a
aa/aiiy naino ?noi??? oa naino aeaniiai aoooy;

n ?ice?eoa oa iaa?oioiaaia ?ieue iniiaieo oi?i ?icoi?iiy naino ?noi???
ye oeiiooai?thth/eo oaeoi??a uiaei aieiaieo ??ciiaeae?a noni?eueiiai
na?oiaeyaeo — i?oieia?/iiai, ?ae?a?eiiai, nae?ioenonueeiai oa
oai?aoeei-o?einionueeiai a ??ciiiai?oiino? ?o i?aeaeae?a. O?einionueeee
na?oiaeyae o eiai aieiaieo i?aeaeaeao iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoii ?ai?acaioo?
iaoao?ce/iee aei?? ?noi??? (?.Eaio) aai ?? ?icoi (I.Aa?aey?a),
i?iiiioth/e aieiai? aa??aioe a?aeiia?aeae ia iicaaii??e/i? ieoaiiy
?noi??inio??. Aieiaia ooieoe?y oeeo a?aeiia?aeae — aooe i???ioe?aie
iniaeno?niiai aeai?o a “a?aie/ieo neooaoe?yo”, a oiiaao “aeeeeeo”,
“aacaeiiiino?”;

n iieacaii, ui naini?noi?e/i? o?aaiaioe noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo
o?ainoi?iothoueny o oi?io iniaeno?nieo i???ioe??a i?ae aieeaii
aii??e/ieo oa iicaaii??e/ieo (iaoao?ce/ieo) oaeoi??a “a?aie/ieo
neooaoe?e”. Aii??e/i? oaeoi?e neooaoe?? niiioeathoue aei iiooeo iiaeo
iaoao?ce/ieo i?aenoaa aoooy, ni?e/eiyth/e aeenaa?iii?th aioo??oiueiai
na?oo iniae, aeeneiioi?o na?oia?ae/oooy, iia’ycaiee ?c ao?aoith aaciaeo
oe?iiinoae oa naino aeaniiai aoooy. Aea?? iai?yi?a, oe?eae oa aii??e/ieo
cania?a aeoiaeo c “a?aie/ii? neooaoe??” aeyaey?oueny iaoiiaeaiei aeai?ii
aeuiai ii?yaeeo — aeai?ii oeo /e ?ioeo a?aeiieo i?ioyaii noie?oue
aa??aio?a a?aeiia?aeae ia iaoao?ce/i? ieoaiiy, ye? neeaaeathoue
na?oiaeyaeiee eiioaeno neooaoe??. An? oe? a?aeiia?ae? ?iie?oeeoii
i?noyoueny o ci?no? aieiaieo oyaeaiue i?i nain ?noi??? acaaae?;

n a aeena?oaoe?? aenoaa?oueny ? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeoiea i?i iayai?noue o
na?oiaeyae? noni?euenoaa oa iniae iaeiiaa?oiaaieo ? iaona?aeiiethaaieo
a?oaoei?a, ui iaoiiaeththoue aeciaiiy ia?aaaae iaaiiai aeai?o
iaoao?ce/ieo i?aenoaa. Aenoaa?oueny a?iioaca, ui oae? a?oaoeie iinyoue
?ae?a?eii-i?oieia?/iee oa?aeoa?, iathoue oi?io ia?anoae?a (caaiaii?a)
oiui, ye? iaa??aathoue a?ae cianieneaiiy ?noi???, aoooy iniae oa
ethaenueeiai ?iaeo.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?eyoeiooue iiaeeaeaiiio ?icoi?iith ethaeeiioai?/iai
iioaioe?aeo ?noi???, eiai ?ie? o aeoiaaii? iieiae?; aiie iaoeiooue
cia/aiiy aeey iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi??? ?
noni?euenoaiciaanoaa a caeeaaeao ina?oe, iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue a
?aaeueiiio i?ioean? aeoiaaiiy iieiae? ?noi???th, o oi?ioaaii? ?noi?e/ii?
na?aeiiino?, iai’yo?, eoeueoo?e, a?iiaaeyinueeino? ? iao??ioecio.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiai? ?aea? aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny
aaoi?ii ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, nai?ia?ao, e?oaeeo noieao ?inoeoooo
o?einio?? ?iai? A.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie: “Niaoeeo?ea i?aaeiaoo ?noi???
o?einio??” (eenoiiaae 1996 ?ieo), “O?enoeyinoai a eiioaeno? oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e” (eenoiiaae 1997 ?ieo), “Oeea?e?caoe?y ia ?icaei??aeae?:
iiooee o?einionueei-na?oiaeyaeieo i???ioe??a” (eenoiiaae 1998 ?ieo),
“O?enoeyinoai ? aeooiai?noue Oe?a?ie” (eenoiiaae 1998 ?ieo); ia
cono??/ao iaoeiaoe?a oa aeeeaaea/?a ia e?oaeeo noieao, iaoiaeieia?/ieo
nai?ia?ao “I?iaeaie aoiai?cio a no/aniiio na?o? (aa?anaiue 1997 ?ieo),
“?noi??y o?einio??: aeina?ae oai?aoe/ii? naii?aoeaen??” (aeiaoaiue 1997
?ieo), “Iaii?aia no/anii? ca?oa?aeii? o?einio??: iaoiaeieia?y
inieneaiiy” (o?aaaiue 1998 ?ieo).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe aecia/ai? iaoith ? caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? anooi, o?e ?icae?ee, aeniiaee, nienie e?oa?aoo?e.
Ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe 176 noi??iie.

Aeena?oaoe?y caoaa?aeaeaia ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei caoenoo ia can?aeaii?
a?aeae?eo nioe?aeueii? o?einio?? ?inoeoooo o?einio?? ?iai? A.Neiai?iaee
IAI Oe?a?ie.

AIEIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? ai?uaii caaaeaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
aecia/aiiy aeooaeueiino? oa nooi?iue aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie aeena?oaoe??,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa aieiai? caaaeaiiy iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iieacaii eiai iaoeiao oa i?aeoe/io iiaecio, aecia/aii ??aaiue
?aae?caoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie, iaaaaeaii ai?iaaoe?? oa
ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aei?/aii eiie?aoiee
iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa a ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ye?
aeianaii ia caoeno, ia?aoo?, ie?aneaii iaoiaeieia?th, iaoiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aaeiaoa oa ia’?eoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?noi?eei-o?einionuee? aei??e i?iaeaie naino ?noi???”
a?aeiaeaeai? oa i?iaiae?ciaai? aieiai? oeie ?icoi?iiy naino ?noi???, ui
ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o oai?ao iaea?eueo yne?aaeo i?aaenoaaiee?a
na?oiai? o?einio??. Iieacaii, ui oie /e ?ioee oei aa/aiiy naino
?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano iaeaea iaeiicia/ii ei?aeth?oueny c ia?acii /ano,
ioe?ieith eiai iiaeon?a (ieioeiai, oaia??oiueiai, iaeaooiueiai), c
oyaeaiiyie i?i oi?io ieeio ?noi??? (eieiai?io, i?ia?an, ?aa?an). Oae,
?aa?anea?nonuee? oyaeaiiy aioe/iino? (Aan?iae, Ieaoii oa ?i.)
iaa?oathoueny ineoieia?/ii-iniaeno?niei oyae?iiyi ieneeoae?a aei
ieioeiai ye /iainue a?eueo aenieiai, a?eueo aaaeaiiai, i?ae oaia??oi? ?
iaeaooi?. Oaea oyae?iiy o?ainoi?io? oyaeaiiy i?i oi?io ieeio ?noi???.
?aa?an ia?aoai?th?oueny ia eieiai?io. Nain ?noi??? ?aae?co?oueny a
iniaeno?nii cia/eio eiioeaioe?th ia?anaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
ethaenueeeo aeoo, ?o eieiai?ioo a na?o?.

Aeae?, i?eaa?oa? aei naaa oaaao o?iae?nonueeee i?ia?aneci (A.Aaaonoei),
ca yeei ia?ac ?noi??? ? i?yia /aniaa e?i?y, yea ia? ii/aoie ? e?iaoeue.
Noeoii?noue /aniaeo iiaeon?a, na?aae yeeo aieiaiei ? iaeaooi?,
ca?aa?oueny c? no?oeoo?ith oi?eaeueii? ethaenueei? aeoo?. Nain ?noi???
ieneeoueny ye iaaeeaeaiiy aei o?iaeueii? iaoe. Naia ae ?noi??y ? i?ioean
iioe?aiiy a??e ? ?inoo A?aaea Aiaeiai. ?noi??inionueea eiioeaioe?y
Aaaonoeia oe?eaaa, ia?o ca ana, oei, ui iaeia c ia?oeo aaaea aei ia?ao
?aeath i?ia?ano ethaenueei? ?noi???, ?icaeyaeoaaii? o
anana?oiuei-?noi?e/iiio ianooaa?.

O ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny oaeiae ?aea? i?ina?oiee?a, ca yeeie nain
?noi??? iieyaa? ia o iaaeeaeaii? aei “oea?noaa a??e”, a o iiaoaeia?
“oea?noaa ?icoio”, caniiaaiiai ia i?ia?an? iaoee (Oth?ai, Eiiaei?na).
I?ia?anea?ci Iiaiai /ano ni?a?nio? c eiioeaioe?yie eieiai?ioo (A?ei), ca
yeeie ?noi??y ia ia? o?iaeueii? iaoe, a ?? nain iieyaa? o caa?aaeaii?
?iaeo ethaenueeiai. Aeai? ?aea? ciaoiaeyoue nai? iiaa aaaaoia?/ia
aena?oeaiiy a i?iaoeuee?e eeane/i?e o?einio??. Eaio, O?ooa oa ?io?
iaeaea iaeiinoaeii noaa?aeaeothoue, ui iaoith ?noi??? ? aeinyaiaiiy
a?/iiai ie?o, ?aeiino? ethaeae oa naiaiaee ia iniia? a?aeoai?aiiy oa
caa?aaeaiiy eiinoaioiino? ii?aeueieo canaae ethaenueeiai ni?aaeeooy.
Naia oea ? neeaaea? nain ?noi??? ca ?.Eaioii. Aaaaeue — i?ia?aneno, eiai
?noi?eoeeci ? iioei?noe/iei. Aeoieii oa e?ioeaaith iaoith ?noi?e/iiai
iinooio ? “aaniethoia ?aeay”, aai “?aeay ye oaea”, a nainii ?noi??? — ??
naiii?ciaiiy /a?ac iina?aaeieoeoai ethaeae, aeey yeeo o/anoue o i?ioean?
naiii?ciaiiy ?aea? iaa?oa?oueny i?ia?anii a inyaiaii? a?ae/oaeaiiy, a
“iiieiaeaeaii?” aeooo.

Aaaae?anueea ?icoi?iiy naino ?noi??? ciaoiaeeoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
nai???aei?e eiioeaioe?? ?ie? iniaenoino?, ia yeo caa?oa? oaaao
E.ssnia?n. Ethaeeia c oi/ee ci?o aaaae?anueeiai ?icoi?iiy ?noi?e/iiai
iinooio aeyaey?oueny aano?aeoiith ee?oeiith ethaenueeiai ?iaeo,
ia??iiaoeith aaniethoii? ?aea?. Naia ca oea caeioaa/othoue Aaaaey o
oioae?oa?eci? E.Iiiia? oa a ?aeaae?ci? E.Ia?en. sseui ca E.Ia?enii nain
?noi??? iieyaa? o iiaeieaii? a?ae/oaeaiiy ia iniia? ia?aoai?aiiy
iaoa??aeueieo i?aenoaa noni?eueiiai aoooy oa o iaaeeaeaii? aei “oea?noaa
naiaiaee”, oi ca E.Iiiia?ii naino a ?noi??? acaaae? ia ?nio?. A?i ? a
ethaeei?, yea caeaoia noaoe oai?oeai aeanii? aeie?.

sse ? Aa?aey?a, Na?o?, a ?ai?oa Aaaaeue, Ia?en oa ?io?, E. ssnia?n aeeai
oe?eaaeoueny i?iaeaiith a?ae/oaeaiiy, yeo ?icaeyaea? o eiioaeno?
i?iaeaie naino ?noi???. Caniaii iiaeieaiiy a?ae/oaeaiiy a?i aaaaea?
?noeiio eiioi?eaoe?th, a iniia? yei? eaaeeoue o?einionueea a??a.
Iinooiiaa iiaeieaiiy a?ae/oaeaiiy ia iniia? ?inoo ?noeiii? eiioi?eaoe??,
ui a naith /a?ao aaco?oueny ia iioe?aii? o?einionueei? a??e ? neeaaea?,
ca ssnia?nii, nain ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui niiioaiiee “ii?ea” Oiaiaea?a, “aeeeee” Oieia?, “a?aie/ia
neooaoe?y” ssnia?na oae, /e ?iaeoa iia’ycothoueny c ia?niiae?noe/iei,
iniaeno?niei oa?aeoa?ii, ine?eueee aoaeue-yea ethaeeia ? o/anieeii
?noi???. Aea aaeeea ??cieoey, /e aeeaa ooinue c iino?eiei a?aaeaiiyi, oi
eiai aeeooy ? aeaiaioii a cia/ii a?eueo oe?ie?e a?ia?ao??, ui
?ici?inoa?eany iaae noi??//yie ? oeny/ie?ooyie, /e a?i a?ae/oaa? naaa ye
uinue naii a nia? caie?oaeaia ? caieiooa. Ca?aene — ?noi??y
ia?niiae?noe/ia, aiia ia? iniaeno?niee aei??.

Ia?niiae?nonueeee i?aeo?ae aei ?noi??? aea? ciiao aeoeoia/eoe ?? nain ye
aeaui ia eeoa a?aeaeaeaia o iaeaooiueiio /e ieioeiio, a ? ye i?enooi? o
oaia??oiueiio. Niene ?noi??? — eoeueoo?a, oai?/?noue, cae?enithaaia
eiie?aoieie, “ooo-?-oaia?” ae?th/eie ?iaeea?aeaie, ye? ? aiinyoue nain o
?noi??th, a?aeiia?aeath/e ia “aeeeeee” “a?aie/ieo neooaoe?e”.

Oaeei /eiii, iniiai? oeie ?icoi?iiy naino ?noi??? aeaiiino?othoue
oaiaeaioe?th aei neioaco. I?ioa cae?eniaiiy aeaii? neioaoe/ii?
oaiaeaioe?? ia oai?aoe/iiio ??ai? noeea?oueny c iaaaciaeith aeeaeoecio.
Aeaiee neioac ? iiaeeeaei ? ?aaeueii cae?enith?oueny ia
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-i?aeoe/iiio ??ai? aeeooy eiie?aoii? iniaenoino?.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Nain ?noi??? ye oeiiooai?thth/ee /eiiee noni?eueiiai
na?oiaeyaeo” i?enay/aiee aiae?cia? ieoaiiy i?i oa, yeei /eiii o? /e ?io?
oyaeaiiy i?i o?ae ?noi???, ?? ?oo?ei? neee oa nain caeaoi? eiinoeooaaoe
oie /e ?ioee oei na?oiaeyaeo. C iiceoe?? aeaiiai ieoaiiy cae?eniaii
ia?aaeyae iayaieo a e?oa?aoo?? eiioeaioe?e noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo,
eiai oei?a — i?oieia?/iiai, o?einionueeiai, ?ae?a?eiiai,
nae?ioenonueeiai. Cae?eniaia ni?iaa aecia/eoe caaaeueio no?oeoo?o
noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy o iueiio i?noey
naini-?noi?e/ieo oyaeaiue oa ?ice?eooy iaoai?ci?a na?oiaeyaeii?
i???ioaoe?? iniaenoino?.

Iieacaia aca?iicaeaaei?noue aa/aiiy naino ?noi??? oa aieiaieo oei?a
na?oiaeyaeo o ieai? aena?oeaiiy i?noey ethaeeie o na?o?, iiaeeeainoae ??
ae?yeueiino?, naiaiaee. Oae, oioae?oa?ia aa/aiiy ae?enii
eiinoeooth?oueny ia?acii naino ?noi???, yeee aiineoueny a ia? iaaiei
iaaeiniaeno?niei ia/aeii (Ni?iica, Aaaaeue, ia?eneci) . I?e?iaeii —
caeiiii??iee ?oo ?noi??? c “oea?noaa iaiao?aeiino?” o “oea?noai
naiaiaee” niiioea? ?iaeea?ae?a aei a?aeiia?aeieo ae?e o iai?yieo
cae?eniaiiy aei?noeeo caeii?a ?noi???. Iiae?aia ciaoiaeeii ? a
oaieia?/i?e ?noi??inio??. Ooo anoaoieia?/iee iiaeyae ia ?noi??th
aaeeeith i??ith eiinoeooth? a?aeiia?aeiee oei na?oiaeyaeieo oyaeaiue i?i
na?o ethaeeie oa ?? i?noea. O ia?niiae?nonueee i???ioiaaieo
o?einionueeeo aeieo?eiao, iai?eeeaae, a aecenoaioe?ae?ci?, aea nain
?noi??? o?aeoo?oueny ye i?eaiineiee iaiiaoi?ii-?iaeea?aeoaeueiith
iniaeno?noth, na?oiaeyae io?eio? aeaiie?aoe/i? ?ene. Ooo iaeeie/ia
(iniaa) ieneeoueny oiiaith oe?eiai, oiae? ye a ia?o?e a?oi? oe?ea
iiaeaaey? ?iaeea?aeoaeueia.

Ia iniia? ?icaeyaeo ieoaiiy i?i ?ieue naini?noi?e/ieo oyaeaiue uiaei
eiinoeoothaaiiy iaaiiai oeio na?oiaa/aiiy acaaae? aaeaeiny noi?ioethaaoe
oaea aecia/aiiy na?oiaeyaeo: na?oiaeyae — oea noeoii?noue
ona?aeiiethaaieo oa iaona?aeiiethaaieo a?oaoei?a, a??oaaiue, oyaeaiue,
i?oieiaai, ciaiue ethaeeie i?i iaaeieeoi?e na?o (i?e?iaea, ?noi??y,
aeoo), i?i naaa (iioiaeaeaiiy, i?ecia/aiiy, iaeaaeiee niin?a aoooy), oa
i?i iayai? ? iiaeeea? a?aeiioaiiy ethaeeie aei na?oo ? na?oo aei
ethaeeie.

Oaeei /eiii, o no?oeoo?? na?oiaeyaeo, ? oea a?aeia?aaeaii o
cai?iiiiiaaiiio iaie eiai aecia/aii?, a?aeia?aceeenue o?e i?eioeeiia?
aei??e. Ia?oa, oea na?oiaei??i?noue na?oiaeyaeo — ona?aeiiethaai? oa
iaona?aeiiethaai? ?ioaioe?? ethaeeie, oeaio?iaai? ia ciai?oiueiio na?o?
— aeooiaiiio, i?e?iaeiiio, ?noi?e/iiio. Ae?oaa, oea iniaiaei??i?noue
na?oiaeyaeo, oiiaeeeaeaia iniaenoei a?aeaeca?eaeaiiyi na?oo. Cacia/eii,
ui ? na?o, i?i yeee eoeiny aeua, oi/i?oa, oyaeaiiy i?i iueiai, ia?
ia?aaeoiiaith a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy iniaenoino?. O?ao?, naia oey
aca?iiiaoiiaeai?noue na?oi- oa naiiaa/aiiy ao?eththoueny a o?aoueiio
aei??? na?oiaeyaeo — ?aoeaen?? oa ?icoi?ii? ethaeueie iaeii/anii na?oo ?
naaa, a?aeiioaiue i?ae na?oii ? niaith, a caeaoiino? aei aenoiaiiy
oe?eae, ?aeaae?a, aei i?aeai?o cania?a ae?yeueiino? o na?o?, aei
i???ioaoe??, aei caeaoiino? a?aoiaoaaoe ci?ie o nia?, caeaoiino? ae?yoe
aei?a/ii, ioae?i. Oaeith iai oyaey?oueny caaaeueia no?oeoo?a
noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo, yea, cae/aeii, a i?e?iae?, iiae?aii
?aeaaeueiiio aacia?, ia cono??/a?oueny, aea aeicaiey? aeaui c?icoi?oe
noiniaii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo na?oiaeyae?a, iin?yie yeeo ? eiaeai c ian.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Nain ?noi??? oa nain aoooy iniae: aeiey, naiaiaea,
aea??” aeine?aeaeo?oueny aca?iica’ycie i?ae iayaieie a o?einio??
a?aeiia?aeyie ia naini?noi?e/i? ieoaiiy oa ?o iniaeno?nieie
iiaeeo?eaoe?yie. Nain ?noi??? ye eiiiiiaio noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo ia
iiaea aooe /eiinue aeeeth/ii ciai?oi?i ii a?aeiioaiith aei iniaenoino?,
ine?eueee ethaeeia, ?ioaa?iaaia a noni?eueiee iinooi, ? eiai o/anieeii,
c?aooith, — a oiiaao ina?oiueiai i?ioeano noeea?oueny c ?noi???th ye c
iaa/aeueiith aeenoeeie?iith. Ca yeeo oiia ?noi??y (o oiio /ene? ? ye
iaa/aeueia aeenoeeie?ia) iiaea /iionue iaa/eoe ethaeeio, noi?ioaaoe
iniaeno?noue, caeaoio aei a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai aeai?o a a?aie/ieo
neooaoe?yo? A ?icae?e? i?iaiaeeoueny aeoiea, ca yeith aeoiaiee
iioaioe?ae ?noi???, i???ioaoe?eia ooieoe?y ?? naino iiaeooue aooe
inieneai? ca oiiae aaaaeaiiy a ia?a a?aeiinii iiaeo aeey iaoi? iaoeiai?
o?aaeeoe?? iiiyoue, cie?aia iiiyooy aeie?.

“Aeiey” ye iiiyooy ?noi??inio??, aeineoue ?iciianthaeaeaia a eieao
cao?aeieo iaoeiaoe?a, iaaea? iaai? iiaeeeaino? aeey iniaeno?niiaei??iiai
?icaeyaeo anana?oiuei-?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano ? aeineoue o?nii noeeo?oueny
c i?iaeaiaie aooaioe/iiai ia?enecio, yeee, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, ?
?aeaiaaiiei oaeoi?ii eiioeaioe?e ?ie? ?iaeea?aea a ?noi?e/iiio i?ioean?
(E.Iiiia?, I.Aaaa?, I.Ni?ie?i oa ?i.).

Ia iniia? aiae?co iayaieo a e?oa?aoo?? aeoiie i?i aca?iica’ycie naino
?noi??? oa naino iniaenoiai aoooy iieacaii, ui o?ae ?noi???
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeaiia aaaeeeaeie ianoaaeiaie. Ii-ia?oa, ia??iaeaie ??
aaiethoe?eiiai aai “ii?iaeueiiai” (O. Eoi) ?icaeoeo, eiee inoaii?e
cae?enith?oueny ia/aaoi aaoiiaoe/ii, ceaaiaeaeaiith ni?ai?aoeath /eai?a
noni?euenoaa. O oae? ia??iaee ?noi??y ia iii?/a? aeaeaoieo iniaenoinoae,
a?eueo oiai, aiia ia iio?aao? ?o. ?ieue iniae o oae? ia??iaee ?noi???
caiaeeoueny aei i?aeo?eiaiiy caaaaeaiiai ii?yaeeo ?a/ae.
Noni?eueii-?noi?e/ia aeiey iniaenoino? ni?aiaaea? c aeieath nioe?oio,
“aaeioeeii” yeiai aiia yaey?oueny, aieth yeiai aeeiio?. Aeiey
noni?eueiiai oe?eiai, o yea aa?iii?eii aieno?oueny iniaa, noa? aeieath
iniae, aeaoa?i?io? ?? aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue, aecia/a? nooi?iue ??
naiaiaee. Noni?eueia oe?ea aecia/a? niaeo? iiaeeeainoae, iaaeaieo inia?,
?iaeoeo? ?ioaioe?? ia a?aeaeaiiy ia?aaaae oei /e ?ioei.

O ia??iaee “ii?iaeueiiai” ?icaeoeo ?noi??? ae?iaey?oueny nai???aeiee
aei?? ianooaao iniaenoino?. Iaea?eueo ianooaaieie iniaenoinoyie o oae?
ia??iaee ? o?, ooi, iaiaaeoth/e naith aeanio ?iaeea?aeoaeueio naiaiaeo,
iaea?eueo iiaii ae?aaeathoue noni?eueio aeieth, noni?eueio
iaiao?aei?noue. Niene aoooy iniae, ye a?i aaa/a?oueny inoaii?e, oe?eeii
iieeaaea?oueny noni?eueiei oe?eei, yea noa? i?oeiei a?oioii iniaenoino?,
ia? aeieaiinia cia/aiiy.

Ae?oaa ianoaaeia, ui oa?aeoa?eco? o?ae ?noi???, iieyaa? o oiio, ui
inoaiiy ia? ?aaiethoe?ei?, “iaii?iaeuei?” (O.Eoi), ceaii? ia??iaee. O
??cieo o?einionueeeo o?aaeeoe?yo oe? ia??iaee iicia/athoueny ??cieie
oa?i?iaie, ye?, cae/aeii ae, a?aeia?aaeathoue iaai? nieneia? a?aeo?iee
aa/aiiy nooiinoae oeeo ia??iae?a ??cieie ieneeoaeyie (?aaiethoe?y,
?noi?e/ia (a?aie/ia) neooaoe?y, aeeeee, ao?aoa “a?oioo”, “aacaeiii?noue”
oiui). Aeiaaaeaii, ui nooi?noth aeuaiacaaieo neooaoe?e ? a?ae/oaeaiiy ?
cianieneaiiy (aano?aeecaoe?y) aoooy, ye? ni?eeiathoueny iniaith ye
aeeeee aeie?.

sseui aeiey ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei i?iyaii ?noi?e/ii? iaiao?aeiino?
(iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ye aiia i?aaenoaaeaia — caeii, iaia?aaeaecia/aiiy,
eiain, aeai oiui), aeieea? ieoaiiy iiaeeeaino? oaeiai aei??o naino
?noi???, ye naiaiaea. A aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaii ?iciaaeoaaiiy aeaio
aeae?a naiaiaee — ciai?oiuei? ? aioo??oiuei?. Ia iniia? aiae?co
eeane/ieo i?aoeue A. aea Oiea?ey iienai? aieiai? ia?aiiie, ye? noiyoue
ia caaaae? ciai?oi?e naiaiae? ? ?aoeaeoothoueny o aioo??oiueiio na?o?
iniae. I?iaiae?ciaaia oaeiae iiceoe?y, i?eoaiaiia A.O?iiio, yeee
iaaieioo? ia aioo??oi?o iaoai?ciao aneai?cio (aoa/? a?ae naiaiaee).

O ca’yceo c i?iaeaiith ciai?oiuei?-aioo??oiuei? naiaiaee noaaeoueny ?
aiae?co?oueny ieoaiiy i?i ?o nooi?noue — naiaiaeo aie?. Naiaiaea aie?
iinoa? ye iiaeeea?noue ??ciiiai?oieo ae?e, yeui iiiyooy naiaiaee
?icaeyaea?oueny ia eeoa o yeino? iaaaoeaiiai (naiaiaea a?ae /iainue,
a?aenooi?noue o?ce/ii? caeaaeiino?, i?i yeo eoeiny aeua), aea ? ye
iiceoeaia (naiaiaea aeey naiicae?eniaiiy, naiiiieeaaeaiiy, oai?/ino?,
cae?eniaiiy iiaeo ieai?a). A oea icia/a? ?iaeoee, a?aei?iiee a?ae
i?e?iaeii-o?ce/iiai aai i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaiai (?.Eaio), niin?a aoooy
ethaeeie. I?iaeaia naiaiaee aie? iinoa? o nai?io iaoao?ce/iiio aei???,
ia?aoai?eaoenue o ieoaiiy i?i o?ce/io iaiaoiiaeai?noue aie? ?cciai? oa
i?i ?? naiii?e/eiio, aaoiiiiio (naiicaeiiio) neeo.

Oaeei /eiii, nain ?noi??? ae?enii ? iaoao?ce/iei i???ioe?ii iniaenoino?,
“caeeiooi?” o “a?aie/io neooaoe?th”, o noai “aacaeiiiino?”, ine?eueee
naia nain iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoii iioeao? aieueiaee aea?? iiaeaeueoiai
oeyoo. Naini?noi?e/i? o?aaiaioe noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo
o?ainoi?iothoueny o oi?io iniaeno?nieo i???ioe??a i?ae aieeaii
aii??e/ieo oa iicaaii??e/ieo (iaoao?ce/ieo) oaeoi??a “a?aie/ieo
neooaoe?e”. Aii??e/i? oaeoi?e neooaoe?? niiioeathoue aei iiooeo iiaeo
iaoao?ce/ieo i?aenoaa aoooy, ni?e/eiyth/e aeenaa?iii?th aioo??oiueiai
na?oo iniae, aeeneiioi?o na?oia?ae/oooy, iia’ycaiee ?c ao?aoith aaciaeo
oe?iiinoae oa naino aeaniiai aoooy. Aea?? iai?yi?a, oe?eae oa aii??e/ieo
cania?a aeoiaeo c “a?aie/ii? neooaoe??” aeyaey?oueny iaoiiaeaiei aeai?ii
aeuiai ii?yaeeo — aeai?ii oeo /e ?ioeo a?aeiieo i?ioyaii noie?oue
aa??aio?a a?aeiia?aeae ia iaoao?ce/i? ieoaiiy, ye? neeaaeathoue
na?oiaeyaeiee eiioaeno neooaoe??. An? oe? a?aeiia?ae? ?iie?oeeoii
i?noyoueny o ci?no? aieiaieo oyaeaiue i?i nain ?noi??? acaaae?.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue i?aenoaao c?iaeoe
aeniiaee, ui “nain ?noi???” ye eaoaai??y nioe?aeueii? o?einio??
aecia/a?oueny nai???aeiith niaoeeo?eith, yeo neeaaeathoue iaai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aaaaoi??aiaaeo nenoai nioe?aeueieo aca?iica’yce?a, ui
iicia/ai? iaaiei nainii c iaeyaeo ia oe?ii?ni? /eiieee ae?e ?iaeea?ae?a,
ye? iiaeooue aeeth/eoe a naaa iae??ciiiai?oi?o? aeaiaioe nioe?aeueiiai
aoooy oa aca?iiae??: aca?iiae?? noa’?eo–noa’?eoiiai aai ae
noa’?eo–ia’?eoiiai oa?aeoa?o, acyoeo, a naith /a?ao, aano?aeoii, aai ae
a i?inoi?iai-/aniaiio aei???.

Eaoaai??y “nain ?noi???” c iaeyaeo ia ?? i?eiaeaaei?noue aei
nioe?aeueii? o?einio?? i?noeoue o nia? ? iiiyooy uiaei niaoeeo?ee oa
iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo neeaaeiiai aca?iia?aeiioaiiy ??cieo nenoai niene?a
oa oe?iiinoae, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue iiceoeai?noue aai ae iaaaoeai?noue
ci?i o ?icaeoeo ethaenueei? oeea?e?caoe??.

Iiiyooy “nain ?noi???” ia? ? /eneaii? ?noi?eei-o?einionuee? aei??e.
I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ci?noo iiiyooy iineoue ?noi?e/iee oa?aeoa? e
a?aeoai?th? onth neeaaei?noue ?icaeoeo ?icoi?iiy ethaenoaii niaoeeo?ee
?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano.

Aei /eiiee?a, ui ?noi?e/ii oi?iothoue ?icoi?iiy ci?noo aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
iiiyooy, a?aeiinyoueny aca?iicaeaaei?noue /ano oa i?inoi?o a na?aeiiino?
iniae, aeoeai?noue noa’?eoa nioe?aeueii? ae??, icia/aiiy a?eueiiai
ni?yioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oaeiai noa’?eoa, eiinoaioi?noue ii?aeueieo
?iia?aoea?a o aca?iicaeaaeiino? aeooiaiiai na?oo ?iaeea?aea c? na?oii
i?e?iaee ? nioe?oio, icia/aiiy i?ioeano naiicae?eniaiiy ?iaeea?aeii
“?iaeiaiai ?noaa”, noai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?nioaaiiy
oeea?e?caoe??, no/ania niaoeeo?ea aca?iicaeaaeiino? “?iaeea?ae —
noni?euenoai — ?noi??y” oa aaaaoi ?ioeo.

Ona?aeiiethaai? /e iaona?aeiiethaai? ?aea? i?i nain ?noi???, ?? ?oo?ei?
neee oa ni?yiiaai?noue iaeiicia/ii aieeaathoue ia na?oiaeyaei? oyaeaiiy
i?i nain aoooy ia?iaeo, eiai aeieth oa ?nioaaiiy iniaenoino?.
Naini?noi?e/i? ia?ace iin?aeathoue cia/ia i?noea o no?oeoo?? an?o oei?a
noni?eueieo na?oiaeyae?a. Caeaaeii a?ae oiai /e ?ioiai aa/aiiy ia?aco
?noi??? oa ?? naino oi?io?oueny iaaiee oei na?oiaeyaeo, yeee aeii?io? a
oiio /e ?ioiio noni?euenoa?.

C iaeyaeo ia oea iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaith ? oaca i?i ?nioaaiiy o
na?oiaeyae? noni?euenoaa oa iniae iaeiiaa?oiaaieo ? /anii iaa?oue
iaona?aeiiethaaieo a?oaoei?a, noai, oaaeii?a ae??, iiaeaeae iiaaae?iee,
ye? ca iaaieo ianoaaei iaoiiaeththoue aeciaiiy ia?aaaae a?aeiia?aeiiai
aeai?o iaoao?ce/ieo i?aenoaa. Oae? a?oaoeie iathoue
?ae?a?eii-i?oieia?/iee oa?aeoa?. ? ?oi? cia/aiiy iieyaa? naia o
caaacia/aii? oa iaa??aaii? ethaenueei? iniaenoino? a?ae cianieneaiiy
aeaniiai ?nioaaiiy, naino ?noi?e/iiai aoooy.

Nain ?noi??? ye na?oiaeyaeiee i???ioe? iniae a neooaoe?yo iaaecia/aiino?
aiioeaiao? iniaeno?niee aea??, caaacia/oth/e naiaiaeo aie?, a ioaea,
ii?aeueii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca oeae aea??. ?icaeyae iayaieo aa??aio?a
a?aeiia?aeae ia ieoaiiy i?i oiiae a?eueiiai aeai?o i?eaiaeeoue aei
oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui iaea?eueo aaaiiith eiai oiiaith ? naia
nainicia/eia iioeaaoe?y iniae. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iniaeeao ?ieue
naini?noi?e/ieo oyaeaiue o i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeii? i???ioaoe??
iniae a i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?yo ?? ?nioaaiiy.

Aieiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. ?neiaiei Ae.I. I?noea naini?noi?e/ieo oyaeaiue a ??cieo oeiao
noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo // Ioeueoeaa?noi. O?einionueeee aeueiaiao: Ca.
iaoe. i?aoeue / A?aei. ?aae. A.A.Eyo. — Aei. 2. — E.: Noeein, 1998. — N.
63–79.

2. ?neiaiei Ae.I. A?aie/i? neooaoe?? oa ?oi?e aieea ia naini?noi?e/i?
/eiieee ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai na?oiaeyaeo // Ioeueoeaa?noi. O?einionueeee
aeueiaiao: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / A?aei. ?aae. A.A.Eyo. — Aei. 3. — E.:
Oe?. Oeaio? aeooia. eoeueoo?e, 1999. — N. 142–155.

3. ?neiaiei Ae.I. Oi?ioaaiiy ci?noo iiiyooy “nain ?noi???” a ?noi???
o?einio?? // Ioeueoeaa?noi. O?einionueeee aeueiaiao: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue /
A?aei. ?aae. A.A.Eyo. — Aei. 4. — E.: Oe?. Oeaio? aeooia. eoeueoo?e,
1999. — N. 79–86.

4. ?neiaiei Ae.I. Nain ?noi??? oa nain aoooy iniae: aeiey, naiaiaea,
aea?? // ?noi??y o?einio??: aeina?ae oai?aoe/ii? naii?aoeaen??: Ca.
noaoae. — Aei. 1. — E.: Caiia?o, 1998. — N. 18–19.

5. ?neiaiei Ae.I. Nain ?noi??? ye i?aaeiao ?noi?eei-o?einionueeiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy // ?noi??y o?einio??: aeina?ae oai?aoe/ii? naii?aoeaen??:
Ca. noaoae. — Aei. 1. — E.: Caiia?o, 1998. — N. 63—64.

6. ?neiaiei Ae.I. Nain ?noi??? ye oi?iiooai?thth/ee /eiiee noni?eueiiai
na?oiaeyaeo // ?noi??y o?einio??: aeina?ae oai?aoe/ii? naii?aoeaen??:
Ca. noaoae. — Aei. 1. — E.: Caiia?o, 1998. — N. 84–85.

7. ?neiaiei Ae.I. Nioe?aeueii-o?einionuee? i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy naino
?noi??? // Oeea?e?caoe?y ia ?icaei??aeae?: iiooee
o?einionueei-na?oiaeyaeieo i???ioe??a: Ca. noaoae. — Aei. 2. — E.:
Caiia?o, 1998. — N. 20–23.

8. ?neiaiei Ae.I. I?iaeaie aoiai?cio oa oi?ioaaiiy iiiyooy “nain
?noi???” a eiioeaioe?? Aeae. A?ei // Oeea?e?caoe?y ia ?icaei??aeae?:
iiooee o?einionueei-na?oiaeyaeieo i???ioe??a: Ca. noaoae. — Aei. 2. —
E.: Caiia?o, 1998. — N. 46–49.

Aiioaoe?y

?neiaiei Ae.I. Nain ?noi??? ye na?oiaeyaeiee i???ioe? iniae. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.03 — nioe?aeueia o?einio?y oa o?einio?y
?noi???. ?inoeooo o?einio?? ?iai? A.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie. Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aiae?cothoueny iniiai? oeie ?icoi?iiy naino ?noi???,
?oi?e aieea ia noni?eueiee na?oiaeyae oa ia na?oiaeyaeio i???ioaoe?th
iniaenoino?, aecia/a?oueny i?noea oa ?ieue naini?noi?e/ieo oyaeaiue o
??ciiiai?oieo oi?iao noni?eueiiai na?oiaeyaeo. Aeine?aeaeo?oueny aieea
noni?eueii-na?oiaeyaeieo oyaeaiue i?i nain ?noi??? ia aecia/aiiy iniaith
naino aeaniiai aoooy, ia aea?? na?oiaeyaeieo i???ioe??a
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Iaa?oioiao?oueny ?ieue iniiaieo oi?i ?icoi?iiy naino
?noi??? ye oeiiooai?thth/eo /eiiee?a uiaei aieiaieo oei?a noni?eueiiai
na?oiaeyaeo: i?oieia?/iiai, ?ae?a?eiiai, nae?ioenonueeiai oa
oai?aoeei-o?einionueeiai.

A aeena?oaoe?? iieacaii, ye aii??e/i? oaeoi?e aeeoo?ai? neooaoe??
niiioeathoue aei iiooeo iiaeo iaoao?ce/ieo i?aenoaa aoooy,
iaa?oioiao?oueny aeoiea i?i iiaeeea?noue iayaiino? o na?oiaeyae?
noni?euenoaa oa iniae iaona?aeiieaieo a?oaoei?a, ui oaeiae coiiaeththoue
aea?? iniaith iaaieo iaoao?ce/ieo i?aenoaa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iniaa, noni?euenoai, nain aoooy, nain ?noi???,
na?oiaeyae, na?oiaeyaeia i???ioaoe?y, na?oia?ae/oooy, noni?eueiee
na?oiaeyae, naiaiaea, aeiey, naiaiaea aeai?o, naiaiaea aie?,
?noi??inio?y, aacia? oe?iiino?.

Aiiioaoeey

Aneiaiei Ae.I. Niune enoi?ee eae ie?iaicc?ai/aneee i?eaioe? ee/iinoe.
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.03 — nioeeaeueiay oeeinioey e oeeinioey
enoi?ee. Einoeooo oeeinioee eiaie A.Neiai?iaeu IAI Oe?aeiu. Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee aiaeece?othony iniiaiua oeiu iiieiaiey niunea enoi?ee,
eo aeeyiea ia iauanoaaiiia ie?iaicc?aiea e ia ie?iaicc?ai/aneoth
i?eaioaoeeth ee/iinoe. A ?aaioa enneaaeiaaiu iniiaiua
enoi?eei-oeeinioneea ecia?aiey i?iaeaiu niunea enoi?ee, ii?aaeaeaii
ianoi ?acee/iuo i?aaenoaaeaiee i niunea enoi?e/aneiai i?ioeana a
?acee/iuo oi?iao iauanoaaiiiai ie?iaicc?aiey. Iainiiaaii e auyaeaii
naiaia?acea aeeyiey iauanoaaiii-ie?iaicc?ai/aneeo i?aaenoaaeaiee i
niunea enoi?ee ia auai? ee/iinoueth niunea naiaai nianoaaiiiai auoey.

A i?ioeanna enneaaeiaaiey auyaeaiu iaoaieciu o?ainoi?iaoeee
iauanoaaiii-ie?iaicc?ai/aneeo i?aaenoaaeaiee a aeeciaiioth iiceoeeth
ee/iinoe. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu iniiaiua oeiu iiieiaiey niunea enoi?ee,
au?aaioaiiua auaeathueieny i?aaenoaaeoaeyie ie?iaie oeeinioee ia
i?ioyaeaiee aa enoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey, auyaeaia oaiaeaioeey e eo
naeeaeaieth, iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue eo neioaca a aaeeioth
oeaeinoioth oai?aoe/aneoth eiioeaioeeth. A aeenna?oaoeee iieacaii, /oi a
oeeinioneii ie?iaicc?aiee i?aaenoaaeaii o?ainoeaiaeaioiia ecia?aiea
enoi?einioee, eioi?ia iiaeao neoaeeoue i?eaioe?ii ee/iinoiiai auai?a.

Iainiiauaaaony iuneue, /oi yeaiaiou iauanoaaiiiai ie?iaicc?aiey,
eanathueany niunea enoi?ee, o?ainoi?ie?othony a oi?io ee/iinoiuo
i?eaioe?ia iiae aeeyieai eae yiie?e/aneeo, oae e aiayiie?e/aneeo
oaeoi?ia. Auai? iai?aaeaiey, oeaeae e i?aeoe/aneeo niiniaia oi?ie?iaaiey
ie?iaicc?ai/aneeo i?eaioaoeee ee/iinoe iaoneiaeai auai?ii aunoaai
ii?yaeea: ia?auaieai e oai?aoeei-oeeinioneiio ie?iaicc?aieth.

A aeenna?oaoeee auneacuaaaony iuneue i aiciiaeiinoe iaee/ey a
ie?iaicc?aieyo iauanoaa e ee/iinoe aanniciaoaeueiuo a?oaoeiia, eioi?ua
iaoneiaeeaatho auai? oao eee eiuo iaoaoece/aneeo iniiaaiee, auaeaeaaaony
aeiioaca i oii, /oi oaeea a?oaoeiu eiatho ?aeeaeicii-ieoieiae/aneee
oa?aeoa? e neoaeao naiaia?aciui i?aaeio?aieoaeai i?ioea aiciiaeiuo
oaiaeaioeee iaanniuneeoue enoi?eth, auoea ee/iinoe e /aeiaa/anoaa a
oeaeii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ee/iinoue, iauanoai, niune nouanoaiaaiey, niune
enoi?ee, ie?iaicc?aiea, ie?iaicc?ai/aneay i?eaioaoeey, iauanoaaiiia
ie?iaicc?aiea, ie?iiuouaiea, naiaiaea, noaeueaa, naiaiaea auai?a,
naiaiaea aiee, enoi?einioey, aaciaua oeaiiinoe.

Annotation

Yesypenko D.M. The sense of history as a person’s Weltanschauung
orientator. The manuscript.

Thesis for Doctor’s degree in Philosophy by speciality 09.00.03 – Social
Philosophy and Philosophy of History. G.Skovoroda Institute of
Philosophy. National Academy of Sciences. – Kyiv, 1999.

The manuscript of the dissertation is to be defended on analysis of the
main types of understanding the sense of history, their influence on
social Weltanschauung and a person’s Weltanschauung orientation;
definition of the place and role of ideas about the sense of history in
different forms of social Weltanschauung. The influence of social and
Weltanschauung ideas about the sense of history on a person’s
determination of his own being, on a choice of Weltanschauung
orientators of vital activity is investigated. The role of the main
forms of understanding the sense of history as type-forming factors for
main varieties of social Weltanschauung: mythological, religious,
scientific, and theoretical and philosophical is substantiated.

One can see in the manuscript of the dissertation how empirical factors
of real situation make one search for new metaphysical grounds of
being; substantiation of the conception about the possibility that there
are indeliberate archetypes, which also cause a choice by a person of
certain metaphysical grounds in Weltanschauung of a society and a
person.

Key words: person, society, sense of being, sense of history,
Weltanschauung, Weltanschauung orientation, attitude, social
Weltanschauung, freedom, fate, freedom of choice, freedom of will,
historiosophia, basic values, social Weltanschauung.

I?aei. aei ae?oeo 12.05.99. Oi?iao 60o84 1/16. Iai?? ion.

Ae?oe ion. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,16. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1,06.

Iaeeaae 100 i?ei.

AAO “EAeIE”

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IAOe?IIAEUeII? AEAAeAI?? IAOE OE?A?IE

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 101.1 : 316 : 930.1

?NEIAIEI Aeieo?i Ieeieaeiae/

NAIN ?NOI??? ssE NA?OIAEssAeIEE I???IOE?

INIAE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.03 — nioe?aeueia o?einio?y oa

o?einio?y ?noi???

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

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Ee?a — 1999

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